Research Papers on Psychological Counseling

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • An Anorexia Nervosa Qualitative Study of Family Therapy vs. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    This is a 9 page paper using a qualitative approach to study cognitive behavioral therapy versus family therapy for treatment of anorexia nervosa. A qualitative study of cognitive behavioral therapy versus family therapy for treatment of anorexia nervosa includes various non-experimental components. Firstly, a statement of the problem introduces the prevalence of anorexia and the need for successful treatment in this disease which claims over 10 percent of those diagnosed. The statement of the problem is then followed by the purpose for the study, if any assumptions can be made and a qualitative review of the current methods of therapies. Several therapies have been used in the treatment of patients with anorexia which includes cognitive behavioral therapy, individual and group therapy, family therapy and pharmacotherapy as well as nutritional counseling. In this study, an assessment of the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy and that of family therapy are examined through a comparative view of current literature. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Art Therapy And ADHD - Research Proposal

    This 15 page paper has several sections or chapters: introduction, research questions, description of three theories (Piaget, Erikson, and Rogers), ADHD, art therapy, using art therapy with ADHD children, methodology, application of method, results, discussion and conclusions. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Marriage Counseling - Case Study

    An 8 page paper that begins with an overview of family counseling. The writer then discusses a case scenario supplied by the student. The essay discusses how the therapist prepares for the third session, some of the questions and hypothetical responses from the couple, what family therapy approaches would be used, other questions that will need to be asked and finally comments on whether or not the couple will remain together. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Personality Disorders: Case Study Analyses

    This 15 page paper examines two case studies on two different personality disorders. Recommended treatments--cognitive therapy and REBT-- are discussed.

  • Client Therapy and Alcohol Abuse of 3 Generations

    This is a 7 page study of multi-generation alcohol abuse in relation to a client case study. The client in this case study is affected by many stress agents which have been consistent throughout her 28 years of life. The single female client still lives at home with her family in a conservative religious household which has been dominated by her overbearing father who is a second generation alcoholic within his own history. The father smokes excessively with little consideration to others in the household. The client who is affected by second hand smoke nevertheless smokes marijuana herself and in a sense is the third generation of substance abuse. The family home remains cluttered and although they are aware of their daughter’s problems handling the home environment and her stress levels, they are not likely to change their situation. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Minor Client Confidentiality - The Ethical Dimensions

    This is a 9 page paper that provides an overview of counselor confidentiality with minor clients. A case study is presented that helps explore the legal and ethical issues at stake in deciding when to breach confidentiality. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION: A CASE STUDY OF JOHN AND MARY

    This 16-page paper explores the role of culture, upbringing and psychology in contributing to sexual dysfunction. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Developing Family Counseling Skills

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of a case study of a disruptive child from the point of view of a marriage and family counselor. This case study provides a means of showing counseling skills and strategies for addressing the needs of the family. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Vocational Rehabilitation Counseling: Case Study Analysis

    This 10 page paper evaluates the case of a blind man who is looking for a job. Several theories are discussed. Recent research into the job market for those with disabilities is included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Dysfunctional Family Counseling

    An 8 page paper that begins with a description of the family and its problems. The family therapy model that would be used is identified. The paper discusses the impact of policy and community resources for this family. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Changing Society, Sexual Instinct, and Sexual Harassment Issues

    A 6 page exploration of the psychoanalytical issues involved in the growing number of incidences of agression as they relate to gender. Agression can take a number of manifestations, one of the most distrubing of which is sexual harassment. The manner in which we explain incidences of sexual harassment has changed over time just as has the ages in whcih we have observed the behavior. The recent outbreak of sexual harassment among very young children is of particular concern. While Freud would have explained this manifestation as a reflection of sexual instinct, instinct which he contended existed even in infants, contemporary research would indicate that it was more a reflection of the many societal changes we have experienced in regard to what we find socially acceptable and what we consider a female’s proper place in society. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment Counseling Cases

    A 10 page discussion of sexual harassment and how the counselor can appropriately counsel its victims. The author emphasizes that one of the first tasks confronting the counselor is distinguishing between actual acts of sexual harassment and simple expressions of interest in romantic involvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nature and Treatment of Suicide

    8 pages in length. Suicide is a topic of conversation, like other unpleasant subject matter, is typically avoided at all costs. This knee-jerk response is both understandable and dangerous at the same time, inasmuch as it does not address the importance of prevention. The reasons that people commit suicide are varied and complex; however, for the vast majority of those who either attempt or succeed, depression serves to be the catalyst of death. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Marital Satisfaction and the Effects of Premarital Counseling

    This 45 page paper provides an overview of the first two chapters of a study on premarital counseling and the impact on marital satisfaction. This paper provides chapter 1, the introduction, and chapter 2, the review of literature. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Sexual Conversion Psychotherapy and Ethics

    This is a 7 page paper discussing the ethical arguments in relation to sexual conversion psychotherapy. It is unethical to attempt to modify sexual orientation through psychotherapy due to the fact that homosexuality is not a mental illness and using therapies designed for mental illness are not only detrimental for the client but are also misrepresenting homosexuality as a mental illness. Despite the fact that the American Psychiatric Association (APA) has deemed sexual conversion therapies as unethical practice, many therapists still offer this “treatment” to clients based on their feelings that it is unethical to disregard patient wishes. However, since there is no scientific or historical treatments which have shown any success in sexual conversion therapy, psychotherapists who “treat” clients for their sexual preferences are not only unethical because they are providing therapy which they know is ineffective but they are also taking payment for failed therapy. Rather than support clients in their sexual preferences and offer counseling in regards to handling stresses and pressures from society, psychotherapists who attempt sexual conversion therapy leave their clients with lower self-esteem and self-identification issues than when they first came to the therapists because they perceive that they have failed “treatment”. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Psychoanalysis Spoofed by Jay Haley

    4 pages in length. Jay Haley's The Art of Psychoanalysis seeks to define the duality of in-depth psychology by capturing its all-important contribution to a mentally balanced society along with its somewhat manipulative tendencies. That Freud's famed couch approach represents an obvious attempt to maneuver the patient/doctor relationship speaks to the underlying -- and often undetectable -- controlling aspects of psychoanalysis to which Haley pokes fun. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Case Management In Crisis Counseling

    9 pages in length. Simon was not at all intending to seek crisis counseling when his doctor suggested he do so, since he considered it just another example of his failure being thrown in his face. But after a brief initial session, he realizes why he needed to take that first difficult step to healing and understands why sometimes all it takes when everything is so upside down and out of control is someone's input from the sidelines - where all the trouble and confusion is not happening - to get a clearer picture of the true and workable options. The case manager's role in Simon's progress is a critical component to whether he succeeds or fails in reaching his treatment's objective. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Internet Addiction Disorder

    This is a 6 page paper discussing internet addiction. Internet addiction, also known as Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD), Internet Behavioral Dependence (IBD) or Problematic Internet Use (PIU), is considered a behavioral or social pathology similar to other nonchemical addictions such as pathological gambling, or compulsive shopping, sex or over-eating among others and has become an international concern. There are considered several different sub-types of internet addiction such as cyber-sexual addiction for those who are addicted to pornographic or sex web sites; cyber-relationship addiction for those who are addicted to online relationships; net compulsions which include internet shopping and gambling; information overload for those who compulsively surf the web or search databases; and computer addiction which is related to compulsive playing of computer games. Generally, internet addiction is assessed and treated similar to other addictive behavior which may include the 12-step program, cognitive therapy or other therapies such as expressive art therapy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Insight into Family Therapy as is Provided in Bone by Fae Myenne Ng

    "Bone"/Multicultural Family Therapy : A 6 page research paper and analysis that takes the point of view of a novice family therapist seeking ways to help and explain the behavior of the family featured in Fae Myenne Ng's novel Bone, which concerns a family of Chinese Americans facing the grief caused by a daughter's suicide. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pastoral Counseling

    A 12 page outline of some of the situations that can be encountered in pastoral counseling. This paper addresses three scenarios, one of a young man contemplating suicide, one involving child abuse, and the third involving the grieving process. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Daily Living Through Zen Buddhism

    10 pages in length. The writer provides a detailed description of Zen Buddhism, as well as discusses how meditation represents a significant component of this spiritual philosophy and of the practical psychology of daily living. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Film The Breakfast Club and the Interaction Significance of Teen Role Taking

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the role-taking process in the film “The Breakfast Club”. The 1985 John Hughes’ film “The Breakfast Club” provides a good example of teen role-taking. The film is based on the premise of five high school students from diverse backgrounds and social groups who are forced to spend a Saturday detention at the school together. While it appears that none of the teens have anything in common at the beginning of the film and must all remain within their well-established roles or personas known while they are at school, throughout their interaction within each other they manage to reveal their genuine identities, establish a rapport and respect for one another and solve some of the problems which they are all faced with being teenagers and having to maintain certain roles throughout the course of their social lives. These interactions lead them to a higher level of peer understanding and moral maturity. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Managing Stress in the Critical Incident

    7 pages. Critical incident stress management is very important to have for debriefing or diffusing purposes as a resource for first line responders to any disaster. Those firefighters, police officers and other disaster relief workers undergo untold amounts of stress and while they might not at first think so, the early intervention of stress related health problems could be averted with critical incident stress management. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Narrative Therapy: A Lit Review

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of existing studies and research on the use of narrative therapy for families. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Confidentiality Issues When Counseling Minors

    A 7 page paper that addresses the issue of confidentiality when licensed professional counselors are counseling minors. There is a dearth of literature that deals with the topic of confidentiality when counseling minors outside of the school setting. Neither the Code of Ethics for the American Psychological Association nor the Code of Ethics for the American Counseling Association address this issue specifically. What little literature that could be found is discussed in this essay. The writer comments on the APA and ACA Code of Ethics. The issue of privilege is discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Profession of Psychological Counseling

    This 8 page paper contains four parts as requested by a student. It involves life experiences, personal skills and one's impact on society. Racial issues are addressed in the context of this look at the counseling psychology profession. Personal experiences and skills are related to one's desire to become a counseling psychologist. Issues in the profession are discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Overview of Jungian Psychology

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Jungian psychology. This paper outlines the impacts and views of Jung's perspective on dreams. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ethics, Professional Affiliations And Making Connections As A Clinical Psychologist

    5 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses making connections, ethics and professional associations as they relate to the process of earning an advanced clinical psychology degree. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Elements of Professional Psychology

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the legal issues that can impact the profession of psychology. This paper relates the importance of considering these ethical issues as they impact care. There are 4 sources cited.

  • Premarital Counseling Effects Upon Marriage Length

    An 8 page paper describing a quantitative study assessing whether pre-marital counseling positively affects length of marriage. Despite all of the attention that the problem of divorce receives, divorce rates continue to increase. Most couples do not undergo pre-marital counseling, which anecdotally is viewed as being beneficial in strengthening and preserving marriages. The hypothesis tested here is that couples who undergo pre-marital counseling remain married longer than those who do not; results of the empirical study support the hypothesis. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Careers Of Industrial-Organization Psychology And Physiological Psychology

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly defines each principle and discusses various specialties within each one. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Young Golfer Training and Sports Psychology

    This 6 page report discusses the advice and training that a sports psychologist would address in helping a young golfer compete in the professional golfing world. The primary issues addressed are concentration, "the zone," and focus. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Counseling, Psychology And Cultural Concerns

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses the positive psychology movement, what counseling means and marginalization of African-Americans. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Rehabilitation Setting and Collaborative Nursing

    A 16 page paper discussing the value of collaborative nursing in rehab. Culturally competent nurses – whether that competence is gained through ethnic group identification or learned through practical study and experience – can aid in achieving success in the rehab setting. Addiction is such a demanding form of mental illness that practitioners and patients alike need the greatest degree of ease possible. The paper discusses demographic changes occurring in the US and rehab needs specific to African-American and Hispanic populations. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Psychology and a View of Artificiality

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the concept of artificiality and considers how it is understood and applied within the discipline of psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychological Case Diagnoses

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of a case using psychology diagnoses. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Counseling and Psychology Questions

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of some central questions about psychology and counseling. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Psychology As A Career

    A 7 page paper that begins with information from the Bureau of Labor and Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook about psychologists, positions and education needed with the writer selecting one field to pursue. The next section discusses the adult learner. Using self-assessments provided by the student, the paper reports results from the Multiple Pathways to Learning and the Personality Spectrum as related to the writer's scores with explanations about how this information can help the student. The writer also comments on time and stress management for the adult learner.

  • Ethical Evaluations in the Field of Psychology

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of an evaluation of personal ethical style, and then considers the impacts for the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • APA Code of Conduct

    A 9 page paper that discusses several issues regarding ethics according to the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. The writer comments on the lack of ethical conduct on the part of graduate students, ethical decision making process, reactions to ethical principles and standards, licensing, discussion of one aspirational principle and an ethical issue concerning a child with autism. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • What Is Positive Psychology?

    3 pages in length. With virtually all other psychotherapy focusing upon fixing an emotional problem by dwelling upon the cause, positive psychology spotlights what makes a person happy, more content hopeful about life. Indeed, there will always be a place for the type of therapy that purges psychological troubles by making patients face the problem, however, this new and upcoming approach of drawing benefit from the upbeat aspects of constructive and empowering optimism is a mental health trend whose time has definitely arrived. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Psychology Course Candidate

    An account of why an individual would be particularly suitable for a doctorate course in psychology, with reference to her personal and professional experience and her cultural background.

  • The Theories of Carl Rogers

    This 22 page paper provides an overview of the views of Carl Rogers, especially in regards to his humanistic psychology and his person-centered and client-centered approaches. There are 30 sources cited.

  • A Psychology Today Article Review

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of a Psychology Today Article entitled The Idea That Wouldn’t Die. This paper relates the importance of the article in relation to Psychodynamic Theory. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • PAUSCH, LAST LECTURE AND TEACHING REQUIREMENTS

    This 3-page paper discusses whether Randy Pausch's Last Lecture should be part of psychology teaching curriculum. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Salvador Minuchin's 'Dance' Structural Family Therapy Model

    A 10 page paper that examines the techniques used in the structural family therapy model developed by Salvador Minuchin and explores how these techniques are being applied in the field of psychology. Included are the successes these techniques have achieved as well as a look at the therapy's weaknesses and limitations. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Freud, Rogers, and Counseling from a Client Centered Perspective

    This 9 page paper looks at Rogers' paradigm in depth and also explores Freudian psychology as a comparison. The client centered model is discussed as a viable counseling alternative. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ethical Issues in Therapy

    A 16 page paper that discusses different ethical issues in psychology. The paper begins by applying the ethical code to two vignettes. Other topics including relationships, including intimacy and multiple relationships, deception, and other issues. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Multicultural Counseling Guidelines

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of multiculturalism in psychology. The guidelines of the APA and AMCD are compared and contrasted. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Conent in Psychology

    This 11 page paper discusses several issues related to informed consent in the field of psychology. Headings include: definitions, goals and purposes, criteria, children and mentally disabled, ethical codes, standards, and the paper concludes with a summary and recommendations. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Adolescent Counseling and William Glasser's Theories

    A paper which consider how the theories of William Glasser are used in counseling adolescents, how these theories were developed, and the various influences both inside and outside psychology which impacted on Glasser’s work. A brief overview of the history of the relevant psychoanalytical models is included, in order to provide a background to Glasser’s own model. Bibliography lists 17 sources

  • Anxiety Attacks and the Analysis of Sigmund Freud

    This is a 4 page paper discussing how Freud would analyze anxiety attacks. Anxiety attacks, panic attacks and anxiety disorders in general have been studied in medicine and psychology for over a century. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) considered the father of psychoanalysis believed that “anxiety neurosis” and anxiety attacks experienced by individuals resulted from individuals no longer being able to repress impulses which were in conflict or not satisfied during the childhood psychosexual developmental stages. Freud found that anxiety and panic attacks resembled greatly people’s reactions when they were confronted with danger except there would seem to be no danger present. Therefore, Freud would conclude, the danger must be internal and resulting from “failure of repression” in which an individual would be overwhelmed with panic or a phobia. Through psychoanalysis, Freud would attempt with the patient to discover the area of conflict from their past in which their needs were not nurtured or gratified or which had instilled a fear which they had repressed; a repression which could no longer be contained and resulting in anxiety attacks. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ethical and Cultural Guidelines for the Release of Psychological Testing Data

    6 pages in length. Ethics represent the cornerstone of a profession in psychology; without adherence to the solid ethical guidelines formulated by the American Psychological Association (APA), a psychologist falls far short of providing his or her clients with the comprehensive assistance inherent to this industry. In direct correlation to such ethical standards, the recent code changes pertaining to the release of test data illustrate how the patient's wishes now supercede those of an industry that has successfully forbidden raw test data to be released to anyone but those qualified to have it. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • John Gottman's Successful Marriage Components and Marital Failure or Success

    This is a 10 page paper discussing theories involved for successful marriage. John Gottman, a professor of psychology and director of the Gottman Institute is one of the more popular researchers on success in marriages today. Gottman and his colleagues address situations which are prevalent in today’s couples such as lack of time for one another and defensive and critical strategies during communication. While Gottman realizes that different components of communication such as effective listening, listening non-defensively and editing while speaking are important, other more ‘emotionally intelligent’ components are also important such as respect, admiration, influence, acceptance, and accepting and coping with conflict are equally important. Theories of marital therapy include many of Gottman’s components while at the same time, some researchers have added other useful strategies such as exploring new interests together and maintaining a sense of humor and realistic scope among others. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Group Work and Alderian Therapy

    A 6 page paper discussing Adler’s Individual Psychology, group counseling theory and cultural characteristics of Hispanic Americans. Adler’s motivational theory is directly applicable to Hispanic Americans. The group approach can be useful with Hispanic Americans because it is a natural, comfortable approach for them culturally. If the group counselor can successfully facilitate substitution of groups, then the group approach should be quite successful with Hispanic Americans. It allows individuals to enjoy a comfortable and known setting while navigating previously-uncharted territories, allowing them to place more direct attention on the issues at hand. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Mood Disorders and the MMPI Diagnostic Tool The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Diagnosis of Mood Disorders

    A 10 page overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), a psychological testing mechanism first created in 1942 but revised extensively over the years. The test is designed to distinguish the so-called “normal” personality from deviations from the norm. The MMPI is, in fact, one of the most extensively used tests in psychological assessment. This test has been the subject of considerable criticism in regard to its usefulness in cross-cultural scenarios. Never-the-less, most psychologists continue to consider the MMPI as a complimentary addition to the many other types of diagnostic approaches which are utilized in the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Dysfunction and Sex

    This 3 page paper looks at this topic from a psychological perspective. Tradition therapy is recommended for couples who have ruled out physical or physiological problems. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sufficiency Of Scripture And Biblical Counseling

    This 16 page paper has two parts. The first section explains what sola scriptura, Sufficiency of Scripture means and offers information on the Reformers and their purpose in adopting the doctrine of Sufficiency of Scripture. The second part discusses Sufficiency of Scripture in terms of Biblical Counseling. An outline of guidelines for using the Bible in counseling is also included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sexuality and Personal Beliefs

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of a personal perspective on counseling. This paper considers the impacts of personal biases. Bibliography lists 1 sources.

  • Psychological Counseling Questions

    This 4 page paper looks at five dilemmas that maybe faced by a practicing psychologist; considering what ethical issues may be present and how the psychologist could respond. The scenarios include finding a client extremely attractive, a lack of cultural understanding, a client that has had a sexual relationship with a colleague, difficulty in getting signed informed consent forms, and parents of a minor who are demanding full disclosure. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Substance Abuse Counselor Certification

    This 5 page report discusses the fact that certification of substance abuse counselors serves as an important new model in rehabilitation. Members of the counseling profession have become increasingly specialized in dealing with certain areas of human problems. Substance abuse must certainly be one of those areas of specialization. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • CBT

    This 7 page report discusses cognitive behavior therapy, what it is, how it is used, and who most benefits from it. or “CBT” is most often defined and explained as being an approach or a methodology for assisting people in being able to cope more effectively with their personal problems by offering them a different and hopefully better framework of thinking and behaving. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Adult Abuse Survivors and Theory

    5 pages. This paper describes the theories behind treating adult survivors of psychological abuse or battering. Includes post-traumatic stress disorders and Walker's Model as well as Briere's Model. Current methods also include support groups, counseling in the shelter setting, crisis intervention, hypnosis, aromatherapy, eye movement desensitization, psychodrama and more. These therapies address such things as self-esteem and attitude as well as manipulation. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • APA Code of Conduct

    A 9 page paper that discusses several issues regarding ethics according to the APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. The writer comments on the lack of ethical conduct on the part of graduate students, ethical decision making process, reactions to ethical principles and standards, licensing, discussion of one aspirational principle and an ethical issue concerning a child with autism. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Cibelli, Lanza, West, and Ezzell's Research on 'The First Human Cloned Embryo'

    A 5 page review of the article published in the January 2002 edition of “Scientific American” recounting these researchers experiences in stem cell research. This article offers a fascinating glimpse into many aspects of cloning and stem cell research. The author of this paper interprets the research from a mental health perspective. Included is a discussion of the applications in the treatment of such conditions as Parkinson disease. An emphasis is also placed on the responsibility of the mental health professional to serve as an interpreter of stem cell research to the general public. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Abusive Childhoods and Adult Survivors

    A paper which looks at some of the issues surrounding childhood abuse and the different way in which it affects adult survivors, including the types of trauma and emotional damage which may be suffered, the importance of therapy, the use of hypnosis in accessing repressed memories of abuse and the way in which survivors learn to cope with their early experiences. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • A 2003 Steptoe et al Article 'Behavioral Counseling to Increase Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables in Low Income Adults' Revieweed

    This is a 5 page paper reviewing Steptoe et al (2003) trial “Behavioral Counseling to Increase Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables in Low Income Adults”. Investigators Steptoe et al (2003) conducted a randomized trial to study the effect behavioral counseling had in regards to increasing the consumption of fruit and vegetables in low income adults. The investigators were successful in outlining their assumptions for the study, participants, methods, assessment and measurements, results and conclusion in addition to including the limitations of their study. Using 271 participants aged 18-70 years old from a deprived ethnically mixed inner city area, the investigators conducted brief individual behavioral counseling sessions with groups based on the stage of change model as opposed to time matched nutrition education counseling. Assessment of self reported number of portions of fruit and vegetables as well as plasma carotene, tocopherol, ascorbic acid concentrations and urinary potassium excretion levels were taken at baseline, eight weeks and 12 months after the counseling sessions. Overall, it was found that consumption of fruit and vegetables increased in the behavioral (by 1.5 portions) and nutrition (by 0.9 portions) groups as well as an increase in the plasma carotene and tocopherol concentrations but the carotene levels were has a significantly higher increase in the behavioral group. The percentage of persons eating five or more portions per day increased by 42% in the behavioral group and 27% in the nutrition group. The investigators were able to surmise from these results that “brief individual counseling in primary care can elicit sustained increases in consumption of fruit and vegetables in low income adults in the general population” (Steptoe et al, 2003, p. 855). Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Euthanasia and Ethics in Counseling

    15 pages in length. Few topics in the history of civilized man have been as controversial as the matter of euthanasia. Whether for or against, counselors readily recognize the ethical components on both sides of the issue and strive to guide their clients in the most humane direction possible. The decision of which way to counsel, however, is where the tremendous gray area exists, inasmuch as there are underlying circumstances that – when fleshed out by an intuitive counselor – can mean the difference between a client fulfilling the wish for euthanasia and deciding instead to live what life is left. With each state left to determine its own legal boundaries where euthanasia is concerned, counselors must equally weigh the lawful and ethical elements when faced with advising clients one way or another. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Counselors' Codes of Ethics

    A 6 page overview of the differences that exist between the Codes of Ethics for the American Counseling Association (ACA), the American Association of Christian Counseling (AACC), and the American Association of Pastoral Counselors(AAPC) in regard to the guidance they provide to Sexual Intimacies, Conflict of Interest (Dual Roles) and Relationship to Society. The author presents the hypothesis that these differences exist because each organization in question deals more with a particular client base and environment, a fact that introduces concerns that differ somewhat from the client bases and environments found in other organizations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Young Golfer Training and Sports Psychology

    This 6 page report discusses the advice and training that a sports psychologist would address in helping a young golfer compete in the professional golfing world. The primary issues addressed are concentration, "the zone," and focus. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Art Therapy And ADHD - Research Proposal

    This 15 page paper has several sections or chapters: introduction, research questions, description of three theories (Piaget, Erikson, and Rogers), ADHD, art therapy, using art therapy with ADHD children, methodology, application of method, results, discussion and conclusions. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • "The Gift Of Therapy" By Irvin D. Yalom, M.D.: Reactionary Report

    3 pages in length. Like so many other industries where products and services are being homogenized to the point of becoming a valueless commodity, Yalom (2003) worries about the upcoming generation of mental health professionals whose essential training resources are quickly dwindling under the weight of economic cutbacks, insurance games and the ongoing pressure to dangerously speed up the therapeutic process. No additional sources cited.

  • Managing Stress in the Critical Incident

    7 pages. Critical incident stress management is very important to have for debriefing or diffusing purposes as a resource for first line responders to any disaster. Those firefighters, police officers and other disaster relief workers undergo untold amounts of stress and while they might not at first think so, the early intervention of stress related health problems could be averted with critical incident stress management. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • World Wide Web and Its Validity Regarding Depression

    A 5 page review of two web sites which present information on depression. The author emphasizes there is indeed vast volumes of valuable information on the World Wide Web but cautions that you must be careful of your source. Even web sites sponsored by advisory boards of true experts in a particular subject can provide biased information. A Review of DrKoop.com and Zoloft.com is provided to demonstrate those points. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Structured Family Theory of Minuchin and Family Dysfunction

    A 6 page overview of a family as an interrelated series of components. Presenting a fictional case study, this paper provides a genogram of the major relationships and an analysis of the family unit under Minuchin’s theory of the structured family. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • Counseling and Behavioral Therapy

    This 8 page paper looks at behavioral therapy as used in counseling situations. Many examples are provided. CBT (Cognitive behavioral therapy) is discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • UK Consumer Protection

    This 6 page paper considers the protection that is given to consumers under UK law when goods bought are unsafe. The paper looks at the Sale of Goods Act 1979 (as amended) and the Consumer Protection Act 1987. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Internet Addiction Disorder

    This is a 6 page paper discussing internet addiction. Internet addiction, also known as Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD), Internet Behavioral Dependence (IBD) or Problematic Internet Use (PIU), is considered a behavioral or social pathology similar to other nonchemical addictions such as pathological gambling, or compulsive shopping, sex or over-eating among others and has become an international concern. There are considered several different sub-types of internet addiction such as cyber-sexual addiction for those who are addicted to pornographic or sex web sites; cyber-relationship addiction for those who are addicted to online relationships; net compulsions which include internet shopping and gambling; information overload for those who compulsively surf the web or search databases; and computer addiction which is related to compulsive playing of computer games. Generally, internet addiction is assessed and treated similar to other addictive behavior which may include the 12-step program, cognitive therapy or other therapies such as expressive art therapy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Aspects of Body Dysmorphic Disorder

    A paper which looks at various aspects of body dysmorphic disorder including how it is distinguished from OCD and eating disorders and a range of the therapeutic options currently available. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Discussion of PTSD

    This 9 page paper discusses Post-traumatic stress disorder in detail. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Treating Schizophrenia

    This is an 8 page paper discussing some treatments for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is considered a life-long illness in which individuals experience delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and/or catatonic behavior among other symptoms. Without treatment, schizophrenics may be unable to cope with everyday experiences and this can negatively affect their social relationships, family function and occupational opportunities. Fortunately, there are several types of treatment which include anti-psychotic medications, cognitive-behavioral therapy, social skills training and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) among others. While almost all treatments report more success in combination with medication, medication alone cannot help individuals overcome the behaviors often associated with everyday stresses. From this perspective, cognitive behavioral therapy and social skills training are the most beneficial and in cases of severe depression accompanying schizophrenia, ECT has been reported to be extremely beneficial. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Client Centered Therapeutic Approach Case Study Involving an Eight Year Old Boy

    This 5 page paper provides a hypothetical case study taken from a student's submission and then goes on to analyze it with the assumption that client centered therapy would be implemented. The case involves a shy third grader who is overprotected and has abandonment issues. Recommendations are made. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy and Marilyn Monroe

    A 15 page paper. This is a hypothetical case that supports the use of Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) with Marilyn Monroe one year before she died. First, a comprehensive overview of Monroe's life is offered. Using the DSM-IV criteria, a diagnosis is made as well as a The Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale score. The writer then explains, briefly, what Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy is and how and why the elements will be used with Monroe. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Marriage Counseling - Case Study

    An 8 page paper that begins with an overview of family counseling. The writer then discusses a case scenario supplied by the student. The essay discusses how the therapist prepares for the third session, some of the questions and hypothetical responses from the couple, what family therapy approaches would be used, other questions that will need to be asked and finally comments on whether or not the couple will remain together. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Panic Disorder and Marriage Therapy

    A 12 page discussion of panic disorder and the threat it can present to a marriage. This paper outlines the usefulness of marriage therapy in overcoming that threat. Bibliography lists seven sources.

  • Scholastic Performance and the Impact of Peer Programs

    This 20 page paper provides a look at studies concerning the success of peer leadership and tutoring programs on a variety of grade levels. The paper argues that despite drawbacks peer tutoring does have a positive influence on academics as well as other areas. Several pages of charts and graphs are included in the report to illustrate studies noted. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Assessing Client Personality

    A 6 page research paper that, first, examines the subject of informal personality assessment in reference to a comparison between two approaches. Then, the subject of structure personality tests is discussed, in reference to two examples of structure personality inventories, specifically the MBTI and the MMPI. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • What Is Positive Psychology?

    3 pages in length. With virtually all other psychotherapy focusing upon fixing an emotional problem by dwelling upon the cause, positive psychology spotlights what makes a person happy, more content hopeful about life. Indeed, there will always be a place for the type of therapy that purges psychological troubles by making patients face the problem, however, this new and upcoming approach of drawing benefit from the upbeat aspects of constructive and empowering optimism is a mental health trend whose time has definitely arrived. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Jobs and Stress

    This 14 page paper considers the way in which stress has become a focal point in the workplace and how employers are dealing with the apparent increases in stress levels. The paper looks at how developments have taken place and the role of counselling as a central tool in the systems that have been put in place to develop stress management. Examples are given to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 14 sources.

  • Homicide Survivors Support Groups

    A 15 page exploration of the increasing violence and other societal factors which have led to the increased loss of loved ones and acquaintances to homicide. Details the impacts of such violence on child survivors in particular. Suggests that bereavement groups provide a much needed outlet for the survivors of these horrendous crimes and suggests that the effective design of such groups is imperative to the emotional healing of these victims. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • First Respondents and Handling Critical Incident Stress

    6 pages in length. Reaction to critical incidents, such as tragedies, deaths, serious injuries, hostage and/or threatening situations, require the human being to respond in a way that intensifies the inherent stress related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Those within the rescue field are prone to inordinate levels of stress over and above many other professions; as a result, extremely traumatic or overwhelming situations sometimes spawn a damaging psychological reaction called Critical Incident Stress. Those who are involved with events that are far more serious than others will attend Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) as a means by which to diffuse some of the internal emotional buildup caused by post-traumatic stress, but sometimes that is not enough to address the extent to which an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) or firefighter is suffering. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Transactional Analysis Therapy

    A short, but detailed 4 page research paper on the therapy and its uses by the counselor. The writer details the substance of the therapy and how it is applied. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Counseling and an Eclectic Approach

    An 11 page research paper that argues that the therapist who has an eclectic knowledge of psychoanalytical theory can offer therapy intervention that is adapted to the specific needs of the client. In support of this idea, the paper offers a brief survey of a wide variety of psychotherapeutic theories. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Salvador Minuchin's 'Dance' Structural Family Therapy Model

    A 10 page paper that examines the techniques used in the structural family therapy model developed by Salvador Minuchin and explores how these techniques are being applied in the field of psychology. Included are the successes these techniques have achieved as well as a look at the therapy's weaknesses and limitations. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Therapy and Dental Phobias

    A 7 page discussion of the reasons behind dental phobias and the methodologies for treatment of those phobias. Outlines the sometimes gruesome history of dentistry and the reputation which it has incurred as a result of that history. Discusses early experiences at the dentist office which result in phobias of future visits. Emphasizes that phobias are not a reason to ignore needed dental procedure. Concludes that ignoring the problem is not a guarantee that it will disappear nor is it a guarantee that a relatively easy-to-treat condition will not progress into a potentially life threatening condition, or at the least a very serious condition, if left untreated. Dental phobias are not an excuse for avoiding the dentist office. Instead, they are a reason to seek out appropriate counseling. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Nightmares and Their Psychological Meaning

    (7 pp) There is s dark side of dreams - nightmares - dreams of fear, pain, bad feelings that often are not easily explained. Nightmares occur mostly because some problem disturbs you unconsciously, and their significance, of course can alert you, through the use of symbolic images as to where your problems are, however, they may also indicate serious problems like depressions, or some type of emotional or medical illness. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Family and Marital Therapy Moral Issues

    8 pages in length. In defining the role that ethics plays in family and marital psychotherapy, one must view the psychoanalysis program as a whole in order to determine what should and should not be expected of a counselor. Maintaining an impeccable ethical standard is of the utmost importance in the family and marital counselor's role. The problem in not maintaining a high standard of ethics lies not only in the fact a counselor might lose one's license, but the fact that unethical treatment could do irreparable damage to the client as well. For this reason this paper will consider what the three key ethical problems might be that are specific to the practice of marital and family therapy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

 

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