Research Papers on Art & Architecture

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.


Research Papers on Art & Architecture

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Time Capsule: Renaissance & The Age Of Baroque

    7 pages in length. The writer discusses art, music, architecture, literature and philosophy as they pertain to the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Early Renaissance Literature, Architecture, Art, and Theology Integration

    This 5 page report discusses the Early Renaissance (1400-1494) is used as an example of the inter-relatedness that exists between very different human endeavors ranging from architecture to literature and philosophy to art but that still provide insight to how ideas were transmitted and interpreted in a multitude of ways. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Islamic History in Spain

    This essay examines the period of time in Spain during which the land was under Islam rule. The paper examines the impact that the Muslims had on Spanish architecture, art and music. Bibliograpy lists 4 sources.

  • Analysis of Six Museum Works of Art

    A paper which looks at six museum pieces, representing different branches of art, architecture and literature, and considers their importance both at the time of their creation and in relation to other cultures and time-periods. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Traditional Clothing in the United States and China

    3 pages in length. Cultural expression is conveyed in myriad ways from art to food and architecture to literature. Perhaps, however, there is no better way to communicate a particular culture's legacy than by means of traditional clothing. China and the United States have some of the most unique garments across the globe, and it is with these examples of specific style that each one passes on its own heritage. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Themes in the Gothic

    This 3 page paper discusses the Gothic ideas that are common in architecture, music and art. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Re-engineering at MEG International

    This 6 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student, looking at the problems this IT firm faces in undertaking a re-engineering project to use ‘enterprise architecture as strategy’. Four questions are answered; defining the terms re-engineering and ‘enterprise architecture as strategy’, considering key risk factors, looking at the pressures for change and considering how the change should be approached in the case of MEG. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Questions on Art History

    7 pages. This is a series of four questions concerning such topics as the difference between modern and contemporary art, narrative perspectives on collecting art, and why art museums are resistant to art history.

  • American Contributions of Edgar Allan Poe

    Edgar Allen Poe made contributions to America that went far beyond the contribution of his literature contributions. He supported both literature and art, and educating American minds. In doing so, he helped establish a number of magazines and newspapers as well as the American literary and art scene. These contributions greatly assisted the American public and establish American art and literature, as well as assisting Poe hone his own art. 5 works cited. jvPoepro.rtf

  • A History of Performance Art

    (10 pp.) Performance art is a confrontational art experience, whether one chooses to say that the art form begins in the sixteenth century with Comedia del Arte political street theater, or the recorded fistfight that broke out in the beginning of the twentieth century. Both forms were Italian, and both began with audience participation in the performance itself. Yet the form continues to make its own history today. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History of Chinese Art

    10 pages in length. Chinese art history is both vast and comprehensive, spanning centuries and encompassing myriad formats. When one examines Chinese culture as it relates to art history, one can readily surmise that artistic endeavor is not merely superficial filler, but rather an integral component to the overall existence of Asian heritage. The writer discusses calligraphy and feng shui as they relate to Chinese art history. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Art Music Composers and Jazz's Influence

    A 7 page research paper that examines the influence of jazz on art music composers. This examination looks at how two art music composers were highly influenced by another musical traditional, which is generally considered to be outside of the realm of serious music--jazz. Examining certain works of Igor Stravinsky and the entire repertoire of George Gershwin shows that art music was enriched by this influx of "new blood" from the realm of popular music. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Art History Questions

    A 4 page research paper in which the writer addresses four specific art topics, which includes ancient Egyptian art; Picasso's "Gernica"; the importance of music in the writer's life; and the writer's personal position on the importance and value of art. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Silent v. Sound/Art in Film

    A 4 page research paper that discusses silent and sound film as distinct art forms. In the public mindset, silent films are typically perceived as being less accomplished, less an art form, than the sound accompanied films that replaced this art medium. What few people realize, outside of film buss, scholars and historians, is that silent film was a fully developed art form in full maturity prior to the advent of cinematic sound and the aesthetic quality of cinema decreased after the inception of sound while artists and technicians adjusted to the requirements of what was, in many ways, a new medium. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 'Cinderella' by Anne Sexton

    (5 pp) At a turning point in art history, Marcel Duchamp turned a porcelain urinal, upside down and hung it on the wall, labeling it art, after he signed it 'R. Mutt.' The supposed sophisticated community at large took that to mean - 'whatever I say is art, is art.' The same argument could be made for a poet. If the poet claims it, a poem. Is it then a poem or does it have to follow certain structure, form or meaning to get that title? In this discussion we will examine the poem, Cinderella by Anne Sexton, within two categories, meaning and mechanics of, and see how it stands on its own.

  • Art History and Orientalism

    A 4 page research paper that examines the nineteenth century art trend of Orientalism, which the wrier defines and then discusses, referring to representative works of art. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 'Cinderella' by Anne Sexton

    (5 pp) At a turning point in art history, Marcel Duchamp turned a porcelain urinal, upside down and hung it on the wall, labeling it art, after he signed it "R. Mutt." The supposed sophisticated community at large took that to mean - "whatever I say is art, is art." The same argument could be made for a poet. If the poet says it is a poem. Is it then a poem, or does it have to follow certain structure, form or meaning to get that title? In this discussion we will examine the poem, Cinderella by Anne Sexton, within two categories, meaning and mechanics, and see how it stands on its own.

  • Coen Brothers' Film O Brother, Where Art Thou?

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the film O Brother, Where Art Thou? This paper outlines the function of the cinematography in Coen brother's film, O Brother, Where Art Thou?, which helps to create the tone of the film, determines elements that support the development of the central characters, underscores the narrative parallels and contrasts among the central characters in the film and identifies certain patterns that are common to films that depict specific periods in history. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Henry James's 19th Century Critique of John S. Sargent's 'Lady with the Rose' Painting

    A 7 page paper which examines a chapter from American author and art critic Henry James’s 1893 volume, “Picture and Text,” in which he discusses the young Symbolist painter’s work and his critique of this early painting. Also considered is the context of this criticism to consider whether it was defending or attacking the object/artist and its intended audience in order to gain an art historical perspective. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • America's Civil War, Literature, and Art

    This paper, written in the style of a tutorial essay, describes the influence that the United States Civil War had on art, literature and the general philosophy of the country. The main thesis contends that, as the nation healed from divisiveness in the years following the war, that art and literature reflected the healing. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Graphic Arts and its History

    This 28 page report discusses graphic art in terms of its development, its history, and where it will go in the future. In considering the future of graphic arts, it can be remarkably instructive to look at its history and how it has governed its developed. Both the history and potential future of graphic art are looked at in the report. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Impressionism/Music & Art

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the relationship between impressionist music and painting. Art and music have always developed in parallel with one another throughout the course of history (Impressionism). The impressionism of the late nineteenth century, which originated in France, exemplifies this principle as impressionist music and art are closely related. This examination of impressionism in music demonstrates the close relationship that the development of this genre of music history had with painting of the same era. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Sexually Abused Children and Art Therapy Assessments

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the current literature on the topic of Art Therapy and Assessments of Sexually Abused Children: Art as an Predictor for the Perpetration of Sexual Crimes by Children. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • San Marco, Venice's Artistic and Musical Humanism During the Renaissance

    A 12 page paper that provides a comprehensive overview of the significant features of the art and music of San Marco, Venice during the Renaissance era and considers the relationship between the art and the ideal of humanism. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Architecture of the Italian Renaissance

    A 5 page paper discussing the work of Filippo Brunelleschi, Andrea Palladio and Arnolfo di Cambio as being representative of Italian Renaissance architecture. A hallmark of the Renaissance was that it broke with the traditions of the Middle Ages in form and culture. Whereas the focus of the Middle Ages and the source of all knowledge had been in theology, the study of humanity was the focus of the Renaissance. Theological matters still were of great importance, but they were expressed in different terms. During the Renaissance, beauty came to be acceptable in its own right. Italian Renaissance architecture follows this progression of thought throughout the Renaissance period. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Psychology of Architecture

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of psychology and architecture. Discussion questions highlight the role of commercial and residential design in psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Venice, Italy

    A 10 page research paper that discusses the history of Venice, Italy, and also its architecture, painting and music, focusing particularly on the sixteenth century. Then, the writer discusses the current crisis of Venice sinking and what is being done to preserve the city. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Chartres Cathedral Architecture Compared with Music of Valkyrie by Richard Wagner

    5 pages. Determining that there is a connection between building a physical structure and composing a piece of music is not that hard to imagine. In each endeavor the creator is bringing forth from the heart and the imagination a thing of beauty and stability that will bring pleasure to those who experience it. In this paper there is made a comparison of the architecture of the Chartres Cathedral and the classical music piece by Richard Wagner 'Ride of the Valkyrie'. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • An Aesthetician's Perspective on Art

    A 5 page paper presenting example of aesthetics represented in literature, art, and music. Aestheticians have broadened their collective perspectives over the past century and particularly in the space of the last several decades. Aesthetics seeks to examine art forms not only for beauty, but now also for cultural relevance. The paper discusses Yeats as an example of transition from romance to modernism in literature, Renoir’s origination of the impressionist style of art and why the aesthetician will more readily accept the beauty of Béla Bartók’s music over that of Eminem or Stevie Ray Vaughn. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Hera Temple and Early History of Greece

    This 4 page paper analyzes the architecture of the first Temple of Hera in Greece. Elements analyzed for style and lifestyle of the people, function, and symbolism. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A History of the Tabernacle and Catholic Pulpit

    A 22 page research paper that consists of 18 full pages of text and 4 pages of annotated bibliography. The writer offers an overview of the history of Catholic architecture, focusing on the evolution of church construction, but also touching on the history of the pulpit. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Ancient Greek Women and the Effects of Medicine, Law, and Architecture

    A 12 page investigation into the lives of ancient Greek women as they were impacted by architecture, law and medicine. Exactly how these factors interacted to shape a woman’s life, however, is largely a matter of conjecture. Because most of Greek history was dominated by male authors, we must turn to other aspects of Greek culture to glean hints as to how a woman interacted in this male-dominated world. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • "The Asphalt Jungle" and "Citizen Kane" as Classics of Film Noir

    This 6 page paper discusses two films that are classics of the film noir genre, Citizen Kane and The Asphalt Jungle, with regard to the way architecture and the city are used as elements in the films. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Recommendations for Change at a Retail Firm

    This 5 page paper looks at a case study provided by the student. A retail art firm has grown but has numerous problem, including high attrition level, poor employee relationship, a lack of structure and no training program. The paper outlines the problems and makes strategic recommendations for the firm to improve to support ongoing growth. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Pakistan's Miniature Painting

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the history, influences and contemporary issues in miniature painting in Pakistan and India. The art of miniature painting was first known to exist in Persia where it was imported from into India during the 1500s at the beginning of the Mughal dynasties. In the Mughal schools of artistry, the art of miniature painting was given a more intense and dynamic feel which differentiated it from the formal structures used by the Persians. The technique is very specific in its use of wasli paper, squirrel hair brushes and vivid water based paint applied in multiple layers to earn it a silky finish. When the Mughal dynasty was displaced, so too were many of the artists who then had to earn livings applying their craft to other objects such as walls and furniture. During the late 1800s, when Indian nationalism began to take place, a revival of the traditional arts led to the re-introduction of miniature painting into the educational system where artists could earn specialties in it. Today, the art of miniature painting is one of the more popular and traditional methods of art especially found in the graduates of the National College of Arts in Lahore, Pakistan, the only school in the world offering a specialty in miniature painting. Modern miniature artists apply traditional Mughal methods in their depictions of the contemporary world and the political and lifestyle issues in Pakistan. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Keeping Art In Public Schools

    11 pages in length. It has long been realized how the infusion of creativity serves to enhance the overall level of intelligence; as such, students who are in public schools with active arts programs stand to benefit from the synergistic alliance between creativity and intelligence, a coupling that is being threatened by budget cuts and teacher shortages. To attend public school without the advantage of including art is placing students in an environment without culture; clearly, maintaining a schedule of math, science and English does not fulfill the requirements of a well-rounded education. In short, the presence of art programs in public schools "raises SAT scores; improves reading, math, and spatial skills; increases overall academic performance; and builds self-esteem, self-discipline, creativity, community cohesion, and greater tolerance for difference" (Gee 9). As the author points out, the mixed nature of art helps to bridge the divide student populations have with accepting diversity in their lives. With so much being excised from today's public schools, taking away art programs does nothing short of jeopardize the broad-based knowledge that affords greater knowledge, better opportunities and a sense of accomplishment. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • An Analysis of the Films, The Sacrifice, Stalker, and Daughters of the Dust

    An 8 page essay that reviews and analyzes three movies - The Sacrifice(1988) and Stalker (1979) by Tarkovsky and Daughters of the Dust (1992) by Dash. The writer argues that, in previous eras, individuals with an artistic vision had two mediums in which to express themselves—art or literature. The twentieth century has witnessed the blossoming of a third choice—cinema. The writer maintains that there are numerous examples of twentieth century film makers who manipulate light, color, words and music in such a way as to create art that rivals the finest paintings and literature for the way that it can move the human soul. No sources cited.

  • Poetry, Art, and Music Creativity

    A 9 page research paper that investigates the topic of artistic creativity. The standard cultural myth about creativity is that "Only artists have creativity and creativity is rare" (Epstein, 1996, p. 41). Creativity is part of human existence. Rather than being rare, creativity seems innate to human experience as every human culture, throughout history, has devised its own art, music and storytelling traditions, either oral or written. Empirical research verifies what insightful people appear to have realized throughout the ages, which is that creativity is the result of education and work, learning and building on the creations of others, and then filtering that knowledge through the prism of personal experience and individuality. In short, this discussion proposes that creativity is a distinct cognitive process that is common to all endeavors, which includes music, art and poetry. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Scott Joplin & George Gershwin

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares composers Scott Joplin (1867-1917) and George Gershwin (1898-1937), who were born a generation apart, but their music is intimately connected, in that jazz arose out of the legacy of ragtime, which was highly influenced by Joplin and jazz was the natural medium for the music of Gershwin. The two composers also bear other similarities. Each man had ambitions of writing art music, that is, music that would be taken seriously by music critics. Both Joplin and Gershwin enjoyed fame within their lifetimes, and their music has proven to be highly influential on subsequent composers. However, both men had difficulty having their classical works receive the due notice that these works deserved because of their association with the realm of popular music. However, ironically, both men are remembered today for the ways in which they advanced the art of popular music, taking it into new realms. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Boston Museum of Fine Arts' Oceania

    ( 5 pp.) The challenge presented to us in this discussion is twofold: first to be an "art critic" from the period when the art was first exhibited, assuming that it had just been completed by the artist; the second is to take a negative stance to the work that I have just seen. The theories that correspondingly present themselves from this type of construction is to realize that any type of artwork may be perceived differently from the time it is first made until later perceptions in its history. Obviously the work has not changed, but the attitudes towards if may have. The second idea is that in order to talk about something in a negative way, I will in fact have to know something about it first in a positive way. 4 visuals

  • Erik Erikson: Biography and Theory

    20 pages in length. Erik Homberger Erikson, born near Frankfort, Germany in 1902, was the son of Danish parents whose collective aspirations amounted to a tremendous impact upon better understanding human behavior. The foundation of Erikson's prolific influence upon mankind's developmental activities began in an unconventional manner by virtue of art and language courses when one might readily expect him to be immersed within the bounty of science studies more indicative of his ultimate contributions. His distaste for conventional education compelled him to glean a more worldly instruction as only life experiences can provide; as such, he eschewed formal schooling and went to Europe. Erikson's intersection with psychology arrived when he began as an art instructor for American children whose parents traveled to obtain Freud's enlightenment in Vienna. From there he attended the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute, which led the way for his entrance into America and ultimate status as the first child analyst of Boston; a position at Harvard Medical School soon followed with others at Berkeley, Yale and the Menninger Foundation. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Russian Ballet and Musical Development and the Impact of the Bolshevik Revolution

    An 8 page paper which examines how the government used these art forms to their advantage and why, how music and ballet was used as a form of propaganda and considers the influences of such artists as Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Prokofiev and Vaslav Nijinsky. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • The Individual and Societal Value of the Arts and Music

    Using the life of Billy Holliday, in particular, this paper describes art instruction as a much-needed inclusion in the schools. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Creativity and its Demise

    This 3 page paper argues that creativity, particularly in art, has been truncated by society. In part, this is attributable to psychology and its attempt to make everyone the same. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Strategy Models for Bank Frey

    This 10 page paper looks at the small private Swiss bank, Bank Fey, its’ background and strategy and then considers the way in which ‘The Art of Banking’ and blue ocean strategy might be useful to the bank. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Artists Egon Schiele and Edvard Munch on Sexuality

    An 8 page research paper that contrasts and compares the work of expressionist artists Edvard Munch (1863-1944) and Egon Schiele (1890-1918). The writer argues that they exhibit very different styles, technique and imagery, yet also that these two artists are similar in that they were both psychologically extremely insecure men, who were fascinated by sexuality, yet also fearful of it. Also, examination of their work shows that both artists explored the psyche and sexuality through their art in ways that had previously never been expressed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Science and Art of Nursing

    A 4 page research paper that examines the debate over nursing as an art or a science. The writer argues that nursing is a combination of both, and offers references and a case study to support this argument. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Thinking About Music, An Introduction to the Philosophy of Music by Lewis Rowell

    A 10 page book review that summarizes and critiques Lewis Rowell's Thinking About Music, An Introduction to the Philosophy of Music (1983). The writer points out that a careful reading of the title suggests that the author does not limit himself to music, but rather places music within a philosophical framework that encompasses the entirety of Western art and culture. No additional sources cited.

  • A Short History of Franco-Flemish and Venetian Schools of Art and Music

    In five pages this paper examines these important Western schools of art and music, which flourished from approximately 1125 to 1575, and how the Franco-Flemish school influence the Venetian school. Seven sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Chicago Symphony and Classical Music

    8 pages. Classical music is referred to as serious music. Some even call it an art form. This causes one to wonder why this is so, considering the number of music genres that are not given the same status. Based on classical music as performed by the Chicago Symphony, this question is answered. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • John Cage/His Impact on Music

    An 11 page research paper that discusses the career and contributions of composer John Cage, whose impact on electronic and experimental music has been substantial. Particularly during the 1940s, his experimental works pointed contemporary art music in new directions, while also exerting a significant influence on a variety of "avant-garde composers," both in the US and abroad (Machlis 632). Examination of Cage's music shows a consistent move toward more extreme experimentation, while also developing his own musical style and vocabulary. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 'Classical' and 'Pop' Gap That Was George Gershwin

    A 7 page research paper that examines the music of composer George Gershwin. The write argues that while Gershwin's career was short, he accomplished the task of bridging the gap between "pop" and "classical" or serious art music. The writer focuses primarily on Rhapsody in Blue. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Jazz as Modernism

    A 5 page research paper that offers a discussion that, first of all, examines the philosophy of art that characterizes the modern period and, then, demonstrates how jazz, specifically the music of Jelly Roll Morton and his "King Porter Stomp," embodies this aesthetic. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Cultural Identity According to Margaret Mead

    This 5 page paper discusses the influence of Margaret Mead's theories on cultural identity. Factors such as art, religion, music and social structures are the key to understanding a culture's true identity and as such are analyzed using several world cultures as examples. Quotes cited from text. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Twenty First Century Cultural Artifacts and Ideologies

    This 4 page paper justifies the author’s choices for literature, film, art, music, and toys to include in a time capsule. The author argues that our culture has morally disintegrated and chooses objects that illustrate that disintegration. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Academic Curriculum and the Importance of Music Education

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the importance of music education in public school. In recent decades, there has been an emphasis on academics in the school curriculums while art and music have gone by the wayside as "luxuries," yet many experts feel that these subjects are important. Reasons supporting music in school curriculums are discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Listening and the Appreciation of Music

    A 12 page research paper that examines the art of music appreciation and what it takes to really listen to music. The writer argues that knowledge of how music is composed and musical history adds to the appreciation and enjoyment of the discerning listener. The three planes of listening as defined by Aaron Copland are discussed and the writer includes a brief survey of the basic period in musical development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Tonality in Music and Art

    A 5 page research paper on tonality in art and music expressed in terms of linearity, rationality and order from the single-point perspective. The writer defines each of these and reviews them in Miro, Tzaikovsky, Magritte, Chopin, Ensor and Debussy. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Popular Culture of 1950s America

    This 12 page paper covers a variety of topics such as music, television, film, advertising and art, as well as others. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • 1960s' Countercultures

    This 11 page paper explores counter culture in the 1960s with a focus on how various disciplines treat the time period. History, art history and music are three areas discussed in depth. The mainstream culture is also looked at. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Humanities Makes Life Worth Living Through the Study of Literature, Art, and Music

    This 5 page paper considers the purpose of humanities and a key curriculum of literature, art and music to be studied which demonstrates the beauty of life. This paper also defines the humanities as a means of understanding cultural identity. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Renaissance Culture: Donatello, Michelangelo and Shakesepare

    A 5 page paper which examines what art and literature tells us about Renaissance culture. The works examined are Donatello’s St. George and David, Michelangelo’s David, and Shakespeare’s Henry IV Part One. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Nursing Education & A Humanities Fieldtrip

    A 5 page paper that offers a nursing student suggestions for how to organize a fieldtrip that focuses on an aspect of humanities studies for a group of learners consisting of nursing students. The writer suggests a fieldtrip to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. A discussion of the role of the humanities in nursing education is also included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Art of Nursing

    In 1986 Jean Watson was Dean of the School of Nursing in Denver and Director of the Center for Human Caring. The two job titles provide a significant insight into how she views nursing. This 6 page paper examines the theory of nursing as an art within the context of the bio-pscho-social model and presents a scenario for an interview. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Science and Art of Management

    This 8 page paper explores management paradigms along with the debate of management being science or art. This paper concludes that it can and should be both. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Connection Between HRM and Strategic Management

    8 pages. There are differences between the two terms strategic management and strategic human resource management. As this paper will show, these are different facets of somewhat the same function. While there is definitely an art to successful management techniques, management of a business and management of human resources are both quite definitely different positions altogether. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Patient Depression and Nursing

    This 18 page paper considers the way in which a patient with depression in nursed. The paper is written with reference to a fictitious practice experience, considering the use of application of knowledge (both art and science) which is used by the nurse to nurse to assess, plan, and implement patient care. The paper considers the underling medical knowledge and how this is observed, the presence of influences such as stress and outlines a suitable nursing model that would be appropriate for the treatment of this patient. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Nursing Knowledge: Development And Utilization

    12 pages in length. The philosophy of nursing is something much grander and more complex than most people realize; not only does it incorporate views, metaparadigm, paradigms and theories, but it also includes the consideration of nursing as a discipline and profession as well as an art and science. Indeed, the basis of nursing knowledge is founded within the synthesis of all these elements which - when taken as a unit instead of individually - serves to synergistically encapsulate the very nature of nursing philosophy. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Images of Nursing

    A 6 page paper that contains 2 essays on different images of nursing. The first essay concerns how a poem on nursing captures the essence of the contemporary art of nursing, while the second addresses what a picture ways about today's nursing profession. Each essay is 3 pages long. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • U.S. History, Quilting, and Quilts

    An 8 page paper which examines how quilting enhanced the role of women in nineteenth-century society, considers the significance of quilting bees and quilts as folk art. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century History, Europe, and the Norton Simon Museum

    A 5 page paper which examines art in the Norton Simon Museum and discusses it relevancy to 18th and 19th century history as it relates to Europe. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Philosophy, Art and Literature During the Time of the Civil War

    A 9 page paper which examines how the Civil War influenced culture as it relates to art, literature, and philosophy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Graffiti's Development History

    This 5 page report discusses the existence of graffiti and the fact that graffiti is an expression of art, whether political, social, or aesthetic, it expresses something that its creator wants to express through the medium of paint and a bare surface that will be viewed by others. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparison Between John Keats' 'On Seeing the Elgin Marbles' and 'Ozymandias' by Percy Bysshe Shelley

    This 3 page paper compares Keats' poem: On seeing the Elgin Marbles to Shelley's poem: Ozymandias. In addition an actual description of the art works both poets are discussing is included. Notes on the romantic poet included. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Christina Rossetti's 'In An Artist's Studio'

    This 5 page paper discusses Christina Rossetti's poem, In an Artist's Studio. The poem is analyzed using the elements of repetition, identifying the turning point of the poem, discussing the implied relationship between teh artist and teh mode (muse) and the contrast made between the 'real' woman and the representation of her in art. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Comparison Between John Keats' 'On Seeing the Elgin Marbles' and 'Ozymandias' by Percy Bysshe Shelley

    This 3 page paper compares Keats' poem: On seeing the Elgin Marbles to Shelley's poem: Ozymandias. In addition an actual description of the art works both poets are discussing is included. Notes on the romantic poet included. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Auden, Braque, and Picasso

    (6 pp) In this discussion we will be comparing and contrasting two paintings (Picasso and Braque) and one poem (W H Auden), with a quote, "art is a lie that tells the truth." Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Diabetic Case Study/Art of Nursing

    A 5 page research paper that interprets a case study on a diabetic patient at a long-term care facility from the perspective of nursing as an art. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Assessments of Sexually Abused Children and Art Therapy

    This 16 page paper provides an overview of the use of art therapy in assessing child victims of sexual abuse. This paper relates the fact that childhood sexual abuse is a problem of increasing magnitude in the United States. Children who are sexually abused often know their abusers and research suggests that some children who are abused by parents, family members, or clergy often create a normative view of the sexual abuse that creates a cycle of abuse. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Christina Rossetti's 'In An Artist's Studio'

    This 5 page paper discusses Christina Rossetti's poem, In an Artist's Studio. The poem is analyzed using the elements of repetition, identifying the turning point of the poem, discussing the implied relationship between teh artist and teh mode (muse) and the contrast made between the 'real' woman and the representation of her in art. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Physician's office and the Deming System of Profound Knowledge

    5 pages in length. The very root of effective management is the lost art of communication, which is why the Deming System of Profound Knowledge focuses so greatly upon its resurgence into contemporary society. Whether a small family business of fifteen people or a conglomerate with tens of thousands, Deming illustrates how the fundamental basis of communication is not only the byproduct of profound knowledge but is also the one, single-most effective tool one can develop, particularly within the environment of a doctor's office. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychoanalysis Spoofed by Jay Haley

    4 pages in length. Jay Haley's The Art of Psychoanalysis seeks to define the duality of in-depth psychology by capturing its all-important contribution to a mentally balanced society along with its somewhat manipulative tendencies. That Freud's famed couch approach represents an obvious attempt to maneuver the patient/doctor relationship speaks to the underlying -- and often undetectable -- controlling aspects of psychoanalysis to which Haley pokes fun. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Analyzing Poet Elizabeth Bishop’s “One Art”

    In six pages this paper presents an analysis and criticism of Elizabeth Bishop’s famous poem, “One Art.” Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Cinema of the 3rd World

    A 10 page exploration of third world film as a revolutionary vehicle, as well as an aesthetic art form. The writer posits that the importance of the revolutionary themes is what sets third world films apart from the more glamorous films of developed countries. The paper focuses on a brief catalog of filmmakers, and focuses on the style of and two films by Cuban Tomas Gutierrez Alea. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Geography / Art Lesson Plan

    A 3 page paper the provides a lesson plan for 6th graders that integrates geography and art. The lesson plan includes a description of the activities, including the teacher's role and what students are to do with each type of map. Includes assessment activity of drawing a map of the route from school to home with certain criteria. No Bibliography.

  • Slapstick Masters Woody Allen and Charles Chaplin

    A 5 page research paper that examines the work of Charles Chaplin and Woody Allen, specifically, Chaplin's 'Modern Times' and Allen's 'Sleeper' as ideal representations of the art of slapstick comedy. Emphasizing the use of visual gags in both films, the writer argues that Allen's film is a tribute to the humor of the silent era.

  • Animation Advancements in Geri's Game Short Film by Pixar

    A 12 page research paper in which the writer assumes the personal of an art journalist assigned to cover a hypothetical 3D exhibition, Simulatrix, in which Pixar's short film, "Geri's Game" is a featured exhibit. The writer analyzes the film and explains why this film is so significant, which the writer attributes to its introduction groundbreaking technological innovations. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Stage and Screen Adaptations of Hamlet by William Shakespeare

    This 5 page report discusses Shakespeare's "Hamlet" and the statement made by Bert O. States that analogous techniques are at work in the art of the film director, for "Shakespearean cinematography makes use of the same device (as employed by film directors) for advancing character ambiguity by framing the character against the rhetorical sky of the play's world." Issues of location, whether expressionistic (as in Olivier's stage portrayal) or realistic (as in director Franco Zeffirelli's film version). Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Film Analysis

    A 6 page research paper that draws heavily on the text The Art of Watching Films by Boggs and Petrie (2004). This examination of film analysis, first of all, offers a template for basic film analysis and how to interpret meaning in a movie, but then also discusses a personal criteria for evaluating cinema. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Analysis of 2 Horror Films

    A 5 page essay that discusses the X factor, that is, the "horror" component, in Psycho (1960) and Frankenstein (1931), looking at the elements of the cinematic art. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Asian Culture in Art and Film

    A 9 page paper which examines how one can learn quite a bit about Asian culture and society through an examination of their art and film. The films discussed are the Chinese film “The Blue Kite” and the Japanese film “Rhapsody in August.” Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Structure Design, Architecture, and Environmental Psychology

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of environmental psychology. The impact of structure design and environment on human behavior is explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Bible, Koran, And Divine Comedy

    A 5 page paper. Each work is discussed separately in terms of their contribution to modern society. The influence and impact of the Bible itself can be found across life from culture to law to literature and so on. The contribution of the Koran itself is more difficult to determine although many individual Muslims contributed significantly to areas like medicine, math and architecture. Dante's Divine Comedy greatly influenced several different areas of life. The writer comments on which book contributed the most and why. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • London's Development History

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the development of London through the time of the Romans, Saxons, Vikings and Normans. From the first established settlement north of the Thames River by the Romans in AD 43, the building of the bridge and the naming of Londinium, London developed substantially over the next 1200 years through the Romans, Saxons, Vikings and Normans. While it can be said that the Romans first established trade and the development in London, the Saxons and the Normans were largely responsible for the model of the city as it now stands today in regards to architecture, commerce, politics and civil liberties. Although the arrival of the Vikings caused a certain amount of turmoil, it did cause England to eventually unite under King Alfred of Wessex and establish London as the capital of Britain. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cognitive Psychology as a Neurological Framework

    A 5 page research paper that considers this topic. Cognitive neuropsychology is a branch of cognitive psychology. The goal of cognitive psychological research is to ascertain more information about the "architecture of cognition," and this generally involves formulating and testing "information –processing models," which are intended to explain how people go about accomplishing specific cognitive tasks (Coltheart, 2008). This goal is often pursued by research psychologists by examining the behavior of people are who are skilled in the performance of the focused task; however, the real of cognitive neuroscience generally pursues research goals by examining the cognitive functioning of people who have experienced some sort of brain damage (Coltheart, 2008). In other words, in cognitive neuropsychological investigation, cognitive psychology's goals are examined using a neurological framework as its guiding assumption. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Environmental Modification and ADHD

    This 8 page paper discusses the causes of ADHD and potential benefit of environmental manipulation in treating this condition. Included a Roman numeral outline and an annotated bibliography. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Impressionism/Music & Art

    An 11 page research paper that is an expansion on a previous essay khimmuar.rtf. This essay discusses how impressionist painting is related to impressionist music in more detail and draws more heavily on the sources cited in the previous paper. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Art and Healing

    The western medical establishment has come to recognize the value of dance, music, literature, painting and drama in preventing and treating illness. Techniques such as guided imagery, dance, art therapy and music have become the tools of health care professionals in all areas. These techniques have much in common with the Chinese practices of Qigong, yoga and acupressure. Eastern methods often integrate contemporary medical practices with ancient forms of healing. The western medical establishment is learning to give the Chinese practices the credit they deserve for the benefits they are able to bring to patients. This 6 page paper examines the use of both Eastern and Western therapies with a foundation of dance or music. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Analysis of O Brother, Where Art Thou? Film Trailer

    In three pages this paper provides an analysis of the movie trailer for this film that answers questions about primary audience, other intended audiences, and also considers the plot voiceover in terms of how it connects between the filmmakers’ choices and purposes and the film’s audiences. There are no bibliographical sources listed.

  • Edgar Allan Poe's 'Fall of the House of Usher,' Art and Literature

    A 5 page paper which examines the poem "The Haunted Palace" and other literary and artistic works presented in the house in the story "The Fall of the House of Usher" by Edgar Allan Poe. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Late Medieval Literature and Art and Human Body Rediscovery

    A comprehensive, 60 page thesis paper on the transition between what has come to be called in the art field the Romanesque & Gothic periods. The writer asserts, first, that a similar distinction is also present in the literature, and that the Gothic spirit is actually a rediscovery of the physical which had been lost due to the Christian Church's obsession with the spiritual alone. It is ultimately concluded that the transformation of vision that occurred in late medieval ages was the movement from a culture obsessed with becoming divine to a culture more at home in its own humanity. Bibliography lists more than 25 sources.

  • Bellini, Durer, and Ribera and an Art History Examination

    A 3 page paper which examines three artists (Jusepe de Ribera, Albrecht Durer, Giovanni Bellini) from three different time periods (Baroque, Early Renaissance, Classical Renaissance). Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Culture, History and Artistry of Black America

    A 5 page paper which examines Paul Beatty’s “The White Boy Shuffle” as it involves a somewhat irreverent look at African American history and culture. The paper then compares his presentations with the outlooks provided by Addison Gayle’s “The Black Aesthetic” and Larry Neal’s essay “The Black Arts Movement.” No additional sources cited.

  • Gardens of Versailles Art History Examination

    A 10 page paper which examines how the fountains, sculptures and gardens that surround the famed French palace of Versailles reinforces the notion that kings are god-like and exert authority over their subjects as a father does over his children. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • War and Mathematics

    This 8-page paper examines how mathematic applications have been used to help analyze and calcluate wars. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nurse's Perspective on the Midwifery Profession

    This 6 page report discusses one of the oldest health care professions -- that of being a midwife. Midwives specialize in women giving birth. In countless circumstances, midwives are able to provide the specialized and personal services that the typical gynecologist-obstetrician M.D. could only provide if she or he had a truly limited medical practice. More often than not, the average midwife provides the average pregnant woman with the services she most wants and needs -- competence and personal interaction and understanding. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Cultural Understanding of Chinese Women Through Literature and Art

    This 8 page paper examines how women in the Chinese culture are expected to adhere to a far more traditional role than Western women. This paper examines the literature of Ha Jin as well as artwork by Zhou Fang and Chen Yifei in order to provide evidence of this thesis. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Critiquing Film in Terms of Evaluation, Analysis, and Interpretation

    A 6 page paper that outlines the basic elements of film critique, then applies these elements to the 1999 M. Night Shyamalan film The Sixth Sense. Included is a comparison of the resulting critique of this film to that of popular film critics David Elliott, Steve Murray, and John Simon. Also discussed are the major differences in each of these reviews. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Art of James Magee

    A 4 page research paper that summarizes and analyzes three works by James Magee, and their accompanying poems, which are currently on display at the Nasher Sculpture Center. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Poems That Reveal Joy Harjo's Life and Art

    This 5 page paper considers two poems by writer Joy Harjo which relate her life as a Native American and demonstrate a number of the contemporary problems facing Native American communities. This paper reflects upon the poems as they are a product of Harjo's own life, and focuses on her poems Mourning Song, Northern Lights and The Dawn Appears with Butterflies. No additional sources cited.

  • Cultural Influences Exerted by the Life and Art of Robert Frost

    A 3 page essay that discusses the life of Robert Frost in connection with his poetry. Three poems are briefly analyzed and the writer relates what has been learned by this assignment. One of twentieth century America's greatest poets, Robert Frost (1874-1963), wrote verse that was not initially popular with the American public. For the first several decades of his adult life, Frost worked at a variety of jobs, and his family existed on the edge of poverty. He did not obtain financial stability and success as a poet until he was forty years old (Baym, et al 1762). Frost was a conservative poet who adhered to traditional forms and continued to write in the twentieth century the "kind of traditional poetry that modernists thought could no longer be written" (Baym, et al 1762). Through his remarkable use of imagery and also through his use of rhythm, which mirrors that of colloquial speech, Frost's poems often draw on the natural world to express complex meanings and nuances of understanding concerning life's major issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Art of Indirection

    This 6 page paper compares Shakespeare’s Sonnet 130 (“My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun”) to John Donne’s poem “A Valediction Forbidding Mourning,” and argues that they are examples of the poet using indirect methods to make his point. It also argues that neither poem could be considered a traditional romantic effort. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Poetic Portrayals of Icarus's Fall

    A 4 page review of the poems “Musee des Beaux” by W.H. Auden, “Landscape With the Fall of Icarus” by W. C. Williams, and “Waiting for Icarus” by Muriel Rukeyser. Interestingly the first two of these poems were inspired by the painting “Fall of Icarus” by Peter Breughel. The author of this paper describes the details of this painting and contrasts the styles of these three poets. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Poems That Reveal Joy Harjo's Life and Art

    This 5 page paper considers two poems by writer Joy Harjo which relate her life as a Native American and demonstrate a number of the contemporary problems facing Native American communities. This paper reflects upon the poems as they are a product of Harjo's own life, and focuses on her poems Mourning Song, Northern Lights and The Dawn Appears with Butterflies. No additional sources cited.

  • The Art of Indirection

    This 6 page paper compares Shakespeare’s Sonnet 130 (“My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun”) to John Donne’s poem “A Valediction Forbidding Mourning,” and argues that they are examples of the poet using indirect methods to make his point. It also argues that neither poem could be considered a traditional romantic effort. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Poetic Portrayals of Icarus's Fall

    A 4 page review of the poems “Musee des Beaux” by W.H. Auden, “Landscape With the Fall of Icarus” by W. C. Williams, and “Waiting for Icarus” by Muriel Rukeyser. Interestingly the first two of these poems were inspired by the painting “Fall of Icarus” by Peter Breughel. The author of this paper describes the details of this painting and contrasts the styles of these three poets. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Advancing Age in the Poetry of W.B. Yeats

    A 5 page essay that summarizes and analyzes 3 poems by Yeats. In three of his best poems, William Butler Yeats addresses the age-old topic of mortality and the bitterness of advancing age. These poems are "Among School Children," "Sailing to Byzantium," and "Byzantium." These three poems thematically share and develop Yeats' thoughts relative to the loss of youth and the decline and decay of the human body contrasted against what is eternal in human experience, which is the medium of art and the striving of the soul toward perfection. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Internet Addiction Disorder

    This is a 6 page paper discussing internet addiction. Internet addiction, also known as Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD), Internet Behavioral Dependence (IBD) or Problematic Internet Use (PIU), is considered a behavioral or social pathology similar to other nonchemical addictions such as pathological gambling, or compulsive shopping, sex or over-eating among others and has become an international concern. There are considered several different sub-types of internet addiction such as cyber-sexual addiction for those who are addicted to pornographic or sex web sites; cyber-relationship addiction for those who are addicted to online relationships; net compulsions which include internet shopping and gambling; information overload for those who compulsively surf the web or search databases; and computer addiction which is related to compulsive playing of computer games. Generally, internet addiction is assessed and treated similar to other addictive behavior which may include the 12-step program, cognitive therapy or other therapies such as expressive art therapy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Explication of 'My Last Duchess' by Robert Browning

    A 5 page research paper/essay that examines Robert Browning's poem "My Last Duchess." This poem takes the form of an extended monologue. A duke is showing his art collection to an emissary, who has come to arrange a marriage between the duke and his master's daughter. The collection includes a portrait of the duke's first wife. What soon becomes clear is that the duke is a jealous, paranoid, egomaniac who had his "last duchess" killed because she did not worship him in a manner to suit his ego. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Advancing Age in the Poetry of W.B. Yeats

    A 5 page essay that summarizes and analyzes 3 poems by Yeats. In three of his best poems, William Butler Yeats addresses the age-old topic of mortality and the bitterness of advancing age. These poems are "Among School Children," "Sailing to Byzantium," and "Byzantium." These three poems thematically share and develop Yeats' thoughts relative to the loss of youth and the decline and decay of the human body contrasted against what is eternal in human experience, which is the medium of art and the striving of the soul toward perfection. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 'Ode to a Grecian Urn' and 'To Autumn' by John Keats

    A 7 page essay that analyzes Keats' "To Autumn" and "Ode to a Grecian Urn," with a primary focus on "To Autumn." It is Keats' rich use of language that pays tribute to this season. As the poem progresses, Keats piles up sensory images in much the same way as a farmer piles up his harvest. An examination of this poem, in comparison with another poem that exemplifies Keats' style, the famous "Ode to a Grecian Urn" reveals Keats' optimistic outlook, a perspective that found meaning in the ordinary events of life, as well as in great art. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Robert Browning's 'My Last Duchess'

    A 3 page essay that addresses Robert Browning's poem "My Last Duchess." This poem presents a dramatic monologue, in which a duke is discussing his art collection with the emissary of a family with whom the duke is negotiating the details of an arranged marriage. The duke stops before a portrait of his last duchess and begins to recount a story that is clearly intended to relay a message to the family concerning the duke's expectations for his next wife. In presenting the duke's diatribe against his previous duchess, Browning, in many ways, contrasts the restricted Classical worldview against the more humanistic Romantic worldview. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Legal Role of an Agent in Professional Sports

    This 10 page report discusses the legal role of the professional athlete’s agent and the evolution of sports agency. Negotiation, in any form, is primarily the art of getting another person or organization with an opposing opinion or interest to agree to a new set of criteria or demands. Such is certainly the case in professional athletes’ negotiation with team owners, potential sponsors, or any other entity determined to take advantage of an individual athlete’s skill and/or popularity. As a result, a great deal of legal controversy regarding the role of the agent, appropriate behavior, and legality have all come into the business of professional sports. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • English Tort Law Questions

    This 9 page paper answers two questions set by the student, both concerning tort law. The first advised different victims of an accident of any potential claim and looks at physical, psychological and purely economic harm. The second question evaluates a statement made by McNair J in the case of Bolam v. Friern (1957); “The test is the standard of the ordinary skilled man exercising and professing to have that special skill. A man need not possess the highest expert skill at the risk of being found negligent. It is a well established law that it is sufficient if he exercises the ordinary skill of an ordinary man exercising that particular art”. The writer cites numerous cases throughout the paper. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Accuracy in the Film "Frida"

    An 8 page research paper on the film "Frida" (directed by Julie Taymor for Miramax Pictures, 2002), which is a visually beautiful film that portrays the compelling story of the life of Mexican artist Frida Kahlo. The film dwells primarily on the love between Frida and her husband, the famed Mexican artist Diego Rivera. Frida's art is also figured prominently in this film, with a particular focus on her self-portraits, but the filmmakers never address, or only address lightly, the darker side of this artist's life and her politics. This discussion of the historical accuracy of this film biography of Frida Kahlo will, first of all, offer a brief overview of the film's plot, before turning to the accuracies and inaccuracies in this narrative. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Hitchcock/Psycho & Shadow of a Doubt

    An 11 page research paper/essay that discusses these two films. Director Alfred Hitchcock’s film “Psycho” (1960) is generally acknowledged to be a masterpiece of the cinematic art. Interestingly, however, Hitchcock frequently stated that his personal favorite among his many films was “Shadow of a Doubt” (1943), in which a “debonair murderer of widows,” played by Joseph Cotton, has formulated a complete nihilistic theory of existence prior to settling in the little town of Santa Rosa, California (Denby 26). This examination of these two films demonstrates how Hitchcock’s legendary skill at manipulating and misdirecting his audience can be seen in the earlier film, as well as how this factor has matured and grown in subtlety and nuance by the time that “Psycho” was produced. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Geishas

    A 7 page research paper that takes the form of a study. This study consists of a literature review to ascertain the legitimacy of the Western perception that geishas are prostitutes. This examination of literature is based on the hypothesis that this prevalent Western assumption pertaining to geishas is false. While sexuality is undoubtedly a part of the lives of these women, this private part of their lives in not a part of their role as geisha. This study explores what does constitute the appeal of the geisha, the history of the profession and why the West has this fundamental misconception about the geisha’s art. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Comfort Theory and Kolcaba

    For centuries, the depiction of a nurse in art is one of a person professionally dressed, but offering something of herself. That nurse is offering comfort, something decidedly outside of medical patient care, something beyond the auspices of physician and related solely to the nurse professional. “Comfort” is the idealized vision each person holds within himself when thinking of a nurse, whether it is reality. This personalized concept comes from a patient who is his most vulnerable when sick and in a hospital bed. 19 references. jvKolcab.rtf

  • Interdisciplinary Unit on Earth Day

    This is a 4 page paper that begins with a general introduction of the need for children to understand the dangers to the earth. The unit, which is appropriate for grades 2 and 3, begins with an explanation of how Earth Day originated and why. Activities for this unit are outlined under multiple headings to provide an interdisciplinary unit. The headings are: Reading/Literature/Writing/Science/Environmental Health and Science/Environmental Education/Math/Writing/Reading/Art/Music. The essay also includes a brief outline of which Pennsylvania standards are included in the activities. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Early Management Theoretical Pioneers

    A 15 page paper comprised of two major topics: management theory and ethical corporate culture. The longer section explains and discusses the contributions of five specific early management theorists: Robert Owen who worked to reform factories and schooling in the early 1800s based on treating the employee fairly; Henry R. Towne, who is recently being given credit to his contributions to scientific management theory prior to Taylor's work and who established the first professional organization for engineers; Sun Tzu whose principles outlined in The Art of War have been correlated with management and organizational theory; Henry L. Gantt who made four major contributions including the Gantt Chart; and Hugo Munsterberg, who is called the father of industrial psychology. The second section discusses the importance of developing an ethical corporate culture. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • An Overview of the History and Future Trends of Advertising

    A 48 page overview of advertising. Merchants and manufacturers have been advertising their products and services literally for hundreds of years. Though advertising never has been as intense as it is in today’s hypercompetitive environment, it nonetheless has been instrumental in the success (and failure) of many, many businesses over the years. The purpose here is to review advertising’s history and how it has changed over the years, and to glimpse into the future for what forms it likely will take in coming years. The paper discusses advertising’s history; the 4 Ps; semiotics; the fallout of Calvin Klein’s 1995 campaign; international advertising; and advertising as art. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Analyzing On the Use and Abuse of History for Life by Friedrich Nietzsche

    A 5 page paper analyzing Neitzsche’s view of the study of history. Neitzsche indicates that there is value in being able to be “unhistorical,” that is, being able to forget portions of history that do nothing to add value to the present, but he also states that the “super-historical” is the preferred state. This is the perspective that calls on art and religion to inform conclusions about past events and their applicability to the present time. It is one that considers more than only one narrow view of any point or time in history. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • HRM's 2 Major Challenges

    10 pages. There are many challenges in managing human resources, and while all might be important, there are two attributes that seem to be especially challenging to implement and yet they are also very basic and fundamental to becoming the best that one can be in human resource management. These two aspects are the art of getting employees to think creatively and the ability to change. These are actually related to each other and both of these abilities together can bring out the very best in your human resource team. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sauce Making and Stocks

    6 pages in length. Nature has not always been kind to humans with regard to food quality; ancient man often ate fetid morsels; as time progressed, the quality of meats did not necessarily improve. The British are some of history's favorite representations of how sauces were used as a means by which to cover up the taste of less-than-tasty meats. Then the French took things several steps further by perfecting the sauce making process and turning it into an art, with nineteenth century French chef, Antonin Crème credited with developing the technique into a system that boasted hundreds of sauces categorized into several major sauce groups. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Polish Composer Karol Syzmanowski

    This 8 page report discusses Karol Syzamowski (1882-1937), the Polish composer second only to Chopin in renown. Szymanowski was “a curious hybrid.” Considering the fact that his life spanned Poland's fin de-siecle rekindling and its all-too brief flourishing between the wars, it is remarkable that the music of Szymanskowski was able to survive to earn a meaningful level of respect at the close of the 20th century. The survival and proliferation of the composer’s work serve as a testimony to the collective determination of the Polish people to maintain a distinct culture of art, music, literature, and more. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparing 3 paintings & painting/music

    A 6 page essay that discusses three paintings and Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony. “The Abduction of the Sabine Women” by Nicolas Poussin (1634), “The Death of General Wolfe” by Benjamin West (1770), and “The Raft of the Medusa” by Theodore Gericault” (1818) are each representative of a specific period in art history. Comparing the three works illustrates the way in which the Romantic era reconnected with the emotionality and vibrancy of the Baroque. However, it should be noted that Neoclassical works were not without emotion, as Beethoven’s striking Fifth Symphony exemplifies, rather it indicates that comparison between the periods illustrates that in the Neoclassical era, emotion was controlled within the confines of rationality. A bibliography is not offered.

  • Evolution of Black Music Hybrids

    (5 pp) A hybrid of anything is the offspring of "genetically differing parents;" or one of "mixed origin or composition." For a change Mr. Webster is not too far off. A musical hybrid, then has a similar definition, a musical "child" of different parents. In this discussion we will examine some of those musical hybrids as well as looking at what influenced their development. People may not know about the "art" element of African American music, but that's true of the society at large. Classical music, in general, has nothing to do with the listening habits of the average American. When you combine that indifference, with separatism or racism, no wonder the African American share of performances or broadcasts is considerably smaller. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Short Storie Elements in Works by John Updike, Flannery O'Connor, Willa Cather, William Faulkner, Mark Twain, and Nathaniel Hawthorne

    This is a 6 page paper discussing elements with the short stories of Nathaniel Hawthorne (Rappaccini’s Daughter), Mark Twain (The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg), William Faulkner (Barn Burning), Willa Cather (Paul’s Case), Flannery O’Connor (The Displaced Person), and John Updike (The Music School). The sections each deal with two elements within the stories: for “Rappaccini’s Daughter” the issues discussed are when Rappaccini’s plans for Giovanni become apparent, and why Giovanni expresses such hatred for Beatrice at the end of the story; for “The Man that Corrupted Hadleyburg” the issues discussed are what weaknesses the stranger wishes to exploit in the town, and what kind of family quarrels ensue; in “Barn Burning”, the relationship between the boy and his father are discussed in addition to the conflicting feelings the boy has for his father; in “Paul’s Case”, Paul’s judgment of art is discussed along with the events which lead him to leave; “Displaced Persons” deals with why Mrs. McIntyre changes her mind about Mr. Guizac and whether or not Guizac’s death was an accident; finally, in “The Music School”, the character of Albert Schweigen is discussed and why he lives the music school. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Jewish History and Spain's 'Golden Age'

    7 pages in length. Major changes occurred in the 11th century when the Umayyads steadily lost power as the Berbers rose in influence after capturing Cordoba in 1013 CE; the passing decades served as their barometer of progressing power. Cultural and commercial prominence became their focus as capitals and other cities were transformed into Meccas for the two very important elements. As these significant changes were taking place, one more addition would serve to establish an entire population as being both welcomed and honored: the Jews. Indeed, these individuals did not come empty-handed into their newfound environment; rather, they brought with them such important endowments as financial aptitude, politics, economic advisory, as well as a vast amount of humanities-related knowledge in the form of literature, academia and science. The blending of art, linguistics, philosophy, science and medicine rounded out a society that was heretofore underdeveloped in many of these areas. As such, the influence of so many learned Jews soon saw intellectuals and doctors alike holding some of the most important social/legal/political positions in the land. No bibliography.


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