Research Papers on Psychology Mixed

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Children and Autism

    An overview of the disorder is provided in this 5 page paper. Definition, symptoms, new research as well as the latest treatment options are provided. The controversial 'hard holding' technique is discussed. Bibliography lists more than a dozen sources.

  • Smoking Level Increases and Increased Stress on the Job

    A 70 page expanded version of a much smaller paper researching the hypothesis that smokers in high-stress jobs tend to smoke more in response to stress than do smokers in jobs with lower stress levels. Though there was no existing research with which to guide the study, it still obtains solid and statistically valid results that unquestioningly prove that a smoker's response to a high-stress job is that of smoking more than usual. Existing literature emphasizes the relationship between stress and depression, and also that between smoking and depression. Biochemical and psychological research has concluded that there is a strong relationship between smoking and clinical depression, though it is unclear which contributes to the other. This survey does not specifically address depression, but it does give valuable insight to the relationship of stress-related smoking and workplace stress. Includes 4 charts and 4 tables. Bibliography lists 72 sources.

  • Six Year Old Child Assessed

    15 pages worth of observations relating to a 6 year old boy. The writer was studying child psychology and took notes on the child's naturalistic socialization, ability to interact & more. An interview with the boy's mother is included and the paper concludes with assessments based upon common knowledge and 4 supplemental articles cited in bibliography. It is concluded that the child has adjusted quite well from a psycho-social perspective.

  • Memory Suppression and Child Abuse

    Approximately 6 pages worth of technical (psychology) notes on memory suppression and its relevance to child abuse/molestation. Collective bibliography lists approximately 30 relevant sources.

  • Children and the Effects of Domestic Violence

    This 8 page research paper examines the long-term effects of domestic violence on children. Specifically discussed include signs and symptoms of behavior exhibited by children who have witnessed acts of domestic violence and what can be done to help them. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Influences of Gender and Parental Interaction on Behavior and Attitudes

    A 6 page examination of attitudes and behavior, how they relate to identity formation and are influenced by factors such as parental influence and gender. Stresses how a child's persona, their identity, attitudes, and behavior are shaped during early childhood by parental and societal interaction and indeed by their own gender. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Homeless and Runaway Youth

    In 15 pages the author discusses the dilemma of runaway/homeless youth. The plight of the runaway/homeless youth is a terrible one. Basically, they have been considered as ‘throwaway youth' by society. The value system of society is skewed when it will allow such a problem to continue. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Working Parents and the Impact on Children

    This 5 page research paper discuses the controversy regarding the effects of having children in day care as opposed to having the child being cared for by a parent. Some researchers believe there is a negative effect, some do not think there is a negative effect. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Special Needs Child Rearing

    A 6 page research paper investigating the stress parents experience raising a child who has exceptional needs. Topics include types of stress, family functioning, social support, implications for parents and counselors. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Children's Reactions to Being Told No

    A 24 page research paper emphasizing different disciplinary techniques. Emphasis is on how children respond to being told "no." The predominant reaction if rebellion and resentment. Other techniques for saying "no" were explored including Positive Discipline and Induction. Extensive bibliography is included.

  • How to Get Along With Difficult People by Florence Littauer

    A 6 page analysis of the Florence Littauer book, How to Get Along with Difficult People that gives a comprehensive overview of this work. Littauer uses the four personality classifications described by Hippocrates and applies to them recognizable modern characters that one might meet at church. Although written as a popular work, the writer argues that recent research tends to substantiate Littauer's categories and observations. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Relationship Between Mother and Child and Mothers Who Work

    A 7 page research paper describing how the modern family has changed now that so many women are working full-time and not spending entire days with their children. The writer analyzes the effect that this social phenomenon has had on relationships between mothers and children-- arguing that mothers who work all day are not as apt to understand all needs communicated by their children and are consequently, unavoidably neglectful in some areas. Children do, however, often regard their maternal working parent much in the same light that they once did their father -- as a strict disciplinarian. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Adolescent Homosexuality and Counseling Perspectives

    A 5 page paper that deals with the issues facing counseling psychologists who counsel adolescent homosexuals. The paper discusses the issues facing the adolescents and gives the psychologist background research on a few of these issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Divorce and its Effects on Children

    A 5 page research report examining the detrimental effects that divorce often has on children and adolescents. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Juvenile Delinquency

    This is a 5 page paper in which the writer examines the causes of juvenile delinquency and proposes some individual contributions which may diminish the problem. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Peer Groups

    5 pages in length. For an adolescent just beginning to develop a sense of himself and his social significance, peer groups provide that measure of acceptance that every youth aspires to achieve. These formations of like-minded and similarly aged teens represent the onset of adulthood in that they help to establish a pattern self-esteem and self-perception that will be carried on into adult years. The writer discusses the importance of peer groups, along with the effects positive and negative peer associations have currently and later in life. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Philip Zimbardo's Peer Pressure Theories

    One of Philip Zimbardo's theories is discussed in this 5 page paper that focuses on peer pressure. The theory that social situations make a difference and can powerfully influence human behavior is examined in the context of everyday life. One example focuses on peer pressure as it influences adolescents to use drugs and alcohol. Personality features are examined along with this theory in social psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Philip Zimbardo's Peer Pressure Theories

    One of Philip Zimbardo's theories is discussed in this 5 page paper that focuses on peer pressure. The theory that social situations make a difference and can powerfully influence human behavior is examined in the context of everyday life. One example focuses on peer pressure as it influences adolescents to use drugs and alcohol. Personality features are examined along with this theory in social psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Developmental Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that offers a brief history of developmental psychology, an overview of the areas of emphasis today, including infancy development and development of adolescence, and a new and different approach to studying development. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Developmental Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that offers a brief history of developmental psychology, an overview of the areas of emphasis today, including infancy development and development of adolescence, and a new and different approach to studying development. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Self Esteem and Body Image

    The relationship between body image and self-esteem is explored in this 6 page paper. Age, sex and culture are considered. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Codependency, Obsessive Love, and Aggression

    A 12 page research paper on obsessive love and codependency. Obsessive love is defined as a social psychology issue and the role of aggression is explored in great detail. The "Fatal Attraction Syndrome" is essentially what this paper attempts to clarify for the reader. The importance of frustration and its relationship to rejection is of importance as well -- The writer concludes that it is only when we begin to realize that we are creating the very problems we hope to be preventing will the whole problem of codependency, and obsessive love disappear. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Codependency, Obsessive Love, and Aggression

    A 12 page research paper on obsessive love and codependency. Obsessive love is defined as a social psychology issue and the role of aggression is explored in great detail. The "Fatal Attraction Syndrome" is essentially what this paper attempts to clarify for the reader. The importance of frustration and its relationship to rejection is of importance as well -- The writer concludes that it is only when we begin to realize that we are creating the very problems we hope to be preventing will the whole problem of codependency, and obsessive love disappear. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Phenomenon of Road Rage

    A 9 page research paper which examines the increasing phenomenon of drivers becoming so enraged at often minor traffic incidents that it results in violence and even death. While discussing specific incidents, the writer gives an overview of what the experts think, the scope of the problem, and solutions which have been proposed thus far. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and Love

    A 12 page analysis of the concept of "love" from a socio-psychological perspective. The writer looks at the historical theories of Freud, Rogers, Roche & Ramsbey, and others. Behavior patterns during "intimate" love relationships are examined and a discussion is provided of several documented studies in the field. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Problems of Cohabitation

    A 5 page paper discussing the problems that can arise from living together without marriage. Living together has caused far more controversy than just the value of maintaining laws that are no longer enforced. The focus here is its effects on traditional marriage and social issues. Though the most common opinion is that there is nothing 'wrong' with living together either instead of, or before marriage, there is increasing evidence that there is indeed something 'wrong' with it, to the extent that it is listed as a risk factor against the success of subsequent marriage between the same partners. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Marriage and Cohabitation

    The effects of cohabitation on an impending marriage are discussed in this 5 page paper. Also examined, more briefly, is the current trend for couples to marry but live apart. The paper concludes that it is more beneficial for relationships if the couple lives together than if they live apart, whether or not they are married. Religious aspects are explored as well but the paper takes a sociological point of view. The effects of cohabitation on children are also discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Racism and WASPs

    A 3 page paper analyzing racism in relation to WASPs. The writer examines the issues of reverse discrimination, what can be done to change prejudice, and what WASPs can do to bring about this change in how they are perceived. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Albert Bandura's Theories and Nursing

    Bandura's concepts are compared with other theorists' such as Lawler and Piaget in this 11 page analysis. Bandura's premise that self-efficacy expectations are the most important influences on motivation is highlighted. All theories are discussed as related to the nursing profession and the key elements of individualism, environment, society and health are discussed in relationship to nursing and Bandura's theories. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Communication and Rogerian Counseling

    5 pages in length. Discord among human beings is a normal, daily event at all stages of life; however, it is the manner in which such antagonism is addressed that determines how effective the outcome will ultimately be. The writer discusses that while the medical community utilizes a number of psychological techniques as a means by which to address discord between and among people, some theorists contend that the Rogerian counseling format is not only less likely to cause the client harm, but it also teaches those in turmoil a very basic method of communication. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Stress Reduction and Music Therapy

    A 6 page paper discussing how music helps reduce stress. Introduction describes some of the history, as well as common facts, relating to music and its therapeutic ability. A review of current research is offered in order to evaluate which type of stress is most benefited by music therapy. Research involves the elderly, the young, and individuals suffering from stress as a result of pain. Ideas are provided which address the question of why music therapy works. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Aspects of Cognitive Psychology

    A 5 page essay that presents an overview of various aspects of cognitive psychology. The overview includes a brief explanation of cognitive psychology and numerous studies investigating different aspects, such as memory and cognitive-behavior therapy. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Meditation and Cognitive Behavior Therapy

    6 pages in length. Psychology as a discipline has come to be an essential element in the overall aspect of human life. Without its influential element, myriad individuals would not be able to properly function within their world. The practice of psychology has proven to be more than merely a treatment for the affluent or the crazy; rather, it has been embraced by mainstream society as a means by which people are able to work out various psychological situations. The writer discusses meditation as it relates to cognitive behavior therapy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Personality's Spiritual and Metaphysical Components

    A 5 page paper that provides a concise overview of the metaphysical and spiritual components of personality and then considers their implications in terms of psychological theory. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 16PF Questionnaire

    This 15 page paper investigates the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, also called the 16PF. The essay provides: a general overview of the assessment, tables displaying and describing the primary and global factors, the development of the 16PF, changes in the latest revision, utility of the Questionnaire, how it is structured, and a critical analysis of the instrument. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Memory's Precategorical and Categorical Distinctions

    Many theories have been proposed to explain the cognitive development of the human mind and the distinctions between the stages of development as well as the types of processing and modes of perception. In recent years, a number of researchers have considered the distinction memory as a component of cognition, and have made distinct delineations between iconic and echoic (or auditory sensory) store and their relationship to precategorical and categorical stages in development. This 5 page paper supports the contention that auditory sensory store (echoic) is precategorical and considers the implication of this theory. In addition, the researcher also provides an overview of studies that could be conducted to evaluate this theory and to assist in clarifying this issue. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Process of Learning

    A 6 page research paper which examines some of the current theories on how knowledge is acquired. The writer looks specifically at two different theories regarding 'learning styles' and provides analysis. The writer's own personal analysis of how the learning process takes place is also presented. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 4 Andragogical Assumptions by Knowles

    A 3 page essay discussing the four assumptions of adult learners offered by Knowles. The writer discusses the importance of each in their own learning experience. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Rent Seeking Issues

    This 3 page essay discusses issues inherent to rent-seeking, its desired results, and quasi-rent seeking behaviors. Rent seeking behavior can best be described as 'the expenditure of resources in order to bring about an uncompensated transfer of goods or services from another person or persons to one's self as the result of a "favorable" decision on some public policy. ' Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of Carl Jung's Unconscious Archetypes and the Tarot

    A 22 page research essay that explores the similarities between the symbolisms found in the Tarot and in Jung's Collective Unconscious Archetypes. The essay is divided into three major sections: an explanation of Jung's Archetypes; a description and explanation of the Tarot cards; and the relationships between the two. Synchronicity is discussed both in terms of Jung's psychology and the use of the Tarot cards. An example illustrating the archetypes found in the Tarot cards is given, interpreting two of the cards. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Spiritual and Metaphysical Personal Influences

    because of their history and family patterns, their desire to shape their personal beliefs around structured religion, or negative personal components, like loneliness, confusion or a lack of a sense of belonging. This 5 page paper reflects on the nature of the relationship between the spiritual and metaphysical and personal characteristics and behaviors. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Factors Associated with Visual Memory

    A 6 page paper that investigates the subject of remembering what one sees -- what factors play a role in one person remembering accurately and another not remembering. The writer reports studies and discusses different issues such as mood, hormones, aging and types of memory that are affected. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Criminal Theory and Crime's Psychological Correlates

    A 4 page overview of the contemporary views on criminal psychology. This paper distinguishes between psychology which is used in the therapeutic treatment of criminals and that used to demonstrate guilt or innocence in a court of law. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mood Disorders and the MMPI Diagnostic Tool The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Diagnosis of Mood Disorders

    A 10 page overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), a psychological testing mechanism first created in 1942 but revised extensively over the years. The test is designed to distinguish the so-called “normal” personality from deviations from the norm. The MMPI is, in fact, one of the most extensively used tests in psychological assessment. This test has been the subject of considerable criticism in regard to its usefulness in cross-cultural scenarios. Never-the-less, most psychologists continue to consider the MMPI as a complimentary addition to the many other types of diagnostic approaches which are utilized in the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology and Adolescence

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of concepts to come from various theorists. Erickson, Maslow, Bandura and Piaget are each discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mental Illness from Ancient Times to the Present

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of mental illness and its history from ancient times to the present. There is an emphasis on the causation of mental illness but treatment issues are highlighted as well. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Anorexia and Sexual Abuse

    A 7 page paper which explores the relationship between sexual abuse and anorexia. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Interpersonal Liking and Psychology Research

    A 5 page paper analyzing the report of a psychological study. Nesler, Storr and Tedeschi (1993) conducted a study of female college students using the Interpersonal Judgment Scale (IJS) as the instrument by which the researchers rated a "liking" scale. The bottom-line conclusion of the researchers in "The interpersonal judgment scale: a measure of liking or respect?" is that the IJS may be limited in its ability to measure attraction. The purpose here is to review the article, but also to comment on general research methods. Design and validity are two primary points of focus. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Personality Change Concept and Personality Theories

    This is a 4 page paper discussing different personality theories in regards to personality change. Personality theories range in their discussions regarding nature (psychobiological and trait theories by Eysenck, Allport and Cattell) and nurture (social and psychodynamic theories by Skinner, Bandura and Freud) to those which are based on simple concepts of human existence and responsibility (humanistic theories by Maslow and Rogers). Other than the biologically-based theories however, there seems to be some concepts which allow for personality change in either terms of continued knowledge and development or a change in reinforcement and stimuli within the environment. Adult personalities in many of the theories are formed during childhood development but can undergo change in certain environments later in life. Even the trait theory which does not allow for a great deal of change does allow for some change in secondary traits such as preference and attitude. Tutorial language is used throughout for writing direction. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Brook and Tseng's Research on the Correlation Between Negativity and Anger in Toddlers and Drug Use by Parents

    A 3 page overview of this 1996 study published in “Genetic, Social & General Psychology Monographs”. This paper reviews the researchers’ hypotheses, methods and conclusion. The researchers find that the mediational model hypothesis that one parental factor is capable of mediating the impact of another parental factor in terms of child behavior is supported.

  • Brook and Tseng's Research on the Correlation Between Negativity and Anger in Toddlers and Drug Use by Parents

    A 3 page overview of this 1996 study published in “Genetic, Social & General Psychology Monographs”. This paper reviews the researchers’ hypotheses, methods and conclusion. The researchers find that the mediational model hypothesis that one parental factor is capable of mediating the impact of another parental factor in terms of child behavior is supported.

  • Licensed Sexual Offender Counselor Interview

    This 5 page paper gives a fictionalized interview with a licensed sexual offender counselor, specializing in rehabilitation of the juvenille offender. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Social History and Collective Memory

    A paper which considers the psychological concept of collective memory with particular reference to its importance in the study of social history. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • Confidentiality Issues When Counseling Minors

    A 7 page paper that addresses the issue of confidentiality when licensed professional counselors are counseling minors. There is a dearth of literature that deals with the topic of confidentiality when counseling minors outside of the school setting. Neither the Code of Ethics for the American Psychological Association nor the Code of Ethics for the American Counseling Association address this issue specifically. What little literature that could be found is discussed in this essay. The writer comments on the APA and ACA Code of Ethics. The issue of privilege is discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Adolescents and the Negative Effects of Music Lyrics

    A 10 page research paper that investigates the negative impact of music lyrics on adolescent behavior and what efforts at censorship such negative effects have generated. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Women with a Victimization History and Drug Abuse Treatment Management

    4 pages in length. The writer discusses potential research strategies, impact of victimization and the 20 most important points to the treatment process. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Artistic Mood, Manic Depression and Touched with Fire by Kay Redfield Jamison

    This 3 page report discusses Jamison’s 1993 book and the ways in which it provides new insights into manic-depressive illness and how it may have had an impact on some of the world’s greatest artists. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Chosen by Chaim Potok in Terms of Family Analysis

    This 9 page paper looks at family systems and family relationships in Chaim Potok's well known work. A detailed analysis of each family in the work--the Saunders and the Malters--are outlined and evaluated. No additional sources cited.

  • Sibling Language and Psychology

    This 6 page paper discusses the interaction bewten siblings and the significance of the sibling relationship, especially experienced through language. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Clinical Psychology and Scientific Practice

    This 9 page paper discusses the history of clinical psychology, its origins and the reciprocal relationship between science and clinical practice. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nurture and Nature Psychological Intelligence Debates

    A 9 page discussion of the question of just what it is that determined our intelligence. The author compares the various theories which have been purported over time, noting the controversy associated with the theory that genetics play a role in our intelligence. The conclusion is presented that it is likely that both genetics and environment which shape this critical aspect of our being. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Dora An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria by Sigmund Freud

    A 4 page critical analysis of the named work. Sigmund Freud’s (1856-1939) “Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria” (1963) is Freud’s account of the case of Ida Bauer, whose father brought to Freud seeking “cure” for her willful refusal to assist her father in securing the affections of his would-be mistress. Freud’s conclusions included diagnosis of hysteria and sexual repression; he firmly believed that Dora’s refusal to assist her father sprang from her own sexual desire for her own father. The paper discusses Freud’s lack of objectivity and his failure to take a moral view of Dora’s position. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparison of Gestalt and Behaviorism

    This 3 page paper compares and contrasts these two schools of thought in psychology. Ideas of B.F. Skinner and Max Wertheimer are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Lost Childhood in the 'Band Candy' Episode of the Buffy The Vampire Slayer Television Series

    3 pages in length. There is truth to the saying that people are never satisfied with what they have, and it is not limited to material possessions. Children – seeking to attain freedom, independence and grownup privileges – are forever wishing they were older; adults, on the other hand – seeking to abandon responsibility, rediscover their freedom and remember when life was so much simpler – long to revisit their lost childhood. Clearly, the impact of adulthood, although a highly desirable commodity to those yet to reach it, ultimately becomes a daily quest just to maintain one's social, economic and personal duty, while at the same time finding some peace of mind. Children do not grasp the amount of responsibility required of an adult but rather only see the fun and limitless boundaries grownups have. An obscure way this is related comes from the "Band Candy" episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, where the adults unwittingly buy and consume fundraising candy that has been hexed with a youth-inducing spell. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Schizophrenia in Adults

    A 9 page literature review. Schizophrenia has been extensively researched over the years, but in many ways it remains an enigma. The overwhelming majority of cases occur in young adults, but some cases do not develop until much later in life. The purpose here is to review the literature addressing factors associated with adult-onset schizophrenia. The paper concludes that though much more information is available on adult-onset schizophrenia now than was available in the past, real determinations that can be widely generalized still have yet to be discovered. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A 2003 Steptoe et al Article 'Behavioral Counseling to Increase Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables in Low Income Adults' Revieweed

    This is a 5 page paper reviewing Steptoe et al (2003) trial “Behavioral Counseling to Increase Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables in Low Income Adults”. Investigators Steptoe et al (2003) conducted a randomized trial to study the effect behavioral counseling had in regards to increasing the consumption of fruit and vegetables in low income adults. The investigators were successful in outlining their assumptions for the study, participants, methods, assessment and measurements, results and conclusion in addition to including the limitations of their study. Using 271 participants aged 18-70 years old from a deprived ethnically mixed inner city area, the investigators conducted brief individual behavioral counseling sessions with groups based on the stage of change model as opposed to time matched nutrition education counseling. Assessment of self reported number of portions of fruit and vegetables as well as plasma carotene, tocopherol, ascorbic acid concentrations and urinary potassium excretion levels were taken at baseline, eight weeks and 12 months after the counseling sessions. Overall, it was found that consumption of fruit and vegetables increased in the behavioral (by 1.5 portions) and nutrition (by 0.9 portions) groups as well as an increase in the plasma carotene and tocopherol concentrations but the carotene levels were has a significantly higher increase in the behavioral group. The percentage of persons eating five or more portions per day increased by 42% in the behavioral group and 27% in the nutrition group. The investigators were able to surmise from these results that “brief individual counseling in primary care can elicit sustained increases in consumption of fruit and vegetables in low income adults in the general population” (Steptoe et al, 2003, p. 855). Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Psychology Students and College Campus Linguistic Subcultures

    A 5 page contention that one does not have to travel to far away and exotic places to encounter linguistic subcultures. The author demonstrates that even psychology students utilize language which sets them apart from other students and, in effect, allows them to be classified as a subculture. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Teenage Girls' Lack of Self Esteem After Losing Their Mothers

    This 6 page paper discusses the bond between mother and daughter and reviews the literature concerning the self esteem of teens who lose their mothers. Bibliographpy lists 5 sources.

  • Integral Psychology by Ken Wilber

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the major concepts in Ken Wilber’s Integral Psychology. Ken Wilber’s “Integral Psychology: Consciousness, Spirit, Psychology, Therapy” (2000) includes a combination of various developmental psychological theories, -- “West and East, ancient and modern” to try and understand the “full spectrum” of the range of human consciousness. Through inclusion or integration of the various theories, Wilber develops a “brain-mind” theory that “does justice to both sides of the equation – the brain and the mind – because what follows can reasonably be expected to cover much of the ‘mind’ aspects that should be included, along with the ‘brain’ aspects derived from neuroscience, in order to arrive at any sort of sturdy and comprehensive model of consciousness”. Wilber’s work involves the discussion of holons, or hierarchical levels, or waves, which progress through three realms (prepersonal, personal and transpersonal) of development. The holons build on and yet are an interactive part of the other levels in development as well as including an integral relationship within the four-quadrant model representing phenomenon as relationships between the intentional, behavioral, cultural and social perspectives. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Anxiety Attacks and the Analysis of Sigmund Freud

    This is a 4 page paper discussing how Freud would analyze anxiety attacks. Anxiety attacks, panic attacks and anxiety disorders in general have been studied in medicine and psychology for over a century. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) considered the father of psychoanalysis believed that “anxiety neurosis” and anxiety attacks experienced by individuals resulted from individuals no longer being able to repress impulses which were in conflict or not satisfied during the childhood psychosexual developmental stages. Freud found that anxiety and panic attacks resembled greatly people’s reactions when they were confronted with danger except there would seem to be no danger present. Therefore, Freud would conclude, the danger must be internal and resulting from “failure of repression” in which an individual would be overwhelmed with panic or a phobia. Through psychoanalysis, Freud would attempt with the patient to discover the area of conflict from their past in which their needs were not nurtured or gratified or which had instilled a fear which they had repressed; a repression which could no longer be contained and resulting in anxiety attacks. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Psychology Course Candidate

    An account of why an individual would be particularly suitable for a doctorate course in psychology, with reference to her personal and professional experience and her cultural background.

  • Group Work and Alderian Therapy

    A 6 page paper discussing Adler’s Individual Psychology, group counseling theory and cultural characteristics of Hispanic Americans. Adler’s motivational theory is directly applicable to Hispanic Americans. The group approach can be useful with Hispanic Americans because it is a natural, comfortable approach for them culturally. If the group counselor can successfully facilitate substitution of groups, then the group approach should be quite successful with Hispanic Americans. It allows individuals to enjoy a comfortable and known setting while navigating previously-uncharted territories, allowing them to place more direct attention on the issues at hand. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Human Behavior Experimental Analysis and Applied Behavioral Analytical Techniques

    5 pages in length. When the student examines whether or not techniques in applied behavior analysis should be influenced by findings of experimental analysis of human behavior, s/he will want to keep in mind the ever-changing scope of psychology and how its perpetual modification helps to employ better assessment and treatment practices. At first, it was not a popularly acceptable custom of infiltrating one approach with what appeared to be the quite divergent direction of another; however, ongoing psychological application has found that over time, some heretofore unrivaled methods have given way to the combination of two or more approaches as a means by which to gain a significantly better outcome to the situation at hand. One of the areas where techniques in applied behavior analysis should be influenced by finding of experimental analysis of human behavior is that of Attention Deficit Disorder and the aspect of academic tutorial assistance. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Truddi Chase's When Rabbit Howls

    A 3 page paper which summarizes Truddi Chase’s “When Rabbit Howls” and discusses its relevancy to psychiatric nursing. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Freudian Theory and The Scold's Bridle by Minette Walters

    This 5 page report discusses British novelist Minette Walters' 1994 book, The Scold's Bridle, and whether it provides a useful example of the theories of Sigmund Freud. The report suggests that Freud's theories are particularly applicable in Walters' story. Bibliography lists only the primary source.

  • Behaviorism And Preschool

    10 pages in length. Preschool is a time of many challenges for both student and teacher, inasmuch as this particular age group is just learning the tenets of social behavior outside the otherwise insulated aspect of family life. Utilizing the concept of behaviorism within the preschool setting provides the teacher - and parent - with the capacity to identify various behaviors and modify them in order to attain a better academic outcome. The extent to which behaviorism asserts that observable conduct represents the only true aspect of the science of psychology is both grand and far-reaching; that autistic preschoolers represent one population where behaviorism is particularly beneficial speaks to how this approach is both widespread and effective. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Visual Perception: Part-Based And Surface-Based

    9 pages in length. The manner by which human beings perceive what they see is comprised of a multidimensional approach of part-based and surface-based visualization that serves to segment the object and then reconstruct it in the mind's eye so as to finally see it as a whole. A chair, for example, is looked at two ways: 1) as a holistic entity and 2) as an assemblage of four legs, a seat and a back support; walking around that chair confirms there is yet another side that cannot be viewed from the front but serves to complete the structural identification of this chair. A 2-D photograph of a chair, by virtue of this understanding, would thereby make holistic perception more of a challenge due to self-occlusion; only because we know chairs have a backside do we automatically presume the one in the photo does, as well. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Learning Prejudice

    This 3 page paper discusses racial discrimination, argues that it is learned and explains how it is learned, and what theory of social psychology best accounts for it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • IO Psych Doctorate Programs

    A 4 page research paper that compares two doctoral programs in Industrial and Organizational Psychology. The programs examined at Alliant International University and Auburn University. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A Healthy Self-Concept

    A 3 page research paper that discusses how to improve self-concept. The writer offers the personal example of her troubles with math and discusses how her self-concept toward academic success with math can be improved. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Erik Erikson: Biography and Theory

    20 pages in length. Erik Homberger Erikson, born near Frankfort, Germany in 1902, was the son of Danish parents whose collective aspirations amounted to a tremendous impact upon better understanding human behavior. The foundation of Erikson's prolific influence upon mankind's developmental activities began in an unconventional manner by virtue of art and language courses when one might readily expect him to be immersed within the bounty of science studies more indicative of his ultimate contributions. His distaste for conventional education compelled him to glean a more worldly instruction as only life experiences can provide; as such, he eschewed formal schooling and went to Europe. Erikson's intersection with psychology arrived when he began as an art instructor for American children whose parents traveled to obtain Freud's enlightenment in Vienna. From there he attended the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute, which led the way for his entrance into America and ultimate status as the first child analyst of Boston; a position at Harvard Medical School soon followed with others at Berkeley, Yale and the Menninger Foundation. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Misuse of Psychology

    This 9 page paper looks at the way in which psychology can be used and abused. The paper outlines the way psychology has developed and then looks at its’ use and misuse in business, law and advertising. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Myers/Exploring Psychology/Chaps. 1-9

    A 10 page research paper that summarizes the first 9 chapters of David G. Myers' Exploring Psychology, 6th Edition. The writer also offers a personal reaction to each chapter. No additional sources cited.

  • Myers/Exploring Psychology, Chapters 10-15

    A 6 page research paper that offers summations and personal reactions to the final six chapters of David G. Myers' Exploring Psychology, Sixth Edition. No additional sources cited.

  • Mental Retardation & Psychopathology

    A 9 page research paper that discusses the effect and prevalence of mental disorders with children and adolescents who are mental retarded. Research suggests that the psychopathology of all mental illness may be higher and more complicated due to the presence of mental retardation. In examining the problem of psychopathology in connection with mental retardation in children and young people, the report also examines the topic from a Christian perspective. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Multiple Personality Disorder And Consciousness

    A 4 page paper. Multiple Personality Disorder is now called Dissociative Identity Disorder. The paper begins with a brief explanation of this condition and one cause for it. The writer also comments that dissociative lapses are common in many people but not to the extent of DID. The essay discusses how DID affects the consciousness. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dissociative Identity Disorder: Behavior Analyst Explanation

    5 pages in length. The most commonly recognized effect of Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is the intermittent presence of alternating personalities that coexist within a single person. The personality fragmentation is characterized as being identifiable through distinctive traits – memories, social relationships and behavior patterns that pertain to each individual identity. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Various Psychology Assignments

    A 3 page research paper that addresses various topics in psychology. Issues covered include the existence of ESP, the legalization of marijuana and the education of gifted children. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jung & Maslow On Religion

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares Carl Jung and Abraham Maslow, two of the most prominent psychologists of the twentieth century, in regards to religion and its relationship to psychology. Examining their writing shows that these preeminent psychologists agreed with each other in many ways, but also differ in the focus of their approaches to religion. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Do Cats Cause Schizophrenia - A Research Proposal

    A 10 page paper. In the last few years, scientists have been trying to link a particular parasite that cats have to schizophrenia. The evidence reported in this proposal is somewhat convincing but is it really? The writer presents these sections in the proposal: Introduction, Literature Review, including the research question, the Methodology, which is a literature review, Results, which comments on how the results might be presented, and Conclusion, which comments on what the researcher will use to draw conclusions. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology: Theories

    8 pages in length. Theories and concepts in developmental psychology assist in understanding the challenges individuals face at different stages of their life. The contributions of such prominent theorists as Bandura, Watson, Skinner, Maslow, Kohlberg, Erikson, Fowler and Piaget have served to assemble a collection of developmental philosophies that provide a significantly better understanding of why people develop the way they do. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology: Theories

    8 pages in length. Theories and concepts in developmental psychology assist in understanding the challenges individuals face at different stages of their life. The contributions of such prominent theorists as Bandura, Watson, Skinner, Maslow, Kohlberg, Erikson, Fowler and Piaget have served to assemble a collection of developmental philosophies that provide a significantly better understanding of why people develop the way they do. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Love and Lust

    A 4 page paper which compares and contrasts love and lust. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • ADHD: Legitimate Medical Diagnosis or Socially Constructed Disorder? - Ethical Concerns

    A 24 page discussion of the bioethics surrounding the controversial diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This paper explores the question of whether this condition has been created by overzealous parents, teachers, doctors, and the pharmaceutical industry.

  • Substance Abuse And Dual Diagnosis

    A 5 page paper that begins with a brief definition of 'substance abuse' and 'dual diagnosis.' The incidence of dual diagnosis is reported as are the challenges this type of diagnosis presents to the clinician and the patient. The writer reports a study with bipolar disorder using a new type of group intervention that was successful with substance abuse but not with the disorder. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Impact Of Suicide On The Survivor

    5 pages in length. The idea of prevention and the guilt inherent to not having done enough to avert suicide is the most apparent difference between how survivors experience the loss as compared with death by other means. Coping with death under any circumstances is a tremendous challenge often exacerbated by social expectations; when suicide is the cause of death, the element of the unknown swirls inside the minds of the survivors, often leaving a sense of defeat and self-blame in its wake. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Behaviorism

    10 pages in length. To fully understand the nature of behaviorism is to realize that while there is a fundamental basis upon which all human beings act and react, there are still factors outside the traditional concept of conditioned response that play a role - albeit more limitedly - in how people behave and respond to various stimuli. That twins separated at birth and raised in entirely different family structures displayed a combination of shared and diverse behavioral traits illustrates the dual impact environmental and hereditary factors have upon demeanor. Annotated bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Why Psychology Is Considered A Science

    6 pages in length. The evolution of psychology emerging as a science stemmed from the concept of behaviorism and what motivated conduct in certain situations. Was humanity merely bound by determinism without the ability to choose, or did he harbor free will with which to guide his own existence? These ponderings ultimately gave way to a more concrete concept termed cognitive science from which the basis of psychology inevitably developed. Bibliography lists xox sources.

  • How Does ADHD Affect Learning

    A 10 page paper that begins by describing what Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is and its incidence among children and adults. The paper then discusses ADHD and the brain, reporting results of studies that identify the parts of the brain that do not function correctly. In the last part of the paper, the writer discusses learning and cognitive theories with comments regarding the challenges the ADHD student faces. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Bandura's "Social Learning Theory" - Analysis

    3 pages in length. The writer provides a brief analysis of content and writing style. No additional sources cited.

  • Learning Theories

    Social, Constructivist, Behaviorist : A 4 page paper that explains and discusses each of these learning theories, including their major principles and theorists. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Bipolar Disorder II And Substance Abuse

    A 3 page paper that reports the incidence of substance abuse among bipolar patients, identifies some of the triggers for a Bipolar Disorder episode and the effect of substance abuse on this disorder. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Industrial Psychology; Explaining Enron

    This 4 page paper considers how concepts of industrial psychology can be used to explain the events that lead to the collapse of Enron. The concepts used are those of decision making and collective responsibility and the aspect of executive earnings and self interest. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Industrial Psychology; Explaining Enron

    This 4 page paper considers how concepts of industrial psychology can be used to explain the events that lead to the collapse of Enron. The concepts used are those of decision making and collective responsibility and the aspect of executive earnings and self interest. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Cognitive Development: Bygotski vs. Piaget

    A 5 page overview of the theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotski. This paper explores the role of adults in a child’s cognitive development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Theories in Psychology: Freud and Erikson

    A 4 page overview of the theories of these two influential psychologists. Personality development is highlighted. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • "Golf Is Not A Game Of Perfect" - Overview And Message

    3 pages in length. The game of golf is fraught with more opportunities to fail than virtually any other sport. Coupled with the fact it is considered an independent activity despite being played with others makes golf a particularly valuable vehicle for improving one's character, patience and positive outlook. Through the eyes, ears and thoughts of some of history's most celebrated golfers, Rotella (1994) illustrates how every single shot made - or missed - evokes myriad emotions that ultimately help them better their respective games, a reality one can readily equate with the learning curve inherent to life and the ongoing quest for personal development. No additional sources cited.

  • Memory Deficits Due To Alzheimer's

    12 pages in length. Perceived reality of such ratings as self-care, depression, irritability, anxiety, memory and health status indicates Alzheimer's disease patients do not possess an accurate realization of their deficits, illustrating how the disease - whether in early or advanced stages - can impact how patients believe they can function when compared to the what caregivers and clinicians observe. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Elderly: Depression And Suicide

    8 pages in length. The trend in elderly suicide has fluctuated over the past three decades to reveal a distinct correlation between depression and the desire to take one's life (McKeown et al). No fewer than two million of the more than thirty-five million elderly in America have some form of diagnosed depression; another five million exhibit symptoms too slight to warrant an official diagnosis or go undiagnosed altogether. The mid fifties marks the recognition of depression and the beginning thoughts of suicide particularly in men (Kaplan). As of the year 2000, eighteen percent of suicide deaths reflected those age sixty-five and older; to define this statistic even further, Caucasian men at least eighty-five years old represented the majority of the deaths (Older Adults: Depression and Suicide Facts). Broken down by age groups, 2004 statistics reveal the following number of suicides: 45-54: 16.6%; 55-64: 13.8%; 65-74: 12.9%; 75-84: 16.9%; 85 and over: 16.4% (Health, United States, 2006). Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • The Myth of the Melting Pot

    This 6 page paper compares the experience of Arab-Americans after 9/11 with that of Japanese-Americans after Pearl Harbor. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Depression And Diabetes: Article Reviews

    10 pages in length. The relationship between diabetes and depression is an unmistakable - and perhaps unavoidable - occurrence of comorbidity. Each of these articles illustrates the importance of patient self-care and appropriate life choices as a means by which to offset the prevalence toward the comorbidity of depression and diabetes. While one study seeks to determine the most provoking factors that draw out the tendency toward both major and minor depression, another finds no more correlation between depression and diabetes than there is with those who do not have diabetes. Similarly, a third study sought to determine if those with either major depression or diabetes were more or less functionally disabled than those with diabetes and comorbid major depression. Another study examines how different locale and ethic composition impacts comorbidity, while the final article provides a broad overview of how depression and diabetes are often misdiagnosed and inappropriately treated. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Long-Term Risks Associated With Childhood Sexual Abuse

    8 pages in length. Enduring childhood sexual abuse establishes a precedent for psychopathological responses into adulthood; anxiety, depression, obsessive/compulsive behavior, grief and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are but a few of the manifestation when children are exposed to this mentally and physically invasive form of child abuse. Research has made a particularly pertinent connection between the onset of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in people who suffered sexual abuse as children; with females reflecting the vast majority of those who experience sexual abuse (Fergusson et al, 1996), this fact equates to women displaying a greater propensity toward BPD. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Conflict Management Styles - Case Study

    This 5 page paper begins with a brief description of the five major conflict management styles. The rest of the paper analyzes a scenario provided by the student in which a teenager arrives home very late on a Saturday night and in which the mother and her fiancé disagree on how to discipline the boy. Conflict management styles used by each party are discussed and recommendations made. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Conflict Management Styles - Case Study

    This 5 page paper begins with a brief description of the five major conflict management styles. The rest of the paper analyzes a scenario provided by the student in which a teenager arrives home very late on a Saturday night and in which the mother and her fiancé disagree on how to discipline the boy. Conflict management styles used by each party are discussed and recommendations made. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Effectiveness of CBT With Schizophrenia

    A 9 page research paper that summarizes and discusses studies that pertain to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and the treatment of schizophrenia. In the conclusions section, the writer argues that the studies reviewed support the position that CBT is an effective treatment modality for schizophrenic clients. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Cognitive Psychology

    A 5 page paper. That responds to short essays provided by the student. Subject areas include cognitive psychology, psychologists and social change and psychopharmacology. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • An Overview of Abnormal Psychology

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of abnormal psychology. The origins of the discipline are explored as well as diverse viewpoints. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Cognitive Psychology and More

    A 5 page paper that responds to specific essays. The writer comments and responds to short essays provided by the student in the areas of cognitive psychology, psychology and social change and psychopharmacology. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Communnication, Technology, and Social Changes

    This 4 page paper discusses three issues: how mass communication media is used for social change, how technology is used for social change, and a reflection on this course. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Reasoning, Intelligence, Culture

    An 8 page paper that discusses specific issues within cognitive psychology. These are: the impact of errors in reasoning; deductive and inductive reasoning; intelligence and wisdom; impact of culture on intelligence; and insights gained from the class. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Psychological Disorders: Categorization and Classification

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of the categorization of psychological disorders. Eating, sexual, substance abuse, and personality disorders are covered. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Psychological Disorders: Categorization and Classification

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of the categorization of psychological disorders. Eating, sexual, substance abuse, and personality disorders are covered. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Paraphilias, Learning Theory and the DSM

    This 5 page paper is broken down into three sections, which relate to the nature of paraphilias, the importance of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, and the relationship to abnormal psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • John Hinckley: Abnormal Psychology

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of abnormal psychology. The case study of John Hinckley is used as an instructive example. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Professionals in Abnormal Psychology

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of abnormal psychology. The roles of various professionals are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Insights about Teaching and Educational Psychology

    This 3 page paper reflects on the perspectives on educational psychology related through a course. This paper defines specific insights following coursework in this topic area. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Insights about Teaching and Educational Psychology

    This 3 page paper reflects on the perspectives on educational psychology related through a course. This paper defines specific insights following coursework in this topic area. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Topics in Social Psychology

    This 20 page paper discusses specific topics within Social Psychology: Events that influenced the field; Milgram study ethics; cognition errors; attribution theory; attitudes and public service announcements and changing attitudes. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Elements of Professional Psychology

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the legal issues that can impact the profession of psychology. This paper relates the importance of considering these ethical issues as they impact care. There are 4 sources cited.

  • A Presentation on an Article

    This paper provides a powerpoint presentation of three slides, along with speaker notes and a research question related to a research study. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Please notify the office to send you the PPT file MHartreppt.rtf.

  • Developing Respect and Empathy for Different Cultures

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of a concept map that identifies the major constructs of concepts like empathy and respect for diversity. This paper considers the implications. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Response to Statements on Cognitive Psychology

    This 3 page paper provides responses to two statements about cognitive psychology, which specifically look at issues related to the social context of learning. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Biopsychosocial Assessment of Ray Charles

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of basic elements and personality characterstics presented of Ray Charles in the film Ray. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Psychology Today Article Review

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of a Psychology Today Article entitled The Idea That Wouldn’t Die. This paper relates the importance of the article in relation to Psychodynamic Theory. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Biological Psychology and Cognition

    This 3 page paper provides a response to the following statement: Thinking critically, how might the biological psychology make-up of man be connected/correlated to the cognitive development of the mind? Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Positivism, Behaviorism and Gestalt Psychology

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of two sections of questions on psychology. Part 1. What is logical positivism? How is legitimate science consistent with logical positivism? Explain your answer. What is radical behaviorism? What is cognitive psychology? How are radical behaviorism and cognitive psychology similar? How are they different? Part 2. How has the Gestalt view of mental organization in perception and thinking relate to the cognitive psychology paradigm? What is the difference between short-term and long-term memory? What did Donald Broadbent mean when he referenced attention filters, as related to encoding into short-term memory? Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Andy Kaufman

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the life of Andy Kaufman, including a view of the application of Erisonian psychology in evaluating Kaufman's actions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology Scenarios

    Part 1. If a person was misdiagnosed (because they exaggerated their symptoms), and really was not depressed, but began taking prescribed anti-depressants, would they in fact be altering their normal serotonin levels and making themselves depressed? By looking inward to a reaction in our brains for a solution to our discomfort, would we be ignoring the external problems of the world that underlie depression and other related disorders and difficulties? Part 2. When people in general know about a person's mental illness, it can cause them harm. Share your thoughts on that aspect. Also, please share your perspective on whether certain cultures have differing opinions on what is considered pathological (mental illness), and how they might classify it, or use their cultural remedies to take care of it. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Different Topics in Psychology

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of responses to a range of questions in the field of psychology. This paper is in two parts and answers the following:1. What are the advantages of classifying mental disorders into types and maintaining such taxonomy for clinical reference? Explain your answer. What are the disadvantages of classifying mental disorders into types and maintaining such taxonomy for clinical reference? Explain your answer. What is mesmerism and hypnosis? How would you evaluate mesmerism and hypnosis as techniques for use in treating mental disorders? Explain your answer. 2.What is evolution theory? How did the formulation of evolution theory impact the development of psychology as a formal discipline? What is the scientific method? How was the scientific method used in the early years of formal psychology? Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Developing Family Counseling Skills

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of a case study of a disruptive child from the point of view of a marriage and family counselor. This case study provides a means of showing counseling skills and strategies for addressing the needs of the family. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Psychology Case Study

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of a case study of a person with specific psychological issues. This paper applies the five axis diagnostic criteria to the case study format. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Mapping the Mental Health Consequences of Childhood Sexual Abuse

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of an article on the use of the social/trauma model to understand the long-term issues that correspond with childhood sexual abuse. Bibliography lists 3 sources

  • The Multiaxial Diagnosis of Mental Illness

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of a clinical case study, using multiaxial diagnosis (DSM IV TR), and states and identifies diagnosis criteria for all the axes on the case scenario. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • A Topic in Biological and Cognitive Psychology

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the topic of the epigenetic effects on mental illness. This paper relates this to the fiels of biological and cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychology and a View of Artificiality

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the concept of artificiality and considers how it is understood and applied within the discipline of psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Narrative Therapy: A Lit Review

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of existing studies and research on the use of narrative therapy for families. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Designing Community-Based Prevention

    A 3 page paper that discusses how a community psychologist would go about designing a drug abuse prevention program in a community. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Selection and Training in Organizational Psychology

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of organizational psychology. The use of the discipline in various contexts is explored using Google, Wegman's, and DreamWorks as examples. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • REBT/Treatment for Alcoholism

    A 6 page research paper that describes rational emotive behavior therapy and its application to substance abuse treatment, with a particular focus on alcoholism. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Issues in Social Psychology

    A 23 page paper that discusses specific issues in social psychology, including factors involved in attraction, consistency and inconsistency, examples of friendships, altruism and helping, modern prejudice and microaggressions, media and violence, bullying in schools and programs to reduce bullying. The paper also includes the Introduction section for a research paper on childhood obesity. Statistics are included. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Maximizing Employee Value Through Job Analysis

    This is a 10 page paper that provides an overview of job analyses. The role of analyses and organizational psychology in employee selection is examined. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Employee Motivation and Retention

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of employee retention. The link between motivation and retention is explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Diversity and Cultural Differences in Psychology

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of cross-cultural psychology. Challenges present in cultural psychology research are explored. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Answers to Some Questions on Psychology

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of three questions in psychology, including quesitons on motivation, arousal and the impacts of stress. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Individual or Group Therapy

    A 5 page paper. The first section discusses the issue of a therapist working individually with a client or bringing family members into the sessions. The second section discusses a case study provided by the student and discusses the challenges of that case. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Vocational Rehabilitation Counseling: Case Study Analysis

    This 10 page paper evaluates the case of a blind man who is looking for a job. Several theories are discussed. Recent research into the job market for those with disabilities is included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Applied Behavior Analysis and Autism

    A 4 page paper that provides a research proposal that will investigate the effect of ABA parent training on their autistic child’s functional behaviors. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Piaget and Vygotsky/Theories of Child Development

    A 3 page research paper that describes the child development theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Intelligence Tests and the Subjectivity of Results

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of intelligence tests. Different theories of intelligence are cited to show the limitations of tests. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Issue in Social Psychology

    A 32 page paper that discusses numerous issues within this discipline. Topics include Cialdini's social influence work; effects of conformity and obedience and positive social change; Methods and Discussion sections of term paper on childhood obesity; dangers of groupthink; group roles and norms; individualism versus collectivism; cultural influences; how social psychology affects positive social changes; and how social psychology is linked to therapy. Bibliography lists 33 sources.

  • Issues in Psychotherapy

    A 15 page paper that responds to specific questions in this field of study. Topics include: brief solution focused therapy and challenges; crisis intervention with a case study; and issues regarding professional practices. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Personality Development - The Major Theories

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of developmental psychology. Theories are explored through a hypothetical case study and interview. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Exploring Environmental Psychology

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of environmental psychology. The relationship between environment and personality development is explored. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Branches of Psychology

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of branches of psychology. Social psychology, behaviorism, and psychodynamic perspective are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Operant and Classical Conditioning and Addiction

    A 5 page paper that explains the basics of classical conditioning and operant conditioning and how each can explain phobias and addictions and extinguishing those behaviors. Bibliography lists 3 sources. PG691933.doc

  • Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology

    This 5 page paper explains what evidence-based practice in psychology is along with its criticisms. The second part of the paper discusses case conceptualization and why it is important. A case study is discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Disaster Preparedness and Environmental Psychology

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of environmental psychology. The use of environmental psychology in studying personality is explored in the context of disaster preparedness within communities. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Designing and Implementing a Token Economy for the Mentally Unstable

    A 12 page paper that provides an overview of the major components of creating a token economy to shape the behaviors of people who are mentally unstable. In essence, a token economy is a reward system by which individuals receive compensation (tokens) for positive behaviors and compliance with outlined expectations, and lose compensation for negative behaviors or non-compliance. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Confirmation of the Existence of ESP

    A 4 page paper describing three personal-knowledge experiences of the writer with ESP-related experiences, followed by some of the history of Joseph Banks Rhine's Parapsychology Laboratory opened at Duke University in the 1930s for the purpose of empirically investigating the existence of ESP and psychokinesis. The paper states that nearly all of us have had some sort of unexplainable extrasensory experience, and works to the conclusion that ESP does in fact exist. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Paranormal and Transpersonal Psychology Relationship

    A 6 page essay discussing the relationship between transpersonal psychology and the paranormal. Specific examples are given with discussion relating the effects of induced hypnosis and ESP which is then related to the precepts of the transpersonal movement. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Personality Characteristics and Paranormal Beliefs

    An 8 page paper that investigates the relationship between personality and a belief in the paranormal. A number of studies are discussed that address the personality variables that are most closely related to a belief in the paranormal. The few studies that attempted to address the effect of such as belief on one's life are also reported. While there is disagreement regarding how such a belief actually affects a person's life, there is agreement regarding the personality traits that are correlated to such a belief. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Overview of Transactional Analysis Therapy

    A short, but detailed 4 page research paper on the therapy and its uses by the counselor. The writer details the substance of the therapy and how it is applied. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology as a Science?

    This is a 6 page paper that evaluates the claim that psychology is not a science. It examines the 'duality theory' and the 'machine' theory in respect to their impact on this argument. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud

    This 5 page paper discusses this historic and ground-breaking book by Freud. The writer provides specific examples of dreams Freud considered to be typical as well as a brief list of symbolic objects found in dreams and what they mean.

  • A Comparison of Three Psychological Journals

    A 5 page paper analyzing three psychological journals for content and slant. The journals are: The Journal of Abnormal Psychology; The Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology; and The Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis. While the first two concern themselves more with research, the last is more concerned with what Freud would say. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Family Assessment 1 and Daniel T.L. Shek's 'Family Environment and Psychological Well Being, School Adjustment, and Problem Behavior'

    In 4 pages, the writer summarizes "Family Environment and Psychological Well Being, School Adjustment, and Problem Behavior" by Daniel T. L. Shek, in the Journal of Genetic Psychology. The article is primarily concerned with the impact of parental & family involvement on adolescent development. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Adolescent Suicide Journal Article Reviewed

    A 2.5 page review of a journal article examining cognitive issues/causal factors concerning adolescent suicide. A primary thematic tenet of the author's argument is that killing one's self is the result of a conscious decision. Full citation for article is provided.

  • Outline of How Society is Impacted by Stress

    A 2 page outline that deals with the topic of how stress is prevalent in modern society. The writer takes the stance that stress is endemic to modern civilization and has detrimental effects even on children. The writer's argument is then outlined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Trio of Journal Articles Compared

    A 5 page comparison of psychological journal articles addressing extroversion and introversion. Three articles were selected, two from The Journal of Psychology and one from The Journal of Genetic Psychology. The first discussed is an investigation of the reliability of models of determining general personality traits. The second attempts to establish a link between introversion and depression; the third investigates the possibility of a statistical basis for personality traits as indicated by the signs of the zodiac. All of the studies seem to be designed as well as they could be in their areas of investigation, but all seem to conclude that apart from neurosis of either introversion or extroversion, the existence and the description within the individual remains subjective and its definition elusive.

  • Sociological, Physiological, and Psychological Issues Associated with the Management of Stress

    This 8 page report discusses numerous aspects of stress and stress management. Psychological and sociological factors have become the contemporary versions of the saber tooth tiger of prehistoric humans’ stress stimulators. Theories about the causes of stress ranging from the anthropological aspects to the physiological have been propagated for, at least, the past three decades. Such studies have shown that there are physiological, psychological and social components to stress and successful stress management. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sociological, Physiological, and Psychological Issues Associated with the Management of Stress

    This 8 page report discusses numerous aspects of stress and stress management. Psychological and sociological factors have become the contemporary versions of the saber tooth tiger of prehistoric humans’ stress stimulators. Theories about the causes of stress ranging from the anthropological aspects to the physiological have been propagated for, at least, the past three decades. Such studies have shown that there are physiological, psychological and social components to stress and successful stress management. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparison of Lawrence Thornton and Bernhard Schlink's Works on Memory's Role

    A 6 page essay that contrasts and compares Bernhard Schlink's The Reader and Lawrence Thornton's Imagining Argentina. The writer argues that both authors address the function of memory and imagination in regards to the creation of political knowledge and moral responsibility. No additional sources cited.

  • Personality and Attachment

    A 14 page paper that discusses the varied psychological principles which involve the issues of attachment in relationship to personality development. While there are many different components that go into making up an individual personality style, attachment plays many different roles in personality development. Attachment primarily begins with our attachment to our primary caregiver, and it is through this relationship that all other attachments, and relationships, are based. A discussion of the importance of infant attachment is addressed, as well as a study which illustrates how important the primary caregiver is in developing personality and attachments in later life. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Intimate Strangers Men and Women Together by Lillian B. Rubin

    A 5 page analysis of the book Intimate Strangers: Men and Women Together by Lillian B. Rubin. The writer demonstrates how Rubin uses a Freudian perspective to explore the reasons behind traditional gender role identification and how this impacts with changed societal expectations. No additional sources cited.

  • A Severed Head by Iris Murdoch

    A 3 page analysis of Iris Murdoch's novel, A Severed Head. In this work, the main character, Martin Lynch-Gibbon, experiences a progression of revelations that compel him to an new awareness of the realities that make up his life. Throughout the book, Murdoch combines the elements of her narration with Freudian psychology, which aids her in portraying Martin's movement from the unconscious to an awareness of reality. No additional sources cited.

  • A Severed Head by Iris Murdoch

    A 3 page analysis of Iris Murdoch's novel, A Severed Head. In this work, the main character, Martin Lynch-Gibbon, experiences a progression of revelations that compel him to an new awareness of the realities that make up his life. Throughout the book, Murdoch combines the elements of her narration with Freudian psychology, which aids her in portraying Martin's movement from the unconscious to an awareness of reality. No additional sources cited.

  • The Naked Ape by Desmond Morris

    A 5 page analysis of the ground-breaking study by Desmond Morris. In this book, Morris, a zoologist, approaches the study of human behavior as he might analyze any other species. It's an intriguing perspective that has gained a wide acceptance among scientists since The Naked Ape was first punished in 1967 and Morris uses this perspective to give considerable insight into human behavior. No additional sources cited.

  • Morally Defensible Keeping of Secrets

    An 8 page analysis of essays on the topic of when it is morally defensible to keep a secret. In Making Choices: Reading Issues in Context, authors Michael Cooley and Katherine Powell offer the reader a selection of essays that address this issue. Each essay introduces a situation or moral dilemma that involves this topic and stimulates the reader to form moral judgements based on the given situations. In essence, the authors provide fuel for a discussion centered on this issue. The writer summarizes several of the articles and then offers some perspective on the question. No additional sources cited.

  • Cheating

    An 8 page analysis of essays on the topic of cheating offered by Michael Cooley and Katherine Powell in their book Making Choices: Reading Issues in Context. Each essay introduces a situation or moral dilemma that involves the issue of cheating and stimulates the reader to form moral judgements based on the given situations. In essence, the authors provide fuel for a discussion centered on the central question of 'does everybody cheat?' The writer summarizes the articles and then offers some perspective on the question. No additional sources cited.

  • Aspects of Child Abuse

    A 5 page paper which discusses various aspects of child abuse. Definitions are illustrated, demonstrating what actually constitutes an act as an abusive act. The focus of the paper deals with the issues of sexual abuse of young men by, either men or women. While there are clearly cases where the young man is not damaged, either mentally of physically, from such experiences, for the most part any sexual coercion of young men, by adults, can be considered as child abuse for it damages the child’s sense of safety and security. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Childhood's Toddler Stage of Development

    7 pages in length. Of all the formative stages of childhood, the toddler stage can present the most challenging for parents. It is at this point -- at age one, two and three -- that children learn to walk and begin to discover things they have not previously had the opportunity to experience. The range of age in which this occurs is relatively variable, because there is no set time when a child is supposed to enter this particular growth stage; however, the toddler stage is typically recognized between the ages of one and three years old. The writer discusses various growth and development aspects in relation to the toddler stage. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Punished by Rewards by Alfie Kohn and Human Motivation

    A 5 page research paper which focuses on Alfie Kohn's book Punished by Rewards. The writer analyzes Kohn's stance regarding the fallacies in behaviorist psychology as it applies to both education and the workplace, concluding that while Kohn is right in many instances, not all aspects of his philosophy are applicable to the work environment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • White Supremacy Theories

    An 8 page research paper that examines the two theories that have been proposed by white supremacist that rationalize a basis for belief in the superiority of the white race. The writer argues that these theories present a scenario for white populations that reassures them by proposing a version of reality that presents an all-white power structure for society as being what is best for society. The rebuttals for these theories are then presented. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The 'Science' of Human Behavior According to B.F. Skinner

    A 5 page analysis of the principles of behavioral psychology as discussed by B.F. Skinner, a pioneer in this field. The writer gives a summation of Skinner's theories relative to the dynamics of operant conditioning and operant behavior. No additional sources cited.

  • Principles of Transactional Analysis

    An 8 page research paper that examines the basic principles of transactional analysis, and then applies them as they might work with a hypothetical Hispanic family. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • True Randomness Qualities and Markov Chains

    An 11 page paper discussing qualities of true randomness. Albert Einstein consistently maintained that the mark of genius was and always would be that of simplicity. He held that anyone could make a concept difficult, but that it took true intelligence and a firm understanding of the subject to put it in its simplest terms. The analogy of the drunkard's path is fitting for a description of the next step of any process that has achieved true randomness-the location of his next step depends only on where he is, not how he arrived there. For that and other applications such as DNA sequencing and animal learning investigations the finite Markov chain is ever useful. With new-found interest in fuzzy logic, no doubt we will see in the future increasing numbers of investigation into the infinite state and integration into the principles of learning within the context of neural networks. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Aggressive Behavior and the Effects of Video Game Playing

    A 6 page research paper that outlines a proposed research study on a hypothesized correlation between increased aggressive behavior in children and adolescents and playing video games. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Counseling and an Eclectic Approach

    An 11 page research paper that argues that the therapist who has an eclectic knowledge of psychoanalytical theory can offer therapy intervention that is adapted to the specific needs of the client. In support of this idea, the paper offers a brief survey of a wide variety of psychotherapeutic theories. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The Learning Process and the Development of the Brain

    A 6 page research paper that examines current research on the human brain and the process of learning. The writer demonstrates that research into how the brain develops has revealed some fascinating facts that have serious implications for early childhood educators relative to such areas as developmentally appropriate practices, active learning, reading readiness, and phonological awareness. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sleep, Dreams, and Their Importance

    In 6 pages, the author discusses dreams and sleep and why the issue is important and worthy of research. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and Personality Theory

    6 pages in length. Establishing a personality theory that challenges those already in existence by such famous industry names as Freud, Ellis, Beck and Rodgers must incorporate a significant understanding of just how the field of psychology effectively encourages more than merely one approach. The practice of psychology, which stems from a portion of philosophy that addresses the issue of behaviorism, evolved into a significant discipline of its own. The writer discusses that through experiential introspection, psychology eventually came to represent the very essence of mental performance and, therefore, personality theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Review of Marling's Book, As Seen on TV

    A 5 page analysis of As The Visual Culture of Everyday Life in the 1950s by Karal Ann Marling. This paper takes the unusual form of answers to five questions that focus on different aspects of the book, which, collectively, offer a comprehensive look at this book. No additional sources cited.

  • Blue Sky Dream by David Beers

    A 5 page analysis of the book Blue Sky Dream by David Beers. In this book, Beers offers his readers an unusual combination of personal memoir and commentary on the psychology behind the Cold War. This unusual perspective is half autobiography, half political commentary. Beers pictures his family as part of the 'Blue Sky Tribe.' This is the term that Beers uses to describe the specific lifestyle of his own family as part of the aerospace industry, and also the optimistic perspective of American culture in the decades following World War II. No additional sources cited.

  • Mark Garrison and Margaret Anne Bly's Human Relations Productive Approaches for the Workplace

    A 7 page analysis of Human Relations: Productive Approaches for the Workplace by Mark Garrison and Margaret Anne Bly. This is an instructive book that combines solid empirical research, supportive study aids, and numerous case studies to provide a practical, and applicable, guide to positive human relations in the business environment. Using examples that are draw from over 90 small and large companies, the authors provide a balanced thematic approach that encompasses both organizational issues and problems that pertain to personal adjustment in the workplace. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Reviewing Depression Causes

    2 pages in length. This is a very interesting review of an article about depression. The article is based on the arguable viewpoint that explores the possibility depression is also caused by a physical abnormality as well as a chemical one.

  • Smell Imagery in Surfacing by Margaret Atwood

    A 5 page analysis of Margaret Atwood's novel Surfacing, a psychologically oriented novel that describes how the unnamed narrator seeks unity and reanimation of the parts of her psyche that she suppressed in order to survive. This is a complex novel, which is permeated with multiple layers of meaning, but it is basically the story of a fragmented woman becoming whole again. In relating this journey, the writer argues that Atwood relies heavily on imagery that focuses on the narrator's heightened senses, and—particularly—on her sense of smell. No additional sources cited.

  • Psychoanalysis Spoofed by Jay Haley

    4 pages in length. Jay Haley's The Art of Psychoanalysis seeks to define the duality of in-depth psychology by capturing its all-important contribution to a mentally balanced society along with its somewhat manipulative tendencies. That Freud's famed couch approach represents an obvious attempt to maneuver the patient/doctor relationship speaks to the underlying -- and often undetectable -- controlling aspects of psychoanalysis to which Haley pokes fun. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Young Golfer Training and Sports Psychology

    This 6 page report discusses the advice and training that a sports psychologist would address in helping a young golfer compete in the professional golfing world. The primary issues addressed are concentration, "the zone," and focus. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Young Golfer Training and Sports Psychology

    This 6 page report discusses the advice and training that a sports psychologist would address in helping a young golfer compete in the professional golfing world. The primary issues addressed are concentration, "the zone," and focus. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Child Development and the Theories of Jean Piaget

    A 5 page research paper that examines the childhood cognitive development theory of Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget. Piaget showed conclusively what parents have always known, which is that children do not think in the same manner as adults. His studies on the origin and nature of childhood cognitive development profoundly impacted both childcare and educational practice. This examination of recent literature on Piaget's theoretical perspective demonstrates that his work is still greatly influencing thought on childhood development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Flight of Apollo 13. The Psychological Impacts of the Events on Members of the Flight and Ground Crews.

    This 7 page paper evaluates the scenario from the point of view of Ron Howard. The Apollo 13 film is used in order to look at the leadership ability of the most significant positions as well as the stress that the crew had to endure. Leadership and group theories are utilized in the analysis. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Adaptation Research and Developmental Psychology

    This is an 8 page paper discussing research on adaptation in developmental psychology. Within the field of psychology, adaptation describes “the process of change in organisms or species to accommodate to a particular environment, enabling their survival”. From a developmental, biological and sociological level, there are considered to be two main types of adaptive behavior: closed programs which basically are transmitted from generation to generation and remain relatively unchanged; and, open genetic programs which are greatly influenced from environmental factors (Gale, 2001). In addition, adaptation can be discussed in terms of individuals or in terms of how groups adapt to new environments. Often individual adaptation is studied in regards to the biological or physiological components which are carried from generation to generation and largely these factors are inflexible and remain relatively unchanged. However, there are many studies which examine how social or environmental factors can also affect adaptive behavior and increase the survival in new situations. These studies examine the cultural, family and socioeconomic relationships in groups and individuals and indicate that while initially some individuals may not be flexible or adaptive to new environments, positive adaptation factors such as strong culture bonds, strong family relationships and resilience can increase adaptability in individuals suggesting that individuals are flexible and can be highly adaptive in new environments; factors which increase their chance of survival. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nailbiting and CBT

    This 4 page report discusses the cognitive behavior therapy model of psychiatric care and the problem of chronic chewing on fingernails and cuticles. Behaviors that may be dismissed as little more than a "nervous habit" or a childish defense or self-comforting mechanism are representative of deeper anxieties or concerns on the part of the individual with the behavior. In this paper, excessive fingernail cuticle biting is used as an example of such a behavior and how cognitive behavior therapy can serve as a means for dealing with the problem. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • John B. Watson's Theory on Human Development

    A 4 page research paper that presents the environmentalist theory of John B. Watson, the creator of the behaviorist school of psychology. The writer outlines the nature vs. nurture debate concerning human development and then discussing the details of Watson's environmentalist (nurture) approach to human development. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • World Wide Web and Its Validity Regarding Depression

    A 5 page review of two web sites which present information on depression. The author emphasizes there is indeed vast volumes of valuable information on the World Wide Web but cautions that you must be careful of your source. Even web sites sponsored by advisory boards of true experts in a particular subject can provide biased information. A Review of DrKoop.com and Zoloft.com is provided to demonstrate those points. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Collective Unconscious and Family Constellations

    This 8-page paper is a summary on Love's Hidden Symmetry by Bert Hellinger. The essay discusses Hellinger's theories, than compares those theories with the collective unconscious theory, as introduced by Carl Jung. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Daily Living Through Zen Buddhism

    10 pages in length. The writer provides a detailed description of Zen Buddhism, as well as discusses how meditation represents a significant component of this spiritual philosophy and of the practical psychology of daily living. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Carol S. Pearson's 'Innocent' Archetype Characteristics' Example

    This is a 4 page paper with an example of an individual with the dominant traits of Carol S. Pearson’s “Innocent” archetype. Carol S. Pearson’s text “Awakening the Heroes Within: Twelve Archetypes to Help Us Find Ourselves and Transform Our World” (1991) discusses the parallels of human psychiatric development with three stages of a hero’s journey: “preparation, journey, return” in that “we first develop the Ego, then encounter the Soul, and finally give birth to a unique sense of Self”. The stages for this transformation of the soul each have a series of developmental archetypes through which individuals journey or mature. Stage 1 includes the archetypes to strengthen the ego and include: “The Innocent” who is a hero of trust and optimism; “The Orphan” one of compassion; “The Caregiver” of social responsibility; and, “The Warrior” of strategy, discipline and boundaries. There are additional archetypes which relate to the awakening of the Soul and the eventual transforming of Self as well but in some cases individuals can exhibit dominant traits of one particular archetype. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 'Born to be Good?' by Celia Kitzinger Summarized and Discussed

    This is a 4 page paper discussing Celia Kitzinger’s article “Born to be Good?”. British psychologist Celia Kitzinger discusses human motivation in relation to the psychology of morality of the “good, bad or indifferent” treatment of others in her essay “Born to be Good?” (1997). Kitzinger’s article tells readers some of the more popular social, biological and psychological theories in regards to moral development and some of the controversies with these theories. In addition to theories of moral development and beliefs, perhaps more importantly Kitzinger tackles the differences which exist between moral beliefs and action. In many situations people who may have high moral beliefs act in horrible ways because of social pressures. Overall, the essay presents a well informed look at moral beliefs, motivation and actions and opens the discussion for future discussions on what can be done to overcome social pressures which cause people to act counter to their moral beliefs and upbringing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Human Development and Growth, Sexual Orientation, and Identity

    This 4 page paper examines three articles about sexual orientation, in particular the problems faced by homosexual children and teens in school and beyond. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Textbook Chapter and Media Article Compared

    A paper which compares an article from the Chicago Tribune on the medical use of marijuana with a textbook chapter on the physiology and neurology of the brain. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Literature and Dangerous Male Cultural Socialization

    This 3 page paper discusses the ways in which society has harmed the male identity by refusing to acknowledge a man's need for emotional depth and expression. A short story and a poem are analyzed for these factors, based on William Pollack's work. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • Human Brain's Recognition of Objects

    This 5 page paper considers the complex subject of how objects are recognised by the human brain. The paper starts with the concept of structural decomposition and recognition by components and then moves onto the ideas of Humphrey and multiple view theories. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Treating Schizophrenia

    This is an 8 page paper discussing some treatments for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is considered a life-long illness in which individuals experience delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and/or catatonic behavior among other symptoms. Without treatment, schizophrenics may be unable to cope with everyday experiences and this can negatively affect their social relationships, family function and occupational opportunities. Fortunately, there are several types of treatment which include anti-psychotic medications, cognitive-behavioral therapy, social skills training and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) among others. While almost all treatments report more success in combination with medication, medication alone cannot help individuals overcome the behaviors often associated with everyday stresses. From this perspective, cognitive behavioral therapy and social skills training are the most beneficial and in cases of severe depression accompanying schizophrenia, ECT has been reported to be extremely beneficial. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 'Writing Superheroes' by Dyson

    This 9 page paper provides a critical inquiry into this work in the realm of education and psychology and expands on some of the concepts inclusive of the importance of cognitive thoughts. The idea of the superhero is discussed but it is one part of this comprehensive book on reading, writing and child psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Category Formation, Causal Theories, and Cognitive Psychology

    This is an 8 page paper comparing and contrasting the prototype and causal-based theories of category formation. In cognitive psychology, category formation is considered one of the most fundamental aspects of understanding mental representation. Within the area of category formation however, there are several theories which appear to conflict in some aspects. Two of these theories are the prototype theory of category formation and the causal theory of category formation. In the most basic sense, the prototype theory argues that individuals categorize items based on the typicality level of the objects in comparison with the “prototype” concept or image that an individual has. When new objects are encountered by an individual, a comparison of features based on prototypes takes place until that object is categorized. From a causal model theory perspective however, the categorization process also takes into account prior knowledge and theories of how the world works in addition to the causal relationships between features. Causal theorists find that the prototype theories base categorization from an independent and “probabilistic” viewpoint whereas individuals in fact use their causal knowledge in order to categorize and build relationships conceptually. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Reincarnation and Past Life Regression

    A 3 page informative speech discussing past life regression and reincarnation, focusing on evidence supporting the notion of past lives. The bottom line is that close inspection of the reasons underlying individual reactions to fears, personal prejudices and other points that collectively define any specific individual can be beneficial in addressing personal issues in the here and now. Whether these individuals truly are relating the events of past lives cannot be absolutely verified or measured, but evidence suggesting their veracity is strong. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Importance of Psychology Study

    A 3 page paper which discusses how the study of psychology can help improve out lives in many ways. bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • UK Consumer Protection

    This 6 page paper considers the protection that is given to consumers under UK law when goods bought are unsafe. The paper looks at the Sale of Goods Act 1979 (as amended) and the Consumer Protection Act 1987. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology and a Premier Virtual Computer Generated Symposium

    This 20 page paper addresses the problems of ADHD treatment, treatment of juvenile offenders as adults, and the treatment of many psychiatric or psychological problems with drugs. While a symposium including Freud, Erikson and Gilligan would be impossible, with the magic of virtual reality and imagination, such a symposium comes to life. How might these theorists feel about these twenty-first century topics? Background information is also provided on each particular topic. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology and a Premier Virtual Computer Generated Symposium

    This 20 page paper addresses the problems of ADHD treatment, treatment of juvenile offenders as adults, and the treatment of many psychiatric or psychological problems with drugs. While a symposium including Freud, Erikson and Gilligan would be impossible, with the magic of virtual reality and imagination, such a symposium comes to life. How might these theorists feel about these twenty-first century topics? Background information is also provided on each particular topic. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Teens and Addiction to the Internet

    This 6 page paper discusses the emerging social problem of internet addiction amongst teens and young college students. The APA as well as other expert sources are quoted. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Madness, Nature, and Cognitive Psychology

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of some of the basic elements of cognitive psychology, including Erikson's theories. This paper integrates a view of cognitive psychology that can be used in an understanding of nature and madness. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Questions on Social Psychology Answered

    This 3-page paper answers several questions pertaining to social psychology including topics such as Kelley's Covariation Model, heuristics (as they pertain to fear of flying) and actor/observer bias. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Senior Citizens, Young People, and Suicide

    A 6 page paper establishing epidemiological, behavioral and educational diagnoses for suicide among youth and the elderly. The text of the paper is repeated in three tables, each devoted to a specific type of diagnosis. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Literature Review on Body Image

    This 6 page paper outlines a review of literature on the issue of body image. This paper considers the impact that body image has on the development of eating disorders. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Forensics and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

    An 18 page literature review that surveys articles on applications of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) within a forensic setting. The writer outlines the purposes of the survey, methodology employed and summarizes and comments on the articles surveyed, indicating areas for future research. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nail-biting: CBT as a therapeutic option

    This 18 page paper provides an overview of the application of CBT, cognitive behavioral therapy, as a treatment for nail biting. This paper also considers one other behavioral therapy, self-monitoring, and the implications for treatment outcomes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Psychology College Student Language Observations

    A 7 page demonstration that linguistic subcultures can be found in even the most common of places. The author demonstrates that even psychology students utilize language which sets them apart from other students and, in effect, allows them to be classified as a subculture. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Gender Bias and the Developmental Stages of Kohlberg

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of the issue of bias in mathematics education, with a focus on the way in which Kohlberg's developmetal stages can be used to understand gender bias. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Literature and Human Evil

    A 6 page paper which examines whether man is inherently evil or becomes evil. The paper uses Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein,” Hitler’s “My Struggle,” and Moliere’s “Tartuffe” for the examination. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Suicide and Betrayal

    A 3 page paper which examines when betraying a friend is acceptable if they have threatened suicide. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Exploring Transsexuality and its Modern World Implications

    A 6 page contention that insurance plans should pay for sex change operations in that these operations serve to correct error in human physiology, just as other types of medical approaches correct errors which manifest themselves as diseases or psychological disturbances. Furthermore, the contention is presented that society is obligated to treat those transsexuals who have undergone sex change operations as they treat others of the sex which has been chosen by the transsexual. This obligation extends, in fact, to placing those surgically altered transsexuals who enter the criminal justice system in prisons which correspond to their chosen sex.

  • Marriage Counseling - Case Study

    An 8 page paper that begins with an overview of family counseling. The writer then discusses a case scenario supplied by the student. The essay discusses how the therapist prepares for the third session, some of the questions and hypothetical responses from the couple, what family therapy approaches would be used, other questions that will need to be asked and finally comments on whether or not the couple will remain together. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Marriage Counseling - Case Study

    An 8 page paper that begins with an overview of family counseling. The writer then discusses a case scenario supplied by the student. The essay discusses how the therapist prepares for the third session, some of the questions and hypothetical responses from the couple, what family therapy approaches would be used, other questions that will need to be asked and finally comments on whether or not the couple will remain together. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Learned Influence Of Violence And Therapeutic Risks Of Treating Abused Children

    10 pages in length. The correlation between child abuse and subsequent emotional trauma is well documented; that the abusive cycle remains with the child into adulthood illustrates the deep-seated impact such an invasion has upon the individual. Also studied to a certain degree is the risk factors involved with therapeutic treatment applied to address post-traumatic impact. By the same token, child abuse has a tendency to encourage the same behavior in those who suffer the mistreatment, inasmuch as learned influence carries over and ultimately compels the abused adult to use violence to solve problems in his family. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Visual Neuroscience: Summary Of Two Articles About Perception

    4 pages in length. The writer offers a brief summary on Boeree's "Gestalt Psychology" and Singh et al's "Part-based Representations of Visual Shape and Implications for Visual Cognition." Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Alcohol and Depression

    A 3 page paper discussing the link between depression and alcohol use, both as a reason that some people begin drinking and a reason that others continue. Researchers link childhood depression with early onset of alcohol use; other research examines the effects of antidepressants on alcohol use and establishes a cross-cultural link between depression and heavy alcohol use. All research is from 2006 and 2007. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Critique of "Computers in Clinical Assessment: Historical Developments, Present Status, and Future Challenges"

    A 3 page paper critique of a paper appearing in the Journal of Clinical Psychology discussing various types of assessment that have used the Internet as the medium. The authors suggest that the single most inhibiting factor preventing more widespread use of Internet-based testing is that of copyright and other intellectual property restrictions. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Ambiguity And Humor

    5 pages in length. Humor is as much an interpretive device as cultural customs or personal experiences. To bypass the ambiguity inherently associated with humor is to realize the vast implications of syntax, language barriers and cultural "insider" aspects of content. The extent to which ambiguity simultaneously adds to and confounds the presence of humor is both grand and far-reaching; that this multiple meaning sometimes leads to confusion, misinterpretation or even misplaced irritation speaks to the fundamental relationship between humor and ambiguity. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Article Synopsis; L. S. Vygotsky and Contemporary Developmental Psychology

    This 3 page paper is a summary of the article by Wertsch and Tulviste (1992), “L. S. Vygotsky and Contemporary Developmental Psychology” published in Developmental Psychology. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Article Synopsis; L. S. Vygotsky and Contemporary Developmental Psychology

    This 3 page paper is a summary of the article by Wertsch and Tulviste (1992), “L. S. Vygotsky and Contemporary Developmental Psychology” published in Developmental Psychology. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Peer Rejection

    This 3 page paper looks at peer rejection including some of the causes and aggravating factors, the short and long term results of peer rejection and the use of intervention strategies. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Panic Disorder and Marriage Therapy

    A 12 page discussion of panic disorder and the threat it can present to a marriage. This paper outlines the usefulness of marriage therapy in overcoming that threat. Bibliography lists seven sources.

  • The Breakfast Club/A View of Adolescence

    A 5 page research paper/essay that discusses The Breakfast Club, directed by John Hughes for Universal, which is an insightful film that offers more substance and analysis of adolescence than the typical Hollywood teen movie. This film rises above the banality of the teen movie genre by exploring in more depth the psychological ramifications of the various high school stereotypical characters, i.e., a “brain, an athlete, a basket case, a princess and a criminal” (Hughes, 2007). Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Maslow And Nursing

    A 4 page paper that begins with an introduction to Maslow's hierarchy and then briefly explains each of the levels in the hierarchy. The writer then discusses the implications of the theory to nursing, emphasizing the need for nurses to remember what level most of their patients are on. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Tommy Riley (Thalassophobia Case Study)

    This 4 page case study concerns a client with a fear of the ocean. A concise history is provided. No bibliography.

  • Article Analysis: Psychology: "Stress, Motivation and Drug Addiction"

    This 3 page paper summarizes an article about the link between stress and substance abuse. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Article Analysis: Psychology: Teaching about Madness

    This 3 page paper summarizes an article about ways of teaching students about the various perceptions of madness that have persisted in our culture. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Intervention - Recovered Memories And Trauma

    This 6 page paper begins with an introduction to the study identifying independent and dependent variables and comments on the difficulties of validating recovered memories, which are the dependent variable. The paper identifies the target population and the two types of therapeutic approaches that would be used with victims of recovered memories of child sexual abuse. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Youth Suicide and Depression; Conventional Approaches To Treatment

    This 7 page paper looks at the problem of youth depression which can lead to suicide and the way these are treated using conventional methods. The paper discusses the use of non pharmacological and pharmacological treatments, their efficiency and the way that the different treatment options and potential outcomes will impact on the way healthcare processionals deal with depressed adolescents. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Cognitive View of Psychology

    A 3 page research paper that looks briefly at the history of cognitive psychology and the factors that differentiate it form other braches of psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Psychology of Love v. Hate

    A 3 page research paper that discusses love and hate. The words “love” and “hate” are used rather carelessly in popular culture and each has a broad meaning. Within the lexicon of psychology, love is “experienced as a perception of reality” and it is intrinsically tied to motivation, and “encourages healthy growth” (Clough, 2006, p. 23). Hate, conversely, appears to have its origin in factors that inhibit positive emotional, cognitive and physical growth (Gilligan, 2003). An examination of the psychology of love and hate shows that these two factors are inextricably linked in that an absence of love seems to inevitably lead to the poisoned personality constructs of people who hate. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Review of "Filicide-Suicide: Common Factors in Parents Who Kill Their Children and Themselves"

    A 6 page paper critiquing an article seeking to identify characteristics of those who kill their children and then kill themselves. Though this investigation is limited in that it dealt only with historical data, the authors believe it can be useful for future development of specific risk factors for filicide-suicide. Includes a 1-page outline. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Review of "Filicide-Suicide: Common Factors in Parents Who Kill Their Children and Themselves"

    A 6 page paper critiquing an article seeking to identify characteristics of those who kill their children and then kill themselves. Though this investigation is limited in that it dealt only with historical data, the authors believe it can be useful for future development of specific risk factors for filicide-suicide. Includes a 1-page outline. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Phobias

    A 6 page paper which examines various phobias. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cognitive Psychology

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of cognitive psychology and determines the link to early behaviorism. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A New course on Global, Multicultural Aspects of Psychology

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue of multiculturalism in education, with a focus on creating a new course in global, multicultural aspects of psychology in order to address the changing client base. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History of Educational Psychology

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of the history of educational psychology, with an assessment of the major points in history and a reflection on major contributors, including Piaget, Vygotsky and Gardner. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Aggressive Drivers: Safely Avoiding Their Hostility

    3 pages in length. Aggressive drivers behave as if their presence on the road and ability to reach their destination are the only things that hold any importance; as such, they drive erratically, follow too close, honk, swerve in and out of traffic, travel well beyond the posted speed limit, flash their brights into the rearview mirror of the driver ahead of them, make unkind gestures and generally hold little respect for those who share the road with them. The object of dealing with aggressive drivers is NOT to challenge their self-given power but instead defer to their unsafe antics and get as far from them as immediately possible. Since they disregard road rules, they also ignore the potential for being the cause of an accident. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Comparing Love And Lust

    3 pages in length. Love and lust are easily interchanged by those who are not aware of the grander nuances that distinguish these two emotions. While they both involved physical feelings, lust - the carnal, emotionless desire to have sexual relations with another person - does not go beyond the tangible aspect; love, on the other hand, incorporates lust with deep emotion. A healthy love relationship must have physical intimacy or it is not complete, however, that closeness is not necessarily lustful after the couple has been together for a long time; rather, it is more of a comfortable and familiar connection that serves to further solidify their emotional love. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Case Management In Crisis Counseling

    9 pages in length. Simon was not at all intending to seek crisis counseling when his doctor suggested he do so, since he considered it just another example of his failure being thrown in his face. But after a brief initial session, he realizes why he needed to take that first difficult step to healing and understands why sometimes all it takes when everything is so upside down and out of control is someone's input from the sidelines - where all the trouble and confusion is not happening - to get a clearer picture of the true and workable options. The case manager's role in Simon's progress is a critical component to whether he succeeds or fails in reaching his treatment's objective. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Learning Theories - Emphasis On Adult Learning Theories

    A 30 page paper. Part 1 of the paper discusses the learning/development theories of Thorndike Bandura, Rogers, Maslow and Kohlberg. The major points of each theory are presented and discussed, including the contribution of that theory to the field of education. The five theories are also compared and contrasted. The second part of the paper discusses adult learning, specifically, again, relating comments to the five theorists identified. 1 Table is included that shows the differences in focus of each theory. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Xanax: An Argument for Inclusion in the DSM

    A 4 page discussion of the psychotherapeutic drug Xanax. This paper argues for the inclusion of this drug in the revised version of the DSM.

  • The Psychological Impact of Separation from their Parents on Foster Children

    This 3 page paper discusses the impact of their separation from their parents on foster children, and some of the problems observed with children in foster care. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Self-Awareness Trap

    This 20 page paper provides an overview of self-awareness theory and considers why self-awareness does not necessarily correspond with self-esteem. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Borderline Personality Disorder

    This 40 page paper provides an overview of borderline personality disorder, BPD, and relates some current research about the connection between BPD and childhood sexual abuse, as well as between BPD and Bipolar Disorder (BD). Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Cause And Effect Of Stress

    6 pages in length. Stress is the catalyst to an untold number of physical and psychological responses both good and bad. Knowing how to control those otherwise involuntary reactions is a large part of living in harmony with stress, because there is simply no way to live without it. Anxiety and pressure, excitement and anticipation or even the bodily strain of a manual labor job - no matter which end of the scale it exists, stress will impact the person in both mind and body; it is the way in which it is handled that determines how detrimental the outcome will be. Indeed, there is no mistaking the synergistic relationship that exists between stress and health. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Depression in Children and Adolescents

    This 10 page paper provides recent research in depression in children and adolescents. Depression is discussed specifically for this age category. This is a paper that comes with PowerPoint slides. Speaker notes are included at no additional charge. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Case Study Questions on Development

    A 5 page paper that answers specific questions about a case study involving a misbehaving five-year-old boy. The writer addresses issues in the child’s development and suggests interventions. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Used in the Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

    This 9 page report explores Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as it relates to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). The concepts are first introduced and defined, and then explored in historical context. Specific studies are referenced to demonstrates that the recommendation is credible. The conclusion reached is that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a good treatment modality for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. An abstract is included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Piaget, Bandura & Erikson: Adolescent Psychology

    10 pages in length. Adolescence is a period of struggle through the painful steps of self-discovery. Hormonal changes, social mores and parental discord all spell a very challenging time for teenagers on the path toward learning about life and themselves. Theorists like Piaget, Bandura and Erikson have contributed significant understanding about how this development phase is fraught with trial-and-error learning as youth become adamant about the freedom to conduct their lives as they see fit. Of course, such quest for independence coupled with vulnerability, immaturity and naïveté does not always make for the most responsible choices, all of which serves as the real life learning curve virtually all adolescents experience on their way to adulthood. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Cognitive Therapy : Addiction & Trauma

    A 10 page paper. The essay begins by explaining cognitive therapy, its foundations and major premises. The writer comments on the relationship between cognitive therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. The focus turns to using both approaches with substance abuse. The writer then discusses the use of cognitive therapy with trauma victims. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • A Feminist Perspective for a Psychology Practitioner

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of the application of feminist psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Issue of Space in Environmental Psychology

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of environmental psychology. Issues such as personal space, noise, and urban crowded are examined. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Structure Design, Architecture, and Environmental Psychology

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of environmental psychology. The impact of structure design and environment on human behavior is explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Western Tradition of Psychology

    This 4 page paper traces the western tradition of this discipline. The contributions of notable philosophers like Aristotle, Thomas Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz are discussed alongside those of Freud. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Socrates, Rationalism, Behaviorism and Psychology

    A 7 page research paper that examines the history of psychology, with special focus on Socrates, rationalism and behaviorism. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • A New Kind of Psychology

    A 3 page paper that explains what positive psychology is, its major themes, and its underlying principles. The essay includes a research example where positive psychology was used with depressive patients. Bibliography lists 5 sources. PGpospsyc.rtf

  • A New Kind of Psychology

    A 3 page paper that explains what positive psychology is, its major themes, and its underlying principles. The essay includes a research example where positive psychology was used with depressive patients. Bibliography lists 5 sources. PGpospsyc.rtf

  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder: A Literature-Based Review

    This is a 12 page paper that provides an overview of narcissistic personality disorder. Biological and psychosocial factors as well as effective interventions are explored. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Criminal Profiling and Other Issues

    A 19 page paper that discusses numerous issues related to the topic. Some of those issues are: antisocial personality, criminal and non-criminal psychopathy, compulsive behavior, addictions, history of forensic evaluation, methods of criminal profiling, types of forensic evaluations, characteristics of serial predators and more. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Making a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia: The Legal Implications

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Diagnostic tools and criteria are explored in the context of a legal case study. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Minor Client Confidentiality - The Ethical Dimensions

    This is a 9 page paper that provides an overview of counselor confidentiality with minor clients. A case study is presented that helps explore the legal and ethical issues at stake in deciding when to breach confidentiality. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Synthesis of Psychological and Economic Behavior Models

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of economic and psychological models of behavior. Theories which unify psychological motivators with expected utility theory are examined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychometric Case Studies

    A 40 paper that includes several case studies that report referral issue, background, observations, tests administered, results, interpretation, multi-axial diagnoses; recommendations. Tests include Rorschach Ink Blots, MMPI-2; NEO Pi-R. An integrated comprehensive case study includes the WAIS-IV and the MMPI-R and the reason for the Rorschach not being used. The writer concludes with comments that reflect a self-evaluation. Bibliography lists 35 sources.

  • Workplace Injuries and Daylight Savings Time

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of workplace injuries and daylight savings times. The paper is presented as speaker notes for a Power Point presentation. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Veterans with PTSD - The Civilian Duty of Employment

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of veterans with PTSD. The legal requirements employers face when hiring such individuals, as well as the benefits of hiring veterans are explored. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Factitious Disorder

    A 3 page research paper that offers a DSM-IV analysis of a case study, with the writer arguing in favor of a diagnosis of factitious disorder. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Psychological Contributions of Mary Whiton Calkins

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of Mary Whiton Calkins. Her contributions to psychology and philosophy are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Views of Tolman Compared to Watson and Skinner

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the theoretical perspectives of Watson, Skinner and Tolman as they relate to the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Case Study Ethnographic Phenomenology

    A 3 page paper that describes this approach to research. The paper explains the process and purposes. Case Study and Ethnographic research designs are also explained. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Statistics in Psychology: Descriptive and Inferential

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of descriptive and inferential statistics. Applications in psychology are emphasized. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Early Cognitive Theorists

    A 3 page paper that briefly describes the theories of these three cognitive psychology theorists. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ethical Evaluations in the Field of Psychology

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of an evaluation of personal ethical style, and then considers the impacts for the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychological Hypothesis Testing

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of hypothesis testing in psychology. An example research question provides the context for each step in the process. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Concept of Conditioning

    This 5 page paper considers the issue of operant conditioning and the views offered by B.F. Skinner. This paper reflects the theory behind this concept. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A PowerPoint Presentation on Functionism and Associationism

    This 7 page paper includes speaker notes and a PowerPoint presentation on the major functionalist and associationist theories and their implications. Bibliography lists five sources. Includes a PowerPoint presentation.

  • Dysfunctional Family Counseling

    An 8 page paper that begins with a description of the family and its problems. The family therapy model that would be used is identified. The paper discusses the impact of policy and community resources for this family. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Study of Learning

    A 5 page paper that addresses four issue related to the study of learning. Headings are: the dawn of the modern era, the definition of learning, methodological aspects, and the use of nonhuman animals in research. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology - Observations

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of developmental psychology. Observations from a Sunday school class are given. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • Helping Children Adjust to Divorce, Positive Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that discusses how to aid the children of divorce to achieve positive developmental outcomes using a positive psychology approach. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Helping Children Adjust to Divorce, Positive Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that discusses how to aid the children of divorce to achieve positive developmental outcomes using a positive psychology approach. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • How Social Psychology Differs

    A 4 page paper. The first part defines social psychology and discusses how it is different than other disciplines. The paper discusses the role of research by reporting some of the important research studies. Two personal experiences related to social psychology are described. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Jigsaw Classroom

    A 3 page paper that reviews an article on the Jigsaw technique and discusses how it relates to conflict management. Another article about reducing violence through cooperative learning is discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

    This 4-page paper provides an overview of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Disorder. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Theories of Carl Rogers

    This 22 page paper provides an overview of the views of Carl Rogers, especially in regards to his humanistic psychology and his person-centered and client-centered approaches. There are 30 sources cited.

  • Two Questions in Psychology

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of two questions in psychology, one regarding Milgram's obedience experiments and the other relating to the "foot-in-the-door" phenomenon used by cults in recruiting members. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Milestones in Cognitiivism

    4 page paper that traces eh history and reports the milestones in this school of psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Multicultural Counseling Guidelines

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of multiculturalism in psychology. The guidelines of the APA and AMCD are compared and contrasted. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Visual Perception

    A 3 page paper written in bulleted outline form. The paper identifies the relationships between visual perception and cognitive processes and how visual perception is used. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ddifferent Issues about Memory

    This 6 page paper discusses many different issues related to memory and learning, including short-term memory, long-term memory, three memories are stored in the brain, the effect of the context, synapses, brain health and what interferes with learning and memory. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Levels of Language and Psychology

    A 5 page paper that begins with definitions of language and lexicon. The paper then discusses the key features of language, the four levels of language structure, and the role of language processing in cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Levels of Language and Psychology

    A 5 page paper that begins with definitions of language and lexicon. The paper then discusses the key features of language, the four levels of language structure, and the role of language processing in cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Wealth and Life Satisfaction

    This 8 page paper discusses the correlation between money and happiness. Researchers have studied this question for decades and have failed to reach a unified definitive conclusion. There are certainly tendencies in one direction or the other, though. Conclusions are included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Observational Learning and Free Will

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of free will and observational learning. Brief cursory overviews are carried out for each topic. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • EXERCISE AND DEPRESSION

    This 3-page paper provides a discussion about the link between exercise and combating depression. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Humanism and Existentialism

    : An 8 page paper. Alfred Adler is referred to as the grandfather of humanistic psychology. Many of his terms, such as inferiority complex have become part of everyday language. Both Rollo May and Victor Frankl were existentialists. These three theorists are discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Origins of Mental Illnesses

    A 4 page paper that traces the origins and history of abnormal psychology since the earliest times B.C. Only the highlights can be reported. The paper also discusses four theoretical models: sociocultural, biological/medical, and psychosocial. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Research on Autism and A Proposal for an Autistic Disorder Workshop

    This 11 page paper includes an outline and several sections outlining a propsal for a workshop. The bulk of the paper includes research on the topic of autism. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Issues in Addiction and Maladaptive Behavior

    A 3 page research paper that addresses moderation management in regards to alcohol consumption; definitions of use, abuse and dependence; societal promotion of maladaptive behavior; and sexual dysfunction. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Seasonal Affective Disorder and Somatoform

    This 3 page paper explains what Body Dysmorphic Disorder is, including the criteria from the DSM-IV-TR. The paper comments on etiology and on the impact the society can have on developing this condition. The second part of the paper explains what Seasonal Affective Disorder is and how to treat it. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • DSM-IV and Sexual Dysfunction

    This 3 page research paper addresses questions pertaining to the DSM-IV definitions of female sexual dysfunction and whether or not revision is called for. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Klein, Adler, Jung

    This 10 page paper explains and discusses several neo-analysis theories and responds to questions about them. The EP neo-analytic theory of child development from birth to age 2; how Melanie Klein’s theory differed; self-psychology; Jungian typologies and writer’s type; preferred theory (Jung) and why; what ‘acting as if’ is; why Adlerians use early recollections; social interest according to Adler; Adler’s birth order; Individual psychology and diversity. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Abnormal Psychology Depression

    A 5 page paper with four sections. The information for this case study was provided by the student. The paper provides an overview of the case, the symptoms, the genetic, biological, cognitive, and behavioral components, and three treatment options. No Bibliography.

  • Definition, Causes and Treatment of PTSD

    A 4 page research paper that describes the causative factors, definition and treatment modalities that pertain to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The page count also includes an outline of the paper. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Media Violence and Behaviour

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the effects on behavior generated by exposure to violence in the media, with a particular emphasis on the negative effects of video games. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Environment and Genetics - The Development of Personality

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of personality and behavior. The role of both genetics and environment in long-term personality development is explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Using Marijuana and Its Psychological Impact

    This 2 page paper provides an overview of the psychological effects of smoking pot. Medicinal uses are explored and statistics are provided. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of the 5 Senses

    This 1 page paper provides an overview of the five senses. The senses are compared to one another and individual differences are noted as well. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Insomnia

    This 1 page paper presents an overview of just what insomnia is and provides some treatment options. Three types of insomnia are defined. Bibliography lists 2 sources

  • Children and the Positive Impact of Television

    In 15 pages, the author discusses television and its positive effects on children. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Law Enforcement Work Stress and a Psychological Outlook

    In 12 pages, the author discusses the psychological outlook of stress that police officers have on the job. Free Sample Roman Numeral Sentence Outline is included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Salvador Minuchin's 'Dance' Structural Family Therapy Model

    A 10 page paper that examines the techniques used in the structural family therapy model developed by Salvador Minuchin and explores how these techniques are being applied in the field of psychology. Included are the successes these techniques have achieved as well as a look at the therapy's weaknesses and limitations. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Salvador Minuchin's 'Dance' Structural Family Therapy Model

    A 10 page paper that examines the techniques used in the structural family therapy model developed by Salvador Minuchin and explores how these techniques are being applied in the field of psychology. Included are the successes these techniques have achieved as well as a look at the therapy's weaknesses and limitations. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Cognition and Solving Problems

    The ability to assess a problem and formulate solutions has been a subject within such varied disciplines as mathematics, psychology, linguistics, neurobiology and computer science. The fact remains that problem-solving is a complicated procedure that merits study. This 10 page paper explores information processing and memory in terms of problem solving. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Psychological Indeterminism and Determinism

    6 pages in length. Is one's life and liberty truly determined or is it primarily the result of mankind’s free will? The writer discusses this issue by addressing humanistic and cognitive theories, as well as Roger Wolcott Sperry, Thomas More's "Utopia," Anthony Burgess' "A Clockwork Orange" and B.F. Skinner's "Walden 2." Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Self as Perceived from the Male Perspective

    This 11 page paper highlights the concept of sense of self and applies it to gender. The male is the focus of this paper that delves into societal notions of maleness as well as dominant culture perceptions versus the uniqueness of the individual. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Self Esteem and Children

    8 pages in length. There are a number of variables that are pertinent to an individual's sense of self-esteem. Attaining a healthy self-perception is arguably one of the most difficult and ongoing of life tasks, in that it depends not only on intrinsic sources but also external environmental stimulation. From parental methods to school to social interaction, the extent to which children from infancy through late childhood develop self-esteem encompasses several elements. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Social Psychology and Advertising

    8 pages in length. That the advertising industry and social psychology are integrally related is indisputable. Indeed, the very foundation of advertising is to appeal to the core of one's social association by means of psychological allure. Within the framework of the advertising industry, social psychology represents the study of various components of attitude, motivation, personality and behavior as they reflect an individual's influence upon and by social groups. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Personality and the Debate of Nature versus Nurture

    A 3 page research paper that addresses the question of which has the greatest influence on personality development—nature or nurture. The writer presents arguments on both sides and argues that both factors have to be considered. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dysfunction and Sex

    This 3 page paper looks at this topic from a psychological perspective. Tradition therapy is recommended for couples who have ruled out physical or physiological problems. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Charitable Donations and Honesty Research

    A 5 page paper that presents a research proposal designed to determine the degree of ethical responsibility and honesty of charitable donations displayed by different socioeconomic groups in an unobserved environment. Included are detailed instructions in the construction of the hidden camera methodology proposed by this research, reviews of previous research findings, and projected outcome of the study. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Memory Parallels Between Animals and Humans or 'Monkey See, Monkey Do'

    A 5 page paper that explores the similarities and relations between the human processes of memory and those of the animal species, primarily the Chimpanzee. Arguments defending both the similarities and the differences in the behavioral habits of the Chimpanzee as compared to those of the human species are presented, as well as recent research findings. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Boys, Girls, and Gender Differences

    A 6 page paper that explores the differences between genders. Despite two or more decades of people saying they do not want their children to behave and think in stereotypical ways, research consistently concludes that parents treat their children differently based on the child's gender. Since initial gender roles are assumed during infancy and young childhood, this paper looks at the research involving play and toy selection and how these are developed in the child. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Human Interaction and Impression Management

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses impression management as it relates to human interaction. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Human Interaction and Impression Management

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses impression management as it relates to human interaction. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Purpose Served by Humor

    This 5 page paper explores humor, and the purposes it serves. Various theorists are discussed and the purpose of ethnic humor is a primary focus of the paper. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • American Humor

    This 5 page paper takes a look at humor in America as it exists today and historically as well. Types of humor present in American society are detailed and compared with humor from other cultures. Many examples are provided. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Wealth and Poverty and Issues of Social Identity

    This 6 page paper explores the realities and experiences of the socialization process between wealthy children and poor children. The differences between rich children and poor children is not something a child is born knowing. He or she is simply a child among other children regardless of how much money mommy and daddy make. It is the values imposed upon children by adults and, sadly, other children (who themselves have been overly influenced by adult values) that determine how a child views herself and others.

  • TV and America's Children

    A 6 page paper that examines the negative influence that television appears to be having on today's American children and young adults and explores some possible solutions to bridging the cultural gap between parents and children that has resulted. Included is a discussion on the noted elevated intelligence of today's children and the problem this has presented in parent-child relationships. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Determinate Proposal on Death Penalty Propensity and a Juror's Gender

    A 10 page paper that argues the thesis that women jurors are less likely to vote for capital punishment than are male jurors and presents a basic determinate proposal projecting results that will substantiate this claim. Discussed are the maximalist and minimalist approaches that have been taken in the study of gender differences in criminal sentencing, with emphasis being placed on the effectiveness of the minimalist approach. The proposed research involves the study of a sampling of first and second level university students and outlines the steps necessary to carry out this survey. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Violent Crime and its Impact Upon Victims, Offenders, and Society

    A 5 page paper that examines the pattern of modern crime and explores its effect on victims, offenders, and society. This paper focuses on the juvenile crime wave that began during the last half of the twentieth century and has continued into the twenty-first. Emphasis is placed on both the Columbine tragedy of 1999 and the Michigan tragedy of 2000. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Four Chapter Overview of Gazuniga Cognitive Neuropsychology Mind Biology

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of four of the chapters of Gazuniga's book Cognitive Neuropsychology: The Biology of the Mind. This paper defines elements like the progression of motor structures, the development of cognition, and the progression of evolutionary elements. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Film What Dreams May Come and the Psychology of Sigmund Freud

    5 pages in length. A majority of the themes and issues found in contemporary psychology treatments have their fundamental basis in Sigmund Freud's discoveries. The writer discusses how Freud's theories apply to the movie What Dreams May Come. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Verbal and Nonverbal Behavioral Redirection

    This 2 page paper looks into this subject, inclusive of both nonverbal and verbal methods. Ideology regarding the use of other methods besides behavioral approaches are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Digital Age and Parental Direction and Discipline

    A 9 page paper that examines conventional parenting styles and their applicability to the new conventional family unit of the twenty-first century. Discussed are the changes that traditional parenting styles underwent during the twentieth century due to the 1946 publication of Dr. Benjamin Spock's The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care. Also discussed are the views of those currently advocating a return to stricter parenting styles as well as the views of those opposing this return. Free outline included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Issues in Psychology

    A 50 page research paper that answers 50 questions pertaining to the field of psychology with an emphasis on the role that emotions play in human development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Serial Killers' Personalities

    This 8 page paper looks at different serial killers and attempts to determine if their future actions could have been determined prior to the events by personality analysis. The paper discusses the similarities and differences, as well as the time and aspect of any observed personality changes. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Adolescent Development and the Influence of Peers and Family

    A 5 page paper that discusses the degree of influence families and peers have on adolescent development. Contrary to what many believe, families, and especially parents, have a significant influence on their teenager's development and behaviors. While it has long been known that peers exercise considerable influence, recent research suggests that influence is more often positive than negative. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Blaming Mothers in Society and 'Mamas, Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up To Be Less Than Perfect'

    An 8-page paper that examines the conventional tendency of society to blame mothers for the dysfunction of their children and of society itself. Discussed is the development of this theory in the 1950s, its progress throughout the latter half of the twentieth century, and the overall change in attitude and views toward this theory that is currently occurring in modern society. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Experiential and Narrative Types of Therapy

    (8pp)Therapy involving families or individuals is seldom easy or singular in nature. This paper examines the similarities and differences of experiential and narrative therapies, through the applicable work of Virginia Satir and Michael White. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Inner Childhood Issues and Group Therapy

    A 5 page paper that examines the psychological and sociological treatments of group therapy and psychodrama and explains the benefits this type of treatment offers individuals who suffer from problems stemming from inner childhood issues or trauma. Included is a brief history of the group therapy treatment process as it was developed and defined by Dr. Jacob Moreno in the early twentieth century. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Mainstream Psychology and the Explanation of Gender Differences by Feminism

    19 pages in length. The writer discusses feminism as it relates to gender differences in mainstream psychology by addressing the workplace, popular culture, gender language and pornography. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Research Proposal on CPI and the Five Factor Personality Model

    This 16 page paper is an example of a research proposal. In this case the research proposal concerns the testing of the Five Factor Model of personality testing against the 'California Psychological Inventory (CPI). The paper looks at the construct and theory behind the model and then goes on to a brief literary review before proposing a research study. The final part of the paper looks at the strengths and weaknesses of the proposal. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of Thorndike and Skinner

    This 12 page paper provides an outline of each theorist's work and compares and contrasts their ideas. Issues related to behavior are discussed. Other topics addressed include ethics and the measurement of intelligence. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Spanking as a Detrimental Form of Discipline

    This 7 page paper provides a look at spanking inclusive of studies that show a detrimental effect on a child's behavior. Alternatives to corporal punishment are discussed. Outline is included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Intelligence and Its Genetic Component

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the nature-nurture debate with a focus on the genetic component. Several studies are cited, with a concentration on twin studies. IQ testing is explored. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Research Proposal Annotated Outline

    This 5 page paper is an annotated outline of a proposal for research on a personality test known as the 'five factor model' or the NEO Personality Inventory. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Basis of Cognitive Psychology and Ecological Validity

    6 pages in length. Cognitive psychology is occasionally criticized for having a lack of ecological validity; the extent to which one might argue against this accusation is found in the fundamental basis of what cognitive psychology is all about. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Therapy and Dental Phobias

    A 7 page discussion of the reasons behind dental phobias and the methodologies for treatment of those phobias. Outlines the sometimes gruesome history of dentistry and the reputation which it has incurred as a result of that history. Discusses early experiences at the dentist office which result in phobias of future visits. Emphasizes that phobias are not a reason to ignore needed dental procedure. Concludes that ignoring the problem is not a guarantee that it will disappear nor is it a guarantee that a relatively easy-to-treat condition will not progress into a potentially life threatening condition, or at the least a very serious condition, if left untreated. Dental phobias are not an excuse for avoiding the dentist office. Instead, they are a reason to seek out appropriate counseling. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • An Article Review on Amnesia

    This 7 page paper reviews an article by Narinder Kapur and uses a Cognitive Psychology text book to discuss insights into amnesia. The importance of memory in society is emphasized. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Psychology and Self Esteem in Child Development

    10 pages in length. The psychological twists and turns that children face in their maturation years can be both thrilling and traumatic at the same time. In her book entitled "The Magic Years : Understanding and Handling the Problems of Early Childhood," Selma Fraiberg's approach to first recognizing and then addressing these stressful yet magical years is quite refreshing from a reader's perspective. The forty years that have worn wear upon this title do not negatively reflect upon current psychological issues that exist in child development; rather, they have helped to preserve Fraiberg's unique, entertaining and informational book much like a fine wine. The writer discusses childhood development in psychology with emphasis upon self-esteem. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Exploring Transsexuality and its Modern World Implications

    A 6 page contention that insurance plans should pay for sex change operations in that these operations serve to correct error in human physiology, just as other types of medical approaches correct errors which manifest themselves as diseases or psychological disturbances. Furthermore, the contention is presented that society is obligated to treat those transsexuals who have undergone sex change operations as they treat others of the sex which has been chosen by the transsexual. This obligation extends, in fact, to placing those surgically altered transsexuals who enter the criminal justice system in prisons which correspond to their chosen sex.

  • Literature Review on Borderline Personality Disorder

    An 18 page literature review that analyzes, contrasts and compares the findings of several research studies pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of borderline personality disorder, which is one of the most complicated conditions encountered by mental health professionals. The writer discusses the DSM-IV criteria for diagnosis and what current research relates about possible treatment modalities. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Statistical Analysis and Anova Use

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of the statistical analysis using an anova. This paper integrates a view of assessments of nonverbal communication as a basis for the anova comparison. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Relaxation Techniques

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of three techniques for relaxation: television viewing, book reading and yoga. This paper integrates a comparative view of the process of relaxation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Biographical Sketch of Bipolar Disorder

    A 14 page paper. The essay includes the definition, incidence, causes and symptoms of this mental illness and discusses the difficulty of diagnosing early onset of bipolar disorder. One of the issues with youth is the similarity to ADHD symptoms. The most effective treatment interventions are explained. The last section discusses suicide among bipolar disorder patients. A biographical sketch of a real person with bipolar disorder are intermingled in the text. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Biographical Sketch of Bipolar Disorder

    A 14 page paper. The essay includes the definition, incidence, causes and symptoms of this mental illness and discusses the difficulty of diagnosing early onset of bipolar disorder. One of the issues with youth is the similarity to ADHD symptoms. The most effective treatment interventions are explained. The last section discusses suicide among bipolar disorder patients. A biographical sketch of a real person with bipolar disorder are intermingled in the text. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • An Article on Subliminal Perception Critiqued

    A 3 page article critique that examines a study performed by Benoit and Thomas (1992) on the relationship between the belief that a subliminal message can affect behavior and the outcome of such perception. This study did not explore the validity of subliminal messaging, but rather how the belief in subliminal messaging could effect perception. The writer summarizes the research, discusses its importance to psychology and offers personal observations. No other sources cited.

  • Public Communication Issues

    THis 4-page paper focuses on certain issues in public communication including communication apprehension (both normal and high); techniques a presenter can do to lower fear of public speaking and what source credibility its. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Critiquing the Research Approach of Measuring Children's Anger

    A 13 page critique of the research conducted by A.J. Finch Jr. and Edward S. Eastman and published in the Journal of Psychology in 1983. Using a sample base of thirty-eight children (twenty-eight boys and ten girls) at the point of admission as patients at the Virginia Treatment Center (a short-term psychiatric hospital for children), the researchers delineate a significant relationship between the child’s own perception of their anger (as obtained through self reports) and reports of their behavior provided by peers at the time of admission. This paper concludes that there are many inadequacies in this research. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Infant Imitation Representational Research Proposal

    This 6 page paper is a research proposal to study the influences on infant imitation of facial expressions. The proposal is for a study that will compare two sample groups, and seek to ascertain if other associated factors, such as noise or movement will enhance the level or quality of the imitation. The paper outlines the reasoning, the methodology, including participants, materials, procedures and analysis, and outlines how it will be presented when finished. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • United Kingdom Education and the Effects of Psychology Development

    Over time education has changed a great deal in the UK. This 5 page paper considers how the changes have been influenced by the development of knowledge and understanding of the human psyche and the study of psychology. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Children and the Effects of Media Violence

    This 7 page paper examines screen violence through several studies. The paper concludes that while violence to emanate from media is detrimental, there are ways to mitigate the outcome. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Social Psychology Issues

    This 5 page paper answers three questions in social psychology which include an examination of the concepts of bystander intervention, bullying and social learning theory. Each of these concepts are fully explained . Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Robert Johnson's We The Psychology of Romantic Love

    This 4 page paper gives an overview, synopsis, and detailed discussion of Robert Johnson's book, We: The Psychology of Romantic Love. Quotes included. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Mental Health Treatment and Group Work Importance

    This 25 page paper is written in two parts, the first part of the paper looks at the problem of mental health, its’ prevalence and impact and then considers how group work can be used to treat mental issues. The paper focuses on group therapy considering how and why it can be of use. The second part of the paper places the group therapy into a wider context by examining mental development from a human development perspective and the role of group interaction. This includes the consideration of social groups and peer pressure. The bibliography cites 32 sources.

  • Special Education and ADHD

    This 30 page paper provides an overview of a dissertation study on ADHD. This paper integrates a review of literature and a methodology and shows how a study could be conducted. Bibliography lists 15 sources

  • Adolescence, Quality of Life, and Suicide

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of the issue of quality of life and the choice of suicide. The conflict between religious ideologies, moral perspectives, and questions of humanity and human rights have all come into play to support and negate claims of the right of the individual to chose euthanasia or suicide, especially when relating issues of the quality of life to certain populations, including adolescents at-risk. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Social Psychology and Application of Aggression Theories

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the issue of aggression in youth populations and the psychological and social indicators. In school-aged populations, the issue of aggression and the presence of behavior disorders presents considerable problems for educators and parents, who struggle with the displays of physical aggression and the behavioral developments that extend from manifestations of aggression. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Does Aggression Help or Hinder Performance in Sports

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of three articles in the current literature regarding the issue of aggression in sports and considers the methodological, statistical and analytical components of these articles. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Anxiety Concept Analysis

    This 15 page paper outlines a concept analysis of anxiety. This paper recognizes that concept analysis not only provides insight into the impacts of a certain concept on the development of nursing protocols, but also promotes understanding of the application of a concept in the development of both nursing theory and nursing practice. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Quantitative and Qualitative Research Articles Reviewed

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of a number of qualitative and quantitative research articles, and provides a comparative view. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Behaviorism

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of behaviorism, which is one of two primary schools of psychological theory that were defined by long-standing philosophical premises but fine-tuned in the 20th century in reaction to the Freudian constructs that had shaped much of the psychological research after the turn of the century. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Human Psychology and the Brain

    This 5 page paper considers the nature of the brain and the impact on human psychology. This paper relates the views of Coon, in his Introduction to Psychology, as a basis for considering the impact and function of the brain. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Psychotic Depression Application of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of a case study for applying CBT, cognitive behavioral therapy. This paper outlines the case study of one patient with psychotic depression. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Assessments of Sexually Abused Children and Art Therapy

    This 16 page paper provides an overview of the use of art therapy in assessing child victims of sexual abuse. This paper relates the fact that childhood sexual abuse is a problem of increasing magnitude in the United States. Children who are sexually abused often know their abusers and research suggests that some children who are abused by parents, family members, or clergy often create a normative view of the sexual abuse that creates a cycle of abuse. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Assessments of Sexually Abused Children and Art Therapy

    This 16 page paper provides an overview of the use of art therapy in assessing child victims of sexual abuse. This paper relates the fact that childhood sexual abuse is a problem of increasing magnitude in the United States. Children who are sexually abused often know their abusers and research suggests that some children who are abused by parents, family members, or clergy often create a normative view of the sexual abuse that creates a cycle of abuse. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Gendered Interpretations and Development of Language Relating to Childhood Cognitive Development

    This 11 page paper provides an overview of the connection between cognitive development and language development. Further, this paper also relates the issue of gendered interpretations as they apply to an understanding of language development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Connections Between Nature, Madness, and Cognitive Psychology

    This 5 page paper relates the connection between views of cognitive psychology and assessment of nature and madness. This paper integrates a view of CBT, cognitive/behavioral therapy, as it can be applied to this subject. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Independent Discipline of Psychology and the Impact of Sociocultural Forces

    15 pages in length. The independent scientific discipline of psychology is integrally related to social change and how it ultimately influences people's perceptions. There is no denying how society and culture play integral roles in the far-reaching definition of psychology as an independent scientific discipline; to overlook this inherent aspect is to suggest that sociocultural problems are single-fold. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Freud, Rogers, and Counseling from a Client Centered Perspective

    This 9 page paper looks at Rogers' paradigm in depth and also explores Freudian psychology as a comparison. The client centered model is discussed as a viable counseling alternative. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Thinking Errors, Research Abilities, and Critical Thinking

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses how critical thinking improves life; how research skills apply to the work environment; and the Chicken Little Syndrome. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Panic Disorder Sufferers and Cognitive Behavior Disorder Effectiveness Experimental Research Design

    This 5 page report briefly discusses the effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy in treating people with a panic disorder. It is structured as a literature review and offers suggestions for a study design to determine that measure of effectiveness. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Research Study Proposal on the Effects of Television Violence on Children

    3 pages in length. The undeniable impact of television upon rising juvenile violence is felt in myriad forms, not the least of which is within the school setting. With children completely desensitized to death and injury due to constant exposure through television, it comes as no surprise that they take such influences and apply them to real-life situations to the point where guns and other weapons have become a great cause for concern on school grounds. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Overview of Short Term Memory Loss Research

    A 13 page paper reviewing short term memory loss and current research on the topic. One of the difficulties inherent in research into short term memory loss is that the condition can be caused by so many different factors, some of which are physiological in origin while others lie more in the psychological realm. It is often the first visible sign of Alzheimer’s disease, but it also can result from an over-burdened, over-stressed life that prevents facts and items from being stored for later recall. Short term memory loss is most closely associated with age, alcohol abuse and Alzheimer’s Disease, all of which are discussed in the paper. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Williams Syndrome in Children, Problematic Behavior, and Pain Management

    A review of an article which deals with the problem behaviours consequent on hyperacusis in a child with Williams Syndrome, and the ways in which pain management methods can be applied to allow the child to modify such behaviours in a mainstream classroom environment. Bibliography lists one source

  • Ekman et al's Smiles When Lying

    This 5-page paper offers a literature review to support contentions made in the paper "Smiles when Lying," by Ekman et al. The paper discusses results of similar studies and theories. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychoanalysis and Sexuality

    This 5 page paper looks at the role and meaning of sexuality in psychoanalysis. The paper focuses on Freud, as the founder of psychoanalysis and how he saw sexuality as a motivator, which directed normal or abnormal development. Jung is also mentioned. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Phi Apparent Motion and the Stroop Experiment

    A paper which describes the Stroop experiment in interference in serial verbal reactions, and the phi phenomenon of apparent movement. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • Human Behavior and the Effects of the Full Moon

    This 8 page paper discusses various scientific studies which support the idea that the moon affects human behavior. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sigmund Freud: The Originator of Psychoanalysis

    A 3 page overview of some of Freud’s most interesting theories on psychoanalysis. This paper points out that although we have progressed considerably in our understanding of human psychology, Freud is still remembered as the father of the psychoanalytical process. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Girl, Interrupted And Borderline Personality

    This 6 page paper discusses the entitle movie and focuses on whether the writer believes the main character, Susanna, really did have borderline personality disorder. The writer recalls the era, the 1960s and what was happening in terms of Susanna's actions. The DSM criteria for Borderline Personality Disorder today are outlined and the writer suggests the one or two criteria the patient met. The essay continues with this type of discussion. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Importance Of Studying Psychology

    7 pages in length. To understand man's behavior and mental processes is to realize the capacity, quirks and composition of the human mind; as a result, studying psychology provides a greater awareness of how each individual harbors altogether different stimuli that creates said behavior and mental processes. It is imperative for these aspects to be clearly understood within the context of interaction with others and with oneself in order to better appreciate the diversity that exists between and among people. Moreover, the study of psychology provides the medical community with adequate tools to help those whose behaviors and mental processes are askew and need realignment. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Analysis: Two Articles on Aging

    This 3 page paper discusses two articles about aging; one that suggests creativity is vital to successful aging, the other suggesting that the elderly should be venerated. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Television and Its Negative Effects on Children

    This 4 page paper examines research on this compelling topic and argues that television is bad for children. Aggression and television violence is the primary topic discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Dangerous Habits Of Today's Drivers

    3 pages in length. Contemporary society is in such a hurry and has so much to accomplish that getting certain tasks done in a timely fashion has created some dangerous habits for today's drivers. Added to the long-standing list of distractions people have when driving - unruly kids, being late, impatience - drivers routinely eat, apply makeup, read, talk/text on the cell phone, take impairing medications and - believe it or not - consume alcohol while maneuvering a two-thousand-pound vehicle made of piercing metal and glass as well as flammable gasoline. The false sense of security people have when getting behind the wheel is both grand and far-reaching; that it takes but the blink of an eye for an accident to happen speaks to the casual attitude today's drivers have with regard to operational safety. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Research Methodology Issues

    An 11 page research paper that addresses multiple issues pertaining to how research is conducted. The writer defines numerous terms and discusses the differences between quantitative and qualitative research, inductive and deductive reasoning and also the advantages of mixed method research studies, among other topics. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • Research Methodology Issues

    An 11 page research paper that addresses multiple issues pertaining to how research is conducted. The writer defines numerous terms and discusses the differences between quantitative and qualitative research, inductive and deductive reasoning and also the advantages of mixed method research studies, among other topics. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • Case Study Questions/Cognitive Development, Young Adults

    A 3 page paper that responds to questions on a case scenario involving a young college student whose religious preconceptions are challenged by her roommate. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Case Study: Depression & CBT

    A 4 page research paper/essay is also a reaction paper to a case study vignette, which describes a woman suffering from depression. The writer responds to the vignette by suggesting how cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) could be used to address the woman’s depression. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Constructing Sexuality/The Problem with Duality

    An 8 page research paper/essay that discusses how sexuality is understood in society. The writer focuses on developmental systems theory as explained by Fausto-Sterling, and also explains essentialism and constructivism in this context. This discussion illustrates the practicality and logic of this conceptualization of sexuality, and how it holds the promise of releasing sexuality from the restrictions inherent in dualism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Constructing Sexuality/The Problem with Duality

    An 8 page research paper/essay that discusses how sexuality is understood in society. The writer focuses on developmental systems theory as explained by Fausto-Sterling, and also explains essentialism and constructivism in this context. This discussion illustrates the practicality and logic of this conceptualization of sexuality, and how it holds the promise of releasing sexuality from the restrictions inherent in dualism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mozart Effect/Beneficial or a Gimmick?

    A 3 page research paper that looks at a specific baby product, in this case a CD of music by Mozart. Then , the writer discusses research in order to determine if the assertion of the product’s manufacturers that this product will increase a baby’s IQ has any merit. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Psychology Interview

    A 7 page research paper that offers a transcription of an interview in which the writer asked an acquaintance questions concerning his attitudes and personality development. Where it is applicable, the writer draws on outside sources. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Separation Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): The Case of "Jordan"

    This 6 page paper provide an overview of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in a single case study. This paper also relates the link between OCD and separation anxiety in this case. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • "Pretty Woman" - Social Psychology Principles

    7 pages in length. The film Pretty Woman utilizes a number of social psychological principles befitting the diverse nature of the two leading characters. Looking for a break from his otherwise structured and restricted life, the wealthy business man crosses social boundaries by spending time with a prostitute; inasmuch as he views the entire situation as wholly innocent, he acts out behaviors clearly based upon well worn stereotypes. However, the most pertinent scene where this bias gives way to an attitude change is when he meets her in the hotel lounge for their business dinner date. Failing to notice her as she sits at the bar in 'appropriate' attire, he does a double take when he finally realizes the streetwalker from earlier in the day had been transformed into a well-groomed, attractive woman. Their walk through the lobby draws many admiring glances from guests and staff alike, confirming how presentation of self is a powerful determiner of stereotypical treatment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Parenting in the First Person

    This 12 page paper is a first-person examination of various issues involved in parenting, such as parenting styles, punishment and discipline. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Controversies over Autism and its Impact on Treatment Choices

    This 20 page paper provides an overview of the issue of autism and the causative factors for autism. This paper considers three different views of the potential cause of autism and then relates the views of parents of children with autism through a proposed questionnaire survey. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Personality Characteristics

    A 5 page essay that provides an example paper that is designed to aid a psychology student in this task by providing a guide that discusses the development of three of the student’s personality traits. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Personality Characteristics

    A 5 page essay that provides an example paper that is designed to aid a psychology student in this task by providing a guide that discusses the development of three of the student’s personality traits. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Learning and Utilizing Language

    A 3 page reaction paper to “Language and Education,” which appears in Life-Span, Human Development by Carol K. Sigelman and Elizabeth A. Rider. This is a fascinating chapter in that it addresses the development of what is arguably the defining characteristic of what it means to be “human,” which is the ability to use language. This point is illustrated through the authors’ opening paragraph, which refers to Helen Keller, who was both deaf and blind from infancy, and how the ability to communicate through sign language connected her connected her to her family and society. The chapter then describes in detail how young children acquire language. No additional sources cited and the bibliography is incomplete.

  • Factors That Affect Personality Development

    A 4 page paper that begins by explaining the three primary factors involved in personality development. The writer then discusses the effects of abuse and neglect on cognitive and personality development. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Midlife Crisis Triggers

    6 pages in length. Knowing what foretells one person going through a midlife crisis and another successfully bypassing it is not as clear-cut as it may seem. Myriad physiological, psychological and environment components play concurrent roles from what occurred - or did not occur - very early in life, develops through each subsequent decade and comes to rest in the person's mind as to what the future will bring. The unknown coupled with what has already transpired can bring about significant mental and physical changes that ultimately lead into a midlife crisis. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • "The Gift Of Therapy" By Irvin D. Yalom, M.D.: Reactionary Report

    3 pages in length. Like so many other industries where products and services are being homogenized to the point of becoming a valueless commodity, Yalom (2003) worries about the upcoming generation of mental health professionals whose essential training resources are quickly dwindling under the weight of economic cutbacks, insurance games and the ongoing pressure to dangerously speed up the therapeutic process. No additional sources cited.

  • Diagnosed Disorder: OCD

    11 pages in length. Being compelled by the urge to display abnormal behavior is frustrating and embarrassing reality for people who suffer with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The perceived weakness to overcome the persistent desire to repeat behaviors one knows do not need repeating inevitably breaks down one's self-esteem and compromises the overall mental health status. Checking the light switch is turned off even though the light bulb is not illuminated, locking/unlocking doors several times, washing hands dozens of times a day or making sure the coffee pot is unplugged even though one remembers unplugging it are just some of the behaviors people with OCD feel compelled to do despite their logical thought processes telling them otherwise. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Body Image: Journal Articles Overview

    4 pages in length. Both research articles - [1] Davidson et al's (2006) "Adolescent Body Image and Psychosocial Functioning" and [2] McCabe et al's (2003) "Sociocultural Influences on Body Image and Body Changes Among Adolescent Boys and Girls" from The Journal of Social Psychology focus their respective studies upon how body image impacts the manner by which teens perceive themselves and how they believe they are perceived by their others in their age group. Each article submitted questionnaires to a random sampling of the target adolescent group in order to generate response to the following hypotheses: [1] To what extent poor body image influences peer interaction with adolescent boys and girls, and [2] the extent to which sociocultural influences forecast how/why adolescent boys and girls alter their bodies (i.e. lose weight) in order to be accepted. No additional sources cited.

  • Body Image: Journal Articles Overview

    4 pages in length. Both research articles - [1] Davidson et al's (2006) "Adolescent Body Image and Psychosocial Functioning" and [2] McCabe et al's (2003) "Sociocultural Influences on Body Image and Body Changes Among Adolescent Boys and Girls" from The Journal of Social Psychology focus their respective studies upon how body image impacts the manner by which teens perceive themselves and how they believe they are perceived by their others in their age group. Each article submitted questionnaires to a random sampling of the target adolescent group in order to generate response to the following hypotheses: [1] To what extent poor body image influences peer interaction with adolescent boys and girls, and [2] the extent to which sociocultural influences forecast how/why adolescent boys and girls alter their bodies (i.e. lose weight) in order to be accepted. No additional sources cited.

  • Separation Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): The Case of "Jordan"

    This 6 page paper provide an overview of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in a single case study. This paper also relates the link between OCD and separation anxiety in this case. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Fundamentals And Evolution Of Psychoanalysis

    15 pages in length. The 1940s and 1950s ushered in medical options for treating psychological disorders, many of which proved to abate symptoms but not cure the problem. Still, these pharmaceutical offerings proved a saving grace for those whose ability to function within society was greatly augmented by popping an antipsychotic pill. This time frame - a mere decade after Freud's death - illustrates how psychoanalysis often took a back seat to the easier, quicker fix of drug therapy. As the discipline of psychology gained momentum in its own right, however, so too did the distinction of psychoanalysis as not only a viable but ultimately core element by treating people through therapy. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Adult Development/A Case Study

    A 10 page research paper that consists of a case study that discusses the life course of human development by drawing on the experiences of Rita Blitt, a 77-year-old Jewish woman and artist who has successfully overcome each obstacle that characterizes adult development. The writer particularly draws on Erikson’s model of development in this discussion. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Human Behavior: Conditioned Responses

    9 pages in length. The prevalence of conditioned response within the fundamental basis of human behavior illustrates how the concept of reward/punishment is integral to the way in which people act. To understand the connection between stimulus and learned behavior is to realize the strong motivational factor that draws an association between the two; that behaviorists like Pavlov and Skinner have clearly demonstrated the extent to which behavior in all species is prompted by reward/punishment outcome speaks to the straightforwardness of rescripting undesirable behaviors into desirable ones. The inherent value of such knowledge lends itself to addressing issues in criminality, education and a whole host of other areas where conduct plays an important role in a civilized society. Moreover, understanding the cues of behavior and how they are manipulated provides psychologists with the opportunity to restructure destructive thought processes. In short, Pavlov and Skinner set the precedent for proving how the components of human behavior are both simple and finite. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Art Therapy And ADHD - Research Proposal

    This 15 page paper has several sections or chapters: introduction, research questions, description of three theories (Piaget, Erikson, and Rogers), ADHD, art therapy, using art therapy with ADHD children, methodology, application of method, results, discussion and conclusions. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Art Therapy And ADHD - Research Proposal

    This 15 page paper has several sections or chapters: introduction, research questions, description of three theories (Piaget, Erikson, and Rogers), ADHD, art therapy, using art therapy with ADHD children, methodology, application of method, results, discussion and conclusions. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Anxiety In Children In The Classroom

    A 5 page paper. This essay on anxiety in children, reviews and comments on three journal articles that discuss the topic. The articles specifically deal with: strategies teachers can use to reduce anxiety; how anxiety and other factors affect student math performance; and treating and preventing test anxiety in the school. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Anxiety In Children In The Classroom

    A 5 page paper. This essay on anxiety in children, reviews and comments on three journal articles that discuss the topic. The articles specifically deal with: strategies teachers can use to reduce anxiety; how anxiety and other factors affect student math performance; and treating and preventing test anxiety in the school. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Motivation Case Study

    A 6 page paper. Each of four persons is motivated by different things to gain a promotion. Three broad categories of theories are discussed: biological, psychosocial, and interactionist. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Narrative Therapy With Case Study

    An 8 page paper that begins by explaining what narrative therapy is, what premises it is founded on, what certain terminology means, like deconstruction, and how it works. The paper then incorporates a student-provided scenario of a family where there are many problems, so many the family and even members of the family are problem-saturated. Ideas about how the therapist will work with the family are included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Visual Discrimination

    A 3 page paper. Children develop visual discrimination skills as they grow and learn. These are the skills that are imperative for learning to read, for doing math, and even for sorting objects. As they grow, they learn more sophisticated visual discrimination skills. Visual blindness happens when one looks at something and does not see it. It happens because the person’s attention is on something else. Both will be discussed in this essay. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Social Psychology - An Overview

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of social psychology. Various famous experiments such as Milgram and Zimbardo are examined in depth. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Cross-Cultural Studies and the Influence of Media

    A 3 page research paper that has 2 parts. The first part concerns the influence of media on global society and cross-cultural studies. The second half of the paper concerns what the student has learned from participating in a class on Cross-Cultural Psychology and her plans for the future. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Self-Regulation Outside Psychology

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of self-regulation. The role of self-regulation in learning, addiction, and business is examined. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Case Study Diagnosis

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of a case study of a woman reporting substance abuse. This paper considers the implications of her reports and the need for additional assessments. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Article Analysis Related to Environmental Psychology

    A 4 page paper that summarizes and analyses an environmental event and how environmental psychology is reflected in the article. The article is “The Flood” by David Goodman. It is about the flood in Vermont in 2011. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Personality Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that examines the way in which personality is defined, theoretical approaches to studying personality and analyzes factors that may influence the personality development of individuals. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychological Diagnosis Case

    A 14 page paper. The case discussed is that of a 32-year-old man who is unable to hold jobs for any length of time. The initial interview with the therapist finds that this person has bipolar II disorder and major depressive disorder with suicidal ideation. Includes mental health status exam, DSM codes for diagnoses, treatment plan, etc. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Research Proposal To Assess the Value of CBT For Patients Diagnosed with Depression

    This 5 page paper presents a rough research outline for a research project to determine the value of cognitive behavioral therapy for the treatment of depression. The paper consists of an introduction, research hypothesis and questions, a brief literature review and the identification of a suitable methodology. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • The Psychology of Architecture

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of psychology and architecture. Discussion questions highlight the role of commercial and residential design in psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Assessing Traits

    A 4 page paper that includes an outline in the page count. The paper begins with the thesis statement: Personality, interest, and attitude measures can be helpful in different settings. The essay goes on to explain the history of personality measures through the Big 5. It describes the Strong Interest Inventory and measures of attitudes. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Case Study, Social Phobia

    This 5 page research paper examines the case of a surgeon, Paul, a white male who has social phobia, giving the details of his case and discussing diagnostic issues. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jung's Archetypes

    This 11 page paper provides an overview of the Jungian archetypes and considers the role that that they play in personality psychology. This paper considers the implications of those archetypes and the creation of type-based personality assessments. There are 6 sources cited.

  • Myth or Archetype of the Hero

    (15 pp) The hero archetype is a necessary element of our society, demanding acknowledgment and validation. Heroes traditionally appear in "myths" or hero stories as the central characters. "Myths" satisfy our "hunger for community." The hero embodies the values of a community. The myth of the homeland is symbolized by the hero, upon whom are projected the highest aims of the community. Without the hero the community lacks a crucial dimension, for the hero is typically the soul of the community. When a community loses the ability to produce hero stories, there is a corresponding loss of the ability to articulate values Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and Friedrich Nietzsche

    This 7 page paper considers the development of Nietzsche's premise that psychology is the queen of sciences. This paper considers Nietzsche's premise, and seeks support for this argument through distinctions made by other psychologists. This paper underscores the justification of Nietzsche's claims. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Dr. W. LaVome Robinson on Depression

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Robinson's work as it relates to depression. This psychologist's focus on minority youth is emphasized. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Gifted Child Education

    An 8 page paper that examines the issue of adequately educating the gifted child and the educational systems and models that have been developed in this capacity. Discussed are the Structure of Intellect System, or SOI, the Enrichment Matrix Model, and the Cognitive-Affective Interaction Model. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Healing for Damaged Emotions by David Seamands and Gary Collins

    This 5 page paper contemplates the book Healing for Damaged Emotions, written by David A. Seamands and Gary R. Collins. How the authors manage to blend religion with psychology is at the crux of this analytical paper. No additional sources cited.

  • Teen Aggression and Video Games

    This 6 page paper presents a proposal for a study in order to prove that a relationship exists between the two variables. A questionnaire is recommended but a controlled experiment to prove the same hypothesis is also examined. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Racism's Rhetoric

    This 5 page paper delves into the issue of racism with a focus on verbiage. Both psychological and sociological positions are presented. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Articles on Body Language

    This 8 page paper examines a popular article on the subject in light of two more sophisticated articles. The question at issue pertains to whether or not the popular work holds up under academic scrutiny. Specific aspects of body language are discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Divorce and Children of School Age

    A 6 page discussion of the impacts of divorce on school-age children. Observes that the impacts of divorce on school-age children are negative overall. The degree of this impact, however, is largely dependent on a number of factors such as the degree of conflict which exists prior to and after the divorce, the custody arrangements, the degree to which the estranged parent stays involved with the children, and the age a child is when divorce occurs. Concludes, however, that children are tremendously flexible in regard to their ability to adjust. With proper awareness from educators and parents children of divorce can recover and even learn to excel in their academic and personal pursuits.

  • Family and Marital Therapy Moral Issues

    8 pages in length. In defining the role that ethics plays in family and marital psychotherapy, one must view the psychoanalysis program as a whole in order to determine what should and should not be expected of a counselor. Maintaining an impeccable ethical standard is of the utmost importance in the family and marital counselor's role. The problem in not maintaining a high standard of ethics lies not only in the fact a counselor might lose one's license, but the fact that unethical treatment could do irreparable damage to the client as well. For this reason this paper will consider what the three key ethical problems might be that are specific to the practice of marital and family therapy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Macro, Molecular, and Micro Levels of Depression Analysis

    6 pages in length. From environmental to social and cultural to chemical, divergent factors categorize depression as having separate indicators and consequences. The writer discusses how chemical imbalance, compulsive behavior and perpetual poverty might influence depression. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Discussion of the 'Middle Child Syndrome'

    31 pages in length. With the trials and tribulations of Jan Brady firmly entrenched in the American psyche, one might have thought that the Middle Child Syndrome was nothing more than a spoiled brat acting out her insecurities no differently than any other child. However, since the time of The Brady Bunch more than two decades ago, the psychological community has come to realize that there is, indeed, an issue of self-esteem with regard to middle children. Parents who have three children do not consciously realize the varied ways in which they relate to each child, inasmuch as the eldest child typically maintains a role of responsibility; the youngest assumes the role as baby; and the middle child gets lost somewhere in the shuffle. Given no identity like his or her siblings, the middle child comes to feel left out and unimportant – two of the most detrimental aspects of health self-esteem. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Programs of Managing Stress

    This 5 page paper looks at models of stress management with particular focus on Broffenbrenner's ecological paradigm. The importance of stress relief in society is explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Programs of Managing Stress

    This 5 page paper looks at models of stress management with particular focus on Broffenbrenner's ecological paradigm. The importance of stress relief in society is explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Sane Positivist A Biography of Edward L. Thorndike by Geraldine Joncich

    8 pages in length. Edward Lee Thorndike applied his vast knowledge to several areas of psychology, including learning theory, applied psychology and mental measurement. His primary influence was William James; in turn, his lifetime achievements proved to influence the likes of B.F. Skinner and John B. Watson. Thorndike's accomplishments, which were fundamentally based in animal psychology, are readily chronicled in Geraldine Joncich's "The Sane Positivist: A Biography Of Edward L. Thorndike." Joncich covers every aspect of Thorndike's life and career as it relates to the field of psychology, effectively supplying the reader with the opportunity to gain a much more comprehensive perspective of this scientifically influential man. No additional sources cited.

  • Microsoft Word and Gestalt Perception

    5 pages in length. Gestalt theory, which was introduced by German psychologists Kurt Koffka, Wolfgang Köhler and Max Wertheimer, is a faction of psychology that contends human thought and behavior should be studied as a whole, as opposed to breaking it into isolated segments of stimulus and response. The manner by which the theory of perception applies to a word-processing package such as Microsoft Word resides in how the operator psychologically perceives the program. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Consumer Choices and Music

    6 pages in length. The writer discusses how music influences consumer choices. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Overview of 3 Major Eating Disorders

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the three primary eating disorders, anorexia, bulimia and compulsive eating disorder. This paper provides an overview of each of these disorders and then considers both the cause and effect. This paper outlines the role that society plays in defining gender expectations and the best approach to addressing the needs of a person with one or more of these disorders. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology and the Place of Sigmund Freud

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of Sigmund Freud's ideas and if he were alive today, where he would be in the discipline. Many other schools of thought are compared to this great theorist's work. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Applying Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs In Business

    A 5 page paper discussing application of Abraham Maslow's humanistic psychology to the needs of business. Maslow's theories may be overstated in the belief that people are intrinsically good and intrinsically motivated to improve themselves and their stations, but they have been found to be overwhelmingly useful in organizational management and employee motivation enhancement. Successful application in business depends on moving from one level to the next, however. As Maslow states, the qualities of any level cease to be motivational once the individual achieves and sustains that level. Includes one chart. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Parent and Child According to the Attachment Theory

    Attachment theory, although relatively new within the field of psychology, has become the basis for understanding the relationship between an infant and those around him or her, especially in terms of the primary caregiver, generally considered to be the mother. This 5 page paper explores the parent, child attachment according to attachment theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Social Psychology and the 1999 Movie The Matrix

    This 7 page report discusses the 1999 movie, “The Matrix,” from the aspect of social psychology. Interestingly, the field of social psychology almost always refers to some specific “matrix”-- the persuasion matrix, the influence matrix, the contingency matrix (and more) -- in which a person interacts with others and through which he or she defines themselves. Could it be possible that the primary purpose of the blockbuster “The Matrix” was to explore the interconnectedness that exists among all those varying types and levels of social and psychological “matrix?” No other sources listed.

  • Humor and Psychology

    An 8 page research paper that investigates the nature of humor and laughter. The writer looks at the sociological functions that humor performs in human society by reviewing the literature on this topic, looking at both past and present studies and theories regarding how humor is integrated into society at the family, work and social level. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology Overview

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the history of developmental psychology with attention to Piaget, Freud and Erikson. Each of the theorists' basic views is discussed as it concerns development. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Biology and Culture

    This 14 page paper argues against evolutionary psychology, citing a theory by Stephen Jay Gould. Gould's ideas are discussed, as are the precepts of evolutionary psychology. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Homicide Survivors Support Groups

    A 15 page exploration of the increasing violence and other societal factors which have led to the increased loss of loved ones and acquaintances to homicide. Details the impacts of such violence on child survivors in particular. Suggests that bereavement groups provide a much needed outlet for the survivors of these horrendous crimes and suggests that the effective design of such groups is imperative to the emotional healing of these victims. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Ethics and Organizational Psychology

    This 6 page paper provides an example of an ethical dilemma an organizational psychologist might face. Within the context of the problem, sexual harassment is discussed. APA guidelines concerning ethics, particularly in respect to confidentiality, are used in finding a solution to the problem. Issues concerning downsizing are also broached. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • High Risk Adolescents and Suicide

    An 8 page paper. The suicide rate among adolescents is alarmingly high. This paper has three parts to it: a statement of the problem and hypothesis, a literature review, and a brief discussion of the perspective of the study. The writer provides data regarding the incidence of teen suicide, reasons that have been proposed, behaviors that signal risk, and what can be done to prevent suicide among adolescents. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • First Respondents and Handling Critical Incident Stress

    6 pages in length. Reaction to critical incidents, such as tragedies, deaths, serious injuries, hostage and/or threatening situations, require the human being to respond in a way that intensifies the inherent stress related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Those within the rescue field are prone to inordinate levels of stress over and above many other professions; as a result, extremely traumatic or overwhelming situations sometimes spawn a damaging psychological reaction called Critical Incident Stress. Those who are involved with events that are far more serious than others will attend Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) as a means by which to diffuse some of the internal emotional buildup caused by post-traumatic stress, but sometimes that is not enough to address the extent to which an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) or firefighter is suffering. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nature and Treatment of Suicide

    8 pages in length. Suicide is a topic of conversation, like other unpleasant subject matter, is typically avoided at all costs. This knee-jerk response is both understandable and dangerous at the same time, inasmuch as it does not address the importance of prevention. The reasons that people commit suicide are varied and complex; however, for the vast majority of those who either attempt or succeed, depression serves to be the catalyst of death. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Conduct Disorder from 2 Perspectives

    6 pages in length. This paper will examine what a conduct disorder is and two different ways to recognize one. Recognizing conduct disorder through the use of the cognitive process is one of these methods, and recognizing conduct disorder through the affective process is another way. Both methods are thoroughly covered in this paper. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Psychology as Science According to Wilhelm Wundt

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the life and works of Wilhelm Wundt as they defined the progression of psychology as a science. This paper integrates a view of Wundt's works, the viewpoints of psychologists and historians and the assessment of change that occurred during Wundt's greatest period of development as a psychologist in the later part of the 19th century. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Overview of Paranoid Personality Disorder

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of paranoid personality disorder (PPD), and the introduction of a group-centered perspective on this disorder for one child. This paper considers the progression of PPD through the application of Eriksonian psychology, and focuses on a treatment plan that integrates this psychological viewpoint along with a group-centered treatment approach. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sociology and Psychology Integration

    5 pages in length. The integration of psychology and sociology has been brewing for some time now; indeed, contemporary society can no longer ignore the inherent connection between the two disciplines. When applied to the business community, the cohesion of psychology and sociology represents an enlightened approach to the working environment that has long been lacking. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Borderline Personality Disorder and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Treatment

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Marsha Linehan's book Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder, with a focus on a discussion of the theoretical elements of the book. This paper integrates a solid overview of both cognitive-behavioral treatment and the impacts on this particular disorder. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Schizophrenia and How to Live with It

    This 5 page paper explores various aspects of living with schizophrenia form practicing safe sex to preventing suicide. Schizophrenia is viewed as a condition but emphasis is placed on the fact that sufferers live normal lives. The bulk of the paper focuses on articles that pertain to a variety of subjects. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Discrimination and Children

    A 7 page paper. The common belief is that children learn to be prejudiced against those who are different than themselves through socialization. In other words, they learn these negative racial and ethnic attitudes from their parents and other important persons in their lives as they are developing. The research says differently. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Managing Stress in the Critical Incident

    7 pages. Critical incident stress management is very important to have for debriefing or diffusing purposes as a resource for first line responders to any disaster. Those firefighters, police officers and other disaster relief workers undergo untold amounts of stress and while they might not at first think so, the early intervention of stress related health problems could be averted with critical incident stress management. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Managing Stress in the Critical Incident

    7 pages. Critical incident stress management is very important to have for debriefing or diffusing purposes as a resource for first line responders to any disaster. Those firefighters, police officers and other disaster relief workers undergo untold amounts of stress and while they might not at first think so, the early intervention of stress related health problems could be averted with critical incident stress management. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Psychology and Carl Rogers', B.F. Skinner's, and Sigmund Freud's Therapeutic Approaches

    An 8 page research paper that briefly summarizes the therapeutic approaches in psychology pioneered by Sigmund Freud (the psychoanalytic school), B.F. Skinner, (the behaviorist school) and Carl Rogers (the humanistic school). The writer focuses on differences between the client/therapist relationship, particularly in regards to contrasting the psychoanalytic and behaviorist approaches. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Is Aggression Learned or Genetic?

    A 16 page study researching whether aggression is innate or learned. The paper discusses adolescent stress levels and stressors; personality factors linked to aggression; and quantitative differences between African Americans and whites. Poverty, both individual and community, is seen as being instrumental in aggressive display, as is lack of parental control. The methods section includes a detailed description of the types of statistical analyses that will be used in the study. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • A History of Temperament Theories

    This 10 page paper provides a historical report of theories about temperament. The history begins about 2,500 years ago when the four humors were proposed, a theory that was continued to be popular in the Middle Ages and even later. Philosophies and scientific advancements changed the theme somewhat but there continued to be four dimensions of temperament. Even Keirsey proposed four dimensions of temperament. It was in 1990 when five dimensions of temperament were proposed by McCrae and Costa, Jr. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Humanity Contributions of Sigmund Freud

    This 5 page report discusses Sigmund Freud as if he were talking about himself. It is a brief reflection on Freud's greatest contributions to the field of psychology. The understanding of the separation between the human consciousness and unconsciousness is presented, along with the idea that individual's sacrifice their own happiness in order to fit into the social norm. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Children and Elective Mutism

    This 6-page paper focuses on elective mutism in children, its causes and potential treatments. The paper also discusses how elective mutism manifests itself in children. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of the TAT Personality Test

    4 pages in length. Like its Rorschach and MMPI counterparts, the thematic apperception test (TAT) seeks to uncover hidden facets of an individual's thought processes, attitudes, emotional responses and observational abilities. Christiana D. Morgan and Henry A. Murray, who designed the personality test at Harvard in the 1930s, has long been one of the most repeatedly applied psychological approaches to determining these multiple factors of human awareness. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Life and Career of Psychologist Hugo Munsterberg

    A 10 page overview of the life and work of Hugo Munsterberg, the German born psychologists who gained prominence during his tenure at Harvard for his approaches to applied psychology. Munsterberg would essentially dominate the field of industrial and organizational psychology during the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • B.F. Skinner and Operant Conditioning

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses B.F. Skinner, child psychology and the workplace as they relate to operant condition. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Dental Hygiene and General Psychology Applications

    A 4 page discussion of the potential value general psychology has to the dental hygienist. The author emphasizes that there are hundreds of situations and circumstances where a knowledge of general psychology could prove helpful to the dental hygienist. These include allowing the dental hygienists the capability of being able to distinguish between normal anxiety and serious problems such as panic disorder and even prove helpful in allowing the dental hygienist insight as to what is an appropriate client/therapist relationship and what is an inappropriate one. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and the Ongoing Debate Between Quantitative and Qualitative Research Approaches

    This 8 page paper examines the quantity/quality debate. The concept of social science is discussed but the paper focuses primarily on psychology. Examples are provided. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Psychology and the Ongoing Debate Between Quantitative and Qualitative Research Approaches

    This 8 page paper examines the quantity/quality debate. The concept of social science is discussed but the paper focuses primarily on psychology. Examples are provided. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A Mock-Autobiography of Carl Jung

    This 7 page paper supposes that the writer is Carl Jung, and from this perspective writes about the major contributions of this psychologist/philosopher. Furthermore, this paper expounds on why he made the contributions that he did, and how he affected psychology in the process. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • An Examination of the Developmental Psychology of Piaget

    This 7 page paper focuses on Piaget but also looks at other schools of thought in psychology. The stages provided by this well known theorist are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Jung's Analytical Psychology Journal Article Critiqued

    4 pages in length. Petteri Pietikainen's article from the October 2000 issue of the Journal of Contemporary History entitled "The 'Volk' and its Unconscious: Jung, Hauer and the 'German Revolution" discusses Jung's (1936) analytical psychology by delving into the concepts of human perception and the unconscious. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ego and Self Psychology

    This 9 page paper compares and contrasts two different psychological schools of thought: self psychology and ego psychology. This paper integrates the views of Freud, Kohut and Hartmann and relates their perspectives to psychopathology, specifically the issue of narcissism.

  • Psychology of Lying

    A 16 page research paper that explores the psychology of lying. In recent years, social scientists have begun to explore this topic, why people lie and to whom. This research suggests that lying is not only a common occurrence, but an integral part of social relations. Without everyday lies, the little lies, the "fibs" that people say to be polite, the social wheels of personal interaction would undoubtedly grind to a halt. However, in today's ever-increasingly complicated world, it becomes more and more imperative to be able to tell who is lying and to understand why. Therefore, a considerable body of research has also been devoted to developing guidelines for lie detection. This research examines what is known about lying -- who lies, who they lie to, why they lie and how to detect the liar. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Bermuda Triangle and its 'Mystery'

    This 5 page paper debunks the mystery of the Bermunda Triangle and takes to task the misinformation which is prevalent on the internet.Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 'Father of Psychology' Wilhelm Wundt

    A 4 page research paper that examines the life and work of Wilhelm Wundt. The history of psychology begins with this topic being studied as sub-topics under the fields of both philosophy and physiology (Oakley, 1995). It became a field in its own right primarily through the work of Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) who is frequently referred to as the "Father of Experimental Psychology" or simply as the "Founder of Modern Psychology." The writer briefly examines his life and accomplishments. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Girls versus Boys Regarding Toilet Training

    A 4 page paper which argues that boys may well take longer to potty train than girls. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Scholastic Performance and the Impact of Peer Programs

    This 20 page paper provides a look at studies concerning the success of peer leadership and tutoring programs on a variety of grade levels. The paper argues that despite drawbacks peer tutoring does have a positive influence on academics as well as other areas. Several pages of charts and graphs are included in the report to illustrate studies noted. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Qualitative Research Rating Scales

    A 4 page paper discussing several scales intended to measure attitudes and perceptions. Each has benefits depending on the type of measurement being sought, but some have increased potential for introducing researcher bias into the study in which they are used. The purpose here is to discuss the relative merits of the Likert, Thurstone, Semantic Differential and Stapel scales. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Social Psychology and Cults

    A 7 page paper which examines the relationship between social psychology and cults, specifically considering the effects on social behavior or how society targets cults as a minority as well as its impact and influence on cult member behavior. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparing Psychological Theories of Gestalt and Adler

    This 10 page paper discusses, compares and contrasts the Adlerian psychology to Gestalt psychology and the therapies which grew out of these philosophies. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Family Therapy Problem and Solution Focuses

    A 4 page research paper that contrasts and compares solution- and problem-focused therapy for at-risk families. The writer discusses these therapies within the overall context of the history of psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Social Learning Theory of Albert Bandura

    A 7 page paper that discusses Albert Bandura's social learning theory and comments on its impact on curriculum design. Bandura believed that learning occurs by observing others. His theory became the bridge between behaviorism and cognitivism. The four components or steps in the theory are explained. Bandura's thoughts on self-regulation are also discussed. The writer also discusses the relationship between social learning theory and lifelong learning goals and reports a program that uses the concepts to reduce physical aggression in children. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Dreams and Imagination

    10 pages in length. Centuries of inquisition into the intrinsic connection between dreams and the imagination have rendered all but a clear-cut understanding of just how inextricable these two components of the mind truly are. The extent to which dreams and the imagination are mutually fueled by each other to ultimately illustrate their conjoined relationship with the soul is both grand and far-reaching; that myriad respected literary, philosophical and scientific entities have declared the same indicates the validity of the unconscious and its creative potential. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Psychologists, Gender and Ethics

    5 pages in length. While the entire field of psychology is governed by a code of ethics that mandates specific behavior among its members, there are times when what is deemed ethical by one is interpreted wholly different by another. This perspective is apparent in a variety of degrees and disciplines within the overall field, however, one might readily surmise how it has been particularly noticeable where issues concerning gender are – and have been – concerned. Two of the most glaring illustrations of this unethical behavior are found when religious psychologists attempt to counsel battered women and mainstream psychologists seduce their vulnerable patients. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Dissertation Proposal for Autistic Children's Improved Social Interaction

    This 8 page paper proposes a study into the emotional aspect that influence social interaction of children aged 8 – 12 diagnosed as suffering from autism. The paper gives the goals of the study and conducts a brief literature review looking at supporting studies and looks at potential tools for measurement of social and emotional abilities. The paper also gives a brief methodology and outlines the expected results. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • 'Hard Science' and Psychology

    A 3 page essay that examines the question "Is psychology a hard science?" The writer first defines "hard science" as a term that refers to sciences in which facts and theories can be quantified, that is, measured, tested and proven. Then, the writer argues that psychology has aspects of hard science, but that this term does not describe the field as a whole. No bibliography is provided.

  • Community College and Psychology Teaching

    A 3 page essay supporting the choice to teach psychology at the community college level. The psychology instructor at a university enjoys full access to subscription-based literature databases as well as employer-paid conference attendance opportunities. Psychologists in private practice gain the satisfaction of being involved in improving the lives of individuals, and some achieve significant financial rewards. The community college can expect none of these financial supports or rewards. The rewards possible are significant and can be immense, however. As is the case when comparing community college education with university education, the end result is only different, certainly not inferior. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Child Development and Sigmund Freud

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Freud's maternal attachment theory and underscores its importance for understanding child psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Connection Between Self Efficacy and Bullying

    This 5 page paper examines the correlation between the phenomenon of bullying and self-efficacy. Various types of bullying are examined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Social Psychology's Beneficial Aspects

    This 10 page paper examines the discipline of social psychology. How it has positively influenced society is the focus of this paper. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Premarital Counseling Effects Upon Marriage Length

    An 8 page paper describing a quantitative study assessing whether pre-marital counseling positively affects length of marriage. Despite all of the attention that the problem of divorce receives, divorce rates continue to increase. Most couples do not undergo pre-marital counseling, which anecdotally is viewed as being beneficial in strengthening and preserving marriages. The hypothesis tested here is that couples who undergo pre-marital counseling remain married longer than those who do not; results of the empirical study support the hypothesis. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • September 11th Attacks and Reactions

    A 3 page paper which presents various reactions and thoughts concerning the attacks of 9-11. No sources cited.

  • Interventional and Coping Methodologies Factors Affecting Coping and Interventional Methodologies

    A 12 page discussion of the various factors influencing coping. The literature is reviewed and a model case is presented. A discussion of contrary cases, related cases, borderline cases and invented cases is included as well. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Classrooms and Developmental Psychology Applications

    This 4 page paper touches on the idea of how psychology may be applied in education. Much of the paper outlines theories from Erickson, Piaget, Freud and others. Developmental staging is discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Classrooms and Developmental Psychology Applications

    This 4 page paper touches on the idea of how psychology may be applied in education. Much of the paper outlines theories from Erickson, Piaget, Freud and others. Developmental staging is discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Ethical and Cultural Guidelines for the Release of Psychological Testing Data

    6 pages in length. Ethics represent the cornerstone of a profession in psychology; without adherence to the solid ethical guidelines formulated by the American Psychological Association (APA), a psychologist falls far short of providing his or her clients with the comprehensive assistance inherent to this industry. In direct correlation to such ethical standards, the recent code changes pertaining to the release of test data illustrate how the patient's wishes now supercede those of an industry that has successfully forbidden raw test data to be released to anyone but those qualified to have it. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Addiction and Kohlberg and Adler

    A 5 page paper that discusses the major concepts of Adler's Individual Psychology and what Adler attributes addiction to in terms of his theories. The paper also outlines Kohlberg's stages of moral development and discusses what Kohlberg would say about addiction. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Aspects Of Spanking Children

    8 pages in length. Hardly was there a time before society became so politically correct and oversensitive to the aspect of discipline that children were routinely swatted for misbehaving. Whether done with a belt, spatula or by hand, a child who defied established boundaries or spoke out of turn would learn a quick and painful lesson that - in theory - would deter the same misconduct from occurring again. Indeed, some children were either too stubborn or careless and earned subsequent spankings for treading on thin behavioral ice, however, this form of punishment was practically universal in its ability to teach children about wrong and right. Today, however, spanking is listed as corporal punishment and can send a parent or caregiver to jail. The climate of child discipline has become so hot that there is no middle ground where advocates and critics reside; you are either a heathen for laying a hand on your child or you are a spineless parent for failing to control inappropriate behavior. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Logico-Mathematical Knowledge, Montessori, Piaget

    A 5 page paper that discusses Montessori's and Piaget's general theories on learning and explains Piaget's concept of logico-mathematical knowledge and how Montessori's model is related to that type of knowledge. The essay also explains Piaget's thoughts about adaptation, absorption and organization. Montessori and Piaget are compared throughout the paper. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Procrastination and GPA

    An 8 page (including brief abstract) proposed research study, which discusses the fact that procrastination is a prevalent today on college and university campuses. A review of this literature is offered and then a study design is discussed that would address the correlation between procrastination and grade point average (GPA). A possible method for analyzing the data from this hypothetical study is also briefly outlined and the Pearson correlation statistic is recommended. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Early Childhood Development, Ages 2-5

    This 6 page paper discusses the topic using three primary stage theorists, Freud, Erikson and Piaget but reporting only the stages that incorporate these ages. The writer also discusses attachment theory. Throughout the essay, the write comments on the importance of human services professionals knowing these theories. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nature vs Nurture in “Born into Brothels”

    A 4 page examination of the importance of environment is shaping the lives of children of prostitutes in Calcutta India. The chance they are given to improve their lot in life is capitalized upon by some but not taken advantage of by others. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Tulving/Episodic Memory

    A 3 page article review that summarizes the main points of “Episodic Memory: from mind to brain” by Endel Tulving (2002), published in the Annual Review of Psychology, which presents a thorough discussion of this neurocognitive system that includes the history of this concept; what is known today; criticism of the concept; its biological reality and the current state functional neuroimaging in regards to memory. In so doing, Tulving proves his hypothesis, which is that “episodic memory is a true, even if as yet generally unappreciated, marvel of nature” (Tulving, 2002, p. 1). No additional sources cited.

  • World History, Religions, Psychology

    This 5 page paper responds to three disparate issues. The first discusses some of the issues that should be included in a new World Civilizations textbook, the second reports the origins of five major world religions and the last, comments on whether psychology is the only way to truly understand ourselves. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Behavior Modification & Stopping Procrastination

    A 10 page research paper on behavior modification. This examination of behavior modification examines the history of this branch of psychology, describing the ideas that are intrinsic to understanding the principles that form the foundation of this body of psychological knowledge. This discussion of sources also describes the work of B.F. Skinner, including his text Walden Two, as Skinner is the psychologist who was instrumental in popularizing the field of behaviorism. Finally, the writer looks at how behavior modification can be used in overcome a personal behavioral problem, such as procrastination. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Myers Briggs Type Indicator

    A 5 page paper that discusses the origins of the MBTI and its relationship to Jung's personality types. The writer identifies the personality types per Jung and according to the MBTI. The writer also briefly comments on the ethics of administering personality assessments. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Gender Identity Patient Disorder Diagnosis, Treatment, and the Film Boys Don’t Cry

    In eight pages this paper addresses a particular psychiatric patient presenting the problem of gender identity disorder similar to the character of Brandon Teena in the 1999 film Boys Don’t Cry within the context of historical, diagnostic, prognostic, and treatment issues as well as developmental theories with a brief literature review also included. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Psychology and Research

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of qualitative and quantitative research approaches and the reasons that individuals use hypotheses in psychological research. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychology and Research

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of qualitative and quantitative research approaches and the reasons that individuals use hypotheses in psychological research. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Being a Man in the 1999 Film Boys Don’t Cry

    In five pages this paper discusses how this film’s theme of how masculine identity is defined can be applied to courses in public health and psychology. Three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • “Chimpanzee Politics” and Human Behavior

    This 10 page paper takes the book “Chimpanzee Politics” by Frans de Waal as a springboard for answering five questions about the chimps described in the book, and how their behavior can be related to human behavior. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Human Behavior and “Chimpanzee Politics”

    This 13 page paper takes the book “Chimpanzee Politics” by Frans de Waal as a springboard for answering five questions about the chimps described in the book, and how their behavior can be related to human behavior. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychological Counseling Questions

    This 4 page paper looks at five dilemmas that maybe faced by a practicing psychologist; considering what ethical issues may be present and how the psychologist could respond. The scenarios include finding a client extremely attractive, a lack of cultural understanding, a client that has had a sexual relationship with a colleague, difficulty in getting signed informed consent forms, and parents of a minor who are demanding full disclosure. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Practice of Psychology

    A 3 page research paper that discusses psychology. Psychology has been defined as "the study of human behavior." However, even a brief examination of the science and practice of psychology demonstrates that this social science discipline encompasses a broad expanse of territory and that the practice of psychology is continually evolving as it changes to meet the needs of contemporary society, both now and in the future. An overview of psychology's history that this factor is particularly true in terms of psychology's purposes and goals. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Practice of Psychology

    A 3 page research paper that discusses psychology. Psychology has been defined as "the study of human behavior." However, even a brief examination of the science and practice of psychology demonstrates that this social science discipline encompasses a broad expanse of territory and that the practice of psychology is continually evolving as it changes to meet the needs of contemporary society, both now and in the future. An overview of psychology's history that this factor is particularly true in terms of psychology's purposes and goals. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Assessing Client Personality

    A 6 page research paper that, first, examines the subject of informal personality assessment in reference to a comparison between two approaches. Then, the subject of structure personality tests is discussed, in reference to two examples of structure personality inventories, specifically the MBTI and the MMPI. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Classification of Personality Disorders

    This 3 page paper examines one classification of personality disorders proposed by Larsen and Buss. Authors divide personality disorders into three categories, which are the Erratic group, the Eccentric group and the Anxious group. Another system is proposed. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Fight Club/Dissociative Identity Disorder

    A 3 page essay/research paper that analyzes the 1999 film "Fight Club" in terms of what it tells the audience about Dissociative Identity Disorder. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Multicultural Psychology

    This 4 page paper examines this branch of psychology. Its history is included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Starting A Self-Help Group: Literature Review

    6 pages in length. The writer provides a literature review that illustrates how establishing a self-help group is a valuable asset for those who want to quit smoking. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Autism: How Developmental Psychology Can Inform Practice

    6 pages in length. Developmental psychology has long served to bridge the gap between knowledge and application when certain aspects of both are missing from a strictly medical perspective. Better understanding how to attain the right fit between autistic children and their individual abilities to learn, communicate and develop interpersonal skills has been magnified through such psychological concepts as theory of mind, executive dysfunction, central coherence and early transactions. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Argument: Taking Antidepressants Does Not Lead to Suicide

    This 10 page paper examines to articles, one claiming that taking SSRIs leads to increased suicides and the other claiming the opposite. The paper agrees with the view that taking these drugs does not lead to an increased suicide rate. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • General Psychology Questions

    21 pages in length. The writer briefly answers 20 general questions about psychology, its history, popular theorists and how they are pertinent to contemporary practice. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Psychology And OCD

    4 pages in length. Behavior has been proven to be a combination of nature and nurture; while some components of what people do and why they do it are derived from environment and upbringing, others are hard-wired through biological influence. No matter the orientation, however, behavior as a whole can be linked to psychological explanation. Considered one of the most troubling of behaviors, obsessive-compulsive disorder makes a person hostage to irrational urges that can eventually interfere with the ability to lead a normal life. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Psychological, Biological, and Social Science Obstacles in Understanding Bisexuality

    In six pages this paper addresses the past and present confusion that exists within scientific, psychiatric, and social literature which impacts the acceptances of bisexuality by society. Two sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Youth Violence In The United States

    20 pages in length. Hands-on parenting has gone the way of the horse and buggy; no longer are kids raised in stable, functional families with an original mother and father but are shuffled into preschool, watched by nannies or babysitters and taught everything they (supposedly) need to know about life from mind-numbing influence of television and video games. Portrayals of solid, interactive family life in such programs as The Brady Bunch and Father Knows Best draw chuckles from contemporary generations for their silly, far-fetched impression of what family life has come to represent, only these portrayals are just as accurate for their era as shows like Roseanne and Married With Children are now where kids are disrespectful, rude, self-centered and lacking any social responsibility, which represents just the tip of the iceberg in a society where proper parenting has become a thing of the past. Detachment of this extent can reach epic proportions when mentally/emotionally unstable American kids grow into adolescents who have crossed over into violent behavior. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Effect of Childhood Experience of Sex Abuse on Marriage

    A 12 page research paper/literature review that examines the effects of childhood sexual abuse on women within the context of marriage. This literature review investigates the findings of empirical research and what this body of information reveals about the precise effects of childhood abuse on the relationships of adult women, with a particular regard for how a history of child abuse has an effect on their marriages. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Perspectives On Aggression And Bullying Behaviors In Schools

    This 5 page paper begins by reporting the incidence of bullying and defining what a bully is and describing the types of aggressive behaviors they exhibit. The paper considers the cognitive, social and developmental perspectives of bullying, explaining how they interact. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Behavioral And Social Learning Approaches Personality Assessment

    6 pages in length. The writer discusses the defining factors of each personality theory and creates a brief method of operant conditioning for smoking cessation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Mattheissen: “The Snow Leopard”

    This 5 page paper argues that Peter Mattheissen’s book “The Snow Leopard” is as much about his journey of self-discovery as it is a story about his explorations of the Himalayas. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Biological, Psychological, and Social Obstacles to Understanding Transsexuality

    In five pages this paper examines transsexuality within biological, psychological, and social contexts with references to Joyce Meyerowitz’s How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States and George Chauncey’s Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Makings of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940, with the theme of misunderstanding transsexualism also addressed within the context of Sigmund Freud’s essay, ‘Sexual Aberrations.’ There are no additional sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Mood Disorder: Case Study

    5 pages in length. Yolanda's dual diagnosis of major depressive disorder and drug abuse places her in Axis I: Major Depressive Disorder, Recurrent with 1) at least two major depressive episodes, 2) no episodic history of mania/mixed/hypomania, and 3) symptoms not due to another disorder. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mood Disorder: Case Study

    5 pages in length. Yolanda's dual diagnosis of major depressive disorder and drug abuse places her in Axis I: Major Depressive Disorder, Recurrent with 1) at least two major depressive episodes, 2) no episodic history of mania/mixed/hypomania, and 3) symptoms not due to another disorder. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Does Divorce Affect The Children? - Literature Review

    18 pages in length. Divorce is the ugly reality of a failed marital union between two people; when children are involved, the ugliness is compounded by the pain they experience at the demise of their family unit. Toddler, adolescent or adult, divorce hits children hard at any age and leaves a list of psychological damage in its wake. When children are young, some argue parents should figure out how to keep the family intact through the developmental years until they are old enough to emotionally process the harsh reality. Others claim adolescence is the worst time to divorce because of the detrimental impact it has on the budding teen and his self-esteem. Then there are those who state there is no time in a child's life when they escape the ravages of divorce, even in adulthood. No matter the time of life when a child's parents divorce, this single source of emotional devastation is responsible for myriad psychological troubles. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Problems of Adolescence

    This 3 page paper discusses drug abuse, early sexual activity and delinquency, and what parents’ and teens’ response might be to each of these behaviors. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Human Mate Selection

    10 pages in length. The process of human mate selection is as vast and diverse as the global communities from which people hail. Physical attributes, sexual stimuli, life objectives, personality traits, cultural mandates and biological components are just some of the criteria that comprise the foundation of how humans choose their mates. Arranged marriages are typically devoid of the same love that inhabits the union of two people who believe they are each other's soul mate, while marriage for financial security is at the other end of the spectrum from matrimony between two people who are merely seeking amicable companionship. Moreover, what compels a person to select a certain mate at age twenty-five can - and often is - completely different than what stimulates that choice at age fifty. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Creative Intelligence And Decision Making

    A 5 page paper that begins by explaining and discussing the four styles of creative intelligence. The writer then discusses mental models or mind sets and how they are related to creative intelligence. Porter's Five Force model is discussed in terms of creative intelligence. The paper ends with the writer discussing their own mental models and creative intelligence. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Harriet Goldhor Lerner's 'he Dance of Anger'

    A 5 page paper which examines Harriet Goldhor Lerner's book, "The Dance of Anger," and illustrates how its contents are applicable to life and psychology. No additional sources cited.

  • An Overview of Anxiety Disorders

    This five page paper looks at anxiety disorders from the normal every day anxiety disorder through to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, discussing symptoms and conditions of the disorders. Then continuing with cognitive and drug medication as methods of aiding the patient. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Differential Association Theory and Serial Killer Ted Bundy

    5 pages in length. Ted Bundy may truly have been the slickest of all killers. He taught FBI officials more about the inner workings of a serial killer than any other of his kind; Bundy would regularly counsel agents on the correct places to look for other murderers who followed his method of operation. Time and time again, he correctly predicted where the killers would resurface, which most often was one of the original crime scenes to relive the experience and look for token souvenirs. When the student examines the sociological aspects of Bundy's persona, it is with relative ease that his deviant behavior can be applied to the theory of differential association based upon Stephen G. Michaud's account in The Only Living Witness : The True Story of Serial Sex Killer Ted Bundy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Cognitive Psychology and Human Error

    A 7 page investigation of the reasons behind human error. Defines “error” and outlines its relationship to cognitive psychology. Contends that given the potential of errors, either positive potential or catastrophic potential, psychologists must undertake the task of determining why they occur. The factors which enter into errors range from the physiological to environmental. The role of cognitive psychology is determining the basis of errors so that they might be minimized, or even abolished. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Values, Their Role and Influence in Psychological Research

    A 15 page discussion of the role of values in psychological research. Details the philosophical debate which has surrounded this question since the seventeenth century, particularly the rationalist/empiricist debate. Distinguishes between the qualitative approach and the quantitative approach and between inductive and deductive reasoning. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Subconscious Mind and Hallucinogenic Drugs

    A 6 page discussion of the question of whether or not hallucinogenic drugs are useful in revealing the subconscious mind and allowing one to integrate the “two selves” which according to Jung is a prerequisite of wholeness. This paper presents the contention that while the use of hallucinogens might have value to the so-called “primitive” cultures in this application, that value occurs only within the structure of cultural dictates which made the results considerably different that what we observe in casual use. The author uses the teachings of Jung himself to emphasize the importance of culturally specific value. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Proposal on Personality Research

    A 7 page research proposal seeking approval of a project designed to discover possible connections between personality type and current occupation. It will be in the form of a longitudinal study because we will use as subjects alumni from this university who completed at least one Myers-Briggs survey while in school here, but we will ask these alumni to complete another survey more reflective of their current lives. These results will be compared to current occupational status and type in an effort to determine whether personality type can be used to predict future occupation.

  • Proposal on Personality Research

    A 7 page research proposal seeking approval of a project designed to discover possible connections between personality type and current occupation. It will be in the form of a longitudinal study because we will use as subjects alumni from this university who completed at least one Myers-Briggs survey while in school here, but we will ask these alumni to complete another survey more reflective of their current lives. These results will be compared to current occupational status and type in an effort to determine whether personality type can be used to predict future occupation.

  • Various Age Groups and Developmental Psychology

    5 pages. An individual who is suffering from any one of many forms of mental illness can display many socially unaccepted behaviors; within this mindset the pathological personality has been found to be a prevalent occurrence. It can be argued, however, that a significant number of people engage in some form of pathological personality at some time during their formative youth without the added burden of being mentally ill. In this case, motivation for such behavior is often placed upon an unstable home life or other social factors. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Literature Review of Psychosocial Treatment of Mental Illness

    This paper examines the literature and research available for psychosocial (i.e., non-medical or non-invasive) intervention in treatment of mental illness, mental retardation and learning disorders. The paper also examines how to best use the massive amounts of research that is available on this topic, both through the Internet and the library. Bilbiography lists 20 sources

  • Elizabeth Spelke and Jean Piaget's Child Development Theories

    A 5 page overview of the child development theories of Jean Piaget and Elizabeth Spelke. While Piaget recognized that the seemingly meaningless activities of play could have a tremendous impact on the development of the child, he failed to recognize the importance of innate knowledge in regard to the way things are expected to behave. Spelke, on the other hand, recognized that human cognition consists of many specialized abilities which depend on innately specified knowledge and predisposition. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Abnormal Psychology Study and Law Enforcement

    A 5 page paper discussing the benefits that this study brings to law enforcement. Both crimes and criminals are becoming more sophisticated each year. The study of abnormal psychology cannot be a be-all and end-all measure for law enforcement, but it can help even the playing field between criminals and law enforcement. It can assist in avoiding wasted investigative time, and it can be instrumental in making local law enforcement more productive in their investigations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and Multiculturalism

    A 5 page paper that investigates the multicultural perspective in psychology. What is it and why is it needed? These are the issues discussed in the paper in general and in terms of assessment and counseling. The rationale for the multicultural perspective is included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Anatomy and Psychology

    A 9 page paper which examines various perspectives, psychological and otherwise, concerning the body. The paper uses "Shelter, Blues, Sanity, and Selfhood Among the Homeless" by Robert Desjarlais, "Travesti, Sex, Gender and Culture Among Brazilian Transgendered Prostitutes" by Don Kulick, "Beyond Anorexia: Narrative, Spirituality, and Recovery" by Catherine Garrett, "Metalogue: Why a Swan" by Bateson, and the "Writings of Edward Sapir" by Edward Sapir in discussing and addressing the various perspectives. No additional sources cited.

  • Schizophrenia and the Cultural Symptoms Developed by Marvin K. Opler

    The study of psychology revolves around the concept of the individual as an integral component of society. This 5 page paper investigates a 1959 study by Marvin K, Opler to determine how the variables of prediction for schizophrenia are derived. No additional sources are listed.

  • Human Mating and Theory of Sexual Selection

    A five page paper which consider the theory of sexual selection in relation to human mating behaviour. Bibliography lists 8 sources

  • Social Work and Psychology

    A 5 page paper discussing whether cognitive-behavior therapy or humanistic psychology are more effective in the context of social work. Both behaviorism and humanism have places in social psychology and in the psychological aspects of social work. When more immediate results are either desired or necessary, it is behaviorism that offers the most effective tools. Humanistic psychology can be used after that as a mechanism for “fine tuning” the results gained through effective use of behaviorism. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Tourism and Psychology

    A 6 page paper discussing using psychological knowledge in marketing and providing services. The tourism industry formerly was able to operate on the “if you build it, they will come” philosophy, but it no longer has that luxury. Tourism has been forced in recent years to join the ranks of all other types of businesses, particularly in actively marketing to the target group it most wants to attract. Assessing marketing and service needs from the perspective of personality and psychology can assist organizations within the travel industry in achieving and maintaining greater success. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Prejudice and Social Psychology

    A 6 page paper which examines why prejudice still persists in modern societies, and considers whether educational, scientific and legal progress will put an end to this continuing problem. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Aviation Inspection, Maintenance, and Human Factors

    A 10 page contention that aviation maintenance and inspection, like any activity which involves humans, is subject to the limitations of human performance, performance which often as not is replete with errors. Errors, in fact, occur on an everyday basis in aviation. Some errors are minor but others can have disastrous consequences. Errors may be either direct or indirect but they can be minimized by the same analyses as that which is applicable to other human factor-sensitive fields as well. We often look to psychology, rather than solely to aviation, to help us identify the means to improvement in human error. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • B.F. Skinner's Contributions

    A 6 page overview of the contributions of B.F. Skinner to the field of psychology. Emphasizes the importance of such theories as operant conditioning and naturalistic ethics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Adult Educators and Managing Stress

    A 5 page paper which examines various perspectives concerning stress management and job burn-out among adult educators. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Two Questions on Childhood Development

    This paper answers two questions pertaining to childhood development: "What are the advantages and disadvantages of cross-educational and longitudnal research in researching the impact of early childhood sexual abuse on later childhood, adolescence and adulthood?" and "In terms of physical, cognitive and psychosocial development durig the first two years of life, how is Erikson's assertion that babies control and bring up parents correct?" Bibliography lists 1 source

  • Juvenile Delinquency and A Child's Emotional Needs

    This 18 page report discusses the fact that juvenile delinquency is directly related to a child not having his or her emotional needs met at a very early age. Issues associated with juvenile delinquency are always multi-faceted and present numerous challenges to parents, educators social service agencies, law enforcement, the court systems and, of course, to the actual child. Whether a child is abused, raised in poverty, has physical and/or mental problems, or any number of other difficulties, it is always the child who suffers and the child who should be kept at the forefront of society’s collective consciousness in addressing the problems of juvenile delinquency. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Family Impact of Divorce

    A 10 page research paper. What effect does divorce have on the children? This question has resulted in a long and heated debate and there are studies to support almost any position someone wants to take. This paper discusses the question and reports the research in America and elsewhere. The paper takes the form of a research proposal and includes an introduction with problem statement; literature review, including data; summary and conclusions. The incidence of divorce for the U.S. and a few other countries are included. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy and Marilyn Monroe

    A 15 page paper. This is a hypothetical case that supports the use of Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) with Marilyn Monroe one year before she died. First, a comprehensive overview of Monroe's life is offered. Using the DSM-IV criteria, a diagnosis is made as well as a The Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale score. The writer then explains, briefly, what Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy is and how and why the elements will be used with Monroe. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Comparison of Integrative, Quantitative, and Qualitative Research Designs

    An 8 page paper that describes qualitative, quantitative and integrative research designs. Examples of qualitative and quantitative approaches are included. The writer then discusses why knowing the different research designs is important to clinical nurse specialists. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Psychology and its Meaning

    This examines what the meaning of psychology is, and four different psychological approaches; psychoanalytical, behavioral, humanistic and cognitive. The paper also uses examples of each approach. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Adolescents and Cognitive Behavior Theory

    20 pages in length. Psychology as a discipline has come to be an essential element in the overall aspect of human life. Without its influential element, myriad individuals would not be able to properly function within their world. The practice of psychology has proven to be more than merely a treatment for the affluent or the crazy; rather, it has been embraced by mainstream society as a means by which people are able to work out various psychological situations. No longer is such treatment considered taboo in a world where mental imbalance is quite prevalent. An example of such mainstream approaches is that of cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescents, illustrating how powerful one's thought process truly is with regard to one's overall mental and physical health. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Law of Prgnanz and Productive Thinking of Max Wertheimer

    7 pages in length. Human perception is based upon much more than merely the obvious; rather, what one perceives is often rooted in what one's mind expects to perceive of that particular entity. Gestalt theory helps provide answers as to the reasons why human beings perceive of things far beyond their physical limitations. The law of pragnanz addresses this extenuating perception by employing several other laws to complete its interpretation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Literature Review on Coping with Social Prejudice

    This 5 page paper is a literature that considers relevant literature in how racism forms in society and how it may be reduced. Included are ideas such as cultural identity, Sherif's Robbers Cave study, social contact theory and many others. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Homeless Shelter Oral Hygiene Teaching and Albert Bandura's Social Learning Theory

    A 5 page discussion of the motivational theory behind dental hygiene. The author stresses that dental hygiene is a necessary component of good health. The observation is made, however, that in the homeless environment dental hygiene often falls by the wayside. A necessary focus of the homeless shelter, therefore, should be to reinstill the importance of good dental hygiene. A variety of motivational philosophies are reviewed with an emphasis on those by Albert Bandura. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Adult Abuse Survivors and Theory

    5 pages. This paper describes the theories behind treating adult survivors of psychological abuse or battering. Includes post-traumatic stress disorders and Walker's Model as well as Briere's Model. Current methods also include support groups, counseling in the shelter setting, crisis intervention, hypnosis, aromatherapy, eye movement desensitization, psychodrama and more. These therapies address such things as self-esteem and attitude as well as manipulation. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Psychologically Analyzing Sigmund Freud, the Father of Psychoanalysis

    This 10 page paper uses Freud himself as a subject, but promotes the idea of client-centered therapy. What are the differences between Freudian psychology and Rogers' client-centered therapy and how might they provoke different outcomes in terms of an analysis on Sigmund Freud's personality? A look at both types of counseling are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and Identity Approaches

    This 5 page paper examines two different key approaches in psychology in examining issues of identity. Erickson's life stage model is outlined. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Sigmund Freud's Contributions

    A 9 page paper which examines the life and contributions of Sigmund Freud to the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Teenagers and Depression

    A 6 page discussion of the causes and impacts of depression among teenagers. The author of this paper discusses both the environmental and biological causes of depression, noting that each cause can manifest itself differently according to the individual and the circumstances. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology, Science, and Research Approaches

    A 5 page discussion of the relationship of the scientific approach in the field of psychology. This paper contends that psychological research is characterized by two separate yet integrated approaches. These approaches are that of qualitative and quantitative investigation. In the place of statistical findings revealed with quantitative research, qualitative research illuminates and provides understanding. Each approach is an important component of the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • American Psychology - Considering Three Streams

    A 6 page paper. It has been suggested there are three streams in American psychology: experimental laboratory, clinical and folk. The question is whether or not the three streams provide a useful model. To respond to the question, the writer discusses the 1948 Boulder Conference, explains First Force, Second Force and Third Force psychology, Taylor's thoughts on the shadow culture, and the emergence of behaviorism, humanistic psychology, existential, and transpersonal psychology. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • American Psychology - Considering Three Streams

    A 6 page paper. It has been suggested there are three streams in American psychology: experimental laboratory, clinical and folk. The question is whether or not the three streams provide a useful model. To respond to the question, the writer discusses the 1948 Boulder Conference, explains First Force, Second Force and Third Force psychology, Taylor's thoughts on the shadow culture, and the emergence of behaviorism, humanistic psychology, existential, and transpersonal psychology. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Psychoanalysis Theories of Sigmund Freud

    8 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses main principles of many of Freud's theories. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Prevention Strategies for Coercive Sexual Behaviors

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of the issue of sexual predation and considers the strategies that can be put in place for preventing coercive sexual behaviors, including incest. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Socialization and its Importance

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of this topic in psychology. Many concepts and theorists are discussed including Freud, Piaget and Gilligan. Feral children are also discussed in the context of development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Concept of the Human Imagination

    This 15 page paper examines the concept of imagination. The paper delves into both the disciplines of psychology and philosophy. The concept of imagination is defined and explored historically. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Concept of the Human Imagination

    This 15 page paper examines the concept of imagination. The paper delves into both the disciplines of psychology and philosophy. The concept of imagination is defined and explored historically. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Profession of Psychological Counseling

    This 8 page paper contains four parts as requested by a student. It involves life experiences, personal skills and one's impact on society. Racial issues are addressed in the context of this look at the counseling psychology profession. Personal experiences and skills are related to one's desire to become a counseling psychologist. Issues in the profession are discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Communication and Body Language

    This 3-page paper discusses the use of body language when it comes to communication. Use of eyes, hands and the body itself are discussed in this paper.

  • Theories of Memory and Learning

    This 4 page paper discusses the various theories assocated with learning and memory. A reaction paper, this paper examples one's applications of Pavlovian principles, adaptive behaviors, shaping, and characteristics of good trainers. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Suicide and Motivational Factors

    A 5 page literature review of articles that provide a hint of what motivating factors underlie suicide attempts. The author reviews five specific works and ties the findings of each into the total. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Robert Cialdini's Influence The Psychology of Persuasion

    A 4 page report on Robert Cialdini’s book “Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion. No additional sources cited. (A German Translation is available under the file name RAcialdg.rtf).

  • Effects of Music and Alcohol on Female Behavior in Nightclubs

    A 10 page investigation into nightclub behavior. Focusing on fourteen women this researcher finds a definite correlation between live music, alcohol consumption, and increased/more focused eye contact with a partner. Numerous questions present themselves in these findings, however, when the ultimate outcome is compared to the women's stated intent in visiting a nightclub. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Littering and Environmental Psychology

    An 8 page discussion of the problems associated with littering. The author categorizes the different types of litterers and proposes solutions that might be applied to all. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Multiple Personality Disorder or Dissociative Identity Disorder

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Multiple Personality Disorder, also known as Dissociative Identity Disorder. This paper gives case study informaton on Mary Reynolds, the first woman every diagnosed with MPD (DID). Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Poor Communication and Negative Reciprocity in Domestic Violence Situations

    This 3 page paper critically analyzes a peer reviewed psychology article on the correlation between poor communication skills and domestic violence. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Simon Baron Cohen's Autism Theories

    This 9-page paper deals with Simon Baron-Cohen's theories of autism and "male-wired brain." The paper discusses the theories, defines autism and then points out what the critics are saying. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Emotions and Moral Decision Making

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of a research proposal on the impact that emotions have on moral decision-making. This paper provides an overview of the current literature, a hypothesis and a research methodology. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology Experiment Paper

    This 4-page paper is an example of how a student can set up his/her own psychology experiment, and obtain the necessary results, through manipulation of variables. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Counselors' Codes of Ethics

    A 6 page overview of the differences that exist between the Codes of Ethics for the American Counseling Association (ACA), the American Association of Christian Counseling (AACC), and the American Association of Pastoral Counselors(AAPC) in regard to the guidance they provide to Sexual Intimacies, Conflict of Interest (Dual Roles) and Relationship to Society. The author presents the hypothesis that these differences exist because each organization in question deals more with a particular client base and environment, a fact that introduces concerns that differ somewhat from the client bases and environments found in other organizations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Methods in Group Counseling

    A 4 page research paper that offers a brief overall discussion of group counseling. The advantages of group counseling over individual therapy are discussed, as well as delineating various types and approaches to group counseling. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Nurture Wins in the Nature versus Nurture Debate

    A 3 page research paper/essay that examines the nature v. nurture debate and argues in favor of nurture. The "nature versus nurture" debate has been going on now for over a century, as it began in the nineteenth century when a cousin of Charles Darwin, Francis Galton, came up with the idea of "improving" the human race through "selective breeding" (Hogenboom 1402). Since that time the pendulum has swung back and forth with either "nature" (that is, the influence of inherited traits) or "nurture" (the influence of the environment) being predominant among scholars. However, considering the latest research, the indications are that nurture is more important than nature in making us who and what we are. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Abnormal Psychology and the Film Copycat

    A 5 page research paper that uses the film Copycat (1995) as a springboard to a discussion of abnormal psychology. In this movie, actress Sigourney Weaver plays criminologist Helen Hudson, an expert on serial killers. This examination of Hudson in this film analyzes her behavior in the narrative as an example of abnormal behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Psychiatry v. Psychology

    This 4 page paper explains the differences between a psychiatrist and psychologist. Examples given. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Trio of Perspectives on Antisocial Personality Disorder

    A 12 page paper that describes three perspectives and treatment approaches of the antisocial personality patient. The three approaches are the dynamic approach, the cognitive behavior approach and the interpersonal approach. The scenario that describes the patient was provided by the student. After explaining each perspective, the writer discusses the goal and foci of each type of therapeutic approach. No Bibliography.

  • Oprah Winfrey's Personality Characteristics

    This 4-page paper analyzes the personality style and traits of talk show/actress/publisher/producer Oprah Winfrey. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Theoretical Perspectives on Psychology

    A paper which considers several different theoretical perspectives on psychology, including humanism, psychoanalytic, and behaviourist. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Operant Conditioning, B.F. Skinner, and Criminal Behavior

    A 5 page review of Skinner's theories and their application to criminology. This work has applications in many arenas. These include such diverse facets of our lives as learning and distinguishing right from wrong. Although Skinner has had many critics over the years, much of this criticism revolved a misunderstanding of the man and his theories. His work is, in fact, supported by many that both preceded and followed him in history and has many applications in criminal psychology in particular. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Memory and Brain Effects of Classical Music

    7 pages in length. Music's impact upon brain and memory function has been studied at great length, with classical melodies proving significantly beneficial where mental imagery is concerned. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Behavior Origins and the Development of Personality

    A 5 page paper discussing some of the ongoing points of debate in psychology. The concepts of genetic versus environmental influences; conscious versus unconscious behavior; and free will versus determinism are matters that have been debated for decades. Consensus thinking about each has been different in the past than it is now, and it likely is possible that it could revert to previous beliefs. Each concept has its proponents and detractors, individuals arguing an all-or-nothing position on one side or the other. If the absolute truth could be known about each of these concepts, however, likely it would be found to lie somewhere between the extremes. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy History

    This 6 page paper examines this umbrella of cognitive theories. Various ideas from Beck, Ellis and others are duly noted. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology and the Importance of Facts

    This 4 page paper argues that there are no real facts in social science. The field of psychology is utilized as the most prominent example. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Marijuana and its Effects

    A 3 page paper discussing the biochemical, physiological and psychological effects of marijuana. Motivational and cognitive effects change slowly and are so subtle that they can escape detection by all but the most attentive friends and family. Marijuana can destroy enthusiasm for anything but itself, literally robbing even the casual smoker of many of life’s joys. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Causes and Effects of Violence in Schools

    A 4 page discussion of the increase in school violence. The author presents the case that an increased violent content in the media, in television in particular, can be held responsible. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Questions on Psychology Answered

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses minorities in psychology; James Mill and JS Mill; Titchener; and Helmholtz. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Child Spanking and Canadian Law

    This 6-page paper discusses the controversy over spanking as a means of disciplining children, and argues that the practice should be abolished. This is particularly important at the moment, as the Canadian Supreme Court recently upheld a law that allows parents to spank their children. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Behaviorist Theory Contributions of B.F. Skinner

    3 pages in length. Myriad members of the psychology field have contributed to the greater understanding of human behavior through the behaviorist theory, however, none can take quite the same position as the man who brought together the concepts of learning and performance. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Children, Depression, and Suicidal Tendencies

    A 10 page discussion of depression and suicidal tendencies among children. While the suicide rate has actually declined since the introduction of SSRIs, there is a growing concern that these drugs many contribute to suicidal thoughts and behavior among some children. Is it possible that the declining suicide rate is not a reflection of SSRI usage but of some other factor? This paper explores the validity of the concerns over SSRIs. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Literature Relevant to Adolescent Developmental Disorders

    8 pages in length. The writer briefly reviews five articles that address child abuse, self-harming, parental illness, familial changes and depression as they relate to adolescence. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Questions on 10th Century Psychology

    7 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses successes and failures in twentieth-century psychological schools of thought; introspection; unconscious; and a number of psychological theorists. No bibliography.

  • Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy and the Film Radio

    A 5 page research paper that examines the film Radio in psychological terms, drawing on the theory of human behavior developed by Abraham Maslow. The writer argues that this film exhibits several psychological principles, which illustrate human nature at its most basic level and at its highest. The spectrum of human behavior in the film, however, can be understood via the prism provided by psychologist Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Multi-Phobic 'What About Bob?'

    7 pages in length. Afflicted with a malady of phobias, the lead character in Frank Oz's What About Bob? strikes a simultaneous chord of compassion and confusion with audiences. Played by Bill Murray, Bob's mental composition is comprised of such life-altering irrationalities as agoraphobia, claustrophobia, hypochondria and obsessive-compulsive disorder, all of which work synergistically to make him a walking, talking idiosyncrasy. His behavior, while wholly innocent, is over the top for his regular therapist to deal with so he is referred to emotionally absent and narcissistic Dr. Leo Marvin (Richard Dreyfus); after one session, Marvin alerts Bob to the fact that he will be unavailable for the rest of the summer on family vacation. This news sends Bob into a tailspin of – yet another psychological disorder - separation anxiety – until he is able to finally track down Marvin at his lake house. Phobic manifestations notwithstanding, Bob easily worms his way into the hearts of Marvin's family but forever remains an overwhelming irritation where the doctor is concerned, who truly has no idea what it means to be compassionate in a field where such emotional connection is key. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Multi-Phobic 'What About Bob?'

    7 pages in length. Afflicted with a malady of phobias, the lead character in Frank Oz's What About Bob? strikes a simultaneous chord of compassion and confusion with audiences. Played by Bill Murray, Bob's mental composition is comprised of such life-altering irrationalities as agoraphobia, claustrophobia, hypochondria and obsessive-compulsive disorder, all of which work synergistically to make him a walking, talking idiosyncrasy. His behavior, while wholly innocent, is over the top for his regular therapist to deal with so he is referred to emotionally absent and narcissistic Dr. Leo Marvin (Richard Dreyfus); after one session, Marvin alerts Bob to the fact that he will be unavailable for the rest of the summer on family vacation. This news sends Bob into a tailspin of – yet another psychological disorder - separation anxiety – until he is able to finally track down Marvin at his lake house. Phobic manifestations notwithstanding, Bob easily worms his way into the hearts of Marvin's family but forever remains an overwhelming irritation where the doctor is concerned, who truly has no idea what it means to be compassionate in a field where such emotional connection is key. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Suicide

    A 10 page exploration of the many factors that enter into suicide. This paper emphasizes the roll depression takes for the suicidal individual. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • The Concept of Learning

    4 pages in length. In its simplest terms, learning is the capacity to absorb information not previously known and in most cases incorporate it into the process of living. Some things people learn are not utilized at any point in their lives, such as certain math courses in school or the casual acquisition of a stranger's life story while at a party; however, the brain has the ability to store every bit of information it receives whether people realize it or not, which is part of what distinguishes long- and short-term memory and their respective recall faculties as people age. In short, to learn is to expand one's cognitive capacity by allowing - and hopefully encouraging - the transfer of thoughts, ideas and concepts from sources other than the self. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Abnormal Psychology: Amnesia

    A 6 page research paper that, first of all, summarizes an obituary for H.M., a man who suffered from permanent amnesia due to an operation on his hippocampus in 1953. The article explains H.M.'s significance to science and the writer speculates on how his problems relate to the student's abnormal psychology course information. The second part describes parts of the textbook that relate to H.M. and the third section offers the writer's personal reflection on what she thought was most interesting. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Misunderstanding Homosexuality and Gay Relationships from Psychological, Biological, and Social Perspectives:

    In seven pages this paper examines the impetus for the gay riots and subsequent Gay Revolution that took place in June-July 1969 at Greenwich Village’s Stonewall Inn as chronicled in David Carter’s Stonewall and also examines the misunderstandings associated with homosexuality and gay relationships from biological, psychological, and social perspectives. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Mental Health Counseling: Child Abuse And Neglect

    7 pages in length. Antisocial behavior is considered one of the many consequences adolescents and adults harbor from childhood abuse/neglect, as are issues of intimate bonding and repeating the harmful behavior inflicted upon the child. It has been noted how an individual reaches a certain breaking point during intervention when he or she admits to the hurt that has long existed, in addition to the humiliation and grief typically associated with child abuse/neglect. Analyzing theoretical perspectives and therapeutic approaches provides a significantly better understanding of what steps are required in order to help the abused/neglected child work through his damaged psyche. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Cognitive Psychology as a Neurological Framework

    A 5 page research paper that considers this topic. Cognitive neuropsychology is a branch of cognitive psychology. The goal of cognitive psychological research is to ascertain more information about the "architecture of cognition," and this generally involves formulating and testing "information –processing models," which are intended to explain how people go about accomplishing specific cognitive tasks (Coltheart, 2008). This goal is often pursued by research psychologists by examining the behavior of people are who are skilled in the performance of the focused task; however, the real of cognitive neuroscience generally pursues research goals by examining the cognitive functioning of people who have experienced some sort of brain damage (Coltheart, 2008). In other words, in cognitive neuropsychological investigation, cognitive psychology's goals are examined using a neurological framework as its guiding assumption. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Emotional Disorders

    A 4 page paper that begins with a definition of emotional disorders, including the description provided in IDEA. The paper discusses the characteristics and behaviors and comments on causes. An outline of a PowerPoint presentation is provided. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Extroverts vs. Introverts/Who Is Happiest?

    A 10 page study proposal that addresses the topic of the effect of personality type of perceived level of happiness, and specifically, the question of whether or not extroverts are happier than introverts. Previous research has unequivocally associated extroversion with self-reported higher levels of happiness, but there has been little research on whether there is variation in regards to this perception within groups of each personality type. This proposed study would address this neglected area of investigation. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Learning Theories And Technology

    A 4 page paper that is a 5-column Table. The columns are: learning theory, contributors, dates, strengths and weaknesses and complementary technology. Four learning theories are discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Article Critique/Prospective Memory

    A 4 page paper that offers a synopsis and critical analysis of a study article by Khan, Sharma and Dixit (2008) entitled "Cognitive load and task condition in event- and time-based prospective memory: An experimental investigation" (Journal of Psychology, September 2008 edition). The authors investigate the parameters of how differences in individuals' estimations of time affect prospective memory and also the differences between the event-based and time-based prospective. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Stress Theory And Coping With Stress

    A 10 page paper that reports and describes Hans Selye's, the father or modern stress theory, ideas and explanations of stress, including physical and psychological responses to stressors. The writer includes the evolution of PTSD from its origins in the Civil War as Soldier's Heart and traumatic neurosis. Physiological and psychological responses to stress are discussed. The paper also offers suggestions for preventing stress and coping with stress. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Experimental Social Psychology

    6 pages in length. Social psychology - which represents the study of various components of attitude, motivation, personality and behavior as they reflect an individual's influence upon and by social groups - derives its myriad findings through the function of experimentation, a value explained as being critical to "discovering universal laws…[and] eradicating social evils" (Sharma et al, 2007). Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Case Study: Bipolar Disorder, Manic Episode With Psychotic Features

    10 pages in length. Susie's diagnosis of bipolar disorder with manic episode and psychotic features is supported by delusional events combined with tremendous emotional highs and equally spiraling lows. Understanding the myriad potential causes of BPD leads one to consider environmental influences as the primary reason in Susie's case, inasmuch as her upbringing was clearly indicative of an emotionally sterile environment where Susie felt distanced from her parents and never truly created the critical connection with them necessary for healthy emotional development. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Eysenck And Bandura: Comparison Of Personality Theories

    9 pages in length. The battle between biological versus environmental and nature versus nurture have sparked myriad theories that strive to one-up each other with the best concept of what influences personality development. The very notion of human personality is what distinguishes one from another, a foundation upon which the quest for individuality is a primary focal point (Brody, 1988). The extent to which two schools of thought revolve around the either/or principles of genetic or situational influences is both grand and far-reaching; to single out one as holding more power over personality development than - and even to the exclusion of - the other is to inaccurately surmise how the myriad traits that characterize human personality are rigid and finite. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Personality Development/Albert Einstein

    A 5 page research paper that examines Einstein's life and genius. Albert Einstein is "the icon of scientific genius," one of the "most recognizable faces in the history of mankind," and certainly the most influential scientists of the twentieth century (Khoon, 2007, p. 9). This examination of Einstein's life discusses his biography in terms of developmental psychology and the possible influences that may have shaped his genius for math and creative insight. The two personality development theories utilized for this purpose are those of Erik Erikson and Karen Horney. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Major Psychological Theories

    4 pages in length. The manner by which a human being's mind operates, why people behave in certain ways, how their thoughts and perceptions are generated, and what situations trigger changes in mental clarity or capacity is the core focus of psychology. The challenge of whether or not this branch of science is actually scientific at all has been a long-standing debate with those who contend there is too much interpretation applied for psychology to truly be considered empirical. However, some of the field's major theories have formed the foundation of man gaining a greater understanding of his mind, its power and vulnerabilities. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Conditioning and Theory

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of three specific questions on classical conditioning and conditioning theories. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Child Development and Blended Families

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of one book and two articles regarding the issue of blended families. This paper considers whether cohabitation is problematic for children of blended families. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Piaget/Preschoolers' Capacity for Reading and Math

    A 10 page research paper that includes a 136 word abstract that discusses Jean Piaget, the Swiss child psychologist, who is one of the most influential theorist of the twentieth century. This summary and investigation of his work, with a particular focus on his text, The Origins of Intelligence in Children, first of all, offers a broad overview of Piagetian theory and its constructive nature. This writer begins by considering the current trend to introduce academics, i.e., reading and math, to preschoolers and then sets this trend against the context of Piagetian theory in order to evaluate its efficacy. The conclusion that this leads to is that direct early academic instruction will not be successful and could very well be detrimental to the child. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Freedom In Childhood And Adulthood: Compare/Contrast

    3 pages in length. The stages of human development are replete with myriad lessons that serve to carry into later phases. Gaining independence is an especially important time for a child inasmuch as it is one of the most significant stepping stones from one stage to the next. However, frustration is present in abundance during this time as the child has a much more liberal concept of freedom than the parent, which often results in the child's quest for independence being temporarily thwarted. Other times, it is the child's own inability to coordinate mobility with desire that impedes his quest for freedom. Adult freedom, by contrast, may or may not be governed by another person or entity; just because an individual is over the age of eighteen does not automatically mean he or she has carte blanche freedom. No bibliography.

  • Psychology As A Career

    A 7 page paper that begins with information from the Bureau of Labor and Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook about psychologists, positions and education needed with the writer selecting one field to pursue. The next section discusses the adult learner. Using self-assessments provided by the student, the paper reports results from the Multiple Pathways to Learning and the Personality Spectrum as related to the writer's scores with explanations about how this information can help the student. The writer also comments on time and stress management for the adult learner.

  • Six Annotated Bibliographies: Eating Disorders and the Media

    This 54 page paper comprises 6 annotated bibliographies about eating disorders and the media.

  • The Effects of Violent Lyrics on Aggressive Thoughts and Feelings

    In twenty-six pages this paper presents research on the effects violent song lyrics have on aggression that examines various types of lyrics (heavy metal, rap/gangsta, and country), demographics (age, gender, geography), and subheadings including introduction, statement of the problem, aims/objectives of the study, relevance of the study, literature review, rationale of the present study, statement of hypothesis, operational definition, subject/sample population, instrument/materials, design, procedure, scoring of data, analysis, references, and appendix. Fifteen sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Case Study: 11-Year-Old-Boy

    3 pages in length. After an uneventful birth, Carlos met and surpassed his first-year milestones but was not a bright and curious child who eagerly developed an understanding of the world around him; rather, he struggled emotionally due to the lack of supportive presence from his mother who did not want the pregnancy in the first place and a father whose own mental stability was in question. Now at eleven years old, Carlos has undergone a number of traumatic events not typically associated with his age group and has had great difficulty coping with the emotional insecurity he unwittingly developed during his most formative years. This instability has been manifesting itself in the form of truancy, aggressive behavior and violent tendencies. No bibliography. TLCcsboy.rtf

  • How Children Develop a Sense of Morality

    A 6 page essay/research paper that discusses how children develop a sense of morality. For the most part, literature on the development of a moral sense in childhood and adolescence has bee dominated by the cognitive-developmental perspective espoused by Piaget's theory of moral judgment and Kohlberg's stage theory of moral development (Singer, 1999). The following discussion of how children develop a moral sense, first look specifically at these two theoretical models and then briefly describes the model formulated by James Rest. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Child Language Disorders

    A 3 page overview of child language disorders. This paper outlines how to recognize and treat these problems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Media Violence Influences Teen Violence

    A 5 page essay/research paper that presents the argument that media violence is a direct cause of teen violence. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Holding Onto Youth: Going from Boys to Men Takes a ‘Whole Lotta Love’

    In thirteen pages this psychology paper discusses the difficult male transition from adolescence to adulthood and the desire to hold onto youth for as long as possible, drawing parallels between this transition and ‘adult’ bands that seem to forever cling to adolescence such as Led Zeppelin and the Rolling Stones. Seven sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Aspects Of Memory

    5 pages in length. Recall and recognition - the foundations of human memory - are wholly dependent upon the actions of encoding and storage as to how readily they are brought forth in recollection. To understand the variables associated with short- and long-term memory components is to realize why some memories are recalled with prompts (i.e. audio, visual or olfactory) while others are difficult to call back no matter how many cues are given to encourage recollection. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Learned Gender

    This paper uses Deirdre N. McCloskey’s book “Crossing: A Memoir” to explore the idea that gender can be learned. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Motivational Factors: Literature Review

    6 pages in length. Effective motivational techniques a constantly sought-after commodity in virtually every venue; whether trying to encourage children to clean their rooms or influencing staff to perform at their peak, motivational tactics can incorporate quite a varied approach in order to achieve the desired objective. Determining the factors that best inspire ten cross-country athletes to complete the greatest number of pull-ups is established by the results from using a variety of live audiences as they perform the exercise. The extent to which personal incentive and gender accountability reflect a considerable portion of the outcome speaks to the type of social pressures forced upon the athletes to do their best. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Research and Statistics in Psychology

    This 4 page paper defines research and the scientific method, explores the differences between primary and secondary data, and explains the role of statistics in psychological work. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Randy Pausch's "The Last Lecture" - Experience And Failure

    3 pages in length. When Randy Pausch said "experience is what you get when you didn't get what you wanted" in The Last Lecture speech he gave shortly before his death, his intention was to get people thinking about the benefit of failure. It is not that the late professor wanted others to make a habit out of not being successful but rather he valued failure as a key learning tool in the lessons of life. His message in short was that from failure comes enlightenment. Most people are taught to avoid defeat and disappointment because it somehow equates to less than a winning character. Pausch wanted to make an obvious point about how absolutely off the mark that type of indoctrination is to the quest for achievement, so he incorporated the aspect of failure into his class curriculum by awarding one student team a stuffed penguin who took the greatest risk and experienced the greatest failure. Symbolic of Pausch's penchant for empowering others, the penguin stood for the need to try and fail in order to succeed in life. No additional sources cited.

  • Careers Of Industrial-Organization Psychology And Physiological Psychology

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly defines each principle and discusses various specialties within each one. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Iraqi Veterans/PTSD, A Case Study

    A 6 page research paper that offers a discussion of PTSD, in reference to the War in Iraq, first of all, describes the etiology of PTSD; then, discusses various treatment modalities prior to presenting a case study. The case study demonstrates how a combination of treatment modalities were utilized in order to bring about a positive outcome for the young soldier who was psychically scarred by his combat experiences in Iraq. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Iraqi Veterans/PTSD, A Case Study

    A 6 page research paper that offers a discussion of PTSD, in reference to the War in Iraq, first of all, describes the etiology of PTSD; then, discusses various treatment modalities prior to presenting a case study. The case study demonstrates how a combination of treatment modalities were utilized in order to bring about a positive outcome for the young soldier who was psychically scarred by his combat experiences in Iraq. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology, Science, and Research Approaches

    A 5 page discussion of the relationship of the scientific approach in the field of psychology. This paper contends that psychological research is characterized by two separate yet integrated approaches. These approaches are that of qualitative and quantitative investigation. In the place of statistical findings revealed with quantitative research, qualitative research illuminates and provides understanding. Each approach is an important component of the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Home, Workplace, and the Psychological Effects of Color

    This is a 12 page paper on the psychology of color and its effects based on laboratory, educational, home and work based perspectives. The perception of color and emotions varies greatly between cultures, age groups and individual experiences which form the connections and preferences between emotions and colors. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Common Themes in Jung's Theories and Buddhism

    A 10 page overview of Buddhist principals and how those principals relate to the psychoanalytical philosophies of Carl Jung, one of the most notable psychoanalysts of all time. This paper emphasizes that while Buddhist practices vary according to culture, geography, and time, there are several underlying principals which do not vary. Jung’s fascination with the religion lie in its tendency to question. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Eating Pace and Style from a Psychological Perspective

    This 5 page paper looks at fast and slow eaters and tries to find reasons for differences in pace and style. Gender, age and culture are each discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Three Theories of Human Psychology

    This 5 page report discusses three leading perspectives that have had a profound influence in the understanding of human psychology and the ways in which human beings struggle with their own consciousness, personal insight, and awarenesses. The theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Rogers, and Albert Ellis are briefly discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Literature Review of Depression and Sexual Abuse

    This essay offers a literature review about recent studies conducted that tie together sexual abuse and depression. Journals from 1999 and 2000 were studied in this paper. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Children, Adolescents, and Divorce Effects

    A 10 page paper that explores the research addressing the effects of divorce on American children and adolescents. Data included regarding rates of divorce and number of children affected. Research is contradictory regarding the effects of divorce on children but most researchers conclude there are any number of negative effects on children ranging from higher suicide rates and higher high school drop-out rates to more health problems and poorer performance in school. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Roberto Rossellini's Film Europa, Europa and Its Psychological Impact

    5 pages. The impact of the film Europa Europa was based on the psychology of survival. When we are cornered and face imminent death, the human psyche will respond in ways heretofore unknown to us; we will do whatever it takes to survive because an inner psychological need takes over. The survival instinct, as evidenced by this film, can cause us to do things we never would have believed we would do. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Psychology and Biology

    A five page paper which looks at the relationship between biology and psychology, and the way that behavioural and cognitive patterns interact with physiology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Human Body and the Impact of Drugs

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the effects of illegal drugs as well as prescription medications. A variety of drugs are mentioned by name. The effects of marijuana, ecstasy, and cocaine are highlighted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Human Body and the Impact of Drugs

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the effects of illegal drugs as well as prescription medications. A variety of drugs are mentioned by name. The effects of marijuana, ecstasy, and cocaine are highlighted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A Sample Psychology Experiment

    This 5 page paper presents an overview on how to do a proper experiment. Various concepts such as statistical significance, the use of control and experimental groups, and which are the independent and dependent variables are discussed. A sample hypothesis submitted by a student is used to demonstrate how an experiment may be conducted. Sample results and an analysis of results are provided. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Dreaming and its Purpose

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the psychology of dreaming inclusive of physiological explanations. REM sleep is discussed. Various theories inclusive of Freudian psychology is included in order to find out why humans dream, and what purpose it serves. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sibling Rivalry Literature Review

    This is a 7 page review of the literature on the issue of sibling rivalry which has uncovered several trends and several areas which obviously need more study. Several disciplines research sibling rivalry most especially psychology, sociology, communications and pediatrics. While some studies indicate that the older brother/younger sister remains the most negative of the dyads, other researchers believe that it is the closeness of age and gender which results in children trying to differentiate themselves from one another. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Sibling Rivalry Literature Review

    This is a 7 page review of the literature on the issue of sibling rivalry which has uncovered several trends and several areas which obviously need more study. Several disciplines research sibling rivalry most especially psychology, sociology, communications and pediatrics. While some studies indicate that the older brother/younger sister remains the most negative of the dyads, other researchers believe that it is the closeness of age and gender which results in children trying to differentiate themselves from one another. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • History, Human Nature, and Psychology

    This is a 5 page paper discussing psychology and human nature over history. The development of psychology and the study of human nature evolved over two thousand years of philosophical theory. During the period of enlightenment scientific thought was beginning to be examined toward the field of the human mind in what was later termed the field of psychology. David Hume in the 1700s and his studies into human nature as a combination of sentimentalism and intellectualism were later revisited and refined by James and Wendt in the 1800s and discussed in relation to human will and conscious thought over actions by Dewey in the 1900s. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Use of Color in the Addams Family Values Film

    5 pages. The extreme use of color in the movie Addams Family Values is a study in the psychology behind the use of color to emit emotions and stimulate the senses. There are strong connotations in the use of color whether it be for public spaces such as restaurants, airports, or department stores and color can also be used to help set the mood on film as well. This paper analyzes the movie and why color is used in the way that it is in the film. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Approaches to Cognitive Rehabilitation, Both Past and Present

    7 pages in length. The student discusses past and present theoretical approaches as they relate to cognitive psychology and rehabilitation. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Sampling and Probability

    This is a 5 page paper discussing probability sampling. To properly understand inferences within a population, researchers have developed methods of sampling which combine with the concept of probability to acquire the desired results. There are various types of probability sampling each of which has its own advantages in regards to capturing a specific trend within the population. Sampling sizes are based on several factors as well which include level of confidence, population size, and sampling error among other factors. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Counseling and Behavioral Therapy

    This 8 page paper looks at behavioral therapy as used in counseling situations. Many examples are provided. CBT (Cognitive behavioral therapy) is discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Globalization and Culture by Tomlinson

    This 5 page paper discusses Tomlinson's book, Globalization and Culture, chapter six, and the cosmopolitization as a result of global endeavors. Quotes and citations included from the text.Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Biopsychosocial Model and Health Psychology

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the field, its evolution and its importance to society. The biopsychosocial model is discussed in the context of health psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Homosexuality in the Male From a Clinical Perspective

    This 5 page report discusses the 14th chapter titled “Clinical Aspects of Male Homosexuality” by psychoanalyst Irving Bieber who studied homosexuality and taken from the text “The View of the Clinician.” The report then compares Bieber’s approach to that of Sigmund Freud and the ways in which Freud’s ideas were transmuted into those of analysts such as Bieber. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Homosexuality in the Male From a Clinical Perspective

    This 5 page report discusses the 14th chapter titled “Clinical Aspects of Male Homosexuality” by psychoanalyst Irving Bieber who studied homosexuality and taken from the text “The View of the Clinician.” The report then compares Bieber’s approach to that of Sigmund Freud and the ways in which Freud’s ideas were transmuted into those of analysts such as Bieber. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Radiotherapy and the Impact of Isolation

    This 5 page paper looks at the psychological effects of isolation necessary for radiotherapy. Various aspects are discussed inclusive of duration of treatment, gender and skill of the nurses. Emotional reactions to the procedure are explored. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Client Centered Therapeutic Approach Case Study Involving an Eight Year Old Boy

    This 5 page paper provides a hypothetical case study taken from a student's submission and then goes on to analyze it with the assumption that client centered therapy would be implemented. The case involves a shy third grader who is overprotected and has abandonment issues. Recommendations are made. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Abusive Childhoods and Adult Survivors

    A paper which looks at some of the issues surrounding childhood abuse and the different way in which it affects adult survivors, including the types of trauma and emotional damage which may be suffered, the importance of therapy, the use of hypnosis in accessing repressed memories of abuse and the way in which survivors learn to cope with their early experiences. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Suicide and Its Influential Factors

    6 pages. Teen suicide, adult suicide, and assisted suicide are all discussed in this contemporary and somber fact-filled paper. What leads to suicide and why would one actually choose to end their life? There are many reasons, and to some people suicide is the only answer to the myriad problems in their lives. This paper sheds some light on the reason behind the growing number of suicides each year. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Burka and Yuen Procrastination

    This is a 6 page book review of Burka and Yuen’s 1983 text “Procrastination: Why you do it, What to do about it” which provides an excellent overall review and practical knowledge of the understanding of procrastination and what can be done to overcome it. Many aspects of procrastination are a result of self-esteem and fear of failure, success, separation and attachment among other elements. The authors outline each fear and provide adequate examples from real life and professions useful to the readers who may see themselves in similar situations. Finally, the authors provide some techniques on how to overcome the procrastination cycles which include taking an inventory of consequences, setting and achieving goals, time and organizational management and enlisting support. The text also provides useful schedules and additional resources. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Freudian and Social Psychology

    This 6 page paper looks at Freud's Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego in respect to contemporary social psychology. The concepts are discussed ideologically. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • ADHD and Issues in Classroom Management

    A 11 page paper. ADHD is one of the most prevalent childhood disorders reported by schools and mental health clinics and as such, is one of the most researched conditions in America. This paper provides a description of ADHD, including behavioral symptoms. The emphasis is on managing the classroom. Research regarding effective procedures and programs is discussed along with a number of quick tips teachers can use immediately. The writer then discusses the research and includes a discussion on why reinforcement is not used as often as it should be. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • ADHD and Issues in Classroom Management

    A 11 page paper. ADHD is one of the most prevalent childhood disorders reported by schools and mental health clinics and as such, is one of the most researched conditions in America. This paper provides a description of ADHD, including behavioral symptoms. The emphasis is on managing the classroom. Research regarding effective procedures and programs is discussed along with a number of quick tips teachers can use immediately. The writer then discusses the research and includes a discussion on why reinforcement is not used as often as it should be. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Ancient Myth, Carl Jung, and Robert A. Johnson on Gender Psychological Differences

    This 5 page report discusses the psychological differences between men and women as interpreted in Jungian framework of thought. Robert A. Johnson’s books “She: Understanding Feminine Psychology” and “He: Understanding Masculine Psychology” serve as the primary point of departure on the issue. In them, he uses the myths of Aphrodite, Psyche, and Amor to discuss the feminine archetype and the story of Parsifal and the Holy Grail to discuss the masculine archetype. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Theories, Policies, and Intervention Regarding Youth Suicide

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the theory, intervention and policies about youth suicide. Because of the increase in youth suicide in the United States in the last thirty years, researchers have provided cognitive theories in an attempt to describe the continuum which occurs in adolescents from negative emotions to depression to suicide ideation to eventually suicide. Once understood, parents, educators and counselling professionals try and implement intervention programs which are available to adolescents in school programs, outside counselling and hotlines to provide for all possible avenues of screening and intervention. Primary and secondary programs should be included in any policies implemented for the prevention of youth suicide starting with programming for youths at risk in the primary school level and continuing throughout the teen years allowing for proper education of counsellors and teachers in regards to the research available. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Behavioral and Psychoanalytical Theories of Sigmund Freud

    This is a 7 page paper discussing Freud’s psychoanalytical theories of human behavior in comparison with the behavioral theories. When Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) first developed his psychoanalytical theory as treatment for those people who had mental dysfunctions, he was one of the first analysts to attempt to tackle patients head on by developing a series of therapeutic sessions directly with the patients. These sessions were largely based on talking to patients and discovering their repressed feelings which he believed were the cause of the mental disorder. His theory was based largely on the fact that he believed human behavior was developed through a series of stages in childhood that largely relied upon the satisfaction of needs in the individual, mostly sexual. If the unconscious mind was unable to control the interpretation of the needs and how to understand them in relation to the real world then behavioral problems would arise. Once these problems were unearthed, then behavior would change. Behaviorists however did not agree with his methods. Behavior theorists are more concerned with what patients do and say and are not as concerned with the theoretical mental processes which are “behind” the behaviors. Instead, they believe that using conditioning, called behavior therapy, people’s destructive and dysfunctional behaviors can be altered for the better. Those who promote the behaviorist theory believe more that the stimulus and the behavior have a direct relation regardless of the mental process while psychoanalysts believe that there are mental processes and repressive tendencies which have to be resolved before any behavior can be changed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Adolescent Development and Peer Pressure

    This 11 page paper is a literature review looking at how peer pressure can be seen during adolescence, how it appears and how it influences development. The bibliography cites 14 sources.

  • Spiritual and Psychological Influence on Human Identity

    This 10 page paper delves into the topic of spirituality and psychology and how it relates to identity. Aspects of development in human beings are explored. Van Kaam's ideas are discussed. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Overview of Health Psychology

    A 5 page paper. Health psychology is a vast field and is, in fact, the umbrella classification for all psychologists who work in the area of health. This essay addresses why this is an important field in today's world by discussing some of the knowledge and insight gained through research. The link between stress, individual behaviors and illness is discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Melanie Klein's Child Research

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of the work of Melanie Klein, with a specific focus on the use of her work for the interpretation of research into child development and child sexual abuse. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Decision Making, Cognition, and Emotions

    3 pages in length. Emotions are crucial for effective decision making, the ability to reason and influencing memory. Being that cognition refers to the process of knowing, which applies to a combination of judgment and awareness, it becomes clear how emotions play such an integral role in cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Adolescent Psychology and Family Dysfunction

    This 12 page paper considers the factors that influence self-esteem and individual self-perception in families where parental success translates into expectations about a child's performance. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • A Research Proposal in Advertising Psychology

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of a research proposal. This paper outlines the methodology to explore the issue of advertising psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology and the Effects of Dreams According to Sigmund Freud

    A 18 page research paper that examines the impact of the career of Sigmund Freud and his The Interpretation of Dreams on culture and psychology. There are certain events in history that can be perceived as pivotal, that is, after this event occurred, everything pertaining to a certain field changed as existing paradigms and concepts were irrevocably altered. Such an event occurred with the publication of Sigmund Freud's seminal work, The Interpretation of Dreams (first published in 1900). It is through this work that Freud's concepts began to infiltrate the intellectual climate of the dawning twentieth century. Examination of the impact of this work, as well as Freud's ideas in general, demonstrates that the publication of The Interpretation of Dreams constitutes a pivotal point in the history of psychology, after which everything changed to accommodate Freud's revolutionary concepts (Messer and McWilliams, 2003). Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Psychological Overview of Depression and Anxiety

    This 18 page paper provides an overview of the psychological problems of anxiety and depression, especially as they relate to the development of psychological disorders. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Young Victims of Suicide and Depression

    A 9 page overview of two extremely alarming phenomena: childhood depression and suicide. Concerns regarding the use of Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), one of the most widely prescribed drugs for childhood depression, a category that includes fluoxetine (Prozac[R]), fluvoxamine (Luvox[R]), paroxetine (Paxil[R]), and sertraline (Zoloft[R]), are addressed.

  • Young Victims of Suicide and Depression

    A 9 page overview of two extremely alarming phenomena: childhood depression and suicide. Concerns regarding the use of Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), one of the most widely prescribed drugs for childhood depression, a category that includes fluoxetine (Prozac[R]), fluvoxamine (Luvox[R]), paroxetine (Paxil[R]), and sertraline (Zoloft[R]), are addressed.

  • People Between the Ages of Twenty Five and Thirty Five and Divorce

    An 11 page (10 pp. + 1 pg. outline) paper which examines why people of this age group divorce, with the emphasis primarily on the couples, not the children (although the effects on the children are discussed). Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Human Learning

    7 pages in length. Learning is not merely an objective restricted to academic endeavors; rather, from the moment one is born, the very process of human development is a critical learning experience. Each new understanding one grasps - even something as seemingly insignificant as knowing that grass is green and the sky is blue – is part of the grander scheme of human development occurring during virtually every waking moment of one's life. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sexually Abused Children and Art Therapy Assessments

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the current literature on the topic of Art Therapy and Assessments of Sexually Abused Children: Art as an Predictor for the Perpetration of Sexual Crimes by Children. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sexually Abused Children and Art Therapy Assessments

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the current literature on the topic of Art Therapy and Assessments of Sexually Abused Children: Art as an Predictor for the Perpetration of Sexual Crimes by Children. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sexual Abuse of Children in America

    Childhood sexual abuse is a problem of increasing magnitude in the United States. Children who are sexually abused often know their abusers and research suggests that some children who are abused by parents, family members, or clergy often create a normative view of the sexual abuse that creates a cycle of abuse. In fact, it can be argued that a large percentage of children who are sexually abused become sexual predators in adulthood, and prior to this, may participate in sexually abusive behaviors with other children. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Suicide, Stress, and Coping

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the topic and relates it to the findings in the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Dreams and Their Psychological Importance

    Psychological theorists, including Sigmund Freud, have long recognized the importance of dreams in psychological functioning. In fact, Freud argued that dreams were a manifestation of unrealized thoughts processed in sleep as a result of hidden issues. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Faust, Dimitrovsky, and Shacht's Naming Difficulties in Children with Dyslexia

    Faust, Dimitrovsky and Shacht (2003), in their article Naming Difficulties in Children with Dyslexia, relate the fact that children with learning disabilities, especially dyslexia, may in fact have a language processing problem that can be assessed, in an effort at developing better approaches to language learning. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ethical Treatment of Patients and the 1975 Film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

    This 5 page paper relates the fact that One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest is a perfect example of how NOT to treat patients. The 1975 film addressed the issue of mental illness and the medical community's response. Though the conditions and patient treatment outlined in the film might have been standard practice in the 1960s, they are no longer acceptable methods of addressing mental illness or creating positive patient care. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Child Development Activities 2

    An 18 page paper answering several questions in development in early childhood, as well as questions about health, cleanliness and nutrition. The paper provides two examples of Physical, Language, Social, Creative and Cognitive developmental activities for each of four developmental stages between birth and 12 years, and provides a trifold brochure discussing the process of acclimating children and parents to a new care service. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of Quantitative and Qualitative Research

    This 18 page paper begins with a general introduction to qualitative and quantitative research designs, including a table that compares some of the major features of each. The writer then provides a comprehensive explanation of each approach. Different designs are also explained for each category of research, e.g., experimental, quasi-experimental, case study, phenomenographic research, exploratory method, historiographic research and grounded theory. Common terms in each approach are defined and the steps of each specific approach are reported. The writer comments on the strengths and weaknesses of both quantitative and qualitative research designs. The paper offers a comprehensive description and explanation of quantitative and qualitative research with examples in each category. 1 Table included. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Literature Review on Christian and Psychological Theories of Personality

    An 8 page research paper that offers a literature review and analysis, which looks at psychological theories of personality development, their efficacy and application, but also at new Christian perspectives that are evolving in the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Hospital Nurses, Employment Stress, Performance, and Social Support Among Other Nurses

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of an article entitled: Job Stress, Job Performance and Social Support Among Hospital Nurses. This article review provides a comprehensive look at this research article. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Psychological Theory and Wundt's Role

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the role of Wundt in the creation of psychological theory. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Narcissistic Persona and Body Aesthetics

    This 25 page paper provides an overview of the current literature in regards to the nature of customer service and the changes in customer service in recent years. This paper integrates a view of customer service in retail, call centers, and in e-commerce, and the reasons and causes of poor service. Further, this paper also considers why it is so important for business to turn this trend around and suggests some ways that employers can refocus on customer service, including a view of quality principles (TQM). Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Solving Problems with the 4 Styles of Carl Jung

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of Carl Jung's Four Problem Solving Styles. This paper outlines the purpose of problem solving and its impact in terms of psychological processes. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Jungian Psychology

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Jungian psychology. This paper outlines the impacts and views of Jung's perspective on dreams. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Leisure Theory and the Absence of Jungian Psychology

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of views on the reason why Jungian psychology is absent from leisure theory. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychological Case Diagnoses

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of a case using psychology diagnoses. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Object Relations and Self Psychology

    This 4 page paper responds to questions about "Ms. X" and self psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Questions on 'Ms. X' and Self Psychology

    This 4 page paper responds to questions about "Ms. X" and self psychology. This answers an additional set of questions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Behaviorism's History and Development

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the history and development of behaviorism. This paper answers some central questions, including: How did Pavlov’s work influence Watson’s behaviorism? How do the studies of little Albert and Peter support Watson’s ideas on emotion? and How did hull’s behaviorism differ from the views of Watson and Tolman? Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Behaviorism's History and Development

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the history and development of behaviorism. This paper answers some central questions, including: How did Pavlov’s work influence Watson’s behaviorism? How do the studies of little Albert and Peter support Watson’s ideas on emotion? and How did hull’s behaviorism differ from the views of Watson and Tolman? Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Emotional Intelligence and Occupational Success

    A 5 page review of emotional intelligence, a critical component of personal and occupational success. This paper discusses the origin of the term emotional intelligence and outlines how it is perceived in various organizational environments. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Bibb Latane's Social Impact Theory

    A 5 page paper assessing Bibb Latane's 1981 social impact theory and what became of it. There are many theories from the past that resurface from time to time dressed in other terms and other names, and updated to meet current needs. This appears to be the case with social impact theory. Though it is not often discussed in current literature by the name that Latané gave it a quarter century ago, it nonetheless is still with us, particularly in business literature. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Evaluation of a CBT session

    A 7 page paper that presents an analysis of a cognitive behavior therapy session. While the script from the session is not included, the reader learns the highlights through the evaluative analysis. The writer comments on what the counselor did wrong and why. The client in the case is suffering from panic disorder, however, the condition is only mentioned, not explained. The writer also comments on further training the counselor may need. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Psychology and Criminal Justice Processes

    This 3 page paper discuses some of the processes found in criminal justice and psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Sleep Apnea

    A 5 page research paper on sleep apnea, which is a sleep disorder in which the person stop breathing over and over again throughout the night without waking up. It causes fatigue, depression and may decrease cognition in children. The writer discusses recent research on sleep apnea from a psychological perspective. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Controversial Psychology Pioneer Sigmund Freud

    3 pages in length. Sigmund Freud was as controversial as he was precedence setting; not only were his theories criticized by skeptics, but he was all too often labeled a quack by his contemporaries for even proposing such concepts. However, in spite of his rather dubious reputation, there is no question how Freud helped pave the way for myriad principles and applications used in contemporary psychology. No bibliography.

  • Recreational Activity of Gambling

    This 7 page paper examines the differences between "problem" gamblers and those who gamble for recreation among the college-age population. Bibliography lists 6 sources

  • Pastoral Counseling

    A 12 page outline of some of the situations that can be encountered in pastoral counseling. This paper addresses three scenarios, one of a young man contemplating suicide, one involving child abuse, and the third involving the grieving process. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Children, Adolescents, and Ethics of Psychologists

    A 10 page research paper that examines ethical dilemmas that psychologists encounter working with children and adolescents. While specific ethical codes endeavor to be precise, ethical dilemmas, nevertheless, continue to arise, particularly in regards to working with children, which range beyond the boundaries of such codes, creating controversy and debate. This literature review examines and discusses some of these ethical issues, with a particular focus on children and adolescents who are abused, runaway or homeless. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Discussion of Bipolar Disorder I and II

    A 3 page overview of Bipolar Disorder. The author distinguishes between Bipolar Disorder I (unipolar) and Bipolar Disorder II. Bipolar II is more commonly associated with mania and more difficult to treat than Bipolar I. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Behavioral and Cognitive Schools of Psychology

    A 9 page paper that explains and discusses the cognitive and behavioral schools of psychology. Major theorists from each perspective are identified. The writer discusses how these two perspectives are similar and how they differ. The writer explains tenets from each theory can be found in the other. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Behaviorist School of Psychology and John Watson

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the basic contribution that John Watson made to the behaviorist school of psychology. This paper includes references to Pavlov, Hull, Tolman and the Albert experiment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Literature Review on Depression

    This 28 page paper provides an overview of the current literature regarding the problem of depression. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Analysis of Faith Healing

    3 pages in length. Gary and Ray both experienced the tangible but often unbelievable benefits of faith healing, a method by which the healer's hands-on approach brings relief from pain. That Gary physically, emotionally and spiritually accepted the healer's ability and Ray staunchly did not makes no difference in their respective outcome, inasmuch as it is the healer's faith that ultimately allows for the therapeutic action to occur. No bibliography.

  • Biopsychology

    4 pages in length. Biopsychology - also known as physiological psychology, behavioral neuroscience and psychobiology - is a branch that studies the relationship between brain and behavior. Considered the union of conventional psychology and neuroscience (Garrett, 2009), biopsychology examines how and why behavioral patterns occur due to activity in the brain. A pioneer in field who brought to light the connection through his 1949 book The Organization of Behavior, Canadian psychologist Donald O. Hebb established the first comprehensive theory the brain's capacity for instigating various and complex psychological behavior. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • "A Beautiful Mind" - Six Concepts

    6 pages in length. John Nash's struggle with and ultimate championing of paranoid schizophrenia is the basis of the film A Beautiful Mind, a story that pits one man against his own cognitive descent and his success at overcoming what had nearly cost him everything he held dear. This movie was chosen for its expansive vision of Nash's psychological disorder, the extent to which it was portrayed in an accurate light, as well as the full circle he made in regaining his cognitive stability to such a degree that he achieved one of the most prestigious honors indicative of this remarkable turnaround. The six concepts include psychological disorder, anger, happiness, social psychology, personality and intelligence. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Long-Term Memory

    4 pages in length. The transitional process between stimuli to long-term memory involves three distinct components: encoding, storage and retrieval. At the moment sensory perception occurs (encoding), the memory sets to work keeping that information in its bank (storage) for later use (retrieval). The relative simplicity of this undertaking fails to emphasize the conscious aspects that must be happening simultaneously in order for this sensory information to leave the short-term memory and become embedded in the long-term. Four elements of control determine if and how much stimuli make that transfer: attention, rehearsal, encoding and retrieval. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Three Person Motivation Case Study

    A 4 page paper that discusses three motivational theories: biological, psychosocial, and interactionist. The differences in the reasons each of three people are striving for a promotion are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Auricular Acupuncture As Adjunctive Treatment To Ameliorate Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms, Depression, Anxiety And Insomnia: Literature Review

    21 pages in length. The path to well being could not be more different between Eastern and Western philosophies; through man's successes in technological advancement, allopathic methods have virtually overshadowed consumer knowledge of or interest in ancient Eastern holism. That Western health care is based within a foundation of surgery and pharmacology while Eastern approaches it from an unadulterated, holistic approach speaks to a tremendous rift in how both entities perceive the path to wellness. This is not to say, however, that allopathic medicine is either inappropriate as a treatment method but rather that it is unsuitable as the only option when Eastern medicine is rooted in proven healing for the past 2,500 years. Taking a pill to ride the body and mind of anxiety, depression and insomnia of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is merely treating the symptom rather than addressing the issues that have ultimately manifested in these ailments. Utilizing such holistic modalities as auricular acupuncture serves to unblock the trapped energy inherent to trauma response so it begins to channel through the body and mind continuum restoring both mental and physical well being. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Violence and Video Games

    A 3 page paper which argues that violence in video games is not a problem. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Lifespan Developmental Psychology; The Case of an Elderly Bereaved Patient

    This 4 page paper looks at the case of an elderly patient who has suffered the loss of his wife and does not approve or feel that they fit in with modern society. The issues the patient faces and ways of helping him are identified using the lifespan developmental model of Erickson and Ainsworth's theory of attachment. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Online Research Review

    A 5 page paper. The writer was asked to participate in several Online research projects and critique them. The paper begins with an introduction to research conducted on the Web, the typical formats, and the risks. The writer presents several studies with brief comments about them, regarding purpose, reliability, validity and format. No Bibliography.

  • Psychology: Informal Practice To Bona Fide Science

    3 pages in length. The field of psychology has not always been held in such high regard within the scientific environment, having had the task of proving its worth and validity as a legitimate discipline and not merely an ambiguous offshoot of philosophy. As the field began to expand and notable theorists established what are now standard principles, psychology ultimately earned its place within the scientific community alongside other closely controlled fields of study. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Depth Psychology And Healing

    A 5 page paper that begins by explaining what depth psychology is and some of the persons who have contributed to it. This discussion includes some of the assumptions of depth psychology. The writer then discusses the difficult subject of healing and what gets healed in psychotherapy and suggests the outcomes of psychotherapy should not be discussed in terms of healing. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Depth Psychology And Healing

    A 5 page paper that begins by explaining what depth psychology is and some of the persons who have contributed to it. This discussion includes some of the assumptions of depth psychology. The writer then discusses the difficult subject of healing and what gets healed in psychotherapy and suggests the outcomes of psychotherapy should not be discussed in terms of healing. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Industrial Organizational Psychology

    A 5 page paper that defines and discuses industrial organizational psychology and also discuses the evolution of the field. The writer briefly discusses personality psychology and developmental psychology to illustrate the interrelationship of the different fields. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Industrial Organizational Psychology

    A 5 page paper that defines and discuses industrial organizational psychology and also discuses the evolution of the field. The writer briefly discusses personality psychology and developmental psychology to illustrate the interrelationship of the different fields. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Personality Disorders: Case Study Analyses

    This 15 page paper examines two case studies on two different personality disorders. Recommended treatments--cognitive therapy and REBT-- are discussed.

  • Does Interaction Between Racial/Ethnic Groups Reduce Prejudice? Yes!

    In seven pages this paper considers the hypothesis that racial and ethnic group interaction reduces prejudice by examining relevant research and considering how to encourage such interaction. Eight sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Howard Gardner and Multiple Intelligences

    This 8 page paper discusses the life and contributions of psychologist Howard Gardner, who devised the theory of multiple intelligences. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • PSYCHOLOGY AND STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS

    This 4-page paper covers the concept of states of consciousness, with a specific focus on altered states gained through meditation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Business Psychology

    This 6 page paper responds to certain questions and issues related to opening a new business. The paper discusses the characteristics of a successful entrepreneur, what effective communication and three leadership theories, transactional, transformational and situational. The paper also comments on keeping balance in one's life as an entrepreneur. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mental Issues, Mindset And Social Work

    3 pages in length. The American mindset toward mental illness, mental retardation and addiction has historically been an attitude of disdain and weakness; those who suffered from these conditions have long been considered undesirable fringe of society and best kept at arm's length. In short, Americans want something done about such individuals so they are dealt with and kept out of mainstream society, however, they do not necessarily want to be the ones handed the responsibility. This is a perplexing reaction in today's world given the propensity of mental health problems that exist - both diagnosed and undetected - in what is often heralded as the world's most prosperous and progressive of societies. A significant reason for this mindset is because Americans are vastly undereducated about mental illness, mental retardation and addiction, and too often draw erroneous conclusions about the social value of these struggling individuals. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Defining Physiological Psychology

    5 pages in length. The brain's role in human behavior is so interwoven that an entire scientific discipline is dedicated to its relationship. Physiological psychology - also known as biopsychology, behavioral neuroscience and psychobiology - studies the influential components brain activity has upon they way people act. This coupling of neuroscience and analyzes the reasons why and how patterns of behavior happen in direct association with brain function and neurotransmitters. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Psychological Contribution of Sigmund Freud's Interpretation of Dreams

    This 5 page paper looks at Freudian psychology and dream interpretation both together and independently. The history of dream interpretation is discussed as well as Freud's contributions to psychology. The paper concludes that Sigmund Freud's contribution in terms of dream psychology is significant. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Research Proposal on Social Phobia

    This 10 page paper is a research proposal to determine the correlations between self esteem, self-monitoring and social phobia. Social phobia is also called social anxiety. Sections include: abstract; introduction/background, including hypothesis; review of the literature and methodology. Specific social phobia screening and self esteem assessment instruments are discussed. The literature review discusses incidence, symptoms, and treatment interventions. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Comparison of Psychology Articles

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of two different articles refering to the same research study. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Bullying

    A 10 page paper which examines bullying in school by boys. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • What Is Positive Psychology?

    3 pages in length. With virtually all other psychotherapy focusing upon fixing an emotional problem by dwelling upon the cause, positive psychology spotlights what makes a person happy, more content hopeful about life. Indeed, there will always be a place for the type of therapy that purges psychological troubles by making patients face the problem, however, this new and upcoming approach of drawing benefit from the upbeat aspects of constructive and empowering optimism is a mental health trend whose time has definitely arrived. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • What Is Positive Psychology?

    3 pages in length. With virtually all other psychotherapy focusing upon fixing an emotional problem by dwelling upon the cause, positive psychology spotlights what makes a person happy, more content hopeful about life. Indeed, there will always be a place for the type of therapy that purges psychological troubles by making patients face the problem, however, this new and upcoming approach of drawing benefit from the upbeat aspects of constructive and empowering optimism is a mental health trend whose time has definitely arrived. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Biopsychology

    This 3 page paper defines the subject of biological psychology is also known as biopsychology and psychobiology, looks at the historical development of the subject and the areas that are included within the modern definition. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Forgetting in short and long term memory systems

    A 3 page paper which looks at the processes by which information is stored in memory, and some of the techniques which can be used to improve recall. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Milestones in Cognitive Psychology

    A 4 page paper that begins with a definition of cognitive psychology. The paper reports and discusses important theorists in the development of this field. The writer also comments on the importance of observation in cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Is Psychology a Science

    A 14 page paper that begins with a definition of science, then discusses whether or not psychology is a science. Other topics that are discussed are: how theories improve understanding of psychology, the APA standards for psychological research and the difference between quantitative and qualitative research, the rules for publishing research in psychology, current trends in the field, personal vision of psychology and how integration would strengthen the field. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Is Psychology a Science

    A 14 page paper that begins with a definition of science, then discusses whether or not psychology is a science. Other topics that are discussed are: how theories improve understanding of psychology, the APA standards for psychological research and the difference between quantitative and qualitative research, the rules for publishing research in psychology, current trends in the field, personal vision of psychology and how integration would strengthen the field. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Ethics, Professional Affiliations And Making Connections As A Clinical Psychologist

    5 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses making connections, ethics and professional associations as they relate to the process of earning an advanced clinical psychology degree. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Language Acquisition and the Case of Genie

    An 11 page paper. This essay reports the historical background of Genie and what happened to her when she was taken to the local hospital. The paper is divided into four sections: Who was Genie; How Genie contributed to our understanding of the psychology of language acquisition; What we could learn from Genie; and What would happen if another Genie were discovered today. The writer is very pessimistic and believes the same things that happened to Genie in the 1970s would happen again. Experts would converge, each promoting their own ideas and opinions. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Birth Order's Effect on Sibling Rivalry

    This 15 page research paper investigates a sampling of current literature in order to discern what is empirically known about the effect of birth order on sibling rivalry. Conclusions and recommendations are drawn from this information. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Terrorists and Their Methods of Torture

    This 8 page paper discusses the types of torture methods terrorists are likely to use on their hostages, and the reasons for such torture. It also discusses torture in general and so-called “torture lite.” Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Jealousy As Defined By Evolutionary Psychology

    3 pages in length. True to form, the extent to which jealousy is displayed and internalized depends upon which gender is experiencing the emotion. Jealousy, defined as a suspicion or distrust of another who holds strong ties as in an intimate relationship, evokes a combination of fear, hurt and anger from the person on its receiving end; whether it is based within a sexual or emotional foundation depends upon if the sufferer is a man or a woman. Practitioners of evolutionary psychology theorize that presence and format of human jealousy is fundamental to the species' proliferation, however, the gender response to relationship indiscretion -– either real or perceived -– illustrates the insecurities that exist within the roles each gender plays from a developmental standpoint. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Counseling, Psychology And Cultural Concerns

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses the positive psychology movement, what counseling means and marginalization of African-Americans. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Deviance and Homosexuality

    HVdevgay.rtf Homosexuality as Deviance This 7 page paper discusses why some people refer to homosexuality as deviant behavior. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

    This 7 page paper looks at the case study of a young woman with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The paper starts by looking at the DSM-IV criteria for BPD, its prevalence, then at the potential influences in the development of the condition, significant risk factors present in the case study and possible interventions. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

    This 7 page paper looks at the case study of a young woman with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The paper starts by looking at the DSM-IV criteria for BPD, its prevalence, then at the potential influences in the development of the condition, significant risk factors present in the case study and possible interventions. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Synthesist, Analyst And Idealist Thinking Styles

    This 4 page paper looks at three different styles; the synthesist, the analyst and the idealist. The different styles are described and compared. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • History and Testing Measures of Intelligence Theory

    This 5 page paper outlines major points in the history of intelligence theory and testing. These types of theories began with Pythagoras and have a long history that includes Plato, Aristotle, Philo, Galton, Binet, Terman, Weschler, Gardner and others. What each contributed is discussed. The measures of intelligence began with Galton but it is the Stanford-Binet and the Weschler scales that are most well-known. The essay briefly explains what the Mental Status exam measures. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Personality Profiling Codes of John L. Holland

    A five page paper which considers the application of John L Holland's personality profiling codes to career development and various aspects of social psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A History of Children In Mental Health Facilities

    This 15 page paper is a comprehensive and exhaustive discourse on the development of the mental health care center in the United States, in particular the advent of treatment of children and adolescents. Examples are given from experts in the field of child psychiatry and history. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Carl Jung's Archetypes and Eating Disorders

    This 5 page paper provides a look at Carl Jung's archetypes as well as eating disorders and provides an analysis to merge the two bodies of ideas. Contemporary songs featuring women with eating disorders are noted as the archetypes are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Smoking Contributors' Study Proposal

    A 9 page research proposal investigating reasons that smokers smoke. Without exception, every active and committed smoker will say that the first cigarette was simply nasty. It smelled bad, it tasted bad, it made the would-be smoker cough. So why does the individual have a second? Why does s/he become addicted to the point of wheeling his IV tree outside hospital doors for the purpose of continuing to indulge? The paper includes a literature review and proposed methodology for conducting the study. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Family Crucible by Napier and Whitaker

    6 pages in length. By following a family's therapeutic treatment through the various stages of healing, Napier et al (1988) are able to create a link between family relationships and the manner in which they impact the individual as both a member of that family and a separate entity. This obvious connection to anthropology enables the authors to continue applying such a concept even as the family structure continues to change; it becomes quite apparent that even though this was the case, there were issues within that particular family structure that also remained the same. Even within the relationship itself, individuals often do not embrace the same meaning. In one session, the family's position is noted as being highly indicative of inner turmoil. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literature Review on Pregnant Teens, Counseling Theories, and Treatment Approaches

    An 8 page paper which first presents a brief literature review discussing teen pregnancy and what professionals have found to be pertinent counseling issues, then a brief literature review that discusses the effectiveness of the person-centered theory and cognitive-behavioral interventions, then concludes by developing a theory-based treatment that best addresses the issues and effective interventions, and includes treatment goals, the role of the counselor, along with techniques and strategies that must be used to achieve treatment goals. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Death, Attachment and Development Theories

    An 8 page paper which examines the impact on death, especially sudden death) on human development, and also explores the subject from a cross-cultural perspective. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Business Psychology and its Meaning

    This 10 page papers examines what is meant by the term business psychology, which also includes industrial psychology, and how its practice may enhance organisational performance. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • CBT

    This 7 page report discusses cognitive behavior therapy, what it is, how it is used, and who most benefits from it. or “CBT” is most often defined and explained as being an approach or a methodology for assisting people in being able to cope more effectively with their personal problems by offering them a different and hopefully better framework of thinking and behaving. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Athletic Performance and Ritualistic Behavior

    An 8 page assessment of the effectiveness of ritualistic behavior in improving athletic performance. The author emphasizes that in the modern world of sports psychology ritualistic behavior is not longer limited to superstition like carrying a lucky charm to improve athletic performance. Sports psychologist now encourage the use of such rituals as visualization to accomplish this goal. While there are obvious limitations of ritualistic behavior in effecting an improved athletic performance, there are numerous studies demonstrating its usefulness. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Dreams and Infantile Sexuality According to Sigmund Freud

    A 5 page overview of Freud’s psychoanalytical thought as revealed by editor Peter Gay in “The Freud Reader”. Gay’s analysis of Freud’s work is directly relevant to two very specific questions: 1. Do dreams have any real psychic significance? 2. Does sexual instinct evolve only during puberty or is it an inherent factor for all age groups? No additional sources are listed.

  • Operant and Classical Behavioral Conditioning

    This 5 page paper explains what is meant by classical conditioning and operant conditioning and how they are achieved. Numerous examples are cited to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Client Therapy and Alcohol Abuse of 3 Generations

    This is a 7 page study of multi-generation alcohol abuse in relation to a client case study. The client in this case study is affected by many stress agents which have been consistent throughout her 28 years of life. The single female client still lives at home with her family in a conservative religious household which has been dominated by her overbearing father who is a second generation alcoholic within his own history. The father smokes excessively with little consideration to others in the household. The client who is affected by second hand smoke nevertheless smokes marijuana herself and in a sense is the third generation of substance abuse. The family home remains cluttered and although they are aware of their daughter’s problems handling the home environment and her stress levels, they are not likely to change their situation. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Changing Society, Sexual Instinct, and Sexual Harassment Issues

    A 6 page exploration of the psychoanalytical issues involved in the growing number of incidences of agression as they relate to gender. Agression can take a number of manifestations, one of the most distrubing of which is sexual harassment. The manner in which we explain incidences of sexual harassment has changed over time just as has the ages in whcih we have observed the behavior. The recent outbreak of sexual harassment among very young children is of particular concern. While Freud would have explained this manifestation as a reflection of sexual instinct, instinct which he contended existed even in infants, contemporary research would indicate that it was more a reflection of the many societal changes we have experienced in regard to what we find socially acceptable and what we consider a female’s proper place in society. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Psychoanalytical Approach to Sexual Harassment

    A 5 page exploration of the psychoanalytical issues involved the growing number of incidences of aggression as they relate to gender. Aggression can take a number of manifestations, one of the most disturbing of which is sexual harassment. The manner in which we explain incidences of sexual harassment has changed over time just as has the ages in which we have observed the behavior. The recent outbreak of sexual harassment among very young children is of particular concern. While Freud would have explained this manifestation as a reflection of sexual instinct, instinct which he contended existed even in infants, contemporary research would indicate that it was more a reflection of a child’s environment and what society condones as appropriate behavior. More specifically, however, such forms of aggression can be attributed to specific psychological problems such as conduct disorder for which there are discernible differences in propensities between males and females. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A Case Study That Examines Amelia's Choices

    Focusing on a case study of a soon-to-be high school graduate, this paper discusses decision-making capabilities of adolescents (focusing mainly on theories by Jean Piaget) and provides a "plan" to help this particular young woman out of her dilemma. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Teen Aggression Psychological Study Research Proposal

    A 6 page paper providing a literature review and methods section for a proposal for a psychological study of teen aggression. It appears that there has been no attempt to relate grade expectations with aggression levels, and the study proposed in this paper seeks to gain information about whether that relationship exists and how it may operate. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Language Acquisition and Children

    This is a 7 page paper discussing language acquisition in children. Research in developmental psychology and linguistics has shown that children, regardless of culture, acquire language in certain stages. The initial stage of babbling in the first year shows the infant physically testing his own speech sounds and shows early interaction with the world around him. Before the child reaches one year old and for about the next year, he begins to utter single words strings which describe aspects of his daily life. At eighteen months, children begin to form two word strings and accelerate their rate of language acquisition at an alarming rate. By the time the child reaches the age of 2 ½ to 3 years of age, the structure of his language has expanded to not only include 3 word strings but from 3 to 4 years old also includes complex and embedded strings. Interaction is a key element for the acquisition of language in children and adults are encouraged to interact with their children from the onset. Many adults use “motherese” when speaking with children and speak in a slower more precise manner in order to help the child learn. One of the most important learning processes for children is one-to-one reading with an adult preferably a parent or guardian. Children’s language acquisition increases dramatically when one-to-one interactive reading is a daily routine in normal children and those with language learning difficulties. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sexual Offender Characteristics

    A 5 page paper which examines some of the characteristics of sexual offenders, focusing on clergymen. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Religion, Illusion, and the Theories of Sigmund Freud

    A 5 page overview of Freudian theory. The first half of this paper is devoted to clarifying the interaction between the id, the ego, and the superego. The author provides a definition of each of these Freudian terms and details the interaction which occurs between each. In the second half of the paper Freud’s views on religion are discussed. The author denounces, however, Freud’s views of religion as an illusion and urges that religion is more a necessity in our modern world than it has ever been in the past. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology Q and A

    This 15 page paper refers only to Gerrig & Zimbardo's text Psychology and Life in answering questions in psychology. Topics include basic goals of psychology, operant conditioning, cognitive development, socialization and much more. Terms are defined and fully explained. The paper is written in a simple Q & A format. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Twenty First Century Critical Clinical Psychology Issues

    This 5-page paper is a review of critical issues facing clinical psychology in the 21st century. Some of these issues include information addiction, a better acceptance of the mind-body connection when it comes to physical health and an overall change in the specialties of the profession. Bibilograpy lists 1 source.

  • The Practice and Philosophy of Adult Education

    In this 5 page paper, the writer describes their own personal philosophy of adult education, which is a combination of three of the five primary philosophical orientations in the field. Each of the three are described. The writer then goes on to discuss Knowles' comments on andragogy as compared to pedagogy. Finally, a mission statement for the adult educator is provided with a conclusion that describes an overriding principle of adult education. 1 Table included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • A One Act Play Biff and Buffy

    This 9 page paper is a play but contains a slew of information about basic psychology. Biff is not interested in reading his psychology book, but runs into classmate Buffy--a typical Valley Girl-- in the mall. They discuss concepts in psychology as relayed only by the book How to Think Straight About Psychology by Keith E. Stanovich. Twelve concepts are discussed in the context of this light-hearted play. No additional sources cited.

  • Psychology Questions and Answers

    This 16 page paper is similar to the paper entitled Questions and Answers in Psychology and refers only to Gerrig & Zimbardo's text Psychology and Life. Topics for this paper include social psychology, personality theories, motivation, abnormal psychology and schizophrenia, and information about Maslow's hierarchy. Terms are defined and fully explained. The paper is written in a simple Q & A format. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • College Grades and the Impact of Pop Quizzes Research Study Proposal

    An 8 page research paper that outlines a research study proposal for evaluating the effect of pop quizzes, and quizzes in general, on final course grade at the college level. The proposal includes literature review on this topic and outlines the parameters of the proposed research study. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Behaviorist Psychology v. Humanistic Psychology

    A 7 page research paper that contrasts and compares the humanistic and behavioral approaches to psychology. The writer summarizes each school of thought, relating a brief history of each perspective, and then discusses their relative merits, showing that the mechanistic approach of behavioral psychology incorporates weaknesses into this approach. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Interpersonal and Sexual Relationship Commitment

    This 20 page paper explores the topics of commitment in interpersonal and commitment in sexual relationships beginning with an introduction to the concept of commitment – what is it, what does it mean in today's world, and the conclusions of two studies looking into commitment between dating couples. The writer then discuses the ethics of commitment and sexual ethics, a very hot topic in today's world, most of which focuses on the relationship of homosexual couples; next, is a discussion of the theology of commitment. The writer asserts that God wants us to make commitments, first to Him and then to others in our lives but where does commitment fit in this disposable world. The last section addresses pastoral care and counseling, premarital, marital, and divorce. Here, the different types of families are identified along with the ways in which some pastors face the challenge of these diverse families, including the lesbian or gay couple. An approach that has been remarkably successful in reducing the number of divorces is explained in this section. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Developing Children's Memory by Using Music

    A 5 page paper. Memory is a highly complex process that incorporates numerous interacting systems functioning at different levels. These systems in the brain are explained briefly. The writer also notes that mnemonics is one of the most commonly used strategies for memorization and it is particularly beneficial when incorporated into a game-like activity. Some of the research on music and memory is discussed, including the types of music found to be most beneficial and the ages at which infants begin to develop memory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Developing Children's Memory by Using Music

    A 5 page paper. Memory is a highly complex process that incorporates numerous interacting systems functioning at different levels. These systems in the brain are explained briefly. The writer also notes that mnemonics is one of the most commonly used strategies for memorization and it is particularly beneficial when incorporated into a game-like activity. Some of the research on music and memory is discussed, including the types of music found to be most beneficial and the ages at which infants begin to develop memory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Communication and Psychology

    This 8 page paper considers the argument that there is too little emphasis on communication in the study of psychology. Looking at this from different aspects the paper argues for and against this statement suing a range of evidence from different studies before reaching a conclusion.

  • Anxiety and Depression

    This 5 page paper summarizes what is known about anxiety disorders and depression. The disorders are compared and contrasted in terms of control, schemas and self-discreptantcies.Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Annotated Bibliography on Psychopathology

    A 9 page overview of the topic of psychopathology. Includes an introduction outlining the importance of more fully exploring the topic, a methods section detailing the manner in which the literature search required by the paper was completed, an annotated bibliography, and a conclusion which ties together the information found in the literature search. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Love as Perceived by Sigmund Freud

    A 5 page discussion of Freud’s views of the emotion we call love. Freud viewed this emotion as just one more manifestation of the sexual drive with which we are born. This paper contends that, under the Freudian view, adult sexuality was synonymous with the emotion we call love. To him, therefore, love was simply an extension of those same feelings we first experience in childhood. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Institutional Care, Legalities, and Ethics

    10 pages. Sometimes a situation arises when a family member must be institutionalized for complete counseling and psychiatric counseling care. From an ethical and legal standpoint there can sometimes be problems such as when a child is abused while under the care of the caregiver. This paper reports on such ethics and legal standpoints. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Personality Theories

    This 8 page report discusses one person and looks at her personality under the ideas presented by three separate personality theories -- Erik Erikson’s stage of development, Car Rogers’ theories of actualization, and the Five Factor Model of personality. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Behavior and the Effects of Culture

    This 8 page essay begins with some general comments about the difficulties associated with defining culture. Using a variety of sources, the writer does define culture, subculture and ethnic group and suggest by their very nature, all three influence an individual's behavior. This paper also focuses on cultural psychology, what it is, why it is important and how it relates to mainstream psychology. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Euthanasia and Ethics in Counseling

    15 pages in length. Few topics in the history of civilized man have been as controversial as the matter of euthanasia. Whether for or against, counselors readily recognize the ethical components on both sides of the issue and strive to guide their clients in the most humane direction possible. The decision of which way to counsel, however, is where the tremendous gray area exists, inasmuch as there are underlying circumstances that – when fleshed out by an intuitive counselor – can mean the difference between a client fulfilling the wish for euthanasia and deciding instead to live what life is left. With each state left to determine its own legal boundaries where euthanasia is concerned, counselors must equally weigh the lawful and ethical elements when faced with advising clients one way or another. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Examining the Truth of a Proverb - Children Learn Prejudice, It Is Not Inborn

    A 6 page paper which examines the truthfulness of the saying that children are not born with prejudices, but that they learn them. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sexual Abuse as a Cause of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

    15 pages in length. The preponderance of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) being caused by neglect and abuse – most frequently sexual abuse - during childhood has given researchers a significantly greater understanding of how and why people develop BPD. Historically, the connection between borderline personality disorder and general abuse has been duly noted, however, the specific component of sexual abuse has been discovered more and more frequently in contemporary research findings that indicate how sexual abuse may serve to modify or sensitize the stress system in a detrimental manner. Moreover, it has been suggested that the brain's central area may undergo trauma that, when experienced during childhood, can impair emotional memories. Self-esteem, ego and the fundamental ability to like oneself – as well as relate to others on an even platform of emotional stability – play a synergistic role in the extent to which people with BPD are ultimately molded by the sexual abuse they experienced during childhood. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sexual Abuse as a Cause of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

    15 pages in length. The preponderance of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) being caused by neglect and abuse – most frequently sexual abuse - during childhood has given researchers a significantly greater understanding of how and why people develop BPD. Historically, the connection between borderline personality disorder and general abuse has been duly noted, however, the specific component of sexual abuse has been discovered more and more frequently in contemporary research findings that indicate how sexual abuse may serve to modify or sensitize the stress system in a detrimental manner. Moreover, it has been suggested that the brain's central area may undergo trauma that, when experienced during childhood, can impair emotional memories. Self-esteem, ego and the fundamental ability to like oneself – as well as relate to others on an even platform of emotional stability – play a synergistic role in the extent to which people with BPD are ultimately molded by the sexual abuse they experienced during childhood. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Literature Review on Dementia and Healthcare Employee Attitudes

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of existing literature regarding the nature of dementia and the impacts of physician/nurse attitudes. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Aspects of language and cognition

    This 9 page paper defines and/or describes numerous topics/concepts including: representation of knowledge, imagery and cognitive psychology, language cognition and neurology, language and words, cognitive development, concept formation, logic, decision making, problem solving creativity, human intelligence and artificial intelligence. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Articles on Memory, Consciousness, Pattern Recognition, Attention, Perception, and Cognitive Psychology Summarized

    5 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses each of these points. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Perception and Attention

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issues of attention and perception as they are related in the current literature. This paper provides an overview of existing literature. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • ECE and Psychology

    This 4 page paper examines the use of psychology, with focused attention on Erikson's stages of development, in early childhood classrooms. Information about the stages are provided. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Contrasting Qualitative and Quantitative Research Analyses

    A 4 page research paper/essay that argues that quantitative and qualitative research methodologies are grounded in fundamentally different paradigms, which makes it impossible to combine them. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychological and Sociological Perspectives on Smoking

    A 3 page consideration of this perplexing question. The author points out that, of all the social sciences, the disciplines of sociology and psychology are best suited to answer this question. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Road to Malpsychia by Joyce Milton

    A 10 page book review of Joyce Milton's The Road to Malpsychia. In the parlance of author Joyce Milton, "malpsychia" means "bad psychology" and this is precisely what her analysis of 1960's humanistic psychology addresses. Specifically, Milton argues that prevalent psychological theories and related ideas culminated in the counter-culture of the 1960s. Milton focuses specifically on the theories of psychologists Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, but she also addresses the influence of LSD proponent Timothy Leary and his colleague Richard Alpert, as well as others. In short, this book offers a detailed and critical description of the evolution of humanistic psychology in the twentieth century, while also raising questions about the influence of psychology on societal mores and ideals. As this suggests, the author's purpose is to discredit the field of humanistic psychology--actually, psychology in general--where it serves to promote secular or humanistic interests. The writer disagrees with Milton's premise and argues against it. No additional sources cited.

  • Psychology and its Historical Evolution

    This 7 page paper begins with brief comments about psychology in ancient times and events prior to 1800. The major discussion is on events since the 19th century. This essay is very much like a timeline in narrative form. The writer provides dates and persons who introduced different ideas and theories. Most of the major contributors to the field of psychology are included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Schizophrenia as Portrayed in A Beautiful Mind

    This 7 page paper discusses the entitled movie, the differences between the movie and the reality of John Nash's life, and paranoid schizophrenia. The writer reminds the reader of some of the scenes in the film and how the movie lures the audience into Nash's delusions. Some of the many events not depicted in the movie are discussed. The paper describes the symptoms and diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia for the reader to reflect on how these were depicted in the movie. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Human Sexuality as Conceived by Alfred Kinsey and Sigmund Freud

    3 pages in length. What appeared aberrant to Freud was a wholly natural component of human existence to Kinsey. Indeed, the notion of sexuality represented two entirely different concepts to these men from its very definition to the manner by which it should be studied to its overall place within society. Looking at Freud's approach from the rather obscure perspective of his Oedipus complex and Kinsey's from a viewpoint of highly tangible statistics leads one to believe that sexuality can represent two very different ideals depending upon its interpretation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Human Sexuality as Conceived by Alfred Kinsey and Sigmund Freud

    3 pages in length. What appeared aberrant to Freud was a wholly natural component of human existence to Kinsey. Indeed, the notion of sexuality represented two entirely different concepts to these men from its very definition to the manner by which it should be studied to its overall place within society. Looking at Freud's approach from the rather obscure perspective of his Oedipus complex and Kinsey's from a viewpoint of highly tangible statistics leads one to believe that sexuality can represent two very different ideals depending upon its interpretation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sex Offender Profiling and Multiphasic Sex Inventory II

    5 pages in length. Profiling sexual offenders by way of the Multiphasic Sex Inventory II provides a basis upon which law enforcement and the psychological community can better understand what drives certain individuals to behave in such an antisocial manner. This approach, exclusively meant to measure those who have allegedly committed or admitted to committing sexual offenses, determine specific personality traits and deviant characteristics of a sexual nature that assist in getting the individuals appropriate treatment and assessing follow up progress. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sex Offender Profiling and Multiphasic Sex Inventory II

    5 pages in length. Profiling sexual offenders by way of the Multiphasic Sex Inventory II provides a basis upon which law enforcement and the psychological community can better understand what drives certain individuals to behave in such an antisocial manner. This approach, exclusively meant to measure those who have allegedly committed or admitted to committing sexual offenses, determine specific personality traits and deviant characteristics of a sexual nature that assist in getting the individuals appropriate treatment and assessing follow up progress. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mixed Method Study and Juvenile Crime Intervention Strategies

    A 4 page overview of the elements that must be present in mixed method research. The author presents a key resource from the literature that can be used to frame such studies, identifies three critical theories in juvenile crime, emphasizes the importance of balancing qualitative study with quantitative results, and notes the importance of ethics. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dying and the 'Execution' of Death

    A 6 page paper which examines how dying, from something like cancer, is similar to awaiting execution in prison. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Patients Who Are Suicidal and Neural Biochemical Factors

    This 17 page paper provides an overview of existing research on the biochecmial factors that are common to patients with suicide. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Culture and Principles of Psychology

    An 11 page paper that begins by discussing the difficulties of defining the concept of culture. The writer then discusses cultural psychologists and some authors' opinion that the approach to studying culture is unsystematic. Two unsystematic approaches are explained and three typical orientations to studying culture in psychology are also explained. Three examples are provided to illustrate the need for cultural competence, two in business and one in education. The write concludes with further comments about cultural psychology and the need for more research before psychologists will know how psychological principles can be applied in different cultures. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Contemporary Appalachia, Transportation Challenges, and Mental Health

    This 7 page paper looks at the accessibility of mental health services for the people of Appalachia. Much of the paper focuses on the lack of adequate transportation to access services. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Contemporary Appalachia, Transportation Challenges, and Mental Health

    This 7 page paper looks at the accessibility of mental health services for the people of Appalachia. Much of the paper focuses on the lack of adequate transportation to access services. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Children Who are Physically Abused, Depression, and Suicide

    An 8 page literature review investigating the psychological impacts of physical child abuse. The author emphasizes that the variables involved in this relationship are numerous and that the literature fails in delineating each of these variables. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Field of Biopsychology

    This 5 page paper discusses the field of biopsychology, as well as the connection between it and ADD. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of 3 Psychological Theories

    This 4 page paper compares contrasts three psychological theories: behaviorism, cultural psychology and cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Etiology of OCD

    A 9 page research paper that examines Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The writer discusses etiology, symptoms and behavior, pharmacological and behavior therapies and recent research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Marital Satisfaction and the Effects of Premarital Counseling

    This 45 page paper provides an overview of the first two chapters of a study on premarital counseling and the impact on marital satisfaction. This paper provides chapter 1, the introduction, and chapter 2, the review of literature. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • A Personal Informational Self Analysis

    This 6 page paper uses personal information to describe the way in which childhood, background, self-esteem and other factors work to create our image of ourselves, what that image means for our future, and how to set goals for the future that will help change that image. Bibliography lists 4 sources. (This paper was written to assist another client and uses their personal information; however, it will serve as a model for anyone who needs a template to use for their own paper on goal setting.)

  • Social Systems Theory and Foster Care

    This 13 page paper discusses social systems theory in general and foster care specifically and in detail; and touches on reasons why foster care children do poorly in school. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Causes and Effects of Child Abuse

    A 5 page overview of the many causes and impacts of child abuse. The author provides a review of the professional literature on the topic. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Erikson and Vygotsky Theories on Life History

    8 pages in length. Understanding the developmental path each individual takes throughout life requires the realization of how so many elements play an integral role in this overall growth. The extent to which developmental theories help to put this into perspective is both grand and far-reaching; that Erikson and Vygotsky represent two of the most well received of all theories speaks to the manner by which the following life history incorporates the tenets of social cognition and specific stages. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Homosexuality and Conflicting Views

    A 5 page paper which examines the controversial views regarding homosexuality as it involves the theory of sickness as opposed to biology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Discussion of PTSD

    This 9 page paper discusses Post-traumatic stress disorder in detail. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Crime and Substance Abuse

    A 4 page discussion of the root causes of substance abuse and the unfortunate correlation of crime. The author discusses major theories from the literature. Bibliography lists sources.

  • MCMI III

    A 4 page paper assessing this measurement instrument in its design, validity and reliability. The MCMI-III appears to have shortcomings, but those shortcomings have been identified and discussed in the literature and can be used in final assessments made on the basis of the MCMI-III. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Article Summary on Health and Psychology Topics

    This 5 page paper summarizes six articles on various health/psychology and related subjects. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Article Summary on Health and Psychology Topics

    This 5 page paper summarizes six articles on various health/psychology and related subjects. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Hyperactivity

    An 8 page hypothetical research proposal that outlines the parameters of how a student might address researching an aspect of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. The writer suggests exploring ADHD children who are not on medication as the proposed topic. The majority of this paper consists of roughly a six-page literature review. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Hyperactivity

    An 8 page hypothetical research proposal that outlines the parameters of how a student might address researching an aspect of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. The writer suggests exploring ADHD children who are not on medication as the proposed topic. The majority of this paper consists of roughly a six-page literature review. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • How Structuralism, Functionalism, Evolution And Applied Behavior Analysis Relate To Psychology

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses how the aforementioned concepts are associated with the study of psychology. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Relationship Between Cognition and Learning

    A 4 page paper that responds to these questions: what is the definition of learning and what role does behavior play; an explanation of three types of learning (Bloom, Gardner, association); and what is the relationship between learning and cognition. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses jealousy and evolutionary psychology, the value of cultural psychology and applied behavior as a method for communicating with autistic children. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • College Students and Emotional Issues

    A 3 page paper which looks at the problem of depression and suicide among students in college. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Gestalt And Annotated Bibliography Synthesis

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses the Gestalt revolt as well as synthesizes the information from 8 sources of an annotated bibliography. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gestalt And Annotated Bibliography Synthesis

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses the Gestalt revolt as well as synthesizes the information from 8 sources of an annotated bibliography. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Understanding the Psychological Contract

    This 100 page paper examines the role of the psychological contract on the employment relationship in an international context. The paper is written as a dissertation, with a full introduction, literature review methodology and then research using a case study approach. The paper defines what is meant by a psychological contract and then considers the influences on the expectations of the employees and employers that are inherent in the psychological contract. Two cases studies are created and then analysed using international examples the employment relationship in France and Japan, these are examined to assess the theories, and assess the impact of the psychological contract on the employment relationship and how it is influenced by different cultures. The bibliography cites 89 sources.

  • Social Psychology As A Discipline

    4 pages in length. Social psychology - which studies various components of attitude, motivation, personality and behavior as they reflect an individual's influence upon and by social groups – encompasses such aspects as social cognition, attitudes, violence/aggression, prosocial behavior, prejudice/discrimination, self/social identity and group behavior. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Research Paper Outline And Social Psychology

    7 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses behaviorism, psychoanalysis and social psychology as well as creates opening paragraphs for the student's outline. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology's Role in Managing Overall Health

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the role of psychology in diagnosis and disease management. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Impact Of Video Game Violence On Children

    4 pages in length. The debate over whether video game violence serves as little more than a negative influence is a continuing argument between critics who contend such violence images and scenarios are precursors to real-life violent behavior and others who point to beneficial aspects of virtual hostility that helps enhance mental processes as well as prepare children for social encounters as adolescents and adults. That one side of the debate is more viable than the other is not so much the focus of this ongoing dispute as is the validity of studies whose findings provide conflicting data pertaining to just how detrimental video game violence truly is within the mind of an impressionable child. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • CRIME AND SPORTS - THE CAUSES

    This 4-page paper discusses athletes involved with crime, and some of the reasons for their behavior. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Hypothetical Cross-Cultural Psychology Course

    3 pages in length. This hypothetical course will help students better understand why cultural identity plays and integral role within the therapeutic process by illustrating how people react in diverse ways when placed in this particular setting. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Environmental Modification and ADHD

    This 8 page paper discusses the causes of ADHD and potential benefit of environmental manipulation in treating this condition. Included a Roman numeral outline and an annotated bibliography. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Cliques, Crowds And Adolescent Development

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses how having the right type of friends means acceptance in today's world, without the knowledge of how important a role those interactions will ultimately play in his adult life. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Using Gestalt Theory with Families

    An 8 page paper. The basic premises of Gestalt theory as developed by Perls and Perls are identified and discussed, including the type of therapy it is. The phenomenological and existential qualities are briefly explained, including the different forms of dialogic interaction between therapist and client. The writer discuses how Gestalt is used in family therapy and how it is used with substance addicts. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Love in the Time of Cholera

    A 3 page paper which examines the reality of sickness, and its connection to love, in Gabriel Garcia Marquez’ Love in the Time of Cholera. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Influences In The Discipline Of Cognitive Psychology

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses Bruner, Piaget, Sperry and cognitive restructuring as they relate to cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Considering the Soul and Psychology

    This 7 page paper discusses the idea of the soul, selfhood and identity, as well as how a person’s identity can be fashioned for him, rather than coming from within. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology And The Workplace

    3 pages in length. The role psychology plays within the work environment is such that it explains and resolves various behaviors inherent to the workplace. Examining its influence it has within the field of customer service helps to realize the value of human contribution as well as the importance of keeping conflicts from turning the workplace into a hostile environment. No bibliography.

  • The Contributions of Abraham Maslow

    A 5 page paper that reports and discussions some of Maslow's work. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is discussed. His influence in humanistic psychology and founding of transpersonal psychology are also discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • What It Takes to be a Burglar

    This 3 page paper answers questions about burglary, based on interviews with three burglars.

  • Sense Of Self In Erikson's 6th Developmental Stage

    3 pages in length. Having balance in life is an especially important component that makes a person both happy and well-adjusted; to direct all effort on a career to the exclusion of filling human emotional needs causes a disproportionate burden upon the ability to function as a whole person with a positive sense of self. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Deception as Used in Psychology Research

    This 5 page paper examines deception primarily used in psychology research but also in psychology practice. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Factors Affecting Human Behavior

    A 7 page paper that responds to different issues in the field of psychology. Most of the paper discusses factors that influence human behavior, including biological, learned behavior, disorders, personality theories, motivation, memory, culture and sociological factors. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Pedophiles and Abnormal Psychology:

    6 pages in length. Pedophilia, the compulsion to have sexual relations with children, is a subgroup of sexual disorders associated with abnormal psychology. Identified as a problem of sexual aim, those who struggle with and ultimately succumb to their urges to sexually violate children are considered so socially abhorrent that even hardcore criminals doing life for dismembering another person cannot tolerate the idea of innocent kids being inflicted with such abuse and often make prison life a living hell for convicted pedophiles. Clearly, there is a hierarchy of offence within the criminal community whereby other felons condemn pedophiles for heathenish behavior with such a taboo as vulnerable children. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Hermann Ebbinghaus Life and Contributions

    This 3 paper paper discusses the life and contributions of Hermann Ebbinghaus, who was a pioneer in the field of the study of memory as well as experimental psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Licensed And Unlicensed Abnormal Psychologists Ethical And Legal Concerns

    3 pages in length. Legal and ethical concerns are equally important in the delivery of services from professionals in the field of abnormal psychology, inasmuch as there are myriad issues pertaining to competency and confidentiality that are too easily breached within the stringent boundaries of therapy. While both licensed and unlicensed practitioners must abide by the industry's legal and ethical guidelines, a greater onus falls upon the unlicensed practitioner whose patient interaction must be supervised by a licensed practitioner. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • An Introduction to I/O Psychology

    A 4 page paper that offers the definition and explanation of what industrial organizational psychology is, the evolution of the field, and the role of research in the field. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Bipolar Effect on Learning

    A 5 page paper. Much more attention has been paid to the psychosocial effects of bipolar than to the cognitive effects. This essay discusses research about how bipolar affects cognitive functioning even when the patient is in remission. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Proposal for Research into Relationship Conflict

    This 3 page paper looks at articles supplied by the student concerning influences in relationship conflict and uses them to create an idea for further research looking at the impact of relationship type on the way conflict may emerge. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Myers-Briggs and Rorschach

    A 6 page research paper that examines the validity, comprehensiveness, applicability and cultural utility of the Myers-Briggs and the Rorschach personality assessment instruments. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • How We Grow Into Who We Are

    This 5 page paper uses three of Bruce Dawe’s poems as a springboard for a discussion of how we choose our relationships and what they tell us about ourselves. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Classical Conditioning

    This 5.5 page paper delves into behaviorism and the development of Ivan Pavlov's classical conditioning. It also discuss its impact on psychology today. There are 2 sources cited.

  • Existential Therapy Case

    A 3 page paper. The case is briefly presented to provide needed background. The writer discusses using existential therapy with this client who may have PTSD. The paper identifies the strengths and weaknesses of this approach with this case and comments on any cultural factors or ethical issues that might affect therapy. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • What Happy People Know, Dan Baker

    The pursuit of happiness leads to suffering and illness, according to Dan Baker in this 5 page paper, and he has the solution. His self-assessment strategies and the six steps to happiness are discussed. 1 citation.

  • Violence - the Monster that Torments Society

    This paper uses four literary works to argue that violence is endemic in society. Frankenstein, Heart of Darkness, War Child and How to Tame a Wild Tongue are used to give various examples of violent behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Psychology: Help or Hindrance?

    This 3 page paper explores the four goals of psychology and argues that they can both help and harm humanity. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Perception of the Self - Explanations from Baumeister and Cooley

    This 7 page paper discusses Cooley’s and Baumeister’s theories with regard to how we form our opinion of ourselves. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Rene Descartes, Philosophy and Psychology

    This 5 page paper discusses Rene Descartes’ influence on philosophy but especially on psychology. Bibliography lists 7 sourcs.

  • Stand By Me as a Model of Male Friendship

    This 4 page paper explores the psychology of male friendships and how they are formed using the film “Stand by Me” as an example of such relationships. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Self-Analysis of Automatic Attidudes

    A 3 page paper. The student provided results from four IAT tests. The writer discusses those tests and the results. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Beginnings of Behaviorism

    A 3 page paper that begins with a brief explanation of what the term zeitgeist means. The paper discusses how behaviorism became the zeitgeist of psychology in the early 1900s. Examples of behaviorists and their theories are included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Psychology as an Independent Scientific Discipline

    This 5 page paper explores the evolution of psychology to its current status as an independent scientific discipline. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Issues in Psychology

    A 25 page paper that begins with definitions or abnormal and trends in treatment approaches. The writer comments on and discusses numerous issues including: clinical interview questions, clinical assessment of a child, anxiety disorders, fears and phobias, depression, eating disorders, theoretical viewpoints in abnormal psychology, criminal insanity using an article, A Matter over Mind, schizophrenia, anxiety in children, ADHD, and a case study plus other topics. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Humanistic Psychology

    This 3 page paper considers the history of humanistic psychology with respects to the influences on it, its founders, its nature and concepts. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Issues in Abnormal Pscyhology

    A 34 page paper that is an expansion of PGabnrmp.rtf. This paper provides a definition of abnormal, clinical assessment of anxiety, fears, phobias, depression, and eating disorders. Theoretical perspectives of abnormal psychology are discussed. The article, A Matter over Mind is discussed. This paper expands on the diagnosis of a woman, providing symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment interventions. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    A 3 page paper that begins with an explanation of this condition, including the criteria from the DSM. Possible causes are reported. The writer reports a case study of a teenager with the condition. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Beautiful Look at Schizophrenia

    This 7 page paper examines the way schizophrenia is depicted in A Beautiful Mind and other films about mental illness. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • What is Psychology?

    This 6 page paper discusses psychology, the nervous system, the brain, and psychological testing. Bibliography lists

  • Memory Research and its Value

    This 5 page paper discusses why psychologists think memory research is important. The writer addresses the question by reporting some of the knowledge gained from memory research, such as the Atkinson-Shriffin model that identifies different types of memory. A brief explanation of the brain and memory is also included. bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Sexual Conversion Psychotherapy and Ethics

    This is a 7 page paper discussing the ethical arguments in relation to sexual conversion psychotherapy. It is unethical to attempt to modify sexual orientation through psychotherapy due to the fact that homosexuality is not a mental illness and using therapies designed for mental illness are not only detrimental for the client but are also misrepresenting homosexuality as a mental illness. Despite the fact that the American Psychiatric Association (APA) has deemed sexual conversion therapies as unethical practice, many therapists still offer this “treatment” to clients based on their feelings that it is unethical to disregard patient wishes. However, since there is no scientific or historical treatments which have shown any success in sexual conversion therapy, psychotherapists who “treat” clients for their sexual preferences are not only unethical because they are providing therapy which they know is ineffective but they are also taking payment for failed therapy. Rather than support clients in their sexual preferences and offer counseling in regards to handling stresses and pressures from society, psychotherapists who attempt sexual conversion therapy leave their clients with lower self-esteem and self-identification issues than when they first came to the therapists because they perceive that they have failed “treatment”. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Jobs and Stress

    This 14 page paper considers the way in which stress has become a focal point in the workplace and how employers are dealing with the apparent increases in stress levels. The paper looks at how developments have taken place and the role of counselling as a central tool in the systems that have been put in place to develop stress management. Examples are given to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 14 sources.

  • Essays on Psychology

    22 pages. A series of essays on Darwin, behaviorism, psychoanalytic theory, cognitive psychology and biological behavior. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Sigmund Freud v. Erik Erikson

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares the theories of personality development formulated by Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson, pioneers in psychology. The writer summarizes their theories and then focuses on how each man regarded the nature versus nurture debate and moral development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Aftermath of September 11th in Respect to Hatred

    This 5 page paper looks at two articles--one from Psychology Today and one from Time--to explore hate both psychologically and from a media perspective. The hatred to emanate after September 11th is explored. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Rehabilitation Setting and Collaborative Nursing

    A 16 page paper discussing the value of collaborative nursing in rehab. Culturally competent nurses – whether that competence is gained through ethnic group identification or learned through practical study and experience – can aid in achieving success in the rehab setting. Addiction is such a demanding form of mental illness that practitioners and patients alike need the greatest degree of ease possible. The paper discusses demographic changes occurring in the US and rehab needs specific to African-American and Hispanic populations. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Personality and Sexual Orientation

    A 5 page paper discussing personality, type indicators and factors identified as being specific to sexual orientation. All of these individual characteristics combine to influence personality, which in turn influences how individuals react to conditions around them. Whether from anecdotal or empirical sources, it seems that sexual orientation can be said to influence personality to the degree in which individuals differ in their reactions to events and conditions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Definition and Discussion of Executive Coaching

    A 15 page paper defining executive coaching and discussing its immense rise in popularity over the past decade. Executive coaching is expanding rapidly, continuing to find greater numbers of areas in which it can be useful. As much as business has changed over the past several years, the executive coach can be a valuable asset to the executive hoping to advance or retain a current position, and taking part in leading his company to greater profitability. A blend of management and psychology, executive coaching is growing at a rate of 40 percent annually. The globalization of business is a fact of life that will not change, and the face of US business may be in the process of reinventing itself again. Not only is executive coaching growing rapidly in the present, it is likely to continue to do so for years to come. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Viktor Frankl, William James, Carl Jung, and Sigmund Freud on Psychology and Religion

    This 5 page paper discusses the issue of religion and psychology. Religion and psychology itself is a relatively new discipline having been first mentioned by Freud. This essay discusses the beliefs of four theorists towards religion and religious experiences – Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, William James and Viktor Frankl. Each approached the subject in a different way, for example, Freud thought religious experiences were illusions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Approaches to Psychology

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses Gesell's Maturational Theory, Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory and Erikson's Eight Stages of Life as they relate to behavioral, cognitive and social approaches to psychology. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Demonic Human Behavior

    This is an 8 page paper based on psychology. It takes an example and explains how the human behavior can be. There is no bibliography

  • Social Skills Learned by Young Children

    A 5 page paper which examines how children develop social skills and what support can be provided to parents to enable them to raise their children to understand and respect others. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Psychosis in Adolescents and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    This 8 page paper looks at cognitive therapy as applied to adolescent psychiatric patients. Literature on cognitive therapy in relation to psychosis is discussed along with literature on adolescence. Why and how such models should be integrated are explored. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Article Review of Massage Benefits

    This 5 page article review in the field of psychology focuses on an article entitled "The Effectiveness of Massage Therapy Intervention on Reducing Anxiety in the Workplace." The study is discussed in depth. The hypothesis is duly noted, along with an analysis of different variables. A critique of this study is provided. No additional sources cited.

  • Choosing Sexual Partners

    This 15 page paper discusses, in large part, research being done on one's choice of sexual partners, frequency of sexual encounters, number of partners, and trends involving shifts in gender stereotyping. Loads of statistical data included, as well as quotes from leading experts in the field. All quotes cited from text. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • The Holistic Dynamic Personality Theory of Abraham Maslow

    This is a 9 page paper including abstract that discusses Maslow’s holistic-dynamic theory of personality. Personality has been studied in regards to various psychological approaches including psychoanalytical theories, learning theories, dispositional theories and humanistic psychology theories among others. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) developed theories of personality from a humanistic psychological standpoint. His holistic-dynamic theory of personality advocates that individuals require the fulfillment of certain fundamental needs in order to develop their personality and use their intelligence efficiently, acquire higher functioning and problem solving proficiently. Basic needs consisted of safety, love and respect. A more complex hierarchy of needs addressed the more comprehensive concepts of belongingness, esteem, self-esteem and self-actualization among others. Without the gratification of having these fundamental needs met, individuals will suffer frustration and eventually psychological “sickness”. Within the work environment, individuals experience boredom, lack of energy, low self-esteem and personal and professional problems seems insurmountable. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Substance Abuse Counselor Certification

    This 5 page report discusses the fact that certification of substance abuse counselors serves as an important new model in rehabilitation. Members of the counseling profession have become increasingly specialized in dealing with certain areas of human problems. Substance abuse must certainly be one of those areas of specialization. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Structured Family Theory of Minuchin and Family Dysfunction

    A 6 page overview of a family as an interrelated series of components. Presenting a fictional case study, this paper provides a genogram of the major relationships and an analysis of the family unit under Minuchin’s theory of the structured family. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • Freudian Psychology and Ghosts by Henrik Ibsen

    A 3 page paper which examines the parallels that exist between Henrik Ibsen’s “Ghosts” and Freudian concepts. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Explaining the Stroop Effect Phenomenon

    An 8 page investigation of the Stroop phenomena, that phenomena involving certain peculiarities in serial verbal reactions. The author explores the original literature investigating this phenomena and provides contemporary evidence as to why it occurs. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Group Counseling Techniques and Adolescent Psychology

    This 7 page paper provides an overview in respect to group counseling techniques. The adolescent is the focus of this investigation that looks at techniques from REBT, TA and behavioral camps. Various methods are touched on and REBT is explored in depth. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • John Gottman's Successful Marriage Components and Marital Failure or Success

    This is a 10 page paper discussing theories involved for successful marriage. John Gottman, a professor of psychology and director of the Gottman Institute is one of the more popular researchers on success in marriages today. Gottman and his colleagues address situations which are prevalent in today’s couples such as lack of time for one another and defensive and critical strategies during communication. While Gottman realizes that different components of communication such as effective listening, listening non-defensively and editing while speaking are important, other more ‘emotionally intelligent’ components are also important such as respect, admiration, influence, acceptance, and accepting and coping with conflict are equally important. Theories of marital therapy include many of Gottman’s components while at the same time, some researchers have added other useful strategies such as exploring new interests together and maintaining a sense of humor and realistic scope among others. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Cognitive Stages of Jean Piaget and the Psychosexual Development Stages of Sigmund Freud

    This is a 7 page paper discussing Freud’s psychosexual stages of development as they correspond to Piaget’s cognitive stages. Sigmund Freud and Jean Piaget were developmental psychologists both influenced by the evolutionary concepts introduced by Charles Darwin in that an individual’s psychological, intellectual and emotional development occurs in evolutionary stages from birth into adulthood. Concepts and conflicts experienced within a developmental stage may in fact deter the progression into a further stage resulting in cognitive or psychological difficulties. While Freud’s psychological development stages (oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital) were based on the link between sexual and emotional development, Piaget’s cognitive stages (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete and formal operations) were based more so on an individual’s mental understanding and the relationships with his or her environment. While the two theories may not appear to be similar in their basic developmental processes, there are certain components which may reinforce or coexist in both theories. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • American Society and Body Image

    This 3 page essay explores body image in American society and how it is important in respect to self-esteem. Several issues are broached, inclusive of how media views women. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Color of Words and the Stroop Effect

    5 pages in length. The Stroop effect assumes that naming the color of words in different colors will be accomplished in a slower fashion than the ability to name color bars, because reading is automatic and interferes with our ability to name the color of the word. Studying whether or not the Stroop effect is limited or encouraged by age, this example experiment found there to be little if any difference in the time factors between two divergent participants. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Children's Depression and the Impact of Divorce

    A 10 page (M.L.A. style) proposal for researching the connection between divorce and depression among children. The divorce rate continues to increase, as does teen suicide and reports of depression in children. Many of today’s children are living with or through divorce, and some researchers maintain that we are creating divorce-engendered depression in children. The paper discusses proposed methods and provides a theoretical rationale for the study. The MLA-style bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Child Development and the Theories of Jean Piaget and Sigmund Freud

    This 6 page report discusses the theories of Sigmund Freud and Jean Piaget in terms of their beliefs about children and child development and psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Article on Adolescents and Anger Critiqued Critique of “Anger in Adolescents: Sex, Ethnicity, Age Differences, and Psychometric Properties”

    A 3 page paper reviewing the report of a study seeking to discover how ethnicity, sex and age affect teens’ anger and hostility scales. The authors sought to determine whether the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) is reliable for younger adolescents as well as older ones in which its reliability has been established. The study included children 11-16 years from black, Hispanic and white populations to find that the instrument does appear to be valid with each. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Literature Review on Daycare's Positive and Negative Aspects

    This 4 page paper provides a literature review on daycare. Many studies are cited,each containing results to show both the positive and detrimental effects of daycare. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Career Devleopment Tests

    This 9-page paper focuses on critical analyses of two assessments -- the Beck Depression Inventory-II and the Career Directions Inventory. The paper discusses the purpose of these assessments, critiques them and discusses their usefulness.

  • Cibelli, Lanza, West, and Ezzell's Research on 'The First Human Cloned Embryo'

    A 5 page review of the article published in the January 2002 edition of “Scientific American” recounting these researchers experiences in stem cell research. This article offers a fascinating glimpse into many aspects of cloning and stem cell research. The author of this paper interprets the research from a mental health perspective. Included is a discussion of the applications in the treatment of such conditions as Parkinson disease. An emphasis is also placed on the responsibility of the mental health professional to serve as an interpreter of stem cell research to the general public. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver and Applicatioins of Erik Erikson and Lawrence Kohlberg's Theories

    This is a 7 page paper discussing Kohlberg and Erikson’s developmental stages as reflected in Rachel from “The Poisonwood Bible”. In Barbara Kingsolver’s 1999 novel “The Poisonwood Bible” the fifteen year old daughter, Rachel, reflects primarily Lawrence Kohlberg’s “conventional” level of moral reasoning and the progression from Erik Erikson’s “identity versus role confusion” (stage 5) to “intimacy versus isolation” (stage 6) levels of personality development. Rachel is considered the most self-absorbed of the characters within the novel and because of this her perspective remains primarily a selfish one and how her family’s environment and values impact her life and development. However, from Rachel, readers can also see a development in her awareness of her surroundings and although she remains still fairly self-absorbed she at least realizes how little impact her and her family and their Christian intentions have on the social and physical environment of the Congo showing a maturity of her moral and personal development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver and Applicatioins of Erik Erikson and Lawrence Kohlberg's Theories

    This is a 7 page paper discussing Kohlberg and Erikson’s developmental stages as reflected in Rachel from “The Poisonwood Bible”. In Barbara Kingsolver’s 1999 novel “The Poisonwood Bible” the fifteen year old daughter, Rachel, reflects primarily Lawrence Kohlberg’s “conventional” level of moral reasoning and the progression from Erik Erikson’s “identity versus role confusion” (stage 5) to “intimacy versus isolation” (stage 6) levels of personality development. Rachel is considered the most self-absorbed of the characters within the novel and because of this her perspective remains primarily a selfish one and how her family’s environment and values impact her life and development. However, from Rachel, readers can also see a development in her awareness of her surroundings and although she remains still fairly self-absorbed she at least realizes how little impact her and her family and their Christian intentions have on the social and physical environment of the Congo showing a maturity of her moral and personal development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Screening and Treatment of Postpartum Depression Policy Proposal

    A 5 page paper presenting a proposal for screening new mothers for postpartum depression, beginning with the intake process as the mothers report to a hospital for labor and delivery. The hospital's foundation document becomes part of the obstetrician's and pediatrician's file; those care providers or their nurses actively address the issue at each follow-up visit in the months following the birth of the baby. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Bullying in the Workplace

    This 4 page paper discusses workplace bullying, and constructs a fictional scenario to explore the issues surrounding it. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Forensic Psychology Introduction

    This 5 page paper discusses aspects of forensic psychology including key concepts, theorists, and major categories of work in the field. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Children Suffering from Antisocial Personality Disorder

    6 pages in length. Antisocial personality disorder compels people to behave in a manner that goes against the grain of any civilized society. With the compulsion to harm or kill animals, set fires and act in a belligerent manner, those who suffer with antisocial personality disorder have typically reached this point by way of conduct disorders as children. Antisocial children are often the products of negative upbringing, typically feeling self-defeated, ignored and worthless; soon the child learns how acts of disruptive, rebellious and inconsiderate behavior serve to render immediate attention, which is a by-product of inadequate parenting. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Parenting and Psychology

    This 3 page paper examines the psychological theories of Binet, Piaget and Vygotsky. Various issues are discussed inclusive of the use of intelligence testing. The practical application of theory by parents is included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Music Interpreted Visually

    7 pages in length. So many areas of life where personal interpretation is key to fully appreciating an experience actually evoke an artificial response from people who - by virtue of the tendency to manipulate reaction without benefit of true sensation - are force-fed their perception. Music, like all other artistic renderings, requires an intrinsic interpretational response in order for listeners to gain the greatest level of appreciation; if that elucidation is fabricated by the wholly restrictive nature of music videos, people - most apparently youth - lose the ability to interpret through the imagery it creates. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Constructing Ego and Confidence in Children Who Are At Risk

    6 pages in length. Myriad theories and approaches are applied on a daily basis to encourage the development of ego and self-confidence in at-risk children, defined as those who suffer from deep-rooted emotional issues that typically stem from a poor upbringing. Medical technology notwithstanding, going back to the basics of psychology illustrates how sometimes the simplest of applications are the ones that work best, with particular emphasis upon the intrinsic value of exercise and animals. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Preoperative Stage of Jean Piaget's Developmental Theory

    3 pages in length. Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget's second of four developmental stages - preoperational - incorporates three primary growth indicators that include mental representation, language and symbol usage. Major limitations of this stage reflect that of ridged thinking, egocentrism and principle of conservation, a notion of how "quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects" (Feldman, 2006). The extent to which Piaget's second stage serves to lay the groundwork for speech, increased mental clarity and incorporation of symbolic gestures is both grand and far-reaching; that the corresponding limitations are soon rectified in the third stage speaks to the manner by which a child's progression is a palpable conduit from one stage to the next. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • TV's Effect on Sexual Behavior

    An 8 page research paper that discusses 2 studies that each pertain to the affect of TV viewing on adolescent sexual behavior. Collins, et al (2003) examines an episode of Friends on teen knowledge pertaining to condom use. Somers and Tynan (2006) examine the relationship between explicit sexual content in TV shows and teen sexual behavior. The writer summarizes each study and discusses their results and implications. No additional sources cited.

  • Poetry, Art, and Music Creativity

    A 9 page research paper that investigates the topic of artistic creativity. The standard cultural myth about creativity is that "Only artists have creativity and creativity is rare" (Epstein, 1996, p. 41). Creativity is part of human existence. Rather than being rare, creativity seems innate to human experience as every human culture, throughout history, has devised its own art, music and storytelling traditions, either oral or written. Empirical research verifies what insightful people appear to have realized throughout the ages, which is that creativity is the result of education and work, learning and building on the creations of others, and then filtering that knowledge through the prism of personal experience and individuality. In short, this discussion proposes that creativity is a distinct cognitive process that is common to all endeavors, which includes music, art and poetry. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Adolescent Counseling and William Glasser's Theories

    A paper which consider how the theories of William Glasser are used in counseling adolescents, how these theories were developed, and the various influences both inside and outside psychology which impacted on Glasser’s work. A brief overview of the history of the relevant psychoanalytical models is included, in order to provide a background to Glasser’s own model. Bibliography lists 17 sources

  • Aspects of Body Dysmorphic Disorder

    A paper which looks at various aspects of body dysmorphic disorder including how it is distinguished from OCD and eating disorders and a range of the therapeutic options currently available. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Types of Addiction

    A paper which looks at addiction, and gives a personal perspective on being addicted to comics and the Net, and strategies which might be used to break the addiction. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment Counseling Cases

    A 10 page discussion of sexual harassment and how the counselor can appropriately counsel its victims. The author emphasizes that one of the first tasks confronting the counselor is distinguishing between actual acts of sexual harassment and simple expressions of interest in romantic involvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Counseling and Psychology Questions

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of some central questions about psychology and counseling. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Youth and Children Psychosexual Development's Influential Concepts

    6 pages in length. Sexuality is an ever-evolving human behavior; from era to era and society to society, this particular aspect of humanity continues to reinvent itself as trends and disease dictate the path people take when it comes to sexual activity. Children and youth - who are only just beginning their entrance into sexual understanding and exploration - have also undergone considerable change in the way in which each group associates itself with sexuality, a continuously changing perspective that is influenced by myriad social elements. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Health Psychology Matrix and Stress

    A 3 page paper listing 4 personal/work stressors in a table listing the stressor, type and general mitigation strategies. The remainder of the paper addresses each stressor and steps the writer can take to change conditions and so lessen the effects of each stressor. No sources listed.

  • Humanistic Existential Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    A 4 page paper that uses a case study supplied by the student. Each of the two therapeutic approaches are briefly explained. Each is then discussed related to the case study. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Kolb and Managing Anger

    An 8 page paper that begins with a brief explanation of Kolb's experiential learning model. The writer then discusses anger, what causes anger, predisposition to anger, coping strategies and effective communication techniques. Throughout the discussion, the writer parenthetically indicates which of Kolb's four elements are addressed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • TV's Effect on Sexual Behavior

    An 8 page research paper that discusses 2 studies that each pertain to the affect of TV viewing on adolescent sexual behavior. Collins, et al (2003) examines an episode of Friends on teen knowledge pertaining to condom use. Somers and Tynan (2006) examine the relationship between explicit sexual content in TV shows and teen sexual behavior. The writer summarizes each study and discusses their results and implications. No additional sources cited.

  • Current Views on Drug Addiction

    A 5 page paper briefly reviewing current (2004-2006) views of issues such as chemical action, addiction, withdrawal and effects of marijuana, cocaine and heroin. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History/Education & Educational Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that offers an overview of the historical foundations of education, psychology and how they combine in educational psychology. The writer gives a brief sketch of the men and concepts that makeup this history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Major Pedagogical and Educational Psychology Theories

    This 4 page paper discusses some of the teaching and educational psychological theories in the U.S., U.K. and elsewhere. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Conduct Disorder: A Review of the Literature and a Proposed Study

    A 17 page overview of conduct disorder. This paper relates that the author's own childhood experiences cemented their interest in this disorder. A detailed review of five articles is provided as is a proposal for additional research. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Jean Piagot’s Contribution to Adolescent Psychology

    A 3 page paper which examines Jean Piagot’s contribution to adolescent psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Depression in Elderly

    A 5 page research paper that addresses a specific case scenario, one that features a 64-year-old woman who is probably suffering from depression. The writer discusses literature on this topic and possibilities for her counseling plan. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Questions and Answers in Developmental Psychology

    This 5 page paper explores theories of Freud, Erikson, Piaget and Kohlberg. Stages of these theories are included in answers to three questions submitted by a student. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History Of Child Rearing Practices

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of child-rearing practices beginning in the 1800s. The 20th century was called the century of the child by the National Congress of Mothers in 1899. The writer reports the focus during that century was not on the child. The essay comments on changes in society and beliefs about children and childhood. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Park's "The Siege: The First Eight Years Of An Autistic Child"

    3 pages in length. Elly's characteristics did not differ from any other child who suffers from autism, inasmuch as she was a bright, vivacious child trapped inside a mind that would not allow her to learn or express herself. Park's strategies as both a mother and self-learned caregiver were instrumental in Elly's first several years of life; being that autism was hardly on the medical map much less the existence of any treatment protocol, Park worked each step of Elly's childhood as a stepping stone to understanding her disease. Some worked, other did not but no matter the outcome, Park was instrumental in paving the path toward a better understanding and treatment of autism. No additional sources cited.

  • Teen Suicide

    A 3 page paper on teen suicide and how it can be prevented. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Use of Antidepressants and Increased Suicide Rates in Adolescents

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of research around the topic of the use of antidepressants and the increased number of suicides in depressed adolescents. This paper considers the existing research and potential problems with this research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Use of Antidepressants and Increased Suicide Rates in Adolescents

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of research around the topic of the use of antidepressants and the increased number of suicides in depressed adolescents. This paper considers the existing research and potential problems with this research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Money Can't Buy Happiness

    This 3 page paper discusses the relationship between income level and stress, and finds that the people who are most stressed by financial problems are the very wealthy and the very poor. It argues that it is absolutely untrue that less money means less stress. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Development Age 4: Down Syndrome

    This 9 page paper discuses developmental milestones of preschool children who have Down Syndrome and those who do not. The paper discusses some of the differences in development from infancy to age 4. 1 Table included. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Mixed Method And Quantitative Research

    10 pages in length. Research is the lifeblood of any industry; to have the capacity to evaluate a certain aspect of a given sector in order to better approach business is paramount to standing toe-to-toe with one's competitors. In order to glean the most effective data pertaining to one's objective, however, it is critical to choose the most appropriate methodology. Ever since the concept of scientific research has existed, there has been a clear understanding that one - and only one - type of method was used for any given study; to veer off this convention track and incorporate more than one approach was to cast a shadow of doubt upon the ultimate findings and brand the researcher unfit to uphold the title. Times have changed to such an extent in the twenty-first century that not only is a mixed method approach acceptable over and above the singular use of a quantitative application, but it is fast becoming the methodology of choice by any researcher worth his or her reputation. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • The Development of Problem Solving Skills

    Piaget thought that problem solving abilities develop in late childhood. This 7 page paper considers this idea and compares the Piaget’s theory of cognitive development leading to problem solving with the work and theories of Erickson. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • The Importance of Trust

    This 7 page paper examines trust in society and uses Erikson's stages in addition to the bible to discuss the matter. Trust is discussed in the context of developmental psychology and spirituality. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Importance of Trust

    This 7 page paper examines trust in society and uses Erikson's stages in addition to the bible to discuss the matter. Trust is discussed in the context of developmental psychology and spirituality. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Nature Of Visual Perception

    11 pages in length. People may have eyes with which to see, however, the manner by which they actually visualize is comprised of significantly more than merely gazing at an image. Human visual perception encompasses myriad components that, when working synergistically, create visual awareness. Some of these aspects are strictly physiological in composition (black/white, color, object/motion/depth/multimodal perception, achromatopsia, Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome, color blindness) while others are theoretical in nature (unconscious inference, Gestalt theory, ecological psychology), all of which allows man to visually perceive his world from a diverse perspective. The extent to which visual perception reflects even the most subtle nuances of many disciplines is both grand and far-reaching; that 'seeing' something equates with embracing its imagery through so many variations speaks to the greater complexities of visual perception than most people realize. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Forensics

    A 9 page overview of forensics. The author defines forensics and illustrates its history. Examples from criminal investigations are emphasized along with forensic psychology. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Humanistic And Psychodynamic Psychology: Comparative Analysis

    11 pages in length. The fundamental composition of psychology encompasses such a vast array of components to address a specific situation that it is sometimes necessary to borrow from more than one application in order to realize holistic healing. At the same time, however, there are systems that already incorporate holism as a way in which to delve deeply within the human mind and fully achieve the desired objective, with humanistic and psychodynamic therapies occupying the top of the list. While Freud and Jung are directly related to the concept of psychodynamic psychology, Rogerian and Gestalt therapies represent two of the approaches most associated with humanistic psychology. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Behaviorism And Preschool

    10 pages in length. Preschool is a time of many challenges for both student and teacher, inasmuch as this particular age group is just learning the tenets of social behavior outside the otherwise insulated aspect of family life. Utilizing the concept of behaviorism within the preschool setting provides the teacher - and parent - with the capacity to identify various behaviors and modify them in order to attain a better academic outcome. The extent to which behaviorism asserts that observable conduct represents the only true aspect of the science of psychology is both grand and far-reaching; that autistic preschoolers represent one population where behaviorism is particularly beneficial speaks to how this approach is both widespread and effective. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • The Major Perspectives of Psychology: An Overview

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of three major perspectives in psychology. Behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and cognitive psychology are covered. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Aspects of Biopsychology

    This 12 page paper explains and discusses several issues in this field. These include apraxia, contralateral neglect, prosopagnosia, types of amnesia, dorsal and ventral streams, neuroplasticity, Williams Syndrome, autism, and amnesia caused by emotional trauma. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Debate Continues: Nature Vs. Nurture

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of the nature vs nurture controversy in modern psychology. Two studies are examined for their implications. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Debate Continues: Nature Vs. Nurture

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of the nature vs nurture controversy in modern psychology. Two studies are examined for their implications. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Personal Ethics and Their Importance in Psychology

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of ethics in psychology. Experimental design and personal obligations are examined. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Military Suicide Rates: Why Are They on the Rise?

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of rising suicide rates in the military. Statistics are cited, and potential interventions are analyzed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Abnormal Psychology: The Diverse Perspectives

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of abnormal psychology as a discipline. Three different theoretical perspectives are examined: psychosocial, biological, and socio-cultural. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Origins of Criminal Behavior in Psychodynamic Theory

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of the psychodynamic origins of antisocial behavior. A case study is looked at to demonstrate how interpsychic conflicts can manifest behaviorally. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • MIDLIFE CRISIS IS NOT A FALLACY

    3 pages in length. Fear of aging, loss of independence and being looked at as old and doddering all preys upon the mind and can instigate the need to reverse - if only in one's mind - the aging process, making midlife crisis a harsh fact many people have a difficult time accepting. Midlife crises have long been considered a man's problem, since women have historically suppressed the unsettledness and overexertion they experienced in order to preserve and protect the family. However, the twenty-first century has ushered in a closer and more careful look at how midlife can be just as disconcerting for the female gender as much as it is for her male counterpart, because women are also feeling the pressure of doing too much but not feeling satisfied. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mamawawa, Sleep, Drug Addiction and Other Issues

    This 16 page paper includes several sections. Topic headings are: Weight loss program including discussion of set point; mamawawa premise; sleep; stages of sleep; health hazards of drug addiction; positive incentive theory of addiction and an outline for a research paper on autism. Each section includes its own bibliography. Total Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Neurosurgeries and Other Issues

    A 6 page paper that discusses three discrete topics. The first section discusses aphasia, apraxia and brain hemispheres moving into types of lobotomies. Section two discusses the FDA drug approval process. The third section is a post-assessment of the course. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Comprehensive Discussion of Autism

    An 18 page paper. The sections of the paper include: introduction, definition, causes, statistics, diagnostics methods, symptoms, behaviors, treatments and interventions. The paper ends with an analysis and future trends in research. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • An Overview of Schizophrenia

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of this mental illness. Criteria for diagnosis is reported as are the different types of schizophrenia. The writer considers the biological, emotional, cognitive and components of this disease. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • When Adolescents with Bipolar Disorder Attempt Suicide

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of the issue of suicidal ideation in adolescents with bipolar disorder. This paper relates the problems facing families with children with bipolar disorder and the need for effective assessments. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Facial Recognition: A Process View

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of facial recognition. A holistic view encompassing biological, psychological, cognitive, and emotional processes is emphasized. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dementia Case

    A 3 page paper that begins with a brief description of the patient who is exhibiting signs of dementia. The paper discusses interventions for both the patient and her spouse. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Transformational and Situational Leadership

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of leadership styles. Hypothetical situations are presented to determine the "best" leadership style for various contexts. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Eating Disorders, Body Dissatisfaction and the Media

    This 6 page paper discusses the impact media images have on self-perception, body-satisfaction and eating disorders. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • APA Code of Conduct

    A 9 page paper that discusses several issues regarding ethics according to the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. The writer comments on the lack of ethical conduct on the part of graduate students, ethical decision making process, reactions to ethical principles and standards, licensing, discussion of one aspirational principle and an ethical issue concerning a child with autism. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • APA Code of Conduct

    A 9 page paper that discusses several issues regarding ethics according to the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. The writer comments on the lack of ethical conduct on the part of graduate students, ethical decision making process, reactions to ethical principles and standards, licensing, discussion of one aspirational principle and an ethical issue concerning a child with autism. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Answers To Therapy Questions

    This 5 page paper provides four essays on specific questions related to psychology. This paper relates answers to questions about various therapy and personality development approaches, as well as research on obedience. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • APA Ethics Code

    A 9 page paper. The sections in this paper include: discussion of confidentiality, privileged communication and privacy with the exceptions identified for the state of Hawaii; informed consent; dual relationships; personnel testing; and how rules regarding test data reporting have changed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Memory Types

    This 7 page paper looks at the concept of memory looking at the current operates under three different types of memory; sensory memory, short-term memory and a memory each is discussed considering it's characteristics and whether or not the type of memory can be improved. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • DSM-IV-TR Axis I and II Disorders

    This 15 page paper has several distinct sections. Discussions include mood disorders, effectiveness of medications, personality disorders (obsessive-compulsive), delirium and dementia, and an article review. A case study provided by the student is used to make a differential diagnosis of the patient (conversion disorder). Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Memory Development

    A 3 page paper that provides an overview of memory development. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ethical Issues in Therapy

    A 16 page paper that discusses different ethical issues in psychology. The paper begins by applying the ethical code to two vignettes. Other topics including relationships, including intimacy and multiple relationships, deception, and other issues. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Conent in Psychology

    This 11 page paper discusses several issues related to informed consent in the field of psychology. Headings include: definitions, goals and purposes, criteria, children and mentally disabled, ethical codes, standards, and the paper concludes with a summary and recommendations. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Shana and Children - Ethical Issues

    A 4 page paper that responds to questions related to a scenario provided by the student. A mother arrives at a therapist’s office with her three children. She wants the therapist to make phone calls and fix things. This paper discusses the ethical issues embedded in the case, the types of assessments to conduct with the children and why. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ethics for Therapists

    A 15 page paper that is divided into several parts. The first two parts respond to scenarios and the ethical actions for the therapist. Other issues discussed include HIPAA, fraud, informed consent in court hearings, forensic psychology, and comments about the course. Bibliography lists 28 sources.

  • Psychology and Philosophy

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of the value of learning history to psychology. Plato's advocation of reason is also explored. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Medical Model and Psychology

    This 3 page paper discusses different issues beginning with the influence of evolution theory on psychology. The other major issue is the relationship between the medical model and clinical applications in psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Early Perceptions of Mental Illness

    This 3 page paper begins with a report of how abnormal behavior and mental illness was perceived in earlier centuries. The writer comments on the influence of philosophy on psychology and on how the relationship between mind and body were perceived. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Early Perceptions of Mental Illness

    This 3 page paper begins with a report of how abnormal behavior and mental illness was perceived in earlier centuries. The writer comments on the influence of philosophy on psychology and on how the relationship between mind and body were perceived. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION: A CASE STUDY OF JOHN AND MARY

    This 16-page paper explores the role of culture, upbringing and psychology in contributing to sexual dysfunction. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Cognitive Neuroscience

    This 3 page paper discusses specific issues. The first part defines cognitive psychology and neuroscience and comments on how cognitive psychologists can promote positive social change. The second section reports research methods in cognitive psychology and comments on conducting a study that deals with perceptual decision making. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Positive Emotions and Emotional Intelligence

    This 9 page paper examines emotional intelligence, defines it, and also explores the importance of positive emotions. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Gestalt Psychology - A Confluence of Influence

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of the influences in Gestalt psychology. Contributions from early thinkers are explored, as well as the role of Gestalt theory in the development of cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Brain-Body

    A 3 page paper that discusses what this field is about, the contributions of Lashley and Hebb, methods used in early research and technology used today. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Consciousness

    A 3 page paper that discusses Titchener’s contributions to the field of psychology and explains his concept of consciousness as compared to Freud’s and James’. The writer also comments on how psychology became a science. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Role of Research in Psychology

    A 3 page paper that discusses certain issues in research. First, research is defined as is the scientific method of research. The paper explains primary and secondary sources and whey statistics are important in research. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Issues With Antipsychotic Medications

    A 5 page paper that responds to specific issues. The first two sections respond to a paper provided. The next section discusses using antipsychotic drugs with children and other at-risk populations and the side-effects and the last section discusses using these medications off-label. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Cogntiive Psychology

    This 5 page paper provides short responses to six essays. The areas of discussion are cognitive psychology, social change and psychopharmacology. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Intimidation

    A 3 page paper. Bullying has reached epidemic proportions. Children and teens are bullied in school, students are bullied in college and workers are bullied on their jobs. This paper provides statistical data for children and teens and discusses the latest genre, cyber-bullying. The writer comments on anti-bullying programs and their ineffectiveness and makes recommendations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Personality Theories in Humanistic and Existential Psychology

    This is a 3 page paper that explores personality theory. The views of Maslow, Rogers, and May are discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Causative Factors and Impacts of Fatigue

    This 11 page paper addresses the physiological and environmental factors contributing to fatigue. Adequate sleep, hydration, and nutrition are critical for pilots. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Issues in Psychology

    A 6 page paper. The writer responds to different short essays written by other students. Major categories are cognitive psychology, social change, and psychopharmacology. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Effective Communication Between the Sexes and the Cultures

    This 6 page paper details the impacts gender and culture can have on effective communication. Workplace communication can be affected by each. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Human Populations and the Density-Pathology Hypothesis

    This is a 12 page paper that explores the density-pathology hypothesis. Studies of animal and human populations inform a research proposal to further the topic. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Human Populations and the Density-Pathology Hypothesis

    This is a 12 page paper that explores the density-pathology hypothesis. Studies of animal and human populations inform a research proposal to further the topic. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Can a Society without Prejudice be Created?

    In three pages an answer to this question is provided with references that include Philip Hallie’s Lest Innocent Blood be Shed and Roy F. Baumeister and Brad J. Bushman’s Social Psychology and Human Nature. There sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Mental Prototypes, Language and More

    An 8 page paper. Topics discusses include: mental prototypes, declarative and procedural knowledge, language acquisition, problem solving creativity and more. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Psychopharmacology and Other Topics

    A 6 page paper that responds to specific short essays provided by the student. Topics include cognitive psychology, psychology and social change and psychopharmacology. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • PAUSCH, LAST LECTURE AND TEACHING REQUIREMENTS

    This 3-page paper discusses whether Randy Pausch's Last Lecture should be part of psychology teaching curriculum. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

 

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