Research Papers on All Law & Legal Issues

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Business Contract Law - Case Study

    An 8 page paper based on a scenario provided by the student. The case involved thermostats. The company has exclusive distributor contracts in different countries for their Celsius thermostat with a faceplate instead of decals. A person representing himself as an exporter assures the thermostats will be going to the Middle East but they start showing up in the Netherlands undercutting that distributor. The essay discusses the elements of an enforceable contract, breach of contract, the facts of the case and how they relate to different legal issues, the value of oral agreements and more. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Contract Case Study; Creating New Clauses

    This 3 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student. There have been difficulties in a contract and the terms are being renegotiated. The paper suggests new clauses concerning the communication and reporting and the structure of the project. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • ALUMINA AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A CASE STUDY

    This 7-page paper provides an analysis on potential environmental litigation for Alumunia, a fictitious company facing alleged environmental complaints. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Alumina Case Study

    This 4 page paper considers the case of Alumina, this fictitious case supplied by the student, sees a company accused of contaminating a lake and causing a local girl to develop leukemia. The paper looks at the potential tort issues. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Employment Law and Employer Duties; A Case Study

    This 9 page paper looks at a case concerning English employment law and assesses three different scenarios. The first concerns the way that work conditions are provided with cramped conditions and glaring computer monitors. The second issue concerns vicarious liability of the employer for an employee who catapults scissors across a room and injures another employee. The last issue considered is a scenario where an employer writes a false reference. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • ALUMINA AND THE ENVIRONMENT: A LEGAL CASE STUDY

    This 6-page paper discusses legal options and principles that Alumina Inc. needs to determine in regards to a potential lawsuit. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Case of Misrepresentation under Australian Law

    This 6 page paper is based on Australian law, examining a case of potential misrepresentation and advising a consumer on their rights. The paper summarizes the facts of the case, looks at the relevant legal concepts and then discusses the application to the case study. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Summary of a Legal Scenario Involving Sexual Harassment

    This is a 3 page paper that provides a case study for sexual harassment law. Precedents are invoked to establish guilt and innocence in the case of Pollard v. Teddy's. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • Miranda Laws - When Are They Essential?

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of Miranda laws. It provides a hypothetical case study to address several conditions in which Miranda laws can be exempted, and when their administration is vital to a case. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Disparate Treatment and Raytheon Co. v. Hernandez

    This 5 page paper evaluates this case study regarding disparate treatment. The concept of disparate treatment is defined and discussed. Implications of the case are included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Contract Law in Canada

    This 11 page paper provides an evaluation of a case study based on questions pertinent to contract law. The cases are provided and then answered directly. No bibliography.

  • An Effective Closing Argument in a Death Penalty Case

    This 4 page paper examines a case study submitted by a student and presents an argument that a prosecutor might use to convict two men for the crime. The case involves cannibalism under unique circumstances. No bibliography.

  • Asserting a Claim under Contract Law - Australian Case Study

    This 3 page paper considers a case where an individual has been persuaded to move to Australia by being included in a will for a share of the property. The friendship subsequently dissolves. The paper examines the potential for a case to be brought under contract law to assert rights over the property.

  • FALWELL MOTORS CASE STUDY

    This 6-page paper focuses on legal issues faced by the fictitious Falwell Motors company. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • CASE STUDY: MEMPHIS FIRE DEPARTMENT

    This 4-page paper discusses affirmative action through the case study Firefighters Local 1784 v. Stotts. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • In the Matter of Annette B

    This 3 page paper examines this important case where parental rights were terminated. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Law Regarding Sado-Masochism and Homicide

    This 10 page paper explores an interesting case concerning Australian law. Should a husband be charged with homicide if an incident results in her ultimate demise? Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Legal Problem at Lead Balloon

    This 10 page paper is based on Australian law, looking at a case supplied by the student where several legal issues have arisen, including the formation of a pre-incorporation contract, the desire to get out of a post incorporation contract where the directors believe they can get a better deal and a potential liability for breach. Advice is given to the firm, citing relevant case law. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • A Case of Trademark Confusion

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the case of Checkpoint Systems, Inc. v. Check Point Software Technologies, Inc., in which claims are made regarding the application of the Lanham Act and the presence of trademark confusion. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • CASE STUDY: VIDDING: FREE EXPRESSION OR COPYRIGHT PIRACY?

    This 3-page paper discusses copyright laws pertaining to viding. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Singapore Contract Law

    This 8 page paper examines a contract law case posed by the student. A consumer makes a purchase by mail order, The goods sent differ to those ordered, and the seller refuses to accept them back. The paper examined the position of the seller and the consumers using case law and legislation. The paper is written with reference to Singapore law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Filling Court Dockets with Sexual Harassment Cases

    This well-written 5-page paper describes and compares two sexual harassment cases. It also defines what sexual harassment is and some of the criteria the Supreme Court uses to determine it’s validity. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Increase in Frivolous Sexual Harassment Litigation

    This 5 page paper looks at the validity of sexual harassment litigation, arguing that most cases are frivolous. Several examples are noted and some statistics are provided. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Workplace Sexual Harassment Court Decision Process

    A 6 page paper which examines the real-life Meritor v. Vinson sexual harassment case to cast a hypothetical deciding Supreme Court vote to determine who should win; whether harassment can occur if sex was consensual; the responsibility of employers and whether or not they should be liable for episodes for which they have not been notified; discusses if Ms. Vinson was using sex to get ahead, should her supervisor be convicted or be considered the victim; and evaluates the ethical issues from absolutist, relativist, utilitarian and rationalist viewpoints, then concludes with decision and recommended ethical perspective. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Workplace, Sexual Harassment, Legal Issues, and the U.S. Supreme Court

    An 8 page paper which examines such issues as legal definition of and background of sexual harassment, Supreme Court attitudes towards sexual harassment suits, specific cases pertaining to sexual harassment, employer responsibility, legal rights of the accused, and relevant issues concerning due process. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Recent Cases on Workplace Sexual Harassment and Policy Protection

    A 10 page research paper that presents an overview of sexual harassment case law and its implications, focusing on recent cases, such as Pennsylvania State Police v. Suders. The writer also outlines effective anti-sex-harassment policy that companies should initiated based on these findings as protection against litigation. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Educational Sphere, Sexual Discrimination and Sexual Harassment

    A 3 page paper that identifies the standards of liability in terms of sexual harassment and sexual discrimination in schools, examples of cases and comments about monetary awards. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment in the Police Department

    This 5 page paper discusses a case of sexual harassment within a police department and what the superior's response should be; it also discusses the ethics of lying during an investigation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment Case

    A 3 page paper which examines a sexual harassment case. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • STRATEGIES FOR SEXUAL HARASSMENT ON THE JOB

    This 3-page paper proposes steps a person needs to take if she suspects sexual harassment on the job.

  • Preventing Sexual Harassment in Tennessee

    A 4 page paper listing a state law, a federal law and a published court ruling on sexual harassment, then providing five initiatives for an organization to follow to prevent sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Trouble at Work Sexual Harassment by Co-Workers and Supervisors

    This 3 page paper discusses a case of sexual harassment and its potential outcome; it also discusses the case from the point of view of a company trying to prevent such incidents. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Precedential Law for Sexual Harassment

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of sexual harassment claims. SIRAC analyses are carried out for a variety of claims. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Employment Legal Issues

    A 7 page paper. The writer responds to three different scenarios. One focuses on an implied contract where the personnel manual states progressive discipline in an at-will work situation. The next focuses on both sexual harassment and sexual discrimination regarding supervisor and employee and the last one deals with OSHA safety standards and workers compensation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Contractual Information and Harassment

    A 5 page paper in two parts, the first of which is one page addressing the speed with which managers need to address complaints of sexual harassment. The second part is a letter to corporate legal counsel, providing information for the attorney to use in drafting a contract for a single supplier that will be involved in the development phase of a new chip. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Law and Ethics

    This 5 page paper tackles three legal questions. One pertains to legal perternalism, another to sexual harassment and finally, the topic of assisting third world countries in cleaning up the environment is addressed. Both sides of each issue are explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Business Law Questions

    A 3 page paper answering three business law questions associated with scenarios involving Newcorp. Pat is being wrongfully terminated; Paula is the victim of sexual harassment exercised by Sam; Paul is being difficult and making groundless claims regarding disability and safety issues associated with working on a machine he does not like. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pledge of Allegiance and the U.S. Supreme Court

    A 5 page argumentative essay that examines the Supreme Court case in which a California doctor is challenge the constitutionality of the Pledge of Allegiance. The writer presents the facts of the case and its history and argues that the Court should uphold the Pledge as it is now written. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • American Hotel Industry Changes

    A 21 page research paper that is divided into two distinct parts: Part 1 discusses a history of American Labor Law and Part 2 discusses the Changes in the Labor Market. An overview of the major labor laws that would be applicable to the hotel and hospitality industry is provided beginning with the Fair Labor Standards Act and going through the Electronic Communications Privacy Act. The most often filed complaints in the hotel industry are those related to sex discrimination and sexual harassment. There have also been legal problems with the child labor laws. The second part includes, among other topics, the median ages in specific job categories, current employment and expected changes by 2008, changing labor market, and how to hire and retain good employees in the hotel industry. Significant amount of data included. 4 tables included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Laws, Equity and Compensaiton/Sex Discrimination

    This is a 6 page paper (tutorial language) on sexual discrimination. Federal, state, country and company laws require that employees are not discriminated against or harassed in the work place because of gender. Despite these laws and guidelines to employers, companies have continued to pay to the courts and to employees millions of dollars in sexual discrimination and harassment cases. Employers are required to not only set policies but also enforce and monitor that these polices are being followed and ensure that the women employees are receiving equal pay, benefits and opportunities in the work place as men in the same positions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cases in Australasian Criminal Law

    This 9 page paper is written in two parts, The first part considers the case of mistaken identity in a homosexual sexual encounter and assesses if there is any potential liability for rape or sexual assault. The second part of the paper discusses the findings in the case of Crabbe (1985) 156 CLR 464. The paper is written with reference to Australasian law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act and Physician Assisted Suicide

    In six pages this paper examines the history, passage, and specifics of Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act, the controversial physician-assisted suicide issue and what states’ positions are on it, and the contributions of Michigan Dr. Jack Kevorkian. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Cybersquatting

    his 12 page paper provides an overview of cybersquatting. The concept is defined and trademark law is discussed in depth. Recent cases are discussed and philosophical issues are broached. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment in the Police Department

    This is a 5 page paper discussing Case 10.1 in regards to officers Andrews and Conn claim against the Philadelphia Police Department. In the case of Andrews and Conn against the Philadelphia Police Department, they have a legitimate claim for sexual discrimination based on their co-workers, and supervisor, being responsible for the creation of an offensive and hostile working environment. Title VII and definitions by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) include the use of lewd language and posting of lewd materials in public working areas as part of a hostile working environment which occurred on many instances in this case as well as many other offensive acts. In addition to the creation of the hostile work environment, the supervisor in the case was aware and did nothing to correct the situation which holds him and his employer accountable for the creation of a hostile work environment. Supervisors, superiors and those in legitimate power positions should implement an Affirmative Action Plan within the workplace and follow this with anti-harassment training for their employees in order to correct discrimination and to prevent future occurrences. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Claims According to EEOC Guidelines

    This 4 page paper provides an overview on how people can make claims for discrimination or harassment under EEOC guidelines. How an employer should react if a grievance is filed against the company is also included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Guilt of Sam and Lonnie in Violating the Offence Against the Person Act of 1861

    5 pages in length. Sam and Lonnie are guilty of violating the Offence Against The Person Act of 1861, which, in this particular case, speaks to the age of consent section. Being that Anita was all of fifteen years old when these two men (legal age of eighteen) accosted her, and the legal age of consent for sexual activity is sixteen, the assailants are culpable for sexually assaulting a minor under the Act. Paul, on the other hand, must also answer for his actions against Lonnie under the Act, whereby the wrath he took out upon his daughter's assailant was no more lawful than the sexual infringement the young men cast upon Anita. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Trademark Infringement, Cybersquting and the 1998 Ninth Circuit Case of Panavision Intl v. Toeppen 141 F.3d 1316

    This 10 page paper discusses the landmark case of Panavision versus Toeppen. The issue is about cybersquatting and the practice of trademark infringement of well known companies. As a result of this case laws were changed in reference to cyber legalities. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Guilt and Motives in the Case of Lizzie Borden

    This is a 4 page paper discussing the guilt and motives of Lizzie Borden. One of the unsolved murder cases within the United States for over one hundred years is the “Lizzie Borden” case. While Lizzie was acquitted of murdering her father and stepmother on August 4, 1892 in Fall River, Massachusetts, there was still a lot of speculation that she in fact was guilty and the motives for the murders were sexual abuse from her father and jealousy of her stepmother. Inconsistencies in her testimony and recent investigative evidence seems to indicate that Lizzie and her sister Emma had endured years of sexual abuse which led them to distant other men while at the same time they did not like their new stepmother and the privileges and stock their father allotted to her which the sisters believed were rightfully theirs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • UK Confidentiality and Doctors

    This 10 page paper looks at health law in the UK and the issue of confidentiality. It is usually assumed the patient has a right to privacy however there are many different circumstances under which this assumed automatic right of confidentiality will be breached. This paper considers a range of these circumstances and examines them with reference to statute law, regulations and case law. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Medical Law

    This 9 page paper looks at two scenarios regarding potential negligence or malpractice in a healthcare situation. The first considers the issue of informed consent and whether an unexpected event can be seen as negligence on the part of a doctor, looking at healthcare Law in the US. The second part of the paper considers a scenario in Australia, where an elderly and infirm residents slips and falls while in the care of a radiographer. In both instances the potential liabilities are discussed. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Tort and Economic Loss

    This 5 page paper considers a case supplied by the student where a doctor gives wrong information to a potential employer, loosing the potential employee the job. The paper considers if, under English law, a case for pure economic loss could undertaken. The paper cites numerous cases before a conclusion is reached. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Discussion of U.S. Supreme Court Cases with Controversial Issues

    8 pages in length. Within the past several years, the Supreme Court has had to grapple with many controversial issues and decide accordingly the best way to appease both the law and the public. A number of such issues have represented the changing times where individuals are routinely forced to seek legal guidance from the nation's highest court. The writer discusses doctor-assisted suicide, medicinal/religious marijuana and the Family Medical Leave Act as they relate to Supreme Court rulings. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Legal Process of England ish Legal Process: Entertainers, Drugs And Insurance

    6 pages in length. Venus, a famous pop star, applied for 10 million pounds of life insurance to MegaLife, an insurance company; as expected, the insurance company was anxious to know whether Venus was on drugs. Slick, an employee of MegaLife, telephoned Orbit's contracted Dr. Irvine Kiljoy, whose job it is to keep an eye on the health of such pop stars as Venus who are signed up with the Orbit label. Slick deceitfully told Dr. Kiljoy that Venus had consented to his supplying MegLife with information about herself, which Dr. Kiljoy believed because Venus had that very morning left the following message on his answer phone: "Kiljoy, I want you to write a report for me; it is not about my health, it is a personal business matter." Unknown to Kiljoy was the fact that this was a reference to litigation Venus was planning against a restaurant where she had been served salmonella laced soup whilst on tour promoting her latest hit single "Heavenly Body." Based upon this misunderstanding, Dr. Kiljoy told Slick all about Venus' long-standing battle with cocaine addiction; on the basis of this information, MegaLife refused Venus life insurance. When Venus learned why her life insurance application failed, she instigates tort proceedings against the doctor for breach of statutory duty. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Dr. Jack Kevorkian's Role in Physician Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia

    A 12 page paper defining euthanasia and physician assisted suicide. Provides a history of the issues and includes an examination of the legal, ethical, religious, and medical facets. Relates the specifics of court cases revolving around Karen Ann Quinlin and Dr. Jack Kevorkian and provides a brief biographical outline of Dr. Kevorkian. Bibliography lists twelve sources.

  • Laws Concerning Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) And Euthanasia: New York State And Florida State

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses the distinctions of New York and Florida states' euthanasia and PAS laws. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cybercrime

    This 8 page paper considers the increase in the use fo the internet and cybercrime and the way that the Computer Misuse Act 1990 may be used it dealing with different cybercrimes such as cyberobscenity, cybertrespass, cybertheft and cyberviolence which can include cyberstalking. The paper looks at what the Computer Misuse Act 1990 will cover and how it may be possible to improve the legislation and enforcement of the law concerning cybercrime. The paper is written with reference to UK law. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Computer Viruses 'Cyber Ethics' and Personal Responsibility

    A 10 page discussion of the problems presented with computer viruses. The author contends computer viruses cause tremendous societal harm on both macro and micro levels. The thesis is presented that while the creation and intentional perpetuation of computer viruses is ethically and morally wrong, and even subject to the same societal provisions for legal punishment as is any other type of crime, we must take increased personal and societal responsibility for the abatement of the practice. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Legal and Ethical Views on Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia

    In three pages this paper expresses the writer’s beliefs about euthanasia and its justification, considers euthanasia within the context of “special populations,” and discusses physician-assisted suicide law in the writer’s home state of Washington. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Legal and Medical Issues Associated with a Patient's 'Right to Die'

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the medical and legal issues involved with a patient’s “right to die”. The “right to die” for a patient has long been considered an ethical issue and was not considered feasible until modern medicine and laws allowed for the possibility of patients to consider physician assisted suicide. Supporters of physician assisted suicide believe that patients have the right to make their own informed decisions about their medical treatment which may include physician assisted suicide if they are suffering and have a terminal illness. Opponents believe that to legally allow for physician assisted suicide begins the path down a slippery slope and in cases where comatose patients are considered does not protect the most vulnerable members of society when family members and physicians decide their fate where other factors not for the sake of the patient, such as financial concerns, are weighed against what is considered an acceptable level of life. Physician assisted suicide does exist however and in all cases, several issues must be addressed to respect the patient’s medical options, informed decision making, psychological well being, and in some cases the right to chose death over circumstance which should not be denied by the courts. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nally v. Grace Community Church

    This paper discusses the case of Nally vs. Grace Church, in which Walter Nally sued Grace Community Church for the suicide death of his son. The paper discusses how this case fits into the California legal system structurally, substantively and culturally. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Oregon Law and Euthanasia

    A paper which looks at the issue of euthanasia and assisted suicide with particular reference to the law in Oregon and the impact of the Ashcroft Directive. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • 14 Essay Questions on the Law

    A 6 page paper answering 14 essay questions, 7 of which deal with an assisted suicide case. Other questions address topics such as tort, contract and real estate law. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • U.S. and EU Marijuana Law

    A 10 page research paper that contrasts and compares marijuana laws in the EU to those in the US for the purposes of discerning the effects of decriminalization of this drug. The writer discusses the myths v. the fact of marijuana use; effects of decriminalization where it has occurred and the resistance of the US government to decriminalization, which is exemplified by its objections to medical marijuana use. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Marijuana Legalization Supporting Arguments

    This 3 page paper examines both sides of the issue while remaining neutral. The paper contains a great deal of facts related to legalization as well as the effects of marijuana. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Reefer Madness: Marijuana Use in the 1950s

    A 5 page overview of the impact illegal marijuana use had in the U.S. in the 1950s. This paper details the government's crusade against the drug and weighs out the many misperceptions that were perpetuated. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Costs of Prohibition and the Economic Effects of the Legalization of Marijuana

    In fourteen pages (12 pages + 1 pg. abstract and 1 pg. outline) this paper analyzes the economic repercussions of the prohibition of marijuana as opposed to its legalization with costs, effects, elasticity, supply and demand among the topics examined. Eleven sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Marijuana Decriminalization

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of arguments for the decriminalization of marijuana. Health, financial, and social benefits are cited, and an outline is included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Just Say Now A Rebuttal to the Merits of Legalizing Marijuana

    This 4 page paper debates the validity of the state legalization of marijuana given that it continues to be illegal on a federal level. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • U.S. Supreme Court and Its Power

    3 pages in length. The decisions of recent Supreme Court cases revolve around a society that has become somewhat extremist. No longer do benevolence and humane ethics rule the land, but rather legal infiltration must work in tandem with a society lost to individualism. Issues such as gun control, presidential privilege, indiscriminant background checks via the Brady Bill and medicinal marijuana use have represented an entirely new and different approach to law interpretation and judgment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Suicide Doctrine and UFO Cults

    A 5 page paper discussing UFO cults and their doctrine of suicide, how they lure people into their organizations and how to avoid being taken in by these groups.. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Liability and Negligence Chain in the McCollum Case

    A paper which considers the McCollum case, in which it was asserted that a record company should be held liable for the suicide of a mentally disturbed listener who was influenced by Ozzy Osbourne's music. The paper compares this case to the judgment in Weirum, and looks at aspects of liability and the chain of negligence. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Analysis of Abortion Law Evolution

    This 10 page research paper chronicles the evolution of U.S. abortion legislation by examining landmark Supreme Court case law decisions. Specifically discussed are historic cases including Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), Roe v. Wade (1973), Harris v. McRae (1980), and Akron v. Akron Center For Reproductive Health, Inc. (1983). Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Product Liability and Tort Law

    This 8 page paper looks at the specific components of tort law and product liability as they pertain to the case of a man injured by home sauna. This paper considers whether the injury fits into the criteria of injuries that warrant the pursuit of product liability litigation and also evaluates the responsibilities of companies providing products and the criteria for determining faulty design.

  • Player Injury Liability and Sports Law

    A 5 page research paper which examines the question of what constitutes liability on the part of a coach or an institution in the event of sports related injury. The writer examines numerous cases and outlines the basics of what the courts expect from coaches and institutions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Law of Greece

    8 pages in length. Greek law evolved as a necessary means by which to regulate society's behavior. What had up until then been left up to the whims of each individual to handle on his own was now a product of fair and sensible legal procedure. It can be argued that there was, indeed, a great need for such a show of order in that there existed no modicum of conformity when it came to retribution. As Greek law continued to be established, it also became an integral component of other areas of life, branching out into political and social implications. The writer discusses Greek Law in relation to the Sumerians; Egyptians; Hebraics; Hellenics; the Classical, Roman and Christian periods; as well as Cicero, Augustine, Plato and Aristotle. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Contemporary Law v. Pre 1700 Law

    3 page paper on the way law is applied in the present day compared to the pre-1700 era. 2 sources. Details how democracy and the individual's rights have emerged as a driving force in the way law is formed and applied.

  • Patron Rights and Early Law

    A 5 page paper discussing the relationship between the Digest that was part of the Corpus Iuris Civilis ordered recorded by Emperor Justinian of the early Byzantine Empire, c. 534. Only two Articles of the body of civil law of the Empire are examined here (Articles XIV and XV), but their relationship to the evolution of the lord and serf relationship of medieval Europe is clear. Remarkably, they even retain applicability to life today. Ariticles XIV and XV address the rights of the patron and the obedience to parents and patrons required of children who were under the age of majority, which at that time was 25. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • United Kingdom and Family Law

    This 14 page report discusses developments in family law in the UK and in what ways they have worked to bring about a greater equality of the sexes. Property relations, child custody, alimony, and child support are discussed in relationship to divorce. Traditionally, family law in the UK has not been particularly sympathetic to the problems of women and children in situations of divorce nor do the courts typically provide adequate legal safeguards for either their safety of their financial support. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Legal Interpretation

    This 6 page paper explores several theories of law and concludes that originalism is the only valid way to interpret law in the United States. The 1931 McBoyle v. United States is used to begin the discussion. Scalia's opinions are duly noted. Textualism is discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women and Augustinian Laws

    8 pages in length. The philosophy in question is that of Augustinianism, the theory of Christian Idealism, which is based upon the theology of Augustine of Hippo (354-430) who is considered to be the greatest theologian of the early church. His theory is that of reality, absolute theism. Reality is God, who is Being. Being is good; non-Being is evil. He wrote that God has personality and gives reality to phenomena. As the Supreme Person, God exercises perfect will by which the world is created from nothing. The writer discusses how there were significant patriarchal underpinnings when it came to the treatment of women under Roman law, which effectively forced the female gender into a life of prostitution. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Taiwan and United States' Corporate Law

    This 6 page paper compares and contrasts corporate law in each nation. Both U.S. and Taiwanese business structures are outlined. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • New York Penal Law § 215.14 and the Rights of Victims

    This 11 page paper provides an overview of the New York statute and compares it to other state laws as well. Applicable federal law is duly noted and the importance of the victim impact statement is discussed as well. Twenty five sources are cited.

  • International Law and Biological Warfare

    A 17 page paper discussing the legal and environmental aspects of biological warfare. As our scientific knowledge increased, so did the threat of biological warfare. The use of biological weapons seems to be less of a threat now, for our scientific knowledge has continued to increase to lead us to a place that we can glimpse into areas we can recognize as unknown. A specific and binding UN treaty exists to which 144 nations have signed and agreed, but there remains no legal enforceability. The 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention remains under continual review. Bibliography lists 20 sources in 28 footnotes (in Bluebook [legal] style).

  • Is the Common Law of Posner Common Sense?

    Posner’s Common Law – Does It Make Common Sense?: This 6-page analytical essay examines Posner’s claims regarding common law and its relevance to efficiency. Opposing expert viewpoints are included, and linear conclusions are reached. Whether or not Posner’s ideas pan out, he has nonetheless provided the judiciary system with a very valuable launching pad. Bibliography lists 4 sources. SNPosner.doc

  • English Law Land Legislation in 1925

    1925 Land Legislation in English Law: This 12-page essay examines the tenets of Great Britain’s 1925 land law statutes, while discussing the underlying property ownership issues, overall objectives, and the legislation’s ultimate judicial legacy. The Law of Property Act and the Land Registration Act, (both of 1925) were two landmark pieces of legislation that would irrevocably and forever, change the face of English property laws. Bibliography lists 10 sources. SNLandlw.doc

  • The 4th Amendment and Aviation Law

    This 8 page paper delves into Constitutional rights as it involves airport security measures. Scanners and other machinery are discussed as is profiling. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Enforcement and Immigration Laws

    A 5 page paper which discusses aspects of immigration laws and then argues that greater enforcement be implemented. The laws themselves do not necessarily need to be changed, as the country prides itself on being a land of immigrants. But, the laws which are in place are not enforced adequately to prevent such events as the terrorist activities of September, 2001. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Western Thought and Universal Law

    This 8 page paper presents the idea that Western thought is quite different from ideas found in the rest of the world. Hinduism is discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Evaluating the Fairness of Megan's Law

    A 6 page paper. Megan's Law is the federal and state laws that require sex offenders to register with local law enforcement agencies upon release from prison. This essay provides information about the law, how it came to be, and argues that this is a fair and just law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Pros and Cons of Twenty Two US States' 'Right to Work' Amendments

    This 15 page paper examining the pros and cons of “right-to-work” amendments currently in place in 22 states. The paper draws from the “right-to-work” referendum that took place in Oklahoma during September, 2001, and proceeds to discuss the pros and cons of this controversial law, which make it illegal to require employees to join labor unions (or to pay for representation) as a condition of employment. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Byzantium Emperor Justinian I

    This 10 page report discusses the Byzantine emperor, Justinian I. Justinian is known for expanding Byzantine rule in the Western world, developing and beautifying the city of Constantinople, and completing the codification of Roman law. It has been due, in great measure, to Justinian I’s efforts and determination that Western civilization and the law governing it have developed in the ways they have. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • International Law Evolution

    A 5 page paper evaluating the statement, "International law is a continuing process of authoritative decision by which members of the world community identify, clarify and secure their common interests." The paper discusses the International Court and the World Trade Organization, finding that the WTO carries the greatest weight as an authoritative international body and supporting the original statement. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Law and Tort Basics

    5 pages. This paper goes into detail on the legalities of torts, which are normally caused through negligence. Torts are considered an unintentional violation of another person's rights. This paper will explain torts fully and consider the implications and recourse citizens have in regard to torts. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • English Criminal Law's Function

    This 5 page paper discusses the statement The only De Facto function of the English criminal law is to achieve a minimum degree of conformity of behaviour to the laws expectation... the rest are purely academic'. The writer makes reference to English Law, but the arguments may be seen as universally valid. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Criminal Intent and Inter Vivos Trusts

    5 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses criminal intent and inter vivos trusts. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • English Law and the Norman Conquest

    A paper which looks at the impact which the Norman Conquest had on the development of the English legal system, taking into account the many other historical and social factors which influenced the growth of common law both before and after the Norman invasion. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • Law and Psychology

    This 8 page paper details the problems when the media run out of control and cause pre-trial damage to the defendant. The case of Sam Sheppard is profiled as well as several other lower profiled cases. Reasons for media bias are given. Conflict of First and Sixth amendments discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Life's Complexities and Tort Law

    A 9 page paper defining tort law as a civil wrong resulting from an act or omission which has caused damage to other persons or property. The author contends that the law has to accommodate all the untidy complexities of life, and there are circumstances where considerations of practical justice impel us to reject a general imposition of liability for foreseeable damage. Numerous examples are provided which clarify tort liability. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'Keeping the Peace' with International Law

    Laws are devices meant to provide a structure for 'keeping the peace'. This 5 page paper explores the processes of International law as equivocated by central organs such as the United Nations, the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Abortion and the Law

    In 1973, Roe Versus Wade defined the parameters of legality for abortion as the first trimester of pregnancy. The decision was written by Justice Harry Blackmun and based on the rights of privacy. This 5 page paper explores a number of issues involved in helping the student to decide whether that decision was legally correct. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Footnotes are utilized.

  • History and Contemporary Message of the U.S. Constitution's 4th Amendment

    An 8 page paper that provides an overview of the history and current application of the 4th Amendment. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Aftermath of the Rodney King Trial

    4 pages in length. The infamous Rodney King case in Los Angeles not only added to the already raging fire of racism, but it also incited an aftermath of rioting that served to culminate in death and devastation. The riots ignited after the trial's verdict was announced, sending a strong message to white supremacists everywhere that racial intolerance was not to be warranted. The chain of events the occurred from the initial Los Angeles rioting caused scattered riots to ignite in several other states, including Las Vegas, Nevada. The writer discusses the aftermath of Rodney King's trial. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Higher Education and an Affirmative Action Short History

    This 11 page paper provides an overview of affirmative action in higher education with a focus on landmark cases. Hopwood, Bakke and more recent Michigan cases are discussed. The paper takes the position that affirmative action is necessary. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • U.S. Antitrust Laws and the Suit Against Microsoft

    5 pages. The antitrust lawsuit brought on by the U. S. government against Microsoft has been watched with extreme interest as it has been played out over time. This paper gives insight to the position taken by each party as well as to just what charges were levied against Microsoft by the government. Lastly, Microsoft's response to those charges is discussed and a conclusion drawn as to the ramifications of this lawsuit. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Second Hand Cars and UK Consumer Law

    A five page paper which looks at the rights and duties under UK consumer law of the buyer and the seller, particularly in terms of the purchase of second-hand cars. The paper also considers the dealer's liability with reference to the product recall of Firestone tyres in the USA.

  • Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress

    This 6 page paper is a memo put together from material supplied by the student concerning a fictitious case where there is a potential claim for intentional infliction of emotional distress. The memo outlines the facts, considers the relevant legislation and cases including Christensen v. Superior Court (1991) and Saari v. Jongordon Corp. (1992).

  • Prostitution and Different Views

    A 5 page contention that the very act of making a particular activity illegal can create more problems than it solves. The author uses the issue of prostitution as an illustration of this contention, emphasizing that if the act was not illegal prostitution could be a positive means by which women could empower themselves and materially prosper by preying on the needs and desires of men. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Trade Restrictions and European Union Law

    This 10 page paper considers a case where the EU passes legislation on an industry to introduce quotas., and a blanket ban placed on goods by an EU country. The writer considers the grounds for any action and the role of judicial review where there is a case. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Morality Enforcement and the Law

    This 10 page paper considers the way in which both Lord Devlin and Lord Hart argued that the law should, and could, enforce a moral code on society. The writer considers the views of these two men in the context of a contemporary society, where there are public concerns over paedophiles, terrorism and the way in which the law operates. The writer argues that we have now reached a point where the principles outlines in the views of these two men have been left behind with a greater complexity of social development and group moral conscience. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Disability and Recruitment Discrimination and Canadian Employment Law

    This 5 page paper considers the case of a blind job applicant for the position of sale representative. The writer considers the role of accommodation in the Human Rights Acts as well as in light of the Meiorin decision. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Employment Law in Canada

    This 5 page paper considers a case where a female and a male employee ore suspected of theft, yet only one is guilty. The supervisor also has unfounded suspicions. The paper is written as a memo advising the company how to proceed. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Agreement and Contract Law in the United Kingdom

    This 5 page paper considers when, in UK law, a contract is seen to be agreed. The writer explains the subjective and the objective approach and when they are used, before considering the divergent opinions of Lord Denning. Numerous cases are cited throughout the paper. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • United Kingdom Law and Nervous Shock or Psychological Harm Damage

    This 7 page paper considers the problem of claiming for psychological harm or psychiatric injuries. The writer uses relevant cases studies to consider how this has been viewed by the courts with issues such as duty of care, proximity and how foreseeable the event was. Cases include those concerning the Hillsborough disaster as well as the potential victims of CJD in human growth hormone treatment. Numerous cases are cited. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Article X, Section Four of the Homestead Protection Laws of Florida

    This 8 page paper considers the protection granted to homesteads under Article X section 4. The writer argues that the constitutional protection is providing immoral protection for individuals who are committing fraud and avoiding meeting their obligations. Numerous cases are cited to illustrate the points raised. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Law, Austin, and Hart

    This paper compares the command of law, as proposed by Austin and the rule, or idea of law, as suggested by Hart. The paper offers examples of how both theories would work. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • UK Law and Duty to Care

    This 8 page paper considers the aspect of duty to care that was laid down by the case of Donoghue v Stevenson (1932), and considers the way in which the House of Lords made their decision in the case of X and others (minors) v Bedfordshire County Council (1995). The writer considers if the decision that was reached can be seen as beyond criticism. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • United Kingdom's Copyright Law and Intellectual Property

    This 10 page paper consider the protection that is granted Intellectual property in UK law and the role that copyright laws play in that protection. The writer also emphasises the lack of non- economic interests. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Process of Making Laws and Parliament's Role

    This 7 page paper considers the role of parliament in the law making process to examine if parliament may be seen as a full participant in the law making processes. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • European Union Law Regarding Mergers and Competition

    This 16 page paper consider the European Union law that has been put into place to control monopolies and mergers in order to prevent unfair completion. Relevant regulations as well as EU case law are cites throughout. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Critique of the United Kingdom's 1999 Rights of 3rd Parties Act

    This 7 page paper consider the developments that lead to the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act of 1999, and how it fails to meet with the requirements of today's society. The writer considers the needs demonstrated by case law prior to the Act being passed and the shortfalls of the Act. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Government Regulations Regarding TV Violence

    A 15 page paper. Concerns about the amount and effects of television violence are not new; the issue was first raised in Congress in 1950. This paper begins with a Prospectus of the paper. The headings of the main paper include: an introduction that includes the research question and answer; a review of the literature which includes a brief historical overview on the topic, research that addresses the effects of television violence, laws and regulations that have been passed, an analysis of the literature and laws, and a conclusion wherein alternatives and probable outcomes are discussed. Annotate Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 1979's Sale of Goods Act and British Law

    A 5 page paper which examines the British law, Sale of Goods Act of 1979. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mistakes in United Kingdom's Common Law

    This 6 page paper consider a case provided by the student where there is an agreement made an events such as common mistake, mistake regarding quality and potential frustration. The writer uses numerous cases in considering the outlined scenarios. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Federal Regulations, Malpractice, Contract, and Property Law Cases

    This is a 15 page paper discussing various issues which are involved with three law cases provided by the client. The paper discusses issues relating to home ownership insurance, property, legal liability, admissible evidence, bankruptcy, malpractice, contracts and violations of the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Regulations. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • UK Law and Water Pollution

    This 12 page paper considers what laws are in place in the UK, directly, or indirectly through the EU to [protect the environment and drinking water against pollution. The writer considers this from different angles, including the difficulty of bring a prosecution and limitations on the remedies. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • England and Property Law

    This 10 page paper deals with the section 2 of the Miscellneous PRovision Act of 1989 in England. Discussed also is the reform to the 1925 land act and why such reform was needed. Written in Chicago style with footnotes and bibliography. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Issues in English Employment Law

    An 8 page paper. Two situations are presented by the student – employees suing a company, one for stress endured on the job and one for a poor reference. The writer explains specific English laws, including Unfair Dismissal, Wrongful Dismissal and the law of negligence. Cases are presented to demonstrate how courts have ruled. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Child Sexual Abuse and a Film Review of PBS' Innocence Lost The Verdict

    A 5 page overview of the film. The author of this paper relates the major events of the film and compares it to the HBO docudrama “The McMartin Trial”. In each film the subject is the alleged sexual abuse of children. In “Innocence Lost” the accused, Robert Kelly is found guilty despite the existence of practically no hard evidence. In “The McMartin Trial” the members of the McMartin family are absolved of guilt. This paper emphasizes the relative worth of the documentary verses the docudrama format and concludes that while Kelly serves his consecutive life sentences in jail, the McMartin’s serve theirs in an environment in which they will never be able to fully escape societal suspicion and disdain despite their proclaimed innocence. No sources are listed.

  • Misrepresentation and UK Law

    This 8 page paper considers the concept of misrepresentation. The writer defines it, then looks at the different elements with relevant case law in order and applies it to a specific case. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Consumer Protection and Business Law

    A 5 page research paper that reports on consumer protection law, citing some case law examples, and specifically looking at FDA regulations marketing electrical muscle stimulator devices and the sale of a product called AB Energizer. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Right to Light, Covenants, and Land Law in the United Kingdom

    This 9 page paper considers the enforceability of covenants in different situations and the right to light. The writer cites many relevant cases. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Brazilian Rubber Plantation and Estates Ltd [1911] 1 Ch 425 and United Kingdom Company Law

    This 5 page paper considers this land mark case, the principles it set in common law and how this may be interpreted in relationship to modern company law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Workers' Compensation and America's Federal Law

    An 8 page discussion of various federal laws which impact working compensation. Included in the discussion is a brief overview of the Coal Miners Compensation Laws (Black Lung Benefits Act), the Longshore and Harbor Worker’s Compensation Act, and the Disabilities Act of 1990. The primary emphasis of this paper, however, is on the Worker’s Compensation Act. The author emphasizes that while some of these laws receive a considerable degree of criticism, they are a necessary and appreciated part of the American work place. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Trademarks, Licensing, and International Law

    This 17 page paper considers the way in which international law impacts on the way that trademarks are protected or used and hw this may impact on licensing globally. The writer cites many cases and looks at several areas including the EU and the US. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Sexual Orientation Discrimination and Laws of the United Kingdom

    This 8 page paper considers the cases of R v Ministry of Defence ex parte Smith, [1996] IRLR 347 as well as Lustig-Prean and Beckett v United Kingdom (1999) [Application Nos 31417/96 and 32377/96] and compares the findings of the national court with that of the European court. These cases involved serving remembers of the armed forces that were administratively discharged as they were found to be homosexual. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Legal Issues and E-Commerce

    This 12 page paper considers the risks of e-commerce identifying breach of copyright as one of the most relevant, followed by privacy concerns of employees and confidentially concerns of employers. The writer considers this from a UK legal perspective. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Overview of UK Family Law

    This 14 page paper considers several questions regarding the claiming of maintenance, the share of a family home, the splitting of a pension and hidden assets In a divorce. The writer then consider the assessment of child maintenance and related issues for an unmarried couple. The paper is written with consideration of UK law and sites relevant legislation and cases. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Doctrine of Common Mistake and the United Kingdom

    This 8 page paper considers the different types of mistake in common-law and uses this to consider whether or not England and Wales should adopt a doctrine of Common Mistake. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Gender Discrimination and European Union Law

    This 5 page paper considers EU law regarding the inequality of treatment for women employees. Looking as some specific examples Article 141 is examined along with relevant directive and numerous cases. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Nationality Discrimination and European Union Law

    This 5 page paper is a comprehensive look at the way that EU citizens can expect to be treated in each nation state. This examination is undertaken using relevant articles, directives and regulations, as well as making extensive use of case law. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Business and the Impacts of the SEC and Antitrust Laws

    A 10 page paper that provides an excellent overview of the antitrust laws in the United States, beginning with the Sherman Act of 1890 and going through the International Antitrust Enforcement Assistance Act of 1994. The Securities and Exchange Commission is then explained, beginning with the Securities Act of 1933 and including what the purpose of the SEC is and what they control. The impact of both antitrust laws and the SEC on businesses is then discussed, and includes two examples that involved Nike Corporation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Operational Discharges, the Law, and Marine Pollution

    This 34 page paper considers the way in which international law seeks to control oil pollution. The writer considers the background of the situation, such as the current condition of the shipping industry with the different pressures that have been placed upon it, such as the economic pressures. With this background the development of marine law relating to pollution is considered, looking specifically at the development of that are aimed at reducing and controlling operations discharges form sea going vessels. This includes considerations of the various international conventions including United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Employees and United Kingdom's Tort Law

    This 12 page paper considers the way in which tort law is applied in UK law. The writer looks at the position of employees who d not use safety equipment provided by an employer, and assesses the employers liability, and then at a case concerning disagreeable neighbours. Numerous cases are cited. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Portugal, the United States, and Business Law

    This 8 page paper considers the way in which business law in both of these countries is similar and also how it differs, including the cultural influences. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • History and Impact of the 1967 President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice

    This paper examines the 1967 President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice, the history of the commission and the impact of its recommendations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Competition Policy and European Union Law

    This 6 page paper considers the statement "Competition is the best stimulant of economic activity….. but is not, however, regarded as an end in itself. It is one of the most important means by which an integrated market is achieved" by looking at relevant competition policy and application under European Union Law. The writer cites numerous cases to illustrate points raised.

  • Goods, Free Movement, and European Union Law

    This 6 page paper considers the free movement of goods in the European Union. The writer looks at a case where an exporter is facing problems with national laws, such as quality, additives, morality and advertising are all seen to create barriers to trade. The writer examines the position using Articles 28 – 30 and extensive case law, including the Cassis de Dijon case. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Overview of European Trademark Law

    This 5 page paper focuses on a specific regulation regarding the labeling of a cheese product in relation to its country of origin. Several aspects of European Community law are discussed and remedies for the problem are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Property Law and the Effects of 1998's Human Rights Act

    This 5 page paper examines how the Human Right Act 1998, and the Human Rights Convention may be seen to impact on property law. The writer argues that the traditional UK law is undermined by this act by looking at a range of issues including, but not limited to, compulsory purchase orders, planning permission, environmental issues, the freedom of expression and the right to enjoy ones own property in peace. Numerous cases are cited. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Negligence and Tort Law of the United Kingdom

    This 5 page paper consider the law of tort. Only under one type of tort is there a need to prove negligence, the writer argues, using case law, that this both unfair an immoral. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Article I, Protocol I of the Human Rights Convention and Property Law's Impact Upon the Human Rights Act of 1998

    This 9 page paper considers the way that the Human Rights Convention has impacted on English property law. The writer looks at Article 1 of Protocol 1 and related English cases and argues that the impact here has been minimal, however, further scope does exist for the undermining of the law. There is also consideration of other articles where it is where the undermining may be seen as having a greater impact. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Australia's Rule of Law and Inequality

    A 10 page contention that the rule of law is inadequate to provide true equality in Australia. While other groups have been discriminated against, the aborigines have faced a tremendous amount of prejudice and this prejudice has manifested itself in a diversity of areas. The author of this paper contends that to overcome that prejudice special provisions have to be made for aborigines. These provisions are especially critical in the law enforcement arena. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 3 Questions on Trust and Property Law in the United Kingdom

    This 9 page paper considers three questions posed by the student regarding property left in trust in a will and the way in which the trustees will deal with complications and how the Land Registration Act 2002 has made the adverse possession of land with registered title almost impossible. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Corporate Strategy Influences by Company Regulations

    This 5 page paper looks at UK law and considers how it may be used to help and enhance corporate strategy. The writer uses the Copyright, Designs and Patents Bill 1988, the Case of Dyson and Hoover and the role of directors to illustrate the points raised. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Corporate Strategy and Company Law

    This 5 page paper considers how company law in the UK aid wit the formation of better business strategies. The paper focuses on the duties of a director and breach of care, and how this may be used with a resource based view of the company. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Globalization and the Impact of International Laws and the European Union

    This 5 page paper considers how the EU and intentional laws effect globalization. The paper start by defining globalisation and then looks at the role of the EU and then larger organizations. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Legal Role of an Agent in Professional Sports

    This 10 page report discusses the legal role of the professional athlete’s agent and the evolution of sports agency. Negotiation, in any form, is primarily the art of getting another person or organization with an opposing opinion or interest to agree to a new set of criteria or demands. Such is certainly the case in professional athletes’ negotiation with team owners, potential sponsors, or any other entity determined to take advantage of an individual athlete’s skill and/or popularity. As a result, a great deal of legal controversy regarding the role of the agent, appropriate behavior, and legality have all come into the business of professional sports. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • UK Contract Law's Doctrine of Intention

    This 5 page paper considers the doctrine of intention with regard English contract law, the paper considers what it is, how it is defined, and case law which outlines how it is interpreted in different situations as well as the role of public policy. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Informed Consent and British Medical Law

    A 5 page research paper that examines the issue of informed consent in British medical law. The writer defines consent and then explores British law in regards to a scenario in which a patient suffering from a drug overdose is admitted to a hospital ED and refuses treatment. The writer discusses the ethical dilemma that this presents for the nurse trying to obtain consent and the writer argues that the nurse can treat the patient, under these circumstances, because the intoxicated state of the patient precludes the ability to make informed consent. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Controls in Australian and English Tort Law

    This 11 page paper considers the role of “duty of care”, “standard of care”, “remoteness of damage”, and “contributory negligence” in regulating and deciding tort cases. The paper is written with regard to English and Australian Law. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • 3 Student Posed Questions on the Law

    This 9 page paper answers tree questions asked by the student. The first considers jurisdiction and the doctrine of forum non-convenience. The second two questions involve contract law, the first to establish whether or not a contract has been formed, and the second looks at when a contract was formed with an offer and a counter offer, and how a dispute may be resolved under international law regarding which terms and conditions are imposed. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • English Tort Law Questions

    This 9 page paper answers two questions set by the student, both concerning tort law. The first advised different victims of an accident of any potential claim and looks at physical, psychological and purely economic harm. The second question evaluates a statement made by McNair J in the case of Bolam v. Friern (1957); “The test is the standard of the ordinary skilled man exercising and professing to have that special skill. A man need not possess the highest expert skill at the risk of being found negligent. It is a well established law that it is sufficient if he exercises the ordinary skill of an ordinary man exercising that particular art”. The writer cites numerous cases throughout the paper. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • English Law

    This 10 page paper considers the different sources of English law. The writer outlines the history and development of common law, statute law and the law of equity and how they form the current structure of English law. Relevant cases and statutes are cited. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • New York State's Surviving Spouse's Right of Election

    This 20 page paper provides an overview of the surviving spouse's right of election in New York State. The concept is discussed in general as well. Cases emanating from New York are cited. Several side issues, such as whether or not a gay partner is entitled to survivor benefits, and also how Medicaid fits into the picture, are also discussed. Recommendations are made. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Companies and Class Action Lawsuits

    10 pages in length. The writer discusses class action lawsuits as they relate to AOL, CMGI, InfoSpace, ARIBA, Exodus Communications, WorldCom, Oracle, Cisco Systems, Qualcomm, United States Interactive, NY Railroad, Puma Technologies, Infoseek, Amazon, Advanced Viral Research, Celera Genomics, Genome Therapeutics and JDS Uniphase. No bibliography.

  • English Trial Law and Orality

    This 9 page paper examines the important role of oral evidence, also known as orality, within English law and the risk system. The paper considers different forms of oral evidence, the benefits and flaws with this type of evidence and the way in which recent cases may be change the emphasis placed on orality. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Arkansas Law Regarding Landlords and Tenants

    A 6 page overview of Arkansas law regarding landlord/tenant relations. The specifics of this law in reference to lease obligations are explored. A particular emphasis is placed on how a lease may be legally terminated. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • United Kingdom Trust Law, Equity, and Inheritance Questions

    This 9 page paper considers a case supplied by the student and examine the gifts given in a will in order to draw conclusions regarding who is entitled to the property of the deceased under English Law. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Direct Effect Doctrine and European Union Law

    This 10 page paper is a critique of the doctrine of direct effect, what it is, where it is applicable and the contradictory nature of direct effect between vertical and horizontal impact of directives. The paper cites numerous cases. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Sexual Discrimination, European Union and English Laws

    This 14 page paper considers the development of sex discrimination legislation in England, how it has developed, the way it impacts on employers, employees, management and unions and its’ limitations. Numerous cases are cites to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Questions on International Law Answered

    This 9 page law paper is written in three parts. The first considers a case provided regarding shipping and CIF contracts, the second considers tax law and residency requirements for the US and the third looks at why the EU is more than just a trading block. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Policymaking and the 'Son of Sam' Legislation

    This 10 page paper examines how policy is actually formed in government. Furthermore, this paper uses the Son of Sam law as an example of just how policy is formed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Pre-Incorporation Contracts and Company Law

    This 11 page paper considers English law and the status of contracts signed before a company has been officially formed. The paper considers the liability of the agent or promoter for a breach, and also their ability to take action for a breach. Case law and statue law are considered with relevant cases cited. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • James P. Gray's Why Our Drug Laws Have Failed and What We Can Do About It ”: A Discussion of the Premises of Author James P Gray in Comparison to the Philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Machiavelli, Locke, Hobbes, and Ro

    A 5 page exploration of the question of whether drug laws are serving a positive societal function. Gray contends that not only are drug laws ineffective, they are counterproductive and potentially devastating. This contention is evaluated in light of the contentions of numerous other philosophers. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Manslaughter and Criminal Law

    This 7 page paper considers a case provided by the student and advises to potential defendants. The paper assesses the requirements of actus reus and mens rea that establishes the case of manslaughter is established and the defences of provocation and diminished responsibility. The second part of the paper concerns involuntary manslaughter and causing death by dangerous driving. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • United Kingdom Law and Property

    This 11 page paper considers a UK land law case provided by the student. The case considers who may have equity interests in property though substantial contribution, either in express terms or implied by common intention. The paper also looks at the issue of overriding interest. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • English Law and Self Defense

    This 5 page paper discusses the problems faced by the courts in formulating tests for self-defence when the defendant has made the first strike. This is examined using relevant case authority and statute to back up points. The paper is written in reference to English law. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Questions on United Kingdom Law Pertaining to the Human Rights Convention

    This 10 page paper answers 8 question provided by the student looking at different aspects of the Human Rights Convection and how it is impacting on UK Law. Issues covered include the clash between security measures and articles 5 and 6 of the convention, the right to silence, the impact of the Macpherson Report, the youth justice system and the legal perception of entrapment. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Case Study on English Contract Law

    This 8 page paper looks at a case study provided by the student. A newspaper advertisement has a promotion, where once tokens are collected the collectors can gain free entrance to a water park. Upon collecting them, two individuals find when they get to the park the offer has changed. The case is analysed to see if there has been a breach of contract, issues considered include looking offer and acceptance, including the idea of an invitation to treat, the law regarding the withdrawal of an offer and the potential remedy. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • UK Criminal Law and Intention

    A 12 page paper discussing intention as it was nearly redefined in Woollin. The question to be evaluated here is “At last, it seems, the meaning of intention in the criminal law is cogent and stable.” When the death of a child results from the unbridled rage of an adult and a verdict of murder is “unsafe” as claimed by one of the appellate court justices, it is unlikely that the issue of intent is far from being anything that approaches being “cogent and stable.” Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • 2 Education Law Cases Analyzed

    This 10 page paper provides two legal briefs (Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley; Felter v. Cape Girardeau School District). The cases are compared and contrasted. No bibliography.

  • English Contract Law and Tort Obligations

    This 4 page paper contrasts the co-existing obligations under English contract law and tort law. The paper then goes on to consider why action is favoured by most litigants under the classification of tort when there is a viable choice between the areas of law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Commonwealth Caribbean Jurisprudence, Natural Justice, and Fairness

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the concept of fairness and natural justice in regards to the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The concept of fairness adds to the law of natural justice especially in its application of the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The Commonwealth Caribbean, comprised of over 15 island and mainland nations in the Caribbean, has a system of law based primarily on that of the United Kingdom and on each nation’s colonial history. Some nations have components of the colonial Dutch and French systems as well because of historical ties. Regardless of the nation however, the Commonwealth Caribbean was considered one of the areas of the world in which basic laws of human rights, natural justice and natural law, were not being followed in regards to fairness, justice and equality within the judicial system. Prisoners unable to afford representation were not always provided with legal aid and were therefore not offered fair trials, decisions or appeals. With an international push for fairness in judicial systems, organizations were formed providing representation for criminals in the Commonwealth Caribbean in the mid-1990s and more recently constitutional amendments have been included providing for legal aid representation in all cases. Several amendments have been enforced within the judicial system as well to follow constitutional law to provide fair and just representation in regards to decisions pertaining to court justices and despite the power of the Chief Justice within the judicial system, he must also follow the concept of fairness in his application of justice within the judicial system itself. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Lawmaking and the ECJ

    This 10 page paper considers the question “do the European Court of Justice have as much influence on the development of community law as the council of ministers”. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Three Strikes Law in California

    An 8 page research paper that investigates California's Three Strikes Law, which dictates that a defendant convicted of 3 felonies receives a mandatory sentence of 25 years to life imprisonment. The writer discusses the manner in which this law has been applied to non-violent crime, its cost, and its efficacy and concludes that the law does do the job that the voters' intended. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Discounts, Pricing, and EU Competition Law

    This 7 page paper considers the issue of competition under EU law. Looking at a case where a dominant company want to give discounts to purchasers who purchase all or most goods from them, and wants to adopt a predatory pricing strategy in one country in order t undermine the competition. The paper considers this situation under Articles 81 and 82. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • American Foreign Policy and International Law

    A 5 page paper assessing the question, “should the US place more or less faith in international law?” The paper concludes that the US needs to acknowledge, support and work for greater influence of international law, yet retain the ability and willingness to work outside of it if conditions warrant. Terrorists, religious fundamentalists and nuclear bomb-waving groups give no credence to international law or anything else that holds no direct value for furthering narrow ideologies. The US needs to develop international leadership influence and place less faith in international law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • English Law and Theory of Team Production

    This 14 page paper examines to what extent Team Production Theory can be seen to offer an accurate account of English company law. Comparison is made with US law where this model has been developed and seen as applicable in the ongoing development of corporate governance. The paper explains what is meant by Team Production Theory and then applies this model to English law. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • The Importance of Instilling a Familiarity With Employment Law for Employment Agency Employees

    This 14 page paper is written in two parts, The first considers the role of a trainer, why understanding the learning process is important and how it may be used to enhance training skills. The second part of the paper looks at the legal position of an employment agency when one of the workers it places suffers from racial discrimination and also when they pay women lower pay rate than their male counterparts. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Collective Bargaining and Labor Laws

    A 12 page paper that begins with a comprehensive explanation of the labor laws that govern employer-employee relationships, i.e., the National Labor Relations Act and the Taft-Hartley Act. This is followed by an examination of collective bargaining and current thoughts about this process, how the power has shifted in management-labor relations and the shifts during recent years. The writer then outlines what employers cannot do and what union/employees cannot do pursuant to the laws. Under the heading of what employers can do to resist attempts to form a union, the writer provides an example of one company where unionization attempts have consistently failed and lastly, under the heading of working with the union, the writer discusses another company that changed the relations between labor and management to make the process less conflictive. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Theories on the Legal Relevance of International Law

    This 25 page paper considers whether or not international law may be seen as real law. The paper compares international law to domestic law and looks at why it may be seen as legitimate and why it may be seen as illegitimate. The paper includes the traditional arguments for and against, including theorists such as Blackstone, Austin and Hart. The paper is written in four parts, the first considers if international law is really law, the second looks at why international law is binding, the next considers why states comply with international law and the final section considers different modern theoretical approaches. The bibliography cites 23 sources.

  • Overview of Family Law Issues

    This 10 page paper is written in two parts. The first part considers the influence of the Human Rights Act 1998 on the Children Act 1989, looking specifically at article 8. The second part of the paper considers issues regarding divorce, the process of divorce and how financial settlement are calculated, The paper is written with reference to English law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Intellectual Property and Patent Law

    This 26 page paper considers the quote “since we have had a patent system for a long time, it would be irresponsible, on the basis of our present knowledge, to recommend abolishing it”. The paper begins by looking at the development of patent law with he first recorded origins in 1313, though to the current day, the reason for its’ existence and the way it has developed and how it fits, overlaps and compares with other intellectual property law. Special attention is paid to copyright laws. The paper is written with reference English law. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Abortion Law in the UK and the Human Rights Act Impact

    This 6 page paper considers the way in which the Human Rights Act may impact on abortion law in the UK. The paper considers the conflicting aspects of the right to life as well as the right to equality and the right to autonomy. The paper uses both UK and European case law to consider the potential impact of the act. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Nature of Law Understanding and the Tool of Deconstruction

    This 4 page paper examines law and the philosophy of law to consider what value deconstruction may provide to the interpretation and study of the nature of law. The paper summarises the use of deconstruction and then looks at how it may add value. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Law, Genetics, and Insurance Testing

    A 15 page research paper that examines the law concerning genetic testing and whether or not health insurers can use test results that show that an individual has a genetic tendency towards a disease as grounds for canceling or not providing coverage. The writer particularly focuses on the comprehensive law enacted by the state of New Jersey. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Natural Law and the Judiciary

    This 3 page paper discusses how the judiciary has utilized natural law to identify the personal rights of citizens, in accordance with article 40.3.1 of the constitution. This paper further asserts that these sources leave too much room for intepretation by the judiciary. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 1820s' Appalachia Laws

    9 pages in length. The presence of law intends to create a more civilized society, one in which citizens can expect social enlightenment to guide their every action. While this may represent the concept of law, it only does so in theory due to the extraordinarily interpretive nature of judicial procedure, a reality that evaporates any semblance of equity to the notion of law. Applying this sentiment to Appalachian laws at the turn of the nineteenth century finds the separation of social classes to be one of the most incriminating elements of fair proceedings; inasmuch as the Celts and the English stood at odds over myriad societal issues, one of the most apparent was that of applying the law in whatever form necessary. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Education Law New Jersey v. T.L.O. Analyzed

    This 3 page paper evaluates the case. The facts of the case are provided. The fourth amendment is defined and applied to the case. Arguments for either side are included as well. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Company Names and Corporate Law of the United Kingdom

    This 9 page paper is written in 2 parts. The first part considers the way a corporation may choose a name, what is and is not allowed by discussing two example names. The second part of the paper considers what action may be taken if a company registers a name the same or similar to a company already in existence. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Waldo E. Martin Jr's Brown v. Board of Education A Brief History with Documents

    A 2 1/2 page paper which reports on Waldo E. Martin Jr.’s “Brown v. Board of Education A Brief History with Documents.” No additional sources cited.

  • English Criminal Law and Whether Mandatory Sentences Are Justified

    This 8 page paper considers if there is any justification for mandatory sentencing in the English criminal law, the paper considers this from the perceptive of increased justice, increased efficiency and social interests. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Commontary on Herbert L.A. Hart's 'What's Important In Law In A Society Is Social Facts And Not Morality Or Justice'

    3 pages in length. Herbert L.A. Hart's (1997) assertion of "what's important in law in a society is social facts and not morality or justice" (p. PG), goes against the very grain of the entire legal process. In order to accept this accusation, it is important to understand how and why the notion of law first developed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • United Kingdom's Company Law Modernization and 2001 Change Proposals

    This 3 page paper outlines the recommendations of the white paper on the modernising of company law, published in 2001. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Social Change and the Law

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the role of law in society. Two basic perspectives are considered in regards to the role of the law in society. One is that the role of the law is to reflect society’s attitudes and throughout the process of social change through history, so too will the law reflect these changes. On the other hand, some governments or countries believe that the role of the law is to force or control social change. In the latter case, the law may or may not change through the process of social change. In today’s society, laws generally reflect society’s attitudes and social change as can be seen in the constantly changing, amending, updating and reversal of many of the laws which used to be enforced. These transitions in the law as a reflection of social change can be seen in some of the recent changes in laws pertaining to homosexual partnerships and euthanasia in some countries. Changes in the law reflect societal attitudes to the extent where countries which have changed their laws to suit society’s changing attitudes are seen as more open and accepting of societal changes than those which do not. There are also some countries in which the law remains a controlling force for social change as seen in the one child policy in China. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Injury and Safety Impacts of Bicycle Helmet Laws

    A 6 page reviews of the history and impact of laws mandating the use of helmets for bicyclists. Bicycle helmet laws are quite controversial not only within the U.S. but also in other areas of the world (especially in Australia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, and New Zealand) where they have been implemented. Many debate the quest of just how effective they are in improving safety and reducing injuries. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Article 2 of the European Uunion Draft Constitutional Treaty

    This 6 page paper first looks at Article 2 pf the EU Draft Constitution and then considers whether or not Council Directive 2003/9/EC, lays down the minimum standards for the reception of asylum seekers, can be seen as building on it. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • The Netherlands and the Law's Role in the Development of Social Attitudes Regarding Euthanasia and Gay Rights

    This is a 9 page paper discussing how the homosexual right laws and euthanasia laws in The Netherlands reflect society’s attitudes. Two basic perspectives are considered in regards to the role of the law in society. One is that the role of the law is to reflect society’s attitudes and throughout the process of social change through history, so too will the law reflect these changes. On the other hand, some governments or countries believe that the role of the law is to force or control social change. In the latter case, the law may or may not change through the process of social change. In today’s society, laws generally reflect society’s attitudes and social change as can be seen in the constantly changing, amending, updating and reversal of many of the laws which used to be enforced. These transitions in the law as a reflection of social change can be seen in some of the recent changes in laws pertaining to homosexual partnerships and euthanasia in The Netherlands. Changes in the law reflect societal attitudes to the extent where countries which have changed their laws to suit society’s changing attitudes are seen as more open and accepting of societal changes than those which do not. There are also some countries in which the law remains a controlling force for social change as seen in the one child policy in China. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Cinematic Examples of the Model of Due Process and the Roles Played by Community and the Law

    This is a 6 page paper discussing the concepts of the role of law in a community and the due process model as found in examples in film. Tutorial language appears in square brackets throughout the text to assist in the writing process. Several factors which are relevant to the law and crime are often well depicted within the cinema. In many cases within films which center on a community’s involvement in a local legal trial evidence can be found as to the understanding of the role of law within a community and within society. Basically, the law is meant to reflect society’s attitudes and values. While mostly, this role of law is beneficial to individuals within those communities as found in the films “Brother’s Keeper” and “Erin Brockovich”, in the case of conflicting communities within the same area, often one community can override the needs of another as seen in “To Kill a Mockingbird”. Other elements which are revealed within films dealing with legal cases are those which explore the criminal models of crime control and due process. Historically, due process may be difficult to find or non-existent such as in Henry VIII’s treatment of Sir Thomas More in “A Man for All Seasons” or the idea of completing the trials with expediency in “Judgment at Nuremberg”. More recent films, however, such as “The Verdict” try to show the benefits of due process within the legal system. Bibliography lists 11 sources

  • Law and Confidentiality

    This 8 page paper considers UK medical law and the issue of confidentiality and recent developments it the law. The paper starts with an expansion of past statutes and outlines the circumstances under which confidence can be breached and then looks at the impact that may be seen with the Hunan Rights Act, specifically article 8. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Conveyancing System of Wales and England and Its Flaws

    This 5 page paper considers the flaws in the current conveyancing system in England and Wales and then looks at the proposed changes to remedy the flaws. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • UK Law and Sea Carriage of Dangerous Goods

    This 14 page paper considers the carriage of dangerous goods by sea and how this is covered under UK law. The paper begins with general shipping law and liabilities and then looks to specific allowances for dangerous goods. The paper includes issues such as the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and the Hague-Visby Rules. The bibliography cites 21 sources.

  • Press Freedom and Libel

    This 10 page paper considers the statement “The English Law of libel and defamation represents an unwarranted restriction on the freedom of the press and the broadcast media”. The paper looks at both sides of the argument and uses numerous cases to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Racial Equality and Tort Law

    A 4 page paper discussing the progress of racial equality over the past century as it applies to tort law. Beginning with Justice Harlan’s dissent in the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson and continuing to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the paper discusses the ineffectiveness of tort law before the mid-1960s. America still has not achieved full equality, but the tort possibilities introduced with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 have provided a means by which it can continue to be promoted. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Legal Use of Violence and Adversial Process

    A 5 page paper which examines the effectiveness of the adversial process and the legal use of violence in the field of law. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Personal Jurisdiction Issues and Internet Business Websites

    This 6 page paper discusses the personal jurisdiction problems involved with business on the internet. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • In Support of the 1996 Federal Stalking Law

    A 4 page paper which specifically examines how to keep from being victimized, relocation and other ways to make stalking targets feel safe, and discusses the seriousness of the crime of stalking. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • EU and UK Law, the Individual, and Judicial Review

    This 9 page paper looks at judicial review and the position of the individual in the UK and the grounds on which a review may be granted. The paper then considers the position of the individual at EU level, arguing that the they have a greater level of access to the process at national rather than EU level. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • 'Blame Game' and Criminal Law

    This 7-page paper attempts to prove the assertion that blaming is an important factor in criminal law. Bibliography lists two sources.

  • Injunctions and the Equity Law

    This 5 page paper discusses the statement that “equity is not past the age of childbearing”. The appeach is taken by looking at the development of the law of equity and injunctions, the new types of injunctions and the way in which the criteria for the granting of injunctions has developed to ensure the court continues to be able to exercise its discretion free from precedent. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • A History of American Organized Crime

    A 15 page research paper that offers a history of organized crime in the US. The writer follows this history from Prohibition to the current day, concentrating on the career of Lucky Luciano, and arguing that the influence of the Mafia has declined in recent years, as Asian and Latin American gangs have gained ascendancy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Law and the Patents

    This 5-page paper focuses on aspects of patent law, based on a case study. Topics under discussion include patent infringements and revocation of patents. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Maintaining Order Through Law

    This 8 page paper acknowledges that the primary goal of law is to maintain order. The paper then considers the argument that there are other ways of maintaining order. Issues such as magic, beliefs, natural law, justice, process, gender and equality are all considered within this context. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Repeat Offenders After Probation and or Parole

    This 15-page paper discusses literature concerning the rate of recidivism among offenders who are released from parole or probation situations. Literature is compared, and conclusions about the information obtained. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • United Kingdom Law and Last Will and Testaments

    This 5 page paper considers UK law, what makes a will valid such as the requirements of the testator at the time of making the will and the will itself. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Different English Law Areas and Court Jurisdiction

    This 4 page paper considers the jurisdiction of the courts under tenancy law, contract law and tort law according to English law. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • United Kingdom and the Domicile Concept

    This 4 page paper considers what is meant by domicile and how it is determined under UK law. The paper cites cases to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Contract Law Mistakes and Fraudulent Misrepresentation Case Study

    This 5 page paper considers a case supplied by the student. A sale is made with various mistakes, a buyer misrepresents himself and the seller does not want to complete the contract. The paper determines if there is a valid contract, what there terms where and how the mistake affects it by reference to UK contract law and the Sale of Goods Act 1979, and then looks at the results of the fraudulent misrepresentation. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Contract Law in Italy

    20 pages in length. The writer discusses offers, breach and revocability as they relate to Italian contract law. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Employment Law of the UK and the Unfair Dismissal Concept

    This 22 page paper reports and explains unfair dismissal as outline in the Employment Rights Act 1996 and the Employment Rights Act 2002 and the changes made in the interim. There are any number of contexts for an unfair dismissal claim, for example, claims related to maternity leave or to trade union activities. Some of the multitude of Codes of Practice are discussed, such as those ACAS issued in 2000 regarding Disciplinary and Grievance Procedures. Many of the changes in the 2002 Act were actually enacted prior to this Act, such as the qualifying years of service for unfair dismissal claims and the increase in the maximum awards. Tribunal cases are used to illustrate why a tribunal may find the dismissal fair or unfair. Data regarding the number of cases going to tribunals are reported as a justification for changes in the procedures. The writer comments on whether the 2002 Act was more advantageous to the employer or the employee as compared to the 1996 Act and its subsequent revisions. Data are included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • The Internet Law of Australia

    A 4 page overview of recent attempts at regulating Internet content in Australia. These actions have occurred in the face of laws which have been on the books since 1982 insuring Australians freedom of information. Australia’s solution to this contradiction has been to amend the Freedom of Information Act itself. The author contends that Australia’s attempts at censoring the Internet are the equivalent of fighting a windmill and suggests that many stand ready to fight for the rights originally granted by Australia’s Freedom of Information Act. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Contract Law Case and the Internet

    This well written 16 page paper considers the following case; Jez, subscribes to an Internet magazine site. After paying his subscription fee, he is required to agree to the terms of use Jez does read them, but and proceeds to click on The “I agree to the terms of use”. Rob, a work colleague, discovers Jez's username and accesses the site without Jez's permission. Rob spams members of the chat room advertising his services as a freelance artist. The magazine wish to end the contract, the users of the chat room are not happy and he employers are also unhappy. The paper advises Jez, Rob, the magazine, the chat room users and the employers. The paper then considers a second issue where a company with a similar name wish to set up a domain and take action against the magazine company who have a very similar domain name. The case is written with reference to English law and cases are cited throughout. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Ancient Rome and Sales Contracts

    A 7 page overview of the elements which go into contracts of sale. The author traces each of these elements to the laws of ancient Rome. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Law Enforcement, Morality, and Ethics

    A 15 page research paper that investigates the moral and ethical conduct of law enforcement officers. The writer differentiates between "moral" and "ethical" behavior on the part of these agents and discusses the ramifications of police behavior. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Ancient Rome and the Law on Contract of Sale

    An 8 page overview of the elements which go into contracts of sale. Identifying three critical elements of sale (the agreement, the thing sold, and the price), the author traces each of these elements to the laws of ancient Rome. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Student Submitted Questions on Law

    This 3 page paper considers a case supplied by a student. The first part considers possible discrimination and the second looks at the injury and death of employees at work. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Criminology Foundations

    This is a 3 page paper discussing the foundations of criminology in relation to contemporary developments. The study of criminology is important in contemporary society because crime affects everyone within society either directly or indirectly. Criminology uses expertise from a variety of disciplines such as law, sociology, psychology, anthropology and economics among others to try and understand the societal processes of the making of collective laws, the breaking of these laws, and society’s reaction to the breaking of the laws. While a crime is basically considered as the breaking of the criminal code, there are many other dimensions to crime which must be considered in order to understand its effect on society. The breaking of the criminal code is only the legal aspect of crime while normative, deviant, social, and basic right perspectives must also be included. Without these intensive studies in criminology, societal laws will not reflect the needs of society or the causes of ongoing criminal behavior. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Four Films and Their Portrayal of Crime and Judicial Procedures

    A paper which looks at the way in which crime and judicial processes are dealt with in four modern movies, with particular reference to the moral and ethical foundations of the legal systems and the extent to which situational ethics may be appropriate in the context of law enforcement.

  • Malpractice, Lawyers, and Insurance

    20 pages in length. Although one might duly expect one's lawyer to be forthright and principled in his/her approach to law, this is unfortunately not always the case. Sometimes unintentionally negligent while other times malicious in intent, attorneys are fallible human beings like everyone else in all other sectors of commerce; just because they get paid to uphold the law does not mean they always do. The extent to which lawyers breach their ethical and/or legal oath is wholly dependent upon the state and circumstances; with America's recognized disdain for law professionals, it is no wonder why there is such a need for attorneys to carry malpractice insurance. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Railway and Airline Industry Labor Relations Laws

    This 3 page report discusses labor law, the Railway Labor Act of 1926, labor law, and the rights of airline and railroad workers. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • European Union Law and the Direct Effect Concept

    The notion of the effectiveness of European Community law has been developed by the European Courts of Justice (ECJ)into an obligation on national courts to ensure that they give adequate effect to EC in cases arising before them. This 8 page paper examines the way in which the “direct effect” concept has been applied by the ECJ, and contrasts its’ effectiveness with any alternative way of enforcing EC law. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • English Law Regarding Contract Law

    This 4 page paper looks at a case supplied by the student where there is an advertisement placed in a newspaper, which is followed by communications and an acceptance. The paper considers which are offers, which are counter offers, and communications, if any, is a valid acceptance. The paper is written with reference to English law and cites relevant cases. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • The Role of Agency Law

    This 7 page paper considers the role of agency law and how it may be enforced as well as comparing the position in the UK with that in Europe. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Contemporary Law Practice and the Impact of Technology

    A 14 page contention that technology has impacted the manner in which law is practiced in a multitude of ways. From the perspective of the forensics which can be used to prove innocence or guilt, to the way we communicate with other law professionals or even our clients, to the way we conduct our research, to the way we manage our offices, technology has taken more and more importance. The modern attorney has been quick to embrace this technology. Its incorporation cannot safely occur, however, without deliberate attention to a multitude of issues. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • England's Common Law, Tudor Developments, and Magna Carta's Impact

    English common law has developed over a long period of time. This 9 page paper consider the impact that the Magna Carta and the changes during the Tudor period have had on common law. The paper looks at the position before these events and how they changed the view and use of common law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • History and Recommendations for Advanced Directives

    Considerations An 11 page overview of advanced directives in the medical arena. The author reviews the history of advanced directives utilizing such historic cases as the Karen Ann Quinlan case and the recent high profile case of Terri Schiavo to emphasize their importance. The provisions of the 1991 Patient Self Determination Act are explored and recommendations made regarding their implementation on both a personal and organizational level. Statistics are provided regarding the popularity of such directives. A copy of a generic durable power of attorney form is included as supplementary material. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Contemporary Law Practice and Technology

    A 19 page contention that technology has impacted the manner in which law is practiced in a multitude of ways. From the perspective of the forensics which can be used to prove innocence or guilt, to the way we communicate with other law professionals or even our clients, to the way we conduct our research, to the way we manage our offices, technology has taken more and more importance. The modern attorney has been quick to embrace this technology. Its incorporation cannot safely occur, however, without deliberate attention to a multitude of issues. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Article 81 of European Union Law

    This 5 page paper critically discuses the scope and effectiveness of Article 81 as the principle means of controlling anti-competitive agreements within the European Union. The paper examines the article and cites numerous cases to illustrate the points raised. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Articles 28 through 30 and the European Union's Free Movement of Goods Law

    This 4 page paper looks at different scenarios where one member state has restrictions on goods which may or may not be seen as restrictive. The paper considers a company tat wants to export chocolate with a sugar content over that allowed by the importing country, the requirements for specific packaging of another country, issue such as morality applied to chocolate made in erotic shapes, and a ban on advertising in children’s comics and magazines in another state. The paper is written concisely and cites numerous cases to illustrate points raised. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Proportionality and Australian Law

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the concept of proportionality as it appears Australian Law. In recent years, the High Court of Australia has been for applying the concept of proportionality to issues related to the Constitution of Australia. When the core values of this Constitution are at stake, the requirement of proportionality becomes more stringent for the High Court, and questions of the application of this standard have been related in recent years. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The U.S. Air Force and Advanced Practice Nursing

    An 18 page paper discussing federal and state laws regarding advanced nursing practice. At present, licensing is a state function, and requirements as well as privileges can widely vary between states. As a national organization, the USAF and other military services may literally be caught in the middle between states’ and federal regulation. The purpose here is to determine whether the USAF advanced nurse practitioners are “functioning beyond their scope of practice as independent licensed practitioners.” Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Policy Implications of the Film Cool Hand Luke

    A 3 page essay that discusses the impact that the film Cool Hand Luke (1967) had on criminal justice policy. The writer discusses how this film contributed to the spirit of penal reform that existed in the 1960s and 70s. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Music Piracy as a Growing Problem

    A 6 page discussion of the societal factors behind the growing problem of music piracy. The author asserts that the unauthorized reproduction of music is a crime and that it mustbe treated as such. Equally important, however, is the establishment of some means to curb the problem. One such means is the establishment of honor codes in our nation's universities. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations and Risk Assessment

    A paper which looks in detail at the Risk assessment and the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, with particular reference to the concepts of "sufficient" and "suitable" as used in the Regulations, and the way that these have been interpreted in recent case law. Bibliography lists 25 sources

  • Fictitious Atlantic Ocean University and its Legal Situations

    This 12-page paper provides an overview about some legal situations faced by fictitious Atlantic Ocean University, a private college based in Maine. Topics discussed from a legal standpoint include unionization and union negotiation, gender discrimination in hiring, and non-compete clauses. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Incarceration

    This 12-page paper examines the concept of incarceration, what it is used for, the history and its effectiveness. Also discussed in this paper are alternatives to incarceration. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Law and Discrimination

    Discrimination is a reality that has been with mankind perhaps since the beginning of time. People have treated others that they felt were different, or less human, very poorly. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Arguing Against Nurses Participating in the Death of Patients and the Christine Busalacchi Case

    A 10 page paper which the arguments presented by nurses in Missouri and Arkansas, who pleaded a case before the Supreme Court that depriving Christine Busalacchi of nourishment through starvation and dehydration was illegal, inhumane, and unethical. The strengths and weaknesses of the arguments presented in the nurses’ briefs, conflicts of laws or rights will be considered, and a decision will be reached on the basis of the precedents offered. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Eyewitness Testimony Admissibility

    A 10 page research paper that discusses the reliability of eyewitness testimony. The writer offers a literature review of eyewitness and memory research that indicates that eyewitness testimony is not as reliable as it has been traditionally viewed in US jurisprudence. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • New York Times Co. v. United States

    This 13 page paper discusses the 1971 "Pentagon Papers" case that was argued before the Supreme Court, which found that the Times could publish classified documents pertaining to the Administration's misleading of the American public with regard to the situation in Vietnam. The paper discusses what this means for journalists today; includes a brief literature review. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Medieval Law and Literature

    This 5 page paper examines several medieval laws and argues that they resemble literature, not legal documents. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Phil Spector's Murder Trial: Evidence

    3 pages in length. Fame and fortune do not preclude the potential for criminal activity, even a crime as heinous as murder. Phil Spector - a celebrated music producer from the 1960s whose claim to fame includes Cher and the Ramones - has been charged with the February 3rd murder of Lana Clarkson, a struggling actress who had taken a hostess job at the House of Blues. The famous music club located on Los Angeles's Sunset Strip was where Clarkson was last seen alive after leaving with Spector in his private vehicle; they later arrived at his mansion where she was found two hours hence with a single shot to the head. Six months and myriad forms of evidence later, Spector was charged in the case; he bailed out on one million dollars bond and is scheduled for trial in September 2007. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Business Law Questions

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of three business law questions, one about the types of negotiations, one about a sports case, and another about manufacturer warrantees.

  • Ladies & Gentlemen of the Jury, I Present…the Nursing Documentation

    A 3 page summary of the article Ladies & Gentlemen of the Jury, I Present….the Nursing Documentation by Sally Austin. No additional sources cited.

  • Music Piracy

    A 3 page paper which examines music piracy. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Critique on the October, 2008 Ringtone Decision

    This 3 page paper examines this decision related to copyright and the music industry. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Music Licensing and Creative Commons

    In four pages this paper examines music licensing and copyright issues in a discussion of the Creative Commons nonprofit organization that offers various licensing methods for holders of music copyrights. An analysis of various licenses and their implementation impacts are also presented. Two sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • WIPO: AN OVERVIEW, MANDATE AND MUSIC RIGHTS

    This 3-page paper presents a discussion about the World Intellectual Property Organization, its mandates and protection of intellectual property. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • WIPO Internet Intellectual Property Protection

    This 3 page paper looks at the role and remit of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The paper then considers the way intellectual property on the internet is protects, with specific attention to music by looking at the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT).The bibliography cites 3 sources.

 

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