Research Papers on Law & Legal System

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

 

Research Papers on Law & Legal System

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Criminal Justice System and Fairness

    A 6 page paper assessing one author’s view of racial and ethnic unfairness in the American system of criminal justice. Author and Georgetown law professor David Cole argues in his book, “No Equal Justice: Race and Class in the American Criminal Justice System,” that the inequality inherent in our legal system originates not with those who enforce and carry out the laws, but rather with the decisions that emanate from the Supreme Court. Cole’s system of criminal justice is fair in its methods after an individual enters into it; it is the method of entry that preserves its inherent unfairness. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Legal System of Great Britain

    A 6 page research paper that examines the workings of the British legal system, which has some distinctive features. The writer outlines the English system and discusses areas where change is occurring or is indicated for the future. For example, the incorporation of the European convention on human rights into British law will have repercussions. The functioning of the Law Lords, Britain's highest court, is also examined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • England's Crime and Crime and Punishment from 1800 to 1850

    This 16 page paper considers hat does criminal law history before 1850 tells us about the processes of change in the law and legal institutions. The paper looks at the period 1800 – 1850 and examines four areas of law and the justice system; capital and corporal punishment including the “Bloody Code”; imprisonment and transportation to Australia; juvenile and women Offenders and the fringes of criminality including vagrants, drunkards and prostitutes. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Law and Gambling in Professional Sports

    In 20 pages this paper explains sports gambling as a legal issue, describes how it affects the world of sports, reviews and summarizes famous related legal cases (including MLB’s Pete Rose and the NBA’s Tim Donaghy, examines the current law, and suggests changes or modifications to strengthen the current law. Ten sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Ancient Rome's Legal System

    Rome has influence many subsequent societies. This 6 page paper considers how the legal system developed in Rome, with the concept of rights and the doctrine of innocent until proven guilty. The paper starts with the period of the kings and the rule of life and continues through the recording of law in the twelve tablets. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Commonwealth Caribbean Jurisprudence, Natural Justice, and Fairness

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the concept of fairness and natural justice in regards to the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The concept of fairness adds to the law of natural justice especially in its application of the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The Commonwealth Caribbean, comprised of over 15 island and mainland nations in the Caribbean, has a system of law based primarily on that of the United Kingdom and on each nation’s colonial history. Some nations have components of the colonial Dutch and French systems as well because of historical ties. Regardless of the nation however, the Commonwealth Caribbean was considered one of the areas of the world in which basic laws of human rights, natural justice and natural law, were not being followed in regards to fairness, justice and equality within the judicial system. Prisoners unable to afford representation were not always provided with legal aid and were therefore not offered fair trials, decisions or appeals. With an international push for fairness in judicial systems, organizations were formed providing representation for criminals in the Commonwealth Caribbean in the mid-1990s and more recently constitutional amendments have been included providing for legal aid representation in all cases. Several amendments have been enforced within the judicial system as well to follow constitutional law to provide fair and just representation in regards to decisions pertaining to court justices and despite the power of the Chief Justice within the judicial system, he must also follow the concept of fairness in his application of justice within the judicial system itself. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Medieval Law and Literature

    This 5 page paper examines several medieval laws and argues that they resemble literature, not legal documents. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Computer Industry and the Importance of Channel and Distribution Management

    This 10 page paper looks at why the distribution channels ands systems are so important in this industry and outlines how they have been used to create competitive advantages. Companies such as Dell, Compaq and Hewlett Packard are considered, with a brief look at Microsoft. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Questions on United Kingdom Law Pertaining to the Human Rights Convention

    This 10 page paper answers 8 question provided by the student looking at different aspects of the Human Rights Convection and how it is impacting on UK Law. Issues covered include the clash between security measures and articles 5 and 6 of the convention, the right to silence, the impact of the Macpherson Report, the youth justice system and the legal perception of entrapment. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Four Films and Their Portrayal of Crime and Judicial Procedures

    A paper which looks at the way in which crime and judicial processes are dealt with in four modern movies, with particular reference to the moral and ethical foundations of the legal systems and the extent to which situational ethics may be appropriate in the context of law enforcement.

  • North Carolina and Usury Laws

    This 3 page paper explains and discusses usury laws. There is no federal law specifying maximum interest rates and fees for credit. Congress believed the Truth in Lending Act would provide sufficient protection for debtors. That is not true. This essay reports the number of states with and without usury laws and then provides the maximum legal rates in North Carolina. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Business Law, Acquisitions, and Mergers

    This 8 page report discusses various factors associated with the legal processes of corporate mergers and/or acquisitions. Legal issues surrounding mergers and acquisitions generally require a comprehensive understanding of corporate, tax, liability and anti-trust law. Whether or not a particular merger is sanctioned by the government is dependent on the terms and manner in which the merger/acquisition plan is designed, packaged, and scheduled for implementation, as well as the final entity that the merger creates. Bibliography lists 6 sources. BWm&a.rtf

  • Commercial Restraint and the Constitution

    This 5 page report discusses a hypothetical situation in which a state denies the sale of beer sold in bottles and requires that it only be sold in aluminum cans. What are the Constitutional issues such a process would bring about? Obviously, when a state enacts a law that effectively prohibits the distribution of a legal substance due to its packaging, certainly legal action is likely to be presented. An overview of some of those issues and their relation to the U.S. Constitution are presented. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Case Study on the Hall, Dickler, et al LLP Law Firm

    Law Firm Case Study – Hall, Dickler, et al LLP: This 5-page essay chronicles the case study of the Hall Dickler, et al law firm of legal professionals. It also offers an overview of its inside machinations, and the contributory factors relevant to its success. Bibliography lists 7 sources. SNAkghal.doc

  • Amazon.com and Internet Jurisdiction

    A 5 page paper discussing Amazon.com's international operations and legal problems that the company potentially could become entangled with as Internet law continues to change. Amazon operates 9 sites (US, UK, China, etc.) and likely is bound by the laws of the country in which those sites are located. Jurisdiction changes have been occurring since an Australian court decided in 2002 that the site of injury imposed by a US site owner was Australia. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • United Kingdom and Family Law

    This 14 page report discusses developments in family law in the UK and in what ways they have worked to bring about a greater equality of the sexes. Property relations, child custody, alimony, and child support are discussed in relationship to divorce. Traditionally, family law in the UK has not been particularly sympathetic to the problems of women and children in situations of divorce nor do the courts typically provide adequate legal safeguards for either their safety of their financial support. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Legal Problem at Lead Balloon

    This 10 page paper is based on Australian law, looking at a case supplied by the student where several legal issues have arisen, including the formation of a pre-incorporation contract, the desire to get out of a post incorporation contract where the directors believe they can get a better deal and a potential liability for breach. Advice is given to the firm, citing relevant case law. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Commontary on Herbert L.A. Hart's 'What's Important In Law In A Society Is Social Facts And Not Morality Or Justice'

    3 pages in length. Herbert L.A. Hart's (1997) assertion of "what's important in law in a society is social facts and not morality or justice" (p. PG), goes against the very grain of the entire legal process. In order to accept this accusation, it is important to understand how and why the notion of law first developed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Medieval Law and Literature in ‘Beowulf’

    In ten pages this paper examines how Medieval law manifests itself in the anonymously written epic ‘Beowulf’ with the focuses being the patriarchy, legal and moral duty established through patrilineal custom, the complex matter of inheritance, and the transition from Germanic customs and community obligation to Anglo law and order. One source is cited in the bibliography.

  • Islamic Law, Aboriginal Customary Law and Queensland Law; a Comparison of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Systems

    This 13 page paper looks at the Queensland criminal justice system, Aboriginal customary law and Islamic criminal law in order to compare each system according to their origins and characteristics, such as standards of evidence and the way in which punishment is determined, for crimes committed. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Political and Legal Process for a Case Example of Tagg

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of three theories that can be applied to the creation of a legal system for the island nation of Tagg. This paper reflects the importance of these theories in considering the best legal process for the country. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Assessment of Singapore and Mexico for Business Expansion

    A 9 page paper assessing the political, social and legal systems of Singapore and Mexico. The two countries are as far apart in social and legal aspects as they are in geography. Both are business-friendly and welcome foreign business, but from different perspectives. Of the two, Singapore is much more selective. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Span Systems and Citizen-Schwartz Case

    This 4 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Span Systems are developing an IT system for Citizen Schwartz, but there are problems, Citizen are changing the requirements and Span are falling behind schedule and quality is suffering. The paper looks at the problems, the legal risks and the opportunities that are presented by the case study. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • The Importance of Forensic Psychology

    5 pages in length. The field of psychology is comprised of many subcategories in order to address various and distinct aspects in a more appropriate way. Forensic psychology is somewhat different from other sectors of the field by virtue of its intrinsic connection to the criminal justice system, an alliance that provides for better understanding of "the vast psychological perspectives" (Diviny et al, 2000) inherent to the law. More than that, however, is the fact that forensic psychology deals in myriad aspects of the legal component, not the least of which include helping to set policy and create laws, determining offender competency, establishing a defendant's mental condition at the time when the crime was committed, criminal profiling, attorney consultation for jury selection, treating mentally unstable offenders, acting as expert witness in court and "analyzing a criminal's mind and intent" (Diviny et al, 2000). Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • America's System of Justice and Women

    A 16 page research paper. The topic of women and the US Justice System is indeed a broad one, containing several aspects that cannot be ignored by any discussion of both the role of and the effects on women. It is necessary to look at women on each side of the judicial bench—how those in judging positions perform their duties and the contributions they make, and how those embroiled in legal issues common to women are faring today compared to past times. Also important is the fair and unbiased evaluation of the effects and the realized results of laws specific to women, such as sex discrimination of women and reforms of rape laws that have been in place in several jurisdictions for several years, while are still under discussion in others. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Theory and Nursing Management

    A 4 page paper discussing longevity of systems dependent on information processing. The statement of debate is that the more energy devoted to information processing within a system, the more likely it is that the system will survive. The paper agrees with the statement, but cautions against allowing the law of diminishing returns from becoming applicable. Additional information processing is valuable only to a point, after which the system can be seen as existing to be served rather than as being a tool in patient care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Criminal Trial of O.J. Simpson and its Legacy

    A well-argued 5 page look at how the O.J. Simpson criminal trial may have had harmful implications for the American legal system. The writer feels that this historic case was decided more on emotion than on fact.. that is was adversely affected by the media.. and that it will likely have a lasting impact on our criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Negotiations - Juwan Howard

    This 6 page paper is based in a case study supplied by the student looking at the negotiations surrounding the NBA player Juwan Howard in 1996. The paper starts by summarizing the entire negotiation process. The paper then presents the situation from the perspective of Howard ands both teams involved. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Case of Larson

    This 3 page paper looks at a case study of a firm operating in Germany and the US to assess potential future approaches to business in difficult economic climates and assesses production and pricing decision ands considers entering new markets. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Cyber Cafe Setup Business Plan

    This 9 page paper is a plan to convert a café into a cyber café. The paper lays out the background ands the plans to carry out the conversion including a Gantt chart and a capital costing budget. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Cinematic Examples of the Model of Due Process and the Roles Played by Community and the Law

    This is a 6 page paper discussing the concepts of the role of law in a community and the due process model as found in examples in film. Tutorial language appears in square brackets throughout the text to assist in the writing process. Several factors which are relevant to the law and crime are often well depicted within the cinema. In many cases within films which center on a community’s involvement in a local legal trial evidence can be found as to the understanding of the role of law within a community and within society. Basically, the law is meant to reflect society’s attitudes and values. While mostly, this role of law is beneficial to individuals within those communities as found in the films “Brother’s Keeper” and “Erin Brockovich”, in the case of conflicting communities within the same area, often one community can override the needs of another as seen in “To Kill a Mockingbird”. Other elements which are revealed within films dealing with legal cases are those which explore the criminal models of crime control and due process. Historically, due process may be difficult to find or non-existent such as in Henry VIII’s treatment of Sir Thomas More in “A Man for All Seasons” or the idea of completing the trials with expediency in “Judgment at Nuremberg”. More recent films, however, such as “The Verdict” try to show the benefits of due process within the legal system. Bibliography lists 11 sources

  • Law Firm's Operational Improvements

    A 7 page paper. A work team at a law firm has been given the task of developing a plan and an operational system that will increase employee motivation and improve the firm's efficiency. The writer discusses the components of strategic planning, including vision and motivation. The paper then discusses a specific software application that increases efficiency for law firms. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Is the Common Law of Posner Common Sense?

    Posner’s Common Law – Does It Make Common Sense?: This 6-page analytical essay examines Posner’s claims regarding common law and its relevance to efficiency. Opposing expert viewpoints are included, and linear conclusions are reached. Whether or not Posner’s ideas pan out, he has nonetheless provided the judiciary system with a very valuable launching pad. Bibliography lists 4 sources. SNPosner.doc

  • Higher Education For Police Officers

    6 pages in length. The psychology of crime requires significantly more than law enforcement officers brandishing loaded weapons at and physically apprehending offenders. Indeed, the extent to which contemporary police forces must also incorporate some level of psychological interface with the perpetrator is both grand and far-reaching; that obtaining a degree of higher education in order to better understand the criminal mind while in the field speaks to a much greater scope of law enforcement than many people realize exists in today's criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Kayla McKean Child Protection Act

    This 24 page paper provides an overview of the Kayla McKean case, the 1998 child abuse tragedy where a man beat his daughter to death. Because he was known to be violent, the paper analyzes what might have been done to save her. Various agencies such as the department of children and family services, law enforcement, child protection teams, foster care, and the judicial system are evaluated. The resultant law to emanate from the case is the focus of the paper. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Estate Planning and Personal Finance

    This 22 page paper studies the importance of estate/will planning in personal finance. The writer discusses a number of personal issues including reasons for estate planning, procedures, and so forth. Legal issues, taxes, and other possible pitfalls are examined so that the reader will walk away with a more competent knowledge/understanding of estate planning as it relates to finance/law.Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Law of Prgnanz and Productive Thinking of Max Wertheimer

    7 pages in length. Human perception is based upon much more than merely the obvious; rather, what one perceives is often rooted in what one's mind expects to perceive of that particular entity. Gestalt theory helps provide answers as to the reasons why human beings perceive of things far beyond their physical limitations. The law of pragnanz addresses this extenuating perception by employing several other laws to complete its interpretation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • United Kingdom's Copyright Law and Intellectual Property

    This 10 page paper consider the protection that is granted Intellectual property in UK law and the role that copyright laws play in that protection. The writer also emphasises the lack of non- economic interests. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Process of Making Laws and Parliament's Role

    This 7 page paper considers the role of parliament in the law making process to examine if parliament may be seen as a full participant in the law making processes. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Police Officers and Stress

    8 pages. Law enforcement has been repeatedly shown to be one of the highest rated jobs in terms of stress-related illnesses. This paper will analyze why this is, discuss critical theories concerning stress in law enforcement and come to an integrative conclusion regarding this topic. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Morality Enforcement and the Law

    This 10 page paper considers the way in which both Lord Devlin and Lord Hart argued that the law should, and could, enforce a moral code on society. The writer considers the views of these two men in the context of a contemporary society, where there are public concerns over paedophiles, terrorism and the way in which the law operates. The writer argues that we have now reached a point where the principles outlines in the views of these two men have been left behind with a greater complexity of social development and group moral conscience. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Constructive Dismissal and Employment Law in Canada

    18 pages. Canadian employment law differs sharply from that of the United States. Constructive dismissal is the main topic in this paper as it is one of the most difficult for employers to prove. When an employee is fired it must be proven in a Canadian court of law that there were no other options available to the employer and that the employee had to be fired. This is not easy to prove on the part of the employer. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Issues in English Employment Law

    An 8 page paper. Two situations are presented by the student – employees suing a company, one for stress endured on the job and one for a poor reference. The writer explains specific English laws, including Unfair Dismissal, Wrongful Dismissal and the law of negligence. Cases are presented to demonstrate how courts have ruled. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Natural Law and Saint Thomas Aquinas

    This 5 page paper discusses the contributions of St. Thomas Aquinas in terms of Natural Law doctrine. Description of Natural Law is included as well as other Aquinas philosophies and background. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Consumer Protection and Business Law

    A 5 page research paper that reports on consumer protection law, citing some case law examples, and specifically looking at FDA regulations marketing electrical muscle stimulator devices and the sale of a product called AB Energizer. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Law, Austin, and Hart

    This paper compares the command of law, as proposed by Austin and the rule, or idea of law, as suggested by Hart. The paper offers examples of how both theories would work. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • European Union Law Regarding Mergers and Competition

    This 16 page paper consider the European Union law that has been put into place to control monopolies and mergers in order to prevent unfair completion. Relevant regulations as well as EU case law are cites throughout. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Peter Horne's Women in Law Enforcement

    A 7 page overview of the book by author Peter Horne. This paper covers the highlights of the book, focusing on the history of women in law enforcement in the United States. Starting with their debut into law enforcement in the nineteenth century and proceeding through contemporary times, the author outlines the major accomplishment made even in the face of sometimes overwhelming obstacles. No additional sources are listed.

  • Life's Complexities and Tort Law

    A 9 page paper defining tort law as a civil wrong resulting from an act or omission which has caused damage to other persons or property. The author contends that the law has to accommodate all the untidy complexities of life, and there are circumstances where considerations of practical justice impel us to reject a general imposition of liability for foreseeable damage. Numerous examples are provided which clarify tort liability. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Business and the Impacts of the SEC and Antitrust Laws

    A 10 page paper that provides an excellent overview of the antitrust laws in the United States, beginning with the Sherman Act of 1890 and going through the International Antitrust Enforcement Assistance Act of 1994. The Securities and Exchange Commission is then explained, beginning with the Securities Act of 1933 and including what the purpose of the SEC is and what they control. The impact of both antitrust laws and the SEC on businesses is then discussed, and includes two examples that involved Nike Corporation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Employees and United Kingdom's Tort Law

    This 12 page paper considers the way in which tort law is applied in UK law. The writer looks at the position of employees who d not use safety equipment provided by an employer, and assesses the employers liability, and then at a case concerning disagreeable neighbours. Numerous cases are cited. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • The Law's Role in Anti Oppression

    This 8 page paper considers what role the law can play in reducing different forms of oppression. The writer looks not only at legislation, but the way in which the law may be used to promote and support models of social change and change attitudes as well as behaviour. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Goods, Free Movement, and European Union Law

    This 6 page paper considers the free movement of goods in the European Union. The writer looks at a case where an exporter is facing problems with national laws, such as quality, additives, morality and advertising are all seen to create barriers to trade. The writer examines the position using Articles 28 – 30 and extensive case law, including the Cassis de Dijon case. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Brazilian Rubber Plantation and Estates Ltd [1911] 1 Ch 425 and United Kingdom Company Law

    This 5 page paper considers this land mark case, the principles it set in common law and how this may be interpreted in relationship to modern company law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Cases and History of Antitrust Law

    This 7 page paper discusses Antitrust Law from several perspectives. History of Antitrust Law is discussed as is regulatory authorities, current legislation and historic cases. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • UK Contract Law's Doctrine of Intention

    This 5 page paper considers the doctrine of intention with regard English contract law, the paper considers what it is, how it is defined, and case law which outlines how it is interpreted in different situations as well as the role of public policy. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Informed Consent and British Medical Law

    A 5 page research paper that examines the issue of informed consent in British medical law. The writer defines consent and then explores British law in regards to a scenario in which a patient suffering from a drug overdose is admitted to a hospital ED and refuses treatment. The writer discusses the ethical dilemma that this presents for the nurse trying to obtain consent and the writer argues that the nurse can treat the patient, under these circumstances, because the intoxicated state of the patient precludes the ability to make informed consent. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Article I, Protocol I of the Human Rights Convention and Property Law's Impact Upon the Human Rights Act of 1998

    This 9 page paper considers the way that the Human Rights Convention has impacted on English property law. The writer looks at Article 1 of Protocol 1 and related English cases and argues that the impact here has been minimal, however, further scope does exist for the undermining of the law. There is also consideration of other articles where it is where the undermining may be seen as having a greater impact. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Australia's Rule of Law and Inequality

    A 10 page contention that the rule of law is inadequate to provide true equality in Australia. While other groups have been discriminated against, the aborigines have faced a tremendous amount of prejudice and this prejudice has manifested itself in a diversity of areas. The author of this paper contends that to overcome that prejudice special provisions have to be made for aborigines. These provisions are especially critical in the law enforcement arena. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Property Law and the Effects of 1998's Human Rights Act

    This 5 page paper examines how the Human Right Act 1998, and the Human Rights Convention may be seen to impact on property law. The writer argues that the traditional UK law is undermined by this act by looking at a range of issues including, but not limited to, compulsory purchase orders, planning permission, environmental issues, the freedom of expression and the right to enjoy ones own property in peace. Numerous cases are cited. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Negligence and Tort Law of the United Kingdom

    This 5 page paper consider the law of tort. Only under one type of tort is there a need to prove negligence, the writer argues, using case law, that this both unfair an immoral. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • James P. Gray's Why Our Drug Laws Have Failed and What We Can Do About It ”: A Discussion of the Premises of Author James P Gray in Comparison to the Philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Machiavelli, Locke, Hobbes, and Ro

    A 5 page exploration of the question of whether drug laws are serving a positive societal function. Gray contends that not only are drug laws ineffective, they are counterproductive and potentially devastating. This contention is evaluated in light of the contentions of numerous other philosophers. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 3 Student Posed Questions on the Law

    This 9 page paper answers tree questions asked by the student. The first considers jurisdiction and the doctrine of forum non-convenience. The second two questions involve contract law, the first to establish whether or not a contract has been formed, and the second looks at when a contract was formed with an offer and a counter offer, and how a dispute may be resolved under international law regarding which terms and conditions are imposed. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Arkansas Law Regarding Landlords and Tenants

    A 6 page overview of Arkansas law regarding landlord/tenant relations. The specifics of this law in reference to lease obligations are explored. A particular emphasis is placed on how a lease may be legally terminated. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Questions on International Law Answered

    This 9 page law paper is written in three parts. The first considers a case provided regarding shipping and CIF contracts, the second considers tax law and residency requirements for the US and the third looks at why the EU is more than just a trading block. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • 3 Issues in HRM

    A 6 page paper that discusses three specific issues related to human resource management: the functions of HRM, the importance of the department, and the fact that people are the company's most important asset; the concept underlying getting paid work, which includes a short discussion on why there is a different wage/salary for different jobs; and labor law, including the laws that fall under the EEO. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Martha Stewart's Styles of Leadership

    This 16 page paper is an extension of PGmxwld.rtf. In this paper, Martha Stewart's leadership style is correlated with Maxwell's 21 Laws of Leadership. Examples are provided when they were available in the literature. This paper begins by outlining Maxwell's "21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership' with a brief definition of each. The writer then describes several styles of leadership including: autocratic, democratic, laissez-faire, situational, transactional and transformational. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • The History and Operations of Alcoholic Anonymous

    A 15 page paper. Alcoholic Anonymous is a fellowship that operates differently than another kind of organization. It is truly democratic with only the steps, traditions and concepts to guide it. There are no laws, by-laws or governing persons. This paper offers a brief overview of the beginnings of this fellowship, reports the traditions that guide it, the dedication to service and corporate poverty and how it functions. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Equality, Women, and Policing

    A 5 page overview of women in law enforcement. Points out that some women have succeeded in law enforcement careers but almost inevitably they acknowledge the existence of sexual discrimination. Concludes that many times women feel that they have to simply deal with discrimination in order to keep their jobs. Suggests that much more than women's moral is at stake in the issue of sexual discrimination. Recommends methods for improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Case Studies on Sexual Harassment in the U.S. and France

    This 15 page paper discusses the issue of sexual harssment in the workplace, the laws, the litigation, study cases, examples, quotes, predictions, and a comparison of the United States laws to those in France. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Preventing Sexual Harassment in Tennessee

    A 4 page paper listing a state law, a federal law and a published court ruling on sexual harassment, then providing five initiatives for an organization to follow to prevent sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Cybercrime

    This 8 page paper considers the increase in the use fo the internet and cybercrime and the way that the Computer Misuse Act 1990 may be used it dealing with different cybercrimes such as cyberobscenity, cybertrespass, cybertheft and cyberviolence which can include cyberstalking. The paper looks at what the Computer Misuse Act 1990 will cover and how it may be possible to improve the legislation and enforcement of the law concerning cybercrime. The paper is written with reference to UK law. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Miranda Laws - When Are They Essential?

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of Miranda laws. It provides a hypothetical case study to address several conditions in which Miranda laws can be exempted, and when their administration is vital to a case. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Legal Interpretation

    This 6 page paper explores several theories of law and concludes that originalism is the only valid way to interpret law in the United States. The 1931 McBoyle v. United States is used to begin the discussion. Scalia's opinions are duly noted. Textualism is discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Law Enforcement and OSHA Regulations Occupational Health and Safety (OSHA) Regulations and Law Enforcement

    This 10 page report discusses OSHA regulations and their impact on law enforcement agencies. The OSHA standard is primarily intended for workers in danger of exposure to bodily fluids that may carry dangerous pathogens and was originally created in concern for health care and sanitation workers. It is important to remember, that law enforcement officers are every bit as likely as health care workers to be exposed to situations where they too may be affected and infected by life-threatening disease, in fact, in many instances they are far more likely to be exposed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • New York Penal Law § 215.14 and the Rights of Victims

    This 11 page paper provides an overview of the New York statute and compares it to other state laws as well. Applicable federal law is duly noted and the importance of the victim impact statement is discussed as well. Twenty five sources are cited.

  • U.S. Social Security System Improvements

    3 pages in length. There is no guarantee that American retirees will enter their twilight years with much financial support from the United States Social Security system. Indeed, the failing program has been stricken with a number of blows to its assets that have made it a significant concern for all citizens, no matter if retirement is around the corner or still several decades away. The writer discusses the inherent problems that plague the United States Social Security system, as well as addresses various ways to improve it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Medium Sized Hospital Implementation of the Windows NT Server

    This 5 page report discusses the implementation of a Windows NT server in a medium-sized hospital. The implementation of a Windows NT network at the hospital will enable users to run cross-hospital and cross-service line analysis, while also being able to extract, transform and map data from multiple sites. The options available to a medium-sized hospital using such a system are far and beyond the hospital that relies upon the antiquated system of charts, notes, and suppositions on the part of the medical personnel. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Public School System in America and Horace Mann

    A 12 page research paper that examines the impact and influence of nineteenth century educator Horace Mann on the public school system and the formulation of this 'common school' philosophy. Mann's influence during the twelve years that he was secretary of the Massachusetts School Board effected lasting change not only in the public school system of Massachusetts, but also in the way that public schooling was perceived throughout the country. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance by Robert Pirsig

    A 15 page review of the 1974 book by Robert Persig. Explores the concept of perception and how it relates to the ancient philosophy of Zen. Illuminates Persig's concern with the decline in American values and in systems such as our educational system. No additional sources are listed.

  • Judicial Matters and Politics in the United States and Mexico

    An 8 page comparison of the two countries in terms of the party system, electoral system, and the judiciary. Other information touched on includes the executive branches of government, recent changes in Mexico, and apathy in the U.S. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 911 Emergency Response Systems

    A 6 page paper describing the history and progression of 911 emergency response systems and their application today. The author attempts to show the factors that impact the effectiveness of using 911 emergency response systems and addresses a number of complaints about its effectiveness. FREE Outline included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Unix and Microsoft Windows NT

    5 pages in length. Microsoft Windows NT and Unix have come head to head over which system is the best in the market. Variables aside, it appears NT still has a way to go before it will reach the status of Unix. The writer compares the two systems and offers comments from industry analysts as to why one may be better than the other. Bibliography included.

  • Utopia from One Writer's Perspective

    A 5 page paper on a Utopia that offers a combined virtual and social education system, a justice system without lawyers, housing, food and clothing for everyone, no guns, community involvement in daily governance, and hierarchies of volunteer councils of twelve (to infinity). Income is earned and taxed--equally at 10 percent. Money and credit are dispensed with in favor of living according to means with debit cards. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Government from Cabinet to Prime Ministerial

    This 7 page modern day government in the United Kingdom. The political system used to be based on collective decision making, with the Prime Minister being the head of the cabinet. The system has evolved with the cabinet loosing power to both the committees and more importantly to the Prime Minister. This paper discusses the way in which this has happened and the evidence. The MLA bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Importance of the Windows Registry

    5 pages in length. For the most part, the general public is familiar with the manner in which to operate a computer; however, when it comes to understanding the inner workings of the system, a large percentage have absolutely no idea what takes place behind the panel. Such is the case with the Windows registry, an integral component of the Windows application in that it stores virtually all of the system's custom data. The writer discusses the importance of the Windows Registry. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Values and Research

    This 5 page report discusses whether or not research can be free of the values imposed upon it by society, individual researchers, or those interpreting the research. Human beings conducting research, no matter how objective, still have certain belief systems, standards, and criteria that are directly related to their personal value systems. Those values cannot help but influence research outcomes and interpretations. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Packing Switching Movement to ISDN or Frame Relay ISDN

    This 8 page report discusses aspects associated with an organization’s switch from a packet switching data network to either a system utilizing ISDN (integrated digital services network) or a frame relay system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Early Problems with Handling Baggage at Denver International Airport

    A 6 page paper discussing Denver's baggage-handling fiasco from a software perspective. System designers approached problems from a patchwork view rather than as an overall system, and the Denver airport authority continually made changes without informing baggage claim designers. The result was that the airport was delayed in opening by nearly a year, at times costing more than $1 million a day. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A UK Flat Tax Proposal Analysis

    This 5 page paper looks at how a flat tax system might affect the UK. Special attention is paid to the effect such a system would have on social programs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Various Species and the Nervous System

    This 2 page paper provides an overview of the nervous system in both humans and other species. Specific information comparing the human system with others is included. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • NovaCare Case Study; Problem Solving Framework

    This 14 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. NovaCare is a company providing therapy services to a large number of clients. The firm faces a number of challenges, including the introduction of a new IT system; NovaNet. The paper considers the way that the firm can be examined with the use of a decision and problem modeling approach. Soft system modeling is discussed as the most appropriate system, its choice is justified and the way it can be applied is examined. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Exploring Decision Support System Usage in ECommerce Research Proposal

    This 27 page paper is a research Proposal to Explore the Use of Decision Support System in E-Commerce and includes a literature review. The use of both E-commerce has increased tremendously over the last decade. E-commerce is usually seen as sales over the internet but actually incorporates any transactions over an electronic medium. This is usually seen as an advantage. This paper considers how the use of Decision Support Systems (DSS) may help a business to enhance their e-commerce strategy and align strategies so that the efficiency is increased and results in a better profit. Many companies, such as Air Canada and FedEx already use DSS to great advantage increasing the efficiency through management of their resources. These are systems designed espially for those companies, but DSS are also available over the counter for smaller companies. The paper then shows how, with the use of a qualitative case study, following an extensive literature review the student can undertake primary research to identify the option model for the use of DSS is any given industry. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Human Resources Management Information Systems

    A 13 page paper discussing the growing importance of human resources information systems (HRIS). Management of human resources has expanded far beyond the old recordkeeping responsibilities. While that is still a critical portion of HRM, HR has been charged with contributing to the organization's competitive advantage by planning for future personnel needs and then training existing workers to fill future roles. Information systems has contributed to that evolution of HRM. Information systems enhance the ability of smaller companies to offer the same HR services and provide employees with the same level of service expected in large organizations, while simultaneously positively contributing to the organization's competitive advantage as it depends on the organization's workforce. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Hotel Revenue Management Systems Twenty Five Article Literature Review

    This is an 8 page literature review on hotel revenue management systems. A literature review on hotel revenue management systems covers not only the recently developed technological systems which handle different revenue management concerns such as forecasting, demand, competition and hospitality networks but also covers many traditional avenues used to increase revenue such as customer satisfaction, environmentally efficient programs, introduction of innovative and unique facilities and catering to specific target groups among other factors. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • NANDA

    An 11 page research paper that includes a 1 page abstract. This paper offers a review of nursing literature that focuses on systems of nursing classification, with an emphasis on the classification system of nursing diagnoses known as NANDA. The history of this organization is summarizes, explaining how North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) reinvented itself as NANDA International (NANDA-I) to reflect its growing multi-national membership. The historical background on nursing classifications systems is also discussed, and this includes an overview of the two other principal forms of nursing classification, before offering a general overview of NANDA and NANDA’s history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Software Quality and Can It Be Measured?

    This 19 page paper considers is the quality of software can ever be measures. The paper starts by trying to define what is meant by quality and then looking at ways the needs that quality software will meet can be defined. The paper then looks at systems of developing software that can be used with the measurements that have made to assess if they can be used ion conjunction with each other. Theories included in the paper encompass soft systems modelling, hard systems modelling, actor network theory, requirements engineering and agile engineering. The bibliography cites 29 sources.

  • Florida and Foster Care

    A 15 page paper. The primary focus of this paper is the Florida Department of Children and Families (DCF), and more specifically, the foster care system. The subtopic is mental health issues facing children in foster care. The essay reports data regarding the incidence of mental health and behavioral disorders among children and youth, in general, and among children in the foster care system, in particular. A great deal of data regarding children in Florida's foster care system are included. Numerous cases of Florida's mishandling of foster care children in included, including the "loss" of over 500 youngsters. The writer illustrates through examples how the Florida DCF has failed children. These issues are discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Ths History of the Linux Operating System

    3 pages in length. Linux was created in 1991 by Linus Benedict Torvalds, a twenty-one-year-old Finn who was attending the University of Helsinki. His self-taught talent of hacking served him well by affording him the deep understanding of how and why computers operate the way they do; from this knowledge was born an operating system that rivaled what had heretofore not been applicable to professional demands. The closest system was MINIX, however, it was severely limited in its professional application due to its instructional nature; because professionals already had the training, they required a more sophisticated system for industry use. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Welfare State and Global Financing

    This 17 page paper considers the problematic area of the cost an provision of the welfare system by various countries. To give a greater understanding the pensions system is examined as an example of the most sweeping of welfare schemes. The universal problems of an increase in the ageing population and life spans in conjunction with the falling birth rate is considered. A possible solution is then discussed; the privatisation of the welfare system, Chile is used as a model to illustrate this idea. The advantages and disadvantages are discussed and the suitability of the model for adoption by other countries is examined. The writer of this paper holds profession qualifications in the study of pensions. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Trespassing My Sojourn in the Halls of Privilege by Gwendolyn M. Parker

    This 5 page report discusses Parker’s unique story of the life she has lived as a result of her solidly middle-class upbringing where education and achievement were constantly emphasized. She grew into a smart and self-confident young woman with a deep rooted determination to demonstrate her ability and intelligence and was admitted to Harvard. She earned a place at New York University's law school and went on to become the only black woman at a Wall Street law firm, then moved on to American Express, where she rose to the rank of senior executive. Ultimately, she left it all behind and published her first novel, “These Same Long Bones,” in 1995. No bibliography.

  • Democracy and Religion's Contribution

    This 8 page report discusses the role of religion and its contribution to the concept of democracy. Religion has played an important role in the development and the ongoing support of democratic principles. Religion and democratic politics have had difficulty coexisting, because one suggests an unyielding body of law, a peremptory understanding of what is right and wrong, while the other suggests a more relativistic approach, allowing for laws that can be changed, a sense that the majority should determine what is right and what is wrong. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • GST of Canada

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the Canadian Goods and Services Tax (GST). Since its implementation in January 1991, the Canadian Goods and Services Tax (GST) has been an excessive burden to the consumers, businesses, corporations, financial institutions and the federal government itself. The initial implementation costs because of manufacturer costs associated with new accounting systems alone for example reached an estimated $1 million per taxpayer. The continuing annual administration costs to comply are estimated at around $500,000 per taxpayer in addition to a total cost to small businesses of over $1.2 billion annually. The Tax Executives Institute was hired in 1994 to assess the system and while it admitted that the GST system was better for international business than the previous FST (the federal sales tax system it replaced but was invisible to the consumer), overall the administration of the system should be modified to have a higher threshold for registration (introduced and still at $30,000 for small businesses), a lower tax rate, but with fewer exemptions to decrease administrative costs among others. The government did not implement these recommendations so that in addition to the continued annual burden on tax payers in Canada, according to the budget released in February 2003 the government now has to reimburse several educational and municipal organizations for GST payments retroactive to the year the GST was introduced; an additional cost to the Canadian tax payer which has yet to be determined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Bobby Joe Long

    3 pages in length. Bobby Joe Long may well have faded away into the chasm of undiscovered serial killers were it not for the blazing trail of evidence he inadvertently left behind the many scenes of his brutal crimes. Yet, there is some agreement among those in the psychology field that serial killers may knowingly be careless when it comes to the path of clues they allow law enforcement officials to find, inasmuch as part of their antisocial behavior is linked with the desire to be caught. For Long, it was a long and intricate road that finally led the law to his door, a culmination that occurred only after ten women were viciously raped and murdered, and two hundred more lived to remember their ordeal. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Michael K. Honey's Southern Labor and Black Civil Rights Organizing Memphis Workers

    A 6 page review of the book by Author Michael K. Honey. Honey outlines the societal conditions which were at play in 1930s Memphis Tennessee in comparison to the various laws which were on the books to protect black rights. The contention is made that custom can, and does, sometimes outweigh law. This was the case in Memphis but the arrival of the Civil Rights movement and such efforts as the labor movement was soon to turn the tides more in favor of the severely disadvantaged classes in this southern community. The societal move towards unionization of the workplace was particularly advantageous. No additional sources are listed.

  • NCLB and High Qualified Teachers

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), which was enacted by Congress in 2002, and which requires among its provisions that all teachers, as of end of 2005-6 school year, should be "highly qualified," that is, meet the defining list of requirements listed in the law (Harrison-Jones, 2007, p. 356). This review of literature, first of all, describes the variety of forces that have shaped the public's understanding of the issues involved with the NCLB, using a historical perspective that indicates the impact that this law has had on teacher qualifications. This is followed by a discussion of the positive effects that the NCLB has had on teacher qualifications before addressing the issue of challenges for highly qualified teachers. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 20th Century British Theatre History

    This 28 page paper examines the development of the theatre in England during the twentieth century. The paper considers the different styles seen, looking at realism, abstract, suggestive and interventionist theatre. This is considered in time order and also incluides elements such as the ay staging took place, lighting and general technology impacted on production. The paper then examines the way in which social constraints impacted on the way the theatre developed including the censorship laws and the reaction to those censorship laws. The final paper of the paper speculates the cycle is turning full circle with the rebuilding of the old Globe theatre in London. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Government Regulations Regarding TV Violence

    A 15 page paper. Concerns about the amount and effects of television violence are not new; the issue was first raised in Congress in 1950. This paper begins with a Prospectus of the paper. The headings of the main paper include: an introduction that includes the research question and answer; a review of the literature which includes a brief historical overview on the topic, research that addresses the effects of television violence, laws and regulations that have been passed, an analysis of the literature and laws, and a conclusion wherein alternatives and probable outcomes are discussed. Annotate Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Federal Taxation of Gifts, Trusts, and Estates

    This 10 page report discusses numerous aspects of taxation and regulatory authority associated with estates, trusts, and gifts. Estate planners, accountants, Internal Revenue Service directors, the court system, and attorneys have also demonstrated very definite and widely varying opinions regarding the ways in which Americans’ estates, trusts, and gifts are taxed. The taxpayer relief act (TRA) of 1997 contained the most significant changes in the income taxation of estates and trusts since 1986. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Civil Society and Democracy

    This 2 page report discusses the question “Why is civil society important for democracy?” Aside from political ideology, civil society presents a framework by which democracy is also able to share collective material holdings and assets which, in turn, allows for a system of horizontal institutions that, ostensibly, does not allow for one group within the society a greater access to such institutions over another sector. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Extraordinary Angels Company Business Plan

    A 12 page paper presenting a business plan for establishing an adult residential facility for developmentally disabled individuals. Extraordinary Angels aspires to provide service in a manner rooted in realism yet colored with highly positive idealism, with an attitude not of what these individuals cannot do, but rather what they can do, and the value they can contribute to their own community. The need, long-term nature of solution and Extraordinary Angels' legal structure ensures that support from the public sector will be available within public budget constraints. However, Extraordinary Angels also seeks ultimately to be self-supporting through the efforts of residents, counselors and administrators. The plan concludes with business case points intended to demonstrate to private-sector corporate investors the possibilities for profitability. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • US Prostitution and Economics

    This 5 page report discusses the economics of prostitution in the United States and its implications in terms of decriminalization and acceptance. The practice of prostitution and prostitutes themselves are widely condemned yet widely tolerated. Both serve as part of a “sub-world” in which a careful system of social structure, roles, status and are inter-related in their own organization which is then linked to the larger society which is the primary or power group that has defined prostitution as deviant but an economic reality and, perhaps, economic necessity. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • AIDS and HIV and Their Effects on Human Biology

    A 10 page paper discussing the history of the disease, the immune system and the mechanisms by which HIV is believed to cause disease. The mysteries of HIV/AIDS remain, but researchers have discovered enough of its peculiarities that its associated 'fear factor' has been reduced somewhat, at least in that segment of the population that is neither HIV-positive nor active sufferers of AIDS. Continued research into prevention, particularly the promise provided by emerging vaccines, coupled with the availability of drugs for treatment brings hope to those who formerly would have had none. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Overview of Speedometers

    This four page paper examines the different types of speedometer available for the differing transport forms; including cars, trains, boats, aeroplanes and submarines It considering how the speed is measured, and the advantages and downfalls of those systems. The bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • So You Think I Drive a Cadillac? by Karen Seccombe

    In 8 pages, the author examines the impact of welfare reform on human organizations that serve poor Americans by using the book "So You Think I Drive a Cadillac?" by Karen Seccombe. The main arguments for welfare reform are presented. Changes in the welfare system are discussed. The role of the government in the delivery of services to the poor is also discussed. No other sources are cited.

  • Video Visualization and Browsing Programs

    This 12 page factual paper considers the place in computer technology for video visualisation and browsing programmes and their use. Different types of programmes and systems are explained. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • CPA Company's Computer Software Upgrading

    A 5 page paper discussing the hardware requirements for and advantages of upgrading an Erie, Pennsylvania CPA firm to Pentium III computers running Peachtree™ accounting software. The firm is an older one that still maintains many manual systems but also uses some limited bookkeeping and tax programs. The paper recommends an Ethernet LAN, zip drives for each computer, daily backup to a remote site for disaster recovery purposes and writable CD/ROMs for use by accountants in customizing record-keeping templates for client companies. No sources.

  • Relating Activity Based Costing to the Manufacturing Sector

    This 9 page report discusses activity-based costing as a process that analyzes all the activities in the distribution system, from the warehouse to the consumer. It includes distribution, handling, shelf space and velocity. ABC translates costs into a language that people can understand and into element of costs, namely the work activities, which is based on demand- driven consumption patterns and not simplistic cost allocations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Black and White Objectives During the US Reconstruction Era

    3 pages in length. It was not always easy being a black cotton farmer in the Deep South, inasmuch as there were tremendous political, economic, social, and legal changes that occurred between the years of 1865 and 1877. These changes, including the Reconstruction, began around the time of the Civil War and only continued to escalate after it had ended. The writer discusses how there were quite a few conflicts that came out of -- as well as were solved by -- the war, but some of the most instrumental had to do with how blacks were treated by the whites. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Intellectually Lazy United States

    A 5 page research paper that argues that the US, as a society, is intellectually lazy and socially irresponsible. The writer argues that as a country we don't value learning and backs this up with facts and figures, with an emphasis on the failure of US students academically. The writer feels that this is due to the parents‹not the educational system. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Production and Sales' Growth and the Establishment of a a Global Logistics Network

    This 5 page report discusses the process of creating a global logistics network and the benefits such a system can offer. The ability to reduce the uncertainty of transportation, sales, and manufacturing by tracking the movement of goods and updating the information continuously allows any organization to better manage exceptions and problems, as well as reducing the number of production mishaps or materials allocations and supply. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women of the Middle East

    A 5 page research paper that examines the question as to whether or not Arab women are passive victims of male domination. The writer argues that they are not, but rather acquiesce fully to the system of patriarchy and male domination under which they live. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Illinois' Tellabs, Inc. Telecommunications Manufacturer

    This 7 page report discusses the Illinois-based Tellabs Inc., designer and maker of advanced telecommunication equipment that include cross-connect systems, digital echo cancellers, digital transcoders and multiplexers. The company’s original mission in 1975 was to design and manufacture specialty telecommunications equipment for fledgling competitors to AT&T and independent telephone companies. Since then it has become a 5,000 employee company operating in 65 countries and is likely to reach $2 billion in sales by the end of this year. Since 1995, Tellabs’ sales goal has been “$2B by 2K.” Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Global Marketing Issues

    A 9 page paper discussing factors that must be considered and evaluated before entering an international market. Assessment areas such as demand, competition, legal requirements and cultural differences are obvious, but they all hold areas that may not be quite so evident. Economic conditions within emerging markets change so frequently that they may need to be evaluated in terms of expectations for the future rather than on actual fact, particularly in light of the rash of currency crises that recently have occurred around the world. Brazil may provide an excellent venue for selling hamburgers, but with interest rates hovering around 40% there are more attractive places to market cars and other big-ticket items subject to financing. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Commercial Aviation and Global Positioning Systems

    This 10 page report discusses the 24-satellite Global Positioning System became fully operational in 1995 and was developed by the U.S. military to help the armed forces determine their exact locations anywhere on the planet. Each satellite transmits a regular electronic pulse, which is used by GPS devices to figure the user's latitude, longitude and elevation within 110 yards. Throughout the 1990s, GPS has served a variety of purposes and had become an essential factor in virtually all aspects of global navigation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Theories of Talcott Parsons

    This 5 page paper focuses on the theories of this famous sociologist. Systems theory is fully examined and the subsystems of adaption, goal attainment, integration and pattern maintenance are each detailed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Economist Tom Peters' Ready, Fire, Aim!

    A 5 page paper that examines the revolution of innovation and change that economist Tom Peters has sparked under the traditional world of business management and training and how his system of utter chaos and irrationality has taken root and spread worldwide. A brief background of Peters' life before becoming the "guru of gurus" in business management is presented, followed by a discussion of the contributions he has made to the field of economics. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • English Language Only and American Society?

    3 pages in length. The writer discusses why America should incorporate a better bilingual system into society. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The System of Trokosi

    A 4 page research paper that describes the system of Trokosi that enslaves Ghana women to fetish priests. According to this belief, if a crime has been committed and a girl is not enslaved, then the gods will be unhappy and members of the family will die. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Dealth Penalty Discussion

    11 pages in length. Capital punishment was not only utilized as a painful means of death, but it was also a way of demonstrating one's mistakes in front of the community. It was a grand way in which the guilty not only paid for their crimes by forfeiting their lives, but it also served as a way to forcible inflict extreme humiliation while they suffered imminent death. The presumption was that those who witnessed such an act of barbaric magnitude would refrain from committing any such crimes themselves. It can easily be argued that the origins of capital punishment held a triple purpose: to kill the convicted by torturous measures; to maintain order within the community by way of intimidation; and to provide entertainment for the masses, as was such in Caligula's time. The writer discusses capital punishment as it relates to state and country involvement, methods, religious influence, current cases, legal criteria and pros & cons. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Digital Era and the Certified Public Accountant's Role

    This 7 page paper looks at the changing role of the certified public accountant in light of new technology. The need for the CPA to upgrade computer systems is emphasized. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Hospital Systems of the 3rd World and QA

    This 22 page report discusses critically important and additional safeguards necessary in any of the Third World nations that are struggling to develop and maintain their country’s healthcare and hospital systems through improved quality assurance efforts. Both programs and providers must make every effort to offer better care to more people. The dual focus of hospital quality assurance programs must be on driving down costs while increasing quality. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Mining Women of 19th Century France and Germinal by Emile Zola

    A 6 page paper looking at some of the underlying social causes for the miners' strike described in Emile Zola's book. The paper, which takes the form of the report of a contemporary observer, concludes that change will have to be imposed on the system from without, as it is unlikely to come from within. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • AFDC and Welfare Reform Issues

    A 5 page paper that studies the impact of welfare reform on single mother's collecting Aid for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). This paper focuses on the inherent problems within the AFDC system that related directly to women's un-wed status, along with current misconceptions regarding participant status, education and ability to transition from the program into work. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • US Political Party Weaknesses

    An 8 page paper in which the writer considers factors that have weakened American political parties over the course of the last two decades. Ultimately, these factors have contributed to a determined decline in the American political party system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • USPS

    A 5 page paper on the internal workings of the mail system in the U.S. Included is a brief overview and history of the Postal Service along with economic and financial data. Bibliography included.

  • Homeless and Runaway Youth

    In 15 pages the author discusses the dilemma of runaway/homeless youth. The plight of the runaway/homeless youth is a terrible one. Basically, they have been considered as ‘throwaway youth' by society. The value system of society is skewed when it will allow such a problem to continue. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Overview of the Endocrine System

    A 10 page overview of the endocrine system. Includes specific information on the Ovary (follicle and corpus luteum), Testis, Pancreas, Adrenal glands (medulla and cortex), Thymus, Parathyroid gland, Thyroid, Posterior pituitary gland, Anterior pituitary gland, Hypothalamus and the Pineal gland as well as on their function, hormones, and regulators. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Milky Way Explored

    5 pages in length. A comprehensive research paper-- explaining our galaxy (The "Milky Way") in great detail. The writer describes the history of man's early exploration via telescope, the distance and brightness of stars, attempts to assess The Milky Way's age, problems with matter, and the size/relevance relationship between our own solar system and others. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Arguing in Favor of School Vouchers

    A 7 page argument in support of school voucher system. Evidence of excellence and voluntary voucher funding does not support arguments against based on lack of education to certain segments of society. Writer focuses on Florida and southern arguments in support of voucher program where programs are already in place. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Global Finance and the Implications of the Euro Currency

    This 12 page report discusses the introduction of the Europe’s new Euro and its implications for the world’s financial systems. Although the Euro is undoubtedly changing the world market, for companies and investors in the United States the greatest impact will be more gradual and have its greatest impact in the future. Corporate hedging, impacts on multi-national companies, expansion and debt financing are also discussed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Overview of the English 'Chunnel' Project

    A 24 page paper that looks at the English Channel Tunnel Project as a major engineering and construction project and considers the elements that impacted its completion and the systems that supported its success. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Jury System's Significance

    Beginning with an appropriate overview of why the U.S. Founding Fathers saw the need for a jury system, this well-prepared 8 page essay argues that the jury still remains an ultimate symbol of true American Democracy. Recent Supreme Court decisions as well as the linkage between jury service and other rights of political participation are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Long Jump and Kinesiological Analysis

    A 9 page overview of kinesiology and athletic performance analysis. Provides a detailed description of the body's muscular and skeletal systems and specific information regarding the components of each which are active in the standing long jump. Provides recommendations as to how to improve long jump performance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sleep Impact of Ringing in the Ears

    An 8 page paper discussing the adverse effects on sleep that tinnitus, "ringing in the ears," can have. Specific causes of the condition still are unknown, but years of sleep research have defined many of the problems of chronic sleep deprivation, such as reduced immune system activity and reduction of general well being. More remains unknown about tinnitus than has been discovered, but one fact is inescapable: the adverse effect it has on the ability to sleep is among the most insidious and certainly is the most damaging. Bibliography lists 11 sources. KS-TIN.doc

  • Wireless Communications and Satellites

    A 10 page research paper discussing the increasing use of satellite technology in the wireless communication industry. This paper discusses a description of the subject matter, the current state of technology in this field, and then presents the advantages, disadvantages and present and future trends in the use of satellites in wireless communications systems. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Technological Innovations and Video On Demand

    7 pages in length. Video on demand was posited to give customers access to a wealth of video services, and allow them to watch a wide variety of programs of their choosing. Concentration is placed on the emerging technologies into online systems. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Windows 95 by Microsoft

    A 7 page paper on Windows 95, its prolonged release, and the pros and cons of its use in comparison to previous versions. The writer describes news of 'bugs' in Windows 95 and some of the problems encountered by users. On the lighter side, technical aspects of the 32-bit operating system are also discussed as they relate to enhanced productivity and information management. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Impact of HIV/AIDS on Nursing

    A 6 page research paper that discusses how the HIV/AIDS epidemic has affected nursing on a global scale, but particularly within the healthcare systems of the developing countries. This literature review examines the affect of HIV/AIDS on the profession of nursing, with an emphasis on nursing in Africa, but also addressing global experiences and concerns. The implications drawn from this research indicate the challenges facing nursing today due to HIV/AIDS. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • THE MASTERS DEGREE IN GEOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERING

    This 3-page paper explains how a master's degree in geographic engineering systems might impact an employee working in business development for a major automobile chain. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • ICAO Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme

    An 11 page paper with two sections. The first section discusses and explains the ICAO' resolution to establish a Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme (USOAP) and its subsequent Resolution A35-6, which changes the audits to a comprehensive system approach. The Annexes are identified and how they fit into the new audit process is discussed. The second section discusses how a project for the pre-audit might be established and managed and includes more information about the actual preparation process and tools that would be included. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Malcolm X's Autobiography

    This 4 page paper presents a review of this book as it relates to racism and racial belief systems of the day. The author centers on major transitional points in the life of Malcolm X to show how he encountered societal and cultural racism from whites as well as within the Nation of Islam.

  • Development of Automatic Speech Recognition Systems

    This 14-page paper describes some of the problems inherent in developing automatic speech recognition systems. It discusses the technology (including N-grams, classes and decision trees); barriers; and the problem of accents. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Lessons That May Help Smith Systems Consulting

    This 4 page paper looks at two problems faced by the fictitious firm Smith Systems Consulting; the problems of positioning and differentiation. Two firms that faced similar problems are identified along wit the strategies they used to resolve their problems. The cases are then compared to SSC. The paper is based on a case supplied by the student. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Bad Faith Concept of Jean Paul Sartre

    A five page paper which considers Sartre's concept of bad faith, how it relates to human consciousness and autonomy, and the way in which external societal systems encourage self-deception and the rejection of personal responsibility for choice.

  • Economic Approach to Socialized Medicine and an Aging Population

    This 6 page paper considers two related questions, firstly the reasons that justify socialized medicine, this includes issues such as market failure, asymmetry of information leading to moral hazard as well as the ethical approach that favours a utilitarian system. The second part of the paper then considers how the economy is changing due to an increasingly aged population, and why this will impact on the economy. Population graphs are included to demonstrate the way that the population structure is becoming more top heavy. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • The Chosen by Chaim Potok in Terms of Family Analysis

    This 9 page paper looks at family systems and family relationships in Chaim Potok's well known work. A detailed analysis of each family in the work--the Saunders and the Malters--are outlined and evaluated. No additional sources cited.

  • Fashion Industry, Technology, and Inventory Control

    This 8 page paper examines the fashion industry and how changes in technology have changed it. The focus is on software and inventory tracking systems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Social Systems Theory and Foster Care

    This 13 page paper discusses social systems theory in general and foster care specifically and in detail; and touches on reasons why foster care children do poorly in school. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Comparing Islam and Judaism

    A five page paper which looks at the similarities and differences between these two belief systems, in terms of ethics, theology and metaphysics. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Technology and Learning Systems

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of a review of literature on learning systems, motivation and adult learning, including a section on the use of technology, for informing instructional strategies for library specialists. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Evolution Of Groups; The Developmental And Systems Psychodynamic Consideration

    This 16 page paper looks at group development from the perspective of developmental and systems psychodynamic theoretical perspectives by comparing a large learning group and a peer learning group in an educational setting to identify and examine the processes and evolution that can be observed. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • UK Mathematics and GCSE Level Expansion

    This 9 page paper looks at the difference way in which the A’ level mathematics in the UK education system may be seen as a development and expansion of the GCSE level subject. The writer looks at the syllabus and consider how the transition between the two levels is made, and how it may best be understood by the student. The bibliography cites 8 Sources.

  • The Phenobarbitone Processes of Excretion, Metabolism, Distribution, and Absorption

    An overview of the processes affecting phenobarbitone action in the human system. This paper observes the importance of enzymatic reactions in the drugs metabolism as well as factors such as pH and drug interactions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Consumers and the Effects of Price Discrimination

    This 5 page report discusses aspects of price discrimination and how it affects consumers. At its most simplistic level, price discrimination can be reduced to the fact that there are two (or more) customer groups willing to pay different prices for the same product. Several examples of legal and illegal price discrimination are given. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Case Disposition and Drug Offenders

    A 4 page paper that discusses some of the procedures for handling drug cases in the judicial system. Drug trial courts and intermediate sanctions are explained, along with discussion about their degree of success. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Effects of Violence in the Media

    Violence as portrayed by the television, film, and music industries is discussed in this 25 page paper. Actual cases of copycat crimes are noted in addition to a section devoted to the effects of music videos. A discussion on video games is also included. Solutions to the problem are provided, including a discussion on the new V-chip technology and the new television rating system. The paper is replete with references to the latest studies on media violence. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Exploring Transsexuality and its Modern World Implications

    A 6 page contention that insurance plans should pay for sex change operations in that these operations serve to correct error in human physiology, just as other types of medical approaches correct errors which manifest themselves as diseases or psychological disturbances. Furthermore, the contention is presented that society is obligated to treat those transsexuals who have undergone sex change operations as they treat others of the sex which has been chosen by the transsexual. This obligation extends, in fact, to placing those surgically altered transsexuals who enter the criminal justice system in prisons which correspond to their chosen sex.

  • Constructing Sexuality/The Problem with Duality

    An 8 page research paper/essay that discusses how sexuality is understood in society. The writer focuses on developmental systems theory as explained by Fausto-Sterling, and also explains essentialism and constructivism in this context. This discussion illustrates the practicality and logic of this conceptualization of sexuality, and how it holds the promise of releasing sexuality from the restrictions inherent in dualism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Writer's Personal Feelings About Music

    A 3 pages essay that expresses the writer's personal feelings about music. The writer argues that music is a highly complex, abstract language that bypasses the brain and affects the central nervous system directly causing a change in mood. The essay goes on to discuss this emotional component of music and its implications. No sources cited.

  • Tulving/Episodic Memory

    A 3 page article review that summarizes the main points of “Episodic Memory: from mind to brain” by Endel Tulving (2002), published in the Annual Review of Psychology, which presents a thorough discussion of this neurocognitive system that includes the history of this concept; what is known today; criticism of the concept; its biological reality and the current state functional neuroimaging in regards to memory. In so doing, Tulving proves his hypothesis, which is that “episodic memory is a true, even if as yet generally unappreciated, marvel of nature” (Tulving, 2002, p. 1). No additional sources cited.

  • Nursing Field and the Growing Number of Unlicensed Workers

    3 pages in length. The nursing shortage of late has exacerbated an already limited healthcare workforce; that extra hands are a significant help even though they might not be accompanied by a licensed practitioner has long been at the forefront of ethical and legal concerns. While the American Nursing Association recognizes the inherent value of unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) as being instrumental in providing nurses with much-needed support, the ANA also stresses the fundamental dangers of allowing UAPs to engage in functions – such as administering medications - that only a licensed nurse should be undertaking, a far too common reality that stands to erode the nursing profession. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Responses to Two Nursing Posts

    This 3 page essay describes how a student might possibly respond to two nursing posts. The first of which refers to creating a safer nursing system and the second to the role of the master's prepared nurse. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Med/Surg Leader, An Interview

    A 7 page research paper. Nursing leadership is acknowledged to be one of the most crucial factors in addressing the current and emerging needs of the healthcare system. This investigation explores issues related to nursing leadership, first of all, by summarizing literature that defines and discusses the way in which leadership models relate to concepts of formal and informal power and then by offering a hypothetical interview with a nursing leader that exemplifies the principles associated with this topic. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Neuman Systems Model

    A 12 page research paper that examines this model. Nursing theorist Betty Neuman’s Systems Model Theory is one of the most widely utilized model of nursing being used today. This critique of Neuman’s model draws on literature in order to offer an extensive overview of its theoretical structure and its subsequent utility in regards to nursing practice, education, research and administration. This evaluation will also consider pluralism, ethical considerations and gender bias, as well as strengths and weaknesses, when discussing Neuman’s model in regards to achieving nursing goals. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Long Term Healthcare Evolution

    A 5 page paper discussing the effect that Medicare has had on the nursing home – or skilled nursing facility – industry over the past 30+ years. Automatic increases in payments results in automatic increases in prices, a fact that now has become obvious to legislators. The paper includes a timeline beginning with Medicare’s creation in the 1960s, extending through 2002 when Medicare’s fraud investigation system extended to all 50 states. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nursing and Employment Satisfaction

    An 8 page paper addressing the problem of stress and job satisfaction in the nursing profession. The paper includes a literature review and a proposed intervention that ultimately is taken over by the nurses themselves. A facilitator initiates the intervention and conducts a two-hour training overview, but then the nurses themselves meet later to discuss those issues important to them at the time. Underlying theory is that of the Neuman Systems Model, except in this case it is the nurse being focused on, rather than the patient. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Qualitative Study 'Occupational Stress and Job Satisfaction in Mental Health Nursing: Focussed (sic) Interventions via Evidence-based Assessment' Reviewed

    A 5 page paper reviewing the report of a qualitative study of stress among nurses in Britain’s National Health System. Cottrell (2000) provides a quite useful and highly relevant study directly applicable to the issue of stress among nurses. Though the author does not provide any research-supported follow-up on the intervention portion of the study, he provides alternatives that appear to be quite reasonable and naturally present the opportunity for further research in the future. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • State of Science, Nursing Ethics

    A 22 page research paper that examines the state of the science of nursing ethics. This investigation endeavors to offer a broad, exploratory overview of how professional nursing is addressing the numerous ethical challenges that characterize modern healthcare systems. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Nursing and Communication Theory

    A paper which looks at the way in which communication theory is relevant to modern nursing practice, in terms of the relationship between nurse and client and the changing professional structure of the health care system as a whole. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Value of the Family

    A 4 page research paper in which the writer uses tutorial language to aid a student in writing a paper on the value of family based on the student’s nursing practice. The writer discusses family nurses, indicating 2 theories that may be used with this context, Bowen Family System theory and Orem’s Self-Care theory. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Three Nursing Theories

    A 15 page paper presenting a patient case followed by application of three nursing theories to that single case. The nursing theories examined are Roy’s Adaptation Model, Neuman’s System Model and Orem’s Theory of Self-Care. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Business Psychology; Team Work For Effective Organizations

    This 5 page paper looks at theories concerning the way that individuals will interact and develop into teams, including the influences on their behavior and perceptions with a team environment. The paper looks at theories including those of Jung, Belbin, Le Bon and systems theory. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Family Systems/The Postpartum Mother

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the topic of family systems and family-oriented care with the context of postpartum nursing. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Fundamental Theories/Nursing Faculty Shortage

    A 15 page research paper that looks at the nursing faculty shortage and relates this to a literature review which examines scholarly sources that pertain to fundamental theories that affect nursing leadership. While responsible leadership is necessary to the success of any industry, Spinelli stipulates that "Leadership in the healthcare environment today is essential and mandated if our healthcare system is to survive" (Spinelli, 2006, p. 11). The writer examines macroeconomic theory (supply and demand), transformational leadership, servant leadership, situational leadership and role theory. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Ethics and Legalities of Health Care

    A 12 page paper discussing a case in which an emergency room nurse turned away a patient delivered by ambulance. The receiving hospital is a private, for-profit organization, and the patient had no job, no funds and no insurance. The patient was suffering from an apparent broken leg after injuring it playing tennis on a city-owned court. When asked how he intended to pay the hospital’s bill, the patient replied that he would sue the city for the funds. The nurse determined that there were no serious injuries present and that the patient was stable, and then instructed the ambulance crew to transport the patient to a public facility. The paper identifies the facts of the case, then reviews legal, moral and economic issues of the case before concluding with a proposed corporate statement addressing future occurrences. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Religion and its Origins According to Various Theorists

    This 8 page paper focuses on the book called Religion by James Thrower and looks at how religion came about, with the assumption that God does not exist. From this point of view, there are three areas of focus which are primitive belief systems, psychology and sociology. The theorists included with this paper are Malinowski, Jung and Marx. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 10 Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change

    This 4 page paper looks at 10 different strategies for adapting to climate change. The number one strategy is ocean fertilization, after this is discussed a further nine strategies including the development of whether control systems, proliferating drought resistant crops, the use of carbon sequestration strategies, roof gardens, sequencing gene gnomes and building flood resistant homes are all discussed. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Nursing Shortage In The United States: Causes, Effects And Solutions

    8 pages in length. The health care industry is fraught with struggles that keep people from obtaining the medical attention they need in a system where patients often pay the price for social and political agendas. One area in which this fall down of services is felt especially hard is with regard to nationwide nursing shortages that place patients in a highly vulnerable situation when they are admitted to a facility where one trained nurse must oversee three times the number of people than is safely or ethically acceptable. The variables that have constructed this national problems are such that it is becoming uncertain what type of care one will find from one hospital visit to the next. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Community and Corrections Nursing

    A 7 page paper discussing how the correctional facility nurse can have effect in the local community. The US penal system guarantees appropriate health care to prison inmates. US Supreme Court decisions have determined that withholding any medical treatment where there is urgent need constitutes "cruel and unusual punishment," which of course is not allowed by the Eighth Amendment to the US Constitution or by the American character. Providing nursing service within the prison community offers distinct challenges, but it also offers opportunities that otherwise might never be available to health care providers. Prisons often hold individuals that public health professionals have difficulty locating; extending public health screening to the correctional setting can have direct benefit both within the prison and in the local community when individual inmates are released. Includes an outline. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Reflection Process Recording

    3 pages in length. Much of life's attempts at communication is fraught with misunderstanding or misconstrue. In the field of nursing, this reality can be deadly. One of the many ways to uphold a working system of checks and balances is through the practice called process recording. Nursing - more than virtually all other profession - relies upon the mastery of the health caregiver to maintain open communication with the patient; as such, it is a daunting task to verify each and every process without the help of creating a record of interaction. Behind the overall concept of process recording is to provide an opportunity for self-reflection in relation to the way in which interpersonal communication is approached. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • New Nursing Theory Formulation

    A 10 page paper constructing a new nursing theory. “Theory” is not merely some nebulous entity arising from ruminations far removed from nursing practice and patient outcome. Rather, it can be a tool for devising the optimal treatment plan for patients in a variety of areas. The one focused on here is the struggle against alcoholism. The patient used as example in this paper, Mr. Walker, is a 42-year-old man with a history of noncompliance recovering from alcohol hepatitis with jaundice. The relational statement providing a foundation for a new theory is that the greater number of variables contained in a system, the greater the chances that a patient can negotiate through them and maintain higher numbers of subsystems in equilibrium. Included in the discussion are the topics of the nature of theory; the central propositional statement and underlying assumptions; concepts on which to build the theory; and translating the new theory into practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Underwater Forms of Life and Their Coral Reef Survival Link

    5 pages in length. Inasmuch as coral reefs represent a complex community of organisms and their environment functioning as an ecological unit in nature, it is not surprising to find that the numerous life systems that coral reefs support include a variety of plants and animals, in that the reef protectively harbors them as a means by which to thwart predators, as well as to provide for the reef itself. For some, the reefs are a place of safekeeping; for others, however, the reefs represent an overly abundant meal ticket. The writer discusses the importance of coral reefs upon other underwater life forms. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Information Management

    The 16 page paper is written in five sections and looks at the subject of information management. The first section considers the way in which the management of information has changed in recent years and the way it has developed into knowledge management. The second section discusses the way that information flows through a company and the way that it is managed to create useful knowledge. The third section discusses the practical management of information including its collection and storage and what can go wrong with the process. Before section discusses the way that information systems can help companies effectively meet strategic and operational objectives. The last section discusses some of the potential challenges that information management will face in the future. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Free Labor Movement and International Law

    This 18 page paper considers the different developments and the current position concerning the free movement of workers and the free movement of labour. The paper looks at the position interniaonal, giving some historical context and then looks at the current position, focusing on the European Union and Article 39 (ex 48), article 43 (ex 52) and article 49 (ex 59). The paper then looks a the current position and discusses the extent to which the freedoms exists and the constraints on those freedoms. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • Gold Mine Selling

    A 3 page paper in two parts. The first considers the present value of a gold mine expected to be exhausted in two years' time; the second addresses the issue of whether the bonds of GM or Cisco Systems are the more attractive. It appears that GM is doggedly clinging to being what it wants to be, rather than providing products its customers truly want. Cisco is expanding its traditional reach without abandoning its traditional markets, and finding positive results. Cisco is the better choice for bond purchase. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Government, Financial Assistance, and Childcare

    5 pages in length. Today's typical family is made up of two working parents and a child or two in either the public or private school system. If those children are old enough to tend to their own personal daily needs, the pressure is significantly reduced from the parents' long list of responsibilities; however, if even one happens to be too young for school, he or she requires round-the-clock supervision that the two busy parents just cannot provide. This is where childcare comes in, offering supervised sessions that are educational, socially productive and mentally stimulating. While this option is ideal for parents, it also presents a significant financial strain for many who are already on a tight budget. With more government assistance, parents would be better able to provide adequate childcare during their workday, as well as have the peace of mind that the child is receiving the necessary mental, physical and emotional stimulation so critical to the formative years. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Native Medical System of Iran

    7 pages. When asked what changes have been felt as a result of the change in the healthcare industry, several doctors explained that there is a need to gear down their expectations about what they hope to accomplish with patients. This is due to the fact that they are not allowed the same amount of time with their patients as they had ten years ago. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sexual Abuse as a Cause of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

    15 pages in length. The preponderance of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) being caused by neglect and abuse – most frequently sexual abuse - during childhood has given researchers a significantly greater understanding of how and why people develop BPD. Historically, the connection between borderline personality disorder and general abuse has been duly noted, however, the specific component of sexual abuse has been discovered more and more frequently in contemporary research findings that indicate how sexual abuse may serve to modify or sensitize the stress system in a detrimental manner. Moreover, it has been suggested that the brain's central area may undergo trauma that, when experienced during childhood, can impair emotional memories. Self-esteem, ego and the fundamental ability to like oneself – as well as relate to others on an even platform of emotional stability – play a synergistic role in the extent to which people with BPD are ultimately molded by the sexual abuse they experienced during childhood. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Automobile Air Bags and Safety

    A 7 page paper that examines the problems that have resulted from the introduction of automobile air bag safety systems and the progress that has been made to correct these problems. Included are suggestions relating to how this safety feature might be improved. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Aging and Mitochondria

    This 14 page paper discusses the aging of America. Today, more than 6,000 people turn 65 every day, that number will jump to 10,000 by 2011. This essay provides information on aging trends and the effect on the health care system. The writer also comments on the mitochondrial damage theory of aging and reports two dietary supplements that have been shown to be effective in preventing and even reversing certain age-related symptoms. 1 Graph included, Statistical data included. Statistical data reported. 1 Graph included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Two Euthanasia Arguments Compared

    This 5 page report discusses two arguments about euthanasia and applies the Toulmin System (based on the work of philosopher Stephen Toulmin) that allows for a systematic deconstruction of the premises of each argument. Factors of a logical argument – grounds, warrants, backings, and the conditions for rebuttal are discussed in terms of the euthanasia arguments presented. No secondary sources.

  • President George W. Bush's 'No Child Left Behind' Act and Its Implementation

    5 pages in length. Contemporary society has a significant challenge on its hands: to provide students with a strong enough education to meet the ever-growing standards imposed by society. As a means by which to address this tremendous need, President Bush instituted the No Child Left Behind Act, which calls for the implementation of solutions to what he deems as the ten most important concerns within the nation's school system: Achieving Excellence Through High Standards and Accountability; Improving Literacy by Putting Reading First; Improving Teacher Quality; Improving Math and Science Instruction; Moving Limited English Proficient Students to English Fluency; Promoting Parental Options and Innovative Programs; Encouraging Safe Schools for the 21st Century; Enhancing Education Through Technology; Providing Impact Aid; and Encouraging Freedom and Accountability. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Aspects of International Financing

    A 15 page paper. This paper explains and discusses a number of aspects of international financing. The paper begins with an introduction to the topics discussed and an introduction to the Harley Davidson company. Topics discussed include the role of financial management in a multinational organization, the differences between domestic and international financial management, an explanation and example of a balance of payment table, interest parity and purchasing power parity, foreign exchange risk exposure and management of those risks, and an explanation of the international banking system. When possible, Harley Davidson is used as an example. 1 table is included. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • 'Consumption Insurance An Evaluation of Risk Bearing Systems in Low Income Economies' Journal of Economic Perspectives' Article Reviewed

    A 16 page paper reviewing this article (Journal of Economic Perspectives, Summer 1995) examining trends in consumption insurance in selected regions of India, Thailand and the Ivory Coast. The author maintains that the availability of better insurance can result in marked improvement in the condition of farmers in developing countries, and that improved financial systems can be beneficial to farmers in creating passive incomes as well as providing means of protecting the assets they have worked so hard to accumulate. The author’s results and conclusions appear to be valid to the degree that they can be explained in terms of his theory of full insurance, but his discovery of facts uncovered leads to opportunities for further research; inclusion of a qualitative component; and consideration of the situation in developed economies where insurance is becoming less accessible to increasing numbers of households. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Information Systems Technology Projects Fail

    This 14 page research paper responds to two questions; What factors contribute to the failure of information technology systems projects? and How does leadership affect the success or failure of information technology projects? A literature review reports the excessive proportion of information technology projects that fail, the major reasons projects fail, the categories incorporated in a project and the phases in any project. The analysis section discusses the importance of communication and suggests and justifies the transformational leadership style as the most appropriate for project leadership in today's complex world. Statistical data are included. Examples are included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Two Solitudes by Hugh MacLennan

    5 pages in length. The establishment of polity is at the core of Huge MacLennan's 'Two Solitudes,' effectively implementing the means by which protagonists Anthanase and his son Paul confront social forces larger than themselves. From the old school and forever bound by his stalwart religious beliefs, Anthanase discovers rather late in life that things do not need to stay the same in order to gain opportunity; in fact, the manner by which he confronts social forces larger than him is to challenge the very system he had heretofore so passionately guarded. Paul, being of a completely separate generation, is influenced by his desire to achieve while trapped within two very divergent worlds. Inasmuch as he is a member of both sides if only by birthright, he confronts overwhelming social forces larger by aspiring to what he believes carries the most significance toward his ultimate political release. No additional sources cited.

  • Semantic Analysis of Ar'n't I a Woman?' by Sojourner Truth

    5 pages in length. Sojourner Truth exposes her defiance toward the system's rules, which, as she points out, have all been designed by men, for men. Eloquent in both style and approach, Truth does not allow her gender to get in the way of insisting that nowhere in the framework of human rights has it been established that men are in any way more deserving than women. The writer discusses the semantic interpretation of one passage of Truth's historic speech. No additional sources cited.

  • 2 Theories on the Family

    This 8 page paper explores sociological concepts as it pertains to the family. Families of the nineties are compared to earlier family structures. Definitions are explored. All discussion involves both systems theory and the symbolic interactionist approach. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Report on Distributed Object Computing

    This 11 page report discusses distributed object computing. Distributed object computing extends an object-oriented programming system by allowing objects to be distributed across a heterogeneous network, so that each of the distributed object components interact as a unified whole. Three of the most popular and widely-used distributed object paradigms are Microsoft's Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM), OMG's Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) and JavaSoft's Java/Remote Method Invocation (Java/RMI). Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • The Big Dig in Boston

    A 5 page paper discussing the big-business logistics of the largest public works project ever. Boston's Central Artery, the elevated six-lane highway that runs through town, opened in 1959 and was a marvel that had been planned for growth. Designed to carry 75,000 vehicles daily, it is now one of the most congested highways in the nation carrying 190,000 vehicles each day. The budget for its replacement is $10.8 billion and is scheduled for completion in 2004. Though construction began in 1991, there was no overseeing IT plan implemented until 1996. The project has run more smoothly with the IT system in place, and political posturings connected with the project have largely ended. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Various Foreign Influences on the US Federal Reserve System

    This 11 page report discusses the Federal Reserve System of the United States and the foreign influence placed upon it. Ultimately, the actions taken by the Federal Reserve affect everything from corporate stock prices to the cost of a quart of milk. With such a significant influence on economic affairs, one must wonder what influences the Federal Reserve itself. Does it have a relationship with its counterparts in other nations? Does it have an impact on what happens around the world? And, perhaps of greatest interest and importance, what impact do foreign interests have on it? Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Business Computer System Design

    10 pages in length. In this day and age of technological advancement, companies can no longer rely upon the antiquated methods of conducting business. To be sure, the fast growth of computerization has proven significantly effective for business strategies that strive to meet the needs of the company's clientele. TLC Concepts, Inc. is one such company that has found great success in the marketing of a variety of products and ideas; however, the business lacks organization, costing more time and money than the company needs to be spending. The writer discusses how these wasted resources are eliminated by designing a new computer system to meet the demands of a steadily growing corporation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Garrett and A Criminal-Addict's Story

    A 7 page analysis of the life story of a career criminal and heroin addict, Manual Torres. In and out of prison throughout his life, Torres finally turns his life around through a rehabilitation program in the California penal system that provided him with educational opportunities and encouragement. Co-authors Richard P. Rettig and Gerald R. Garrett, give an added dimension to Manny's life history by relating it to current thinking regarding theories on criminal behavior. Extensively researched, these chapters give perspective on Manny's story and place it within the wider framework of criminal justice theory. No additional sources cited.

  • Direct Price Controls Imposed by the United States Government

    This 5 page report discusses three specific forms of price controls imposed by the U.S. government. The creation of a system of price controls is designed to influence the market place, not through market forces but through artificially-established regulations. The three examples presented in this paper are: rent controls; natural gas; and, physician reimbursement practices. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 1997's Balanced Budget Act and Medicare Prospective Payment System

    This 45 page paper explores the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, the prospective payment system instituted, and the effect on Medicare beneficiaries. Specifically, the writer offers a proposal for a study focusing on the increased costs for seniors as a result of the BBA and the PPS. An extensive literature review explains the changes in Medicare benefits as a result of the BBA, including the Medicare+Choice option now given to seniors. The PPS has had a dramatic impact on nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities. The caps placed on rehab services and the changes in federal Medicaid benefits have all combined to result in a greater proportion of out-of-pocket expenses for the Medicare beneficiary. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Social Benefits of Surveillance

    12 pages in length. Based upon the escalating violence, drug use and poor-quality workmanship infiltrating the masses, it has become necessary for employers, school systems and the community at large to implement a means by which to thwart the negative by-products of such activity. Surveillance, even though significantly intrusive, plays an integral role in saving society from itself, given the fact that people are taking less and less responsibility for their own actions and how they may create a damaging influence upon unsuspecting others. The writer discusses how it has, indeed, become imperative that surveillance be utilized as a means by which to control the unwanted element of society, which in turn only serves to benefit all concerned. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Wisconsin v. Mitchell and Hate Crimes

    This 10 page paper analyzes the controversial case of Wisconsin vs. Mitchell -- over a state statute which allowed longer sentences for people convicted of violating existing laws if they chose their victim because of race, religion, disability or sexual orientation. The writer analyzes the actual crimes as it was committed, the facts of the case, and litigation as it occurred at every level. Views of the American Civil Liberties Union and other organizations are expressed. Relevant legal and sociopolitical analysis follows. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Crime and the Mens Rea Concept

    6 pages in length. A comprehensive discussion of Mens Rea, the legal principle upon which we base our requirement of intent for a finding of guilty. Covered in this report are the meaning, background, and a brief history of Mens Rea in law as well as a more in-depth analysis of Mens Rea as applied to insanity pleas, hate crimes, etc; Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ancient Rome and Law

    This 10 Page paper considers the history and the status of law within Ancient Rome. The paper considers in greater detail the legal status of the citizens and the civil right of suing another citizen in a Roman court. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Vehicular Speeds and 'Death in the Fast Lane'

    A 9-page paper that examines the problem of excessive vehicular speed and outlines possible solutions to this problem. Included is a discussion of how law enforcement officials tend to downplay the importance of excessive speed when not combined with alcohol or drugs and when not resulting in a major accident as well as the public's tendency to simply ignore posted legal speed limits. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Insurance and Legal Considerations Regarding UK Shipping

    This 7 page tutorial provides two parts, one addressing issues pertinent to legal issues, and the other answering four questions regarding marine insurance. Shipping law focuses on the United Kingdom and the questions in the second part include information about specific terminology and requirements that shippers should be cognizant of. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Timothy McVeigh's Execution and Its Social and Legal Repercussions

    A 10 page paper exploring the numerous legal and social ramifications inherent in the recent execution of Oklahoma City Bomber Timothy McVeigh. McVeigh, convicted and sentenced to death for his role in the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City and the consequent deaths of 168 people, was the first federal execution in thirty-eight years. The execution has reopened the argument as to the validity of a federal death penalty law under the Eighth Amendment of the US Constitution. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Criminal Justice I

    A 15 page paper in two parts. Part 1 discusses conflict vs consensus perspectives of the origin of criminal law and how the perspectives can affect social, legal and political policy. Part 2 lists 10 perceptions common in popular media (primarily television), followed by the reality of those impressions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • “Natural Crimes” and “Legal Crimes”

    This 5 page paper discusses “natural crimes” (“mala in se”) – crimes that are morally wrong; and “legal crimes” (“mala prohibita”) – crimes that are illegal only because the law says so. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • AIDS, Morality, and 'Cheap' Drugs for Africa

    This 10 page paper considers the ethical and legal issues that are relevant when considering the need of developing nations to access essential drugs, such as those for HIV/AIDS. Issues such are moral responsibility, profit, investment, protection and patents are also considered. Patent law referent to is both international and UK is approach. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Sui Generis and Database Protection

    This 14 page paper considers the protection that is granted to databases under EU law with the application of sui generis, which is embedded in Directive 96/9/EC on the legal protection of databases. The protection that is afforded is discussed and the way this has changed since Simon Chalton posed a rhetorical question in the title to his 2001 article "Database Right: Stronger than it Looks?" The bibliography cites

  • Ethics Code, Progressive Discipline, and Conduct Code

    This 4 page paper responds to five questions: Can a code of conduct be an ethics code if it only restates legal requirements? Provide an example of an ethics code that goes beyond the law. What are some of the best practices for promoting an ethics code? Identify five employee behaviors that are less justifiable grounds for termination. Provide an example of a progressive discipline process. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Is the Law Based on Morals?

    This 8 page paper looks at whether there is a connection between mortality and the law, looking at the ideas of legal theorists such as Fuller, Dworkin, Hart and Devlin. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • A Review of Motorcycle Helmet Laws

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of motorcycle helmet laws. Legal and health-related aspects of the issue are explored. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The NCLB, A School Improvement Idea

    A 5 page research paper that examines the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) act: the role and impact of this reform idea on student learning, while also analyzing the costs of this law in terms of legal, financial, personal and institutional implementation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Legal Issues in Education

    A 30 page research paper that addresses specific legal issues as they apply to teaching and education. Topics covered include tort liability, negligence, law pertaining to disabled children, privacy issues, drug testing, search and seizure and others. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Abortion, Surrogacy and Men

    A 15 page research paper that offers an examination of international law and looks specifically at the issues associated with abortion, assisted reproductive technologies and surrogacy. The focus is on how statutory language is utilized and the implications that this holds for male interaction with specific legal codes. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Business Tax Planning

    Despite new tax regulations expected in 2005 and new tax regulations implemented in the past few years to protect against tax avoidance and tax evasion, tax planning for business still involves looking at where the tax dollars can be pared. Tax planning for businesses today involves good tax planning to take advantage of the remaining legal tax deferment methods and taking advantage of the tax laws where possible. 5 References. jvTaxPln.rtf

  • Ancient Rome and Law

    This 10 Page paper considers the history and the status of law within Ancient Rome. The paper considers in greater detail the legal status of the citizens and the civil right of suing another citizen in a Roman court. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Unions, Ethics, and the Law

    This 4 page report discusses issues relating to ethics and law as they pertain to labor unions in the United States. Numerous possibilities for dealing with ethical and legal issues exist within any discussion of modern labor unions in America. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • U.S. Supreme Court and Its Power

    3 pages in length. The decisions of recent Supreme Court cases revolve around a society that has become somewhat extremist. No longer do benevolence and humane ethics rule the land, but rather legal infiltration must work in tandem with a society lost to individualism. Issues such as gun control, presidential privilege, indiscriminant background checks via the Brady Bill and medicinal marijuana use have represented an entirely new and different approach to law interpretation and judgment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Forbidding Romance In The Workplace

    3 pages in length. The desire to curb romances with a 'no dating' policy has increased exponentially with the growing awareness of sexual harassment in the workplace. However, there are both legal and ethical considerations to make before drafting and implementing such a policy that depends mostly upon individual state laws. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Case of Misrepresentation under Australian Law

    This 6 page paper is based on Australian law, examining a case of potential misrepresentation and advising a consumer on their rights. The paper summarizes the facts of the case, looks at the relevant legal concepts and then discusses the application to the case study. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • International Law and Nuclear Weapons

    This 36-page paper covers the issue of nuclear weapons and whether they ae prohibited by international law. The paper discusses the history of nuclear weapons, the use of treaties in terms of legal control and the 1996 ruling of the IJC World Court on the legality of nuclear weapons. Bibliography lists 36 sources.

  • Police Reform Suggested in Films

    A 3 page research paper that examines how legal and procedural issues raised in certain films, such as Point Break and Training Day, reflect the real-life problems facing law enforcement agencies. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Malpractice, Lawyers, and Insurance

    20 pages in length. Although one might duly expect one's lawyer to be forthright and principled in his/her approach to law, this is unfortunately not always the case. Sometimes unintentionally negligent while other times malicious in intent, attorneys are fallible human beings like everyone else in all other sectors of commerce; just because they get paid to uphold the law does not mean they always do. The extent to which lawyers breach their ethical and/or legal oath is wholly dependent upon the state and circumstances; with America's recognized disdain for law professionals, it is no wonder why there is such a need for attorneys to carry malpractice insurance. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Malpractice, Lawyers, and Insurance

    20 pages in length. Although one might duly expect one's lawyer to be forthright and principled in his/her approach to law, this is unfortunately not always the case. Sometimes unintentionally negligent while other times malicious in intent, attorneys are fallible human beings like everyone else in all other sectors of commerce; just because they get paid to uphold the law does not mean they always do. The extent to which lawyers breach their ethical and/or legal oath is wholly dependent upon the state and circumstances; with America's recognized disdain for law professionals, it is no wonder why there is such a need for attorneys to carry malpractice insurance. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • American Hotel Industry Changes

    A 21 page research paper that is divided into two distinct parts: Part 1 discusses a history of American Labor Law and Part 2 discusses the Changes in the Labor Market. An overview of the major labor laws that would be applicable to the hotel and hospitality industry is provided beginning with the Fair Labor Standards Act and going through the Electronic Communications Privacy Act. The most often filed complaints in the hotel industry are those related to sex discrimination and sexual harassment. There have also been legal problems with the child labor laws. The second part includes, among other topics, the median ages in specific job categories, current employment and expected changes by 2008, changing labor market, and how to hire and retain good employees in the hotel industry. Significant amount of data included. 4 tables included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Law of Greece

    8 pages in length. Greek law evolved as a necessary means by which to regulate society's behavior. What had up until then been left up to the whims of each individual to handle on his own was now a product of fair and sensible legal procedure. It can be argued that there was, indeed, a great need for such a show of order in that there existed no modicum of conformity when it came to retribution. As Greek law continued to be established, it also became an integral component of other areas of life, branching out into political and social implications. The writer discusses Greek Law in relation to the Sumerians; Egyptians; Hebraics; Hellenics; the Classical, Roman and Christian periods; as well as Cicero, Augustine, Plato and Aristotle. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • English Law and the Norman Conquest

    A paper which looks at the impact which the Norman Conquest had on the development of the English legal system, taking into account the many other historical and social factors which influenced the growth of common law both before and after the Norman invasion. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • Nally v. Grace Community Church

    This paper discusses the case of Nally vs. Grace Church, in which Walter Nally sued Grace Community Church for the suicide death of his son. The paper discusses how this case fits into the California legal system structurally, substantively and culturally. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Intellectual Property and Patent Law

    This 26 page paper considers the quote “since we have had a patent system for a long time, it would be irresponsible, on the basis of our present knowledge, to recommend abolishing it”. The paper begins by looking at the development of patent law with he first recorded origins in 1313, though to the current day, the reason for its’ existence and the way it has developed and how it fits, overlaps and compares with other intellectual property law. Special attention is paid to copyright laws. The paper is written with reference English law. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Evolution of Rap Music in France

    An 8 page research paper that discusses the evolution and status of rap music in France and compares this to rap music in the US. The writer particularly focuses on the reaction of the legal system in both countries to offensive rap lyrics. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Risks Associated with the Funding of Foreign Trade with Companies in Bangladesh

    This 4 page paper examines the different types of risk that may face a US firm considering financing foreign trade with Bangladesh. Issues such as the legal system, regulatory framework and problems such as corruption all discussed. Potential strategies which may help to reduce risk identified and examined. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Evolution of Rap Music in France

    An 8 page research paper that discusses the evolution and status of rap music in France and compares this to rap music in the US. The writer particularly focuses on the reaction of the legal system in both countries to offensive rap lyrics. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Homes and Ethical Issues

    5 pages in length. In today's world of nursing home care, the level of abuse and neglect has reached an all-time high. The commonality of such unacceptable treatment has called for myriad legal intervention as a means by which to re-evaluate health reform; however, such inhumane activity continues in spite of these measures. The most frustrating aspect of nursing home care is the fact that the patients themselves are often incapable of reporting such treatment, rendering them victims in the ongoing breakdown of America's health care system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A 'Down Under' Overview of Australia

    This 5 page report discusses “the land down under,” Australia, in terms of its government, legal and judicial system, economy, demographics, and ecosystems. Australia is a multifaceted and intriguing land that even as the world enters the 21st century, has remained a place apart. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mutiny on the Amistad by Howard Jones

    A 5 page analysis of Howard Jones' account of the Amistad case, in which black captives seized control of a slave ship in the early 1800s and tried to return to Africa. The writer argues that Jones demonstrates how the repercussions of the Amistad case went far beyond its immediate effect on the defendants, but rather affected the course of the American abolitionist movement, foreign relations with Spain, and the perspective that those involved toward the legal system of the US. No additional sources cited.

  • Abuse of Senior Citizens

    Most people are aware that there are laws that exist to protect children and animals from abuse. Many are not aware that there are laws that protect adults such as the elderly and disabled. Few people are aware of the magnitude of the problem or the consequences. Elder abuse affects all the systems that the individual is a part of, from the individual level to family, friends, social institutions, care providers, government agencies and American societal norms. The America belief system includes a responsibility to protect those who are not able to care for themselves. This 8 page paper examines the issues of elder abuse and the means that are in place to protect vulnerable adults. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Laws for Sex Offenses

    A 10 page research paper on recent laws and scientific support for the laws affecting sexual offenders. The writer focuses on both state and federal laws, including 'Megan's Laws,' Kansas's States recommitment law, California's chemical castration law, Delaware's drivers' license law, and recidivism statistics. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Laws for Sex Offenses

    A 10 page research paper on recent laws and scientific support for the laws affecting sexual offenders. The writer focuses on both state and federal laws, including 'Megan's Laws,' Kansas's States recommitment law, California's chemical castration law, Delaware's drivers' license law, and recidivism statistics. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • UK Corporate Mergers and Their Implications

    This 5 page report discusses merger and takeover activity in the United Kingdom. While the processes and attitudes regarding takeovers differ in the UK from the typical “M&A” attitude in the United States, mergers are flourishing every bit as much there as the have in the U.S. Most corporate legal advisers predict mergers and acquisitions, in the UK, will remain “buoyant” in 1999, particularly in the energy industry. This report examines the overall process, the shareholder viewpoint, the managers of the companies involved, as well as impact on the larger economy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The UK and American Multinationals

    This 17 page paper considers the economic climate in the United Kingdom. In considering this the legal, social ethical and financial aspects are discussed, and are applied to the scenario of an American Multinational company located within Great Britain. Examples of actual companies are also cited through the text. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Excessive Use of Force and Law Enforcement

    An excellent 10 page paper on Police Use of Excessive Force. The writer analyzes how different police departments act towards this problem and how lightly officers are punished -- even when known to have repeatedly used excessive force. The legal definition of Excess Force is provided and analyzed. An illustrative pie chart included demonstrating the outcome of citizen complaints in Los Angeles, California is provided (research is cited). Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Rights and Conduct of Students

    A 5 page paper which discusses some legal concerns of students in relationship to conduct and personal rights. In discussing these issues, the paper addresses the actions that can be taken by the leaders or teachers involved, and the level of involvement that the leaders and teachers can expect from the issues. The focus of the conduct and rights addresses four individual issues. Those issues are right to privacy as it relates to searching lockers and personal belongings, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • An Overview of the Expectations Surrounding the Implementation of the First Amendment

    9 pages which analytically examine whether or not the 1st amendment has 'lived up' to the expectation of its drafters. Bibliography contains 18 legal references.

  • Settlement Proposal by the Tobacco Industry

    In a 10 page paper the writer discusses how after much denial, the tobacco industry has finally admitted that nicotine does, in fact, kill people. Now their interests lie in protecting themselves from further litigation by proposing a settlement to gain the legal protection of the federal government. The writer reviews the proposal and interprets the future outcome on both the industry and the general public. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Overview of the Process of the US Federal Budget

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the process that takes place in the United States. Pertinent legal requirements are examined. Historical and contemporary information includes several examples. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Employee Background Checks and Privacy Issues

    This 4 page report discusses issues of privacy in the workplace and in hiring. The types of employer background checks that are warranted are discussed as is the types of standards and protocols that should be in place to assure that such processes are not abused. Both legal and ethical concerns must be addressed in virtually all circumstances to assure individual privacy and organizational safety. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Breeding Plants in the Future

    This 6 page paper assumes that plant breeding progress will depend upon the efficient use of genetic resources. Genetic engineering is discussed and the future of plant breeding is looked at from both a practical and legal perspective. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Defining and Describing Res Judicata

    5 pages in length. The writer defines and discusses the legal components of res judicata. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Public Schools and Drug Testing

    This paper examines the policy of drug testing students involved in extra curricular activities at school. Based on the recent case of Earl versus Tecumseh, the essay examines why drug tests are in place, legal ramifications and what needs to be considered before implementing drug tests in schools. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • NCAA Eligibility Requirements and Learning Disabilities

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of the central issues and legal problems surrounding the attempts by a learning disabled student athlete to pursue participation in NCAA sports. This paper considers the eligibility requirements for NCAA sports and how these requirements can be challenged by the Americans with Disabilities Act. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Designing Research; Why Do Music Users Download from Illegal Sources?

    This 10 page paper shows how research can be designed. Using the example of a music company that wants find out what music users download tracks illegally so they can devise a marketing strategy to encourage legal downloads. The paper identifies the potential sample, considers what data should be collected and how the sample may be most effectively approached and how the information should be collected and presents an outline for a questionnaire. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Music Industry Survival and Development

    This 21 page paper provides an abstract, a table of contents and then a look at the history of the music industry and where it is headed. Sections include ideas about the specifics of the music business, inclusive of legal issues. Genres as well as the changes in popularity from decade to decade are issues discussed in this paper that also looks at the social problems caused by music. Violence, sex and other problematic aspects are part of the analysis. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Various Formats of Digital Audio

    A 4 page paper discussing .wav, MP3, MIDI and MOD music-storing formats. Digital music and other audio forms have benefited greatly from the innovations of recent years. After the advent of the Internet, audiophiles formerly started their music downloads before going to bed for the night, for the download time of only a few files would take hours to complete. The legal landscape has greatly changed as well; the involvement of more corporate entities in music and other audio file downloading has resulted in more options being available for today’s users. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Downfall of Napster Inc.

    A 9 page paper examining the reasons that Napster was forced out of business while other download services still operate today. Shawn Fanning’s Napster music download site unleashed a flurry of legal action that eventually led to the company’s demise. The purpose here is to assess the case and look for lessons in it. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Long Term Care Environments and Nursing Care Plans

    A 6 page paper discussing the form, advantages and disadvantages a nursing concept. The nursing concept discussed here is the care plan, specifically as it applies to long term care. Planning long term or nursing home care always has been a priority for the best such facilities providing that type of patient care, but it receives even greater as the population ages. Such plans incorporate legal requirements and the wishes of patients and their families, with the effect of reducing uncertainty of action. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Scenario on Malpractice in Nursing

    A 15 page research paper that, first of all, offers a scenario concerning a specific example of nursing malpractice. Then, the writer addresses the legal issues involved, the topic of nursing malpractice in general, and what should have been done to avoid the possibility of litigation. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Shared Governance and Collective Bargaining Issues in Nursing

    3 pages in length. The fundamental reason for incorporating collective bargaining and shared governance within the nursing environment is so decision making becomes a more mutual outcome where nurses have greater contribution toward daily undertakings and management readily facilitates this input. Examining the political, legal, ethical and social issues of this relatively new concept exemplifies how a feasible, much-needed model of cooperation might still be fraught with difficulties when implemented. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nursing Liability and Access to Health Care by the Poor in Texas

    A 6 page research paper that discusses access to healthcare by the poor in Texas, standards for professional conduct, and the repercussions if nurses fail to reach these standards, which is all too easy into "cutback" environment. In this regard, the writer also discusses legal liability and what nurses need to know. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing Profession and 'Telehealth' Implications

    An 8 page paper which examines the implications of telehealth on the nursing profession by defining the term; discussing its benefits; costs; education and/or training guidelines for nurses, privacy, confidentiality, security, ethics, informed consent, and storage of telehealth records; ensuring reliable technology; provincial/state issues; and legal issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 2005's Safe Nursing and Patient Act, Legal and Ethical Concerns

    A 6 page research paper that considers the impact, ethical and legal ramifications of the Safe Nursing and Patient Act of 2005, which is designed to limit the amount of overtime required by employers of their nursing staff. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Annotated Bibliography on Patient Restraint

    A 6 page annotated bibliography describing 6 sources. All of the sources discuss the use of physical or chemical restraints in nursing homes, with emphasis on physical restraints. Some nursing homes are striving for a restraint-free environment, but some still argue that physical restraints are necessary to prevent residents from injuring themselves. One source examines the issue from an ethical perspective; one from a legal one. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • UK, Work, and Disabilities

    This 21 page paper gives a good and comprehensive overview of employment and the disabled person in the UK, paying special attention to the males. The paper starts by looking at the statistics that show the differences in employment and unemployment rate between disabled and able bodied workers, then looks the way disability is viewed in the work context and how this has changed over time before looking at the current legal situation with reference to the Disability Discrimination Act 1995. The bibliography cites 23 sources.

  • Fast Food Industry Obesity Case of Caesar Barber

    This 3 page paper examines the case initiated by Caesar Barber against four fast food restaurants for contributing to his obesity. The legal issue is discussed. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Are Payday Loans Legalized Loan-Sharking?

    A 3 page paper discussing the operation and ethics of payday loan companies. The need for the existence of payday loan companies is regrettable, but the business can be expected to grow as the economy continues to favor greater numbers of low-paying service jobs. They are not legal loan sharks, but their success certainly indicates a need for general financial education in public schools. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Questions/Public Relations in Schools

    A 6 page research paper that answers specific questions from a text addressing public relations for public schools. Issues addressed include obstacles to good PR for schools, models of PR, reflective practice and legal issues pertaining to defamation and religion in schools. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Generics, Ethics, and Law in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    A 14 page discussion of the pharmaceutical industry and the reception generic drugs have within that industry. This paper presents the thesis that it is both ethical and legal for pharmaceutical companies to interfere with or to delay generic drugs being released into the marketplace. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Dissertation Proposal For E-Commerce Strategies

    This 5 page paper is the outline for a dissertation looking at the implementation of e-commerce by a large company. The outline includes security issues, advantages and disadvantages, the trade offs that may need to be undertaken to gain the most value, legal issues and how e-commerce should be approached and used strategically. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Exploring the Legality and Ethics of Drug Screening at Work

    While there is little legal support for an invasion of privacy for urine and sweat testing in the workplace, there are many reasons to believe the practice is unethical. This 5 page argumentative essay explores the facts and issues behind the issue. Bibliography list 4 sources.

  • Issues in e-Commerce

    This 10 page paper discusses five issues that are of importance in e-commerce: security; identity theft; legal issues such as copyrights; cross-border problems; and market valuation. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of Developing Smart Home Living

    This 16 page paper looks at the concept of the smart home, a home which utilizes technology and may be effectively increase independent living for the elderly and disabled. The paper examines the ethical, social, legal and professional considerations which will need to be taken into account with the design of smart homes and the way in which they are used. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • The Electoral College

    This 5 page paper reports the history of the Electoral College, when it was established, why, its purpose, legal foundations for it, how it works, how Electors are selected, number of Electors, election quirks with the Electoral College, how Electors vote, elections deferred to Congress, who administers the Elector College and how it has evolved. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Business Plan to Open a Chain of Fruit Juice Cafes

    This 14 page paper presents a business plan for the start-up of a new (fictitious) business selling fruit juices, fruit juice cocktails and smoothies. The plan proposes the opening of a chain of outlets with expansion using a franchise model from year three onwards. The plan includes information under growth and financial objectives, legal structure and ownership, finance, organisational structure, stockholders, marketing plan including customer and competitor analysis. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • An Overview and look info Forensic Anthropology

    In 5 pages, the author gives an overview of forensic anthropology including what forensic anthropology is, the essentials of forensic anthropology, forensic anthropology and the FBI, forensic investigations, legal responsibilities of the forensic anthropologist, and recent developments in forensic anthropology. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Child Protective Services (CPS) In Arizona

    6 pages in length. ARS §8-802 governs Arizona's Child Protective Services (CPS) program that provides the resources to investigate, punish and prevent childhood abuse/neglect situations. This agency is responsible for the first step of an 'alleged' charge of neglect or abuse, all the way through assessment, intervention and legal action. Crisis assistance is also available through Arizona's Child Protective Services that helps to mitigate the potential for ongoing safety concerns. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Laws Governing Adoption and Child Protection in England

    5 pages in length. Margaret's legal rights as the birth parent may have helped her maintain custody of her children; however, it has reached the point where she has exhausted her chances to prove worthy of caring for and protecting them. The past decades has witnessed many changes in the UK's approach to child protection, and Margaret may have just lost her last opportunity to raise Peter and Mary if the Thomas's prove more suitable for the responsibility. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gay Marriages - Arguments For and Against

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of arguments for and against gay marriage. The paper comes out in support of gay marriage on the grounds of protecting civil rights and removing the moralistic component from what is ultimately a legal debate. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Arguing in Favor of Eighteen Year Olds Having the Right to Legally Drink

    A 5 page argumentative essay that argues the point that a minimum legal drinking age of 21 is a form of age discrimination against 18 year-old citizens who are considered adults in all other aspects. This paper concentrates on the effects an MLDA of 21 has on college students who are considered adults, live in adult settings, and yet are not allowed the adult choice of responsible drinking. Included are views from the opposition. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Designing Research; Why Do Music Users Download from Illegal Sources?

    This 10 page paper shows how research can be designed. Using the example of a music company that wants find out what music users download tracks illegally so they can devise a marketing strategy to encourage legal downloads. The paper identifies the potential sample, considers what data should be collected and how the sample may be most effectively approached and how the information should be collected and presents an outline for a questionnaire. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Design Company in Ireland

    This 6 page paper looks at a design company in Ireland and considers the different aspects of business in Ireland. Included is a discussion on forming businesses in Ireland, taxation, legal issues such as patents and trademarks, as well as looking at how the company competes. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • ADHD and ADD and School Compulsory Medication

    A 14 page research paper that explores the use of psychoactive drug use in the US with schoolchildren. The first half of the paper offers a legal analysis and the second half an ethical analysis. The writer concludes from a review of available research that while these drugs are crucial for some children (1 to 2 percent of the childhood population), they are dramatically over-prescribed and used as a "quick fix" to enforce compliance with unrealistic behavioral expectations for young children. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Corporate Strategy Influences by Company Regulations

    This 5 page paper looks at UK law and considers how it may be used to help and enhance corporate strategy. The writer uses the Copyright, Designs and Patents Bill 1988, the Case of Dyson and Hoover and the role of directors to illustrate the points raised. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Corporate Strategy and Company Law

    This 5 page paper considers how company law in the UK aid wit the formation of better business strategies. The paper focuses on the duties of a director and breach of care, and how this may be used with a resource based view of the company. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Globalization and the Impact of International Laws and the European Union

    This 5 page paper considers how the EU and intentional laws effect globalization. The paper start by defining globalisation and then looks at the role of the EU and then larger organizations. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Overview of UK Family Law

    This 14 page paper considers several questions regarding the claiming of maintenance, the share of a family home, the splitting of a pension and hidden assets In a divorce. The writer then consider the assessment of child maintenance and related issues for an unmarried couple. The paper is written with consideration of UK law and sites relevant legislation and cases. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Doctrine of Common Mistake and the United Kingdom

    This 8 page paper considers the different types of mistake in common-law and uses this to consider whether or not England and Wales should adopt a doctrine of Common Mistake. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Gender Discrimination and European Union Law

    This 5 page paper considers EU law regarding the inequality of treatment for women employees. Looking as some specific examples Article 141 is examined along with relevant directive and numerous cases. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Nationality Discrimination and European Union Law

    This 5 page paper is a comprehensive look at the way that EU citizens can expect to be treated in each nation state. This examination is undertaken using relevant articles, directives and regulations, as well as making extensive use of case law. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Trademarks, Licensing, and International Law

    This 17 page paper considers the way in which international law impacts on the way that trademarks are protected or used and hw this may impact on licensing globally. The writer cites many cases and looks at several areas including the EU and the US. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Portugal, the United States, and Business Law

    This 8 page paper considers the way in which business law in both of these countries is similar and also how it differs, including the cultural influences. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Overview of European Trademark Law

    This 5 page paper focuses on a specific regulation regarding the labeling of a cheese product in relation to its country of origin. Several aspects of European Community law are discussed and remedies for the problem are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History and Impact of the 1967 President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice

    This paper examines the 1967 President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice, the history of the commission and the impact of its recommendations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Competition Policy and European Union Law

    This 6 page paper considers the statement "Competition is the best stimulant of economic activity….. but is not, however, regarded as an end in itself. It is one of the most important means by which an integrated market is achieved" by looking at relevant competition policy and application under European Union Law. The writer cites numerous cases to illustrate points raised.

  • Discounts, Pricing, and EU Competition Law

    This 7 page paper considers the issue of competition under EU law. Looking at a case where a dominant company want to give discounts to purchasers who purchase all or most goods from them, and wants to adopt a predatory pricing strategy in one country in order t undermine the competition. The paper considers this situation under Articles 81 and 82. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Elites Make the Laws, Not 'the People'

    This 3 page paper argues that society is divided by class and that laws are made by the elite. The United States is used as an example of this. Marxism is used as the theoretical base. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Student Question on a Person's Obligation to Obey Community Law

    This 3 page paper answers a question posed by a student by looking at Aristotle and Socrates' reasoning. The question answered is "Does being born, staying, and living in a community give a person an absolute obligation to obey the laws of that community?" Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Natural Law and the Judiciary

    This 3 page paper discusses how the judiciary has utilized natural law to identify the personal rights of citizens, in accordance with article 40.3.1 of the constitution. This paper further asserts that these sources leave too much room for intepretation by the judiciary. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Arguments for English Only Laws in the U.S. Both For and Against

    4 pages in length. The debate over whether English-only laws will actually help or hinder the issues of social and cultural determinism is one that has both sides in an uproar. A number of recent events and protests have made it clear that there exists a distinct dividing line with regard to the inherent benefits of a bilingual American society. Not only is this concept a hot potato within the ethnic community, but it has also served to touch upon a raw nerve with the general public, as well. No bibliography.

  • Overview of Family Law Issues

    This 10 page paper is written in two parts. The first part considers the influence of the Human Rights Act 1998 on the Children Act 1989, looking specifically at article 8. The second part of the paper considers issues regarding divorce, the process of divorce and how financial settlement are calculated, The paper is written with reference to English law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Twentieth Century Changes in the Relationship Between the U.S. Economy and American Law

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses how the extent to which one can gauge the impact of the changing relation between American law and the American economy over the course of the twentieth century is by many things, not the least of which is by examining Keynesian philosophy. Earl Warren's equality style liberalism is also discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • United Kingdom's Company Law Modernization and 2001 Change Proposals

    This 3 page paper outlines the recommendations of the white paper on the modernising of company law, published in 2001. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Small Law Firm Management Improvements

    A 4 page paper that begins with a brief description of the scenario. A strategic planning approach will be used to change the management of this firm. Strategic planning is discussed, including comments on how law firms have used this approach in the past. The writer suggests that this company adopt the learning organizational design as their design. The issues of employee morale and motivation are discussed, using Maslow's hierarchy as the basis for improving these factors. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • English Criminal Law and Whether Mandatory Sentences Are Justified

    This 8 page paper considers if there is any justification for mandatory sentencing in the English criminal law, the paper considers this from the perceptive of increased justice, increased efficiency and social interests. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Press Freedom and Libel

    This 10 page paper considers the statement “The English Law of libel and defamation represents an unwarranted restriction on the freedom of the press and the broadcast media”. The paper looks at both sides of the argument and uses numerous cases to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Law Enforcement and Communication

    This 10 page paper provides information on selected chapters (3 through 7) for the book "Connecting: A Culture-Sensitive Approach to Interpersonal Communication Competency" by Berko, Rosenfeld and Samovar, and relates the information to law enforcement. Various forms of communication are discussed. No additional sources cited.

  • Injunctions and the Equity Law

    This 5 page paper discusses the statement that “equity is not past the age of childbearing”. The appeach is taken by looking at the development of the law of equity and injunctions, the new types of injunctions and the way in which the criteria for the granting of injunctions has developed to ensure the court continues to be able to exercise its discretion free from precedent. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Order, Law, and the Salem Witch Hunts

    This 12 page paper takes a thoughtful look at law and order, and whether or not society really metes out justice fairly. The Salem Witch hunts are looked at as an example of when society unfairly applied what it construed as justice. The unfairness of how women are treated in today's prisons is also another topic addressed in this paper that is chockfull of information and research. Sociological and philosophical perspectives are used to explore how society has tried to maintain order. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Law and the Patents

    This 5-page paper focuses on aspects of patent law, based on a case study. Topics under discussion include patent infringements and revocation of patents. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Media and Law Enforcement

    A 14 page paper which examines how law enforcement is portrayed by the media, how it affects the public’s perception of police departments, how several famous cases have been covered and the significance of racial and sexual prejudice. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • The Internet Law of Australia

    A 4 page overview of recent attempts at regulating Internet content in Australia. These actions have occurred in the face of laws which have been on the books since 1982 insuring Australians freedom of information. Australia’s solution to this contradiction has been to amend the Freedom of Information Act itself. The author contends that Australia’s attempts at censoring the Internet are the equivalent of fighting a windmill and suggests that many stand ready to fight for the rights originally granted by Australia’s Freedom of Information Act. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ancient Rome and Sales Contracts

    A 7 page overview of the elements which go into contracts of sale. The author traces each of these elements to the laws of ancient Rome. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Law Enforcement, Morality, and Ethics

    A 15 page research paper that investigates the moral and ethical conduct of law enforcement officers. The writer differentiates between "moral" and "ethical" behavior on the part of these agents and discusses the ramifications of police behavior. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Ancient Rome and the Law on Contract of Sale

    An 8 page overview of the elements which go into contracts of sale. Identifying three critical elements of sale (the agreement, the thing sold, and the price), the author traces each of these elements to the laws of ancient Rome. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Discrimination Law Interpretation and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

    A 4 page research paper on the policymaking of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the federal agency that oversees compliance with federal laws that guard against discrimination in employment practices. The writer examines loopholes in EEOC policy, specifically look at the manner in which academicians evaluate the EEOC. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • United Kingdom Law and Last Will and Testaments

    This 5 page paper considers UK law, what makes a will valid such as the requirements of the testator at the time of making the will and the will itself. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • United Kingdom and the Domicile Concept

    This 4 page paper considers what is meant by domicile and how it is determined under UK law. The paper cites cases to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Contract Law Mistakes and Fraudulent Misrepresentation Case Study

    This 5 page paper considers a case supplied by the student. A sale is made with various mistakes, a buyer misrepresents himself and the seller does not want to complete the contract. The paper determines if there is a valid contract, what there terms where and how the mistake affects it by reference to UK contract law and the Sale of Goods Act 1979, and then looks at the results of the fraudulent misrepresentation. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Contract Law in Italy

    20 pages in length. The writer discusses offers, breach and revocability as they relate to Italian contract law. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Risk Management Issues in E-Law

    4 pages answering 4 questions about Internet law and risk management, particularly in matters of privacy and use of information gathered from site visitors. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • English Law Regarding Contract Law

    This 4 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student where there is an advertisement placed in a newspaper, which is followed by communications and an acceptance. The paper considers which are offers, which are counter offers, and communications, if any, is a valid acceptance. The paper is written with reference to English law and cites relevant cases. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • The Role of Agency Law

    This 7 page paper considers the role of agency law and how it may be enforced as well as comparing the position in the UK with that in Europe. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • International Cooperation and Chinese Competition Law

    This 23 page paper provides an overview of Chinese competition law and the impact that this has had on international trade cooperation. This paper considers the need for developing new legislation in China and the underlying reasons. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Copyright Law and Plagiarism

    This 4 page paper compares and contrasts copyright law and plagiarism restrictions. This paper provides insightful examples to illustrate the differences between these two infringments. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Society through the Lens of John Landis’s “Trading Places”

    This 8 page paper discusses the film “Trading Places” as a cultural artifact, and explores what it says about the law, justice, and society. It also discusses whether the film made its points and if so, was it done badly or well. Finally, it discusses why and how justice was served at the climax of the movie. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Proportionality and Australian Law

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the concept of proportionality as it appears Australian Law. In recent years, the High Court of Australia has been for applying the concept of proportionality to issues related to the Constitution of Australia. When the core values of this Constitution are at stake, the requirement of proportionality becomes more stringent for the High Court, and questions of the application of this standard have been related in recent years. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Lebensborn and Eugenics Programs of Nazi Germany

    A 20 page research paper providing an overview of the laws pertaining to eugenics and the Lebensborn program of Nazi Germany. The writer centers on the program and the support mechanisms put into place to underscore the development of the Nazi master race in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Improving High School Graduation Rates for Texas Minorities in the Presence of Exit-Level Testing

    A 19 page review of the numerous factors that interrelate to result in a high Mexican American drop out rate. The author reviews these factors in relation to the standardized exit test that is now required by law for Texas to issue high school diplomas. Includes a brief Methods section for the literature search that was conducted. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • Children's Rights Literature Review

    A 25 page paper discussing the twists that the simple term of “children’s rights” can take. A decade ago, the United Nations issued a proclamation stating that all children of the world have the right to expect a life in which they have decent clothing and shelter, and have enough food to sustain life. The proclamation also made rather vague statements regarding their rights to safety and basic human rights as well. It may not have produced results for the children, but did serve to set off heated debates around the world as to any further or hidden meaning that the statements may have been designed to convey. The paper discusses implications of children’s rights in terms of general, legal, civil, “life” and medical issues, including discussions of research that has been done in each. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • Defining Management

    In 5 pages, the author discusses the concept that as a Human Resource Manager, one must use the definition of management, which states that it is the attainment of organization goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organizing, leading, and controlling organizational resources, in order to explain how to manage workplace diversity and motivational approaches such as gain-sharing and executive information systems in contemporary organization. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Pete Rose Gambling Case and Sports Management

    This 5 page report discusses gambling in professional sports and by the athletes themselves. What are the legal implications, as well as the impact on the sport itself. The circumstances and findings of the Pete Rose case are discussed as well as Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Healthcare Industry Financial Management

    This 5 page essay discusses issues revolving around effective and meaningful financial management in the health care industry. The political system of the United States is fundamentally responsible for the development of policy and no area feels the politicized nature of policy-making more than health care. As a result, comprehensive and effective financial management is the key component of the modern health care delivery process. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Problems of Retaining Nurses

    A 5 page research paper that, first of all, examines the problem of the current nursing shortage and nurse retention, but then looks at The Nurse Recruitment Act of 2002 and evaluates how it may impact the US health care system and the nursing profession. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Role of Nurse Practitioners and Reimbursement

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the role of nurse practitioners (NPs) in today's healthcare delivery system and the issue of reimbursement. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Inmate Luxuries and U.S. Prison System Problems

    In this 7 page paper, the writer argues that contemporary American prisons are made to be too comfortable and too accommodating. Prisoners are being entertained rather than being reformed. The hypocrisy of programs such as arts & crafts, music television, occasional live shows, and leisure sports are criticized. The 'prisoner's rights' movement is regarded as scaring too many jail systems into providing these amenities and a strong conclusion urges for a more reform-orientated change. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Advanced Practice Nurse And Informatics

    A 7 page paper that first reports the setting-an individual has applied for an APN position in the described physician's office. The first section describes the writer's vision of the most effective use of communication and information technologies in this office. The vision includes scanning all documents into a patient's file, networking all PCs and many other things. The next section recommends the kinds of programs to consider ending with the benefits of using these kinds of systems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nurse Practitioner Role/The Present, The Future

    A 12 page research paper that includes a 1 page abstract and discusses the present and possible NP role in the healthcare system by discussing possible changes to that role. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The Role of the Nurse Executive

    This 11 page paper provides an overview of the role of the nurse executive in the healthcare system. This paper considers the changing nature of this role in light of healthcare reforms. Bibliography lists 6 sources

  • Important Developments in Nursing

    This 3 page paper looks at two developments in the history of nursing that are important. The two events discussed are the work of Florence Nightingale and the development of evidence based nursing followed by discussion of the work of Dorothy Johnson who developed the Behavior System Model of Nursing. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Developments In Forensic Nursing

    A 6 page paper defining forensic nursing, examining its origins and commenting on its likely future. Forensic nursing requires that nurses observe abnormalities and investigate their possible causes for the purpose of identifying either an abuse or an abuser. The paper mentions the theory of Nightingale and Betty Neuman in terms of comforting the patient while simultaneously viewing her as a part of a larger system. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Clinical Nursing Ladder System Development

    An 8 page discussion of the importance of effective clinical career ladders in the nursing environment. The author contends that the development of a system which allows for internal promotion in the nursing agency, i.e. a clinical career ladder, can improve nursing efficiency, job satisfaction, and even loyalty. While the personal and organizational costs can be substantial, these costs are far outweighed by the improvement in nursing efficiency and patient welfare which results. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Transportation, Public vs. Private

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares the advantages and disadvantages of private (cars) and public (buses and trains) transportation systems. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • American Youth Soccer Association's Financial Position

    An 8 page paper assessing the funding and overall financial position of the American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO). It is the organization that operates outside of and independently from public school systems throughout the country, and is the organization through which community soccer leagues are formed and operate. The paper assesses AYSO’s financial accountability at all levels, concluding that it could benefit from greater transparency in its overall business results. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cargo Shipping By Sea

    A 14 page paper that discusses the maritime transportation system. Data regarding shipments, number of vessels, tons of cargo, etc. are included. The paper discusses steps taken after 9.11 to improve maritime security and identifies the vulnerabilities. An annotated bibliography is included in the page count. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • News Article on Management Issues

    This 4 page paper looks at an article supplied by the student regarding whistleblowers and their fears tat a court system was not secure. The paper identifies the different management issues indicated by the article. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Mathematics' Systems of Mayan and Roman Civilizations

    A five page paper which looks at some of the differences between the Roman and Mayan mathematical systems, and the relative advantages and disadvantages of both. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Four Systems of Management by Rensis Likert

    Rensis Likert described four systems of management; exploitative-authoritative, benevolent- authoritative, consultative and participative-group. This 5 page paper defines the different models, outlines the characteristics of each model and how they work in practice as well as the validity of each model. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Essays on Computer Management

    This 5-page paper provides a series of questions to be answered dealing with technology and computers. Questions include ethics over selling names to other businesses, competitive advantage and technology, how to configure a system for a small business and advice to an employee who is looking for a promotion

  • Wace Burgess Operations Management

    This 19-page paper covers a case study of printer Wace Burgess and its intent to accept a new client, Marks & Spencer. Using literature based on design of operations systems, the paper answers four questions about the feasibility of Wace Burgess' taking on this client. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • New Hospital Case Management System Project Management Case Study

    A 5 page paper. A hospital is installing a new case management system. This essay presents a budget, a detailed time-phased budget, an explanation of costs, including the calculation of indirect costs. 2 Illustrations included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Effective Security Management Through Financial Management and Accounting Understanding

    This 10 page paper considers how, by understanding accounting systems and management accounting practices, security can be improved. The paper defines security and then looks at the potential areas of weakness that require understanding, including internal and external security threats. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Using MIS

    This 12 page paper looks at the use of Management Information Systems (MIS), what makes them successful and uses an example of an MIS to show how information is used and the value of the results. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Different Stakeholders, Single Set of Accounts, and Management Accounting

    This 16 page paper answers two questions. The first part considers the implementation and operation of systems of budgeting and budgetary and how they are very time consuming and discussing the extent to which this time is well spent. The second part of the paper discusses the view that it is impossible to satisfy the needs of different users with a single set of published accounts. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Characteristics of New Public Management

    This 7 page paper examines the criticisms that were made of the traditional approach to public administration looking at the inherent weaknesses in the older systems. The paper then discusses the key characteristics of the term New Public Management (NPM). The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Tool of Earned Value Management

    This 17 page paper examines the tool of Earned Value Management (EVM). The paper considers what it is, how it works, the data requirements, how the systems are created, the way earned value is generated and presented, how the data can be used and where and when EVM should be used. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Various methods of pain management

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of the barriers that hinder effective pain management from a nursing perspective. In hospital setting, the role that nurses play in creating effective plans for pain management is substantial. A variety of different methods for pain management have been recognized, including the use of pharmacological elements, the use of alternative pain management techniques, and the use of a team approach for care. Leadership, management and the perspectives of others can all impact pain management systems. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Planning and Organizational Management

    A 9 page paper answering 12 questions about organizational structure and management. Questions address topics including planning; corporate social responsibility; team-based, network-based, and boundaryless structures; future workforce trends; control systems; leadership theory; and how leaders affect organizational culture. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Banking and MIS' Role

    This 5 page paper examines the role that management information systems (MIS) have in banking. The paper starts by defining an MIS and then looks at how they may be used within the bank and finance industry. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Impact of HIV/AIDS on Nursing

    A 6 page research paper that discusses how the HIV/AIDS epidemic has affected nursing on a global scale, but particularly within the healthcare systems of the developing countries. This literature review examines the affect of HIV/AIDS on the profession of nursing, with an emphasis on nursing in Africa, but also addressing global experiences and concerns. The implications drawn from this research indicate the challenges facing nursing today due to HIV/AIDS. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Importance of Forensic Nursing

    This 3 page paper provides a definition of forensic nursing, its importance in the field, the roles a forensic nurse might assume and some of the many venues in which forensic nursing is practiced. Comments about training are included. The writer then comments on the compatibility of the Neuman Systems model and forensic nursing. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • UK Mathematics and GCSE Level Expansion

    This 9 page paper looks at the difference way in which the A’ level mathematics in the UK education system may be seen as a development and expansion of the GCSE level subject. The writer looks at the syllabus and consider how the transition between the two levels is made, and how it may best be understood by the student. The bibliography cites 8 Sources.

  • Systems Analysis, Computer Design, and Mathematics

    This 3 page paper discusses the job of a systems analyst and why he/she needs to be good in mathematics to hold the position. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Elementary School Math Teaching and Textbooks

    A 3 page discussion of the problems that regional diversity and expectations have caused in regard to textbook production. The author contends that because textbook producers are struggling to produce a book that will attract the greatest buying audience, they attempt to incorporate all of the varying criteria that our diverse school system presents. The result is too often a book that is not only bulky but that has room to explore only a few topics in the depth that is needed to properly instill mathematical concepts in the elementary classroom. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Management and the Workforce in the Twentieth Century

    This 6 page paper looks at the twentieth century and the changes in the nature of management. Taylorism is discussed as well as newer models such as participative work systems and knowledge work. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Database Management Systems for Health Care Call Center

    A 10 page paper discussing the potential value of implementing a call center at a company providing software for long term care facilities. The paper reviews the benefits of meeting customers’ needs for technical assistance and providing that assistance in a timely manner. It also discusses the types of database management systems available (Oracle 9, IBM DB2 and Microsoft SQL Server), recommending that the company choose either Oracle or SQL. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • U.S. Army's Automated Recruiting System

    A 7 page paper discussing how the US Army’s automated recruiting system will look when fully implemented prior to 2006. The paper discusses hardware, software and implications for the future. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • IT and KM

    This 4-page paper reviews the concept of knowledge management (KM) and discusses information technology systems and software that support this management initiative. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • BayesiaLabs Data Mining System

    A 5 page paper discussing the operation and benefits of BayesiaLabs data mining system. Much of the focus of marketing lies in knowing the target customer, but much of the knowledge that could be used is virtually buried in nondescript forms and electronic files. The process of extracting these bits of information and combining them in meaningful ways is not economical manually, but automatic data mining can make “hidden” information available to marketers while not incurring any significant labor costs in the process. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Software for Health Information Management

    A 3 page paper discussing 3M Company’s Clinical Workstation Application component of its 3M™ Care Innovation Expert Applications system for automating patient records. The software is useful in putting all available patient information into the same location and maintaining it in a format that is highly useful for enhancing patient care quality and increasing the organization’s operational efficiency. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Evolution of Management from the 1950s through the 1990s

    This 10 page paper looks at management theory one decade at a time from the 1950s through the 1990s. Projections concerning the future of management are made. Theories include TQM and systems theory as well as a variety of trends that have come about through the ages. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Overview of Hotel Facilities Management

    A 5 page paper that reports an observation of an independent hotel. Specific headings include: The type of guests this hotel caters to; the kinds of accommodations and amenities offered and improvements that could be made; an organizational chart of the services; and the type of communication system the hotel has installed. Bibliography lists 7 sources. 1 graph.

  • Answering 4 Operations Management Questioins

    This 15 page paper responds to four questions that address how certain environmental events or conditions would affect operations management in corporations. The first question discuses the effects of an increase or decrease in tariffs. The beef industry and the higher tariff in Japan is used as an example. Second, what effect would more stringent air and water quality laws have on operations. The Kodak company's problems with the EPA are explained in this discussion. The next issue has to do with the expectation for greater employee empowerment in the workplace. FedEx is the example used in this discussion. Finally, what would be the effect on operations management if there was an outbreak of a serious disease. For this question, the essay first comments on the SARS epidemic and the effects on two companies in Asia. Ebola is used as an example, also. The anthrax attack and the change in operations with the U.S. postal service is also discussed. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • The Bible, Koran, And Divine Comedy

    A 5 page paper. Each work is discussed separately in terms of their contribution to modern society. The influence and impact of the Bible itself can be found across life from culture to law to literature and so on. The contribution of the Koran itself is more difficult to determine although many individual Muslims contributed significantly to areas like medicine, math and architecture. Dante's Divine Comedy greatly influenced several different areas of life. The writer comments on which book contributed the most and why. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Literature Review of Probation and Policing Fields Discriminating Against Women

    20 pages in length. The female gender is no stranger among the various ranks of America's police force, inasmuch as their presence has been an integral component of law enforcement since 1913; however, the capacity in which they have served these past ninety years has long been a bone of contention with regard to issues of gender inequity. House (1993) notes how it was not until the 1970s that women were upgraded to more expansive roles within the department, representing a significant departure from the standard social and administrative work to which they were relegated. With the 1972 graduation of the nation's first female FBI agents came an altogether different perspective of women on the police force; however, House (1993) points out that even though this precedence-setting event helped to increase the number of policewomen from just over three thousand to approximately twenty-eight hundred between 1971 and 1990, it has done little to improve promotions or decrease discrimination worldwide. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Email Laws and Relevant Literature

    4 pages in length. The tremendous impact computers have had upon today's global community represents the staggering progress contemporary society is experiencing. That business is conducted from opposite ends of the planet, people forge lifelong relationships without ever having met and employees work from the comfort and convenience of home via telecommuting speaks to the reality of what was once only far off aspirations. Indeed, the benefit of computers far outweighs the inherent drawbacks, however, those negative aspects are not so insignificant that they can be ignored; rather, the extent to which such concerns as email laws are necessary to address issues pertaining to personal privacy, unsolicited correspondence/advertisements and hacking. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Legally Protecting Animals in Arizona

    5 pages in length. The pursuit for animal protective legislation has been an ongoing – if not frustrating – quest for virtually every American society; while significant inroads have been made in many national communities where such atrocities as cockfighting, animal abuse/cruelty felony status and pet shop conditions are concerned, there is still a long way to go before animals – including everything from livestock to wild horses to stray dogs and cats – are truly protected by comprehensive laws. Phoenix, Arizona is leading the country in this pursuit, having enacted a number of animal protective statutes to help curb the prevalence of abuse, cruelty and neglect. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Animal Testing Alternatives

    A 4 page research paper that examines the issues surrounding alternatives to animal testing. Examination of why researchers should consider alternatives to animal testing in laboratories show that the arguments against this practice are persuasive and backed up with empirical research. These arguments state that (1) animal testing is often simply an entrenched procedure, which is continued due to tradition and law, rather than its efficacy; (2) successful alternative methods for testing have been discovered, which makes it logical to assume that further alternatives could be formulated; (3) animal testing is expensive as compared to alternative methods; (4) alternative methods are produce faster results, and (5) animal testing is cruel and, therefore, immoral. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • UK Gender Discrimination

    A 12 page paper. The gender pay gap in the UK is the widest of any country in the European Union. About 30 percent of managers and administrators in the country are women but they are concentrated at the lowest levels of management. Further, they are paid 24 percent less than male counterparts. This essay explores the issue of gender discrimination in the workplace and the very real glass ceiling that exists. The writer provides the core elements of the law and reports the lack of significant changes in more than three decades. The essay also provides suggestions for eliminating gender discrimination. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Constitutional Rights, Early Arrest Phase, and Mandatory DNA Testing

    A 4 page contention that the collection of DNA during the earliest phases of an arrest is unacceptable. While DNA evidence is highly regarded as a phenomenal tool in the address of crime, to enact laws which allow the collection of DNA from an individual at this early of a stage in an arrest is a horrendous assault on our rights as U.S. citizens! Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dubai and Astrology Promotion

    This 24 page paper focuses on whether or not astrology should be a part of doing business in Dubai. The paper argues that it should. Astrology is discussed in depth as well as the ways it can be applied to business. Doing business in Dubai is also a part of the discussion. Attention is paid to law in the United Arab Emirates and its importance. Also addressed are freedom issues. The paper concludes that astrology should be used primarily for entertainment purposes. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Nursing Home Management Interview Summary

    A 6 page paper discussing a meeting with nursing home management to discuss the development of an in-service educational program addressing the use of physical and chemical restraints. The facility received two state-level citations and seeks to heighten staff's awareness of both restraint use and state laws, but its primary purpose is to pursue continuous improvement in patient care. The meeting between a Master's student and the nursing home administrator, director of nursing and director of staff development results in plans for the student to develop and present a two-hour staff development program addressing the use of physical and chemical restraints. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Nursing Philosophy for Professional Practice

    A 7 page research paper that discusses a student-formulated professional philosophy of nursing practice, which is that making clinical judgment decisions in nursing care should be comfort based and founded on an understanding and knowledge of the patient’s continuous evolving physical and mental state. This examination of literature discusses how this philosophy can be applied to the four nursing domains of person, environment, health/illness and the nurse. Then, a broader perspective is given that takes into account the expectations of ANA standards of practice, the requirements of law and JCAHO standards. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Human Rights Violations and the 2001 United Kingdom Anti Terrorism, Crime and Security Act

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the recent UK Anti-terrorism laws introduced in the United Kingdom. The Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act which was released in the United Kingdom in December of 2001 has come under a great deal of criticism from politicians, the House of Lords, and human rights activists for its all encompassing restrictions and some apparent violations to the European Council on Human Rights. Already the House of Lords has put together some amendments which will in fact reverse some of the restrictive amendments included in the act. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Laws Regarding Employment Discrimination and Protection

    3 pages in length. The extent to which employment discrimination has long been an ongoing social ill is both grand and far-reaching; that myriad federal laws have been enacted over the last fifty years to ensure equity in the workplace speaks to overruling the intolerance toward various segments of society. Under the umbrella of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII prohibits any race, color, religion, sex or national origin to be discriminated against for employment; however, those who engage in drug or alcohol use are not protected under Title VII no matter if they fall under any of the above categories. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • American Colonies' Divergence from England

    An 8 page research paper that examines the similarities and differences between England and her American colonies in 1750. The writer argues that by 1750, the English speaking colonies of North America, instigated and maintained under the auspices of the British crown, had diverged from many of the English norms of that era. Naturally, the numerous ties to England and English custom, such as the grounding of American jurisprudence in English Common Law, continued to exist and exists to this day. However, there were also distinct differences between the norms of the Old World and the New. Bibliography lists 11 sources (some citations are incomplete).

  • Genetic Engineering: Ethics

    3 pages in length. The list of options was rather long as the couple sat in the waiting room filling out their paperwork. There for their first in vitro fertilization procedure, they were faced with a number of choices pertaining to the baby they would eventually create: sex - female; hair color - blond; eyes - green; height - 5'7"; body type - athletic; I.Q. - 125; aptitude - music and law. Testing for specific diseases had all but weeded out life-threatening syndromes and socially unacceptable conditions that guaranteed they would make a healthy baby - and if not then they would simply abort it - so all that was left for aspiring parents to think about was what psychological and physiological traits they wanted their perfect child to have. Is this merely the plot of a bestselling science fiction novel? Not anymore given the progress scientific advancement has rendered in the recent past. If genetic engineering continues down the path it currently follows, there will be grave consequences to pay for manipulating man's natural methods of reproduction. No bibliography.

  • Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and the Civil Rights Movement

    This 9 page paper discusses the contributions of Rosa Parks and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to the civil rights movement of the 1960s. The writer recounts Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her seat on the bus in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955 and also explains the segregation laws concerning the buses in Montgomery. A small group of black women then distributed flyers asking blacks not to use the bus on the following Monday. A new committee was formed with a relatively new resident of the city as its leader - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The writer then recounts some of King's remarkable work and achievements on behalf of the civil rights movement. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Public Interest and Lawyers

    This 28 page paper sets out to consider the proposition that lawyer operate in the public interest. The paper starts this by defining the role of the lawyer, which includes the UK definitions of both barristers and solicitors. Following this the meaning of public interest is discussed with reference to different perspectives, and the manifestation of the way law seeks to serve the public interest is examined, with the theories of Devlin and Hart. The final part of the paper then considers how public interest is served with the examination of a well known case where public interests were of paramount importance; the extradition proceeding of General Pinochet, a case where it is often assumed that public interests were not served. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • New Durable Medical Equipment Company in Maryland and Business Form

    A 4 page paper choosing a business form (LLC) for a new company and assessing the liability positions of senior managers at HealthSouth and RiteAid, two businesses operating a corporate form that could not protect senior management from charges of various types of fraud. HealthSouth's Richard Scrushy was the first to be tried under Sarbanes-Oxley; the RiteAid case began several years before the law went into effect. The point is that even though the corporate form of business ostensibly offers greater liability protection, it does not insulate corporate officers from being forced to assume liability for their actions. The LLC structure will be sufficient for protecting the owners from frivolous lawsuits, and they have no need to fear legitimate ones. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ethics and NCLB Act

    This 11 page paper considers ethical issues related to the NCLB Act. The essay begins with the major provisions of the Act and the funding levels for 2004. The ethical issues raised are: Chicago's refusal to stop their public tutoring program paid for with NCLB funds (they failed to meet the criteria to continue funding their own program). The ethical issue addressed is the law versus the child's needs. Another ethical issue discussed is the fact that every state is sitting on NCLB money they have not distributed to local districts and they have been holding these monies for over three years, in most cases. The essay ends concluding most educational leaders will not face the same ethical issue that exists in Chicago but they will face another issue. This is discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Benefiting and Educating Consumers Through Advertising

    A 4 page paper discussing the benefits of using advertising to educate consumers. Educating consumers is a point of advertising's classic rules, but advertisers have moved increasingly further away from that rule in recent years as they strive merely to put brand names in front of consumers. As is the case with anything else when one or more points of "laws" are ignored, those ignoring those standard rules miss opportunity to achieve greatest efficiency. Pharmaceutical companies, online traders, online bankers and a host of other companies dealing in goods and services have fared well by including consumer education in their marketing efforts. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Proposal for the Development of a Micro-Financing Strategy for Egypt Which Is Compliant with Islamic Laws

    This 27 page paper considers the concept of Islamic microfinance and whether or not it would be suitable for use in Egypt. The paper starts by defining micro-finance, looking at what it is and how it is used, and the requirements for any type of financing or loans to be compliant with Islamic law. The paper then presents a plan for the implementation of Islamic microfinancing as a government policy. This is based on the literature review, as well as consideration of the way in which Jordan has implemented a successful micro-financing strategy. The bibliography cites 24 sources.

  • Reforming Campaign Finance

    An 8 page paper. Campaign financing has been debated for more than a century. It is a highly controversial issue with strong advocates on each side of the argument. The writer reports some of the early laws regarding campaign financing. Hard and soft money are explained. The amounts raised by both national political parties in just one year are reported. Limits are then proposed and explained for campaign financing reform. Supporting information from the literature are provided. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Media Law and People v. Larry Flynt Film

    (5 pp) "If the First Amendment will protect a scumbag like me, then it will protect all of you. Because I'm the worst." Shocking? Perverted? Or - just the every day words of porno king and owner, of Hustler Magazine, Larry Flynt? Are we to believe that the "worst" has brought new meaning to the "First?" Bibliography lists two sources.

  • California Police Officers: Certain Physique And Weight Management

    6 pages in length. The last one hundred years have served to transition the overall duties of police officers from highly physically demanding to duties shared between physicality and technology. Typically, big, strong men were representational of the early 1900s police force when walking was the only way in which to patrol the city. The ability to dart and dash after offenders was the primary means by which police officers could ever hope to apprehend, inasmuch as that era had little more than body-to-body contact for bringing down the perpetrator. Today, the advent of technology gives police officers a tremendous advantage over their historical counterparts with devices to stop and capture the offender, but that does not preclude the need for law enforcement officers to be in peak condition. Police work may not be as physical in nature as it was back at the turn of the century, however, it still entails a significant amount of maneuvering that requires officers be as physically fit as possible. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Contract Demands of UPS Pilots and View of Management

    A 6 page paper. The Independent Pilots Association (IPA) representing UPS' 2039 pilots allowed a by-mail survey of their members last August (1997) following the end of the Teamsters' strike against the company in the same month. Though UPS offered pay raises for their pilots of between 36 and 94%, the pilots nonetheless rejected UPS' contract proposal. The average pilot pay at UPS currently stands at $151,000. Pilots are restricted by law from working a full schedule—they are all essentially part-time employees, and their current hourly rate (without a contract renegotiation) stands at more than $200. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Discrimination Because of Age

    5 pages in length. Age discrimination has become more than a minor inconvenience throughout the twentieth century; indeed, the issue has become such a hot potato within the workplace that laws have been forced into existence as a means by which to address the problem. In order to help protect those who stand to be singled out and let go because of the unfairness of ageism, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) was designed with the older employee in mind. The issue at hand is that companies are not willing to look beyond their aging workforce, choosing instead to push them out of the technological loop rather than attempting to incorporate them as valuable assets. The writer discusses the ADEA's influence upon age discrimination in the workplace. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Canadian Hockey and Canada

    This 10 page report discusses the changes in the hockey world that have lead to the Americanization of what is essentially Canada’s “national pastime.” Hockey is quite simply what Canadians do in the winter: play it, watch it, follow it through the newspaper, television, radio. Canada's hockey system desperately requires is national leadership and a re-focusing of its priorities and its vision for the future if it intends to maintain hockey the way it claims it wants to. Increased government funding, stronger youth and development programs, financing from the National Hockey League and an improvement in the leadership abilities of the Canadian Hickey League are essential. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Incas and Aztecs

    A 4 page paper which examines and compares the systems of the Aztecs and the Incas as it involves tributes in the 16th century. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Emily Mann's The Execution of Justice and Social Injustice

    A 6 page overview of the many injustices which exist within our justice system. Mann’s play is a theatrical recap of the trial of Supervisor Dan White who was ultimately convicted of voluntary manslaughter for the 1978 murder of liberal San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk. Mann reveals the homophobia which underlies the trial and the subsequent sentencing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Learning Disability Dyscalculia

    This is an 8 page paper on the learning disability dyscalculia. Dyscalculia is a developmental mathematical learning disability which is often considered part of or the same as dyslexia, the developmental reading and writing disability. While dyslexia has been known to cause some dysfunction in the understanding of mathematical elements, dyscalculia is much more complex in that it also includes over fifty different distinct classes of mathematical disabilities which include elements of confusion of abstract and strategic thought, an inability to properly construct time, schedules, or visual representations of places and directions as well as a person’s inability to conduct many tasks necessary in the running of a household such as financial planning, balancing checkbooks and credit cards, and may also include instances of people being habitually late, lost or unable to locate objects among other factors. Researchers in special education feel that the disability of dyscalculia is not being addressed in the educational systems because largely Americans are more accepting of being mathematically deficient but find that being deficient in reading and writing is not socially acceptable. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • New England and English Puritans

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the Puritans in England and New England. The Puritans were originally known as non-conformists to the Church of England (or the Anglican Church in America) in that they stripped away much of the administrative hierarchy, “popery”, religious symbols and icons to the basic belief that only God could make religious ministers and that the Bible was the “Lord’s revealed word”. Because much of their religion was based on the interpretation and understanding of the Bible, Puritan leaders were well educated scholars and also promoted education in their communities. While many Puritans came over from England in the early 1600s with the Pilgrims, more joined the new communities when the Act of Uniformity was passed in England in 1662 which dismissed and punished any ministers not conforming to the guidelines of the Church of England and using the Book of Common Prayer. Once in New England the Puritans began to established authoritarian communities under their leaders and also established many of the educational school systems still in existence today. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Nursing Practice Improvement and Qualitative Research's Importance

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the concept that qualitative research is more valuable than quantitative research for improving nursing practice. Quantitative research involving large scale surveys and methods of accumulating cost and performance data in the annual process of health care management is traditionally the most widely used research method and provides for relatively large-scale low-cost studies. However, in today’s environment in which health care has become patient-centered and indicators in health care are based on quality assurance and quality improvement, qualitative research methods are now the preferred measure of effectiveness of health care, most notably in the area of nursing practice. Qualitative studies in nursing practice which involve subjective and interactive interviews and assessments include not only those involved with direct patient contact but patient perception as well. Patient satisfaction and perception has become essential to the determination of areas of concern in the health care system and allow for immediate action in improvement in nursing care. Qualitative research which also involves nursing input and interactive discussions also gives the nursing staff opportunity to comment on the impact of changes within the organization; an interaction which in itself has shown directly impacts and improves nursing practice. Despite the need for large-scale quantitative reporting, qualitative research methods are not only preferred in regards to quality improvement but also provide direct, subjective and immediate opportunities for improving nursing practice and patient care. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • New England and English Puritans

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the Puritans in England and New England. The Puritans were originally known as non-conformists to the Church of England (or the Anglican Church in America) in that they stripped away much of the administrative hierarchy, “popery”, religious symbols and icons to the basic belief that only God could make religious ministers and that the Bible was the “Lord’s revealed word”. Because much of their religion was based on the interpretation and understanding of the Bible, Puritan leaders were well educated scholars and also promoted education in their communities. While many Puritans came over from England in the early 1600s with the Pilgrims, more joined the new communities when the Act of Uniformity was passed in England in 1662 which dismissed and punished any ministers not conforming to the guidelines of the Church of England and using the Book of Common Prayer. Once in New England the Puritans began to established authoritarian communities under their leaders and also established many of the educational school systems still in existence today. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Freon v. Tetrafluoroethane Refrigeration

    This 15 page report discusses refrigeration and air conditioning and the various aspects of it that have proven to be detrimental to the environment, primarily leading to an even greater rate of degradation of Earth’s ozone layer. Scientists feel this damage has been caused in part by chloroflourcarbons, most notably including the chemicals used in mobile air conditioning systems. Chlorine, in its active form, released by R12 (“Freon”) gases can destroy ozone lower the total amount in the stratosphere. To add economic insult to environmental injury, Freon is expensive. Tetrafluoroethane (known as "R134A") was introduced in the automotive air conditioning market and became the most popular replacement for Freon by the major car makers in cars and trucks built since 1994. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Management Accounting and Technology

    A 6 page paper examining some of the ways that technology has influenced management accounting. Examples are from the manufacturing perspective, particularly as it applies to a Just-In-Time (JIT) system. Some authors believe that increased technology also increases risk, but the general attitude is that as technology continues to evolve, so will the capabilities of management accounting. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Pakistan's Miniature Painting

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the history, influences and contemporary issues in miniature painting in Pakistan and India. The art of miniature painting was first known to exist in Persia where it was imported from into India during the 1500s at the beginning of the Mughal dynasties. In the Mughal schools of artistry, the art of miniature painting was given a more intense and dynamic feel which differentiated it from the formal structures used by the Persians. The technique is very specific in its use of wasli paper, squirrel hair brushes and vivid water based paint applied in multiple layers to earn it a silky finish. When the Mughal dynasty was displaced, so too were many of the artists who then had to earn livings applying their craft to other objects such as walls and furniture. During the late 1800s, when Indian nationalism began to take place, a revival of the traditional arts led to the re-introduction of miniature painting into the educational system where artists could earn specialties in it. Today, the art of miniature painting is one of the more popular and traditional methods of art especially found in the graduates of the National College of Arts in Lahore, Pakistan, the only school in the world offering a specialty in miniature painting. Modern miniature artists apply traditional Mughal methods in their depictions of the contemporary world and the political and lifestyle issues in Pakistan. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA): its history and application in a health care setting. The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) was first introduced in 1987 as a national award for quality in manufacturing in the United States. In 1998, the award was extended to include the health care and education industries. The award is not only meant to award industries for their current quality but to also provide support and guidance for future quality. Regardless of discipline, the award includes certain categories which must be met in regards to establishing and maintaining industry quality which include leadership, strategic planning, human resource development, information analysis, process quality, operational results and customer satisfaction. In physician offices as part of the health care system, a patient-centered focus also creates more of a concentration on patient satisfaction, staff education, and innovation in regards to constant communication with the rest of the health care community. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Management

    A 38 page paper. What is management? What are the functions of management? What are the skills needed to be an effective manager? These are the questions answered in this comprehensive essay. The essay begins with an introductory overview. The next section explains and discuses a number of the schools of management/philosophies of management, including TQM, systems, behavioral approach, transformational, strategic and others naming many of the internationally known experts. A discussion of management functions and roles is next in the essay. The four major functions of management are discussed as are the levels of management. The ten roles of management according to Mintzberg are identified and discussed. The skills needed for effective management as presented by a number of scholars and practitioners are discussed in the next section. Skills are also correlated with the functions of management. The essay ends with a summary and conclusion. The essay includes some specific discussions related to the United Kingdom. 2 Tables are included. Bibliography lists 48 sources.

  • Signal Connectivity Through Multihop Circuits and USAT

    5 pages in length. The small earth stations that transport information back to recipients of direct-to-home access, as well as access to databases and management information systems, are known in the industry as Very Small Aperture Terminals (VSAT). Coming out of the technological urge for an even smaller application, engineers have developed USATs, which are Ultra Small Aperture Terminals. Their goal: to decrease the already miniaturized VSA version that varies from a one point two to two point four meter range to one that is even smaller and more effective. Typically, USATs are less than one meter in size, which establishes them as being significantly smaller than VSATs. The writer discusses whether or not USATs are able to use multi-hop circuits for signal connectivity. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Critically Reviewing Implications and Effectiveness of the Implementation of the 1996 Welfare Reform Laws by Vocational and Adult Educators

    This 20 page paper provides an overview of welfare reform and the impacts of welfare reform on the vocational and adult education perspectives in the welfare reform era since 1996. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Critically Reviewing Implications and Effectiveness of the Implementation of the 1996 Welfare Reform Laws by Vocational and Adult Educators

    This 20 page paper provides an overview of welfare reform and the impacts of welfare reform on the vocational and adult education perspectives in the welfare reform era since 1996. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Christianity Challenges, Mandates, and Dualism

    (6 pp). "Dualism" and "cultural mandates" are the new buzz-words in theology. This discussion will examine their meaning in current society as well as God's instruction to "cultivate the garden." Thesis question: If we are created as unique individuals in the holy image of God, can we take the initiative to apply the spirit of the law, rather than the words of the law, to our lives and to the lives of those around us? Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Research Evaluation on Nursing Home Costs of Utilizing MDS/PPS RUG III Systems

    A 5 page paper assessing the validity and scientific merit of two studies of nursing home population samples in advance of conducting a larger study that will develop and test an innovation in long term care. That innovation will consist of creating alliances between nursing homes and assisted living facilities to provide the latter with skilled nursing care. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Truth in Poetry

    A 5 page paper which examines three different things. The paper discusses the phrase “The truth shall set you free” as it relates to specific literature. The paper then discusses the meaning of William Blake’s comment “Prisons are built with stones of Law, Brothels with bricks of Religion,” and lastly the paper discusses a particular poem whose title and author is unknown. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Plea of Insanity

    This 5 page paper examines the bare bones of a case in light of the "insanity plea." History of the development of this plea is given as well as court law sited. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Cattle Industry of Argentina

    A 5 page paper discussing current conditions in Argentina's traditional focus of national pride, its cattle industry. The traditional method of raising cattle is open-range, but Argentine beef can weigh as little as half of that raised in the feel-lot system. The Argentines prefer the traditional method, which results in beef of higher quality and lower cholesterol. The paper suggest possible contributions of industry and technology in improving herd management in Argentina through adopting the feed-lot system for most animals while retaining the open-range approach for others, followed by astute marketing of the benefits of range-grown beef. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of the Amsterdam Treaty

    (5 pp) The Amsterdam Treaty significantly addresses previous deep seated democratic deficiencies found in previous European Community Law making. These include stronger citizen redress, further protection of individual rights, and directly addressing the need for more innovative employment strategies within the European Union. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • European Enlightenment and Literature

    This 9 page paper explores literature in the eighteenth century in Europe, known as the Age of Enlightenment, an age in which reason and common sense, as demonstrated by the scientific method were put forth as the real remedies of society's ills and 'progress' was seen as a law of human development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Riggs v. Palmer Court Case

    This 9 page paper examines the origin and scope, the content, and methods of developing approaches to this 1889 law case. This case is considered a favorite of the issue of morality vs legality involving a grandson who kills his grandfather and then lays claims to the estate. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • European Enlightenment and Literature

    This 9 page paper explores literature in the eighteenth century in Europe, known as the Age of Enlightenment, an age in which reason and common sense, as demonstrated by the scientific method were put forth as the real remedies of society's ills and 'progress' was seen as a law of human development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Brazil, 'Social Democracy,' and Discrimination

    (5 pp) Attempting change is always difficult; and of course some clever soul said, the most difficult thing to change is ones ideas or belief system. That has certainly been true of the concept of "social democracy" in Brazil. Emilia Viotti da Costa examines that thought in an article entitled, "The Myth of Racial Democracy in Brazil: A Problem of Social Mythology."

  • Opposing Laws Against Gay Marriage

    3 pages in length. Man is constantly reinventing itself as a species in order to maintain an ongoing and progressive status; if he were remain idle without benefit of continued growth and advancement as a collective of living beings, he would soon cease to exist. Whether social, political, economic, cultural or technological, progression is the driving force behind the positive nature of change. Why, therefore, is the notion of gay marriage considered so morally offensive that laws must be enacted to prevent it? If there is one thing that reflects man's capacity for progress and change, it is the tolerance to accept gay marriage as a viable alternative to heterosexual unions; to pass judgment by virtue of legal infiltration is for humanity to inequitably pick and choose which aspects of contemporary evolution are recognized based upon nothing more substantial than personal opinion. But perhaps even more importantly is how laws against gay marriage ultimately exist for no other reason than to deprive same-sex couples of equal rights and benefits. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History of U.S. Sexual Harassment Legislation

    This 8 page paper provides a comprehensive history and background of the sexual harassment laws in the United States. The essay begins by reporting how and when the term sexual harassment was coined and the fact that the issue is not a new one. At least one author has traced serious incidents of sexual harassment to the 1800s. A chronology of the most important acts and laws regarding sexual harassment is included, beginning with the 1964 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act that also created the EEOC. The legal definition of sexual harassment is included along with the evolution of the concept over the years. The two specific types of sexual harassment are explained. An overview of two specific cases, Ford Motor Company and Lutheran Medical Center in New York is included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sports Betting: Tie-In To The Lottery For Boosting States' Educational Coffers

    6 pages in length. Gambling has long subsidized revenues from states where it is either legal or conducted via the black market. While sports betting has remained largely off the legal scope in most states across the country, it stands to reflect one of the most potentially lucrative options for funding collegiate scholarships when associated with a given state's lottery system. Oregon, one state in which this coupling rendered 2.5 million dollars for athletic scholarships for in-state students, has set the precedent for mixing gambling with academia and coming up with a winning hand. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Minorities and Prisons

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the inequities in the current criminal justice system based on assessments of prison populations. This paper assesses the conflicts that occur as a result of attempts to weigh the protection of public rights while also supporting the personal freedoms of individuals and the necessary equality in the application of the law. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • United Kingdom's System of Criminal Justice and Mental Illness

    This 10 page paper looks at the way the mentally ill are treated in the UK criminal justices system. The paper is a literature review for a larger study and includes the definition of mental illness, occurrence and type of mental disorders and the treatment of the mentally ill offenders under the law. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • A Legal Courtroom Visit

    A 5 page description of what the casual observer would encounter in a court of law. The author provides a general description of the courtroom and the various people who occupy it as well as the relative duties of these people. The popularized media version of the criminal justice system, versions reflected both in the fictional content of television and in the factual rendition of high-profile cases such as the O.J. Simpson case, is contrasted with the realities of the everyday local courtroom. No sources are listed.

  • Overview of Mosaic Dietary Laws

    This 18 page paper provides an overview of the Mosaic dietary laws, the laws set forth through the directives of Moses in the Old Testament. The Mosaic dietary laws, the laws imposed by the directives of Moses on the Israelites, extended from earlier restrictions that had been placed on the eating habits of the human race. The Old Testament is full of directives regarding food consumption and God’s law, and even Genesis addresses limitations imposed on certain types of food consumption. Bibliography lists 16 sources

  • Evaluating the Fairness of Megan's Law

    A 6 page paper. Megan's Law is the federal and state laws that require sex offenders to register with local law enforcement agencies upon release from prison. This essay provides information about the law, how it came to be, and argues that this is a fair and just law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • English Law

    This 10 page paper considers the different sources of English law. The writer outlines the history and development of common law, statute law and the law of equity and how they form the current structure of English law. Relevant cases and statutes are cited. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • English Trial Law and Orality

    This 9 page paper examines the important role of oral evidence, also known as orality, within English law and the risk system. The paper considers different forms of oral evidence, the benefits and flaws with this type of evidence and the way in which recent cases may be change the emphasis placed on orality. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Police and its Main Functions

    5 pages. Police are given a wide range of responsibilities in the criminal justice system, from directing traffic to solving homicides. For the most part their work is made up of three primary functions: order maintenance, law enforcement and service. This paper explains the importance of these functions and explains which function is the most important to our society and why. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Types of Fluid Flows

    This 5 page paper is written in two parts. The first looks at pressurised flows and the equations that will be used in the design of the systems, looking mainly at Pascal’s Law. The second part looks at an open flow channel and the issues of design, such as friction and Bernouilli's Principle. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Comparison of Scots Law with Sharia Law

    This 16 page paper looks at Scottish law from a number of perspectives. Written in three parts the first part looks at the basis and development of Scots law. The second part of the paper examines the way promises may be enforced under Scots law comparing it to Islamic law. The last part of the paper considers the concept of separate corporate identity in Scotland and compares this to Islamic law. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • 21st Century Nursing

    This 18 page paper first provides a section on changes in the health care industry, with a focus on the health care delivery system. Various laws are examined, such as COBRA, ERISA and the Social Security Act. The second half of the paper consists of an examination of the nursing profession and how it will likely change in light of trends in the health care industry. The role of the nurse is seen in relation to education, changes in technology and the advent of managed care. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Pending Health Care Legislation

    A 5 page research paper that briefly summarizes and discusses H.R. 3200, which is the health care reform bill that, along with the Senate version of the bill, may eventually pass into law and radically reform the American health care system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • English Law

    This 10 page paper considers the different sources of English law. The writer outlines the history and development of common law, statute law and the law of equity and how they form the current structure of English law. Relevant cases and statutes are cited. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Overview of Customary Law

    This 5 page paper looks at how customary law may be seen in mainstream law and the issues of customary law form alterative cultures, such as aboriginal law and sovereign law and the difficulties of both co-existing. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Drinking, Driving, Moral and Legal Obligations

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the moral and legal responsibility and the campaigns against drinking and driving. As drinking and driving continues to take many lives on an annual basis, two different formats are being used to control drinking and driving in Canada and the United States. From a legal perspective, stricter laws are being advocated to try and deter and punish people from drinking and driving. Perhaps more effective campaigns however, are those which have targeted the moral responsibility of drinking. Harm reduction programs, moderation management and public awareness are now becoming more prominent in regards to a person’s moral and social responsibility to use self-control and moderation when drinking in order for the protection of the individuals and others in society. Provincial alcohol boards and some alcohol distributors are now promoting the moral obligations and choices people must make when they drink. In addition, many believe that the laws reflect the moral and values of the population even though they may conflict with images of irresponsibility which are often promoted as well. In the case of hard core drinkers who seemed unaffected by moral responsibility campaigns, stricter laws are being suggested focusing on the hard core drinker. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Pay Equity

    This 7 page paper looks at why and how pay equity and equality in total remuneration is protected in the United States, considering the federal laws, such as the the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and equal opportunities, including the Equal Pay Act. The paper considers how this impacts on businesses and the systems that are or should be used to ensure equity is in place. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Why Abortion Should Be Legal

    This 4 page argumentative paper explains why abortion should be legal. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ferrous Products Co. v. Gulf States Trading Co.: A Legal Brief

    This 3 page paper provides an legal brief of the case of Ferrous Products Co. v. Gulf States Trading Co. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Legal Drinking Age 18

    A 3 page paper which argues the legal drinking age should be 18. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ethics and Nike

    This 3 page analysis explores Nike's legal and ethical issues behind its partnership with factories around the world. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Title VII Age Discrimination Cases

    This 17 page paper discusses seven legal cases where the topic of dispute is age discrimination. Bibliography lists 7 sources

  • Gay Marriage

    A 5 page paper which argues that same sex marriage should be legal. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Support for Making Marijuana Legal

    In five pages this paper argues in favor of making marijuana legal in the United States. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • FALWELL MOTORS CASE STUDY

    This 6-page paper focuses on legal issues faced by the fictitious Falwell Motors company. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Theories on the Legal Relevance of International Law

    This 25 page paper considers whether or not international law may be seen as real law. The paper compares international law to domestic law and looks at why it may be seen as legitimate and why it may be seen as illegitimate. The paper includes the traditional arguments for and against, including theorists such as Blackstone, Austin and Hart. The paper is written in four parts, the first considers if international law is really law, the second looks at why international law is binding, the next considers why states comply with international law and the final section considers different modern theoretical approaches. The bibliography cites 23 sources.

  • Class Rights Variation and Corporate Control

    This 8 page paper is written with reference to English Law. The paper examines and considers the extent to which the law governing variation of class rights of shareholders may permit the increase of corporate control. Statute law and case law are quoted throughout the paper. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • The Netherlands and the Law's Role in the Development of Social Attitudes Regarding Euthanasia and Gay Rights

    This is a 9 page paper discussing how the homosexual right laws and euthanasia laws in The Netherlands reflect society’s attitudes. Two basic perspectives are considered in regards to the role of the law in society. One is that the role of the law is to reflect society’s attitudes and throughout the process of social change through history, so too will the law reflect these changes. On the other hand, some governments or countries believe that the role of the law is to force or control social change. In the latter case, the law may or may not change through the process of social change. In today’s society, laws generally reflect society’s attitudes and social change as can be seen in the constantly changing, amending, updating and reversal of many of the laws which used to be enforced. These transitions in the law as a reflection of social change can be seen in some of the recent changes in laws pertaining to homosexual partnerships and euthanasia in The Netherlands. Changes in the law reflect societal attitudes to the extent where countries which have changed their laws to suit society’s changing attitudes are seen as more open and accepting of societal changes than those which do not. There are also some countries in which the law remains a controlling force for social change as seen in the one child policy in China. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Social Change and the Law

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the role of law in society. Two basic perspectives are considered in regards to the role of the law in society. One is that the role of the law is to reflect society’s attitudes and throughout the process of social change through history, so too will the law reflect these changes. On the other hand, some governments or countries believe that the role of the law is to force or control social change. In the latter case, the law may or may not change through the process of social change. In today’s society, laws generally reflect society’s attitudes and social change as can be seen in the constantly changing, amending, updating and reversal of many of the laws which used to be enforced. These transitions in the law as a reflection of social change can be seen in some of the recent changes in laws pertaining to homosexual partnerships and euthanasia in some countries. Changes in the law reflect societal attitudes to the extent where countries which have changed their laws to suit society’s changing attitudes are seen as more open and accepting of societal changes than those which do not. There are also some countries in which the law remains a controlling force for social change as seen in the one child policy in China. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • American Foreign Policy and International Law

    A 5 page paper assessing the question, “should the US place more or less faith in international law?” The paper concludes that the US needs to acknowledge, support and work for greater influence of international law, yet retain the ability and willingness to work outside of it if conditions warrant. Terrorists, religious fundamentalists and nuclear bomb-waving groups give no credence to international law or anything else that holds no direct value for furthering narrow ideologies. The US needs to develop international leadership influence and place less faith in international law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Different English Law Areas and Court Jurisdiction

    This 4 page paper considers the jurisdiction of the courts under tenancy law, contract law and tort law according to English law. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Israelites and Codified Law

    A 7 page paper that discusses the laws given to the Israelites but that begins with an overview of the Code of Hammurabi, one of the earliest codified set of laws. The writer discusses: God's covenants with man as found in the Old Testament and the Torah, including the covenants with Adam, Noah, Abraham and Moses; Mosaic Law; Deuteronomy; the importance of the laws given at Sinai; and the Holiness Code found in Leviticus. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • 3 Strikes Legislation and its Ineffectiveness

    In 6 pages, the author discusses the ineffectiveness of the three strikes law. The three strikes law is ineffective. People continue to commit criminal offences as though this law did not even exist. The three strikes law, therefore does not stop recidivism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • English Law Land Legislation in 1925

    1925 Land Legislation in English Law: This 12-page essay examines the tenets of Great Britain’s 1925 land law statutes, while discussing the underlying property ownership issues, overall objectives, and the legislation’s ultimate judicial legacy. The Law of Property Act and the Land Registration Act, (both of 1925) were two landmark pieces of legislation that would irrevocably and forever, change the face of English property laws. Bibliography lists 10 sources. SNLandlw.doc

  • Pro Choice or Pro Life in the Abortion Controversy

    In this 5 page paper, it seems that Americans want to oppose abortion and yet keep it legal. This controversial paper considers both sides of the abortion debate and the ethics regarding each viewpoint. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Responsibility

    Responsibility is defined in this 5 page paper. Three types of responsibility are discussed : causal, legal and moral. Other ways of looking at responsibility are addressed. Was Paris Hilton responsible for her fate? This is just one example used in the context of this interesting look at a simple concept. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Prostitution in Edmonton

    This 3 page paper discusses the problem of prostitution in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, and the efforts of social workers to help the prostitutes. It also discusses the city’s efforts to get rid of them, and the fact that prostitution is legal in Canada. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Veterans with PTSD - The Civilian Duty of Employment

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of veterans with PTSD. The legal requirements employers face when hiring such individuals, as well as the benefits of hiring veterans are explored. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • US Cultural Disintegration Prevention Through Immigrant Restriction

    6 pages in length. The United States of America is known as a cultural melting pot, where foreign-born peoples have flourished both economically and independently for nearly four hundred years. However, there is currently much concern about the long-term effects such immigrant influx is causing and will continue to cause the both the land and the legal citizens. The writer discusses the aspect of job stealing, overpopulation and environmental consequences instigated by the open-door immigration policy. Extensive bibliography included.

  • California and At Will Employment

    A 14 page essay on the legal doctrine which states that employers can dismiss employees for any reason at any time, and, conversely, that employees can quit for any reason and at any time. This paper examines exceptions which have been made and at the current rash of ‘‘wrongful discharge'' lawsuits which are slowly changing this doctrine as it applies in the U.S. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Abortion Yes No or Maybe

    This 5 page paper explores the three opinions on the issue. The opinions of the Pro Choice camp is contrasted with that of the Pro Life Camp and of those that think abortion should be legal under specific circumstances like rape or incest. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Abortion in the United States

    A 7 page paper which examines the issue of legalized abortion in the United States. The paper argues that it is important for abortion to be legal. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Legal Matters at Bug, Inc.

    A 6 page paper discussing a variety of legal issues affecting or potentially affecting Bug, Inc., a manufacturer of electronic listening devices. Topics include industrial espionage, civil RICO, product liability and a variety of assorted possible torts. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • A Case Study of the Consumer Protection Safety Act

    This is a 10 page paper that provides an overview of the Consumer Protection Safety Act. It takes the form of a hypothetical legal memorandum enumerating a company's rights to appeal, among other issues. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Lutheran Refugee Services

    An 18 page paper. Lutheran Refugee Service is part of the Lutheran Family Service organization. This essay provides a brief historical overview, mission, vision and value statements, comments about human resource management, and a SWOT analysis of Lutheran Refugee Service with an emphasis on services in Nebraska. The paper also comments on leadership, fiscal management and responsibility, marketing, the impact of government and ethical and legal issues. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Legal Memorandum on Polygamy

    This 5 page paper takes the form of a legal memo which discusses both sides of the question of whether or not a polygamous marriage can be allowed to go forward. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • U.S. Citizenship Obligations

    This paper examines citizenship as it pertains to legal residents and aliens. The paper defines citizenship, discusses the requirements of becoming a U.S. citizen, and discusses some of the challenges that interfere with being an active citizen. Also under discussion is the impact that the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the United States has had on citizen participation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Online Retailers, Social and Legal Issues

    This 4-page paper addresses some of the legal and social issues that face e-tailers. Topics discussed include security, the need for contracts and proper recording of transactions and consumer privacy. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Bear Gram and the Vermont Teddy Bear Co.

    This 5 page paper examines Vermont Teddy Inc., founder of the Bear-Gram. The paper looks at the economic, political, legal, technological and socio-cultural influences and how the company had responded to these influences. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Student Submitted Case Study on the Purchase of 2 Laptops by an Australian Company's Purchasing Officer for Personal Use

    This 10 page paper examines a case study supplied by the student. A purchasing officer of an Australian company uses the company stationary and his position to purchase two lap top computers. When the invoice arrives the company he works for refuses to pay the bill. The paper considers the legal position and considers if this would have been different had the employee been a marketing officer. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Legal Right Versus What's Right

    A 4 page paper that discusses the issue of having the right to do something versus what is right to do. The essay presents four situations that could emerge in a company and discusses the company's legal right to do it and explains why it is not the right thing to do. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • LEGALITIES OF "RIGHT TO DIE"

    This 3-page paper discusses right-to-die legal issues, basing information on the cases of Nancy Cruzan and Karen Ann Quinlan. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 2nd Amendment 'Right to Bear Arms' of the US Constitution

    A 15 page argumentative essay in support of the Second Amendment right to bear arms. The paper explores the history behind the Constitutional Amendment, gun legislation, new legal and historian interpretations of the Amendment, and public opinions on the issue--leading to the final conclusion in support of the Second Amendment. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • How to Prevent Workplace Sexual Harassment III

    An 8 page paper on sexual harassment in the workplace in which the writer explores its legal definition, actions that can be taken to prevent/stop it, etc.; Several companies with anti-harassment programs are presented. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Program for Recent Immigrant

    This 7 page paper begins with a very brief scenario of a 16-year-old who has migrated from Mexico. The paper discusses the teacher’s legal obligations, different kinds of educational programs for the student and the recommendation, methods to assess English proficiency and the cultural background of the student. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Influences and Marketing of Nordstrom

    This 5 page paper looks at a case study on the US retailer Nordstrom supplied by the student and answers questions on the impact of political, legal, regulatory, technological, social, competitive and economic influences on the firm and their marketing and considers how the firm may set up and market itself in a new country. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Product Safety Management and the Infamous Ford Pinto Case

    This is a 10 page analysis of the entitled Harvard case study. The Pinto debacle happened in the 1970s. This essay identifies the facts of the case, provides a legal analysis and an ethical analysis. Rawls' theories of due care, responsible person and moral justice are included in the discussion. The writer provides concluding remarks. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Marketing Tobacco Products; The Ethical Issues

    This 4 page paper considers a case study supplied by the student. The case looks at the marketing of tobacco products by US companies to developing countries and considers whether this may be as ethical taking into consideration a range of outcomes including social and economic. The paper also discusses whether it would be right to prevent tobacco companies from marketing despite selling a legal product. The bibliography cites one source.

  • Minor Client Confidentiality - The Ethical Dimensions

    This is a 9 page paper that provides an overview of counselor confidentiality with minor clients. A case study is presented that helps explore the legal and ethical issues at stake in deciding when to breach confidentiality. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Making a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia: The Legal Implications

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Diagnostic tools and criteria are explored in the context of a legal case study. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Costs in the Case of New Line Films and Kim Basanger

    This 6 page paper is based on a case study provided by the student, concerning legal settlement following the court case between Main Line Films and Kim Basinger. The paper considers issues that are relevant to the way in which damages were assessed. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • ALUMINA AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A LEGAL CASE STUDY

    This 6-page paper discusses legal options and principles that Alumina Inc. needs to determine in regards to a potential lawsuit. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Case Study; Freedom of Speech and Satire Criticizing a Company

    This 3 page paper looks at a case study, where a disgruntled employee sets up a satire of the company on the internet. The employee believes he is using his first amendment right for free speech. The writer considers the position of the company and how they should react, looking at both legal and ethical considerations. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Quick Lube Case Study

    This 5 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student; the paper looks at why a take over of a compnay may create legal problems in terms of anti-trust issues when a company ends up in with a very dominant position over the company it supplies. The paper then considers the reason why a compnay would want to arrange meeting to stop the litigation and the potential way a valuation of the company may take place. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • A Dissertation Proposal For E-Commerce Strategies

    This 5 page paper is the outline for a dissertation looking at the implementation of e-commerce by a large company. The outline includes security issues, advantages and disadvantages, the trade offs that may need to be undertaken to gain the most value, legal issues and how e-commerce should be approached and used strategically. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Strategies for Risk Management

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of legal risk management. Information is presented as Powerpoint speaker notes. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Strategy for Entering into an E-Commerce Business

    This 57 page paper is a comprehensive dissertation style paper that examines the factors which need to be considered by a company proposing begin trading on the internet. The issues discussed in detail include a definition of e-commerce, advantages and disadvantages of e-commerce, security issues, legal factors, trade off’s and the general strategy. Real life examples are used to illustrate the discussion points. The in-depth literature review is then used to develop a strategy for entering this market. The bibliography cites 52 sources.

  • Police Administration and Organizational Management IV

    A 4 page paper answering two discussion questions in police administration. The first discusses legal prohibitions against sexual harassment; the second discusses hiring decisions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Contractual Information and Harassment

    A 5 page paper in two parts, the first of which is one page addressing the speed with which managers need to address complaints of sexual harassment. The second part is a letter to corporate legal counsel, providing information for the attorney to use in drafting a contract for a single supplier that will be involved in the development phase of a new chip. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act

    A 6 page paper that begins with the legal definition of sexual harassment and the two types defined by the U.S. Supreme Court. The paper discusses what conduct can be viewed as harassment, the impact of this conduct, and what the victim and employer should do. The writer provides comments directed at human resource managers. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND THE WORKPLACE

    This 7-page paper covers a fictitious case of sexual harassment in the workplace, and how it is handled from the corporate, governmental and legal standpoint. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Rights and Conduct of Students

    A 5 page paper which discusses some legal concerns of students in relationship to conduct and personal rights. In discussing these issues, the paper addresses the actions that can be taken by the leaders or teachers involved, and the level of involvement that the leaders and teachers can expect from the issues. The focus of the conduct and rights addresses four individual issues. Those issues are right to privacy as it relates to searching lockers and personal belongings, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Should a Nurse Assist in the Suicide of a Suffering Patient

    This 4 page paper looks at the issues of assisted suicide by a nurse in the US. Using the fictitious case of a terminal cancer sufferer the issues is discussed by looking at the relevance of the Patient Bill Of Rights, as well as ethical, legal and business perspectives. The paper ends by considering potential actions of a nurse’s manager if the nurse considered taking part in an assisted suicide. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Marijuana Should be Legal in Medical Applications

    This 3 page paper argues that marijuana should be legal in medical applications, and considers such things as advantages, disadvantages, costs and who could benefit from it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Dr. Jack Kevorkian's Role in Physician Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia

    A 12 page paper defining euthanasia and physician assisted suicide. Provides a history of the issues and includes an examination of the legal, ethical, religious, and medical facets. Relates the specifics of court cases revolving around Karen Ann Quinlin and Dr. Jack Kevorkian and provides a brief biographical outline of Dr. Kevorkian. Bibliography lists twelve sources.

  • Cyberstalking Issues

    This 5-page paper examines issues in cyberstalking, especially from a legal standpoint. Taking a fictional case study into account, the paper discusses whether cyberstalking actually took place, and whether the stalker should be convicted. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Case for Legal Assisted Suicide

    This 6 page paper examines euthanasia. Arguments on both side of the issue are presented. The paper concludes that assisted suicide should be legal. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sustaining Life or Death by Assisted Suicide

    6 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses assisted suicide, refusal of treatment, euthanasia, Oregon PAS, the Euthanasia Society of America and the legal implications of Cruzan, Quinlan and Schiavo. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Global HRM

    A 11 page paper looking at the implications of managing international human resources. Looks at issues such as cultural differences, wages and compensation, strains on expatriated managers, and legal requirements. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Literature Review of Internet Survey Research

    7 pages in length. Internet survey research is one of myriad up-and-coming methods for companies to acquire the critical public feedback needed for product satisfaction and development. Issues pertaining to this particular survey research approach are vast, indeed, given the still unknown legal ramifications of such; however, one that stands out as quite important is that of copyright concern. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History and Evolution of Hare Krishna

    10 pages in length. There exist a great many philosophies by which people live their lives that help maintain order and a sense of direction that otherwise would merely drift in subconscious thought. One particular philosophy that has not set well with mainstream society is that of Hare Krishna, which partakes of the spiritual side of life by eschewing that which is overtly materialistic and shallow. The writer discusses the history, legal problems and ultimate maturation process of the Hare Krishna movement. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • US and New Jersey's Capital Punishment History

    A 10 page discussion of the history of the death penalty in the United States. Emphasizing the experiences in New Jersey and providing corresponding information for several other key states, the author of this paper concentrates on the key legal events and the controversy surrounding capital punishment. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • 'Picturesque' Landscape as an Evolving Concept

    A 3 page consideration of how our concept of man's impact on the environment has changed over time. The author reviews the literature to support the contention that, as Robert Smithson contends in his discussion of "Frederick Law Olmsted and the Dialectical Landscape", the concept of "picturesque" is indeed a material one and one that has been in place since ancient times. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mathematics; Anxiety And Commutative, Associative, And Distributive Laws

    This 3 page paper discusses with two issues. The first part of the paper considers how to help mature students that have a mathematics anxiety may be helped before undertaking a learning course containing maths when they have not tackled the subject for many years. The second part of the paper looks at three laws that are used in algebra; commutative, associative, and distributive and considers which is the most important.

  • Professional Education Organizations

    A 15 page discussion of the importance of teachers' groups. The author emphasizes that these groups can be very diverse yet can play a tremendously important role in the shaping of policy and even law relating to education. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • A Civil War History of Devil's Den Action

    8 pages. The Union dispositions in Devil's Den including Ward's Brigade and Smith's Battery are explained fully in this paper as well as the breakdown of coordination as Hood attacked during the advance of Law's and Robertson's Brigades. Bennings arrival and the final outcome are included. The final section of the paper discusses the nine principles of war. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Studying International Management

    This 12 page paper answers the question of why one should study international management. Within that context a variety of factors are observed as they pertain to culture, religion and the law. Product applicability and marketing considerations are also reviewed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Floating RN Practice

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the practice of "floating" RNs, that is, registered nurses who "float" from one department to another. Often RNs are requested to work in department with which they are unfamiliar. This practice has been detrimental to nursing moral because these floating RNs frequently feel unqualified to work outside their own area of expertise. The writer discusses law cases that demonstrate the rights of nurses in this sort of situation. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Geriatric Clinical Nurse Specialist/State of CA

    A 3 page research paper that discuses this nursing specialty within the context of practice under California law and specifically on the topic of nurse prescribing. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mandated Nurse-to-Patient Ratios

    A 6 page research paper that discusses the controversial subject of mandated nurse-to-patient ratios, including a focus on the law in California. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Casuistry Ethics and Nursing

    A 5 page paper that discusses different issues. The first topic is the Casuistry ethics approach, which is explained and discussed. Other topics focus on setting up a family nurse practitioner clinic in Louisiana, including the laws governing such enterprises. Components of the business plan are identified and the write comments on the characteristics the nurse practitioner needs to have to succeed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Arguing Against Nurses Participating in the Death of Patients and the Christine Busalacchi Case

    A 10 page paper which the arguments presented by nurses in Missouri and Arkansas, who pleaded a case before the Supreme Court that depriving Christine Busalacchi of nourishment through starvation and dehydration was illegal, inhumane, and unethical. The strengths and weaknesses of the arguments presented in the nurses’ briefs, conflicts of laws or rights will be considered, and a decision will be reached on the basis of the precedents offered. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Community Health Care Nursing and Child Abuse Interventions

    A 5 page overview of the phenomena of child abuse and the considerations this abuse presents in the community health care environment. The author of this paper contends that while some may question the appropriateness of nursing intervention in anything but the medical aspects of this phenomena, it quickly becomes apparent that nursing intervention has out of necessity evolved to not only provide medical treatment for the abused but to a position of working with law enforcement personnel to identify the problem and to eliminate it where possible. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Prescribing Nurses and the Treatment of Wounds

    This 7 page paper considers the position of community nurses when undertaking wound dressing and how, with the advent of prescribing nurses, the non prescribing community nurses are placed in a difficult position with conflicting needs from their primary health care trusts, patients and the law. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Experimental Social Psychology

    6 pages in length. Social psychology - which represents the study of various components of attitude, motivation, personality and behavior as they reflect an individual's influence upon and by social groups - derives its myriad findings through the function of experimentation, a value explained as being critical to "discovering universal laws…[and] eradicating social evils" (Sharma et al, 2007). Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations and Risk Assessment

    A paper which looks in detail at the Risk assessment and the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, with particular reference to the concepts of "sufficient" and "suitable" as used in the Regulations, and the way that these have been interpreted in recent case law. Bibliography lists 25 sources

  • Advanced Practice Nursing/Legal Requirements in Tennessee

    A 6 page research paper that, first of all, defines accreditation, licensure and certification and then discusses advanced nursing practice in the State of Tennessee by looking first at Tennessee state law and then at the online sites for nursing certification offered by the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners and the American Nurses Credentialing Center. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Information Security Management

    A 10 page paper. In today's electronic world securing information is difficult and complex. There are so many ways in which security can be breached. This essay discusses why it is important for information managers to understand the many ways information can be compromised. The essay provides some specific examples and how to prevent these types of incidents. The writer also discusses the laws that are in place regarding computer abuse. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Gun Control and the 2nd Amendment of the U.S. Constitution

    This 4-page paper focuses on the issue of why the Second Amendment is both the most used and least effective argument for gun control, and why it has made America's gun control laws so weak. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • The Domestic Violence Arrest Decision Reviewed

    This paper is a review of a recent study performed among law enforcement officials in a Midwestern town concerning under what circumstances an arrest is likely to be made in a domestic violence event. The paper offers a critical review on the study itself, and offers additional insight.

  • Taiwan and the US/Comparing Domestic Violence

    A 3 page research paper that describes domestic violence law in Taiwan and effect of current reform legislation on this issue in Maryland. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Market Regulation under the Saudi Arabia Capital Market Authority and the US Securities and Exchange Commission

    This 15 page paper looks at the regulatory framework utilized in the way that securities transactions take place in Saudi Arabia and the United States, comparing and contrasting the general approach adopted and obligations placed upon the Capital Market Authority (CMA) and its duties under the Capital Markets Law of 2003, and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) of the United States. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Law Enforcement and the Value of Higher Education

    This is a 9 page paper that provides an overview of law enforcement policy proposals. A proposal to incorporate higher education into officer training is explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Homeland Security Personal Response

    Safety, as defined by President George W. Bush in his establishment of homeland security measures, is dedicated to the protection of the country as a whole beginning at its borders and moving inward to tap into the individual lives of citizens and immigrants who might offer a threat. This places the privacy of every citizen in jeopardy and diminishes Constitutional law. (Essay) jvhmlsec.rtf

  • Search and Seizure: Searching Vehicles as a Part of Apprehension and Arrest

    A 5 page discussion of search and seizure as it applies to vehicles. This paper is based on two fictional scenarios but calls upon case law involving searches of vehicles when those searches were no predicated on the fact that a vehicle is readily mobile. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Koran Sections 'Women' and 'Cow' and Contemporary City Governments

    This 4-page paper focuses on quotes from the Koran (specifically from the sections "Cow" and "Women") and applies them to how city governments walk a thin line between passing laws to govern and giving in to mankind's need and instinct for pleasure.

  • Overview of Information Security Management

    A 10 page paper. In today's electronic world securing information is difficult and complex. There are so many ways in which security can be breached. This essay discusses why it is important for information managers to understand the many ways information can be compromised. The essay provides some specific examples and how to prevent these types of incidents. The writer also discusses the laws that are in place regarding computer abuse. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • REQUIREMENTS FOR LAUNCHING A BUSINESS IN ONTARIO

    This 10-page paper describes various requirements for launching a business in Ontario, Canada. Topics under discussion include employee regulations, business entity types and various laws. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • UK Consumer Protection

    This 6 page paper considers the protection that is given to consumers under UK law when goods bought are unsafe. The paper looks at the Sale of Goods Act 1979 (as amended) and the Consumer Protection Act 1987. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • 1987's Consumer Protection Act and its Impact

    The consumer protection act 1987(CPA) was introduced to implement EC directive 85/374/EEC in the expectation that it would make it easier for injured persons to bring claims against manufactures of defective products. This 14 page paper critically evaluates the effectiveness of the CPA in light of recent cases law in the area of product liability. To undertake this the position prior to the CPA is considered before the aims and the applications of the CPA is assessed. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Unmarried Couple, Shared Home, Equity and Trusts

    This 7 page paper examines a case supplied by the student where an unmarried couple have been living in a property in the mans name, but on separation the women wants to claim a share. The paper considers the possibility of an inferred constructive trust or the use of estoppel. Numerous cases are cited to support the points raised and provide precedent. The paper is written with reference to English law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • The Companies Act 2006

    It has often been stated that the courts have traditionally interfered too much in the field of company law. This 9 page paper considers whether or not The Companies Act 2006 reduce the need for court intervention by providing a coherent and comprehensive statutory code. This is discussed using two areas of the new act as the discussion point; duty of directors and environmental reporting. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Third Party Computers and Denial of Service Attack

    This 3 page argumentative paper considers a position where a company suffers a denial of service attack (DDOS) and considers if there is any potential culpability if a third party was used as a zombie to carry put the attack. The paper argues the case concerning tort law and the ethical considerations. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • ELL and NCLB's Implications

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of NCLB and evaluates its effects on ELL programs. How does the law affect schools as it respects Special Ed programs? The paper focuses on ELL and how language plays a part in the problems with NCLB. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Lebensborn and Eugenics Programs of Nazi Germany

    A 20 page research paper providing an overview of the laws pertaining to eugenics and the Lebensborn program of Nazi Germany. The writer centers on the program and the support mechanisms put into place to underscore the development of the Nazi master race in the late 1930s and early 1940s. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The Protection of the People Against the Exercise ot Arbitrary Power: Miranda v. Arizona

    A 9 page examination of the importance of Miranda vs Arizona. This paper explores the circumstances surrounding the case and the decision’s long lasting implications in law enforcement procedure. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • U.S. Supreme Court Decision of Miranda v. Arizona

    A 3 page paper which discusses the controversial Supreme Court decision and comments on the erosion of the rule, discussing case law exceptions and their rationale by the high court. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Is Microsoft an Actual Monopoly?

    5 pages in length. Looks at the recent court case of Microsoft and compares it in economic terms to a monopoly. Discussion of antitrust law, tying contracts, and the market concentration doctrine is included.

  • Free Trade and Taxation

    This 5 page paper looks at the repeal of the British Corn Laws and the passage of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff. Various ideologies are discussed: Liberal IR theory, Realism and Marxism. Taxation is evaluated in respect to the economy and free trade. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Portugal, the United States, and Business Law

    This 8 page paper considers the way in which business law in both of these countries is similar and also how it differs, including the cultural influences. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Internet vs. Privacy up to Individual Tastes

    This 5 page opinion paper explores privacy rights on the Internet, and specifies that Americans do not have rights to privacy under the law in the way they imagine those rights. Therefore, their privacy is up to them. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 4th Amendment and Thermal Imaging Technology Search Reasonableness

    A 3 page paper discussing the reasonableness of a search using thermal imaging. Today’s technology appears to allow searches that are not truly physical searches. The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution prohibits such searches. The purpose here is to determine whether examination with thermal imaging devices constitutes a “search” according to Constitutional law. It uses Kyllo v. United States to conclude it does not. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overcoming Language Barriers in Law Enforcement

    A 7 page consideration of the problems inherent in policing those who are not proficient in English. This paper reviews what law enforcement agencies around the nation have done to overcome these problems and recommends a best practice solution. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Supply And Demand - Law Of Diminishing Returns

    A 6 page paper. The first part of this essay reports an article from the WSJ about the supply and demand of oil and corn, explaining how the demand impacts the supply and the affiliated cost issues. The second part of the paper discusses the law of diminished returns and provides three specific examples. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Choice, Scarcity, Supply and Demand

    This 3 page paper explains the law of supply and demand, the concept of scarcity and the concept of choice. The essay then explains the interaction and how scarcity and choice affect supply and demand. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pest Management Integration Benefits

    5 pages. The purpose of integrated pest management is to utilize the management of destruction by pests to crops and other agriculture with as little damage to the environment as possible. By using a system of integration we can cut down on the harmful chemicals and poisons that often harm the ecological balance. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Harvey Industries Inventory Management

    This 5-page paper, based on a case study of Harvey Industries, discusses how this manufacturer can better streamline its inventory management system. The paper lists recommendations, including assigning the duties of management to one person and better prediction of manufacturing cycles in order to better determine the inventory necessary during peak line times. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Inpatient Case Management Service Adaptation and Analysis

    This 5-page paper examines micro and macroeconomics and how such concepts can be applied to a hospital's case management system. The paper relied on specific examples from two hospitals to help support the topic. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Tesco's KM

    This 6 page paper considers how the supermarket chain Tesco’s use information management to gain a competitive advantage and add value to the value chain. The paper outlines the system used and explains how it benefits the company., The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Learning Management Systems (LMS) and Online Education

    A 10 page paper discussing the emergence of the learning management system (LMS) for online education. Initially within the domain of business training only, online schools have begun to use many of the techniques that the LMS promotes. The LMS has come into being concurrently with a return to proven approaches to education, bringing the best of all worlds to online learning. The focus of the paper is that of higher education, but the principles apply to training in the workplace as well. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Companies and Class Action Lawsuits

    10 pages in length. The writer discusses class action lawsuits as they relate to AOL, CMGI, InfoSpace, ARIBA, Exodus Communications, WorldCom, Oracle, Cisco Systems, Qualcomm, United States Interactive, NY Railroad, Puma Technologies, Infoseek, Amazon, Advanced Viral Research, Celera Genomics, Genome Therapeutics and JDS Uniphase. No bibliography.

  • Florida's Laws on Mental Illness Counseling and Substance Abuse

    6 pages in length. Creating a system where counseling approaches work for all concerned is a long-standing challenge facing most communities. By utilizing the Marchman and Baker Acts, states like Florida are better equipped to address the extent to which substance abuse (Marchman) and mental illness (Baker) treatment is made available to its citizens. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Conveyancing System of Wales and England and Its Flaws

    This 5 page paper considers the flaws in the current conveyancing system in England and Wales and then looks at the proposed changes to remedy the flaws. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of Nepal's and Japan's Telecommunications Industries

    This 10 page report discusses and compares the telecommunications industries of Japan and Nepal. Numerous factors, including the geography, culture, demographics, and economy of each country are reviewed and compared. The role such factors play in the development of the nation's telecommunications systems is also discussed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • NY's Transportation Growth

    This 10 page paper examines the history of New York State--with special attention to NYC--as it respects its geography and advent of transportation systems. The trains, subway and roadways are discussed.

  • Overview of South Korea

    This well written 20 page paper is a comprehensive look at South Korea. The writer examines the country in depth including its’ people, the economic environment, political system, capital markets as well as the geography, natural resources. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • All About Eve Cinematic Analysis

    A 6 page paper which provides a cinematic analysis of Joseph L. Mankiewicz’s classic film. Specifically considered are the portrayal of the role of women, different representations of women, the film’s genre, what was happening in society when the film was made, evidence of repressed female sexuality, how the traditional patriarchal system is threatened, and the male gaze. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Thin Blue Line

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the film The Thin Blue Line, which is a compelling and significant documentary directed by Errol Morris (Miramax Films, 1988). It tells the story of Randall Adams, who in 1976 was arrested and tried for a murder that he did not commit. This film uncovered evidence that eventually led to Adams' release. In providing this insightful look into how the U.S. judicial system can go awry, the film also demonstrates the awful consequences that can result from the arbitrary labeling of conduct. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Health, Environment, and Law

    This 3-page paper answers the following questions: the social psychological role of prevention in the Canadian health care system; how social psychology is used to solve social dilemmas and problems associated with eyewitness testimony and how they can be addressed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Lean Manufacturing at Quality Parts Company

    This 5 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. The company has inefficiencies and would benefit from the introduction of lean methods of manufacture. The paper identifies the changes that are being considered which are not aligned with lean manufacturing, defines what is meant by a lean firm, considers the use f a pull system and looks at a potential process of change that could be used. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Classifications of Web Sites

    9 pages in length. The writer discusses transaction-oriented, delivery system and database access web sites as they relate to front-end and back-end applications (Internet, intranet and extranet) Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Motorola and Quality Management

    This 18 page paper looks at the way that quality management takes place at Motorola. The paper starts by considering the systems which are utilized by Motorola, including 6 Sigma, then looks at the way that quality management is implemented including objective setting, the benefits of implementing quality management and the differences between theory and practice, and then discusses a number of relevant concepts, including Juran’s trilogy, quality tools which are utilized by Motorola and then looks at the way that barriers may have been present and overcome when introducing, and maintaining quality management initiatives. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • The US and a Multi Party System

    5 pages. This paper answers the question 'under what conditions might a multi-party system develop in the United States'. This question has many answers, and one focus is on that of American exceptionalism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Amazon and the Potential for New Technology

    This 7 page paper looks at the way Amazon.com may benefit from the adoption of new technology. The paper considers the use of RFID for stock control to compliment the existing systems and increase value in the value chain. The first part of the paper looks at how this would add value to Amazon. The last page discusses the way the change could be introduced. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Criminal Justice and the Development of New Technology

    3 pages in length. It used to be that tracking down and apprehending criminal suspects required a combination of psychological outsmarting and a whole lot of physical legwork. Today, while still necessitating the ability to outsmart criminals, the legwork has all but been replaced by new technology, particularly when dealing with assault crimes. Pertinent to today's ever-expanding criminal justice system is the implementation of computer technology as a means by which to accomplish such objectives as criminal investigations, intelligence gathering, crime-mapping and analysis, DNA identification, predictions, personnel management and administration. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Media Access: National Security Versus Public Access To Government Function

    10 pages in length. National security is maintained at myriad different levels and under countless different provisions so as to weigh the intrinsic risk associated with each individual perceived threat. When it comes to military tribunals and media access, a strong undercurrent of First Amendment rights versus the threat to national security fuels an ongoing legal debate between the press and federal judges (Anonymous, 2001). The extent to which these secret courts serve to protect against highly sensitive information leaking out through media sources is both grand and far-reaching; that certain cases have reached beyond the concern for protecting national security and granted media access in these hearings speaks to the failing efforts to balance interests of national security with public access. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Hewlett Packard and Dell Printer Wars

    A 4 page paper discussing HP’s decision to stop offering HP printers to Dell to sell with its computer systems following Dell’s announcement that it also would offer low-end, low-quality Lexmark printers that eventually took on the Dell private label. The entire scenario highlights the fact that both HP’s and Dell’s management disregarded the needs of customers and shareholders in acting from arrogance toward each. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Classification of Personality Disorders

    This 3 page paper examines one classification of personality disorders proposed by Larsen and Buss. Authors divide personality disorders into three categories, which are the Erratic group, the Eccentric group and the Anxious group. Another system is proposed. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Proposal for Payroll Database Management

    This 5-page paper covers an example of a proposal to upper management about the necessity of a payroll database management system to manage checks and employees. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Requirement for a New IT System

    This 5 page paper is an introduction and requirements document for the implementation of a new IS system to deal with payroll to a hospital. The document looks at the very violence, sources of information, and the impact of the structure of the organization and those requirements.

  • Mathematics and Peer Tutoring Benefits

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of this issue. The current research reflects a variety of views on the issue of peer tutoring in subjects like mathematics and the benefits of this kid of system. Peer tutoring models have been the focus of existing research for almost a decade, when researchers determined that benefits could be derived from cooperative learning models. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Designing a Performance Management System for Southwest Airlines

    A 12 page paper discussing points that could be included in a new performance management system for Southwest Airlines. Celebrating 35 years of continuously profitable operation, there are several points of measure that can benefit the company. Measured entities need to directly contribute to overall performance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Overview of Australia's Orbital Engine Corporation

    This 22 page paper is an in-depth look at this Australian company that developed a revolutionary two stroke engine and fuel system. The writer considers the strategies they used and how they may increase company performance in the future. Analysis used include a PEST analysis, a SWOT analysis, Porters Five Forces, a stakeholder analysis, and a brief financial analysis. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Patient Satisfaction As An Indication of Clinical Quality

    A 5 page research paper that examines this topic. In general, patient satisfaction with healthcare has been used as an overall indication of the quality of care (Harris-Haywood, et al, 2007). As this suggests, the patient-provider relationship is understood to have encompass a wide range of effects on the practice of medicine and the healthcare system as a whole. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Semiconductor Water Purification and Reverse Osmosis

    A 5 page paper discussing advances in the purification of water used in the manufacture of semiconductors. Today's reverse osmosis technology is greatly more advanced than that of only a decade ago when membrane pores were large and no other filtration system, such as activated carbon, was used in parallel with reverse osmosis. The technology for the filtration process, as for semiconductor manufacturing, has improved to a level that today it provides an effective and cost-efficient method of purifying water used in the manufacture of semiconductors. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A Look at Two Mergers

    A 4 page paper discussing the merger of two Illinois hospital systems (Highland Hills and Northwestern) in 2000; eBay and PayPal in 2002; and Citigroup's acquisition of Mexico's Banamex in 2001. The hospital merger was being challenged as being anti-competitive in 2005 and could be reversed. Strategic success appears to be more likely than financial success in the environment that currently exists. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Benefits of Adopting a Management Information System

    This 4 page paper looks at a case study provided by the student to assess the way a management information system (MIS). Javabooks is a book store and cafe, where all process, from ordering to sales, are undertaken manually. The paper start by looking at the benefits and then considers the way other firms are gaining cost savings using MIS. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Pain Management Literature Review

    An 8 page literature review of self-management and therapeutic touch approaches to the management of chronic pain. The purpose of the paper is to provide a literature review; theoretical framework (Neuman Systems Model); problem statement; and research question. The question is, "Is TT an effective drug-free approach to the management of chronic pain in elderly nursing home residents?" Bibliography lists 11 sources, most from 2007 and 2008.

  • Profit and Nonprofit Organizational Performance

    This 3-page paper attemps to compare metrics used for non-profit and for profit business systems. Also discussed is the impact of change on an organization. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Marketing and IKEA North America L.L.C.

    A 15 page paper that not only addresses issues directly associated with IKEA home furnishings company but also provides explanations of a variety of aspects of marketing. These include: marketing systems and marketing research; internal sources of marketing information; IKEA product differentiation strategies; product life cycle, including explanation of the four stages in the cycle; distribution channels; Online marketing and its values; definition of different terms, such as product hierarchy; the differences in marketing services versus goods; pricing strategies; price elasticity of demand. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Women in Ancient Greece by Sue Blundell

    A paper which looks at Sue Blundell's "Women in Ancient Greece", an important text which draws on numerous contemporary sources in order to build up a comprehensive picture of the life of women of the period, despite the cultural filters of a strictly patriarchal system.

  • Computer Evolution from Mainframe to Distributed Systems

    A 10 page paper providing a brief history of computers, beginning in 1944 when IBM's first mainframe was born of collaboration with Harvard University. That machine was fully electromechanical and though capable of computations, can be considered as less powerful than any pocket calculator today. The paper discusses the early portable computers and the first commercially successful personal computers, ending in a discussion of distributed systems including the debate surrounding fat clients vs thin clients, and the still-viable concept of the network computer designed to be for Internet use rather than providing all the capabilities of the PC. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Knowledge Management

    This 11 page paper looks at knowledge management and the ways in which a firm can gain value from a knowledge management strategy or system. The paper defines what it is meant by knowledge management, looks at the different types of knowledge management that can take place and the barriers to successful implementation and what approaches should be taken in terms of knowledge creation and leveraging knowledge to overcome potential barriers. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Knowledge Management Implementation; Two Cases

    This 7 page paper looks at the way knowledge management is implemented in different organization, uses two case studies; one where the implementation was successful and one where it has not yet succeeded; the e-government system implemented at Chaoyang District in China and the Shanghai company GEM services implementation of ERP. The implementation of knowledge management at both of these organizations is examined and compared. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • E-sourcing Strategy at Sun Microsystems

    A 4 page paper discussing a Stanford case, "E-sourcing Strategy at Sun Microsystems." The case discusses Sun's plans to implement a dynamic bidding system for vendors, altering the company's procurement process. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Competition Between UPS, FedEx, and USPS

    An 11 page paper discussing whether competition from private-sector delivery services such as Federal Express and UPS adversely affects the ability of the US Postal Service to maximize profits. Priority Mail and Express Mail are add-on services of the USPS, but the primary business of private-sector delivery services such as Federal Express and UPS. Certainly the USPS would carry much greater volumes of pieces applicable to the category if private-sector services did not exist, but it is doubtful that competition in the category has been highly significant in preventing the USPS from maximizing profit. Prohibited by law from carrying any profit at all, the USPS perhaps could reduce rates for other services or at least hold them steady without its private-sector competition, but it still would not be allowed to post any significant and ongoing profits from operations. The paper includes one chart and one table. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Problems of Cohabitation

    A 5 page paper discussing the problems that can arise from living together without marriage. Living together has caused far more controversy than just the value of maintaining laws that are no longer enforced. The focus here is its effects on traditional marriage and social issues. Though the most common opinion is that there is nothing 'wrong' with living together either instead of, or before marriage, there is increasing evidence that there is indeed something 'wrong' with it, to the extent that it is listed as a risk factor against the success of subsequent marriage between the same partners. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • War and Censorship of the Press

    7 pages in length. There were three primary concerns for instituting executive press censorship during Operation Desert Storm: the questionable tactics the media use to purportedly report the truth; the very real chance of classified information reaching enemy hands; and the ever present possibility of reporters getting harmed or even killed while covering the front lines. These issues are significant to the field of communications law, because they represent the sanctity of privacy that is so instrumental in the overall safety of wartime activities. The writer addresses these three issues as they pertain the censorship implementation. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Education Law New Jersey v. T.L.O. Analyzed

    This 3 page paper evaluates the case. The facts of the case are provided. The fourth amendment is defined and applied to the case. Arguments for either side are included as well. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Bolman and Deal's Theories as they relate to School Systems

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the primary management practices within the school system in the context of Bolman and Deal’s four organizational frames. Bolman and Deal’s text “Reframing Organizations” (2003) deals with the concepts of frames within the workplace which employs the “usable knowledge” available from a management perspective and also addresses the failures within organizations “due to lack of imagination”. Organizations are broken into the four conceptual “frames” of structural, human resources, political and symbolic which account for the various aspects of planning, staffing, organizing, directing and controlling within any organization. The management functions within school systems can also work within these frames as they include all of the same vital components which must be managed and maintained as within corporations. A study published by Souchet (2001) is used to show the management practices within the school system in regards to the role of a principal within a small urban setting in the Mid-Western United States. The school principal within the school setting is “also known as the middle manager and the site administrator” in organizational terms and is considered as the major managerial influence within the school as he or she must determine “whether the education is effective or ineffective, whether morale is high or low, whether the school climate is positive or negative; whether personnel are satisfied or dissatisfied; whether students achieve or don’t achieve; whether parents and the public are cooperative or uncooperative; and whether there is effective or ineffective management and leadership”. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Company Names and Corporate Law of the United Kingdom

    This 9 page paper is written in 2 parts. The first part considers the way a corporation may choose a name, what is and is not allowed by discussing two example names. The second part of the paper considers what action may be taken if a company registers a name the same or similar to a company already in existence. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Medical Treatment, Parents, Religion and the Law

    A 5 page paper which examines whether or not parents should be forced by law to provide medical treatment for children regardless of religious beliefs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 3 Questions on Trust and Property Law in the United Kingdom

    This 9 page paper considers three questions posed by the student regarding property left in trust in a will and the way in which the trustees will deal with complications and how the Land Registration Act 2002 has made the adverse possession of land with registered title almost impossible. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Scientific Management Theories, Motivation, and Theories

    This is a 5 page paper discussing various aspects of management including scientific management theories, the Hawthorne Experiments and other areas including an example of a social structure found within a work setting. Over the course of history, work, mainly manufactured work, has been studied in terms of the various elements required needed for the production of an item and the time it would take workers to complete this task. In addition, with the introduction of certain industrial technologies over time, manufacturing and the management of manufacturing systems and teams have been altered to accommodate new trends and technologies. Management, within an historical perspective, had little to do direct contact within the employees which was generally left to the foremen. However, Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 19th century began to think in terms of “scientific management” in which production management became important to improving the overall production of any manufacturing area. While scientific management looked mainly to efficiency in production, the Hawthorne experiments in the 1920s found that work places are very much social systems and workers reacted accordingly. Lastly, employee motivation need to be established by owners and managers in order to initiate recruitment for firms and retain employees once recruited. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Investing in Poland and Growth Considerations

    This 15 page report discusses Poland’s economic recovery over the past decade since the fall of communism. Poland has been involved in the most effective economic reform measures in Central and Eastern Europe. For the most part, the government has successfully restructured their state firms before selling them off. Poland has been able to deal with its banks' bad debts and is now working to privatize its banking system. The overhaul of the Polish economic system was one of extraordinary complexity. Various aspects of that process and the processes of investment in Poland are presented. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • The Criminal Justice System and the Issue of Racism

    6 pages in length. One of the most damning aspects of racial stereotypes as it relates to the criminal justice system is the manner in which all members of a particular race become grouped together for the actions of a relative few. By casting a negative light toward being Black, Mexican, Asian or any number of other ethnic races, the criminal justice system clearly demonstrates a great deal of ignorance and disrespect for that individual; just because someone is a member of a certain race does not mean that he or she represents any of the negative connotations associated with that race. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Math Assessment, Authentic Assessment Programs, and Inconsistencies

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the interpretative and inconsistent nature of math assessment and possible authentic assessment programs. Several issues relate to the inconsistent and interpretative nature of math assessment within the educational curricula today. Firstly, on a national basis, studies reveal the range in attitudes in regards to importance math assessment has in the overall educational curriculum. While math assessment is often mentioned, its importance does not seem as highly weighted as other aspects of assessment of school performance. Secondly, within the school systems themselves, teachers in mathematics vary a great deal in their teaching practices which can affect assessment; perception of their students’ abilities based on social factors and past performance; perception of the importance of national and consistent assessment; and desired learning outcomes. There are many educational assessment tools which are available. However, assessment tools vary in regards to their expense, time, and curriculum considerations which can affect whether or not the tool can be usefully applied. One of the goals of the U.S. educational system is be “the first in the world in mathematics and science achievement” and some educational programs are trying to fulfill this goal by not only developing consistent national education and assessment programs but programs which are comparative on an international scale, such as that found within the International Baccalaureate Program (IB). Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Triage and its Medical and Military History

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the history of triage in medicine and its use in the military and civilian health care. Triage, a medical term to mean a sorting or classification of patients based on their levels of medical urgency was first developed as a military term and used in wartime. The French used “triage” to decide who would be taken from the battlefields to be treated and who would be left behind. Soon afterward, from World War II until present day, triage was not only used in Army field hospitals but is also now used in emergency departments to classify the large number of patients who enter each day. Nurses have been involved in the triage process from the beginning and recently the nursing associations have broadened the original three level triage classifications of emergent, urgent and non-urgent, to one of a four level priority system in the United States and one of five level priorities in Australia, Canada and Great Britain. Regardless of the number of levels, triage has become an important and efficient system to evaluate a patient’s urgency as well as analyze the effectiveness of the health care given in emergency departments. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Political Power, Supernatural Rituals and Anthropology

    This is a 4 page paper discussing supernatural rituals and political power, misunderstanding and civilization, and individualism within American culture. Three central ideas within modern day anthropology are discussed, namely: the political functions of supernatural rituals; the misunderstanding of civilization; and, the core values of American culture in relation to the unequal distribution of wealth and the public education system. Supernatural rituals have a political function which can be twofold: those who are influential within the religious structure in society carry that power beyond the ritual itself; and, politically, those who wish the support of a large population within society can align themselves with a religious group. Misunderstanding and illusions for truth are part of the realizations of a young daughter in Barbara Kingsolver’s novel “The Poisonwood Bible” but these ideas are applied to anyone’s idea of his or her own civilization which becomes wholly dependent and built on one society but is inapplicable to another. Finally, the idea of “individualism” within the United States has become so profound that those who are wealthy within the U.S. (including the government itself) have done little for those who are less fortunate. This is well reflected in the high poverty rates in the country and the public school system which is unable to meet the basic needs of its citizens. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Flat Panel Computer Monitors Advantages and Disadvantages

    This is a 6 page paper on the advantages and disadvantages of flat-panel monitors. Flat-panel monitors (for desktops) and flat-panel displays (for laptops) have taken off in the personal computer market because of their many advantages over traditional monitors. In addition to their obvious sleek designs and space saving abilities, flat-panel monitors have been found to offer users more viewer space with panels viewable up to 170 degrees and the ability to swivel 360 degrees in most models. Flat-panel monitors are also lighter, more maneuverable, use less energy, have lower electromagnetic emissions, and have lower heat output. Units can be purchased from as low as $350 US which makes the market available to users who have less expense for their systems and they can also be used as television monitors as well. While most flat-panel monitors require more video memory on computers, which will add to the overall expense of the system, all critics who have tested, and have now purchased flat-panel monitors, believe that their surge in the market will continue as they offer users superior quality and performance in addition to their improved energy and emissions ratings. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Latino Students of California and Changes in Population

    9 pages in length. As a result of the changing demography of Latino students within California's school system, it has become apparent that other changes have also taken place due to this shift in population that adversely affect the academic needs of the Chicano/Latino population at the elementary, secondary and post secondary segments of the educational pipeline. Humanity has been enduring an ongoing battle for centuries: the strained relations among the races. Despite efforts to put the past behind, signs remain at nearly every juncture that there still exists a strong sense of racial dissension. While many Caucasians do not see the problem being as severe as it is represented, Latinos angrily reply that the lighter skinned race has not had to endure such prejudice and, therefore, cannot begin to identify with the situation. Caucasian Americans do not interpret racism as a big problem, therefore, they do not see a need for government intervention. Similarly other United States minorities believe they often receive unfair treatment, as well, because of their race. However, assimilation into the California school system presents yet another obstacle for the growing Latino population. The writer discusses issues of academic interference, as well as addresses potential solutions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Law and Race Perspectives as They Relate to American Skinheads

    10 pages in length. The closely shaved scalp and spouting white-supremacist beliefs are difficult to miss. Indeed, American skinheads have carved out a niche for their radical and very violent approach to what they deem as social and racial injustice, much the same way the Ku Klux Klan has achieved for its members throughout the twentieth century. As the world continues to spiral toward complete and utter eradication, there exists a select sector of the population that refuses to allow this to happen without at least a good fight. The writer discusses how American skinheads have long been at the forefront of controversy in their indignation toward racial intolerance. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Microsoft and Applicability of Antitrust Laws

    A 9 page paper discussing the theory and history of antitrust laws and monopoly designation, and the reasons that theory and reality rarely meet on common ground. The Justice Department has found Microsoft to practice predatory pricing based on the fact that it gives away its products for free; Microsoft's competitors want the government to force Microsoft to compete on price, as they do. The paper looks at Standard Oil, Ford Motor Company in the 1920s and RCA. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Race Concept and its History

    14 pages in length. Drawing upon the work of David Goldberg's "Racist Culture: Philosophy and the Politics of Meaning," one can readily argue that idea of race has always combined references to what is seen as natural (fixed) and social construct, suggesting that very divergent discourses have been implemented over time as a means by which to account for human diversity within the colonial context of European and non-European differences. Furthermore, the notion of race is not inherent to biology, but rather it is a social and cultural classification that has been erroneously attributed to biological implication. The writer discusses the concept of race from the Puritan colonization to present-day criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Tennessee Law and the Environmental Effects of Surface Sewage Runoff

    This 7 page report discusses the environmental impact of sewage runoff in a variety of landscapes. Over 5.3 million metric tons of sewage sludge are produced in the United States every year. The sewage treatment industry, like others in the waste business, has discovered, not surprisingly, that the cheapest means of disposing of this yearly mountain is to spread it over nearby fields. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Player Injury Liability and Sports Law

    A 5 page research paper which examines the question of what constitutes liability on the part of a coach or an institution in the event of sports related injury. The writer examines numerous cases and outlines the basics of what the courts expect from coaches and institutions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Veterans Affairs Benefits Proposal Paper

    6 pages in length. The main thing on the minds of every soldier coming home from military conflict is to realign themselves with the lives they left behind. Work, friends, home life, familial relationships – all of these and more require a great measure of readjustment for veterans whose entire existence has centered upon war. Even those without any battle-related encumbrances - such as mental, physical or emotional injuries – still need help assimilating back into the society they left behind in order to protect. Veterans Affairs (VA) has been an instrumental force in providing much-needed education, home loans, pensions, medical care, life insurance and vocational rehabilitation for both the veteran and his/her family, however, as beneficial as VA has been in helping veterans piece their collective lives back together with such assistance, the system has become so overloaded that more and more veterans are going without benefits they are qualified to receive. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Environmental Sustainability Challenges

    An 8 page paper discussing two environmental problems in China (the Three Gorges Dam and air pollution) and measures that the government has or may take to mitigate the environmental effects. In contrast is the experience of Singapore, which adopted stringent environmental regulations when its economic growth led to environmental degradation. Singapore was able to address growing environmental problems before they came to be ingrained in systems and operations, and after MNEs became dependent on Singapore's markets and workforce. Likely its small size also contributed to dedication to environmental sustainability, an advantage that China does not have. Bibliography lists 6 sources. PowerPoint presentation available.

  • 1920s' Sexual Revolution in America

    A 12 page contention that the 1920s did indeed spawn a sexual revolution. The industrialization which would overtake the U.S. in this time period would impact us in some very astounding ways. One of these ways was the advent of the sexual revolution, a revolution in which the mores and social behavior of the newly-named “flapper” would usurp those of the traditional American housewife. The flapper would come to epitomize the liberation of American women from the rigidly-defined patriarchal system which had kept them and their female ancestors bound practically since the beginning of mankind’s reign on earth. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sexual Abuse as a Cause of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

    15 pages in length. The preponderance of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) being caused by neglect and abuse – most frequently sexual abuse - during childhood has given researchers a significantly greater understanding of how and why people develop BPD. Historically, the connection between borderline personality disorder and general abuse has been duly noted, however, the specific component of sexual abuse has been discovered more and more frequently in contemporary research findings that indicate how sexual abuse may serve to modify or sensitize the stress system in a detrimental manner. Moreover, it has been suggested that the brain's central area may undergo trauma that, when experienced during childhood, can impair emotional memories. Self-esteem, ego and the fundamental ability to like oneself – as well as relate to others on an even platform of emotional stability – play a synergistic role in the extent to which people with BPD are ultimately molded by the sexual abuse they experienced during childhood. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Precedential Law for Sexual Harassment

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of sexual harassment claims. SIRAC analyses are carried out for a variety of claims. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Abnormal Psychology Study and Law Enforcement

    A 5 page paper discussing the benefits that this study brings to law enforcement. Both crimes and criminals are becoming more sophisticated each year. The study of abnormal psychology cannot be a be-all and end-all measure for law enforcement, but it can help even the playing field between criminals and law enforcement. It can assist in avoiding wasted investigative time, and it can be instrumental in making local law enforcement more productive in their investigations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Criminology Foundations

    This is a 3 page paper discussing the foundations of criminology in relation to contemporary developments. The study of criminology is important in contemporary society because crime affects everyone within society either directly or indirectly. Criminology uses expertise from a variety of disciplines such as law, sociology, psychology, anthropology and economics among others to try and understand the societal processes of the making of collective laws, the breaking of these laws, and society’s reaction to the breaking of the laws. While a crime is basically considered as the breaking of the criminal code, there are many other dimensions to crime which must be considered in order to understand its effect on society. The breaking of the criminal code is only the legal aspect of crime while normative, deviant, social, and basic right perspectives must also be included. Without these intensive studies in criminology, societal laws will not reflect the needs of society or the causes of ongoing criminal behavior. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 3 Strikes Legislation and its Ineffectiveness

    In 6 pages, the author discusses the ineffectiveness of the three strikes law. The three strikes law is ineffective. People continue to commit criminal offences as though this law did not even exist. The three strikes law, therefore does not stop recidivism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Transsexuals and Their Legal Rights

    This 5 page paper discusses the legal rights of transsexuals. Exmples are given as well as information on recent legal cases. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Legalization of Illegal Drugs

    A 6 page paper which examines whether or not drugs which are now illegal should be made legal. The paper argues that drugs should be legal. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Licensed And Unlicensed Abnormal Psychologists Ethical And Legal Concerns

    3 pages in length. Legal and ethical concerns are equally important in the delivery of services from professionals in the field of abnormal psychology, inasmuch as there are myriad issues pertaining to competency and confidentiality that are too easily breached within the stringent boundaries of therapy. While both licensed and unlicensed practitioners must abide by the industry's legal and ethical guidelines, a greater onus falls upon the unlicensed practitioner whose patient interaction must be supervised by a licensed practitioner. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Fictitious Atlantic Ocean University and its Legal Situations

    This 12-page paper provides an overview about some legal situations faced by fictitious Atlantic Ocean University, a private college based in Maine. Topics discussed from a legal standpoint include unionization and union negotiation, gender discrimination in hiring, and non-compete clauses. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Transsexuals and Their Legal Rights

    This 5 page paper discusses the legal rights of transsexuals. Exmples are given as well as information on recent legal cases. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Monitoring of Email and Internet Usage and Ethics

    A 5 page paper. The extensive use of the Internet and e-mail in the workplace has led to more employers monitoring these activities. Monitoring has been attacked on the grounds that invades privacy but there is an enormous amount of literature that demonstrates the legal foundations for such monitoring. This paper addresses this issue and concludes with a resolution that meets both legal and ethical concerns. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Legal Issues Involved in Animal Rights

    A 5 page research paper that examines legal issues pertaining to testing and experimentation on animals. The writer explores the legal victories won by animal rights activists in recent years. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Institutional Care, Legalities, and Ethics

    10 pages. Sometimes a situation arises when a family member must be institutionalized for complete counseling and psychiatric counseling care. From an ethical and legal standpoint there can sometimes be problems such as when a child is abused while under the care of the caregiver. This paper reports on such ethics and legal standpoints. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Workplace, Sexual Harassment, Legal Issues, and the U.S. Supreme Court

    An 8 page paper which examines such issues as legal definition of and background of sexual harassment, Supreme Court attitudes towards sexual harassment suits, specific cases pertaining to sexual harassment, employer responsibility, legal rights of the accused, and relevant issues concerning due process. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Summary of Cyberdistributors The Liability Of Online Service Providers For Defamatory Speech Of Others by Mark D. Robins

    3 pages in length. The writer discusses if there is a viable and legal way for online service providers (OSPs) to police the content of message boards where subscribers post defamatory and/or false statements, given the enormity of the Internet and the undetermined legal ramifications of such behavior. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Social Change is Not Reflected by Statutory Law

    Brown v. Board of Education passed into law in 1954, Miranda v. Arizona in 1966, and the Warren court has been out of existence for decades. New laws passed in the U.S. include all kinds of dictatorial aspects including the issue of Homeland Security where the Privacy Act has usurped all rights to an individual’s privacy. This is similar to reasoning behind the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which requires public corporations to keep an electronic copy of every type of correspondence ever passing in or out of a company (including email and post it notes) so that a companies records are complete in case the company investigated by the Federal government. As this shows, statutory controls have gotten out of hand, not the least of which includes an ancient criminal justice system. 4 works cited. jvStatut.rtf

  • Food Related Illnesses and California Law

    A 6 page discussion of California law as it relates to food contamination. The author outlines a fictional case involving contaminated ice cream, a case in which tort law is probably more applicable than food contamination laws. An analysis is presented regarding the burden of proof facing the plaintiff in regard to proving negligence on the part of the ice cream manufacturer. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Case Study on Financial Liability

    This 10 page paper considers a complex case provided by the student which involves a stockbroker and a client where trading has taken place over the clients limit resulting in the client owing money to the stockbroker. The client wishes to defend this and also make a counter claim for losses. The writer consider contract law, SFA regulations and the law of tort. This paper is based on English law. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Reforming Corporate Law and English Company Law Modernization

    The 2001 white paper modernising English company law contained no reference to any need to reform the law of group corporate activity. This 3 page discusses this with particular reference to the treatment of groups as a single entity also with the single economic unit argument. The paper considers the position and the role of case law that whish indicates the need for legislative reform. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • England's Common Law, Tudor Developments, and Magna Carta's Impact

    English common law has developed over a long period of time. This 9 page paper consider the impact that the Magna Carta and the changes during the Tudor period have had on common law. The paper looks at the position before these events and how they changed the view and use of common law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Three Strikes Law in California

    An 8 page research paper that investigates California's Three Strikes Law, which dictates that a defendant convicted of 3 felonies receives a mandatory sentence of 25 years to life imprisonment. The writer discusses the manner in which this law has been applied to non-violent crime, its cost, and its efficacy and concludes that the law does do the job that the voters' intended. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Measure for Measure by William Shakespeare and the Association Between Nature and Law

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the relationship between law and nature in Shakespeare’s “Measure for Measure”. William Shakespeare’s play “Measure for Measure” examines the constantly shifting relationship between law and nature within the setting of Vienna. The law that no man must lay with a woman who is not his wife had long been established yet not enforced until Angelo the Lord Deputy decides to sentence Claudio, a young gentleman for impregnating his lover. Claudio shifts the relationships between nature and law, and natural law several times in his arguments to save his life. He sees man’s laws as flexible and man’s nature as virtuous. At the same time, Claudio views death and nature as lawless; which terrifies him. Angelo, on the other hand, has little sense of the natural lust and love which can occur in man and has little problem applying the law forbidding such encounters. After meeting Isabella however, Claudio’s virtuous sister, Angelo’s faith in the law alters as he readily breaks the law he is so willing to enforce on others. Isabella is virtuous and sees sinning as against natural law and devises ways in which she can save her virtue, condemn Angelo for his own lawlessness and sin while at the same time saving her brother. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • English Law and Theory of Team Production

    This 14 page paper examines to what extent Team Production Theory can be seen to offer an accurate account of English company law. Comparison is made with US law where this model has been developed and seen as applicable in the ongoing development of corporate governance. The paper explains what is meant by Team Production Theory and then applies this model to English law. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Nature of Law Understanding and the Tool of Deconstruction

    This 4 page paper examines law and the philosophy of law to consider what value deconstruction may provide to the interpretation and study of the nature of law. The paper summarises the use of deconstruction and then looks at how it may add value. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Unjust Laws According to Henry David Thoreau

    An 8 page paper which examines Thoreau's "Walden" and analyzes what it says in regards to unjust laws and what our reaction and action should be in regards to those unjust laws. The paper examines the position of disobeying these laws, even if we are not the majority. Bibliography lists 3 additional sources.

  • English Criminal Law's Function

    This 5 page paper discusses the statement The only De Facto function of the English criminal law is to achieve a minimum degree of conformity of behaviour to the laws expectation... the rest are purely academic'. The writer makes reference to English Law, but the arguments may be seen as universally valid. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • English Contract Law and Tort Obligations

    This 4 page paper contrasts the co-existing obligations under English contract law and tort law. The paper then goes on to consider why action is favoured by most litigants under the classification of tort when there is a viable choice between the areas of law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Pre-Incorporation Contracts and Company Law

    This 11 page paper considers English law and the status of contracts signed before a company has been officially formed. The paper considers the liability of the agent or promoter for a breach, and also their ability to take action for a breach. Case law and statue law are considered with relevant cases cited. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Workers' Compensation and America's Federal Law

    An 8 page discussion of various federal laws which impact working compensation. Included in the discussion is a brief overview of the Coal Miners Compensation Laws (Black Lung Benefits Act), the Longshore and Harbor Worker’s Compensation Act, and the Disabilities Act of 1990. The primary emphasis of this paper, however, is on the Worker’s Compensation Act. The author emphasizes that while some of these laws receive a considerable degree of criticism, they are a necessary and appreciated part of the American work place. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Law Enforcement Changes

    8 pages. Over the last thirty years there have been many major changes in law enforcement and the hiring of law enforcement officers. This paper looks at what has caused these changes, why they have come about, and why this is an important issue to consider. When one considers the many changes our society has gone through over the last thirty years it is obvious that law enforcement has had to change accordingly. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • California Nurse-Patient Ratios

    A 5 page paper including a 2-page brochure, discussing the effects of California's nurse-patient ratio law that became fully effective in January 2008. Whatever hospitals eventually do to cope with the changes mandated by the nurse-patient ratio law likely will serve to slow rates of cost increases. In the meantime, the law enables nurses to be nurses, and promotes better patient outcomes. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cyberspace Crimes and the Law

    This 9 page paper examines cybercrime and how the law is involved. This paper argues that while the law is important, it is sufficient. The problem with catching the criminals who participate in this type of activity is that technology in law enforcement is not up to par. Research is provided to support the assumptions. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Federal and State Employment Laws

    7 pages in length. Employment laws exist as a bridge between companies and staff so each receives equitable consideration when it comes to on-the-job treatment. From age and gender discrimination to employee benefits and workplace safety to sexual harassment, federal and state employment laws work to provide an environment that is legally and ethically amenable to all. Two of the most common laws found at both a federal and state level are those that pertain to discrimination and whistle blowing. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • UK Confidentiality and Doctors

    This 10 page paper looks at health law in the UK and the issue of confidentiality. It is usually assumed the patient has a right to privacy however there are many different circumstances under which this assumed automatic right of confidentiality will be breached. This paper considers a range of these circumstances and examines them with reference to statute law, regulations and case law. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Singapore Contract Law

    This 8 page paper examines a contract law case posed by the student. A consumer makes a purchase by mail order, The goods sent differ to those ordered, and the seller refuses to accept them back. The paper examined the position of the seller and the consumers using case law and legislation. The paper is written with reference to Singapore law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Kudler Fine Foods Case Study; Legal Issues

    This 8 page paper examines the case study supplied by the student. A business has to make some decisions with legal implications. The paper examines the business issues in terms of the legal environment. The first part of the paper considers the implications of making layoffs, the second part of the paper looks at whether it be wise to enter into written contracts and some suppliers, the third part of the paper discusses potential product-liability is in the sale of organic food and the last part of the paper outlines some legal considerations when hiring staff. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Enforcement and Immigration Laws

    A 5 page paper which discusses aspects of immigration laws and then argues that greater enforcement be implemented. The laws themselves do not necessarily need to be changed, as the country prides itself on being a land of immigrants. But, the laws which are in place are not enforced adequately to prevent such events as the terrorist activities of September, 2001. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • International Law and Biological Warfare

    A 17 page paper discussing the legal and environmental aspects of biological warfare. As our scientific knowledge increased, so did the threat of biological warfare. The use of biological weapons seems to be less of a threat now, for our scientific knowledge has continued to increase to lead us to a place that we can glimpse into areas we can recognize as unknown. A specific and binding UN treaty exists to which 144 nations have signed and agreed, but there remains no legal enforceability. The 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention remains under continual review. Bibliography lists 20 sources in 28 footnotes (in Bluebook [legal] style).

  • Burglary, Common Law and Criminal Statute

    In 8 pages, the author discusses Virginia's common law of burglary and Tennessee's common law of burglary, and whether the outcome of common law has been as effective as the outcome of a criminal statute. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Labor Relations Laws and the 'Right to Work'

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the labor relations laws, including right to work laws and laws prohibiting union security clauses in labor agreements. This paper evaluates the guidelines set by the National Labor Relations Act, and also considers attempts at initiating union security clauses and the implications of both for the negotiating and arbitration of labor agreements. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History of American Women

    An 8 page research paper that answers 4 questions concerning American women's history drawing from Sara M. Evans' Born For Liberty (1989). The topics covered include political and legal rights during the colonial era; women's participation in the Revolutionary War; the "cult of true womanhood"; and the contribution of the "mill girls" to industrialization. No additional sources cited.

  • Affirmative Action's History

    This 7 page paper provides a history of affirmative action, along with a look at its future. Many events and court cases are discussed inclusive of Bakke and Hopwood. Affirmative action is discussed as it respects both a legal and ideological timeline, and in the end it is thought that affirmative action will fizzle, in part due to the fact that diversity is embraced by many institutions. As recent Supreme Court decisions suggest, race should be one of a number of factors, but discriminatory practices should never be tolerated. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Student Evaluation/Social Issues and Ethics

    A 10 page research paper that offers a literature review on this subject. Ethical issues concerning nursing practice and academic integrity, as well as social and legal ramifications, are a vital concern of contemporary professional nursing. In response to various prompts, a literature search of various scholarly databases resulted in the selection of eight journal articles, which are summarized below. This is followed by a synthesis of the results and conclusions. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Human Resources Management - The Trade Offs

    This 15 page paper considers the way that many trade-offs are necessary in human resource management departments. The writer considers this in the facilitating of competitiveness, training and development, motivation and the legal necessaries. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Best Practices in Risk Management and eBusiness Law

    A 3 page paper discussing legal and risk management issues. In many respects, best practices collectively are a reflection of common sense. In today’s electronic environment, there should be more effort placed in staying ahead of those who exercise fraud as their livelihood. Virtually everyone writing on the topic today predicts that the problem will get worse before it improves, and the small business, at least, must guard well against the losses it could incur. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Prejudice and Social Psychology

    A 6 page paper which examines why prejudice still persists in modern societies, and considers whether educational, scientific and legal progress will put an end to this continuing problem. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Elements of Professional Psychology

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the legal issues that can impact the profession of psychology. This paper relates the importance of considering these ethical issues as they impact care. There are 4 sources cited.

  • Sports Gambling Legalization

    A 5 page paper which examines why gambling in sports. especially college sports, should not be legalized. A brief illustration of how gambling is problem enough on college campuses, without making generalized gambling legal. College sports in combination with legalized betting would spell sure disaster in many different areas, thoroughly reducing the field of sports to little more than a battleground for making money. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Conceptual, Philosophical, Legal And Ethical Foundations And Processes Inherent To Professional Nursing Practice

    5 pages in length. Professional nursing involves much more than tending to the physical needs of patients. Bound by such guiding industry principles as the American Nurses Association (ANA) standards, the Nurse Practice Act and Nursing's Social Policy Statement, professional nursing incorporates the tenets of conceptual, philosophical, legal and ethical foundations and processes. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • NCAA Eligibility Requirements and Learning Disabilities

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of the central issues and legal problems surrounding the attempts by a learning disabled student athlete to pursue participation in NCAA sports. This paper considers the eligibility requirements for NCAA sports and how these requirements can be challenged by the Americans with Disabilities Act. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Legalizing Gambling on Sports

    This 3 page paper argues that sports betting should be kept legal in Nevada and legalized elsewhere. A comparison to other industries is provided. The argument focuses on the fact that gambling can contribute to the economy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Impact of the Kentucky Trilogy and Generational Cohorts on Nursing

    This 7 page paper looks at two issues which impact on nursing. The first part of paper considers the impact of the legal impact of the Kentucky Trilogy and the status of nurses as supervisors, considering the cases themselves, and the impact nursing as well as by the decisions may have taken place. The second section of the paper considers the different generational cohorts that are present within nursing and how they may impact on practices and communication. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Caring and the Nurse Practitioner

    A 5 page research paper that discusses caring in advanced practice nursing from the standpoint of ethical, moral and legal obligations. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Performance Management through Clinical Supervision of Nurses in the NHS; Professional, Legal and Ethical Perspectives

    This 11 page paper looks at the increasing importance of clinical supervision as a tool of performance management for nurses in the UK's National Health Service. The approach is one which can be seen as having the potential to improve quality of care and enhance skills. The issue is considered from the professional perspective, the legal perspective and the ethical perspective. The bibliography cites 21 sources.

  • Ethical, Legal Issues and Registered Nurses

    This 5 page research paper describes the legal and ethical issues that pertain to the practice behaviors of registered nurses (RNs). The writer describes the importance of Nursing Practice Acts and HIPAA requirements, as well as the complexity of the ethical issues that daily confront RNs, while emphasizing the importance of the ANA Code of Ethics in regards to guidance of these issues. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Clinical Supervision of Nurses in the NHS; Professional, Legal and Ethical Perspectives

    This 8 page paper looks at the increasing importance of clinical supervision for nurses in the UK's National Health Service. The approach is being adopted with the aim of performance management and quality improvement. The use of supervision is considers from a professional perspective, the legal perspective and the ethical perspective. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Patient's 'Right to Die' and the Legality of Nursing Responsibility

    A 2 page paper which examines the legal actions which has affected a patient’s right to die, and the responsibility of nurses when confronted with this issue. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Impediments to the Utilization of Nurse Wives

    A 5 page research paper that explores the impediments to practice, historical and current, that affect the utilization of nurse-wives. The writer looks as social, cultural, political, legal and economic aspects of this situation. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Laws Governing Adoption and Child Protection in England

    5 pages in length. Margaret's legal rights as the birth parent may have helped her maintain custody of her children; however, it has reached the point where she has exhausted her chances to prove worthy of caring for and protecting them. The past decades has witnessed many changes in the UK's approach to child protection, and Margaret may have just lost her last opportunity to raise Peter and Mary if the Thomas's prove more suitable for the responsibility. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Internet Laws and Pornography

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses the need for legal control with regard to pornography and the Internet. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Legal Issues and E-Commerce

    This 12 page paper considers the risks of e-commerce identifying breach of copyright as one of the most relevant, followed by privacy concerns of employees and confidentially concerns of employers. The writer considers this from a UK legal perspective. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • British Nursing Advocacy and Law

    An 8 page research paper that examines advocacy in mental health nursing in the UK. The writer critically analyzes advocacy in relation to a specific scenario and discusses the legal and ethical ramifications as they pertain to nursing practice. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Race According to Charles R. Lawrence and John Stuart Mill

    This 5 page report discusses the viewpoints of the 19th century philosopher, John Stuart Mill who was certain that the highest normative principle is that, “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness” and the modern writer and legal scholar, Charles R. Lawrence who believes that “racist speech is peculiarly deserving of curtailment.” Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 2 Education Law Cases Analyzed

    This 10 page paper provides two legal briefs (Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley; Felter v. Cape Girardeau School District). The cases are compared and contrasted. No bibliography.

  • The Importance of Instilling a Familiarity With Employment Law for Employment Agency Employees

    This 14 page paper is written in two parts, The first considers the role of a trainer, why understanding the learning process is important and how it may be used to enhance training skills. The second part of the paper looks at the legal position of an employment agency when one of the workers it places suffers from racial discrimination and also when they pay women lower pay rate than their male counterparts. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Analyzing the Film Adaptation of The Rainmaker by John Grisham

    A 3 page paper which examines the ethical and legal issues depicted in the film, considers protagonist Rudy Baylor’s decision-making process by identifying various factors and outside stakeholders who influenced these decisions and evaluating which had the greatest impact, and describes such events portrayed in the film as the consequences suffered and benefits gained. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 1993 Movie Philadelphia

    A 6 page research paper that critically examines the 1993 film Philadelphia, the first major motion picture to depict AIDS. The writer discusses the basic plot of the film, and then the legal issues that form the crux of the film. Then, the writer addresses inconsistencies in the manner in which the courtroom scenes were portrayed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 911 Emergency Response Systems

    A 6 page paper describing the history and progression of 911 emergency response systems and their application today. The author attempts to show the factors that impact the effectiveness of using 911 emergency response systems and addresses a number of complaints about its effectiveness. FREE Outline included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • CompUSA Inventory Management

    This 5 page paper considers the importance of inventory management and looks at what is meant by 'Just In Time'(JIT) stock control. The paper then examines the stock system used by CompUSA and considers if this is a true JIT system. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Purposes and Applications of Management Support Systems

    Management information systems cover a wide range of applications and serves a range of purposes. This 4 page paper consider the different types of system that are available and at what level they are used.

  • Successes and Failures in the Management of Diplomacy

    A 7 page paper discussing reasons for diplomatic success and failure in today’s world, including the role of theory and systems thinking. Economic interconnectedness cannot be overlooked as one reason for diplomatic success in this era of crisis diplomacy. Rather than being a matter of greed or of “selling out” cultural or political ideological positions, one of the leading factors contributing to diplomatic success in today’s environment is the ability for all involved to take on a systems thinking approach to the problems at hand. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Management Accounting and Methods of Performance Assessment

    This 6-page paper focuses on various performance evaluations when it comes to management accouting systems. Systems discussed include cost accounting and activity based accounting. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Factors for a Successful MSS

    This 8 page paper considers what it is that makes a successful MSS. The writer argues that the key is matching the right system with the scenario in which it will be used. The writer considers different systems and different usages. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Management Support System Success

    12 pages. This paper gives an excellent example of a Management Support System used in the banking industry. Designed as a case study, it looks at the current application and future potential of MSS within the industry. Describes the system currently in use within the company and the characteristics as regards the MSS as well as an overall assessment of the position within the organization with respect to MSS. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Customer Management and the Fictional Sunshine DVD Rental Company

    This 4-page paper examines the fictional company SUN SHINE DVD Rental Store and the best computer-based system to help the store better manage customers and inventory. Under discussion are inventory management systems and CRM. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Military Operations and IT

    A 12 page paper. Information technology systems have not only changed the corporate world, they have changed the defense and military worlds. This paper is a literature review of articles addressing the issue of information warfare, changing military operations, the need for information by military commanders, the risk and vulnerability of information systems. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A History of the US' Federal Reserve System

    This 5-page paper discusses what 20th century events led to formation of the Federal Reserve System. Also discussed is the struggles that Americans had when it came to monetary supply control and the idea of a "central banking" system. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Public Schools and Sex Education

    A 5 page discussion of the necessity of sex education in the school system. Contends that due to the complexity of modern society, sexual promiscuity is a fact of life for many children and must be addressed. Concludes that since the traditional mechanisms are not longer in place to educate our children regarding the intricacies of sex this role falls to the school system. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Managed Care, HMOs & Evolution over Last Decade

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the advent of managed care, which created a system that has caused dramatic changers in the healthcare delivery system in the United States, causing numerous stakeholders, such as hospitals, doctors and “payers of care” to formulate new relationships that acknowledge that “interdependence in managing risks and competition in the marketplace” (Hartley, 1998, p. 23). Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Heath Benefits of Aged Garlic Extract

    A 5 page research proposal for nursing research into the effectiveness of aged garlic extract (AGE) on cholesterol levels among study subjects with confirmed heart disease. The proposal includes reference to disseminating results within the Neuman systems theory of nursing for a “systems” view of the use of garlic in conjunction with statin drugs and other traditional treatments. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A Research Project To Determine The Best Way Of Increasing Customer Loyalty At Scandinavian Airways Systems (SAS)

    This 79 page paper is a dissertation style paper undertaking research to look at how the Scandinavian airline SAS can improve customer loyalty and the potential of using customer relationship management (CRM) to achieve increased loyalty. The paper looks at the development of the company, how they compete and the current loyalty system that is in place followed by an in-depth literature review concerning customer loyalty and CRM. A methodology is offered and simulated primary research results are presented before a conclusion is reached that recommends the adoption of a CRM system. The bibliography cites 54 sources.

  • Western Pennsylvania's UPMC Health System Presentation

    A 12-slide Power Point presentation on UPMC Health Systems in Western Pennsylvania, including discussion of the effects of the organizational structure of the system. The paper associated with this file contains speaker notes and sources only. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Ethical Systems - Formal and Informal

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of ethical systems. Using a case study, powerpoint speaker notes address formal and informal components of ethical systems. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Studying International Management

    This 12 page paper answers the question of why one should study international management. Within that context a variety of factors are observed as they pertain to culture, religion and the law. Product applicability and marketing considerations are also reviewed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Leadership and Law Enforcement

    5 pages in length. In the changing face of law enforcement, officers are more dependent than ever on the cooperation of the public for which they work. No longer able to be "all business," they, too, must employ the principles of good management and good public relations in order to foster partnership relations with the public. The management personnel charged with leading those with the most direct public contact are required to exhibit at least the same level of skill in dealing with those for whom they are responsible. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Gun Control an the 2nd Amendment of the US Constitution

    A 5 page paper that looks at the Second Amendment and the few gun control cases and laws that have been passed over the centuries since. The paper defends the right to bear arms and posits that the right to bear arms is not only a constitutional right, but an historic imperative based on the general public's historic experiences with centrist governments and centrist movements--and what 'militia' means in this context. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • UK Law and Water Pollution

    This 12 page paper considers what laws are in place in the UK, directly, or indirectly through the EU to [protect the environment and drinking water against pollution. The writer considers this from different angles, including the difficulty of bring a prosecution and limitations on the remedies. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Problems of Water Pollution and Possible Solutions

    A 9 page paper on the problems facing the world, and particularly the U.S., in regards to water pollution. The paper concentrates on streams, surface and ground water pollution and the most likely polluters of those waters. The solutions addressed include cooperative efforts, educational efforts, technology and changes in the law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • NCLB Act and Requirements for Special Education Teachers

    16 pages. The 'No Child Left Behind' (NCLB) Educational Act that President Bush has signed into being assures new guidelines causing teachers and schools to be more accountable for the education received by every child, especially those in the lower-performing schools. This paper examines the ramifications of this tough new law and how urban schools can help provide special education students a qualified teacher in every classroom. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Swimming Pool Business Results Enhancement

    A 5 page paper assessing several points of economic consideration regarding the operation and potential expansion of a small, one-location swimming pool service and supply business. Questions address topics including elasticity of demand; law of diminishing return; economies of scale; potential price strategies; and business expansion possibilities. EPS is in an ideal position to enhance its business results without the need for a great amount of additional effort or cost. The paper recommends it increase its number of commercial accounts and increase retail sales. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Bible And The Koran

    A 15 page paper. Following an introduction that discusses the importance of sacred texts to religions, each of the named sacred texts are discussed. The origin, functions and uses of the Bible and the Koran are explained along with any evidence that validates or invalidates the reliability of the texts. The writer discusses the importance of prophecy in the Bible and the laws in each the Bible and the Koran. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Overview of European Trademark Law

    This 5 page paper focuses on a specific regulation regarding the labeling of a cheese product in relation to its country of origin. Several aspects of European Community law are discussed and remedies for the problem are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Trademarks, Licensing, and International Law

    This 17 page paper considers the way in which international law impacts on the way that trademarks are protected or used and hw this may impact on licensing globally. The writer cites many cases and looks at several areas including the EU and the US. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • First Amendment & Tort Law, UK & US

    A 5 page research paper that discusses 2 questions. The first question is What effect might the American and English rules (pertaining to tort law) have on the willingness of people to assert their rights through litigation? and the second question is How does the First Amendment right to petition for redress of grievances bear on the choice between the American and English rules? Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Smoking and its Impacts to Human Health

    This 6 page paper sums up the many health impacts associated with smoking. Anti-smoking campaigns are encouraged as are laws that prohibit smoking in public places. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Historical and Contemporary Religious Responses to Science and Technology

    This 10 page report discusses the fact that throughout history, technological advancement and human knowledge has served as a threat to religious predominance in society. Beginning with the radical Copernicus, who taught that the earth revolved around the sun, Europeans began to reject medieval scientific thought. They developed an unheard of conception of a universe based on natural laws, not on a personal God. New science and old religion were destined to fall into conflict and that conflict has prevailed for centuries. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Post September 11 Immigration Laws of the United States

    A 6 page paper summarizing the basic points of US immigration laws in the post-9/11 environment. Immigration requirements already were difficult for many before the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Since then, they have become quite stringent. Bibliography lists 5 sources. A companion PowerPoint presentation is available.

  • Safety and Seat Belts

    A 7 page discussion of the problems revolving around noncompliance with seat belt laws. Although seat belt usage is increasing over time, many are still non-compliant. The author examines the views of those that do not use seat belts, pointing out that education is the key to increasing compliance and saving lives. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Contemporary Society, the Workplace, and Sexism

    An 8 page paper on the problems with sexism in today's society. It gives a definition of different types of sexism, talks about different gender roles in sexism, the law and sexism and sexual harassment, and gives some ideas on what can be done to change the way people look at and deal with this problem.

  • Retail Stores Seek Too Much Information

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of consumer privacy laws and why they should be stricter. Also addressed is the fear of identity theft and how keeping customer information private will reduce the risk of falling victim to this crime. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Profiling & Terrorism

    A 10 page research paper that, first of all, examines the definition of “racial profiling” and distinguishes this activity from other forms of profiling that are carried on by law enforcement agents. Then, the arguments, both pro and con, regarding racial profiling are examined. Summation, analysis and conclusions are offered based on this information. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Legality of Searching Public Schools at Random

    A 7 page research paper that investigates the constitutionality of school searches. On one hand, school officials are bound legally and morally to respect the rights of students, as they exist under law. Yet, on the other hand, school officials bear the responsibility of providing safe and orderly environments that promote learning for all their students. It is a delicate balancing act to address both responsibilities in today's school environment. The writer explores these issues, citing several court cases and Supreme Court decisions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • RIORDAN MANUFACTURING, PUERTO RICO AND CORPORATE COMPLIANCE

    This 12-page paper presents a corporate compliance plan for Riordan Manufacturing's Puerto Rico branch. Also discussed are various laws in the commonwealth. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Issue of Human Rights

    This 6 page paper considers the issue of human rights. The paper starts by looking at what is meant by human rights and the foundations of the modern concept in the seventeenth century with Locke. The origins of current law are then explained and the way it is implemented in the UK is outlined with the paper ending with information about the human rights violations seen in Northern Ireland. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • The Benefits of Using Hydrogen

    A 3 page paper. This paper briefly explains the first two laws of thermodynamics and then discusses why hydrogen is a viable alternative to fossil fuels. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Current Issues in Sex Discrimination Law

    This 3 page paper looks at an English sex discrimination law issue. The paper, written as preparation for a presentation looks at what is meant by discrimination, how sex discrimination can take place, and the impact of the Gender Recognition Act 2004. The paper includes a poster designed to raise awareness of this new act. The Bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Australian Tax Law and Supplies That Are Taxable

    This 18 page paper examines Australian Tax law, defining what a taxable supply is and looking at when goods and services tax (GST)is payable. The paper looks at the requirements under GST legislation, examining the connection with Australia. The meaning of supply and the use of monetary and non-monetary consideration. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Google in China

    A 7 page paper discussing Google's choice to operate two Chinese language sites, one self-censored within China and another uncensored site outside of China. The decision allows Google to operate within China law while also serving stakeholders. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Learning Lessons in Billy Budd and Antigone

    A 3 page essay that argues that the main theme in both Sophocles' Antigone and Herman Melville's Billy Budd is a warning that the society that ignores humanitarian issues does so at its own peril. These narratives warn us that the society that puts punitive justice ahead of all else may be enacting a certain kind of justice, but it does so at the expense of its own soul. In a country that is prosecuting children to the full extent of the law, it is a lesson that should be noticed. No additional sources cited.

  • Workplace Prejudice and Transsexuals

    14 pages. This paper focuses on the issues of transsexuals in the workplace. Discrimination, constitutional law, social and political aspects of the employment of transsexuals are all topics that are discussed in this extensive and interesting research paper. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • The Application of Privacy and Copyright Laws in Australia

    This 16 page paper examines two fictitious cases supplied by the student and applied statue and common law to the cases to determine what actions may be possible. The first case deals with copyright potential infringement and failure to attribute an article to the author the second is a privacy issue and looks at actions that may be taken when a personal tape is stolen and shown on a porn site. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Copyright Law and Plagiarism

    This 4 page paper compares and contrasts copyright law and plagiarism restrictions. This paper provides insightful examples to illustrate the differences between these two infringments. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Workplace Prejudice and Transsexuals

    14 pages. This paper focuses on the issues of transsexuals in the workplace. Discrimination, constitutional law, social and political aspects of the employment of transsexuals are all topics that are discussed in this extensive and interesting research paper. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Book of Genesis and Joseph's Story

    This 18 page report discusses the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible) and the ways in which they establish what is the Torah which may be defined as either “instruction” or “law.” Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • The Bible And The Koran

    A 15 page paper. Following an introduction that discusses the importance of sacred texts to religions, each of the named sacred texts are discussed. The origin, functions and uses of the Bible and the Koran are explained along with any evidence that validates or invalidates the reliability of the texts. The writer discusses the importance of prophecy in the Bible and the laws in each the Bible and the Koran. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Criminal Theory and Crime's Psychological Correlates

    A 4 page overview of the contemporary views on criminal psychology. This paper distinguishes between psychology which is used in the therapeutic treatment of criminals and that used to demonstrate guilt or innocence in a court of law. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Straight Path by John Esposito

    A 5 page book review of John Esposito's The Straight Path, which the writer describes as an easily readable, comprehensive historical introduction to the study of Islam that provides the student with a thorough grounding in Muslim theology, politics and law. By discussing Islamic history within a cultural context, Esposito provides insight into why the Muslim world developed as it did. By offering a means to understand Islamic history, Esposito also aids his readers in understanding the Islamic world of the present. No additional sources cited.

  • Theology And Canon Law

    A 6 page paper that summarizes and comments on an article entitled: "Theology and Canon Law: An Inquiry into Their Relationship" by Orsy. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • English Language Learning and Lau v. Nichols

    This 9 page paper begins with an chronological outline of the laws addressing English language learners, both before and after the Lau case. The writer then provides a comprehensive overview of the Lau v Nichols case beginning with initial complaint filed on behalf of 12 Chinese-American students in San Francisco, a case that asked only that the school district teach the children English, and the final outcome from the U.S. Supreme Court. Actual excerpts of the different written decisions are included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pharmaceutical Industry, Prices, Returns, and Generic Drugs Competition

    This 14 page paper examines the way in which prices of branded drugs, and the related profit they create for the pharmaceutical companies, is impacted when patents expire and the branded drugs have to compete with generic products. The paper considers how the law of supply and demand manifests in this market where an increase in supply does result in a reduction of prices and to what extent this occurs. The paper also looks at the US Hatch-Waxman Act which was introduced to decrease the barriers of entry for the generic drugs whilst the patent periods were extended. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • A Firearms' Trafficking Overview

    This 5 page paper looks at the sale of illegal firearms in the U.S. and internationally as well. Laws designed to curb illegal gun sales are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Police Psychology And Application

    5 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses assessment elements of pre-employment screening, confidentiality, fitness-for-duty evaluations and homosexuality as they relate to law enforcement psychologists. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Misuse of Psychology

    This 9 page paper looks at the way in which psychology can be used and abused. The paper outlines the way psychology has developed and then looks at its’ use and misuse in business, law and advertising. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Labor Relations in Nursing

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of nursing and labor relations. Built around a powerpoint presentation with speaker notes, hypothetical nursing situations are resolved by appealing to law and best practice. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The U.S. Air Force and Advanced Practice Nursing

    An 18 page paper discussing federal and state laws regarding advanced nursing practice. At present, licensing is a state function, and requirements as well as privileges can widely vary between states. As a national organization, the USAF and other military services may literally be caught in the middle between states’ and federal regulation. The purpose here is to determine whether the USAF advanced nurse practitioners are “functioning beyond their scope of practice as independent licensed practitioners.” Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Practicing Nursing in Pennsylvania

    A 5 page research paper that, first of all, summarizes and discusses the nursing practice law in the State of Pennsylvania (2 pages). Then the writer discusses RN first assistants as a nursing specialty. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing and the Impact of 1996's Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

    A 5 page paper discussing the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996. The paper provides a brief history of the law and discusses the data security aspect that went into effect in 2005, but the focus of the paper is how it can be expected to affect nursing and nursing duties. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Role of Minerals Human Physiology

    A 7 page research paper that discusses the functions of six essential minerals in human physiology: sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium, iodine and sulfur. Then, the writer describes the functions of 3 buffer systems in metabolism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Processes and Threads in Operating Systems

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of computer operating systems. The use of threads and processes are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Assessment of a Bundle of Healthcare Services for Patients with Dementia

    This 23 page paper examines a new service developed to provide improved healthcare services to patients with dementia. The service examined is the new dementia patient bundle of care developed at New Cross Hospital in Wolverhampton, UK. The paper starts by looking at how and why this population is vulnerable and needs special services. The service itself is discussed and the way that this is impacted and satisfies different, policy, social and legal requirements is examined The paper ends by considering the role of the mental health nurse. The paper is written with references to polices and legislation of the UK. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Upgrading Riordan Manufacturing's Working Information

    A 3 page paper discussing upgrade needs in sales and marketing. Riordan Manufacturing has a wealth of information available to it, but it is not using that information to its best advantage. Providing the sales force with laptop computers networked to Riordan's primary system will provide a start on building current information, while the addition of appropriate database or forecasting software can make use of the information that already exists. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Daycare Facilities and the Workplace

    A 6 page paper evaluating the legal, ethical and social implications of the workplace daycare facility. The workplace daycare facility carries no apparent negatives and thus quantifies as a strong positive. A possible negative could be increased cost for the business, but that increased cost likely will be offset by increased worker productivity (less worry about children); fewer days absent (children come to work when schools are closed); and reduced employee turnover. All three of these likely will save the organization far more than the daycare will cost, so the net effect of the possible negative becomes a strong positive for the organization as well. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • SQL Injection Attacks

    This 9 page paper looks at a recent hacking attack to assess the cause and impact. The event examined is the SQL injection attack on the Nokia Developer Forum in August 2011. The event is outlined including an examination of and the method of hacking using the injection of malicious code into an open part of the system. The vulnerability is explored and action which may be taken to prevent SQL injection attacks being successful are also considered. Tne bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Aging Baby Boomers and Social Security

    This 7 page report discusses the budget issue regarding Social Security and the impending retirement of the “Baby Boom” generation. Boomers are estimated to consist of approximately 77 million Americans, representing fully one-third of the population of the United States. In 1996, the first of the “boomers” turned 50. As a result, Congress, the Administration, and the general public have been voicing their concerns about the future of America’s Social Security system. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Cluster Computing and Supercomputers

    This 8 page paper considers the way both super computers and cluster computers can be used, looking at what they are and how they operate. The paper then considers four well known companies; Wal-Mart, GE, Nedcor and Boeing, and assess which type of system would best suit each company, giving an explanation for each. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Health Care Communication

    This 6 page paper provides a general overview of the importance of effective communication within the health care system. The discussions include: health care provider and patient; the need for communication skills to be learned, the need to recognize cultural and national communication differences, communication between professionals, and an example of how one organization set up its internal communication network. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Cinnabon; Competitive Analysis

    This 8 page paper examines Cinnabon and performs a strategic external analysis of the company in the wider environment. Using Porters Five Forces model as a framework to look at factors such as market attractiveness, major trends, value delivery systems as well as a customer and competitor analysis. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Coca-Cola Supply Chain

    This 3 page paper examines the supply chain of Coca Cola around the world and considers why PepsiCo has a better logistics system than Coca Cola. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • The Marketing Information System

    A 6 page paper discussing the use of marketing information. The marketing information system is comprised of internal data, marketing intelligence and marketing research. Each form of information has its place in consumer and business behavioral models; the purpose here is to assess those facts for both consumer and business buying behavior models. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • California's Emergency Response Plan

    This 4 page paper looks at California's emergency response plan. While California is subject to earthquakes and that is well known, it deals with landslides, flooding and man-made problems such as oil spills or terrorist threats. How California's system is set up is the focus of this paper. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Future of Air Traffic Control - NextGen System

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of the NextGen air traffic control system. Costs, a timetable, and benefits are explored. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Quality and the Shop Floor Control System

    This 3 page paper examines production operations in a manufacturing setting. Shop floor control system, which is often referred to as SFCS, is the focus of this paper. Quality as it respected SFCS is examined. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • New Fast Track System of the FDA

    This 2 page paper evaluates the role of the FDA and its new fast track system. The paper supports the role of the FDA in general. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Marketing a Bank Loan and Mortgage Insurance Tracking System Product

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses the marketing aspects of a loan/mortgage insurance tracking system. No bibliography.

  • Call Tracking and Shand's Health Care

    This 12-page paper provides an example of how a call track system can assist a university medical center in better allocation of professional resources to the community. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Crimes Committed by Computers

    12 pages in length. That hacking was present in the phone system over one hundred years ago speaks to a problem that has experienced a slow but steady evolution. The 1960s, however, is where the timeline of contemporary hacking gets its start, continuing on into the 1970s with John Draper – aka Captain Crunch – hacking the phone company by mimicking the tone that opens a line. By the 1980s, hacking had become much more sophisticated as a vast new entity called 'cyberspace' was introduced to the world. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Managing Employee Performance

    This 9 page paper looks at performance management, what it is and how it can take place, looking at the use of tools such as performance assessment and appraisal system as well as performance related to pay ass their use in performance management. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Security Issues and Computer Viruses

    A 4 page research paper on computer viruses in which the writer describes their execution, destructive capability, progression, and seriousness. Tips and techniques for protecting systems from viruses are presented with a note of caution that new viruses are constantly being created and that no safeguard is ever foolproof. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Endangered Species the Indiana Bat

    9 pages in length. Like all other species on the endangered list, the Indiana bat is fighting for its very existence. Due to man's encroachment – sometimes accidental, oftentimes blatant and deliberate – this particular type of bat is struggling to uphold its precarious place upon the life chain. Perhaps it is the uniqueness of this species that has caused it to become endangered, or maybe it is because mankind still does not understand the consequential impact his actions have in a synergistic sense to the ecosystem as a whole. No matter the cause, the Indiana bat – who was placed upon the endangered species list in 1967 due to a population decrease of a full fifty percent since the 1930s – is being helped by the establishment of protective reserves and legal enforcement. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Developing New Medicines through Neural Networks and Expert Systems' Pattern Recognition and Diagnostic Abilities

    6 pages in length. The extent to which diagnostic and pattern-recognition abilities of expert systems and neural networks aid bioinformatics research and the development of new medicines is both grand and far-reaching. That artificial intelligence (AI) has become an integral component of medical advancement speaks to the growing need for machines that can start with a basis of man's knowledge and aptitude and expound upon it with self-learning abilities. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • School MIS Study Outline

    This 3 page paper is an outline for a study at a specific school. Sections include purposes of study, procedures, background information about the school. The paper also identifies the information technology systems in the school.

  • Homeschooling and the Conflicting Perspectives Regarding Legal Protection

    This 5 page paper considers the issue of homeschooling and the increasing prevalence of homeschooling in the United States. This paper argues that the unrestricted use of homeschooling and the lack of legal protections will result in a number of different children falling through the "gaps." Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Lasting Effects of Hurricane Katrina

    This 3 page paper examines the impact of Hurricane Katrina on the health care system; it also discusses the government response to the tragedy and how Louisiana is coping today. It also states what might have been done differently. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Choosing a Computer

    This 7 page paper looks at how a computer may be chosen. The paper is written in three parts, looking first as the way the student may want to use the computer, then at the software that will be needed and finally at the hardware requirements. A computer system and software is selected using an $800 budget. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Chemical Engineering and Process Control

    A 7 page discussion of the variable foci necessitated by process control. This paper discusses the hands-on chemistry requiring process control alongside such aspects of the process as information management and system design. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • IBM Systems and Technology Marketing

    This 8 page paper examines the marketing approach of IBM Systems and Technology, part of IBM, in order to determine whiter or not they are a marketing orientated firm. The paper includes a discussion on the propose of marketing in a modern organization, a SWOT analysis of the marketing, consideration of the B2B model and the use of customer relationship management, the marketing mix and the general marketing strategy. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Toyota's Problems and Solutions II

    In this 11 page case study, several key problems facing Toyota are presented, described, and analyzed to find possible solutions. Macro and microeconomic issues are explored and the writer offers ideas relevant to contemporary management theory including the possibility of Toyota switching to a J.I.T. inventory system, becoming proactive in their leadership style-- and solving problems before they happen. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Philip Lieberman's Uniquely Human

    A 7 page book analysis of Philip Lieberman's "Uniquely Human" and a discussion of its literary reception. The text asserts among other things that human language evolved relatively recently, approximately within the last 100,000 years, and that in doing so it added speech and syntax to older communication systems. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Necessity of Labor Unions Assessed

    A 10 page paper that provides an overview of the history of labor unions and then considers their roles in the current system. This writer demonstrates that they are no longer necessary constructs of business for a number of reasons. Bibliography included.

  • Corporate IS Outsourcing

    This 5 page paper takes the concept of outsourcing information systems and analyzes a variety of factors in a simplified fashion. Pros and cons of the practice are noted. Several large firms which take advantage of the practice are named. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Year 2000 Problem and its Economic Implications

    An 11 page paper that provides a substantive overview of the background behind the problem of computer systems and the year 2000, and considers 3 possible solutions to calming the economic panic swelling and critiques these solutions. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Abolishing the Transatlantic Slave Trade

    A 9 page paper that provides an overview of the systems that supported transatlantic slave trade and the considers the elements that impacted abolition and its repercussions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Magic and Why People Believe

    A 10 page research paper which examines magical belief systems from an anthropological standpoint. The writer discusses the prevailing theories in this regard and demonstrates how magical beliefs perform certain concrete functions within the societies where this is prevalent. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • 1980s 'Reaganomics' and Its Positive Effects

    A 10 page paper that considers the positive impact of Reaganomics on the American economic climate of the 1980s. This paper determines that not only did Reagan face a difficult and already determine economic path set by years of mismanagement, but the systems that were implemented under his Administration were the most significant economic changes created in decades. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Government and Banking Role of the US Federal Reserve System

    This 9 page report discusses various aspects of the United States' Federal Reserve System. How and why Federal Reserve Banks were created, what their role is in government and banking, as well as the role of the Chairman and the Board of Governors are covered. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Self Correction Changes and Floating Exchange Rate System

    This 2 page report discusses the floating exchange rate system and how it generates self-correcting changes and eliminates balance-of-payments deficits and surpluses. What happens when a country adopts a fixed exchange rate and the 'defends' its currency when investment funds dry up is also briefly discussed. The example of Thailand is used to explain the concept. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • United Kingdom Workforce Diversity Management

    A 12 page paper. Diversity is a fact of life in today's world. This essay provides data regarding ethnic minorities in the UK and discusses the drivers for workplace diversity, such as legal and social. The Race Relations Act 1976, amended in 2000 and again in 2003 is discusses as is the European Union Race Directive of 2000. The benefits of a diverse workforce are discussed with examples. Two specific companies and their strategies for managing diversity are reported. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Ecology and Biology of Zebra Mussels

    This 7 page research paper describes the arrival of zebra mussels on the North American continent as well as some projected figures for their spread. The writer describes the biology of these small, inedible shell fish and then explains some of the negative effects they can have on aquatic systems. Since phytoplankton and detritus consumed by tiny animals called zooplankton which in turn are eaten by small fish and these small fish by larger fish, biologists seem concerned that zebra mussels' tendency to eat the same items could damage established food chains by removing needed energy from its bottom level. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • UNIX, Linux, and Windows OS Security

    This 6 page paper compared and contrasts the security characteristic of UNIX and Linux with Microsoft Windows NT, Windows 2000 and Windows XP. The paper looks at the strengths and weaknesses of each operating system and compared them to asses which is the most secure and which is the easiest to use. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Canada, Mercy Killing, and R v. Latimer

    A 23 page paper. In 1993, Robert Latimer, a farmer from Saskatchewan, killed his severely disabled twelve-year old daughter Tracy. The case was heard in four courts, including the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Canada. The defendant asked for an exemption from the mandatory minimum sentence citing section 12 of Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which prohibits cruel and unusual punishment. This essay recounts the incidents, the court rulings, and opinions from legal minds. The essay also provides a brief discussion regarding mercy killing and how Canadians have reacted to the concept. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • 'The End of History?' by Francis Fukuyama

    A 17 page paper that presents an outline and explanation of Fukuyama's thesis about the end of history and the last man. The essay "The End of History?" published in 1989 and the book, The End of History and the Last Man, published in 1992 are still being discussed and analyzed in today's literature. Fukuyama's works created a great deal of furor and criticism in some circles and were applauded in other circles. This paper reports the interpretations of these two works by numerous scholars and also presents the criticisms levied against the thesis by other scholars. The thesis is that liberal democracy has won as the preferred system; this was evidenced by the end of the Cold War and this constitutes the end of history. One question asked by a number of authors is whether Fukuyama means this is the end of history or the end of historical thinking? The thesis is much more complex than this statement would imply and the complexities are discussed and reflected upon. The writer includes their own reflections. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Star Technologies Drug Testing and Management

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the management issues at Star Technologies, including the problem of drug use and drug testing. This paper integrates an overview of the management systems in place for to address the problem of drug testing and drug use in the company. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Early American History Law Contradictions

    This is a 10 page paper which discuss the Revolutionary War and the contradictions of the ideals that the war was fought for and the real affects of the war on African Americans and Native American Indians. The bibliography has 12 sources.

  • Literature for Young Adults and Homosexuality

    This 6 page personal essay discusses homosexuality and the fact that it should be presented in young adult literature along with any other issue that will have an impact on a young person’s life. The author points out that there are people who think of it as a the most heinous of sins “against nature” and others who believe it is of no more relevance than the color of one’s eyes. And, of course, there are others who are convinced that they “aren’t bothered” by gays and lesbians but don’t understand why “they can’t just keep to themselves.” Each of these attitudes are attitudes which have evolved as the result of personal experience and belief systems, most of which were established before a person reached adulthood. What an adolescent or teen reads serves as an important component in shaping his or her beliefs. To deny that homosexuality exists r to declare it as a perversion or sin only serves to negate the existence of an entire group of people. No sources listed.

  • How Exercise Delays Onset Of Dementia In Alzheimer's Patients: Literature Review

    20 pages in length. The natural course of aging takes its toll on both the body and mind; as much significant progress medical technology has made, there are still some aspects of human existence it cannot stop or reverse. Multimodal exercise has long been a highly recommended component of the geriatric health protocol as a method by which to tone muscles, strengthen bones stronger and keep all the bodily systems in good function. Why is it, therefore, that exercise is only just recently being associated with the delay onset of dementia when it has such dramatically positive impact upon the rest of the physiological makeup? Second only to the skin, the human brain is the largest organ in the body that responds to stimuli no differently than others, however, it is also vastly complex when compared to the liver or heart; because medical science still has a very long way to go before the mind's holistic function and capacity is known, new realizations of the mind/body connection will continue to be made, not the least of which includes the growing association between physical activity and staving off dementia. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Four-Blocks Literacy Framework: Literature Review

    15 pages in length. Reaching and teaching all students in today's troubled academic climate - no matter their (in)capacity to learn - has presented quite a challenge for educators who are often faced with the responsibility of instructing many different types of students within a single classroom. Various methods have been introduced as a means by which to address a system whereby at-risk students fall through the cracks because of not being taught in a way they understand, however, not all have demonstrated a true ability to overcome the struggle. Drs. Dorothy Hall and Patricia Cunningham recognize how all children do not learn alike and therefore require "substantial instruction to support the learning personalities of all students" (Hall et al, 2001), which is why they developed the Four-Blocks Literacy Model. As a "multilevel, balanced literacy framework" (Hall et al, 2001), Four-Blocks incorporates four separate components into each day's lesson plans that instruct children as to how they can read, write and spell better, an approach that focuses upon the academic diversity found in today's schools. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Law and Discrimination

    Discrimination is a reality that has been with mankind perhaps since the beginning of time. People have treated others that they felt were different, or less human, very poorly. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • President George W. Bush's 'No Child Left Behind' Act and Its Implementation

    5 pages in length. Contemporary society has a significant challenge on its hands: to provide students with a strong enough education to meet the ever-growing standards imposed by society. As a means by which to address this tremendous need, President Bush instituted the No Child Left Behind Act, which calls for the implementation of solutions to what he deems as the ten most important concerns within the nation's school system: Achieving Excellence Through High Standards and Accountability; Improving Literacy by Putting Reading First; Improving Teacher Quality; Improving Math and Science Instruction; Moving Limited English Proficient Students to English Fluency; Promoting Parental Options and Innovative Programs; Encouraging Safe Schools for the 21st Century; Enhancing Education Through Technology; Providing Impact Aid; and Encouraging Freedom and Accountability. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • New York City and Asian American High School Students

    A 18 page paper that discuses the academic achievement of Asian American students with an emphasis on Manhattan. The essay includes available data regarding the achievement of high school students, e.g., the percentage who meet graduation requirements in English and Math, the dropout and graduation rates. Cram schools in NYC are discussed. The writer comments on the effects of stereotyping. The education system in Japan, China and Korea are described to illustrate the effects of culture on learning and achievement. Immigrants from these countries transferred the focus on education from their home countries to America. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Elements of Psychiatric Nursing Practice

    A 4 page research paper that draws on the nursing model of Hildegarde Peplau, as she is acknowledged to be one of nursing's leading theorists, as she was one of the first to emphasize the importance of the nurse/patient relationship. Peplau's model specifies three phrases in this relationship: orientation (meeting the patient, establishing a relationship), exploitation (the patient takes advantage of the nurse's expertise) and termination (discharge plan is initiated). When Peplau formulated her model of psychiatric nursing, Interpersonal Relations in Nursing, the routines of mental institutes tended to reinforce illness (Sills, 1999). Peplau taught nurses to nurture mental health, to conduct research and seek methods for interrupting the illness maintenance systems (Sills, 1999). This examination of psychiatric nursing practice looks briefly at research literature in order to demonstrate how Peplau's model remains applicable today. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Failures at the Passport Office; The Summer of 1999

    In the summer of 1999 the passport agency and the United Kingdom faced a crisis. The implementation of the new computer system resulted in lengthy delays in the issuing of passports. This 10 page paper is written in two parts. The first part of the paper looks at the reasons why projects fail looking at a range of models that encompass a broad-spectrum of potential causes of failure. The second part of the paper examines the case of the passport agency in the context of the potential reasons failure identified in the first part of the paper. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • GM's Hybrid Car Crown Victoria and Marketing

    A 5 page paper discussing external issues in marketing a hybrid car resulting from a fictitious alliance between Ford and GM. Here, Ford and GM have collaborated in an alliance to produce and market a hybrid car, one that has been a standby in the Ford product line for decades. In past years, Ford has been highly successful in profitably producing and selling trucks of all types, including its popular sports utility vehicle (SUV) lines. It has performed dismally in selling passenger cars, however. GM’s hybrid fuel system will be used in the new product, giving it fuel efficiency not possible in SUVs yet providing families with enough space for children and all their sports gear too. The alliance can present the hybrid as providing the best of all conditions for the traveling family, whether they are traveling across the country or across town. The alliance should focus on greater perceived safety; greater fuel efficiency and environmental responsibility; and the ability for the family to take only one vehicle when traveling together. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nursing Leadership & Groups

    A 7 page research paper that discusses nursing leadership, which, under any circumstances, is a complicated subject. According to one estimate, there are over 100 accepted academic definitions of leadership (Manz, Bastien and Hostager, 1991). At present, issues of leadership are particularly crucial to nursing as the nursing shortage constitutes a crisis situation for many healthcare institutions and the profession in general. Never has nursing needed effective leadership more; never has the healthcare system depended as greatly as it does at present on nursing leaders. This examination looks at five themes evident in literature pertaining to nursing leadership and how these themes interrelate. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Role of Nurse Educator

    An 8 page research paper that addresses the field of nursing education. Nursing education is a dynamic field that has been challenged in recent years by the issues entailed in the national nursing shortage, as well as the related faculty shortage, while also addressing the innovations presented in increasingly sophisticated technologies (Nurse educator, 2008). This discussion of the nurse educator role looks at various issues associated with this pivotal cog in the nation's healthcare system and the responsibilities involved in being a nurse educator. The final 2 pages on the paper offer an appendix that identifies 5 Internet sites related to nurse educators and discusses these sites. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Baseball Players, Training Programs, and Balance of Energy Systems

    An eight page paper which looks at the specific requirements of baseball with regard to the training and fitness programmes undergone by athletes and the way in which the management and balance of energy systems for baseball players is different from that of athletes who participate in other sports. Bibliography lists 6 sources

  • Management and Airport Security

    A 16 page paper. Airport security has changed in the United States and other countries since the September 11 attacks. Had certain technology, like face recognition, been installed, at least two of the hijacker may never have boarded the plane. Many different systems have been proposed and some have been initiated. For example, the airport in Amsterdam installed iris scanning technology for passengers who fly a great deal. A similar pilot program was installed in one terminal at JFK is using iris scanning for employees. This paper discusses the types of biometric devices that are being considered and/or that have been installed and where they are being used to improve airport security. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Impact of Airport Security Measures on Management Operations

    7 pages in length. The extent to which the airport industry environment is different now than prior to September 11, 2001 illustrates the significant lengths to which the nation's security system has been augmented. This vast development in the wake of America's worst terrorist attack in history is, however, said to be just as inefficient and incapable of averting another 911 episode as what existed before the fateful day; that the airport industry has strategically bolstered itself has made all personnel more keenly aware of the potential for a repeat performance, yet the ultimate performance of these presidential instituted mandates and the Transportation Security Administration role continues to leave gapping holes in the overall objective toward national protection. On a smaller scale, however, advancement is being made in certain areas where tremendous sweeps are not expected to occur – such as onboard – where a smaller cluster of people is able to make a bigger, more immediately visible and overall impact. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Management Perspectives of the United States,Japan, and Germany

    A 19 page paper evaluating the thought that US businesses make more business decisions based on short-term performance than do businesses in Germany or Japan. Companies in other parts of the world seem not to be quite so quick to act on the basis of short-term results, but rather to build for the long term. Germany’s BMW and Japan’s Mitsubishi provide distinct counterpoints to the system that has developed in the United States. There are indications, however, that such attention to longevity is changing in today’s business environment. The paper describes some of those changes and points to the influence of long-standing cultural traditions that continue to provide direction in both Germany and Japan. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Johnson and Kaplan's Relevance Lost The Rise and Fall of Management Accounting Reviewed

    This is a 10 page paper reviewing the book “Relevance Lost: The Rise and Fall of Management Accounting” by H. Thomas Johnson and Robert S. Kaplan first published in 1987 and has since been printed over nine times. The book is extremely relevant in its recognition of the importance of the development of the management accounting discipline over its course in history and the realization that the system must be drastically updated in order to be effective in today’s global competitive industries. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Knowledge Management

    An 8 page paper. Despite the volumes that have been written about knowledge management, confusion and debate continue about exactly what that means. The writer comments on this fact and explains why this confusion may still exist. The discussion includes the identification of the three areas that need to work together for a firm to develop an effective knowledge management system. The characteristics of the industrial enterprise are compared to those of the knowledge enterprise. The writer then reports the type of leadership style, transactional or transformational, that would seem to be more effective for each of the three components, creating, sharing and exploiting knowledge. 1 Table included. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Medical Doctors and Nurse Practitioners Conflict Management

    A 10 page paper using the Kolb model to examine conflict assessment and management. As health care changes and patients increasingly take active roles in their own health care, they care less about hierarchy than they do results and practical application rather than medical theory. Though the struggle is between nurse practitioners and physicians, it is the patient ultimately most affected. In today’s health care system as it currently exists, nurses not only have “more time” for direct patient interaction than do MDs, they also generally have greater motivation. The model presented here stresses communication and experimentation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Personal Home Information and Risk Management

    An 11 page paper discussing the risk to which personal information is subjected at home. Home is the primary repository for personal information for most people. The paper provides an inventory of the types of personal information held in a single home that also houses a business and a graduate student, followed by assessment of the risks to that information and a security plan intended to control those risks. The plan follows that of the “Risk Management Guide for Information Technology Systems,” Special Publication 800-30 of the National Institutes of Standards and Technology (NISTA), identifying information assets; assigning a loss value to each; and identifying vulnerabilities and the likelihood of each to arrive at a risk-rating factor for each item. The paper concludes with a security plan for those items at greatest risk. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Railroads of Guatemala and Their Economic History

    16 pages in length. The economic history of Guatemala's railroads has been one of significant upheaval with regard to its status, structure and overall existence. It has, indeed, been a long and winding road for Guatemala's railway system in that it has experienced quite a metamorphosis within the past several years. Attempting to rebuild a part of its history that has been sorely neglected, Guatemalan officials have put forth a considerable effort to re-establish their railroads as a means by which to bolster an otherwise sagging tourist economy. The writer discusses the economic history of Guatemala's railroads. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Sauce Making and Stocks

    6 pages in length. Nature has not always been kind to humans with regard to food quality; ancient man often ate fetid morsels; as time progressed, the quality of meats did not necessarily improve. The British are some of history's favorite representations of how sauces were used as a means by which to cover up the taste of less-than-tasty meats. Then the French took things several steps further by perfecting the sauce making process and turning it into an art, with nineteenth century French chef, Antonin Crème credited with developing the technique into a system that boasted hundreds of sauces categorized into several major sauce groups. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Article 81 of European Union Law

    This 5 page paper critically discuses the scope and effectiveness of Article 81 as the principle means of controlling anti-competitive agreements within the European Union. The paper examines the article and cites numerous cases to illustrate the points raised. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Articles 28 through 30 and the European Union's Free Movement of Goods Law

    This 4 page paper looks at different scenarios where one member state has restrictions on goods which may or may not be seen as restrictive. The paper considers a company tat wants to export chocolate with a sugar content over that allowed by the importing country, the requirements for specific packaging of another country, issue such as morality applied to chocolate made in erotic shapes, and a ban on advertising in children’s comics and magazines in another state. The paper is written concisely and cites numerous cases to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Student Submitted Questions on Law

    This 3 page paper considers a case supplied by a student. The first part considers possible discrimination and the second looks at the injury and death of employees at work. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Labor Relations Laws and the 'Right to Work'

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the labor relations laws, including right to work laws and laws prohibiting union security clauses in labor agreements. This paper evaluates the guidelines set by the National Labor Relations Act, and also considers attempts at initiating union security clauses and the implications of both for the negotiating and arbitration of labor agreements. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • National Voter Registration Act or 'Motor Voter'

    This 5 page report discusses the National Voter Registration Act, most commonly known as the “Motor Voter” and was designed to encourage voter registration and remove a number of discriminatory and unfair obstacles to voter registration. Signed into law in 1993, the Act was put into effect on January 1, 1995. Several states fought implementation of the law calling it an “un-funded mandate” that led to a greater potential for election fraud. Since the law’s implementation, significant successful results have been proven. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gases and Physics Laws

    An 8 page paper discussing some of the laws of physics that apply specifically to gases. One of the three states of matter, gases share many similarities with liquids in that they are free-flowing and can be compressed. However, gases have much lower density and so are subject to laws not applicable to liquids. The paper discusses contributors to the ideal gas law and the kinetic theory of gases. There are many other contributors to today’s existing laws of physics as they apply to gases, including Bernoulli, John Dalton, Michael Farady and Thomas Graham, to name only a few. Today’s laws truly have evolved over the course of centuries, rather than decades. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • 1820s' Appalachia Laws

    9 pages in length. The presence of law intends to create a more civilized society, one in which citizens can expect social enlightenment to guide their every action. While this may represent the concept of law, it only does so in theory due to the extraordinarily interpretive nature of judicial procedure, a reality that evaporates any semblance of equity to the notion of law. Applying this sentiment to Appalachian laws at the turn of the nineteenth century finds the separation of social classes to be one of the most incriminating elements of fair proceedings; inasmuch as the Celts and the English stood at odds over myriad societal issues, one of the most apparent was that of applying the law in whatever form necessary. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Gases and Physics Laws

    An 8 page paper discussing some of the laws of physics that apply specifically to gases. One of the three states of matter, gases share many similarities with liquids in that they are free-flowing and can be compressed. However, gases have much lower density and so are subject to laws not applicable to liquids. The paper discusses contributors to the ideal gas law and the kinetic theory of gases. There are many other contributors to today’s existing laws of physics as they apply to gases, including Bernoulli, John Dalton, Michael Farady and Thomas Graham, to name only a few. Today’s laws truly have evolved over the course of centuries, rather than decades. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Stating a Business Case for the Linux Operating System

    A 10 page paper providing rationale for choosing Linux operating system over various Windows® systems. Unix – and its Linux variation – remains the most versatile operating system in terms of hardware requirements. Windows is more hardware-specific with each generation, and less open to alteration than either Linux or UnixWare. The paper discussing points of cost, security (system, file, workgroup, Internet), performance and includes a list of some of the companies currently using Linux systems. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Riordan Information Technology Systems

    This 5 page paper looks at the IT systems that are present in the fictitious firm Riordan Manufacturing, identifying and assessing the different systems, looking at the way they interconnect. The paper then considers the weaknesses and problems of potential failure of one of these systems and the measures that may reduce the weaknesses. The system examined in the human resources system (HRIS). The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Comparing Healthcare in Zambia with Healthcare in United States

    This 14 page paper looks at the universal healthcare system in Zambia, considering its main characteristics, underlying philosophies as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the system along with the challenges it faces. This system is then compared with the healthcare system of the United States, with both systems discussed in the context of the social and economic environment within their relative countries. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Controls for Guidant

    This 4 page paper is based on a case study provided by the student. The paper starts by looking at the strategic position of Guidant Corporation and their current issues, The paper then assesses the way control mechanism may be developed for the firm and the new strategies using the 4 control systems; the diagnostic control system, the beliefs control system, the boundary control system and the interactive control system. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Discussion of U.S. Supreme Court Cases with Controversial Issues

    8 pages in length. Within the past several years, the Supreme Court has had to grapple with many controversial issues and decide accordingly the best way to appease both the law and the public. A number of such issues have represented the changing times where individuals are routinely forced to seek legal guidance from the nation's highest court. The writer discusses doctor-assisted suicide, medicinal/religious marijuana and the Family Medical Leave Act as they relate to Supreme Court rulings. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Legal Or Ethical Issue Pertaining To The Role Of Faculty Member In Higher Education

    7 pages in length. Sexual harassment on college campuses falls within the boundaries of both legal and ethical considerations, inasmuch as there are laws prohibiting any interaction of an intimate nature between faculty member and student, as well as the unwritten codes of behavior that should be inherent to every civilized instructor. The extent to which teacher/student sexual harassment negatively impacts the student's ability to achieve academic objectives due to the inherent anxiety of the situation is both grand and far-reaching; that faculty members utilize sex as a way to manipulate students speaks to an act of unethical and illegal behavior beyond the limits of any reasonable person. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Liability and Environmental Law

    This 16 page paper considers a case where a company wishes to buy land that is contaminated. The first part of the paper considers the legal position of the company with regard the pollution and potential liabilities if the land purchase goes ahead. The paper makes reference to environmental law in the UK including, but not limited to, the Environmental Protection Act 1990 and the Water Resources Act 1991. The shorter second part of the paper considers how an offer on the land may be made to allow for these potential liabilities. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Federal Regulations, Malpractice, Contract, and Property Law Cases

    This is a 15 page paper discussing various issues which are involved with three law cases provided by the client. The paper discusses issues relating to home ownership insurance, property, legal liability, admissible evidence, bankruptcy, malpractice, contracts and violations of the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Regulations. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Iceland and Health Care Delivery

    A 6 page paper comparing the health care systems of Iceland and the United States, where Icelandic medical students generally go to complete their residency requirements. Both systems are facing intense economic pressures, but Iceland’s national system does not prevent any citizen from gaining access to health care as is the case in the US. The health care system of Iceland holds a lesson from which the systems of all developed nations could benefit well. It would be desirable for those completing their residencies in the US to serve as ambassadors of a health care system that can have economic pressures and still be caring and committed to the ideals undergirding it. The paper also relates the mission of Saint Leo University to Iceland’s national health care system. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • UK Post World War II Comprehensive Education Development

    This 5 page paper discusses the development of the comprehensive education system following World War II. The Butler Education Act of 1944 established the comprehensive secondary education system. It was a tripartite system with students identified for one of three types of secondary schools based on tests they took at age 11. This essay discuses the purpose of the Act and the arguments for and against the system. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • ITC eChopaul Case Study

    This 8 page paper looks at a case study provided by the student where ICT Ltd introduce a system called ‘eChopaul’ in order to create value in the supply chain for for soybeans in India. The writer answers four questions. The questions look at the objectives of the eChopaul system, the principles if supply chain management are seen, how it adds value and whether or not all parties to the transaction under the older system can still be ‘winners’ with the new system. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Management Control Systems at Jazeera Airways

    This 27 page paper looks at the concept and practice of management controls over people and systems, using the Kuwaiti airline; Jazeera Airlines as an example. The paper discusses at the company and management control systems (MCS) that are in place, including employee appraisals, financial controls and marketing assessments. The systems are assessed in terms of congruence with the company strategies and a recommendation is made for a strategy to enhance the management control systems. The bibliography cites 21 sources.

  • Overview of Information Economics

    9 pages. This is a complete and thorough description of Rapid Applications Development (RAD) and the connection between that and Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM). This paper will explain the synergy in the information systems development process which leads to a cost saving or benefit gain to the organization involved in initiating and implementing the systems project. The differences and similarities of content and approach between RAD and DSDM are discussed as well as whether or not one system is preferable to another. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • MIC Agents of Change

    A 12 page paper discussing MIC systems, specifically those of activity-based costing, inventory management and management information systems as appropriate agents of change within the organization. The ultimate purpose of MIC systems is to coalesce into an entity of overlapping units that create at their point of juncture more advantageous methods of operating. Whether focus is on activity-based costing, inventory management or any other feature of MIC systems, the simultaneous use of all components has the ability to lead the organization into sound and profitable change beneficial for all stakeholders. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Planning and Assessments for Information Systems Development

    In The Development Of Information Systems This 16 page paper considers the need and importance of a strong comprehensive assessment and analysis of system requirements and needs in order to information systems to be developed that will enable for the systems to be successful. The required elements and potential failing are considered in a comprehensive manner and then applied to a real world case study. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • Nike; Computerized Interviewing Process Case Study

    This 4 page paper looks at a computerized interview system used by Nike and answers four questions assessing the advantages and disadvantages of the system, whether or not there are any potential equal employment opportunity issues, looking at the way the system was perceived as public relations as well as recruitment, and finally considering the way that the system may be improved. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • ITC eChopaul Case Study

    This 8 page paper looks at a case study provided by the student where ICT Ltd introduce a system called ‘eChopaul’ in order to create value in the supply chain for for soybeans in India. The writer answers four questions. The questions look at the objectives of the eChopaul system, the principles if supply chain management are seen, how it adds value and whether or not all parties to the transaction under the older system can still be ‘winners’ with the new system. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Flat Tax's Positive and Negative Aspects

    6 pages in length. The flat income tax system proposes to assign a uniform percentage tax from ten to twenty percent for all Americans and remove the current system involving complex deductions, credits and exemptions. Such a system would be expected to boost economic development and encourage savings since the double income taxation system against savings and investment is eliminated. This paper considers both sides of the flat tax issue and whether the flat tax will really be implemented. Interesting arguments on both sides. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S., Standardized Laws, and Gun Control

    In 8 pages, the author discusses why there should be standardized laws regarding the purchase of guns across the nation. Gun laws from state to state differ considerably. This causes a number of problems. In one state a weapon in a vehicle must be in plain sight, while in another, the weapon must be hidden. Some states have stricter gun laws than other states, which can make it very dangerous for travelers of stricter areas when commuting to those areas that almost everyone is permitted to carry a gun. Because of the discrepancies between state laws, gunrunning, or the illegal transportation of weapons from one state to another, is also a problem. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Effective Law Enforcement Tool Known as Foot Patrol

    5 pages in length. Enforcing the law is difficult enough without the added distraction of sidewalks, housing developments, industrial parks and just about every other impediment that makes patrol cars a less effective law enforcement tool. Utilizing foot patrol, on the other hand, provides for greater maneuverability through areas that a car simply cannot traverse, as well as keeps law enforcement visible for citizens and potential perpetrators alike to see. In contrast, foot patrol is not as effective as bicycle patrol, where law enforcement officers are trained to maneuver upon different types of bikes depending upon the terrain they will be covering. The agility and speed of bike patrol lends itself to crowded areas where cars are impractical and foot patrol is futile. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • U.S., Standardized Laws, and Gun Control

    In 8 pages, the author discusses why there should be standardized laws regarding the purchase of guns across the nation. Gun laws from state to state differ considerably. This causes a number of problems. In one state a weapon in a vehicle must be in plain sight, while in another, the weapon must be hidden. Some states have stricter gun laws than other states, which can make it very dangerous for travelers of stricter areas when commuting to those areas that almost everyone is permitted to carry a gun. Because of the discrepancies between state laws, gunrunning, or the illegal transportation of weapons from one state to another, is also a problem. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Copyright and Music Streams

    This 3 page paper examines this new controversy in media law. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • California Family Code and Property

    This 3-page paper discusses property and community rights laws as they pertain to the California Family Code.

  • Internet Tax Resources

    This 5-page paper focuses on three tax websites that can be used as resources for research on U.S. tax codes and the law surrounding them.

  • American Indian Sovereignty

    This 4 page paper reviews key laws and Supreme Court rulings relating to these issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Polygamy Among the Latter Day Saints

    This 3 page paper considers one case where three individuals were charged under Utah’s bigamy law. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'Blame Game' and Criminal Law

    This 7-page paper attempts to prove the assertion that blaming is an important factor in criminal law. Bibliography lists two sources.

  • Egypt and Mesopotamia Comparison

    A 3 page research paper that compares and contrasts the geography, society and laws of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Business Law Questions

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of three business law questions, one about the types of negotiations, one about a sports case, and another about manufacturer warrantees.

  • Environment and the Tort Law of South Carolina

    In 10 pages, the author discusses South Carolina tort law related to the environment. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • CASE STUDY: VIDDING: FREE EXPRESSION OR COPYRIGHT PIRACY?

    This 3-page paper discusses copyright laws pertaining to viding. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Female Police Officers and Harassment

    This 5 page paper discusses the problems faced by women in law enforcement; specifically sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History of American Currency

    A 5 page paper discussing the development of the current US system of currency and legal tender. In Colonial days, the formal currency was that of Britain and was based on silver. The shortage of silver combined with the need to trade with the native Americans who preferred wampum resulted in wampum being the currency of choice for decades until a New Jersey factory became so efficient in its production that it became hyperinflated. The paper discusses the influences of greenbacks and the role filled by the 1848 California gold rush in directing the US away from bimetallism and toward a gold standard, which eventually was abandoned in the 1930s. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. Health Care System

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the American system. According to an online dictionary, www.businessdictionary.com, a "health care system" is defined as a "Complex of facilities, organizations, and trained personnel engaged in providing health care within a geographical area." If one considers only this extremely broad definition of a "health care system," then, yes, the manner in which health care is delivered in the U.S. is a "system." However, there are scholars who express an evaluation of the way that health care delivery functions in the US that is so negative that one can also easily make the argument that the delivery of health care in America is too dysfunctional to be considered to be a "system," as the term "system" implies organization and comprehensive service. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Impact of Vertical Integration on Health Care Systems

    A 12 page proposal for a study on the impacts of vertical integration on administrations in health care systems. This proposal supports the thesis that effective administrative processes, including management philosophies and information systems are necessary for the cost effective use of vertical integration. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Banking Industry and Information Systems

    This 5 page paper is a dissertation proposal with the aim of undertaking a study to develop an evaluation system to predict the value that CRM may add to a banking organisation when looking at any specific organisation and the specific CRM system. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Black Creek Furniture Case Study

    This 12 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student; Black Creek Furniture. The company is successful, but old fashioned and would benefit from adopting a new IT strategy. The paper examines the company, the customers and the current systems and makes recommendations for the adoption of a web enabled Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Case Study Analysis: "Time To Dig Out"

    5 pages in length. As is typical of any economic controversy surrounding the profoundly overpopulated and costly penal system, there are those who support an immediate and significant reduction in funding for what has come to be little more than a warehousing system for social misfits who are ill-equipped to live within a civilized society. No bibliography.

  • Aquarius Marketing Case Study

    This 19 page paper is based on a study is supplied by the student. The first part of the paper assesses the requirements of Aquarius Marketing for a new information technology system. The second part of the paper utilises soft systems modelling (SSM) to determine what is needed and the way that the project should go ahead. Several issues concerning project management then discussed including the importance of scheduling and resource allocation, the importance of leadership to prevent problems in project management, the importance of communication and the value of mentoring. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • Costing at Deny BFBS

    This 3 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student and assesses the way costs are allocated to three offices, using absorption and fixed rate allocations, looking at the potential problems of this system and then makes recommendation for improving the system. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Information Gathering and System Design for Riordan Manufacturing

    Riordan Manufacturing, a fictitious company, decided to consider implementing a new IT system to support the HRM functions. This 7 page paper considers the aspects of information gathering and the approach to be utilized for the design of the system. The paper is based on the case study supplied by the student. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Project Assessment at Volkswagen of America

    This 4 page paper is based on a case study provided by the student, the company has introduced a new system for assessing IT projects, questions set by the student are answered, looming a whether the new system is an improvement, who is controlling the budget and the way that dissatisfaction in the managers should be tackled. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Kudler IT System

    This 5 page paper is based on the case study supplied by the student. Kulder Fine Foods needs a new IT system, the position of the company is considered and the recommendation of an ERP system is made, looking at some of the issues which would need to be considered before adopting ERP. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • An Organizational Transition Analysis

    This 10 page paper relies on a case study of an organization submitted by a student. In the analysis, systems theory is used. Corporate culture is discussed as well. The change involved in the case study is related to the integration of systems. How it may be accomplished, what obstacles are expected and cost factors are all discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • MEDIATION FOR DOMESTIC ABUSE

    3 pages in length. With the court system buckling under the long-standing strain of frivolous and dismissible cases, placing disputes between intimate partners and/or close relatives into a mediation program instead of going to trial offers two immediate benefits: relieves the overtaxed system of circumstances that do not truly warrant court attention and provides a much more workable set of options for the participants above the stringency of court. Another important reason to mediate circumstances of domestic violence is the capacity to bring the offender into the world of his victim in a very intimate way. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mergers; Electrolux with Lehel and the Creation of BAE Systems

    This 4 page paper looks at the background, conditions and results of two mergers. The first is the merger between Electrolux and Lehel, which was really an acquisition, the second looks at the creation of BAE Systems which was a company formed as the result of a merger between British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Health Care - United States vs Canada

    An 8 page paper. Compares health care in both countries, reports data regarding costs and comments on access and goals of each program. The problems reported with each system are reported and discussed. A recommendation is made for the health care system in the U.S. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Open and Closed Organizational Systems

    3 pages in length. All organizations of every type and size function within the context of two systems: open or closed. To understand the difference between these divergent systems is to realize the importance it has upon criminal justice operations. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Future Trends in Employee Motivation and Compensation within the Military

    A 6 page paper discussing compensation models, reward systems and planning for contingency needs in the military. There is no question that both the US and its military have entered a new era that no one wanted. As is the case in compensation and reward systems in the private sector, the military will need to assess the future long before it arrives, and plan for it well. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A Comparison of Three Operating Systems

    A 3 page paper comparing common operating systems. Several operating systems continue to vie for most-used status in networked computers; the three examined here are Windows NT/2000, Windows 2000 Server and Linux. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Computer Operating Systems at Huffman Trucking

    This 3 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student, identifying the computer operating system that are used within the company and discussing potential reasons why those systems were chosen. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Information Management

    This 9 page paper is written in 4 parts. The first part looks at information management methods and system, including paper files, databases and management information systems. The second part of the paper considers storage issues, the third part looks at decision making and the last part of the paper outlines the stages to running a meeting. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Object Oriented Database Systems (OODB)

    A 5 page paper discussing attributes and benefits of object-oriented (OO) database management systems. As organizations’ data needs become more complex, the need for OO databases will grow as well. Though more complex and more difficult to manage, the OO database management system enables more efficient use of data. Includes a SWOT analysis. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Higher Education in California

    A 5 page paper. The California Master Plan for Higher Education, passed in 1960, outlined the population pool for each higher education system in California, the University of California, the California State University and the Community College system. The Cal Grant program was also put into place to help low-income students pay for their education. This essay explains the criteria for admission, discusses the effects of Proposition 209 and increasing tuition fees. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A Hypothetical Research Study/Chessie System

    A 10 page research paper that offers a proposed research study, that is, a template on how a study might be structured in order to address the efficacy Maryland’s computerized data system that is designed to track the caseloads being addressed by the state’s child protective services. In formulating this guide, the writer first describes Baltimore Child Protective Services and this system, Then, offers a suggested research design. This paper draws heavily on previous papers on this topic, specifically khcpsmd.rtf and khmdcps2.rtf. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Inventory Control at Toyota

    Toyota is credited with developing the just-in-time inventory management this 5 page paper examines the inventory management systems used at Toyota, the way they are implemented along with the advantages and disadvantages associated with the systems that they use. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • HRM Practices in Europe and Asia: the Case of The UK and Japan

    This 16 page paper looks at two different HR systems, those seen in the UK and Japan, comparing and contrasting their similarities and differences. The paper considers how these two countries HR systems and their development reflect national cultural differences, discusses some of the functional differences and considers the way that they are changing with increasing levels of convergence. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Failure Prevention and Development Problems Associated with Software Engineering

    An 8 page overview of the challenges faced by software engineers in the last five years. Identifies the most predominant of these as revolving around the Internet and issues such as networking and operating system compatibility. One of the primary problems which is central to each of these arenas is that of data sharing. Software engineers not only have to address compatibility across operating systems but between networked computers and over the Internet. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Managing Operations

    This 7 page paper looks at the role of operations management and the transformation process. The paper starts with an overview of the operations management based on readings provided by the student. The paper then looks at a company that is having problem on their payroll due to departments filling and sending in forms late. Using operations management ideas the paper looks at the current system, the key success factors for an improved system and then suggests changes that could be made to improve the process used. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Airline Reservation Systems of Apollo and Galileo

    This 6 page report discusses the Apollo and Galileo airline reservation systems that are considered to be distributed transaction processing applications. Such applications are widely used by enterprises to support mission-critical applications, such as and banking applications. The focus of the paper is from a systems information approach and deals primarily with the software and hardware connections involved. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Manufacturing Types

    This 5 page report discusses the basic types of manufacturing in the industrial environment. Most analysts will agree that there are certain primary types of production systems and a business that already has an established between manufacturing strategies and production systems are generally likely to perform better than their competitors who operate without such a fit. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Information Systems in Wireless Telephone Sales and Marketing

    A 6 page paper discussing information systems' contributions to sales and marketing of wireless plans and devices. Information systems can be a true help or a detriment to the salesperson seeking to meet quota or simply close a high percentage of customers entering the store. "Fast" hardware and particularly well-designed software can combine to present a view to the customer of efficiency and dedicated customer responsiveness, both of which positively influence total sales. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Central Nervous System

    An 8 page paper discussing several nervous system questions regarding the evolution of the central nervous systems of vertebrates and invertebrates; the relationship between a somatic sensory neuron in the hand, the associated alpha motor neuron and the cortical pyramidal cell; and what symptoms would be exhibited were the spinal cord be completely severed at the T2 vertebra. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • English Language Teaching Methods Critically Compared

    6 pages in length. Understanding the inherent difference between and among teaching methods equates to a system that reaches all types of learners. Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to those who speak another native tongue has long been a challenge for Australia's educational system, all too often fraught with application struggles that ultimately compromise the end result for the individual trying to learn the new and very complicated language. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Windows LINUX and UNIX Implementations

    If there is no living without networking, there is no living without network security, and this growing threat makes it wise to consider other options to the Windows OS. Two operating systems, UNIX and LINUX, are possibilities. They are compared in terms of implementing network security. Considering what is at stake, LINUX proves the better system. Bibliography lists 6 sources. jvOSimpl.rtf

  • Noise Monitoring System

    This 5 page paper examines a noise monitoring system and then assesses its technical efficiency. The paper uses an airport as an example, with the measurement of aircraft noises, looks at how the data and what it is used for as well as the reliability before considering potential weaknesses of the system. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)

    3 pages in length. The ability to maintain accurate and ever-evolving statistics of - and trends for - global economies is both grand and far-reaching; that the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is instrumental in reaching this objective speaks to the manner by which North America's ever-changing economy must be closely monitored by the most up-to-date and technologically sophisticated system. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Affirmative Action and Workplace Racial Discrimination

    A 10 page research paper including an 1 page Outline, examines the continued need for Affirmative Action policies instituted in the 1960's. Some authors state that American minorities still need Affirmative Action's protection; some state that we have moved beyond the quota system and that Affirmative Action has outlived its usefulness; and at least one maintains that the quota system was illegal from the outset and was never supposed to have been an issue. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Problem Solving and SSM

    5 pages in length. Ralph Johnson, quoted in Jackson's "Software Requirements & Specifications: A lexicon of Practice: Principles and Prejudices," said: "We have a tendency to focus on the solution, in large part because it is easier to notice a pattern in the systems that we build than it is to see the pattern in the problems we are solving." When analyzing this passage as it relates to Peter Checkland's soft system methodology (SSM), it is relatively easy to understand why there is such a tremendous discrepancy in the approach to problem/solution equations. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Detecting Oil Spills With Remote Sensing

    5 pages in length. The Geographic Information System (GIS) is employed as a means by which to determine various environmental changes that would otherwise be quite difficult – if not impossible – to track, not the least of which is utilizing remote sensing for detecting oil spills, which is defined as "the science — and art — of identifying, observing, and measuring an object without coming into direct contact with it" (Remote Sensing & Natural Hazards). However, it has been discovered that coupling GIS with Global Positioning System (GPS) greatly enhanced the capacity to achieve more accurate oil spill mapping. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of Bank Based Systems and Dividend Signaling in Market Based Systems

    This 8 page paper considers the reasons why dividend signalling is more influential on the market and more demanded by the market in market based systems rather than bank based systems. The writer considers the way signalling may be seen as a mechanism that overcomes the problems of asymmetry of information in a more broadly based share ownership society. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Software Quality and Systems Development

    This 7 page paper looks at the issue of software quality in the context of systems development. Tools are discussed as well. Management models such as TQM are seen as valuable in the development of systems. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Medication Errors & Their Prevention

    A 5 page research paper that discusses medication errors, their causes and prevention. The writer discusses the importance of error reporting systems, enumerates associated causes of medication error, and discusses how automatic medication systems aid nurses in following the "five rights" of correct medication administration. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Proposal for a New Security Model Using Integrated Circuit Card Embedded with User’s Biometrics

    This 16 page paper proposed a new security system using biometric data embedded in a card. Following an introduction a literature review looking at relevant areas of technology is undertaken and the results are sued to suggest a new security system that can be attached and work with other security measures, such as the metal detectors at the entrance at buildings. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • David Cole’s Case Against the Torture Lawyers

    This 3 page paper analyzes an article by David Cole, in which he argues that the lawyers who twisted the law to approve torture must also stand trial, along with those who did the actual torturing. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Legal Issues Involving Internet Usage and Minors

    A 5 page research paper that offers an overview of legislation designed to protect minors using the Internet. The writer also discusses the law pertaining to minors and contracts. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Abortion Impact of Privacy and Natural Rights Argument

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the application of the natural rights argument. This paper integrates a view of the natural rights argument as it applies to the issue of privacy and its impacts on abortion and abortion law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Concept of Fiduciary Duties with Specific Consideration of Contractual Relationships

    The case of Goldcrop Exchange Ltd (in receivership) [1994] 2 All ER, saw Lord Mustill state that the presence of a contractual relationship would not automatically exclude the presence of fiduciary duties. This 9 page paper looks at the concept of fiduciary duty, where and how it arises, and the way it may be seen as complimenting or undermining contractual duties. The paper is written with specific reference to English and Canadian law. Numerous cases are cited. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Child Spanking and Canadian Law

    This 6-page paper discusses the controversy over spanking as a means of disciplining children, and argues that the practice should be abolished. This is particularly important at the moment, as the Canadian Supreme Court recently upheld a law that allows parents to spank their children. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Elite Theory and Understanding Public Policy by Thomas Dye

    Who holds the power of decision when a patient decides it is time to die? According to the elite theory, as described by Thomas Dye in Understanding Public Policy, it is the medical and law professions. This 5 page paper explores the issue of patient's rights from the perspective of the elite model. No additional sources are listed.

  • Freedom of Expressioin and Freedom of Religion in the Case of Otto-Preminger-Institut v. Austria

    An 8 page outline of this 1995 case weighing freedom of artistic expression against freedom of religion. Considering the suppression of a film considered blasphemous by the Orthodox Catholic Church, the court decided artistic freedom allowed the organization by law was necessarily limited by the right of the Church to freedom of religion, that the duty of the State was to protect the existence of a society based on order and tolerance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Press Freedom and Libel

    This 10 page paper considers the statement “The English Law of libel and defamation represents an unwarranted restriction on the freedom of the press and the broadcast media”. The paper looks at both sides of the argument and uses numerous cases to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Getting Real with Diversity and Leadership

    A 4 page paper assessing the role of leadership in promoting cultural diversity. The position of this paper is that many of today's organizations pursue greater cultural diversity but often do so mechanically from duty and matters of law rather than from an awareness of the improvement that cultural diversity can bring to the organization and that true benefits are realized only in an atmosphere of clear and dedicated leadership. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Forensic Science and DNA Testing

    6 pages in length. Technological advancement has changed the very foundation upon which mankind lives; while some of this tremendous progress is questionable in nature, the vast majority has allowed for significantly more convenience, speed and result. DNA testing within forensic science is one of the most important examples of how technology has enabled law enforcement officials to identify criminals much more accurately and in much less time. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • UK Tort Law and Inequality of Gender

    This 12 page paper considers the way that the UK law of tort can be seen to engender the inequality of gender stereotyping and general social inequalities. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Australian Family Law and Custody Concerns

    This 15 page paper covers this issue fully in addition to examining divorce issues and family violence. Changes in trends in divorce is the focus of this paper that looks at models like fifty-fifty parenting. Australia Family Law is discussed. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • DNA in Investigations and as Evidence

    A 5 page research paper that explains what DNA and DNA analysis are and then discusses the role of this criminal law enforcement tool investigations and as evidence in court. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Law Enforcement and Cyber Crime

    This 5 page paper begins with comments from two FBI Cyber Agents about their typical day. Although all law enforcement agencies know cyber crime is the fastest-growing crime in the history of the country, officials do not know exactly how extensive it is because only about 5 percent of the crimes committed are ever reported. The writer discusses the difficulties obtaining statistical data. The writer provides examples of specific crimes and how the FBI, working with other agencies, was involved in solving them. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Computer Equipment Confiscation for Crime Investigation and an August 1999 Article in the Cyber Law Journal of the New York Times

    This 5 page report discusses an article in the “Cyber Law Journal” (8-27-99) dealing with the problems associated with confiscating computer equipment when a crime using that computer is suspected. The article points out that investigators almost always have the upper hand when they confiscate private property, yet such officials rarely have the time, resources, or expertise to perform a “forensic analysis” on the impounded machines. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cyberbullying and Internet Privacy

    This 5 page paper examines laws on cyberbullying. The link between bullying and suicide is examined. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Voting Rights Act of 1965

    This 12 page paper discusses the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the recent battle over extending its provisions. The extension was signed into law in August, 2007, with its controversial provisions intact. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Discrimination In Job Advertisements

    A 12 page paper. There are many ways a job advertisement can covertly convey a preference for a certain type of applicant. This essay provides a brief overview of the laws concerning discrimination and discusses the types of discrimination that may be found in job advertisements. The writer provides a few examples of this type of EEOC complaint. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Physical Fitness Regulations Ensure Fitness of Police/Corrections Officers and Communities

    In ten pages this paper examines how a lack of physical fitness regulations or enforcement of them affects law enforcement (police and corrections officers) and communities. Six sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Driving Under the Influence Narrative Essay

    This 4 page paper examples a narrative essay on the topic of drunk driving. It is written from the perspective of one who has lost a husband to a drunk driver. Laws, legislation, potential solutions offered. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • A History of Blacks in America From the Oppression of Slavery to the Civil Rights' Movement

    An 8 page review of African American rights from pre-Civil war years to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. Identifies the causes of the Civil War and its relation to black emancipation. Discusses changes in U.S. law and policy and the actions of individuals like Andrew Johnson, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Wells, W.E.B. Dubois, Frederick Douglass, John F.Kennedy, Lyndon B, Johnson, and Martin Luther King Junior in regard to instituting social change. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The United States and The Civil Rights Movement

    A brief, 4 page overview of the struggle for civil rights in the United States. Covers relevant politics and law-making from 1870 to the present. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • White Collar Crime and Business

    A 9 page paper answering 10 discussion questions about corporate responsibility and conviction for white collar crime, as well as technocrime and which type is worse for the community. Other questions address law enforcement agencies and four crime theories. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sex Offender Profiling and Multiphasic Sex Inventory II

    5 pages in length. Profiling sexual offenders by way of the Multiphasic Sex Inventory II provides a basis upon which law enforcement and the psychological community can better understand what drives certain individuals to behave in such an antisocial manner. This approach, exclusively meant to measure those who have allegedly committed or admitted to committing sexual offenses, determine specific personality traits and deviant characteristics of a sexual nature that assist in getting the individuals appropriate treatment and assessing follow up progress. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sectors of the Shipping Industry and Financial Performance

    This 30 page paper provides an overview of six sectors in the shipping industry (cruise , ferry, tankers, dry-bulk carriers, container ships and specialist vessels). A financial analysis is provided, assessing each sector in terms of competition within and other factors such as taxation, international law, environmental considerations and safety issues. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • The Bill by Steven Waldman

    This 7 page paper is a review of Steven Waldman’s book The Bill : How Legislation Really Becomes Law : A Case Study of the National Service Bill. It is also an appraisal of how power is used at the top of the political arena in the United States. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Why Did the Roman Empire Fall?

    In 5 pages, the author discusses the reason for the collapse of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was a great and powerful entity at one time. In fact, many of today's fields such as literature, law, art, and architecture were influenced by the Romans. This causes one to question why this very substantial and powerful empire collapsed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Judaizers and Khazars

    This 7 page report discusses the medieval world of Khazaria, a Judaic warrior kingdom that was the crossroads of culture and trade between Byzantium, the Arab Empire, and Russia during the early to middle years of the medieval timeframe. The Judaizers were those earliest believers in the Christian Church that Gentile Christians should also adhere to Mosaic law. Their beliefs and practices resulted in one of the first great controversies of the ancient Christian faith. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • US Legislature and Transforming a Bill into Law

    This 10 page paper discusses the legislature in depth and concentrates on how a bill becomes a law. A brief history on how the branch of government was designed is included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Success of The Economic Espionage Act of 1996

    In 6 pages, the author discusses the Economic Espionage Act of 1996. Considering the cases that have been filed under the Economic Espionage Act of 1996, the EEA proves to be an effective way of combating economic espionage. There have been few cases filed under this new law, but the EEA has been able to successfully prosecute using sting operations. The EEA will continue to have an impact on foreign economic espionage. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Richard Epstein and Catherine MacKinnon's Perspectives on Law and Women's Rights

    Both law professors with opposing ideologies, MacKinnon & Epstein, are discussed in a 5 page analysis as it pertains to the legislation of women's rights. The writer concludes in agreement with Epstein. No additional sources used.

  • Western US and Hispanic Americans

    Illegal immigration, migrant farm jobs and two periods of immigration allowances since the turn of the century have determined large Hispanic communities in the modern West. States like Texas have struggled to define these communities and distinguish between illegal immigrants and the crack down on illegal immigration and the rights of Hispanic-Americans living in these communities. This 12 page paper considers the scope of this problem, reflects the role of law enforcement officials, and also considers the problem of vigilante border patrols, who pose a threat both to Hispanic American citizens and illegal immigrants. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Contracts and Essential Elements

    A 5 page paper that highlights the categories of contracts and discusses terms and references applicable laws in regards to those categories. Categories/clauses include: offer/acceptance and problem areas, special considerations, termination statements and problem areas, and signatures. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Autistic Students

    This 14 page research paper investigates the developmental disorder, autism. Autism is a disorder that appears in infancy and continues throughout the victim's life. Topics include: the characteristics of the autistic child and student; etiology; diagnostic process; and treatment programs. Research studies are reported as is the federal law that mandates the right to an education. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Gang Problem and Cooperation Between Community and Police

    In 4 pages the author discusses how the police and the community work together to stop the problem of gangs. Community policing is the solution to the specific problem of gangs in the neighborhood. Law enforcement agencies are inundated with the protection of their specific patrol areas. It is impossible for police officers to be at all places at all times. That is why there must be a collaboration between the police and the community. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Minorities, Communities, and Police

    A 5 page paper on minority views of the police as an oppressive force, criminalizing those they are supposed to protect. The writer describes how even the most successful community policing programs sometimes fail to work in African-American neighborhoods where citizens are literally afraid of the police ! Some of the departmental and political reasons for law enforcement's failure to maintain positive relations with minority groups are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Legal Principles of Res Judicata and Double Jeopardy

    This 5 page paper compares the two principles which are very similar but pertain to different areas of law. Differences and similarities are noted. The OJ Simpson case is mentioned. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Analysis of a Kidnapping Case and Questions Involving Hijacking, Force, and Intent

    A 5 page paper that presents a kidnapping case analysis that examines the three questions of necessary intent, applied force, and what constitutes charges of hijacking within the criminal charge of kidnapping. These three questions are examined and answered in regard to applicable rule of law and a subsequent altered set of charges is offered. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Taiwan and United States' Corporate Law

    This 6 page paper compares and contrasts corporate law in each nation. Both U.S. and Taiwanese business structures are outlined. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Paging Device Information and the 4th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution

    This 10 page paper provides an argument that protection of fourth amendment rights is diminishing. The focus of the discussion is on recent legislation which gives law enforcement agents more leeway in accessing numeric pager information. 10 sources listed.

  • Contract Law Case and the Internet

    This well written 16 page paper considers the following case; Jez, subscribes to an Internet magazine site. After paying his subscription fee, he is required to agree to the terms of use Jez does read them, but and proceeds to click on The “I agree to the terms of use”. Rob, a work colleague, discovers Jez's username and accesses the site without Jez's permission. Rob spams members of the chat room advertising his services as a freelance artist. The magazine wish to end the contract, the users of the chat room are not happy and he employers are also unhappy. The paper advises Jez, Rob, the magazine, the chat room users and the employers. The paper then considers a second issue where a company with a similar name wish to set up a domain and take action against the magazine company who have a very similar domain name. The case is written with reference to English law and cases are cited throughout. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Sexual Discrimination, European Union and English Laws

    This 14 page paper considers the development of sex discrimination legislation in England, how it has developed, the way it impacts on employers, employees, management and unions and its’ limitations. Numerous cases are cites to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Florida Virtual School

    This 3 page paper reports some facts about this school, the first statewide virtual school in the nation. Funding and staffing are reported as are the mission and purpose of the school. The writer comments on the different operational structure for this school and reports the latest addition, a comprehensive analysis system. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Tempest as a Reflection of the Life and Times of William Shakespeare

    An 8 page paper which examines how “The Tempest” reflects Shakespeare’s life, specifically, in terms of people, events, places, prevalent social system, and educational opportunities. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Systems versus Enterprise Architecture

    A 6 page research paper that, first of all, offers a 2 page summary that differentiates systems architecture from enterprise architecture. Then, the writer summarizes the content of 2 web sites and 1 journal article. The final page offer findings and conclusions. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Peoria and Water

    A 3 page research paper that looks specifically at the water system in Peoria, Illinois and how it has been deprivatized. However, the writer also discusses broader issues that affect the American water supply. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Privacy Concerns and Information System Usage

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of individual use of information systems. In particular, a manager's perspective is taken on matters such an internet usage and email monitoring. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • Task Management Monitoring and Standards

    This 12 page paper considers the importance of standard setting and performance monitoring on task management and the success of a company. The first part of the paper examines the use of standards and how these are important with introducing any task management system, a example is used to demonstrate how lack of standard setting increases the chances of failure. The second part of the paper then considers tools that may be used to monitor task management, the example used is that of the balanced scorecard. The bibliography sites 11 sources. 12

  • Operations Management; Principle Healthcare Case Study

    This 16 page paper looks at a company (Principle Healthcare) and considers different aspects of operations management. The first questions deals with the way the operational strategy goals and the strategy realized may have some gaps. The second part of the paper considers forecasting and the firm's web site, the third questions considers supply chain management and the last questions looks at theories that may help with improvements in the firm, the theory of constraints and pull systems on inventory management are discussed. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Cell Phone Technology

    This 6 page paper discusses how cell phones work. It also touches briefly on their history, and the system that is now used most frequently. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Human Digestive System

    A 7 page review of the human digestive system. This paper provides a look at the mechanical and chemical components of digestion. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of the Central Nervous System

    This power point presentation includes six slides and two pages of speaker notes on the central nervous system, complete with diagrams. Please contact the company to ensure that the PowerPoint file is sent: MHcennersy.doc Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Systematic Approach To Managing OHS - BSBOHS401B

    This 3 page paper looks at what is meant by a systematic approach to occupational health and safety and how it may be supported through planning and management systems and approaches. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Tax Reduction and Economic Systems

    This 5 page paper is written in two parts. The first part looks at the vehicles that may be used to reduce, income, capital gains and estate tax. The second part of the paper defines and explains the concepts of an open and a closed economy. Examples of both types of systems are discussed. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Epidemiology of Tay Sachs Disease

    A 4 page discussion of the epidemiology and testing mechanisms which are available for this autosomal recessive genetic mutation. The disease is characterized by severe degeneration of the Central Nervous System, a degeneration which most often manifests prior to the age of three but which can also be characterized by later onset. Testing to identify carriers of this disease is critical. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jobs and Stress

    This 14 page paper considers the way in which stress has become a focal point in the workplace and how employers are dealing with the apparent increases in stress levels. The paper looks at how developments have taken place and the role of counselling as a central tool in the systems that have been put in place to develop stress management. Examples are given to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 14 sources.

  • Forensic Pathology Of Sudden Unexplained Death

    8 pages in length. Death of any origin requires a legal certificate that denotes the cause of demise, however, the reason for a death that is sudden and unexpected can keep prevent that cause field on the certificate blank for many months. Determining cause of death in this instance - which is defined as "those that do not result from a diagnosed terminal illness or other debilitating or deteriorating illness or condition where death is anticipated (natural death) unless the illness or condition is the result of an injury, whether intentional or not" (Washington State Department of Health, 2005) is the task of forensic pathologists who are not only trained in identifying the nature of disease and injury but also the "mechanisms of sudden death and subtle forms of homicide" (Washington State Department of Health, 2005). The criminal nature of forensic pathology provides the conduit between difficult police investigations and an appropriate criminal justice outcome. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Software Design Systems Analysis and Ethics

    A 3 page research paper/essay that considers ethics in regards to systems analysis and software design and IT in general. The writer discusses viewpoints on ethical guidelines. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A New York City Subway System Social History

    This 6 page paper examines the social history of the subway. A great deal of anecdotes regarding the system is relayed. Specific information on size and condition is included as well. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Satellites: Contribution To Technology

    4 pages in length. The leaps and bounds of technological advancement created a wave of medical, military and space expansion throughout the twentieth century. Indeed, the extent to which satellites have improved man's ability to progress as a species is both grand and far-reaching; that such aspects as medical sensors, GPS systems and space exploration are direct results of such technology speaks to the integral nature of satellites to the human race, planet Earth and beyond. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Theoretical Overview of the Solar System

    An 8 page overview of our Solar System. The author reviews the theories relating to its origin and distinguishes between its major components, A distinction between planets, asteroids, and comets is provided and the theories regarding Pluto’s status as a terrestrial verses a Jovian planet discussed. Bibliography lists sources.

  • THE OORT CLOUD, KUIPER BELT AND UNDESTANDING OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM

    This 6-page paper discusses the Oort Cloud and Kuiper Belt, and the objects contained in these two regions of the solar system. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Tanks but No Tanks

    This 3 page paper argues that Secretary of Defense Gates was correct to cancel the vehicle portion of the future combat system program. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Information Technology Security, Web Services and Database Management Systems

    This 14 page paper is written in three parts. Each part of the paper looks at a different type of technology, outlining the purpose and the motivation for it's' existence, how it functions, how it is used by organizations, the market and the way it may evolve in the future. The technologies discussed include information technology security, focusing on cryptography, web services and database management systems. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Technology In The Management Of Distribution Companies

    Technology has revolutionized the way in which distribution companies are able to operate. This 4 page paper looks at the way in which some aspects of technology are currently impacting on the distribution and logistics industry, considering the benefits and difficulties of a present, and considers how they may develop in the future. The technology discussed includes logistics software, satellite navigation systems and radio frequency identification (RFID). The bibliography cites to sources.

  • Disease Management/Hypertension

    A 9 page research paper that discusses disease management programs, with a focus on hypertension. To address the problem of hypertension, healthcare provider systems and health plans have turned to the strategies provided by disease management (DM) programs as a method for improving patient outcomes in hypertension management. This examination of DM programs in regards to hypertension seeks to evaluate DM as a tool for containing cost and ensuring quality in regards to control of this chronic condition. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Project Proposal; A New Computer System for a Retail Firm

    This 4 page paper is a project proposal for the implementation of an integrated computer system for a small chain of retail stores. The organizational situation is reviewed, objectives are identified and then the 9 knowledge areas of PMBOK are briefly considered. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • An Overview of Body Systems and Function

    This nine page paper is broken into nine specific sections covering the circulatory, respiratory, muscular, skeletal, nervous, endocrine, renal/urinary, digestive, and reproductive systems. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • The Respiratory System and Asthma

    This 5 page paper examines the condition of asthma as well as how the respiratory system functions under normal circumstances. Preventative treatments for the disease are explored. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Asthma and the Human Respiratory System

    A 6 page overview of the human respiratory system and how asthma can affect it. This paper explores options for the diagnosis and treatment of this complicated condition. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Just in Time Inventory Management at NUMMI

    This 3 page paper is written n two parts. The first part looks at NUMMI (New United Motor Manufacturing Inc., a strategy alliance between Toyota and GM, and looks at the way in which the firm managed stock, keeping it to a minimum and the way in which supplier relationships were managed to achieve this. The second part of the paper then looks at the importance of planning scheduling and logistics in just in time management systems. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Overview of Recidivism

    In 26 pages the author discusses the subject of recidivism, paying particular to recidivism among blacks in Baltimore, MD. 'The rate of recidivism is high when the problems of the incarcerated individual is not addressed properly. With the disproportionate number of Blacks arrested there is a high rate of recidivism in the Black criminal population of Baltimore, MD. The African-American is getting a bum rap. The criminal justice system gives minorities harsher treatment than others receive.' Bibliography lists 62 sources.

  • Factors One Should Consider When Establishing A Useful Management Accounting Information System

    This 5 page paper considers what factors need to be looked at before a company decides upon, and implements a new management accounting information system. Factors discussed include functionality, current and future information needs, the decision whether to buy or lease and influence and impact on employees. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Active Directory Plan

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of Active Directory Plan. Active Directory is a Microsoft directory service that first appeared in the Windows 2000 server. Active Directory is a database system that allows for the grouping of objects, including computers, users and shared folders. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Internal Audit in the Public Sector

    This 10 page paper considers different influences which will impact on the effectiveness of an internal audit in the public sector; factors discussed include the general accounting system in the public sector, internal controls, relationship with external audit, relationship with management and management support, regulations and standards, the qualifications and expertise of auditors, the way audit recommendations are implemented and the audit committee. The bibliography cites 14 sources.

  • Literature Review on Absenteeism

    An 8 page research paper that addresses the topic of chronic school absenteeism, that is, when a student misses more than 18 days of schools, which is a severe problem that is evident throughout the public school system and not just a phenomenon of the upper grades (Breaoen, 2007). This literature review examines what empirical literature conveys on the topic of elementary school absenteeism. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Emergence The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software by Steven Johnson

    A 5 page book review that offers a summation of the major points of Steven Johnson's text Emergence: The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software (2001). This is a fascinating book that offers its readers insight into the latest paradigm on how the natural world is organized. According to this radical perspective, complex adaptive systems (such as ant colonies-- or large cities) provide examples of complex order emerging from a series of small-scale interactions. No additional sources cited.

  • Catholic Italian Culture

    5 pages in length. The material and nonmaterial characteristics of the Italian population, which include their value systems and interests, are both wide and varied. The writer discusses family, religion and celebration as they relate to Catholic Italians. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Apple U Phoenix U Texas Health

    A 3 page paper that begins with a one-page sentence outline. The paper then discusses two training programs at Apple Company, training programs at UT Health Systems at Harris County Psychiatric Center, and training at the University of Phoenix. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Ecosystems of Brazil

    A 5 page overview of the tremendous ecologic value of the Brazilian ecosystems. Discusses the many threats to the sensitive ecologic balance of this system including deforestation, global warming, and slash and burn agriculture. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Biology from Philosophical Perspectives

    This 8 page paper relates the concept of the developmental challenge relative the philosophical perspectives on biology. In particular, this paper considers whether genic selectionists are guilty of ignoring the developmental process, and as a result, this paper outlines the developmental systems theory as a part of this argument. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Onset of the Depression

    An 11 page paper answering 8 questions about the origins of the Great Depression and whether the same events could happen today. Some questions ask for the writer's opinion, and that is reflected consistently in the message that we need less government, not more. The paper recommends that the salvation of Social Security could be that Congress is prevented from skimming off surpluses that should remain in the fund, while simultaneously implementing a different system based on the example of Singapore's Provident Fund in which individuals are required to contribute to accounts that they have responsibility for managing. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nanotechnology and Its' Use in the Human Body; It is Desirable or Ethical?

    Nanotechnology offers miniaturization of information systems and computing at the atomic level. With predictions of possible cures for cancer and other diseases comes the promise of enhanced physical and mental abilities. This 11 page paper discusses whether injecting nanotechnology into the body be acceptable, ethical or desirable, if long-term effects are not known. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Internet Security and Recent Developments

    This 4 page paper provides a great deal of Information on how to protect systems. Various products are discussed. The idea that perhaps the dangers are overblown is suggested. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparison of the German and British Corporate Governance Systems

    This 17 page paper looks at the concept and practice of corporate governance in the UK and Germany, contrasting and comparing the approaches, looking at the strengths and weaknesses associated with each corporate governance systems and how international managers may bridge the differences. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • The ITC eChoupal Initiative

    This 17 page paper is based on a Harvard Business School case study provided by the student. ITC have developed the eChoupal initiative, a system aimed at improving efficiency and value within the supply chain in a rural area of India. The paper looks at four issues; we objectives behind the initiative and the problems which were faced, the principles of supply chain management which present in the initiative, the ways in which value is created and whether or not the model of the eChoupal is transferable. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Employment Law of the UK and the Unfair Dismissal Concept

    This 22 page paper reports and explains unfair dismissal as outline in the Employment Rights Act 1996 and the Employment Rights Act 2002 and the changes made in the interim. There are any number of contexts for an unfair dismissal claim, for example, claims related to maternity leave or to trade union activities. Some of the multitude of Codes of Practice are discussed, such as those ACAS issued in 2000 regarding Disciplinary and Grievance Procedures. Many of the changes in the 2002 Act were actually enacted prior to this Act, such as the qualifying years of service for unfair dismissal claims and the increase in the maximum awards. Tribunal cases are used to illustrate why a tribunal may find the dismissal fair or unfair. Data regarding the number of cases going to tribunals are reported as a justification for changes in the procedures. The writer comments on whether the 2002 Act was more advantageous to the employer or the employee as compared to the 1996 Act and its subsequent revisions. Data are included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Family and Roman Law

    A 5 page paper which examines to what extent Roman families actually upheld, or contradicted, the laws of Rome concerning family. No sources cited: no bibliography due to the fact that the material was faxed in and offered no actual source.

  • EU and UK Law, the Individual, and Judicial Review

    This 9 page paper looks at judicial review and the position of the individual in the UK and the grounds on which a review may be granted. The paper then considers the position of the individual at EU level, arguing that the they have a greater level of access to the process at national rather than EU level. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • In Support of the 1996 Federal Stalking Law

    A 4 page paper which specifically examines how to keep from being victimized, relocation and other ways to make stalking targets feel safe, and discusses the seriousness of the crime of stalking. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Personal Jurisdiction Issues and Internet Business Websites

    This 6 page paper discusses the personal jurisdiction problems involved with business on the internet. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sexual Orientation Discrimination and Laws of the United Kingdom

    This 8 page paper considers the cases of R v Ministry of Defence ex parte Smith, [1996] IRLR 347 as well as Lustig-Prean and Beckett v United Kingdom (1999) [Application Nos 31417/96 and 32377/96] and compares the findings of the national court with that of the European court. These cases involved serving remembers of the armed forces that were administratively discharged as they were found to be homosexual. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Natural Law and Jeremy Bentham

    A ten page paper which looks at Jeremy Bentham's assertion that natural rights are mere rhetoric, with reference to the social and legislative definition of rights and to Bentham's moral philosophy in general. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Direct Effect Doctrine and European Union Law

    This 10 page paper is a critique of the doctrine of direct effect, what it is, where it is applicable and the contradictory nature of direct effect between vertical and horizontal impact of directives. The paper cites numerous cases. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • New York State's Surviving Spouse's Right of Election

    This 20 page paper provides an overview of the surviving spouse's right of election in New York State. The concept is discussed in general as well. Cases emanating from New York are cited. Several side issues, such as whether or not a gay partner is entitled to survivor benefits, and also how Medicaid fits into the picture, are also discussed. Recommendations are made. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Practices of Interrogation and Police Officers

    A 6 page paper which examines whether or not strong-armed tactics are necessary. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Manslaughter and Criminal Law

    This 7 page paper considers a case provided by the student and advises to potential defendants. The paper assesses the requirements of actus reus and mens rea that establishes the case of manslaughter is established and the defences of provocation and diminished responsibility. The second part of the paper concerns involuntary manslaughter and causing death by dangerous driving. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Mistakes in United Kingdom's Common Law

    This 6 page paper consider a case provided by the student where there is an agreement made an events such as common mistake, mistake regarding quality and potential frustration. The writer uses numerous cases in considering the outlined scenarios. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • UK Law and Duty to Care

    This 8 page paper considers the aspect of duty to care that was laid down by the case of Donoghue v Stevenson (1932), and considers the way in which the House of Lords made their decision in the case of X and others (minors) v Bedfordshire County Council (1995). The writer considers if the decision that was reached can be seen as beyond criticism. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • England and Property Law

    This 10 page paper deals with the section 2 of the Miscellneous PRovision Act of 1989 in England. Discussed also is the reform to the 1925 land act and why such reform was needed. Written in Chicago style with footnotes and bibliography. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Right to Light, Covenants, and Land Law in the United Kingdom

    This 9 page paper considers the enforceability of covenants in different situations and the right to light. The writer cites many relevant cases. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • United Kingdom Law and Nervous Shock or Psychological Harm Damage

    This 7 page paper considers the problem of claiming for psychological harm or psychiatric injuries. The writer uses relevant cases studies to consider how this has been viewed by the courts with issues such as duty of care, proximity and how foreseeable the event was. Cases include those concerning the Hillsborough disaster as well as the potential victims of CJD in human growth hormone treatment. Numerous cases are cited. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Article X, Section Four of the Homestead Protection Laws of Florida

    This 8 page paper considers the protection granted to homesteads under Article X section 4. The writer argues that the constitutional protection is providing immoral protection for individuals who are committing fraud and avoiding meeting their obligations. Numerous cases are cited to illustrate the points raised. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Individual States and Construction Law

    This 10 page report discusses the bidding process and how it relates to state governments’ building and construction processes. Comparisons are made between the states of Washington and Oregon -- states with a common border and similar climates, although the population of Washington is significantly larger than that of Oregon. As a point for a third comparison, the report also considers the state of Virginia -- a different coast, a much larger population, and a much smaller geographic region. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress

    This 6 page paper is a memo put together from material supplied by the student concerning a fictitious case where there is a potential claim for intentional infliction of emotional distress. The memo outlines the facts, considers the relevant legislation and cases including Christensen v. Superior Court (1991) and Saari v. Jongordon Corp. (1992).

  • Prostitution and Different Views

    A 5 page contention that the very act of making a particular activity illegal can create more problems than it solves. The author uses the issue of prostitution as an illustration of this contention, emphasizing that if the act was not illegal prostitution could be a positive means by which women could empower themselves and materially prosper by preying on the needs and desires of men. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Trade Restrictions and European Union Law

    This 10 page paper considers a case where the EU passes legislation on an industry to introduce quotas., and a blanket ban placed on goods by an EU country. The writer considers the grounds for any action and the role of judicial review where there is a case. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Disability and Recruitment Discrimination and Canadian Employment Law

    This 5 page paper considers the case of a blind job applicant for the position of sale representative. The writer considers the role of accommodation in the Human Rights Acts as well as in light of the Meiorin decision. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Employment Law in Canada

    This 5 page paper considers a case where a female and a male employee ore suspected of theft, yet only one is guilty. The supervisor also has unfounded suspicions. The paper is written as a memo advising the company how to proceed. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Abortion and the Law

    In 1973, Roe Versus Wade defined the parameters of legality for abortion as the first trimester of pregnancy. The decision was written by Justice Harry Blackmun and based on the rights of privacy. This 5 page paper explores a number of issues involved in helping the student to decide whether that decision was legally correct. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Footnotes are utilized.

  • Criminal Intent and Inter Vivos Trusts

    5 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses criminal intent and inter vivos trusts. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Law and Psychology

    This 8 page paper details the problems when the media run out of control and cause pre-trial damage to the defendant. The case of Sam Sheppard is profiled as well as several other lower profiled cases. Reasons for media bias are given. Conflict of First and Sixth amendments discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Legal Romanticism and Modernity Bonds

    An 18 page paper which discusses the relationship between Romanticism, modernity, and human law. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Law Cannot Alter Social Injustices in Harper Lee's 'To Kill a Mockingbird'

    A 5 page paper which discusses the book "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee, illustrating how it indicates that no law can truly change the social injustices experienced by those who are the victim of racism. Bibliography lists 2 additional sources.

  • Law and Tort Basics

    5 pages. This paper goes into detail on the legalities of torts, which are normally caused through negligence. Torts are considered an unintentional violation of another person's rights. This paper will explain torts fully and consider the implications and recourse citizens have in regard to torts. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Western Thought and Universal Law

    This 8 page paper presents the idea that Western thought is quite different from ideas found in the rest of the world. Hinduism is discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Tools to aid with Quality Implementations in a Home Care Agency to Help Reduce Fall Incident Rates

    This 10 page paper looks at tools which may be used to help reduce falls in patients of a homecare agency. The paper starts by looking at the tools that may be used in a partial manner to assess the risk to aid with interventions. The tools considered include the Hendrich II Fall Risk Model, the Downtown Fall Risk Tool and a CDC backed environmental assessment. The use of IT support is then considered, including the use of a balanced scorecard, management information systems and specialised applications. The paper then looks at the reasons for the use of benchmarking and milestones and considers how the plan fits in with the organizations mission and vision. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Quebec's Adult Education Provision

    A twelve page paper which looks at the development of adult educational provision in Canada with specific reference to Quebec; the dual system of school board and community education; the way in which the workfare and learnfare programmes have affected the training and employment figures in Quebec and the benefits which have been gained from the liaison between educational practitioners in Quebec and those from other countries in Europe and the Americas. Bibliography lists 11 sources

  • UNIX vs Windows In Terms of File Processing Functions

    Windows is said to give programmers certain advantages over UNIX, particularly in the area of usability. However, Kirch (1999) refutes this statement, stating that UNIX offers a GUI interface and all the Windows advantages. According to Kirch, the reason the myth lives on is an unsolved mystery since there is no evidence that programming in Windows is any different from programming in UNIX. However, there is evidence of differences in the file processing functions between the two products, which only proves, as in all things, each system has its advantages. Bibliography lists 4 sources. jvProcsg.rtf

  • Australia and Changing Laws on Rape

    A 3 page paper discussing the need for change in sentencing guidelines binding judges to impose minimum sentences in cases of rape. In 2001, two youths received only minor sentences for raping two schoolgirls at knifepoint. The sentences enraged the community, but it likely does more harm than good. In light of the very light sentences these youths received, they are likely to emerge from prison as very young, very angry men who see women as holding blame for their unfortunate lives, rather than being forced to take responsibility for their own actions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'Defenders of the Faith' and McCarthyism

    4 pages in length. Looking back at the social and political debacle of McCarthyism makes one consider just how far the "defenders of the faith" should be allowed to go to protect America's system of government? When one examines what, if any, limits should be placed upon the methods and actions taken against those who are perceived not to "believe as we do," it is important to consider the current state of foreign affairs and the extent to which America has been force to defend its very existence. McCarthyism represented a perceived threat to what it means to be an American; the devastating impact of recent terrorist activities against this country illustrates, by comparison, a decidedly more tangible threat that calls for drastic measures of protection. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Internet Congestion

    A 10 page paper discussing some of the ways it could be possible to reduce the increasing problem of Internet congestion. The paper discusses ISDN, ADSL, cable modem connection and DirecPC, but high-speed connections do little to ease congestion aside from perhaps allowing the user to spend less time to accomplish what he needs to do. Infrastructure needs to be shifted away from dependence on the circuit-switched voice system that existed long before most could conceive of computers. To accomplish that shift, it would be beneficial to look at IP telephony more as a method of data transmission rather than simply a low-cost alternative to conventional telephone service. In the meantime, the combination of the cable modem and the virtual private network appears to be a workable way of easing Internet congestion using available technology that could be implemented right away. The Internet is doubling every nine months, and there is little space for esoteric theorization without first ensuring that progress is made in practical areas. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • International Business and the Importance of Training and Development

    An 8 page paper discussing training options and problems in several countries, and some of the considerations that need to be made in assessing that training. It should be judged in a value-based system that takes into account cultural differences. Not to say that there ever should be different levels of performance accepted because of cultural differences, but assessment needs to allow for differing cultural views—Southeast Asian countries may think us strange yet understand what we see as standard practice on the basis of long-standing relationships, while the countries of the emerging market of Africa simply see us as strange. Goals will necessarily require more time in those areas as both sides reach understanding about the basic beliefs and assumptions of the other. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Global Capitalism And Standard Requirement Issues

    5 pages in length. As multinational and global capitalism continues to develop, various global systems will become increasingly essential to its orderly progression. In order to meet these specific needs, it will become necessary to reorganize the manner by which many global standards address certain criteria with regard to structural content. The writer discusses how such global standards as currency, accounting, labor, corporate formation and the stock exchange represent integral components in the overall aspect of orderly progression; if not properly engaged, the concepts of multinational and global capitalism will not reach their full potential. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • High Tech Industry and Failure of the Free Market

    An 8 page paper discussing the superficial "failure" of the free market concerning activity relative to US technological industries. The free market system has not "failed" those industries, but rather has been prevented from operating within them. The state of the US supercomputer industry provides an example of how protectionist trade policies have stifled competition and served to keep prices within the US artificially high. That we need new industrial policy concerning high-tech is certain. Also certain is that any such new policy needs to allow high-tech industries to operate under market forces. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Business Information Systems and Emerging Trends

    This 5 page report discusses the emerging trends being seen as 1998 winds to a close. Four high profile and cutting edge topics are briefly discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Continuing Evolution of Advanced Practice Nursing

    A 10 page paper discussing the continuing evolution of advanced practice nursing and the resistance it receives from physician groups. Nurse practitioners and other advanced practice nurses have filled significant roles in US health care for years. They have legal rights and the technical expertise to take on much of the burden of providing direct health care services, generally under the supervision of an MD. This advanced practice niche is a hybrid position arising from increasing pressures on the still-evolving health care American health care system; it is a position respected in the profession and welcomed by patients. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • History of American Currency

    A 5 page paper discussing the development of the current US system of currency and legal tender. In Colonial days, the formal currency was that of Britain and was based on silver. The shortage of silver combined with the need to trade with the native Americans who preferred wampum resulted in wampum being the currency of choice for decades until a New Jersey factory became so efficient in its production that it became hyperinflated. The paper discusses the influences of greenbacks and the role filled by the 1848 California gold rush in directing the US away from bimetallism and toward a gold standard, which eventually was abandoned in the 1930s. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Legal Interpretation

    This 6 page paper explores several theories of law and concludes that originalism is the only valid way to interpret law in the United States. The 1931 McBoyle v. United States is used to begin the discussion. Scalia's opinions are duly noted. Textualism is discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Corrections, Policing, and Women

    In 7 pages the author discusses women in law enforcement and corrections, while paying particular attention to the history of women in the field, cases of women fighting to be in corrections, the name of the first women getting into law enforcement, problems encountered by women while in training and on the force. Women that have entered this field have encountered similar problems across the nation. It has been a widespread occurrence. Free outline included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Equality, Women, and Policing

    A 5 page overview of women in law enforcement. Points out that some women have succeeded in law enforcement careers but almost inevitably they acknowledge the existence of sexual discrimination. Concludes that many times women feel that they have to simply deal with discrimination in order to keep their jobs. Suggests that much more than women's moral is at stake in the issue of sexual discrimination. Recommends methods for improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Failures of Intent and 1996's Telecom Act

    This 6 page paper outlines the law and explores legislation prompted by its existence. Failures of the act's intent are noted and the focus is on the major portion of the law which attempts to deregulate the industry and inspire competition and lower prices. Also included is a portion on the Communications Decency Act which is part of the 1996 legislation. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Recidivism and Sexual Offenders

    This 9 page paper examines the problem of sex crimes and recidivism. It suggests that laws like Jessica's Law have been largely unsuccessful in preventing recidivism and that more steps need to be taken to understand why sexual predators commit their crime and what should be done to stop them. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Law, Genetics, and Insurance Testing

    A 15 page research paper that examines the law concerning genetic testing and whether or not health insurers can use test results that show that an individual has a genetic tendency towards a disease as grounds for canceling or not providing coverage. The writer particularly focuses on the comprehensive law enacted by the state of New Jersey. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • English Law, Corporate Identity, and the Doctrine of Separate Corporate Personality

    This 7 page paper looks at the concept of the separate corporate identity under English law. The paper is written in two parts. The first part critically discusses the nature and significance of the doctrine of separate corporate personality and considers how it is applied. The second part of the paper assess the situations where the doctrine of separate corporate personality may not be applied with reference to case law and statutory examples. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • The Nature and Purpose of Criminal Law

    This 4 page paper discusses criminal law; its functions; its sources; and how criminal responsibility can be limited. It also touches very briefly on the constitutional safeguards that limit the exercise of criminal law. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Terrorism and Wartime criminal law

    An 8 page research paper that discusses crime and criminal law in general and then focuses on terrorism and changes in constitutional law, arguing that this is not a good idea. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Law as a Social Engineering Tool

    This 3 page paper considers how the law may be used as a tool for social engineering. The writer looks at the way it may have direct and indirect effect and ends by proposing a law with the aim of social engineering. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Cybercrime

    This 8 page paper considers the increase in the use fo the internet and cybercrime and the way that the Computer Misuse Act 1990 may be used it dealing with different cybercrimes such as cyberobscenity, cybertrespass, cybertheft and cyberviolence which can include cyberstalking. The paper looks at what the Computer Misuse Act 1990 will cover and how it may be possible to improve the legislation and enforcement of the law concerning cybercrime. The paper is written with reference to UK law. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Community Notification on Reported Sex Offenders

    This 15 page paper evaluates the problem of sex offenders that are released into the community. Megan's law along with similar legislation is discussed in depth. The problem of impinging on offenders' rights, as well as these laws having the opposite of the intended effect, are issues included. Statistics regarding recidivism are relayed. The paper supports community notification despite some arguments made to the contrary . Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • United Kingdom Business and Environmental Issues

    This 19 page paper looks at different aspects of environmental controls and environment law and the impact they have on business. The paper has five sections; Planning decisions, environmental statute law, environmental audits, the UK Environmental Protect Act 1990 and the use of HAZOP. Each section outlines the issues and discusses the implications on business. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Business under Islamic Law

    This 8 paper looks at the way Sharia law impacts on business. Written in three parts the first part looks at the general influences, the second part looks at how bonds, or sukuk, are issues and the last part at the way sukuk is perceived under Islamic law. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • U.S. Legal Questions on Estates, Wills, and Contract Law Answered

    This 5 page paper gives a series of short answers to questions about US law, including contract law and that of wills and estates. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • The Right to Die as a Legal Issue

    A 3 page research paper that briefly relates case law pertaining to the right to die. The writer summarizes the cases of Cruzan v. Director, Vacco v. Quill, and Washington v. Glucksburg and then discussed the law regarding withdrawal of treatment from babies suffering from disability. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Brazilian Rubber Plantation and Estates Ltd [1911] 1 Ch 425 and United Kingdom Company Law

    This 5 page paper considers this land mark case, the principles it set in common law and how this may be interpreted in relationship to modern company law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • 2 Questions on English Company Law and Trust Law Answered

    This 7 page English law paper answers two questions set by the student. The first looks initially at how the draft charities bill presented to parliament in the 2004/5 session failed to make any headway on the definition of what a charity is and the looks at the points of law in the case of Twinsectra v. Yardley [2002] 2 AC 164. The second part of the paper examines the status of pre-incorporation contracts and when they may be enforced and when they may be voided. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • English Law and Directors' Duties

    In March 1998, the DTI launched a long-term fundamental review of core company law. As part of their inquiry the Review carried out a major analysis of the role and function of directors. The Government believes that the statutory statement of directors' general duties is of fundamental importance as it codifies the principal duties of companies directors. This 11 page paper discusses this statement with reference to decided UK cases, legislation and academic views and briefly describe the background to the Company Law Reform Bill. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Law Enforcement and OSHA Regulations Occupational Health and Safety (OSHA) Regulations and Law Enforcement

    This 10 page report discusses OSHA regulations and their impact on law enforcement agencies. The OSHA standard is primarily intended for workers in danger of exposure to bodily fluids that may carry dangerous pathogens and was originally created in concern for health care and sanitation workers. It is important to remember, that law enforcement officers are every bit as likely as health care workers to be exposed to situations where they too may be affected and infected by life-threatening disease, in fact, in many instances they are far more likely to be exposed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Goods, Free Movement, and European Union Law

    This 6 page paper considers the free movement of goods in the European Union. The writer looks at a case where an exporter is facing problems with national laws, such as quality, additives, morality and advertising are all seen to create barriers to trade. The writer examines the position using Articles 28 – 30 and extensive case law, including the Cassis de Dijon case. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Law Enforcement Technology in the 21st Century

    This 6 page paper discusses some of the latest advances in law enforcement technology, and what they mean to the future of law enforcement. It also discusses the possibility that such technologies can be misused. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Impact of Women in Law Enforcement

    In six pages this paper examines this topic in an overview that considers how the law enforcement profession has changed within the past three decades, how this has changed the community image of law enforcement, how fellow officers and deputies view the pros and cons of women officers, discusses possible preferential treatment and promotions, whether or not there is still ‘a glass ceiling,’ and what the future holds in store. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Treatment of the Unborn Child, Surrogacy Laws, and Abortion

    This 5 page paper discusses the following statement and finds in its’ favour, “What the practices of surrogacy and abortion have in common is that they show a profound disrespect for human life in its earliest stages. The law, by endorsing such practices, has promoted and indeed legitimated this disrespect”. The paper is written with reference to English law. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Free Black Men and the Reconstruction in South Carolina

    8 pages in length. When the Reconstruction Period arrived, it looked as though blacks of South Carolina were going to gain even more rights alongside the emancipation that had already taken place; however, it actually proved to represent a time of much disappointment for many. The writer discusses the fact that it was not so much that laws were not in place as a means by which to protect blacks from the injustices once faced, but those laws were often ignored by the whites. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Equal Pay

    This 8 page paper looks at issues concerning equal pay under English law. The paper considers the case of a woman who is paid less than several men performing the same or similar tasks, including her predecessor, someone working in a different location, someone in the same location but a different office and a former manager who has a salary that is ‘red circled’. The paper demonstrates the application of equal pay legislation and case law and applies it to the case provided by the student. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Telecommunications, Technology, and Law

    A 6 page paper discussing some of the ways that technology drives law within telecommunications. As technologies continue to converge, the need for new laws with different perspectives emerges. The paper discusses Internet privacy, wireless formats and cable involvement in the industry. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Law and the Views of Karl Marx

    This 8 page paper examines the way in which Marx views law and whether or not it is applicable in today's society. Contemporary American society is evaluated in light of Marxism. It is suggested that while Marx was correct analytically, his view of the law is not practical. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Letter of the Law and Freedom of Speech

    This 3 page paper argues that the intent of the freedom of speech laws is more important than the letter of the law. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Non Smoking Workplace Law in New York

    This 4 page paper presents both sides of this highly controversial law. The law requires that smoking be banned from all public places, and this has resulted in very divergent opinions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • European Union Law and the Direct Effect Concept

    The notion of the effectiveness of European Community law has been developed by the European Courts of Justice (ECJ)into an obligation on national courts to ensure that they give adequate effect to EC in cases arising before them. This 8 page paper examines the way in which the “direct effect” concept has been applied by the ECJ, and contrasts its’ effectiveness with any alternative way of enforcing EC law. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Racial Equality and Tort Law

    A 4 page paper discussing the progress of racial equality over the past century as it applies to tort law. Beginning with Justice Harlan’s dissent in the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson and continuing to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the paper discusses the ineffectiveness of tort law before the mid-1960s. America still has not achieved full equality, but the tort possibilities introduced with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 have provided a means by which it can continue to be promoted. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • UK Law and Sea Carriage of Dangerous Goods

    This 14 page paper considers the carriage of dangerous goods by sea and how this is covered under UK law. The paper begins with general shipping law and liabilities and then looks to specific allowances for dangerous goods. The paper includes issues such as the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and the Hague-Visby Rules. The bibliography cites 21 sources.

  • Maintaining Order Through Law

    This 8 page paper acknowledges that the primary goal of law is to maintain order. The paper then considers the argument that there are other ways of maintaining order. Issues such as magic, beliefs, natural law, justice, process, gender and equality are all considered within this context. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Natural Law and How It Developed

    A 3 page paper that begins with a definition of natural law. The writer then explores thoughts on natural law from Socrates, Plato, St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Drug Law Philosoophy

    A 4 page discussion of the efficiency and benefits of drug laws. This paper explores the contemporary argument that drug laws are not only effective but deleterious in terms of their overall impact to society. The work of Plato, Socrates, and Machiavelli are looked to to support this contention. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Law and Confidentiality

    This 8 page paper considers UK medical law and the issue of confidentiality and recent developments it the law. The paper starts with an expansion of past statutes and outlines the circumstances under which confidence can be breached and then looks at the impact that may be seen with the Hunan Rights Act, specifically article 8. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Injury and Safety Impacts of Bicycle Helmet Laws

    A 6 page reviews of the history and impact of laws mandating the use of helmets for bicyclists. Bicycle helmet laws are quite controversial not only within the U.S. but also in other areas of the world (especially in Australia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, and New Zealand) where they have been implemented. Many debate the quest of just how effective they are in improving safety and reducing injuries. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Abortion Law in the UK and the Human Rights Act Impact

    This 6 page paper considers the way in which the Human Rights Act may impact on abortion law in the UK. The paper considers the conflicting aspects of the right to life as well as the right to equality and the right to autonomy. The paper uses both UK and European case law to consider the potential impact of the act. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Law, Genetics, and Insurance Testing

    A 15 page research paper that examines the law concerning genetic testing and whether or not health insurers can use test results that show that an individual has a genetic tendency towards a disease as grounds for canceling or not providing coverage. The writer particularly focuses on the comprehensive law enacted by the state of New Jersey. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Citizenship Understanding and Naturalization Laws

    This 12 page paper discusses the naturalization laws of various countries and how those laws reveal the value which is placed upon citizenship. This paper shows that different countries have different naturalization requirements, and therefore each highlights their own ideas about what a citizen should offer to society. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Comparisons Between Biometrics and Electronic Access Security Systems

    This 20-page paper provides a comparison between biometric and electronic access control security systems. Discussions include types of systems that fit into each category as well as industries in which this type of technology might be seen. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Social Security System and Its Impacts

    A 3 page review of the history of the Social Security System. The author emphasizes that while the system has proven invaluable to some of the less fortunate of our society, it has proven to be a chain and ball for those that continue to struggle to make the ends meet.

  • Technology and the Criminal Justice System

    In six pages this paper examines the impact of technology on the criminal justice system an overview of biometric identification, fingerprinting, palm printing, DNA analysis, and intra-agency databases, their advantages and disadvantages, and also assesses the effects these technological advancements have had on the criminal justice system as well as its impact upon the constitutional rights of the accused. Seven sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Accounting and Financials As They Involve Islamic Banking

    This 26-page paper describes the Islam economic system, how banks and financial institutions operate in this system, and the accounting procedures used under Islam economics. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Opportunities To Create Value From Explicit Knowledge In A School ITC System

    Many schools are using the ITC systems. This three-page paper considers the way that the explicit knowledge which is held within the system may be utilised in order to add value to the way in which school is run. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • International Accounting Convergence; IFRS and US GAAP

    This 6 page paper examines the potential of international accounting standards considering the advantages and disadvantages of harmonisation and the specific challenges and barriers that exist preventing the US from adopting International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The paper start of a general overview of the implications for harmonisation and then considers the specific difficulties the US would face moving from a rules-based system to a principles-based system. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Technology at Shell

    This 5 page paper examines the use of different types of technology and information systems art Shell, the paper starts by looking at the technology in developing creative thinking at managerial level, the paper then moves on to look at information systems and technology used in the oil drilling aspects of the business. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Leading Plastics Injection Molding Company

    A 4 page paper that discusses some of Riordan's operational business systems using documents written about this privately held company. The writer makes recommendations for improving some of those systems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Structural Inequality And Diversity

    This 25 page paper is comprised of two parts. The major portion discusses the history of structural inequality, how systems of oppression and inequality are created and perpetuated, the systemic nature of inequality, and the value of diversity. The second and shorter part of the paper discusses structural inequality and communication skills. In this section, the writer focuses on the education system. Numerous examples are provided throughout the paper as are statistical data when available. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • The Use of Databases in a Typical Organization

    This 5 page paper starts by defining what is meant by a database and a database management system. The paper then looks at how a database is used in a typical organization; the example discussed has an Oracle database system. The way it is used and managed is outlined. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Systems Management, Human Relations, and Scientific Management Styles

    A 4 page paper that describes and explains three management styles: scientific, human relations and systems management. The writer ends by commenting on the management style that is appropriate for the criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Decision Support Systems

    This 4 page paper explains what is meant by Decision Support Systems (DSS) as well as why and how they are used. Examples of systems are given to illustrate the facts presented.

  • How Decisions Are Made

    This 8 page paper considers the process that is undertaken when a decision in made. The different types of decision, such as operational, managerial and strategic are examined and models, such as Simon (1977). The paper then considers the role of management support systems (MSS) and decision support systems (DSS). The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Mobile Telephone Company and a Decision Support System

    This 5 page paper relates the development of an Internet-based Decision Support System (DSS) for a mobile telephone company, which requires an understanding of the methods for the development of this kind of system and the elements that make a “good” online DSS. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Health and Safety and the Workers Compensation Scheme in New Zealand

    This 10 page paper examines the legislation and regulation of health and safety in the workplace in New Zealand. The workers compensation system administered by the ACC, put in place under health and safety legislation, with the aim of reducing risk in the work place as well as compensating sufferers of occupational injury or disease is discussed and the basis of the system, which has its' basis in the Woodhouse Report, is discussed with the principles used compared to the Meredith Principles. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • The October 2007 Ontario Election: A View of Electoral Reform

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the proposed electoral reform measure, which was based on the desire of some to move from a First-Past-the-Post (FPTP) voting system to a mixed member proportional representation system (MMP). Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Questions on Electrical Engineering

    A 3 page answer to 2 questions: (1) Indicate recent trends and future challenges of these fields: Novel RF Concepts; Ultra High Frequency Integrated Multi-Antenna Wireless Systems; and Fundamentals of Communication Circuits and Systems; and (2) Application of Meso-optics in Photonics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • ERP, CRM, and KM Solutions for Patton Fuller Community Hospital

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of IT systems at Patton Fuller. ERP, CRM, and KM solutions are proposed and current systems are analyzed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Digital Techniques for the Compression of Images

    This 15 page report discusses the fact that, currently, JPEG is still the most common way of storing and exchanging still-photograph image information. However, fractal compression, wavelets, progressive decompression, bandwidth availability, are considerations, as is the ultimate application of the various image compression tools. The best compression techniques all lessen overall storage density and transmission bandwidth for still and video images, both within a system and between systems. Therefore, new solutions are being (and have been) actively sought. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Fuzzy Logic Controllers (FLC) In Computer Systems

    This 9 page paper examines the use of fuzzy logic in computer systems with special attention its use with fuzzy logic controllers (FLC). The development of fuzzy logic is shown with a three stage model and the value of neural networks to help system learning is discussed. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Creating Value with ERP Enterprise Resource Planning

    (ERP)is becoming more popular, this 17 page paper considers how ERP may be used to create value and why it may sometimes fail. The paper starts by looking at the reasons firms may choose to migrate to an ERP system, the benefits of that system and the potential. The paper then looks at the way the implementation should be managed before considering the way in which a bank has used ERP to create value. The bibliography cites 19 sources.

  • eCommerce Systems Development Plan

    This 25 page paper looks at how a company can plan for the introduction of an e-commerce system. Using an example company that already has a marketing presence on the internet the paper consider how the current resources and future goals of the company should be used to develop a e-commerce strategy and develop a suitable system. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • File Access Security Systems of UNIX

    A 10 page paper discussing the file access security systems of Unix. The paper discusses the file permission system, as well as Kerberos and the kernel. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Includes 2 tables and a figure

  • Creating Financial Sustainability Poor Nations

    This 14 page paper considers the way in which developing countries in Africa and Asia are seeking to create financial sustainability in the healthcare systems, and considers the influence and impact of fee based service provision on the accessibility and equity of the systems. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Kudler Performance Appraisal

    A 4 page paper devising a performance appraisal system for Kudler. The system provides weighting for various positions within the company. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Assessment and Needs for the Sales and Marketing Systems at Riordan

    This 3 page paper looks at the fictitious case of Riordan, and assesses the existing sales and marketing system, the requirements for the new system given the target to increase sales to $50 million a year. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Dealing with Disaster using Computer Networks

    An 8 page overview of system design which could be critical in times of warfare or natural disaster. The author emphasizes that infrastructural aspects of a network must be in place prior to the eruption of a disaster. The primary consideration for system design is the ability to handle increased network traffic, a consideration which can be accomplished in a number of ways but which would most efficiently be accomplished utilizing Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM). Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Achieving Equity in the Taxation System

    This 12 page paper considers reforms to a taxation system to increase the tax paid by high earners by closing numerous loopholes and tax benefits and using the proceeds to reduce the income tax rate for low earners. The proposal is considered in the context of fairness and equity, looking at the way in which Adam Smith believed a taxation system should operate and considering the concept of horizontal equity and vertical equity. The bibliography cites 14 sources.

  • Hydronic Systems and Heating Loads

    A 5 page paper discussing the benefits of boiler-based heating systems for various types of heat loads. In years past, the boiler system was considered to be most useful in only large commercial applications, but it quickly is becoming standard in residential and light industrial use as well. The paper discusses some of the theoretical (i.e., Newtonian) underpinnings of hydronic operation as well as the fluid mechanics aspects. No equations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Comparison Between the iPhone and Google’s Android Operating Systems

    This 3 page paper looks at the two dominant operating systems used in cellular telephones; Android and the iPhone OS. The two operating systems are compared and contrasted, looking at how they operate and what they can and cannot do. The paper gives a good general overview. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Should the US Adopt a Universal Healthcare System?

    This 5 page paper is an argumentative paper on the topic of whether or not the United States should adopt universal healthcare system similar to those found in countries such as Canada, New Zealand and the UK. The paper looks at the arguments for and against the adoption of universal healthcare system including issues such as cost and quality of care, and finishes with a conclusion in favor of universal healthcare. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Organizational Learning

    A 5 page paper discussing organizational learning within the concept of the organization as a "brain" in which many bits of information are stored. These bits must be retrievable to be useable, indicating the need for a central repository system (i.e., accessible information systems). Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Architecture of Information Systems

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of information systems architecture. Fundamental principles of sound system design and management are examined. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Information Management at Sony

    This 11 page paper looks at the use of information management systems by Sony. The paper examines the company background before looking at the way information is used, including management information systems and the creation of a division to deal specifically with information issues. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Nigeria, the Unites States and ATC Systems

    A 5 page research paper that examines and compares the air traffic control systems of the US and Nigeria, in that Nigeria is part of the overall problem of insufficient ATC systems for African airspace. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Hospital Information Systems and Inventory Process

    A 4 page review of an article published in the December 2003 edition of “Hospital Materials Management” concerning an automated inventory system. This paper recounts the benefits of such systems and notes their growing acceptance through many business arenas. No additional sources listed.

  • Hospital Information Systems

    A 3 page research paper that, first of all, summarizes how the implementation of a computerized information system aided patient care in an upstate New York hospital. Then, the writer discusses how implementation of a similar system might benefit the student's own healthcare institution. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Gifted Child Education

    An 8 page paper that examines the issue of adequately educating the gifted child and the educational systems and models that have been developed in this capacity. Discussed are the Structure of Intellect System, or SOI, the Enrichment Matrix Model, and the Cognitive-Affective Interaction Model. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Nursing Economics/ Fiscal Realities

    A 3 page research paper that looks at several economic factors affecting American healthcare. The writer argues that the American healthcare system is in crisis. There are numerous economic issues that currently plague the nation's healthcare system and consequently seriously impact nursing. Examination of even of few of these issues points toward the serious need for healthcare reform. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Solutions to System Security Issues

    11 pages in length. System security has become increasingly more important within the past several years, inasmuch as new and innovative methods have been developed in order to breach well-tested protective measures. That hackers can readily infiltrate any given company's entire computer system with the intent to destroy data is more than enough reason to augment security measures. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Fire Sprinkler Systems in Homes

    This 5 page paper looks at domestic fire sprinkler systems. The potential life saving ability of these systems as tools with which to fight fire has long been established, but misconceptions and no active encouragement has meant that they have not been as popular as they should have been. This paper considers their role, cost, installation as well as correcting some misconceptions. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Foster Care Changes

    A 6 page paper on changes taking place in the foster care system, how it has failed kids in the past, how changes are concentrating on getting kids out of the system and either back home or up for adoption within 1 year. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Two Party Political System in the United States

    A 5 page review of the stability and instability of the United States’ two-party political system. Offers three factors as an explanations for the continuity of this system over time. these factors are economic, societal and issue-related. Draws heavily on the authors James L. Sundquist and Thomas Ferguson to explain these factors. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Legal and Medical Issues Associated with a Patient's 'Right to Die'

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the medical and legal issues involved with a patient’s “right to die”. The “right to die” for a patient has long been considered an ethical issue and was not considered feasible until modern medicine and laws allowed for the possibility of patients to consider physician assisted suicide. Supporters of physician assisted suicide believe that patients have the right to make their own informed decisions about their medical treatment which may include physician assisted suicide if they are suffering and have a terminal illness. Opponents believe that to legally allow for physician assisted suicide begins the path down a slippery slope and in cases where comatose patients are considered does not protect the most vulnerable members of society when family members and physicians decide their fate where other factors not for the sake of the patient, such as financial concerns, are weighed against what is considered an acceptable level of life. Physician assisted suicide does exist however and in all cases, several issues must be addressed to respect the patient’s medical options, informed decision making, psychological well being, and in some cases the right to chose death over circumstance which should not be denied by the courts. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Production Evolution and Industrialism

    5 pages in length. One of the most remarkable changes that took place during the first half of the nineteenth century was the shift from an artisan-based system of production to one that was grounded in an industrial system. It can readily be argued that the forces which served to motivate the growth of industrialism were rumbling for quite a while just under the surface of craftsmen who believed their trade work should not be handed out to untrained and unqualified workers. This inevitable shift to industrialism meant positive advancement for journeymen and master craftsmen, in that they were finally supported by a protective entity that came in the form of a labor union. The response that workers and reformers demonstrated to this change was, indeed, extreme to some extent; however, it could have been no other way inasmuch as they were up against an increasingly industrialized society of large corporations, as well as the overwhelming growth of mass production. The writer discusses this transformation from artisan-based production to industrial-based production. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Implementing an eBusiness Solution

    This 22 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. Xtra is a fictitious firm selling Hollywood memorabilia which needs to introduce a new e-business system. The paper is divided into 5 sections looking at different elements of the implementation. The first section considers the requirements and constraints for the system; the second section looks at issues concerning implementation, including resources and timing of the implementation. The third section looks at how leadership should be undertaken. The forth section discusses the way the change should be managed by looking at potential barriers and the use of communication. The last section looks at the value and potential use of mentoring and coaching for the implementation. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Decision Making in Schools and Information Technology's Uses

    This 47 page paper is a full length dissertation examining the use of information technology and computer systems to help with decision making. The paper starts with an introduction, considering why this is an important issue and outlining the rest of the paper. The next section is a comprehensive literature review which looks at theories concerning decisions making, barriers to decision making and management systems designed to all technology to help with decision making. The paper then outlines the methodology for primary research using a case study school and presents some findings along with a discussion relating the findings to the literature review. The paper ends with some conclusions and recommendations. The bibliography cites 25 sources.

  • Proposal of a Flat Tax

    A 7 page paper discussing the flat tax proposal for replacing the current tax code. Former congressman Dick Armey (R-Texas) was and likely remains the leading proponent of abandoning the current tax system in favor of a flat tax on income. Armey's tax return would require the use of a 10-line postcard only; everyone would pay a flat tax rate of 17 percent, and a family of four with a $36,000 income would pay nothing at all. This is a scenario far removed from the current system, of course. Those who can least afford to pay taxes manage to pay a greater proportional share after those with greater means take advantage of the deductions and exclusions not available to lower-income groups. The purpose here is to investigate the flat tax. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Common Management Information Protocol and Simple Network Management Protocol

    This 17 page paper looks at Simple Network Management Protocol also known as SNMP and Common Management Information Protocol also known as CMIP are both alternatives that can be used in network management. Both of these systems have advantages and disadvantages. This paper considers why Simple Network Management Protocol is not the ideal system for network management and how Common Management Information Protocol may resolve many of these issue, but also has some additional problems, such as increase use of overhead resources and increased complexity and also