Research Papers on Accounting

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

 

Research Papers on Accounting

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • UK Standard Setting and Accounting Standards

    In The UK the accounting standard setting process in the UK has altered significantly since 1969 when the Accounting standards committee (ASC) was set up and later superseded by the Accounting Standards board (ASB). The ASB are now moving towards issuing Accounting Standards which comply with international standards, issued by the international Accounting Standards board. This 9 page paper examines who this has occurred, the pressures for change and the advantages and disadvantages of moving towards international accounting standards. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Kraft Annual Accounts - Hedging

    This 3 page paper examines the way that the international firm Kraft uses hedging and how it is dealt with in their annual accounts, considering the relevant accounting standards and the impact of the accounting method on the results in the annual accounts. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Accrual and Accounting and the Historical Cost Approach; Do They Lead to Increased Reliability?

    This 7 page paper looks at the accounting practices using accruals accounting and historical costing and considers to what extent they are able to add clarity and accuracy to accounts and in which ways they may increase confusion. The paper looks at accruals accounting first, considering its use in the public and private sector, before looking at historical costs and the alternative use of fair market value. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Accounting; Definition, Impacts on Business and Its Ability to Help Businesses Improve Results

    This 13 page paper is written in three parts. The first part looks at what is meant by accounting discussing different types of accounting and why is undertaken. The second part of the paper looks at the way accounting is able to impact on a business. The last part of the paper examines the way that accounting may be used by business in order to produce positive results, such as increasing office. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Accrual Accounting in the Public Sector

    This 9 page paper examines the use and potential use of accrual accounting for governments and the public sector. The writer considers the take up of accrual counting by non commercial organizations, the way it compares with cash accounting, how the accounting approach is seen internationally and looks at examples of governments adopting accrual accounting. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Darka Case Study

    This 6 page paper is based in a case study provided by a student. A company has decided to make changes to his accounting policies and his undertaken some financial transactions. The paper considers the way that these events should be treated according to international accounting standards. Subjects discussed include accounting for leases, the capitalization of interest on the creation of assets, revaluing fixed assets, making provisions for closure of the department and accounting for shares bought in another firm. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • John and Mary Farmer Case Study

    This 4 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Answering three questions the first part of the paper looks at whether or not activity based accounting methods would be suitable for agricultural businesses such as farms, the second part of the paper discusses potentially bad decisions that may be made where activity based accounting is not used and the last part of the paper reviews an article that supports the use of activity based accounting of fixed/variable cost accounting. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Definitions Regarding Financial and Management Accounting

    This 3-page paper discusses the difference between management accounting (also known as cost accounting) and financial accounting. Also included is how management accounting reports can keep track of business operations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Management and Financial Accounting Differences

    This 5 page paper explains the differences between management accounting and financial accounting. Each type of accounting is considered in turn, considering who the users of the accounts are, how they want to use them, and how this is reflected in their preparation and presentation. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • The History of Accounting and its Career Benefits

    This 6-page paper examines the history of the accounting profession and explains why someone might choose accounting as a career based on its history. The essay discusses accounting in ancient times, as well as the first chartered accountant group and double-entry bookkeeping. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Budgeting Case Study; Explaining Variances

    This 3 page paper looks at the way that a restaurant accounts have varied from the budgeted accounts and then goes on to show that the variation is due to costs that are not under the control of the manager. The paper argues for the use of responsibility accounting. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • SPEs Altering Interpretation

    A 6 page paper discussing changes proposed by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) in interpreting the Accounting Research Bulletin (ARB) No. 51 that defines the special purpose entity (SPE) and provides guidelines on when an SPE’s results must be consolidated into the balance sheet of the company that owns it. This paper summarizes the changes proposed by FASB as well as the reasons underlying the proposed change. FASB pursues alteration for reasons serving accounting theory as well as in response to specific recent abuses. Includes executive summary. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Positive Accounting Theory and Environmental Accounting

    This 5 page paper discusses the statement that positive accounting theory can explain the greening of financial accounting disclosure but that it cannot provide a framework for improving it. The paper considers the link between positive accounting theory (PAT) and how it does or does not explain the increasing disclosure of environmental reporting and whether it provides a framework for such disclosure. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Code of Ethics and Accounting Standards of the State of Texas

    5 pages. This paper answers some questions regarding the accounting standards and ethics that must be adhered to within the State of Texas. Ethics plays a huge role in the procedure of any accounting system and it is the same within the State of Texas. This paper will include topics such as code violations, the accounting work product, and accountant/client privilege. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Aspects of Environmental Accounting

    This 30 page paper examines the issue of environmental accounting. The paper looks at the approaches that may be adopted to environmental accounting, such as social accounting and the way this may indicate the underlying corporate governance models or values adopted. The direct and indirect benefits are discussed and many real life examples are used to illustrate the point raised. The paper considers the case of the UK, but the lessons are universally applicable. The bibliography cites 28 sources.

  • Accounting Questions

    This 5 page paper answers questions concerning the way account takes place. The first looks at a case study to examine the way the practices fit in with the hierarchy of accounting qualities. The paper then considers the way in which accounting standards are set within the US and discusses whether the standards should be the same for all types of organization.

  • International Accounting Standards

    This 10 page paper looks at the benefits and difficulties for the adoption of international accounting standards where there is already a strong accounting regime in place. The paper discusses the way general changes may be needed and considers the reasons for international accounting standards. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Liabilities Creation and Deferred Tax

    This 8 page paper considers the use of deferred tax liabilities by companies. Deferred tax can aid a company by its’ use as an asset, but can also appear as a misleading figure on the annual accounts due to different accounting techniques being used for the published and the tax accounts. An example of how this liability arises is given in using depreciation as an example. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Complexities of IAS

    This 14 page report discusses international accounting standards and the complexity of financial accounting in terms of multi-national corporations, the global market place. Modern accounting practice can be looked at as a multi-layered system of assumptions, doctrines, formulas, formalities, and much more. Accounting and auditing standards have historically been set by national bodies such as FASB and specialized regulatory agencies in countries all over the world. Each country virtually has its own set of standards. Now, the developing global economy and growth in cross-border financing are creating an environment that would benefit from greater harmonization of accounting standards at both the international and the national levels. Paper includes a one-page executive summary. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • 4 Types of Accounting Dissertation Proposals

    This 16 page paper outlines four potential dissertations that concern accounting issues between the UK and one or more Arabic nations. The proposals have an outline question, consideration of the theoretical basis, a short literature review and a suggested schedule. The subjects are; 1. Environmental accounting in two different areas, 2. Accounting and terrorism, 3. The impact of international accounting standards on two different regions and 4. The impact of trade organisations and cartels on profits. The bibliography cites 14 sources.

  • Japanese Literature: "Essays in Idleness" and "An Account of My Hut"

    This 8 page paper compares two Japanese works of Medieval literature, "Essays in Idleness" and "An Account of My Hut." Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Vera Brittain and the Death of Youth

    This 3 page paper answers questions about Vera Brittain’s account of World War I as presented in “Testament of Youth.” Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • HEALTHCARE, FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING

    This 3-page paper focuses on questions concerning healthcare, finance and accounting. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychology Course Candidate

    An account of why an individual would be particularly suitable for a doctorate course in psychology, with reference to her personal and professional experience and her cultural background.

  • MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING IN ORGANIZATIONS

    This 3-page paper examines the concept of management accounting and explains its role in organizations. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • ACCOUNTING CASE STUDY

    This 5-page paper examines accounting and financial aspects a potential job applicant needs to examine before accepting a job. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • CASE STUDY: SMITH ACCOUNTING

    This 3-page paper discusses how the four functions of management can help save an ailing tax accounting firm. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Japanese Literature: "Essays in Idleness" and "An Account of My Hut"

    This 8 page paper compares two Japanese works of Medieval literature, "Essays in Idleness" and "An Account of My Hut." Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Book Review of Management Accounting

    This 20-page paper is a book review on the textbook Management Accounting (Fourth Edition) by Anthony Atkinson, Robert Kaplan and S. Mark Young.

  • The Aftermath of the Arthur Andersen Scandal

    This 3-page paper describes what happened to Arthur Andersen, from a financial accounting perspective, following Enron. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A 'Personal Narrative' of South America by Alexander Von Humboldt

    A 5 page analysis of Alexander Von Humboldt's personal accounts of South America in the early eighteenth century. A gifted naturalist, his accounts are interesting and informative of nineteenth century bias, as well as So. American reality. No additional sources cited.

  • Management and Financial Accounting

    A 6 page paper defining and providing examples of financial and management. Management accounting also provides decision-making tools, while financial accounting gives investors and regulatory agencies a view of how effective management's decision-making has been during the reporting period. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Management Accounting and Methods of Performance Assessment

    This 6-page paper focuses on various performance evaluations when it comes to management accouting systems. Systems discussed include cost accounting and activity based accounting. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Effective Security Management Through Financial Management and Accounting Understanding

    This 10 page paper considers how, by understanding accounting systems and management accounting practices, security can be improved. The paper defines security and then looks at the potential areas of weakness that require understanding, including internal and external security threats. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Overview of Global Account Management

    This 5 page paper looks at global account management according to information submitted by a student. The pitfalls of global accounts are discussed. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Decisions in Management Accounting Cases

    A 5 page paper assessing two management accounting cases. One addresses whether a one-location retail establishment should eliminate one department and expand another, one addresses the inability of a company’s board to determine where the company’s profits and losses lie due to inept accounting. Includes 3 tables. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Management Accounting and the Source of Error Represented by Fixed Costs

    This 7 page paper considers how fixed costs may be a major cause of error in management accounting. The paper looks at how production techniques have changed and traditional cost accounting may be inappropriate due to increased fixed costs and falling direct labour costs leading to distortions and a domino effect. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Accounts at Happy Hospital

    This 8 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student and answers four questions regarding the accounts. The first part look at the trends seen in the payment of accounts receivable, the second part looks at the budgeting process, the third part considers the way that balance sheets and revenue statements are used. The last section considers the prevention of fraud and compliance issues. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Tyco Case Study

    A 4 page paper. Using a case study, Tyco International: A Case of Corporate Malfeasance, provided by the student, the writer responds to three questions/issues: how to account for Kozlowski's behavior, how to account for the board's failure to fulfill duties, and what new CEO Breen must do to regain public confidence as well as that of other stakeholders. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Frantek Case Study

    This 5 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student. Frantek are a company that had a contract to sell computer boards, but they have not been able to meet their contractual obligations. The buyer re-negotiates some more favorable terms for Frantek. The paper looks at the impact on accounting issues such as revenue recognition, inventory valuation and accounting for liabilities. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Responsibility Accounting Applied to Coca-Cola

    A 3 page paper discussing the benefits and uses of responsibility accounting. The antidote to micromanaging is delegation, but with that delegation arises the need for managers delegated to, to be accountable for their decisions. Responsibility accounting fills that need and is practiced at many companies, including Coca-Cola. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Challenging Learning Experience

    A 5 page research paper that offers a first-person account of a challenging learning experience personal to the writer/tutor. This account discusses the writer’s feelings and attitudes toward the experience in terms of classical conditioning and negative reinforcement. The writer then relates how the learning was finally accomplished in terms of the constructivist paradigm. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Fair Value Accounting Uses

    This 4 page paper examines the use of fair value accounting, looking at what it is the how it is used according to various IAS and IFRS regulations. The paper then uses IAS 39 as an example to explore how this can impact on annual company accounts. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Financial and Managerial Accounting

    This 5 page paper discusses the difference between financial and managerial accounting and the types of reports prepared by financial and managerial accountants; the types of business decisions that might be made using the two types of accounting; and it outlines the Institute of Management Accountants (IMA) ethical standards and describes what sort of actions might constitute violations of these standards in the healthcare setting. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Responsibility Accounting; The Concept, Its’ Advantages and Disadvantages

    This 5 page paper examines the idea of responsibility accounting looking at the underlying concepts, the use of responsibility centres and the associated advantages and disadvantages of the responsibility accounting system. The bibliography cites two sources.

  • Are Accounting Reforms And Legislation Are The Only Means By Which The Accounting Profession Will be Able To Regain Public Trust And Re-Establish Its’ Credibility?

    This 8 page paper considers the issues in terms of trust and credibility in the accounting profession. The writer argues that historically public trust has been regained as loop holes and standards have been bettered. Using the example of Enron and comparing US and UK accounting and auditing standards the case is made for increasing levels of regulations to overcome the fears and difficulties associated with the causes of mistrust. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Financial Questions - the Four Accounting Statements and Use of Accounting Information

    This 3 page paper is written in two parts. The first part identifies and explains the 4 different statements which are found in audited annual accounts. The second part of the paper considers important actions that should be found in the office of a successful health organization, in the context of accounting functions. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Public Finance

    A 4 page paper that discusses specific issues. The paper begins with comments related to what the philosophy of public finance seems to be today (spend, spend, spend), then discusses the differences between governmental accounting and non-governmental accounting and lastly, comments on government budgeting and financial reporting. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • International Accounting Standards Implementation Benefits and Costs

    This 9 page paper discusses the statement that “Implementing international accounting standards will require considerable time and resources but the end results will be beneficial for all UK companies”. The paper looks at the benefits and the costs that will be realised as a result of harmonisation of accounting standards. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • European Union's Partial Endorsing of the International Accounting Standard 39 and its Impact

    This 5 page paper critically evaluates the potential impact of the movement towards international accounting harmonisation with the European Union's decision in 2004 to partially endorse International Accounting Standard (IAS) 39. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Accounting: Internal Controls

    A 4 page paper identifying internal control activities and discussing how the concepts of internal control affect the development GAAP accounting standards and how GAAP accounting standards affect the internal controls implemented. The paper begins with the COSO (Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission) definition of control activities. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Global Accounting and International Standards

    This 8 page paper considers why international accounting standards are advantageous and looks at the attitude adopted by the International Accounting Standards Committee when implementing the standards. The paper gives examples of to support the view put forward. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Fair Value Accounting in Australia after the Financial Crisis

    This 10 page paper considers the way that the financial recovery is impacting the way accounting takes place and the need for transparency and reliability. Looking at the issue of fair value accounting the changes are assessed along with the transparency and reliability of the way this is implemented in Australia. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Cost Accounting

    A 5 page paper discussing cost accounting, specifically absorption costing and variable costing. Activity-based costing also is included, as is a section on accounting ethics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Triple Bottom Line Accounting And Organisational Profit Accounting

    This 3 page paper compares and contrasts triple bottom line accounting with organisational profit accounting and considers the different views and perspectives concerning the approaches. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Passages Compared in Rain of Gold by Victor Villasenor

    A 3 page essay that compares two passages from Victor Villasenor's Rain of Gold, a real-life account of his Mexican-American family background. The writer discusses two passages that highlight the texture and nuance of the mother/son relationship and the importance of the matriarch in Mexican culture. No additional sources cited.

  • Passion of the Christ v. The Bible

    A 4 page research paper/essay that analyzes Mel Gibson’s film “The Passion of the Christ” has an air of authenticity that is designed to enhance the illusion that the audience is watching a highly accurate dramatization of biblical accounts of Christ’s Passion. The writer argues that a close examination of the film reveals that there are numerous deviations from the gospel accounts. These deviations, while still in keeping, overall, with the biblical text, tend to promote a theological perspective on the Bible that is in keeping with traditional Catholicism. Collectively speaking, the differences between gospel accounts and Gibson’s film offer an interpretation to the Passion of Christ that is substantially altered, which means that film’s air of authenticity is inaccurate. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Internal Accountants and Small Business

    A 12 page literature review examining the value of accountants to the small business. The literature review is for use in a study of small businesses in which they will be surveyed regarding the sources of the accounting expertise they use, for the purpose of relating accounting presence and business failure. The original purpose of this literature review was to locate and discuss articles focusing on small businesses’ use and employment of accounting personnel in support of an upcoming study of that relationship and its effect on the course of development of the small enterprise. No such specific information appears to be available, however, a surprising discovery in light of the critical nature of efficient and optimal operation of business of any size. Despite the dearth of information directly related to the proposed hypotheses for the study, the information that does exist points to the need for the proposed study. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • PHAR-MOR, FRAUD AND ACCOUNTING

    This 5-page paper discusses how Phar-Mor was fraudulent with its accounting. "Ghost inventory" is discussed as well. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Learning Prejudice

    This 3 page paper discusses racial discrimination, argues that it is learned and explains how it is learned, and what theory of social psychology best accounts for it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Creation, Man's Fall, and the Great Flood in Metamorphoses of Ovid and The Holy Bible

    A 5 page paper that compares and contrasts the accounts of creation, the fall of man and the flood as told by the Bible and Ovid in Metamorphoses. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Arab Seafaring by George Hourani

    7 pages in length. The vastness of George Hourani's "Arab Seafaring" explores well beyond the standardized version of sea trade history and its eventual impact upon the world; rather, this particular historic rendering takes myriad other elements into account when describing one of the most important episodes in commerce. While the author does, indeed, address the fundamental aspects of sea trade history as it relates to the time before Christ, the Arabs, the Indian Ocean and ultimately to China and East Africa, one might readily argue that the much more interesting components of Hourani's account stem from his detailed descriptions of other heretofore undisclosed content, such as travel particulars, geographic interests, meteorology and highly illustrative visual images of the very vessels that made these seafaring journeys over and over again. Also integral to the overall comprehensiveness of Hourani's book is the impact of lighthouses, maritime handbooks and other invaluable guiding instruments, as well as that of piracy and everyday sea life upon the sailors. Unquestionably, Arab Seafaring is one of the most exhaustive accounts of its kind that paints a complete and detailed literary picture of what it meant to be involved with seafaring commerce during these centuries. No additional sources cited.

  • A Review of The Broken Spears The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico

    A 6 page overview of Miguel Leon Portilla's 'The Broken Spears : The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico'. Reveals that this book differs from typical accounts of the conquest of Mexico in that it is one of the few accounts which is presented from the aspect of the indigenous peoples who lived there rather than from the perspective of the European marauders who invaded their lands and killed their peoples. Examines the question of why the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec. Suggests that this accomplishment is not just due to technological superiority but also to Spanish mindset. The Spanish conquered the Aztec by destroying their culture and exposing them to the ravages of disease. No additional sources are listed.

  • Is Maria Teresa Tula's Thinking Still Relevant?

    A 5 page paper discussing the generalizability of resistance to political oppression in the New World and in the East. In Hear My Testimony, author Maria Teresa Tula provides an account of the struggle for human rights in her native El Salvador. The purpose here is to examine the historical origins of that struggle and to determine whether the work reflects world historical forces of the non western world. The paper concludes that though results in abuses of human rights take similar forms, the historical origin of extremism in the New World and in old civilizations of Asia are greatly different. The book does provide an account of women's involvement in political resistance, however, which is highly relevant to oppression resulting from any origin. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Investment Assessment Paper

    This 10 page paper looks at a music company that is going to invest in one of three albums. The paper assesses the investment, starting by looking at the returns of the different investments, creating a profit and loss account for each and assessing several ratios, such as return on capital employed. The paper then looks at the break even point, the margin of safety, the accounting rate of return and the return on investment. The last part of the paper considers the way a questionnaire may be out together to assess the potential market for each album. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Hunting Cooperation and Gray Wolves

    15 pages in length. No other animal like the gray wolf can evoke such awe and terror at the same time. History is full of accounts of this magnificent animal stalking and ultimately taking down its prey with such ferocity and intent that scores of fabrications and misrepresentations have wrongly infused themselves into the patchwork of society. In fact, the gray wolf is no more sinister a predator than the lion, bobcat or owl; their primary focus in life is survival, which compels them to hunt for their existence. The writer offers a detailed account of how gray wolves cooperate in hunting. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Drawbacks of Narration As Seen in Two Works By Conde and Carpentier

    5 pages in length. Maryse Conde's "Land of Many Colors" and part II of "The Harp and the Shadow," by Alejo Carpentier, ponder the impossibility of telling everything when narrating the story of a person's life. When comparing why the story of these people must be told in each case, it is important to realize that not each and every individual detail is pertinent when telling one's life tale. Indeed, imagination and facts prove to influence the doctor's account of Berthe's and Antoine's lives, while Columbus' account of his own life also comes across just as peppered with a mixture of illusory and truth as he prepares to confess his sins. Inasmuch as these elements exist within the boundaries of both tales, the limitations that exist to influence the way each story is told are somehow both apparent and obscure at the same time. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Blues People Negro Music in White America by Leroi Jones

    A 3 page analysis of Blues People: Negro Music in White America by Leroi Jones. This book is a comprehensive and highly readable account that traces the birth and development of African American music and the considerable effect that it has had on white mainstream culture. No additional sources cited.

  • Overview of Financial Management

    This 36 page paper considers different aspects of financial management. The paper is written in six parts which show hw to conduct a ratio analysis of some financial accounts, the example in the paper uses Hanson PLC, the value of life cycles costing as a way of controlling expenditure, overhead costing with examples of how overheads may be distributed, contribution per unit and the way that break even points, how to use general information to draw up a profit and loss account and a balance sheet, including discussion on what can and cannot be included. The paper then considers the proposed changes with FRED 22 which it the revision of FRS 3 and the different tools that can be used for investment assessment, including but not limited to NPV and IRR. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • The Major Shifts in Practices in Management Accounting

    A 10 page paper discussing changes in the profession arising from changes in technology, globalization and competitive strategies. Integrated management accounting systems, such as those arising from activity-based costing and management (ABC/ABM) systems with enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems can be appealing for their instant accessibility to information in real-time, but they also can detract from sound decision making based on trends more easily discernible from the more standard monthly and annual reports of traditional management accounting systems. There can be a place for both, but their uses need to be as clearly defined as the qualities they are measuring. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Drawbacks of Narration As Seen in Two Works By Conde and Carpentier

    5 pages in length. Maryse Conde's "Land of Many Colors" and part II of "The Harp and the Shadow," by Alejo Carpentier, ponder the impossibility of telling everything when narrating the story of a person's life. When comparing why the story of these people must be told in each case, it is important to realize that not each and every individual detail is pertinent when telling one's life tale. Indeed, imagination and facts prove to influence the doctor's account of Berthe's and Antoine's lives, while Columbus' account of his own life also comes across just as peppered with a mixture of illusory and truth as he prepares to confess his sins. Inasmuch as these elements exist within the boundaries of both tales, the limitations that exist to influence the way each story is told are somehow both apparent and obscure at the same time. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Major Shifts in Practices in Management Accounting

    A 10 page paper discussing changes in the profession arising from changes in technology, globalization and competitive strategies. Integrated management accounting systems, such as those arising from activity-based costing and management (ABC/ABM) systems with enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems can be appealing for their instant accessibility to information in real-time, but they also can detract from sound decision making based on trends more easily discernible from the more standard monthly and annual reports of traditional management accounting systems. There can be a place for both, but their uses need to be as clearly defined as the qualities they are measuring. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Johnson and Kaplan's Relevance Lost The Rise and Fall of Management Accounting Reviewed

    This is a 10 page paper reviewing the book “Relevance Lost: The Rise and Fall of Management Accounting” by H. Thomas Johnson and Robert S. Kaplan first published in 1987 and has since been printed over nine times. The book is extremely relevant in its recognition of the importance of the development of the management accounting discipline over its course in history and the realization that the system must be drastically updated in order to be effective in today’s global competitive industries. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Aquinas by F.C. Copleston

    A 3 page essay that analyzes F.C. Copleston's Aquinas, An Introduction to the life and work of the Great Medieval Thinker (1955). The writer argues that Copleston offers a balanced and well-written account of Aquinas' life and his contributions to theology and philosophy. This examination of Copleston's text shows that his interpretation of Aquinas' work is enlightening and insightful, particularly in regards to Aquinas' cosmological argument on the existence of God. No additional sources cited.

  • The Color of Water by McBride and Racism

    This 5 page paper looks at the autobiographical account with a focus on this black man's white, Jewish mother. The theme of racism are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Neil Bogart and Casablanca Records' Rise and Fall

    A 5 page synopsis of Fredric Dannen's account of the risk and fall of Neil Bogart and Casablanca Records in his book Hit Men: Power Brokers and Fast Money Inside the Music Business. The writer relates how Bogart and Casablanca defined the worst excesses of the disco era. It is a tale of extravagance and incredibly bad business management. No additional sources cited.

  • Jesus' Betrayal by Judas

    A 7 page paper that discusses the events surrounding Judas' betrayal of Jesus. Judas is one of the most talked about figures in the Bible and yet there are very few references to him. These are discussed. Also discussed is why Judas found it necessary to kiss Jesus in the Garden when by all accounts everyone knew who Jesus was. The disparity in the incident in the Garden is pointed out as is the disparity in Judas' final actions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • AUNT CONNIE'S COOKIES AND COST ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS

    This 3-page paper explains what cost accounting systems are and how they can be used to determine costs of producing a product. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Accounting and Tax Based Questions and Issues

    This 5-page paper asks several accounting and tax-based questions, and asks what issues these might be related to. Topics under discussion include gifting, transfer of income, transfer of property and more. Bibliography lists one source.

  • Corporate Social Responsibility Subjects

    This 12 page paper looks five different corporate social responsibility issues that face businesses today; climate change, sustainability, child labour, fair trade and environmental accounting. Each is discussed to look at how the issue can be defined and how it may impact in businesses. The bibliography cites 24 sources.

  • Hospital Information Systems: Identifying Pathways

    A 3 page paper identifying information pathways in a nonprofit hospital clinic. The overall system can be improved by requiring that all patient data be stored electronically. This creates a record of items presently not accounted for (such as paper messages or verbal instruction), making them available for practitioners' use as well as for greater accuracy in billing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Questions on Fiscal and Monetary Policy Answered

    This 5 page paper answers four questions. Firstly, the paper looks at the three main tools that the Federal Reserve may use to control the money supply in the US. The second question is the shortest, and shows how the reserve balance on T-accounts is calculated. The third question outlines the variables that impact on the demand for money, and the last question looks at expansionary monetary and fiscal policies, what they are and how they operates and then uses the IS-LM model to illustrate the effects. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Low Unemployment and the Objectives of Macroeconomics

    This paper focuses on low unemployment, low inflation, rapid and sustainable economic growth and the avoidance of current account balance of payment deficits. Considers these in the context of aggregate demand. Graph is included.

  • International Accounting Convergence; IFRS and US GAAP

    This 6 page paper examines the potential of international accounting standards considering the advantages and disadvantages of harmonisation and the specific challenges and barriers that exist preventing the US from adopting International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The paper start of a general overview of the implications for harmonisation and then considers the specific difficulties the US would face moving from a rules-based system to a principles-based system. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Successful Communist Revolutions in China and Russia A Comparative Assessment

    This 8 page paper provides a comparative overview of the factors that account for the successful communist revolutions n Russia and China. This paper considers the similarities of each revolution and the factors that determined the maintenance of communism over time. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Accounting and Financials As They Involve Islamic Banking

    This 26-page paper describes the Islam economic system, how banks and financial institutions operate in this system, and the accounting procedures used under Islam economics. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Analysis of Jaguar's Web Site

    A 4 page paper that begins with a short historical account of what is now Jaguar Limited. The writer analyzes the company's Web site considering user-friendliness, ease of obtaining different kinds of information, the evidence of a global perspective and a general overall analysis of the Web site and its links. Different URL addresses are incorporated into the text. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Historical Jesus in 3 Views

    An 8 page research paper that offers summations and discussion of 3 books. E.P. Sanders in The Historical Figure of Jesus (1993); John D. Crossan in The Historical Jesus; The Life of a Mediterranean Peasant (1991); and Gerd Theissen and Annette Merz in The Historical Jesus (1996) present scholarly, well-researched accounts of what is known historically of the life of Jesus of Nazareth. This examination of these books, first of all, look briefly at each volume and then offers discussion. No additional sources cited.

  • Journalism and the Internet

    This 6 page paper explores online journalism to decipher its place in the history of journalism. Where does net journalism fit in? What is its future? What is the difference between online journalism and print journalism? These questions are explored after providing a brief historical account of print journalism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Cost Distribution and Production Costs

    This 5 page paper assess the importance of the production-cost relationship in a firm and demonstrates how the relationship directly affects the distribution of costs within a firm. This is undertaken by looking at different forms of management accounting; overhead or absorption costing, marginal or variable costing, standard costing and activity based costing (ABC). The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • The Onset of the Depression

    An 11 page paper answering 8 questions about the origins of the Great Depression and whether the same events could happen today. Some questions ask for the writer's opinion, and that is reflected consistently in the message that we need less government, not more. The paper recommends that the salvation of Social Security could be that Congress is prevented from skimming off surpluses that should remain in the fund, while simultaneously implementing a different system based on the example of Singapore's Provident Fund in which individuals are required to contribute to accounts that they have responsibility for managing. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Career Opportunities in Accounting and Auditing

    This 5 paper focuses on accounting as a career, focusing on what it is, trends and salaries, and comparison of the profession in New York and Los Angeles. Bibliography has 7 sources.

  • Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Internal Audit in the Public Sector

    This 10 page paper considers different influences which will impact on the effectiveness of an internal audit in the public sector; factors discussed include the general accounting system in the public sector, internal controls, relationship with external audit, relationship with management and management support, regulations and standards, the qualifications and expertise of auditors, the way audit recommendations are implemented and the audit committee. The bibliography cites 14 sources.

  • ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS IN INDIA - AUSTRALIAN PERSPECTIVE

    This 10-page paper discusses accounting issues that will be faced by an Australian firm wishing to enter India to do business. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Measures to Reduce the Risk of Terrorism in the Finance and Accounting Sector

    This 15 page paper looks at the risks and reactions to terrorism within the accounting and finance industry. The paper starts by considering the way crime theory may be used to assess risks of terrorism, looking at concepts such as opportunity theory, rational choice theory and routine actions theory and then assesses the measures that have been out into place within the industry. The paper compares the UK with Saudi Arabia to assess effectiveness of measures in different countries. The bibliography cites 23 sources

  • Problems of Accounting and Finance

    4 pages addresses 2 accounting and finance problems. The first involves Banbury Corporation’s acquisition of Luttrell Co., which owned residential investment property that Banbury did not want. The second discusses Ms. Sack’s investment in Dylan, consisting of $20,000 cash and $20,000 (FMV, basis $2,000), concluding that half of the capital gains on the sale of her interest in the company are short-term, half long-term. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Vietnam Oral Narratives

    A 5 page research paper that summarizes and analyzes five oral histories concerning personal experience during the Vietnam War. These histories are taken from The Vietnam War Remembered from All Sides edited by C.G. Appy (2004). Accounts profiled are by a former Viet Cong guerilla fighter, a former US official, the wife of a war protester, and Senator John McCain. No additional sources cited.

  • Factors One Should Consider When Establishing A Useful Management Accounting Information System

    This 5 page paper considers what factors need to be looked at before a company decides upon, and implements a new management accounting information system. Factors discussed include functionality, current and future information needs, the decision whether to buy or lease and influence and impact on employees. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Market Value Add and Economic Value Add

    This 5-page paper touches on two economic factors --Economic Value Add and Market Value Add -- and determines how they fit into an accounting format. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Diminishing Importance of the iPod in Apples Product Portfolio

    This 4 page paper looks at the iPod and assesses its financial important to Apple. The paper starts by looking at the proportion of sales the iPod has accounted for between 2007 and 2011 and then extrapolates figures from the annual report to estimate the potential contribution the sales make toward overhead and profit. The paper ends with a brief SWOT analysis for the iPod. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Nonprofit Organizations and 2002's Sarbanes-Oxley Act

    A 5 page paper. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, also known as the American Competitiveness and Corporate Accountability Act of 2002, was passed in response to the many accounting scandals in private sector corporations. There are provisions in this Act that apply to everyone, however. This essay discusses how nonprofits are being affected by the Act. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

    A 7 page essay that discusses the central role that Franklin’s list of virtues plays in his autobiography. While Franklin’s account demonstrates that he largely succeeded in his goal to live by these virtues, his references to others, specifically Samuel Keimer, John Collins, and Hugh Meredith, provide contrast to Franklin’s own behavior, as they provide an antithesis for the virtues in Franklin’s list. Examination of Franklin’s autobiography indicates how he uses this contrast to paint a strong portrait of himself as his text’s protagonist. No additional sources cited.

  • Teaching Students of Different Subjects; Differences in Approach

    This 7 page paper looks at the differences and the similarities that may exist when comparing the way accounting students and marketing students are taught. The paper also looks at some of the tools which may be used for effective teaching. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Managing Change

    This 6 page paper considers whether or not change management should still be considered as a separate subject. Modern management methods incorporate many approaches that support human relations management ideas, communicating with employees and taking social needs into account. The paper assesses the way that change management techniques are present in everyday management processes. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Financial Management of Domestic and Multinational Business

    This 8 page paper looks at three different issues concerning financial management. The first part of the paper considers the similarities in financial accounting between domestic and multinational companies. The second part of the paper considers the differences in financial management between these two company types and the last part of the part examined the methods that may be used to deal with the difficulties faced by international companies when undertaking capital budgeting exercises. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Financial Management of Domestic and Multinational Business

    This 8 page paper looks at 3 different aspects of financial management; the similarities in financial accounting between domestic and multinational companies; the differences in financial management between these two company types and the last part of the part examined the methods that may be used to deal with the difficulties faced by international companies when undertaking capital budgeting exercises. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Costco and Best Buy

    This 4 page paper compares the financial performance of Costco and Best Buy, between 2004 and 2006. The paper looks at operating performance and profitability using gross, operating and net profit as well as return or assets and return on equity. Activity ratios are presented in the form of accounts receivable and payable turnover, inventory turnover and growth in revenue and inventory. The paper also looks at cash flow, share price, market capitalization and P/E ratio. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Pecos Printers Pricing

    A 5 page paper in two parts. Part 1 (4 pages) provides a management accounting exercise in pricing and selling printers. The owner of the company fails to realize he can accept lower unit prices after meeting his fixed costs. Part 2 discusses marketing alliances between the Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) and outside retailers to increase choices available to AAFES customers without increasing the company's costs and without the need to stock the products. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Slide Show Video Script

    Sold as 5 pages. This document contains a standard video script for a business presentation / slide show -- advertising a fictitious car with a special V-14 engine. Graphics, sound effects, etc.-- are all taken into account and written into the script.

  • Machiavelli's Beliefs on Religion and Politics

    5 pages in length. According to Machiavelli, a successful and powerful government balances is strengths by offsetting differing interests, while always taking into account public good. The writer discusses religion and politics as they relate to Machiavelli's Discourses. No additional sources cited.

  • Financial Ratios from Three Industries

    This 6 page paper looks at three companies in different industries; the service industry, manufacturing industry and the retail industry. A range of ratios are presented in compared by considering the difference in terms of industries as well as potential differences in accounting regimes. The 3 companies chosen are Disney Corporation, Lindsay Manufacturing and Tesco. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Lance Armstrong and the notion 'Its Not About the Bike'

    A 5 page discussion about Lance Armstrong's account of his fight against cancer. This paper provides several quotes from Armstrong's book as well as a detailed review of the physiological changes that come about with cancer. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Autobiographical Account of 'Math Anxiety'

    A 5 page research paper that explores the topic of "math anxiety," a term which refers to the paralyzing fear experienced by many people that they will perform badly when faced with a timed aptitude test on any form of math. This examination of math anxiety offers an autobiographical account of this author's math experience, from the elementary to the college level, as well as the math experiences of a colleague. This is followed by a discussion as to whether or not math anxiety is gender related. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Cross Boarder Mergers And Acquisitions

    This 15 page paper looks at the problems and challenges of international mergers and acquisitions, and argues that it is more than financial considerations that need to be taken into account of the merger or acquisition is to be successful. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Benefits of the Miranda Rule of 1966

    This 5 page report discusses the merits of the 1966 Miranda Rule. Miranda v. Arizona (384 U.S. 436) was a landmark Supreme Court case that dramatically affected police investigations, particularly in the definition and scope of the terms 'detention' and 'custody,' as well as protection against self-incrimination. Recent criticisms of Miranda fail to take into account the great good it has accomplished over the past three decades. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Business Administration Overview

    A 10 page paper that presents an overview of business administration and its primary functions. Discussed are the four major areas of skill required to build the framework of an effective and integrated business administration, which are the skills of overall management, business marketing, management accounting, and business statistics. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Apollo Group Inc.; Statistical Analysis of the Share Price Performance 2005 - 2007

    This 4 page paper examines the performance of Apollo Group Inc. stock using statistical analysis to assess whether there should be a buy, hold or sell recommendation. The analysis is based purely on the analysis of the share price and not other factors are taken into account. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Overview of Consumer Credit

    This 15 page report discusses consumer credit -- its use, its availability, its purpose and function. Establishing a credit record is a simple enough process and is a fundamental aspect of most Americans’ lives but understanding the process of how credit actually works is far more complicated than opening a checking or savings account. This report address issues relating to personal credit such as credit card issuance and terms, consumer debt, and personal money management. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Buying Behavior of Consumers

    A five page paper which looks at the factors which influence consumer buying behaviour and the way in which marketing strategies are formulated to take these influences into account. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Gold At Sutter’s Mill in California

    A 3 page summation and analysis of General John A. Sutter’s first-person account of the discovery of gold at his mill, which is the event that launched the California gold rush. Sutter relates what the event meant for him personally. No other sources cited.

  • The Financial Performance of Bramble Ltd and The Toll Group 2008 - 2011

    This 10 page paper looks at two Australian firm; Bramble Ltd and Toll Holdings from a financial perspective. A ratio and trend analysis is performed on both companies for financial years 2008 – 2011. The performance of the companies is examined assessment including analysis of profitability, efficiency and liquidity and the value of the annual accounts assessed. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Analysis of Corporate Annual Account Finances

    This 8 page papers uses shows a student how to analysis a set of company accounts top look at issues such as profitability, working capital, liquidity, capital structure and stock market indicators. The writer demonstrated how to read the relevant figures and calculate the margins or the ratios required, as well as explaining what they mean. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • The Purposes And Natures Of Financial Statements And Managerial Reports

    This 3 page paper looks at the role and purposes of financial statement and management account statements or reports, considering who they are designed for and the way that they are used. The paper then considers how financial statements may help with the making of informed decision regarding the firm and how they may reflect ethics. The bibliographic cites 3 sources.

  • Technology/Hospitality Industry

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the many uses of technology in today's hospitality industry. Technology has changed the way in which the hospitality industry operates. It has gone from pen-and-paper accounting to utilization of the latest computer and automated technology. The writer discusses property management systems and other innovations. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Holocaust Literature and the Portrayal of Children

    A paper which looks at the way in which children are depicted in literature which deals with the Holocaust, in both autobiographical works and fiction, the importance of such works as a resource in Holocaust studies, and the way in which contemporary children respond to such accounts of their forebears’ experiences.

  • The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Developing Smart Home Living

    This 16 page paper looks at the concept of the smart home, a home which utilizes technology and may be effectively increase independent living for the elderly and disabled. The paper examines the ethical, social, legal and professional considerations which will need to be taken into account with the design of smart homes and the way in which they are used. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • The Phenomenon Known as Ageing

    An overview of the phenomenon of ageing from a biochemical perspective, looking at the programmed and random damage theories and the ways in which these might be approached in order to take into account both genetic and stochastic causes of ageing. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • Issues Concerning Internal Controls

    This 3 page paper looks at an accounting case provided by the student answering questions concerning potential limits of internal controls, how controls may be implemented, symptoms of lax control and potential problems over a journal missing entry. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Oman; Accounting and Financing Considerations

    This 4 page paper looks at Oman from the perspective of a potential company thinking of setting up a factory in the country. The first part of the paper considers the accounting issues that they will face and the second part looks at the financing issues and risks. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Responsibilities of the Security Manager with Regard to Understanding Financial Management and Accounting

    This 3 page paper discusses why it’s important to have a Security Manager who understands something about finance and accounting, and what they might mean to internal and external threats to the company. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Budgets, Ethics and Accounting Information in the Case of Guillermo Furniture

    This 3 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. The paper is written in three parts, the first considers how and why budgets and performance reports may be useful. The second part of the paper discusses the potential impact on ethics on the way that decisions are made. The last part of the paper looks at what type of accounting information would be useful in the decision making process. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • The Pension Funds of Coca Cola and PepsiCo in 2009 and the Impact of IFRS on Reporting of Pension Funds

    This 6 page paper looks at the differences in accounting for pension funds between US GAAP and IRFS. The differences are identified and discussed. The paper then assesses the pension funds of two companies; Coca Cola and PepsiCo, and the state of their pension funds, comparing and contrasting the position of the two funds and the level of underfunding present. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Measuring Value in Publicly Owned Organizations

    The way that value is measured in firms usually focuses on financial or economic measures. This 8 page paper considers the measurement of value in publicity owned organizations and whether traditional measures such as profit levels or market value added, or if benefits and costs can be measured in a more holistic manner. The paper discuses the uses of a stakeholder approach to performance and the use of social accounting as well as issues of accountability. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • History and 'The Iliad' by Homer

    A 7 page analytical essay that examines Homer's Iliad in terms of how the details of the poem reflect the culture and beliefs of Homer's era. The writer argues that the works of Homer, regardless of whether or not Homer actually existed or if his account of the Trojan War is historical accurate, definitely reflect the cultural concepts, beliefs, and worldview of the time in which these epic poems were composed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • History and 'The Iliad' by Homer

    A 7 page analytical essay that examines Homer's Iliad in terms of how the details of the poem reflect the culture and beliefs of Homer's era. The writer argues that the works of Homer, regardless of whether or not Homer actually existed or if his account of the Trojan War is historical accurate, definitely reflect the cultural concepts, beliefs, and worldview of the time in which these epic poems were composed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Augustus' Rule and the Pessimism of 'The Aeneid'

    A 5 page contention that despite the fact that Virgil manages to maintain a facade of patriotism in "The Aeneid", the poem is in reality an underhandedly pessimistic account of Augustus' regime. This is true despite the fact that Virgil was writing under the close supervision of Augustus and was obligated to portray him and his regime in a positive light. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Budget Variance

    This 5 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Several areas of expenditure identified within management accounts, with the actual spending compared the budget spending, presented some speculation regarding possible reasons for the variance. The second part of the paper considers potential benchmarks which may be utilized in order to increase the accuracy of future forecasting. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Cyberstalking Issues

    This 5-page paper examines issues in cyberstalking, especially from a legal standpoint. Taking a fictional case study into account, the paper discusses whether cyberstalking actually took place, and whether the stalker should be convicted. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History of Turkey and Kuwait's Rates of Exchange

    This 10 page paper discusses the exchange rate history of Turkey and Kuwait and compares/contrasts them. Suggestions and theories are proposed based on the available data to account for the disparity between them. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Social Transgressions in D.H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers

    A 9 page discussion of the odd circumstances portrayed in this early twentieth century novel depicting the life of young Paul Morel. Lawrence treads on societal prohibitions when he presents the graphical account of the odd relationship which existed between his protagonist and his mother. He does so not because he wants to harness the “shock factor” in order to captivate a reading audience but because he wants to explore the most primal aspects of mankind’s nature.

  • English Law and Theory of Team Production

    This 14 page paper examines to what extent Team Production Theory can be seen to offer an accurate account of English company law. Comparison is made with US law where this model has been developed and seen as applicable in the ongoing development of corporate governance. The paper explains what is meant by Team Production Theory and then applies this model to English law. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Assimilation Ideologies and Ethnic, Racial, and Cultural Diversity

    A 6 page review of the numerous factors which have led to diversity in the United States. The author explores the three major ideologies of assimilation (“Anglo-Conformity”, “the Melting Pot”, and “Cultural Pluralism”) and rejects these terminologies in favor of “structural pluralism”, a terminology which takes into account factors such as economics and geography as well as race and ethnicity to describe American diversity. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mel Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ

    A 7 page research paper that describes and analyzes the influences in Mel Gibson’s film The Passion of the Christ. The writer discusses how the film differs from gospel and historical accounts and then focuses on where Gibson obtained information on scenes that differ from the gospel stories of the Christ’s betrayal, arrest and crucifixion. The writer also points out aspects of Hollywood conventions that are in the film. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • U.S. History and the Impact of Roy Cohn

    This 3 page paper presents a biographical account of this attorney who became famous during the 1950's. Cohn's role in the McCarthy era is noted as well as one event that led to his ultimate disbarment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Does Activity-Based Costing method give companies a competitive edge?

    This 20 page paper is a research proposal to assess whether or not the use of activity based accounting can give a company a completive edge. The paper outlines why the research is worthwhile, presents a literature review and then proposes quantitative and qualitative research. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Accounting Case Study; Plenty Money Sdn Bhd

    This 20 page paper answers questions based on a case study provided by the student. The answers include looking at how to compare two years of annual accounts, why profit may be up but cash flow is struggling, NPV and IRR calculations and the preparation of a cash budget, profit and loss and balance sheet for a new company. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Revenue Recognition at Carlton; A Case Study

    This 4 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student where there are different sales scenarios and questions regarding whether or not the revenue should be recognized. The paper then considers how other companies have dealt with similar scenarios and the impact of international accounting standards on the case. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Increased Corporate Governance Effects Assessment

    A 15 page proposal for studying this topic. Nations and organizations throughout the world are more aware of the need for greater corporate governance, and many have taken or are considering alterations to standards that could increase corporate responsibility and compliance in financial reporting. What remains unclear is how some of the proposed and realized changes may affect business operation. The study proposed here seeks to determine how accounting and auditing standards may be affected by these changes. Bibliography lists 31 sources.

  • Allstate Investigations and Security AAA AAA-Allstate Security and Investigations

    A 3 page paper discussing goals; financial projection; success factors; and controls for a security guard company’s plans to adopt and implement iPIX™ 360-degree stationary cameras at commercial accounts. The company believes that the cameras will reduce direct labor costs as well as maintenance costs associated with mechanical panning cameras currently used. Bibliography lists 3 sources. 7-slide PowerPoint presentation available as well.

  • Banking PowerPoint Presentation

    This 5 page paper is a PowerPoint presentation with speaker notes explain the role of banks, looking at their principle operations of running different types of accounts and their position ad a lender. The part then explains the role of the bank as an intermediary between the savers and the borrowers.

  • Rio Tinto

    This 11 page paper, made up of 9 pages of text and a 6 slide PowerPoint presentation looks at the performance of Rio Tinto. The first part of the paper looks at the strategic approach and the financial results between 2004 and 2008. The second part considered the important of treasury management and the last part discusses the importance of harmonization of international accounting standards. The PowerPoint presentation presents a SWOT analysis of the company and its performance. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • JKA Case Study

    This 8 page paper answers questions based on a case study provided by the student. JKA is a commercial programming consultancy firm that has expanded into other areas including dispute resolution. The case answers questions concerning the marketing of the company; how brandy should take place and the value of CRM, management of the company; the organisation and communication within the company, and accounting; the impact of opening an office in Dubai on the ratio analysis and cash-flow statements. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Case Study: Decision Time at Lotus Corporation

    This 3 page paper uses a case study to describe the way in which Lotus Corporation launched its Lotus 1-2-3. It further considers whether Lotus should sell directly to its large accounts, or go through its network of distributors.

  • Bight Home Builders Case Study

    This 8 page paper is based on a case study provided by the student. Bright home builders is a Chinese construction company, they face a number of internal control issues; poor control over employees and poor accounting standards. The paper looks at three strategic alternatives for each issue which may be adopted to remedy the problems along with the advantages and disadvantages associated with their strategies. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Accounting Case Study; Frantek and Conte

    This 5 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student; Frantek. The paper considers the different ways transaction will be treated in accounting terms, looking at revenue recognition, the need for certainty and assumption that need to be made. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Merrimack Case Study; Accounting for Inventory LIFO and FIFO

    This 5 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student and looks at the way changes in sales patterns and policy may impact on the cost of sales and the valuation of inventory. The paper starts by looking at a stock valuation and the production of an income sheet using last in first out (LIFO), then at changes in sales patterns which may impact on costs of goods/value of inventory. The change to first in first out (FIFO) is then considered, looking at the impact on the accounts and considering the ethical implications. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Merrimack Tractors Case Study

    This 13 page paper looks at a case study of a firm that is considering make a change in accounting policy; to move from last in first out (LIFO) to first in first out (FIFO) inventory valuation methods. The impact that change may have ion the income statement are discussed and calculated, and issues such as ethical considerations are discussed. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Activity Based Costing Case Study

    This 4 page paper is based on an accounting case study supplied by the student. The paper demonstrates the way that New Millennium Linen can assess their costs using traditional costing techniques and activity based costing.

  • Cost Accounting Case Study - Clear Hear

    This 4 page paper looks at an accounting case study provided by the student, Clear Hear have the opportunity to increase revenues with a new contract for 100,000 cellular telephones, but they only have spare capacity for 70,000. The paper looks at differentiation and costs for the options to determine if the firm should accept the contract and assess how it should be fulfilled. The calculations used are included in the paper The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Income and Expenses at Patton Fuller

    This 3 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student, looking at the different categories of revenues and costs in a set of accounts provided looking at what they are and what they represent. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Choosing a Trading Partner

    This 10 page paper looks at a case study provided b the student. The scenario is a firm is looking to expand and has a choice of three companies. The paper looks at the financial and non financial information that can be used to make the decision. The case study was supplied with a set of accounts for each potential trading partner which are used to calculate profit, efficiency and liquidity ratios. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Obeserving and Managing the Classroom

    A 5 page research paper that offers an account of a hypothetical observational experience. While actually conducting a classroom observation is, of course, beyond the scope of this example term paper writing service, a great deal can be discerned from classroom management literature that indicates how such a classroom observation might be described. This paper indicates, hypothetically, how an observational experience might be described and also suggests an activity that the student may conduct with a class. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Management Accounting Analysis of the Master Budget

    A 25-page paper that presents an overview of the master budget along with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages involved in its use. Also included is a discussion of the changing world of management accounting and the direction it is predicted to take over the next few years. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Autobiographical Account of 'Math Anxiety'

    A 5 page research paper that explores the topic of "math anxiety," a term which refers to the paralyzing fear experienced by many people that they will perform badly when faced with a timed aptitude test on any form of math. This examination of math anxiety offers an autobiographical account of this author's math experience, from the elementary to the college level, as well as the math experiences of a colleague. This is followed by a discussion as to whether or not math anxiety is gender related. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Margin Trading and Its Potential Impact on Developing Market Stock Exchanges; Literature Review

    This 26 page paper is written in the form of a literature review looking at areas which would need to be considered in a paper assessing the impact of margin trading on either developing or developed countries. The paper defines margin trading, explains how it takes place including margin accounts and the call margin. The potential impacts that margin trading can have on the markets is then discussed including pyramiding and depyramiding and potential stabilizing impacts. The bibliography cites 20 sources cited.

  • Analyzing A History of the World in 10 1/2 Chapters by Julian Barnes

    This 4 page paper presents an analysis of this unique and startling fictional account of the history of the world, illuminating its commentary on spirituality and human nature. Furthermore, this paper examines this work in light of other great works of literature, such as the book of Genesis, Augustine's "Confessions", Freud's "Civilization and its Discontents", and others. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Holocaust Literature and the Portrayal of Children

    A paper which looks at the way in which children are depicted in literature which deals with the Holocaust, in both autobiographical works and fiction, the importance of such works as a resource in Holocaust studies, and the way in which contemporary children respond to such accounts of their forebears’ experiences.

  • Employee Behavior and the Effects of Management Accounting

    5 pages in length. The fast and frequent changes that continue to occur throughout the workplace has caused some positions to be eliminated while others assume even more responsibility. In the case of management accounting and how it impacts employee behavior, the student will want to discuss this ever-changing environment as it relates to improving company productivity and efficiency, the need for effective leadership during such changes, as well as address the critical importance of managerial communication within the organization. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History of the Italian Carnival During the Renaissance

    20 pages. This fascinating paper is a look at the history of the Carnival in Italy, especially in Florence, during the 14th and 15th centuries. People's lives changed from ordinary to the wild and mysterious during Carnival. People gained a sense of power during Carnival; how did the Carnival affect the ruling families of the time period? Many fascinating topics are covered in this account of the bizarre and riotous period of Carnival during the Renaissance period. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Convenience Store Management Accounting

    A 4 page paper answering 5 questions of how a management accounting software package can assist convenience store owners to achieve greater profitability and operating efficiency by identifying those products that are most profitable. Every square inch of a convenience store is valuable to its management, and changes in the industry dictate that these stores operate with maximum efficiency. Store owners are learning that the highest profit margin items are not necessarily the most profitable ones to carry. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Financial Investment Model Limitations and Long Term Capital Management

    A 9 page overview of the applicability of financial models to investment. The author reveals the investment strategy of the “Long Term Capital Management” fund to contend that this strategy was based largely on models such as that accounted for by the Black-Scholes Formula. The failure of this fund serves to exemplify the fact that models are based on normal behavior, when normal behavior is replaced by abnormal behavior even the most advanced financial models fail to perform. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Questions on Information Technology and Management Supply

    A 10 page paper answering 6 questions about supply chain management; JIT; ERP; EDI and accounting. The paper contains diagrams for the supply chain of two manufacturers and a university. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • College Math 'Survival'

    A 3 page informal assessment of the many things that are different about the college environment and the high school environment that might account for decreased performance in mathematics. Noting the different teaching styles, living arrangements, and the many frustrations of life on campus; the author of this paper emphasizes that the only one that can take responsibility for student success is the student themselves. No sources are listed.

  • In Depth Look at Columbia Sportswear

    This 17 page paper is an in-depth look at the Columbia Sportswear Company, a US firm selling outdoor wear, sportswear, footwear, accessories and equipment. The paper assessing the company from the 2004 annual accounts with an in-depth ratio analysis, identification of financial and strategic issues and an assessment of the opportunities, threats, strengths and weaknesses. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • BMX Racing

    This 7 page paper provides a historical account of BMX racing as well as providing a description of the sport. A comparison to mountain biking is also included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Different Stakeholders, Single Set of Accounts, and Management Accounting

    This 16 page paper answers two questions. The first part considers the implementation and operation of systems of budgeting and budgetary and how they are very time consuming and discussing the extent to which this time is well spent. The second part of the paper discusses the view that it is impossible to satisfy the needs of different users with a single set of published accounts. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Leadership, Management and Changes in These Fields

    A 7 page paper comparing a century-old view of management with today’s practices. Many of Henri Fayol’s concepts are in evidence today, but his primary precepts – i.e., one “right” form of organization, one “right” manner of approaching organizational issues; full decision-making responsibility for the CEO and none other – have fallen out of favor in preference for more participative approaches to management that also account for and make use of differences among individuals, differences that can give organizations competitive advantage in their industries. The purpose here is to weigh Fayol’s concepts against today’s management practices. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Alexander of Macedon by Peter Green

    A 5 page analysis of Peter Green's book Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B.C.: A Historical Biography. This biography differs greatly from romanticized accounts of Alexander the Great's life and shows that although he was a brilliant general, he was also a flawed ruler who had an insatiable thirst for power and conquest. No additional sources cited.

  • Workplace Motivational Theories

    This 7 page paper explains a number of theories that account for an employee's motivation to get along with others and to demonstrate high performance. Those discussed include expectation theory, motive and need theory, goal theory, group theory, Maslow's hierarchy of needs and others. The write explains how Maslow's theory is especially relevant when considering workers interacting with others. One graphic illustration is provided. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Swiss Banks Privacy Changes

    A 5 page paper discussing the growing changes in Swiss banking practices. Switzerland is less of a haven now for funds gained through activity illegal in other nations but not in that nation, such as tax evasion. While Swiss bankers have provided the world with example of unquestioning confidentiality that still exists for legitimately acquired funds, ethics now have growing influence in Swiss banking. The paper also discusses the investigations into proper ownership of accounts opened by Jewish Holocaust victims. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Restaurant Services' Outsourcing

    A 5 page paper discussing identifying potential activities for outsourcing and some of the positive and negative aspects of involving outside entities in the daily operation of the restaurant. Outsourcing carried a negative stigma in prior days but now is seen to be a primary component of competitive advantage, carrying potential for significant revenue increases. The paper also discusses providing outsourcing services and cites Marriott’s success in its contract services, which account for 40 percent of its total revenues. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Autobiographical 'Black Boy' by Richard Wright

    A 5 page analysis of Richard Wright's autobiographical account of his youth, in which he recounts what it was like to grow up male and black in the South during the first half of the twentieth century. It is a story of rage, fear, and oppression. Although he lived in a culture that had a well-defined place for him, a place that was based on the assumption that blacks were inferior‹sub-human, even‹Richard Wright never assimilated into himself the idea that he was inferior in any way to the whites that surrounded him. No additional sources cited.

  • CPA Company's Computer Software Upgrading

    A 5 page paper discussing the hardware requirements for and advantages of upgrading an Erie, Pennsylvania CPA firm to Pentium III computers running Peachtree™ accounting software. The firm is an older one that still maintains many manual systems but also uses some limited bookkeeping and tax programs. The paper recommends an Ethernet LAN, zip drives for each computer, daily backup to a remote site for disaster recovery purposes and writable CD/ROMs for use by accountants in customizing record-keeping templates for client companies. No sources.

  • The Defense is Ready by Leslie Abramson

    A 6 page analysis of Abramson¹s autobiographical account of her career as a defense lawyer. The writer argues that by the time the reader finishes Abramson¹s narrative, it is possible to have an appreciation of a lawyer¹s perspective on how everyone is entitled to the best legal representation possible. No additional sources cited.

  • Bell Curve Propositions Defense

    A 10 page analysis of the infamous book by Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray. The writer defends the arguments put forth by these two authors and supports it with observation from Leon Dash's Pulitzer Prize winning account of a welfare mother. No additional sources cited.

  • The Night Stalker by Philip Carlo

    An 8 page research paper that analyzes Philip Carlo's account of the life of Richard Ramirez, the infamous 'Night Stalker,' a serial killer in the early 1980s. The writer argues that brutality in Ramirez's childhood significantly influenced the direction that his life took and the development of his warped psyche. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Civilization and Savagery in the Works of Mary Rowlandson and James Fenimore Cooper

    A 5 page analysis of James Fenimore Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans and Mary White Rowlandson's personal narrative that tells of her capture by Narragansett Indians in a 1675 attack on Lancaster, Mass. The writer argues that both of these accounts are revealing as to how whites viewed Native Americans and how this showed the contrast between what is considered 'civilized behavior' and savagery. No additional sources cited.

  • Longitude by Dava Sobel

    A 5 page analysis of Sobel's book that gives a wider historical perspective on the significance of this fascinating story of the invention of the chronometer. First, the writer relates the essence of Sobel's account of how an uneducated woodworker, John Harrison, solved the trickiest scientific problem of his age. Then, the writer relates this both to the Enlightenment and also to the market demands of that time. No additional sources cited.

  • Mutiny on the Amistad by Howard Jones

    A 5 page analysis of Howard Jones' account of the Amistad case, in which black captives seized control of a slave ship in the early 1800s and tried to return to Africa. The writer argues that Jones demonstrates how the repercussions of the Amistad case went far beyond its immediate effect on the defendants, but rather affected the course of the American abolitionist movement, foreign relations with Spain, and the perspective that those involved toward the legal system of the US. No additional sources cited.

  • Financial Appraisal of Glaxo Welcome

    This 5 page paper considers the position of a company though the picture presented by its’ annual accounts. The current financial strategy is considered and evaluated. The Bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Swimming Pool Business Results Enhancement

    A 5 page paper assessing several points of economic consideration regarding the operation and potential expansion of a small, one-location swimming pool service and supply business. Questions address topics including elasticity of demand; law of diminishing return; economies of scale; potential price strategies; and business expansion possibilities. EPS is in an ideal position to enhance its business results without the need for a great amount of additional effort or cost. The paper recommends it increase its number of commercial accounts and increase retail sales. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Team Building Through a Virtual Team Experience

    A 5 page paper providing an account of the process of team building that an actual team provides as a result of a one-week team project in a virtual, academic setting. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Filming Video Underwater

    A 5 page paper that provides an accurate account of the impacts of water depth on color, images, and light waver consumption/scattering in underwater video processes. This also outlines some of the current technologies being used for underwater video recording. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Fictional Account of a Faith-Based Journey

    A 5 page fictional account of the journey of an anonymous Englishman, recently converted to the Mormon faith, from his prosperous seaside life in the English village of Felixstowe to a new life in Beaver, Utah. The writer discussed what both Felixstowe and Beaver were like in 1894, as well as the missionary activities of the Mormons in the nineteenth century. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Assimilation of the Irish

    A 12 page paper discussing just how 'American' the Irish are. Throngs—literally millions—of Irish immigrants poured into America in the mid-1800s and again toward the end of that century in response both to rumors of America as the land of opportunity at a time when their own country not only was in economic ruin but also could not support all of its people. There are those who maintain that the Irish were never fully assimilated into the American culture, but those making such claims often fail to take into account all applicable factors. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Identity, Tragedy, and Youth in Young Men and Fire by Norman Maclean

    A 5 page paper that provides an overview of the issues of youth, identification, socialization, and tragedy in Norman Maclean's Young Men and Fire -- an account of 1949's Mann Gulch fire. No additional sources cited.

  • Night by Elie Wiesel

    A 5 page analysis of Wiesel account of life in a Nazi concentration camp. In Night, author Elie Wiesel not only provides readers with a riveting, if horrific, tale of life in a Nazi concentration, but he also provides an inspiring tale that demonstrates the tenacity of human spirit and the wonderful capacity of the human soul to preserver. No additional sources cited.

  • 'Middle Passage' by Charles Johnson

    5 pages in length. The writer offers a brief overview of the book, touching upon important points the story has to make, as well as discusses significant concepts important to the overall understanding of the account. No additional sources cited.

  • Mi Caballo, Mi Perro Y Mi Rifle by Jose Ruben Romero

    3 pages in length. Jose Ruben Romero's "Mi Caballo, Mi Perro Y Mi Rifle" delves into the lurid history of Western European conquest over the Mexican Indians. Clearly portrayed throughout the pages of Romero's historical account is the white man's opinion that if one was not a of European descent, one was not worthy of living. The writer discusses how this obvious cultural hatred harbored by the white race was focused toward the Indians for the unprovoked manner in which they attempted to preserve their indigenous land. No additional sources cited.

  • Overview of Apple's Steve Jobs

    A 5 page paper that offers an overview of Steve Jobs. Apple Corp. was floundering until they brought Jobs back as interim-CEO. By all accounts, his style has not mellowed much in these last 20 years but he has brought Apple out of its troubles and put it on the way to growth again. This essay discusses some of the actions Jobs took to do so. The writer offers an overview of his management style. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Outwitting the Gestapo by Lucie Aubrac

    A 3 page summation and analysis of Lucie Aubrac first-person account of her role in fighting the Nazi occupation of France as a member of the French Resistance. No additional sources cited.

  • Happiness Perspectives of Langdon Gilkey and Mary Gordon

    A 7 page comparison that looks at Langdon Gilkey's autobiographical account of life in a Japanese internment camp, Shantung Compound, and Mary Gordon's novel concerning an embittered young woman who must learn to cope with life, Final Payment. The writer argues that these two very different works come to similar conclusions concerning the nature of happiness. No additional sources cited.

  • Recalling the 1960s and 1970s Riots

    This 5 page paper takes a look at various points of view regarding the turbulent 1960s and 1970s when a number of protest activities ended in riots. Mock interviews of people who lived through the era are included as well as accounts presented by newspapers. These different experiences are compared and contrasted. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Atrocities of Auschwitz and Balancing Sanity and Survival

    A 7 page interpretive essay that strives to answer the question of how one would survive, both physically and emotionally, the atrocities of Auschwitz. Included is a discussion of accounts and emotions presented in Eyewitness Auschwitz: Three Years in the Gas Chamber, a book written by Auschwitz survivor Filip Muller. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • U.S. History and the Impact of Roy Cohn

    This 3 page paper presents a biographical account of this attorney who became famous during the 1950's. Cohn's role in the McCarthy era is noted as well as one event that led to his ultimate disbarment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ethics in Accounting Practice: Rules Based Accounting versus the Conceptual Framework

    This 4 page paper asks: will liberalizing the rules, while relying on a conceptual framework, result in an improved situation? Both sides of the issue are considered. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Chancellors A History Of The Leaders Of The British Exchequer, 1886-1947 by Roy Jenkins

    12 pages in length. Roy Jenkins' purpose for penning The Chancellors: A History of the Leaders of the British Exchequer, 1886-1947 was not so much to chronicle the political contributions of each of the nineteen men who held office during this particular period; rather, the author chose a more personal approach as a means by which to portray the psychological and political components of each protagonist. Unlike similar accounts on the subject, Jenkins employs a significant sense of humor, not-so-subtle irony and rather unflattering perspective of what he calls a disparate lot of British Chancellors who had no more in common with one another than somewhat more than average ability and substantially more than average ambition. Indeed, The Chancellors' essays do not represent the typical and stuffy account of history's British moneymen. No additional sources cited.

  • Conventional Theology and The Passion of the Christ Film by Mel Gibson

    A 7 page research paper that discusses the controversy surround the film The Passion of the Christ, produced and directed by Mel Gibson. This movie presents the last twelve hours of Jesus' life, that is, his suffering and crucifixion in a manner that demonizes Jewish authorities of the time. Particularly since all dialogue in the movie is spoken in either Latin or Aramaic (with English subtitles), the film has the "feel" of a documentary and it is likely that many viewers will regard it as an accurate dramatization of the gospel story of Christ's death. This paper compares Gibson's film to accounts of the crucifixion recorded in the Gospels. This comparison shows that Gibson added a great deal more violence than is actually portrayed in the Bible. The theological and racial implications of Gibson's film are then discussed in light of his personal history and background. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The European Miracle by E.L. Jones

    A 6 page book review of E.L. Jones' The European Miracle. In this text, Jones endeavors to answer the following question, which is "How to account for the ascendancy...of the First World" (Kellas 330). In his search for answers, Jones looks at European history and geography and contrasts and compares its development with the history of Asia, which he pictures as taking a different socio/economic path. Jones characterizes the Ottoman empire as "intellectual backward" and speaks of India's "total lack of political inspiration," pointing out the social structure in India "impaired political stability and the resulting instability impaired development (Kellas 330). As this suggests, in answer to the questions that the text poses, Jones presents a multitude of elements as contributing to the miracle of European development. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Political Geography Defined

    5 pages in length. Helping the world to better understand itself, Martin Ira Glassner's "Political Geography" clearly illustrates -- both verbally and graphically -- the essence of what it is to live on this planet. His in-depth personal, anecdotal and factual accounts offer extensive observation as to why things are the way they are in contemporary society, much of which helps to clear up common confusion people often harbor with political explanation. From the very first chapter, Glassner occupies the reader's foremost attention with insightful issues and logical application. The writer discusses the concept of political geography. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • English Law and the Norman Conquest

    A paper which looks at the impact which the Norman Conquest had on the development of the English legal system, taking into account the many other historical and social factors which influenced the growth of common law both before and after the Norman invasion. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • Dora An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria by Sigmund Freud

    A 4 page critical analysis of the named work. Sigmund Freud’s (1856-1939) “Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria” (1963) is Freud’s account of the case of Ida Bauer, whose father brought to Freud seeking “cure” for her willful refusal to assist her father in securing the affections of his would-be mistress. Freud’s conclusions included diagnosis of hysteria and sexual repression; he firmly believed that Dora’s refusal to assist her father sprang from her own sexual desire for her own father. The paper discusses Freud’s lack of objectivity and his failure to take a moral view of Dora’s position. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • An Individual's Explanation on Why He Wants to Become a Doctor

    A 6 page account of why one individual wants to become a physician. This paper relates the personal experiences of a student that stayed at his mother's bedside during a six month hospitalization. The lack of empathy and professionalism that he witnessed in the doctors that attended his mother and other patients convinced him that he could do better. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Critical Review of How We Die Reflections On Life's Final Chapter by Sherwin B. Nuland

    7 pages in length. Coming to terms with death is not an easy task. In Sherwin B. Nuland's "How We Die : Reflections on Life's Final Chapter," readers are given the opportunity to delve into the various characteristics and experiences relating to the issues of dying. The author offers accounts from a number of perspectives, including patient, family, doctor, nurse and administrator, which allows the reader to gain significant insight to the coping methods employed by each group. The writer recognizes that although unquestionably intense and contemplative in its approach, "How We Die : Reflections on Life's Final Chapter" reviews in a quite humane and thought provoking manner the steps each person takes in addressing the inherent difficulties of life's end. No additional sources cited.

  • Evaluation of Hospital Quality

    An 11 page research paper that address hospital quality. Hospitals in industrialized countries account for roughly 40 percent of total healthcare spending (Blendon, et al, 2004). Considering this, it is not surprising that hospitals generally stand at the center of effects to improve the quality of healthcare service while also controlling costs. In order to accomplish such a task, the first goal must be to establish standards against which quality can be evaluated. This literature review examines how hospital quality service is defined in relevant literature. The resulting information is then used to formulate an instrument for evaluating quality, both quantitatively and qualitatively, by employing a sample group made up of medical and healthcare providers as well as the patients they serve. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Wilkerson, Inc. Operations Management

    A 15 page paper discussing production problems at Wilkerson, Inc., a small manufacturer of custom-sized, high-quality windows for sale to residential builders in the local (Tennessee) area. The sales department has been gaining increasing influence in manufacturing, to the point that production schedules are virtually meaningless as Sales continually brings “rush” orders to the production manager and is able to insist that the production department provide the product right away. Sales dictates all aspects of operation, including pricing that does not take into account all of the costs of production. The paper makes recommendations that can serve Wilkerson well, beginning with taking the sales force off the production floor. Includes 1 chart. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Educational Psychology: Tracking

    6 pages in length. The educational experience is meant to provide a comprehensive and well-rounded approach to the objective of learning; when students are divided by and taught within stringent criteria, the capacity for expansive knowledge is significantly stunted. The extent to which tracking serves to detach students from new experiences and each other by placing them within the confines of regimented, uniform study is both grand and far-reaching; that such division not only cultivates but also perpetuates such social ills as class and racial status speaks to the impact administrators very obviously do not take into account with such a divisive program. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing Theory, a Comparison

    A 5 page paper discussing two nursing theories, one of which is broad, the other mid-range. Most models of nursing theory are careful to take into account the fact that the patient is more than only a body in dysfunction. These theories have originated with at least one individual’s background in patient care in conjunction with the theorist’s higher awareness of the interaction of many factors in realizing physical goals. The purpose here is to compare a broad nursing theory with a mid-range one. The work of J. Travelbee represents the broad nursing theory. That of K.M. Swanson addresses mid-range issues. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Philosophy for Professional Practice

    A 7 page research paper that discusses a student-formulated professional philosophy of nursing practice, which is that making clinical judgment decisions in nursing care should be comfort based and founded on an understanding and knowledge of the patient’s continuous evolving physical and mental state. This examination of literature discusses how this philosophy can be applied to the four nursing domains of person, environment, health/illness and the nurse. Then, a broader perspective is given that takes into account the expectations of ANA standards of practice, the requirements of law and JCAHO standards. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Homosexuality and Family Acceptance

    A 6 page essay/research paper that looks at Gloria Feliciano's play "Between Blessings," which is a poignant account of a twenty-eight year old Puerto Rican son, Diego, finally telling his proud, macho, traditionalist father that he is gay. In this work, Feliciano's use of language and dramatic devices serves to expand the scope of the play beyond the immediate domestic situation between father and son and, in so doing, brings up issues of culture and religiosity, specifically the stand of the Roman Catholic Church on homosexuality. This factor of the play is achieved by framing the confrontation between Diego and his father within scenes that feature a family friend, Father David, a priest who is also homosexual. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Race Concept and its History

    14 pages in length. Drawing upon the work of David Goldberg's "Racist Culture: Philosophy and the Politics of Meaning," one can readily argue that idea of race has always combined references to what is seen as natural (fixed) and social construct, suggesting that very divergent discourses have been implemented over time as a means by which to account for human diversity within the colonial context of European and non-European differences. Furthermore, the notion of race is not inherent to biology, but rather it is a social and cultural classification that has been erroneously attributed to biological implication. The writer discusses the concept of race from the Puritan colonization to present-day criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Reading Education History

    A 6 page paper. One writer developed a historical framework that illustrated four ages of reading pedagogy. These are used as the basis for the historical account of reading education. The writer also includes major theorists in the discussion, such as Noah Webster, John Dewey and Norm Chomsky. A history of reading education would not be complete without mentioning the decades old debate of phonics versus whole language. Finally, the essay considers the major trend in literacy and reading programs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Eye on the Future Business People in Calgary and the Bow Valley, 1870-1900 by Henry C. Klassen

    A 6 page review of Eye on the Future: Business People in Calgary and the Bow Valley, 1870-1900 by Henry C. Klassen (University of Calgary Press, 2002). This text consists of a detailed, comprehensive and highly accurate account of the business history of the Alberta region of Canada, with particular emphasis on the development of the town of Calgary. Klassen's history covers the early stages of industrialization through the beginnings of consumerism from a business history perspective. The scholarship behind Klassen's book is so extensive that, as this examination demonstrates, it can be viewed as coming close to being an anthropological study of the varied factors that come together to create a city and shape the course of history for a region. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Accounting Practice and the Use of Mathematics

    This 3 page paper looks at the use of mathematics in accounting practice. Double entry bookkeeping is used as an example. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Evaluation of Hospital Quality

    An 11 page research paper that address hospital quality. Hospitals in industrialized countries account for roughly 40 percent of total healthcare spending (Blendon, et al, 2004). Considering this, it is not surprising that hospitals generally stand at the center of effects to improve the quality of healthcare service while also controlling costs. In order to accomplish such a task, the first goal must be to establish standards against which quality can be evaluated. This literature review examines how hospital quality service is defined in relevant literature. The resulting information is then used to formulate an instrument for evaluating quality, both quantitatively and qualitatively, by employing a sample group made up of medical and healthcare providers as well as the patients they serve. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Electronic Commerce Trading Accessibility and Security Dichotomy

    This 10 page paper considers the following statement. "Security in the world of e-commerce is focused on protecting information - information about accounts, credit card numbers, social security numbers, and identities. It is not about hardware or physical access. But there is a built-in paradox; e-Commerce systems must be open enough to be inviting to customers and users, and at the same time the systems must be difficult to penetrate to those who would steal the information. Achieving the balance that satisfies those opposing needs is the challenge of security in the e-Commerce world. Too much security pushes away the people you have invited; too little and valuable information can be stolen". The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) During Recent History

    5 pages in length. Historical literary accounts of Latin America's quest for freedom delve deeply into the social and cultural foundation of discrimination and oppression during the nation's formative years, effectively illustrating the extent to which the Americas suffered gross indignities at the hands of those who were in control, with primary emphasis upon the oppressive nature of European colonization. Andrea & Overfield's The Human Record : Sources of Global History and Bulliet et al's Earth and Its Peoples : A Global History Since 1750 are instrumental in illustrating the detrimental impact of colonization, as well as concentrating upon the significant quest for independence that Latin America ultimately realized as a nation. No additional sources cited.

  • Differential Association Theory and Serial Killer Ted Bundy

    5 pages in length. Ted Bundy may truly have been the slickest of all killers. He taught FBI officials more about the inner workings of a serial killer than any other of his kind; Bundy would regularly counsel agents on the correct places to look for other murderers who followed his method of operation. Time and time again, he correctly predicted where the killers would resurface, which most often was one of the original crime scenes to relive the experience and look for token souvenirs. When the student examines the sociological aspects of Bundy's persona, it is with relative ease that his deviant behavior can be applied to the theory of differential association based upon Stephen G. Michaud's account in The Only Living Witness : The True Story of Serial Sex Killer Ted Bundy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Flaubert's Parrot by Julian Barnes

    A 5 page research paper that examines Julian Barnes' novel Flaubert's Parrot. Towards the end of this work, the protagonist, Dr. Geoffrey Braithwaite concedes that he has failed in his purpose to write an account that would make sense out of his life. Despite his ramblings and investigations throughout the narrative, Braithwaite closes his observations without stating anything unequivocally concerning his own life, his late wife, or his investigations into the life of the famous author Gustave Flaubert. While this suggests that the novel concludes with issues unresolved, an examination of the structure of this work reveals how the reader perceives a story that is different from the one that Braithwaite believes he is telling. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • eBanking and its' Influence on Accounting Information Systems

    This 32 page paper looks at the use accounting information systems (AIS) in banks, and considers what impacts ebanking, or internet banking, has had on the AIS within banks. The paper starts with an introduction and discusses why and how this research is valuable. The use of AIS is then discusses before an in-depth look at the model of internet banks and the requirements that are made of any AIS within internet banking systems. This is examined to identify the areas of different which may have impacted on the evolution of AIS within banking. The bibliography cites 30 sources.

  • Management Accounting and Technology

    A 6 page paper examining some of the ways that technology has influenced management accounting. Examples are from the manufacturing perspective, particularly as it applies to a Just-In-Time (JIT) system. Some authors believe that increased technology also increases risk, but the general attitude is that as technology continues to evolve, so will the capabilities of management accounting. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Learning How to Drive and the Lessons Learned Along the Way

    This 11 page paper considers the development personal practice and skills by looking at a learning experience; the way in which driving is learnt. The paper begins with a fictional account of the experience of learning to drive,. This is the examined with reference to learning theories, such as Lewin and Klob and motivation theory of Maslow. With this understanding the value of learning new skills can then be understood when it is a potential re-offender who is undertaking the learning. A lesson that has been enhanced by beginning the process from a personal rather than a theoretical perceptive. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Bridgewater Castings and Strategic Decision Making

    A 7 page paper discussing the state of business for this manufacturer of cast iron wood-burning stoves. Seven specific questions address management accounting and strategy issues to conclude that Bridgewater should not presently drop one of its two products, but rather seek out methods of making the under-performing product more profitable. The paper suggests that it develop innovations presently not offered by competitors to be able to profit from first-mover advantage as it now enjoys with the product it plans to retain. Otherwise it will be facing the same situation when competitors begin offering similar products. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Cocaine's Chemistry and its Impact

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the history, chemistry and effects of cocaine and its usage in Western society. Originating in 1860 in Western society, cocaine has been used extensively as a recreational drug. Synthetic cocaine is now produced because of the increased effort in the restrictions of obtaining drug from its natural source. Recently researchers have found that the dopamine hypothesis can account for the psychological effects of the drug while the physiological effects include tachycardia, hypertension and renal failure. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Samuel and Moses Bible Stories

    This 5 page paper provides an account of the two bible stories. Moses and Samuel as individuals are compared and contrasted. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • 3 Reviews on Religious Books

    An 18 page paper that consists of three separate 6 page book reviews. The first review refers to L. Russ Bush's The Advancement, which offers a Christian apologetic that defends the biblical account of creation against the position of Darwinian naturalism. The second book review addresses Norman Geisler and Ron Brooks' text When Skeptics Ask, which offers an apologetic that is useful to all Christians in defending their faith, as the objections that unbelievers raise regarding Christian dogma are frequently quite perceptive and cut to the heart of Christianity's basic principles. The final book review examines L. Russ Bush and Tom J. Nettles' Baptists and the Bible, which offers a comprehensive history of the Baptist church and its attitudes toward the doctrine of inerrancy and infallibility of the Bible. In each case, the writer summarizes every chapter in each book. No additional sources cited.

  • Division of Labor and Adam Smith

    A 6 page paper discussing Smith's account of the origination of worker specialization, or division of labor. It was the worker who devised improvements to make his job easier and more productive. The goal of each small invention was not to contribute to the good of society or to propel the workman into a class of 'genius,' but rather to better individuals' living conditions. Produce more, earn more, purchase more goods to make life more comfortable and enjoyable. It is a common concept today, but new when Adam Smith proposed it in The Wealth of Nations. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Overview of Howler Monkeys

    10 pages in length. Howler monkeys face an uncertain future with regard to species survival. The tree-dwelling, fruit-eating primates who are indigenous to Central and South America make their home far within the rain forest, where they have been met with significant hardship and population decline on account of mankind's ongoing deforestation and logging pursuits. With little if any regard for the life forms that comprise the forest's diversity, man is slowly but surely sealing the coffin on a number of animal species as he continues to demolish their delicate living area, and the howler monkey is just one whose existence is threatened. People like ethologist Robert Horwich have set in motion conservation efforts that will aid the species' eventual survival. The writer discusses deforestation, logging and conservation efforts in relation to the howler monkey. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Tanks Impact on Desert Storm

    6 pages in length. Within the three hundred and 8 pages of Robert M. Citino's book entitled 'Armored Forces' exists the proof necessary to ascertain just how positive an impact the tanks played during Desert Storm. It can be argued that by incorporating the latest in military technological advancements, the soldiers of this particular war were significantly better protected while at the same time able to perform their varied and jeopardous duties. The writer discuss how the reader gains a considerably more detailed account of just how integral tanks became to the overall safety and success of the Desert Storm mission. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • International Business and the Importance of Training and Development

    An 8 page paper discussing training options and problems in several countries, and some of the considerations that need to be made in assessing that training. It should be judged in a value-based system that takes into account cultural differences. Not to say that there ever should be different levels of performance accepted because of cultural differences, but assessment needs to allow for differing cultural views—Southeast Asian countries may think us strange yet understand what we see as standard practice on the basis of long-standing relationships, while the countries of the emerging market of Africa simply see us as strange. Goals will necessarily require more time in those areas as both sides reach understanding about the basic beliefs and assumptions of the other. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Global Capitalism And Standard Requirement Issues

    5 pages in length. As multinational and global capitalism continues to develop, various global systems will become increasingly essential to its orderly progression. In order to meet these specific needs, it will become necessary to reorganize the manner by which many global standards address certain criteria with regard to structural content. The writer discusses how such global standards as currency, accounting, labor, corporate formation and the stock exchange represent integral components in the overall aspect of orderly progression; if not properly engaged, the concepts of multinational and global capitalism will not reach their full potential. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Job Tasks in Accounting and Financial Management

    This 15-page paper focuses on tasks and job descriptions of financial managers and accountants, for purposes of putting together a potential "job" that such a person might have in a computer services company. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Subculture Of Malls As Locations With Social Function

    8 pages in length. Culture is defined in myriad ways and influenced by an infinite number of elements, most of which exists in constant state of fluidity. To characterize culture as the foundation around which entire societies revolve is to recognize the singular influence the ongoing progression of mankind has upon the very nature of civilization. Indeed, the extent to which humanity and culture reflect an ever-evolving synergistic coupling is both grand and far-reaching; that certain aspects of a given culture seem to define this correlation more than others speaks to the common denominator found in such social symbols as shopping malls. Meaghan Morris's account of the cultural significance inherent to contemporary shopping centers provides a sociological look at the way in which these collections of retail stores serve as much more than simply a place to purchase goods, but rather a location where some of the most important community interaction takes place. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Shattered Dreams in Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

    6 pages in length. The shattering of dreams, goals and ambitions in Ralph Ellison's 'Invisible Man' speak to the false hope and often complete disillusionment the black community experienced throughout the early to mid part of the twentieth century. While the author may attempt to convey a sense of accomplishment in some aspects, one can easily surmise that what is primarily portrayed in this one-time published novelist's account is that of a shattering relationship with racism. The writer discusses how Ellison masterfully succeeds achieving this perceived perspective by way of his protagonist's adventure, carefully illustrating the vast and varied intricacies that accompany racially intolerant attitudes of that time. No additional sources cited.

  • All God's Children Need Traveling Shoes by Maya Angelou

    A 5 page analysis of All God's Children Need Traveling Shoes by Maya Angelou, which is the fifth volume in her serial autobiography. This volume is an account of Angelou's experiences in Ghana in the early 1960s. This narrative relates how Angelou found a job teaching at the University of Ghana and began working as an editor. While the narrative naturally includes the details of where Angelou worked, and the major details of her life, the motivating force behind the book is how Angelou worked to relate emotionally to Ghana and her African heritage. No additional sources cited.

  • Critical Review of How We Die Reflections On Life's Final Chapter by Sherwin B. Nuland

    7 pages in length. Coming to terms with death is not an easy task. In Sherwin B. Nuland's "How We Die : Reflections on Life's Final Chapter," readers are given the opportunity to delve into the various characteristics and experiences relating to the issues of dying. The author offers accounts from a number of perspectives, including patient, family, doctor, nurse and administrator, which allows the reader to gain significant insight to the coping methods employed by each group. The writer recognizes that although unquestionably intense and contemplative in its approach, "How We Die : Reflections on Life's Final Chapter" reviews in a quite humane and thought provoking manner the steps each person takes in addressing the inherent difficulties of life's end. No additional sources cited.

  • Women's Conventional and Unconventional Roles in My Antonia by Willa Cather

    5 pages in length. The duality of Willa Cather's portrayal of women in My Antonia represents the inherent dichotomy that exists between conventionality and unconventionality. A longstanding debate has raged ever since the author penned her account of a woman torn between traditional gender representation and that which is not considered conventional. The argument within the literary world revolves around the feminist approach, with some critics contending that Antonia represents the archetypal female who awakens to her innate functions as a woman. The writer presents a review of literary opinions in relation to how women's roles are portrayed in My Antonia. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins

    A 10 page analysis of biologists Richard Dawkins' book The Selfish Gene in which Dawkins proposes a theory of natural selection that encompasses all human behavior. This theory maintains that the process of natural selection actually works at the level of the gene. Dawkins is, above all else, a Darwinist and the basis for his theory is really quite elegant in its simplicity. Life's complex evolutionary path can be accounted for, according to Dawkins, by simply examining the ways in which genes preserve their own existence by promoting behaviors and characteristics that increase their chances of survival into the next generation. No additional sources cited.

  • Various IRA Solutions Compared

    This 5 page report discusses the Roth IRA that came into existence in 1998 and offers different advantages from traditional IRAs. Tax and conversion issues are outlined and the advantages and disadvantages of each type of account are also covered. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Life in Art in In the Skin of a Lion and The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje

    7 pages in length. Followers of Michael Ondaatje's work have long understood the connection between the author's stories and his own personal accounts; however, Ondaatje is often reserved and quite disinclined to associate the two concepts at any length. Indeed, the relationship between Ondaatje's fictional characters and those who reside in his own personal existence have often been considered to be one and the same by those who have delved deeply into the author's psyche; to be sure, it is there that the author effectively establishes a great deal of mental connection with what ultimately appears upon the blank paper. The writer discusses the association between fiction and reality in relation to these two stories. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Paul Robeson Hero Before His Time by Rebecca Larsen

    5 pages in length. Rebecca Larsen's treatment of Paul Robeson's life and times, as reflected in "Paul Robeson: Hero Before His Time," is done in such a way that is understandable by all ages. Directing her text primarily to younger audiences, Larsen nevertheless establishes a concrete connection between the myriad events and meanings of Robeson's life that adolescent readers can easily comprehend. In her account of the popular athlete, singer, actor and activist of the early twentieth century, the author touches upon many aspects of Robeson's life that best represented his intentions both as a human being and a black man. The writer reviews the author's book, as well as dicusses how Larsen is able to convey a significant sense of urgency in relation to Robeson's desire to break free from the oppressive chains of prejudice. No additional sources cited.

  • Dell Computer Inc. and Strategic Choice

    A 15 page paper discussing some of the choices and opportunities open to Dell Computer. The world's second-largest manufacturer of PCs, the company builds each to order and keeps no finished inventory in stock. Internet sales account for $14 million daily, nearly all of which is business-to-business. Dell is now set to pursue the home PC market; the paper discusses strategies that could best achieve success. Now shipping PCs with Windows as well as Linux operating systems, Dell has the ability to be useful to all levels of users. Includes an organizational chart. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Fictional Account of the 1929 Stock Market Crash

    A 7 page fictional story of living through the 1929 stock market crash, plus a 2 page commentary on events in the paper and how "my" strong points of common sense pulled "me and my family" through. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Eyewitness Accounts of Holocaust Survival

    A 5 page research paper that examines the stories of seven Holocaust survivors. There are people who have seen Hell. They've looked pure evil in the face, and the face that evil wore was ours. Everyday people, ordinary German citizens who had been drafted by their country's official government, set about the systemized extermination of an entire people. Today, over fifty years later, there are groups of white supremacists who say it didn't happen, and against their hatred there are still voices that tell their stories. Here are seven of those voice. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • ACCOUNTING FRAUD

    This 12-page paper examines the financials fraud perpetrated by WorldCom, Tyco, Adelphia and ZZZZ Best. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • GAAP Pension Accounting

    A 3 page paper agreeing with the perspective that GAAP should rule how pension funds are reported. GAAP provides greater benefit to the organization relying on stock price, and it also reduces the volatility of the market-based approach. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Atlantico and River Beverages Accounting

    A 7 page paper discussing budgeting processes at River Beverages and at Atlantico. River Beverages strives to gain a high degree of accuracy, incorporating many unnecessary steps in the process and holding production managers accountable for the performance of non-production departments (i.e., sales). Atlantico's approach is only to "do even better next year," costing it the possibility of price breaks and more effective use of available labor. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Activity Based Accounting and its Uses

    This 4 page paper looks at how a furniture shop ay use activity based costing to calculate costs and determines the most profitable areas of its' business.

  • NIKE INC. ACCOUNTING ANALYSIS

    This 3-page paper provides an analysis of Nike Inc.'s Form 10-K for FY ending May 31, 2011. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • GAP INC. CSR, AND ACCOUNTING/ACCOUNTABILITY

    This 13-page paper discusses the way in which Gap Inc. can report its CSR activities in a measureable manner. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Management Accounting and Errors Caused by Fixed Costs

    This 5 page paper looks at how fixed costs may cause errors management decisions. The paper looks at this in a logical manner, first explaining what fixed costs are and how if they are inaccurate they can lead to major mistakes in the information upon which decision are made, The paper then looks at how mistakes may be made in the way fixed costs are estimated. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Cost Accounting

    A 4 page research proposal seeking to identify both financial and nonfinancial performance measures that can benefit a new company and its parent in several respects. The first will be to assess the new company's progress on a historical basis; another will be to assess nonfinancial measures that positively affect future financial results. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Management Accounting ; Restaurant Case Study

    This 8 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student and shows how to work out the break even point and the sales required to gain the profit objective using the figures given. The impact of increasing costs, decreasing customers and the cost of a renovation are considered in terms of the impact it will have on the number of sales needed. All calculations are shown.

  • Research Proposal in Cost Accounting Presented

    A 4 page research proposal seeking to identify both financial and nonfinancial performance measures that can benefit a new company and its parent in several respects. The paper recommends maintaining basic financial measures including revenues, costs, cash flow, net income or loss, current assets, current liabilities and inventory on hand. Necessary for use in daily operations, they also are necessary for determining additional measures including current ratio, profit margin, return on assets and return on equity. Customer satisfaction is the most important nonfinancial measure. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Creating a Income Statement

    This 3 page paper is based on a case study provided by the student. Figures are given for a revenue range and percentages for costs for a bookstore, using the instructions a profit statement is created for a period of six months, and the percentage of profit in is to be retained to achieve an investment at the end of the six month period is calculated.

  • Ratio Analysis of AS Ltd

    This 10 page paper is a financial analysis of a case study supplied by the student. The paper looks at the profitability, liquidity, efficiency and capital structure for three years 2007 – 2009 for a private engineering firm AS Ltd. All calculations are shown. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Society of Israel and Religious Tensions

    9 pages in length. Israel has always been the victim of inner struggles and outward tensions. Whether the discord is within its own people or on account of hostilities with other nations, there has hardly been a time when the Israelis have not been suffering with some kind of tension. These tensions have created much hardship for Israel, as they often lead to other economic, political and psychological strife. Why is Israel so full of struggle and conflict? There are more than a few reasons why the Israelis are in a constant state of discord. The writer discusses tensions as they relate to Israel. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Logical Vietnam Argument Perspectives

    4 pages in length. Opinions about why Vietnam occurred are as vast and varied as the number of soldiers killed in combat; that some are decidedly more apropos to the real reasons behind the war speak to the way in which certain accounts try to hide the truth behind a façade of political responsibility. Three examples of different Vietnam perspectives include Patrick J. Hearden's book entitled The Tragedy of Vietnam, Larry L. King's article "Machismo In the White House" and "Why Are We in Vietnam" by Lyndon Johnson illustrate these diversities in such a way to make one think at least one of them is talking about a different war entirely. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Culture, Demographics and Socioeconomics of the Black American Family

    This is a 6 page paper discussing the demographic, socio-economic and cultural characteristics of African American families. Studies of demographic, socio-economic and cultural characteristics of African American families and communities have shown that overall, African Americans report lower incomes, lower education, higher unemployment and poverty rates, and higher mortality and suicide rates than most White communities in the United States. All of these factors have improved over the last decade and unemployment was reported at an all time low in the last U.S. Census. Despite these adversities however, a large percentage of African American families have succeeded in their educational and professional careers. It is believed that this “resilience” is enhanced by several cultural support characteristics which exist within the African American families and their communities. Most African Americans have reported that their most difficult challenges are based on racism and oppressive factors rather than factors which relate to their family or socio-economic status. Racism, oppression, and segregation are also believed to be some of the primary differences in the mortality and suicide rates in the African American population from the white population. In social science studies and in relation to agencies which wish to establish social support groups to help African American families, all of the cultural, socio-economic, and demographic differences must be taken into account. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Emile Durkheim's Suicide and the Response of Anthony Giddens

    This is a 6 page paper discussing Giddens’ response to Durkheim’s suicide. Anthony Giddens is a modern day sociologist who has proposed a new theory of “structuration” which he considers as his “concern to develop an ontological framework for the study of human social activities”. In doing this, Giddens offers a more expansive and open method in the study of society and institutions in which he hopes will offer an alternative to many of the traditional sociological methods used. Emile Durkheim in his study on “Suicide” provided one of the first systematic presentations of suicide as a sociological phenomenon. Consistent with the functionalist theories however, Durkheim offered three definitions of suicide, egoistic, altruistic and anomic, which were all functional aspects of society. Giddens believed that the functionalist argument could not possibly account for the various factors influencing suicide and within his argument and general dismisses much of Durkheim’s definitions. He also presents other misunderstandings and controversies which surrounded Durkheim’s study on suicide which somewhat validate his claim that the functionalist perspective is not complete in its relation to the discussion of suicide. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Mongols And Ming China : Customs And History by Henry Serruys

    7 pages in length. Henry Serruys' account of the Hung-Wu period (1386-1398) in "The Mongols and Ming China : Customs and History" draws upon the author's literary talents, as well as the sordid historical events that revolve around China's Mongols during this period. This detailed analysis provides the reader with a scope of knowledge both vast and explicit, with the book's aim being that of a comprehensive critical overview of how China's Mongols managed to rule for the better part of a century. Indeed, the sources upon which Serruys draw are instrumental in his ability to portray this era as one of China's most powerful. Clearly, the method by which the author assembles the work, as well as his complementary writing style, brings forth the underlying reasons that such a forceful period existed in China's past and what its people have learned from such events, which represent the book's larger issues. No additional sources cited.

  • Solow's Growth Model and Economic Growth, Including Comparisons of Countries Along with 'The Golden Rule'

    This is a 9 page paper discussing Solow’s Economic Growth Model including country comparisons, formulas, stylized facts and “the golden rule”. Robert Solow’s economic growth model (1956) takes into account various important economic determinants of growth which include capital, labor, human capital, life expectancy, technology, trade and geography among other components which help to answer certain discrepancies which appear throughout the world economies today such as why some countries are rich and others poor; why some countries grow faster than others; how some countries manage to sustain economic growth; and why growth miracles and disasters can occur. Stylized facts included with Solow’s assumptions and model are those which have found that there are large variations in per capita income across economies; rates of economic growth vary a great deal across economies; growth rates are not constant over time; countries can move between being rich and poor; growth in output and trade are related among others. Solow’s growth model emphasizes all of the aspects of the importance of economic growth within a society. It also includes components of the supply and resources of a nation which can expand opportunity for a country’s production. Above all, savings are critical in that they must be high enough to replace the depreciated capital and also provide for the workers. Lower savings means lower worker productivity and lower living standards. The Solow growth model basically defines the conditions of different nations’ approach to an equilibrium level of capital stock (a steady-state). While developed nations such as the United States have reached this level of steady-state, other developing nations are still experiencing rising levels of high savings and rising capital/labor ratios. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Category Formation, Causal Theories, and Cognitive Psychology

    This is an 8 page paper comparing and contrasting the prototype and causal-based theories of category formation. In cognitive psychology, category formation is considered one of the most fundamental aspects of understanding mental representation. Within the area of category formation however, there are several theories which appear to conflict in some aspects. Two of these theories are the prototype theory of category formation and the causal theory of category formation. In the most basic sense, the prototype theory argues that individuals categorize items based on the typicality level of the objects in comparison with the “prototype” concept or image that an individual has. When new objects are encountered by an individual, a comparison of features based on prototypes takes place until that object is categorized. From a causal model theory perspective however, the categorization process also takes into account prior knowledge and theories of how the world works in addition to the causal relationships between features. Causal theorists find that the prototype theories base categorization from an independent and “probabilistic” viewpoint whereas individuals in fact use their causal knowledge in order to categorize and build relationships conceptually. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Imaginative Style Developed by J.R.R. Tolkien

    6 pages in length. Ever since man began telling tales, incredible accounts of freakish, monster-like animals have captivated and horrified entire communities. The basis for these extraordinary fabrications was the inability of early writers to distinguish between truth and fantasy. As the stories were passed down through generations, they eventually became accepted as the legends we know today. The younger years of one of mythological literature's most beloved writers – J.R.R. Tolkien – served to greatly impact this imaginative style; however, the author did not fully grasp his unique talent until the 1930s when he worked and reworked The Hobbit and ultimately came up with new ideas of mythological literature in the essay "On Fairy Stories." By this time Tolkien had come to realize that fantasy stories were plainly not primarily concerned with possibility, but with desirability. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Captivity of Women in A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson and The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper

    This is a 6 page paper on a comparison of Cooper’s “The Last of the Mohicans” and Rowlandson’s “A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson” in regards to strength, sexuality and purity. James Fenimore Cooper’s “The Last of the Mohicans” and Mary Rowlandson’s “A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson” both tell stories of female captives during the Indian colonial wars in the Eastern U.S. In Cooper’s work of fiction, he tells the story of Cora Munro and how she provides the strength needed to allow her pure sister to survive their captivity. Cora is of mixed blood but still finds the idea of marrying Magua the Huron “morally repugnant”. Cooper was also criticized after the publication of the work in his insinuation of doubting the purity of the colonists. Rowlandson’s true account of her own captivity stressed that she found her strength to survive her ordeal through the purity of the Psalms of the Puritan religion. Rowlandson’s strength came from her religion whereas Cora’s came from within herself and her use of her powerful sexuality: the colonist ideals remain intact however as Rowlandson survived and the impure Cora dies. These ideals of the importance of pure blood lines are still seen today in the rapes which are reported during wartime in Joanne Barkan’s article on the Serbian rape camps of Yugoslavia which were meant to bring impurity to the blood lines of the Muslims. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sharon Kay Penman When Christ and His Saints Slept

    This is a 5 page book review of Sharon Kay Penman’s novel “When Christ and His Saints Slept”. Sharon Kay Penman’s novel “When Christ and His Saints Slept” (1995) tells the story of the struggle for the English crown upon the death of Henry I during the 12th century. The novel is considered excellent on many accounts by the critics. Firstly, the novel is accurate in its detail in revealing the political turmoil and its horrific effects on the citizens of Britain at the time. Secondly, by the in-depth characterizations used in the novel and in some cases the introduction of fictional characters in order to obtain this, Penman managed to find a way to humanize that era in history which had previously been untold in such a manner. By doing this Penman not only creates an intensely interesting novel of history but also hopes to inspire her readers to further their education in the history of the Middle Ages, an area she considers still dark and undiscovered in its previous depictions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Hermeneutics, Theology, and David Tracy

    This is a 12 page paper discussing David Tracy’s understanding of hermeneutics and its application to theology. As a representative of the Chicago School of theology, David Tracy along with his colleagues has challenged the traditional approach to theology with one which is considered more “correlational”. In other words, the Scriptures along with all classic texts cannot be interpreted without taking into account their contextual influences. Correlational theology studies not only the classical theological interpretation of religious texts but also depends a great deal upon the cooperation between “other interpreters of the human condition” including anthropologists, philosophers, sociologists, psychologists and literary scholars among many others (Jeanrond, 1998). This approach also reflects some of the basic concepts of nonfoundationalism as proposed by Thiel (1994) which has fundamental problems with the traditional Christian assumptions which are readily accepted in the interpretation of the Scriptures and also advocates the inclusion of contextual influences on theological study. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Parr, Sutherland, and Bullen Article Analysis on Urban and Rural Children's Labor and Economic Responsibilities

    This is a 10 page paper discussing economic and labor responsibilities in children in rural farm families and urban working class children. Joy Parr’s chapter “Apprentice or Adopted” (1994) and Neil Sutherland’s chapter “The Working Lives of Modern Pioneers” (1997) tell of the work ethics, expectations, patriarchal control, family economic status, and gender role development in rural households and communities. Parr addresses the enterprising structure of families on farms which in addition to their gendered-role structure in which all members of families must contribute to the maintenance of the farm, also takes into account the position of immigrant children apprentices. While many farm children are unable to attend schools because of obligations on the farm, this is further diminished in regards to the immigrant children who have fewer educational opportunities than farm children. Sutherland’s work further argues the opportunities which are missed by rural children who are not always able to go to school because of work obligations on the farm. He argues that urban children, who do not have these same obligations, are therefore offered more educational opportunities and subsequent professional opportunities. John Bullen in his article “Hidden Workers: Child Labour and the Family Economy in Late Nineteenth-Century Urban Ontario” (1992) takes this argument one step further. While agreeing that rural children are at a disadvantage because of their labor obligations, so too are urban working class children who also live within family structures where every family member must contribute either in labor or wages in order to sustain the family lifestyle. In all cases, middle and upper class children who do not have the same labor obligations are given more educational, professional and social mobility opportunities in their stead. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • GST of Canada

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the Canadian Goods and Services Tax (GST). Since its implementation in January 1991, the Canadian Goods and Services Tax (GST) has been an excessive burden to the consumers, businesses, corporations, financial institutions and the federal government itself. The initial implementation costs because of manufacturer costs associated with new accounting systems alone for example reached an estimated $1 million per taxpayer. The continuing annual administration costs to comply are estimated at around $500,000 per taxpayer in addition to a total cost to small businesses of over $1.2 billion annually. The Tax Executives Institute was hired in 1994 to assess the system and while it admitted that the GST system was better for international business than the previous FST (the federal sales tax system it replaced but was invisible to the consumer), overall the administration of the system should be modified to have a higher threshold for registration (introduced and still at $30,000 for small businesses), a lower tax rate, but with fewer exemptions to decrease administrative costs among others. The government did not implement these recommendations so that in addition to the continued annual burden on tax payers in Canada, according to the budget released in February 2003 the government now has to reimburse several educational and municipal organizations for GST payments retroactive to the year the GST was introduced; an additional cost to the Canadian tax payer which has yet to be determined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Bolman and Deal's Theories as they relate to School Systems

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the primary management practices within the school system in the context of Bolman and Deal’s four organizational frames. Bolman and Deal’s text “Reframing Organizations” (2003) deals with the concepts of frames within the workplace which employs the “usable knowledge” available from a management perspective and also addresses the failures within organizations “due to lack of imagination”. Organizations are broken into the four conceptual “frames” of structural, human resources, political and symbolic which account for the various aspects of planning, staffing, organizing, directing and controlling within any organization. The management functions within school systems can also work within these frames as they include all of the same vital components which must be managed and maintained as within corporations. A study published by Souchet (2001) is used to show the management practices within the school system in regards to the role of a principal within a small urban setting in the Mid-Western United States. The school principal within the school setting is “also known as the middle manager and the site administrator” in organizational terms and is considered as the major managerial influence within the school as he or she must determine “whether the education is effective or ineffective, whether morale is high or low, whether the school climate is positive or negative; whether personnel are satisfied or dissatisfied; whether students achieve or don’t achieve; whether parents and the public are cooperative or uncooperative; and whether there is effective or ineffective management and leadership”. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Basic Human Right of Health Care

    A 5 page paper arguing that access to health care is a right, rather than a privilege. There are those who maintain that health care is no more a right than is the "right" to drive fast cars; far more subscribe to the view that access to health care is a basic right of all people. This paper echoes that position. The paper suggests that neither employers nor the government needs to be central in the debate over health care reform, but that individuals need to be given control through the use of medical savings accounts and vouchers for the poor. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Self-Perception and Learning

    (5 pp) When we first begin to make the effort of learning, or deciding who we are, or who we want to be, we usually have to take into account how others perceive us. Naturally the first who do that are our parents. We have that problem presented in the readings that we have been given: Amy Tann's "Two Kinds," and Danzy Senna's "The Mulatto Millennium." These two works will be used as a basis for the "learning of self."

  • Electricity and America

    (5 pp) Prior to the electric light bulb, illumination was by fire from candles, kerosene and oil lamps, and coal-gas jets. With the advent of electricity, the advantages of electric lamps for interior lighting over flickering, sooty, open flames were readily apparent, and demand for electricity skyrocketed. The excitement and enthusiasm over electricity's beginnings could be heard from one coast to the next. (Newspaper accounts are used as reporting tools) Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Common Ground, A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families by J. Anthony Lukas

    (5pp) Common Ground: covering a great deal more than its subtitle suggests, is a huge non-fiction study of Boston in the 1970's, when it was under the pressure of court-ordered busing to achieve school desegregation. The three families J. Anthony Lukas focuses on include only a handful of the hundreds of people in a multilayered account of the moral fabric of a city and the vastly different social universes of its neighborhoods. Eventually the turmoil surrounding the desegregation efforts is seen in the context of history, not just national history, or that of Boston, but the history of the little villages cities are made up of, and in many cases even the histories of individuals.

 

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