Research Papers on European History

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Soviet Union Under Josef Stalin and Jewish Culture's Decline

    This 10 page paper considers the plight of Jews in the Soviet Union under the rule of Stalin. Topics covered include the anti-Semitic movement, the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee and the doctors plot. The bibliography cites 8sources.

  • 'The Tables Turned' by William Wordsworth and Romanticism

    A 2 page paper that defines Romanticism as expressed in William Wordsworth's 1798 poem The Tables Turned. Also briefly discussed is the influence Romanticism exerted on the political and religious thinking of the early nineteenth century. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Nervous Splendor Vienna 1888/1889 by Frederic Morton

    A 5 page analysis of historian Frederic Morton's book, A Nervous Splendor: Vienna 1888/1889. The writer discusses how Morton pictures the Viennese society of that period as basically flawed with problems in both classes, the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie. The suicide of Crown Prince Rudolf is also discussed. No other sources listed.

  • World War II A Chronological History

    This 10 page paper provides a history from beginning to end of the Second World War. Causes of the war are discussed and how the war ends is also noted. Major events are highlighted such as the Holocaust and the dropping of the bomb on Hiroshima. A timeline is included. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • World War I A Chronological History

    This 8 page paper provides a history from beginning to end of the First World War. Causes of the war are discussed and how the war ends is also noted. Major battles are highlighted. A timeline is included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • European History and Religion from the Sixteenth Century to Today

    This 6 page paper provides three sections with timelines of significant events in European history as it relates to religion. A summary section is also included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Consumer Culture and British Fashion Magazine Influence

    This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of British fashion magazines on the British consumer society and their influences throughout history up and including the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. While researching the development of British fashion magazines within the last century, magazines such as Vogue, Elle and InStyle, initially showed that the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, British fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. A recent study of focus groups’ opinions of images found in Vogue magazine found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Nevertheless, the continued popularity of fashion magazines and their continued focus on the Western and/or American entertainment industries as a source for fashion is considered as a reflection of societal cues and consumer behavior. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Irish Tensions

    A 5 page paper which examines Ireland’s tumultuous history and considers the political, economic and social struggles including the potato famine, religious unrest, rebellion and independence movements and the role of women. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Europeas an Outgrowth of Its Geographical Features

    This 4 page paper discusses the way in which geography impacted the development of Europe. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • English Countryside in 'Odour Of Chrysanthemums' by D.H. Lawrence

    5 pages in length. In assessing D.H Lawrence's 'Odour of Chrysanthemums,' the reader is able to clearly distinguish how the author's use of English countryside is divided between industrial and rural landscapes. The manner in which Lawrence utilizes these landscapes as a means by which to shape the main characters in his short story illustrates the author's inherent ability to successfully differentiate between industrial and rural characterization. That one of the two main theme's of 'Odour of Chrysanthemums' addresses the accurate depiction of mining district working-class life, the concept of English countryside incorporated throughout the story helps the reader gain a significant understanding of just how diverse the two entities were represented. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • English Law and the Norman Conquest

    A paper which looks at the impact which the Norman Conquest had on the development of the English legal system, taking into account the many other historical and social factors which influenced the growth of common law both before and after the Norman invasion. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • 1979's Sale of Goods Act and British Law

    A 5 page paper which examines the British law, Sale of Goods Act of 1979. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History, Development, and Geography's Influence

    This is a 5 page paper discussing geography’s influence on history. Geography has a great impact on history, development, and social, cultural, religious and political affiliations. Historically, regions with geographical advantageous positions, such as those with access to navigable waterways have led other areas in regards to exploration, market economy and development. Geographically, Britain provides an excellent example of the advantages of a land with fertile soil, navigable waterways and a long coastline with natural harbors. This led England to exploration and navigation which in turn led them to other lands which they could develop. Other regions with water access also gained a great deal in trade and exploration. New lands which were developed were also those which were easily accessible, had irritable soil, and navigable waterways. Lands which did not have these geographically preferred features were largely neglected unless they were geophysically blessed with natural resources such as oil or gold. Today geography still plays an essential influence on the historical affiliations of many peoples who despite political, religious or international alliances are still mostly affected with their geographical locale. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Egypt and Mesopotamia Comparison

    A 3 page research paper that compares and contrasts the geography, society and laws of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Department Store and its History

    A 6 page discussion of the advent of the department store in consumer culture. Making their advent in the mid 1800s these stores would change the way stores marketed goods and the way consumers shopped for them. This paper discusses store geography, design, and labor considerations, particularly in regard to women. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • History of Russia in a Combination of 4 Papers

    This 22- page paper is comprised of four shorter papers dealing with Russia. The first is a 17-page paper that traces the history of Russia from ancient rulers, through the Romanov dynasty, the Decembrist revolution, the revolution of 1905 and the Revolution of 1917. It discusses the Communist period, and the post-Communist period, and touches on economic problems today as well as ethnic conflicts. Bibliography lists 6 sources. The second paper, which is incorporated into the whole, is a 3-page essay describing some of Russia's cultural icons. Bibliography lists 1 source. The third paper, which is incorporated into the whole, is a 3-page essay describing Russian and Soviet geography. Bibliography lists 2 sources. The fourth paper, which is incorporated into the whole, is a 2-page essay describing Russian demographics. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • The European Miracle by E.L. Jones

    A 6 page book review of E.L. Jones' The European Miracle. In this text, Jones endeavors to answer the following question, which is "How to account for the ascendancy...of the First World" (Kellas 330). In his search for answers, Jones looks at European history and geography and contrasts and compares its development with the history of Asia, which he pictures as taking a different socio/economic path. Jones characterizes the Ottoman empire as "intellectual backward" and speaks of India's "total lack of political inspiration," pointing out the social structure in India "impaired political stability and the resulting instability impaired development (Kellas 330). As this suggests, in answer to the questions that the text poses, Jones presents a multitude of elements as contributing to the miracle of European development. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Second World War and Casablanca Film

    A 5 page paper which compares and contrasts the film’s relationship with World War II. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Blood Oath (Film Analysis)

    This 10 page paper reviews this Australian film. Does the film depict events accurately. This question is explored as well as others in the context of this comprehensive review. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cinematic Perspectives of Society and Race

    A 6 page discussion of how our race and social perspective influences our interaction with others. The author uses six films set in the early twentieth century to illustrate this phenomena. These films are "Out of Africa", "Harem Suare", "Nowhere in Africa", "King of the Khyber Rifles", "The Charge of the Light Brigade", and "A Passage to India". Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • History's Origin According to Ernst Breisach

    This 2 page paper provides an overview of the central perspectives of Ernst Breisach in his Historiography: Ancient, Medieval & Modern as they relate to the origins of history. This paper demonstrates the link between the perspectives of the earliest known historians, Herodotus and Thucydides, also known as the father and grandfather of history, and the modern views of the process through which history is conveyed. No additional sources cited.

  • Spain's Economic History

    This 8 page report discusses the economy of Spain in terms of: historical precedent; relationship with its European neighbors; its movement toward European integration; problems it faced becoming a part of the European Union; and, its current economic and diplomatic status with Europe. The report also provides a brief comparison of the economies of Spain and Germany that illustrates both Spain’s relationship to Germany and how far the nation has come in the past several decades of determination. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Guillotine History

    This 5 page paper presents a description and overview of this item once used as the primary means of execution. Its origin, which was in revolutionary France, is the focus of the paper. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Wig and its History

    This 5 page paper delves into the history of the wig from Ancient times through modernity, and looks at a variety of aspects. A focal point is when Louis XIII re-ignited a trend for males to wear wigs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Balkan Ghosts A Journey Through History by Robert D. Kaplan

    A 5 page book report on Kaplan’s 1993 book, based on his decade-long experiences in the region as a journalist. No additional sources are used.

  • German History and the Contributions of Helmut Kohl

    This 10 page paper looks at Kohl's contributions and legacy, but really centers on other leaders such as Brandt and Adenauer. Kohl's rule is evaluated in light of policies implemented by his predecessors. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Social History and Sexuality

    A 6 page paper discussing the use of the study of sex and scandal in defining a society or culture of the past. The study of attitudes toward sex and scandal in any society can help inform social definition, but it also needs to be undertaken with some caveats. Using the study of sex and scandal to help further define any society of the past is a valid pursuit. However, those choosing that route must make allowances for the social and linguistic customs and patterns in which events not only occurred, but also in which they were recorded. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • London's Early History

    A 5 page overview of some of the formative periods of London’s history. In short, the history of London occurred in leaps and bounds but it also included many years of slow, gradual change. Over her history London progressed from a people whose subsistence was meager and relationships with the rest of the world were essentially non-existent, to a people whose city serves as one of the foremost cultural, economic, and political capitals of the world. This rise included influence from a diversity of peoples ranging from the Romans, to the Saxons, to the Vikings, and to the Normans.

  • History and Impact of the Cold War

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the events that led up to the Cold War. Major causes and issues are included and the overall effect of the war is discussed. The gradual build up of forces on both the capitalist Western side and the communist Eastern side are included. The paper focuses on the major countries involved. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Capitalism and Europe in the 20th Century

    8 pages in length. There exist several reasons why the history of European twentieth century can be summed up as the triumph of capitalism, including two world wars, Fascism, Nazism, Stalinist Totalitarianism and the Depression. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Islamic History in Spain

    This essay examines the period of time in Spain during which the land was under Islam rule. The paper examines the impact that the Muslims had on Spanish architecture, art and music. Bibliograpy lists 4 sources.

  • Analyzing a History of Yugoslavia from 1918 until 1991

    This is an 8 page paper analyzing the history of Yugoslavia and its divisions of nation states and provinces within the years 1918 to 1991. After World War I, Yugoslavia was formed and over the course of the next 70 years underwent radical changes in its national borders. Up until the socialist republic in 1946, historical and national alliances had been divided only to be reunited again by the socialists. However, the nations did not get independence or international recognition until the break-up of Yugoslavia in 1991. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Definition and Role of European Feudalism

    This is a 6 page paper discussing the development and purpose of feudalism in Europe from the 9th to 13th centuries. Originating out of the chaos which resulted from the breakdown of the Roman institutional system, the feudal system consisted of lords and kings which controlled fiefs across Europe. Through the development of the agricultural revolution and the expansion of textiles and export goods, the lords and kings became more established and the Orders of Knighthood developed during this time. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Russian History's Inconsistencies and Dichotomies

    This 5 page paper looks at the history of Russia with a focus on the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The attitudes that created dichotomies and the nation's inconsistent policies are explored. The history of this nation is tied in to the state of affairs today. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • London's Finance and Trade History

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the developmental of London as an international center for trade and finance. Since the invasions of the Romans until the international commerce market which stands today, London has long been considered the center of international trade and finance. The strategic location on the Thames River and the early establishment of the wool industry in Britain, allowed for London to become a major trade centre in Northern Europe with trade alliances with the Dutch, Germans, Danish and Italians initially. The period of colonization and the trade of the raw commodities from the colonies further increased London’s hold on the manufactured goods coming out of England, shipping, and the redistribution of products throughout the world. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • London's Development History

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the development of London through the time of the Romans, Saxons, Vikings and Normans. From the first established settlement north of the Thames River by the Romans in AD 43, the building of the bridge and the naming of Londinium, London developed substantially over the next 1200 years through the Romans, Saxons, Vikings and Normans. While it can be said that the Romans first established trade and the development in London, the Saxons and the Normans were largely responsible for the model of the city as it now stands today in regards to architecture, commerce, politics and civil liberties. Although the arrival of the Vikings caused a certain amount of turmoil, it did cause England to eventually unite under King Alfred of Wessex and establish London as the capital of Britain. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A View of Alternative History or What Might Have Happened if Adolf Hitler's Invasion of Great Britain Had Been Successful

    This 5 page paper takes an alternative approach to history and considers what may have occurred had Hitler and the Nazi's been successful in invading Great Britain. The writer considers the German policies of the time and evidence from other countries in order to reach some conclusions. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Mass Media and Entertainment

    This is a 5 page paper discussing mass media for pleasure and entertainment with examples from British history. Mass media in relation to today’s society has a great many formats in which to give the public information, promotion of new merchandise, news, entertainment and various forms of pleasure in the world of television, journalism, films, computer games and the internet to name a few. Traditionally, media was thought to be a source of viable information to the masses yet history shows that media was also used as much for the pleasure and entertainment of the masses as it was to provide information about current, world or political events. In today’s newspapers, although seemingly filled with violent news, they are also filled with “feel good” stories, entertainment sections, film and literary reviews as well as the classic comic, jumble and crossword features. In the Victorian era, the mass media were the providers of scandals and serial novels highly popular in that time. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Post Second World War and Global History

    7 pages in length. The changes that have occurred since the end of World War II have been both grand and far-reaching; from a global standpoint, myriad events have taken place to completely alter the direction in which the world has progressed. Choosing but a handful of these incidents is weighty indeed, however, it can readily be argued that two issues served to transform the world in significant ways: The Cuban Missile Crisis and technology/globalization. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History of the Italian Carnival During the Renaissance

    20 pages. This fascinating paper is a look at the history of the Carnival in Italy, especially in Florence, during the 14th and 15th centuries. People's lives changed from ordinary to the wild and mysterious during Carnival. People gained a sense of power during Carnival; how did the Carnival affect the ruling families of the time period? Many fascinating topics are covered in this account of the bizarre and riotous period of Carnival during the Renaissance period. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • World History Changed by 3 Important Battles

    This 13-page paper describes the three battles commonly termed as the turning points in history: The Battle of Tsushima, the Battle at Stalingrad and the Battle at Dien Bien Phu. The paper disucsses the impact these fights had on both the players and the world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Romantic Era and History of Science

    A 5 page paper discussing the qualities of the period of 1770-1830 in scientific advancement. The age of enlightenment is associated with order and reason; progress and change belongs to the 19th century. A.L. DeJussieu (1748 – 1836), C.F. Mirbel (1776 – 1854) and K Sprengel (1766 – 1833) all quietly contributed to the advancement of science in general - and botany in particular – during this time that would prove to provide preparation for rapidly-occurring advances in the future. Growing knowledge of what was ultimately led to speculation of what could be. By the end of the Romantic Period in 1830, the focus shifted toward work that could effect change, rather than merely explain why things existed as they did. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • 1400 to 1700 Japanese Relations with the West

    This is a 5 page paper discussing Japanese foreign relations with the West between the years 1400 and 1700. The years from 1400 to 1700 in Japan covered three Japanese historical periods: the Muromachi Period (1333-1573); the Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1573-1603); and, the Edo Period (1603-1867) which also included the great eras of the Shogun. While these centuries are generally not known for their great developments in international trade for Japan, there were certain instances in which Chinese and Western trade and influences and relations were introduced into Japan. During the mid 16th century, the Japanese greatly valued Portuguese weaponry which played a large factor in the ongoing warlord conflicts. By the late 16th century, foreign relations and trade had also been established with Britain, Spain and the Dutch who were as interested in the Japanese artisan goods as were the Japanese interested in goods imported from the Americas such as tobacco and sweet potatoes among other goods. Through the relations established with the English, Western shipbuilding and navigation tools were also of great value. During the mid-17th century however, shogun Iemitsu wanted to strengthen Japan by eliminating foreign influence which included further restrictions on Christianity, which had been introduced by the missionaries in the 1500s, a ban on travel outside of Japan, expulsion of foreign trade merchants and a ban on European literature among other restrictions thereby decreasing foreign trade and relations with the West. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • North America and the Immigration of the Scots

    This 28 page paper discusses the history of the immigration of Scotts to the United States and Canada. Specifically, this paper explores the reasons for their immigration, as well as settlement patterns, hardships they endured, ports of entry and so forth. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • European Historical Signficance of Herder's Outlines of A Philosophy of the History of Man and Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France

    7 pages in length. The writer discusses the opposing perspectives of both writers and how each one influenced European history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Analyzing A History of the World in 10 1/2 Chapters by Julian Barnes

    This 4 page paper presents an analysis of this unique and startling fictional account of the history of the world, illuminating its commentary on spirituality and human nature. Furthermore, this paper examines this work in light of other great works of literature, such as the book of Genesis, Augustine's "Confessions", Freud's "Civilization and its Discontents", and others. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Pivotal Historical Point of the 1789 French Revolution

    A 5 page research paper that argues the position that the French Revolution of 1789 was a pivotal point in history. In other words, everything that had occurred in recent world history led up to and influenced the coming of the French Revolution and then the Revolution influenced everything that came afterward. Examination of this topic shows that there is a great deal of validity to the position that the French Revolution was the most significant historical event of this era. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Calculus History

    Calculus provides methods to deal with varying quantities. O'Connor & Robertson (1996) state that it has been evolving since Zeno in 450 B.C.E, who was supposed to be the first to posit an equation based on the infinite. However, the first infinite equation is believed to have been introduced by Archimedes in 250 B.C.E., bringing with it leaps in logic from theorists like Barrow, Newton and Leibniz. Bibliography lists 4 sources. jvHisClc.rtf

  • United Kingdom and Developments in its Mass Media History

    A 5 page paper which examines the history of significant developments in mass media within the UK. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie's HIstory Writing

    A 3 page paper that begins by commenting on the changes in writing history, specifically, the change to the Annales school and Braudel's total history schema. The essay then discusses Ladurie's Montaillou: The Promised Land of Error. The writer discusses how Ladurie uses the total history approach as well as the scientific approach supported by von Ranke. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Philip Sugden's 'The Complete History of Jack the Ripper'

    A 3 page paper which provides a summary and review of "The Complete History of Jack the Ripper" by Philip Sugden. No additional sources cited.

  • Medieval Culture and its History

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the skills needed for nurses to be effective in the modern healthcare enviornment. In particular, this paper integrates a view of leadership skills and their role in shaping the focus for nurses, particularly in the hospital setting. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 1066 The Year of the Conquest by David Howarth

    A 5 page paper that examines which historical figures the author likes and why. No additional sources are used.

  • Second World War and Its Chronological History

    An 8 page paper which examines the chronological history of WWII. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Early Europe, Scientific Theory Development, and Counterfactual History

    An 11 page exploration of the way society repressed scientific fact in Europe, between 1000 A.D and 1800 A.D. The toll this repression took was a delay in the development of muchmore advanced knowledge. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • UK Immigration History

    A paper which looks at the history of immigration to the UK, the history of London and its development as a multicultural city, and at Iraqi migration patterns, past and present, to the UK.

  • Holocaust Literature and the Portrayal of Children

    A paper which looks at the way in which children are depicted in literature which deals with the Holocaust, in both autobiographical works and fiction, the importance of such works as a resource in Holocaust studies, and the way in which contemporary children respond to such accounts of their forebears’ experiences.

  • Early Renaissance Literature, Architecture, Art, and Theology Integration

    This 5 page report discusses the Early Renaissance (1400-1494) is used as an example of the inter-relatedness that exists between very different human endeavors ranging from architecture to literature and philosophy to art but that still provide insight to how ideas were transmitted and interpreted in a multitude of ways. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Propaganda and Literature Relating to British Imperialism

    The literature of Imperialist England included themes based on social Darwinism, the crisis of faith, imperialism, poverty and progress. This 7 page paper explores the issues in Milton's Paradise Lost; Behn's Oroonoko and Swift's Gulliver's Travels that pertain to the cultural context of the British Empire. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The United States in the Aftermath of WWII with Europe and Japan

    A 3 page paper which examines how the United States helped Europe and Japan following WWII. The paper also discusses how this differs from their lack of involvement following WWI. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Aftermath of the Cold War

    A 5 page discussion of the primary ideologies which were at play during the Cold War years and how the aftermath of those years have shaped our current world environment. Uses the events which have unfolded in Afghanistan, and the current U.S. military action in Afghanistan, to underscore the contention that the Cold War was ineffective in ensuring long term peace. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Visionary Work Principia Mathematica by Isaac Newton

    A 10 page paper in which the writer discusses Isaac Newton’s masterwork Principia Mathematica (1687). Newton’s participation in the scientific revolution and catalytic role in the Age of Enlightenment are also examined. Principia Mathematica is shown to have relevance today in physics and mechanics. Newton’s initial foray into alchemy and it’s overtones for us today are also considered. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women Viewed During the Enlightenment Era

    A 4 page research paper that addresses the question of gender inequality could be rationalized in an age (the Enlightenment) that held prized rationality. Examination of Enlightenment literature suggests that, first of all, there existed a body of thought that pictured women as either too delicate or cognitively deficit to benefit from education; and, secondly, there was an equally insidious argument that uses nature to justify gender inequality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Marie Antoinette and Alexandra Feodorovna

    This 12 page paper discusses the way in which Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, and Alexandra Feodorovna, last czarina of Russia, were portrayed in literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Aftermath of the First World War

    (6 pp) Prior to World War I - The Great War, we, as a nation, felt that our cause was just and honorable, and for that people should be willing to sacrifice. People did so, and after four years when it was all over, their attitudes about the glory of war, were gone. A great disillusionment came over the United States and some even questioned whether the Allies had done as much to weaken democracy as to promote it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Aftermath of the 1789 French Revolution

    5 pages in length. In the aftermath of the French Revolution of 1789, the problem of political and social authority was of central concern to European intellectuals. The author discusses this topic as it relates to Burke, Kant and Hegel. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Trade in the Aftermath of the World Wars: A Comparison of Post-WWI and Post-WWII

    This 14 page paper examines the periods after each of these wars. Information about WWI and WWII are provided. Politics and economics are discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • First World War and its Aftermath

    A 14 page overview of the social and political environment that resulted after World War I ended. This paper illustrates the relationships between European nations in the 1920s, contending that probably even less chance of global peace existed in post-war Europe than existed prior to the war. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Leisure and Sports in Victorian Age Great Britain

    A 9 page research paper investigating the development of leisure and sports activities among the working class in Britain towards the end of the Victorian era. Leisure activities had to meet very stringent ethical ideals by which the working class lives. Many games played in rural regions became national pastimes and most still exist today. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and Adolf Hitler

    An 8 page consideration of the psychological factors that went into making Adolf Hitler. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The True Voyages of Christopher Columbus

    (5 pp) The date of Columbus landing on the Americas will probably always be stuck in my head due to some little ditty of childhood, "In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue."That is about the only fact that is now agreed upon concerning Columbus and his voyages. This discussion will examine the landings of the disputed voyage, how the inhabitants were treated, and what might have been the reasons for such treatment by a supposedly civilized man, and representative of the Queen of Spain. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • San Marco, Venice's Artistic and Musical Humanism During the Renaissance

    A 12 page paper that provides a comprehensive overview of the significant features of the art and music of San Marco, Venice during the Renaissance era and considers the relationship between the art and the ideal of humanism. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • War and Escalation of Violence Such as Rape

    A 7 page discussion of the abhorrent trend or sexual violence in Bosnia and Rwanda during war. This paper examines that trend from the perspective of defining them as war crimes and acts of genocide. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Medieval Drama and Its Messages

    A 14 page paper discussing the means that medieval guilds used to promote political and religious ideology using plays as the medium. There was only a single church, and it sought to provide plays to act out important events described in the Bible. Plays grew in scope and size and were obliged to move outdoors where laymen took over the production duties, those laymen generally were members of the various guilds operational in local areas. Guilds were dedicated to business among the merchants and high quality among the craftsmen, and their leaders came to be highly involved in local politics. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • A Study of Anabaptist Reform

    A 12 page research paper that offers an examination of both primary and secondary sources offers an overview of Anabaptism, its background and history and then its theology. Through this discussion of sources, the focus will be on Anabaptist beliefs and why these beliefs resulted in brutal persecution of followers by both Protestant and Catholic authorities. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

 

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