Research Papers on Communication, Media and Theory

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.


Research Papers on Communication, Media and Theory

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Communication - A Review of the Literature

    This 5 page paper presents a literature review which may be used in a project examining communication in the workplace, with specific attention on poor communication. Theories on the way communication takes place along with consideration of the trends in communication research are all discussed. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Distance, Intimacy, and Communication Theory Research

    :A 5 page research paper that explores distance and intimacy as an aspect of communication theory research. This literature review explores the manner in which researchers are currently exploring this area of communication theory. A survey of recent literature shows that investigation into intimacy and distance shows this are of communication theory to be diverse, but with many questions yet to be answered. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Multimedia and Communications' History

    This 20 page paper provides an overview of the history of communications leading up to and including multimedia. Various aspects are discussed inclusive of the history of video and audio communications and the way in which computer technology has affected the lives of ordinary individuals. The transitions over time are explored and a historical perspective is provided. Finally, the paper takes a look at how the media as a form of communications has affected the world. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Communication and the Construction Industry in Saudi Arabia; Literature Review

    This 47 page paper is an in-depth look at you if you designed to help with a research project for sending communication in the construction industry in Saudi Arabia. The literature review is in two parts. The first, and shortages, part of the paper looks at the nature of the construction industry in Saudi Arabia, and the role of communication within that industry. The remaining part of the paper is an in-depth analysis of communication theory, models and application. This includes the examination of communication models including Shannon (1948) model, Feldberg's (1975) model is also discussed as a further development of communication theory. The process of communication, the components, and levels of communication are all examined. The bibliography cites 36 sources.

  • Communication and Disputes in Cyberspace

    This 10 page paper considers how disputes and misunderstandings can occur in cyberspace as a result of the style of the communication medium and the way the communication is interpreted. The paper also looks at how and where he disputes may be resolved and where the distance and detachment of cyberspace is an advantage or a disadvantage. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • The Issue of Poor Communication in the Workplace

    This 9 page paper is written as a literature review, examining being the problems associated with poor workplace communication. The range of problems associated with poor communication, definition of poor communication and approaches that may improve communication all examined. The paper ends by identifying potential gaps with in the existing literature. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Developing a Communication Plan for Jack B Nimble

    This 14 page paper provides a communication plan for a case study supplied by the student. Jack B Nimble is a fictitious company that has a number of communication issues, where communication has broken down between the company and different stakeholders, including suppliers, business partners and expatriate employees. The communication plan outlines the communication requirements, proposes a communication strategy and examines the way in which implementation may take place utilizing an Internet and intranet infrastructure. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Film and Communication Theory

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of film and communication theory. Examples of the communication process inherent in film is explored through an examination of four films: Burton's "Big Fish", Haggis' "Crash", McCarthy's "The Visitor", and Glenn's "The Lazarus Project". Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • How Mass Media Can Impact Teenage Girls.

    (7 pp) Almost all of us are affected by mass media in one form or other: films, television, radio, music and music videos, magazines and other print media, and now, the internet. We delude our selves, when we say that, we are not influenced by media: it comes in with the oxygen and leaves with the Co2. Yet of all those under the "spell" of the media, it appears that adolescent girls are the most vulnerable. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Education and the Use of Cinema

    5 pages. Paulo Freire has several interesting theories concerning the types of education, teaching methods, and which work best in the classroom or other venues. This paper will focus on teaching methods and the use of film as a viable media for Freire's Problem Posing Education theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Proposal to Market to McBride Financial Services

    This 4 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. McBride Financial Services wants to market its mortgage services to four states in the US. The writer considers the potential target market and mediums of communication, using these considerations to present a potential marketing plan. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Communnication, Technology, and Social Changes

    This 4 page paper discusses three issues: how mass communication media is used for social change, how technology is used for social change, and a reflection on this course. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • TV's History, Development, and Cultural Contributions

    This 5 page report discusses television and its impact on American life. From its invention in 1922 to its debut at the New York World’s Fair of 1939 and on to the Ed Sullivan Show, Star Trek, and American Idol, it has evolved as the most powerful communications medium in existence. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Communication Case at Office Supply Store

    A 7 page paper based on a case study from Harvard Business School. This essay focuses on communication issues as described in the case study. The writer comments on communication barriers, communication channels, an effective communication strategy for Lewis, organizational culture and other issues in the case. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Communication and Management

    A 9 page paper. Experts consistently argue that communication in organizations is not effective. Patterns of communication can be found in every organization and managers typically follow along with the established patterns. The general topic of communication in organizations is discussed. The writer also discusses the types of communication approaches a manager might use in specific situations, such as delegation, coaching, consulting, briefing, criticizing, giving feedback and praising. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Cyber Cafe Life and Media Imperialism

    This 6 page report discusses the concept of media imperialism is the idea that Western media exerts considerable influence over the cultures of countless nations around the world and how the “imperialism” of the media is reminiscent of the behavior of the European colonizers. The report then moves on to discuss the ways in which online life has become a common reality for millions of Americans. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Media and Race in Canada

    7 pages in length. Canada's multiracial community, which includes Black, Hispanic, Asian and Aborigines populations, is subject to a significant amount of stereotypical abuse at the hands of contemporary media. Clearly, the racial bias that exists within the media – particular in television but also clearly apparent in music, advertisements and all other entities – is not necessarily created by the media as a negative influence but is actually perpetuated from a basis of social reality. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Women and the Impact of the Media

    This 8 page thesis paper looks at various forms of media including print advertising, commercials, television programming, films, music videos and more to discuss how media's images affect women's self-esteem. While part of the effects of media are blatant in terms of images presented, others are less obvious such as the subservient or otherwise stereotypical roles women play. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Business Psychology

    This 6 page paper responds to certain questions and issues related to opening a new business. The paper discusses the characteristics of a successful entrepreneur, what effective communication and three leadership theories, transactional, transformational and situational. The paper also comments on keeping balance in one's life as an entrepreneur. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mass Media and Entertainment

    This is a 5 page paper discussing mass media for pleasure and entertainment with examples from British history. Mass media in relation to today’s society has a great many formats in which to give the public information, promotion of new merchandise, news, entertainment and various forms of pleasure in the world of television, journalism, films, computer games and the internet to name a few. Traditionally, media was thought to be a source of viable information to the masses yet history shows that media was also used as much for the pleasure and entertainment of the masses as it was to provide information about current, world or political events. In today’s newspapers, although seemingly filled with violent news, they are also filled with “feel good” stories, entertainment sections, film and literary reviews as well as the classic comic, jumble and crossword features. In the Victorian era, the mass media were the providers of scandals and serial novels highly popular in that time. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • United Kingdom and Developments in its Mass Media History

    A 5 page paper which examines the history of significant developments in mass media within the UK. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Media Ethics Case Study Analysis

    This 5 page paper evaluates a case study on media ethics. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Copyright and Music Streams

    This 3 page paper examines this new controversy in media law. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nursing and Communication Theory

    A paper which looks at the way in which communication theory is relevant to modern nursing practice, in terms of the relationship between nurse and client and the changing professional structure of the health care system as a whole. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • John Gottman's Successful Marriage Components and Marital Failure or Success

    This is a 10 page paper discussing theories involved for successful marriage. John Gottman, a professor of psychology and director of the Gottman Institute is one of the more popular researchers on success in marriages today. Gottman and his colleagues address situations which are prevalent in today’s couples such as lack of time for one another and defensive and critical strategies during communication. While Gottman realizes that different components of communication such as effective listening, listening non-defensively and editing while speaking are important, other more ‘emotionally intelligent’ components are also important such as respect, admiration, influence, acceptance, and accepting and coping with conflict are equally important. Theories of marital therapy include many of Gottman’s components while at the same time, some researchers have added other useful strategies such as exploring new interests together and maintaining a sense of humor and realistic scope among others. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Operating Room Communication Between Physician and Nurse

    A 3 page paper reviewing the state of communication between doctor and nurse in the OR and assessing changes that continue to occur. The relationship is stereotyped as being adversarial, but recent research indicates that the trend toward alliance of healthcare professionals is finding its way to the OR now as well. The state of nurse-doctor communications in the OR appears to fall on a continuum between negative and positive, and appears to be moving toward the more positive end as the issue of communication continues to gain increasing attention. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Literature Review on Nonverbal Communication

    A 5 page discussion of non-verbal communication and its various forms. Notes the importance of non-verbal forms of communication ranging from clothing to artifactual, emphasizing the importance of facial communication. Written to assist the student in the research techniques which can be used to narrow down such a broad field for the purposes of completing a detailed yet concise overview of the subject. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing Questions

    This 23 page paper answers a set of 25 questions regarding communication and nursing across cultural differences, defining and giving examples of effective communication, where. How and why communication should take place, the impact of patient/nurse language and cultural differences and the potential outcomes of conflict. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • An Intervention Using Appreciative Inquiry Theory

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the use of appreciative inquiry theory to address an intervention. This study relates the problem of communication in a church setting, where 200 members have a difficult time focusing on the expansion of the organization. Further, this study provides a qualitative approach for assessing the views and the application of AI in this specific “case study” setting. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sports Coverage and the Media II

    In this well-reasoned 6 page essay, the writer discusses what the media's ethical responsibilities should be in covering sports-related issues & events and how these measure up with reality. It is argued that the media spends too much time influencing the opinions of fans while it should really be providing objective news. Ultimately, the media's poor coverage of sports helps ruin the private lives of athletes, creates dishonesty among players & coaches, and in the specific case of college sports,-- helps draw the spotlight away from education itself. Recommended ideas about what the media should be doing are presented. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Internet as Distribution Medium for Music

    This 3 page paper is written in two parts. The first part looks at the supply and value chain comparing the internet and the bricks and mortar distribution medium. The second compares the costs associated with each medium. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Literature Review to Identify Gap in Research of E-Learning Will Use in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

    There is a great potential for benefits from e-learning for training and development in small to medium-sized enterprises. This 10 page paper considers the barriers that may be in place for effective use of e-learning by small to medium-size enterprises. The paper conducts a literature review concerning use of e-learning in order to identify potential gap in the research and then considers a viable research question it may be utilized to help SMEs overcome the barriers which exist. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Social Divisions Reflected and Reinforced by Representation of the Mass Media

    This 6 page paper argues that the media emphasises the division that already exist within society. The paper begins by considering how sport itself is a reflection and also a source of social division, not only in terms of class but also in terms of age, gender and physical ability. The paper then looks at how and why the media reports and reinforces these divisions. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Law and Psychology

    This 8 page paper details the problems when the media run out of control and cause pre-trial damage to the defendant. The case of Sam Sheppard is profiled as well as several other lower profiled cases. Reasons for media bias are given. Conflict of First and Sixth amendments discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nursing Theory Selection and Implementation

    A 14 page paper evaluating whether Leininger's or Roy's nursing theory is best suited to the endoscopy and day surgery clinical setting. This is not an area in which nurses have opportunity to develop long-term relationships with patients, which is the focus of both these theories. In that context, communication is seen as the most critical point of either theory in the specific clinical setting. In those areas in which cultural sensitivity can be attained with the knowledge and language of only one or two other cultures, the hospital seeking to implement Leininger's model should undertake to fully operate within the contexts of those cultures. In those areas of far greater diversity (i.e., urban areas), a better choice would be for the hospital to provide interpreters for those patients from a culture of which the nurse has little knowledge. "Interpreting" refers primarily to language, but also addresses cultural mores and attitudes. The point is to meet the patient where s/he lives. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Klein, Adler, Jung

    This 10 page paper explains and discusses several neo-analysis theories and responds to questions about them. The EP neo-analytic theory of child development from birth to age 2; how Melanie Klein’s theory differed; self-psychology; Jungian typologies and writer’s type; preferred theory (Jung) and why; what ‘acting as if’ is; why Adlerians use early recollections; social interest according to Adler; Adler’s birth order; Individual psychology and diversity. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Contemporary Management and Communication's Role

    This 9-page paper focuses on the role that good communications plays among the modern managers of today. The paper touches on why managers must be also good communicators and also suggests ways to build a good communications plan. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Risk Management, Security, and Communication

    A paper which looks at the role of communication in security and risk management, with reference to corporate organisations and societal institutions such as the health service, and considers the impact of IT and global communication on these issues.

  • Law Enforcement and Communication

    This 10 page paper provides information on selected chapters (3 through 7) for the book "Connecting: A Culture-Sensitive Approach to Interpersonal Communication Competency" by Berko, Rosenfeld and Samovar, and relates the information to law enforcement. Various forms of communication are discussed. No additional sources cited.

  • How Can the Persuasiveness of Marketing Communication Be Optimised?

    This 9 page paper considers the practices persuasive communication in marketing from a social psychology perspective. The paper examines the way in which marketers may seek to use communication to persuade consumers to purchase the goods. Different tactics, best practice and theoretical approaches which contribute to the idea of persuasive communicational discussed, including the use of examples to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • English Law Regarding Contract Law

    This 4 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student where there is an advertisement placed in a newspaper, which is followed by communications and an acceptance. The paper considers which are offers, which are counter offers, and communications, if any, is a valid acceptance. The paper is written with reference to English law and cites relevant cases. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Role Ambiguity Causes Problems for Company

    This 15 page paper begins with a brief scenario of the case. The paper analyzes the issues and identifies the problems. The paper explains the need for role clarification and communication and also discusses the need for effective communication. The writer provides specific recommendations for the company to improve performance. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Organizational Communication - Case Study

    This 4 page paper applies the communication process to a hypothetical organization. The essay includes: the communication climate in the organization, strengths and weaknesses, management's approach and an example. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Bend It Like Beckham and Intercultural Communications

    This 5 page paper examines the presence of cross cultural communication in the film Bend it like Beckham. The communication is shown and examined in terms of issues such as gender, sexuality, cultural identity as well as football in a film where an Asian Sikh girl wants to be a footballer against the wishes of her family. Concepts such as stereotypes, ethnicity, prejudice and diffusion are all considered. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Communication in Film Dead Poets Society

    A 3 page research paper that explores communication in this film. The writer argues that the heart of the film is the tension created by contrasting the manner in which a talented teacher, John Keating (Robin Williams) communicates with his students and the communication style employed by authoritarian school officials and the parents of the boys. Examination of this film and its message illustrates many of the points discussed in the research literature on this topic. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Physician's office and the Deming System of Profound Knowledge

    5 pages in length. The very root of effective management is the lost art of communication, which is why the Deming System of Profound Knowledge focuses so greatly upon its resurgence into contemporary society. Whether a small family business of fifteen people or a conglomerate with tens of thousands, Deming illustrates how the fundamental basis of communication is not only the byproduct of profound knowledge but is also the one, single-most effective tool one can develop, particularly within the environment of a doctor's office. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Society, Communication, and Music

    An 18 page research paper that argues that studying music provides a great deal of information not only about how human beings communicate, but also how musical communication works within the context of societal frameworks. The writer examines research on musical cognition, such as the Mozart Effect, how music is used to enhance communication with autistic children, and in regards to ethnomusicology. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • 7 Nursing Theory Issues

    28 pages in length. The writer discusses seven separate issues: Nursing's Ways of Knowing; Nursing's Body of Knowledge; What is Nursing Theory?; Analysis and Critique of Nursing Theory; Analysis and Critique of Family Nursing Theory; Nursing Theory and Research; and Nursing Theory and Practice. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Analyzing Universality and the Cultural Care Diversity Theories of Madeleine Leininger

    A 4 page paper discussing Leininger’s theory within Fawcett’s framework for theory analysis. The theory based nursing actions are compatible with the expectations of nursing practice. Indeed, Leininger’s theory both provides that benefit and enhances outcomes in those cases where Leininger’s theory has been instrumental in a patient’s care plan. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Literature Review for Use in a Project on Leadership in Kuwait

    This 32 page paper is an in-depth literature review looking at different aspects of leadership and how they may be applied in the commercial environment. The paper starts by defining leadership and then looking at the importance of leadership, looks at the way culture may impact on the way leadership emerges or used practiced as well as leadership theories including great man theory, trait theory, behavioral theories and contingency theories. The bibliography cites 40 sources.

  • McClelland Motivation Theory

    A 3 page paper that explains McClelland’s achievement motivation theory. The theory is then applied to an unhappy nurse. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Self-Care Deficit Theory, Dorothea Orem

    This 10 page research paper offers a comprehensive overview of Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, which discusses its key components, establishes ties between theory, research and practice and describes relevance to nursing practice. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Developments in Negotiation Theory

    This 26 paper looks at the development and scope of negotiation theory and its’ interdependence with conflict theory. The paper is written as a literature review and focuses research published in or after 2007. The different approaches to negotiations are outlined along with the potential for different factors impact on the way they take place and their outcomes. Influences such as emotions, stereotyping, social issues, the media and trade are all included in the review. A table at the end of the paper summarizes the research. The bibliography cites 25 sources.

  • Mappings, Feminism and Cultural Geographies of Encounters by Susan S. Friedman

    An 8 page book review that examines Mappings, Feminism and Cultural Geographies of Encounters by Susan S. Friedman. The writer argues that this powerful text moves feminist theory away from paralyzing debates concerning perceived dichotomies of identity, them vs. us, white vs. other, etc. and towards a broader geopolitical, social landscape. The vision that Friedman offers of the future of feminist theory goes beyond identity politics, as she guides the reader toward greater understanding of how identities are both negotiated and transformed. Drawing from the gamut of popular culture, Friedman relates to books, movies, poetry and the mass media, as she address theoretical issues that are pivotal to post-modern feminism. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Historical Theories of Auguste Comte and Karl Marx

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares the theories that Marx and Comte developed regarding history. The writer argues that these theories were radically different because each looked at a different aspect of human development across history. Marx's theories concerning history dealt with the economic connection between society and the means of production. Comte's theories, on the other hand, dealt more with the way in which a society perceives reality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Peplau and Orem/Core Concepts

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the theories of Hildegard Peplau and Dorothea Orem, who are two of the nursing profession’s most influential theorists. Peplau’s Interpersonal Nursing Theory and Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory have for decades provided nurses with a foundational understanding of nursing that has facilitated both everyday nursing care and nursing research. This examination of these two theories contrasts and compares the core concepts of their theoretical perspectives, demonstrating their commonalities. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Human Charing and the Theory of Watson

    A 5 page paper discussing Watson’s theory of human caring. This nursing theory verbalizes some of those highest ideals of the ways that human beings should treat each other. It assumes technical strength on the part of the nurse, and a true desire to serve others. In the process, the theory also provides benefit to those nurses practicing it. The purpose here is to apply Watson’s theory to a clinical setting. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Application of Leadership Theory II

    A 6 page paper discussing two verbal exchanges between a staff nurse and the director of nursing and fitting them to management theory. There are several leadership theories, most of which are most applicable to differing environments and situations. The purpose here is to examine two verbal exchanges with a nurse manager and assess it in terms of one theory of leadership. The two theories used are Situational Leadership and Leader-Member Exchange . Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Holistic Dynamic Personality Theory of Abraham Maslow

    This is a 9 page paper including abstract that discusses Maslow’s holistic-dynamic theory of personality. Personality has been studied in regards to various psychological approaches including psychoanalytical theories, learning theories, dispositional theories and humanistic psychology theories among others. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) developed theories of personality from a humanistic psychological standpoint. His holistic-dynamic theory of personality advocates that individuals require the fulfillment of certain fundamental needs in order to develop their personality and use their intelligence efficiently, acquire higher functioning and problem solving proficiently. Basic needs consisted of safety, love and respect. A more complex hierarchy of needs addressed the more comprehensive concepts of belongingness, esteem, self-esteem and self-actualization among others. Without the gratification of having these fundamental needs met, individuals will suffer frustration and eventually psychological “sickness”. Within the work environment, individuals experience boredom, lack of energy, low self-esteem and personal and professional problems seems insurmountable. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Business Psychology; Team Work For Effective Organizations

    This 5 page paper looks at theories concerning the way that individuals will interact and develop into teams, including the influences on their behavior and perceptions with a team environment. The paper looks at theories including those of Jung, Belbin, Le Bon and systems theory. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Reflection Process Recording

    3 pages in length. Much of life's attempts at communication is fraught with misunderstanding or misconstrue. In the field of nursing, this reality can be deadly. One of the many ways to uphold a working system of checks and balances is through the practice called process recording. Nursing - more than virtually all other profession - relies upon the mastery of the health caregiver to maintain open communication with the patient; as such, it is a daunting task to verify each and every process without the help of creating a record of interaction. Behind the overall concept of process recording is to provide an opportunity for self-reflection in relation to the way in which interpersonal communication is approached. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Global Communication's Developmental History

    (5 pp) The history of international communication is as varied as the development of the nations themselves. The speed of development of all communications is linked to the economic progress of that nation. Where once the stories or the information seemed related to the community, then the state, and the nation, now, that same information can be transmitted with electronic speed to almost any where in the world. Yet are we all getting the same news? This discussion will examine the possibility and subsequent history that will put a different slant on the "spin" of international communications. Bibliography lists 3 sources)

  • Traditional Media and the Effects of New Media

    4 pages in length. Why purchase a print copy or an entire CD when the very same thing can be found on the Internet? The prevalence of online reading and music material has literally skyrocketed to the point where people are no longer finding a need to subscribe to print publications or visit mall music stores. Daily newspapers are available at the crack of dawn; monthly magazines are accessible earlier than those sent out buy postal mail; and entire CDs are being uploaded to the Internet for one's listening enjoyment. The writer discusses the impact Internet media is having upon traditional media. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing Management Change Theory

    A 6 page paper discussing implementing changes that can assist in integrating theory into practice. Theory-based nursing practice is the focus of much current nursing research and practice, but established, experienced nurses may be less familiar with theory than are new graduates. It is common practice for older nurses to mentor newer ones; new graduates fresh from study of theory also have the opportunity to teach as well. Lewin’s change theory maintains that change is incremental and proceeds stepwise. The organization can assist this progression by hiring new graduates with solid knowledge of theory, which they can pass on to those more experienced in practice. Includes abstract. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • New Nursing Theory Formulation

    A 10 page paper constructing a new nursing theory. “Theory” is not merely some nebulous entity arising from ruminations far removed from nursing practice and patient outcome. Rather, it can be a tool for devising the optimal treatment plan for patients in a variety of areas. The one focused on here is the struggle against alcoholism. The patient used as example in this paper, Mr. Walker, is a 42-year-old man with a history of noncompliance recovering from alcohol hepatitis with jaundice. The relational statement providing a foundation for a new theory is that the greater number of variables contained in a system, the greater the chances that a patient can negotiate through them and maintain higher numbers of subsystems in equilibrium. Included in the discussion are the topics of the nature of theory; the central propositional statement and underlying assumptions; concepts on which to build the theory; and translating the new theory into practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cross-Cultural Studies and the Influence of Media

    A 3 page research paper that has 2 parts. The first part concerns the influence of media on global society and cross-cultural studies. The second half of the paper concerns what the student has learned from participating in a class on Cross-Cultural Psychology and her plans for the future. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Music as a Character in Meet Me in St. Louis and 42nd Street

    This 5 page report discusses the “role” of music “Meet Me in St. Louis” and “Forty Second Street” and the ways in which the movie directors integrate the music into the overall theme and action of the story. The movie musical is an example of how media shaped culture. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Formulating Nursing Theory

    A 7 page research paper that first of all, focuses on the importance of nursing theory to the practice and professionalism of nursing. It then looks at the Novice to Expert theory of Patricia Benner can both substantiate and inform the Self-Care theory of Dorothy Orem. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Evolution of Management from the 1950s through the 1990s

    This 10 page paper looks at management theory one decade at a time from the 1950s through the 1990s. Projections concerning the future of management are made. Theories include TQM and systems theory as well as a variety of trends that have come about through the ages. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Philip Zimbardo's Peer Pressure Theories

    One of Philip Zimbardo's theories is discussed in this 5 page paper that focuses on peer pressure. The theory that social situations make a difference and can powerfully influence human behavior is examined in the context of everyday life. One example focuses on peer pressure as it influences adolescents to use drugs and alcohol. Personality features are examined along with this theory in social psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Contemporary Applications of the Deliberative Nursing Theory of Jean Orlando

    A 5 page overview of the theory of deliberative nursing, a theory first formulated in the late 1950s but with applications into present day nursing. This paper discusses the applicability of Orlando’s theory to modern nursing using the example of medical intervention in cases of domestic violence. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Katie Eriksson's Nursing Theory

    A 5 page paper discussing the nursing theory of Katie Eriksson, which focuses on caring in the Christian tradition. Some practicing nurses have objected to theory-based care, at least initially, on the grounds that it is not caring at all but rather reduces the patient to a process component that needs medical attention. Katie Eriksson dispenses with the qualifiers shrouding that mission of caring, however, formulating her own theory of caring-based nursing, one that she places in the context of Christian commitment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing and the Structural Functionalist Sociological Model

    This 7 page paper evaluates how this sociological model can help nurses perform better. It looks at the theory based upon a model found in Chinn & Kramer's Theory of Nursing. Various elements of the theory are discussed inclusive of its importance and applicability to nursing. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Sports Facility Management

    A 14 page paper. This type of management is very diverse with numerous different types of activities and responsibilities. This paper discusses management theories, leadership theories and motivation theories. It also discusses the kinds of responsibilities the sports facility manager has. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Management Theory and Microsoft, Inc.

    A 15 page paper providing an overview of Microsoft's evolution over the years, applying management theories such as those of contingency, leader member exchange, path-goal and other current theories. The success of Microsoft has not lay with its products so much as it has with its management and dogged determination not to quit. Microsoft products may have made us all groan over the past generation, but the company stands as the example of management theory put into astute practice. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Advanced Practice Nursing, the Self Care Deficit Model of Dorothea Orem, and Urinary Incontinence

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of an article by Francie Bernier called “Relationship of a pelvic floor rehabilitation program for urinary incontinence to Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing: Part 1” which considers the impact of the problem of urinary incontinence and the application of nursing theory in defining protocols for care. This paper relates the findings to Dorothea Orem's Self-Care theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Merie Mishel's Uncertainty in Illness Theory

    An 8 page overview of Merle Mishel's Uncertainty in Illness midrange nursing theory. Midrange nursing theories are defined and Mishel's theory is thoroughly examined and evaluated. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Value of the Family

    A 4 page research paper in which the writer uses tutorial language to aid a student in writing a paper on the value of family based on the student’s nursing practice. The writer discusses family nurses, indicating 2 theories that may be used with this context, Bowen Family System theory and Orem’s Self-Care theory. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dorothea Orem and Florence Nightingale on Nursing Theories, Beliefs, and Values

    A 4 page paper that compares and contrasts the theories of Florence Nightingale and Dorothea Orem’s theory of self-care, and summarizes how nursing beliefs and theory assist a nurse in planning patient care. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Derived Theory of Smoking Relapse Analyzed

    This 7 page paper evaluates the derived theory of smoking relapse in respect to nursing. A model found in Chinn & Kramer's Theory of Nursing is utilized for analysis. Various elements of the theory are discussed inclusive of its importance and accessibility. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Development of Nursing Theory

    A 5 page research paper that discusses nursing theory development. The writer discusses the various types of theories and what differentiates them, as well as the purposes and functions of nursing theory within the profession. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Jean Watson's and Joyce Travelbee's Nursing Theories

    A 10 page overview of the nursing theories of Joyce Travelbee and Jean Watson. This paper emphasizes the holistic approach of both of these theories, comparing them to other nursing theories and, noting the importance of spiritual, culture, and psychosocial impacts on health. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Three Nursing Theories

    A 15 page paper presenting a patient case followed by application of three nursing theories to that single case. The nursing theories examined are Roy’s Adaptation Model, Neuman’s System Model and Orem’s Theory of Self-Care. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Theory of Human Caring/Jean Watson

    A 9 page research paper that offers an overview of Watson's nursing theory. The topics covered include the basic concepts and assumptions that define this highly utilized nursing theory, as well as a specific example that demonstrates how Watson's theory can be applied to context of a caring moment within the context of a therapeutic nurse/ patient relationship. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cognitive Cinema Theory and Narration

    This 35 page paper explores both cognitive film theory and the theory of film narration separately as concepts and then together as applied to film. Several films are looked at as examples such as Citizen Kane, A Christmas Story, Clockwatchers, Requiem for a Dream and American Psycho. Genre, particularly postmodernism, is discussed in the context of cognitive film theory. Emotion is also explored in depth. Strengths and weaknesses of the narrative are also discussed. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • 2 Perspectives on Nursing Theory

    A 4 page research paper that addresses 2 issues pertaining to nursing theory. The first half of the paper examines the relationship between nursing theory and research and practice and the second half of the paper looks at how non-nursing theories can play a role in advanced nursing practice. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sport and Leadership

    This 9 page paper investigates leadership and begins with a definition of leadership. The writer then reports and explains the three broad categories into which most leadership styles fall, trait theories, environmental theories and behavior theories. Transactional and transformational leadership is then described and explained. How charisma fits into the styles is discussed. The paper then turns to sport literature and describes cohesion and the need for role differentiation and interdependence. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Sports Origin and Theories

    This 5 page paper provides an analysis of theories in respect to the history of sports. Class based theories are compared with theories which focus on practical issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Bibb Latane's Social Impact Theory

    A 5 page paper assessing Bibb Latane's 1981 social impact theory and what became of it. There are many theories from the past that resurface from time to time dressed in other terms and other names, and updated to meet current needs. This appears to be the case with social impact theory. Though it is not often discussed in current literature by the name that Latané gave it a quarter century ago, it nonetheless is still with us, particularly in business literature. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Levine's Conservation Theory of Nursing

    A 5 page research paper that investigates Levine's nursing theory. Nursing theory provides a cognitive framework that nurses can utilize in devising interventions that are comprehensive and oriented toward specific therapeutic goals. One such theory is the Conservation Theory formulated by Myra E. Levine in the late 1960s/early 70s. This theory conceptualizes human beings as being adaptive and in constant interaction with his or her environment (Martsolf and Mickley, 1998). This overview of Levine's theoretical perspective demonstrates the utility of this model to contemporary nursing practice. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nursing Theory, a Comparison

    A 5 page paper discussing two nursing theories, one of which is broad, the other mid-range. Most models of nursing theory are careful to take into account the fact that the patient is more than only a body in dysfunction. These theories have originated with at least one individual’s background in patient care in conjunction with the theorist’s higher awareness of the interaction of many factors in realizing physical goals. The purpose here is to compare a broad nursing theory with a mid-range one. The work of J. Travelbee represents the broad nursing theory. That of K.M. Swanson addresses mid-range issues. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Attention Control Theory

    This 3 page paper examines attention control theory. Bibliography lists 2 sources.


    This 7-page paper focuses on Plas Tech Ltd., and answers questions about management theory and styles.

  • Category Formation, Causal Theories, and Cognitive Psychology

    This is an 8 page paper comparing and contrasting the prototype and causal-based theories of category formation. In cognitive psychology, category formation is considered one of the most fundamental aspects of understanding mental representation. Within the area of category formation however, there are several theories which appear to conflict in some aspects. Two of these theories are the prototype theory of category formation and the causal theory of category formation. In the most basic sense, the prototype theory argues that individuals categorize items based on the typicality level of the objects in comparison with the “prototype” concept or image that an individual has. When new objects are encountered by an individual, a comparison of features based on prototypes takes place until that object is categorized. From a causal model theory perspective however, the categorization process also takes into account prior knowledge and theories of how the world works in addition to the causal relationships between features. Causal theorists find that the prototype theories base categorization from an independent and “probabilistic” viewpoint whereas individuals in fact use their causal knowledge in order to categorize and build relationships conceptually. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Human Mating and Theory of Sexual Selection

    A five page paper which consider the theory of sexual selection in relation to human mating behaviour. Bibliography lists 8 sources

  • Ethical Theories and Norma Rae

    A paper which looks at the film Norma Rae from the perspective of various ethical theories, including utilitarianism, consequentialism and Kant's deontology.

  • Silent v. Sound/Art in Film

    A 4 page research paper that discusses silent and sound film as distinct art forms. In the public mindset, silent films are typically perceived as being less accomplished, less an art form, than the sound accompanied films that replaced this art medium. What few people realize, outside of film buss, scholars and historians, is that silent film was a fully developed art form in full maturity prior to the advent of cinematic sound and the aesthetic quality of cinema decreased after the inception of sound while artists and technicians adjusted to the requirements of what was, in many ways, a new medium. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Elementary School and Family Life Education

    A 3 page position paper that defends the role of family life education at the elementary school level, arguing that open and honest answers to all student questions concerning sexual matters serve to protect children from peer and media sexual pressure. While parents would like to protect their children from sexual messages until a later age, the truth is that children are bombarded with sexual images from television, billboards, movies and other media. Research shows that between sixth grade and junior high school, students' intentions to become sexually active increase (Price, et al, 2003). Therefore, the upper elementary grades provide an ideal time to provide a positive influence on sexual behavior by providing honest answers to sexual issues. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Virginia Henderson/Neonatal Application

    A 5 page essay that, first of all, addresses the parameters of the theoretical perspective on nursing that was developed by Virginia Henderson. The basic assumptions and major points of Henderson's theory are summarized, which includes briefly addressing how she perceives the four meta-paradigms of nursing (i.e., person, environment health and nursing). Then, a clinical application of this nursing theory is discussed. Specifically, the research conducted by Ahmed (2008), which describes a successful educational intervention that was undertaken with the mothers of pre-term infants in regards to breastfeeding, is described and then discussed in terms of Henderson's theory. This discussion demonstrates the utility and versatility of Henderson's theoretical perspective and why this theory is highly applicable to neonatal nursing. This paper also includes an abstract which is 117 words in length and included as part of the page count. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Issues in Social Psychology

    A 23 page paper that discusses specific issues in social psychology, including factors involved in attraction, consistency and inconsistency, examples of friendships, altruism and helping, modern prejudice and microaggressions, media and violence, bullying in schools and programs to reduce bullying. The paper also includes the Introduction section for a research paper on childhood obesity. Statistics are included. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Perceptual Losses Between the Page and Big Screen

    An 8 page paper that argues the point that the historical written word loses much of the personal perception it evokes in individual readers when it is converted to the film medium due to the influence of the personal perception of the cinematographer. The history and evolution of historical cinematography from the earliest days of the film industry to present are discussed, including a brief description of the progressive documentary format that emerged in the 1990s. Bibliography lists 6 sources. LCFilm.doc

  • Media and Law Enforcement

    A 14 page paper which examines how law enforcement is portrayed by the media, how it affects the public’s perception of police departments, how several famous cases have been covered and the significance of racial and sexual prejudice. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Analysis of 5 Major Issues Including Corporate Media Control, Religion, Sexual Violence, and Race

    This 10 page report discusses five separate issues : the social construction of race; sexual violence against women as well as the marginalization of those with “alternative” lifestyles; what religion is; the role of religion in the conflict between Tibet-China and Israel-Palestine; and, the corporate domination of the media. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Definition of an American and Homelessness

    A 7 page paper which focuses on the homeless to define an American living in 2006, illustrating how the homeless portray American ideals, and considers the struggle to survive through contemporary articles and literary/artistic media (a speech, memoir of a homeless person, and two poems). Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Dissemination and Marketing of Music from Tin Pan Alley to the Modern Day

    This 8 page paper looks at the way music has been distributed and marketed from the latter part of the nineteenth century and the role of Tin Pan Alley up until the model day of the internet and the iPod. Included in the paper is consideration of the impact of technology including records, cassette tapes, CD's and MP3 files as well as the role of the media. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Origins of Blues Music

    A 10 page research paper which examines the origins of the blues and how this musical medium grew out of African-American culture as an expression of protest against the society which suppressed them. The writer covers such topics as the history of the blues, as well as spotlighting African-American artists whose works were instrumental in forming the blues as we know it today. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Marketing Decisions for the Italian Launch of Pringles

    This 5 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Procter & Gamble are preparing to launch Pringles in Italy, a number of relevant issues concerning this decision are discussed, including the flavors it should be used, the marketing message, the distribution medium and a price. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Contemporary Racism in Germany

    (10 pp) Although the upsurge of violence in Germany has been well publicized in international media and condemned by the German government, it continues to grow. Violent crimes are far above pre- nification levels. Meanwhile, non-violent crimes such as criminal harassment and intimidation have also significantly increased in the last two years. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Palestinians as Victims of War in Paradise Now, Making Of, and Palestine

    In four pages this paper examines the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from the perspective of the Palestinians, which is rarely glimpsed in the media. Specifically considered in a discussion of Hany Abu-Assad’s film Paradise Now, Nouri Bouzid’s film Making Of, and Joe Sacco’s documentary comic graphics text Palestine are the Palestinians’ continued victimization because of the Israeli occupation and the motivation for young men to become suicide bombers, with the quest for truth also considered. Four sources are listed in the bibliography. TGparmakpal.rtf

  • Developing Marketing for McBride

    This 4 page paper considers the way in which McBride Financial Services may undertake market research in order to develop a marketing strategy, and then discusses the strategy and potential marketing mediums that may be used by the company. The paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Novel and Cinematic Comparisons of The Great Gatsby

    5 pages in length. When one compares the book version of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “The Great Gatsby” to its movie counterpart, it is quite easy to point out the significant similarities, inasmuch as there was no way for the film director to stray too far from the author’s primary theme and still remain true to the story’s message; as such, the contrasts that one might experience between the two media forms appear to be nothing more than superficial differences that typically separate film from literature. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cultural Understanding and the Reflections of Photography

    An 8 page discussion of the value of still photography and film in cultural research. The author contends that cultural history, a subcategory of both anthropology and history, is indeed replete with examples of the value of these mediums in preserving culture in a visual format. It is emphasized that this value is not exclusive to the use of photography as a documentary tool by the researcher but that instead it encapsulates the use of film produced by the culture itself. Asserts that both documentary and fictional film can be of tremendous research value.

  • Reality and Films

    This 7 page paper argues that the media reflects reality rather than making it. Using the James Bond films as an example, the way reality is reflected is discussed looking at the developments over time and the way in which women evolve. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Press Freedom and Libel

    This 10 page paper considers the statement “The English Law of libel and defamation represents an unwarranted restriction on the freedom of the press and the broadcast media”. The paper looks at both sides of the argument and uses numerous cases to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • English Hooliganism and its History

    A 10 page paper which examines why hooliganism is regarded as distinctly English, considers the social landscape that produces and perpetuates it, and explores the role of the media in the development of its perception. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Spirituality as a Concept in Black American Literature

    This 5 page paper discusses the issue of African American Literature and the evidence of spirituality in that medium. Furthermore, this paper cites many African-American writers and their works as examples. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Punk Music in the Buddha of Suburbia and Trainspotting

    This 5 page paper examines the importance of the use of music in different mediums. Punk music is highlighted. Music is discussed as being very important in life and in literature. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Sports and Steroids

    A 5 page paper which examines the way the media portrays athletes and policies of steroid abusers in professional sports, providing specific examples of athletes (Jose Canseco, Mark McGwire, and Rafael Palmeiro) and the policies of the NFL, MLB, NBA, and the NHL. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Media Representation of Black Professional Athletes

    A 4 page paper which examines how black sports stars are presented in the media. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Racial Issues in Sport

    This 5 page paper looks at a range of racial issues in sport. This includes discrimination against racial minorities through wages and positions played, the disparity of white ownership of sports teams, the movement towards increased equality, the present of racism in the media and the perceptions of the fans and the sport people. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • UK Issues Regarding Human Resource Management

    6 pages in length. Myriad human resource management issues grace various forms of the British media, providing the populace with ample opportunity to gain a more significant understanding of the challenges and struggles typically inherent to the aspect of commerce. From these many topics, the student may decide to choose such issues as effective leadership and minimum wage concerns as they relate to Britain's quest to better its workforce. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Female Participation in Basketball

    A 5 page overview of the importance of female participation in sports such as basketball and in the importance of this participation receiving an equal media coverage and emphasis as does male participation in sports. Correlates female participation in sports with lowered teen pregnancy, higher academic success, and less gang participation. Bibliography lists six sources.

  • Skills Needed by a Forensic Nurse

    This 3 page paper considers what skills are needed by a forensic mental health nurse when looking after patients in a medium secure unit. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Medical Doctors and Nurse Practitioners Conflict Management

    A 10 page paper using the Kolb model to examine conflict assessment and management. As health care changes and patients increasingly take active roles in their own health care, they care less about hierarchy than they do results and practical application rather than medical theory. Though the struggle is between nurse practitioners and physicians, it is the patient ultimately most affected. In today’s health care system as it currently exists, nurses not only have “more time” for direct patient interaction than do MDs, they also generally have greater motivation. The model presented here stresses communication and experimentation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Aftermath of September 11th in Respect to Hatred

    This 5 page paper looks at two articles--one from Psychology Today and one from Time--to explore hate both psychologically and from a media perspective. The hatred to emanate after September 11th is explored. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Four Cities' Analysis

    This 9 page paper is a totally fictitious analysis of different demographic aspects of four areas, showing how to analysis different factors such as income, ethnicity, music preference, number o f children and use of the media. The paper shows how to use cross tabulation in essay format. The statistics used are fabricated. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • International Influences for SME a Niche Market Businesses

    This 4 page a paper looks at the case study provided by the student concerning the aircraft industry in New Zealand. Two questions are answered; the first considers the potential benefits for a small to medium-size enterprise to utilize in export strategy. The second question considers the way in which a global approach strategy may aid with cost advantage or differentiation. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • A Legal Courtroom Visit

    A 5 page description of what the casual observer would encounter in a court of law. The author provides a general description of the courtroom and the various people who occupy it as well as the relative duties of these people. The popularized media version of the criminal justice system, versions reflected both in the fictional content of television and in the factual rendition of high-profile cases such as the O.J. Simpson case, is contrasted with the realities of the everyday local courtroom. No sources are listed.

  • Graffiti's Development History

    This 5 page report discusses the existence of graffiti and the fact that graffiti is an expression of art, whether political, social, or aesthetic, it expresses something that its creator wants to express through the medium of paint and a bare surface that will be viewed by others. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • TV Sportscasting

    (12 pp) This discussion exams the role of television broadcasting in sports, through the personality of the sportscaster and through the game itself. The sports of figure skating, golf, and basketball are examined for their impacts in this media. The possibility of a new network entering the picture in these sports areas is also reviewed, as are recommendations for such a possibility. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sports Public Relations Pros and Media Control

    This 9 page paper discusses how public relations people can control the media, particularly when the organization is facing a difficult problem. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sexuality and Gender Dichotomy Deconstruction

    This 5 page paper considers two separate issues, the deconstructing of the dichotomy of gender and sexuality and the issue of the portrayal of women in the mass media. This paper assesses the view of women, the subjugation of women based on sexuality, and the impacts for eating disorders. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Critique of "Computers in Clinical Assessment: Historical Developments, Present Status, and Future Challenges"

    A 3 page paper critique of a paper appearing in the Journal of Clinical Psychology discussing various types of assessment that have used the Internet as the medium. The authors suggest that the single most inhibiting factor preventing more widespread use of Internet-based testing is that of copyright and other intellectual property restrictions. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Today's Youth and Counterculture Force Feeding

    Counterculture Force Fed to Today’s Youth?: This 8-page essay examines how today’s dark counterculture is marketed to modern day youth, what at stake, and how music (and other media) contributes to its ribald success. Only by committing oneself to an ongoing program of talking to, listening to and systematically monitoring this demographic group can one hope to profit from this burgeoning market. Bibliography lists 6 sources. SNCountr.doc

  • This 3-page paper discusses the debate regarding digital rights management and whether people should have access to online media such as music, movies and video games. It also discusses watermarking techniques. There are 2 sources cited.

  • ICU Patients and Communication

    A 10 page research paper that examines the literature on communicating with critical ill patients. This literature demonstrates that communication with the critically ill is a complex area. Some of the literature pertains to the issues surrounding difficult end-of-life decisions while other studies address the problems of dealing with the families of children in ICU and the importance of communicating with unconscious or sedated patients. The common factor in all of the research, however, is that the importance of communication is emphasized. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Conflict Management and Organizational Communication

    A 7 page paper that examines the need for good communication in resolving conflict. A reoccurring problem in organizational communication‹whether it deals with governments, corporations, or dealings among the tenants in an apartment building‹is when those involved misunderstand each other. This can result in emotions that only serve to escalate the conflict as the people involved then react to circumstances on a personal level. The negotiating strategies outlined by Fisher, et al, (1991) in the book Getting to Yes are specifically highlighted. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Patient Outcomes and the Collaboration Between Physicians and Nurses

    A 5 page research paper that explores the crucial nature of nurse/doctor collaboration in patient outcomes. In 1967, Leonard I. Stein, MD, described the pattern of basic communication between a physician and an attending nurse as the "Doctor-Nurse Game." The expectation in this communication "game" was that a nurse, usually a woman, would make suggestions for patient care, but would do so in a manner that would make it seem as if the idea came from the physician (Haddad, 2003). A major rule of the "game" was that open disagreement or overt challenges to the physician's authority and judgement were to be avoided at all costs (Haddad, 2003). This paradigm is not only outdated, but also incredibly inefficient and disrespectful to all parties involved. However, some doctors insist on playing it, to the detriment of patient care. Research indicates that facilitating the highest standard of patient care requires effective nurse/doctor collaboration. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Management and Communication Applied to Mott, Inc.

    An 86 page paper providing a literature review and synthesis to apply to a small clothing retailer. Sound management and solid communication are touted as being highly beneficial for organizations competing in today's competitive business environment, but in spite of the proliferation of the topics in academic literature and the business press many organizations still are unsure of how to proceed to improve their companies. This paper reviews conditions at a three-location clothing retailer and suggests how improved communication and more astute management at the store level can benefit the company and its stakeholders. Includes an abstract and table of contents. Bibliography lists 48 sources.

  • An Overview of Apocalyptic Literature

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the history of the theories that predict the end times, focusing on how religion uses it to control its people. How the elite used the theories to control the social order during the high middle ages is explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • All About Eve and the Introduction by Marilyn Monroe.

    (6 pp.)It has been suggested that the 1950 movie "All About Eve," should be reclaimed and included in the history of feminist film theory. The writer will discuss that and the "talking" i ntroduction of Marilyn Monroe in this film, and her own applicability within feminist theory discussions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A History of Temperament Theories

    This 10 page paper provides a historical report of theories about temperament. The history begins about 2,500 years ago when the four humors were proposed, a theory that was continued to be popular in the Middle Ages and even later. Philosophies and scientific advancements changed the theme somewhat but there continued to be four dimensions of temperament. Even Keirsey proposed four dimensions of temperament. It was in 1990 when five dimensions of temperament were proposed by McCrae and Costa, Jr. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History and the Philosophies of Karl Marx

    Karl Marx's theories are discussed. Attention is paid to the labor theory of value and economic determinism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Family Nursing - Teen Suicide

    This 4 page paper begins with the effects of the suicide of a teenager and statistical data regarding its incidence. Three of the objectives in Health People 2010 that relate to this issue are reported. Both Freire's learning theory and Mezirow's transformative learning theory are explained as possible approaches for the family nurse to use at this time. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Social Work and Nursing Similarities

    A 4 page contention that there are many similarities between these two disciplines. Borrowing from the social work theory that life plays out as though on a stage, the author concludes that all that has to be changed to allow nursing to fit into this theory is to costume the actors in nursing uniforms, disguise them as doctors, and put a few in bed gowns. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Grounded Theory Applied to Sexual Abuse

    In their article, Constructions of survival and coping by women who have survived childhood sexual abuse, Susan L. Morrow and Mary Lee Smith utilized grounded theory in providing qualitative research. This 5 page paper explores and analyses the methods and results of their study in terms of grounded theory principles. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Microsoft and Applicability of Antitrust Laws

    A 9 page paper discussing the theory and history of antitrust laws and monopoly designation, and the reasons that theory and reality rarely meet on common ground. The Justice Department has found Microsoft to practice predatory pricing based on the fact that it gives away its products for free; Microsoft's competitors want the government to force Microsoft to compete on price, as they do. The paper looks at Standard Oil, Ford Motor Company in the 1920s and RCA. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Evolutionary and Creation Scientific Theories

    A five page paper which looks at the creation scientists’ theories of the origins of the universe and life on earth, as delineated in the Christian Bible, and the way in which these relate to other theories such as the Big Bang, Darwin’s explanation of natural selection, and the evidence of fossil records. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Operations Management; Principle Healthcare Case Study

    This 16 page paper looks at a company (Principle Healthcare) and considers different aspects of operations management. The first questions deals with the way the operational strategy goals and the strategy realized may have some gaps. The second part of the paper considers forecasting and the firm's web site, the third questions considers supply chain management and the last questions looks at theories that may help with improvements in the firm, the theory of constraints and pull systems on inventory management are discussed. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • The Case of Rap Music and Adorno's Mass Culture Theories

    This 5 page paper examines Adorno's theory of mass culture, with concepts such as the culture industry, standardization, pseudo individualization and the pacification of the masses with the creation of false needs leading to political apathy. This concept is applied to the development and presence of Rap music in modern society and argues that the theory is still valid, even where the music form is seen as differentiated. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Argument by David M. Halperin 'There Has Only Been 100 Years of Homosexuality' Assessed

    A 10 page paper which critically assesses David M. Halperin’s argument, “There has only been 100 years of homosexuality” by discussing the theory and history of sexuality which informs Halperin’s theory, and drawing appropriate conclusions. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Criminality Theoretical Development

    6 pages in length. Understanding the fundamental reasons behind criminal behavior is based upon more than just a single theory; rather, criminal psychology recognizes myriad theories that help to define the various elements inherent to why certain people commit crimes while others do not. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sociology Q and A

    This 5 page paper answers three questions posed by a student. Topics covered include the application of Freudian psychology to social science, functionalism, conflict theory and interactionism and the application of feminism to social theory. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Adolescent Counseling and William Glasser's Theories

    A paper which consider how the theories of William Glasser are used in counseling adolescents, how these theories were developed, and the various influences both inside and outside psychology which impacted on Glasser’s work. A brief overview of the history of the relevant psychoanalytical models is included, in order to provide a background to Glasser’s own model. Bibliography lists 17 sources

  • Psychology as a Science?

    This is a 6 page paper that evaluates the claim that psychology is not a science. It examines the 'duality theory' and the 'machine' theory in respect to their impact on this argument. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Los Angeles Air Pollution and Healthy People 2010

    A 6 page paper integrating Healthy People 2010 Objective 8-1 (Reduce the proportion of persons exposed to air that does not meet the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's health-based standards for harmful air pollutants) and Watson's Theory of Human Caring to address the effects of air pollution in Los Angeles. Nurses operating within Watson's theory and addressing air quality can seek to educate the elderly and parents of young children about the dangers of high-pollution days and how they can mitigate their health risks as others continue to work to improve local air quality. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Parent and Child According to the Attachment Theory

    Attachment theory, although relatively new within the field of psychology, has become the basis for understanding the relationship between an infant and those around him or her, especially in terms of the primary caregiver, generally considered to be the mother. This 5 page paper explores the parent, child attachment according to attachment theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychiatric Nursing and Nursing Theory

    A 5 page paper accompanied by a 19-slide PowerPoint presentation, discussing theory in psychiatric nursing. Theorists include Peplau, Roy, Orem, Neuman, Rogers and Watson. Peplau is considered to be the founder of theory in psychiatric nursing, and it is still her model that is most directly applicable to psychiatric nursing. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Nursing and the Use of Family Theories

    This 4 page paper looks at the value of family theories in nursing with particular attention to nurses caring for patients in their own homes. The concept of family theories is considered in general and then some of the most use are discussed looking at how they may provide practical support for the nurses practice. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Balance of Philosophy and Nursing Values

    A 6 page paper discussing the juncture of values, philosophy, theory and legality in providing direct patient care. The paper discusses some of the reasons that individuals choose nursing, and provides an overview of each of the four broad areas reviewed in the paper. The paper includes brief discussions of the theories of Orem and Roy, as well as the primary ethical values of nursing: autonomy, beneficence, non-malficence, fairness and fidelity. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Albert Bandura's Theories and Nursing

    Bandura's concepts are compared with other theorists' such as Lawler and Piaget in this 11 page analysis. Bandura's premise that self-efficacy expectations are the most important influences on motivation is highlighted. All theories are discussed as related to the nursing profession and the key elements of individualism, environment, society and health are discussed in relationship to nursing and Bandura's theories. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Rectifying a Poor Motivational Environment

    This 6 page paper considers a scenario where a call centre is losing staff as they are dissatisfied with pay levels and feel that the bonus scheme is implemented in an unfair manner. The paper analyses the problems and considers the way that the scheme and approach of the employers towards the employees may be changed to increase motivations and productivity. The paper looks at motivation theory, equity theory and employee engagement as part of this analysis. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Stakeholder Consideration in the Case of Longhurst Pulp and Paper Mill Case

    This 12 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student to assess a change needed in terms of environmental compliance and examine this from a stakeholder perspective. The paper presents a brief literature review on stakeholder theory and then applies theory to the case. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Organisational Culture; A Case Study

    This 5 page paper looks at culture within an organisation. The paper starts by looking at relevant theories concerning culture creation, maintenance and manifestation. After looking at the theory the writer applies the frameworks to a case study of an organisation caring for clients with learning disabilities. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Blood In, Blood Out

    This 3 page paper considers the characters in the film “Blood In, Blood Out” and argues that Merton’s theory of the “American dream” and Shaw and MacKay’s theory of “zones of transition” are the best tools to use to describe their lives as shown in the film. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Application and Analysis of Film Theories of Signification, Representation, and Perception

    An 18 page paper which examines these theories, as described in J. Dudley Andrew’s text, “Concepts in Film Theory,” applies them to such Asian films as “Visitor Q,” “Dead or Alive,” “Old Boy,” “Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance,” “Happy Together,” Take Care of My Cat,” and “Crazed Fruit,” and also provides a detailed consideration of Korean director Park Chan-wook and his films. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy and the Film Radio

    A 5 page research paper that examines the film Radio in psychological terms, drawing on the theory of human behavior developed by Abraham Maslow. The writer argues that this film exhibits several psychological principles, which illustrate human nature at its most basic level and at its highest. The spectrum of human behavior in the film, however, can be understood via the prism provided by psychologist Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Theorists and Course Setting Management

    An 8 page paper presenting brief descriptions of the theories of Chester Barnard, Robert Blake, Peter Drucker, Henri Fayol, Mary Parker Follett, Henry Gantt ,Fredrick Herzberg, Elton Mayo and Victor Vroom. The paper ends with a short argument in favor of the statement, "Knowledge of basic management theory is essential to the study of management." Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Security Management and Social Theory

    An 18 page paper that explores the ramifications of social crime prevention through the application of social theories in the work of security managers. Paper deals with such issues as anomie, deviance, etc. and discusses these issues through the viewpoint of current research and application of the theories. Bibliography lists more than 15 sources.

  • Community Health and the Nursing Care Theory of Jean Watson

    An 8 page research paper that examines the caring nursing theory of Jean Watson. The theory is first discussed and then the writer offers a literature review that shows how it is applicable to community health nursing. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Erikson and Vygotsky Theories on Life History

    8 pages in length. Understanding the developmental path each individual takes throughout life requires the realization of how so many elements play an integral role in this overall growth. The extent to which developmental theories help to put this into perspective is both grand and far-reaching; that Erikson and Vygotsky represent two of the most well received of all theories speaks to the manner by which the following life history incorporates the tenets of social cognition and specific stages. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Literature Review on Pregnant Teens, Counseling Theories, and Treatment Approaches

    An 8 page paper which first presents a brief literature review discussing teen pregnancy and what professionals have found to be pertinent counseling issues, then a brief literature review that discusses the effectiveness of the person-centered theory and cognitive-behavioral interventions, then concludes by developing a theory-based treatment that best addresses the issues and effective interventions, and includes treatment goals, the role of the counselor, along with techniques and strategies that must be used to achieve treatment goals. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Leadership and the American Express Company

    A 4 page research paper that discusses leadership at American Express in terms of leadership theory drawn from the latest literature. The writer argues that American Express International is a company that is following the new paradigm toward leadership, as this company's practice draws on the latest ideas in leadership theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sociopolitical Classes of Plato and Their Parallels

    A 15 page research paper that examines Plato's sociopolitical classes as outlined in the Republic and also his Theory of the Soul. This literature review, first of all, discuss Plato's theory of the soul and show how he extrapolates on this idea in the Republic to describe his conception of an ideal state. Then, a separate literature review examines the topic of social class within American society to determine if there are parallels between Plato's conceptualization of social class and current day American reality. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • How Teachers Should Manage Classroom Behavior

    This 6 page paper looks at various theories concerning behavior management in education. Several contemporary books are reviewed along with the theories of progressivism and reconstructionism. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Practical Application of Management Theory

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of management theories and how they can be applied in practice. The paper deals with how managers confront real life situations and how theory applies. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Chief Executive Officer's Organizational Management Tools

    This 7-page paper examines the organizational tools available to today's CEO. "Tools" described include use of contigency approach, Maslow's theory, participative management, team-building and concept of content and process theories. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Richard Daft's Management Concepts and the Life Cycle Theory

    This 7-page paper discusses product lifecycles in connection with Ford's Mustang car. Also presented are Richard Daft's management theories, and how they tie into lifecycle theory. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • College Classroom Management

    A 5 page paper that focuses on classroom management in college classrooms. Contrary to what many college instructors, especially new instructors, believe, a classroom discipline or management plan must be developed. This essay offers ideas and suggestions for developing such a plan. Glasser's work is cited in terms of choice theory, drive theory and classroom meetings. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Management Theories of Revolution, Change, and Turbulence

    This 6 page paper discusses several of the prevailing management theories as well as what failed aspects gave rise to the theories. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • HRM's Emergence

    This well written 14 page paper traces the development of human resource management. The paper begins with the work of Frederick Winslow Taylor and his development of scientific management based on the idea of economic man, and then looks to the emergence of the theory of social man with the studies of Mayo and Hertzberg. The paper then considers the way that the theories have been used, such as the development of TQM and other examples that support ideas of both economic and social man. The bibliographic cites 15 sources.

  • Adaptation Nursing Model of Callista Roy

    A 9 page research paper that examines Callista Roy's Adaptation Model of nursing. As the nursing profession has developed, nursing theorists have developed numerous frameworks for guiding nursing practice in a manner that stresses its scientific nature, while also adhering to its humanistic roots. One of these theories is the Roy Adaptation Model of Nursing. This examination gives a thorough overview of this theory before offering evaluation. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Metaparadigm of Nursing, Parse's Totality and Simultaneity, and Madeleine Leininger's Cultural Care Diversity

    A 12 page paper discussing culturally sensitive nursing. As the composition of populations shifts in many developed nations, it becomes increasingly necessary for nurses to relate to patients in terms that patients can understand. Madeleine Leininger’s Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory focuses on spanning the cultural divide that can exist between the nurse and her patient. The purpose here is to assess the concepts of nursing, environment, person and health in terms of Leininger’s theory and Parse’s totality and simultaneity perspectives. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nurture and Nature Psychological Intelligence Debates

    A 9 page discussion of the question of just what it is that determined our intelligence. The author compares the various theories which have been purported over time, noting the controversy associated with the theory that genetics play a role in our intelligence. The conclusion is presented that it is likely that both genetics and environment which shape this critical aspect of our being. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Questions and Answers in Developmental Psychology

    This 5 page paper explores theories of Freud, Erikson, Piaget and Kohlberg. Stages of these theories are included in answers to three questions submitted by a student. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Utilitarian Approach to Sports

    This 4 page paper is an essay about the application of the ethical theory of Utilitarianism and the Deterrence theory as applied by a student determined to win a place on the team and a basketball scholarship. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Nursing Practice and the Basis of Nursing Theory

    A 4 page research paper that explores how nursing theory provides a theoretical basis for nursing practice. The writer examines what nursing theory is, how it influences practice, and how it has evolved. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • English Law and Theory of Team Production

    This 14 page paper examines to what extent Team Production Theory can be seen to offer an accurate account of English company law. Comparison is made with US law where this model has been developed and seen as applicable in the ongoing development of corporate governance. The paper explains what is meant by Team Production Theory and then applies this model to English law. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Scenario with Cogntive Theory

    A 6 page paper that begins with a scenario of an unmarried couple with children. The essay explains sociocultural theory and cognitive theory and applies them to the scenario. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Christian Theology and Evolution

    A 7 page research paper that examines whether or not Christian theology can accommodate scientific theories about the evolution. The writer, citing the emerging science of chaos and complexity theory, argues that science and theology can be reconciled. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Roy’s Adaptation Model: A Case Study

    A 7 page overview of a Celeste Roy’s nursing theory in regard to patient adaptation. This paper applies that theory to a specific case study. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sigmund Freud v. Erik Erikson

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares the theories of personality development formulated by Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson, pioneers in psychology. The writer summarizes their theories and then focuses on how each man regarded the nature versus nurture debate and moral development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Approaches to Psychology

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses Gesell's Maturational Theory, Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory and Erikson's Eight Stages of Life as they relate to behavioral, cognitive and social approaches to psychology. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Orem, Mid-range & Grand Theories

    A 3 page research paper that offers an examination of Orem’s theoretical perspective as it differentiates between the grand and mid-range versions of Orem’s model of nursing and then goes on to discuss the substance of her mid-range theory, that is, her Self-Care Deficit theory of nursing and its application. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Vocabulary

    A 4 page research paper that answers specific questions about nursing terminology. The writer discusses phenomenon and concept; conceptual framework and theory and how the metaparadigms of nursing are applied to theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • African American Teenagers and Incidence of HIV

    A 12 page research paper that focuses on HIV infection among African American adolescents as a public health threat. In exploring the ramifications of this public health issue, this examination explores HIV transmission using the epidemiologic triad model. This information is then viewed from the standpoint of nursing theory, specifically Parse's theory of human becoming, which was chosen because it has been applied frequently within a public health/community nursing perspective. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nursing Theory and Its Sub Specialties

    A 3 page research paper that explores the relationship between theory and nursing practice in regards to how nursing theories are demonstrated in nursing sub-specialty choices. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Professional Nursing and Theory

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the current status of nursing theory, related to the contextual view of the history of nursing theory. This paper relates the fact that in the the curative model, nurses provide assessments, act as integral members of healthcare teams, provide direct and indirect patient care, and address central issues for patients, including patient advocacy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Contemporary British Sports and Feminist Theory

    An 8 page paper which relates feminist theory to sports, and how this reflects contemporary British society. Specifically considered is feminism in relation to sports, how leisure theory developed from a male perspective, and inequalities in terms of participation (between gender), income and employment, power, positions of management and administration. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Nursing, Cultural Understanding, and the Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory of Madeleine Leininger

    An 8 page paper assessing the need for and value of diversity in healthcare, specifically in the hospital setting among nurses using Madeleine Leininger's Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory as a guide. Leininger's theory should be useful in efforts to increase diversity within the nursing staff as well enhancing nurses' and patients' understanding of each other. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Includes an outline.

  • A Synthesis of Psychological and Economic Behavior Models

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of economic and psychological models of behavior. Theories which unify psychological motivators with expected utility theory are examined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Parenting and Psychology

    This 3 page paper examines the psychological theories of Binet, Piaget and Vygotsky. Various issues are discussed inclusive of the use of intelligence testing. The practical application of theory by parents is included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Surgical ICU Clinical Practice and Theoretical Nursing Models

    A 5 page research paper that discusses applying nurse models to ICU clinical practice. Applying nursing theory, that is, theoretical frameworks proposed by nursing theorists such as Neuman, Orem and Roy, to clinical practice has been a longstanding focus of attention within nursing scholarship (Smith 16). The following examination of three nursing theories, specifically the models developed by Neuman, Orem and Roy, addresses how these approaches can guide nursing practice in regards to surgical ICU practice and its patient concerns. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Homosexuality and How It Evolved

    This 17 page paper argues against evolutionary psychology, citing a theory by Stephen Jay Gould. Gould's ideas are discussed, as are the precepts of evolutionary psychology. Homosexuality is discussed in the context of the theories provided. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Microsoft Word and Gestalt Perception

    5 pages in length. Gestalt theory, which was introduced by German psychologists Kurt Koffka, Wolfgang Köhler and Max Wertheimer, is a faction of psychology that contends human thought and behavior should be studied as a whole, as opposed to breaking it into isolated segments of stimulus and response. The manner by which the theory of perception applies to a word-processing package such as Microsoft Word resides in how the operator psychologically perceives the program. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Six Questions on Nursing Theory Models

    A 7 page paper answering six questions centered on the value of the study of nursing theory models, how they can be useful in varying health care settings and how they can inform both personal and professional relationships. Nursing theories discussed in the paper are those of Orem, Roy, Neuman, King, Rogers and Johnson. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Rosemarie Parse's 'Human Becoming' Nursing Theory

    A 3 page research paper that examines the "human becoming" theoretical model for nursing developed by Rosemarie Parse. The writer examines this concept as part of the simultaneity paradigm of nursing practice. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Orem, Watson/Caring in their Theories

    A 5 page research paper that compares the nursing theories of Jean Watson and Dorothea Orem and their use of caring as the central principle in contemporary nursing. The latter half of the paper concentrates on describing Orem's theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing Theory Research and Practice

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of the current status of nursing theory and the impacts. This paper relates some of the central theorists and theories impacting nursing practice. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Jean Watson's Human Caring Theory

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Watson's nursing prespectives. Nursing theorist Jean Watson developed her Theory of Human Caring in the late 1970s, as a result of Watson’s efforts to bring greater meaning to the health care process. This paper outlines this theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Geriatric Mentally Ill Patients and Nursing

    This 6 page paper considers an experience and training nurse may have undergone when working on a mixed geriatric ward with patients that speak different languages who are suffering from a range of mental illness. The paper focuses on two patients suffering from dementia, the way they are treated and the barriers to communication and treatment. The paper describes the situation and the patients, what was observed considers the feeling with an evaluation and analysis and then looks at how the nurse may do things differently next time. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Nurse Mentoring Issues

    This 10 page paper is written in two parts. The first part considers how mentors can understand and communicate more efficiently with the charges by understanding their level of development and the type of communication they need. The second part of the paper examines the way learning can be facilitated by looking at different learning styles and how the learning process may be managed to ensure all learners benefit. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • Volunteer Environment, Teams, Conflict Management, and Leadership

    A 6 page discussion of the importance of teams and leadership in resolving conflict in the volunteer environment. Using the example of a halfway house, the author delineates the steps which must be taken to insure that the primary group goals are met. These steps include the establishment of a strong leader and close attention to intragroup communication. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Staff Retention Tool of Nursing Leadership

    This 100 page dissertation relates the issue of nursing leadership, including leadership qualifications, training and communication, as the basis for retaining staffing in the nursing profession. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Advertising and Its Relation to Psychology, Sociology, and Mass Communications

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of academic disciplines related to advertising. Psychology, sociology, and mass communication are explored in this context. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Communication Case Study

    This 3 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student, Blue Ridge are suffering as a result of weak communications, The paper looks at the problems and the pertinent facts and recommends a course of action. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Florida's Election Primary of 2002

    A 6 page discussion of the multitude of problems which repeated themselves once again in the September 2002 primary elections in South Florida. This paper outlines those problems and suggests that the solution lies in better communication within the extremely diverse community and better state oversight of the election process. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sibling Rivalry Literature Review

    This is a 7 page review of the literature on the issue of sibling rivalry which has uncovered several trends and several areas which obviously need more study. Several disciplines research sibling rivalry most especially psychology, sociology, communications and pediatrics. While some studies indicate that the older brother/younger sister remains the most negative of the dyads, other researchers believe that it is the closeness of age and gender which results in children trying to differentiate themselves from one another. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Volleyball Officiating, Coaching, Nonverbal Communication and Nuances

    This 10 page report discusses the ways in which nonverbal communication serves as an essential aspect of both coaching and officiating the sport of volleyball. The most effective and “proper” techniques and responsibilities of a line judge for the fast-paced game of volleyball involve specific signals, movements, and cues that allow officials to understand what is happening at different areas of the court, whether or not their own line of sight is impaired. The same concept holds true for the coaches of competing teams. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Various Topics Pertaining to Teaneck, NJ

    This 4 page research paper reports on public transportation and communication as well as parks and recreation and religion and how they pertain to Teaneck, New Jersey. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Skills and Functions of Management

    This 5 page paper identifies and discusses the four functions of management and the skills needed to perform those functions. The functions are planning, organizing, leading and controlling. Each is explained. The writer then comments on the skills needed to perform each and all of these functions, such as communication and delegation. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Employee Behavior and the Effects of Management Accounting

    5 pages in length. The fast and frequent changes that continue to occur throughout the workplace has caused some positions to be eliminated while others assume even more responsibility. In the case of management accounting and how it impacts employee behavior, the student will want to discuss this ever-changing environment as it relates to improving company productivity and efficiency, the need for effective leadership during such changes, as well as address the critical importance of managerial communication within the organization. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Year 2000 Crisis and How Y2K Can Be Successfully Managed

    A 10 page overview of the predicted computer/communications apocalypse and management techniques. The author concentrates on two areas of concern, date coding and the introduction of viruses based on the millenium and other biases. However, the larger view is taken of 'mainstream' date coding problems, and considers audit cases and costs. Mitigation focuses on internal and global management of the problem. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Project Management and Aspects of Behavior

    A 4 page paper discussing a situation in which the project manager has abandoned the project, which is behind schedule and over budget. Several key team members have quit, and those who remain are focusing on whether they will have to fill in for the departed ones, rather than focusing on completing the task at hand. The paper answers several questions, all of which address the matter of communication and cooperation in some manner. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Project Management and New Technologies

    Wireless communication makes instant education resources a phone call or finger touch away. This advancement ties in nicely with other advancements in technology, which according to Primavera (2004), includes advances in the defense and space travel industries and the automotive and transport industries. Bibliography lists 4 sources. jvPMtech.rtf

  • Communication Structure and Global Management

    5 pages. This paper is being prepared in order to help structure the communication needed with international clients. Visiting with clients from Bonn, Milan, and Instanbul means there will be cultural complications in some ways due to the fact that there is no translator that will be accompanying those on the trip. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Organizational Communications and Conflict Management

    This tutorial paper covers the idea of conflict management within organizations; and how communications fits in. Also discussed is resolution, prevention and negotiation. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Overview of Hotel Facilities Management

    A 5 page paper that reports an observation of an independent hotel. Specific headings include: The type of guests this hotel caters to; the kinds of accommodations and amenities offered and improvements that could be made; an organizational chart of the services; and the type of communication system the hotel has installed. Bibliography lists 7 sources. 1 graph.

  • History and Future of TCP/IP

    A 3 page paper tracing TCP/IP’s origins and assessing its likely future. Other technologies such as Ethernet and ATM have too many technical barriers that TCP/IP does not. In determining TCP/IP’s future, it appears that the connected world is moving more toward IP communications. The interim points between should be able to provide a rather seamless transition. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A Dictionary History

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the "invention" of dictionaries, their evolution over time, and their role in the development of human communication. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • Wireless Communication's History

    This 5 page paper presents an overview of wireless communication from Marconi to the Internet. Spanning a century, the paper explains how the new technology evolved. Safety is discussed as well. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Companies and Class Action Lawsuits

    10 pages in length. The writer discusses class action lawsuits as they relate to AOL, CMGI, InfoSpace, ARIBA, Exodus Communications, WorldCom, Oracle, Cisco Systems, Qualcomm, United States Interactive, NY Railroad, Puma Technologies, Infoseek, Amazon, Advanced Viral Research, Celera Genomics, Genome Therapeutics and JDS Uniphase. No bibliography.

  • Problem Solving and the Development of Teams

    This 5-page paper discusses the concept of teamwork and workplaces by using as an example a specific case study that demonstrates what happens when a team breaks down in communications. Also study and this case is the literature available on the topic, and recommendations made. Bibliography lists 5sources.

  • Mantero Case Study; Branding

    This 4 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Mantero is an Italian silk company who are seeing sales fall. The writer assesses the strength of the existing brand and considers the current potential communication could be utilized to enhance the brand. The bibliography cites resources.

  • Contract Case Study; Creating New Clauses

    This 3 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student. There have been difficulties in a contract and the terms are being renegotiated. The paper suggests new clauses concerning the communication and reporting and the structure of the project. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Hansa Pilsner Case Study; Marketing Questions

    This 7 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student on the South African SAB beer; Hansa Pilsner. The paper answers questions concerning marketing, looking at why it failed in the early years, the research that could have been undertaken before launching a new beer, the ways the market could have been segmented, how the communication eventually succeeded and whether the brand should move to a mass market strategy from its' niche market. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Project Management and the Value of Communication

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of communication in project management. A hypothetical case study is used to highlight the theme. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Information Needs Of Doctors And Nurses

    A 3 page paper that identifies the information needs of doctors and nurses at a specific hospital. The source article is entitled: Perceived Information Needs and Communication Difficulties of Inpatient Physicians and Nurses. The writer then discusses the problems and offers suggestions for solving those problems. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Communication Management Between Doctors & Nurses

    A 5 page research paper, which includes a one-half page abstract, that pertains to doctor-nurse and nurse-to-nurse communication. The writer begins by recording the observations of the student researching this topic during a week-long rotation at a Pennsylvania hospital. The writer then relates these observations to literature and offers recommendations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Advanced Practice Nurse And Informatics

    A 7 page paper that first reports the setting-an individual has applied for an APN position in the described physician's office. The first section describes the writer's vision of the most effective use of communication and information technologies in this office. The vision includes scanning all documents into a patient's file, networking all PCs and many other things. The next section recommends the kinds of programs to consider ending with the benefits of using these kinds of systems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.


    This 7-page paper discusses communication skills and understanding required by the mental health nurse. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Impact of the Kentucky Trilogy and Generational Cohorts on Nursing

    This 7 page paper looks at two issues which impact on nursing. The first part of paper considers the impact of the legal impact of the Kentucky Trilogy and the status of nurses as supervisors, considering the cases themselves, and the impact nursing as well as by the decisions may have taken place. The second section of the paper considers the different generational cohorts that are present within nursing and how they may impact on practices and communication. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Poor Communication and Negative Reciprocity in Domestic Violence Situations

    This 3 page paper critically analyzes a peer reviewed psychology article on the correlation between poor communication skills and domestic violence. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Communication and Palliative Care

    7 pages in length. The nurse's role in palliative/end of life care is very important in the treatment of a dying patient and his/her family. One of the most important subjects pertaining to this care is the extent to which communication skills help to assist the patient through the dying process. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • APA Ethics Code

    A 9 page paper. The sections in this paper include: discussion of confidentiality, privileged communication and privacy with the exceptions identified for the state of Hawaii; informed consent; dual relationships; personnel testing; and how rules regarding test data reporting have changed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Communication and Psychology

    This 8 page paper considers the argument that there is too little emphasis on communication in the study of psychology. Looking at this from different aspects the paper argues for and against this statement suing a range of evidence from different studies before reaching a conclusion.

  • Communications in Health Care (Case Study Analysis)

    This 4 page paper provides a case study and analysis. Communication is discussed in the health care setting. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Crisis Communication in the Workplace

    10 pages. This paper identifies issues related to crisis communication in the workplace. The case study is focused on a soft drink manufacturer that found several cases of tampering with its product. How the company handled this emergency and what actions were taken and not taken show us a lot about whether a company cares more about the customer or their own bottom line. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Psychological Theory and 'I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings' by Maya Angelou

    3 pages in length. Cultivating such intestinal fortitude after growing up surrounded by fear, self-loathing, sexual abuse and a sense of abandonment, Maya Angelou proved how one can rally back amidst what may otherwise be a lost and troublesome existence. Examining her remarkable path from an awkward and insecure childhood to a poised and self-assured adulthood, one may well attribute much of this progression to John Dewey's Progressivism Theory. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Middle Range Nursing Theories, An Overview

    A 6 page research paper that examines several middle range nursing theories, offering discussion of their development, analyzing their content and utility. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 3 Nursing Theories as They Pertain to Geriatrics

    This 6 page research paper examines the nursing theories of Florence Nightingale, Dorothea Orem and Jean Watson in order to discuss how they are applicable to nursing within a nursing home environment. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nightingale's Theory, Case Study of Elderly Woman

    A 5 page research paper that uses the focus provided by the nursing theory of Florence Nightingale to discuss a case study of an elderly woman with Alzheimer's who demonstrates the symptoms of geriatric failure to thrive. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sociological, Physiological, and Psychological Issues Associated with the Management of Stress

    This 8 page report discusses numerous aspects of stress and stress management. Psychological and sociological factors have become the contemporary versions of the saber tooth tiger of prehistoric humans’ stress stimulators. Theories about the causes of stress ranging from the anthropological aspects to the physiological have been propagated for, at least, the past three decades. Such studies have shown that there are physiological, psychological and social components to stress and successful stress management. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Mathematical Contributions of Albert Einstein

    In 5 pages the author discusses Albert Einstein's contributions to the field of science and mathematics while explaining such theories as E=mc2. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Development and Value of Alternate Education

    This 118 page paper is a comprehensive literature review looking at the development and value of alternative education, with an emphasis on the US. The paper looks at a range of theories regarding the way education is delivered, including teaching styles, curriculum design and learning styles. The development of different educational institutions and the provision of learning for different students is also discussed, along with the results and benefits that have been realized. The bibliography cites 187 sources.

  • Preparation for a Study on the Important of Marketing and the Marketing Mix Elements

    This 8 page paper is the start of a lager project to investigate the importance of the marketing mix for Southwest Airlines. The paper starts with an introduction to the study background and area, identifies research objectives and specifics some research questions. The paper then undertakes a literature review looking at relevant theories. The paper is preparation for the study only and does not present the analysis of Southwest. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Nursing Relevance of Jean Watson's Theory of Caring

    In ten pages, this paper discusses theorist Jean Watson and her caring theory within the context of its continuing relevance to nurse practitioners, particularly within a pain management setting. Twelve sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Apple and Their Ethical Position

    This 8 page paper looks at Apple to assess whether or not the firm may be seen as ethical when considered in the context of the suicides at the supplier firm Foxconn. The issues are outlined and then the way the events and firms response is considered in the context of business ethics and ethical theory. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • The Importance of Care In Nursing

    This 7 page paper begins by relating a nursing situation story. The writer goes on to discuss the importance of caring in nursing, what caring is and how some scholars and researchers have defined and described caring. Theories commented on include Swanson's, Watson's, Mayeroff's and Roach's. The assumptions on which the Nursing as Caring general theory are based are outlined. Throughout the paper, the writer returns to the original situation to demonstrate the integration of theory and practice. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Article Critique/Nursing Older People

    A 3 page article critique drawn from Nursing Older People is a British-based nursing journal that specializes in providing informative, empirically-researched nursing articles that focus on the tasks involved in nursing the elderly. Smith (2006) conducted a research study that explored the informal practice theories that nurses employ when working with older patients, the sources of these theories and then compared them with related literature. This is a significant article because it moves beyond the scope of theory to show how nursing ideas are put into practice within a specific patient context. No additional sources cited.

  • Theories of Leadership and Nursing

    A 7 page research paper that discusses leadership theories. Healthcare today faces numerous and complicated challenges that must be overcome in order to maintain the viability of healthcare organizations. To meet and overcome these difficulties, effective leadership in the contemporary healthcare system is essential. Therefore, examination of leadership theories and models in order to determine their effectiveness is highly salient to meeting the needs of nursing both now and in the immediate future. This examination will specifically examine three leadership theories, transformational, transactional and participative, before discussing the contribution of such theoretical models to nursing and drawing relevant conclusions and showing that nursing leadership should be a combination of all three approaches, with an emphasis on the participative leadership model. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Early Management Theoretical Pioneers

    A 15 page paper comprised of two major topics: management theory and ethical corporate culture. The longer section explains and discusses the contributions of five specific early management theorists: Robert Owen who worked to reform factories and schooling in the early 1800s based on treating the employee fairly; Henry R. Towne, who is recently being given credit to his contributions to scientific management theory prior to Taylor's work and who established the first professional organization for engineers; Sun Tzu whose principles outlined in The Art of War have been correlated with management and organizational theory; Henry L. Gantt who made four major contributions including the Gantt Chart; and Hugo Munsterberg, who is called the father of industrial psychology. The second section discusses the importance of developing an ethical corporate culture. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Business Management and the Chaos Theory

    5 pages. Chaos theory holds that the seemingly disorderly pattern of chaos actually creates order in the theory of the universe. One of the most popular examples of chaos theory is that if a butterfly flaps its wings on one side of the world it can create effects that cause reactions on the other side of the world. In other words, out of chaos comes order. This philosophical argument can also hold true in business and is being embraced more and more in the business world. Managers believe that a seemingly insignificant event in the business world can have an effect that grows to cause results in what many feel are unrelated causes. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Neuman and Rogers Systems Model Application

    A 6 page paper discussing the Neuman and Rogers systems models of nursing, evaluating each and determining which would be most appropriate for a specific case. Many of today’s commonly-used theories are quite similar in their form, differing in only a few distinct points. This is the case with the theories of Neuman and Rogers. Both are systems theories, but take different approaches in applying the systems concept. The purpose here is to apply the Neuman’s System Model to the case presented. Psychiatric nursing. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Practice, Knowledge, and Nursing Theory's Role

    An 11 page research paper that examines the relationship between theory, knowledge and practice. Florence Nightingale asserted that there is no differentiation between "men of thought" and "men of action" and that an "ideal" or philosophy should not be considered as isolated, but rather incorporated into everyday routines (Jacobs, 2001). In other words, Nightingale felt that there should be no artificial barriers between philosophy or theory and the utilization of nursing knowledge and practice. Nightingale obviously regarded herself as a woman of action, "dealing with daily activities of nursing," yet nursing scholars frequently portray her as more of a theorist and philosopher (Jacobs, 2001, p. 17). It was Nightingale's position that theory should lead the development of knowledge and practice and this is the orientation reflected in the vast majority of nursing literature, as this review illustrates. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Long Term Nurse's Reflections and the Formulation of a New Nursing Theory

    A 20 page paper formulating a new nursing theory based on the reflections of a long-term nurse. The paper contains 4 appendices in 12 pages presenting cases and analyzing them, and evaluating other nursing theories for influence. The theory arrived at is that the nurse needs to address physical issues first, but to hold a view that emotional, environmental and psychological factors also may need to be addressed and that s/he may be required to educate the patient in their influence. Basing practice on this theoretical foundation can avoid instances of "treating symptoms" when causes or contributors to causes may lie elsewhere. It can provide a richness that all too often is lacking in observed results. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Fundamental Theories/Nursing Faculty Shortage

    A 15 page research paper that looks at the nursing faculty shortage and relates this to a literature review which examines scholarly sources that pertain to fundamental theories that affect nursing leadership. While responsible leadership is necessary to the success of any industry, Spinelli stipulates that "Leadership in the healthcare environment today is essential and mandated if our healthcare system is to survive" (Spinelli, 2006, p. 11). The writer examines macroeconomic theory (supply and demand), transformational leadership, servant leadership, situational leadership and role theory. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Integral Psychology by Ken Wilber

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the major concepts in Ken Wilber’s Integral Psychology. Ken Wilber’s “Integral Psychology: Consciousness, Spirit, Psychology, Therapy” (2000) includes a combination of various developmental psychological theories, -- “West and East, ancient and modern” to try and understand the “full spectrum” of the range of human consciousness. Through inclusion or integration of the various theories, Wilber develops a “brain-mind” theory that “does justice to both sides of the equation – the brain and the mind – because what follows can reasonably be expected to cover much of the ‘mind’ aspects that should be included, along with the ‘brain’ aspects derived from neuroscience, in order to arrive at any sort of sturdy and comprehensive model of consciousness”. Wilber’s work involves the discussion of holons, or hierarchical levels, or waves, which progress through three realms (prepersonal, personal and transpersonal) of development. The holons build on and yet are an interactive part of the other levels in development as well as including an integral relationship within the four-quadrant model representing phenomenon as relationships between the intentional, behavioral, cultural and social perspectives. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • High School Science Teaching

    A 7 page paper that represents a college student's ability to blend theory with practice. This essay begins by identifying two themes that emerged from both the literature and coursework - students have different learning styles and science curriculum and methods of teaching need to change. The essay discusses why science education needs to change with an emphasis on secondary schools. The paper identifies the courses the student enjoyed the most and relates that to the literature on the need for the active engagement of students with the curriculum and materials. Gardner's multiple intelligences theory is outlined with an example of a science teacher who used this framework. This is also related to theory and practice in teaching science. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Textbook Chapter and Media Article Compared

    A paper which compares an article from the Chicago Tribune on the medical use of marijuana with a textbook chapter on the physiology and neurology of the brain. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 'Born to be Good?' by Celia Kitzinger Summarized and Discussed

    This is a 4 page paper discussing Celia Kitzinger’s article “Born to be Good?”. British psychologist Celia Kitzinger discusses human motivation in relation to the psychology of morality of the “good, bad or indifferent” treatment of others in her essay “Born to be Good?” (1997). Kitzinger’s article tells readers some of the more popular social, biological and psychological theories in regards to moral development and some of the controversies with these theories. In addition to theories of moral development and beliefs, perhaps more importantly Kitzinger tackles the differences which exist between moral beliefs and action. In many situations people who may have high moral beliefs act in horrible ways because of social pressures. Overall, the essay presents a well informed look at moral beliefs, motivation and actions and opens the discussion for future discussions on what can be done to overcome social pressures which cause people to act counter to their moral beliefs and upbringing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Media Takes a Constructionist View When Reporting on Sexual Behavior

    This 7 page paper examines two articles that look at public sex scandals. The articles are reviewed from different perspectives. Different theoretical positions of looking at sex in society are examined. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Media Messages, Gender Stereotypes & Baby Mama

    A 3 page essay that analyzes a recent film, "Baby Mama," in terms of stereotypical portrays. In large part, comedies often rely on stereotypes, as these cultural concepts offer writers a handy shorthand in regards to characterization that the audience will readily understand. This film takes advantage of gender stereotypes to underscore its comedic effects. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Effects of Violence in the Media

    Violence as portrayed by the television, film, and music industries is discussed in this 25 page paper. Actual cases of copycat crimes are noted in addition to a section devoted to the effects of music videos. A discussion on video games is also included. Solutions to the problem are provided, including a discussion on the new V-chip technology and the new television rating system. The paper is replete with references to the latest studies on media violence. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Southern Literature and Themes of Communication Lacks and Self Absorption

    An eight page paper surveying seven works of fiction by six different authors. The paper argues that because Southern heritage is so concerned with maintaining traditions and external forms of behavior (such as claustrophobic family ties), the Southern way of life invites its citizenry to live inauthentic lives. Specific authors and works discussed include William Faulkner's 'The Sound and the Fury,' Robert Penn Warren's 'All the King's Men,' Eudora Welty's 'The Wide Net' and 'Why I Live at the P.O.', Carson McCullers' 'Member of the Wedding,' Walker Percy's 'The Moviegoer,' and Flannery O'Connor's 'The River.' Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Global Communication Case Study

    This 20 page paper looks at a case study; Global Communications are going to be outsourcing call centre functions in order to make significant cost savings. There is resistance from the union and the company wants to be able to retain some of key the staff. The paper looks at the strategies the company could adopt in order to retain core staff, to prevent falling levels of motivation and protect the culture. The strategies are examined and recommendations are made. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Proctor and Gamble Communication and Management Issues

    A 12 page paper examining the paradox presented by management structure at Proctor & Gamble. Proctor & Gamble's 'paint by number' approach to organizational decision making appears to be inhibiting with the effect of stifling the same creativity that senior management claims the company seeks at all levels, but Proctor & Gamble has reached a level of standardization in their decision process that would be unworkable in many other organizations. Other businesses with Proctor & Gamble's rigid hierarchy would only be immobilized, but this company is able to use its strict procedures to channel the creative energies of its managers into a single common direction. That focus enables managers of all departments to be better able to meet their objectives, which presently lie in making Proctor & Gamble a global company with local focus. Bibliography lists 14 sources. P&G.wps

  • Madness, Nature, and Cognitive Psychology

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of some of the basic elements of cognitive psychology, including Erikson's theories. This paper integrates a view of cognitive psychology that can be used in an understanding of nature and madness. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Southern Literature and Communication

    7 pages in length. There have been a number of influences that have shaped southern literature. From the time that Western Europeans founded the country to the inclusion of southern lore to the contributions of such literary giants as Eudora Welty and William Faulkner, the composition of southern literature has been both constant and ever changing. Indeed, as much as America, itself, is a melting pot of diversity within a cultural concern, so too has this considerable diversity represented a significant aspect of its stronghold in the literary world. However, the writer discusses how there is also a certain difficulty with southern literature, in that the communication factor is sometimes imperceptible and often troublesome to comprehend. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Scientific and Classical Management

    8 pages in length. Classical management carries with it myriad definitions, in particular the need to maintain an atmosphere that is restrained and simple, conforming to established taste of critical standards or adhering to traditional forms. Scientific management, on the other hand, represents the coupling of science and engineering as they relate to work practices as a means by which to augment management control and productivity. Its emergence took place in the forty-year span between 1880 and 1920, where it was significantly dependent upon machinery in order for work to be appropriately subdivided into highly specialized, routine tasks. From a management point of view, the very foundation of the classical theory was to establish a universal method appropriate for all situations; indeed, it was a search for truth. It was as if the theorists were in search of an end all be all sort of application that would effectively address all questions as to how organizations worked and how managers should managed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Communication Breakdown

    This 9-page paper focuses on what can happen when a workforce is not communicated with in terms of an ERP implementation. The paper goes on to analyse the problem and provide solutions. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Beginnings of Behaviorism

    A 3 page paper that begins with a brief explanation of what the term zeitgeist means. The paper discusses how behaviorism became the zeitgeist of psychology in the early 1900s. Examples of behaviorists and their theories are included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Theory of 'Indeterminancy of Translation' by Willard V. Quine

    This is a 15 page paper discussing Quine’s theory of indeterminacy of translation. Willard V. Quine was a mathematician and philosopher who lived from 1908-2000. During the last half of the 20th century, Quine developed several theories, one of which was the theory of indeterminacy of translation, which challenged some of the former assumptions used in the fields of psychology, linguists and anthropology. Quine asserted that accurate translations between languages could not be made for a number of reasons. Firstly, linguists could not get basic terms of references, or starting elements, because from a holistic perspective, sentences are the basic form of meaning and all sentences are semantically linked by the native speaker. Secondly, “meaning” could not be considered as an absolute element. In addition to some of these basic changes in the construct of translations, Quine also discussed the idea that not only were correct translations into English not possible but also two translation manuals given the same observational stimuli could also not be interchangeable because of the assumptions and the linguist’s imposition of his own beliefs and patterns onto the native language. Obviously, Quine’s theories were criticized as linguists made the case that several translations were considered successful because smooth negotiation and conversation could take place between native speakers and foreign speakers. However Quine’s dissection of the linguist’s process into one of a mathematical and scientific process is considered one of the most significant within the last fifty years in linguistic philosophy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Acaria Communications and the Potential Closing of a Call Centre

    This 10 page paper looks at a case supplied by student, concerning a firm looking at closing an office. The first part of the paper assesses the performance of a company using a ratio analysis. The questions also look t the way costs are allocated, the performance of the offices and figures that would be needed to assess the impact of a closure. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Reception Theory and Films Star Wars and Star Trek

    A 6 page research paper that explores the topic of reception theory in regards to the Star Wars and Star Trek films. Henry Jenkins (2001) points out that film fans appropriate materials from film, television and other forms of popular culture as the basis for their won cultural production" (p. 175). Through the framework provided by reception theory, Jenkins goes on to explore how this fan appropriation of film content is directly connected to the manner in which individual viewers regard specific films (2001). This sort of film appropriation and personal interpretation is particularly evident in regards to the Star Wars and Star Trek films. In both cases, the fans of these films have interpreted them in light of their personal perspectives, incorporating their interpretations of the films into the fabric of their daily lives. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Kant v. Aristotle on Ethical Issues Involving Performing Surgery That is Unnecessary to Return an Unfit Soldier to Combat

    This 5 page report discusses the hypothetical situation put forth in a episode of the television show M*A*S*H. One of the doctors decides to perform an unnecessary surgery on a battle officer whose record carried an unreasonably high number of casualties. The logic was the longer he was kept out of command on the battlefield, the fewer soldiers under his command would die. This report makes the argument that the ethical theory of Aristotle would have supported him in that decision while the ethical theory of Kant would have denounced the doctor’s logic. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Cognitive Stages of Jean Piaget and the Psychosexual Development Stages of Sigmund Freud

    This is a 7 page paper discussing Freud’s psychosexual stages of development as they correspond to Piaget’s cognitive stages. Sigmund Freud and Jean Piaget were developmental psychologists both influenced by the evolutionary concepts introduced by Charles Darwin in that an individual’s psychological, intellectual and emotional development occurs in evolutionary stages from birth into adulthood. Concepts and conflicts experienced within a developmental stage may in fact deter the progression into a further stage resulting in cognitive or psychological difficulties. While Freud’s psychological development stages (oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital) were based on the link between sexual and emotional development, Piaget’s cognitive stages (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete and formal operations) were based more so on an individual’s mental understanding and the relationships with his or her environment. While the two theories may not appear to be similar in their basic developmental processes, there are certain components which may reinforce or coexist in both theories. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Group Work and Alderian Therapy

    A 6 page paper discussing Adler’s Individual Psychology, group counseling theory and cultural characteristics of Hispanic Americans. Adler’s motivational theory is directly applicable to Hispanic Americans. The group approach can be useful with Hispanic Americans because it is a natural, comfortable approach for them culturally. If the group counselor can successfully facilitate substitution of groups, then the group approach should be quite successful with Hispanic Americans. It allows individuals to enjoy a comfortable and known setting while navigating previously-uncharted territories, allowing them to place more direct attention on the issues at hand. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Operant Conditioning, B.F. Skinner, and Criminal Behavior

    A 5 page review of Skinner's theories and their application to criminology. This work has applications in many arenas. These include such diverse facets of our lives as learning and distinguishing right from wrong. Although Skinner has had many critics over the years, much of this criticism revolved a misunderstanding of the man and his theories. His work is, in fact, supported by many that both preceded and followed him in history and has many applications in criminal psychology in particular. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Leadership in Nursing

    An 8 page research paper that, first of all, examines the difference between leadership and management concepts while also providing a personal philosophy of leadership. From this orientation, suggestions are then offered that illustrate how team building concepts and organizational theory, including change theory, can be applied to nursing clinical practice. Contemporary nursing is a constantly advancing, changing field in which knowledge is advancing in all specialty fields at an accelerated rate. In order for nurses to continue to offer the optimum in evidence-based patient care, there must be a synthesis between leadership and management that encourages nurses to keep "at the top of their game" and thereby reach their full potential as healthcare professionals. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Ida J. Orlando And Hildegard E. Peplau: Theoretical Application To Eating Disorders

    14 pages in length. Nursing's primary focus is to complement the patient by providing a combination of physical care and the psychological assurance so often needed in such vulnerable situations. Those suffering with eating disorders experience an inordinately level of emotional imbalance that can be attributed to myriad environmental factors, not the least of which includes the detrimental influence of popular culture. In order to reach these individuals where they will not only hear what they are being told but also adhere to it requires an intrinsic connection inherent to both Peplau and Orlando's theories, the fundamental basis of which is cultivating a relationship between nurse and patient to the point where it goes far beyond the conventional - and often perfunctory - pleasantries typically exchanged within the facility atmosphere. A deeper and more genuine interface with the patient will bring about positive results unlike many other theories. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Nursing and the Holism Concept

    A 5 page overview of the concept of holism as it applies to nursing. This paper contends that the concept of holism is integrally linked with the goals and objectives of nursing. Holism, after all, embodies the concept of healing. Holism embodies another concept as well, however, that is the concept of caring. It is a concept which is intimately entwined with energy flows, touch, and complimentary or alternative therapies but it is also a concept which can be compared with such prominent nursing theories as Hildegard Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing Paradigm Concepts and Leininger's Theory

    A 10 page paper discussing the concepts of person, nursing, environment and health of the nursing paradigm, from the perspectives of personal conviction and Leininger’s theory. Certainly intercultural nursing can be accomplished using other theories, but Leininger’s is the most complete culturally. Cultural awareness can be expected only to gain in importance in coming years, in all areas of the country. Nurses who are more culturally aware will be those who are able to have the greatest degree of influence with culturally diverse patients. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Theory and Pain Management

    A 5 page paper constructing a new theory of nursing as it relates to postoperative pain management following hip replacement surgery. The new nursing theory constructed here is that a better approach to postoperative pain management associated with hip replacement surgery is to avoid as much immediate pain sensation as possible. This restricts use of the drugs most open to abuse to use only during the first 24 hours following surgery, and it further restricts the use of that class of drugs to the hospital setting where there often is greater accountability. Further, it disallows interference of the first subsystem of pain management with the second, and can serve to result in more favorable patient outcomes. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology and Love

    A 12 page analysis of the concept of "love" from a socio-psychological perspective. The writer looks at the historical theories of Freud, Rogers, Roche & Ramsbey, and others. Behavior patterns during "intimate" love relationships are examined and a discussion is provided of several documented studies in the field. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Piaget/Preschoolers' Capacity for Reading and Math

    A 10 page research paper that includes a 136 word abstract that discusses Jean Piaget, the Swiss child psychologist, who is one of the most influential theorist of the twentieth century. This summary and investigation of his work, with a particular focus on his text, The Origins of Intelligence in Children, first of all, offers a broad overview of Piagetian theory and its constructive nature. This writer begins by considering the current trend to introduce academics, i.e., reading and math, to preschoolers and then sets this trend against the context of Piagetian theory in order to evaluate its efficacy. The conclusion that this leads to is that direct early academic instruction will not be successful and could very well be detrimental to the child. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 1990s' Consumer Influence of Fashion Magazines

    This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of fashion magazines throughout history on consumer society, culture and their status in the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. Initially the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. Although women models replaced the dolls, there was no emphasis on the body of the woman. Men did not appear in advertisements and no close-ups were taken of the models. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. Models within fashions magazines, both men and women, are seen as the disturbingly images that continuously reflect not necessarily the expectations of society but the unreal and artificial world of the media. Studies in focus groups have found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Once We Were Warriors/Postcolonial Theory

    A 6 page research paper/essay that analyzes the 1994 film “Once Were Warriors” offers an international audience a representation of Maori ethnic identity. When viewed in the light of postcolonial theory, the question that such an investigation immediately raises is whether or not the film offers an accurate vision of urban Maori society or if this film is itself a product of a postcolonial mindset. While certainly the domestic difficulties encountered by the film’s protagonists mirror the social disorder that plagues the Maori minority population of New Zealand, an examination of literature indicates that this question is complex and that an ethnic people cannot and should not facilely characterized as fitting so neatly into European-influenced stereotypes. Particularly in regards to how the film pictures Maori men. In order to argue this point, it is necessary to first look at the content of the film, then the basic arguments of postcolonial theory Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History and Testing Measures of Intelligence Theory

    This 5 page paper outlines major points in the history of intelligence theory and testing. These types of theories began with Pythagoras and have a long history that includes Plato, Aristotle, Philo, Galton, Binet, Terman, Weschler, Gardner and others. What each contributed is discussed. The measures of intelligence began with Galton but it is the Stanford-Binet and the Weschler scales that are most well-known. The essay briefly explains what the Mental Status exam measures. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Theories, Policies, and Intervention Regarding Youth Suicide

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the theory, intervention and policies about youth suicide. Because of the increase in youth suicide in the United States in the last thirty years, researchers have provided cognitive theories in an attempt to describe the continuum which occurs in adolescents from negative emotions to depression to suicide ideation to eventually suicide. Once understood, parents, educators and counselling professionals try and implement intervention programs which are available to adolescents in school programs, outside counselling and hotlines to provide for all possible avenues of screening and intervention. Primary and secondary programs should be included in any policies implemented for the prevention of youth suicide starting with programming for youths at risk in the primary school level and continuing throughout the teen years allowing for proper education of counsellors and teachers in regards to the research available. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Reasons for TQM's Success

    This 40 page paper is a comprehensive examination of TQM and why it is so successful. The writer’s hypothesis states that TQM is so successful because it manages to balance people, including employees and customers, with processes with even the process embodying motivation theory the empowerment of employees. The paper starts with the theory by looking at what is meant by TQM and its origins and then considers how it motivates employees, how it considers customers and process. The writer then looks at examples of its use, including Six Sigma, (a TQM tool) and SERVQUAL. Numerous companies are cited throughout the paper to illustrate the points raised. The bibliography cites 22 sources.

  • Following Watson's Example/Personal Philosophy of Nursing

    A 10 page research paper/essay that offers a guide for contrasting and comparing a student nurse's personal nursing philosophy to that of nursing theorist Jean Watson. The writer argues that each individual nurse brings personal perception to the act of interpreting Watson's theory. This interpretation is necessarily influenced by that nurse's personal history, knowledge level, and understanding. The purpose of this discussion of Watson's theory is to compare and contrast it with the personal nursing philosophy of a particular nursing student. The paradigms of person, environment, health and nursing are addressed. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • McCubbin and Patterson/Double ABCX Model of Family Stress

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the Double ABCX Model of Family Adjustment and Adaptation, developed by McCubbin and Patterson in 1983, which refers to family stress that accumulates and becomes problematic within a short period of time, that is, periods when there is “stressor pile-up” (Laszloffy 206). This discussion of this model, first of all, offers a brief overview of the theory’s components and its principal strengths and weaknesses. Then, a research study that uses the model is summarized, which demonstrates the model’s utility to nursing practice, before closing with remarks about ideas for future research that will continue the development of this theory for use in family nursing practice. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Fictional Family Unit and Application of Family Theory

    A 26 page paper dissecting the family depicted in the movie “The Birdcage” for the purpose of assessing according to family and nursing theory. The paper briefly describes the film and applicability of nursing theory and intervention both to individual family members and to the family unit as a whole. The largest section of the paper evaluates the family in terms of Friedemann’s Family Assessment (long form). The paper concludes that even though the family depicted (a middle-aged gay couple and a grown heterosexual son) carries a nontraditional appearance, it is nonetheless highly traditional in terms of values and commitment to other family members. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Road to Malpsychia by Joyce Milton

    A 10 page book review of Joyce Milton's The Road to Malpsychia. In the parlance of author Joyce Milton, "malpsychia" means "bad psychology" and this is precisely what her analysis of 1960's humanistic psychology addresses. Specifically, Milton argues that prevalent psychological theories and related ideas culminated in the counter-culture of the 1960s. Milton focuses specifically on the theories of psychologists Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, but she also addresses the influence of LSD proponent Timothy Leary and his colleague Richard Alpert, as well as others. In short, this book offers a detailed and critical description of the evolution of humanistic psychology in the twentieth century, while also raising questions about the influence of psychology on societal mores and ideals. As this suggests, the author's purpose is to discredit the field of humanistic psychology--actually, psychology in general--where it serves to promote secular or humanistic interests. The writer disagrees with Milton's premise and argues against it. No additional sources cited.

  • Personal Nursing Model Using the Self Care Deficit Theory of Orem

    A 5 page research paper that uses Dorothy Orem's model of nursing as a guide to creating a personal model. Dorothy Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory is one of the most often used models employed in general nursing practice (Horan, Doran and Timmins, 2004). This is primarily due to the fact that Orem's view of nursing corresponds with one of the most foundational tenets in nursing, which is that nursing intervention should facilitate the re-establishment of the self-care capacity of the patient. The tenets of Orem's theory are explored from an overall perspective and this information is then utilized in designing a personal conceptual model for nursing practice. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Emile Durkheim's Suicide and the Response of Anthony Giddens

    This is a 6 page paper discussing Giddens’ response to Durkheim’s suicide. Anthony Giddens is a modern day sociologist who has proposed a new theory of “structuration” which he considers as his “concern to develop an ontological framework for the study of human social activities”. In doing this, Giddens offers a more expansive and open method in the study of society and institutions in which he hopes will offer an alternative to many of the traditional sociological methods used. Emile Durkheim in his study on “Suicide” provided one of the first systematic presentations of suicide as a sociological phenomenon. Consistent with the functionalist theories however, Durkheim offered three definitions of suicide, egoistic, altruistic and anomic, which were all functional aspects of society. Giddens believed that the functionalist argument could not possibly account for the various factors influencing suicide and within his argument and general dismisses much of Durkheim’s definitions. He also presents other misunderstandings and controversies which surrounded Durkheim’s study on suicide which somewhat validate his claim that the functionalist perspective is not complete in its relation to the discussion of suicide. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women and Augustinian Laws

    8 pages in length. The philosophy in question is that of Augustinianism, the theory of Christian Idealism, which is based upon the theology of Augustine of Hippo (354-430) who is considered to be the greatest theologian of the early church. His theory is that of reality, absolute theism. Reality is God, who is Being. Being is good; non-Being is evil. He wrote that God has personality and gives reality to phenomena. As the Supreme Person, God exercises perfect will by which the world is created from nothing. The writer discusses how there were significant patriarchal underpinnings when it came to the treatment of women under Roman law, which effectively forced the female gender into a life of prostitution. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Role of the Nurse Anesthetist

    A 15 page paper discussing systems theory, nursing system theory and the place where the CRNA fits into the US health care system. The Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) fills a vital role in the larger health care system, one that will continue to increase in relevance as the first of the baby boomers now are entering retirement age. As is the case in any advanced-practice field of nursing, the issue of physician supervision continues to be a point of issue. It is less so for the CRNA, which most states allow to practice independently. The purpose here is to assess the role of the CRNA in the health care system of the United States. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • A Review of Max Weber's Construction of Social Theory

    Martin Albrow, in his book Max Weber’s Construction of Social Theory, argues that Max Weber provides a long-neglected foundation for sociology, and that the arguments of Weber can be utilized in understanding the sociological premises of a number of other theorists, including Kant and Nietzche. Further, Albrow relates the arguments of Weber to the assertion of the value of sociology as a science, and also defines the link between the premises of social theory and the development of social philosophy, social psychology and the logical correlation between the two. This 4 page paper reflects the essential arguments in Albrow’s work and considers the implications for evaluating sociological, philosophical and psychological underpinnings. No additional sources cited.

  • Different Topics in Psychology

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of responses to a range of questions in the field of psychology. This paper is in two parts and answers the following:1. What are the advantages of classifying mental disorders into types and maintaining such taxonomy for clinical reference? Explain your answer. What are the disadvantages of classifying mental disorders into types and maintaining such taxonomy for clinical reference? Explain your answer. What is mesmerism and hypnosis? How would you evaluate mesmerism and hypnosis as techniques for use in treating mental disorders? Explain your answer. 2.What is evolution theory? How did the formulation of evolution theory impact the development of psychology as a formal discipline? What is the scientific method? How was the scientific method used in the early years of formal psychology? Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychology and Personality Theory

    6 pages in length. Establishing a personality theory that challenges those already in existence by such famous industry names as Freud, Ellis, Beck and Rodgers must incorporate a significant understanding of just how the field of psychology effectively encourages more than merely one approach. The practice of psychology, which stems from a portion of philosophy that addresses the issue of behaviorism, evolved into a significant discipline of its own. The writer discusses that through experiential introspection, psychology eventually came to represent the very essence of mental performance and, therefore, personality theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Value of Mentoring in the Nursing Profession

    An 11 page paper discussing the value of mentoring in nursing. Mentoring is a nursing practice that is simultaneously informal and prescribed in the organization supporting it. In those organizations most devoted to improvement in all areas of operation, mentoring can be a valuable tool in improving patient outcome while enhancing efforts to recruit and retain high-quality nursing staff. The experienced nurse provides personal navigation for the new graduate who has studied theory and now is faced with putting it into practice. The mentor explains and demonstrates approaches and rationale, and gives practical meaning to all those theories the new graduate has studied but not yet put into practice. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nursing and the Interaction Between Theory, Research, and Practice

    An 11 page paper discussing the interaction of theory, practice and research in nursing. The practical aspect of nursing can be viewed as that point of overlap of three intersecting circles of a Venn diagram, with the circles of the diagram being theory, practice and research. Each of the entities exists separately and can be treated or regarded as a separate entity, but each also is affected by the other. Where they come within proximity of each other, they overlap to product a smaller area that contains all of them. This point is the ideal position of today's nurse. The paper briefly discusses Roy and Leininger and more completely discusses Orem. Application is to intensive care nursing. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Theory and Nursing

    A 6 page research paper in which the writer explores this question. Basically, the writer argues that nursing does need theory, but the research also explores why some nurses differ from this view. Both sides of the debate are presented. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Jean Watson, Nursing Theorist

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the career and philosophy of nursing theorist Jean Watson. The writer briefly discusses Dr. Watson's biography but then concentrates on discussing her Theory of Human Caring and its implications to nursing practice. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • BSN Advantages and the Selection of Nursing as a Career

    A 5 page research paper that explores, first of all, why individuals choose nursing as a career. The writer discusses this point from a stance that draws on nursing theory, and then discusses the benefits of a BSN. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Maslow And Nursing

    A 4 page paper that begins with an introduction to Maslow's hierarchy and then briefly explains each of the levels in the hierarchy. The writer then discusses the implications of the theory to nursing, emphasizing the need for nurses to remember what level most of their patients are on. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 4 Questions Pertaining to Nursing

    A 4 page research paper that provides brief answer to 4 nursing questions. These questions cover the topics of defining paradigm and model; differentiating between medical model and wellness model; defining theory and discussing its application in nursing; and the utility of psychoneuroimmunology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Models and Theories of Erickson and Orem

    This 8 page paper provides a comparative view of the nursing models outlined by Orem and Erickson. This paper integrates a comparative assessment of both of their theories and applies them to nursing care. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • Behaviorist Theory Contributions of B.F. Skinner

    3 pages in length. Myriad members of the psychology field have contributed to the greater understanding of human behavior through the behaviorist theory, however, none can take quite the same position as the man who brought together the concepts of learning and performance. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dreaming and its Purpose

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the psychology of dreaming inclusive of physiological explanations. REM sleep is discussed. Various theories inclusive of Freudian psychology is included in order to find out why humans dream, and what purpose it serves. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Learning Prejudice

    This 3 page paper discusses racial discrimination, argues that it is learned and explains how it is learned, and what theory of social psychology best accounts for it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Child Development and Sigmund Freud

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Freud's maternal attachment theory and underscores its importance for understanding child psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Kurt Lewin: Understanding How To Lead Change

    9 pages in length. Heralded as having a "profound an impact on the theory and practice of social and organizational psychology" (Schein, 2006), Kurt Lewin instilled a fresh and effective perspective on organizational change that was long overdue. Schein's (2006) article provides a significantly better understanding of Lewin's (1999) contribution, how it was unprecedented for its time and why it still stands strong even now in the twenty-first century, especially with the way today's organizational presence is under a great deal of pressure to escape a shaky economy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Development, Growth, and the Impact of Stress

    8 pages. Stress has been shown to have an impact on human growth and development. This paper considers stress in the different stages of life including childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Both positive and negative effects of stress are included as they pertain to developmental psychology research, theories and perspectives. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Richard Wagner’s Theories of Music

    This 6 page paper discusses Wagner’s theories of music and why he had such an impact on music in general and opera in particular. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Identity Construct, Gender, and Sexuality

    An analysis of the concept of sexual identity within the context of socio-cultural ideologies, and the construction of identity. The writer looks at Foucault's perspective on identity, and at theories of masculinity and femininity in relation to postcolonialism. Bibliography lists 12 sources

  • Child Development and the Theories of Jean Piaget and Sigmund Freud

    This 6 page report discusses the theories of Sigmund Freud and Jean Piaget in terms of their beliefs about children and child development and psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nurse Practitioners Article, a Critique

    A 4 page critique of a qualitative study using grounded theory as its theoretical framework. Martin and Hutchinson (1999) set out to identify social and operational problems faced by Nurse Practitioners (NPs) in their daily routines, focusing on negative aspects of the NP position. Though their motives are sound, the conclusions they reach as a result of their study likely should be viewed as a beginning point of investigation rather than as any sound conclusion regarding the state of NP practice. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Relationship Between Psychiatric Nurse and Patient

    A 9 page research paper that discusses the nurse-patient relationship, past and present. This examination of nursing literature presents an overview of the nurse-patient therapeutic relationship--its foundation in nursing theory; the factors that influence its success or failure, and, most importantly, the theoretical perspective that is being offered for the future of mental health nursing. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hurdles Faced by Female Athletes Over Forty

    6 pages in length. Directly correlated with the extent to which women over forty choose to participate in swimming is how active they were in this or other sports throughout their lives; one who has engaged in swimming or some other physical activity either consistently or in phases is much more likely to undertake swimming after forty than one who has had little experience with that or any other sport. The writer discusses other issues pertaining to female swimmers over 40 including gender limitations, discrimination and mass media agenda setting. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Mathematics and Creative Classroom Approaches

    A 12 page overview of the various factors which impact learning. The author reviews numerous theories and instructional styles to conclude that the teacher who most effectively assesses a child’s interests and designs their educational approach around those interests will be the most effective in instilling a sound mathematical knowledge. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Reviewing 2 Mathematics Textbooks

    This 4-page paper provides a review of two mathematics text books: Basic Concepts of Mathematics" by Zakon and "Introduction to Number Theory and Algebra" by Shoup. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Sport and Roles in Management Practice

    This 13 page paper examines roles in sport management such as coaching and upper levels as well. The subject is discussed in general but specific examples are provided. The focus is on management and includes management theory. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Energy Conservation and Nursing

    A 12 page research paper that addresses the concept of energy conservation as it applies to nursing practice. Energy has been a topic of research and concern in nursing practice for quite some time. This examination of the concept explores how energy has been addressed within the context of nursing theoretical frameworks, concentrating on the work of Myra Levine, but also addressing Rogers' theories and the implications of energy conservation as they apply toward fatigue. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Philosophy of Nursing

    A 7 page example essay that describes a personal philosophy of nursing. This perspective on nursing draws heavily on the career of Florence Nightingale and offers comparisons between this first modern nursing theory and the student's hypothetical personal position. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Art of Nursing

    In 1986 Jean Watson was Dean of the School of Nursing in Denver and Director of the Center for Human Caring. The two job titles provide a significant insight into how she views nursing. This 6 page paper examines the theory of nursing as an art within the context of the bio-pscho-social model and presents a scenario for an interview. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Topics in Social Psychology

    This 20 page paper discusses specific topics within Social Psychology: Events that influenced the field; Milgram study ethics; cognition errors; attribution theory; attitudes and public service announcements and changing attitudes. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Mamawawa, Sleep, Drug Addiction and Other Issues

    This 16 page paper includes several sections. Topic headings are: Weight loss program including discussion of set point; mamawawa premise; sleep; stages of sleep; health hazards of drug addiction; positive incentive theory of addiction and an outline for a research paper on autism. Each section includes its own bibliography. Total Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Nursing Theory

    A 3 page research paper that addresses the question of whether or not nursing has a theoretical basis. The writer outlines the parameters of the debate and then argues that nursing does have such a theoretical basis and that theory provides the foundation for the highest level of nursing practice. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Theorist and Martha Rogers a Science of Unitary Human Beings Application

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of the perspectives of nursing theorist Martha Rogers, with an emphasis on Rogers’ Science of Unitary Human Beings. This paper outlines the background of the theorist, the theory, and the application for nursing practices, especially in regards to the way in which Rogers has influenced the development of holistic nursing. Bibliography lists 10 source.

  • Study Questions on Management Theory

    A 5 page paper answering 4 discussion questions addressing topics of (1) the importance of an air of confidence; (2) approaches to reducing employee absenteeism; (3) qualities of effective discipline; and (4) expectancy theory and how expectancy, instrumentality and valence contribute to enhancing employee motivation. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • An Analysis of the Films, The Sacrifice, Stalker, and Daughters of the Dust

    An 8 page essay that reviews and analyzes three movies - The Sacrifice(1988) and Stalker (1979) by Tarkovsky and Daughters of the Dust (1992) by Dash. The writer argues that, in previous eras, individuals with an artistic vision had two mediums in which to express themselves—art or literature. The twentieth century has witnessed the blossoming of a third choice—cinema. The writer maintains that there are numerous examples of twentieth century film makers who manipulate light, color, words and music in such a way as to create art that rivals the finest paintings and literature for the way that it can move the human soul. No sources cited.

  • The Nursing Issue of Drug and Alcohol Abuse among Nurses

    A 6 page paper discussing the issue of chemical dependency among nurses and how other nurses and nurse managers should respond. The paper provides a literature review of sources after 2002; a discussion of management theory; and practical advice for how coworkers and nurse managers should proceed when they suspect chemical dependency. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Planning and Organizational Management

    A 9 page paper answering 12 questions about organizational structure and management. Questions address topics including planning; corporate social responsibility; team-based, network-based, and boundaryless structures; future workforce trends; control systems; leadership theory; and how leaders affect organizational culture. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Overview of Performance Management

    This 5 page paper begins with an explanation that the term performance management refers to everything from the performance of the entire company to employee performance to the performance of a department. Since it is more often used in terms of employee performance, the essay addresses this area. Specifically, three theories of motivation are briefly described and three approaches to employee appraisal are discussed. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Philosophy of Nursing and Values

    A 5 page paper discussing the values and philosophy of nursing, as well as nursing as a profession. Much of the focus of development of nursing over the past century has been on professionalism that has been based on theory and practice, while education, licensing and standards of care have addressed technical expertise requirements. Though true for any profession, that of nursing is not for everyone. Nursing requires a particular type of commitment and level of caring. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cinema and Sexuality

    A 6 page research paper that analyzes the film 'American Beauty' and what it says about the way that American culture perceives sex and gender. The writer also applies sociological theories on gender to messages that the film conveys concerning sexual behavior. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Cultural Identity According to Margaret Mead

    This 5 page paper discusses the influence of Margaret Mead's theories on cultural identity. Factors such as art, religion, music and social structures are the key to understanding a culture's true identity and as such are analyzed using several world cultures as examples. Quotes cited from text. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Economic Planning for Larson

    This 4 page paper looks at how a firm may consider future plans in terms of prices and managing the markets with reference to economic data. The case is provided by the student is a firm that manufactures and sell batteries in the US and Germany with advise given on pricing, promotion and markets based on economic data and theory. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • High Carbohydrate and High Protein Diets Compared

    This 10 page paper looks at these two very different diet types and notes the battles between the diet doctor gurus. Their theories are assessed and compared. The paper focuses on Dr. Atkins's New Diet Revolution and Dr. Ornish's Eat More, Weigh Less. Other diets are mentioned. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Differential Association Theory and Drug Use: A Literature Review

    This 12 page paper focuses on the college student but explores more generally the theory of differential association and drug use. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Derrida, Literature and “Midsummer Night’s Dream”

    This 10 page paper examines Derrida’s theory of literature and whether or not it is useful in teaching the subject; it also touches on how it might be applied to Shakespeare’s wonderful comedy, “A Midsummer Night’s Dream.” Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literature Review on the Homelessness Problem

    10 pages. A 10 page research paper that gives an overall look at the homeless situation summarizing the current research, theories and knowledge regarding this social problem. The writer demonstrates that society is still not close to finding a solution to the problem of homelessness and that current welfare reform legislation will, in all likelihood, exacerbate this problem. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Literature Review on Peasantry

    This 20 page paper reviews literature on the subject of peasantry. Classical materials are presented and while classic authors and theories are discussed, postmodernism and feminism is also included. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Term Structure and Vasicek's Theory

    This 14 page paper examines the theory put forward in Vasicek’s 1977 paper “An Equilibrium Characterization of the Term Structure” published in The Journal of Financial Economics. The paper then considers the way the model has been developed and influenced later models. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Literature Review on Coping with Social Prejudice

    This 5 page paper is a literature that considers relevant literature in how racism forms in society and how it may be reduced. Included are ideas such as cultural identity, Sherif's Robbers Cave study, social contact theory and many others. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Sense and Sensibility/Novel v. Film

    A 4 page research paper/essay that discusses the differences between these 2 mediums. Every few years seems to bring a new film adaptation of Jane Austen's classic early-nineteenth century novel Sense and Sensibility. Nevertheless, one of the finest of recent film adaptations of this novel is still director Ang Lee's 1995 production, which was produced by Mirage Films and released by Columbia Pictures. The script for this movie was written by Emma Thompson, who also stars in the role of Elinor Dashwood. This examination of the film will demonstrate that while Thompson makes some departures from Austen's novel, these differences are minor, as she remains true to the story and Austen's characterization. In fact, some of her changes tend to enhance, rather than detract, from the viewer's enjoyment of this narrative. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Modern Hollywood Cinema, Class and Gender Politics

    This 15 page paper looks the role of gender and class in contemporary Hollywood films. The paper looks at two modern films; The Matrix of 1999 and Underworld in 2003. The paper looks at the representations of class and gender and applies modern theory to these films to demonstrate the way that dominate stereotypes are retained even where films appear to react against social constraints. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Police Officers and Stress

    8 pages. Law enforcement has been repeatedly shown to be one of the highest rated jobs in terms of stress-related illnesses. This paper will analyze why this is, discuss critical theories concerning stress in law enforcement and come to an integrative conclusion regarding this topic. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Law, Austin, and Hart

    This paper compares the command of law, as proposed by Austin and the rule, or idea of law, as suggested by Hart. The paper offers examples of how both theories would work. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Law of Prgnanz and Productive Thinking of Max Wertheimer

    7 pages in length. Human perception is based upon much more than merely the obvious; rather, what one perceives is often rooted in what one's mind expects to perceive of that particular entity. Gestalt theory helps provide answers as to the reasons why human beings perceive of things far beyond their physical limitations. The law of pragnanz addresses this extenuating perception by employing several other laws to complete its interpretation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing Theory Practical Integration

    A 20 page paper discussing reflections of a nurse working in bone marrow transplant. The paper discusses the qualities that are unique to this department and to the patients within it, and relates several nursing theories to the area. Those of Neuman, King and Rogers are seen as being most applicable and useful here. The nurse as compassionate educator holds a position that can be a source of encouragement for these patients dealing with sudden, unexpected and unwanted surprises in their lives. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nursing Philosophy and Parse's Theory of Human Becoming

    A 9 page research paper that delineates nursing philosophy, first of all, by epistemology, ontology and ethics, and then examines how personal nursing philosophy can be informed by Parse's Theory of Human Becoming. The final section of proposes a personal viewpoint toward the epistemology of nursing research. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Leadership Examined

    A 10 page paper that identifies an effective nurse leader; discusses several points of leadership theory as it applies to nursing; and ends with the writer comparing her own nursing leadership skills to those of the identified effective leader. The identified leader holds a vice president position and some differences can be attributed to the differences in administrative level, but “people” issues remain the same regardless of what level the leader occupies in the organization. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Nursing and the Theory of Interpersonal Relations by Hildegard Peplau

    A 12 page research paper that discusses, describes and evaluates Hildegard Peplau's Interpersonal Relations Theory of nursing. The writer discusses concepts, applications and utility to nursing. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Personal Nursing Philosophy

    This 3 page research paper/essay offers suggestions to a nursing student on how to go about describing the student's personal nursing philosophy, which draws upon Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Palliative Care and the Theory of Dorothea Orem

    A 5 page research paper. In addressing nursing practice and the needs of patients, nurses often adopt a theoretical model that aids them in conceptualize and meeting those needs. The following examination looks at how Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory facilitates and informs palliative care for a patient with arm lymphedema. It will show how Orem's model of nursing care fits the needs of this patient and facilitates helping the patient to reach self-care deficit goals. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Elder Neglect in Nursing Homes

    A 10 page research paper that offers an overview of the topic of neglect and abuse of elderly patients in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities, such as assisted living homes. This also includes issues relating to nursing care of the elderly, as influenced by the nursing theory of Dorothea Orem. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Three Theories of Human Psychology

    This 5 page report discusses three leading perspectives that have had a profound influence in the understanding of human psychology and the ways in which human beings struggle with their own consciousness, personal insight, and awarenesses. The theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Rogers, and Albert Ellis are briefly discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Virginia Henderson's Nursing Theory of Independence

    A 2 page paper which examines the nursing theory of independence, developed by renowned nursing scholar Virginia Henderson. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Dealing with Change/Miami Valley Hospital

    A 3 page research paper that offers advice to a nursing student on how to address the change occurring within the student’s workplace, which is Miami Valley Hospital located in Dayton, Ohio. The writer summarizes literature on nurse/patient ratios and change theory. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Motivation Case Study

    A 6 page paper. Each of four persons is motivated by different things to gain a promotion. Three broad categories of theories are discussed: biological, psychosocial, and interactionist. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Medical Ethics (Case Study Analysis)

    This 5 page paper revolves around a case study where an injured baby is brought to the emergency room with two broken femurs. The physician does not see any reason to pursue the matter even though the mother has no explanation for the injuries. Ethical theories are applied. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Three Person Motivation Case Study

    A 4 page paper that discusses three motivational theories: biological, psychosocial, and interactionist. The differences in the reasons each of three people are striving for a promotion are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Child with E/BD

    A 10 page research paper that reports on a hypothetical case study of a 9-year-old boy with emotional/behavioral disorder. The writer uses refers to the principles Bowen Family Systems theory as the theoretical foundation for the case study and describes suggested interventions in this context. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Product Safety Management and the Infamous Ford Pinto Case

    This is a 10 page analysis of the entitled Harvard case study. The Pinto debacle happened in the 1970s. This essay identifies the facts of the case, provides a legal analysis and an ethical analysis. Rawls' theories of due care, responsible person and moral justice are included in the discussion. The writer provides concluding remarks. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Freudian Psychology in D.C. Thomas' The White Hotel and William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream

    An 8 page research paper that discusses the aspects of Freudian psychology in Shakespeare's Midsummer Night's Dream and D.C. Thomas' The White Hotel. The writer argues that Freud's theories play a major role in both works. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Early Cognitive Theorists

    A 3 page paper that briefly describes the theories of these three cognitive psychology theorists. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The 'Science' of Human Behavior According to B.F. Skinner

    A 5 page analysis of the principles of behavioral psychology as discussed by B.F. Skinner, a pioneer in this field. The writer gives a summation of Skinner's theories relative to the dynamics of operant conditioning and operant behavior. No additional sources cited.

  • A Psychology Today Article Review

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of a Psychology Today Article entitled The Idea That Wouldn’t Die. This paper relates the importance of the article in relation to Psychodynamic Theory. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Leisure Theory and the Absence of Jungian Psychology

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of views on the reason why Jungian psychology is absent from leisure theory. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Controversial Psychology Pioneer Sigmund Freud

    3 pages in length. Sigmund Freud was as controversial as he was precedence setting; not only were his theories criticized by skeptics, but he was all too often labeled a quack by his contemporaries for even proposing such concepts. However, in spite of his rather dubious reputation, there is no question how Freud helped pave the way for myriad principles and applications used in contemporary psychology. No bibliography.

  • Constructing Ego and Confidence in Children Who Are At Risk

    6 pages in length. Myriad theories and approaches are applied on a daily basis to encourage the development of ego and self-confidence in at-risk children, defined as those who suffer from deep-rooted emotional issues that typically stem from a poor upbringing. Medical technology notwithstanding, going back to the basics of psychology illustrates how sometimes the simplest of applications are the ones that work best, with particular emphasis upon the intrinsic value of exercise and animals. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Organizational Change in St. Vincent's ICU

    A 20 page paper assessing change in a large hospital to allow it to achieve and maintain a one-to-one nurse-patient ratio in its ICU at all times. Kurt Lewin's change theory was used as a framework, and the hospital added three agency nurses to work in more general-care areas of the hospital to free additional hospital-employed nurses for permanent assignment only to the ICU. Assessment includes attention to costs, patient outcome and nurses' morale. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Caring in Nursing Theory

    A 3 page research paper that discusses Dorothea Orem and Jean Watson, who are two nursing theorists who have both had a tremendous impact on contemporary nursing via their incorporation of the nursing core concept of caring within the framework of their nursing models of practice. This examination of these theories briefly summaries and analyzes each framework. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing Knowledge: Development And Utilization

    12 pages in length. The philosophy of nursing is something much grander and more complex than most people realize; not only does it incorporate views, metaparadigm, paradigms and theories, but it also includes the consideration of nursing as a discipline and profession as well as an art and science. Indeed, the basis of nursing knowledge is founded within the synthesis of all these elements which - when taken as a unit instead of individually - serves to synergistically encapsulate the very nature of nursing philosophy. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Reduction of ICU's Nursing Ratio and Change Management

    A 10 page paper discussing restructuring the ICU to gain one-on-one nursing using Lewin’s change theory. The ongoing nursing shortage has meant for ICUs that they may have fewer RNs available to them and that recruiting and retention has become more costly over the past several years. The paper recommends that the hospital use agency nurses where possible, either in the ICU or in other areas "donating" nurses to ICU. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • The Mathematical Contributions of Albert Einstein

    A 5 page paper that reports Einstein's first three papers that led to a new perception of the universe, from evidence for the existence of molecules and atoms to his general theory of relativity that led to a new understanding of the universe, including space, time, motion and gravity. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Lifespan Developmental Psychology; The Case of an Elderly Bereaved Patient

    This 4 page paper looks at the case of an elderly patient who has suffered the loss of his wife and does not approve or feel that they fit in with modern society. The issues the patient faces and ways of helping him are identified using the lifespan developmental model of Erickson and Ainsworth's theory of attachment. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology: Theories

    8 pages in length. Theories and concepts in developmental psychology assist in understanding the challenges individuals face at different stages of their life. The contributions of such prominent theorists as Bandura, Watson, Skinner, Maslow, Kohlberg, Erikson, Fowler and Piaget have served to assemble a collection of developmental philosophies that provide a significantly better understanding of why people develop the way they do. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Personality Theories in Humanistic and Existential Psychology

    This is a 3 page paper that explores personality theory. The views of Maslow, Rogers, and May are discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychological Indeterminism and Determinism

    6 pages in length. Is one's life and liberty truly determined or is it primarily the result of mankind’s free will? The writer discusses this issue by addressing humanistic and cognitive theories, as well as Roger Wolcott Sperry, Thomas More's "Utopia," Anthony Burgess' "A Clockwork Orange" and B.F. Skinner's "Walden 2." Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Racial Factors Within the Context of Sports

    This 10 page paper looks at race as a social construction but explores theories that suggest biological aspects play a part in sports. Both sides of the controversy are discussed. Various explanations are offered, inclusive of stereotyping. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Social Psychology Issues

    This 5 page paper answers three questions in social psychology which include an examination of the concepts of bystander intervention, bullying and social learning theory. Each of these concepts are fully explained . Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Classrooms and Developmental Psychology Applications

    This 4 page paper touches on the idea of how psychology may be applied in education. Much of the paper outlines theories from Erickson, Piaget, Freud and others. Developmental staging is discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Singapore Marketing of the UK Football Club Manchester United

    This 35 page paper examines the United Kingdom football club Manchester United and how it is marketed in Singapore. The club has successfully made the transition from sports club to commercial entertainment whilst retaining credibility and increasing profit. The key to this success has been strategic marketing and differentiation and the use of alliances and sponsorship as well as brand extensions. This paper considers how this has been achieved and examined the underlying theory of marketing in this type of environment. The bibliography cites 26 sources.

  • Interview/Diabetic Nurse Educator

    A 4 page research paper that describes an interview conducted with an MSN-prepared nursing educator. The writer discusses this nurse educator's beliefs regarding how theory is used in her practice. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Research on Ethics and Management

    A 5 page research paper that, first of all, summarizes the lessons to be learned from a research study conducted by Dane K. Peterson (2002). This paper also relates the information from Peterson's study to theory. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Issues Regarding Public HRM

    A 9 page paper. Specific issues within public human resource management are investigated, including: issues facing public human resource managers, job analyses - why and how, and performance based compensation plans, including their relationship to expectancy and equity theories. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Human Resoiurce Management in Public Organizations

    This 8 page paper considers how HRM manifests in public bodies. The similarities and differences with commercial entities are considered and then theories of public HRM are discussed, looking at issues such as traditional and out of fashion ideas of the need for stability and the support given to this from modern studies as well as the desire for innovation and change within this sector. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Different Approaches to Human Resource Management and Business Strategy

    This 5 page paper considers the different approach to strategy and how they reflect on human resource issues. From the classical schools of Taylorism and the ideas of Sloan, through to the evolutionally, or emergent strategy of Michael Porter, and the emergence of the Japanese styles, including Kaizen. The writer discusses the attributes and theories and argues they may not be as far apart as they appear. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • A Strategic Management Overview

    This 55-page paper provides an overview and background of strategic management. Topics discussed are the various approaches to and theories for strategic management, as well as case studies documenting actual strategic management processes. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Environmental Protection Agency and Management Theory

    An 8 page paper discussing the political and management climate at the Environmental Protection Agency. The EPA is a government agency that has overreaching authority over business operation and frequently has the final word on whether processes will be allowed. It is a political entity, however. Though it can and should use modern management techniques, its nature as a government agency keeps it grounded in classical theory. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Mixed Method Study and Juvenile Crime Intervention Strategies

    A 4 page overview of the elements that must be present in mixed method research. The author presents a key resource from the literature that can be used to frame such studies, identifies three critical theories in juvenile crime, emphasizes the importance of balancing qualitative study with quantitative results, and notes the importance of ethics. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History and the Philosophy of Karl Marx

    This 5 page paper provides a discussion on historical materialism. Marx's theory is relayed and evaluated in the context of the real world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Social Theory and Suicide Bombers

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of social theory as it can be applied to an understanding of suicide bombers. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Altruistic Suicide

    This 3 page paper examines the concept of altruistic suicide. The focus of the paper is on an article submitted by a student concerning the suicide of a 13 year old boy. The situation is evaluated in light of Durkheim's theories. No bibliography.

  • Suicide And Sociological Theories

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses suicide in relation to functionalist, control, feminist, symbolic interactionist and postmodern theories. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • History of Turkey and Kuwait's Rates of Exchange

    This 10 page paper discusses the exchange rate history of Turkey and Kuwait and compares/contrasts them. Suggestions and theories are proposed based on the available data to account for the disparity between them. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Society, the Individual, and Sociology

    This 9 page paper explores the subject of individuality through works by sociologists such as Marx, Durkheim and Weber. Several theories are discussed inclusive of alienation and anomie. Herman Hesse's Steppenwolf is cited as an example of fiction that fits into this discussion. Suicide, as a ramification of anomie, is also included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Disturbed's "Inside the Fire" and Ownership by the Devil in a Social Interaction Theory Context

    This 4 page argumenatative paper posits that the lyrics in "Inside the Fire" encourage fraternization with the devil and suicide as a subset of the rock music genre. The argument is framed within social interaction theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cyberspace Business Startup

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of how to begin a business inclusive of financial considerations. The business plan is explained and the paper goes on to address issues of management and marketing. Applicable theories are provided. A sample business related to information technology is used. Because the case study is an Internet based business, much of the literature and analyses are pertinent to e-businesses. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Durkheim's Theory of Suicide

    A 3 page paper. It is extremely difficult to find accurate figures on suicide in this country. Those data that were available are reported. One thing is certain, the incidence of suicide is increasing in Saudi. The paper discusses this issue and presents and discusses Durkheim’s theory of suicide, including description so the types of suicide he identified. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Physician Reported Syphilis and Ethics

    5 pages in length. The moral obligation Jeff's doctor is compelled to uphold falls under support of deontological ethics, a theory that espouses one's moral duty in any given situation. As a physician, he is torn between his purported duty to warn and the obligation to protect doctor/patient confidentiality; however, the moment Jeff's actions caused other people to become unwitting victims of his indiscretion, the deontological obligation overruled any professional accountability the doctor may have had. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Advancing Age in the Poetry of W.B. Yeats

    A 5 page essay that summarizes and analyzes 3 poems by Yeats. In three of his best poems, William Butler Yeats addresses the age-old topic of mortality and the bitterness of advancing age. These poems are "Among School Children," "Sailing to Byzantium," and "Byzantium." These three poems thematically share and develop Yeats' thoughts relative to the loss of youth and the decline and decay of the human body contrasted against what is eternal in human experience, which is the medium of art and the striving of the soul toward perfection. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Advancing Age in the Poetry of W.B. Yeats

    A 5 page essay that summarizes and analyzes 3 poems by Yeats. In three of his best poems, William Butler Yeats addresses the age-old topic of mortality and the bitterness of advancing age. These poems are "Among School Children," "Sailing to Byzantium," and "Byzantium." These three poems thematically share and develop Yeats' thoughts relative to the loss of youth and the decline and decay of the human body contrasted against what is eternal in human experience, which is the medium of art and the striving of the soul toward perfection. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Rich, Freire and Education

    This 3 page paper discusses the essay and poems of Adrienne Rich and the banking theory of education put forth by Paolo Freire, and how they can be related to education. Bibliography lists 2 sources

  • Explaining the Increase in Marijuana Use

    This 3 page paper focuses on the rise in teen abuse but also considers medical usage. Several theories are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Humanism Themes in Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience by William Blake

    This 25 page paper gives an in-depth detailed analysis of William Blake's humanist views as exampled by his poems in both Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience. Specific, cited, quoted, examples are given which indicate Blake's humanism. Reasons for his philosophy are also explored as well as leading theories from scholarly journals and experts on Blake literature. Loads of quotes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Recruitment Reorganization at the Australian Defense Force

    This 7 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student, concerning the way in which recruitment for the Australian Defense Force was changed. Specific questions that by the student answers, considering issues such as the environmental influences on the decision to change recruitment processes, the underlying theories which supported the process change and why the change appears to been so successful and the reasons why the human resource department was so important in implementing the change. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Evaluating Work Teams

    This 7 page paper uses a case study as a springboard for discussion. The case study is evaluated in respect to the use of work teams. Literature is used to relay theory. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Leadership

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of a leadership case study and reflects upon the leadership styles of one person. This paper uses leadership theory to integrate a view of the leadership process. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Problem with British Airways

    This 15 page paper considers the subject of employee relations, defines the concept and then looks at the way in which British Airways, the UK national flag carrier, has suffered in the long term as a result of poor employee relations. BA is utilized as a case study to demonstrate the theory and practice of employee relations, demonstrating why the firm is have problems and considers how some the problems may be reduced. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Banco; A HRM Case Study

    This 18 page paper is based on a case study provided by the student. Banco has set up a call center and is facing problems, including a high turnover and absenteeism, lack of experience and difficulties in recruiting. The paper presents an assessment of the problems and then looks at HRM theory in order to identify potential strategies that may be adopted to rectify the problems. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Vocational Rehabilitation Counseling: Case Study Analysis

    This 10 page paper evaluates the case of a blind man who is looking for a job. Several theories are discussed. Recent research into the job market for those with disabilities is included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Leadership Skills and Open Communication at Mattel

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of organizational problems at Mattel. Recommendations for improved leadership are given, in the context of leadership theories. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Pragmatics Case Study Analysis

    This 7 page paper makes use of a hypothetical case study. In this case, the office staff of a floral shop is having a difficult time communicating. Grice's theories are used to resolve the situation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ethical Case Study; Is It Ethical for an Employee to Use Work Time for a Personal Projects?

    This 9 page paper discusses the ethics concerning an IT professional who has used the slack time at work to write a program for personal use. The program is to identify undervalued stocks on the stock market so that the employee can purchase them. The employee has made personal gains. The paper looks at the situation from a range of ethical perspectives including consequentialism, deontological theories and principilism to determine whether the employee has acted ethically or unethically. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Marketing Case Study; Beauty Products (Singapore) Ltd and the S&S Skincare Range

    This 20 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Using marketing and related theories the writer examines the position and source of the difficulties of S&S skincare products and critiques the existing marketing approach. Issues discussed include the segmentation of the market, identification of the target, positioning, influencing the purchase process as well as differentiation and branding. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Wonderbra - Developing an Integrated Marketing Strategy

    This is an 11 page paper that provides an overview of integrated marketing strategy. Wonderbra is used as a case study for the development of a theory-based integrated marketing campaign, with specific ideas for advertisements. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Social Work and Attachment Theory

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of attachment theory in social work. A hypothetical case study is used to propose an evidence-based intervention strategy. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Social Process Theory and the Film American History X

    A 6 page research paper that combines a film review of American History X (1998) with an analysis of the film in terms of social process theory as an explanation of juvenile delinquency. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cinema and Time's Role

    This 6 page paper discusses the critical role that time places in the making of a feature film. The movie The Dark Side of the Heart is exampled, cited, as well as theory from David Bordwell's book: Narration in Fiction Films. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Law Enforcement and Public Administration

    An 8 page research paper on the changes in public administration theory and its application to law enforcement. Particular attention is paid to the ideal and effectiveness of community policing. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Legal Interpretation

    This 6 page paper explores several theories of law and concludes that originalism is the only valid way to interpret law in the United States. The 1931 McBoyle v. United States is used to begin the discussion. Scalia's opinions are duly noted. Textualism is discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Horror Genre and Death Line by Gary Sherman, The Wicker Man by Robin Hardy, and The Innocents by Jack Clayton

    This 19 page paper explores the way in which Jack Claytons The Innocents (1961), Robin Hardy’s The Wicker man (1973) and Gary Sherman’s Death Line (1972)have stretched and developed the British horror genre. The paper starts by looking at what is meant by genre and genre theory and defined the horror as a genre. A brief history of British horror films is then given before the content and context of the three films is discussed to assess the way they challenged and changed the way horror films were made. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Religious Attitudes Represented in Hollywood Films

    19 pages in length. The coming of age in the motion picture industry would have its inventors turning in their graves; their wildest dreams could never conjure up what has come to reflect reality in today's religiously-saturated medium of entertainment. Indeed, times have changed since what began back in the late eighteen hundreds as a basis for documentaries; even – and sometimes in spite of – criticism to the contrary, Hollywood movies have been extremely successful in incorporating the concept of religion on both a conscious and subliminal level as a means by which to generate and maintain attitudes toward religion with far-reaching effects on American social and political life. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Critiquing the Vietnam War Through Film

    9 pages in length. Hollywood creates films for more than just the entertainment factor. Writers and directors team up as a means by which to offer personal insight to the given subject through a well-received and popular medium. Opinion of and criticism for the Vietnam War is one of the most widely held of all Hollywood foci when it comes to presenting critique of wartime activities, with such films as Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now, Oliver Stone's Born on the Fourth of July and Platoon, Michael Cimino's The Deer Hunter, Stanley Kubrick's Full Metal Jacket and John Wayne's The Green Berets reflecting but a handful of movies offering viewers critical comment from the production perspective. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literature Review on Christian and Psychological Theories of Personality

    An 8 page research paper that offers a literature review and analysis, which looks at psychological theories of personality development, their efficacy and application, but also at new Christian perspectives that are evolving in the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Article on Socialization and Clothing

    This 8 page paper discusses an article about the subject of socialization as revealed in clothing, and then goes on to do a brief literature review about clothing as a means of self-identity and socialization; it also discusses sociological theories of the mechanisms of socialization and how we, as members of society, can help in those cases where socialization via clothing is harmful. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Conflict & Resolution in Nursing

    An 8 page research paper that examines conflict and conflict resolution within a nursing context. This literature review looks at some of the sources of conflict between nurses from the perspective offered by Thomas conflict theory. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Logico-Mathematical Knowledge, Montessori, Piaget

    A 5 page paper that discusses Montessori's and Piaget's general theories on learning and explains Piaget's concept of logico-mathematical knowledge and how Montessori's model is related to that type of knowledge. The essay also explains Piaget's thoughts about adaptation, absorption and organization. Montessori and Piaget are compared throughout the paper. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Stuik’s “A Concise History of Mathematics”

    This 4 page paper is a review of the book ‘A Concise History of Mathematics’ by Dirk J. Struik. The paper reviews the content and the style of the book which was first published in 1948 and traced the development of mathematical theory form prehistory to the first half of the twentieth century. The bibliography cites 2 source.

  • Math Lesson Design

    This 9 page paper looks at how a maths lesson may be designed to tech children how to divide a rectangle. The paper uses curriculum design theories and applies them the lesson design. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Ekman et al's Smiles When Lying

    This 5-page paper offers a literature review to support contentions made in the paper "Smiles when Lying," by Ekman et al. The paper discusses results of similar studies and theories. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Competency Based Education Literature Review

    This 8 page paper reviews key theories, concepts and research as it applies to competency based education. This paper examines both the pros and cons of the subject as well as providing a comprehensive analysis of the topic. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Hillary Rodham Clinton's Living History

    A 12 page paper which examines Hillary Rodham Clinton’s book “Living History” and then discusses it in relationship to leadership theories and practices. Bibliography lists 5 additional sources.

  • Behaviorism

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of behaviorism, which is one of two primary schools of psychological theory that were defined by long-standing philosophical premises but fine-tuned in the 20th century in reaction to the Freudian constructs that had shaped much of the psychological research after the turn of the century. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Literature Review on Uninhibited Internet Effects and Safeguards

    This 5 page paper explores several topics related to internet censorship and social theories. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Life's Big Questions

    An 8 page paper which examines different literature, theories, dramas, and perspectives concerning the nature of life itself in many different ways. The works of Shakespeare and Ovid’s “Metamorphoses” are among the literature discussed. No bibliography provided.

  • Crime and Substance Abuse

    A 4 page discussion of the root causes of substance abuse and the unfortunate correlation of crime. The author discusses major theories from the literature. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Six Stories and Lower and Upper Classes

    A 5 page essay that addresses six works by six authors: Orwell, Dostoevsky, Goldsmith, Goldstone, Huxley and Jackson. The writer argues that literature is, among other things, a reflection of an author's perception of society, its values and concepts of knowledge and truth. As this suggests, through the medium of literature, readers can gain insights about their society, and particularly its class structure, which they may not perceive in the course of their everyday lives. This examination of six works illustrates this principle, as each tale focuses on a different aspect of class structure, informing the reader, but, more importantly, causing the reader to reflect on the justice of taken for granted societal norms. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Pain Management and Long Term Care Residents' Rights

    An 11 page paper discussing traditional and newer approaches to pain management among the elderly, specifically those confined to nursing homes. The paper includes discussion of Neuman’s, Orem’s and King’s theories of nursing practice as they relate to the issue of pain management among nursing home residents. The use of pain-killing drugs is frowned on even when use of them is necessary. More highly favored is patient education and personal responsibility in exercising pain management techniques. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Use and Theory of Strategic Supply Chain Management

    A 5 page paper which examines the use and theory of strategic supply chain management. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Scientific Management and Taylor's Theories

    This 9 page paper examines the theories of Taylor and his development of Scientific management in order to access the relevance of these ideas today in a contemporary work environment. The paper agues that the model is still very relevant due to the way socially and the employment relationship has evolved. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Leadership and Nurse Management

    This 4 page paper looks at a case study in nursing to evaluate methods of nurse management. Leadership theory is included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Theories on Motivation and Management

    A 4 page paper noting that management of engineers is nearly as notorious as management of programmers. Both are technically sound and know where it is that their efforts need to take them, but may have a lack of business or management knowledge that can allow them either to be managed effectively or to manage others effectively. The paper discusses the theories of Blanchard, Maslow, Herzberg and McGregor, as well as the origin of the “Hawthorne effect.” Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Deep Change by Robert E. Quinn and Diversity Management

    This 6 page paper looks at Robert E. Quinn's book called Deep Change and applies it to the concept of diversity management. Practical applications of Quinn's theories is the focus of this paper. No additional sources cited.

  • Suitable Models of Strategic Management

    The seven-page paper analyzes the assertion that strategic management theories/models tend to be relevant only two firms that are over certain size or in certain industries. The topic outlines one or two of such models, and presents a case study supporting the assertion. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Hospitals and TQM

    A 7 page paper discussing quality indicators and measures currently in place at the hospital in which the student works. Structure in the form of a quality director in the upper levels of the organization and attention to quality exist, but as is the case at so many other hospitals, the issue at the organization still has not achieved absolute clarity. The paper discusses the Deming cycle (PDCA), TQM theory and rating hospitals on customer satisfaction measures. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Humanistic Leadership & Nursing Unions

    A 20 page research paper that in which the writer assumes the persona of a nursing leader working in a hospital where the nurses are unionized. The writer establishes a background for this investigation by examining what is meant by the terms "humanistic" and "leadership," which includes a discussion of various leadership models and theories. Then, this investigation looks at nursing literature pertaining to nurses' unions and the processes of unionization and how this supports the importance of establishing a working partnership between union leaders and nursing management. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Successes and Failures in the Management of Diplomacy

    A 7 page paper discussing reasons for diplomatic success and failure in today’s world, including the role of theory and systems thinking. Economic interconnectedness cannot be overlooked as one reason for diplomatic success in this era of crisis diplomacy. Rather than being a matter of greed or of “selling out” cultural or political ideological positions, one of the leading factors contributing to diplomatic success in today’s environment is the ability for all involved to take on a systems thinking approach to the problems at hand. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Supply Management, Purchasing, and JIT

    This 3 paper focuses on the JIT theory of quality and supply management. The paper defines JIT and determines its usefulness in terms of purchasing and the supply chain. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • HRM and South Africa's Model Construction

    This 12 page paper considers how HRM practices are developing in South Africa. The paper argues that due to the different social conditions and cultural background the model which is emerging is unique, there are commonalities with HRM seen in other countries, the model relies on motivational theory and the human relations school of thought, but also encompasses a greater degree of co-operative collectivism. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Heroism and Sports

    10 pages in length. In the first half of the paper, the writer discusses the concept of sports heroes as it relates to symbolic interactionism, conflict theory and functionalism. The second half addresses the concerns of the sports hero image being a reflection of society. Bibliography lists 1 sources.

  • Sports Training and Expectancy Theory

    A 3 page paper discussing the three components of expectancy theory and relating the concept to sports training. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Soccer and Economics

    This 8-page paper uses economic demand theory to explain marketing and other procedures for promoting a soccer team to fans. Also touched on is the economics of sports in general. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Theory and Nurse Leadership

    A 5 page paper discussing a nurse leader at Allenmore Hospital in Washington, D.C., describing the setting in which the nurse leader works and the manner by which she leads people reporting to her. The paper also includes discussion about contingency theory and situational leadership. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Self Care Deficit Theory of Dorothea Orem

    A 3 page research paper that outlines Orem's self-deficit theory of nursing and then discusses specific applications to nursing practice. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Counseling a Dysfunctional Family with Obesity

    This 4 page paper discusses the ways in which a community health nurse could use the "family as a client" approach, the structural-functional theory and evidence based nursing to counsel a dysfunctional family with obesity. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer

    An 8 page paper that discusses the story of Dr. Farmer. The writer comments on his character and beliefs and reports some examples. The writer also comments on how this book can inspire nurses, which leads to a discussion of certain nursing theories. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Historical Development of Nursing Theory

    This 4 page paper presents a timeline of developments in nursing starting with Florence Nightingale, outlining the development in nursing theory to the modern times. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Importance of Nursing Theory

    A 3 page research paper/essay that discusses this topic. The writer first offers several definitions of nursing theory and then discusses its importance to nursing professionalism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • An Analysis on an Article About Caring and Science

    A 3 page article analysis that examines "Science, technology, caring and the professions: are they compatible?" by nurses Hawthorne and Yurkovich (1995). These authors express their concern that caring has declined as a value among various professions. The writer summarizes the article and then critiques it, comparing it to two nursing theories that emphasize caring. Bibliography lists 3 sources, but one reference is incomplete.

  • Psychology Questions and Answers

    This 16 page paper is similar to the paper entitled Questions and Answers in Psychology and refers only to Gerrig & Zimbardo's text Psychology and Life. Topics for this paper include social psychology, personality theories, motivation, abnormal psychology and schizophrenia, and information about Maslow's hierarchy. Terms are defined and fully explained. The paper is written in a simple Q & A format. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Autism: How Developmental Psychology Can Inform Practice

    6 pages in length. Developmental psychology has long served to bridge the gap between knowledge and application when certain aspects of both are missing from a strictly medical perspective. Better understanding how to attain the right fit between autistic children and their individual abilities to learn, communicate and develop interpersonal skills has been magnified through such psychological concepts as theory of mind, executive dysfunction, central coherence and early transactions. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Jean Watson's Nursing Theory

    An 8 page research paper that discusses Watson's Theory of Caring, its major concepts and the way in which the four nursing meta-paradigms of person, health, nursing and environment can be applied to a hypothetical caring moment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Putting Kolcaba's Theory of Comfort in Practice

    A 7 page paper examining Kolcaba's theory of nursing and how to put it into practice. Many of the technological advances in medicine and nursing have focused far more on processes and outcome benefits than on the comfort of the patient. Kolcaba (2008) holds that greater comfort translates to greater attention to the health-seeking behaviors (HSBs) that can enhance long-term health and wellbeing. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing Studies: Identifying the Underlying Theoretical Frameworks

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of nursing theories. A nursing study is analyzed in terms of Watson's philosophy of care. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Are All Nursing Degrees Created Equal?

    A 3 page paper weighing the differences between the associates degree and bachelors degree routes to achieving RN status. Both have solid clinical experience, as well as technical training. The BSN degree, with an additional two years, provides more time for study of nursing theory and application to the clinical setting, while the AND degree puts the nurse to work more quickly. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Developments In Forensic Nursing

    A 6 page paper defining forensic nursing, examining its origins and commenting on its likely future. Forensic nursing requires that nurses observe abnormalities and investigate their possible causes for the purpose of identifying either an abuse or an abuser. The paper mentions the theory of Nightingale and Betty Neuman in terms of comforting the patient while simultaneously viewing her as a part of a larger system. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Theory-Driven Praxis—Personal Framework

    A 12 page research paper that offers guidelines to a student in regards to creating a personal theory-drive framework intended to guide the student's nursing practice. The meta-paradigms of nursing are defined, as well as the basic principles of nursing ethics, and related to the theoretical perspective of Newman and Reed. The student's focus of practice is pain management for the elderly and this is the focus of the paper. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Anxiety Concept Analysis

    This 15 page paper outlines a concept analysis of anxiety. This paper recognizes that concept analysis not only provides insight into the impacts of a certain concept on the development of nursing protocols, but also promotes understanding of the application of a concept in the development of both nursing theory and nursing practice. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Theoretical Perspectives on Nursing

    A 14 page research paper in which the writer aids a nursing student in reflecting on the four metaparadigms of nursing (person, environment, health and nursing) in relation to Mezirow's theory of transformative learning. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • 4 Traditional Metaparadigms in Nursing

    5 pages in length. The student discusses the four traditional nursing metaparadigms – nursing, environment, health and person – by offering various nursing theories as examples. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Biology and Culture

    This 14 page paper argues against evolutionary psychology, citing a theory by Stephen Jay Gould. Gould's ideas are discussed, as are the precepts of evolutionary psychology. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of 3 Psychological Theories

    This 4 page paper compares contrasts three psychological theories: behaviorism, cultural psychology and cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Is Psychology a Science

    A 14 page paper that begins with a definition of science, then discusses whether or not psychology is a science. Other topics that are discussed are: how theories improve understanding of psychology, the APA standards for psychological research and the difference between quantitative and qualitative research, the rules for publishing research in psychology, current trends in the field, personal vision of psychology and how integration would strengthen the field. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Major Pedagogical and Educational Psychology Theories

    This 4 page paper discusses some of the teaching and educational psychological theories in the U.S., U.K. and elsewhere. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Film What Dreams May Come and the Psychology of Sigmund Freud

    5 pages in length. A majority of the themes and issues found in contemporary psychology treatments have their fundamental basis in Sigmund Freud's discoveries. The writer discusses how Freud's theories apply to the movie What Dreams May Come. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Aborigines of Australia and Social Darwinism

    A 5 page contention that racism has been one of the primary shapers of contemporary Australian society. In the nineteenth century in particular the concept of racial inferiority was purported by a number of disciplines. Anthropology, medicine, psychology, and sociology all became vehicles of racism as they proposed and supported theories which perpetuated disenfranchisement and segregation of the aborigines from mainstream Australian society. The premises of social Darwinism held that the fittest would survive while the weaker and inferior aborigines would perish. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Organization and Individual Study Similarities

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of how organizations and individuals are studied. Studies and theories from psychology and sociology are discussed in light of business research. Similarities regarding individuals and organizations include goal oriented strategies and attention to the aging process. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • B.F. Skinner's Contributions

    A 6 page overview of the contributions of B.F. Skinner to the field of psychology. Emphasizes the importance of such theories as operant conditioning and naturalistic ethics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Personality Development - The Major Theories

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of developmental psychology. Theories are explored through a hypothetical case study and interview. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Concept of Human Relations

    8 pages in length. Human Relations practice is based upon an eclectic mixture of theories from different academic disciplines such as psychology, sociology and political science; while each discipline indicates divergent methods to the overall approach of human relations, they all share a common denominator of empowerment and reassurance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Beauty, the Sublime, Immanuel Kant, and Edmund Burke

    This 14 page paper discusses the ideas of philosophers Edmund Burke and Immanuel Kant in relation to their ideas about the sublime and about beauty. Furthermore, this paper underlines how their theories on this subject influenced the fields of psychology and philosophy. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sigmund Freud: The Originator of Psychoanalysis

    A 3 page overview of some of Freud’s most interesting theories on psychoanalysis. This paper points out that although we have progressed considerably in our understanding of human psychology, Freud is still remembered as the father of the psychoanalytical process. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Addiction and Kohlberg and Adler

    A 5 page paper that discusses the major concepts of Adler's Individual Psychology and what Adler attributes addiction to in terms of his theories. The paper also outlines Kohlberg's stages of moral development and discusses what Kohlberg would say about addiction. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Connection Between Social Work and Sociology

    A 5 page paper. It could be said that social work is the practical application of sociological theories and perspectives but it is more than that. This essay first defines and explains what sociology is and what social work is. From there, the writer discusses the integration of other disciplines, such as psychology, in the practice of social work. Two examples are discussed – the research regarding alcoholics and the practice of collaboration in social work. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Racial Inferiority Concept

    A 5 page overview of racism as it has existed since the nineteenth century when anthropology, medicine, psychology, and sociology all became vehicles of racism as they proposed and supported theories which perpetuated disenfranchisement and segregation. Even the concept of evolution itself indirectly supported the predominant feeling that there was a hierarchical relationship between the races from the primitive to the advanced. The author of this paper presents the contention that our everyday classroom activities and even our standardized educational tests perpetuate the age-old institution of racism. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Gestalt Psychology - A Confluence of Influence

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of the influences in Gestalt psychology. Contributions from early thinkers are explored, as well as the role of Gestalt theory in the development of cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Lazard and the Investment Banking Industry

    This 42 page paper is written in two parts. The first and largest part is an examination of the investment banking industry using a range of models, including a PEST analysis, Porters Five Forces Model, strategic group mapping, price and quantity dynamics, game theory, Yip's global drivers, Porters Diamond, Barlett and Goshal's model and the Uppsala Model. The second part of the paper examines Lazard using the tools of Mckinsey's 7 S's Model, Ansoff's Matrix, Porters generic strategies, BCG Matrix and the blue ocean strategy. The bibliography cites 38 sources.

  • Simultaneous Distribution in the Film Industry

    A 4 page paper discussing the relatively new approach of releasing new films to all media simultaneously. Steven Soderbergh's (Sex, Lies, and Videotape, Traffic, Ocean's Eleven) Bubble was released simultaneously to theatres, DVD and pay-per-view in January 2006; theatres refused to show the film in protest. Movie theatre operators would do well to choose to address this shift of power within the industry rather than resist it, because simultaneous distribution is likely to gain in popularity for low-budget films. Traditional studios will need to provide greater incentives to theatres before choosing to make all of their products available through simultaneous distribution. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Leininger's Culture Care Nursing Theory

    A 7 page research paper that investigates Leininger's Culture Care Nursing Theory and transcultural orientation in regards to implementation in a hospital setting. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Humor and Psychology

    An 8 page research paper that investigates the nature of humor and laughter. The writer looks at the sociological functions that humor performs in human society by reviewing the literature on this topic, looking at both past and present studies and theories regarding how humor is integrated into society at the family, work and social level. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 'Hard Science' and Psychology

    A 3 page essay that examines the question "Is psychology a hard science?" The writer first defines "hard science" as a term that refers to sciences in which facts and theories can be quantified, that is, measured, tested and proven. Then, the writer argues that psychology has aspects of hard science, but that this term does not describe the field as a whole. No bibliography is provided.

  • Essays on Psychology

    22 pages. A series of essays on Darwin, behaviorism, psychoanalytic theory, cognitive psychology and biological behavior. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Behavioral and Cognitive Schools of Psychology

    A 9 page paper that explains and discusses the cognitive and behavioral schools of psychology. Major theorists from each perspective are identified. The writer discusses how these two perspectives are similar and how they differ. The writer explains tenets from each theory can be found in the other. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Factors Affecting Human Behavior

    A 7 page paper that responds to different issues in the field of psychology. Most of the paper discusses factors that influence human behavior, including biological, learned behavior, disorders, personality theories, motivation, memory, culture and sociological factors. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Theories in Psychology: Freud and Erikson

    A 4 page overview of the theories of these two influential psychologists. Personality development is highlighted. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Psychological Theory and Wundt's Role

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the role of Wundt in the creation of psychological theory. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medical Model and Psychology

    This 3 page paper discusses different issues beginning with the influence of evolution theory on psychology. The other major issue is the relationship between the medical model and clinical applications in psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Soap Operas And Language

    10 pages in length. Most people watch a television program without any knowledge of how their visual/auditory senses are being manipulated by myriad signs and symbols; in other words, viewers are led down a pathway that instructs how, when and to what extent they will react depending upon the stimulus. Soap operas present some of the most appropriate examples of this type of communicative process whereby language blends with other visual and auditory cues to create an interactive premise that establishes the extent of viewers' role and involvement. This inherent connection between semiotic language and social psychology in relation to media study helps to facilitate an understanding of corresponding developments that have come about over the past several decades in response to soap opera connotation. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sensual Inquiry of Philosopher Rene Descartes

    This 5 page paper looks at this well known theorist's second meditation and how he views the senses. How this theory is applied to modern psychology is also noted. The time in which Descartes lived is discussed in terms of his contributions to society. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • John B. Watson's Theory on Human Development

    A 4 page research paper that presents the environmentalist theory of John B. Watson, the creator of the behaviorist school of psychology. The writer outlines the nature vs. nurture debate concerning human development and then discussing the details of Watson's environmentalist (nurture) approach to human development. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Constructing Sexuality/The Problem with Duality

    An 8 page research paper/essay that discusses how sexuality is understood in society. The writer focuses on developmental systems theory as explained by Fausto-Sterling, and also explains essentialism and constructivism in this context. This discussion illustrates the practicality and logic of this conceptualization of sexuality, and how it holds the promise of releasing sexuality from the restrictions inherent in dualism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Homosexuality and Conflicting Views

    A 5 page paper which examines the controversial views regarding homosexuality as it involves the theory of sickness as opposed to biology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Bob Marley's Life, Music, and Contributions to Reggae

    This 5 page paper examines Bob Marley's life. Two of his songs are compared and contrasted. Information contained in this paper include facts about his life, information about reggae music, his religion, his political agenda and so forth. The conspiracy theory concerning the idea that he was given the cancer is relayed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Leadership Problems at S&F

    This 9 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student, it looks at the leadership problems that are found in the fictitious organization, considers how those problems arose and make suggestions for the way in which leadership could be better in the future. The paper focuses on the application of theory to the case study. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Problems with a Duel Remuneration System in a Single Company

    This 20 page paper is based on a case study provided by the student. A company in India, faced with increasing competition for employees, changed the pay structure for new contracts, without reconsidering the older contract. This has created a feeling of unfairness and resulted in reduced levels of productivity. The case study analyzes how and why these negative behavioral traits have emerged, with reference to motivation and equity theories, and then makes recommendations to resolve the situation. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • The Case of 'On the Go'; HRM in a Fast Food Restaurant

    This 14 page paper looks at the case of a fast food company that is having human resource problems following the departure of a long term manager and new people taking over. The paper identifies the issues and then discusses a number of theories that may be used to help assess the causes of the problems and identify potential solutions. The paper is based on a case study provided by the student. The bibliography cites 30 sources.

  • AT&T Dallas Works Case

    This 8 page paper examines the case study provided by the student. The right identifies problems exist with the case which include resistance to change, a poor employment relationship, low levels of motivation and potentially presents a survivor's guilt. The relevant theories are discussed and the implementation of potential solutions is outlined. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Caring Nursing Theory of Jean Watson

    This 10 page paper uses only primary sources to explore the author's views on caring and how it is important to the nursing profession. The concepts as relayed by Watson are applied to a case study provided by a student. The case study is thoroughly evaluated but there is much attention paid to the intricacies of the author's theories. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • An Organizational Transition Analysis

    This 10 page paper relies on a case study of an organization submitted by a student. In the analysis, systems theory is used. Corporate culture is discussed as well. The change involved in the case study is related to the integration of systems. How it may be accomplished, what obstacles are expected and cost factors are all discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Diversity Management - Theory and Practice

    This 10 page paper looks at the concept and practice of diversity management from a HR perspective. The paper first examines the underlying theory and approaches that may be utilized in diversity management and then looks at a case study of a company implementing active diversity management. The case study is the Bank of America. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Educational Psychology - Case Study

    This 4 page paper presents the case study of a six-year-old boy who was observed by the student. The essay discusses the boy's behaviors, learning theories (Piaget, Vygotsky and Erikson) and how the teacher could have helped the boy in the classroom. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Rightsizing Charlotte (Case Study Analysis)

    This 9 page paper uses a case study analysis to discusses theories and concepts related to the organization. Rightsizing is defined and compared to downsizing. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Empowerment Case Study

    A 9 page paper. The writer presents a scenario of a CEO who decides to embed empowerment in the company culture. The scenario points out things the CEO did that were wrong and focuses on three theories, change, empowerment and corporate culture to demonstrate how the CEO failed. The ideas from Bolman and Deal's Leading With Soul are also incorporated into the paper. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • EMI Case Study

    This 14 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student concerning change and the need for further change at EMI. The paper examines the different issues involved in change and looks at the applications of theories to the issues of change faced by the company. The paper is written to help a student prepare for an exam where unknown questions will be asked about change in the cases study. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Origins of the Pentateuch or Torah

    A 5 page research paper that examines the origins of the Torah/Pentateuch and explores the leading theories as to authorship of this section of the Bible, which consists of the first five books. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Medieval Drama and Its Messages

    A 14 page paper discussing the means that medieval guilds used to promote political and religious ideology using plays as the medium. There was only a single church, and it sought to provide plays to act out important events described in the Bible. Plays grew in scope and size and were obliged to move outdoors where laymen took over the production duties, those laymen generally were members of the various guilds operational in local areas. Guilds were dedicated to business among the merchants and high quality among the craftsmen, and their leaders came to be highly involved in local politics. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Scott Joplin & George Gershwin

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares composers Scott Joplin (1867-1917) and George Gershwin (1898-1937), who were born a generation apart, but their music is intimately connected, in that jazz arose out of the legacy of ragtime, which was highly influenced by Joplin and jazz was the natural medium for the music of Gershwin. The two composers also bear other similarities. Each man had ambitions of writing art music, that is, music that would be taken seriously by music critics. Both Joplin and Gershwin enjoyed fame within their lifetimes, and their music has proven to be highly influential on subsequent composers. However, both men had difficulty having their classical works receive the due notice that these works deserved because of their association with the realm of popular music. However, ironically, both men are remembered today for the ways in which they advanced the art of popular music, taking it into new realms. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Principles of Management

    A 14 page paper that discusses the changes in management principles over the decades. The writer offers a very brief description of just a few of the older management theories and then provides a more comprehensive description of the most recent principles of management. Sharing knowledge and information is emphasized. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Psychology and its Historical Evolution

    This 7 page paper begins with brief comments about psychology in ancient times and events prior to 1800. The major discussion is on events since the 19th century. This essay is very much like a timeline in narrative form. The writer provides dates and persons who introduced different ideas and theories. Most of the major contributors to the field of psychology are included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy History

    This 6 page paper examines this umbrella of cognitive theories. Various ideas from Beck, Ellis and others are duly noted. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A History and Sociological Overview of Prostitution

    A 7 page research paper that offers a brief history of prostitution, which is analyzed according to several sociological perspectives: functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Judith Walkowitz's City of Dreadful Delight and Gender History

    Gender History in Walkowitz’s “City of Dreadful Delight”: This 9-page essay examines Judith Walkowitz’s theories relevant to gender issues and female sexuality in the Victorian Era. Her treatise on the fluctuations pertaining to class and gender in late 1800’s London both informs about the past while still reverberating/ reflecting modernity. Bibliography lists 4 sources. SNGenhis.doc

  • History of Europe

    A 9 page paper which addresses there specific topics in European history. The paper examines why Britain's attempts to colonize America were unsuccessful, John Locke contribute to the development of a progressive theory of history, and the similarities and differences between British and French colonization. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Literature Review on Paralinguistic Features of English Language Skills

    This 4 page paper relates the fact that a number of different theories reflect upon the nature of paralinguistic features in the development of English language skills for foreign learners. Adams, Orton, Gassin and Pillar all consider the factors that influence assessments of English language development in foreign learners related to efforts at teaching second language speaking skills in the classroom setting.

  • Classroom Significance of Children's Literature

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the basic theories behind the use of children's literature in the classroom setting. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Outsourcing by American Firms; A Literature Review on the Political and Economic Issues

    This 6 page paper is a literature review looking at the political and economic issues that arise where outsourcing takes place within the United States. The impact on companies and their employees as well as the theory of comparative advantage discussed. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Women in Sub Saharan Africa and High Rates of HIV and AIDS

    This 39 page literature review examines nine articles related to the spread of AIDs in Africa and pays particular attention to gender specific reach. At the same time, the literature is broad and also encompasses a wide array of material that examines things such as socioeconomic status and media campaigns against AIDS. The primary question explored by this literature review is: "Why is there a high incidence of HIV/AIDS among women in sub-Sahara Africa?" The literature does include a variety of articles that cover several topics. Concepts such as condom use, rape, polygamy, stigma and breast-feeding are included in the discussion. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Nursing Management Issue/Medication Error

    An 11 page research paper that addressing this issue. This examination of the problem of medication errors focuses on the context of mental health nursing within the United Kingdom (UK); however, this is a problem that is systemic to all modern healthcare systems; therefore, informative sources outside the UK will also be consulted. After examining and discussing the literature, the writer considers the literature from the perspective of risk management theory. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Models of Leadership

    This 19 page paper looks at the concept of leadership, examining why the study is important and then undertaking a literature review. The literature review starts by looking at the ideas of Goleman and then considers other approaches and theories of leadership. The paper then presents a new model that can be used to assess leadership styles and contexts. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Dr. Sandra M. Finch's Dental Practice and Customers Role, Satisfaction, and Retention

    This is a 5 page paper discussing various suggestions and opportunities for customer satisfaction and retention in a dental practice. Assessment of the information available on the web site of Dr. Sandra Finch, D.M.D (, provides the reader with a good outline of the services available in her dental practice in White Rock, British Columbia. The web page gives background, education and training information about Dr. Finch herself under “Meet the Doctor” as well as other customer services areas such as “About the Practice”, “New Patient Information”, “Cosmetic Dentistry”, “Testimonials” and an email contact address under “Contact Us”. The importance of the customer/patient is emphasized throughout the web site and the invitation is also extended to welcome new patients. However, in order to retain her current patients and attract new patients, various customer relations procedures could be introduced which would provide a unique edge over the competition. These practices could include increased advertising through other areas of the media, public speeches to local social groups, customer satisfaction surveys, setting up a referral network, larger access through the web page, guaranteed appointment times and extended hours among other suggestions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • "Wickedness" and Liberation in Cisneros

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of Cisneros' "His Story". The poem is analyzed in the context of feminist theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Marijuana Legalization Argument and Criticism

    This 6 page report presents an essay that supports the legalization of marijuana in the United States. It then offers a critical analysis of that argument based on the rules and constraints of critical thinking and logic. Problems based on faulty reasoning and the presentation of theory as fact are discussed. The third part of the paper then presents a rewrite of the original essay. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Overview of Suicide

    This is a 8 page paper which discusses that various theories, types, and rates of suicides found in the U.S. today. Introduced by Durkheim, researchers still use his types of suicide (altruistic, egoistic, and anomic) to try and explain suicide and sociological factors which occur. In addition, more recent factors such as race and alcohol abuse are discussed along with the recent introduction of a suicide prevention program by the U.S. government. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Euthanasia or PAS

    This 5 page paper deals with the issue of euthanasia, or physician assisted suicide from the standpoint of the philosopher John Stuart Mill. Given Mill's standing on individual liberties, the humanity inherent in physican assisted suicide is supported by cited examples from Mill's work, On Liberty, and his Utilitarianism theories. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Applying Virginia Henderson's Nursing Theory

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses Henderson's theory as it is applied to an attempted suicide patient. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Ethical Theories and Dr. Death

    This 4 page paper argues that the ethical theory of altruism is the best way to explain the suicides presided over by Dr. Kevorkian. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Society According to Emile Durkheim

    A 5 page paper which discusses the theories of Emile Durkheim as they involve society. The paper also addresses Durkheim's beliefs concerning the transition of society from traditional to modern, emphasizing issues such as society, suicide, crime, and deviance. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Aspects of Formalism in the Film, The Graduate

    A 3 page essay that discusses The Graduate from a standpoint of formalism in classic film theory. The writer begins by defining realism and formalism and then discusses formalist aspects of this 1967 film by Mike Nichols. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • President Kennedy's Assassination According to Jim Garrison and Oliver Stone's 1991 Film JFK

    This 25 page paper examines the assassination of Kennedy based upon the writings of Jim Garrison and the Oliver Stone film, "JFK". This paper delves into the myriad of theories and investigations that have taken place on the subject, as well as investigating much of the information that has been released since the "JFK" film. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver and Applicatioins of Erik Erikson and Lawrence Kohlberg's Theories

    This is a 7 page paper discussing Kohlberg and Erikson’s developmental stages as reflected in Rachel from “The Poisonwood Bible”. In Barbara Kingsolver’s 1999 novel “The Poisonwood Bible” the fifteen year old daughter, Rachel, reflects primarily Lawrence Kohlberg’s “conventional” level of moral reasoning and the progression from Erik Erikson’s “identity versus role confusion” (stage 5) to “intimacy versus isolation” (stage 6) levels of personality development. Rachel is considered the most self-absorbed of the characters within the novel and because of this her perspective remains primarily a selfish one and how her family’s environment and values impact her life and development. However, from Rachel, readers can also see a development in her awareness of her surroundings and although she remains still fairly self-absorbed she at least realizes how little impact her and her family and their Christian intentions have on the social and physical environment of the Congo showing a maturity of her moral and personal development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Post 911 Laws

    A 10 page paper. Americans have enjoyed a degree of freedom few, if any, other countries enjoy. Yet, it was that freedom that was at least partially responsible for the horrific events of September 11, 2001. In wake of the Attack on America, new laws have been passed that give far more freedom to different government agencies to monitor communications. The new laws cover the Internet, as well as all other telecommunication technology. This paper discusses these new laws and the need for them. It also discusses the need to balance national security with individual privacy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Concepts and Theories of Geography

    9 pages in length. Understanding the spatial components of planet Earth encompasses myriad fields of knowledge; centuries' worth of study has provided the twenty-first century scientific community with the extensive scope it possesses. One of the most important fields from which this knowledge was gleaned is that of geography, a particular science that addresses everything associated with the earth's surface. Working upon the fundamental basis developed by researchers hundreds of years ago, contemporary geographical analysts have the benefits of knowing the planet's how's and why's as it relates to the developed world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Feminist Cinema and Psychology

    This 30 page paper begins by looking at film and its effects on society. It then delves into feminist film theory and mentions a variety of theorists as well as popular movies and artistic film. Some analysts is provided for the examples noted. Psychology, and particularly Freudian psychology, is addressed and then the paper goes on to discuss how psychology is utilized by feminist film theorists. Addressed are conflicts due to the patriarchal nature of Freudian psychology and the precepts of feminism. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Eastwood's "Invictus" - Theories of Motivation

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of the film, "Invictus". Emphasis is placed upon motivational strategies employed by Mandela in the film. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA): its history and application in a health care setting. The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) was first introduced in 1987 as a national award for quality in manufacturing in the United States. In 1998, the award was extended to include the health care and education industries. The award is not only meant to award industries for their current quality but to also provide support and guidance for future quality. Regardless of discipline, the award includes certain categories which must be met in regards to establishing and maintaining industry quality which include leadership, strategic planning, human resource development, information analysis, process quality, operational results and customer satisfaction. In physician offices as part of the health care system, a patient-centered focus also creates more of a concentration on patient satisfaction, staff education, and innovation in regards to constant communication with the rest of the health care community. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Health Care Change Theories

    Case Study Tutorial : A 10 page paper. This paper presents a case study taken from the literature that involves the problem of missing medical charts at a health clinic. The paper provides the background for the case and the change strategies used to analyze the problem and implement a change. Lewin's force-field analysis and Rogers' diffusion of innovations models are discussed. How the change was implemented is explained. Tutorial comments are included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Aquarius Marketing Case Study

    This 19 page paper is based on a study is supplied by the student. The first part of the paper assesses the requirements of Aquarius Marketing for a new information technology system. The second part of the paper utilises soft systems modelling (SSM) to determine what is needed and the way that the project should go ahead. Several issues concerning project management then discussed including the importance of scheduling and resource allocation, the importance of leadership to prevent problems in project management, the importance of communication and the value of mentoring. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • The Origins of Criminal Behavior in Psychodynamic Theory

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of the psychodynamic origins of antisocial behavior. A case study is looked at to demonstrate how interpsychic conflicts can manifest behaviorally. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Conflict Management, Negotiation, and Cultural Differences

    A 14 page paper. As businesses continue to expand globally, the ability to negotiate and resolve conflict in different cultures successfully becomes essential to success. This essay discusses how culture affects conflict management and business negotiations. The four approaches to researching this topic are outlined as are different ways of understanding culture and how those approaches can interfere with communication and conflict management. Specific examples of how company managers in other cultures approach conflict management are provided. For example, U.S. managers often approach conflict as competition while many Asian managers either try to avoid conflict or try to compromise. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Negative Recency and the Faulty Communications Perceptions Within the Work and Management Environments Study

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the perception of the recency effect within the work environment. Recency in which the most recent information received by an individual seems to be given the most weight in decision making has a great deal of importance in the field of management and the work environment. Managers within the business environment are used to dealing with recency plans within a business sense in that recency in business is a measurement of customers who have purchased merchandise “recently” or within an advertising perspective it is the psychological effect in which customers remember the “most recent” merchandizing when purchasing products. Despite management knowing about business recency, few if any are aware of the psychological recency effect within their own decision making process and the perceptual errors which can be made. In fact, the recency effect within the work environment can lead to poor judgment, poor or inconsistent management and poor communication skills throughout administration. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Substance Abuse Agency and Management Theory

    An 8 page paper discussing politics at a public agency. The Helen Ross McNabb Center is the result of government support and private enterprise involvement for the purpose of providing substance abuse treatment in the foothills of the East Tennessee Smoky Mountains. Though private enterprise is involved and the center uses many volunteers from the community, its primary point of accountability still is the United States’ Department of Health and Human Services, from which the center gains most of its funding. The purpose here is to assess to what extent the market forces of the private sector may affect management at a government agency. The paper evaluates management theory and employees’ willingness to learn from outside entities. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Theorists and Theories of Management

    A 10 page paper discussing the glaring lack of use of current management theory in a hotel and in a management conference being held at that hotel. The paper begins with a case study not included here but discussed at length. Examination of the facts of the case in conjunction with the views of management theorists of both the past and present indicates that management needs to be more directly involved with those front line employees that provide so much of the organization's character. Theorists included are Bernard, Drucker, Adam Smith, Taylor, Durkheim, Marx, Fayol, Follett and others. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • History, Revolution, and Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto

    This 5 page report discusses The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Karl Marx’s declaration, in the most simplistic terms, was that all events are determined by economic forces. The Manifesto was much more than a “literary and philosophical work,” -- it was also a revolutionary document, a plan to battle and a call to arms, and a reflection of the history of humanity in the Western world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Creative Management Styles and Research

    A 60 page research-oriented paper discussing creative management styles. There are organizations that have not been able to make the transition from the traditional autocratic or authoritarian (rather than the authoritative) style of management. Today, creative management styles come in a variety of names: situational contingency management, the transformational approach, the cultural contingency approach, and value-based leadership. All, however, have their roots in TQM. Organizations that could not be successful in implementing TQM generally are not successful in implementing any of these, either, because all, including TQM, require a corporate culture that supports creativity and a commitment to change, and values open communication between workers and departments to the point that they will defend it if necessary. This paper examines the underlying problems preventing the formation and nurturing of that corporate culture so necessary for sustaining any creative management style. Bibliography lists more than 50 sources. M-Creatv.doc

  • Literature and Evolution Theory

    A 5 page research paper that examines the wide-spread effects of Darwinism on all forms of writing discourse beginning in the nineteenth century. The writer argues that Darwinism affected all branches of writing, from essayists to novelists, with each work reflecting the personal orientation of a particular author, writer or social philosopher. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Beijing Jeep Case Study

    This 5 page paper is based on a case study of Beijing Jeep. The paper is divided into four sections, the first section considers whether Beijing Jeep was following a standardized all customized product strategy. The second part of the paper discusses the branding and positioning of the company in China. The third part of the paper suggests three communications strategies that could be used for marketing the company. The last part of the paper identifies some of the company's competitive advantages. The bibliography cites four sources.

  • Friedrich Nietzsche and Nihilism

    This is an 11 page paper discussing Nietzsche and the concept of nihilism within his work. German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) is probably best known for his works on nihilism; the belief that all values, truths and morals which have been constructed by man are baseless including those within the Bible. Nietzsche did not originally begin his work in the area in nihilism but throughout his own study and questioning of the theories of truth found in theology, the classics and philosophy which had always been readily accepted for centuries, he concluded that the eventual course of man would be that of nihilism. As man demands more answers through the field of science, many of the traditional theories and religious beliefs will be stripped away. At the same time, humans will begin to realize that they cannot meet the ideals of the invented truth and will not be able to transcend into that “higher world”. Despair follows and man must return to nature and a time of humanity where the invented concepts of “good” versus “evil” are no longer relevant. Beliefs are then based on the singular concepts of each person living each day. However, these ideas are contrary to societal beliefs and the basic structure of society and therefore society as we know it will be destroyed. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Implementing an eBusiness Solution

    This 22 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Xtra is a fictitious firm selling Hollywood memorabilia which needs to introduce a new e-business system. The paper is divided into 5 sections looking at different elements of the implementation. The first section considers the requirements and constraints for the system; the second section looks at issues concerning implementation, including resources and timing of the implementation. The third section looks at how leadership should be undertaken. The forth section discusses the way the change should be managed by looking at potential barriers and the use of communication. The last section looks at the value and potential use of mentoring and coaching for the implementation. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Criminal Behavior and Criminology Theory

    An 8 page overview of the relationship of environment, genetics, and psychology in predicting the propensity of criminal behavior. Some theories contend that it is an individual’s genetic makeup which translates into crime, others that it is the presence of a psychological illness. Researchers agree, however, that criminal behavior most often results from a conflict between societal and individual values. While some of the root causes of these conflicts are indeed genetic or psychological, others can be culturally based, some may differ even between families. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Erik Erikson: Biography and Theory

    20 pages in length. Erik Homberger Erikson, born near Frankfort, Germany in 1902, was the son of Danish parents whose collective aspirations amounted to a tremendous impact upon better understanding human behavior. The foundation of Erikson's prolific influence upon mankind's developmental activities began in an unconventional manner by virtue of art and language courses when one might readily expect him to be immersed within the bounty of science studies more indicative of his ultimate contributions. His distaste for conventional education compelled him to glean a more worldly instruction as only life experiences can provide; as such, he eschewed formal schooling and went to Europe. Erikson's intersection with psychology arrived when he began as an art instructor for American children whose parents traveled to obtain Freud's enlightenment in Vienna. From there he attended the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute, which led the way for his entrance into America and ultimate status as the first child analyst of Boston; a position at Harvard Medical School soon followed with others at Berkeley, Yale and the Menninger Foundation. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Comparing Psychological Theories of Gestalt and Adler

    This 10 page paper discusses, compares and contrasts the Adlerian psychology to Gestalt psychology and the therapies which grew out of these philosophies. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Ego and Self Psychology

    This 9 page paper compares and contrasts two different psychological schools of thought: self psychology and ego psychology. This paper integrates the views of Freud, Kohut and Hartmann and relates their perspectives to psychopathology, specifically the issue of narcissism.

  • Criminal Theory and Crime's Psychological Correlates

    A 4 page overview of the contemporary views on criminal psychology. This paper distinguishes between psychology which is used in the therapeutic treatment of criminals and that used to demonstrate guilt or innocence in a court of law. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Adolescents and Cognitive Behavior Theory

    20 pages in length. Psychology as a discipline has come to be an essential element in the overall aspect of human life. Without its influential element, myriad individuals would not be able to properly function within their world. The practice of psychology has proven to be more than merely a treatment for the affluent or the crazy; rather, it has been embraced by mainstream society as a means by which people are able to work out various psychological situations. No longer is such treatment considered taboo in a world where mental imbalance is quite prevalent. An example of such mainstream approaches is that of cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescents, illustrating how powerful one's thought process truly is with regard to one's overall mental and physical health. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • U.S. Foreign Educated Nurse Licensing

    This 23 page paper discusses the licensing process for foreign-educated nurses in America. The essay begins with an introduction that reports the nursing shortage, the practice of importing foreign-trained nurses in developed countries and the ratio of nurses to population in several countries. The next section reports the licensing process for nurses who are trained in the U.S., which is followed by the process for licensing foreign-trained nurses, including the CGFNS program and the NCLEX examination. The contents and process of the exams are discussed. The author then discusses other challenges for the foreign-educated nurse, such as the sometimes vastly different communication process. The last section is recommendations to help foreign-educated nurses become more successful. The writer also discusses negative impact importing nurses has on global health and the need to resolve the real problem. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Nursing Case Management: A Power Point

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of a powerpoint presentation on a nursing case management article on diabetes control. This paper outlines the PPT presentation and a correspoinding presentation is provided with speaker notes. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Jean Watson's Theory Of Human Caring & Personal Reflection

    A 14 page paper. This essay is an expansion of PGwtsnr.RTF. The last pages of this essay reports a case study, demonstrating which of Watson's clinical caritas processes are applied during the interaction between nurse and patient. It also includes the writer's reflection on the processes and what the nurse must do to continue to follow Watson's model. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Imogene King: Theory Of Goal Attainment

    6 pages in length. An individual's physical and/or emotional recovery is not left to happenstance or the sole responsibility of nurse practitioners; rather, convalescence comes from the proactive efforts of both patient and caregiver, a synergistic interchange that thrives because of equal output. Imogene King fully appreciated the value of patient involvement with regard to healing process and shared this vision through her theory of goal attainment. The extent to which personal goal setting empowers the patient to reach individual milestones of progress is both grand and far-reaching; to remove or withhold this internal power because of political or economic issues only serves to delay the healing process when the patient loses the ability to proactively target specific recovery goals. The impact such a concept as King's has made upon the nursing profession illustrates how the industry as a whole believes patients oftentimes have a greater influence over their journey back to health than anyone else does; additionally, King's perspective was instrumental in facilitating theoretical approaches overall. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nursing Theory and the Importance of Domestic Violence Screening and Intervention

    A 7 page discussion of the issues presented by domestic violence. The author contends that increased screening for domestic and partner violence is imperative if this problem is to be effectively addressed. Consequently, there is a need for increasing nurses' awareness of the problem. The problem that must be overcome, however, is the medical profession's tendency to not look beyond the obvious, a potentially fatal flaw when it comes to domestic violence. This flaw can be overcome, however, through a reemphasis of the on the deliberative process. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Management Theory According to Taylor and Fayol

    This 5 page paper looks at early management theorists Fayol and Taylor and compares and contrasts the two paradigms to emanate from their work. Taylor's scientific management is highlighted. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Advertising and Marketing in Health Care

    An 18 page paper discussing the growing acceptance of marketing and advertising within the health care industry. There are three ways that health systems can build their bottom lines. One is by raising rates, which has been resisted and condemned by nearly every aspect of health care. Another is to cut costs. Cost-cutting efforts have been in place for years, to the extent that employee morale has been decimated in many organizations and patient care has been known to suffer. The final method of increasing the bottom line is to build volume, which health care systems are actively embracing as average marketing expenditures have risen by nearly $500,000 annually in a single decade. The paper discusses current marketing issues, marketing communications and advertising, decision-making techniques and considerations in developing marketing plans. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Theory and Nursing Management

    A 4 page paper discussing longevity of systems dependent on information processing. The statement of debate is that the more energy devoted to information processing within a system, the more likely it is that the system will survive. The paper agrees with the statement, but cautions against allowing the law of diminishing returns from becoming applicable. Additional information processing is valuable only to a point, after which the system can be seen as existing to be served rather than as being a tool in patient care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • HRM and Staffing

    11 pages in length. Staffing a company with competent, thorough and self-motivating people is a constant struggle for contemporary Human Resources departments; finding qualified employees who are not only knowledgeable but also personable and of the teamwork mindset is almost as difficult as finding that proverbial needle in a haystack. Today's work ethic is severely compromised compared with fifty years ago when doing a good job was as much of a satisfaction as earning a week's pay. People actually took pride in their work and would not consider giving less than one hundred percent effort. The contemporary workforce, however, is filled with self-absorbed individuals who approach a job with the attitude of "What's in it for me?," leaving HR departments frustrated with the lack of fortitude in today's workforce. However, there are ways to address a situation where perhaps the most perfect candidate has not filled the position, enabling HR managers to mold and guide their staff with communication, solid leadership and an interactive environment to the point where a cohesive alliance is developed. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Paranoid Schizophrenia

    A 9 page research paper that discusses this topic. Nursing care management of patients with paranoid schizophrenia entails numerous challenges. The following overview of the nursing parameters for addressing the challenges involves in formulating care for schizophrenic patients, first of all, discuss the nursing process and then focuses on the importance of communication to establishing a therapeutic nurse-client relationship. The next section describes client behavior in relation to schizophrenia, i.e., its signs and symptoms, before concluding with a brief discussion of the roles of the nurse in regards to patients with schizophrenia in terms of the nurse as the provider of care, manager of care and as a member of the profession of nursing. This paper also includes a restatement of this abstract. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Social Psychology and Application of Aggression Theories

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the issue of aggression in youth populations and the psychological and social indicators. In school-aged populations, the issue of aggression and the presence of behavior disorders presents considerable problems for educators and parents, who struggle with the displays of physical aggression and the behavioral developments that extend from manifestations of aggression. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • What Caused the January 2000 Crash of Alaska Airlines' Flight 261?

    An 11 page overview of the circumstances leading up to the January 2000 crash of this McDonnell Douglas MD-83 aircraft into the Pacific Ocean approximately eleven miles offshore of Port Hueneme. The author of this paper raises a number of questions such as how faulty manufacturing processes may have been at play as well as how inferior were Alaska Air’s maintenance procedures. One question of particular interest is why ground maintenance personnel were troubleshooting the aircraft in flight with passengers on board. The conclusion is reached that the causes of this crash were multifaceted and included not only inferior parts but also inferior maintenance practices and questionable decisions attributable in part to communications with ground crews. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • JKA Case Study

    This 8 page paper answers questions based on a case study provided by the student. JKA is a commercial programming consultancy firm that has expanded into other areas including dispute resolution. The case answers questions concerning the marketing of the company; how brandy should take place and the value of CRM, management of the company; the organisation and communication within the company, and accounting; the impact of opening an office in Dubai on the ratio analysis and cash-flow statements. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Change Theory and Shortages in Nursing

    A 10 page research paper that investigates the nursing shortage, with a particular focus on Canada. Influencing positive social change is one of the most problematic areas of public policy making. Currently, the healthcare systems of all the industrialized countries are facing the impact of a severe nursing shortage that is predicted by many experts to get worse over the coming decades. Policymakers and nursing leaders are struggling to change their systems and public perception of nursing in order to drawn new people to the profession, educate them, certify them and deploy them in sufficient numbers to meet the needs of aging populations. The question facing policymakers is how to negotiate the process of change in a manner that will best rectify the nursing shortage. This examination of literature examines how change theory can inform and direct the morass of issues to be considered in addressing this problem. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Analysis of Sr. Callister Roy's Adaptation Model Theory

    9 pages in length. Understanding the evolution of Sr. Callister Roy's adaptation model and how the essential concepts of the model were developed is prerequisite to identifying the inherent differences that exist between and among all other models. Roy's model, defined as "the process and outcome whereby the thinking and feeling person uses conscious awareness and choice to create human and environmental integration" (Carey, 2003), reflects the relationship that exists between environmental integration and nursing care, which has much to do with the manner by which the nurse holds accountability for the patient's health over and above any accepted standards. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Early Europe, Scientific Theory Development, and Counterfactual History

    An 11 page exploration of the way society repressed scientific fact in Europe, between 1000 A.D and 1800 A.D. The toll this repression took was a delay in the development of muchmore advanced knowledge. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • American Hotel Industry Changes

    A 21 page research paper that is divided into two distinct parts: Part 1 discusses a history of American Labor Law and Part 2 discusses the Changes in the Labor Market. An overview of the major labor laws that would be applicable to the hotel and hospitality industry is provided beginning with the Fair Labor Standards Act and going through the Electronic Communications Privacy Act. The most often filed complaints in the hotel industry are those related to sex discrimination and sexual harassment. There have also been legal problems with the child labor laws. The second part includes, among other topics, the median ages in specific job categories, current employment and expected changes by 2008, changing labor market, and how to hire and retain good employees in the hotel industry. Significant amount of data included. 4 tables included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Comparing and Applying Theories of Criminology

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • ICT School Strategies Development

    This 37 page paper examines the way in which strategies should be formulated for teaching information and communication technology ICT, or information technology (IT) on schools so that all students can leave with good IT skills. The paper is written with a full table of contents (not included in the page count), includes the research rationale and keys aims. An in-depth literature review is conducted, studying the different barriers that exist and the different approaches which may be used for curriculum design. The paper then presents some primary research (fictitious) to demonstrate how this can be presented and then tied in with the literature review. The paper needs with recommendations of future ICT teaching strategies. The paper focuses on UK secondary schools (years 7 – 13), but would be applicable to other countries and other areas of education. The bibliography cites 34 sources.

  • An Examination of the Developmental Psychology of Piaget

    This 7 page paper focuses on Piaget but also looks at other schools of thought in psychology. The stages provided by this well known theorist are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Major Psychological Theories

    4 pages in length. The manner by which a human being's mind operates, why people behave in certain ways, how their thoughts and perceptions are generated, and what situations trigger changes in mental clarity or capacity is the core focus of psychology. The challenge of whether or not this branch of science is actually scientific at all has been a long-standing debate with those who contend there is too much interpretation applied for psychology to truly be considered empirical. However, some of the field's major theories have formed the foundation of man gaining a greater understanding of his mind, its power and vulnerabilities. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Comfort Theory and Kolcaba

    For centuries, the depiction of a nurse in art is one of a person professionally dressed, but offering something of herself. That nurse is offering comfort, something decidedly outside of medical patient care, something beyond the auspices of physician and related solely to the nurse professional. “Comfort” is the idealized vision each person holds within himself when thinking of a nurse, whether it is reality. This personalized concept comes from a patient who is his most vulnerable when sick and in a hospital bed. 19 references. jvKolcab.rtf

  • Technology and Learning Systems

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of a review of literature on learning systems, motivation and adult learning, including a section on the use of technology, for informing instructional strategies for library specialists. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Media Law and People v. Larry Flynt Film

    (5 pp) "If the First Amendment will protect a scumbag like me, then it will protect all of you. Because I'm the worst." Shocking? Perverted? Or - just the every day words of porno king and owner, of Hustler Magazine, Larry Flynt? Are we to believe that the "worst" has brought new meaning to the "First?" Bibliography lists two sources.

  • 1820s' Appalachia Laws

    9 pages in length. The presence of law intends to create a more civilized society, one in which citizens can expect social enlightenment to guide their every action. While this may represent the concept of law, it only does so in theory due to the extraordinarily interpretive nature of judicial procedure, a reality that evaporates any semblance of equity to the notion of law. Applying this sentiment to Appalachian laws at the turn of the nineteenth century finds the separation of social classes to be one of the most incriminating elements of fair proceedings; inasmuch as the Celts and the English stood at odds over myriad societal issues, one of the most apparent was that of applying the law in whatever form necessary. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Plato's The Laws Summarized and Analyzed

    This is a 10 page paper summarizing and analyzing Plato’s “The Laws” on a chapter by chapter basis. Philosopher and educator Plato (427-347 B.C.E.) wrote extensively in general philosophy which he believed was the basis for the theory of education and political thought. Plato was greatly influenced by the philosophies of Socrates and in addition was critical about Athenian public life “which he presented as dominated by the rhetorical and poetical uses of language in the formation of policies and attitudes”. “The Laws” (360 B.C.E.) was Plato’s last and most extensive work and it reaffirms many of his arguments from previous works in regards to the practical politics of running a Republic. The central speaker is an “Athenian stranger” who gives “advice on the constitution of a proposed new city”. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History, Human Nature, and Psychology

    This is a 5 page paper discussing psychology and human nature over history. The development of psychology and the study of human nature evolved over two thousand years of philosophical theory. During the period of enlightenment scientific thought was beginning to be examined toward the field of the human mind in what was later termed the field of psychology. David Hume in the 1700s and his studies into human nature as a combination of sentimentalism and intellectualism were later revisited and refined by James and Wendt in the 1800s and discussed in relation to human will and conscious thought over actions by Dewey in the 1900s. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Color Photography History

    (9pp) Ever since the advent of the daguerreotype and the calotype in 1839, photographers began to search for a way to reproduce their subject matter in color. Indeed, color photographs became available practically as soon as photography itself. But these early attempts at color photography were nothing more than hand tinted black & white photographs of the area. Color theory was still relatively primitive at this time, and the photographic materials available were blind to almost half of the visible spectrum Almost a hundred years would pass, before the necessary film is available to the public. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Feminism of the Sixties and Nursing

    A 5 page examination of the manner in which nursing changed at the impetus of the feminist movement of the 1960s. Previously relegated to primarily a subservient role in the health care environment and restricted solely to the hospital or doctor’s office, nurses took their lead from the feminist movement to remold their view of themselves as competent professionals. No longer simply puppets of those who had previously held the power and prestige in health care, nurses banded together to make a difference both in the political aspects of healthcare and in nursing theory. Consequently, this time in nursing history was one of the most productive in terms of the degree to which nurses would add to healthcare practice.

  • New HRM Strategy for CCDC

    This 13 page paper is a case study based on a scenario supplied by the student. CCDC is a construction firm in the Middle East, which is looking for ways of improving their HRM strategy. The report looks at the issues facing the firm and identifies suitable strategies including adopting a policy of creating employee engagement and increasing training and development. The report looks at how and why the strategies should be adopted supported by the underlying theory, and the ways in which they will compliment existing policies. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Flame Electrical; Inventory Management Case Study

    This 10 page paper is based on case studies applied by the student. The right answers questions regarding Flame Electrical; the company that wholesales lamps to retailers across 14 countries. The first issue discussed concerns the potential performance objectives of the company in terms of quality, speed, dependability, flexibility and cost. The way in which the company determined the amounts to be ordered is examined and the way this differs from economic quantity order theory is outlined. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Literature Review on Empowerment and Leadership

    21 pages in length. To define the concept of leadership is like trying to describe the myriad shades of white available in a painter's palette: There are so many similar yet unique components to this color that there can be no singular description. Instead, leadership is comprised of a vast and expansive cornucopia of adjectives and edicts and theories that serve to outline the way in which to be effective in a management position. While book knowledge is the foundation of most learning curves, application is something quite different, especially when it comes to possessing leadership qualities; providing a list of characteristics outlining an effective leader is one thing, however, to actually have someone successfully put them to use – as well as incorporate innate abilities to manage that often cannot be taught – is the true challenge. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Bottge's ' Reconceptualizing Mathematics Problem Solving For Low Achieving Students' - Summary

    3 pages in length. Learning theories are not merely a collection of arbitrary approaches for acquiring knowledge but rather are well-focused methods for reaching students. People cannot be lumped together as being a single entity when it comes to learning processes; borrowing from such renown scholars as Dewey, Wertheimer and Bruner, Bottge (2001) points out how 'the notion that problems must be engaging for students' (p. 102) is not a new concept. In order to penetrate the limitations inherent to low achieving students where mathematical comprehension is concerned, Bottge (2001) expounds upon the need to incorporate student autonomy and quality of life into the fundamental approach to learning. No additional sources cited.

  • ICU Nursing Ratio Restructuring and Change Management

    A 4 page paper evaluating the possibility of restructuring the ICU to gain one-on-one nursing, using Lewin’s change theory. All health care costs continue to increase despite managed care, regulatory insurer and individual efforts to halt the spiral. The ongoing nursing shortage has meant for ICUs that they may have fewer RNs available to them and that recruiting and retention has become more costly over the past several years. Though costs are of significant importance to ICUs, quality of care remains of central focus. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Singapore Management Style

    A 15 page paper assessing Singapore’s readiness for participative management. This paper reviews views of business in terms of Asian culture and Singapore’s unique position to determine whether participative management is appropriate in Singapore. It concludes that not only is it appropriate, it also is very much in practice. The paper discusses management theory, management history, Singapore’s great progress over the past 40 years and gives examples of two leading Singapore companies already using business models most conducive to participatory management. One (SembCorp) has even adopted the philosophies of GE’s Jack Welch. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Performance of Teams and Project Management

    A 9 page paper. Projects fail more often then they succeed, which is why it is so important for the project manager to know how to establish a team and how to influence their performance. Project managers face any number of challenges, such as the cross-functional matrix team and the geographically-dispersed team. This essay discusses what is needed for projects to succeed, the skills and knowledge the manager needs to have, the most effective techniques to overcome the 'authority gap' and the strongest influencers to motivate team members. The essay also comments on the group and team development process and on motivation theories. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Human Resource Management Changes

    A 29 page paper that responds to the question of whether or not human resource management has changed over the years or does it just appear to have changed? To respond to the question, this essay provides a historical overview of the evolution of personnel administration in the 1920s to strategic human resource management today. Strategic human resource management is then described and explained. The essay then addresses human resource development and the complexity of HRM. Employee motivation is discussed, including theories of equity, expectation and justice. The writer also comments on incentives and rewards as motivational processes. The writer reports the need for a human resource measurement framework and the activities that need to be measured. Bibliography lists 31 sources.

  • Pythagorean Theorem and its History

    5 pages. An interesting research paper on the background of the Pythagorean Theorem that is used in algebra and geometry. Details the history of the theorem. This is actually a fascinating history and one that is not often discussed in the classroom. The Pythagorean Theorem was founded by a cult that actually worshipped numbers and felt that everything in the Universe was number-related. A very interesting history for a well-known math theory to say the least! Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Stakeholders and School Leadership

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the topic of school leadership and what research tells stakeholders about this topic. Leadership research and literature pertaining to school environments shows that educational leadership is a factor that is significant to the role of all stakeholders, not simply that of formal administrators, such as principals (Wallin, 2003). Successful school leaders require a complex blend of "knowledge, skill, theory, disposition and values" in order to achieve and sustain students learning goals (Halverson, 2004, p. 90). Literature on this topic shows that administrators, teachers, parents and even students must all contribute to the leadership equation for a school to enjoy success (Wallin, 2003). Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hitchcock/Psycho & Shadow of a Doubt

    An 11 page research paper/essay that discusses these two films. Director Alfred Hitchcock’s film “Psycho” (1960) is generally acknowledged to be a masterpiece of the cinematic art. Interestingly, however, Hitchcock frequently stated that his personal favorite among his many films was “Shadow of a Doubt” (1943), in which a “debonair murderer of widows,” played by Joseph Cotton, has formulated a complete nihilistic theory of existence prior to settling in the little town of Santa Rosa, California (Denby 26). This examination of these two films demonstrates how Hitchcock’s legendary skill at manipulating and misdirecting his audience can be seen in the earlier film, as well as how this factor has matured and grown in subtlety and nuance by the time that “Psycho” was produced. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Master of Liberal Arts' Program Letter of Educational Intent

    A 4 page letter of intent to be used for admission into a Master’s of Liberal Arts program. The student’s area of undergraduate study was economics; s/he now seeks to study Modern Political Theory; Issues in Contemporary Theology; Globalization and Identity; Americans and a Sense of Place; Religion in America; and The Catholic Vision within an economics context. Combining these areas of study on a foundation of economics has the power to provide valuable insight in this age of globalization. Sustainability and corporate social responsibility are not new concepts, but they are only now receiving systematic, concerted attention. All of the topics included here have value in that area of study. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Chapter 13 of Exodus and an Exegesis of Lines 1 through 22

    A 12 page research paper that offers an exegetical examination of Exodus 13:1-22. These verses concern how God led the Jewish slaves out of Egypt and across the wilderness. This exegetical examination of these verses, first of all, looks at meaning of each verse and how it fits into the Christian theology of today. Then, other exegetical topics are explored, such as theories as to the possible authorship of these verses, as well as how these verses relate to modern day Christian life. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Applying Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs In Business

    A 5 page paper discussing application of Abraham Maslow's humanistic psychology to the needs of business. Maslow's theories may be overstated in the belief that people are intrinsically good and intrinsically motivated to improve themselves and their stations, but they have been found to be overwhelmingly useful in organizational management and employee motivation enhancement. Successful application in business depends on moving from one level to the next, however. As Maslow states, the qualities of any level cease to be motivational once the individual achieves and sustains that level. Includes one chart. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Theory and Self Agency

    A 5 page research paper. One of the basic principles of nursing is that intervention should aid the client/patient in obtaining the goal of self-agency or self-care. Nurses, in other words, do not seek simply to aid patients during a period of illness or injury, but to help them in reestablishing their ability to care for themselves and thereby resume their normal lives. This examination of this patient concern looks at the goal of self-agency from the perspective offered by three different nursing theoretical models, that of Orem, King and Rogers. This discussion will illustrate some of the numerous benefits that can be gained from employing nursing theory (or models) in considering patient concerns. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Overview of Nurse Mentors

    A 7 page paper discussing how mentoring and networking can enable nurses to achieve desired career paths. Mentoring and networking are two important aspects of nursing in today’s healthcare environment. Older nurses have opportunity to share practical knowledge with new nurses; new ones can pass on the concepts of theory-based nursing they have just been studying. Nursing has been able to reduce the need to focus on technical ability in its selection processes, allowing it to focus more on personality and “team spirit.” Mentoring and networking develops points of verification of the nurse’s possession of those qualities, thereby enhancing individuals’ abilities to achieve the career paths they desire. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing History and Theorists

    8 pages in length. One's view of nursing as a discipline and approach to nursing practice is influenced by a particular theoretical/conceptual model. While all nursing models have elements in common, each model proposes a slightly different manner by which to view the essential nursing concepts and various approaches to nursing. Understanding the evolution of a model and how the essential concepts of the model were developed is prerequisite to identifying the inherent differences between models. Ultimately, one chooses a nursing model based upon and compatible with one's own beliefs, values and nursing practice. The writer discusses the theories of Virginia Henderson, Hildgard Peplau, Dorothea Orem, Sr. Callister Roy, Martha E. Rogers and Jean Watson. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Improving Pediatric Care in the ED

    A 3 page research paper that discusses using Patricia Benner's novice to expert nursing theory within the context of a hospital Emergency Department (ED), which is one of the most stressful nursing environments and one that is particularly traumatic for children needing emergency care. In response to the need to recruit and retain ED nurses, while providing a high level of nursing care, the ED clinical educator at Poudre Valley Hospital located in Fort Collins, Colorado, devised a six-month orientation program that uses Benner's model as its theoretical framework in order to aid "new graduate nurses" and "promote clinical competency in emergency nursing," while enhancing professional socialization (Truman, 2004, p. 45). The writer discusses this program. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 3 Sociological Views on the Shortage of Nurses

    5 pages in length. The nursing industry of years gone by saw beyond society's brusque and compassionless approach to medicine by providing humanistic care beyond the traditional way. The lack of humanistic care made glaringly apparent by the medical community's unemotional arms-length attitude was precisely what nurses like Florence Nightingale sought to correct, believing that a world without the ability to touch – along with treating the disease – is not a world where actual healing occurs. Under her wing, Nightingale took care of the soldiers while at the same time training other women to "nurse" them back to health. Indeed, one can readily contend that her efforts as a means to humanize the medical industry have often struggled to continue in contemporary practice. Examining today's nursing shortage finds several sociological perspectives under consideration as they relate to Nightingale's original approach, with the tenets of conflict theory, functional analysis and symbolic interactionism employed as a means by which to seek out a more humane and holistic approach to medicine. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nursing and Employment Satisfaction

    An 8 page paper addressing the problem of stress and job satisfaction in the nursing profession. The paper includes a literature review and a proposed intervention that ultimately is taken over by the nurses themselves. A facilitator initiates the intervention and conducts a two-hour training overview, but then the nurses themselves meet later to discuss those issues important to them at the time. Underlying theory is that of the Neuman Systems Model, except in this case it is the nurse being focused on, rather than the patient. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Values and Professionalism in Nursing

    A 5 page paper discussing development, preservation and advancement of nursing as a profession. Much of the focus of development of nursing over the past century has been on professionalism that has been based on theory and practice, while education, licensing and standards of care have addressed technical expertise requirements. Though true for any profession, that of nursing is not for everyone. Nursing requires a particular type of commitment and level of caring, which the paper discusses. JCAHO is seen as contributing to the overall trend. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Depth Psychology/Early Childhood Educational Setting

    A 6 page research paper that discusses this topic. The term "depth psychology" is rather like an umbrella term that encompasses psychological perspectives that "concern themselves with the unconscious" (Reynolds and Piirto, 2005, p. 164). The purpose of this examination of depth psychology is to discuss how a depth psychology, in this case the psychological theory of Carl Jung, can be integrated into the context of working with young children within a school setting. However, before this topic can be approached directly, it is first necessary discuss the parameters of depth psychology and the concepts that it encompasses. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Biopsychology

    4 pages in length. Biopsychology - also known as physiological psychology, behavioral neuroscience and psychobiology - is a branch that studies the relationship between brain and behavior. Considered the union of conventional psychology and neuroscience (Garrett, 2009), biopsychology examines how and why behavioral patterns occur due to activity in the brain. A pioneer in field who brought to light the connection through his 1949 book The Organization of Behavior, Canadian psychologist Donald O. Hebb established the first comprehensive theory the brain's capacity for instigating various and complex psychological behavior. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Learning Disabled Students and Mathematics

    5 pages. This article critique provides a guide to use that will include several important points. One of these is that there is a clear specification of the problem under investigation as well as the background of the problem. The significance of the study is discussed as well as the potential contribution to educational theory. The research and practice that is necessary for this study and finally, the hypothesis and data collection procedures are critiqued. Major strengths and weaknesses of the research are also pointed out. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Wellness & Nutrition for Healthy Aging

    A 7 page research paper that contains a brief abstract and addresses the nutritional needs of the elderly. The writer examines literature pertaining to the crucial role that nutrition plays in regards to obtaining the goal of healthy aging in populations of older adults. Using a theoretical framework provide by the nursing theory of Joyce Fitzpatrick, this examination and synthesis of relevant literature specifically addresses how nutrition impacts wellness and the implications of this information relative to nursing practice. Sections of this paper are identical to khwelnut.rtf, but this paper focuses on the needs of older adults, while khwelnut.rtf addresses nutritional needs across in both older adults and children. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Workplace Absenteeism Management

    This 38 page paper considers the problem of absenteeism in the workplace. The writer considers the problems both theoretically with references to motivational theory such as Taylor and scientific management, and the humanist school of thought including Mayo and the Hawthorne studies, Ruskin and Maslow. The paper focuses on the UK and begins by considering if there really is a problem, using statistics to analyse the extent of cost and inconvenience absenteeism costs. The paper then examines why this may occur, how it can be controlled and cost minimised along some practical solutions, including real life examples, of how the problem of absenteeism has been successfully tackled. The bibliography cites 29 sources.

  • Personality Development/Albert Einstein

    A 5 page research paper that examines Einstein's life and genius. Albert Einstein is "the icon of scientific genius," one of the "most recognizable faces in the history of mankind," and certainly the most influential scientists of the twentieth century (Khoon, 2007, p. 9). This examination of Einstein's life discusses his biography in terms of developmental psychology and the possible influences that may have shaped his genius for math and creative insight. The two personality development theories utilized for this purpose are those of Erik Erikson and Karen Horney. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gases and Physics Laws

    An 8 page paper discussing some of the laws of physics that apply specifically to gases. One of the three states of matter, gases share many similarities with liquids in that they are free-flowing and can be compressed. However, gases have much lower density and so are subject to laws not applicable to liquids. The paper discusses contributors to the ideal gas law and the kinetic theory of gases. There are many other contributors to today’s existing laws of physics as they apply to gases, including Bernoulli, John Dalton, Michael Farady and Thomas Graham, to name only a few. Today’s laws truly have evolved over the course of centuries, rather than decades. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Human Resource Management and the Case of AXEON

    This 10 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. The paper is written in two parts, the first part considers the way in which different models of education may be seen with in the case study, looking at the theories of Maslow, Hertzberg and McGregor. The second part of the paper discusses the potential human resource management strategy which is in place, looking at the way in which the HRM practices manifest within the organization, what this may mean for the strategy of the human resource management taking place. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Voltaire's Candide and Literature of the Enlightenment

    A 4 page essay that discusses how Voltaire's Candide exemplifies the Enlightenment. Burns (1969) asserts that Voltaire "epitomized the eighteenth century period known as the Enlightenment in a manner similar to the way that "Luther epitomized the Reformation or Leonardo da Vinci did the Italian Renaissance" (Burns, 1969, p. 571). It was Voltaire who popularized the scientific and political theories of John Locke and Isaac Newton, as he promoted the Enlightenment perspective that the natural world can be understood via the use of reason. Voltaire's Candide (1759) is representative of his Enlightenment philosophy and shows the extent to which this philosophy differed radically from what came before it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Boston Museum of Fine Arts' Oceania

    ( 5 pp.) The challenge presented to us in this discussion is twofold: first to be an "art critic" from the period when the art was first exhibited, assuming that it had just been completed by the artist; the second is to take a negative stance to the work that I have just seen. The theories that correspondingly present themselves from this type of construction is to realize that any type of artwork may be perceived differently from the time it is first made until later perceptions in its history. Obviously the work has not changed, but the attitudes towards if may have. The second idea is that in order to talk about something in a negative way, I will in fact have to know something about it first in a positive way. 4 visuals

  • Advanced Practice Nursing Care and Ida Jean Orlando's Theory

    This 12 page paper relates the basic components of Orlando's views. Ida Jean Orlando’s Deliberate Process of Nursing is what has been deemed one of the “interpersonal process theories” that focuses the relationship between the nurse and the patient. In the labor and delivery unit, advanced practice nurses often take an active role in the process of care, recognizing first that patients can participate in the process and work to meet their own needs. This paper also relates some other views, including those of Dorothea Orem. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Cordery's "Another Case Of The Emperor's New Clothes"

    5 pages in length. Is organizational teamwork as beneficial to production and the overall bottom line as theorists declare them to be? John Cordery responds to this inquiry with a mixture of personal and realistic contention in his article entitled "Another Case of the Emperors New Clothes" published by a 2004 issue of the Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. While the author does indeed hit upon a few issues that leave management theorists hard-pressed to support the holistic value of teamwork within the organizational venue, Cordery (2004) also offers up some interesting perspectives whereby readers ponder which, if any, past organizational theories have ever embraced the fundamental principles necessary for empowering and motivating workers to perform at their most efficient level. No additional sources cited.

  • Therapeutic Relationship Between Nurse and Client

    A 4 page research paper that investigates the nurse/client therapeutic relationship in mental health nursing with illustrations of Peplau's theory as dramatized in the film Good Will Hunting. The therapeutic nurse/client relationship stands at the core of mental health nursing. Through the establishment of this relationship, nurses are ideally suited as therapists to lead clients toward accomplishing mental health goals. Examination of the parameters of this relationship demonstrates how, ideally, it should be established following the parameters established by nursing theorist Hildegard Peplau and by psychologist Carl Rogers. The phases of the relationship, as outlined by Peplau, are dramatized in the film Good Will Hunting (1997) and examination of this film provides a venue for elaborating on nursing principles. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of the Theories of Austrian Psychiatrist Viktor Frankl

    A 5 page paper discussing the Austrian's view that involvement with others and work contribute to creating a meaning for life, without which individuals cannot live full lives or face problems that appear to be insurmountable. Frankl assigned love a primary role in supplying the meaning of life that is all-important for the outlook that individuals maintain. Six survivors of the Holocaust assessed Frankl's theories, and found that 'love was important but so were other factors' (p. 1075). Psychology routinely attempts to downplay the powerful effects of love, but Viktor Frankl took the opposing view. He was certain that we need it for our own well being. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Nature Of Visual Perception

    11 pages in length. People may have eyes with which to see, however, the manner by which they actually visualize is comprised of significantly more than merely gazing at an image. Human visual perception encompasses myriad components that, when working synergistically, create visual awareness. Some of these aspects are strictly physiological in composition (black/white, color, object/motion/depth/multimodal perception, achromatopsia, Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome, color blindness) while others are theoretical in nature (unconscious inference, Gestalt theory, ecological psychology), all of which allows man to visually perceive his world from a diverse perspective. The extent to which visual perception reflects even the most subtle nuances of many disciplines is both grand and far-reaching; that 'seeing' something equates with embracing its imagery through so many variations speaks to the greater complexities of visual perception than most people realize. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Neuman Systems Model

    A 12 page research paper that examines this model. Nursing theorist Betty Neuman’s Systems Model Theory is one of the most widely utilized model of nursing being used today. This critique of Neuman’s model draws on literature in order to offer an extensive overview of its theoretical structure and its subsequent utility in regards to nursing practice, education, research and administration. This evaluation will also consider pluralism, ethical considerations and gender bias, as well as strengths and weaknesses, when discussing Neuman’s model in regards to achieving nursing goals. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Sane Positivist A Biography of Edward L. Thorndike by Geraldine Joncich

    8 pages in length. Edward Lee Thorndike applied his vast knowledge to several areas of psychology, including learning theory, applied psychology and mental measurement. His primary influence was William James; in turn, his lifetime achievements proved to influence the likes of B.F. Skinner and John B. Watson. Thorndike's accomplishments, which were fundamentally based in animal psychology, are readily chronicled in Geraldine Joncich's "The Sane Positivist: A Biography Of Edward L. Thorndike." Joncich covers every aspect of Thorndike's life and career as it relates to the field of psychology, effectively supplying the reader with the opportunity to gain a much more comprehensive perspective of this scientifically influential man. No additional sources cited.

  • Nursing Application Degree Essay

    A 3 page nursing degree program essay. The essay stresses motivation and dedication as strengths, and lack of knowledge of nursing theory and the means of putting it into practice as weaknesses. The applicant states, “I seek to augment the knowledge and experience I already possess with learning on levels I have not visited before. Additional training and education can enable me to further contribute to the nursing profession and benefit patients, and I am eager for the opportunity to gain that knowledge and training.” Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Justice Concept

    An 8 page paper. Defining justice is a difficult task, at best. It means different things based on one's perspective. It also means different things in different settings. The origin of the concept of justice is one of the topics in this paper and it is traced back to Cephalus. Ancient theories regarding justice through Plato are then discussed. The writer also discusses the concept of social justice as found in the Bible. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Consumer Culture and British Fashion Magazine Influence

    This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of British fashion magazines on the British consumer society and their influences throughout history up and including the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. While researching the development of British fashion magazines within the last century, magazines such as Vogue, Elle and InStyle, initially showed that the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, British fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. A recent study of focus groups’ opinions of images found in Vogue magazine found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Nevertheless, the continued popularity of fashion magazines and their continued focus on the Western and/or American entertainment industries as a source for fashion is considered as a reflection of societal cues and consumer behavior. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • Nursing Profession and Teamwork

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the change in teamwork in the nursing profession. Teamwork within the nursing profession has changed a great deal within the last fifty years. Team nursing was a common structure in patient health care but took many of the registered nurses (RNs) away from patient care and into administrative work leading to job dissatisfaction in nurses and leaving lesser skilled workers such as licenced practical nurses (LPNs) and aides with patient care. When primary care nursing was introduced, RNs were once again in charge of patient care but were left with little administrative representation until the introduction of nursing executives which allowed for nurses to become active members on the administrative teams. Today, patient-focused health care requires multidisciplinary teams which include not only physicians, nurses and aides but also physical therapists, occupational therapists and the patient in regards to decision making about patient care. The nurse has become a vital member of the patient-focused team because the nurse becomes the team leader and liaison between the patient and the rest of the team based on the nurse’ high level of contact with the patient. This allows the nurse to not only utilize health care skills learned through his or her education but also increases the area of responsibility to include important aspects of communication necessary in a successful team environment. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Cinematic Structure and Coding of the Film Gone with the Wind

    This is an 11 page paper discussing the use of structure and code in film. Structuralism and semiotics and their use of codes and cues to define the underlying structures in society were first theories applied to the social sciences and then to the world of narrative literature. Marx and Freud further used semiotics to demonstrate how codes can be used effectively to psychologically affect those within society. Using this premise, during the early days of feature films semiotics were used to analyze the underlying structures of films. A good example of cinematic coding is used in the classic film “Gone with the Wind” made in 1939. The film uses coding on two different levels to define the structures within society. Firstly, the film uses references and themes relevant to the era of the Civil War depicted in the film. Secondly, and probably more importantly, the film uses coding to define the structure of society during the 1930s when the film was made. Specific contrasts of bad and good, black and white, pure and scandalous, affluence and poverty are portrayed using visual, narrative and auditory codes. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • In Praise of Wolves by R.D. Lawrence Reviewed

    This is a 3 page review of R.D. Lawrence’s “In Praise of Wolves”. Spanish born R.D. Lawrence lives on a 100-acre wilderness farm in Haliburton Highlands, 170 km north of Toronto, Ontario and has written over 29 books on nature and wildlife. In the spring of 1983, Lawrence and his wife traveled to Ishpeming in the Upper Peninsula in Michigan to study an untamed but captive pack of wild wolves and compared their behavior to those he had previously studied in the wild and with the two wolf cubs which he himself had raised. During the study and his use of other studies he has conducted on packs in the wild, Lawrence often contradicts other scientific theories in that he proposes that in many ways, wolves in the wild provide a much closer study and comparison to human behavior than do many studies on primates, considered humans’ closest natural relatives. In addition, Lawrence through the use of biological, sociological and psychological comparisons is not afraid to apply human terms to wolves in the text. Instead, Lawrence has found that in many ways, humans could learn from wolf behavior in terms of their handling of aggression (as opposed to the human emotion of anger) and stress in the wild. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Analyzing Suicide A Study in Sociology by Emile Durkheim

    This is a 10 page paper discussing Emile Durkheim’s text “Suicide: A Study in Sociology”. Emile Durkheim’s text “Suicide: A Study in Sociology” (1897) was considered one of the first studies in the social sciences which used a purely scientific and methodological approach to study a social phenomenon. Suicide, for the large part, previously was considered an individual act focused upon mainly by psychologists. Durkheim however related the individual act of suicide to the cohesiveness or imbalance within society. According to Durkheim, during the age of industrialization throughout the 1800s, the incidence of suicides increased as a result of the demise of the traditional social institutions such as the church and social guilds which could not be replaced by the goals of wealth and the division of labor. Suicides were the result of an imbalance of two major social forces: social integration and moral regulation. Durkheim’s focus on the influence of social forces on the individual was highly controversial during his time as it undermined the concepts of “free will and individual moral agency”. Nevertheless, Durkheim managed to establish sociology and the social sciences as one of the major areas of study within France and his theories and methods are still considered significant in contemporary sociology, more than a century later. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Scientific Management Theories, Motivation, and Theories

    This is a 5 page paper discussing various aspects of management including scientific management theories, the Hawthorne Experiments and other areas including an example of a social structure found within a work setting. Over the course of history, work, mainly manufactured work, has been studied in terms of the various elements required needed for the production of an item and the time it would take workers to complete this task. In addition, with the introduction of certain industrial technologies over time, manufacturing and the management of manufacturing systems and teams have been altered to accommodate new trends and technologies. Management, within an historical perspective, had little to do direct contact within the employees which was generally left to the foremen. However, Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 19th century began to think in terms of “scientific management” in which production management became important to improving the overall production of any manufacturing area. While scientific management looked mainly to efficiency in production, the Hawthorne experiments in the 1920s found that work places are very much social systems and workers reacted accordingly. Lastly, employee motivation need to be established by owners and managers in order to initiate recruitment for firms and retain employees once recruited. Bibliography lists 6 sources.


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