Research Papers on History U.S.

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

 

Research Papers on History U.S.

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • A History of Special Education in the US

    An 8 page research paper that relates the history of special education. The structure of this history of special education first looks at the field earliest beginnings, which addresses how early special education innovators developed this field. However, the reality of history is also that there was resistance to the very idea of special education for severely mentally handicapped children and this is also addressed before moving on to the recent history of special education in the US and conclusions. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • History of WMDs in Iraq

    This 6 page paper examines the weapons of mass destruction that Iraq possessed prior to the U.S. invasion of that country. Furthermore, this paper provides analysis as to the reasons for the U.S. invasion as well as the history of prior wars between the U.S. and Iraq. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Relations between the U.S. and the Islamic Republic of Iran

    This 8 page paper describes the history of U.S.-Iran international relations and why Iran has come to distrust the United States. It considers the 1953 U.S. backed coup that overthrew the legally elected Mossadegh government; the Islamic Revolution; and the U.S. backing of Saddam Hussein. It also considers reasons why Iran is developing nuclear power. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Viewing US History Differently

    A 5 page summary and analyzes of a history text by Dinnerstein, Nichols, and Reimers, Natives and Strangers (1979) which is probably one of the first efforts at inclusion and acknowledgment of diversity in regards to US history. The writer argues that to a large degree, the authors achieved their goal, as this text offers a survey of American history that stresses the contributions of minorities and also the perspective of minorities toward the events that led to the founding of the United States. No additional sources cited.

  • US Influence on the History of the Panama Canal

    This 7-page paper focuses on the history of the Panama Canal and the influence of the U.S. government in making this project happen. Other topics for discussion include whether or not the U.S. could be considered imperialistic in its efforts to build a Canal though this country. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Post 1950 West and Marijuana

    An 11 page discussion of the history of marijuana usage in countries like Great Britain, Canada, and the U.S. since the mid part of the twentieth century. The author reviews some of the critical laws regarding marijuana usage, inclusive of the 2002 decision by Great Britain to lessen the criminal penalties for possession of marijuana and to in effect look the other way, to conclude that while countries like Great Britain and Canada are slowly preparing for the leap toward legalization, the U.S. is holding back and looking at the edge. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Relationship Between Mexico and the United States

    A 5 page research paper on the historical conflicts and solutions between the U.S. and Mexico. The writer focuses on the Spanish American War, Mexican War, other incursions by the U.S., and upon the political and social issues behind that history. Historical review leads to an answer to the question of why the two nations never formed a union. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nicaragua and Democracy Transitioning

    A 16 page research paper that argues that the US intervention in Nicaragua, rather then aiding the consolidation of democracy, in the long-term, actually prolonged such consolidation. The writer looks at the history of US intervention and the consequences for Nicaragua. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Marijuana Propaganda verses Fact

    This 9 page paper explores the history and legality of marijuana as it exists in the twenty-first century. Admittedly, the anti marijuana stance that has existed for most of our history is attributable to considerably misunderstanding and a propaganda campaign by the US government yet the relative plusses and minuses of marijuana are still being weighed out. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • A History of American Organized Crime

    A 15 page research paper that offers a history of organized crime in the US. The writer follows this history from Prohibition to the current day, concentrating on the career of Lucky Luciano, and arguing that the influence of the Mafia has declined in recent years, as Asian and Latin American gangs have gained ascendancy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • American Historical Contributions of Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin

    A 7 page discussion of the historical contributions of these three men. While it is easy to look at history as dry fact, when we consider these facts on an individual basis, history comes to life. A review of the contributions and personal characteristics of each of these men allows us to make a connection between America’s past and the present. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Southern and South African: Power of Christian Music

    A 12 page research paper that offers an overview of the influence and history of Southern Christian music in the US, and its role in the Civil Rights Movement, and the influence and history of Christian Music in South African, looking at its role in the anti-apartheid movement. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Vietnam Oral Narratives

    A 5 page research paper that summarizes and analyzes five oral histories concerning personal experience during the Vietnam War. These histories are taken from The Vietnam War Remembered from All Sides edited by C.G. Appy (2004). Accounts profiled are by a former Viet Cong guerilla fighter, a former US official, the wife of a war protester, and Senator John McCain. No additional sources cited.

  • Government Involvement in Health

    A 4 page paper that discusses the history of health care insurance in the U.S. beginning with private agreements in the 1920s. How the government interceded is reported, such as giving Blue Cross tax exempt status and allowing firms to offer benefits as incentives. The history continues through Medicare and Medicaid. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Southern and South African: Power of Christian Music

    A 12 page research paper that offers an overview of the influence and history of Southern Christian music in the US, and its role in the Civil Rights Movement, and the influence and history of Christian Music in South African, looking at its role in the anti-apartheid movement. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Special Education/Literature Review

    A 15 page research paper that discusses special education, its history in the US. This examination of issues pertaining to special education offers a broad overview of this topic via a review of relevant literature. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Guayaki Sustainable Rainforest Products

    This 28 page paper examines the California company Guayaki Sustainable Rainforest Products, the major supplier of the beverage yerba mate in the US and Canada, a beverage that is able to compete with coffee and tea as well as energy drinks. The paper looks at the company background, history and business model, assesses current and future competitors, identifies potential future markets and then performs a SWOT analysis discussing the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that the company faces. The paper entered a conclusion and considers the potential international job opportunities with the company. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • From the Invention of the Automobile to the Kent State Massacre

    This 8 page paper addresses fifteen specific questions in American history starting with the invention of the automobile and its impacts on American society and ranging to the US expansion into Cambodia and the Kent State Massacre. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Historical and Economic Effects of Lean Manufacturing

    A 5 page paper discussing lean manufacturing. “Lean manufacturing” is the current incarnation of the concept of Just-in-Time (JIT) manufacturing, an outgrowth of and partner to Total Quality Management (TQM). The evolution of the two concepts within the current business environment has led to the new terminology, and the concept of lean manufacturing reflects the changes. The purpose here is to review lean manufacturing’s history and to assess how it affects the US economy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History of Cloning

    A 5 page paper discussing the history of cloning and the untimely death of Millie, the first cow to be cloned in the US. Cloning has reached the point at which protocol is set and there is no anticipated reason that researchers could not produce a human clone. We have reached the brink of ethics, however, and it is yet unclear whether science should proceed. This debate forms the core of discussion surrounding cloning today. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Trade Patterns of the United States

    This 5 page paper looks at trading patterns. U.S. trading partners are discussed. Specific information about NAFTA, and the trade history between China and the United States, is also relayed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • U.S. Civil War Partisan Influence and Guerrilla Warfare

    A 17 page paper which examines the history of guerrilla warfare and assesses the dramatic impact it had on the U.S. Civil War (1861-1865), along with a consideration of some of its most effective practitioners (William Clarke Quantrill, ‘Bloody Bill’ Campbell, John Singleton Mosby, and J.J. Dickison). Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • The Oil Spill During the Week of June 6, 2010

    A 3 page research paper that reports on the events reported in the news for the week of June 6, 2010 pertaining to the explosion on the Deepwater Horizon rig, which resulted in the worst oil spill in US history. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Motorola's Quest to Regain Market Share in China

    A 6 page paper discussing Motorola's history in China and its loss of wireless handset market share in the early 2000s. The paper recommends that the company focus on long-term profitability, in the form of working to increase market share now and then preserving the market share it is able to gain. In no event should the company allow competitive pressures to force it to market with an inferior product as it did in the US with the low-end Razr. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Basque Tradition

    5 pages. This paper is an interesting study of the Basque people and the music, dancing, and clothing that they wear in their cultural dances. For hundreds of years the music and dance of their culture has been passed down through the generations and it still entertains yet tells us about the history of this beautiful culture. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Special Education/Literature Review

    A 15 page research paper that discusses special education, its history in the US. This examination of issues pertaining to special education offers a broad overview of this topic via a review of relevant literature. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Iran and its’ Nuclear Power Program

    This 5 page paper gives a general overview of the nuclear program in Iran. The paper starts by looking at the history and the development of the program, including the help from the US under the Atoms for Peace program. The paper considers the development and difficulties faced by the program and bring the events up to date to the position in 2007. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • England's Crime and Crime and Punishment from 1800 to 1850

    This 16 page paper considers hat does criminal law history before 1850 tells us about the processes of change in the law and legal institutions. The paper looks at the period 1800 – 1850 and examines four areas of law and the justice system; capital and corporal punishment including the “Bloody Code”; imprisonment and transportation to Australia; juvenile and women Offenders and the fringes of criminality including vagrants, drunkards and prostitutes. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • An Examination of the Credit Card Industry in the United States

    This 10 page paper examines US credit card industry in 2010, looking first at the development and history of the industry, in considering the economic and political influences and undertaking a Porters 5 forces analysis of potential future developments will impact on the industry. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Ohio's Oberlin College and Its History

    This 5 page paper examines the long history of Oberlin College in Ohio. Early founders to the modern trend examined as well as Oberlin's contribution to the early educational efforts in the US. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • American History Q and A

    A 12 page paper which presents questions and answers to US history. The questions address such figures as Booker T. Washington and Woodrow Wilson and discusses events such as bimetallism and nuclear research. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Historical and Economic Effects of Lean Manufacturing

    A 5 page paper discussing lean manufacturing. “Lean manufacturing” is the current incarnation of the concept of Just-in-Time (JIT) manufacturing, an outgrowth of and partner to Total Quality Management (TQM). The evolution of the two concepts within the current business environment has led to the new terminology, and the concept of lean manufacturing reflects the changes. The purpose here is to review lean manufacturing’s history and to assess how it affects the US economy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Aspects of U.S. History - Vietnam and the Civil Rights Movement

    This 6-page paper focuses on two facets of U.S. history -- first, how Brown vs. Board of Education helped spark desegregation and ultimately the Civil Rights Movement; and second, how the Vietnam War escalated under the leadership of Presidents Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon.

  • U.S. Political Parties: History and Roles

    A 12 page overview of the political party as it exists, and has existed in the U.S. The author emphasizes the change that has occurred over our history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Civil War Naval History

    A 7 page book review that discusses Divided Water, The Naval History of the Civil War (1996) by Ivan Musicant. This historian traces how the US Navy grew from a "drowsy, moth-eaten organization on the fringes of the technological revolution," to, by war's end, being a "maritime ironclad power briefly unmatched by any navy in the world" (Musicant 432). The writer relates this to naval virtues of honor, courage and commitment. No additional sources cited.

  • Injury and Safety Impacts of Bicycle Helmet Laws

    A 6 page reviews of the history and impact of laws mandating the use of helmets for bicyclists. Bicycle helmet laws are quite controversial not only within the U.S. but also in other areas of the world (especially in Australia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, and New Zealand) where they have been implemented. Many debate the quest of just how effective they are in improving safety and reducing injuries. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Saudi Arabia and Apple Computers

    Apple and Saudi Arabia: Time To Move: A five-page analysis of how a U.S. company, in this case Apple Computer, Inc., should go about entering a new market in a foreign country, i.e., Saudi Arabia. Included are economic, cultural and political climate in Saudi Arabia and the history and financial condition of Apple Computer. Cites four sources.

  • Post Monroe Doctrine Relations Between Cuba and the United States

    A 6 page research paper on how the history of these two nations has intertwined with the U.S. frequently playing a vital role in the Cuban government. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • USPS

    A 5 page paper on the internal workings of the mail system in the U.S. Included is a brief overview and history of the Postal Service along with economic and financial data. Bibliography included.

  • Confirmation of the Existence of ESP

    A 4 page paper describing three personal-knowledge experiences of the writer with ESP-related experiences, followed by some of the history of Joseph Banks Rhine's Parapsychology Laboratory opened at Duke University in the 1930s for the purpose of empirically investigating the existence of ESP and psychokinesis. The paper states that nearly all of us have had some sort of unexplainable extrasensory experience, and works to the conclusion that ESP does in fact exist. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Globalization and its Disadvantages

    The thesis that globalization is not good for underdeveloped countries is supported in this 15 page analysis. Central America is the focus of the paper, which includes a brief history of each of its seven countries. U.S. involvement in the region is emphasized. The paper concludes that the presence of multinationals in Central America is not the best thing for its people. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • A Book Review of Modern Middle East History

    A 6 page book review of A History of the Modern Middle East by William Cleveland (1994). This is a complex and scholarly work, designed to present Middle Eastern history to both students and general readers who have not previously studied this subject. The Middle East plays a prominent role in the daily news. In many cases, commentators and policymakers appear mystified by Middle Eastern attitudes and, particularly, by their stance towards the West and the US. Cleveland's history not only explains past events, but also places them within cultural and geographic context that aids the reader in seeing how the region evolved to its present state. No additional sources cited.

  • 'Dumping' and Exports of German Steel

    A 5 page research paper that examines German exports of steel products to the US, which has been a greatly contested area of trade between these two countries. The US Commerce Department has accused Germany of "dumping" steel products onto the US market. However, while many view this as an unfair trade practice, a subsequent ruling against penalties indicates the complexity of this issue. An examination of US/German steel trade shows that this area of foreign trade has been on shaky ground for some time. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cultural Understanding and the Reflections of Photography

    An 8 page discussion of the value of still photography and film in cultural research. The author contends that cultural history, a subcategory of both anthropology and history, is indeed replete with examples of the value of these mediums in preserving culture in a visual format. It is emphasized that this value is not exclusive to the use of photography as a documentary tool by the researcher but that instead it encapsulates the use of film produced by the culture itself. Asserts that both documentary and fictional film can be of tremendous research value.

  • A History of Nationalism in Russia

    A 4 page research paper that examines the topic of Russian nationalism from an historical point of view. The writer argues that by examining the history of Russian nationalism, it is possible to gain insight into the continuing role that Russian nationalism has played throughout Russian history and particularly in regards to how it contributed to the fall of the Soviet Union. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History of California and the San Luis Obispo de Tolosa Mission

    In 11 pages, the author discusses the history of the mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa and how it helped to shape California's history. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Multimedia and Communications' History

    This 20 page paper provides an overview of the history of communications leading up to and including multimedia. Various aspects are discussed inclusive of the history of video and audio communications and the way in which computer technology has affected the lives of ordinary individuals. The transitions over time are explored and a historical perspective is provided. Finally, the paper takes a look at how the media as a form of communications has affected the world. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Failure of Afghanistan's Humanitarian Aid

    A 10 page overview of the history of humanitarian aid in Afghanistan. This paper contends that while there are indeed people living in sub-human conditions and even starving to death in some instances, very little of our aid gets through to the needy and what does is often received with suspicion and hatred. The reasons for our failure can be attributed to the history of the interworkings between this country and the countries which are trying to assist it. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • History of Europe

    A 9 page paper which addresses there specific topics in European history. The paper examines why Britain's attempts to colonize America were unsuccessful, John Locke contribute to the development of a progressive theory of history, and the similarities and differences between British and French colonization. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Haunting and its History

    7 pages. This paper examines the history of amusement park haunted houses, as well as those that become popular during the Halloween season. A history of Halloween is given which will help to explain why people enjoy being scared out of their minds and even pay to do so. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Russian History's Inconsistencies and Dichotomies

    This 5 page paper looks at the history of Russia with a focus on the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The attitudes that created dichotomies and the nation's inconsistent policies are explored. The history of this nation is tied in to the state of affairs today. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History, Brands, and Product Life Cycles

    This 4 page paper considers why a brand with a long history, or the perception of a long history may not be as successful as a more up to date brand. The paper considers the role of the product or brand lifecycle and the impact historical association may have on a brand and the need for brand renewal. Examples are cited to illustrate the points raised. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Pivotal Historical Point of the 1789 French Revolution

    A 5 page research paper that argues the position that the French Revolution of 1789 was a pivotal point in history. In other words, everything that had occurred in recent world history led up to and influenced the coming of the French Revolution and then the Revolution influenced everything that came afterward. Examination of this topic shows that there is a great deal of validity to the position that the French Revolution was the most significant historical event of this era. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History Texts' Depiction of Native Americans

    This 8 page paper evaluates a variety of American history books and focuses on how Indians are portrayed. Many texts ar mentioned. It is noted that there is still scant information on Native Americans in all history books in a variety of decades. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • History and Testing Measures of Intelligence Theory

    This 5 page paper outlines major points in the history of intelligence theory and testing. These types of theories began with Pythagoras and have a long history that includes Plato, Aristotle, Philo, Galton, Binet, Terman, Weschler, Gardner and others. What each contributed is discussed. The measures of intelligence began with Galton but it is the Stanford-Binet and the Weschler scales that are most well-known. The essay briefly explains what the Mental Status exam measures. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History and Implications of Medicare's Managed Care

    A 5 page paper discussing the history of Medicare managed care, economic implications and outlook for the future. The paper focuses on the history of the Medicare managed care, which saw its greatest growth throughout the decade of the 1990s. Medicare managed care has as much difficulty as other types of HMOs, however, and many are ceasing operations. This leaves seniors in a pool of uncertainty as increasing numbers of physicians turn away Medicare patients. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • American Popular Foods History

    This 6 page paper delves into the history of food in general, but explores American favorites like soda, the hamburger and French fries. A brief food time line to denote the history of all foods is included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The History of Accounting and its Career Benefits

    This 6-page paper examines the history of the accounting profession and explains why someone might choose accounting as a career based on its history. The essay discusses accounting in ancient times, as well as the first chartered accountant group and double-entry bookkeeping. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Early Literature and Poetry of China and Japan and Women

    A 12 page research paper. Japanese and Chinese literature, both poetry and prose, have extensive roots that reach far into their histories. This is especially true of China, which is the only country in the world with a literature, written in one language, which goes back 3,000 consecutive years. Throughout their long histories, these cultures have influenced each other. The following examination of Chinese and Japanese literature looks specifically at the significance of female writers in these traditions. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sneakers and Their History

    This 5 page paper discusses the history of tennis shoes. This paper examines specifically the history of walking shoes from the 1900's to the 1940's. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • West Misperceptions of the History of East Asia

    A 5 page research paper that argues that the traditional orientation of Western historians toward East Asian history is deceptive and inadequate. The writer then argues that thesis of Edward Said in Orientalism can be applied to the Far East and examples are drawn from Chinese history to support this argument. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Life's Service and Disservice According to Friedrich Nietzsche

    This 6 page paper talks about Nietzsche's essay entitled History in the Service and Disservice of Life. The ideas are related to modern philosophy. The concepts are further compared with Greek philosophy. Concepts regarding history and its importance are discussed in general. No additional sources cited.

  • Male Historians and the Challenges of Women's History

    This 4 page paper considers the issue of a feminist approach to history. Joan Kelly-Gadol's essay Did Women Have a Renaissance, published in Becoming Visible: Women in European History, directly relates to the question of the emerging approach of female historians. Female historians, after reflecting on the traditional narratives of male dominated societies, have recognized that women essentially had no voice in the past. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Websites on Black History and Information Verification

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares sites on black history. An Internet site entitled "History Notes" lists numerous articles by Runoko Rashidi. Two of these articles were selected for comparison with other Internet sites for verification of information and to discern if contradictions exist between the articles selected and other Internet sources. The two articles chosen were "Ancient Africa and Early Rome" and "The Moors in Europe." Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Unique U.S. Southern State of Louisiana

    This 4 page paper examines the history of Louisiana and looks at its place in Southern history. What is different about Louisiana is discussed as well as what is the same. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The History of Traditional Mexican Cuisine

    A 7 page research paper that examines the history of Mexican food and specifically, the history of several traditional dishes, such as enchiladas, tacos, and salsa. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • UK Immigration History

    A paper which looks at the history of immigration to the UK, the history of London and its development as a multicultural city, and at Iraqi migration patterns, past and present, to the UK.

  • Wedding Dress History

    A 7 page paper which examines the history of the wedding dress. The focus is predominantly on the history of the Western wedding dress. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A History of the Tabernacle and Catholic Pulpit

    A 22 page research paper that consists of 18 full pages of text and 4 pages of annotated bibliography. The writer offers an overview of the history of Catholic architecture, focusing on the evolution of church construction, but also touching on the history of the pulpit. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • 'Fur Trade History as an Aspect of Native History' by Arthur J. Ray Summarized and Critiqued

    This is a 3 page paper discussing Arthur J. Ray’s article “Fur Trade History as an Aspect of Native History”. Arthur J. Ray’s article “Fur Trade History as an Aspect of Native History”, presents the reader with an alternative perspective in regards to the fur trade and the relationship between the Natives and the Europeans in early Canadian history. While Ray does not deny the Europeans exploited the Natives throughout history, he nevertheless presents an argument which suggests the possibility that the Natives were not “unintelligent” in their trading methods and indeed controlled a great deal of the competition and the quality of the merchandise traded through the Hudson’s Bay Company. Ray presents good examples and documentation from the 18th century which provides good evidence for his argument, however economically it is clear that despite the important roles the Natives played in the onset of the process, the Europeans nevertheless overcome the influence of the Natives negating most of the argument proposed by Ray. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Analyzing On the Use and Abuse of History for Life by Friedrich Nietzsche

    A 5 page paper analyzing Neitzsche’s view of the study of history. Neitzsche indicates that there is value in being able to be “unhistorical,” that is, being able to forget portions of history that do nothing to add value to the present, but he also states that the “super-historical” is the preferred state. This is the perspective that calls on art and religion to inform conclusions about past events and their applicability to the present time. It is one that considers more than only one narrow view of any point or time in history. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Western History and the Divine Nature of God

    A 5 page research paper that examines the history of philosophy concerning the nature of God. Throughout the course of Western history, philosophers and theologians have sought to answer questions pertaining to the nature and existence of God. "What is the nature of God and how is he related to the universe? Is God a person, like man, but more ideal? …Can the human mind know God," these and other questions have plagued humanity from earliest history (Frost 100). This examination surveys concepts of God from Plato to Aquinas, showing how the conceptualization of the divine progressed during the millennia.

  • New England in the Seventeenth Century and Environmental History

    A 6 page research paper that examines chapter 3 from a text concerning American environmental history. In the text Major Problems in American Environmental History, editor Carolyn Merchant assembles an eclectic yet revealing collection of documents and essays that offer a form of "snap shot" of a specific period in American history in relation to environmental issues. Chapter 3 of this text focuses on the New England forest in the seventeenth century. Examination of this chapter demonstrates the basic conflict not only between how the Native Americans perceived the natural world, but also between how different groups of Europeans perceived it. These documents indicate that how the natural world is perceived and conceptualized within the boundaries of the human imagination is crucial to human interaction with the natural world. Bibliography lists 12 sources taken from this 1 text.

  • Overview of Suicide

    This is a 8 page paper which discusses that various theories, types, and rates of suicides found in the U.S. today. Introduced by Durkheim, researchers still use his types of suicide (altruistic, egoistic, and anomic) to try and explain suicide and sociological factors which occur. In addition, more recent factors such as race and alcohol abuse are discussed along with the recent introduction of a suicide prevention program by the U.S. government. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Historical Connections Between Puritanism and Calvinism

    An 8 page discussion of the history of the Puritans. The author contends that this history is considerably more extensive than that that unfolded in the “New World”. Indeed, the Puritans are integrally connected to Scotland and a man known as John Calvin. Puritans were followers of Calvin’s radical new approach to religion. The reverberations of that approach would reach far beyond Scotland and into the Americas as well as the rest of the world. Not only would it shape the actions of the Puritans themselves, it would determine the way they would interact with others throughout history. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pythagorean Theorem and its History

    5 pages. An interesting research paper on the background of the Pythagorean Theorem that is used in algebra and geometry. Details the history of the theorem. This is actually a fascinating history and one that is not often discussed in the classroom. The Pythagorean Theorem was founded by a cult that actually worshipped numbers and felt that everything in the Universe was number-related. A very interesting history for a well-known math theory to say the least! Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Railroads of Guatemala and Their Economic History

    16 pages in length. The economic history of Guatemala's railroads has been one of significant upheaval with regard to its status, structure and overall existence. It has, indeed, been a long and winding road for Guatemala's railway system in that it has experienced quite a metamorphosis within the past several years. Attempting to rebuild a part of its history that has been sorely neglected, Guatemalan officials have put forth a considerable effort to re-establish their railroads as a means by which to bolster an otherwise sagging tourist economy. The writer discusses the economic history of Guatemala's railroads. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Math Through the Ages, A Gentle History

    A 4 page book review. William Berlinghoff and Fernando Gouvea offer a fascinating and insightful view of the history of mathematics in their text Math Through the Ages: A Gentle History For Teachers and Others. The authors' intention in this work is to give their readers "a general feel for the lay of the land perhaps to help you become familiar with the significant landmarks" (Berlinghoff and Gouvea 5). In short, this is an overview of math history, a "brief survey" of what is in a gigantic topic (Berlinghoff and Gouvea 5). However, the appeal of this book goes deeper than this, as the authors often offer insight into the topic that helps to explain historical details, helping the reader see how math concepts developed and evolved. No additional sources cited.

  • Railroads of Guatemala and Their Economic History

    16 pages in length. The economic history of Guatemala's railroads has been one of significant upheaval with regard to its status, structure and overall existence. It has, indeed, been a long and winding road for Guatemala's railway system in that it has experienced quite a metamorphosis within the past several years. Attempting to rebuild a part of its history that has been sorely neglected, Guatemalan officials have put forth a considerable effort to re-establish their railroads as a means by which to bolster an otherwise sagging tourist economy. The writer discusses the economic history of Guatemala's railroads. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • G.B. Nash, C. Crabtree, and R.E. Dunn's History on Trial Culture Wars and the Teaching of the Past

    This is a 6 page paper discussing the book “History on Trial: Culture Wars and the Teaching of the Past” (1997). The publication of “History on Trial: Culture Wars and the Teaching of the Past” which describes the heated controversy surrounding the formation of the National History Standards in the mid-1990s, has in itself several controversial issues which makes it a useful tool in discussion forums in the social sciences. The authors of the text, Gary B. Nash, Charlotte Crabtree and Ross E. Dunn were involved in the selection of the committee working on the standards and have provided a background look at the events which took place during the development of the standards. Different issues discussed were the fact that while several historians approved of the constant updating and reinterpretation of historical events in the past and the inclusion of addition of multicultural issues while others believe that history as it has traditionally been taught should not be altered to any extent. The authors provide criticism of their own critics but their close proximity to the situation also provides additional limitations to the work which is provided to the reader as highly subjective in its context. Overall however, it is in a sense a historical document in its own right which like any other event from history is open for discussion or controversy and widely resembles many of the points outlined by the authors. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ethics and the Old Testament

    A 4 page paper discussing the Ten Commandments, Sabbath years, the year of Jubilee and the Proverbs 31 woman. The Bible is filled with lessons in how people ought to act. The Ten Commandments provides the framework; other text passages expand on and give examples of the basic tenets of the Ten Commandments. Taken together and in context, all of these passages contain lessons for life today, speaking to us in terms of how we conduct business. No sources listed.

  • Post September 11 Immigration Laws of the United States

    A 6 page paper summarizing the basic points of US immigration laws in the post-9/11 environment. Immigration requirements already were difficult for many before the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Since then, they have become quite stringent. Bibliography lists 5 sources. A companion PowerPoint presentation is available.

  • The 54th Massachusetts

    This 12 page paper describes a research proposal for a project, the subject of which is the 54th Massachusetts Regiment, one of the earliest of the black regiments recruited during the U.S. Civil War. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Military Risk Management

    A 9 page paper that includes parts of a research project. The abstract, introduction, table of contents and references are included. The topic is U.S. Marine Corps Safety. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • HMO Effectiveness Speaker Notes

    A 5 page summary of a Power Point presentation and speaker notes assessing measurement of quality of care for Aetna U.S. Healthcare in 2002 plus a one-page handout summarizing the presentation. The presentation discusses member access to services and member satisfaction, and how management can increase the measures of each. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Discrimination Presentation

    This 4 page paper looks at a case provided by the student and considers a case where there is a claim of racial and gender discrimination. The paper, which is made up of four PowerPoint slides and speaker notes looks at the concept of gender and racial discrimination why it is outlawed and at a potential solution. The paper is written with reference to US law. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Preschool Children Vision Screening II

    A 4 page paper discussing the benefits of screening children for physical vision defects from birth through early elementary years. The paper accompanies a 10-slide PowerPoint presentation, which provides recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force urging vision screenings for children under the age of 5. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Wal-Mart in 2007

    A 6 page paper discussing a case dated late 2007. A time of economic contraction is an excellent time for learning, applying lessons and building for the future and the better days ahead. Recommendation for Wal-Mart is that it focuses on the US market and seeks to learn all it can about changing economic conditions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Data Coding and Measurement Analysis

    A 7 page paper discussing a report of an assessment of hate crime incidence in the US. "Hate Crime Reported by Victims and Police" (Harlow, 2005) is the report of the statistical analysis of data collected through both quantitative and qualitative methods. It has limitations, but it does provide insight into the degree to which social issues provide motivation for crime. The purpose here is to assess several points of the article and the data and methods from which it developed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Cyberterrorism

    A 3 page research paper that describes three cyber attacks what occurred between nations, which concludes with the analysis that the US response to the attack on the State Department's East Asia Bureau in 2006 constituted the best defense. Bibliography lists 3 sources

  • Cyber Security and Government System Protection

    This 10 page paper looks at cyber security and why the U.S. government's systems are vulnerable. Suggestions are provided. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Constitutional Rights v. Internet Privacy

    A 9 page paper that examines the issues of privacy and freedom of information on the Internet as well as the crimes that have been bred by this privacy and freedom. Discussed are the types of crimes that occur in cyberspace, the attempts the U.S. government has made to deter these crimes, and the opposition these attempts have raised from civil liberty organizations. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Should a Nurse Assist in the Suicide of a Suffering Patient

    This 4 page paper looks at the issues of assisted suicide by a nurse in the US. Using the fictitious case of a terminal cancer sufferer the issues is discussed by looking at the relevance of the Patient Bill Of Rights, as well as ethical, legal and business perspectives. The paper ends by considering potential actions of a nurse’s manager if the nurse considered taking part in an assisted suicide. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Reefer Madness: Marijuana Use in the 1950s

    A 5 page overview of the impact illegal marijuana use had in the U.S. in the 1950s. This paper details the government's crusade against the drug and weighs out the many misperceptions that were perpetuated. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Richard Peck's 1985 Novel Remembering the Good Times

    (5 pages) This 1985 young adult novel by Richard Peck, could serve as a springboard for all types of discussion and class activity. Thematically the problem of death, particularly that of suicide is not openly addressed. Perhaps, death is our greatest fear, but this can also be an opportunity to examine those things that are frightening to us, and learn to put them into perspective. Teaching that growth can come out of fear is valuable for all ages.

  • Taiwan and United States' Corporate Law

    This 6 page paper compares and contrasts corporate law in each nation. Both U.S. and Taiwanese business structures are outlined. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Apocalyptic Representation Supporting Authoritarianism in Science Fiction Movies

    This 5 page paper discusses U.S. science fiction films and how they use apocalyptic representation to present authoritarian arugument in support of authoritarianism. This paper uses many specific film examples. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Life's Complexities and Tort Law

    A 9 page paper defining tort law as a civil wrong resulting from an act or omission which has caused damage to other persons or property. The author contends that the law has to accommodate all the untidy complexities of life, and there are circumstances where considerations of practical justice impel us to reject a general imposition of liability for foreseeable damage. Numerous examples are provided which clarify tort liability. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Analysis of Abortion Law Evolution

    This 10 page research paper chronicles the evolution of U.S. abortion legislation by examining landmark Supreme Court case law decisions. Specifically discussed are historic cases including Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), Roe v. Wade (1973), Harris v. McRae (1980), and Akron v. Akron Center For Reproductive Health, Inc. (1983). Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Foreign Policy Impact of Cuba's Geography

    This 4 page paper examines the geography of Cuba and its proximity to the U.S. Reasons for its policies are discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Hub and Spokes and Airline Scheduling Overview

    This 21-page paper focuses on how airlines might schedule their flights based on geography, demand and population. The discussion centers on U.S. air carriers. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • English Law and Theory of Team Production

    This 14 page paper examines to what extent Team Production Theory can be seen to offer an accurate account of English company law. Comparison is made with US law where this model has been developed and seen as applicable in the ongoing development of corporate governance. The paper explains what is meant by Team Production Theory and then applies this model to English law. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Trademarks, Licensing, and International Law

    This 17 page paper considers the way in which international law impacts on the way that trademarks are protected or used and hw this may impact on licensing globally. The writer cites many cases and looks at several areas including the EU and the US. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Questions on International Law Answered

    This 9 page law paper is written in three parts. The first considers a case provided regarding shipping and CIF contracts, the second considers tax law and residency requirements for the US and the third looks at why the EU is more than just a trading block. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Charlie Wilson and the Parable of Unintended Consequences

    This 3 page paper discusses the fable at the end of the film “Charlie Wilson’s War,” and what it means in the context of the film and with regard to the U.S. in the 21st century. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Thin Blue Line

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the film The Thin Blue Line, which is a compelling and significant documentary directed by Errol Morris (Miramax Films, 1988). It tells the story of Randall Adams, who in 1976 was arrested and tried for a murder that he did not commit. This film uncovered evidence that eventually led to Adams' release. In providing this insightful look into how the U.S. judicial system can go awry, the film also demonstrates the awful consequences that can result from the arbitrary labeling of conduct. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Filmmaker Vittorio de Sica's The Bicycle Thief

    This 16 page paper is an in-depth examination of Vittorio de Sica’s Italian neorealist film Ladri di biciclette (1948), based on the novel by Luigi Bartolini. This is also known as The Bicycle Thief in the US and the Bicycle Thieves in the UK. The film is examined in terms of its’ cinematic detail, looking at the general approach to the film with the style and values of neo-realism, followed by the more specific detail of the films scenes, including filming techniques, the use of cameras, locations actors and the framing of social issues within the film. The bibliography 4 sources.

  • Sci-Fi Films: Radiation Monsters and Homestick Aliens

    This 8 page paper compares two classic science fiction films, “Them!” and “E.T. The Extraterrestrial” and what they tell us about the times in which they were made. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Analysis About U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War and the Creation of Myths

    This 5 page research paper examines how films created myths concerning the U.S. involvement in Vietnam. Specifically discussed are films such as Apocalypse Now (1979) and Full Metal Jacket (1987), and the myths they created and exposed for audiences. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Drafting of the U.S. Constitution and the Position of the Anti Federalists

    This 3 page paper talks about the anti-Federalist position at the time the U.S. Constitution was being drafted. The other point of view is duly noted in the discussion. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Future of Mars Exploration

    A 7 page discussion of the Mars exploration program. Emphasizes the reasons behind our obsession with Mars exploration and traces the revised plans for that exploration which have been fabricated since the loss of two U.S. spacecraft in 1999. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Drug Trafficking and the Impact of the United States

    This 10 page paper examines the facts brought to light during the past several decades of US impact on drug trafficking in Mexico. The government of the United Criminal organizations of all kinds increasingly layer illegal profits through investments in legitimate businesses. Unilateral, bilateral and multilateral forms of pressure, intervention and collaboration are proliferating between states in the name of suffocating the ever swelling drug economy. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • U.S. Immigration and the Green Card

    A 5 page paper that argues the fact that recent attempts by the U.S. government to stem the wave of illegal immigration have proved to be futile and that the time has come to take a different approach to this growing problem. This paper focuses on the fact that the American nation was built on the concept of immigration and stresses the fact that employers who import and exploit illegal workers should absorb the full impact of government measures taken to rectify this situation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • US Companies and the Effects of NAFTA

    This 5 page paper takes a look at NAFTA and its impact on U.S. firms. The future ramifications of the treaty on businesses is noted as well. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • US Presidency and How It Has Evolved

    A 6 page research paper that examines the evolution of the US presidency to its present state of power. The writer argues that, despite this development, the checks and balances of the Constitution still work and the evolution of the presidency has been, for the most part, a positive adaptation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • U.S. Naval Operation Earnest Will and Hostile Intent

    A 5-page paper that examines the 1987 U.S. naval military operation coded Operation Earnest Will, an operation designed to assist Kuwaiti oil tankers across the war-torn Persian Gulf under the protection of the American flag. Discussed are the United States' security interests in the Persian Gulf, the reasons it was felt these interests were put at risk by Kuwaiti difficulties in the area, and the accomplishments and shortcomings of Operation Earnest Will. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Taiwan and United States' Corporate Law

    This 6 page paper compares and contrasts corporate law in each nation. Both U.S. and Taiwanese business structures are outlined. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Eleven Government Questions Answered

    An 11 page research paper that takes the form of 11 questions pertaining to governance and specifically the US government. Questions begin on a simple level—'What is human nature?'—and progress to more complex issues such as the function of the political party system. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Who Stole Feminism? by Christina H. Sommers

    An 8 page summation of Christina Hoff Sommers' book, 'Who Stole Feminism?' which proposes that in the US, the feminist movement is dominated by a group of women who are intent on creating an image of American society as a 'male hegemony.' The writer offers a chapter by chapter summation. No additional sources cited.

  • Arguing in Favor of Lifting the Cuba Embargo

    This 30 page thesis paper provides an overview of the problem related to the U.S. embargo against Cuba. Historic information is provided along with the political background that surrounds this issue. Both sides of the issue are confronted but the paper supports lifting the ban due to philosophical reasons. Other reasons are explored, including the fact that the Cuban people have had to do without adequate food and medical supplies as a result. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • UK Corporate Mergers and Their Implications

    This 5 page report discusses merger and takeover activity in the United Kingdom. While the processes and attitudes regarding takeovers differ in the UK from the typical “M&A” attitude in the United States, mergers are flourishing every bit as much there as the have in the U.S. Most corporate legal advisers predict mergers and acquisitions, in the UK, will remain “buoyant” in 1999, particularly in the energy industry. This report examines the overall process, the shareholder viewpoint, the managers of the companies involved, as well as impact on the larger economy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Commercial Aviation and Global Positioning Systems

    This 10 page report discusses the 24-satellite Global Positioning System became fully operational in 1995 and was developed by the U.S. military to help the armed forces determine their exact locations anywhere on the planet. Each satellite transmits a regular electronic pulse, which is used by GPS devices to figure the user's latitude, longitude and elevation within 110 yards. Throughout the 1990s, GPS has served a variety of purposes and had become an essential factor in virtually all aspects of global navigation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • U.S. Military Base Location

    An 8 page analysis discussing the political and economic factors influencing the decision on where to locate U.S. overseas military bases and forces. Included are strategic significance, political climate, job creation both in the host country and in America, and direct economic benefits to the host country. Works cited lists five sources.

  • Commercial Restraint and the Constitution

    This 5 page report discusses a hypothetical situation in which a state denies the sale of beer sold in bottles and requires that it only be sold in aluminum cans. What are the Constitutional issues such a process would bring about? Obviously, when a state enacts a law that effectively prohibits the distribution of a legal substance due to its packaging, certainly legal action is likely to be presented. An overview of some of those issues and their relation to the U.S. Constitution are presented. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Affirmative Action Changes

    After 30 years several states are dismantling the Affirmative Action program. This 5 page paper considers the issue. How far did it get us? Did it truly bring equality to the workforce or just bring lip service to the concept? This paper discusses the pros and cons of Affirmative Action and the groups it was supposed to help. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Medical Economy of the United States and the Impact of HMOs

    A 7 page paper which examines HMOs and their impact on the US medical economy by considering the nature of HMOs, how they pay doctors, problems created by moral hazard and adverse selection, issues related to their effects, treatment and overall changes. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Practice of Psychology

    A 3 page research paper that discusses psychology. Psychology has been defined as "the study of human behavior." However, even a brief examination of the science and practice of psychology demonstrates that this social science discipline encompasses a broad expanse of territory and that the practice of psychology is continually evolving as it changes to meet the needs of contemporary society, both now and in the future. An overview of psychology's history that this factor is particularly true in terms of psychology's purposes and goals. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing and the Impact of 1996's Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

    A 5 page paper discussing the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. The paper provides a brief history of the law and discusses the data security aspect that went into effect in 2005, but the focus of the paper is how it can be expected to affect nursing and nursing duties. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and Philosophy

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of the value of learning history to psychology. Plato's advocation of reason is also explored. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Homosexuality and Latin American Gender Roles

    This 8 page paper discusses the societal views toward gender roles and homosexuality in the history of Latin America. Specific examples given. Quotes cited from texts. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Behaviorist Psychology v. Humanistic Psychology

    A 7 page research paper that contrasts and compares the humanistic and behavioral approaches to psychology. The writer summarizes each school of thought, relating a brief history of each perspective, and then discusses their relative merits, showing that the mechanistic approach of behavioral psychology incorporates weaknesses into this approach. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology Overview

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the history of developmental psychology with attention to Piaget, Freud and Erikson. Each of the theorists' basic views is discussed as it concerns development. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Criminal Profiling and Other Issues

    A 19 page paper that discusses numerous issues related to the topic. Some of those issues are: antisocial personality, criminal and non-criminal psychopathy, compulsive behavior, addictions, history of forensic evaluation, methods of criminal profiling, types of forensic evaluations, characteristics of serial predators and more. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Multicultural Psychology

    This 4 page paper examines this branch of psychology. Its history is included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome

    A 10 page research paper that offers an overview of Munchausen by Proxy Syndrome. The paper defines the disorder; describes its history and incidence statistics; research; implications/impacts on health; psychological and social implications; treatment; and the role of nurses and nurse practitioners in management, concluding with a section that addresses the feeling of the NP on the topic. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Alcohol on the College Campus

    A 10 page paper discussing the psychology, motivation, and results of alcohol abuse in college students. Reasons such as anxiety, peer pressure, and family history of alcohol abuse figure most prominently in the factors motivating college-age drinking. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Forensics

    A 9 page overview of forensics. The author defines forensics and illustrates its history. Examples from criminal investigations are emphasized along with forensic psychology. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Adolescent Counseling and William Glasser's Theories

    A paper which consider how the theories of William Glasser are used in counseling adolescents, how these theories were developed, and the various influences both inside and outside psychology which impacted on Glasser’s work. A brief overview of the history of the relevant psychoanalytical models is included, in order to provide a background to Glasser’s own model. Bibliography lists 17 sources

  • Behavior Modification & Stopping Procrastination

    A 10 page research paper on behavior modification. This examination of behavior modification examines the history of this branch of psychology, describing the ideas that are intrinsic to understanding the principles that form the foundation of this body of psychological knowledge. This discussion of sources also describes the work of B.F. Skinner, including his text Walden Two, as Skinner is the psychologist who was instrumental in popularizing the field of behaviorism. Finally, the writer looks at how behavior modification can be used in overcome a personal behavioral problem, such as procrastination. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Advertising's Power

    This 5 page paper details the psychology behind the sucess of advertising. A brief history of American advertising is included. Early brands such as Coca-Cola, Ivory Soap, and Wrigley's are examined, as well as the psychology behind the Tommy Hillfinger brands. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Family Therapy Problem and Solution Focuses

    A 4 page research paper that contrasts and compares solution- and problem-focused therapy for at-risk families. The writer discusses these therapies within the overall context of the history of psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Informal and Formal Group Dispute Resolution

    6 pages in length. The concept of conflict resolution takes into consideration the history of cross-cultural psychology in that it assesses culture as an indispensable component in the understanding of human behavior. Because there exist myriad contrarieties in the manner in which people behave from culture to culture, such perspectives as relativism and absolutism are integral in their own application. The writer discusses formal and informal conflict resolution as it relates to Australian Aboriginals and European settlers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Mainstream Society, Underground Music, and African American Culture

    In five pages this paper examines the concept of underground music as it relates to African American culture and urban history with go-go music and soul among the topics of discussion. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Guqin Music and the Chinese Zither Instrument

    A 12 page research paper on this ancient and subtle Chinese instrument. The writer includes an overview of Chinese music as well as details on the construction, playing techniques, and music of the Ch?in which shows the history and significance of this remarkable instrument. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Stress Reduction and Music Therapy

    A 6 page paper discussing how music helps reduce stress. Introduction describes some of the history, as well as common facts, relating to music and its therapeutic ability. A review of current research is offered in order to evaluate which type of stress is most benefited by music therapy. Research involves the elderly, the young, and individuals suffering from stress as a result of pain. Ideas are provided which address the question of why music therapy works. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Music as a Reflection of Society

    This 6 page paper takes a look at the history of music from the 1960s through the present day. The paper argues that popular music reflects society. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Evolution Of Gospel Music In America

    A 7 page paper that presents the history and evolution of gospel music beginning with music created by slaves. The name of this music also changed from anthem to spiritual to gospel over the years. The essay comments on the separation of white gospel music and black gospel music and identifies some of the pioneers in this field as well as more contemporary performers as gospel transitioned to mainstream. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Music Industry Survival and Development

    This 21 page paper provides an abstract, a table of contents and then a look at the history of the music industry and where it is headed. Sections include ideas about the specifics of the music business, inclusive of legal issues. Genres as well as the changes in popularity from decade to decade are issues discussed in this paper that also looks at the social problems caused by music. Violence, sex and other problematic aspects are part of the analysis. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Leisure Music

    This 7-page paper focuses on house/dance music, its history, its current status, some information about demographics, and its evolution. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Short History of Reggae Music

    This 3 page paper looks at the history and the meaning of Reggae. The paper includes many facts. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Contemporary Classroom Invention of Music and Montessori

    An 8 page discussion of the value of music in academic achievement. This paper provides a brief overview of Montessori history and notes the observations of a teacher who has informally implemented the methods. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Brazilian Samba Music

    A 3 page essay on Brazilian Samba. The writer describes the music, concentrating on its evolution and history. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Biological, Psychological, and Social Obstacles to Understanding Transsexuality

    In five pages this paper examines transsexuality within biological, psychological, and social contexts with references to Joyce Meyerowitz’s How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States and George Chauncey’s Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Makings of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940, with the theme of misunderstanding transsexualism also addressed within the context of Sigmund Freud’s essay, ‘Sexual Aberrations.’ There are no additional sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Masturbation

    A 6 page paper which examines various aspects of masturbation. The paper examines history, social, religious and other perspectives concerning masturbation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Argument by David M. Halperin 'There Has Only Been 100 Years of Homosexuality' Assessed

    A 10 page paper which critically assesses David M. Halperin’s argument, “There has only been 100 years of homosexuality” by discussing the theory and history of sexuality which informs Halperin’s theory, and drawing appropriate conclusions. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Tulving/Episodic Memory

    A 3 page article review that summarizes the main points of “Episodic Memory: from mind to brain” by Endel Tulving (2002), published in the Annual Review of Psychology, which presents a thorough discussion of this neurocognitive system that includes the history of this concept; what is known today; criticism of the concept; its biological reality and the current state functional neuroimaging in regards to memory. In so doing, Tulving proves his hypothesis, which is that “episodic memory is a true, even if as yet generally unappreciated, marvel of nature” (Tulving, 2002, p. 1). No additional sources cited.

  • The Real Reason for Sexual Restriction in Society Today

    This 6 page paper examines sexual practices and ideas in today's society. Various cultures and practices through history are considered. A sociological explanation for the status quo is revealed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Creative Cultural Expression and Rap Music

    This 6 page paper considers the culture and development of RAP music as a valid genre of expression and creativity. The writer considers the history of the music, how it became popular, its reputation and how this may indicate who it will grow in the future. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Musical Representations of Various Eras

    A 6 page research paper that consists of 2 separate 3-page papers. The first paper discusses how Andrew Lloyd Webber's Phantom fits within the context of the history of Broadway music. Bibliography lists 3 sources. The second 3-page investigation briefly looks at 3 different works and relates them to the era's in which they were composed and how the composer expressed emotion. These are Beethoven's Fifth Symphony (classical); Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet (romantic) and Schoenberg's Five pieces for Orchestra (contemporary). Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Meaning of Grace Slick's Song White Rabbit

    This 5 page paper offers a glimpse into the history of Jefferson Airplane singer and 1960s psychedelic icon Grace Slick, while exploring the impact and meaning of one of her greatest hits, “White Rabbit.” Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Reconstruction Period of American History from 1865 until 1877

    A 5 page paper that discusses specific aspects of this era in American History. The topics discussed are: Lincoln's plans, Johnson's plans, Congress's plans, the Military Reconstruction Act, why some believe Congressional Reconstruction was too radical and others believe not radical enough, the successes and failures, and the lessons we can learn for today's world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Persuasiveness of Socrates in Plato's Apology

    This 5 page paper discusses the trial and defense put forward by Socrates, recorded by Plato. The paper argues that Socrates was highly persuasive and put forward attractive arguments, but it was unlikely he would have been found innocent given the background of his teachings and the recent history in Athens at the time of his trial. The writer discusses the background to the trial and looks at the approach taken by Socrates when he defends himself. The bibliography cites one source.

  • A New York City Subway System Social History

    This 6 page paper examines the social history of the subway. A great deal of anecdotes regarding the system is relayed. Specific information on size and condition is included as well. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Historical and Contemporary Religious Responses to Science and Technology

    This 10 page report discusses the fact that throughout history, technological advancement and human knowledge has served as a threat to religious predominance in society. Beginning with the radical Copernicus, who taught that the earth revolved around the sun, Europeans began to reject medieval scientific thought. They developed an unheard of conception of a universe based on natural laws, not on a personal God. New science and old religion were destined to fall into conflict and that conflict has prevailed for centuries. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Mountain Dew, Dr. Pepper, and Coke Soft Drinks Compared

    This 5 page paper compares and contrasts ingredients and amount of carbonation in each drink. Some history of each soft drink is provided. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Problem of Beach Erosion

    4 pages on Beach Erosion; its recent history, progression, costs etc;. Goes into detail about reasons for the erosive process. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History and Financial Performance of the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Co.

    This 6 page paper examines this once proud company, looking at the history and the recent financial performance including a ratio analysis, before coming to the conclusion that this would be a very risky investment. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • The Bible And The Koran - Christianity And Islam

    A 15 page paper that begins by explaining what sacred texts are, what scripture is and the importance of these. The paper discusses the Bible and Christianity and the Koran and Islam, reporting the origins of the books, their function, their importance, with comments about translations and interpretations. The writer also explains the four approaches to the Bible that have occurred through history. The writer also comments on the controversies regarding the interpretation of the Koran. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Educational And Instructional Technology

    This 11 page paper is divided into two parts. Part 1 discuses the history of technology in education and instruction and the purpose of technology. Part 2 reports a few studies that reveal enhanced learning when today's technology is incorporated into the lesson design. In some cases, specific applications or Web sites are identified. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Background and Analysis of the UNIX OS

    This 10-page paper provides a background and analysis of the UNIX Computer Operating System. Topics discussed include the history of the system and its importance to computing today, as well as shells, kernels, the file system, process management, memory management and input/output functions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Tribal Scars

    In this 3-page paper, Sembene Ousman's Tribal Scars or The Voltaique is reviewed in terms of why it is important to the men to find the history of tribal scars. There are no sources.

  • The Employment Situations in California and in America as a Whole

    A 5 page paper discussing movement in unemployment rates and the economic health of the California economy during the summer of 2002. The fallout of the technology sector, particularly in high-tech, Internet-related companies, set investors on their collective ear. Few expected such a correction in market value of these companies, and the losses incurred in returns has been more than only disheartening for organizations and investors alike. The stock market continues its slide, reducing businesses' market capitalization and therefore the amount of capital available to them. Many have laid off workers; many more have placed freezes on hiring. The economic outlook for California as for the rest of the country remains mixed and depressed, yet optimistic. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • U.S. Health System

    This 3 page paper begins by identifying one hopes the main functions of the health system is and how that system is failing in the United States. Experts say the system is broken. Limited statistical data are reported in terms of medical errors and the uninsured. The writer also reports and discusses the mission statement from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Taiwan and the US/Comparing Domestic Violence

    A 3 page research paper that describes domestic violence law in Taiwan and effect of current reform legislation on this issue in Maryland. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Communication and U.S. Foreign Policy Towards Mexico

    An 8 page overview of how poor intercultural communication during the Woodrow Wilson Presidency negatively shaped foreign policy towards Mexico. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Workers' Compensation and America's Federal Law

    An 8 page discussion of various federal laws which impact working compensation. Included in the discussion is a brief overview of the Coal Miners Compensation Laws (Black Lung Benefits Act), the Longshore and Harbor Worker’s Compensation Act, and the Disabilities Act of 1990. The primary emphasis of this paper, however, is on the Worker’s Compensation Act. The author emphasizes that while some of these laws receive a considerable degree of criticism, they are a necessary and appreciated part of the American work place. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Compare and Contrast: The US and Great Britain

    This 5 page paper compares and contrasts the United States and Great Britain, using the book Countries and Concepts: Politics, Geography, Culture by Michael Roskin as its primary reference. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Portugal, the United States, and Business Law

    This 8 page paper considers the way in which business law in both of these countries is similar and also how it differs, including the cultural influences. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Citizenship Understanding and Naturalization Laws

    This 12 page paper discusses the naturalization laws of various countries and how those laws reveal the value which is placed upon citizenship. This paper shows that different countries have different naturalization requirements, and therefore each highlights their own ideas about what a citizen should offer to society. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • US Army Burn Center - The Case for Electronic Health Records

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of electronic health records. The Burn Center at Brooke Army Medical Center is used as a case study. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Richard Wilbur's Poem 'Love Calls Us to the Things of This World'

    An Explanation of the Poem by Richard Wilbur A 3 page discussion of Wilbur’s poem. The author of this paper provides a detailed discussion of the poet’s choice of words and discusses how this choice serves as a contrast between the spiritual and the earthly aspects of human existence. No additional sources are listed.

  • Richard Wilbur's Poem 'Love Calls Us to the Things of This World'

    An Explanation of the Poem by Richard Wilbur A 3 page discussion of Wilbur’s poem. The author of this paper provides a detailed discussion of the poet’s choice of words and discusses how this choice serves as a contrast between the spiritual and the earthly aspects of human existence. No additional sources are listed.

  • History, Development, and Geography's Influence

    This is a 5 page paper discussing geography’s influence on history. Geography has a great impact on history, development, and social, cultural, religious and political affiliations. Historically, regions with geographical advantageous positions, such as those with access to navigable waterways have led other areas in regards to exploration, market economy and development. Geographically, Britain provides an excellent example of the advantages of a land with fertile soil, navigable waterways and a long coastline with natural harbors. This led England to exploration and navigation which in turn led them to other lands which they could develop. Other regions with water access also gained a great deal in trade and exploration. New lands which were developed were also those which were easily accessible, had irritable soil, and navigable waterways. Lands which did not have these geographically preferred features were largely neglected unless they were geophysically blessed with natural resources such as oil or gold. Today geography still plays an essential influence on the historical affiliations of many peoples who despite political, religious or international alliances are still mostly affected with their geographical locale. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Chancellors A History Of The Leaders Of The British Exchequer, 1886-1947 by Roy Jenkins

    12 pages in length. Roy Jenkins' purpose for penning The Chancellors: A History of the Leaders of the British Exchequer, 1886-1947 was not so much to chronicle the political contributions of each of the nineteen men who held office during this particular period; rather, the author chose a more personal approach as a means by which to portray the psychological and political components of each protagonist. Unlike similar accounts on the subject, Jenkins employs a significant sense of humor, not-so-subtle irony and rather unflattering perspective of what he calls a disparate lot of British Chancellors who had no more in common with one another than somewhat more than average ability and substantially more than average ambition. Indeed, The Chancellors' essays do not represent the typical and stuffy account of history's British moneymen. No additional sources cited.

  • What if the Mayflower Had Landed in Jamestown instead of Plymouth?

    A 4 page paper that speculates how the issue of slavery might have been different had the Puritan influence been over the plantations of the south. Included is a comparison of the type of people who colonized Jamestown and the type who colonized New England. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mass Media and Entertainment

    This is a 5 page paper discussing mass media for pleasure and entertainment with examples from British history. Mass media in relation to today’s society has a great many formats in which to give the public information, promotion of new merchandise, news, entertainment and various forms of pleasure in the world of television, journalism, films, computer games and the internet to name a few. Traditionally, media was thought to be a source of viable information to the masses yet history shows that media was also used as much for the pleasure and entertainment of the masses as it was to provide information about current, world or political events. In today’s newspapers, although seemingly filled with violent news, they are also filled with “feel good” stories, entertainment sections, film and literary reviews as well as the classic comic, jumble and crossword features. In the Victorian era, the mass media were the providers of scandals and serial novels highly popular in that time. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Perspective Comparisons of Western Civilization A Brief History by Marvin Perry and Ishmael by Daniel Quinn

    5 pages in length. Humankind's history has been filled with advancements; indeed, one can readily argue that since the very first time man realized he had the ability to formulate specific answers to problematic questions, he has been furthering the human race without so much as a reprieve. This unwavering progress has been recorded and taught in every classroom of every school all over the world. It would never occur to anyone who has spent his or her entire life believing such teachings that there could be something incredibly wrong with the manner by which humanity has furthered its own species. This is precisely the point of Daniel Quinn's Ishmael, which effectively characterizes the origins of civilization as nothing short of disastrous for both the planet and other species alike. When compared with the likes of Marvin Perry's Western Civilization: A Brief History, it becomes quite clear how mankind demonstrated the damaging characteristics of individualism from the beginning. No additional sources cited.

  • Tokugawa Period of Japanese History

    An 11 page paper which examines to what extent the Tokugawa Period in Japanese history was a history of rapid and extensive urbanization. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Contribution to American History and Jewish American History by Henry Kissinger

    A 5 page paper which examines the life and contributions of Henry Kissinger to Jewish American history and American history in general. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Traditions, Culture and History of Burma

    This is a 5 page paper discussing Burmese history, culture, and traditions. Burma (Myanmar) is a country rich in culture, religion, history and traditional festivals and beliefs. Over 89 percent of the population is Buddhist and this provides a great deal of traditional structure and family values to the way of life in the country. Most of the population belongs to the agricultural sector which further retains the traditional rituals of the small communities. The political situation in Burma however is turbulent as a militant government has controlled the country for several decades which has led to a great deal of rioting, controversy and violation of human rights. Because of the political situation and record in Myanmar, some countries have imposed trade sanctions against the country which impacts the economy considerably. Despite the poor conditions however, the cultural and religious basis of Burma and the Burmese remains intact and a significant and central aspect of lives of the people. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Color Photography History

    (9pp) Ever since the advent of the daguerreotype and the calotype in 1839, photographers began to search for a way to reproduce their subject matter in color. Indeed, color photographs became available practically as soon as photography itself. But these early attempts at color photography were nothing more than hand tinted black & white photographs of the area. Color theory was still relatively primitive at this time, and the photographic materials available were blind to almost half of the visible spectrum Almost a hundred years would pass, before the necessary film is available to the public. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview on the History of Dental Fillings

    An 8 page discussion of the history of dental fillings. Traces the filling from ancient times to present exploring the various types of materials which were used. Explains that the choice of filling is related to performance but also to availability and cost. Notes that the evolutionary path of fillings is tied as well to the evolutionary paths of other dentistry aspects such as drill evolution and the development of molding techniques and materials. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Spain's Economic History

    This 8 page report discusses the economy of Spain in terms of: historical precedent; relationship with its European neighbors; its movement toward European integration; problems it faced becoming a part of the European Union; and, its current economic and diplomatic status with Europe. The report also provides a brief comparison of the economies of Spain and Germany that illustrates both Spain’s relationship to Germany and how far the nation has come in the past several decades of determination. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Dell Computer's Corporate History

    5 pages in length. The year 1984 marked the beginning for the country's largest direct seller of personal computers. Michael Dell first began constructing his company from his dorm room at the University of Texas-Austin, often taking drastic measures -- such as hiding his computers in the bathtub -- to make sure that no one suspected his sideline. The business that emanated from this dorm room eventually became known as Dell Computer Corporation in May of 1984. The writer chronicles the growth and development of Dell Computer Corporation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Resources on the Internet and its Applications

    This 10 page report discusses a broad range of reference information that relates to the Internet and its various applications. Numerous citations are include with brief pieces of information written to provide a more comprehensive, yet condensed, overview of the Internet. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • History of Typography and Design

    This 6 page paper considers the history of topography, as well as its modern applications. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Parallel Computing and its Evolution

    An 11 page paper discussing the evolution of parallel computing. The path of the quest for workable parallel computing configurations is littered with far more failures than successes. Despite the failures of the past, the concept of parallel computing remains one worth pursuing and in fact represents the next logical step in the evolution of computing in general. The paper begins with Gene Amdahl in 1955, progresses through the trial and error of the 1960s and 1970s, and relays many of the successes and strides of the 1980s and 1990s. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Historical Impacts of the Disease Malaria

    A 5 page overview of this ancient disease. The impacts of malaria have been widespread over history. Spread by the bites of Anopheles mosquitoes, malaria is particularly prevalent in the tropics. Its symptoms range from mild to severe and can include chills, fever, headaches, and sweating. More serious impacts target the kidneys, liver, brain, and blood. The disease can even be fatal. The author explores the relationship between malaria and sickle cell anemia. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Linda Gordon's Single Mothers and the History of Welfare - Pitied But Not Entitled

    A 15 page review of Linda Gordon's book in which the writer analyzes how reformers view poor single mothers and welfare. Three of its chapters are about the views of the white women's social welfare network, the black women's social welfare network (excluded from the white women's groups mostly by raw segregation), and the white male social insurance reformer network. Gordon argues that contemporary welfare programs for single mothers were shaped by the ideas and the decisions that went into state aid programs created between 1910 and 1920, programs that were variously called mothers' pensions, widows' pensions and mothers' aid. Various sociopolitical points and arguments presented by Gordon are analytically presented. No other sources cited.

  • Mexican Americans' Culture and History

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of some of the historical points relative to the culture and identification of Mexican Americans and asserts that while recent immigration concerns have sparked controversies over the largess of Mexican American communities, Mexican Americans have been a significant segment of the American culture since they first settled regions of the West in the 16th century. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Overview of GTE

    This 10 page report discusses GTE, one of the world's largest telecommunications companies. In the United States, GTE provides local service in 28 states and wireless service in 17 states; nationwide long-distance and internetworking services ranging from dial-up Internet access for residential and small-business consumers to Web-based applications. Outside the United States, the company serves more than 7 million telecommunications customers. Current merger issues with Bell Atlantic are also discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Theme Parks and Their History

    This 7 page paper explores the evolution of theme parks from Disneyland to Universal Studios' Jurassic Park. Specifically discussed are the economic benefits provided by theme parks, the ever-growing number of theme parks throughout the United States, and the changes theme parks have undergone over the years. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • History and Structure of the WTO

    A 10 page research paper tracing the origins of the WTO from it's GATT beginnings and including critical views of the organization's strengths, weaknesses and direction. The paper examines the structure of the WTO, briefly including decision/appeal procedures and how the WTO could affect the sovereignty of member nations. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Tokugawa's Fall

    A 5 page researching the reasons for the fall of the Tokugawa Bakufu. The Tokugawa brought two centuries of peace to Japan and then became obsolete. The demands of other nations and the demands within the country led to the 15th Tokugawa Shogun turning the power back to the Emperor. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Should The Bible Be Used To Teach History

    An 8 page paper. The question of the Bible's veracity must be addressed before this question can be answered. The greatest part of this essay addresses the accuracy of the Bible in terms of historical events; archaeological evidence is reported. The writer then comments on the title question. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Historical and Theological View of Urban Renewal in Lupton's "Renewing the City"

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of Lupton's "Renewing the City." The correlations between the biblical book of Nehemiah and contemporary urban planning methods is explored. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Art History Questions

    A 4 page research paper in which the writer addresses four specific art topics, which includes ancient Egyptian art; Picasso's "Gernica"; the importance of music in the writer's life; and the writer's personal position on the importance and value of art. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Social History and Sexuality

    A 6 page paper discussing the use of the study of sex and scandal in defining a society or culture of the past. The study of attitudes toward sex and scandal in any society can help inform social definition, but it also needs to be undertaken with some caveats. Using the study of sex and scandal to help further define any society of the past is a valid pursuit. However, those choosing that route must make allowances for the social and linguistic customs and patterns in which events not only occurred, but also in which they were recorded. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Que Vivan Los Tamales Food and the Making of Mexican Identity by Jeffery M. Pilcher

    5 pages in length. Countries are often associated with the food they eat and produce as a means by which to confirm their individuality. Determining this identity is one way to establish a sense of pride and independence from all other nations in that food offers an historical representation that effectively categorizes all countries. Mexico is one of the most identifiable of those that borrows part of its existence from the native foods, that being primarily corn. The writer discusses how Jeffery M. Pilcher's "Que Vivan Los Tamales : Food And The Making Of Mexican Identity" delves deeply into the important role the singular crop played in Mexican history, as well as how the region was responsible for establishing Mexicans as "people of corn." Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 1916 Battle of Verdun II

    8 pages in length. The 1916 battle of Verdun is considered one of the most influential events to ultimately shape France's self-image as a country. Fought throughout the bitterest of winters, the soggy rains of spring and fall, and the infernal heat of summer, the battle cost the lives of some four-hundred thousand French fighters. So horridly etched upon history is the massacre, that just the mention of it triggers memories that the French vow will never be relived again. The writer offers an overview of the events leading up to the battle, as well as the tactics that were applied during fighting. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Life and Writings of James Fenimore Cooper

    6 pages in length. James Fenimore Cooper, the prolific author who has penned some of the most memorable literary works in American history, did not originally intend to be a writer; rather, the fact that he found his inherent ability to write was discovered quite by accident. His literary career began at the late age of thirty years old, in spite of the fact that he harbored an intense interest in reading just about everything that came his way. As time went on, Cooper focused more heartily upon his craft, as well as American issues, which served to thrust him into the literary world. The writer discusses Cooper's life and work. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Chemical Structure of Water

    A 6 page description of water. The author details the chemical structure of water and how this structure determines its behavior in response to temperature and in response to other substances. A brief history on temperature measurement with specifics of the distinction between the Fahrenheit scale, the Celsius scale, and the Kelvin scale is provided as well. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Theodore Roosevelt A Life by Nathan Miller

    This 10 page report discusses “Theodore Roosevelt: A Life” published in 1993. The book covers both the political accomplishments as well as numerous aspects of his personal life. As a result, a reader is able to gain a much greater sense and appreciation of just who Theodore Roosevelt actually was, apart from his role as a historical figure. Had he not become a politician, Miller suggests he would have still been remembered and honored for his accomplishments in the fields of conservation, history, writing, and social reform. Miller’s book shows him as a remarkably multi-faceted man with a great enthusiasm for the adventure of life. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Contemporary Technology and Its Influence

    10 pages in length. New technology has taught society to appreciate and rethink old skills, technologies and values. The ways in which this observation is true can fill volumes; however, one only needs to be familiar with but a few examples in order to understand the role technology has played in recent history. Inasmuch as technological diversification has allowed humanity to pursue goals and dreams once thought to be an impossibility, there seem to be fewer and fewer limits placed upon what mankind can ultimately accomplish. This may have its obvious advantageous aspects, yet there also exists a paradox of modern communication, in that society is becoming more isolated as it becomes more technologically advanced. The writer discusses the influence of modern technology. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • A Euro Disney Marketing Flop

    This 5 page report discusses an unmitigated marketing nightmare – the opening of Euro Disney in April 1992! Before the Euro Disney theme park venture got underway, Disney executives had plenty of evidence that foretold disaster--including the failure of other French theme parks. But instead of trusting their own research department, developers believed the Disney name would overcome history. Within two years opening (1992), Euro Disney was losing approximately $9.5 million. The opening of Euro Disney has forever won a place in the list of true marketing flops. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Climate and Political Culture of Norway

    A 5 page paper discussing the conviction of the people of Norway. The government is obliged to act as it is instructed by the people, which is all that has kept it outside the European Union until now. Governmental leaders have wanted it, but the working people of the nation have not. Norway remains independent of the EU, and boasts one of the most robust economies of the region. The Norwegian people have been unshakable for 50 years, and they have a history of self-reliance and a brand of obstinacy that has contributed to their long-term survival. It is unlikely that the voters will change their minds unless they can see sound reason for doing so. While Norway leads Europe in both economic indicators and social values, that change is not likely to occur. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Humankind Roles of Trees and Astronomy

    4 pages in length. Astronomy is an ancient science almost as old as the universe itself. From the beginning of time man has studied the stars, imagining pictures in the sky and relying on the fact that they will always be there to guide and direct. We all know the importance of the North Star in discerning direction. Trees have been used in the same way. Navigational tools in themselves, trees are known to have been read in order to help plot a course when maps were not an option. This interesting paper compares and contrasts astronomy and trees and the roles they play in the history of man. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Ohio Canals A Pictorial Survey Of The Ohio Canals Using The Drawings And Paintings Of The Late Frank Wilcox

    5 pages in length. Frank Wilcox's "The Ohio Canals: A Pictorial Survey of the Ohio Canals Using the Drawings and Paintings of the Late Frank Wilcox" is a splendid means by which to capture all the beauty, history and controversy that has existed since Ohio's one thousand miles of canals were completed in 1847. Through Wilcox's drawings and paintings, the reader is offered an insightful look into what many may not have before experienced. The writer discusses that it is by way of the keen eye that Wilcox possessed that readers are able to gain a significant respect and admiration for the canals that have been responsible for providing a system of economical transportation. No additional sources cited.

  • Cannibals and Kings by Marvin Harris

    A 5 page analysis that examines Cannibals and Kings: the Origins of Cultures by Marvin Harris. The writer demonstrates that Harris offers some intriguing ideas relative to the way that early man developed in response to environmental forces. Harris' book covers a wide-ranging variety of topics. In so doing, he often presents a perspective on history that is non-traditional. Nevertheless, Harris provides some very persuasive arguments that leave the reader with much to consider relative to the technologically oriented path of Western society. No additional sources cited.

  • White Privilege and 'Letter from Birmingham Jail' by Martin Luther King Jr.

    5 pages in length. For nearly as long as man has existed, racism has been driving a wedge between blacks and whites. Attempting to point out precisely how the white race has dominated throughout history, Martin Luther King, Jr. took time to address a criticism directed toward marches that were held in Birmingham, Alabama. To King, taking such time to do so was typically not achieved, however, seeing as he was in the Birmingham Jail with little else to do, he saw to it to utilize his time quite constructively. The writer discusses how within the literary boundaries of 'Letter From The Birmingham Jail,' King effectively -- and very diplomatically, indeed -- spoke of many racial ills that perpetually kept the black and white races apart, characterizing much of this separation being the result of white privilege. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Ender's Game by Orson Scott Card

    5 pages in length. Orson Scott Card's Ender's Game is indicative of the prolific writer's inherent ability to pursue even the most complex of concepts. The author has a long history of reaching out and inviting his audience to experience with him the sometimes intense and often expansive sense of being that is clearly portrayed within his works, and Ender's Game is no exception. The three distinctive personalities representing Card's futuristic composition all signify the primary components of humanity's less attractive side: power, control and indifference. Befitting the very essence of the author's compelling fortitude, Ender, Peter and Valentine exemplify the fact that Card was striving for a very contrasting abstract among his characters, supplying each one with a different set of values and objectives. The writer discusses how the same goal was ultimately shared by the trio; however, it was the manner by which each one went about achieving it that set them apart. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • An Examination of American Liberalism

    25 pages in length. The origins and basics of traditional American liberalism gave direct rise to the ideals and concepts of individual political freedom and its intimate connection with economic freedom. However, this rebirth also led to a suffocating individualism that ultimately overshadowed the very reason liberalism had been embraced in the first place. The spirit of liberalism holds at its heart the development of individual freedom. The writer discusses that as the concepts of freedom change throughout history, so too do the concepts of liberalism. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • U.S. Social Fabric Up to 1840

    5 pages in length. Considered to be the rumblings of a significant turning point in the history of mankind, the period leading up to 1840 reflected a social fabric that was beginning to unravel. Native Americans, African Americans, women and the working class were growing increasingly intolerant of the few social and political elitists dictating to the vast majority what their lives were to represent. Minorities did not hold much power within society, inasmuch as there was an unyielding sense of control that loomed over the aspects of freedom, equality and individuality. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Ethical Relativism

    10 pages in length. In order to establish whether or not ethical relativism truly exists within the confines of society, it is critical to understand the concepts behind both ethical relativism and ethical objectivism. These philosophical ideals are what make us the morally minded creatures we strive to be, although their principles are often overlooked or misconstrued. To delve into the concept of ethical relativism is to examine the wide and varying societal rules that bind one to one’s cultural existence. There is no universally accepted mode of ethical behavior; what is acceptable for Americans may be deemed inappropriate for another society halfway around the world. Cannibalism may be a perfectly moral and ethical way of life for some ancient tribes, but it is far from that in a more civilized society. Therefore, there is no singular set of ethical disciplines that are adhered to by all sectors. The writer discusses the existence of ethical relativism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • U.S. and Indochinese Immigrants

    This 5 page report discusses the immigration of Indochinese to the United States. When the war finally ended in Vietnam, a ten-year outflow of refugees was created, resulting in the displacement of over 1.6 million people from Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos - nations that had once been formally known as "French Indochina." Various aspects of their lives as immigrants, what brought them to the U.S. and where most live are briefly discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Consumer Culture and British Fashion Magazine Influence

    This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of British fashion magazines on the British consumer society and their influences throughout history up and including the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. While researching the development of British fashion magazines within the last century, magazines such as Vogue, Elle and InStyle, initially showed that the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, British fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. A recent study of focus groups’ opinions of images found in Vogue magazine found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Nevertheless, the continued popularity of fashion magazines and their continued focus on the Western and/or American entertainment industries as a source for fashion is considered as a reflection of societal cues and consumer behavior. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • 1990s' Consumer Influence of Fashion Magazines

    This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of fashion magazines throughout history on consumer society, culture and their status in the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. Initially the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. Although women models replaced the dolls, there was no emphasis on the body of the woman. Men did not appear in advertisements and no close-ups were taken of the models. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. Models within fashions magazines, both men and women, are seen as the disturbingly images that continuously reflect not necessarily the expectations of society but the unreal and artificial world of the media. Studies in focus groups have found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • The Miranda v Arizona Case, Due Process, and Miranda Rights

    (5 pp) A lot of us may only get crime information from television or movies, as we hear the television detective mumble something to the suspect, as he "cuffs 'em." What you are seeing and not hearing is the "Miranda rights." This discussion examines the definition, the history, and the importance of those rights. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Math Assessment, Authentic Assessment Programs, and Inconsistencies

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the interpretative and inconsistent nature of math assessment and possible authentic assessment programs. Several issues relate to the inconsistent and interpretative nature of math assessment within the educational curricula today. Firstly, on a national basis, studies reveal the range in attitudes in regards to importance math assessment has in the overall educational curriculum. While math assessment is often mentioned, its importance does not seem as highly weighted as other aspects of assessment of school performance. Secondly, within the school systems themselves, teachers in mathematics vary a great deal in their teaching practices which can affect assessment; perception of their students’ abilities based on social factors and past performance; perception of the importance of national and consistent assessment; and desired learning outcomes. There are many educational assessment tools which are available. However, assessment tools vary in regards to their expense, time, and curriculum considerations which can affect whether or not the tool can be usefully applied. One of the goals of the U.S. educational system is be “the first in the world in mathematics and science achievement” and some educational programs are trying to fulfill this goal by not only developing consistent national education and assessment programs but programs which are comparative on an international scale, such as that found within the International Baccalaureate Program (IB). Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • United States Navy and Its Weather Collection Data and Strategic Impact

    A 6 page discussion of the importance of data collection and statistical analyses in the U.S. Navy. The author emphasizes the importance of understanding weather patterns drives much of the Navy's data collection and analyses efforts. Being able to predict the weather can mean the difference between success or failure. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Pan Islamic Terrorism and Conflict Between Palestine and Israel

    A 4 page discussion of the association that exists between Israeli-Palestinian conflict and Pan-Islamic terrorism in the Middle East and beyond. The author reviews the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and notes the role of Western foreign policy. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History of the Philippines from Various Perspectives

    A 5 page research paper that offers two opposing perspective to the acquisition of the Philippines by the US. The writer argues that the official version of this acquisition emphasizes the altruistic characteristics of US colonial rule, but fails to mention the hidden agenda of the US Senate to gain imperial status by acquiring US colonies. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ronald Takaki's Reflections on A Different Mirror A History of Multicultural America

    A 10 page paper discussing concepts of the 19th century raised by the book by Ronald Takaki. Jews, Blacks, Irish Catholics, Hispanics, Orientals and Native Americans have all been marginalized in US history, and the paper concludes that materialism, rather than race or ethnicity, has been the determining factor in the ability of these groups to succeed despite the discrimination levied toward them. Takaki in many instances is shallow and fails to think through his pontifications, but there is no debate possible in his charge that all of these groups were ill-treated. The paradox is that even though they were the ones ill-treated, it was the rest of us who bore the greater cost. They have always been assured within themselves of their own worth and did not depend on our ability to recognize that worth. In the process, it was the Euro-centered ones who missed out. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Literary Analysis of Existentialism

    A 12 page overview of the literary classification of existentialism. Parallels the major components of this style with the existentialism approach in psychology, an approach which delves into our innermost characteristics to bring us to a comfortable relationship both internally and with those around us. Analyzes “The Innocents Abroad” by Mark Twain, “Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage” by Alfred Lansing, and “Cold Mountain” by Charles Frazier to identify existentialist components and provides a further comparison of the style to the Greek tragedy “The Odyssey” as a reiteration of the common elements which have been at play throughout history, not just in the nineteenth century. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • 'The History Book' and School Textbooks on History

    This 4 page paper considers how “The History Book” may present a different picture of history compared to the history which is usually found in school history books. The approach is then applied to modern events such as the Iraq war. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • What Defines Americanness in American Literature

    A 4 page essay that discusses works by Chopin, Emerson, Twain, James and Irving in regards to what qualities or characteristics make American literature "American." The writer argues that in the early days of the United States as a free and independent nation, its culture was still largely derivitive of European cultures, particularly that of England. However, throughout the nineteenth century, U.S. writers successfully established a body of literature that was distinctly American, owing little to outside sources and signifying that the US possesses a literary tradition that reflects the experience of a unique people, their history and orientation toward life. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ronald Takaki's Reflections on A Different Mirror A History of Multicultural America

    A 10 page paper discussing concepts of the 19th century raised by the book by Ronald Takaki. Jews, Blacks, Irish Catholics, Hispanics, Orientals and Native Americans have all been marginalized in US history, and the paper concludes that materialism, rather than race or ethnicity, has been the determining factor in the ability of these groups to succeed despite the discrimination levied toward them. Takaki in many instances is shallow and fails to think through his pontifications, but there is no debate possible in his charge that all of these groups were ill-treated. The paradox is that even though they were the ones ill-treated, it was the rest of us who bore the greater cost. They have always been assured within themselves of their own worth and did not depend on our ability to recognize that worth. In the process, it was the Euro-centered ones who missed out. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History of Colonial Order Construction

    A 10 page contention that the same construction of the colonial order which has determined much of our history also controls many aspects of our contemporary world. This contention is presented with the backdrop of the historical interaction which occurred between colonizers and the colonized to emphasize that the same scenario is unfolding today even in countries like the United States as our tendency for the world view of “us” verses “them” determines our relations with one another. With such recent incidents as the Rodney King beating, a beating forever etched into our minds by the modern technological marvel of the video camera, the construction of the colonial order has progressed forward from the pages of history and into our contemporary social consciousness. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Disco Music and History

    A 3 page paper which examines whether disco music was a result of history or rather influenced history. No sources cited.

  • History of U.S. Army Aviation

    This is a 5 page paper giving an overview of the history of U.S. Army Aviation. In 1861, during the American Civil War, hydrogen filled balloon were used by Union and Confederate forces to direct artillery fire. These balloons were considered to be the origins of U.S. Army Aviation. Over the course of history the U.S. Army Aviation acquired their first Wright brothers’ fixed wing aircraft in 1909 of which they had over 11,000 during World War I. As Army Aviation and the Air Force began to operate separately, Army Aviation began to develop more aircraft which could support their ground forces. In the 1940s, Grasshoppers and Sentinels were used in North Africa in World War II. The Korean conflict brought the first helicopters into Army Aviation. The helicopters evolved the most rapidly and were highly effective in rough terrain, were eventually armed which resulted in the highly sophisticated gun ship helicopters of today such as the AH-64 Apache, the UH-60 Black Hawk, the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior, and the RAH-66 Comanche. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • American Foreign Policy and International Law

    A 5 page paper assessing the question, “should the US place more or less faith in international law?” The paper concludes that the US needs to acknowledge, support and work for greater influence of international law, yet retain the ability and willingness to work outside of it if conditions warrant. Terrorists, religious fundamentalists and nuclear bomb-waving groups give no credence to international law or anything else that holds no direct value for furthering narrow ideologies. The US needs to develop international leadership influence and place less faith in international law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Relationship Between the Value of the US Dollar and the Price of Gold

    This 8 page paper investigates the relationship between the value of the US dollar and the price of gold. The underlying hypothesis is that there is a direct inverse relationship between the performance of the US dollar and the price of gold with the US dollar as the independent variable and the price of gold responding directly to the movements in the value of the dollar. Data is collected over a period of two years and analyzed in order to ascertain if there is such a relationship and the extent of that relationship. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Hope Concept

    An 8 page paper examining the definition of hope and the affect it can have on our lives. Life is to be led joyfully, and hope is the undergirding quality that allows us to find purpose in everything in which we will look for it. Hope contributes to the determination to keep striving and not give up when it seems life has nothing good to offer us, and hope blesses us with a peace that regardless of how bad things seem (or are) at the time, conditions will improve. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Indonesia Rice Shipments by the United States

    A 16 page paper exploring all aspects of establishing that section of a supply chain that moves rice out of the United States and into Indonesia. Indonesia has not been a willing recipient of US rice since 2003 and periodically imposes bans on all imports of US-produced rice. Indonesia achieved self-sufficiency in rice in 1984 and seeks to retain and strengthen that position; its rejection of US rice is an effort to protect internal producers. US rice still can enter Indonesia as humanitarian aid, however, and rice is transported the same way regardless of the political complications surrounding its movement. The paper discusses both logistics and marketing topics, focusing on how the chosen shipper, Maersk Sealand, can most efficiently move rice from several US ports to the port of Surabaya, Indonesia. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • The Importance of Women's History

    A 5 page research paper that examines why women's history should be studied; how history is gendered in traditional historical approaches; and why women's history is important to feminists, and also some interesting facts about women's history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 'The History Book' and School Textbooks on History

    This 4 page paper considers how “The History Book” may present a different picture of history compared to the history which is usually found in school history books. The approach is then applied to modern events such as the Iraq war. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie's HIstory Writing

    A 3 page paper that begins by commenting on the changes in writing history, specifically, the change to the Annales school and Braudel's total history schema. The essay then discusses Ladurie's Montaillou: The Promised Land of Error. The writer discusses how Ladurie uses the total history approach as well as the scientific approach supported by von Ranke. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • London's Early History

    A 5 page overview of some of the formative periods of London’s history. In short, the history of London occurred in leaps and bounds but it also included many years of slow, gradual change. Over her history London progressed from a people whose subsistence was meager and relationships with the rest of the world were essentially non-existent, to a people whose city serves as one of the foremost cultural, economic, and political capitals of the world. This rise included influence from a diversity of peoples ranging from the Romans, to the Saxons, to the Vikings, and to the Normans.

  • Graphic Arts and its History

    This 28 page report discusses graphic art in terms of its development, its history, and where it will go in the future. In considering the future of graphic arts, it can be remarkably instructive to look at its history and how it has governed its developed. Both the history and potential future of graphic art are looked at in the report. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • The Heritage Crusade And The Spoils Of History by David Lowenthal

    5 pages in length. David Lowenthal's primary objective in "The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History" is to illustrate the inherent separation, as well as the inextricable cohesion, of heritage, history and contemporary society. The author strives to enlighten his readers to the inadequacies of conventional thought pertaining to heritage, noting that while heritage is, indeed, interwoven with history, it is also reinvented throughout modern-day society by way of new icons, such as Disney World and other pertinent symbols of the twentieth century. No additional sources cited.

  • Connection Between Biography and History

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the correlation between history and biography, as demonstrated in a comparison between aggregate and individuals perspectives. This paper considers elements like cultural relativism as it applies to an understanding of collective history, experiential history and biography. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History of Chinese Art

    10 pages in length. Chinese art history is both vast and comprehensive, spanning centuries and encompassing myriad formats. When one examines Chinese culture as it relates to art history, one can readily surmise that artistic endeavor is not merely superficial filler, but rather an integral component to the overall existence of Asian heritage. The writer discusses calligraphy and feng shui as they relate to Chinese art history. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Cyber Intrusions and the US Military

    A 4 page consideration of the threat cyber intrusions pose to the US military. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • CHARLES MARTIN IN UGANDA

    This 5-page paper answers case study questions about a cultural situation between U.S. company H-G and Uganda.

  • Historical Theories of Auguste Comte and Karl Marx

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares the theories that Marx and Comte developed regarding history. The writer argues that these theories were radically different because each looked at a different aspect of human development across history. Marx's theories concerning history dealt with the economic connection between society and the means of production. Comte's theories, on the other hand, dealt more with the way in which a society perceives reality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History's Origin According to Ernst Breisach

    This 2 page paper provides an overview of the central perspectives of Ernst Breisach in his Historiography: Ancient, Medieval & Modern as they relate to the origins of history. This paper demonstrates the link between the perspectives of the earliest known historians, Herodotus and Thucydides, also known as the father and grandfather of history, and the modern views of the process through which history is conveyed. No additional sources cited.

  • Impact of Illegal Immigration on the U.S. Economy

    This 6 page paper discusses the impact illegal immigration has had on the U.S. economy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Islamic Militarism Since 600 A.D.

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the history of Islamic militarism. One hears a great deal, in this age of Islamic terrorism, about how the Muslim instigators of indiscriminant violence are not true "Muslims." However, an overview of Islamic militarism shows that, as with Christianity, violence and aggression are integral to Islamic history and that this history very much pertains to the current situation. The writer first discusses Islamic militarism, beginning in 600 A.D. and continuing to the Crusades and then relates this militaristic tradition to Islamic belief and current terrorism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Why the U.S. Invasion of Iraq is Wrong

    This 3 page paper is an argumentative essay that says the U.S. invasion of Iraq is illegal and immoral. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 6 Articles on Technology

    This 6 page paper examines six separate articles about technology and tells us what we can learn from each one.

  • 6 Cases and Technology

    This 6 page paper examines six separate cases about technology and tells us what we can learn from each one.

  • Cultural Basis of Education, Pedagogy and Educational Psychology

    This 5 page paper considers the cultural basis for education, pedagogy and educational psychology in the U.S., England and elsewhere. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Major Pedagogical and Educational Psychology Theories

    This 4 page paper discusses some of the teaching and educational psychological theories in the U.S., U.K. and elsewhere. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Vision, Mission and Values of the U.S. Army Transportation Corps

    This 4 page paper discusses the U.S. Transportation Corps, its mission, vision and values. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Issues with Regard to Gifted Students in the U.S.

    This 9 page paper discusses some of the issues, concerns and practices that affect gifted students in the U.S. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Evolution of Social Welfare Policy in the United States

    This 3 page paper discusses the evolution of social welfare policy in the U.S. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Inadequacies in U.S. Antiterrorism Provisions Prior to 9-11

    A 4 page paper emphasizing that 9-11 was the result of inadequate antiterrorism provisions in the U.S. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Politics and Bananas

    This 6-page paper attempts to tie the banana trade wars together with political maneuvering, even to the point where it has helped elect presidents of the U.S. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Poverty and the Typification of Poverty in the U.S.

    This 3 page paper discusses poverty and the typification of poverty as a social problem in the U.S. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Containment in US History

    A 5 page paper which examines the US foreign policy of containment from the late 1940s onward. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • American Slang, Changes in Language and Changes in Attitudes

    This 3 page paper explores the way language evolves and changes in the U.S. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie's HIstory Writing

    A 3 page paper that begins by commenting on the changes in writing history, specifically, the change to the Annales school and Braudel's total history schema. The essay then discusses Ladurie's Montaillou: The Promised Land of Error. The writer discusses how Ladurie uses the total history approach as well as the scientific approach supported by von Ranke. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Sequoyah and His Invention of Cherokee Syllabary

    A 3 page consideration of how this notable Native American leader affected US Indian Policy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Intelligence Gathering by U.S. Agencies during World War II and Beyond

    This 10 page paper examines the evolution of U.S. intelligence gather operations during and after World War II. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Internet Tax Resources

    This 5-page paper focuses on three tax websites that can be used as resources for research on U.S. tax codes and the law surrounding them.

  • David Lurie in In the Beginning by Potok

    A 5 page paper discussing the effects that life's events carried in shaping the ultimate personality of the main character of Potok's "In the Beginning." David Lurie, much as did his creator, did not follow the path prescribed for him either by his family or by the tradition of his faith. He became an individual far different than either he or his family would have believed would be his destiny, had he followed more standard rules and those unspoken ones set forth for him. David holds lessons for us in the advantages and disadvantages of not conforming, whether through personal conviction or through the influence of circumstance. David shows us that life is not always "mapped out," even when it appears to be. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • International Business Issues and Contracts in the Marketplace

    A 19 page paper discussing cultural, political, ethical and currency issues in international business. Economic forecasters only altered their estimates of the growth of the US economy after it refused to expand at the expected annual rate of between two and three percent in the mid-1990s. Overall growth has been much greater than that, but expansion of the domestic market for manufactured goods is much lower than the overall rate of growth. It still is the world's emerging markets that offer the greatest hope for the mid-range future. Those emerging markets offer so much promise that it is worthwhile for US multinationals to overcome cultural, linguistic and political differences while managing for currency risks, but it is still imperative to set contracts with those factors in mind. Bibliography lists 31 sources.

  • History of Mexico and Mesoamerican History's Role

    A 5 page paper which examines how Mesoamerican history is an important element in understanding Mexican history. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Are Accounting Reforms And Legislation Are The Only Means By Which The Accounting Profession Will be Able To Regain Public Trust And Re-Establish Its’ Credibility?

    This 8 page paper considers the issues in terms of trust and credibility in the accounting profession. The writer argues that historically public trust has been regained as loop holes and standards have been bettered. Using the example of Enron and comparing US and UK accounting and auditing standards the case is made for increasing levels of regulations to overcome the fears and difficulties associated with the causes of mistrust. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Healthcare Administration Leadership

    A 3 page essay that justifies pursuing a doctorate degree in healthcare administration. Doctorate education in healthcare administration is formulated to aid in the creation of highly motivated, advanced healthcare leaders, who can effectively address the challenges of today's healthcare system, as well as shape effective public policy for the needs of the future (Doctor in HA). The challenges facing the U.S. healthcare system, as well as the healthcare systems in all Western, industrialized societies, are formidable. Effective leadership in healthcare administration is a crucial factor in meeting these challenges. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Consumer Shifts and Cola Manufacturers

    A 5 page paper discussing cola manufacturers' focus on bottled water as a product they can move along the product life cycle curve as dark, sugary colas continue to decline. Some marketers in the past have believed that consumers will buy anything they choose to place before us; astute marketers have come to understand that such is not the case. Consumers do need time to accept a new product, however, such as was the case with bottled water. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Firearms' Trafficking Overview

    This 5 page paper looks at the sale of illegal firearms in the U.S. and internationally as well. Laws designed to curb illegal gun sales are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Illegal Immigration and U.S. Economy

    A 4 page paper discussing the impact of illegal immigration on the U. S. economy. The number of illegal immigrants in the U.S., the costs associated with them, and other multi-layered impacts. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Wall is Not the Answer to Illegal Immigration

    A 6 page research paper/essay that argues that building a wall across the border between US and Mexico is an ineffective solution to illegal immigration. The writer provides arguments to support this position and discusses the reasons substantiating this stance. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Pharmaceutical Industry, Prices, Returns, and Generic Drugs Competition

    This 14 page paper examines the way in which prices of branded drugs, and the related profit they create for the pharmaceutical companies, is impacted when patents expire and the branded drugs have to compete with generic products. The paper considers how the law of supply and demand manifests in this market where an increase in supply does result in a reduction of prices and to what extent this occurs. The paper also looks at the US Hatch-Waxman Act which was introduced to decrease the barriers of entry for the generic drugs whilst the patent periods were extended. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Learning Lessons in Billy Budd and Antigone

    A 3 page essay that argues that the main theme in both Sophocles' Antigone and Herman Melville's Billy Budd is a warning that the society that ignores humanitarian issues does so at its own peril. These narratives warn us that the society that puts punitive justice ahead of all else may be enacting a certain kind of justice, but it does so at the expense of its own soul. In a country that is prosecuting children to the full extent of the law, it is a lesson that should be noticed. No additional sources cited.

  • Argument: Illegal Immigration Has a Negative Effect on the U.S. Economy

    This 8 page paper examines the proposition that illegal immigration has a negative effect on the U.S. economy. It argues that while this population segment has a negative effect in some areas, particularly California, overall the illegal immigrant population has a small positive effect on the economy as a whole. The idea was to argue that illegal immigration’s effect is negative but the evidence does not support that conclusion. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • English Language Learning and Lau v. Nichols

    This 9 page paper begins with an chronological outline of the laws addressing English language learners, both before and after the Lau case. The writer then provides a comprehensive overview of the Lau v Nichols case beginning with initial complaint filed on behalf of 12 Chinese-American students in San Francisco, a case that asked only that the school district teach the children English, and the final outcome from the U.S. Supreme Court. Actual excerpts of the different written decisions are included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • US Protestant Church Theology

    A 5 page research paper that examines the nature, ministry, ordinances, origin and organization of the Protestant church in the US. This overview also speculates on the future of the church and the coming final days. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • John Cage/His Impact on Music

    An 11 page research paper that discusses the career and contributions of composer John Cage, whose impact on electronic and experimental music has been substantial. Particularly during the 1940s, his experimental works pointed contemporary art music in new directions, while also exerting a significant influence on a variety of "avant-garde composers," both in the US and abroad (Machlis 632). Examination of Cage's music shows a consistent move toward more extreme experimentation, while also developing his own musical style and vocabulary. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cuban Refugees and U.S. Policy on Immigration

    This 8 page paper examines Cuban immigration in the United States, with a focus on the Elian Gonzalez case. Pertinent information about the case is provided and discussed in light of U.S. immigration policy. Statistics are provided. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • South America and United States Drug Trafficking

    This 5 page paper discusses the drug trafficking between the US and South America and cites examples, evidence and data which show that the war on drugs is not winnable. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nigeria, the Unites States and ATC Systems

    A 5 page research paper that examines and compares the air traffic control systems of the US and Nigeria, in that Nigeria is part of the overall problem of insufficient ATC systems for African airspace. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • United Kingdom and United States Government Processes

    A 10 page paper, including tutorial comments, that compares and contrasts the U.K. governmental process with the U.S. governmental process. The focus is on policymaking and includes comments on the citizens of both countries becoming disillusions with their governmental process. Influences on the political process for both countries are discussed. The essay ends with comments about which country's system would result in better policymaking. Material used for the essay was provided by the student. No bibliography.

  • Bilateral Trade between United Kingdom and United States

    This 4 page paper looks at the level and type of trade which takes place between the US and UK. The main risks of trading and then considered along with the way in which risks may be mitigated, including use of hedging. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Questions on Fiscal and Monetary Policy Answered

    This 5 page paper answers four questions. Firstly, the paper looks at the three main tools that the Federal Reserve may use to control the money supply in the US. The second question is the shortest, and shows how the reserve balance on T-accounts is calculated. The third question outlines the variables that impact on the demand for money, and the last question looks at expansionary monetary and fiscal policies, what they are and how they operates and then uses the IS-LM model to illustrate the effects. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • How do Changes in an Economy Impact on Businesses?

    The 7 page paper examines the way two firms; McDonalds and Nike, reacted to the economic conditions in two developed counties; The US and the UK. The paper looks at the economy of each company and then considers the performance of the firm in terms of the way the demand was impacted and the overall changes in firm performance. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • US Economy 200 - 2003

    This 6 page paper is written in 3 parts. The first part examines the performance of the US economy between the years of 2000 and 2003, looking at annual figures for the GDP, real GDP growth, inflation, unemployment, interest rates and M1 growth. The second part of the paper discusses the patterns seen in the economy during this period and the impact of monetary policy. The last part of the paper looks at aggregate supply and demand during the same period. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Should A Company Undertake Loss Management If They Have Insurance?

    This 14 page paper discusses the statement "As an organisation we pay a lot of money on insurance. There is therefore no need for us to invest time and resources in other methods of loss management." The paper discusses this looking at what losses insurance can cover, alternatives to insurance, the need for a cost benefit analysis, responsibility and the influence of asymmetrical information and moral hazard. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Lowell System

    A 5 page research paper that reports on the Lowell System and its significance to early industrialization in the US. The Lowell System refers to a “method of factory management” that developed in regards to the operation of the United States’ first textile mills, which were built in Waltham and Lowell, Massachusetts in the early part of the nineteenth century (Foner and Garraty, 1991). Specifically, the Lowell System refers to the practice of recruiting and employing young women from local farms as the mill’s employees. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • International Athletic Shoe Company Establishment

    A 5 page paper establishing a new company to manufacture and market athletic shoes in the US, Canada, Singapore and South Korea. The initial budget is $350 million, allocated among five primary activities. Includes a five forces analysis of the industry. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Accounting Questions

    This 5 page paper answers questions concerning the way account takes place. The first looks at a case study to examine the way the practices fit in with the hierarchy of accounting qualities. The paper then considers the way in which accounting standards are set within the US and discusses whether the standards should be the same for all types of organization.

  • Banking Policy Adjustment

    A 6 page paper answering 5 questions addressing how a German bank might adapt to changes in US policies and the economy. Questions include how the bank should manage new SEC rules of corporate governance and other matters that reduce the bank’s corporate lending opportunities. The paper encourages the bank to increase revenues in other areas during this time while simultaneously reducing costs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Economic Growth And Inflation

    A 4 page paper. The writer responds to this question: Should a country's economic growth rate be higher than its inflation rate? The essay discusses ideal growth rates, reports growth rates and inflation rates in the U.S. for 2006 and 2007 and discusses the growth and inflation rates in Vietnam. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Bank Problems in the Credit Crunch; Poor Performing Loans

    In 2009 the banks are suffering as a result of the credit crunch. The cause is not only the result of events within the house market; there are also defaults on small businesses and personal loans. This 6 page paper considers how and why the banks are now suffering these defaults, looking at issues such as the way bank became less risk adverse, the management of risk assessment, asymmetrical information and the role of governments and central banks. The paper focuses ion the US and the UK. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Criminal Law Considered in 4 Questions

    5 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses racketeering and money laundering, four components of the U.S. criminal justice system, community-oriented policing and constitutional protection of prisoner rights. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Wireless Industry Overview and ATandT

    This 15-page paper offers an analysis of the wireless industry and the part AT&T Wireless plays in it. Topics discussed include an overview of the U.S. economy, an overview of the wireless industry from the perspective of Porter's Five Forces and an analysis of AT&T Wireless, its background and competitive strategy. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Modelo’s Beer Market

    This 6 page paper examines the Mexican beer brewer; Modelo and answers questions sector by the student. Questions included examination of the trends in the global beer market, how and why Modelo successful in entering the US market through strategic alliances, consideration of the next potential market, the challenges of the organization are likely to face the future and a discussion concerning whether or not the organization should undertake diversification. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • The American Market for Cable Based Telephone Service

    This 5 page paper examines the US cable telephony market, looking at the size, major competitors, existing patterns and trends, forecasts and major influences. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • The Influence of Unemployment on the US Economy

    This 9 page paper looks at the unemployment rates in the US between 2007 and 2012, considering how this has impacted on the economy and looking at how the employment levels are likely to impact on the economy in the future. Different issues are considered in the assessment, including the presence of sticky wages and the presence of structural as well as cyclic unemployment. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Interracial Relationships

    A 7 page paper that begins with the data regarding interracial marriages in the U.S. The major focus of this essay is white men with black women but it also includes information about the converse. The essay reports comments from other authors about the acceptance of interracial relationships. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Constitutional Rights v. Internet Privacy

    A 9 page paper that examines the issues of privacy and freedom of information on the Internet as well as the crimes that have been bred by this privacy and freedom. Discussed are the types of crimes that occur in cyberspace, the attempts the U.S. government has made to deter these crimes, and the opposition these attempts have raised from civil liberty organizations. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Iranian and Guatemalan Revolutions

    This 5 page paper discusses the revolutions in Iran in 1953 and the revolt in Guatemala the following year. It also discusses U.S. involvement in both actions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Letter to a Senator Involving Iraq War

    This 3 page paper is a letter to a US senator regarding the reasons for the war in Iraq. This opinion letter suggests that the senator reconsider the reasons for entrance in the war.

  • ADHD and ADD and School Compulsory Medication

    A 14 page research paper that explores the use of psychoactive drug use in the US with schoolchildren. The first half of the paper offers a legal analysis and the second half an ethical analysis. The writer concludes from a review of available research that while these drugs are crucial for some children (1 to 2 percent of the childhood population), they are dramatically over-prescribed and used as a "quick fix" to enforce compliance with unrealistic behavioral expectations for young children. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Canada's Great Depression

    This 4 page paper looks at the Great Depression as it affected Canada in the 1930s. Social policies are discussed. Causes are touched on. Some information about the U.S. is relayed in this paper that relies on scholarly sources.

  • Tiger Economies and Their Lessons

    This 5 page paper looks at the role of government intervention in the U.S. economy by using the tiger economies as examples. Singapore and Taiwan are highlighted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Real World and Adam Smith's Economic Philosophy

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Smith’s theories as it concerns the free market economy. The United States is the focus of this paper that looks at the actual economy and the changes it has been through. The U.S. economy is discussed in terms of how well it has conformed to Adam Smith’s ideology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Common Sense and Artificial Intelligence

    In 7 pages, the author discusses why common sense in among the greatest challenge faced by the artificial intelligence field and how the understanding of intelligence helps us with human communication. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Overview of the United States Virgin Islands

    In 5 pages, the author discusses the US Virgin Islands of which the main islands are St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Judicial Matters and Politics in the United States and Mexico

    An 8 page comparison of the two countries in terms of the party system, electoral system, and the judiciary. Other information touched on includes the executive branches of government, recent changes in Mexico, and apathy in the U.S. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Global Power Rise of the U.S.

    A 5 page overview of the rise of the U.S. to international power. The paper begins with the ideals of the forefathers, leading to the inventions rising out of the Industrial Revolution and continuing through World War II (a-bomb), telecommunications, computer technology, military technology and the space program. The paper includes a discussion of some of the problems that have emerged as a result of democratization of communist and socialist states and how the United States is working to assist those countries in the move to the global market. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Overview of the Whiskey Rebellion

    An 8 page research paper that gives an overall view of the Whiskey Rebellion that occurred in the counties of Pennsylvania and Virginia that are west of the Allegheny Mountains in 1794. The rebellion developed due to opposition to a federal excise tax on spirits that was enacted in 1791 according to a plan devised by Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton wherein the states would assume their own debts. Washington eventually called out the militia and the rebels dispersed; however, the incident illustrated the power of the new federal government and the US presidency. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Eliot Asinov's '1919'

    America's Loss of Innocence.' Book offers evidence that key events such as the passing of the Valstead Act, the Black Sox scandal, and the U.S. decision not to join the league of nations contributed to this nation's 'loss of innocence.' 6 pages in length, Bibliography lists 5 supporting sources.

  • California and At Will Employment

    A 14 page essay on the legal doctrine which states that employers can dismiss employees for any reason at any time, and, conversely, that employees can quit for any reason and at any time. This paper examines exceptions which have been made and at the current rash of ‘‘wrongful discharge'' lawsuits which are slowly changing this doctrine as it applies in the U.S. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Brazil and Toys 'R' Us

    16 page presentation on how to open up Toys 'R' Us in Brazil. Great for those studying international business related topics & issues. Lengthy appendices and comprehensive bibliography listed 9 sources.

  • Issues Surrounding the Tobacco Trade

    A 5 page essay exploring the issues surrounding the exporting of tobacco and tobacco products. Is this a policy the United States Government should continue to support in view of its opposition to the use of tobacco within the nation? As one of the top cash products within the country and with hundreds of thousands of people dependent on the industry, the question as to the U.S. government's role in supporting its export is a complex one. The writer discusses the issues in terms of economics and ethics. No bibliography.

  • Enlightenment Modernity and Black Politics

    This 5 page report discusses the parallels between the origins and evolution of Black politics and the Enlightenment's project of modernity. The shift from 'modernity' to 'post-modernity' has been duplicated in the process that resulted in the development of modern politics for the African American community in the United States. Parallels between the emergence of Black politics in the U.S. and the entire process of 'modern' thinking actually can be compared to the development of the 'Enlightenment' of earlier centuries and its focus on 'modernity.' Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Global Economy and the United States

    A 5 page essay discussing different aspects of the world economy, in general, and the U.S. economy, in particular. The asset-price inflation bubble is discussed with examples of the two primary dangers associated with it. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Status of the American Economy

    A 5 page paper on the state of global economics. The writers discusses where the U.S. stands in the world of economics and the likelihood of it being able to maintain it's rank as the global economic leader. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • An Examination of the Economy In Depth

    The economy is examined in this 12 page paper which includes a number of charts and focuses on several indicators. Variables such as the unemployment rate, the GDP, and the CPI are examined. Speculation as to the future of the U.S. economy is also explored. Bibliography lists 12 sources. Eco

  • South Africa and Doing Business

    3 pages of research discussing obstacles faced by foreign (U.S.) businesses wishing to operate in South Africa since apartheid. Focus is on Goodyear. 1 source listed in bibliography.

  • Kenyan Woman

    6 pages worth of compiled research and information on the social role of women in Kenya, their high fertility rates, culture, and tradition. Insight is given into the socio-health related problems that exist and what is (or is not) being done to solve them. An interview with a woman from Kenya (who now lives in the U.S.) is cited. Bibliography lists 6 relevant sources.

  • Mainland Puerto Rican Migration

    A 10 page paper focusing on this topic. The writer looks at the impact on the US of Puerto Rican migration, and examines how this ethnic group has assimilated into the culture. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Space Between Us by Ruthellen Josselson

    This 5 page research paper provides a critical analysis to consider the importance of the sociology text, The Space Between Us, by Ruthellen Josselson. No additional sources cited.

  • Texas Senate Bill 42 and School District Programs of Drug Testing

    This 6 page report discusses a number of issues associated with drug-testing in the high school setting. Critics claim that the process is a violation of the Constitution’s fourth amendment although in 1995 the U.S. Supreme Court upheld an Oregon decision in support of a school district’s drug-testing program. Specifically addressed are the issues that have been going on in Texas for over a decade, as well as legislation proposed by Texas State Senator Florence Shapiro. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mutiny on the Amistad by Howard Jones

    A 5 page analysis of Howard Jones' account of the Amistad case, in which black captives seized control of a slave ship in the early 1800s and tried to return to Africa. The writer argues that Jones demonstrates how the repercussions of the Amistad case went far beyond its immediate effect on the defendants, but rather affected the course of the American abolitionist movement, foreign relations with Spain, and the perspective that those involved toward the legal system of the US. No additional sources cited.

  • Mexico, United States, and International Fashion Marketing

    A 5 page research paper that examines the relations between Mexico and the US as they apply to the clothing and fashion industry. Many clothing and fashion manufacturers are taking advantage of the labor market in Mexico, sending down textiles that have been precut and are ready to sew, receiving back finished goods. In negotiating the terms of these agreements, both parties are prepared to get the very best deal that can maximize savings and still preserve quality. Details are crucial and have to be worked out across language and culture barriers. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Turning Lost Customers into Gold by Joan K. Cannie

    : An 8 page analysis of Cannie's book on how to 'mine' the lost riches represented by customers who defect to a competitor. Cannie asserts that most US companies are unaware of how many of their customers go elsewhere over the course of a year. Additionally, she argues that most firms are also unaware of what these defections generally cost in the way of lost sales and reduced annual revenue. Cannie's premise is that these losses are significant and her arguments are most persuasive. No additional sources cited.

  • Kurds and U.S. Styles of Negotiation

    A 5 page paper comparing and contrasting the negotiating styles of the US and the Kurds as they fight to attain autonomy for their country. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 1972 to 1991 Relations Between the Soviet Union and the United States

    A 9 page paper covering the years 1972-1991 in US-Soviet relations. Paper is divided into 3 parts: 1972-1979; 1980-1985; 1985-1991. Bibliography lists12 sources.

  • Women's Rights and the U.S. Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment

    A 7 page paper discussing the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The writer discusses the context of this amendment in current times as it relates to equality, women's rights, relevant social programs, etc; It is ultimately concluded that although the 14th amendment is the first step towards social reform, and equal rights for all citizens, it will be a long time before those discriminated against -- women, homosexuals, blacks, and other minorities -- are truly considered equal. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Jury System's Significance

    Beginning with an appropriate overview of why the U.S. Founding Fathers saw the need for a jury system, this well-prepared 8 page essay argues that the jury still remains an ultimate symbol of true American Democracy. Recent Supreme Court decisions as well as the linkage between jury service and other rights of political participation are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Call to Action by Bill Clinton in His 1997 State of the Union Address

    A 3 page paper summarizing U.S. President Bill Clinton's 1997 state of the union address. The writer discusses Clinton's 'call to action' and his aspirations for the United States over the four years that would follow. No bibliography.

  • Controversy Over US Social Security

    A 6 page paper discussing the U.S. Social Security administration and presented as a 'policy report' being presented for use by a 'congressional policy maker.' Background, political ideology, developments and challenges, as well as recommendations for the future of Social Security are discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Texas Citizens and the Services Provided by Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison's Office

    This 15 page report review the function of a U.S. Senator's office, its purpose, function, and structure. In specific, the report looks at Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison and her role in service to both the people of Texas and the rest of the citizens of the U.S.A. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • DuPont and the Formation of Teams

    A 13 page paper discussing employee empowerment and increased productivity at DuPont. In continuous operation since its founding in 1802, DuPont has a history of being able to adapt for the times. In recent years, DuPont's ability to implement work teams in accordance to the principles of Total Quality Management has been hampered by union resistance. Company management needs to keep DuPont as efficient as possible and employees see value in being able to take an active role in making their jobs both easier and more productive, but the union maintains that the company is seeking to gain additional work from employees with no increase in pay. The paper provides DuPont history and recommends involving union representatives in team discussions to alleviate union resistance. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The Roaring 2000s by Harry S. Dent Jr.

    This 11 page report discusses “The Roaring 2000s: Building the Wealth and Lifestyle You Deserve in the greatest Boom in History.” Author Harry S. Dent, Jr., has been called “America’s favorite optimist.” Dent presents in extremely broad strokes how readers can capitalize on the boom times ahead. In the introduction of the book, Dent explains the purpose of his latest work being: "To help you understand the fundamental trends that can be reliably projected into the future to allow you to build the wealth and lifestyle you desire in the greatest boom in history." This report examines a number of his ideas and predictions and looks at them in terms of economic analysis and theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Historical Achievements of Man and Edward Gibbon

    5 pages in length. "History is little more than a register of crimes, follies and misfortunes of man" This famous quote from Edward Gibbons provides meaningful insight to what humanity's historical significance truly represents. When taken in its realistic context, one can readily support the validity of such a claim, inasmuch as the history books are chock full of war, strife, bungled peace efforts, political embarrassments, along with a whole host of other less-than-attractive accomplishments. That Gibbons sought to bring to light the reality of mankind's historical legacy concurs with his ability to see beyond the facade of dubious achievements. The writer compares this quote with real-life events. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Therapy and Dental Phobias

    A 7 page discussion of the reasons behind dental phobias and the methodologies for treatment of those phobias. Outlines the sometimes gruesome history of dentistry and the reputation which it has incurred as a result of that history. Discusses early experiences at the dentist office which result in phobias of future visits. Emphasizes that phobias are not a reason to ignore needed dental procedure. Concludes that ignoring the problem is not a guarantee that it will disappear nor is it a guarantee that a relatively easy-to-treat condition will not progress into a potentially life threatening condition, or at the least a very serious condition, if left untreated. Dental phobias are not an excuse for avoiding the dentist office. Instead, they are a reason to seek out appropriate counseling. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • The European Miracle by E.L. Jones

    A 6 page book review of E.L. Jones' The European Miracle. In this text, Jones endeavors to answer the following question, which is "How to account for the ascendancy...of the First World" (Kellas 330). In his search for answers, Jones looks at European history and geography and contrasts and compares its development with the history of Asia, which he pictures as taking a different socio/economic path. Jones characterizes the Ottoman empire as "intellectual backward" and speaks of India's "total lack of political inspiration," pointing out the social structure in India "impaired political stability and the resulting instability impaired development (Kellas 330). As this suggests, in answer to the questions that the text poses, Jones presents a multitude of elements as contributing to the miracle of European development. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • How Eighteenth Century London Society Was Shaped by the Role of Women in 'The Rambler,' 'Evelina' and 'Moll Flanders'

    14 pages in length. There has rarely been a time in the history of mankind that women have not had to struggle in order to assert their worth as a gender. From the time when males first declared patriarchal authority over their female counterparts, women have fought – in various ways and with various results – to be treated both equitably and respectfully. Literature has long reflected this perpetual struggle between the genders, most often taking the side that support patriarchal control; however, a slow but steady change began occurring in eighteenth century London society that helped nurture a growing metamorphosis, which included Samuel Johnson 'Rambler' (Misella), Daniel Defoe's 'Moll Flanders' and Frances Burney's 'Evelina: Or, the History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World.' Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Analyzing 'The History Man' by Malcolm Bradbury

    This is a 10 page paper analyzing Malcolm Bradbury’s “The History Man”. “The History Man” (1975) by Malcolm Bradbury was considered by many an introduction to a new genre called “the campus novel”. The novel explored the academic and personal life of the main character, Howard Kirk, and his colleagues and students as the charismatic teacher taught his sociological perspectives on life and developed a certain scoundrel reputation as a manipulative and exploitive instructor in the satire fun-filled novel. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • An Overview of the History and Future Trends of Advertising

    A 48 page overview of advertising. Merchants and manufacturers have been advertising their products and services literally for hundreds of years. Though advertising never has been as intense as it is in today’s hypercompetitive environment, it nonetheless has been instrumental in the success (and failure) of many, many businesses over the years. The purpose here is to review advertising’s history and how it has changed over the years, and to glimpse into the future for what forms it likely will take in coming years. The paper discusses advertising’s history; the 4 Ps; semiotics; the fallout of Calvin Klein’s 1995 campaign; international advertising; and advertising as art. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Anti Semitism and Adolf Hitler

    A 5 page paper which examines Hitler’s anti-Semitism as seen in John Lukacs’ “The Hitler of History,” and the films “The Pianist” and “Schindler’s List.” No additional sources cited.

  • Feminist Movement's 'Second Wave'

    This 8 page paper discusses the history and origins of the feminist movement. Also discussed is the use of feminist rhetoric. The book Persuasion and Social Movements is used to explore the application by the women's rights movement of social rhetoric. Examples are given. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Middle East Economic Development

    This 20 page paper discusses the history of the region, the economies of several of the nations, and what they have to do to develop those economies quickly, if in fact that's possible.

  • Muscular Dystrophy and the Uses of Gene Therapy

    This 15 page paper examines the disease as well as a potential cure. Some history in respect to gene therapy is noted. The uses of gene therapy are discussed. Scientific studies are relayed. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • The Central Elements of Chaos Theory

    This 8 page report discusses the fact that, at its core, chaos theory and its direct relationship to physics, since it is the science of physics which determined that all movement can be defined as being determined, random, or chaotic. The concepts as well as the history of how those concepts were reached are presented. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Structural Inequality And Diversity

    This 25 page paper is comprised of two parts. The major portion discusses the history of structural inequality, how systems of oppression and inequality are created and perpetuated, the systemic nature of inequality, and the value of diversity. The second and shorter part of the paper discusses structural inequality and communication skills. In this section, the writer focuses on the education system. Numerous examples are provided throughout the paper as are statistical data when available. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • The English Language

    This 3 page paper examines English as a language that is used widely today. A political history is provided. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Landscape Architecture and Italian Designs for Pavement

    5 pages. The use of Italian pavement designs in landscape architecture is becoming increasingly popular. Topics within this paper include the origin of the paving patterns throughout history, the cost and installation techniques of using pavement stone and the usefulness of this decorative approach in landscape architecture today. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Food Safety

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of food safety. There is a focus on salmonella and appropriate governmental controls. Some history is included. While the paper focuses on food safety in America, other countries are referenced. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Supply Chain Management at Carrefour

    A 12 page paper examining the supply chain of the world's second-largest retailer and the largest retailer in Europe. The paper discusses the company's history; its Aldata supply chain management software; JIT; Carrefour's shared service centers; global supply chain management; RFID; and Future Supply Chain 2016. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Review of "Delivering the Goods - The Art of Managing Your Supply Chain" by Damon Schechter and Gordon Sander

    This 6 page paper gives an overview of Damon Schechter and Gordon Sander's book "Delivering the Goods - The Art of Managing Your Supply Chain". This book, which is heavily based on military logistics presents a range of lessons which can be learned from the history of supply chain management and the useful tri-level view for the analysis of logistics and supply chain management. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Benjamin Rader/American Sports

    This 8 page paper examines Benjamin Rader's book American Sports. The book delves into history of sport in the United States. The paper focuses on the rise of sport as equated with the rise of cities. No additional sources cited.

  • History of Aging

    A 3 page research paper that briefly explores t he history of aging, discussing the age considered to be "old," as well as such factors as retirement trends. The writer also discusses the increase in the older population how this might impact the plans of a student planning to teach sociology at the community college level. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • King Philip II of Spain

    This 3 page paper discusses King Philip II of Spain and whether he was really as he is portrayed in the history books. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • What is Bluetooth Technology

    This 2.5-paper focuses on Bluetooth technology, a radio frequency based communications standard and technology that is being hailed as a great cost saver (as it replace cable connection lines). The paper discusses the history of Bluetooth, as well as the interesting name. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Smart House

    In fourteen pages this paper examines the concept of the ‘smart house’ in an informational overview that includes its history, various components, pros and cons, progress, and also discusses some famous smart houses such as Bill Gates’ compound in Seattle, Washington. Eleven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • A Brief History of Wireless Networking

    This 5 page paper gives an outline of the history of wireless networking, starting with the developments of Marconi, and the first wireless network at the University of Hawaii up to the development and use of 802.11g. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Evolutionary History of the Tuatara

    An evolutionary history of the tuatara consists of six pages and focuses on the reasons for its particular evolutionary progression. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • US Same Sex Marriage History

    This 3 page paper discusses the history of gay marriages in the United States and the liklihood of legalizing same sexed marriages. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Free Speech and J.S. Mill

    5 pages in length. In response to the article entitled "New Battles in Old War Over Freedom of Speech," John Stuart Mill would attest to the fact that mankind is bound to the limits provided by the masses. Mill fit into the general history of political, economic and social thought by applying his interpretation of society and the utilitarian philosophies by which it should abide. The concept of utilitarianism speaks well to the stance on free speech Mill supported. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Overview of Trade Unions and Their Functions

    A 5 page overview of the function of trade unions. Utilizing the history of the European Trade Union as an example, the contention is presented that trade union purpose, policies, and government is intimately tied to the occupations represented.

  • Social Issues and Robots

    This 6 page paper begins with an brief introduction to robots, the definition and criteria to be named a robot. The writer then provides a brief history of robots and robotics, beginning with the first mechanical bird invented in 350 BC. The next section discusses the positive social impact robots and robotics are having followed by the potentially harmful effects. The paper ends with comments about the future of robotic technology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Law Enforcement and Cyber Crime

    This 5 page paper begins with comments from two FBI Cyber Agents about their typical day. Although all law enforcement agencies know cyber crime is the fastest-growing crime in the history of the country, officials do not know exactly how extensive it is because only about 5 percent of the crimes committed are ever reported. The writer discusses the difficulties obtaining statistical data. The writer provides examples of specific crimes and how the FBI, working with other agencies, was involved in solving them. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Dr. Faustus and Dr. Jekyll

    A 4 page paper which examines the descent of Dr. Faustus and Dr. Jekyll in Marlowe’s The Tragical History of Dr. Faust and Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. No additional sources cited.

  • History of the 'Dragon Lady' U2 Military Aircraft

    A 5 page discussion of the U-2 aircraft. The author details the aircraft’s history, specifications (including dimensions and weight), and details of its reconnaissance abilities. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Issues in Chinese Medicine and Medicinal Nutrition

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the history and philosophy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and describes the common elements it shares with Chinese medicinal nutrition. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sramana Tradition & Hinduism

    A 9 page research paper that examines Sramana traditions. Sramana traditions refer to an ideology of world renunciation that grew out of Hindu beliefs in the early history of India. This examination of Sramana traditions not only describes these traditions, but also investigates them within the context of their relationship to Hinduism. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Civil Engineering Overview

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of civil engineering, inclusive of its history. The past, present and future are examined, and there is attention paid to the influence of CAD on the development of this important field. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Conservation and Whales

    A 12 page paper describing the plight of the whales at the hands of humans. The writer describes the history of whaling, why it is important to conserve whales, and other human threats to whales. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Social Security System and Its Impacts

    A 3 page review of the history of the Social Security System. The author emphasizes that while the system has proven invaluable to some of the less fortunate of our society, it has proven to be a chain and ball for those that continue to struggle to make the ends meet.

  • Biomedical Research Ethics

    A 6 page paper that explores the ethics of biomedical research, focusing on the key element of voluntary informed consent. Discussed are recent adverse events that have occurred in gene therapy research and the amendments and additions to federal regulations resulting from these events. Also included is a brief discussion of the history of the guidelines and regulations that safeguard human subject volunteers in medical and scientific research. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Importance of Black History Month for African American Youth

    A 5 page paper which illustrates why Black History Month is important for the African Americna youth to learn and celebrate. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Economic Equity and Efficiency of Treatment as They Relate to Acid Rain

    This 10-page paper discusses the acid rain problem in Canada, and attempts to apply economic theories of equity and efficiency to the problem. Also analyzed are Canadian policies, history of acid rain, and suggested improvements to current policy. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Houdon's George Washington Statue

    This 5 page paper discusses the George Washington Statue, which resides in Virginia, which was crafted by the famed French sculptor Houdon. This paper examines the detail and history of the statue, as well as exploring the life of Houdon. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Southwestern Cuisine

    This 5 page paper explores the cuisine of the American southwest, including a brief history, why the cuisine developed, and a recipe. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Successful Women's Soccer in the US

    13 pages in length. The twenty-first century has witnessed myriad changes to the sport of soccer, not the least of which has been the addition of women's teams. Amidst the struggle and strife rose a special strength that helped propel soccer to the heights it has reached in contemporary global athletics; with the entire world rallying around this original form of football, the World Cup has taken on an entirely new look by adding women to its long and illustrious history. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Soccer and Baseball in Latin America

    A 17 page paper which examines the history and importance of soccer and baseball in Latin America. The paper also focuses on how important soccer is in Brazil and how important baseball is in Central America. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Computers in Classrooms

    This 5 page paper offers general comments about computers and related technology in classrooms K - college/university. Following a brief overview of the history of computers in educational settings, the writer discusses one successful program, steps to take to integrate computer technology into the curriculum, the need for better training of teachers and the value of using computer technology for students. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Impact Of Economic Change On The Capital Markets With Reference To Bull And Bears

    This 7 page paper investigates stock market indices such as the Dow Jones and the way history is littered with instances of volatility in the capital markets. The author discusses what impact economic change has on the capital markets with reference to Bull and Bears, and considers whether they continue to provide good investment opportunities. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • September 11 2001 An Annotated Bibliography of Conspiracy Theories

    This 4 page paper consists of an annotated bibliography of ten sources that explore conspiracy theories surrounding this fateful day in history. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • The Benefits of the Silk Route and Potential Influences on Chinas' Stability

    This 6 page paper is written in two parts. The first part looks at the Silk Road, considering how it was used and the way that it facilitated the exchange of ideas and beliefs as well as goods. The second part of the paper looks at some of the reasons which may have contributed to the reasons behind China's long and stable political history. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Louisvill Slugger Baseball Bats Manufacturers Hillerich and Bradsby

    10 pages in length. The writer discusses Hillerich & Bradsby, manufacturers of the Louisville Slugger baseball bats, by addressing company history, product marketing, mission statement and goals, employment analyses, product analyses, market position and annual financial statements. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Historical Aspects of Russia, Austria, and France Between 1815 and 1919

    A five page paper which looks at some elements of the history of Austria, France and Russia between 1815 and 1919, with particular reference to state terrorism as a means of controlling dissent.

  • Behaviorism's History and Development

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the history and development of behaviorism. This paper answers some central questions, including: How did Pavlov’s work influence Watson’s behaviorism? How do the studies of little Albert and Peter support Watson’s ideas on emotion? and How did hull’s behaviorism differ from the views of Watson and Tolman? Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act and Physician Assisted Suicide

    In six pages this paper examines the history, passage, and specifics of Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act, the controversial physician-assisted suicide issue and what states’ positions are on it, and the contributions of Michigan Dr. Jack Kevorkian. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Developmental Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that offers a brief history of developmental psychology, an overview of the areas of emphasis today, including infancy development and development of adolescence, and a new and different approach to studying development. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Historical Origin and Development of Jiu jitsu

    This five-page-paper explores the history and development of the martial arts form of Jiu-jitsu. How it began and the many changes it has gone through over the years and in different cultures are outlined. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • Brazilian Samba Music

    A 3 page essay on Brazilian Samba. The writer describes the music, concentrating on its evolution and history. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. Federalism and the Rights of States

    A 7 page discussion of the history of federalism in the United States. The author emphasizes the role state rights have played in this country since its inception. This role characterizes the difference in the concept of dual federalism verses cooperative federalism. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Early Hunters, Gatherers, and Infectious Diseases

    5 pages in length. European history marks a significant point at which infectious disease from domesticated animals truly began to spread. It has been argued that European resistance was quite considerable, directly attributed to a better life style and proximity to a more healthful approach. The writer discusses infectious diseases as they relate to animal domestication. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ancient Rome and Law

    This 10 Page paper considers the history and the status of law within Ancient Rome. The paper considers in greater detail the legal status of the citizens and the civil right of suing another citizen in a Roman court. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Operations and Uses of Cellular Phones

    This 15-page-paper considers cellular phones, their history and their operation, including digital CDMA. Additionally health aspects and security concerns are also discussed. As are their variety of uses and the suspected health hazards and the security issues surrounding this form of communication. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Merger of CIT and Newcourt Credit and Subsequent Management

    A 3 page paper discussing CIT’s acquisition of Newcourt Credit, emphasizing the current management styles at both organizations. CIT is more reserved and methodical in its operations, while Newcourt has a history of seeking innovation in finance. The company acts as the financing arm of Dell Computer and Yamaha Motors, but in a way that the customer never sees. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Stock Options

    Understanding stock options: 15 pages in length. Goes into great detail in discussing the definition of stock options, history of stock options, employee stock grants and controversies in the field. Bibliography lists 8 sources. JGAstock.doc

  • Colonization's Development and its Legacy

    A 10 page research paper that examines the topic of colonialism, in general, and focuses on the British Empire, in particular. The writer discusses the extent of the British Empire, some of the forces, which caused European imperialism, and some of the lasting effects of this era. The writer specifically focuses on the history and effect of a British presence in Ireland. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Global Economy and Comparative Advantage's Relevance

    An 8 page paper discussing how, as the global economy continues to emerge, comparative advantage theory slips further into the recesses of history and further away from any applicability in the global market. One reality of today's business climate is that competition is seen only as increasing. Being centered in geographic locations offering supporting infrastructure for specific industries aids organizations in more effectively competing within their industries, but it reduces the relevancy of the concept of comparative advantage as it has existed in the past. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Battered Men and Their Unspoken Suffering

    A 9-page paper that explores the problem of males who are battered by their female partners in abusive relationships. Included are current statistics, case histories, a discussion of the factors that cause females to become abusive and the unique obstacles that males face in such a relationship. Free outline included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Case Study of Exponential Smoothing

    5 pages in length. The use of exponential smoothing as a forecast tool can be beneficial in determining the future demand for services or goods based on past history. Exponential smoothing uses a weighted average of past values to make an informed forecast. This paper explains in detail how and why exponential smoothing is used.

  • Contemporary Symbolic Logic History

    This 6 page paper explores the history of logic, with a focus on Aristotle. Applications for use of logical principles are fully explored. The paper looks at the use of logic from Ancient times through the postmodern era. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Learning Theories of Burrhus Frederic Skinner

    5 pages in length. When one hears the phrase "operant conditioning," the first name that typically comes to mind is Burrhus Frederic Skinner. Considered one of the ten leading educators in American history, B.F. Skinner set a significant precedence with regard to human behavior and the learning process. The writer discusses various components of Skinner's learning theories. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Parent's Rights and Home Schooling

    This 10-page-paper presents an in-depth look at the home schooling movement in America. it opens with a discussion about the history of home schooling and the reasons parents choose to do it. Throughout the paper the legal and moral aspects of home schooling are examined and the conclusion outlines the ideal educational setting for children. Bibliography lists eight sources.

  • Workplace and Gender Stereotypes

    A 15 page paper that discusses gender stereotypes in the workplace and examines how these stereotypes affect female workers. Included is a brief summary of the history of females in the workplace as well as a short discussion on the origins of gender stereotypes. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Spain and Ivory

    This 6 page paper traces the history of use of Ivory in Spain. The way in which it is used as well as trading practices are considered. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A History of Jews in America

    8 pages. One from person was chosen from each of the following time periods in American Jewish history: 1654-1820, 1880-1924, and 1924-1945. They are Rebecca Gratz (1781-1869), Lillian Wald (1867-1940), Molly Picon (1898-1992). The author discusses how these individuals exemplify the key issues facing the Jews in the United States during said time periods. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Nortel Networks

    This 6 page paper discusses Nortel Networks, a giant in telephony, data, wireless and wireline solutions for the Internet. Topics discussed include: a critique of Nortel's Web site, their involvement with the Internet, their innovations, including what they call the four pillars of high performance Internet services. Also discussed: the long history of the company, acquisitions, partnerships, and overview of fiscal data for the last three years, and activities in which they are involved. Bibliography lists 10 sources. 1 table is included.

  • Mortgage and Savings' Interest Rates

    This 10 page paper looks at interest rates on mortgages and savings. A short history of the banking industry is included in this paper that contemplates why banks charge so much for loans. High interest rates on credit cards are discussed. Charts including various interest rates are included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Mi Caballo, Mi Perro Y Mi Rifle by Jose Ruben Romero

    3 pages in length. Jose Ruben Romero's "Mi Caballo, Mi Perro Y Mi Rifle" delves into the lurid history of Western European conquest over the Mexican Indians. Clearly portrayed throughout the pages of Romero's historical account is the white man's opinion that if one was not a of European descent, one was not worthy of living. The writer discusses how this obvious cultural hatred harbored by the white race was focused toward the Indians for the unprovoked manner in which they attempted to preserve their indigenous land. No additional sources cited.

  • El Gesticulador Y Otras Obras De Teatro by Rodolfo Usigli

    3 pages in length. The obvious importance of Rodolfo Usigli's "El Gesticulador Y Otras Obras De Teatro" is the author's quest to reconstruct Mexican history as it has been documented throughout the past. In assessing the particular importance of Usigli's motivation behind re-writing the revolutionary past is its seemingly unrelated association to contemporary society. The writer discusses how post-colonialism was a reaction to and a critique of the colonial dichotomy, inasmuch as there existed a defiant urge to do away with the overwhelming oppression of involuntary change. No additional sources cited.

  • Fashion of Ancient Greece, Symmetria and Simplicity

    A 10 page paper that explores the history of ancient Greek fashion and the social significance it entailed. The evolution as well as the modification of the Greek chiton and himation are traced from the Minoan and Mycenaean Ages through the Hellenistic Period. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Motorola Corporation Financial Analysis

    7 pages. Provides a complete financial analysis as well as a brief history of the company and explanation of each ratio and summary of the findings. This is a paper that can be applied to present any company as all steps of the analysis are fully explained. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • UPS' 1997 Labor Strike and Management Lessons Learned

    An 8 page discussion of the management considerations which were inherent in the 1997 Teamsters labor strike against one of the US’s most successful and recognizable corporations. This paper outlines the situation leading up to the strike and breaks this situation down into appropriate management considerations. Bibliography lists 10 sources. PPupsLb.rtf

  • Informal and Formal Group Dispute Resolution

    6 pages in length. The concept of conflict resolution takes into consideration the history of cross-cultural psychology in that it assesses culture as an indispensable component in the understanding of human behavior. Because there exist myriad contrarieties in the manner in which people behave from culture to culture, such perspectives as relativism and absolutism are integral in their own application. The writer discusses formal and informal conflict resolution as it relates to Australian Aboriginals and European settlers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Computer Failures and Disaster Recovery

    This 15 page paper discusses the changing role and perception of disaster recovery plans when information technology fails. The paper considers the history of disaster recovery and the various options available to organisations or individuals who wish to make this type of strategic plan. The bibliographic cites 9 sources.

  • History and Uses of Sugar Cane

    This 5 page paper looks at the history of the sugar cane and its domestication in the colonies in America after 1640. Also considered is the rise of the use of sugar in its use in popular foods and drinks such as Coca-Cola. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Spanish Colonies and Trade

    This 5page paper considers the colonial history of Spain and Latin America during the period of change from the Habsburg’s to the Bourbons, and into the period of Free Trade. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Overview of Honolulu Annotated Bibliography

    This 9 page paper is an annotated bibliography of sources giving information regarding Honolulu and the surrounding area. Sources are drawn from books, journals, magazines and Internet sites covering such things as geography, history, society, politics and culture. The paper lists 22 sources.

  • Art Bulletin Article 'The Romanesque Revival, Mural Painting, and Protestant Patronage in America' by Kathleen Curran

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the article in Art Bulletin by Kathleen Curran and considers the implications of the author's content, the types of sources integrated into the work, and the conclusions drawn by the author. This paper focuses on the specific elements of this single article but also considers the broader context of the relative to the subject of art history. No additional sources cited.

  • Connection Between Global Travel and the History of Flight

    This 14 page paper provides an overview of aviation history, with a focus on technology and engine development. New trends in world travel are also discussed in light of technological change. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Rights of Citizens in Ancient Rome

    In 5 pages, the author discusses Ancient Roman History with respect to citizenship rights, what citizenship meant with respect to rights and duties, and how, why, and where citizenship rights were extended to others 509 B. C. – 89 B. C. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Confucius' The Analects

    A 6 page research paper on the history, value and significance of Confucius' Analects, a multi-volume, 2,500 year old collection of his sayings put into writing after his death by his followers. Confucius had something to say about every aspect of human life within the confines of his society, truths that today, even with all the societal changes that have ocurred over the centuries, remain truths applicable still to human life that Confucius worked so fervently to improve. Bibliography lists 6+ sources.

  • Myths and Society

    A 7 page, argumentative essay in which the writer attempts to prove that myths have no worthwhile value in contemporary society. It is asserted that myths are so factually incorrect that they serve only to distort history and to confuse contemporary readers. Using examples from various cultures and periods, emphasis is placed upon the fact that myths are greatly-exaggerated and can ever be taken at face value. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mass Destruction Aftermath of Hiroshima

    A 10 page overview of the history and impacts of the destruction of Hiroshima in 1945. This paper demonstrates the physical destruction that occured and the lasting implications of this kind of action. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Corporate Compliance and Minimizing Waste

    This 20 page paper asserts that waste minimization is the most effective form of compliance for any corporation. The necessity for compliance, based on public health and environmental reasons, are explored. Also included is the history of industrial practices and the environmental movement as well as an explanation of how waste lowers the quality of life. Detailed methods of effecting minimization, along with easy to understand examples and the inclusion of the 'waste management hierarchy', is a focal point of the paper. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Coffee Industry

    A 5 page essay on the world-famous aromatic brew from the coffee bean which includes an analysis of the fluctuating coffee prices of 1997 and the history behind the beverage. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Necessity of Labor Unions Assessed

    A 10 page paper that provides an overview of the history of labor unions and then considers their roles in the current system. This writer demonstrates that they are no longer necessary constructs of business for a number of reasons. Bibliography included.

  • Europeans' Destruction of the Taino Indians

    An 8 page research paper on The Taino Indians-- a tribe that belonged to the Arawak culture of South America's tropical region. The writer describes the culture, philosophy, rituals & traditions of this group. A history of the Taino Indians under European conquest is presented and it is concluded that they were among the first tribes to be robbed of their culture by invading empires. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • European Clashes and the Xhosa Culture

    The Xhosa speaking nation in South Africa is second only to the Zulus in numbers. This 11 page report describes their location, society, history, culture, tradition, family life, etc.; The writer also covers historical tensions occurring between the Xhosa people and Europeans who came to the Cape. It is argued that the Xhosas' own lack of political unity, belief in mysticism, etc.;-- prevented them from being able to defend themselves successfully against the Europeans when conflict arose. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Financial Crises and Panic

    A 10 page paper discussing both the book 'Mania, Panics and Crashes: A History of Financial Crises' by Charles Poor Kindleberger and commenting on its applicability to current times. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Perfecting the EU

    A 10 page research analysis on the European Union; specifically which factors influence a country to join or decide not to join the Union. Included are the history of the union, its political and economic attributes, and which factors have been hailed and which have caused problems for countries before and after joining the organization. Bibliography cites eight sources.

  • Erie Canal's History

    A 6 page paper discussing this major inland waterway and its influence in American history. The paper covers why it was built, the many roadblocks to its completion, its importance economically, socially, and politically, and how it is used today. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • James Wilson's The Earth Shall Weep A History of Native America

    A 5 page review of the 1999 book 'The Earth Shall Weep: A History of Native America' by James Wilson. Relates the various trial and tribulations delineated by Wilson which the Native Americans have been forced to endure since the point of contact with non-Native Americans. No additional sources are listed.

  • Pilgrim Separatists and William Bradford

    A 5 page paper discussing the background of those who sailed over to the 'New World' on the Mayflower. After a discussion of the difference between Separatists (Pilgrims) and Puritans, the paper analyzes Bradford's role in the history of the Plymouth Colony. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Freedom Bound A History of the Civil Rights Movement by Robert Weisbrot

    This 3 page report is an overview of Weisbrot's chronicle of the major events of America's civil rights movement. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Chicago History and Organized Crime

    A 6 page research paper which looks specifically at the Prohibition era and how Chicago was ruled by gangsters, bootleggers, and corrupt politicians at that time. This era ended when mobster Al Capone was finally arrested for tax evasion by 'Untouchable' leader Elliott Ness. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • WWW History

    This paper provides an overview of the development of the internet and the world wide web, providing a great deal of technical information in 9 pages. In addition to the evolution of this widely used phenomenon, current application in terms of business, entertainment and education are noted as well. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Credit Cards and Their History

    This 4 page report discusses the history and development of credit cards. The use of retail store cards and oil company cards was wide-spread by the 1950s. The development of bank issued cards took off in the 1960s led, of course, by Bank of America and BankAmericard. Since that time, credit cards have become an integral part of daily life for the American consumer and are more than likely to remain as such. Competition is fierce among issuers to get their cards and its unique benefits or offers in the wallets of as many Americans as is possible. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Tokugawa's Fall

    A 5 page researching the reasons for the fall of the Tokugawa Bakufu. The Tokugawa brought two centuries of peace to Japan and then became obsolete. The demands of other nations and the demands within the country led to the 15th Tokugawa Shogun turning the power back to the Emperor. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History of China, the Introduction of Buddhism and its Impact

    This 8 page paper provides a basic overview of the introduction and adoption of Buddhism in China. No bibliography.

  • History, Government, and Bureaucracy of Contemporary South Africa

    This 12 page paper looks at how modern South Africa came into being. The writer assesses what the country's primary challenges were . . . and still are. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Resources on the Internet and its Applications

    This 10 page report discusses a broad range of reference information that relates to the Internet and its various applications. Numerous citations are include with brief pieces of information written to provide a more comprehensive, yet condensed, overview of the Internet. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • Mexican Americans' Culture and History

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of some of the historical points relative to the culture and identification of Mexican Americans and asserts that while recent immigration concerns have sparked controversies over the largess of Mexican American communities, Mexican Americans have been a significant segment of the American culture since they first settled regions of the West in the 16th century. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Overview of GTE

    This 10 page report discusses GTE, one of the world's largest telecommunications companies. In the United States, GTE provides local service in 28 states and wireless service in 17 states; nationwide long-distance and internetworking services ranging from dial-up Internet access for residential and small-business consumers to Web-based applications. Outside the United States, the company serves more than 7 million telecommunications customers. Current merger issues with Bell Atlantic are also discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A Dictionary History

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the "invention" of dictionaries, their evolution over time, and their role in the development of human communication. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • History of Judaism in China

    This 15 page report discusses the history of the Jews in China. Approximately 1,000 years ago, of Jewish traders from the Middle East who settled in the Sung dynasty's imperial capital of Kaifeng along the Yellow River in east central China. They openly prayed in Hebrew, observed Jewish dietary laws, circumcised their newborn sons and built a synagogue facing Jerusalem in which to worship. They lived in peace for centuries, eventually establishing a Jewish society and culture that has been estimated to range in numbers between 5,000 to 9,000 people. In the 1930s and 1940’s, there were an estimated 30,000-40,000 Jews in China. Most of whom left after the end of World War II or during the Cultural Revolution. Bibliography lists 7 sources. This paper is an extension of BWchina.rtf.

  • Dell Computer's Corporate History

    5 pages in length. The year 1984 marked the beginning for the country's largest direct seller of personal computers. Michael Dell first began constructing his company from his dorm room at the University of Texas-Austin, often taking drastic measures -- such as hiding his computers in the bathtub -- to make sure that no one suspected his sideline. The business that emanated from this dorm room eventually became known as Dell Computer Corporation in May of 1984. The writer chronicles the growth and development of Dell Computer Corporation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • American History and the Place of Anne Hutchinson

    A 10 page paper discussing the troublesome maverick of the religious community of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643) was outspoken and opinionated at a time when such attitudes were unseemly (if not outright scandalous) and when women were paid little more respect than were children. She was excommunicated from the church and banished from the colony, but she never relinquished her convictions or determination. Recognized early on as America’s first female preacher, it has been only in relatively recent years that she also has been recognized as a champion not only of women’s rights, but of human rights as well. Bibliography lists 10 sources in 19 footnotes.

  • Spain's Economic History

    This 8 page report discusses the economy of Spain in terms of: historical precedent; relationship with its European neighbors; its movement toward European integration; problems it faced becoming a part of the European Union; and, its current economic and diplomatic status with Europe. The report also provides a brief comparison of the economies of Spain and Germany that illustrates both Spain’s relationship to Germany and how far the nation has come in the past several decades of determination. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Early Music Revival A History by Harry Haskell

    6 pages in length. The writer offers a general review of Harry Haskell's book, which is the first comprehensive historical study of its kind chronicling the early music revival, tracing its origins to the eighteenth century. No additional sources cited.

  • The History of Judaism in China

    This 10 page report discusses the history of the Jews in China. Approximately 1,000 years ago, of Jewish traders from the Middle East who settled in the Sung dynasty's imperial capital of Kaifeng along the Yellow River in east central China. They openly prayed in Hebrew, observed Jewish dietary laws, circumcised their newborn sons and built a synagogue facing Jerusalem in which to worship. They lived in peace for centuries, eventually establishing a Jewish society and culture that has been estimated to range in numbers between 5,000 to 9,000 people. In the 1930s and 1940’s, there were an estimated 30,000-40,000 Jews in China. Most of whom left after the end of World War II or during the Cultural Revolution. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Golf's History and Evolution

    This 5 page report discusses the larger history of golf – how it evolved and what it has become. It has been fairly well established that golf was actually devised by the Scots in the 14th or 15th century. Since then, golf has evolved into a measured world by which a person can be judged by their awareness of proper etiquette, attitude, and dress, as well as how they hit the ball. Throughout the centuries, certain attitudes and rules transcend nationality and reasons for golf to create golf’s own unique world of beliefs, standards, and ideals. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • What if the Mayflower Had Landed in Jamestown instead of Plymouth?

    A 4 page paper that speculates how the issue of slavery might have been different had the Puritan influence been over the plantations of the south. Included is a comparison of the type of people who colonized Jamestown and the type who colonized New England. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History and Structure of the WTO

    A 10 page research paper tracing the origins of the WTO from it's GATT beginnings and including critical views of the organization's strengths, weaknesses and direction. The paper examines the structure of the WTO, briefly including decision/appeal procedures and how the WTO could affect the sovereignty of member nations. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Lebensborn and Eugenics Programs of Nazi Germany

    A 20 page research paper providing an overview of the laws pertaining to eugenics and the Lebensborn program of Nazi Germany. The writer centers on the program and the support mechanisms put into place to underscore the development of the Nazi master race in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Prejudice, Assimilation and Tolerance

    A 5 page paper that provides an overview of the arguments of Montaigne, Condorcet and Herzl on the problems of prejudice against different races and religions, and evaluates their perspectives in terms of the call for assimilation and tolerance. 4 sources cited.

  • Theme Parks and Their History

    This 7 page paper explores the evolution of theme parks from Disneyland to Universal Studios' Jurassic Park. Specifically discussed are the economic benefits provided by theme parks, the ever-growing number of theme parks throughout the United States, and the changes theme parks have undergone over the years. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Linda Gordon's Single Mothers and the History of Welfare - Pitied But Not Entitled

    A 15 page review of Linda Gordon's book in which the writer analyzes how reformers view poor single mothers and welfare. Three of its chapters are about the views of the white women's social welfare network, the black women's social welfare network (excluded from the white women's groups mostly by raw segregation), and the white male social insurance reformer network. Gordon argues that contemporary welfare programs for single mothers were shaped by the ideas and the decisions that went into state aid programs created between 1910 and 1920, programs that were variously called mothers' pensions, widows' pensions and mothers' aid. Various sociopolitical points and arguments presented by Gordon are analytically presented. No other sources cited.

  • US Lutheran Church and its History

    A 6 page paper that explores the changes that the Lutheran Church has undergone since its introduction to America beginning in the 1600s. Discussed are the divisions and reunification that the Lutheran Church in America has experienced during the twentieth century and the differences that still remain between the traditional Lutheran Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Holy Qur'an History

    5 pages in length. A deeply religious man who loathed his society's decadence, Muhammad found that meditation was successful at easing his distress. From the time when he saw the vision in the Cave of Mt. Hira, the prophet continued his duty as God's messenger for another twenty-three years; all his prolific teachings are found in the Qur'an. The writer discusses the historical impact of the Qur'an. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Holy Grail's History

    A 7 page paper discussing the sources from which the theme of the Holy Grail was gathered, and how the theme has changed over time. Sources discussed include the Mabinogion, Chrétien de Troyes, Robert de Boron, the Perlesvaus, the Queste del Saint Graal, and Thomas Malory. Bibliography lists six sources.

  • History and the Impact of Physical Geography

    This 4 page paper briefly explores the effect of physical geography on the early American colonies. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Europeas an Outgrowth of Its Geographical Features

    This 4 page paper discusses the way in which geography impacted the development of Europe. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Inclusion and Exclusion in Donna Tartt's The Secret History

    This 5 page paper discusses the issue of inclusion and exclusion. Also explored is the idea of the imposter, and an argumentative paper is written which supports the idea of Bunny being the outsider, rather than Richard. Thesis supported by statements in the text. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Contemporary Nursing's History

    This 5 page report briefly discusses the development and history of modern nursing in the Western world. “Modern” nursing, just as other aspects of modern medicine, began to come into its own in the mid- to late-19th century in the Western world. Between war, scientific advancement, and the onslaught of the Industrial Age, humans were becoming aware of certain physical truths regarding their physical bodies, good health, and what constituted beneficial care and treatment. It has continued to advance along with technology and human knowledge. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History and Pros and Cons of Capital Punishment

    A 5 page paper which examines the history of the death penalty and then discusses the pros and cons of the issue. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Historians Phillips and Woodson and Slave History Recording

    This 5 page paper compares and contrasts these two historians. Their personal lives are looked at to try to decipher just why their views are so vastly different. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • US History and the West's Role

    This 3 page report briefly discusses the importance of the role played by the West in the development and consciousness of the United States. Bibliography lists only one source.

  • US Women's Suffrage and its History

    This is a 3 page paper discussing the history of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States. The women’s suffrage movement within the United States began in earnest in 1848. Reflecting the sentiments of women around the world, organizers of a national convention that year began the process to fight for the right to vote (suffrage) and enfranchisement (the end of slavery) for women. The suffrage movement had two organizations, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) headed by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the American Women Suffrage Association (AWSA) organized by Lucy Stone and others. The two organizations merged in 1890 which was also the year which also saw women’s rights to vote gradually being accepted across many of the Western states. After a long struggle and witnessing the enfranchisement of women occurring in many other countries, the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution giving women the right to vote was finally passed in 1920. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Karaite Sect's History

    A 7 page paper which examines the history and development of the Karaite sect. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The History of Rock Music in Mexico

    This 7 page paper chronicles the underground beginnings of rock and roll in Mexico to the rise in popularity of Mexican Rock and Roll to the point that its influences became international. Loads of quotes from texts. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Flute History and Use

    A 4 page paper discussing changes in the flute since the 14th century. The flute as it is known today owes many of its characteristics and qualities to the changes designed and implemented by Theobald Boehm (1794-1881) in the early 19th century. A woodwind most often used as a soprano voice in orchestras, marching bands and ensemble groups, the flute remains one of the most popular of all the musical instruments commonly in use today. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • KKK's History

    A 7 page paper that examines the history of the development of the Ku Klux Klan. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The History of Fortune Cookies

    A 4 page paper which examines the history of the fortune cookie. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Florida's Election Primary of 2002

    A 6 page discussion of the multitude of problems which repeated themselves once again in the September 2002 primary elections in South Florida. This paper outlines those problems and suggests that the solution lies in better communication within the extremely diverse community and better state oversight of the election process. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Century History of American Public Education

    This 6 page paper discusses some of the major movements in public education beginning in about 1850. Some topics discussed include the common school crusade and Horace Mann's and Elwood Cubberly's parts in that movement, the attempt of the NEA to change the administrative structure from local to centralized. The reforms of the 1950s and 1960s and what caused them are discussed along with comments from authors like Ravitch. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • A History of Law Enforcement in the US

    This 15 page paper discusses the development of the police force in the United States. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Client Therapy and Alcohol Abuse of 3 Generations

    This is a 7 page study of multi-generation alcohol abuse in relation to a client case study. The client in this case study is affected by many stress agents which have been consistent throughout her 28 years of life. The single female client still lives at home with her family in a conservative religious household which has been dominated by her overbearing father who is a second generation alcoholic within his own history. The father smokes excessively with little consideration to others in the household. The client who is affected by second hand smoke nevertheless smokes marijuana herself and in a sense is the third generation of substance abuse. The family home remains cluttered and although they are aware of their daughter’s problems handling the home environment and her stress levels, they are not likely to change their situation. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Cinematic Style, Influence, and Impact of Francis Ford Coppola

    This is a 5 page paper discussing Francis Ford Coppola: his life, influences and impact on the film industry. Francis Ford Coppola has attained a great place in the history of American film makers as one of the most innovative, dedicated and most of all independent directors of the second half of the 20th century. Inspired originally by directors such as Orson Welles and Jean-Luc Godard, Coppola and his colleagues from the late 1960s and early 1970s have managed to create a unique and committed independent film generation. The Italian operatic lighting and music throughout the film “The Godfather” and the painstakingly realistic “Apocalypse Now” have escalated Coppola higher than his original intention to “launch something independent and something American that was really related to cinema”. In the creation of his own studio, Zoetrope, Coppola has launched careers of other directors and writers with independent vision within his own and the subsequent generation. Rather than follow in the well structured footsteps of many of those who preceded him, Coppola’s vision is more that of the “concept of the auteur” where he is a creator of his work rather than one who just films the work. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Original Adventure Story 'Sun Solders'

    (5 pp) This original adventure story has been created for children ages 5-8. It is written in a conversational tone, as one might present as part of a storytelling group. "Every day is new for all of us," hummed the Small One, darting from one side to another." I try new things every day. I tried a double somersault today—didn't work; so I will try it again tomorrow. Sometime you have to try something more than once before you get it right."

  • Commonwealth Caribbean Jurisprudence, Natural Justice, and Fairness

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the concept of fairness and natural justice in regards to the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The concept of fairness adds to the law of natural justice especially in its application of the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The Commonwealth Caribbean, comprised of over 15 island and mainland nations in the Caribbean, has a system of law based primarily on that of the United Kingdom and on each nation’s colonial history. Some nations have components of the colonial Dutch and French systems as well because of historical ties. Regardless of the nation however, the Commonwealth Caribbean was considered one of the areas of the world in which basic laws of human rights, natural justice and natural law, were not being followed in regards to fairness, justice and equality within the judicial system. Prisoners unable to afford representation were not always provided with legal aid and were therefore not offered fair trials, decisions or appeals. With an international push for fairness in judicial systems, organizations were formed providing representation for criminals in the Commonwealth Caribbean in the mid-1990s and more recently constitutional amendments have been included providing for legal aid representation in all cases. Several amendments have been enforced within the judicial system as well to follow constitutional law to provide fair and just representation in regards to decisions pertaining to court justices and despite the power of the Chief Justice within the judicial system, he must also follow the concept of fairness in his application of justice within the judicial system itself. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The Netherlands and the Law's Role in the Development of Social Attitudes Regarding Euthanasia and Gay Rights

    This is a 9 page paper discussing how the homosexual right laws and euthanasia laws in The Netherlands reflect society’s attitudes. Two basic perspectives are considered in regards to the role of the law in society. One is that the role of the law is to reflect society’s attitudes and throughout the process of social change through history, so too will the law reflect these changes. On the other hand, some governments or countries believe that the role of the law is to force or control social change. In the latter case, the law may or may not change through the process of social change. In today’s society, laws generally reflect society’s attitudes and social change as can be seen in the constantly changing, amending, updating and reversal of many of the laws which used to be enforced. These transitions in the law as a reflection of social change can be seen in some of the recent changes in laws pertaining to homosexual partnerships and euthanasia in The Netherlands. Changes in the law reflect societal attitudes to the extent where countries which have changed their laws to suit society’s changing attitudes are seen as more open and accepting of societal changes than those which do not. There are also some countries in which the law remains a controlling force for social change as seen in the one child policy in China. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Social Change and the Law

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the role of law in society. Two basic perspectives are considered in regards to the role of the law in society. One is that the role of the law is to reflect society’s attitudes and throughout the process of social change through history, so too will the law reflect these changes. On the other hand, some governments or countries believe that the role of the law is to force or control social change. In the latter case, the law may or may not change through the process of social change. In today’s society, laws generally reflect society’s attitudes and social change as can be seen in the constantly changing, amending, updating and reversal of many of the laws which used to be enforced. These transitions in the law as a reflection of social change can be seen in some of the recent changes in laws pertaining to homosexual partnerships and euthanasia in some countries. Changes in the law reflect societal attitudes to the extent where countries which have changed their laws to suit society’s changing attitudes are seen as more open and accepting of societal changes than those which do not. There are also some countries in which the law remains a controlling force for social change as seen in the one child policy in China. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Differential Treatment of Women Laborers in Canada

    This is a 12 page paper discussing wage and labor differentials for women in Canada. Within Canada today, women in the labor force generally make 70 to 80 cents for every dollar men make. This “wage gap” has actually decreased greatly over the years but still has a long way to go for total equity in the work place despite positive legislation in the 1970s and 1980s. Historically, women within Canada have been “crowded” into certain female-dominated professions such as clerical positions, nursing, teaching, domestic work, social work and sales and services. While clerical work once was comparable with male blue-collar jobs in regards to pay, the increase in unionization in many blue-collar trades left most of the female-dominated positions as those which were lower paid. As women shifted away from clerical positions and proceeded to attain degrees in higher education, the wage gap began to decrease but then women encountered the “glass ceiling” in which women held a disproportionate number of positions in the lowest quartile in large corporations. Today, women still have lower average salaries than men despite the gain in higher education. One of the reasons found within studies by Statistics Canada and others is that women who choose to have and raise children lose experience during their absence; experience men continue to gain which in turn leads to more promotions. Another reason believed for the continue wage gap is discrimination which still exists within employers, co-workers and the general population somewhat who still categorize some professions as “female” (such as teaching) and some as “male” (such as the trades) and in essence this restricts female workers from opportunities within the blue collar and higher executive markets. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women with a Victimization History and Drug Abuse Treatment Management

    4 pages in length. The writer discusses potential research strategies, impact of victimization and the 20 most important points to the treatment process. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Waldo E. Martin Jr's Brown v. Board of Education A Brief History with Documents

    A 2 1/2 page paper which reports on Waldo E. Martin Jr.’s “Brown v. Board of Education A Brief History with Documents.” No additional sources cited.

  • Henry James's 19th Century Critique of John S. Sargent's 'Lady with the Rose' Painting

    A 7 page paper which examines a chapter from American author and art critic Henry James’s 1893 volume, “Picture and Text,” in which he discusses the young Symbolist painter’s work and his critique of this early painting. Also considered is the context of this criticism to consider whether it was defending or attacking the object/artist and its intended audience in order to gain an art historical perspective. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Assassination of John F. Kennedy Portrayed in Libra by Don DeLillo

    7 pages in length. DeLillo, who represents the real in a way "many postmodernists argue is impossible" (Hutchinson 117), brings to the table an entirely unique interpretation of postmodernism; while his approach to the events surrounding the Kennedy assassination can be readily correlated with conventional postmodern thought, it nonetheless extends beyond such conventionality to the point where staunch postmodernists must stretch their own understanding of the concept to reach DeLillo's central theme. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Economic, Political, and Social History of West Africa and the Impacts of Slavery and the Slave Trade

    This 8 page paper discusses the impact on the African continent from the four centuries of slave trade and what the implications for the future may be. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Emilio Zamora, Cynthia Orozco and Rodolfo Rocha's Mexican Americans in Texas History

    A 5 page paper which summarizes the text, identifies the authors’ purpose, theme of the book, considers its sources, and provides relevant information about each author. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • London's Development History

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the development of London through the time of the Romans, Saxons, Vikings and Normans. From the first established settlement north of the Thames River by the Romans in AD 43, the building of the bridge and the naming of Londinium, London developed substantially over the next 1200 years through the Romans, Saxons, Vikings and Normans. While it can be said that the Romans first established trade and the development in London, the Saxons and the Normans were largely responsible for the model of the city as it now stands today in regards to architecture, commerce, politics and civil liberties. Although the arrival of the Vikings caused a certain amount of turmoil, it did cause England to eventually unite under King Alfred of Wessex and establish London as the capital of Britain. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Reasons for the Failure of Marriages

    3 pages in length. There exist myriad reasons why marriages fail. In spite of all good intentions, there are times when two people are just not meant to be together. Granted, these reasons may be as seemingly insignificant as poor bathroom habits or annoying snoring to spousal abuse or adultery. When two people are brought together and expected to meld their individual lives to such a point that they coexist harmoniously, even the best conceived plans do not always pan out. The writer discusses how domestic abuse, history of divorce and unplanned pregnancy represent just three reasons why marriages fail. No bibliography.

  • Feminist Approach to Ceremony by Leslie Marmon Silko

    5 pages in length. Leslie Marmon Silko's "Ceremony" addresses a long-standing issue that has existed between Native American men and women: the open and equal pursuit of identity. That patriarchy has been the controlling social force for centuries has effectively placed the female gender in the shadows of acceptance, while the male gender has successfully progressed in all possible areas: politics, education and economics. For women, these areas have long histories of restraint through design of the woman’s role; the effects of such designs have been so well entrenched that they have automatically applied to virtually every other area of public life. No additional sources cited.

  • David Tyack and Elisabeth Hansot's 'Learning Together'

    A 5 page paper which reviews the book 'Learning Together: A History of Coeducation in American Schools' by David Tyack and Elisabeth Hansot. No additional sources cited.

  • 'The Iron' Heel' of Jack London

    (4 pp). A narrator, seven centuries down the road tells us of a "manuscript" he has found. "(In it there are not ) errors of fact, but errors of interpretation." Looking back across the seven centuries that have lapsed since Avis Everhard completed her manuscript, events, and the influence of events, that were confused and veiled to her, are clear to us. She lacked perspective. She was too close to the events she writes about. Nay, she was merged in the events she has described." Through the work of Avis, we get two different versions of the story / history of a massive labor revolution in an unknown country.

  • Plea of Insanity

    This 5 page paper examines the bare bones of a case in light of the "insanity plea." History of the development of this plea is given as well as court law sited. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Past History of NEA

    This 9 page paper examines the past history of the NEA; controversial issues which have surrounded federal funding of the arts, including First Amendment issues and censorship; and makes suggestions for some calm resolution. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • All About Eve and the Introduction by Marilyn Monroe.

    (6 pp.)It has been suggested that the 1950 movie "All About Eve," should be reclaimed and included in the history of feminist film theory. The writer will discuss that and the "talking" i ntroduction of Marilyn Monroe in this film, and her own applicability within feminist theory discussions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Aging and High Blood Pressure

    (10 pp) Hypertension, one of the most common medical problems, affects 60 million people in the US. Recent studies show that only 57% of patients known to be hypertensive are controlled. Hypertension is a risk factor for a multitude of potentially life-threatening illnesses. Called the "silent killer," hypertension is usually asymptomatic. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • UPS' 1997 Labor Strike and Management Lessons Learned

    An 8 page discussion of the management considerations which were inherent in the 1997 Teamsters labor strike against one of the US’s most successful and recognizable corporations. This paper outlines the situation leading up to the strike and breaks this situation down into appropriate management considerations. Bibliography lists 10 sources. PPupsLb.rtf

  • Studying the Terroist Groups the Red Army Fraction/Baader Meinhof Group, the Dashmesh Regiment, the Islamic Jamiat-i-Talaba, the North Korean Communist Group, and the Action Directe

    This is a 30 page paper studying five terrorist groups: their history, ideology, acts of terrorism and current status. The study of five terrorist groups, the Action Directe (AD), the North Korean Communist Group, the Islamic Jamiat-i-Talaba (IJT), the Dashmesh Regiment, and the Red Army Fraction (RAF) shows the extent extremists will go to further their causes in both the domestic and international arena. The Action Directe (AD) in France and the Red Army Fraction (RAF) in Germany were mostly active in the 1970s and 1980s when many of their leading members were imprisoned. Although not directly linked with any recent terrorist actions, the members of the AD and RAF are still actively associated with radical or political groups today. The North Korean Communist Group is considered one of the most viable terrorist threats of today as they are large, well-funded, still torture political prisoners and are believed to still manufacture nuclear, chemical and biological weaponry contrary to international agreements. The Islamic Jamiat-i-Talaba (IJT) as the student based affiliated of the political party Jamiat-i-Islami (JI) in Pakistan wish for the education of Islamic youth and for the formation of an Islamic state free of all Western deviant and capitalist influences and continue violent protests to promote this ideal. The recent war on terrorism against the Taliban in Afghanistan has led the IJT to believe that the increase in martyrs for their cause will only increase their recruitment for their group. Finally, the Dashmesh Regiment or 10th Regiment in Pakistan and India wish for a separate Sikh state called Khalistan which is currently on land in India. They have formed alliances with other national and international terrorist groups with the intent of getting their cause well known and have been responsible for several international acts of terrorism. Although their group was diminished when the Indian forces captured many of their leaders, international Sikh supported organizations have been formed in their place to continue their cause. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Algebra and How It Has Evolved

    5 pages in length. In this paper the history of Algebra is presented and the role that it plays in mathematics today. There is also discussion on some of the mathematicians who played a key role in the advancement of Algebra as well as examples of applications in which Algebra is used. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 'The End of History?' by Francis Fukuyama

    A 17 page paper that presents an outline and explanation of Fukuyama's thesis about the end of history and the last man. The essay "The End of History?" published in 1989 and the book, The End of History and the Last Man, published in 1992 are still being discussed and analyzed in today's literature. Fukuyama's works created a great deal of furor and criticism in some circles and were applauded in other circles. This paper reports the interpretations of these two works by numerous scholars and also presents the criticisms levied against the thesis by other scholars. The thesis is that liberal democracy has won as the preferred system; this was evidenced by the end of the Cold War and this constitutes the end of history. One question asked by a number of authors is whether Fukuyama means this is the end of history or the end of historical thinking? The thesis is much more complex than this statement would imply and the complexities are discussed and reflected upon. The writer includes their own reflections. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • 'The End of History?' by Francis Fukuyama

    A 17 page paper that presents an outline and explanation of Fukuyama's thesis about the end of history and the last man. The essay "The End of History?" published in 1989 and the book, The End of History and the Last Man, published in 1992 are still being discussed and analyzed in today's literature. Fukuyama's works created a great deal of furor and criticism in some circles and were applauded in other circles. This paper reports the interpretations of these two works by numerous scholars and also presents the criticisms levied against the thesis by other scholars. The thesis is that liberal democracy has won as the preferred system; this was evidenced by the end of the Cold War and this constitutes the end of history. One question asked by a number of authors is whether Fukuyama means this is the end of history or the end of historical thinking? The thesis is much more complex than this statement would imply and the complexities are discussed and reflected upon. The writer includes their own reflections. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Late Twentieth Century History and Politics of Chile

    A 20 page overview of Chilean politics, and the role of the U.S. in those politics, in the years spanning the election of Allende and the end of the Pinochet regime. The author contends that the U.S. exerted considerable manipulation in Chile and the result was the overthrow of Allende and the rise of Pinochet to the Chilean presidency. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Michael Powell's film 'Peeping Tom'

    An 8 page paper which examines the film "Peeping Tom" as it relates to the castigation of the audience. The paper illustrates how the creators of the film offer up the film through a method of approach which allows us to objectify the events we see transpire before us. Through this method of approach the audience becomes guilty of voyeurism. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • U.S. and EU Marijuana Law

    A 10 page research paper that contrasts and compares marijuana laws in the EU to those in the US for the purposes of discerning the effects of decriminalization of this drug. The writer discusses the myths v. the fact of marijuana use; effects of decriminalization where it has occurred and the resistance of the US government to decriminalization, which is exemplified by its objections to medical marijuana use. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Cyberterrorism Danger

    In the wake of the 9-11 terrorist attacks on U.S. soil, the U.S. government has stepped up efforts to protect its citizens. Among those efforts is protection of computer networks that control power grids, water and the utilities. This paper examines what, exactly, is being done and how cyberterrorism is defined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Defending Nuclear Power Facilities

    A 5 page paper essay arguing in favor of nuclear power generation in the US. The bottom line is that as the world’s leading consumer of fossil fuels and electrical power, the US ethically, morally, environmentally and economically should be pursuing only nuclear and hydro power generation at the present time and for the foreseeable future. The benefits of nuclear power generation are too numerous and too clear to reject out of hand. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Amazon.com and Internet Jurisdiction

    A 5 page paper discussing Amazon.com's international operations and legal problems that the company potentially could become entangled with as Internet law continues to change. Amazon operates 9 sites (US, UK, China, etc.) and likely is bound by the laws of the country in which those sites are located. Jurisdiction changes have been occurring since an Australian court decided in 2002 that the site of injury imposed by a US site owner was Australia. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Changing Face of Terrorism

    A 6 page discussion of the changes that have occurred since 9-11 in the U.S. and Spain in regard to terrorism. The contention is presented that the most eminent threat of terrorism that we are facing in the U.S. results more from our own counterterrorism activities than it does from the terrorists themselves. In Spain, however, terrorism seems to have intensified in regard to the threat of both biological weapons and bombs and other more traditional weapons of destruction. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Foreign Financial Aid and the United States

    This 5 page paper examines how the U.S. is affected by funding the Israelis against what the U.S. calls terrorism. Current legislation is discussed in relation to this issue as is interest groups, bureaucratic agencies, etc. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Training Considerations for Preparing Dealers to Sell An Italian Brand of Short Wave Radio

    A 5 page paper evaluating alternatives available to Radio Palermo, an Italian manufacturer of short-wave amateur radios that is well accepted in Europe but has poor sales in the US. The company and its US dealers are at an impasse, with Radio Palermo insisting that dealers train their sales people better and dealers retorting that they are unwilling to give Radio Palermo any more attention than their other 150 vendors. The paper recommends developing a training program for dealers and their salespeople. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The U.S. Invasion of Iraq is Justified by the U.N. Security Council Resolutions 660, 678 and 1441

    This 10 page paper argues that the U.S. invasion of Iraq can be justified by interpreting Security Council Resolutions 660, 678 and 1441 in light of the Vienna Convention, which sees them as treaties. Once Iraq was in non-compliance with the resolution it had breached a “treaty,” enabling the U.S. to suspend that treaty and take military action. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • US Foreign Policy and Bangladesh

    A 5 page paper discussing US interest in Bangladesh and describing present foreign policy to that country. Bangladesh is a developing nation less open to US interests than many other secular nations, but still “negatively neutral.” Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Questions on Information Technology Acquisitions

    This 4 page paper looks at different aspects of Information technology acquisitions. In five parts the paper considers the alignment of company and IT strategy, the value of The U.S. General Services Administration (GAS) contracts for IT purchases within US federal agencies, reducing ongoing IT acquisition costs, methods of evaluating acquisitions and the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing IT functions. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • USA TRADE WITH CHINA

    This 5-page paper discusses aspects of U.S. trade with China including imports and exports and how much U.S. debt China holds. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Consequences of the Conflict in Darfur

    With the world focused on the latest Iraqi War and its consequences, it takes little time to focus on a smaller conflict with potentially greater consequences. Discussed are the issues of deterrence, global hatred toward the U.S., U.S. policy, Canadian aid and other real and potential consequences. 7 works cited. jvDarfur.rtf

  • Licensing Registered Nurses

    A 3 page paper that explains the requirements and criteria for being licenses as a registered nurse in the U.S. The governmental agencies involved in regulation are identified and the steps for licensure are outlined. The writer also comments on the steps for a foreign-educated nurse receiving a license to practice in the U.S. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Roberto Rossellini's Film Europa, Europa and Its Psychological Impact

    5 pages. The impact of the film Europa Europa was based on the psychology of survival. When we are cornered and face imminent death, the human psyche will respond in ways heretofore unknown to us; we will do whatever it takes to survive because an inner psychological need takes over. The survival instinct, as evidenced by this film, can cause us to do things we never would have believed we would do. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Literature and Life

    A 3 page paper which examines Arnold Weinstein’s thesis, in his book “A Scream Goes Through the House: What Literature Teaches Us About Life,” which indicates that literature provides us information regarding human conditions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literature and Life

    A 3 page paper which examines Arnold Weinstein’s thesis, in his book “A Scream Goes Through the House: What Literature Teaches Us About Life,” which indicates that literature provides us information regarding human conditions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Divisions Between Human Epistemology and Divine Epistemology

    This 7 page paper disagree's with the assertion that we cannot understand God and He cannot understand us. This paper asserts that born-again Christians can indeed understand God through the Bible and that He can understand us because He is omnipotnent. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • International Accounting Convergence; IFRS and US GAAP

    This 6 page paper examines the potential of international accounting standards considering the advantages and disadvantages of harmonisation and the specific challenges and barriers that exist preventing the US from adopting International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The paper start of a general overview of the implications for harmonisation and then considers the specific difficulties the US would face moving from a rules-based system to a principles-based system. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • 3 Questions on International Tax Issues

    This 3 page paper answers three questions on international tax, looking at tax consideration of a US company with a subsidiary in Ireland, the benefits of being incorporated in Bermuda, taxations of the US company in Turkey and the impact of exchange rates of a contract on calculating tax. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Employee Development in the U.S. Army

    A 7 page paper discussing salient points regarding employee development and retention using training as a tool. The paper discusses the reasons for pursuing employee development and retention and offers a training plan using an approach similar to that already in use by the 84th U.S. Army Reserve Readiness Training Command, and it shadows the approach of both online and on-ground universities, as well as corporate training programs. LMS-centered applications are well developed and lend themselves well to employee development training within the U.S. Army. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Taxation of Corporate Income

    A 3 page paper discussing the relative merits of corporate income taxation, both in its current form in the US and as it would be were the US to adopt a value-added tax (VAT) approach. The VAT is not compatible with other tax structures, and depending on the output of the specific organization, it ultimately rests with those least able to pay it when the corporation raises prices to pay its taxes. This is true regardless of tax structure, and it is a point that legislators must bear in mind when searching for additional funds for pubic services. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Trends and Influences on the Pharmaceutical Industry

    This 4 page paper looks at the influence of external trends and forces on the pharmaceutical company; in particular their impact on Pfizer. The influences considered are the increasing life expectancy level within the US, the trend of acquisition and merger within the pharmaceutical industry and the condition of the US economy. Each trend or force is identified and the impact on Pfizer discussed. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Silent Spring by Rachel Carson

    A 5 page research paper on Carson's revolutionary book, which launched the US environmentalist movement. Carson warned about the negative effects of indiscriminate use of man-made chemicals, such as DDT. Her work not only launched the environmentalist movement in the US, but it also changed the perspective of a generation in the way it regards humanity's place in the natural environment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Democracy and Latin America

    A comprehensive, 17 page examination of socio-political trends in Latin America leading to Democracy. The writer looks at how the continent has finally begun to develop a positive image of the U.S., the significance of NAFTA as a partnership between the U.S. & Mexico, The Miami Summit of the Americas, and much more. The positive influences of several key Latin-American politicians and leaders are examined as well. Bibliography lists 12+ sources.

  • US Business and Work Groups

    An 8 page research paper which examines how this management technique is changing the way the U.S. does business. This concept blurs the lines between management and employees, empowers employees, and involves them in the success and productivity of the company. Many U.S. companies regard it as their best means for keeping a competitive edge. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Evolution of Work Groups

    A 12 page research paper which examines how work groups are changing the way that American business is conducted. This concept has been accepted as the U.S. industry's best hope for keeping a competitive edge in today's marketplace. The writer examines how this concept is being implemented by some U.S. companies and how current research points the ways in which the concept continues to evolve. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Establishment Clause, the 1st Amendment, and School Prayer

    A 6 page paper on the double edged sword of religious liberty in the First Amendment to the Constitution and the prohibition of establishment of religion as it relates to the controversy over mandated prayer or "moments of silence" in the classroom. Social, political, theological, & U.S. Supreme Court arguments are examined and the writer ultimately concludes that the State must not be allowed to coerce us into acknowledging any religion -- Banning school prayer will ultimately serve a greater good and contribute to the provision of true Democratic justice in America. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Toys 'R' Us' Marketing Techniques

    A 12 page research paper examining the recent fortunes of Toys R Us, the largest retailer of toys for kids of all ages, but mostly for the shorter ones. Considered 'unstoppable' throughout the 1980's, mass merchandisers, particularly Wal-Mart, stopped them very effectively in the early 1990's by using low-priced toys to attract more customers to their stores. Toys R Us has taken a hard look at their no-frills warehouse appearance and has decided to change it in hopes of making their stores fun places to be: if customers spend more time there, they'll spend more money, too. Nine references cited.

  • Theme of Identity in the Literature of Sharon Olds and Sylvia Plath

    A five page look at Sylvia Plath’s poem “Mirror” and Sharon Olds’ “The Death of Marilyn Monroe,” in terms of both poets’ observations on the nature of identity as opposed to appearance. Plath argues that as many times as we return to the mirror to see our reflection there, it is not ourselves we are seeing -- we are merely seeing something similar to what others see. Olds continues this argument by asserting that if others feel they know us by our outward appearance, they are wrong, because the outer shell is not us.

  • The Intellectually Lazy United States

    A 5 page research paper that argues that the US, as a society, is intellectually lazy and socially irresponsible. The writer argues that as a country we don't value learning and backs this up with facts and figures, with an emphasis on the failure of US students academically. The writer feels that this is due to the parents‹not the educational system. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Eye on the Future Business People in Calgary and the Bow Valley, 1870-1900 by Henry C. Klassen

    A 6 page review of Eye on the Future: Business People in Calgary and the Bow Valley, 1870-1900 by Henry C. Klassen (University of Calgary Press, 2002). This text consists of a detailed, comprehensive and highly accurate account of the business history of the Alberta region of Canada, with particular emphasis on the development of the town of Calgary. Klassen's history covers the early stages of industrialization through the beginnings of consumerism from a business history perspective. The scholarship behind Klassen's book is so extensive that, as this examination demonstrates, it can be viewed as coming close to being an anthropological study of the varied factors that come together to create a city and shape the course of history for a region. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • History Plays of William Shakespeare

    An 8 page research paper that discusses Shakespeare's ten history plays constitute a substantial portion of his canon. The main body of these plays cover the years 1398 to 1485, with two additional plays, King John and Henry VIII, forming, respectively, a prologue and an epilogue to this period (Sen Gupta 55). These eight plays offer a survey of English history that begins in the last years of the reign of Richard II and end with the death of Richard III. The following survey of Shakespeare's history plays looks at where they fit in the Shakespeare's conception of English history and their historical accuracy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Second World War and Its Chronological History

    An 8 page paper which examines the chronological history of WWII. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History of Western Civilization

    A 14 page paper which discusses 5 different aspects of the history of Western civilization. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • eCommerce History

    An 11 page paper tracing the history of ecommerce over the past century. After computers became necessary for business, it became desirable to use the electronic environment for more than only information storage. Data networking was the only missing link, and eventually telecommunications networks were sufficiently available to enable purchasing and payments in the electronic environment. Ecommerce was born, to be embraced by business and consumer segments at different rates. The purpose here is to trace the history of ecommerce and technology over the past century, and to make a conclusion as to whether the industrial age has ended. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Car Racing History and NASCAR Marketing

    A 14 page paper that provides the history of car racing beginning in the prohibition era. The first actual organized race was held in Daytona Beach in 1938, organized by Bill France who went on to establish the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing. NASCAR was officially established in 1947 with the first race under the bylaws and rules being held in 1948. A lot has changed since those first races. Today, the NASCAR races take place across the country although Daytona Beach is still the headquarters for the organization. This essay traces the history and evolution of NASCAR and comments on the changing demographics of fans over the years. The second part of this essay focuses on marketing strategies used by NASCAR, including partnerships and sponsors. The essay concludes with comments regarding future trends in marketing strategies. Data regarding fans and sponsors are included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • An Overview Perspective of Quebec

    A 4 page overview of Quebec's natural resources, her history, her people, and the current move towards independence for Quebec. The author asserts that Quebec has managed to maintain her cultural and linguistic uniqueness throughout Canadian history and she can continue to do so as a productive, yet distinct, part of Canada. Bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Relevancy of the History of Civil Rights

    A 5 page research paper that sums up the state of racism in America during the Civil Rights movement and today. Presumably the United States is a pluralistic country made up many races and ethnic origins, wherein all citizens enjoy equal rights under the law. Conservative Republicans, arguing for the dismantling of Affirmative Action laws, argue that racism is a thing of the past and that such laws are not longer necessary or just. However, an examination of Black history and the history of the Civil Rights movement demonstrates the blatant, deeply-embedded institutionalized racism of the first-half of the twentieth century is still evident. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) During Recent History

    5 pages in length. Historical literary accounts of Latin America's quest for freedom delve deeply into the social and cultural foundation of discrimination and oppression during the nation's formative years, effectively illustrating the extent to which the Americas suffered gross indignities at the hands of those who were in control, with primary emphasis upon the oppressive nature of European colonization. Andrea & Overfield's The Human Record : Sources of Global History and Bulliet et al's Earth and Its Peoples : A Global History Since 1750 are instrumental in illustrating the detrimental impact of colonization, as well as concentrating upon the significant quest for independence that Latin America ultimately realized as a nation. No additional sources cited.

  • An Overview Perspective of Quebec

    A 4 page overview of Quebec's natural resources, her history, her people, and the current move towards independence for Quebec. The author asserts that Quebec has managed to maintain her cultural and linguistic uniqueness throughout Canadian history and she can continue to do so as a productive, yet distinct, part of Canada. Bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Arab Seafaring by George Hourani

    7 pages in length. The vastness of George Hourani's "Arab Seafaring" explores well beyond the standardized version of sea trade history and its eventual impact upon the world; rather, this particular historic rendering takes myriad other elements into account when describing one of the most important episodes in commerce. While the author does, indeed, address the fundamental aspects of sea trade history as it relates to the time before Christ, the Arabs, the Indian Ocean and ultimately to China and East Africa, one might readily argue that the much more interesting components of Hourani's account stem from his detailed descriptions of other heretofore undisclosed content, such as travel particulars, geographic interests, meteorology and highly illustrative visual images of the very vessels that made these seafaring journeys over and over again. Also integral to the overall comprehensiveness of Hourani's book is the impact of lighthouses, maritime handbooks and other invaluable guiding instruments, as well as that of piracy and everyday sea life upon the sailors. Unquestionably, Arab Seafaring is one of the most exhaustive accounts of its kind that paints a complete and detailed literary picture of what it meant to be involved with seafaring commerce during these centuries. No additional sources cited.

  • Psychology and the Effects of Dreams According to Sigmund Freud

    A 18 page research paper that examines the impact of the career of Sigmund Freud and his The Interpretation of Dreams on culture and psychology. There are certain events in history that can be perceived as pivotal, that is, after this event occurred, everything pertaining to a certain field changed as existing paradigms and concepts were irrevocably altered. Such an event occurred with the publication of Sigmund Freud's seminal work, The Interpretation of Dreams (first published in 1900). It is through this work that Freud's concepts began to infiltrate the intellectual climate of the dawning twentieth century. Examination of the impact of this work, as well as Freud's ideas in general, demonstrates that the publication of The Interpretation of Dreams constitutes a pivotal point in the history of psychology, after which everything changed to accommodate Freud's revolutionary concepts (Messer and McWilliams, 2003). Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • NANDA

    An 11 page research paper that includes a 1 page abstract. This paper offers a review of nursing literature that focuses on systems of nursing classification, with an emphasis on the classification system of nursing diagnoses known as NANDA. The history of this organization is summarizes, explaining how North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) reinvented itself as NANDA International (NANDA-I) to reflect its growing multi-national membership. The historical background on nursing classifications systems is also discussed, and this includes an overview of the two other principal forms of nursing classification, before offering a general overview of NANDA and NANDA’s history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Foreign Policy Articles

    A 7 page research paper that offers an analysis of literature, which addresses the nature of foreign policy formulation. First of all, it examines the work of Jean A. Garrison, whose conceptualization of the policymaking process provides a cohesive, insightful framework for understanding the decision-making process within the context of group dynamics. The utility of this framework is then discussed in reference to various case scenarios drawn from history and discussed in scholarly literature. Collectively, this indicates how scholarship facilitates understanding the origins and complexities of the governmental policies that serve to shape the contemporary world and its history. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Poor Treatment of the American History

    This 8 page history paper examines Native Americans and the negative way they were treated. The paper argues that the United States launched a campaign that would end in death and destruction for the Native Americans and they did this without a thought to their natural human rights. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Overview of Generic Pharmaceuticals

    A 4 page paper that reports a brief history of the generic pharmaceutical industry. Examples of generic companies are provided and the writer comments on the effect of the generic companies on the pharmaceutical industry. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • In Vitro Fertilization

    This 10 page paper provides different sections to relay the history of the procedure, how it is done and nursing examples related to the process. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Favelas Housing and the Political, Social, and Economic Situation in Brazil

    Favelas may be perceived as shanty towns, but in Brazil they are attractive permanent structure built by community and perceived by some as a model for self help. This 3 page paper consider how the development of these favelas by squatters reflect the political, social and economic history and conditions in brazil. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • The Use of Technology at Tesco

    This 6 page paper looks at the way that the UK supermarket chain Tesco uses technology and manages information and the way it has helped the company gain and retain its' dominant position. The paper considers the history of technology and information management within the firm and discusses the current use of the loyalty card as well as technology in inventory management including EDI and RFID. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • The Last Emperor Film by Bernardo Bertolucci

    Bertolucci’s, The Last Emperor – An Overview: This 6-page essay examines the 1987 Bernardo Bertolucci film, The Last Emperor. Part embellished fiction, in part fact this epic motion picture depicts the biography of Pu Yi, the last emperor of the Ling Dynasty and much of 20th Century China’s tumultuous history. Bibliography lists 3 sources. SNEmpero.doc

  • Northeast's Gray Wolf and Its Endangered Status

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of this endangered species and provides a discussion on reintroduction in the Northeast. A brief history of this animal as well as a description of its physical needs are included. Recommendations are made. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Globalization - Overview

    A 10 page paper that begins with a definition of globalization, which is followed by a history of globalization. The writer illustrates globalization as international trade has been practiced since at least a few centuries B.C. The rise in globalization in the last forty years is discussed as are the arguments for and against it. The writer reports the rise in FDI and the identifies the countries most globalized. The writer comments on how culture evolves with or without economic globalization. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Gold Commodity and Market

    This 8 page paper looks at the commodity of gold, examining the way gold is priced and the market performs. The paper starts with consideration of why gold is different to other commodities, the perceptions of gold, the history of gold pricing including the gold standard and Breton Woods agreement. The current performance of gold and the supply chain is also considered. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Implementing Patient to Nurse Ratios in the Healthcare Environment

    This 4 page paper looks at the development of the patient to nurse ratio requirements in California. The history of their adoption into legislation is discussed, including the failed attempts and opposition by the hospital industry. The paper then identifies the ratios that have been set and discusses some of the atrocities concerning the implementation. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Islamic Banking

    This 12 page paper gives an in-depth overview of Islamic banking. The paper looks at the history and development of Islamic banking in recent times, the major characteristics of Islamic banking, gives a description of the different financial products and financial instruments which are utilised, considers the banking regulations, the strategic and competitive issues faced by Islamic banks and finishes with recommendations for an existing or new international Islamic bank. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Nichiren Shoshu Buddhism and Diversity

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of this brand of buddhism and explores how the organization--NSA which later would split to become two distinct entities--promotes diversity. Despite problems in the organization, the buddhist teachings would continue. A history of the organization is included. Diversity is defined. A proposal for the paper is also included. Bibliography lists15 sources.

  • Tobacco Industry

    This 10 page paper provides a history of the tobacco industry, noting there is evidence of the use of tobacco several centuries B.C. The discussion includes the importance of tobacco to economy of certain colonies/states as well as the importance of this industry to the economy and revenue to governments. In the last part of the paper, the writer argues against banning smoking and suggests the government has exploited the anti-smoking movement to its own gain while those who smoke have lost their civil rights. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: The Cosmetic Surgery Addiction

    In seven pages this paper examines why people in the twenty-first century are becoming increasingly addicted to cosmetic surgery in an overview that includes history, symptoms, treatment, and also discusses body dysmorphic disorder and its implications. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Gross and Fink/Telecommunications

    A 12 page research paper that offers a comprehensive summation of a text by Lynne S. Gross and Edward Fink, Telecommunications: An Introduction to Electronic Media, which is a text that offers readers insight into the history of each major subcategory of telecommunications and thereby contributes greatly to the task of enlightening understanding about how the field is developing and where future trends may lead. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Photosynthesis

    A 5 page overview of photosynthesis. This paper provides a brief history of the early discoveries that were relevant to photosynthesis, an overview of the limiting factors affecting it, an outline of the light and dark processes, modern representations of photosynthesis, and a recap of the value of photosynthesis in nature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Wireless Communication

    This 4 page paper provides information on wireless technology. A history of the technology is provided in addtion to where it is going. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History of Yoga and its Trends

    This 13-page, turabian-style paper deals with yoga, the trends, its uses and its history. Also included are discussions about the six main types of yoga. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Journalism and the Internet

    This 6 page paper explores online journalism to decipher its place in the history of journalism. Where does net journalism fit in? What is its future? What is the difference between online journalism and print journalism? These questions are explored after providing a brief historical account of print journalism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Case Study on Shell Oil Company's Sustainable Development

    This 6-page paper is a case history about sustainable development at Shell Oil Company. The paper discusses the challenges facing Shell in trying to incorporate sustainable development (especially in getting employees on the same page) and focuses on some solutions to these challenges.

  • The California Recycling Bill of 1989

    This paper examines California's Bill 939, which was passed in 1989. The bill mandated that by 2000, the entire state would diverte 50 percent of waste toward recycling. The paper discusses the history of the bill, how it has been implemented, and level of compliance. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ottoman Empire, the Armenians, and Genocide

    A 7 page research paper that examines what various historians say about the history of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. Many historians say that the events of 1915-16 constitute deliberate genocide, but Turkish historians assert that Armenian deaths were the consequence of justifiable defensive actions and are a result of war. The writer argues in favor of considering this genocide. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Slavery: From Ancient Times to the Modern Day

    This 6 page paper addresses questions about modern slavery but also looks at the history of slavery globally. Should the United States, a country that once held slaves but denounces slavery, tolerate slavery in other nations? This concept is explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Changing American Ideology and the John F. Kennedy Assassination

    This 4 page paper reviews the factors that make Kennedy’s assassination more than a simple event and an actual tipping point in history. Events before and after the assassination are analyzed in regard to how Kennedy’s presidency and the subsequent assassination influenced our nation.

  • The Golden Age: The Political Concepts of Islam by Ira Lapidus and The Community in Islamic History by Hamilton A.R Gibb

    This 4 page paper looks at The Golden Age: The Political Concepts of Islam by Ira Lapidus and The Community in Islamic History by Hamilton A.R Gibb, comparing and contrasting the views of Islam and the relationship between religion, politics, and government in the classical or Pre-Modern Muslim world. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Islam vs. Christianity, a Comparison

    A 5 page research paper that compares and contrasts Christianity and Islam. The writer discusses the history of both faiths, finding numerous similarities and then discusses differences in outlook, focusing on the different interpretations that each faith give the Genesis story. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Conflict Between Israel and the Palestine

    This 5 page paper discusses the current (2002) infitada between Israel and Palestine. Territory for Terrorism policy is analyzed. A brief overview of the history of violence between the two peoples is given. Interviews with both Arabs and Jews included, quoted, and cited. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Conflict Between Israel and the Palestine and Policy Alternatives

    5 pages in length. Arabs and Jews carry a lot of hatred and hurt from a history of war and terrorism. Although efforts have been made to quell this perpetual discord, it will be extremely difficult for the bitter combatants to embrace the simple concept of forgive and forget; realizing this, other policy options must be considered. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Italian Food/Breads & Dessert

    A 3 page research paper that describes various Italian dishes and their history. The writer focuses on pasta, pizza, and 2 desserts. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Jesus Of History, Jesus Of Faith

    A 4 page paper. The stimuli for this paper are statements made by John Meier who said, among other things, that the real Jesus was "unknown and unknowable." The writer discusses the difficulties with defining the historical Jesus and comments on whether or not the epistemic gap between the Jesus of History and the Jesus of Faith can ever be bridged. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • United States' and the European Union's 'Banana Dispute'

    This 9 page paper examines the trade dispute between the European Union and the Untied States regarding the preferential treatment that some African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) nations gained by being able to export bananas to the EU free of any duty. The paper traces the dispute and then analyses the motivation of the players and the impact that the resolutions which have been agreed may have on the ACP nations. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • History and Traps

    (3 pp) Author, James Baldwin claims that, 'James Joyce is right about history being a nightmare—but it may be the history from which no one can awaken. People are trapped in history and history is trapped in them.' Malcolm X and Elie Wiesel are used as examples as well as the writer's personal history. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Cancer and Homes with Unacceptable Radon Gas Levels

    This is a 7 page paper discussing indoor radon exposure as a leading cause of lung cancer. In the U.S., it is estimated that 1 out of every 15 homes has an “unacceptable” level of radon gas (higher than 4 pCi/l). Within the last 15 years, radon has been found to be the second leading cause of lung cancer within the U.S. claiming over 14,000 deaths each year. While studies are still being conducting in several countries and populations, it seems that radon is linked primarily with causing lung cancer and has not been linked with any other types of cancer at this point. This is primarily due to the fact that alpha radiation released by the radon progeny atoms which adhere to the lungs has little capacity to travel distances and therefore concentrates its damage to the lungs. While certain aspects of reducing radon exposure are still being debated, such as what can be considered “safe” levels, most scientists and state and federal health agencies agree that there is little doubt that radon is one of the leading causes of lung cancer and humans receive their radon exposure from indoor environments such as homes, school and work environments where the radon levels are considerably higher than outdoors. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • America as a Growing World Power

    In this 7 page research paper, the writer explores the factors that contributed to making the United States a world leader/power between the end Civil War and the beginning of World War I. The primary aspect ofthis success has always been the promotion and fostering of democracy. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • PBS and Marketing Efforts

    An 8 page paper discussing PBS' courtship of corporate sponsors and individual contributors. Public broadcasting is not unique to the US; several European countries and Australia also support similar services but the US version is the only one not totally supported by the government. The paper discusses aspects of PBS' marketing and why sponsorship is attractive to corporate entities. It provides a means by which they can claim corporate social responsibility while simultaneously reaching the typical viewer who is older, female, with above-average income and education, and rarely watches commercial channels. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Africa's Cinematic History

    A 12 page overview of African cinema. This paper notes that African cinema is the product of a number of factors, one of the most important of these being colonial influence. Africa has, in fact, been a land of triple heritage, a heritage which balances between African, French, and British values and there are still perceptible differences in cinematic preferences generations after the end of colonialism. It can be contended in fact that African film culture has been acutely inhibited by postcolonial social and economic condition. At the same time, however, contemporary African cinema is making its way into our modern world. The evolution of this cinema, although it maintains a distinctive African flavor, parallels that which is occurring in European countries and the U.S.

  • Global Data Security

    A 12 page paper that begins with a report of electronic security breaches, followed by a discussion of the global security market and trends within that market. The essay then introduces a global security company and outlines a business unit structure and a geography matrix map, which is limited, and discusses how the company can gain a sustainable competitive advantage. Using health/medical data and information, the writer discusses concerns in the global security industry with comments about the U.S., UK, Australia, Canada and New Zealand. The writer then makes a recommendation for the global security company in terms of greater global expansion. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Overview of Generation N"e"XT

    (10 pp). For the first time in history, most teenagers and young adults are more experienced in a computer based technology than the majority of their caregivers or parents. Rather than be frightened by this new skill employed by Generation N"e"XT, we should see it as a creative challenge to learn more about our young people and ourselves. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Interpersonal and Sexual Relationship Commitment

    This 20 page paper explores the topics of commitment in interpersonal and commitment in sexual relationships beginning with an introduction to the concept of commitment – what is it, what does it mean in today's world, and the conclusions of two studies looking into commitment between dating couples. The writer then discuses the ethics of commitment and sexual ethics, a very hot topic in today's world, most of which focuses on the relationship of homosexual couples; next, is a discussion of the theology of commitment. The writer asserts that God wants us to make commitments, first to Him and then to others in our lives but where does commitment fit in this disposable world. The last section addresses pastoral care and counseling, premarital, marital, and divorce. Here, the different types of families are identified along with the ways in which some pastors face the challenge of these diverse families, including the lesbian or gay couple. An approach that has been remarkably successful in reducing the number of divorces is explained in this section. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Peapod Case Study

    This 4 page paper examines the case of a supermarket in the US using e-commerce to sell groceries. The paper answers three questions. The first considers why the supermarket has been so successful in its’ internet shopping venture. The second part of the paper looks at the challenges the company may face in the future. The last part of the paper discusses whether the same model would be useful if the company wanted to start up in the UAE and/or GCC. The paper focuses on the supply chain issues.

  • JetBlue Case Study

    This 42 page paper examines the airline JetBlue in the context of the US airline industry. After an introduction the paper discusses the condition of the airline industry, the profitability of the industry and uses a pest analysis to examine the macro environment. The strategies of JetBlue are then examined at firm, business and operational levels and compared to strategies of competitors. With an understanding of the industry and the firm the writer goes on to suggest potential future strategies. Each of the suggested strategies is analysed and recommendations made for viable future strategies and how they may be implemented. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Domestic and Global Security Management

    A 15 page paper that presents a study proposal. The paper includes: a statement of the problem, the significance of the problem, purpose of the study, literature review, research questions and methodology. The problem is that security classes are not included in all organizational leadership programs and this kind of class should be included because managers at all levels are being asked to be responsible for security. The literature review presented provides the justification for including such a course. September 11, 2001, combined with hundreds of terrorist attacks across the world have taught us that certain fanatics will stop at nothing to kill and destroy. Companies and organizations face threats today that are new and more complex. Examples of how some companies responded in terms of security upgrades are included. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • China and Environmental Sustainability

    A 10 page paper discussing two environmental problems in China (the Three Gorges Dam and air pollution) and measures that the government has or may take to mitigate the environmental effects. In contrast is the experience of Singapore, which adopted stringent environmental regulations when its economic growth led to environmental degradation. Though geographical constraint is not an issue in China overall, the citizenry could be taught to view their immediate surroundings as the only "environment" that counts as the government imposes stricter, more encompassing regulation on environmental effect of business. This is not likely to occur on an official level any time soon; it is more likely that China, as the U.S. before it, will incur grave environmental costs before moving to effectively abating the environmental effect of its economic activity. Accompanying PowerPoint® presentation available. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Family Impact of Divorce

    A 10 page research paper. What effect does divorce have on the children? This question has resulted in a long and heated debate and there are studies to support almost any position someone wants to take. This paper discusses the question and reports the research in America and elsewhere. The paper takes the form of a research proposal and includes an introduction with problem statement; literature review, including data; summary and conclusions. The incidence of divorce for the U.S. and a few other countries are included. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Preschool Vision Screening Justification

    A 4 page paper containing the text of a 13-slide PowerPoint presentation. Vision screening is not currently practiced in public schools. There is evidence that treatment of amblyopia becomes more difficult with age and that the most effective ages for treatment occur during preschool years. Clearly, it is not possible to treat something that has not been identified. Amblyopia leads to both near- and far-sightedness (myopia and hyperopia), which in turn can create a number of learning problems for children as they enter school. The presentation provides recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force urging vision screenings for children under the age of 5. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Caribou Coffee

    This 35 page paper examines the second largest coffee house company in the US, follower to Starbucks. The company has had a difficult few years; the paper undertakes an in-depth analysis looking at the company its mission and values as well as its products. An environmental analysis is conducted used in order to formulate and proposes a strategy to help the company move forward. Goals and implementation plans are presented along with a financial forecast for the plan. The paper includes a 6 slide PowerPoint presentation. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Mappings, Feminism and Cultural Geographies of Encounters by Susan S. Friedman

    An 8 page book review that examines Mappings, Feminism and Cultural Geographies of Encounters by Susan S. Friedman. The writer argues that this powerful text moves feminist theory away from paralyzing debates concerning perceived dichotomies of identity, them vs. us, white vs. other, etc. and towards a broader geopolitical, social landscape. The vision that Friedman offers of the future of feminist theory goes beyond identity politics, as she guides the reader toward greater understanding of how identities are both negotiated and transformed. Drawing from the gamut of popular culture, Friedman relates to books, movies, poetry and the mass media, as she address theoretical issues that are pivotal to post-modern feminism. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • International Law and Biological Warfare

    A 17 page paper discussing the legal and environmental aspects of biological warfare. As our scientific knowledge increased, so did the threat of biological warfare. The use of biological weapons seems to be less of a threat now, for our scientific knowledge has continued to increase to lead us to a place that we can glimpse into areas we can recognize as unknown. A specific and binding UN treaty exists to which 144 nations have signed and agreed, but there remains no legal enforceability. The 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention remains under continual review. Bibliography lists 20 sources in 28 footnotes (in Bluebook [legal] style).

  • Using Drugs and Juvenile Delinquency

    4 pages in length. Lowry et al's (1999) article entitled School Violence, Substance Use, and Availability of Illegal Drugs On School Property Among US High School Students seeks to uncover what – if any – correlation exists between the presence of drug use and the incidence of criminal activity on America's high school campuses. Utilizing nearly eleven thousand high school students, this study examined the availability and use of tobacco, alcohol and marijuana and other illegal drugs as potential inciters of school violence, which was described as any of the following: weapon-carrying, physical fighting, having property stolen or damaged, being threatened or injured or absenteeism due to feeling unsafe. No additional sources cited.

  • Crystal Meth: Effects On Teens And Adults

    6 pages in length. Crystal methamphetamine has had a long and illustrious presence throughout the last half of the twentieth century; for a drug typically prescribed for addressing attention deficit disorders and obesity, crystal meth has been used illegally on the streets to a much greater degree for the artificial high it provides. Known under an abundance of slang terms - not the least of which includes speed, meth, ice, crystal, chalk, crank, tweak, uppers, black beauties, glass, bikers coffee, methlies quick, poor man's cocaine, chicken feed, shabu, stove top, trash, go-fast, yaba, and yellow bam - crystal meth has served to perpetuate the nation's addiction problem along with cocaine and according to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration is ranked the second most commonly used drug behind alcohol and marijuana. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Farewell Address of George Washington

    A 3 page overview of the concerns George Washington had for the ongoing welfare of the U.S., concerns detailed in his 1796 "Farewell Address". The threats of the political party and European allegiances were a particular worry for Washington. No additional sources are listed.

  • A Review of the 3Com Corporation

    This 5 page report discusses 3Com corporation ('computer, communication, and compatibility') and its spin-off of the Palm Pilot Division, as well as its impending relationship with Microsoft. The 3Com Corporation was determined to establish itself as much more than the “Palm company.” Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • United Kingdom Early Childhood Education Politics and Policy

    A 5 page paper illustrating why workers in early childhood education in the UK need to be informed of political and policy matters. The UK’s approach to early childhood education was as fragmented and variable as that in the US until the Labour government implemented changes beginning in 1997. Today, all 4-year-olds have access to free daycare that includes academic instruction in preparation for compulsory school attendance beginning at age 5. There are concerns that very young children receive instruction for which they are not yet ready, a fact that workers need to remain aware of and avoid. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Negron-Muntaner/Barbie's Hair

    A 3 page paper that discusses this essay. A doll seems like an unlikely candidate for controversy. Yet, yet Frances Negron-Muntaner, in her essay "Barbie's Hair," describes how controversy immediately arose when the Mattel Toy Company released a Puerto Rican version of their famous Barbie doll in 1997. Communities, both in Puerto Rico and the mainland US, associated the doll with cultural connotations that involved "Puerto Rican identity" (Negron-Muntaner 39). The author of this provocative essay makes a number of pertinent points about this version of Barbie within the context of popular culture, however, two of the most intriguing points made in the essay are the significance that was attached to the meaning of the doll's hair and how this related to Puerto Rican identity and also how the doll represented a political position in terms of Puerto Rico's place on the world stage. No additional sources cited.

  • Affordability of Health Insurance Letter to U.S. Senator Bill Frist

    A 4 page letter to Senator Bill Frist, M.D., describing a citizen’s view of his inability to purchase health care insurance. A large and growing percentage of the American people are unable to afford any health care insurance of any kind, yet do not qualify for social assistance programs. While those who can afford insurance can buy it and those who live in poverty have full access to public health care programs, many of those of us who cannot afford either health care or health care insurance earn just enough that we also do not qualify for public assistance of any kind. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Unauthorized Migration to America

    A 10 page paper that discusses the causes and consequences of illegal immigration in the United States. Causes or reasons are supported by theory and statistical data regarding the billions of dollars illegal aliens cost this country are reported. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Small Business Venture and Receiving Government Assistance

    A 7 page paper. The question was: What types of government programs or other assistance is available to start-up businesses? The writer discusses some of the many programs and the vast amount of information available for small business entrepreneurs through the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). Some of the programs discusses are the more than 75 Online courses that can be accessed. Some of the hundreds of publications available, such as the Startup Guide, the Small Business Management Series (SBA) Publications and the Success Series along with workbooks available for many of these courses. The essay also provides an overview of the SBA loan guaranty program. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Constitutional Rights, Early Arrest Phase, and Mandatory DNA Testing

    A 4 page contention that the collection of DNA during the earliest phases of an arrest is unacceptable. While DNA evidence is highly regarded as a phenomenal tool in the address of crime, to enact laws which allow the collection of DNA from an individual at this early of a stage in an arrest is a horrendous assault on our rights as U.S. citizens! Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • American Canoe Association v. Murphy Farms

    A 5 page paper discussing points of American Canoe Association v. Murphy Farms, No. 02-1501, 326 F.3d 505; 2003 U.S. App. LEXIS 7158; 56 ERC (BNA) 1545; 33 ELR 20175, 4thCir, (2003) as they relate to the Clean Water Act and to commercial swine production. The American Canoe Association, Professional Paddlesports Association and Conservation Council of North Carolina brought suit against Murphy Farms and D.M. Farms of Rose Hill, both commercial pork producers in North Carolina. Plaintiffs' complaint was that the hog farms had polluted surrounding bodies of water in violation of the Clean Water Act. The courts have agreed with plaintiffs on several points. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Living Within the US Poverty Standard

    A 13 page paper presenting and discussing an experiment in which a family of six limited its total food budget to that specified by the 2006 U.S. poverty-level food budget. Most of the paper discusses the family’s experience during the week and its normal approach to its food budget. The family lives in a rural area and so has garden-produced vegetables and fresh eggs from its chickens, advantages not available to inner-city families striving to achieve adequate diets at current poverty standards. A table contains the family’s menu and total food costs for the week. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A History of the Israeli Palestinian Conflict by Mark Tessler

    This 5 page report discusses Mark Tessler's 1994 book on the origins of the conflicts between Israel and the Palestinians. Tessler is intent on presenting the historical foundations of the conflict objectively but without being detached from it all. He recognizes and points out the very real injuries that have been suffered by both Palestinians and Israelis. He also makes comparisons of the ways in which Arab nationalism and Zionism have evolved alongside one another. Bibliography lists only the primary source.

  • History and Recommendations for Advanced Directives

    Considerations An 11 page overview of advanced directives in the medical arena. The author reviews the history of advanced directives utilizing such historic cases as the Karen Ann Quinlan case and the recent high profile case of Terri Schiavo to emphasize their importance. The provisions of the 1991 Patient Self Determination Act are explored and recommendations made regarding their implementation on both a personal and organizational level. Statistics are provided regarding the popularity of such directives. A copy of a generic durable power of attorney form is included as supplementary material. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Disputes and Western Civilization History

    A 3 page paper which examines whether the disputes of Western Civilization were fought because of conflicts over territory or ideas. The works cited are Margaret L. Mead’s “Western Civilization: A Social and Cultural History” and Jackson J. Spielvogel’s “Western Civilization: A Brief History.” No additional sources cited.

  • Westward Settlement and Environmental Effects

    This 4-page paper examines westward settlement during the 19th century and its impact on the environment. Issues covered include technologies that spurred settlement, ecological impacts resulting from westward moement, and the reaction of settlers to the changes in the land. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Colombia's History Since its Independence

    This 4 page paper discusses the developments which have come to Columbia since its independence, examines the causes of the civil wars, and analyzes the potential for the future. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Women's Rights Movement Pioneers

    A 14 page scholarly paper on the key leaders in the women rights movement. Highlighting the roles of Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott and Sarah and Angelina Grimke, the author notes the factors at play necessitating that these women step outside of society’s clearly defined societal expectations to effect change. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Various Employee Issues in the Workplace Workplace Considerations: Entitlements, The History of Rights, Education & Training, Community Support, and Whistle-Blowing

    This is a 5 page paper discussing some issues considered by employees within the workplace. In addition to the basic elements of an employee contract, employees should be aware of their employers’ support of their employees and to what extent this support covers. Employee entitlements for instance may be expected but can vary from organization to organization. While employees are aware of certain rights which exist within the workplace, they should also know whether or not these rights are indeed better or worse than the rights of those who preceded them. Many organizations support education and training for their employees but in almost all cases, the education should be job related for the employers make a considerable financial investment in their employees and wish to retain them. Employees should also be aware of any community-related support their organization has and to what extent that support also benefits the organization. Lastly, employees should be aware of whether or not their organization and state supports “whistleblowers” and in what instances whistle blowing would be considered a positive step. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Samuel Johnson's The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia

    A 4 page paper which examines Samuel Johnson’s “The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia” as it relates to the society of his time, as well as the timeless theme of searching for happiness. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ibo History

    A 4 page paper which examines the history of the Nigerian Ibo (Igbo) people. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Upton Sinclair's The Jungle and the American Dream

    A 3 page paper which examines the historical realities in Upton Sinclair’s novel “The Jungle.” The paper then discusses whether or not the Jurgis family has lived the American Dream. No additional sources cited.

  • History Of Religious Orders and Monasticism

    A 7 page paper that begins by explaining the origin or the word monasticism and the types of lifestyles that may be adopted as a monk. The connection between monasticism and asceticism is explained. The writer then traces the history of the practice of monasticism before and after Christ and identifies the first Christian monastic orders that were founded. The differences between Eastern monastics and Western monastics are described. It was in the 6th century that the monastic way of life grew so much with the founding of the Franciscans and the Dominicans. The founding of more religious orders, including the Jesuits, was re-emphasized during the Reformation. The challenges to monasticism are discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Christianity History and Significance of 'Church Order'

    6 pages in length. In order for Christianity to have held its religious endowment and authority for as long as it has, it was necessary to impart specific elements of Church order as a means by which to guide followers. To question religious strength is to cast a shadow of doubt upon the entire faith and its existence; as such, the Church recognized a great need for order and consistency to ensure unyielding dedication from its followers and, therefore, uncompromising devotion of its principles. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History and Uses of TQM

    A 4 pageoverview of the evolution of this management style. The author notesthe key players in the development of TQM and emphasizes it has evolvedover time to emphasize the human element of the industrial elements ofour business world. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nigerian Ibo or Igbo People History

    A 2 page paper which examines the history of the Nigerian Ibo (Igbo) people. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Hillary Rodham Clinton's Living History

    A 12 page paper which examines Hillary Rodham Clinton’s book “Living History” and then discusses it in relationship to leadership theories and practices. Bibliography lists 5 additional sources.

  • History or Etymology of Words Plus an Annotated Bibliography

    A 4 page paper which presents an annotated bibliography of 10 articles that deal with the etymological history of words. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Pacific Northwest Immigration of Blacks and History Lessons

    A 5 page discussion of the problems black immigrants to the Pacific Northwest have faced. The author asserts that the deep societal prejudice and the discrimination that resulted has had long term impacts for black immigrants and their descendants. A complimentary annotated bibliography is included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • History of Literature and Changing Character Gender Roles

    This 3 page paper discusses the changing roles of men and women as evidenced by literature. The Pelagasian Myth, Dante's Divine Comedy, and Milton's Paradise Lost, are all evidenced. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • History and Immigration of Blacks to the Pacific Northwest

    An 11 page discussion of the problems black immigrants to the Pacific Northwest have faced. The author asserts that the deep societal prejudice and the discrimination that resulted has had long term impacts for black immigrants and their descendants. A complimentary annotated bibliography is included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy History

    This 6 page paper examines this umbrella of cognitive theories. Various ideas from Beck, Ellis and others are duly noted. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Anti Semitism Throughout U.S. History

    A 5 page discussion of the depths that anti-Semitism sometimes flow in our own country. While acknowledging this hatred and bias that has been constructed against Jews, the author of this paper denounces the growing tendency to indict the Roosevelt administration as anti-Semitic. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. Voting Behavior

    A 5 page paper which examines the voting behavior of United States citizens from the 1950s till present day. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • LSD's History

    This 6 page paper gives an overview of LSD(acid) including the use and abuse of the drug over the years. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl by Harriet Jacobs and History

    A 4 page paper which examines and analyzes an excerpt from Harriet Jacobs’ “Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl” as they pertain to historical context. No additional sources cited.

  • A Dentistry History

    An 8 page overview of some of the major steps taken in dentistry. Starting in ancient times and continuing to the present, the author concentrates on the various approaches and materials that have been used in the production of fillings. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Post Second World War Business History of Japan

    A 7 page paper tracing the changes in Japanese business following World War II. Today, the keiretsu structure that allowed massive accumulation of nonperforming corporate debt has been dismantled, at least in that portion discouraging appropriate corporate governance. Economic consequences of past actions appear to be the limiting factor in Japan’s attempts to move past the effects of the bursting of its bubble economy and then the Asian currency crisis. Its foray into Western management styles discounted the value of its workers’ dedication to their companies. That dedication is grounded in centuries-old culture, however, and likely still exists beneath the layers of policy-imposed constraints. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Art History and Orientalism

    A 4 page research paper that examines the nineteenth century art trend of Orientalism, which the wrier defines and then discusses, referring to representative works of art. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Economic History Of The Pacific Northwest

    This 2.5 page paper reports some of the characteristics of the economy in Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia since the 1930s. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Moral Attributes and History of Balzac's Colonel Chabert

    This 3-page paper discusses Balzac's Colonel Chabert, notes the story based on its times (post-Napoleonic France) and discusses whether virtue or evil survived the day. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Islamic History Questions

    A 6 page question/answer address of the volatility that has characterized the Middle East. The author addresses four specific questions: 1. List and explain three types of Islamic renewal or reform. 2. In what ways did the decline of the Ottoman Empire set the stage for increased American involvement in the Middle East? 3. What broad political strategy did the Eisenhower administration use to meet the challenges of Arab nationalism? 4. To what extent was the deterioration of US-Egyptian relations a result of a personal conflict between Lyndon Johnson and Nasser? Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Central Banking in England

    AThis 38 page paper considers how central banks developed and their original purpose. The general history and development is examined through the use of a case study which examines the creation of the Bank of England. The original purpose of central banks were as bankers to the government, with a principle task of funding wars. The responsibilities such as printing legal tender, monetary stability and lender of last resort all emerge following the success as a funding source for war. An initial benefit of a central bank was also the creation of a credit economy, allowing economic growth to take place at an unprecedented rate. The looks at the development of the Bank of England and tools used such as the Gold Standard and then applies the lessons to more recent central bank developments such as the creation and success of the Bundesbank, looking for commonalities that may be indicators of success. This is then applied to the current position of the European Central Bank, (ECB) in order to assess how successful the ECB will be in the future. The bibliography cites 59 sources.

  • The History of States vs. Federal Rights.

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of the tug of war between states rights and the rights of the federal government. The Federalist Papers are used in the analysis. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hera Temple and Early History of Greece

    This 4 page paper analyzes the architecture of the first Temple of Hera in Greece. Elements analyzed for style and lifestyle of the people, function, and symbolism. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • From the Light into the Darkness of Japanese History

    A 6 page paper which examines what may have happened from the Meiji to the early Showa periods (until 1930) that transformed Japan from liberal to conservative, considering such factors as group positions within society and government, continuity or discontinuity, that may have caused such a dramatic shift in ideology. Did these factors suddenly arise or did they predate this historical period? Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Text Analysis of 'Evil in Modern Thought An Alternative History of Philosophy' by Susan Neiman

    A 10 page paper which examines the various philosophical inquiries into evil as scrutinized by thinkers since the sixteenth-century Enlightenment. Specifically discussed are how the author goes about tackling this way subject, what is meant by “fire from heaven” in Chapter 1, and who it has in mind, the identity of the ‘architect’ being condemned in Chapter 2 and how philosophers deal with Him, ponders who the thinkers are that brought an ‘end to our illusions’ as referenced in Chapter 3, and contemplates the ‘prophets of homelessness’ described in Chapter 4. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Philosophy Through the Ages

    A 3 page research paper that offers a brief survey of how a variety of major philosophers have addressed the basic questions of philosophy. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 120 Years of American History

    This 6 page paper discusses five specific issues and how they've changed American society since 1885.

  • History of the LGBT Movement

    A 5 page review of a few of the many accomplishments that this movement has enjoyed over the last thirty years. The author emphasizes members of this movement still encounter rigid resistance in many arms of American society. For some members of this movement this resistance is greater than for others. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Contemporary Actions and the Predeterminant of History

    A 4 page contention that our actions today are often determined by decisions that we made well back into the chapters of history. Indeed, even if we consider such gross aspects of our lives as our politics and our religions we see that this is indeed the case. One of the more interesting examples that supports this contention is the Renaissance. We are still feeling the reverberations of this historical period today, over six centuries since its advent. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • History of Rasselas by Samuel Johnson

    This 5 page paper examines this work and looks at it in light of Aristotle's ideas. The concept of happiness is explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 20th Century British Theatre History

    This 28 page paper examines the development of the theatre in England during the twentieth century. The paper considers the different styles seen, looking at realism, abstract, suggestive and interventionist theatre. This is considered in time order and also incluides elements such as the ay staging took place, lighting and general technology impacted on production. The paper then examines the way in which social constraints impacted on the way the theatre developed including the censorship laws and the reaction to those censorship laws. The final paper of the paper speculates the cycle is turning full circle with the rebuilding of the old Globe theatre in London. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Jason Meyer's Article 'No Idle Past: Uses Of History In The 1830 Indian Removal Debates'

    A 4 page review of the Fall 2000 article by Jason Meyers summarizing the political discord surrounding the Trail of Tears, the nineteenth century forced removal of the Cherokee people from their traditional land in the state of Georgia. No additional sources are listed.

  • Information and Knowledge in the Age of Cyberspace

    6 pages in length. Knowledge and information have become synonymous in the cybernetic age, but not necessarily to the benefit of understanding. The power of this statement illustrates that while technology might improve man's progress in some areas, it also fails to do so in a holistic manner. The global community is bombarded with information from myriad sources unlike any other time in history, which would lead one to presume this generation to be more knowledgeable than their parents or grandparents. This is, indeed, a logical deduction to make considering this age group was quite literally brought up in the midst of the technological revolution. However, the barrage of information today's younger generation receives on a daily basis via the Internet, television, radio, newspapers and magazines serves more to clog the assimilation into understanding than to allow for it. In short, the information is dispensed but the receivers have not been adequately taught how to decipher and retain what is important. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Analysis of Al Qaeda's Strategy And Organization

    10 pages in length. The agenda typical of militant operations is that of complete anarchy; the fact that suicide missions are one of the most widely used tactics speaks to a mindset whereby no life is sacred, not even their own. The world-view of fundamentalists like Al Qaeda is unlike the rest of the civilized planet, with skewed perspectives, inflated self-importance and malicious agendas fueling the global mayhem. Al Qaeda's steadfast organization and extremist strategy resembles several who wreaked havoc throughout history with the same intent to isolate or abolition by way of fanaticism. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Conventional Theology and The Passion of the Christ Film by Mel Gibson

    A 7 page research paper that discusses the controversy surround the film The Passion of the Christ, produced and directed by Mel Gibson. This movie presents the last twelve hours of Jesus' life, that is, his suffering and crucifixion in a manner that demonizes Jewish authorities of the time. Particularly since all dialogue in the movie is spoken in either Latin or Aramaic (with English subtitles), the film has the "feel" of a documentary and it is likely that many viewers will regard it as an accurate dramatization of the gospel story of Christ's death. This paper compares Gibson's film to accounts of the crucifixion recorded in the Gospels. This comparison shows that Gibson added a great deal more violence than is actually portrayed in the Bible. The theological and racial implications of Gibson's film are then discussed in light of his personal history and background. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Middle Passage/Deslauriers

    A 3 page research paper that describes French director Guy Deslauriers’ 2000 film “The Middle Passage” endeavors to portray the horrors endured by Africans abducted from their homes and forcibly transported to the New World. The film is a “stylistic gamble” as it is “without dialogue, individualized characters or conventional narrative arc” (Harvey 26). In other words, the film attempts to offer a contemporary audience the illusion that they are looking directly at history and the atrocities perpetuated on captured Africans. The main question, therefore, in evaluating this film is whether or not this depiction is accurate. The writer discusses this question, drawing on the narrative of Olaudah Equiano. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Human Resource Management and Total Quality Management

    A 31 page paper. What is the relationship between total quality management (TQM) and human resource management (HRM)? That is the question this research paper addresses. First, a brief history of each TQM and HRM is presented. The writer then describes, outlines and discusses: the integration of TQM and HRM; implementing TQM in HR departments; why TQM fails; more tips of do's and don'ts when trying to implement TQM; conclusions. The paper includes discussion of a vast array of issues related to the main topic. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Postwar Settlement Consequences in War And Peace in The Middle East A Concise History by Avi Shlaim

    5 pages in length. According to Avi Shlaim's "War and Peace in the Middle East: A Concise History," ignorance of human rights and a tendency toward political oppression were the consequences of the post-war settlement of 1918-1922, clearly reflecting the consequential elements of imperialism for American policy in the Middle East. At the turn of the twentieth century, the United States was on the verge of becoming one of the world's most important imperial powers. The combination of public pressure, foreign policy elite and agricultural/industrial capitalism clearly signaled a massive global change of significant proportions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Holy Spirit Baptism

    A 5 page essay/research paper that discusses the meaning of baptism of the Holy Spirit in contemporary Christianity. Many Christians today promote the concept that "speaking in tongues" is proof-positive of "baptism of the Holy Spirit" (Williams 84). This brings up the questions as to whether or not those who have not spoken in tongues are without the Holy Spirit (Williams 84). There are dedicated Christians on both side of this debate. Basically, opinion on this issue falls into two camps. The Pentecostals or charismatic movement maintains that gifts of the Holy Spirit that the apostles experienced at Pentecost are still being experienced by Christians today. The opposite camp believes that the gifts of the Holy Spirit ended in the first century of Christian history. Both positions are discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Recent Changes in Aviation Security

    This 14 page paper examines aviation security in a post-911 era. This paper, written more than five years after the terrorist attack, includes recent sources. The history of aviation security is addressed. An outline is included in addition to a Table of Contents. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Organizational Conduct and ELearning Effects

    A 12 page paper. -learning is the fastest growing segment in education in education history and it continues to grow. Adopting E-learning/training methods and decreasing or eliminating traditional classroom training models represents a significant change for any organization. Since the research continues to support the effectiveness of E-training, more companies are changing to this technology. This report provides examples of companies and their successes, including ROI, data regarding the growth of E-training, and a general overview of E-learning in the corporate world. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Impracticality of Direct Democracy

    This 3 page paper argues that direct democracy is impractical and looks at the concept historically. Ancient history is disused as well as how classic authors viewed the concept. Athenian democracy is compared to the representative democracy that exists today. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Importance of AIDS Research

    This 8 page paper examines the history of AIDS and AIDS research. It is argued that more research needs to be done or more people will die. The concept of the AIDS vaccine is explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Adult Literacy and the New York City Public Library

    A 26 page paper that begins with a definition of literacy, the three types of literacy assessed and scoring processes. National and international literacy rates are then reported along with the negative effects of illiteracy. The paper then changes to report the history of the New York Public Library, which provides services in Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island, the Brooklyn Public Library and the Queens Borough Public Library. The adult literacy programs offered by each of these library systems is reported, the types of services, the characteristics of the literacy programs and the number of locations for these programs. The paper ends with a report of the New York City Adult Literacy Initiative. Statistical data are included. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Death in Hospice Verses Death in Death Row Incarceration

    This 6 page paper looks at death and dying by comparing the situation where a person is scheduled to die and waiting on death row to someone dying of cancer in a hospice. Social meanings are discussed. Some history on the death penalty is included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Why Capital Punishment is Necessary

    This 4 page paper supports capital punishment. The history of the capital punishment is touched on. This paper provides three good reasons to support the death penalty and offers rebuttal arguments. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Southwest Airlines Report Analysis of Investment, Valuation, and Capital Structure

    A 9 page paper discussing Southwest’s history, corporate culture, capital structure, management and financial results for the purpose of performing investment analysis. Still boasting that it has had 54 consecutive profitable quarters, Southwest would have lost money in 1Q2003 and 1Q2004 without its successful fuel-hedging activities. It still clings to the never-a-losing-quarter mantra, and it leads its industry in market capitalization. Southwest is among the most fiscally conservative of all the commercial passenger airlines, despite its active fuel-hedging activities. Hedging generally is not looked on as a conservative measure, but compared to the wild swings and increases in fuel costs, hedging is more conservative in today’s climate than is not hedging. The investor determined to own a transportation stock - and specifically an aviation stock – absolutely should consider Southwest Airlines. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Software Engineering and TQM

    A 12 page paper discussing software engineering in terms of Total Quality Management (TQM). The paper includes a brief history of TQM as well as discussion of the Deming, Juran and Crosby models, and then places software engineering within that framework. A primary feature of software engineering quality, then, is the service of assisting customers to identify all aspects of their requirements for any new product, particularly in those areas that they have not considered because they are not technically proficient in designing and producing new systems. Quality results from meeting customer expectations, which may be difficult to identify. Appropriate antidotes can be found in the Deming model of quality. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Mass Advertising and Consumerism

    10 pages in length. The presence of consumerism, brought on by the coupling of industrialization and modernity, is credited with the onset of mass advertising. Considered to be the rumblings of a significant turning point in the history of mankind, the Industrial Revolution reflected a social fabric that was beginning to unravel; given the fact that people were beginning to acquire mass quantities of commodities they had never before possessed created a contemporary attitude toward consumption. As such, the public began spending money, causing various industries to take notice of such disposable income and look for ways to tap into this economic excess. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Euthanasia and Ethics in Counseling

    15 pages in length. Few topics in the history of civilized man have been as controversial as the matter of euthanasia. Whether for or against, counselors readily recognize the ethical components on both sides of the issue and strive to guide their clients in the most humane direction possible. The decision of which way to counsel, however, is where the tremendous gray area exists, inasmuch as there are underlying circumstances that – when fleshed out by an intuitive counselor – can mean the difference between a client fulfilling the wish for euthanasia and deciding instead to live what life is left. With each state left to determine its own legal boundaries where euthanasia is concerned, counselors must equally weigh the lawful and ethical elements when faced with advising clients one way or another. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • UK's Talented and Gifted Education

    This 43 page research report addresses gifted education with an emphasis on the United Kingdom. The report begins with a brief history of gifted education (in the 1870s in New Jersey, USA) and includes the change in focus from intellectual cognitive ability to a broader perspective. Topics addressed in the report include: the definition of giftedness and how that has changed and why, underachievement, methods for identifying gifted children, including tests, teacher recommendations and checklists, identification by provision and identification by provision in practice, Freeman's Sports approach, comments on nature vs nurture, can giftedness be developed, characteristics of the gifted child, emotional/social development, implications for teachers, preparing teachers to work with the gifted, and comments about programs for the gifted. While most of the research is applicable to giftedness anywhere, there is an emphasis on the UK. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • Nokia in China

    This 50 page paper looks at the positioning of the Nokia brand in China and how successful Nokia’s marketing and strategy has been in the Chinese mobile or cellular telephone market. The paper is starts with an introduction which includes the aims of the research to identify the current position of Nokia in China and assess its’ level of success. The paper then undertakes an in-depth literature review looking at Nokia, its’ history and general developments and marketing strategies that have impacted on the way positioning has been developed. The literature review then considers China, the social economic and political influences and the way Nokia have developed operations in China and created their current marketing position. The paper then presents simulated primary research to assess the perception of the Nokia brand by consumers. This section includes the methodology and the presentation of the questionnaire and the results. The paper ends with a conclusion bringing together the primary research and the findings of the literature review. The bibliography cites 60 sources.

  • Handkerchief Significance in William Shakespeare's Othello

    A 4 page essay that discusses the significance of the handkerchief in Shakespeare's Othello. In the history of the theater, the argument can easily be made that there has never been a prop as instrumental to the substance of a play as Desdemona's handkerchief is to the action of Shakespeare's Othello. This prop becomes symbolic to Othello of Desdemona's supposed infidelity, which is precisely what Iago intends. Iago's manipulation of the handkerchief provides Othello's military mind with his supposed "proof" of Desdemona's betrayal and precipitates Othello's tragic subsequent actions. Examination of the play demonstrates the pivotal importance of this prop and how the action and the thematic substance hinge on this one image. No other sources cited.

  • Comparison of John Calvin and Martin Luther

    A 20 page research paper that compares the religious beliefs of Reformation thinkers Martin Luther and John Calvin. The Protestant Reformation engulfed the medieval world in the early sixteenth century, breaking apart the familiar paradigms and recasting both the religious and political map of Europe. It was, without a doubt, a decisive moment in the history of the Western church. Energies that flowed from the Reformation would eventually affect the character of the spread of Christianity. The writer argues that Calvin built upon the foundation laid down by Luther and expanded on many of his precepts. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • McDonalds in China

    This 54 page paper examines the well known fast food chain McDonalds and considers how it is competing in China, the competitive advantages it is using and the way these fit in with McDonalds core international strategies and with the market in China were competition is seen in the form of other western fast food chains and increasing numbers of Chinese fast food chains. The paper starts with an introduction then presents an in-depth literature review looking at the history and existing strategies of McDonalds, the positions that McDonalds may choose to pursue and the strategies used in China. The paper then simulates primary research with consumers, including an in-depth methodology as well as a presentation and interpretation of the results. The final section of the paper pulls together the results of the literature review and the primary research in order to assess the use of different competitive advantages by McDonalds in China. The bibliography cites 60 sources.

  • Juvenile Crime and Programs of Shock Incarceration and Boot Camps

    8 pages in length. Re-training juvenile criminals to become positive, contributing members of society has always proven to be a challenge for officials in charge of rehabilitation. Myriad programs have been implemented throughout history to achieve this goal but according to those in the field, none have proven as effective as the boot camp and shock incarceration programs currently in use by a number of juvenile criminal justice systems. The writer discusses how boot camps and shock incarceration programs attempt to put the missing elements of a stable and productive person back into maladjusted youths. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Fossil Fuels and Future Energy Requirements

    6 pages in length. In the not-too-distant future -- with regard to history's timeline -- there will come a point when fossil fuels will have been depleted and humans will be forced to find alternative sources with which to power automobiles, household heating units and myriad other machinery that utilizes fuel. However, waiting until supplies are exhausted before establishing a workable alternative would place a major hardship upon future energy demands. For this reason, various options -- not only those that supply a form of fuel but also those that reduce and often eliminate pollution -- have been in the works for several years. The writer discusses the issue of future energy demands and potential fuel alternatives. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History of Vipassana Meditation

    An 8 page paper exploring the method and history of Vipassana meditation, and then comparing it to other forms of Buddhism-linked meditation techniques. Sensation-based Vipassana therefore leads the meditator to the place where sensations – such as negativity – can be dealt with right away, having been recognized for what they are. Thus the Vipassana practitioner "sees things as they are," rather than as they appear. Seeing things for what they are enables the individual to make an active choice of whether to accept or reject the thoughts and sensations that enter his mind, thereby giving the Vipassana meditator control over his own mind. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • APN Leadership

    A 5 page paper. Advanced practice nursing has a long history dating back to the 1800s. It was not until the 1960s that this title was conferred, however. Today, APNs can specialize in any number of medical specialties. They are leaders wherever they are working. Their knowledge and skill give them influence over others. To further their leadership career, they would do well to obtain some specific leadership training. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Microsoft Windows NT and UNIX

    15 pages in length. Battles have long been waged and lost throughout history, but there is nothing quite like the technological competition that is being pursued between Microsoft Windows NT and Unix systems. At the very beginning of the server war nearly two and a half years ago, Microsoft Corp. introduced Windows NT as a direct competitor of the ever-popular Unix system. Vendors that distributed Unix were amused by the so-called competition, labeling it too immature to ever establish itself in the same category. The writer discusses whether or not NT has proven itself as a viable competitor to Unix. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Freedom Rides and African American History

    A 6 page paper which discusses the history of the African American through the Freedom Rides. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A History of The Council of Florence

    A 10 page paper which discusses the history of the Council of Florence. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • “American History X": Sociological Analysis

    A 4 page paper which analyzes the film “American History X” from a sociological perspective. No sources cited.

  • Yakuza, Triad, and Mafia History

    A 3 page paper which presents the history of the organized crime groups of the Mafia, Triad, and Yakuza. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ishmael Reed's Flight to Canada and History

    A 9 page examination of history in Ishmael Reed’s “Flight to Canada.” Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The History of Pilates

    A 3 page paper on the history and creation of Pilates. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Prostitution in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

    A 5 page paper on the history of prostitution as it involves medieval and early modern Europe. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Tango of Argentina's History and Development

    An 18 page paper which examines the history and development of Argentine Tango. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Alzheimer's Disease History Overview

    This 4 page paper discusses the history of the discovery of the disease, and background information about it. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Anti Semitism History in the United States

    A 4 page research paper that explores the topic of anti-Semitism in the US and elsewhere prior to World War II and how this might have shaped public policy concerning Jewish immigration quotas, which, of course, facilitated Nazi extermination policies. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Fifteenth to Seventeenth Centuries' English Feasting History

    An 18 page paper which examines the history of feasting in England from the 15th to the 17th centuries. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • How Women Have Been Depicted in Advertising Copy

    A 13 page paper which examines the history of how women have been portrayed in magazines. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Major Changes in World History, 1900-1990

    This 4 page paper examines three major changes that occurred in world history from 1900 through 1990. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • United Kingdom and Developments in its Mass Media History

    A 5 page paper which examines the history of significant developments in mass media within the UK. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Memoral Park in Houston, Texas

    This 5 page paper discusses the various amenities and attractions, history and location of Houston's Memorial Park in Texas. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Japanese Historical Meiji Period

    This 5 page paper discusses the Meiji Period in Japanese history as viewed by a primary Eurocentric source. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Historical Overview of Radio

    A 5 page paper which provides a research on the history of radio. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ancient History's Contemporary Social Influence

    A 5 page paper which examines how ancient history in Egypt, China, Greece, and India have influenced our societies. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History of the Civil Rights Movement in America

    This 7 page paper examines the general history of civil rights in the United States, ranging from the mid-1800's through the modern-day civil rights movement that occured in the late 1950's. This paper highlights such topics as the Reconstruction era, the KKK, the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments, the GI Bill, the modern civil rights movement, and more. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jazz Music and its History

    A 4 page paper which examines the history of Jazz music. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • An Analysis and History of The Congress of Racial Equality

    A 10 page paper which examines the history of CORE (The Congress of Racial Equality) and analyzes the organization. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Rama from a Legend and Historical Perspective

    This 3 page paper discusses the legend and the history of Ramayana as depicted by historians and by R.K. Narayan. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Colonial History of America Until 1877 and Women

    A 6 page paper which specifically examines how the calls for equality, liberty and freedom conflicted with the reality of women’s lives, considers if they made greater gains in either political or social life, and concludes with an assessment of how women’s roles evolved over this period in American history. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Aloe's History and Use

    A 10 page paper which presents an examination of the history and the uses of the aloe plant. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • U.S. History, Labor, and Equality Questions

    This 5 page paper answers four questions posed by a student regarding labor and the treatment of women and minorities in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Topics include free agriculture labor, the impact of industrialization, and the impact of the World Wars. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Lies My Teacher Told Me by Loewen and A People's History of the US by Zinn

    A paper which looks at two critiques of the way in which American history has been deliberately misrepresented by successive governments, and the resultant mythology which has been constructed by historians and presented as factual evidence.

  • Significant Events in American History between the late 1950s and 2002

    A 5 page paper that outlines and briefly discusses some of the major events of the last 45 years in the United States and their impact on American life. Some of those events include the 2000 presidential election, the attack on America, Vietnam, Dr. King and the Civil Rights movement, the assassination of President Kennedy, Watergate, StarWars and many more. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A US Prison Reform History

    This paper examines the history of both prisons and prison reform in the United States. The paper also discusses the effectiveness of incarceration as a tool for detering criminals, and examines what critics have said about prisons through the ages. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History of American Currency

    A 5 page paper discussing the development of the current US system of currency and legal tender. In Colonial days, the formal currency was that of Britain and was based on silver. The shortage of silver combined with the need to trade with the native Americans who preferred wampum resulted in wampum being the currency of choice for decades until a New Jersey factory became so efficient in its production that it became hyperinflated. The paper discusses the influences of greenbacks and the role filled by the 1848 California gold rush in directing the US away from bimetallism and toward a gold standard, which eventually was abandoned in the 1930s. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • US Civil War and Weapons

    In 7 pages, the author discusses the history of weapons used in the American Civil War. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • U.S. Government Actions from 1861 through 1900

    A 7 page paper discussing noble and brutal acts of the government during the period of 1861 through 1900. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • History and Contemporary Message of the U.S. Constitution's 4th Amendment

    An 8 page paper that provides an overview of the history and current application of the 4th Amendment. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • U.S. Presidential History

    An 8 page paper that outlines the two-centuries-old history of the office of the Presidency of the United States and examines the massive changes this office has undergone throughout that time. Discussed are the nature of the changes that marked the Presidency, particularly across the last half of the twentieth century, and the American public's overall loss of trust in faith in its governmental leadership that resulted from these changes. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • U.S. History and the Impact of Roy Cohn

    This 3 page paper presents a biographical account of this attorney who became famous during the 1950's. Cohn's role in the McCarthy era is noted as well as one event that led to his ultimate disbarment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Honduras Overview

    A 3 page description of the history, geography, political structure, population and culture of the Honduras. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Patient Case Study

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of a patient history, diagnosis and potential treatment options. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • History of Cosmetic Surgery

    A 4 page paper which examines the history of cosmetic surgery. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Roman Catapults

    A 5 page paper which looks at the history of the Roman Catapults. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • History and Theology in the Black Church

    This 4 page paper discusses the history and theology of the black church. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Lanza/Elevator Music

    A 5 page book review on Joseph Lanza's history of Muzak and easy listening mood music. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • African History: The Bible and Africa

    A 10 page paper which examines the history of Africa through the Bible. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • What Herodotus' The Histories Teaches Us About Government

    This 5 page paper examines The Histories. Monarchy, oligarchy and democracy are discussed. No additional sources cited.

  • What Can History Teach Us About Terrorism?

    This 7 page paper looks to history for understanding of terrorism as it exists in today’s world. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • American History

    A 10 page paper which covers many topics in American History. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • History of Latin Literature

    A 5 page paper which examines the history of Latin literature. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • This 10-page paper analyzes intercity passenger rail transportation and the history of the railroads. There are 7 sources cited.

  • Socrates, Rationalism, Behaviorism and Psychology

    A 7 page research paper that examines the history of psychology, with special focus on Socrates, rationalism and behaviorism. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Milestones in Cognitiivism

    4 page paper that traces eh history and reports the milestones in this school of psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Relationship Between Music and Magic

    This 5 page paper traces a brief history of magic, and some of the music magicians use in their acts. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • THE BLACK HISTORY OF AMERICA’S WHITE HOUSE

    This 10-page paper discusses racism in the White House throughout the history of the Presidency. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The History of Algebra

    This 3 page paper is a brief overview of the history of algebra. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Prolog Programming Language

    A 10 page paper which provides an overview of the history and uses of this versatile programming language. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Fontana, California and Davis's City of Quartz

    This 3-page book examines Davis' City of Quartz, and discusses the history of and comparison with the various parts of the city of Fontana.

  • The History of Basketball

    A 5 page paper on the history of basketball. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • VoIP AND OVERVIEW

    This 10-page paper discusses Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), some history, current usage and predictions. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • A Short History of Cigarette Advertising

    This 3 page paper traces the history of advertising in this area from the 1930s to the present. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Remote Sensing

    This 7 page paper defines what remote sensing is, traces its history briefly, and explores some of its uses and what it might become in the future.

  • Aloe's History and Use

    A 10 page paper which presents an examination of the history and the uses of the aloe plant. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Alzheimer's Disease History Overview

    This 4 page paper discusses the history of the discovery of the disease, and background information about it. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • American Landscaping

    An 8 page paper which examines the history of American landscaping. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Puerto Rico as Fernando Pico Knows It

    This 6 page paper summarizes Fernando Pico’s book “History of Puerto Rico: A Panorama of its People.” Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ethiopia: History, Politics and Challenges

    This 6 page paper discusses Ethiopia's history, it politics and political parties and some of the challenges it faces. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. History and the Impact of Roy Cohn

    This 3 page paper presents a biographical account of this attorney who became famous during the 1950's. Cohn's role in the McCarthy era is noted as well as one event that led to his ultimate disbarment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. Presidential History

    An 8 page paper that outlines the two-centuries-old history of the office of the Presidency of the United States and examines the massive changes this office has undergone throughout that time. Discussed are the nature of the changes that marked the Presidency, particularly across the last half of the twentieth century, and the American public's overall loss of trust in faith in its governmental leadership that resulted from these changes. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Great Britain, Pearl Harbor, and Prior Knowledge of the Japanese Attack

    This 20 page paper examines the role of Britain in regards to Pearl Harbor, and explores the idea that they had intelligence which informed them about Pearl Harbor before it happened, and that they did not warn the U.S. This paper presents the evidence against Britain as well as their motivations. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Improving Corporate Governance and Supervision in New Zealand

    This 8 page paper considers corporate governance in New Zealand looks at the way it is being addressed in countries such as the UK and the US following the credit crisis of 2008/9 and assesses if any of these approaches may be beneficial for New Zealand. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Peace Legacy Left by US Secretary of State Warren Christopher

    A ten page paper that outlines Warren Christopher's four-year tenure as U.S. Secretary of State and the lasting effect of his actions as Secretary. Emphasis is placed on the Dayton peace accords and Christopher's role in negotiating peace and ending the war in Bosnia. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • U.S. Citizenship Obligations

    This paper examines citizenship as it pertains to legal residents and aliens. The paper defines citizenship, discusses the requirements of becoming a U.S. citizen, and discusses some of the challenges that interfere with being an active citizen. Also under discussion is the impact that the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the United States has had on citizen participation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Outsourcing Trend Reversal

    This 3 page paper looks at the problem of outsourcing in the US and considers how the trend of losing jobs to developing countries may be reversed. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Future Trends in Employee Motivation and Compensation within the Military

    A 6 page paper discussing compensation models, reward systems and planning for contingency needs in the military. There is no question that both the US and its military have entered a new era that no one wanted. As is the case in compensation and reward systems in the private sector, the military will need to assess the future long before it arrives, and plan for it well. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Health Care - United States vs Canada

    An 8 page paper. Compares health care in both countries, reports data regarding costs and comments on access and goals of each program. The problems reported with each system are reported and discussed. A recommendation is made for the health care system in the U.S. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Benefits of the Miranda Rule of 1966

    This 5 page report discusses the merits of the 1966 Miranda Rule. Miranda v. Arizona (384 U.S. 436) was a landmark Supreme Court case that dramatically affected police investigations, particularly in the definition and scope of the terms 'detention' and 'custody,' as well as protection against self-incrimination. Recent criticisms of Miranda fail to take into account the great good it has accomplished over the past three decades. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • United States Economy and Effects of Monetary and Fiscal Policy

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the Federal Reserve Bank as well as the role of fiscal policy on the U.S. economy. Examples are provided and terms are defined. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Mutual Funds

    This 5 page paper looks at mutual funds, their regulation, structure and development and market size comparing the UK with the US and Canada. The paper cites 7 sources.

  • U.S. Legal Questions on Estates, Wills, and Contract Law Answered

    This 5 page paper gives a series of short answers to questions about US law, including contract law and that of wills and estates. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Macroeconomic Issues

    This 5 page paper is written in two parts. The first part assesses the US budget in 2012 determining whether it is contractionary or expansionary, looking at how it has changed. The second part of the paper is an 8 slide PowerPoint presentation explaining the different between macroeconomics and microeconomics. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • An Esperanto Inc. Export Analysis

    This 7-page paper bases an export analysis of U.S.-based Esperanto, Inc. and its goal to export unusual gifts for sale in Canada. Issues touched on in this report include export policies and goals, long-term objectives, external conditions, timelines and a risk analysis for the venture. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Potomac River and Chesapeake River Basin Cleanup

    This 4 page hypothetical essay looks at the issue and provides discussion around sevaral stakeholder responsilities including the U.S. government (according to the World Bank), companies like Omega Protein, and support of nonprofits. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Who Should Pay For The Infrastructure

    A 5 page paper. The question is whether or not the government should pay for the infrastructure. The paper reports the condition of the infrastructure in the U.S. and how much it would cost to bring it up to standards. The writer reports and comments on the debate of who should pay for improvements as the population grows and also reports what some states have done to address the problems. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Doing Business in Russia

    An 8 page paper discussing the business climate and culture in Russia. The bottom line as it exists today is that Russia still is full of promise as in the past, and positive changes are occurring. Business people from other cultures – particularly the US – should be cognizant and respectful of Russia's love for formality and tradition, but they also should be aware that both the Russian people and government also seek positive change in business and opportunity while retaining Russia's unique culture. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Alternative Energy Sources: What is Best for America?

    In six pages this paper examines five alternative energy sources, their similarities and differences, and considers which of these sources would be best for the U.S. economy. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • The Right to Privacy: A Constitutional Provision?

    An 8 page discussion of the controversy surrounding the question of whether or not the U.S. Constitution provides for the right to privacy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • U.S. Grand Strategy Models

    A 6 page paper. Two models for the grand strategy are explained: selective engagement and primacy. The essay includes comments in terms of how these strategies meet the criteria for a grand strategy as issued by the U.S. Army College. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Department Of Homeland Security

    An 8 page paper. This paper provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The paper discusses the purpose of the Department, its goals and its budget. The paper also comments on fiscal regionalism, globalization, cutback and surplus management, foreign trade zones and funding to other governments, such as state governments. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • 18th and 19th Century 'Great Awakenings' in America

    A 12 page research paper that examines the differences and similarities between the First Great Awakening for US religious observance, which occurred in the eighteenth century, and the Second Great Awakening, which occurred a century later. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Answering Cold War Questions

    A 5 page research paper that examines 4 questions pertaining to the Cold War. The questions cover issues that produced the war; where "hot" wars broke out and areas of the world in which the US and the USSR competed for loyalty; key events that affected the relations between the superpowers; and reforms instituted by Gorbachev and other causes of the end of the Cold War. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Issues in Coastal Resource Management

    This 7-page paper examines issues pertaining to coastal resource management in the U.S. Topics include government and non-governmental efforts, as well as the management of land, agriculture, vegetation and water as well. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Cost of Executive Pay

    This 7 page paper considers the level of executive pay in the US and the UK and assesses whether or not the higher levels seen here, compared to countries such as Germany and Japan have a social and economic damaging impact. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Philosophy and Imagination in William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge

    An 8 page paper comparing and contrasting the styles and philosophies of these two early nineteenth-century poets. The paper uses as examples Wordsworth's 'Ode on the Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood' and Coleridge's 'Rime of the Ancient Mariner' , and concludes that whereas Wordsworth's poetry is philosophy in verse, Coleridge gives us images we can see and feel. Bibliography lists six sources.

  • All Year Education in the U.S. and its Controversy

    A 7 page paper describing year-round schools in the U.S. The writer describes what year-round schools are, studies on their effectiveness, and recommends that they be adopted. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Bowling for Columbine

    A 4 page analysis of Michael Moore's 2003 documentary Bowling for Columbine addresses the gun culture in the US. The writer examines the rhetorical arguments and strategies used by Moore, as well as the director's main purpose. The writer argues that Moore's central premise is that the country's gun culture is unwarranted and that this culture is behind the perpetration of atrocities such as Columbine. His point is that an armed nation is unnecessary and dangerous. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Trademarks, Licensing, and International Law

    This 17 page paper considers the way in which international law impacts on the way that trademarks are protected or used and hw this may impact on licensing globally. The writer cites many cases and looks at several areas including the EU and the US. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Article Analysis/Urinary Incontinence Study

    A 3 page article critique that summarizes and analyzes a study on urinary incontinence among nursing home residents in the Southeastern US. No additional sources cited.

  • Investment Capital Issues

    A 4 page paper answering several venture capital questions. One discusses an entrepreneur's (Heather Evans) quest for locating venture capital; another asks for comparison of standard venture capital advice and requirements between the US and companies in SE Asia. The paper also discusses entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship and other related topics. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Vietnam, America’s Lost War

    In five pages this paper examines how the United States became involved in Vietnam, how U.S. policymakers failed to understand Vietnam, considers the overall costs of the war, and the parallels that exist between the conflicts in Vietnam and Iraq. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Exporting U.S. Wines to China

    This 10 page paper explores the feasibility of exporting wines from the U.S. to China, and argues that despite some potential difficulties in such technicalities as labeling and distribution, the market potential, plus the growing Chinese consumption of wine, makes the project attractive. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Research Methods; Why Does the United States Have Fewer Students Taking Advanced Examinations Compared England and Wales, France and Germany

    This 10 page paper is the third chapter for a project looking at the different performance of students in the US compared to others countries in terms of the level of advanced examination that are taken. This paper is the research methodology paper, recapping on the purpose of the study and this aims and then outlining the research models, approached and methodology that will be utilised as well as the required resources and the brief findings of the pilot study. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Discussion of the U.S. Civil War Reconstruction and Recommendations

    This 7-page paper focuses on the U.S. Civil War and its Reconstruction, and offers recommendations and potential legislation for how things could have been different. Also discussed are reasons for the War itself and where Reconstruction went wrong. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Segregation History Since the 1980s

    This 7 page paper deals with the trends in segregation and desegregation during the period of 1980-2000. The paper utilizes recent data from a twenty year study by the University of Albany as well as current information from the US Census Bureau. Conclusions drawn from the data are supported with examples, quotes, all cited. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Post September 11 Immigration Laws of the United States

    A 6 page paper summarizing the basic points of US immigration laws in the post-9/11 environment. Immigration requirements already were difficult for many before the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Since then, they have become quite stringent. Bibliography lists 5 sources. A companion PowerPoint presentation is available.

  • Distribution Channels of the U.S. Naval Hospital, Guam

    A 4 page paper discussing the current distribution channels of the U.S. Naval Hospital on Guam and suggesting ways that the hospital can extend those existing channels to increase service and perhaps reduce operating costs. Current distribution of services certainly is adequate, but as Deming (1986) noted, improvement is always possible. The hospital has opportunity to enhance current distribution in the absence of crisis motivation to further enhance the service it currently provides. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Pricing at the U.S. Naval Hospital, Guam

    A 4 page paper discussing pricing and using a Naval hospital as the target organization. The U.S. Naval Hospital, Guam has the freedom to establish prices for any goods or services not covered by Medicare, but it has no freedom at all when establishing prices for goods and services for which Medicare could be asked to pay. This is a fact of health care in evolution. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Risks Associated with the Funding of Foreign Trade with Companies in Bangladesh

    This 4 page paper examines the different types of risk that may face a US firm considering financing foreign trade with Bangladesh. Issues such as the legal system, regulatory framework and problems such as corruption all discussed. Potential strategies which may help to reduce risk identified and examined. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Vital Signs/Multi-Ethnic Groups in US

    A 3 page research paper that discusses a student's question. According to an online medical dictionary (www.medical- dictionary.thefreedictionary.com), the term "vital signs" is defined as "Basic indicators of body function, usually meaning heartbeats per minute, breaths per minute, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight." In answer to the student's research question: "Do vital signs and general measurements vary between ethnic groups in the US?", the answer depends on which vital sign or measurement that is being discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Cold War: Causes, Treaties, and Ongoing Tensions

    This 6 page paper traces the root causes of the Cold War all the way back to the Russian Civil War and discusses how the tensions between the US and Russia magnified during the middle war years and World War II. Incidents such as the Cuban Missile Crisis almost resulted in full-out war. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Defense Transformation's Affect on Force Mgmt

    A 7 page paper that discusses the transformation that US military forces are currently undergoing. This paper focuses, specifically, on how the transformation process is affecting force management. Various aspects of force management are discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Strategic Human Resource Management at Standard Chartered Bank

    This 20 page case study is written in three sections. Using a case study supplied by the student the first part compares the human resource management approaches of the Standard Chartered Bank to determine is the company us using strategic human resource management (SHRM). In the second section arguments are supplied to support the ongoing use of talent management strategies in an environment where costs need to be cut. The finak section discusses the importance of measurement to assess the success, or failure, of strategic HRM and suggests some measures suitable for the case study.

  • Depiction of Events by Television News Broadcasts

    This 8 page paper explores the question of whether we see events accurately or only what TV news broadcasters want us to see; it argues that television news reflects only partial reality; and it gives reasons for this state of affairs. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Gap Inc Position and Potential Strategy

    This 22 page paper examines the US firm The Gap Inc., looking at the situation of the firm, assessing the internal and external influences, the financial performance and the competitive position. A TOWS analysis is then used to assess potential strategies that could be used, the different options are discussed and a recommendation is made. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Japan's Outlook on World Politics

    This 5 page paper examines some of Japan's policies in order to evaluate the statement that Japan will continue the active, assertive and nationalist stance it takes now with regard to its defense policy, foreign economic policy and diplomatic stance regarding its history. The paper finds that the statement is largely untrue since Japan is changing – or considering changing – all three of these policies; however, the terms "active, assertive and nationalist" will still apply. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Immigration, Pros and Cons

    An 8 page research paper that discusses the pro and cons of the immigration debate, offering an overview of immigration policy that considers history, as well as the present. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Comparison Between Indira Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr.

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares the leadership skills of Martin Luther King and Indira Gandhi. The writer argues that an examination of the leadership skills and accomplishments of King and Gandhi demonstrates that, while there is much to applaud in Mrs. Gandhi's political career, history has judged King's leadership more positively than India's that of famous prime minister. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The History of the Financial Markets

    This 8 page paper looks at the history of the financial markets. Starting with Ancient Rome and the etairia the paper looks at the development of investments in shares, the emergence of stock brokers and the stock markets as well as the way bubbles have developed as a result of economic and investor influences. The paper focuses on the period up to and including the nineteenth century. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • The Bible And The Koran - Christianity And Islam

    A 15 page paper that begins by explaining what sacred texts are, what scripture is and the importance of these. The paper discusses the Bible and Christianity and the Koran and Islam, reporting the origins of the books, their function, their importance, with comments about translations and interpretations. The writer also explains the four approaches to the Bible that have occurred through history. The writer also comments on the controversies regarding the interpretation of the Koran. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Musical Differences Between the U.S. and India

    The music of different countries, in this case that of India and the United States, is comprised of different histories, cultures, faiths and education. While the music of these two countries might be completely different from one another, the fact remains that each country has music that represents these same agendas. Includes outline

  • Music History, Classical Era to the 20th Century

    A 4 page essay that offers a concise summation of music history from the classical period in the eighteenth century through the twentieth century. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Popular Music and Mariah Carey's Influence

    A 5 page research paper on the 1990s diva of popular music‹Mariah Carey. The writer explores Carey's history, her popularity, t he tendency of the press to focus on her personal life, and her general influence in popular music. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Music and Poems

    A 5 page research paper that offers lines from four poems and then describes the features of music that might be composed to express the poetry with each section of the paper representing a different era in music history. Eras included are the Baroque, the Classical, the Romantic and the Modern. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Origins of Blues Music

    A 10 page research paper which examines the origins of the blues and how this musical medium grew out of African-American culture as an expression of protest against the society which suppressed them. The writer covers such topics as the history of the blues, as well as spotlighting African-American artists whose works were instrumental in forming the blues as we know it today. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sixteenth Century Keyboard Instruments

    A 9 page research paper that discusses the manner in which the clavichord, harpsichord and organ were used in sixteenth century music. Typically, when one thinks of the history of keyboard music, the era recalled is the Baroque and the career of J.S. Bach. While the three most significant keyboard instruments of the Baroque era were the clavichord, harpsichord and organ, these instruments' origins considerably predate the age of Bach and were also very important to music during the sixteenth century. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mariachi Music of Mexico

    5 pages in length. Mariachi music is as much of Mexican heritage as is the overall cultural mystique that surrounds its haunting melodies. The various sones typically associated with this particular type of music is what separates – sometimes almost indistinguishably – the unique musical attributes that each son projects. Realizing the subtle differences between such sones as huasteco, jalisciense and jarocho provides the student with a significantly better understanding with regard to the history of Mexican music. No bibliography.

  • Debussy and Chopin

    A 5 page research paper that compares and contrasts the Romantic era with the Impressionist, but focuses primarily on contrasting Chopin with Debussy. The Romantic and Impressionist eras in music history are quite different in their repertoires. However, an examination of the music of Impressionism, and specifically, a comparison between the piano styles of Chopin and Debussy, illustrates the connections between the Romantics and the Impressionists and shows that there were features of Romanticism that the Impressionists adopted and then emphasized rather than abandoned. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Listening and the Appreciation of Music

    A 12 page research paper that examines the art of music appreciation and what it takes to really listen to music. The writer argues that knowledge of how music is composed and musical history adds to the appreciation and enjoyment of the discerning listener. The three planes of listening as defined by Aaron Copland are discussed and the writer includes a brief survey of the basic period in musical development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History of the Guitar

    In ten pages this paper offers a history of the guitar and how it has changed the face of music from classic to modern times. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Indian Music and the Tabla Drums

    This 6 page paper gives an in depth overview of the tabla drums used in traditional/classical Indian music. Basic strokes, history, and construction discussed as well. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Falasha Liturgy and Indian Cassette Industry, Reflection on these Issues

    A 6 page essay that summarizes and reflects on the 1980 article "''Historical Ethnomusicology': Reconstructing Falasha Liturgical History" by Kay Kaufman Shelemay and Peter Manuel's 1991 article "The Cassette Industry and Popular Music in North India." No additional sources are cited.

  • The United Church Of Canada

    A 4 page paper that provides a brief history of how this church came into being as well as their liberal theology. The writer reports comments about worship services in relation to a more liberal theology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Chosen People and Judaism

    A 4 page research paper on the history and religious tradition of 'The Chosen People.' The writer describes the concept of 'the chosen people' in Judaism and its role in Judaism and Jewish theology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Connection Between Friday and Crusoe in Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe

    A 6 page paper which first considers Crusoe’s early relationship with a Moorish boy named Xury, and how this parallels the subsequent relationship between Crusoe and Friday in an attempt to determine whether Friday follows Crusoe because he loves him, fears him, or a combination of both. Specifically considered are Crusoe’s rescue of Friday, their discussion of theology, Friday’s father, the duo’s journey to Europe, Friday’s death, and how this parallels Crusoe’s earlier relationship with Xury, and how both relate to events in world history such as Christianity, colonialism and slavery. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Preparation for Baptism and Confirmation in the Roman Catholic Church

    A 16 page paper that begins by discussing sacramental theology with an emphasis on the Sacraments of Initiation. The Sacraments of Baptism and Confirmation are explained separately, including origin, brief history, purpose, benefits, need, matter and form. The writer then turns to a discussion about why these Sacraments are beginnings and not ends in themselves. The last section offers an outlined list of topics to be discussed for two audiences - parents who are having their infants baptized and adults who are preparing for confirmation. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • e-Learning Personnel Development

    A 7 page paper. Among the first technologies used were slides. The overhead projector provided a significant advance in training large groups. As computers became more common and the Internet became popular, they became predominant in training programs. This essay tracks the history of old and new technology used for employee training and includes possibilities for the future. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Connectionism Versus Motor Theory: Language Processing

    10 pages in length. Virtually no element of understanding human function goes without challenge; language processing is no exception. Pitted against each other for the struggle to attain superiority, connectionism and motor theory have come to represent the two primary aspects associated with speech perception. Simply defined as learning by doing (connectivism) and learning by being (classical or motor theory), history is filled with intellectuals who eagerly posited the values of both sides, many who provided their own labels to the same concepts. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Latin America's Liberation Theology

    A 15 page research paper that describes the history and development of Latin American liberation theology. Liberation theology is a term that was coined in 1973 by Gustavo Gutierrez, a Peruvian Roman Catholic priest (Berrman, 1987). This branch of theological thought refers to Latin American Catholics who subscribe to the idea that Christianity should be primarily concerned with focusing on liberating people from oppression and poverty. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Spirituality and Liberation Theology

    This 4 page paper looks at the life and times of Gutiérrez and how his ideas on spirituality mesh with his notions of liberation theology. Notions of class differentiation and the poor and what the Catholic church should do are discussed. The history of liberation theology is touched on. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Barbara Kingsolver's Pigs in Heaven

    5 pages. Best known for her best-selling book The Poisonwood Bible, Barbara Kingsolver has woven another intricate tale with sympathetic and realistic characters that have an interesting story to tell. Pigs in Heaven is a book steeped in the tradition of the Cherokee Nation, and emphasizes the importance of children maintaining a connection with their culture and the roots of their history. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Reshaping Everyday Life/Jack Larkin

    A 5 page paper offers a brief overview of Jack Larkin's history text The Reshaping of Everyday Life, 1790-1840 and then offers a 4 page detailed discussion of chapter 6, which is on music during this period. No additional sources cited.

  • Venice, Italy

    A 10 page research paper that discusses the history of Venice, Italy, and also its architecture, painting and music, focusing particularly on the sixteenth century. Then, the writer discusses the current crisis of Venice sinking and what is being done to preserve the city. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Comparison Between Robert Schumann and Franz Haydn

    An 8 page paper that compares Haydn's String Quartet Op. 76, No. 4, second movement and Robert Schumann's "Scenes from Childhood," No. 13, "The Poet Speaks." In doing so, the writer explores how theses works fit into music history, which composer took a classical approach, which took a romantic, and how these eras are defined. Biography lists 5 sources.

  • What Does Empiricism Teach About The Relationship Between Appearance And Reality?

    4 pages in length. The debate over empiricism and what value it may hold in relation to man's knowledge and understanding of the world around him evolved to quite a level of dispute among some of history's most outspoken theorists. During this period of enlightenment Locke, Hume, Berkeley and Descartes held the most vocal positions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Study of Anabaptist Reform

    A 12 page research paper that offers an examination of both primary and secondary sources offers an overview of Anabaptism, its background and history and then its theology. Through this discussion of sources, the focus will be on Anabaptist beliefs and why these beliefs resulted in brutal persecution of followers by both Protestant and Catholic authorities. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Knowledge and the Importance of Knowing the Past

    This 5 page report discusses the statement “Without knowledge of the past, we would have no knowledge at all.” In terms of both history and mathematics, as well as virtually all other human endeavors, what has gone before serves to illustrate and explain why subsequent decisions were made and actions were taken. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Do Madrasa Teach Terrorism

    This 6 page paper considers the history of the madrasas in Muslim education. The relationship between madrasa and modern day terrorism is explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Project Based Learning

    An 11 page research paper that explores project-based learning--what it is, its history, and examples of how it has been successful at all grade levels in promoting effective learning. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sylvan Learning Systems

    A 5 page paper. Using a case study provided by the student along with other sources, the writer provides a history of Sylvan Learning Systems. The writer discusses the operating strategies used at different times by the company, which now belongs to Educate Inc. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Illegal Immigration in the Bahamas

    This 3 page paper examines illegal immigration in the Bahamas. Some history is included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Homosexual Persecution by the Nazis

    A six page paper which looks at the revisionist history work, The Pink Swastika, and other issues surrounding the relationship of the Nazi regime to homosexuality. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Study Sample and an Application of Statistical Analysis

    This 4 page paper looks at an article supplied by the student that looks at the relationship between the adjustment of female prisoners and any history of sexual abuse. The paper uses statistical analysis to examine the sample of the study. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • A Review of the Edward Boykin Book Ghost Ship of the Confederacy

    A 5 page book review of Edward Boykin's Ghost Ship of the Confederacy (1957), which tells the amazing story of the Alabama and her extraordinary captain, Raphael Semmes. In doing so, Boykin profiles an area of Civil War history that is not generally known to the public, while creating a text of high adventure and expert naval strategy. No other sources cited.

  • Hawaii Natives, Loss of Identity and Politicsi

    This 7 page paper looks at economic problems and cultural issues in Hawaii. Much history is relayed in this paper that discusses the political problems in the state. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • What is Hinduism?

    A 9 page research paper that, first of all, addresses the question of "What is Hinduism?" with the writer offering history and description of this major world religion's major tenets and texts. Secondly, the writer address how "Hinduism" is an invented concept that was propagated by the British to explain Indian spirituality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Effect of Childhood Experience of Sex Abuse on Marriage

    A 12 page research paper/literature review that examines the effects of childhood sexual abuse on women within the context of marriage. This literature review investigates the findings of empirical research and what this body of information reveals about the precise effects of childhood abuse on the relationships of adult women, with a particular regard for how a history of child abuse has an effect on their marriages. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A Review of Literature on ERP Systems

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of enterprise resource planning systems. History and best practices are covered. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The History of Mathematics

    This 6 page paper examines three books on the history of math. Some quotes are included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Historical Reviews of Literature Featuring Native Americans, Black Women, and the Poor

    This 9 page paper discusses the various viewpoints of those who throughout history have had little voice: Native Americans, black women, and the poor. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Self Discovery and French Literature's Evolution

    This 7 page paper discusses the common theme of the search for self in throughout the history of French Literature. Examples given. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Trumpet History

    A 15 page research paper that examines the long evolution of the trumpet. Long used as a military signaling device, or as a symbol of high social status, an examination of the trumpet's history and evolution demonstrates that it is only in its modern incarnation that the trumpet fulfills its full potential as a musical instrument capable of great versatility. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Mental Illness from Ancient Times to the Present

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of mental illness and its history from ancient times to the present. There is an emphasis on the causation of mental illness but treatment issues are highlighted as well. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Issue of Mortality in Literature and in Life

    This 8 page paper examines the issue of mortality and explores three works of literature as part of the analysis. Genesis along with Gilgamesh and Pliny the Elder's Natural History are the works discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Spinal Tuberculosis Management and Prevention Literature Review

    This 15 page paper delves into the history of the disease, its manifestation and treatment options. Attention is paid to infection control throughout as information about the disease and quality patient care is relayed. The paper concludes that successful treatment is usually in the form of chemotherapy or surgery or a combination of both. Infection control is highlighted and noted as a priority for schools, prisons and hospitals. How infection control efforts, along with treatment options, impacts the patient psychologically is also addressed. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • The Secret History by Donna Tartt and Greek Themes

    This 6 page paper analyzes twelve different texts in reference to the use of Greek themes in Donna Tartt's book, The Secret History. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • North America and the Immigration of the Scots

    This 28 page paper discusses the history of the immigration of Scotts to the United States and Canada. Specifically, this paper explores the reasons for their immigration, as well as settlement patterns, hardships they endured, ports of entry and so forth. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Wealth and its History

    This 7 page paper examines the history of wealth, from capitalism to the Industrial Revolution to Adam Smith and more. This paper provides many examples of how wealth was originally created, and the circumstances which allowed for this opportunity. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Microphones and Their History

    This 3 page paper examines the history of microphones. Furthermore, this paper emphasizes how microphones relate to the music industry. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • History, Recreation, and Public Administration

    A 12 page research paper that addresses two topics. The first half of the paper is a brief history of policy in public administration from Woodrow Wilson's essay in 1887 to the 1990s. The second half of the paper is a "memo" to a county Board of Supervisors concerning formulating a plan to address the county's recreational needs for the next two decades. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 20th Century Race History

    This 6 page paper discusses the history of race in the twentieth century and included such major movements as slavery, segregation, desegregation, and the civil rights movement. Furthermore, many notable authors and their views on this topic are noted in this paper, such as Zinn, McBride, Mel King, and more. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Steven Shapin's A Social History of Truth and The Leviathan and the Air Pump

    This 10 page paper discusses, compares and contrasts Steven Shapin's two books, 'A Social History of Truth' and 'The Leviathan and the Air-Pump'. The major themes and thesis of each are outlined. Examples and quotes cited from texts with page numbers. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History, Revolution, and Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto

    This 5 page report discusses The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Karl Marx’s declaration, in the most simplistic terms, was that all events are determined by economic forces. The Manifesto was much more than a “literary and philosophical work,” -- it was also a revolutionary document, a plan to battle and a call to arms, and a reflection of the history of humanity in the Western world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Slave Trade Economics and History

    15 pages. Explores the history and economics of both the North and the South before, during and after the Civil War. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • 1845 to 1865 History of U.S. Railroads

    A 15 page research paper that outlines the early history of America's railroads, focusing on the period from 1845 to 1865. The writer examines the social and economic forces that led to the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad. Also examined are the ways in which railroads affected the country socially and economically. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Historical and Social Relevance of Silicon Valley

    This 11 page paper provides a history of Silicon Valley and also delves into how personal computers and the Internet are important to society. Many people are named in this historical look at computers, inclusive of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, and Frederick Terman. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Relationship Between Truth and History

    This 5 page paper examines two works of fiction: Coetzee's Disgrace and Churchill's Cloud Nine, and determines how fictional narrative works in relation do describing history and writing about truth. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A History of Children In Mental Health Facilities

    This 15 page paper is a comprehensive and exhaustive discourse on the development of the mental health care center in the United States, in particular the advent of treatment of children and adolescents. Examples are given from experts in the field of child psychiatry and history. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • History of the Italian Carnival During the Renaissance

    20 pages. This fascinating paper is a look at the history of the Carnival in Italy, especially in Florence, during the 14th and 15th centuries. People's lives changed from ordinary to the wild and mysterious during Carnival. People gained a sense of power during Carnival; how did the Carnival affect the ruling families of the time period? Many fascinating topics are covered in this account of the bizarre and riotous period of Carnival during the Renaissance period. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • A History and Sociological Overview of Prostitution

    A 7 page research paper that offers a brief history of prostitution, which is analyzed according to several sociological perspectives: functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The History of Wal-Mart

    When the first Wal-Mart opened in the early 1960s, the idea of discount shopping among rural America was almost unheard of, except for the five-and-dime stores. But with Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton's vision, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. today is a multi-billion dollar, international company. This paper examines Walton's philosophy, a little bit of history, and some glances into the future. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • World History Changed by 3 Important Battles

    This 13-page paper describes the three battles commonly termed as the turning points in history: The Battle of Tsushima, the Battle at Stalingrad and the Battle at Dien Bien Phu. The paper disucsses the impact these fights had on both the players and the world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Balkans A Short History by Mark Mazower

    5 pages in length. Mazower works diligently to teach his readers to differentiate between the Balkans as a geographical entity and the Balkans as the epitome of violence amidst chaos. Author and professor of history at Princeton, Mazower illustrates the source of such strife as being two important points: 1) nationalism and 2) the perpetual imbalance between cultural and religious existence forced upon them by Eastern and Western Europe. No additional sources cited.

  • Cooperation History and Evolution

    This 6 page paper critically evaluates the statement that evolution is the history of co-operation. This is discussed from the perspective of evolutionary biology and looks at many types of organisms form soil bacterium through to bees and human life. The occurrence of cooperation and reasons for its’ occurrence and the way in which it is ensured, The paper also considers different types of cooperation before reaching a conclusion. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • 'Fifty Grand,' 'The Natural History of the Dead,' and 'Hills Like White Elephants' by Ernest Hemingway

    This 3 page paper discusses three of Hemingway's short stories: Hills like White Elephants, The Natural History of the Dead, and Fifty Grand. Each are analyzed for summary, characters, and themes. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Television Sitcoms and Their History

    A 12 page overview of the history of the sitcom. The author traces the sitcom from the 1950s to the present, commenting on the social circumstances which both shaped it and were shaped by it. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • US Same Sex Marriage History

    This 3 page paper discusses the history of gay marriages in the United States and the liklihood of legalizing same sexed marriages. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • European Historical Signficance of Herder's Outlines of A Philosophy of the History of Man and Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France

    7 pages in length. The writer discusses the opposing perspectives of both writers and how each one influenced European history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A History of Temperament Theories

    This 10 page paper provides a historical report of theories about temperament. The history begins about 2,500 years ago when the four humors were proposed, a theory that was continued to be popular in the Middle Ages and even later. Philosophies and scientific advancements changed the theme somewhat but there continued to be four dimensions of temperament. Even Keirsey proposed four dimensions of temperament. It was in 1990 when five dimensions of temperament were proposed by McCrae and Costa, Jr. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Case History of Angina

    A patient was recently admitted to the surgical ward due to a health breakdown, the result of angina. This patient’s admission and treatment are described below. Covered are: patient's history, social background, health problem (diagnosis), contributing factors, affects on family, preventative care for future occurence (programme of treatment). Bibliography lists 10 sources. jvMedhel.rtf

  • History of American Women

    An 8 page research paper that answers 4 questions concerning American women's history drawing from Sara M. Evans' Born For Liberty (1989). The topics covered include political and legal rights during the colonial era; women's participation in the Revolutionary War; the "cult of true womanhood"; and the contribution of the "mill girls" to industrialization. No additional sources cited.

  • Four Commencement Speakers from American History

    A 7 page exercise in selecting speakers for a fictional graduation. The author selects four key speakers from three different historical periods. The theme of the proposed graduation is individualism and spirit of community, the balance between the spiritual and material worlds, and race and ethnicity in American history. Thomas Jefferson, Henry David Thoreau, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Amy Tan are used to illustrate these themes. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Affirmative Action's History

    This 7 page paper provides a history of affirmative action, along with a look at its future. Many events and court cases are discussed inclusive of Bakke and Hopwood. Affirmative action is discussed as it respects both a legal and ideological timeline, and in the end it is thought that affirmative action will fizzle, in part due to the fact that diversity is embraced by many institutions. As recent Supreme Court decisions suggest, race should be one of a number of factors, but discriminatory practices should never be tolerated. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History and the Role of the European Central Bank

    This 10 page paper looks at the history and development of the European Central Bank, ECB, and the role the bank now places, The papers includes the operations of the central bank and considers issues such as structure, decision making processes, accountability and independence. The bibliography cites 30 sources.

  • History of Traditional Costumes for Chinese Weddings

    This 8 page paper examines the history of traditional Chinese wedding attire. Furthermore, this paper explores the social and cultural significance of the traditional Chinese wedding outfits. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Analyzing A History of the World in 10 1/2 Chapters by Julian Barnes

    This 4 page paper presents an analysis of this unique and startling fictional account of the history of the world, illuminating its commentary on spirituality and human nature. Furthermore, this paper examines this work in light of other great works of literature, such as the book of Genesis, Augustine's "Confessions", Freud's "Civilization and its Discontents", and others. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Treatment Delivery Systems and Addiction Treatment History

    This 4 page paper looks at the history of substance abuse treatment. The problem is looked at from the nineteenth century on, but a significant change in the 1980s is highlighted. Government involvement in the treatment of addiction and other problems are discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Police Corruption Selective History

    This 15 page paper focuses on brutality and bribery as it looks at the long standing blue wall of silence. While the history of corruption is discussed, going back to Tammany Hall days, contemporary examples of problems in police departments are discussed in depth. Some studies are cited that look for causes of corruption. Solutions are discussed as well. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Rewriting History with William Shakespeare's 'Richard the Third'

    An 8 page paper which examines how Shakespeare’s Richard III rewrites history by portraying him as little more than a deformed and evil caricature despite his intelligence, cunning, and psychological astuteness. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. Employment Prospects in History Teaching

    This 5 page paper discusses the various options for a history education major. Examples are given. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A History of the Dictionary

    An 8 page research paper that offers a brief history of the dictionary. While the writer mentions early dictionary, the research concentrates on the compilation of the first English dictionaries, focusing specifically on the dictionaries written by Samuel Johnson and Noah Webster, which culminated in that magnificent Victorian project, the Oxford English Dictionary. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Computer Hacking History

    3 pages in length. The writer provides a brief history of computer hacking from the 1960s forward. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Economics as the Driving Force of History

    4 pages in length. That some historians claim history's driving force is economic in nature recognizes the unmistakable glare of man's constant quest for more, a notion that has not only maintained a perpetual separation of social class but also caused considerable suffering as a direct result. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A World Societies History

    This 6 page paper compares and contrasts the cultures and civilizations of: Africans, Pre-Columbians, Asian, Islamic peoples. Examples, features, history examined. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Mathematics' History and Critical Milestones

    This 5 page paper discusses three of the more critical milestones in mathematical history. Emphasis is placed on Pythagoras as it pertains to all of the disciplines. Quotes cited from texts. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History, Literature, Knowledge, and Native Americans

    8 pages in length. The writer provides two smaller essays on 1) Native American stereotyping and 2) the difference between history and literature. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Aging Nursing Population/Healthcare

    A 7 page research paper that examines this issue. A predominant demographic trend in the U.S. is toward a progressively older population, as Americans live longer lives. Connie Barden, president of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN), points out that nurses are getting older along with the rest of the country (An interview, 2003). The aging nursing population has a tremendous impact on the current nursing shortage, as more and more nurses near retirement age. Furthermore, it is logical to presume that older nurses may find the stress caused by understaffing to be more problematic. This examination of this topic addresses literature and what it reveals about the extent of the problem, as well as proposed solutions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Individual Rights Usurped by the U.S. Supreme Court

    A 5 page paper that argues the following: over the years, individual rights have been denied by the Supreme Court. In the criminal justice system, this has lead to the relaxing of laws to the extent that our Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights have been seriously infringed upon. All rights to personal freedoms in the workplace have been taken away by the Supreme Court, and women's rights to abortion have been substantially reduced. The remaining issue for many of us is the Supreme Court's decision on First Amendment rights in regards to imposed decency on the Internet. This decision is expected within the next month. We can only hope it is not their desire to usurp further rights from United States citizenry. The affect on global Internet business is inestimable. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Copies of sources included.

  • The War in Iraq and Economic Ramifications

    A 4 page paper discussing the economic effects of the Iraqi war. War nearly always provides an economic boost, even if only temporarily. The war in Iraq lifted the American economy to an extent, but the benefits of the gains will not be lasting ones as the federal government seeks funds sufficient for rebuilding the country. The cost of reconstruction equates in the US to less opportunity for economic growth, for billions of dollars are being dedicated to Iraq to assist in its rebuilding from the most recent war. Though the beginning of the war increased American economic fortunes, that general effect is being negated by the staggering costs of reconstruction and conversion to a coalition government in Iraq. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Guilt and Grief in The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold

    A 4 page essay that discusses Alice Sebold's novel The Lovely Bones, which begins with the protagonist, a fourteen-year-old girl named Susie, stating that she was murdered on December 6, 1973 (Sebold 5). Each of the principle characters in the narrative react to Susie's death in their own particular way. With the omniscience of death, Susie describes this with crystal clarity from her perspective in heaven. Using this narrative device, Sebold is able to delineate the various ways that people react to grief, loss and the guilt that comes from remaining alive when someone dear to us has died. The writer discusses how each character reacts to Susie's death.

  • Social Change is Not Reflected by Statutory Law

    Brown v. Board of Education passed into law in 1954, Miranda v. Arizona in 1966, and the Warren court has been out of existence for decades. New laws passed in the U.S. include all kinds of dictatorial aspects including the issue of Homeland Security where the Privacy Act has usurped all rights to an individual’s privacy. This is similar to reasoning behind the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which requires public corporations to keep an electronic copy of every type of correspondence ever passing in or out of a company (including email and post it notes) so that a companies records are complete in case the company investigated by the Federal government. As this shows, statutory controls have gotten out of hand, not the least of which includes an ancient criminal justice system. 4 works cited. jvStatut.rtf

  • The Health Care System in the United States and Access by Black Americans

    This 17 page paper reports the health status of African-Americans in the U.S. Statistics about the incidence of specific diseases and mortality rates among Black Americans as compared to White Americans are reported. The essay includes a discussion of the barriers to quality health care services. For instance, Black women are more likely to die of colon, rectal and breast cancer and Black men are more than twice as likely to die of prostrate cancer. The writer then turns to report the racial and ethnic composition of physicians as well as that of medical students. The discussion includes a few suggestions for correcting this inequity in quality health care. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • Controversy and NEA

    This 10 page paper examines the past history of the NEA; controversial issues which have surrounded federal funding of the arts, including First Amendment issues clarified in 1998. Censorship outrage due to the work of Serrano and Maplethorpe is also discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Industry Implications of the Merger Between Sprint and MCI WorldCom

    A 10 page paper discussing implications of the merger for both the national and international telecommunications industry. Announced October 5, 1999, the combination of MCI WorldCom’s global presence and Sprint’s strength in wireless technology promises enhanced growth for both sides, particularly in wireless communication and Internet access, which is expected to provide the greatest growth in telecommunications well into the next century. Both companies will need to provide sound evidence to the FCC in order to gain approval, for the merger of the two companies reduces the number of large long distance carriers in the US from three to only two. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Gatsby & The American Dream

    A 4 page essay that discusses this classic novel. F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby overtly concerns the story of a man trying to win back his wartime lover and recreate his idolized version of their affair. However, beneath this romantic plot, there runs a much deeper and more serious theme, which addresses the decay of the American Dream that Fitzgerald witnessed in the years following World War I, which is when the US experienced a period of extreme opulence and sudden wealth. Fitzgerald portrays the American Dream as having been tarnished by the rampant materialism of American culture and its social and moral values. While his theme is evident throughout the novel, it is particularly evident in Fitzgerald’s characterization of Gatsby, Daisy, and Nick, with each character underscoring a different but related point. No additional sources cited.

  • Visionary Work Principia Mathematica by Isaac Newton

    A 10 page paper in which the writer discusses Isaac Newton’s masterwork Principia Mathematica (1687). Newton’s participation in the scientific revolution and catalytic role in the Age of Enlightenment are also examined. Principia Mathematica is shown to have relevance today in physics and mechanics. Newton’s initial foray into alchemy and it’s overtones for us today are also considered. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Army Personnel Management Policy Differences Between Civilian and Active Members

    A 10 page paper discussing how contractual members of the armed forces are managed differently than are civilian personnel. From most outward appearances, civilian personnel management bears very little difference from that of any other large US employer; contractual members of the armed forces are managed in very different ways, but for very good reasons. It is discipline and respect that comprise the two prime characteristics of daily military operation, but they also are primary in times of crisis. Contractual members of the armed forces may look with either envy or disdain at the “nicer” treatment civilian personnel receive, but as General Colin Powell illustrates, their commanding officers are charged with teaching them there is a reason for everything that happens. They could be in combat; the civilians never will be. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • American Airline Industry Fortunes and Yield Management Impact

    A 9 page paper on the positive financial effects that yield management pricing has had on the major airlines of the U.S., exhibited by a $2.5 billion industry-wide profit after posting losses of over $13 billion over the previous four years combined. With the major airlines' increased financial health, they are better able to compete not only with each other, but against the newer, smaller airlines that would like to create a secondary market in areas not well-served by the major carriers. The major airlines, however, are using all their new-found financial might to drive the smaller ones out of their markets and then follow with increased fares when the threat of competition is gone. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Answering 4 Operations Management Questioins

    This 15 page paper responds to four questions that address how certain environmental events or conditions would affect operations management in corporations. The first question discuses the effects of an increase or decrease in tariffs. The beef industry and the higher tariff in Japan is used as an example. Second, what effect would more stringent air and water quality laws have on operations. The Kodak company's problems with the EPA are explained in this discussion. The next issue has to do with the expectation for greater employee empowerment in the workplace. FedEx is the example used in this discussion. Finally, what would be the effect on operations management if there was an outbreak of a serious disease. For this question, the essay first comments on the SARS epidemic and the effects on two companies in Asia. Ebola is used as an example, also. The anthrax attack and the change in operations with the U.S. postal service is also discussed. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Conflict Management, Negotiation, and Cultural Differences

    A 14 page paper. As businesses continue to expand globally, the ability to negotiate and resolve conflict in different cultures successfully becomes essential to success. This essay discusses how culture affects conflict management and business negotiations. The four approaches to researching this topic are outlined as are different ways of understanding culture and how those approaches can interfere with communication and conflict management. Specific examples of how company managers in other cultures approach conflict management are provided. For example, U.S. managers often approach conflict as competition while many Asian managers either try to avoid conflict or try to compromise. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Teen Pregnancy and Case Management Protocol

    According to the website for The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, based on the 1996 U.S. Census, the vital statistic for teen pregnancy for the state of Oregon is a 90 in 1,000 chance that a girl between the age of 15 and 19 will become pregnant (Fact Sheet). The national average for this age group is 97 in 1,000. This is only one reason why this population was chosen for this study in case management. Note that focus is also placed on general concepts of case management. Bibliography lists 8 sources. jvCaseMg.rtf

  • Comparative Analysis of US and Japan Structuring of Youth Sports

    A 5 page essay comparing the structure of youth sports in Japan to the structure of youth sports in the United States, concentrating primarily on the schooling period that equates to middle- and early secondary school in the United States. Japanese students operate on a modified year-round school schedule and the school days are much longer than those of the U.S. In addition, more than half of the students of middle school age also attend private tutoring classes five and six nights each week, and three hours of homework daily from the public school is common. Japanese students have little time for sports activities of any kind, and the structures between the two countries are very different. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Individual Savings Accounts in the U.S. Economy

    This 5 page report discusses the savings habits of Americans. The national saving rate is the sum of public saving by governments and private saving by individuals and businesses. The savings rate has plummeted in recent years from an average of 7-8 percent of GDP in the 1960s and 1970s, to under 4 percent in the 1980s, and to just 0.6 percent last year in the early 1990s. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Management Perspectives of the United States,Japan, and Germany

    A 19 page paper evaluating the thought that US businesses make more business decisions based on short-term performance than do businesses in Germany or Japan. Companies in other parts of the world seem not to be quite so quick to act on the basis of short-term results, but rather to build for the long term. Germany’s BMW and Japan’s Mitsubishi provide distinct counterpoints to the system that has developed in the United States. There are indications, however, that such attention to longevity is changing in today’s business environment. The paper describes some of those changes and points to the influence of long-standing cultural traditions that continue to provide direction in both Germany and Japan. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Organizations and Currency Risk Management

    A 10 page paper discussing the external and internal need for managing the currency risk that organizations increasingly deal with as globalization continues to increase. The trend brings with it the need to equalize business results based on widely varying changes in world currencies. In recent years, the dollar has been strong relative to other major currencies of the world, and while good for the US economy, a dollar greatly stronger than other major world currencies creates a bevy of problems for multinational organizations. Because currency values are never static but can be depended on to regularly change in exchange value, organizations must devise measures that minimize the effects of that currency exchange rate movement. The paper provides several corporate examples, including Caterpillar, Merck, Honeywell and Dow Chemical. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Definition and Discussion of Executive Coaching

    A 15 page paper defining executive coaching and discussing its immense rise in popularity over the past decade. Executive coaching is expanding rapidly, continuing to find greater numbers of areas in which it can be useful. As much as business has changed over the past several years, the executive coach can be a valuable asset to the executive hoping to advance or retain a current position, and taking part in leading his company to greater profitability. A blend of management and psychology, executive coaching is growing at a rate of 40 percent annually. The globalization of business is a fact of life that will not change, and the face of US business may be in the process of reinventing itself again. Not only is executive coaching growing rapidly in the present, it is likely to continue to do so for years to come. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Aviation Inspection, Maintenance, and Human Factors

    A 10 page contention that aviation maintenance and inspection, like any activity which involves humans, is subject to the limitations of human performance, performance which often as not is replete with errors. Errors, in fact, occur on an everyday basis in aviation. Some errors are minor but others can have disastrous consequences. Errors may be either direct or indirect but they can be minimized by the same analyses as that which is applicable to other human factor-sensitive fields as well. We often look to psychology, rather than solely to aviation, to help us identify the means to improvement in human error. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • High Nursing Turnover Rate

    A 5 page research paper that discusses nursing retention rates. A consistent challenge for nurse managers today is to control staff nurse turnover rates, which average as high as 21 percent in some areas (Kleinman, 2004). According to the American Organization of Nurse Executives (AONE), in 2002, the national average turnover rates for nurses working in the US was 21.3 percent (Kleinman, 2004). This high rate is not only costly to hospitals, but seriously impairs the quality of patient care that these institutions can offer. This examination of this problem does so within the context of a hypothetical case scenario. First of all, however, background information on this issue is presented in order to identity the parameters of this problem, provide analysis and present a rationale for its solution. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Enhancing Cultural Competency

    A 3 page research paper that addresses the topic of cultural competency in nursing. Census statistics indicate that the population of the US is annually becoming more culturally diverse. This fact poses a challenge to healthcare professionals as providing care that is culturally congruent with the patient can significantly affect the likelihood of positive patient outcomes. As this suggests cultural competency constitutes a significant nursing area of interest. This literature review examines specifically the role of nurses in enhancing their opportunities for strengthening cultural competency. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Continuing Evolution of Advanced Practice Nursing

    A 10 page paper discussing the continuing evolution of advanced practice nursing and the resistance it receives from physician groups. Nurse practitioners and other advanced practice nurses have filled significant roles in US health care for years. They have legal rights and the technical expertise to take on much of the burden of providing direct health care services, generally under the supervision of an MD. This advanced practice niche is a hybrid position arising from increasing pressures on the still-evolving health care American health care system; it is a position respected in the profession and welcomed by patients. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing Shortage

    A 5 page research paper that addresses the nursing shortage. All aspects of the current U.S. shortage of registered nurses (RNs) have been thoroughly documented. The present shortage began in 1998 and by 2001, roughly 126,000 hospital nursing positions were left unfilled (Auerbach, Buerhaus and Staiger, 2007). In 2006, the shortage entered its ninth year, which make this the longest-running shortage in the past fifty years (Auerbach, Buerhaus and Staiger, 2007). Examination of current literature suggests several pertinent factors concerning the nature of this shortage that differentiates it greatly from those of the past. This information is summarized and then discussed in terms of its public policy implications. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Role of the Nurse Anesthetist

    A 15 page paper discussing systems theory, nursing system theory and the place where the CRNA fits into the US health care system. The Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) fills a vital role in the larger health care system, one that will continue to increase in relevance as the first of the baby boomers now are entering retirement age. As is the case in any advanced-practice field of nursing, the issue of physician supervision continues to be a point of issue. It is less so for the CRNA, which most states allow to practice independently. The purpose here is to assess the role of the CRNA in the health care system of the United States. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • U.S. Foreign Educated Nurse Licensing

    This 23 page paper discusses the licensing process for foreign-educated nurses in America. The essay begins with an introduction that reports the nursing shortage, the practice of importing foreign-trained nurses in developed countries and the ratio of nurses to population in several countries. The next section reports the licensing process for nurses who are trained in the U.S., which is followed by the process for licensing foreign-trained nurses, including the CGFNS program and the NCLEX examination. The contents and process of the exams are discussed. The author then discusses other challenges for the foreign-educated nurse, such as the sometimes vastly different communication process. The last section is recommendations to help foreign-educated nurses become more successful. The writer also discusses negative impact importing nurses has on global health and the need to resolve the real problem. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Ecclesiology/Reformation & Great Awakening

    A 5 page research paper/essay that examines the ecclesiology of the Reformation and the Great Awakening. The advent of the Reformation radically changed the ecclesiastical orientation of much of the population of Europe, as Protestants left the auspices of the Roman Catholic Church due to their new vision of what the church should be and how it should function. The history of the Christian faith shows an evolution of thought pertaining to ecclesiology, and this is particularly evident during two historical periods, the Reformation and the Great Awakening. This examination of predominant thinking on this subject looks at the variant views of the church during each period and how these views pertained to perspective on pastoral care. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Dominican Republic and Asian Status

    This 10 page paper discusses the history of the Dominican Republic and its struggles with its neighbor Haiti, and how these incursions led the Dominican dictator Trujillo to invite first Spanish, and then Japanese, immigrants to settle on the island. It also discusses the fact that the conditions that the newcomers found were substantially different from those they had been promised, and that both the Japanese government and that of the Dominican Republic failed to given the newcomers the support they needed. Finally, it discusses the fact that most of the Japanese were repatriated or encouraged to settle in other Latin American countries; this included those that were born on the island. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Conflict Theory of Karl Marx and Views of Terrorism

    A 22 page paper that begins with a brief history of the evolution of terrorism, including the typologies of terrorism. Factors that have been linked to terrorism, such as poverty and lack of education are discussed. These two suggested causes, however, cannot be supported in more recent terrorist acts. Other causes cited in the literature are reported and discussed. The myths of terrorism, according to at least one author are reported. Marx's conflict theory is then explained and discussed as it might apply to terrorist acts in the past and in the present. The last section offers additional thoughts and a conclusion on the causes of terrorism. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Sexism in the TV Industry

    12 pages in length. Sexism in television is an industry ill that has run rampant ever since its mid-century inception. Even though it has purportedly quelled its ever-present sexist orientation, critics charge that this is hardly the case. Even in programs that proclaim to utilize women as respected and equal characters to their male counterparts, what has truly surfaced is nothing more than a clever ploy to make it appear as though television has finally put to bed the sexists perception it adopted at inception. The writer discusses how this veiled attempted to promote women from beneath the social oppression of the male ego has its roots in patriarchal control, in spite of the fact that women are more independent now than they have ever been before throughout history. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • The Holy Spirit According to Thomas R. Edgar and Jack Deere

    A 6 page essay that contrasts and compares 2 texts. Surprised by the Power of the Spirit by Jack Deere (1993) describes Dr. Deere's conversion to the charismatic perspective on the Holy Spirit and his support for miracles of the Holy Spirit existing in the present era. Thomas R. Edgar takes the opposite stance in his text Satisfied with the Promise of the Spirit (1996), as he argues against the charismatic viewpoint and in favor of the traditional cessationist position, which asserts that Pentecostalism was limited to the first century of Christian history. Both texts are examined before relating this issue's practical application to current ministry. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Concept of Spirituality

    A 20 page research paper that investigates the topic of spirituality. The philosophical perspective of postmodernism has left people feeling adrift and rudderless in a world that has no meaning or purpose. In answer to this situation, many people, including scholars, have turned to the topic of spirituality and religion as a means for charting a new and purposeful course into the future. Examining this sociological trend reveals that it has evolved organically out of Western culture's history and also relates to specific features that are characteristic of human religious expression as a whole, that is, encompassing Eastern religious orientations. This examination attempts to find common threads between the thrust of Western spirituality, which is primarily Christian spirituality, and how this aspect of religiosity relates to theology, mysticism and fits within the legacy of postmodernism. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Cancer Patients and Cessation of Smoking Cessation

    A 9 page proposal for research into this topic. This study promises to be of even more importance than those of the past for special emphasis on head and neck cancer patients. The problem is that these cancers are most common in men between 40 and 60 with a history of smoking. While smoking rates throughout the country appear to be remaining steady around 25 percent, incidence of these cancers appear to be increasing. All of the patients are post-operative and so have the support of the controlled environment of the hospital during the worst period of withdrawal. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Jesus and Socrates

    A 4 page essay that contrasts and compares two articles that compares Jesus and Socrates. “Jesus and Socrates,” written by Bostick (1916), and “A Comparison of the Portrait of Jesus in the Gospels with the Portrait of Socrates in the Writing of Plato and Xenophon,” written by Bostick (1935), address the same topic and make similar assumptions about that topic. Each of these authors offers a comparison between Jesus and Socrates that serves to underscore the parallels in the lives of two men who changed the course of history with their philosophy and teachings. Nevertheless, while the points made in both of these articles are every similar, these articles are also quite different. This is primarily because of their level of scholarship and the individual writing style of each author. Based on these t two factors, another difference is that one can logically assume that each article was written with a different reading audience in mind. No additional sources cited.

  • Society, Power, Gender and Sexuality

    22 pages in length. Termed the battle of the sexes, struggles between the male and female gender have existed since the time of man. Neanderthal populations were segregated by gender no differently than contemporary society is today, with the only appreciable distinction between the two eras being that of a chink in the patriarchal armor that occurred during the twentieth century. Indeed, the issues pertaining to the history of sexuality are grand and far-reaching, having been hashed and rehashed for centuries, only to encompass a new and growing crop of issues such content as homosexuality and gender oppression. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • APN Leadership

    A 5 page paper. Advanced practice nursing has a long history dating back to the 1800s. It was not until the 1960s that this title was conferred, however. Today, APNs can specialize in any number of medical specialties. They are leaders wherever they are working. Their knowledge and skill give them influence over others. To further their leadership career, they would do well to obtain some specific leadership training. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparing 3 paintings & painting/music

    A 6 page essay that discusses three paintings and Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony. “The Abduction of the Sabine Women” by Nicolas Poussin (1634), “The Death of General Wolfe” by Benjamin West (1770), and “The Raft of the Medusa” by Theodore Gericault” (1818) are each representative of a specific period in art history. Comparing the three works illustrates the way in which the Romantic era reconnected with the emotionality and vibrancy of the Baroque. However, it should be noted that Neoclassical works were not without emotion, as Beethoven’s striking Fifth Symphony exemplifies, rather it indicates that comparison between the periods illustrates that in the Neoclassical era, emotion was controlled within the confines of rationality. A bibliography is not offered.

  • World War I and the East African Conflict Between the British and the Germans

    The "WWI Bush Ghost" of German East Africa. (10 pp) This discussion will look at an amazing period of World War One history concerning the conflict between the Germans and the British in East Africa. (German East Africa encompassed all of present-day Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi. Its 384,180 square miles exceeded the size of Germany and France combined. Its borders ranged from Kenya-Uganda and Lake Victoria in the north; to the Congo, Rhodesia and Lake Tanganyika in the west; to Nyasaland (with Lake Nyasa) and Portuguese Mozambique in the south. The Indian Ocean presented a natural border in the east.) Paul Von Lettow-Vorbeck was the consistent German player, with about 300 German officers and 11,000 black colonial troops, during this conflict, and we will see much of the information from his point of view, concerning this seldom reported period. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nicaragua State Analysis

    11 pages in length. Nicaragua, which borders the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, has long struggled to obtain its own significant notion of existence, a quest that has been fraught with revolution, political upheaval and economic turmoil. The concepts found in relation to Nicaragua's revolution are based upon the fundamental aspects of economics, politics and history; without these integral elements, such astute determinations with regard to humanity's struggles for democracy and socialism would not have been achieved. By addressing relevant issues from both the past and present, geopolitical historians are able to formulate impressions of Nicaragua's future that prove revolutionary. Analyzing the manner by which the state has overcome such overwhelming challenges leads the student to examine specific components of its composition, not the least of which include demographic considerations, economy, government and military. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • New Nursing Theory Formulation

    A 10 page paper constructing a new nursing theory. “Theory” is not merely some nebulous entity arising from ruminations far removed from nursing practice and patient outcome. Rather, it can be a tool for devising the optimal treatment plan for patients in a variety of areas. The one focused on here is the struggle against alcoholism. The patient used as example in this paper, Mr. Walker, is a 42-year-old man with a history of noncompliance recovering from alcohol hepatitis with jaundice. The relational statement providing a foundation for a new theory is that the greater number of variables contained in a system, the greater the chances that a patient can negotiate through them and maintain higher numbers of subsystems in equilibrium. Included in the discussion are the topics of the nature of theory; the central propositional statement and underlying assumptions; concepts on which to build the theory; and translating the new theory into practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Margaret Sanger

    3 pages in length. A true pioneer in the nursing field as well as a social reformer, Margaret Sanger upholds what some believe to be the dubious legacy of introducing birth control for the sole purpose of giving women a choice when it comes to their own bodies. Her nursing career was the catalyst for what ultimately became her life's work educating about and supplying birth control devices after watching with a heavy heart how not only patients but her own mother suffered under the physical and emotional toll of having many children; at a time in history when women were only just beginning to have a social voice, Sanger's contribution to nursing was both courageous and timely. She may have met with opposition every step of the way, but Sanger stood strong in her conviction so that women of today have a choice whether to birth babies or not. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Gambling and Organized Sports

    This 10 page paper provides a history of gambling in organized sports and evaluates the trend. Concepts like point shaving are defined and discussed. Various real life examples over time are relayed. Suggestions for resolving the problem are included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Singapore Management Style

    A 15 page paper assessing Singapore’s readiness for participative management. This paper reviews views of business in terms of Asian culture and Singapore’s unique position to determine whether participative management is appropriate in Singapore. It concludes that not only is it appropriate, it also is very much in practice. The paper discusses management theory, management history, Singapore’s great progress over the past 40 years and gives examples of two leading Singapore companies already using business models most conducive to participatory management. One (SembCorp) has even adopted the philosophies of GE’s Jack Welch. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • The Impact of Airport Security Measures on Management Operations

    7 pages in length. The extent to which the airport industry environment is different now than prior to September 11, 2001 illustrates the significant lengths to which the nation's security system has been augmented. This vast development in the wake of America's worst terrorist attack in history is, however, said to be just as inefficient and incapable of averting another 911 episode as what existed before the fateful day; that the airport industry has strategically bolstered itself has made all personnel more keenly aware of the potential for a repeat performance, yet the ultimate performance of these presidential instituted mandates and the Transportation Security Administration role continues to leave gapping holes in the overall objective toward national protection. On a smaller scale, however, advancement is being made in certain areas where tremendous sweeps are not expected to occur – such as onboard – where a smaller cluster of people is able to make a bigger, more immediately visible and overall impact. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Johnson and Kaplan's Relevance Lost The Rise and Fall of Management Accounting Reviewed

    This is a 10 page paper reviewing the book “Relevance Lost: The Rise and Fall of Management Accounting” by H. Thomas Johnson and Robert S. Kaplan first published in 1987 and has since been printed over nine times. The book is extremely relevant in its recognition of the importance of the development of the management accounting discipline over its course in history and the realization that the system must be drastically updated in order to be effective in today’s global competitive industries. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • "Golf Is Not A Game Of Perfect" - Overview And Message

    3 pages in length. The game of golf is fraught with more opportunities to fail than virtually any other sport. Coupled with the fact it is considered an independent activity despite being played with others makes golf a particularly valuable vehicle for improving one's character, patience and positive outlook. Through the eyes, ears and thoughts of some of history's most celebrated golfers, Rotella (1994) illustrates how every single shot made - or missed - evokes myriad emotions that ultimately help them better their respective games, a reality one can readily equate with the learning curve inherent to life and the ongoing quest for personal development. No additional sources cited.

  • Following Watson's Example/Personal Philosophy of Nursing

    A 10 page research paper/essay that offers a guide for contrasting and comparing a student nurse's personal nursing philosophy to that of nursing theorist Jean Watson. The writer argues that each individual nurse brings personal perception to the act of interpreting Watson's theory. This interpretation is necessarily influenced by that nurse's personal history, knowledge level, and understanding. The purpose of this discussion of Watson's theory is to compare and contrast it with the personal nursing philosophy of a particular nursing student. The paradigms of person, environment, health and nursing are addressed. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Literary Influence of the Romantic Period

    This is a 5 page paper which discusses the introduction of the Romantic Period in history and the influences literature of the day had in regards to its influence on society, music, drama and future literature. The revolutionary change in literature from rationalism in the 18th century to truth, self-identity, and humanitarianism in the 19th century had an enduring affect which still continues today. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Beowulf, Tempest, Don Quixote/Their Lasting Appeal

    A 7 page essay that examines 3 works of great literature. “Beowulf,” the Anglo-Saxon epic poem by an unknown poet; Shakespeare’s “The Tempest”; and “The History of Don Quixote de la Mancha” by Miguel de Cervantes illustrate the characteristics of a great work of literature that cause it to endure. Examination of these three great literary works demonstrates that each one continues to resonant with modern readers because they accurately reflect human nature. Additionally, each work demonstrates expert use of such features as characterization and plot construction. Also, each author’s use of language is lyrically beautiful and expertly executed. No additional sources cited.

  • Geishas

    A 7 page research paper that takes the form of a study. This study consists of a literature review to ascertain the legitimacy of the Western perception that geishas are prostitutes. This examination of literature is based on the hypothesis that this prevalent Western assumption pertaining to geishas is false. While sexuality is undoubtedly a part of the lives of these women, this private part of their lives in not a part of their role as geisha. This study explores what does constitute the appeal of the geisha, the history of the profession and why the West has this fundamental misconception about the geisha’s art. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A look at C.K. Barrett's The New Testament Background

    A 5 page book review of C.K. Barrett's The New Testament Background: Selected Documents (1956). For the theology student, the study of New Testament scriptures also involves consideration of the wealth of collected wisdom and experience that is recorded in ancient literature, as these works describe the "history and thought of the world in which the Church was born" (Barrett xvii). Theology students hear constant references to this compendium of knowledge from their professors without usually encountering these works first hand, as most students never read these works themselves. Considering these facts, C.K. Barrett concluded that theology students need a guide to ancient world literature that aids them in regards to New Testament studies. Consequently, Barrett compiled such a text, which cites a variety of ancient documents that--collectively--offer a comprehensive picture for the modern student of the ancient world. No additional sources cited.

  • Personality Development/Albert Einstein

    A 5 page research paper that examines Einstein's life and genius. Albert Einstein is "the icon of scientific genius," one of the "most recognizable faces in the history of mankind," and certainly the most influential scientists of the twentieth century (Khoon, 2007, p. 9). This examination of Einstein's life discusses his biography in terms of developmental psychology and the possible influences that may have shaped his genius for math and creative insight. The two personality development theories utilized for this purpose are those of Erik Erikson and Karen Horney. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ford Motor Company CEO Alex Trotman and His Management Skills

    A 5 page paper evaluating the leadership and management abilities of Ford Motor Company's CEO. Ford has always been a solid performer but never spectacular until Trotman's programs took firm hold. The 1997 profits of $6.9 billion not only is the highest in Ford's history, it also is the highest of any automaker ever. Trotman absolutely is proactive, as evidenced by the bold steps he has led Ford in making in his time there. Of course, Ford was successful before Trotman assumed his role of CEO, but much of the spectacular performance of recent times can be attributed directly to his leadership and his efficient and systematic direction of Ford's current direction. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History of American Currency

    A 5 page paper discussing the development of the current US system of currency and legal tender. In Colonial days, the formal currency was that of Britain and was based on silver. The shortage of silver combined with the need to trade with the native Americans who preferred wampum resulted in wampum being the currency of choice for decades until a New Jersey factory became so efficient in its production that it became hyperinflated. The paper discusses the influences of greenbacks and the role filled by the 1848 California gold rush in directing the US away from bimetallism and toward a gold standard, which eventually was abandoned in the 1930s. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. Government Actions from 1861 through 1900

    A 7 page paper discussing noble and brutal acts of the government during the period of 1861 through 1900. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • History and Contemporary Message of the U.S. Constitution's 4th Amendment

    An 8 page paper that provides an overview of the history and current application of the 4th Amendment. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Randy Albeda and Chris Tilly's Glass Ceilings and Bottomless Pits Women's Work, Women's Poverty

    A 7 page review of the book by Randy Albeda and Chris Tilly. is an expose’ on the numerous societal factors which are facing women today. It is a look into poverty as many of us have never seen poverty, a look at the blatant and sometimes shocking facts of being a poor woman in the United States, the facts of that ever present “bottomless pit”. It is also a look, however, a the so-called “glass ceiling” which confronts professional women in the workplace. This paper contends that while the two scenarios are definitely different, they are inherently related to the same societal factors of the patriarchal dominated society which has been in place for the history of mankind. No additional sources are listed.

  • History of Educational Psychology

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of the history of educational psychology, with an assessment of the major points in history and a reflection on major contributors, including Piaget, Vygotsky and Gardner. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Issues Related to Management of Ecosystems

    A 15 page paper that reports, explains and/or discusses five issues based on specific readings. The first section explores the concept that indigenous peoples have a natural harmonious relationship with the environment. Events with the Cree, the Yuracare and other Indian groups are used as examples. The second topic has to do with ecosystem management. The third section compares the positions of Pinchot and Muir and suggests what each would think about the spotted owl issue. Next is a report of the history of community forestry in the U.S. Finally, the writer discusses Chase's opinion about humans playing God, using the Yellowstone National Park as the example. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Airbus Case Study

    This 24 page paper is written in two parts. The first part is a case study looking at the Airbus Company, which is an EADS company. The case study looks at the history of the company, its products including be A380, the structure of the company and it is facilities, the competition it faces from Boeing, the management and leadership. The second part of the paper answer questions regarding some of the challenges faced by Airbus including the pressure for innovation, the accusations of insider trading in 2006, the dual CEO structure, the policy of compensating for currency changes as well is other influencing factors such as US government influences on Boeing and the potential of new entrants into the aircraft manufacturing business. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • How Should Tesco Develop their United Kingdom and United States Markets?

    This 98 page paper is a project to looks at the way in which Tesco, the successful UK supermarket, which has been struggling in the US, can develop an aligned strategy for both the UK and the US market. The paper provides an extensive literature review, looking at relevant theories which may be applied, including concepts of competitive advantage, the application of the marketing mix, theories of international marketing and issues concerning the creation and maintenance of loyalty. Following the outlining of a methodology advocating a case study approach and outlining the way primary research will take place the firm is then examined. The case study starts by looking at the way the company competes in the UK and then at the operations in the US where it trades under the name Fresh and Easy. With this background primary research is simulate to assess what customers in both countries want and need. The results are analyzed and used to design suitable strategies. The bibliography cites 72 sources.

  • Community and Corrections Nursing

    A 7 page paper discussing how the correctional facility nurse can have effect in the local community. The US penal system guarantees appropriate health care to prison inmates. US Supreme Court decisions have determined that withholding any medical treatment where there is urgent need constitutes "cruel and unusual punishment," which of course is not allowed by the Eighth Amendment to the US Constitution or by the American character. Providing nursing service within the prison community offers distinct challenges, but it also offers opportunities that otherwise might never be available to health care providers. Prisons often hold individuals that public health professionals have difficulty locating; extending public health screening to the correctional setting can have direct benefit both within the prison and in the local community when individual inmates are released. Includes an outline. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • America Combating Terrorism

    A 7 page discussion of the role the U.S. plays in combating terrorism on a global scale. Notes the atrocities of the September 11, 2001 terrorist destruction of the World Trade Center in New York and the simultaneous plane attack on the Pentagon itself and contends that acts of terrorism, whether they occur within the U.S. or outside, must be addressed not only through maintaining our integrity through military means, but also through a thorough understanding of the factors which lead to terrorism and a consequent redress in the manner in which the U.S. conducts its business and political affairs and relates to other political and ideological factions of the world. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • High Tech Industry and Failure of the Free Market

    An 8 page paper discussing the superficial "failure" of the free market concerning activity relative to US technological industries. The free market system has not "failed" those industries, but rather has been prevented from operating within them. The state of the US supercomputer industry provides an example of how protectionist trade policies have stifled competition and served to keep prices within the US artificially high. That we need new industrial policy concerning high-tech is certain. Also certain is that any such new policy needs to allow high-tech industries to operate under market forces. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Volkswagen Beetle of Germany

    A 12 page research paper which examines the history of the Third Reich's 'people's car'-the most popular car in automotive history-its legend and the reality, and how the new 'Bug' compares with the old. Although originally the brainchild of Hitler, the Volkswagen Beetle has taken on a new identity of its own. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • European Union Principles of Proportionality and Subsidiarity

    This 20 page paper considers the roles of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality within the EU. A brief history is considered to put the discussion into context, and the meanings of their principles, the ways in which they are applied and enforced are considered, with some case histories quoted. The conclusion argues that they act as balances foe each other within European Government, which enables its role to be more effective and efficient. The bibliography cites 16 Sources.

  • The Rise And Fall of the Great Powers Economic Change And Military Conflict From 1500 to 2000 by Paul Kennedy

    6 pages in length. From Paul Kennedy's assertions in "The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict From 1500 to 2000," one can readily gather that the author's primary thesis revolves around the issue of imperialism. The writer discusses the persuasiveness of the author's thesis; the types of arguments and evidence used to support the thesis; the factors used to help shape his historical interpretation and that of world history; and how the author's interpretation of history might have been different had he emphasized other factors. No additional sources cited.

  • Grand Canyon's Geological History

    A 6 page paper discussing the stratification and geological history of this haven for geologists. The allure for geologists is that the canyon itself is geologically very young, but that the formations through which it is cut are very old. This gives insight to the geological record that otherwise would not be possible. The paper discusses the stratification and geological history of the canyon. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Impressionism/Music & Art

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the relationship between impressionist music and painting. Art and music have always developed in parallel with one another throughout the course of history (Impressionism). The impressionism of the late nineteenth century, which originated in France, exemplifies this principle as impressionist music and art are closely related. This examination of impressionism in music demonstrates the close relationship that the development of this genre of music history had with painting of the same era. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Cultural Understanding and the Reflections of Photography

    An 8 page discussion of the value of still photography and film in cultural research. The author contends that cultural history, a subcategory of both anthropology and history, is indeed replete with examples of the value of these mediums in preserving culture in a visual format. It is emphasized that this value is not exclusive to the use of photography as a documentary tool by the researcher but that instead it encapsulates the use of film produced by the culture itself. Asserts that both documentary and fictional film can be of tremendous research value.

  • Unique U.S. Southern State of Louisiana

    This 4 page paper examines the history of Louisiana and looks at its place in Southern history. What is different about Louisiana is discussed as well as what is the same. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Portugal Economics and Providing Healthcare

    This 5 page paper provides a brief history of this country and relates how this history has impacted current day healthcare. The country’s attempts to provide free healthcare has been structured around long lasting economic troubles. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Procopius/The Secret History

    A 6 page book review that examines Procopius’ The Secret History.The writer argues that examination of this text shows that Procopius felt that the most pressing problem of his generation was the tyrannical and amoral nature of its ruling class. In other words, Procopius’ Secret History offers a far different picture of early Byzantium than one gained by simply considering its artistic accomplishments, which characterize it as a “golden age.” Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Protests Against Black History Month

    A 3 page paper that summarizes and analyzes three essays that protest the institution of Black History Month. In general, these authors argue that black history should be taught throughout the year, rather than in just one month. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Websites on Black History and Information Verification

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares sites on black history. An Internet site entitled "History Notes" lists numerous articles by Runoko Rashidi. Two of these articles were selected for comparison with other Internet sites for verification of information and to discern if contradictions exist between the articles selected and other Internet sources. The two articles chosen were "Ancient Africa and Early Rome" and "The Moors in Europe." Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Male Historians and the Challenges of Women's History

    This 4 page paper considers the issue of a feminist approach to history. Joan Kelly-Gadol's essay Did Women Have a Renaissance, published in Becoming Visible: Women in European History, directly relates to the question of the emerging approach of female historians. Female historians, after reflecting on the traditional narratives of male dominated societies, have recognized that women essentially had no voice in the past. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • United Church Of Canada And Christology

    A 15 page paper that begins with a history of the United Church of Canada, how and when it came to be formed. A brief history of the Anglican Church of Canada is also provided. The paper discusses the beliefs of these two churches with an emphasis on the United Church of Canada. The writer briefly explains what Christology is and the United Church of Canada's demonstration of Christology. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • The California Gold Rush & the coming of the Civil War

    A 5 page book review of The California Gold Rush and the Coming of the Civil War by Leonard L. Richards. In the preface to his history text, Richards explains his purpose in writing this fascinating text, which relates California gold rush history to the sociopolitical factors that brought on the American Civil War. No additional sources cited.

  • American Appeal of Blues Music

    This 6-page paper focuses on blues music, its history (and how it has depicted American history) and its never-ending appeal. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sports Marketing and Consumer Behavior

    8 pages. This sports marketing project includes a description of the behavior and history of marketing to sports enthusiasts, suggestions for the application of these findings and a summary or overview of the history. The company that is analyzed is that of Hillerich & Bradsby, makers of the world-famous Louisville Slugger bat. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Haunting and its History

    7 pages. This paper examines the history of amusement park haunted houses, as well as those that become popular during the Halloween season. A history of Halloween is given which will help to explain why people enjoy being scared out of their minds and even pay to do so. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Literal Interpretation of the Old Testament

    A 4 page research paper that presents some objections to the concept that the Bible is literally true, as dictated directly to the Hebrews by God. The writer argues that even a brief examination of the history of the Bible demonstrates the illogic of believing the Old Testament as literally true. Furthermore -- even if one believed that the original Hebrew scripture was divinely inspired -- this history also demonstrates the multiple translations that scripture has undergone. The implications are discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Hebrew History and Yahweh

    Yahweh : A 5 page paper. The name Yahweh is not used in all Christian Bibles, nonetheless, the term has a history that dates back to the Old Testament. This paper discuses the use of the term in one Christian Bible and the need for the term Yahweh in Hebrew history. The writer also discusses the use of the terms 'jealous God' and 'angry God.' Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Impressionism/Music & Art

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the relationship between impressionist music and painting. Art and music have always developed in parallel with one another throughout the course of history (Impressionism). The impressionism of the late nineteenth century, which originated in France, exemplifies this principle as impressionist music and art are closely related. This examination of impressionism in music demonstrates the close relationship that the development of this genre of music history had with painting of the same era. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The Straight Path by John Esposito

    A 5 page book review of John Esposito's The Straight Path, which the writer describes as an easily readable, comprehensive historical introduction to the study of Islam that provides the student with a thorough grounding in Muslim theology, politics and law. By discussing Islamic history within a cultural context, Esposito provides insight into why the Muslim world developed as it did. By offering a means to understand Islamic history, Esposito also aids his readers in understanding the Islamic world of the present. No additional sources cited.

  • Theological Foundations Pastoral Care

    A 20 page paper that includes several sections. It begins with an introduction to the topics. Other sections are: pastoral practice and pastoral theology; History of pastoral care; History of pastoral theology; why pastoral theology is important; and personal reflections. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • 1960s' Countercultures

    This 11 page paper explores counter culture in the 1960s with a focus on how various disciplines treat the time period. History, art history and music are three areas discussed in depth. The mainstream culture is also looked at. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Louisiana Purchase

    A 3 page paper which examines the history and legacy of the Louisiana Purchase which is considered to be one of the most important land deals in the history of the nation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Cooperative Learning, History, and Reading

    A 5 page paper discussing learning the subject of history by incorporating content reading and cooperative learning into the curriculum. By combining the various methods and approaches to learning, the student can expect to gain much more valuable information out of history, a subject often confined to lectures. The content area reading method is discussed and defined, as is the method of cooperative learning. Bibliography lists 6sources.

  • Problems of Water Pollution and Possible Solutions

    A 9 page paper on the problems facing the world, and particularly the U.S., in regards to water pollution. The paper concentrates on streams, surface and ground water pollution and the most likely polluters of those waters. The solutions addressed include cooperative efforts, educational efforts, technology and changes in the law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Los Angeles Air Pollution and Healthy People 2010

    A 6 page paper integrating Healthy People 2010 Objective 8-1 (Reduce the proportion of persons exposed to air that does not meet the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's health-based standards for harmful air pollutants) and Watson's Theory of Human Caring to address the effects of air pollution in Los Angeles. Nurses operating within Watson's theory and addressing air quality can seek to educate the elderly and parents of young children about the dangers of high-pollution days and how they can mitigate their health risks as others continue to work to improve local air quality. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Technology as a Societal Addiction

    An 8 page discussion of the benefits and potential pitfalls of technology. Technology is indeed a catalyst for societal changes. It makes life better but it also comes replete with societal, psychological and environmental costs. Despite these costs, our addiction to technology seems to only take a stronger and stronger hold on us as time progresses.

  • Astronomy and Astrology

    A 7 page historical survey of the bond of Astrology and Astronomy and how as the result of the scientific method that bond was broken. And how both are still influencing us today. Lists four sources in bibliography.

  • A Comparative Analysis Of Saudi Arabia And US Banks Before And After The 2008 Crisis

    This 22 page paper looks at the banks and banking system of the US and Saudi Arabia, to examine the similarities and the differences. The paper starts by looking at the banking environment inn general including issues such as bank management, supervision, and social and economic condition. The paper then goes on to assess the assets and liabilities in the banking sector before and after June 2008, looking at the similarities and differences. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Macro Economic Influences on New Car Sales 2002 - 2006

    This 4 page paper discusses the performance of the new car industry in the US and the level of sales between 2002 and 2006 considering the different macro economic factors that may have influenced the level of sales. The paper includes two graphs, one comparing new car sales with the growth on the GDP and one comparing the sales with unemployment rates. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Exporting Computers to Kenya

    This 7-page paper discusses how a U.S. company would go about exporting computers to Kenya. Information included includes the economy, the potential market, political structure, taxes and licenses required and methods of promotion. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cablevision and The Cable TV Industry

    This 10 page paper considers the current position of the cable television industry in the US, the structure, competitors and general characteristics, including a look at Porters' Five Forces Model. The second half of the paper then examines the company Cablevision, its position and performance against the industry environment. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Business Sole Proprietorship

    A 5 page paper discussing the burgeoning trend toward one-person businesses in the US. The trend began in earnest when highly-paid middle managers found themselves unemployed during the height of downsizing, and has continued throughout the 1990s. The paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of sole proprietorship structure for tax purposes; the freedom and restrictions that the structure gives the entrepreneur; SBA's opinion of what constitutes sufficient capitalization; and the importance of having a written business plan, even if the entrepreneur has no plan of seeking outside funding. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Schools Should Have Comprehensive Sex Education Programs

    An 8 page research paper that examines the growing trend in the U.S. toward abstinence-only sex education. The writer argues that these programs are ineffective and bad public policy that actually endangers adolescents rather then coping with the problems of teen pregnancy and the rate of STDs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Adolescent Literacy Rates

    A 4 page paper. that reports statistical data from different sources regarding the literacy (reading and writing) skills of adolescents. The writer also comments on a report from Canada regarding literacy rates and identifies where the U.S. falls in terms of national literacy rates across the world. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • U.S. Steel Industry and Legacy Costs

    This 3-page paper focuses on legacy costs and how they are impacting the U.S. steel industry. Issues include why the steel industry has been in such trouble over these costs.

  • The Health Insurance Crisis

    This 5 page paper discusses the health insurance care crisis in the U.S., what causes it, and what it means for the future of health care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ethical Issues in Mental Health Care Practice

    A 7 page research paper that addresses 2 ethical issues for mental health care practice. Mental health counselors in the US follow the code of ethics layout by the American Mental Health Counselors Association (AMHCA). This comprehensive code covers numerous areas of ethical concern, two of which are the issues of obtaining informed consent and patient confidentiality. These are two areas that are integral to either counseling or research endeavors and therefore should be of prime consideration for practitioners. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Analysis of US Antiwar Organizations and American Peace Movements from September 11 2001 until March 20, 2003

    An 18 page paper which examines how traditional American pacifist groups and new U.S. pacifist coalitions have responded to the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and President George W. Bush’s war against Iraq, comparing their components, statements of conscience, and methods of protests. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • The Importance of 9-11

    A 6 page contention that 9-11 should be considered the most important event of the last century. This contention is justified on the basis of the societal changes that have occurred since the September 11, 2001 terrorist destruction of the New York World Trade Center and the subsequent attack on the U.S. Pentagon itself. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Evolution of Rap Music in France

    An 8 page research paper that discusses the evolution and status of rap music in France and compares this to rap music in the US. The writer particularly focuses on the reaction of the legal system in both countries to offensive rap lyrics. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Automotive Robotics Venture

    A 6 page paper providing pro forma statements and a marketing focus for a company offering generic robotic applications to the auto maker industry in the US. When a single unskilled worker costs upwards of $100,000 annually, the cost of robotic applications is not so daunting. Generic applications that can be customized to the needs of an individual manufacturing site further increase the overall economic benefit, and it will be that point on which Applied Auto Robotics focuses in marketing its products to the entire industry, beginning with Ford and GM. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Medical Ethical Dilemma - Stem Cell Research

    This 7 page paper begins with an explanation of what a stem cell is and why it is so valuable. The writer reports some of the diseases stem cells can cure and/or prevent and discusses the progress in stem cell research. This is followed by a discussion of the ethical dilemma with this type of research and concludes with the need for the U.S. to remain competitive. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Canada's Global Views on Foreign Policy

    This 16 page paper argues that Canada's changing policy is not supported by the state of its military forces. Its rhetoric is global in nature, while its reality is still relative isolationism. Much of the problem is attributable to a public, and a a government, that does not want to spend the necessary dollars to build up its armed forces. U.S./Canadian relations are discussed. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Obesity/Hispanic Women in Tillman County, OK

    A 10 page research paper that examines obesity and focuses on how this problem is affecting the Hispanic population of Oklahoma and specifically Hispanic women of Tillman County. Cultural and gender factors associated with obesity are explored and discussed in terms of this population, and as well as in regards to the State of Oklahoma and the US as a whole. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Agricultural Subsidies and Economic Factors

    This 5-page paper examines the economic theory of supply and demand, and focuses on how this theory has been re-vamped because of agricultural price supports from the U.S. government. The essay also touches on the impact of such price supports on consumers, as well as the impact of the FAIR act (passed in 1996) on produce and farmers. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cesar Chavez and Bella Abzug

    This essay examines speeches by Bella Abzug, prominent feminist and one of the first women elected to the U.S. Congress, and Cesar Chavez, who championed the rights of immigrant migrants and Hispanics throughout the United States. The paper compares the two speeches, while providing background on both the creation of the United Farm Workers of America and the feminism movement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Consideration of the Brazil for Investment by a Biomedical Technology Firm from the United States

    This 6 page paper considers present a potential destination for US biomedical technology firm, considering the different conditions within the Brazilian macro environment, such as economic conditions, protection for intellectual property and demand for biomedical services. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • America's Waste Management Services

    This 6 page paper looks at the waste management industry in the US, defining it and then looking at the major companies in the industry; Waste Management Inc., Allied Waste Industries and Republic Services their sales, profits and strategies.

  • Toxic Waste in America

    A 4 page paper. The issue of e-waste is becoming more and more difficult as new electronics are developed and sold and old ones are put in storage or just disposed of in a landfill. This essay reports statistical data for e-waste in the U.S., including recycling rates. It discusses e-waste in Asia. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • IAS 39 Problems

    This 3 page paper looks at the potential impact of IAS 39 on European companies with reference to the use of hedging as a tool to limit risk. The paper argues this could cause many of the problems that FAS 133 created in the US. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Managing Diversity

    A 5 page paper discussing 4 points of diversity management: changing definition of diversity; changing US population; bringing groups together; and recommendations for diversity management. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Pension Funds of Coca Cola and PepsiCo in 2009 and the Impact of IFRS on Reporting of Pension Funds

    This 6 page paper looks at the differences in accounting for pension funds between US GAAP and IRFS. The differences are identified and discussed. The paper then assesses the pension funds of two companies; Coca Cola and PepsiCo, and the state of their pension funds, comparing and contrasting the position of the two funds and the level of underfunding present. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Child & Adolescent Obesity/U.S.

    A 6 page research paper/ argumentative essay that examines the topic of childhood and adolescent obesity in the U.S. The writer examines the parameters of the problem, defines it, discusses epidemiological factors and argues that more research should be conducted in order to discern what interventions work and which do not work in preventing and alleviating this serious public health problem. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Guerrilla Tactics and the Vietnam War

    An 8 page paper discussing the guerilla warfare tactics used during the Vietnam war and how they differed from those used in other wars. Also examines the effects of those tactics on U.S. troops. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Economic Policies of the UK and their Failure to Prevent a Double Dip Recession in 2012

    This 12 page paper considers the economic position of the UK in 2012 and the entrance into the double dip recession and assesses whether or not the government polices may have been responsible or contributed to the second recession. The paper examines the polices put into place, the international influences and examines the economic impact of the policies and the way polices were prioritized. The policies are also considered in the context of other countries, with particular attention to the US. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Multicultural Educational Tool of Drama

    A 12 page paper that begins with data regarding the proportion of ethnic and racial minorities in the U.S., the definitions of culture, and the need for multicultural education. Attitudes begin very early in life. The writer then discusses how drama can be used to lead to awareness and understanding of other cultures. Lesson plan is included. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Conflicts and Causes in Cote D'Ivoire and Sudan's Darfur Region

    An 8 page overview of the underlying causes of these two conflicts. Speculations are presented as to why U.S. students could be largely unaware of these conflicts even in the presence of significant media coverage and observations made as to the long term implications of the conflicts.

  • EPA and Envirofacts Data Warehouse

    This 5 page paper examines the US Environmental Protection (EPA) website and the envirofacts data warehouse. The paper looks at what it does, how it is achieved and the motivations for creating the system. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Plan for a New Restaurant

    This 19 page paper is a plan assessing the potential to open a Peruvian themed restaurant in San Rafael. The paper examines the marketplace for the restaurant industry in the US in 2011, as well as the specific conditions in California. The general trends in the market, including consumer tastes, and the competitive environment is assessed. The paper then gives a general overview of the proposed business; including the way that it will deliver an authentic Peruvian style dining experience. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Post 2000 Effects of Foreign Rates of Exchange on Foreign Direct Investment

    A 3 page proposal for researching this topic. Capital movement across international borders often is dictated by changes in exchange rates, and capital movement into the US has the ability to directly affect the trade deficit, unemployment, general economic factors and the overall economy. The proposed research will seek to define the extent to which foreign exchange rates affect international investors’ willingness to place capital within the United States. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Public Health/Then & Now

    A 4 page research paper that encompasses 2 topics. The first topic is on Lillian Wald and Mary Brewster and how they introduced public health nursing in the U.S. during the early twentieth century (roughly 2 pages). The second topic addresses the Public Health Association of New York City, offering an overview (roughly 2 pages). Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • ERP Risks

    This 3 page paper looks at the risks which may be faced when a US company acquire a Scottish company and plan to install an ERP system. The paper looks briefly at a range of different risks. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Toys 'R Us Financial Analysis

    This 4-page paper examines financial information from Toys 'R Us to determine the company's financial health. Ratios mentioned include EPS, Current Ratio and others.

  • Current Perspectives/Math and Science Education

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the fact that the position of the United States in relation to other countries and math and science education has been a cause for concern for the last decades. This examination of literature looks at current perspectives on trends in US education, with a focus on math and science education and how this impacts the country as a whole. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Quality of Drinking Water

    A 6 page research paper which examines the problem of whether or not U.S. drinking water is safe. The writer first defines the problem, and then looks at what is being done at the state and national level to keep the public informed as to the quality of their drinking water, and what possible solutions might be implemented to help control water quality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Crime and Hate

    A 9 page argumentative essay pertaining to 'hate crimes' and whether or not enhanced criminal penalties should exist for those who commit them. Used as a constant reference is the relevant Supreme Court Case of R.A.V. vs. St. Paul and various tenets of the First Amendment. The writer concludes that free speech must be protected at virtually any cost in the U.S. even if it means that hate speech and 'hate crimes' will continue to cost lives.

  • An American Literature Study

    This 4 page paper provides a study in American Literature by analyzing the work of William Bradford with that of Cotton Mather. This paper highlights their similarities, differences, the culture and history of the times, etc. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Literature and Violence

    A 4 page essay that analyzes three literary works in regards to their use of violence. Throughout the history of Western literature, violence has been frequently used as an integral element of narrative. While unpleasant, often horrific, violence is nevertheless a commonality of human experience and often constitutes the defining element of individual lives. This factor is clearly evident in ancient literature as well as contemporary, as demonstrated in this examination of Sophocles' Oedipus the King, Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried, and Anne Tyler's Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Literature of the Medieval Period

    This 21 page paper addresses several different topics. The authors discussed are St. Paul (Romans and Galatians); Augustine (Confessions); Gospel of Mark; Boethius (Consolation); and Gregory of Tours (History of the Franks). The essay discusses: the education of each author; who may have rewritten their original document; defining evil; authors' perceptions of a heavenly kingdom; the authors' use of belief; why each of the authors considered himself a Roman; conflict. While most of the five authors are discussed under each topic heading, not all are. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Stuik’s “A Concise History of Mathematics”

    This 4 page paper is a review of the book ‘A Concise History of Mathematics’ by Dirk J. Struik. The paper reviews the content and the style of the book which was first published in 1948 and traced the development of mathematical theory form prehistory to the first half of the twentieth century. The bibliography cites 2 source.

  • OVERVIEW OF MATHEMATICS HISTORY

    This 10-page paper provides a brief history of mathematics, as well as some famous mathematicians. Also discusses mathematics applications today. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Irish Folklore in the Poetry of William Butler Yeats

    A 10 page emphasis that Yeats' work is important not just from an entertainment perspective but also from the perspective that it preserved a critical chapter in Irish history. Many of his poems capture the spirit of Ireland, the richness of the folklore and the old wives tales as well as the soul of the quest for Irish independence. The author of the paper uses "Come Gather Round Me, Parnellites" and "Sailing to Byzantium" to illustrate this point. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • An Overview of Apocalyptic Literature

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the history of the theories that predict the end times, focusing on how religion uses it to control its people. How the elite used the theories to control the social order during the high middle ages is explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. Democracy and Worldviews

    Since the start of the most recent Gulf War, the countries of the world have placed the United States under close scrutiny. Once self-proclaimed as one of the foremost democratic countries of the world, recent events in political history have led some to believe that the American democratic process no longer represents the kind of legitimate democracy that American defends in their war against those opposed to democratic principles. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • MRSA Infection

    A 24 page literature review that examines the problem of MRSA infection. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been generally considered in the past to be a hospital-acquired (HA) pathogen; however, community-associated (CA) MRSA infections are increasing. The effects of these S. aureus infections can range from the inconvenient to the devastating. History, epidemiology, treatment and prevention are discussed. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • “Apology” and “The Passion of Christ”

    A 4 page paper which examines the connections, as they involve literature and not history, between Plato’s “Apology” and Mel Gibson’s “The Passion of Christ.” Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Category Management

    A 20 page paper providing chapters 1 and 2 of an MBA thesis discussing category management from the retailer's perspective and hypothesizing that its use leads to greater customer satisfaction. Chapter 1 is the introduction and provides background on category management, its uses, history and development. Chapter 2 is the literature review for the project. Bibliography lists 31 sources.

  • Perspective on Slavery

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of some basic questions regarding the literature of slavery, including: 1. What is/was one of the most enduring themes in African American literature? 2. Why did early African American anti-slavery advocates study the history of human slavery? and 3. Define fully the term social death. These questions are answered relative to works of African American literature. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Classroom Management and Behavioral Conditioning

    10 pages in length. Just as people learn lessons pertaining to history or math, they also learn how to behave based upon the manner by which they are trained. Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner introduced the world to an approach to conditioning behavior response without the need for negative reinforcement; rather, the application of positive reception proved a much more viable approach toward getting the wanted behavior. As such, employing the concept within the classroom provides for a much more effective management outcome. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Merger of CIT and Newcourt Credit and Subsequent Management

    A 3 page paper discussing CIT’s acquisition of Newcourt Credit, emphasizing the current management styles at both organizations. CIT is more reserved and methodical in its operations, while Newcourt has a history of seeking innovation in finance. The company acts as the financing arm of Dell Computer and Yamaha Motors, but in a way that the customer never sees. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Historical Overview of the New York City Public Transportation System

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of New York City public transportation, which primarily covers its long history. The paper begins in the early 1800s and goes through to the present. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Sports Origin and Theories

    This 5 page paper provides an analysis of theories in respect to the history of sports. Class based theories are compared with theories which focus on practical issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Mathabane/Kaffir Boy

    A 5 page book review that discusses this autobiography as a primary historical source that relates information about the apartheid era of South African history. No additional sources cited.

  • General Psychology Questions

    21 pages in length. The writer briefly answers 20 general questions about psychology, its history, popular theorists and how they are pertinent to contemporary practice. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • 'Father of Psychology' Wilhelm Wundt

    A 4 page research paper that examines the life and work of Wilhelm Wundt. The history of psychology begins with this topic being studied as sub-topics under the fields of both philosophy and physiology (Oakley, 1995). It became a field in its own right primarily through the work of Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) who is frequently referred to as the "Father of Experimental Psychology" or simply as the "Founder of Modern Psychology." The writer briefly examines his life and accomplishments. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Benjamin Rader/American Sports

    This 8 page paper examines Benjamin Rader's book American Sports. The book delves into history of sport in the United States. The paper focuses on the rise of sport as equated with the rise of cities. No additional sources cited.

  • 20th Century U.S. Welfare Capitalism and Personnel Management

    This 14 page paper looks at the history of personnel management as it evolved between 1900 and 1940. Welfare capitalism during that time period is also discussed and concepts are interrelated. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Business Impact of TQM

    This paper examines the concept of Total Quality Management, some of its history, and its impact on businesses. The paper examines two sides of TQM, the supporters and detractors. Bibligraphy lists 10 sources.

  • Australia and Tennis

    This 15 page paper looks at the sport and the characters who play it and watch it. Demographics are considered in this paper that looks at ethnicity, gender and class as it relates to tennis. The history of the popularity of tennis in Australia is discussed. Statistics are provided. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Preceptorship in Nursing

    A 9 page research paper that examines nursing preceptorship. The paper begins with a brief history of nursing education and then moves on to define nursing preceptorship and to explore its role in nurse retention, the nurturing of critical thinking skills and other areas of nursing practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Total Quality Management and Customer Service

    This 42-page paper discusses how the concept of customer service and satisfaction can be tied to the concept of Total Quality Management (TQM). The paper discusses the history and reasons for TQM, why it's so important to customer service and how these two match up. Also presented are case studies of how TQM has benefited customer satisfaction. Bibilography lists 15 sources.

  • A Total Quality Management Overview

    An 8 page paper written as an internal report on TQM as a possible route for a company to take to increase quality while reducing costs. The paper provides an overview of TQM; its history and development; the Baldrige Award; and underlying management philosophy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Lou Gehrig's Disease

    8 pages in length. Lou Gehrig's disease -– also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – is named as such because of the man who was unlucky enough to be the first one diagnosed with the fatal neurological disease. One of baseball's most beloved players, Gehrig's progressively weakened condition forced him to step back from the plate for good on July 4, 1939 but not before he delivered what is still to this day one of history's most poignant moments in sports. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Important Developments in Nursing

    This 3 page paper looks at two developments in the history of nursing that are important. The two events discussed are the work of Florence Nightingale and the development of evidence based nursing followed by discussion of the work of Dorothy Johnson who developed the Behavior System Model of Nursing. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Professional Nursing and Theory

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the current status of nursing theory, related to the contextual view of the history of nursing theory. This paper relates the fact that in the the curative model, nurses provide assessments, act as integral members of healthcare teams, provide direct and indirect patient care, and address central issues for patients, including patient advocacy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nursing Honor Society Sigma Theta Tau International

    A 5 page paper describing Sigma Theta Tau International, Inc. (STTI), the Honor Society for Nursing. Described by one author as the nurses’ equivalent to Phi Beta Kappa, STTI is an exclusive organization that holds to exacting qualifications and criteria. The paper includes information on the organization’s history, services it provides for members and how membership benefits individual nurses. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Topics in Community Health Nursing

    A 6 page research paper that discusses the history and parameters of community health nursing practice. Topics covered include school nurses, occupational nursing and the expanding horizons of CHN. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Implementing Patient to Nurse Ratios in the Healthcare Environment

    This 4 page paper looks at the development of the patient to nurse ratio requirements in California. The history of their adoption into legislation is discussed, including the failed attempts and opposition by the hospital industry. The paper then identifies the ratios that have been set and discusses some of the atrocities concerning the implementation. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • ANA as a Political Action Committee

    This 5 page paper focuses in on the political action committee (PAC) affiliated of the ANA. The ANA's support of health care for the elderly is at the crux of this paper as well as the history of such issues affecting the aging population. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Examination Of Alcohol And Sports

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses the history and impact of the relationship between sports and alcohol. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sport of Horse Show Jumping Overview

    A 3 page research paper that offers a brief overview of the sport of horse show jumping. The writer discusses the nature of the sport, its history and predicts increased popularity in its future. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Successful Women's Soccer in the US

    13 pages in length. The twenty-first century has witnessed myriad changes to the sport of soccer, not the least of which has been the addition of women's teams. Amidst the struggle and strife rose a special strength that helped propel soccer to the heights it has reached in contemporary global athletics; with the entire world rallying around this original form of football, the World Cup has taken on an entirely new look by adding women to its long and illustrious history. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Relationship Between Physicians and Advanced Practice Nurses

    This 8-page paper covers the relationship between advanced practice nurses (also known as nurse practitioners) and physicians. The relationship between these two has always been difficult. The paper examines the history of this relationship, why it has been so difficult and what some hospitals are doing to solve the problem. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nurse Retention and Teams Effects

    This 8 page paper presents a case history of one trauma center that decreased their turnover rate from 58 percent to 15 percent and have a list of nurses who want to work at the center. This essay reports the process this center used to develop empowered teams that led to such remarkable success. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cognitive View of Psychology

    A 3 page research paper that looks briefly at the history of cognitive psychology and the factors that differentiate it form other braches of psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Clinical Psychology and Scientific Practice

    This 9 page paper discusses the history of clinical psychology, its origins and the reciprocal relationship between science and clinical practice. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Psychological Contribution of Sigmund Freud's Interpretation of Dreams

    This 5 page paper looks at Freudian psychology and dream interpretation both together and independently. The history of dream interpretation is discussed as well as Freud's contributions to psychology. The paper concludes that Sigmund Freud's contribution in terms of dream psychology is significant. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jung's Analytical Psychology Journal Article Critiqued

    4 pages in length. Petteri Pietikainen's article from the October 2000 issue of the Journal of Contemporary History entitled "The 'Volk' and its Unconscious: Jung, Hauer and the 'German Revolution" discusses Jung's (1936) analytical psychology by delving into the concepts of human perception and the unconscious. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Developmental Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that offers a brief history of developmental psychology, an overview of the areas of emphasis today, including infancy development and development of adolescence, and a new and different approach to studying development. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Humanistic Psychology

    This 3 page paper considers the history of humanistic psychology with respects to the influences on it, its founders, its nature and concepts. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Roper, Logan and Tierney Model of Nursing

    A 4 page paper discussing the history and utility of the Roper, Logan and Tierney model (12 activities of daily living), followed by a short discussion of the four metaparadigms of nursing: nursing, health, environment and person. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Origins of Mental Illnesses

    A 4 page paper that traces the origins and history of abnormal psychology since the earliest times B.C. Only the highlights can be reported. The paper also discusses four theoretical models: sociocultural, biological/medical, and psychosocial. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • PC's History and Impact

    7 pages. Personal computers have come a long way since the seventies, the eighties, and even within the last five years. Because technology is changing at such a rapid pace we have seen personal computers impact our lives in many different ways. Socially, economically and industry-wise the personal computer and its history are described in this well-written and concise paper. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Four Issues Regarding the History of Australia

    A 14 page paper. Four issues in Australian history are discussed: the changes in the roles and lives of women; some of the notable persons in the 20th century; why there was a surge in home ownership in the 1950s and the reasons for the moral panic concerning adolescents in the 1950s. bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Theater History

    This 10 page paper discusses the history of the theater. Specifically, the play "Oedipus The King" is used to illustrate the humble beginings of the theater. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Musical Differences Between Classical and Romantic Eras

    An 8 page research paper that examines the differences between the Classical era in music history (i.e. Haydn, Beethoven, etc.) and the Romantic era (i.e. Schumann, Brahms, etc.). Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • IMF's History and Performance

    This 25 page paper looks at the development and history of the IMF, its' aims and goals, and how they may be criticized as needing reform. The writer then goes on to illustrate this argument for reform by looking as specific countries including the UK, South Korea, Indonesia, Russia and Argentina. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Global History and the Significance of Political Ideology

    This 5 page paper looks at social change, economics, ideology and environment and concludes that political ideology has had the most significant impact on world history. Each subject is discussed and examples are provided. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Arabs, Israelis, And Kissinger A Secret History Of American Diplomacy In The Middle East by Edward R.F. Sheehan

    5 pages in length. Henry Kissinger once said that to implement an effective foreign policy, it must be drafted through calculations of power and the national interest. Examining Edward R. F. Sheehan's "The Arabs, Israelis, And Kissinger : A Secret History of American Diplomacy in the Middle East," one can readily surmise that while Kissinger may have lived up to his own political doctrine, the manner by which it was manifested included the elements of secrecy and deal making unbeknownst to the American people until agreements were well underway. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A View of Alternative History or What Might Have Happened if Adolf Hitler's Invasion of Great Britain Had Been Successful

    This 5 page paper takes an alternative approach to history and considers what may have occurred had Hitler and the Nazi's been successful in invading Great Britain. The writer considers the German policies of the time and evidence from other countries in order to reach some conclusions. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • A Political History of Cuba

    An 8 page paper discussing Cuba's oppressive political history. The Cuban people are hard working and strive to maintain optimism. The fact is, however, they have suffered centuries of political and economic oppression. Cuba presents perhaps the finest example of the consequences of inept government based on unworkable ideology rather than on the realities of life. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • US and New Jersey's Capital Punishment History

    A 10 page discussion of the history of the death penalty in the United States. Emphasizing the experiences in New Jersey and providing corresponding information for several other key states, the author of this paper concentrates on the key legal events and the controversy surrounding capital punishment. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Questions on Art History

    7 pages. This is a series of four questions concerning such topics as the difference between modern and contemporary art, narrative perspectives on collecting art, and why art museums are resistant to art history.

  • Literature Review on US History and Unionism

    This paper examines the literature available about unionism and the United States. In addition, the paper offers brief topics about unions including history of American unions, trends that unions face today, and how management and unions are trying to get along. Bibliography lists 20+ sources.

  • Political Institutions Shaped by the History of Western Europe

    This 6 page paper looks at European history and how it has affected Europe as it is known today. An emphasis is placed on politics. Communism is discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Capitalism and Europe in the 20th Century

    8 pages in length. There exist several reasons why the history of European twentieth century can be summed up as the triumph of capitalism, including two world wars, Fascism, Nazism, Stalinist Totalitarianism and the Depression. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Information for Those New to Teaching

    A 5 page paper presenting general comments about being a new history teacher. Tips regarding the kinds of strategies a new teacher needs are included as is an example that focuses on the Revolutionary War. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History and Future Promises of Space Exploration

    An 8 page overview of the timeless attraction of space and how that attraction has translated into space exploration programs. This paper traces the history of space exploration and contend that this exploration has the potential to result in more than just satisfying academic curiosity. Space exploration, in fact, directly benefits mankind in a number of ways. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Judith Walkowitz's City of Dreadful Delight and Gender History

    Gender History in Walkowitz’s “City of Dreadful Delight”: This 9-page essay examines Judith Walkowitz’s theories relevant to gender issues and female sexuality in the Victorian Era. Her treatise on the fluctuations pertaining to class and gender in late 1800’s London both informs about the past while still reverberating/ reflecting modernity. Bibliography lists 4 sources. SNGenhis.doc

  • Wig and its History

    This 5 page paper delves into the history of the wig from Ancient times through modernity, and looks at a variety of aspects. A focal point is when Louis XIII re-ignited a trend for males to wear wigs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Number e's History and Use

    This 5 page paper introduces the topic with a modern day look at compound interest, then delves into the history of the number e. Both early and modern uses are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Harpsichord History

    A 6 page research paper that offers a brief history of the harpsichord, its development and the principal schools that characterized the production of the instrument during its heyday. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Electronic Music History

    A 6 page research paper that gives an overview of the history of electronic music. The writer discusses the contributions of various composers, as well as giving a brief description of the electronic technological advancement that pertained to music. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • History and Evolution of Hare Krishna

    10 pages in length. There exist a great many philosophies by which people live their lives that help maintain order and a sense of direction that otherwise would merely drift in subconscious thought. One particular philosophy that has not set well with mainstream society is that of Hare Krishna, which partakes of the spiritual side of life by eschewing that which is overtly materialistic and shallow. The writer discusses the history, legal problems and ultimate maturation process of the Hare Krishna movement. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Internet2 History

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the history of Internet2, including its development, implementation and the future ambitions. This paper considers the basics of Internet2, the underlying reasons for its development and the implications. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • World Cup History

    7 pages in length. Heralded as the world's most popular sport for the past one hundred and twenty-five years, the game of soccer has a most memorable history. From its early yet tenuous beginnings in 1904 to the first World Cup Tournament to its strong presence in the twenty-first century, soccer has demonstrated a staying power unequaled to nearly every other sport. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Apartheid's History

    6 pages. This paper gives an overview of the history of Apartheid, especially in the context of two specific books. White Supremacy by George Fredrickson and Ethnic Power Mobilized by Heribert Adam are the two books which are analyzed and commented on in this historical look at Apartheid. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Drug Abuse Historical Overview

    A 5 page research paper that, first of all, gives a brief historical examination of the history of drug abuse, and then addresses the questions of whether or not there is a universal need to have altered states of consciousness. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Internet Medieval History Websites Compared

    A 6 page research paper that examines and critiques three internet sites that deal with medieval history. The writer evaluates each site according to graphics, usability and the quality of information. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • U.S. History from 1960 to the Present Time

    (11 pp) This tutorial exercise examines history and policies of blacks, women and Indians within a thirty year time span. The presidencies of Reagan and Johnson are examine, as are some generalities concerning domestic and foreign policy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A History of Jews in America

    8 pages. One from person was chosen from each of the following time periods in American Jewish history: 1654-1820, 1880-1924, and 1924-1945. They are Rebecca Gratz (1781-1869), Lillian Wald (1867-1940), Molly Picon (1898-1992). The author discusses how these individuals exemplify the key issues facing the Jews in the United States during said time periods. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Historical Origin and Development of Jiu jitsu

    This five-page-paper explores the history and development of the martial arts form of Jiu-jitsu. How it began and the many changes it has gone through over the years and in different cultures are outlined. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • Rights of Citizens in Ancient Rome

    In 5 pages, the author discusses Ancient Roman History with respect to citizenship rights, what citizenship meant with respect to rights and duties, and how, why, and where citizenship rights were extended to others 509 B. C. – 89 B. C. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Connection Between Global Travel and the History of Flight

    This 14 page paper provides an overview of aviation history, with a focus on technology and engine development. New trends in world travel are also discussed in light of technological change. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Long Island's Transportation History

    This 8 page paper provides a history of transportation on Long Island, New York with a focus on trains, automobiles and boats. The Long Island Rail Road is discussed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Contemporary Symbolic Logic History

    This 6 page paper explores the history of logic, with a focus on Aristotle. Applications for use of logical principles are fully explored. The paper looks at the use of logic from Ancient times through the postmodern era. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A Literary History of Texas' Independence Movement

    A 5 page paper which considers how the history of Texas independence is chronicled in Jesus F. de la Teja’s 1991 book, 'A Revolution Remembered: The Memoirs and Selected Correspondence of Juan N. Seguin' by examining how five people were motivated to act and the reasons for their actions and how five military figures were able to control others through intimidation, force, etc. 1 source is cited in the bibliography.

  • History and Uses of Sugar Cane

    This 5 page paper looks at the history of the sugar cane and its domestication in the colonies in America after 1640. Also considered is the rise of the use of sugar in its use in popular foods and drinks such as Coca-Cola. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • European History and Religion from the Sixteenth Century to Today

    This 6 page paper provides three sections with timelines of significant events in European history as it relates to religion. A summary section is also included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Historical Functions of Museums

    This 10 page paper delves into museums and how they are to be considered in light of new technology. The function of museums throughout history, and throughout the world, are explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Irish Tensions

    A 5 page paper which examines Ireland’s tumultuous history and considers the political, economic and social struggles including the potato famine, religious unrest, rebellion and independence movements and the role of women. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Colonial and Post Colonial History of Bali

    An 8 page essay that draws heavily on J. Stephen Lansing's anthropological study of Bali entitled "The Balinese" and outlines the history of this island culture during its colonial and post-colonial eras. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • U.S. History's Watershed Event, the Civil War

    4 pages in length. In describing the social, economic and political impacts, along with the results of war upon American psyche, one must grant a considerably broad overview of the primary issues associated with such a significant turning point in American history. Slavery, freedom and race relations reflect three of the most important aspects of why the Civil War can be looked upon as a watershed event for America, inasmuch as an entire classification of people finally earned the right to live like human beings. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Standardized Testing and its History

    This 11 page paper discusses the history of standardized testing and it's impact on education. This paper examines standardized testing from its inception through the 1970's. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Historical High-Points in Nursing History

    A 5 page research paper that offer five historical developments in nursing history. The writer discusses the contributions of Florence Nightingale, Agnes Hunt, Clara Barton, Hildegard Peplau and Virginia Henderson. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Seeing History Through Hill's, Hobsbawm's, Thompson's, and Marx's Eyes

    This 10 page paper looks at Marxist ideas and technique as well as how other theorists view history. Each theorist is discussed in his own right, but all are compared and contrasted to one another's thinking. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History of Turkey and Kuwait's Rates of Exchange

    This 10 page paper discusses the exchange rate history of Turkey and Kuwait and compares/contrasts them. Suggestions and theories are proposed based on the available data to account for the disparity between them. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • World War II A Chronological History

    This 10 page paper provides a history from beginning to end of the Second World War. Causes of the war are discussed and how the war ends is also noted. Major events are highlighted such as the Holocaust and the dropping of the bomb on Hiroshima. A timeline is included. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • World War I A Chronological History

    This 8 page paper provides a history from beginning to end of the First World War. Causes of the war are discussed and how the war ends is also noted. Major battles are highlighted. A timeline is included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • National League of Nursing and the American Nurses Association

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the differing roles of the American Nurses Association (ANA) and the National League of Nursing (NLN), two of the many professional nursing organizations that are active in the US. The ANA works for the improvement of health standards and the availability health care services and fosters high professional standards for nursing, as well as promoting the professional development of nurses and the advancement of their economic and general welfare. The NLN is primarily concerned with nursing education and has as its principal goal to promote quality nursing education, which it facilitates by providing an accreditation service. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Aging Nursing Population/Healthcare

    A 7 page research paper that examines this issue. A predominant demographic trend in the U.S. is toward a progressively older population, as Americans live longer lives. Connie Barden, president of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN), points out that nurses are getting older along with the rest of the country (An interview, 2003). The aging nursing population has a tremendous impact on the current nursing shortage, as more and more nurses near retirement age. Furthermore, it is logical to presume that older nurses may find the stress caused by understaffing to be more problematic. This examination of this topic addresses literature and what it reveals about the extent of the problem, as well as proposed solutions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nurture Wins in the Nature versus Nurture Debate

    A 3 page research paper/essay that examines the nature v. nurture debate and argues in favor of nurture. The "nature versus nurture" debate has been going on now for over a century, as it began in the nineteenth century when a cousin of Charles Darwin, Francis Galton, came up with the idea of "improving" the human race through "selective breeding" (Hogenboom 1402). Since that time the pendulum has swung back and forth with either "nature" (that is, the influence of inherited traits) or "nurture" (the influence of the environment) being predominant among scholars. However, considering the latest research, the indications are that nurture is more important than nature in making us who and what we are. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Social Effects of Hip Hop

    A 6 page paper discussing positive aspects of hip-hop’s influence on society. At present, at least the “clean” versions of much of today’s rap is beneficial to society in that it diminishes the effects of racial prejudice, as predicted by Lewin’s theory. It has the ability to overturn the typical power pattern common in the US in all other areas of life in that rappers overwhelmingly are African-American, being followed by legions of white teens. They are followed by black teens as well; the surprising factor is that millions of whites fall so easily into the step called by the music industry in general and hip-hop specifically. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Financial Service Industry and IT

    A 5 page paper providing a general overview of the effects of the growth of IT in financial matters, primarily using the evolution of the stock broker’s duties as IT has grown in ubiquity and functionality. The US currently spends more than 4.5% of GDP on IT, and finance departments are being affected. Whether the ultimate effects will be positive or negative remain to be seen, however. Some observers see the growing sophistication of IT as bringing about the demise of finance departments, others look at the same patterns and see how they will strengthen finance departments’ positions within their organizations. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • GE's Growing Global Presence and How It Evolved

    A 10 page paper discussing the world's most admired company (Fortune, 1998 and 1999), where it came from and how it has attained its position in the world. As did much of American manufacturing in the 1970s and 1980s, GE had its share of difficulties. It was accused of being a behemoth beyond its reason to exist, uncaring and unresponsive to customer needs. GE traversed the waters of downsizing as did all other large US businesses, but rather than focus on the negative aspects, it chose to plan for the future and seek out new directions. The ultimate key to GE's success in the international market is that it is never complacent about its many innovations. It does not allow itself to believe it has "arrived," but rather continually seeks new opportunities for continued growth while continuing its tradition of social responsibility and aim of contributing to the good of mankind, as well as to that of the bottom line. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Competition Between UPS, FedEx, and USPS

    An 11 page paper discussing whether competition from private-sector delivery services such as Federal Express and UPS adversely affects the ability of the US Postal Service to maximize profits. Priority Mail and Express Mail are add-on services of the USPS, but the primary business of private-sector delivery services such as Federal Express and UPS. Certainly the USPS would carry much greater volumes of pieces applicable to the category if private-sector services did not exist, but it is doubtful that competition in the category has been highly significant in preventing the USPS from maximizing profit. Prohibited by law from carrying any profit at all, the USPS perhaps could reduce rates for other services or at least hold them steady without its private-sector competition, but it still would not be allowed to post any significant and ongoing profits from operations. The paper includes one chart and one table. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Individual and Societal Effects of Organized Crime

    A 9 page paper discussing how both organized crime and society have changed since its early-20th century origins in the US. The Great Depression gained far more attention than did flamboyant criminals, as has been the case with the rapid rise of organized crime in Eastern Europe since the fall of communism. Violence formerly was limited to that between organization members, but today's spills over into a broader area. Ultimately, it is political corruption that provides the environment in which organized crime can thrive. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Direct Price Controls Imposed by the United States Government

    This 5 page report discusses three specific forms of price controls imposed by the U.S. government. The creation of a system of price controls is designed to influence the market place, not through market forces but through artificially-established regulations. The three examples presented in this paper are: rent controls; natural gas; and, physician reimbursement practices. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Globalizing Businesses and Market Entry Strategies

    A 10 page paper discussing five of the several ways that organizations can become international enterprises: export, startup, acquisition, joint ventures and franchising, and briefly examines the choice of approach made by Nortel when it expanded into the US from Canada two decades ago. The route chosen by Nortel was that of startup, but there were fewer choices workable then. There is no question that businesses today have far greater choices in how they will enter new international markets. Direct startup is viable only for the largest of companies now, but joint venturing has been used successfully by organizations of all sizes. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Kindleberger on the World Economy

    A 5 page research paper which looks at the theories of renowned economist Charles P. Kindleberger in his book World Economic Primacy: 1500 to 1990. Kindleberger postulates that nations go through life cycles that are roughly similar to those of a single individual. First there is youth, then maturity, and then eventually there is aging; however, the life cycle of a nation ends in quiescence rather then death. As evidence of this, the writer examines world health as an economic indicator and concludes that this does tend to verify Kindleberger's hypothesis that the U.S. is in decline. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • America's System of Justice and Women

    A 16 page research paper. The topic of women and the US Justice System is indeed a broad one, containing several aspects that cannot be ignored by any discussion of both the role of and the effects on women. It is necessary to look at women on each side of the judicial bench—how those in judging positions perform their duties and the contributions they make, and how those embroiled in legal issues common to women are faring today compared to past times. Also important is the fair and unbiased evaluation of the effects and the realized results of laws specific to women, such as sex discrimination of women and reforms of rape laws that have been in place in several jurisdictions for several years, while are still under discussion in others. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Business Applicability and Common Morality

    6 pages in length. The concepts of right and wrong seem so simple on the surface. Webster's defines morality as adherence to a standard of "right human conduct." Superficially, that definition would be easy for the "simple" to understand. When the focus is narrowed, however, it seems that the concept of morality grays in its boundaries. Morality is not only the black and white that the "simple" so seemingly effortlessly can see, with that clear line of demarcation between it and immorality. Focus is increasingly narrowed in our harried lives of today, but all of us are charged with keeping vigilance on the level of standard we will tolerate. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 1990s' American Economy

    A variety of economic indicators are reviewed in this 5 page overview that looks at the years between 1990 and 1998. A look at the past explains how the nineties economy came to be and, more importantly, how the various indicators are used to assess its health. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Gun Control and Organized Crime in America

    In 10 pages, the author discusses the subject of gun control in organized crime. Organized crime is a serious problem today. This type of crime not only involves drugs, and money laundering, it involves guns and gunrunning. Not only should drug trafficking be done away with, so should guns, for drugs and weapons walk hand in hand. They are a problem. They cause violence and, in many instances death. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Impact of Free Trade

    A 3 page essay looking impartially at both sides of the free trade issue. The paper defines free trade and presents some of the arguments both for and against it. No additional sources cited.

  • Inmate Luxuries and U.S. Prison System Problems

    In this 7 page paper, the writer argues that contemporary American prisons are made to be too comfortable and too accommodating. Prisoners are being entertained rather than being reformed. The hypocrisy of programs such as arts & crafts, music television, occasional live shows, and leisure sports are criticized. The 'prisoner's rights' movement is regarded as scaring too many jail systems into providing these amenities and a strong conclusion urges for a more reform-orientated change. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparison of Voters in Canada and the United States

    A 6 page paper discussing the drop in voter turnout over the past 30 years and offering some insights into factors that may contribute to voter apathy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Various Foreign Influences on the US Federal Reserve System

    This 11 page report discusses the Federal Reserve System of the United States and the foreign influence placed upon it. Ultimately, the actions taken by the Federal Reserve affect everything from corporate stock prices to the cost of a quart of milk. With such a significant influence on economic affairs, one must wonder what influences the Federal Reserve itself. Does it have a relationship with its counterparts in other nations? Does it have an impact on what happens around the world? And, perhaps of greatest interest and importance, what impact do foreign interests have on it? Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • US Constitution and its Origins

    This 15 page overview explores the origins of the Constitution. Included are references to John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu who supported the theory of civic humanism. Also discussed is the applicability of earlier documents such as the Magna Carter and the Mayflower Compact. A discussion of constitutional amendments and how concepts have changed over time is also included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Privatization and the Logistics Management of the United States Military

    A 10 page paper that provides an overview of logistics management and considers the application for the management and outsourcing of military construction, maintenance and equipment. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Should the US Adopt a Universal Healthcare System?

    This 5 page paper is an argumentative paper on the topic of whether or not the United States should adopt universal healthcare system similar to those found in countries such as Canada, New Zealand and the UK. The paper looks at the arguments for and against the adoption of universal healthcare system including issues such as cost and quality of care, and finishes with a conclusion in favor of universal healthcare. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Comparing Healthcare in Zambia with Healthcare in United States

    This 14 page paper looks at the universal healthcare system in Zambia, considering its main characteristics, underlying philosophies as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the system along with the challenges it faces. This system is then compared with the healthcare system of the United States, with both systems discussed in the context of the social and economic environment within their relative countries. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Foreign Policy and Iran

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the background and the issues pertaining to Iran pursuing a nuclear program. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Comparing the Economic Depressions Between the US and Japan

    This 9-page paper compares the similarities between the Great Depression in the United States in the 1930s, and the depression Japan currently experiences. Topics under discussion include fiscal policy, monetary policy, consumer spending and bank failures. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The U.S. Army Transportation System

    This 4 page paper discusses transportation in the Army’s supply chain; how it’s used and how it can be improved. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Oregon's Death with Dignity Act and the American Government

    4 pages in length. The writer discusses the Oregon Death With Dignity Act as it relates to 1997 Supreme Court allowing each state to decide for itself. Statistical data also provided. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Inmate Luxuries and U.S. Prison System Problems

    In this 7 page paper, the writer argues that contemporary American prisons are made to be too comfortable and too accommodating. Prisoners are being entertained rather than being reformed. The hypocrisy of programs such as arts & crafts, music television, occasional live shows, and leisure sports are criticized. The 'prisoner's rights' movement is regarded as scaring too many jail systems into providing these amenities and a strong conclusion urges for a more reform-orientated change. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The U.S. Air Force and Advanced Practice Nursing

    An 18 page paper discussing federal and state laws regarding advanced nursing practice. At present, licensing is a state function, and requirements as well as privileges can widely vary between states. As a national organization, the USAF and other military services may literally be caught in the middle between states’ and federal regulation. The purpose here is to determine whether the USAF advanced nurse practitioners are “functioning beyond their scope of practice as independent licensed practitioners.” Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT PLAN - U.S. ARMY

    This 5-page paper provides a description of logistics for the Army and suggestions as to improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Security and Maritime Transportation on the West Coast of the United States

    In five pages this paper examines the present maritime transportation and port security issue situation currently affecting the West Coast of the United States in an overview that includes recommended strategies to address these security challenges. Six sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Privatization and the Logistics Management of the United States Military

    A 10 page paper that provides an overview of logistics management and considers the application for the management and outsourcing of military construction, maintenance and equipment. Bibliography lists 12 sources.