Research Papers on Accounting

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.


Research Papers on Accounting

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Darka Case Study

    This 6 page paper is based in a case study provided by a student. A company has decided to make changes to his accounting policies and his undertaken some financial transactions. The paper considers the way that these events should be treated according to international accounting standards. Subjects discussed include accounting for leases, the capitalization of interest on the creation of assets, revaluing fixed assets, making provisions for closure of the department and accounting for shares bought in another firm. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • John and Mary Farmer Case Study

    This 4 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Answering three questions the first part of the paper looks at whether or not activity based accounting methods would be suitable for agricultural businesses such as farms, the second part of the paper discusses potentially bad decisions that may be made where activity based accounting is not used and the last part of the paper reviews an article that supports the use of activity based accounting of fixed/variable cost accounting. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Definitions Regarding Financial and Management Accounting

    This 3-page paper discusses the difference between management accounting (also known as cost accounting) and financial accounting. Also included is how management accounting reports can keep track of business operations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Management and Financial Accounting Differences

    This 5 page paper explains the differences between management accounting and financial accounting. Each type of accounting is considered in turn, considering who the users of the accounts are, how they want to use them, and how this is reflected in their preparation and presentation. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Budgeting Case Study; Explaining Variances

    This 3 page paper looks at the way that a restaurant accounts have varied from the budgeted accounts and then goes on to show that the variation is due to costs that are not under the control of the manager. The paper argues for the use of responsibility accounting. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • The History of Accounting and its Career Benefits

    This 6-page paper examines the history of the accounting profession and explains why someone might choose accounting as a career based on its history. The essay discusses accounting in ancient times, as well as the first chartered accountant group and double-entry bookkeeping. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Accounts at Happy Hospital

    This 8 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student and answers four questions regarding the accounts. The first part look at the trends seen in the payment of accounts receivable, the second part looks at the budgeting process, the third part considers the way that balance sheets and revenue statements are used. The last section considers the prevention of fraud and compliance issues. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Tyco Case Study

    A 4 page paper. Using a case study, Tyco International: A Case of Corporate Malfeasance, provided by the student, the writer responds to three questions/issues: how to account for Kozlowski's behavior, how to account for the board's failure to fulfill duties, and what new CEO Breen must do to regain public confidence as well as that of other stakeholders. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Frantek Case Study

    This 5 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student. Frantek are a company that had a contract to sell computer boards, but they have not been able to meet their contractual obligations. The buyer re-negotiates some more favorable terms for Frantek. The paper looks at the impact on accounting issues such as revenue recognition, inventory valuation and accounting for liabilities. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Effective Security Management Through Financial Management and Accounting Understanding

    This 10 page paper considers how, by understanding accounting systems and management accounting practices, security can be improved. The paper defines security and then looks at the potential areas of weakness that require understanding, including internal and external security threats. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Management Accounting and Methods of Performance Assessment

    This 6-page paper focuses on various performance evaluations when it comes to management accouting systems. Systems discussed include cost accounting and activity based accounting. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Management and Financial Accounting

    A 6 page paper defining and providing examples of financial and management. Management accounting also provides decision-making tools, while financial accounting gives investors and regulatory agencies a view of how effective management's decision-making has been during the reporting period. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Management Accounting and Technology

    A 6 page paper examining some of the ways that technology has influenced management accounting. Examples are from the manufacturing perspective, particularly as it applies to a Just-In-Time (JIT) system. Some authors believe that increased technology also increases risk, but the general attitude is that as technology continues to evolve, so will the capabilities of management accounting. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Johnson and Kaplan's Relevance Lost The Rise and Fall of Management Accounting Reviewed

    This is a 10 page paper reviewing the book “Relevance Lost: The Rise and Fall of Management Accounting” by H. Thomas Johnson and Robert S. Kaplan first published in 1987 and has since been printed over nine times. The book is extremely relevant in its recognition of the importance of the development of the management accounting discipline over its course in history and the realization that the system must be drastically updated in order to be effective in today’s global competitive industries. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Global Account Management

    This 5 page paper looks at global account management according to information submitted by a student. The pitfalls of global accounts are discussed. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Decisions in Management Accounting Cases

    A 5 page paper assessing two management accounting cases. One addresses whether a one-location retail establishment should eliminate one department and expand another, one addresses the inability of a company’s board to determine where the company’s profits and losses lie due to inept accounting. Includes 3 tables. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Management Accounting and the Source of Error Represented by Fixed Costs

    This 7 page paper considers how fixed costs may be a major cause of error in management accounting. The paper looks at how production techniques have changed and traditional cost accounting may be inappropriate due to increased fixed costs and falling direct labour costs leading to distortions and a domino effect. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Internal Accountants and Small Business

    A 12 page literature review examining the value of accountants to the small business. The literature review is for use in a study of small businesses in which they will be surveyed regarding the sources of the accounting expertise they use, for the purpose of relating accounting presence and business failure. The original purpose of this literature review was to locate and discuss articles focusing on small businesses’ use and employment of accounting personnel in support of an upcoming study of that relationship and its effect on the course of development of the small enterprise. No such specific information appears to be available, however, a surprising discovery in light of the critical nature of efficient and optimal operation of business of any size. Despite the dearth of information directly related to the proposed hypotheses for the study, the information that does exist points to the need for the proposed study. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Passion of the Christ v. The Bible

    A 4 page research paper/essay that analyzes Mel Gibson’s film “The Passion of the Christ” has an air of authenticity that is designed to enhance the illusion that the audience is watching a highly accurate dramatization of biblical accounts of Christ’s Passion. The writer argues that a close examination of the film reveals that there are numerous deviations from the gospel accounts. These deviations, while still in keeping, overall, with the biblical text, tend to promote a theological perspective on the Bible that is in keeping with traditional Catholicism. Collectively speaking, the differences between gospel accounts and Gibson’s film offer an interpretation to the Passion of Christ that is substantially altered, which means that film’s air of authenticity is inaccurate. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Chancellors A History Of The Leaders Of The British Exchequer, 1886-1947 by Roy Jenkins

    12 pages in length. Roy Jenkins' purpose for penning The Chancellors: A History of the Leaders of the British Exchequer, 1886-1947 was not so much to chronicle the political contributions of each of the nineteen men who held office during this particular period; rather, the author chose a more personal approach as a means by which to portray the psychological and political components of each protagonist. Unlike similar accounts on the subject, Jenkins employs a significant sense of humor, not-so-subtle irony and rather unflattering perspective of what he calls a disparate lot of British Chancellors who had no more in common with one another than somewhat more than average ability and substantially more than average ambition. Indeed, The Chancellors' essays do not represent the typical and stuffy account of history's British moneymen. No additional sources cited.

  • Drawbacks of Narration As Seen in Two Works By Conde and Carpentier

    5 pages in length. Maryse Conde's "Land of Many Colors" and part II of "The Harp and the Shadow," by Alejo Carpentier, ponder the impossibility of telling everything when narrating the story of a person's life. When comparing why the story of these people must be told in each case, it is important to realize that not each and every individual detail is pertinent when telling one's life tale. Indeed, imagination and facts prove to influence the doctor's account of Berthe's and Antoine's lives, while Columbus' account of his own life also comes across just as peppered with a mixture of illusory and truth as he prepares to confess his sins. Inasmuch as these elements exist within the boundaries of both tales, the limitations that exist to influence the way each story is told are somehow both apparent and obscure at the same time. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Major Shifts in Practices in Management Accounting

    A 10 page paper discussing changes in the profession arising from changes in technology, globalization and competitive strategies. Integrated management accounting systems, such as those arising from activity-based costing and management (ABC/ABM) systems with enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems can be appealing for their instant accessibility to information in real-time, but they also can detract from sound decision making based on trends more easily discernible from the more standard monthly and annual reports of traditional management accounting systems. There can be a place for both, but their uses need to be as clearly defined as the qualities they are measuring. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Overview of Financial Management

    This 36 page paper considers different aspects of financial management. The paper is written in six parts which show hw to conduct a ratio analysis of some financial accounts, the example in the paper uses Hanson PLC, the value of life cycles costing as a way of controlling expenditure, overhead costing with examples of how overheads may be distributed, contribution per unit and the way that break even points, how to use general information to draw up a profit and loss account and a balance sheet, including discussion on what can and cannot be included. The paper then considers the proposed changes with FRED 22 which it the revision of FRS 3 and the different tools that can be used for investment assessment, including but not limited to NPV and IRR. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Convenience Store Management Accounting

    A 4 page paper answering 5 questions of how a management accounting software package can assist convenience store owners to achieve greater profitability and operating efficiency by identifying those products that are most profitable. Every square inch of a convenience store is valuable to its management, and changes in the industry dictate that these stores operate with maximum efficiency. Store owners are learning that the highest profit margin items are not necessarily the most profitable ones to carry. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Financial Investment Model Limitations and Long Term Capital Management

    A 9 page overview of the applicability of financial models to investment. The author reveals the investment strategy of the “Long Term Capital Management” fund to contend that this strategy was based largely on models such as that accounted for by the Black-Scholes Formula. The failure of this fund serves to exemplify the fact that models are based on normal behavior, when normal behavior is replaced by abnormal behavior even the most advanced financial models fail to perform. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Management Accounting Analysis of the Master Budget

    A 25-page paper that presents an overview of the master budget along with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages involved in its use. Also included is a discussion of the changing world of management accounting and the direction it is predicted to take over the next few years. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Obeserving and Managing the Classroom

    A 5 page research paper that offers an account of a hypothetical observational experience. While actually conducting a classroom observation is, of course, beyond the scope of this example term paper writing service, a great deal can be discerned from classroom management literature that indicates how such a classroom observation might be described. This paper indicates, hypothetically, how an observational experience might be described and also suggests an activity that the student may conduct with a class. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Analyzing A History of the World in 10 1/2 Chapters by Julian Barnes

    This 4 page paper presents an analysis of this unique and startling fictional account of the history of the world, illuminating its commentary on spirituality and human nature. Furthermore, this paper examines this work in light of other great works of literature, such as the book of Genesis, Augustine's "Confessions", Freud's "Civilization and its Discontents", and others. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Holocaust Literature and the Portrayal of Children

    A paper which looks at the way in which children are depicted in literature which deals with the Holocaust, in both autobiographical works and fiction, the importance of such works as a resource in Holocaust studies, and the way in which contemporary children respond to such accounts of their forebears’ experiences.

  • Employee Behavior and the Effects of Management Accounting

    5 pages in length. The fast and frequent changes that continue to occur throughout the workplace has caused some positions to be eliminated while others assume even more responsibility. In the case of management accounting and how it impacts employee behavior, the student will want to discuss this ever-changing environment as it relates to improving company productivity and efficiency, the need for effective leadership during such changes, as well as address the critical importance of managerial communication within the organization. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Accounting Practice and the Use of Mathematics

    This 3 page paper looks at the use of mathematics in accounting practice. Double entry bookkeeping is used as an example. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Autobiographical Account of 'Math Anxiety'

    A 5 page research paper that explores the topic of "math anxiety," a term which refers to the paralyzing fear experienced by many people that they will perform badly when faced with a timed aptitude test on any form of math. This examination of math anxiety offers an autobiographical account of this author's math experience, from the elementary to the college level, as well as the math experiences of a colleague. This is followed by a discussion as to whether or not math anxiety is gender related. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Japanese Literature: "Essays in Idleness" and "An Account of My Hut"

    This 8 page paper compares two Japanese works of Medieval literature, "Essays in Idleness" and "An Account of My Hut." Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Margin Trading and Its Potential Impact on Developing Market Stock Exchanges; Literature Review

    This 26 page paper is written in the form of a literature review looking at areas which would need to be considered in a paper assessing the impact of margin trading on either developing or developed countries. The paper defines margin trading, explains how it takes place including margin accounts and the call margin. The potential impacts that margin trading can have on the markets is then discussed including pyramiding and depyramiding and potential stabilizing impacts. The bibliography cites 20 sources cited.

  • College Math 'Survival'

    A 3 page informal assessment of the many things that are different about the college environment and the high school environment that might account for decreased performance in mathematics. Noting the different teaching styles, living arrangements, and the many frustrations of life on campus; the author of this paper emphasizes that the only one that can take responsibility for student success is the student themselves. No sources are listed.

  • The Aftermath of the Arthur Andersen Scandal

    This 3-page paper describes what happened to Arthur Andersen, from a financial accounting perspective, following Enron. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Different Stakeholders, Single Set of Accounts, and Management Accounting

    This 16 page paper answers two questions. The first part considers the implementation and operation of systems of budgeting and budgetary and how they are very time consuming and discussing the extent to which this time is well spent. The second part of the paper discusses the view that it is impossible to satisfy the needs of different users with a single set of published accounts. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Book Review of Management Accounting

    This 20-page paper is a book review on the textbook Management Accounting (Fourth Edition) by Anthony Atkinson, Robert Kaplan and S. Mark Young.

  • Questions on Information Technology and Management Supply

    A 10 page paper answering 6 questions about supply chain management; JIT; ERP; EDI and accounting. The paper contains diagrams for the supply chain of two manufacturers and a university. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • In Depth Look at Columbia Sportswear

    This 17 page paper is an in-depth look at the Columbia Sportswear Company, a US firm selling outdoor wear, sportswear, footwear, accessories and equipment. The paper assessing the company from the 2004 annual accounts with an in-depth ratio analysis, identification of financial and strategic issues and an assessment of the opportunities, threats, strengths and weaknesses. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • BMX Racing

    This 7 page paper provides a historical account of BMX racing as well as providing a description of the sport. A comparison to mountain biking is also included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Psychology Course Candidate

    An account of why an individual would be particularly suitable for a doctorate course in psychology, with reference to her personal and professional experience and her cultural background.

  • Learning Prejudice

    This 3 page paper discusses racial discrimination, argues that it is learned and explains how it is learned, and what theory of social psychology best accounts for it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Creation, Man's Fall, and the Great Flood in Metamorphoses of Ovid and The Holy Bible

    A 5 page paper that compares and contrasts the accounts of creation, the fall of man and the flood as told by the Bible and Ovid in Metamorphoses. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Blues People Negro Music in White America by Leroi Jones

    A 3 page analysis of Blues People: Negro Music in White America by Leroi Jones. This book is a comprehensive and highly readable account that traces the birth and development of African American music and the considerable effect that it has had on white mainstream culture. No additional sources cited.

  • Neil Bogart and Casablanca Records' Rise and Fall

    A 5 page synopsis of Fredric Dannen's account of the risk and fall of Neil Bogart and Casablanca Records in his book Hit Men: Power Brokers and Fast Money Inside the Music Business. The writer relates how Bogart and Casablanca defined the worst excesses of the disco era. It is a tale of extravagance and incredibly bad business management. No additional sources cited.

  • Samuel and Moses Bible Stories

    This 5 page paper provides an account of the two bible stories. Moses and Samuel as individuals are compared and contrasted. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Aquinas by F.C. Copleston

    A 3 page essay that analyzes F.C. Copleston's Aquinas, An Introduction to the life and work of the Great Medieval Thinker (1955). The writer argues that Copleston offers a balanced and well-written account of Aquinas' life and his contributions to theology and philosophy. This examination of Copleston's text shows that his interpretation of Aquinas' work is enlightening and insightful, particularly in regards to Aquinas' cosmological argument on the existence of God. No additional sources cited.

  • History and 'The Iliad' by Homer

    A 7 page analytical essay that examines Homer's Iliad in terms of how the details of the poem reflect the culture and beliefs of Homer's era. The writer argues that the works of Homer, regardless of whether or not Homer actually existed or if his account of the Trojan War is historical accurate, definitely reflect the cultural concepts, beliefs, and worldview of the time in which these epic poems were composed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • History and 'The Iliad' by Homer

    A 7 page analytical essay that examines Homer's Iliad in terms of how the details of the poem reflect the culture and beliefs of Homer's era. The writer argues that the works of Homer, regardless of whether or not Homer actually existed or if his account of the Trojan War is historical accurate, definitely reflect the cultural concepts, beliefs, and worldview of the time in which these epic poems were composed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Augustus' Rule and the Pessimism of 'The Aeneid'

    A 5 page contention that despite the fact that Virgil manages to maintain a facade of patriotism in "The Aeneid", the poem is in reality an underhandedly pessimistic account of Augustus' regime. This is true despite the fact that Virgil was writing under the close supervision of Augustus and was obligated to portray him and his regime in a positive light. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Activity Based Costing Case Study

    This 4 page paper is based on an accounting case study supplied by the student. The paper demonstrates the way that New Millennium Linen can assess their costs using traditional costing techniques and activity based costing.

  • Budget Variance

    This 5 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Several areas of expenditure identified within management accounts, with the actual spending compared the budget spending, presented some speculation regarding possible reasons for the variance. The second part of the paper considers potential benchmarks which may be utilized in order to increase the accuracy of future forecasting. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Cost Accounting Case Study - Clear Hear

    This 4 page paper looks at an accounting case study provided by the student, Clear Hear have the opportunity to increase revenues with a new contract for 100,000 cellular telephones, but they only have spare capacity for 70,000. The paper looks at differentiation and costs for the options to determine if the firm should accept the contract and assess how it should be fulfilled. The calculations used are included in the paper The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Income and Expenses at Patton Fuller

    This 3 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student, looking at the different categories of revenues and costs in a set of accounts provided looking at what they are and what they represent. The bibliography cites 2 sources.


    This 3-page paper discusses how the four functions of management can help save an ailing tax accounting firm. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Choosing a Trading Partner

    This 10 page paper looks at a case study provided b the student. The scenario is a firm is looking to expand and has a choice of three companies. The paper looks at the financial and non financial information that can be used to make the decision. The case study was supplied with a set of accounts for each potential trading partner which are used to calculate profit, efficiency and liquidity ratios. The bibliography cites 4 sources.


    This 5-page paper examines accounting and financial aspects a potential job applicant needs to examine before accepting a job. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Case Study: Decision Time at Lotus Corporation

    This 3 page paper uses a case study to describe the way in which Lotus Corporation launched its Lotus 1-2-3. It further considers whether Lotus should sell directly to its large accounts, or go through its network of distributors.

  • Bight Home Builders Case Study

    This 8 page paper is based on a case study provided by the student. Bright home builders is a Chinese construction company, they face a number of internal control issues; poor control over employees and poor accounting standards. The paper looks at three strategic alternatives for each issue which may be adopted to remedy the problems along with the advantages and disadvantages associated with their strategies. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Accounting Case Study; Plenty Money Sdn Bhd

    This 20 page paper answers questions based on a case study provided by the student. The answers include looking at how to compare two years of annual accounts, why profit may be up but cash flow is struggling, NPV and IRR calculations and the preparation of a cash budget, profit and loss and balance sheet for a new company. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Revenue Recognition at Carlton; A Case Study

    This 4 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student where there are different sales scenarios and questions regarding whether or not the revenue should be recognized. The paper then considers how other companies have dealt with similar scenarios and the impact of international accounting standards on the case. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Accounting Case Study; Frantek and Conte

    This 5 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student; Frantek. The paper considers the different ways transaction will be treated in accounting terms, looking at revenue recognition, the need for certainty and assumption that need to be made. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Merrimack Tractors Case Study

    This 13 page paper looks at a case study of a firm that is considering make a change in accounting policy; to move from last in first out (LIFO) to first in first out (FIFO) inventory valuation methods. The impact that change may have ion the income statement are discussed and calculated, and issues such as ethical considerations are discussed. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Mel Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ

    A 7 page research paper that describes and analyzes the influences in Mel Gibson’s film The Passion of the Christ. The writer discusses how the film differs from gospel and historical accounts and then focuses on where Gibson obtained information on scenes that differ from the gospel stories of the Christ’s betrayal, arrest and crucifixion. The writer also points out aspects of Hollywood conventions that are in the film. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • U.S. History and the Impact of Roy Cohn

    This 3 page paper presents a biographical account of this attorney who became famous during the 1950's. Cohn's role in the McCarthy era is noted as well as one event that led to his ultimate disbarment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cyberstalking Issues

    This 5-page paper examines issues in cyberstalking, especially from a legal standpoint. Taking a fictional case study into account, the paper discusses whether cyberstalking actually took place, and whether the stalker should be convicted. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Assimilation Ideologies and Ethnic, Racial, and Cultural Diversity

    A 6 page review of the numerous factors which have led to diversity in the United States. The author explores the three major ideologies of assimilation (“Anglo-Conformity”, “the Melting Pot”, and “Cultural Pluralism”) and rejects these terminologies in favor of “structural pluralism”, a terminology which takes into account factors such as economics and geography as well as race and ethnicity to describe American diversity. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • An Individual's Explanation on Why He Wants to Become a Doctor

    A 6 page account of why one individual wants to become a physician. This paper relates the personal experiences of a student that stayed at his mother's bedside during a six month hospitalization. The lack of empathy and professionalism that he witnessed in the doctors that attended his mother and other patients convinced him that he could do better. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History of Turkey and Kuwait's Rates of Exchange

    This 10 page paper discusses the exchange rate history of Turkey and Kuwait and compares/contrasts them. Suggestions and theories are proposed based on the available data to account for the disparity between them. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • English Law and the Norman Conquest

    A paper which looks at the impact which the Norman Conquest had on the development of the English legal system, taking into account the many other historical and social factors which influenced the growth of common law both before and after the Norman invasion. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • Social Transgressions in D.H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers

    A 9 page discussion of the odd circumstances portrayed in this early twentieth century novel depicting the life of young Paul Morel. Lawrence treads on societal prohibitions when he presents the graphical account of the odd relationship which existed between his protagonist and his mother. He does so not because he wants to harness the “shock factor” in order to captivate a reading audience but because he wants to explore the most primal aspects of mankind’s nature.

  • English Law and Theory of Team Production

    This 14 page paper examines to what extent Team Production Theory can be seen to offer an accurate account of English company law. Comparison is made with US law where this model has been developed and seen as applicable in the ongoing development of corporate governance. The paper explains what is meant by Team Production Theory and then applies this model to English law. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Electricity and America

    (5 pp) Prior to the electric light bulb, illumination was by fire from candles, kerosene and oil lamps, and coal-gas jets. With the advent of electricity, the advantages of electric lamps for interior lighting over flickering, sooty, open flames were readily apparent, and demand for electricity skyrocketed. The excitement and enthusiasm over electricity's beginnings could be heard from one coast to the next. (Newspaper accounts are used as reporting tools) Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Arab Seafaring by George Hourani

    7 pages in length. The vastness of George Hourani's "Arab Seafaring" explores well beyond the standardized version of sea trade history and its eventual impact upon the world; rather, this particular historic rendering takes myriad other elements into account when describing one of the most important episodes in commerce. While the author does, indeed, address the fundamental aspects of sea trade history as it relates to the time before Christ, the Arabs, the Indian Ocean and ultimately to China and East Africa, one might readily argue that the much more interesting components of Hourani's account stem from his detailed descriptions of other heretofore undisclosed content, such as travel particulars, geographic interests, meteorology and highly illustrative visual images of the very vessels that made these seafaring journeys over and over again. Also integral to the overall comprehensiveness of Hourani's book is the impact of lighthouses, maritime handbooks and other invaluable guiding instruments, as well as that of piracy and everyday sea life upon the sailors. Unquestionably, Arab Seafaring is one of the most exhaustive accounts of its kind that paints a complete and detailed literary picture of what it meant to be involved with seafaring commerce during these centuries. No additional sources cited.

  • Job Tasks in Accounting and Financial Management

    This 15-page paper focuses on tasks and job descriptions of financial managers and accountants, for purposes of putting together a potential "job" that such a person might have in a computer services company. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Management Accounting and Errors Caused by Fixed Costs

    This 5 page paper looks at how fixed costs may cause errors management decisions. The paper looks at this in a logical manner, first explaining what fixed costs are and how if they are inaccurate they can lead to major mistakes in the information upon which decision are made, The paper then looks at how mistakes may be made in the way fixed costs are estimated. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Management Accounting ; Restaurant Case Study

    This 8 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student and shows how to work out the break even point and the sales required to gain the profit objective using the figures given. The impact of increasing costs, decreasing customers and the cost of a renovation are considered in terms of the impact it will have on the number of sales needed. All calculations are shown.

  • Creating a Income Statement

    This 3 page paper is based on a case study provided by the student. Figures are given for a revenue range and percentages for costs for a bookstore, using the instructions a profit statement is created for a period of six months, and the percentage of profit in is to be retained to achieve an investment at the end of the six month period is calculated.

  • Ratio Analysis of AS Ltd

    This 10 page paper is a financial analysis of a case study supplied by the student. The paper looks at the profitability, liquidity, efficiency and capital structure for three years 2007 – 2009 for a private engineering firm AS Ltd. All calculations are shown. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Dora An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria by Sigmund Freud

    A 4 page critical analysis of the named work. Sigmund Freud’s (1856-1939) “Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria” (1963) is Freud’s account of the case of Ida Bauer, whose father brought to Freud seeking “cure” for her willful refusal to assist her father in securing the affections of his would-be mistress. Freud’s conclusions included diagnosis of hysteria and sexual repression; he firmly believed that Dora’s refusal to assist her father sprang from her own sexual desire for her own father. The paper discusses Freud’s lack of objectivity and his failure to take a moral view of Dora’s position. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • JKA Case Study

    This 8 page paper answers questions based on a case study provided by the student. JKA is a commercial programming consultancy firm that has expanded into other areas including dispute resolution. The case answers questions concerning the marketing of the company; how brandy should take place and the value of CRM, management of the company; the organisation and communication within the company, and accounting; the impact of opening an office in Dubai on the ratio analysis and cash-flow statements. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Merrimack Case Study; Accounting for Inventory LIFO and FIFO

    This 5 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student and looks at the way changes in sales patterns and policy may impact on the cost of sales and the valuation of inventory. The paper starts by looking at a stock valuation and the production of an income sheet using last in first out (LIFO), then at changes in sales patterns which may impact on costs of goods/value of inventory. The change to first in first out (FIFO) is then considered, looking at the impact on the accounts and considering the ethical implications. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • History of the Italian Carnival During the Renaissance

    20 pages. This fascinating paper is a look at the history of the Carnival in Italy, especially in Florence, during the 14th and 15th centuries. People's lives changed from ordinary to the wild and mysterious during Carnival. People gained a sense of power during Carnival; how did the Carnival affect the ruling families of the time period? Many fascinating topics are covered in this account of the bizarre and riotous period of Carnival during the Renaissance period. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • The Mongols And Ming China : Customs And History by Henry Serruys

    7 pages in length. Henry Serruys' account of the Hung-Wu period (1386-1398) in "The Mongols and Ming China : Customs and History" draws upon the author's literary talents, as well as the sordid historical events that revolve around China's Mongols during this period. This detailed analysis provides the reader with a scope of knowledge both vast and explicit, with the book's aim being that of a comprehensive critical overview of how China's Mongols managed to rule for the better part of a century. Indeed, the sources upon which Serruys draw are instrumental in his ability to portray this era as one of China's most powerful. Clearly, the method by which the author assembles the work, as well as his complementary writing style, brings forth the underlying reasons that such a forceful period existed in China's past and what its people have learned from such events, which represent the book's larger issues. No additional sources cited.

  • Reading Education History

    A 6 page paper. One writer developed a historical framework that illustrated four ages of reading pedagogy. These are used as the basis for the historical account of reading education. The writer also includes major theorists in the discussion, such as Noah Webster, John Dewey and Norm Chomsky. A history of reading education would not be complete without mentioning the decades old debate of phonics versus whole language. Finally, the essay considers the major trend in literacy and reading programs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Eye on the Future Business People in Calgary and the Bow Valley, 1870-1900 by Henry C. Klassen

    A 6 page review of Eye on the Future: Business People in Calgary and the Bow Valley, 1870-1900 by Henry C. Klassen (University of Calgary Press, 2002). This text consists of a detailed, comprehensive and highly accurate account of the business history of the Alberta region of Canada, with particular emphasis on the development of the town of Calgary. Klassen's history covers the early stages of industrialization through the beginnings of consumerism from a business history perspective. The scholarship behind Klassen's book is so extensive that, as this examination demonstrates, it can be viewed as coming close to being an anthropological study of the varied factors that come together to create a city and shape the course of history for a region. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Political Geography Defined

    5 pages in length. Helping the world to better understand itself, Martin Ira Glassner's "Political Geography" clearly illustrates -- both verbally and graphically -- the essence of what it is to live on this planet. His in-depth personal, anecdotal and factual accounts offer extensive observation as to why things are the way they are in contemporary society, much of which helps to clear up common confusion people often harbor with political explanation. From the very first chapter, Glassner occupies the reader's foremost attention with insightful issues and logical application. The writer discusses the concept of political geography. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Emile Durkheim's Suicide and the Response of Anthony Giddens

    This is a 6 page paper discussing Giddens’ response to Durkheim’s suicide. Anthony Giddens is a modern day sociologist who has proposed a new theory of “structuration” which he considers as his “concern to develop an ontological framework for the study of human social activities”. In doing this, Giddens offers a more expansive and open method in the study of society and institutions in which he hopes will offer an alternative to many of the traditional sociological methods used. Emile Durkheim in his study on “Suicide” provided one of the first systematic presentations of suicide as a sociological phenomenon. Consistent with the functionalist theories however, Durkheim offered three definitions of suicide, egoistic, altruistic and anomic, which were all functional aspects of society. Giddens believed that the functionalist argument could not possibly account for the various factors influencing suicide and within his argument and general dismisses much of Durkheim’s definitions. He also presents other misunderstandings and controversies which surrounded Durkheim’s study on suicide which somewhat validate his claim that the functionalist perspective is not complete in its relation to the discussion of suicide. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Critical Review of How We Die Reflections On Life's Final Chapter by Sherwin B. Nuland

    7 pages in length. Coming to terms with death is not an easy task. In Sherwin B. Nuland's "How We Die : Reflections on Life's Final Chapter," readers are given the opportunity to delve into the various characteristics and experiences relating to the issues of dying. The author offers accounts from a number of perspectives, including patient, family, doctor, nurse and administrator, which allows the reader to gain significant insight to the coping methods employed by each group. The writer recognizes that although unquestionably intense and contemplative in its approach, "How We Die : Reflections on Life's Final Chapter" reviews in a quite humane and thought provoking manner the steps each person takes in addressing the inherent difficulties of life's end. No additional sources cited.

  • The European Miracle by E.L. Jones

    A 6 page book review of E.L. Jones' The European Miracle. In this text, Jones endeavors to answer the following question, which is "How to account for the ascendancy...of the First World" (Kellas 330). In his search for answers, Jones looks at European history and geography and contrasts and compares its development with the history of Asia, which he pictures as taking a different socio/economic path. Jones characterizes the Ottoman empire as "intellectual backward" and speaks of India's "total lack of political inspiration," pointing out the social structure in India "impaired political stability and the resulting instability impaired development (Kellas 330). As this suggests, in answer to the questions that the text poses, Jones presents a multitude of elements as contributing to the miracle of European development. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Conventional Theology and The Passion of the Christ Film by Mel Gibson

    A 7 page research paper that discusses the controversy surround the film The Passion of the Christ, produced and directed by Mel Gibson. This movie presents the last twelve hours of Jesus' life, that is, his suffering and crucifixion in a manner that demonizes Jewish authorities of the time. Particularly since all dialogue in the movie is spoken in either Latin or Aramaic (with English subtitles), the film has the "feel" of a documentary and it is likely that many viewers will regard it as an accurate dramatization of the gospel story of Christ's death. This paper compares Gibson's film to accounts of the crucifixion recorded in the Gospels. This comparison shows that Gibson added a great deal more violence than is actually portrayed in the Bible. The theological and racial implications of Gibson's film are then discussed in light of his personal history and background. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Race Concept and its History

    14 pages in length. Drawing upon the work of David Goldberg's "Racist Culture: Philosophy and the Politics of Meaning," one can readily argue that idea of race has always combined references to what is seen as natural (fixed) and social construct, suggesting that very divergent discourses have been implemented over time as a means by which to account for human diversity within the colonial context of European and non-European differences. Furthermore, the notion of race is not inherent to biology, but rather it is a social and cultural classification that has been erroneously attributed to biological implication. The writer discusses the concept of race from the Puritan colonization to present-day criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Imaginative Style Developed by J.R.R. Tolkien

    6 pages in length. Ever since man began telling tales, incredible accounts of freakish, monster-like animals have captivated and horrified entire communities. The basis for these extraordinary fabrications was the inability of early writers to distinguish between truth and fantasy. As the stories were passed down through generations, they eventually became accepted as the legends we know today. The younger years of one of mythological literature's most beloved writers – J.R.R. Tolkien – served to greatly impact this imaginative style; however, the author did not fully grasp his unique talent until the 1930s when he worked and reworked The Hobbit and ultimately came up with new ideas of mythological literature in the essay "On Fairy Stories." By this time Tolkien had come to realize that fantasy stories were plainly not primarily concerned with possibility, but with desirability. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Evaluation of Hospital Quality

    An 11 page research paper that address hospital quality. Hospitals in industrialized countries account for roughly 40 percent of total healthcare spending (Blendon, et al, 2004). Considering this, it is not surprising that hospitals generally stand at the center of effects to improve the quality of healthcare service while also controlling costs. In order to accomplish such a task, the first goal must be to establish standards against which quality can be evaluated. This literature review examines how hospital quality service is defined in relevant literature. The resulting information is then used to formulate an instrument for evaluating quality, both quantitatively and qualitatively, by employing a sample group made up of medical and healthcare providers as well as the patients they serve. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Wilkerson, Inc. Operations Management

    A 15 page paper discussing production problems at Wilkerson, Inc., a small manufacturer of custom-sized, high-quality windows for sale to residential builders in the local (Tennessee) area. The sales department has been gaining increasing influence in manufacturing, to the point that production schedules are virtually meaningless as Sales continually brings “rush” orders to the production manager and is able to insist that the production department provide the product right away. Sales dictates all aspects of operation, including pricing that does not take into account all of the costs of production. The paper makes recommendations that can serve Wilkerson well, beginning with taking the sales force off the production floor. Includes 1 chart. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Leadership, Management and Changes in These Fields

    A 7 page paper comparing a century-old view of management with today’s practices. Many of Henri Fayol’s concepts are in evidence today, but his primary precepts – i.e., one “right” form of organization, one “right” manner of approaching organizational issues; full decision-making responsibility for the CEO and none other – have fallen out of favor in preference for more participative approaches to management that also account for and make use of differences among individuals, differences that can give organizations competitive advantage in their industries. The purpose here is to weigh Fayol’s concepts against today’s management practices. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Homosexuality and Family Acceptance

    A 6 page essay/research paper that looks at Gloria Feliciano's play "Between Blessings," which is a poignant account of a twenty-eight year old Puerto Rican son, Diego, finally telling his proud, macho, traditionalist father that he is gay. In this work, Feliciano's use of language and dramatic devices serves to expand the scope of the play beyond the immediate domestic situation between father and son and, in so doing, brings up issues of culture and religiosity, specifically the stand of the Roman Catholic Church on homosexuality. This factor of the play is achieved by framing the confrontation between Diego and his father within scenes that feature a family friend, Father David, a priest who is also homosexual. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jesus' Betrayal by Judas

    A 7 page paper that discusses the events surrounding Judas' betrayal of Jesus. Judas is one of the most talked about figures in the Bible and yet there are very few references to him. These are discussed. Also discussed is why Judas found it necessary to kiss Jesus in the Garden when by all accounts everyone knew who Jesus was. The disparity in the incident in the Garden is pointed out as is the disparity in Judas' final actions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hermeneutics, Theology, and David Tracy

    This is a 12 page paper discussing David Tracy’s understanding of hermeneutics and its application to theology. As a representative of the Chicago School of theology, David Tracy along with his colleagues has challenged the traditional approach to theology with one which is considered more “correlational”. In other words, the Scriptures along with all classic texts cannot be interpreted without taking into account their contextual influences. Correlational theology studies not only the classical theological interpretation of religious texts but also depends a great deal upon the cooperation between “other interpreters of the human condition” including anthropologists, philosophers, sociologists, psychologists and literary scholars among many others (Jeanrond, 1998). This approach also reflects some of the basic concepts of nonfoundationalism as proposed by Thiel (1994) which has fundamental problems with the traditional Christian assumptions which are readily accepted in the interpretation of the Scriptures and also advocates the inclusion of contextual influences on theological study. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 3 Reviews on Religious Books

    An 18 page paper that consists of three separate 6 page book reviews. The first review refers to L. Russ Bush's The Advancement, which offers a Christian apologetic that defends the biblical account of creation against the position of Darwinian naturalism. The second book review addresses Norman Geisler and Ron Brooks' text When Skeptics Ask, which offers an apologetic that is useful to all Christians in defending their faith, as the objections that unbelievers raise regarding Christian dogma are frequently quite perceptive and cut to the heart of Christianity's basic principles. The final book review examines L. Russ Bush and Tom J. Nettles' Baptists and the Bible, which offers a comprehensive history of the Baptist church and its attitudes toward the doctrine of inerrancy and infallibility of the Bible. In each case, the writer summarizes every chapter in each book. No additional sources cited.

  • Educational Psychology: Tracking

    6 pages in length. The educational experience is meant to provide a comprehensive and well-rounded approach to the objective of learning; when students are divided by and taught within stringent criteria, the capacity for expansive knowledge is significantly stunted. The extent to which tracking serves to detach students from new experiences and each other by placing them within the confines of regimented, uniform study is both grand and far-reaching; that such division not only cultivates but also perpetuates such social ills as class and racial status speaks to the impact administrators very obviously do not take into account with such a divisive program. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing Theory, a Comparison

    A 5 page paper discussing two nursing theories, one of which is broad, the other mid-range. Most models of nursing theory are careful to take into account the fact that the patient is more than only a body in dysfunction. These theories have originated with at least one individual’s background in patient care in conjunction with the theorist’s higher awareness of the interaction of many factors in realizing physical goals. The purpose here is to compare a broad nursing theory with a mid-range one. The work of J. Travelbee represents the broad nursing theory. That of K.M. Swanson addresses mid-range issues. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Philosophy for Professional Practice

    A 7 page research paper that discusses a student-formulated professional philosophy of nursing practice, which is that making clinical judgment decisions in nursing care should be comfort based and founded on an understanding and knowledge of the patient’s continuous evolving physical and mental state. This examination of literature discusses how this philosophy can be applied to the four nursing domains of person, environment, health/illness and the nurse. Then, a broader perspective is given that takes into account the expectations of ANA standards of practice, the requirements of law and JCAHO standards. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Category Formation, Causal Theories, and Cognitive Psychology

    This is an 8 page paper comparing and contrasting the prototype and causal-based theories of category formation. In cognitive psychology, category formation is considered one of the most fundamental aspects of understanding mental representation. Within the area of category formation however, there are several theories which appear to conflict in some aspects. Two of these theories are the prototype theory of category formation and the causal theory of category formation. In the most basic sense, the prototype theory argues that individuals categorize items based on the typicality level of the objects in comparison with the “prototype” concept or image that an individual has. When new objects are encountered by an individual, a comparison of features based on prototypes takes place until that object is categorized. From a causal model theory perspective however, the categorization process also takes into account prior knowledge and theories of how the world works in addition to the causal relationships between features. Causal theorists find that the prototype theories base categorization from an independent and “probabilistic” viewpoint whereas individuals in fact use their causal knowledge in order to categorize and build relationships conceptually. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Bolman and Deal's Theories as they relate to School Systems

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the primary management practices within the school system in the context of Bolman and Deal’s four organizational frames. Bolman and Deal’s text “Reframing Organizations” (2003) deals with the concepts of frames within the workplace which employs the “usable knowledge” available from a management perspective and also addresses the failures within organizations “due to lack of imagination”. Organizations are broken into the four conceptual “frames” of structural, human resources, political and symbolic which account for the various aspects of planning, staffing, organizing, directing and controlling within any organization. The management functions within school systems can also work within these frames as they include all of the same vital components which must be managed and maintained as within corporations. A study published by Souchet (2001) is used to show the management practices within the school system in regards to the role of a principal within a small urban setting in the Mid-Western United States. The school principal within the school setting is “also known as the middle manager and the site administrator” in organizational terms and is considered as the major managerial influence within the school as he or she must determine “whether the education is effective or ineffective, whether morale is high or low, whether the school climate is positive or negative; whether personnel are satisfied or dissatisfied; whether students achieve or don’t achieve; whether parents and the public are cooperative or uncooperative; and whether there is effective or ineffective management and leadership”. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Solow's Growth Model and Economic Growth, Including Comparisons of Countries Along with 'The Golden Rule'

    This is a 9 page paper discussing Solow’s Economic Growth Model including country comparisons, formulas, stylized facts and “the golden rule”. Robert Solow’s economic growth model (1956) takes into account various important economic determinants of growth which include capital, labor, human capital, life expectancy, technology, trade and geography among other components which help to answer certain discrepancies which appear throughout the world economies today such as why some countries are rich and others poor; why some countries grow faster than others; how some countries manage to sustain economic growth; and why growth miracles and disasters can occur. Stylized facts included with Solow’s assumptions and model are those which have found that there are large variations in per capita income across economies; rates of economic growth vary a great deal across economies; growth rates are not constant over time; countries can move between being rich and poor; growth in output and trade are related among others. Solow’s growth model emphasizes all of the aspects of the importance of economic growth within a society. It also includes components of the supply and resources of a nation which can expand opportunity for a country’s production. Above all, savings are critical in that they must be high enough to replace the depreciated capital and also provide for the workers. Lower savings means lower worker productivity and lower living standards. The Solow growth model basically defines the conditions of different nations’ approach to an equilibrium level of capital stock (a steady-state). While developed nations such as the United States have reached this level of steady-state, other developing nations are still experiencing rising levels of high savings and rising capital/labor ratios. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Culture, Demographics and Socioeconomics of the Black American Family

    This is a 6 page paper discussing the demographic, socio-economic and cultural characteristics of African American families. Studies of demographic, socio-economic and cultural characteristics of African American families and communities have shown that overall, African Americans report lower incomes, lower education, higher unemployment and poverty rates, and higher mortality and suicide rates than most White communities in the United States. All of these factors have improved over the last decade and unemployment was reported at an all time low in the last U.S. Census. Despite these adversities however, a large percentage of African American families have succeeded in their educational and professional careers. It is believed that this “resilience” is enhanced by several cultural support characteristics which exist within the African American families and their communities. Most African Americans have reported that their most difficult challenges are based on racism and oppressive factors rather than factors which relate to their family or socio-economic status. Racism, oppression, and segregation are also believed to be some of the primary differences in the mortality and suicide rates in the African American population from the white population. In social science studies and in relation to agencies which wish to establish social support groups to help African American families, all of the cultural, socio-economic, and demographic differences must be taken into account. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Captivity of Women in A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson and The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper

    This is a 6 page paper on a comparison of Cooper’s “The Last of the Mohicans” and Rowlandson’s “A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson” in regards to strength, sexuality and purity. James Fenimore Cooper’s “The Last of the Mohicans” and Mary Rowlandson’s “A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson” both tell stories of female captives during the Indian colonial wars in the Eastern U.S. In Cooper’s work of fiction, he tells the story of Cora Munro and how she provides the strength needed to allow her pure sister to survive their captivity. Cora is of mixed blood but still finds the idea of marrying Magua the Huron “morally repugnant”. Cooper was also criticized after the publication of the work in his insinuation of doubting the purity of the colonists. Rowlandson’s true account of her own captivity stressed that she found her strength to survive her ordeal through the purity of the Psalms of the Puritan religion. Rowlandson’s strength came from her religion whereas Cora’s came from within herself and her use of her powerful sexuality: the colonist ideals remain intact however as Rowlandson survived and the impure Cora dies. These ideals of the importance of pure blood lines are still seen today in the rapes which are reported during wartime in Joanne Barkan’s article on the Serbian rape camps of Yugoslavia which were meant to bring impurity to the blood lines of the Muslims. Bibliography lists 6 sources.


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