Research Papers on Sports & Issues in Sports Management

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.


Research Papers on Sports & Issues in Sports Management

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Sports Gambling Legalization

    A 5 page paper which examines why gambling in sports. especially college sports, should not be legalized. A brief illustration of how gambling is problem enough on college campuses, without making generalized gambling legal. College sports in combination with legalized betting would spell sure disaster in many different areas, thoroughly reducing the field of sports to little more than a battleground for making money. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Benjamin Rader/American Sports

    This 8 page paper examines Benjamin Rader's book American Sports. The book delves into history of sport in the United States. The paper focuses on the rise of sport as equated with the rise of cities. No additional sources cited.

  • Female Participation in Basketball

    A 5 page overview of the importance of female participation in sports such as basketball and in the importance of this participation receiving an equal media coverage and emphasis as does male participation in sports. Correlates female participation in sports with lowered teen pregnancy, higher academic success, and less gang participation. Bibliography lists six sources.

  • Globalism, Technology, Capitalism, and Sport

    A 6 page paper that focuses on LaFeber's book, Michael Jordan and the New Global Capitalism. The essay looks at how sport has become so commercial over the decades to become part of global capitalism with major corporations sponsoring sporting events in the 1960s. The writer comments on the interaction of technology, capitalism and sport. LaFeber uses the relationship between Jordan and Nike as an example. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Equalizing Aspects of Sport

    This 7 page paper examines sports in society. What is socially constructed? How can athletes excel when there is discrimination in sports? Various issues are examined as it respects disability, gender and race. The paper supports the notion that sport is one area where life is fair. The other side is discussed in depth as well. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Racial Issues in Sport

    This 5 page paper looks at a range of racial issues in sport. This includes discrimination against racial minorities through wages and positions played, the disparity of white ownership of sports teams, the movement towards increased equality, the present of racism in the media and the perceptions of the fans and the sport people. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Pro Sports and the Impact of Sports Agents

    A 10 page research paper that examines the affect that sports agents have had on professional sports. The writer argues that the power of sports agents has increased tremendously over the last several decades, but whether or not their influence is positive or negative, depends largely on the ethics and personality of the individual agent. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • ‘Sports Night’: An Exciting and Memorable Experience

    In three pages this speech features the writer’s personal reflections on attending a local community sporting event known as ‘Sports Night,’ an exciting experience during which throughout the course of the evening past legends from the world of sports gathered to sign autographs, tell stories, and make a lasting impression on young fans. There are no bibliographic sources listed.

  • TV Sportscasting

    (12 pp) This discussion exams the role of television broadcasting in sports, through the personality of the sportscaster and through the game itself. The sports of figure skating, golf, and basketball are examined for their impacts in this media. The possibility of a new network entering the picture in these sports areas is also reviewed, as are recommendations for such a possibility. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Societal Role of Sports

    This 4 page paper examines the role of sports. Various aspects of sport is discussed including economic, physical and psychological ramifications. Attention to sports administration is included as well. Both positive and negative aspects are explored. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Issues Associated with Sports Marketing

    An eight page paper which looks at several aspects of sports marketing, in terms of the potential consumer base, marketing strategies, the importance of market research and the way in which these factors affect both sport itself and sports-related products. Bibliography lists 6 sources

  • U.S. and Japan Pro Sports

    A 5 page essay comparing the professional sports of Japan and the United States. Though almost every Japanese citizen follows their traditional sport of sumo wrestling, the growth of baseball in popularity and following in recent years has led even the Japanese to refer to it as the national sport. Nearly a mirror image of its American counterpart in administrative structure, it has allowed Japan to add another, unexpected, export: professional baseball players to U.S. teams. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mexico During the Late 19th Century and Sport

    This 5 page paper focuses on the book Judas at the Jockey Club by William H. Beezley in examining how sport defined Mexican culture. Social stratification in respect to sport is noted as is the significance of Mexican's embrace of sports from Euro-American culture. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Father and Son Bonding Through Sports

    A 5 page essay that examines Scott Russell Sanders' essay "Reasons of the Body," which discusses how he bonds with his son through sports, and also how sports, or even just the way he moves, also reminds him of his own father. In other words, Sanders sees the societal significance of sports in men's lives and this perspective is informative and intriguing. No additional sources cited.

  • Women and Hamstring Injuries

    A 6 page paper discussing this too-common injury. As more women become involved in competitive sports involving sprinting, they also suffer a higher percentage of hamstring injury. Soccer players are highly susceptible to hamstring injury because of the nature of the movements required in the sport, but any sport involving sprinting can be suspect. The purpose here is to review what hamstring injury is, how it is treated and special implications for women athletes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Soccer and Sports Psychological Motivation

    This is a 7 page paper discussing motivation in sport with examples from soccer. Motivation in sport is unique in regards to the study of motivation in psychology as many factors which seem to motivate athletes to increase perceived competence and performance are not the same as those recorded in other studies outside of the sport environment. Researchers A.V. Carron and R.H. Cox have compiled collections of motivational models which can be applied within the sport setting. While much of the research can be applied to athletes who compete on an individual level, much of it has also been applied to the team environment. Several research studies in the area of junior soccer have revealed that expectations of others and perceived self-control are high motivators in relation to perceived competence and performance. While many factors such as intrinsic self-confidence are required for high anxiety level components of the game, such as penalty shots, several other components related to expectations of others such as audience support are more consistent indicators of motivation in the sport of soccer. Bibliography list 6 sources.

  • Fathers, Sons, and the Bonding Created by Sports

    16 pages in length. Fathers and sons share many experiences that help to fortify their relationship; however, there is perhaps no better bonding agent than the shared experience of sports. Indeed, fathers dream of the day they can teach their sons how to play catch, hit a softball or go long for a pass, which clearly illustrates the bonding powers inherent to sporting activities. For boys who may have tenuous associations with their fathers, the very act of engaging in some type of sports often has a cathartic effect upon the issue that stands between them, ultimately affording the father and son to bridge whatever gaps might exist between them. Sports is also an excellent way for boys to work off the growing trend towards childhood stress, while at the same time have fun and further solidify the bond with their fathers. As well, father/son sports activities are a great way to draw out an individual with an otherwise low self-image and help bolster a strong and healthy dose of self-esteem. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Big Money and Big Sports

    An 8 page research paper that investigates the relationship between big sports and big money. Sports of any variety, high school, amateur, collegiate or professional, have obtained the cultural equivalent of religion among the majority of Americans. Presumably, athletic competition is about skill, endurance and the perseverance of the athlete. However, even a brief overview of sports shows that while these qualities are present in the background, sports today is all about the money. Sports economics are based on profit, which depends on winning and winning is frequently based on who has the most money. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Journalists and Their Sports Influence

    A 4 page paper assessing the statement, “Sports journalists don’t just write about sport, they define it.” Superficially, there seems to be nothing wrong with this statement, as it appears to reflect the concept of “full, fair and complete” reporting that is the hallmark of journalistic principle. In reality, however, there are myriad ways in which this journalistic vehicle can be driven in the ditch. The paper uses the *Dallas Morning News* purchase of an interest in the Dallas Mavericks as example. Much of the job of the sports writer is to offer analysis, which invites the introduction of bias and personal preference. The sports journalist does indeed walk a fine line, for s/he does have the effect of defining sport. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Applications of Orthopedic Sports Medicine

    12 pages in length. The field of orthopedic sports medicine has become a uniquely specialized occupation due to the intricate and often repetitive damage that occurs from sports-related injuries. Once having been incorporated as a part of regular medicine, the need was highly warranted for a separate entity as a means by which to deal with the special problems inherent to orthopedic sports medicine. It is not unusual to find lay people and those with sports injuries themselves becoming involved as both trainers and support personnel, proving to be particularly effective when working toward a degree in Health and Physical Education. The writer discusses orthopedic sports medicine as it relates to academic and practical application. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • The Influence of Sport in the Context of Creating, Maintaining and Challenging Ethnic Identities and Stereotypes

    This 12 page paper discusses the role of sport and the way in which it may have the potential to support ethnic identities, especially for ethnic minorities, how it may help to challenge stereotypes and the ways in which it may support minorities. The role of sport is considered from a sociological perspective, examining how and why sport may impact on the wider social environment and discussing the ways in which it may influence values. A number of sporting examples are used to demonstrate the way it may help to change or influence social opinions and values. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • Baseball as America's Favorite Sport

    5 pages in length. The question is both loaded and debatable; depending upon which side of the sporting fence one resides, the answer might just incite a full-fledged riot. Which game really is America's favorite sport? Given the recent turmoil in both football and baseball camps, not to mention the ongoing rivalry between the two sports to outdo each other for the top position, it might seem a difficult challenge to choose just one. In spite of these tribulations, however, one must look at more than just the most recent polls and examine the impact one sport in particular has historically had upon the nation as a whole: baseball. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Adding an Athletic Trainer to the Sports Medicine Clinic

    A 4 page paper promoting the concept of adding an athletic trainer to a sports medicine clinic. The paper argues that an existing sports medicine clinic has the opportunity to use athletic trainers on staff in the same roles that nurse practitioners and physician assistants fill in the practices of internists, gynecologists and other medical specialties, as well as providing better client education for injury prevention. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Team Sports and Cohesion Importance

    This five page paper considers the role of cohesion in team sports. The writer looks at team cohesion in relation to its determinants and consequences. Included in the paper is a consideration of cohesion is needed in all team sports and how the motivation of the individuals will impact on the cohesion and how this will transfer into the team performance and results. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Sports and Children

    This 5 page paper provides an evaluation of how children are taught about sports. Group identification and being a team player is valued over individual competitiveness. This paper argues that children are unfairly indoctrinated into a competitive sporting world. An annotated bibliography is included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Politics and Sports

    This 5 page paper suggests that sports and politics do not mix. At the same time, the paper contends that while politicians should try to avoid becoming entangled in sports, it is not easy to do. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sports Negotiating Effectiveness

    This 5 page report discusses effective negotiations in professional sports. The relationship between management and worker, especially in professional sports, is often ambiguous, full of tension and fraught with blame and finger pointing. As a result, the ability to negotiate successfully is of the utmost importance.Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Post 1960s Changes Regarding Women in Sports

    This 8 page report discusses how girls’ and women’s role in sports has changed since the 1960s. The road to women’s participation in sports and the support of their desire to be athletes has been long and tedious. Women have had to suffer segregation, being ostracized, having their sexuality questioned, and even being seriously injured. The explosive growth of women's athletics in America truly began in the 1970s and hasn’t been stopped. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Heroism and Sports

    10 pages in length. In the first half of the paper, the writer discusses the concept of sports heroes as it relates to symbolic interactionism, conflict theory and functionalism. The second half addresses the concerns of the sports hero image being a reflection of society. Bibliography lists 1 sources.

  • Law and Gambling in Professional Sports

    In 20 pages this paper explains sports gambling as a legal issue, describes how it affects the world of sports, reviews and summarizes famous related legal cases (including MLB’s Pete Rose and the NBA’s Tim Donaghy, examines the current law, and suggests changes or modifications to strengthen the current law. Ten sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Sports of the Future

    9 pages. The future of sports involves many things and can infer a myriad of subjects. This paper takes a look at the super athletes that we are beginning to see every year, what makes them that way, and how the future of sports is taking shape. The paper covers a variety of ideas. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Does an Economic Crisis Hurt the Entertainment and Sports Industries?

    In twenty pages this paper examines the effects of an ailing economy on the entertainment and sports industries in a consideration of venues (suite sales and booking shows), touring shows (Britney Spears’ 2009 Circus concert tour, Coldplay’s 2008-2009 concert tour, Smucker’s Stars on Ice, professional sports, ticket holders, club seats, and premium seats (i.e., new Dallas Cowboys’ stadium). Twelve sources are listed in the bibliography. TGspentec.rtf

  • This 2.5-page paper analyzes political correctness in sports and why it is a bad influence in the sporting world. There are 3 sources cited.

  • Women's Athletics and Equity

    A 4 page paper. Everyone knows who Babe Ruth was but far fewer people know who Babe Didrikson Zaharias. One reason for this discrepancy in notoriety is news coverage. Women's athletic and sports programs have not received the same level of funding or the same degree of publicity. This essay discusses these discrepancies, comments on Title IX and cites research that illustrates the benefits of sports programs and athletics for girls and women. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sports Marketing and Consumer Behavior

    8 pages. This sports marketing project includes a description of the behavior and history of marketing to sports enthusiasts, suggestions for the application of these findings and a summary or overview of the history. The company that is analyzed is that of Hillerich & Bradsby, makers of the world-famous Louisville Slugger bat. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Concept of Worldwide Sports Federations

    This 7 page essay discusses the concept of international sports federations and the ways in which they have a distinctly economic impact on the world. The past few years have not been some of the best for the various international sports federations of the world in terms of their image and prestige. At the core of many of the issues is the one that governs so much of modern life -- economics. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Organized Sports and the Increasing Trend of Violence

    A 20 page research paper that investigates the trend of increasing violence in organized sports. The writer argues that violence has become a factor intimately associated with sports at all organization levels, as well as on and off the field. The writer examines parental violence at the little league level, violence against officials, by players, spectators, and how coaches contribute to this problem. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sports, Sexism, and Language

    A 4 page research paper that investigates the topic of sexism and language in sports coverage. Citing numerous examples of sexism in sports language, the writer argues that such language is demeaning and destructive. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • World Cup History

    7 pages in length. Heralded as the world's most popular sport for the past one hundred and twenty-five years, the game of soccer has a most memorable history. From its early yet tenuous beginnings in 1904 to the first World Cup Tournament to its strong presence in the twenty-first century, soccer has demonstrated a staying power unequaled to nearly every other sport. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pete Rose Gambling Case and Sports Management

    This 5 page report discusses gambling in professional sports and by the athletes themselves. What are the legal implications, as well as the impact on the sport itself. The circumstances and findings of the Pete Rose case are discussed as well as Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Urban Baseball Stadium, Sporting Events, and Risk Management

    This 5 page report discusses various issues of risk management associated with using a municipal baseball stadium for sporting events by groups other than the teams directly associated with the stadium. The important elements of any risk management program include quality control, standards development, personal safety/injury, and information security. Those elements are equally important in the business of sporting events. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sports Fans and Advanced Sports Technology's Negative Effects

    8 pages in length. The writer discusses how advanced sports technology, such as television broadcasts and steroidal drug use, has detrimentally impacted sports from the fan's perspective. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Strategy of Marketing at Sporting Events

    This 5 page paper looks at the marketing strategy of advertising at sporting events. There is a focus on the Super Bowl, but there are other sporting events noted. Several companies are discussed including Heineken, Sealy, and Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • This 5-page paper discusses violence in sports from the professional arena all the way down to the recreational level. It also discusses why players resort to violence in sports. There are 6 sources cited.

  • Change Considerations at Good Sport

    A 21 page paper discussing Good Sport's culture and structure; power structures and politics; managing resistance to change; and leadership style and conflict management. The conclusion provides recommendation for managing change and conflict at Good Sport. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Why High School Competitive Sports are Desirable

    This 9 page paper examines high school sports and looks at both sides of the issue. Several arguments are noted including the idea that steroid abuse is rampant in high schools, that schools should focus solely on academics, and that high school sports celebrates community. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Role of Goal Setting in Sports

    This 5 page sports psychology paper considers the role of goal setting in sports, and the way that goals should support and create motivation. The writer looks at the role of competitive goals and mastery goals and considers the common pitfalls which may be seen when goal setting is undertaken. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Sports Fans and Their Importance

    A 4 page paper which examines how the sports fans are vital to the success of sports teams and often act as another player, urging teams on to win. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sports Agents

    A 3 page paper. Sports agents have reputations similar to those of lawyers and for good reason. This essay reports the styles of three real sports agents and discuses the potential ethical issues involved as well as the behaviors that must be changed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Russian Culture and Sports

    A 5 page paper which examines sports and the influence sports has on the culture of Russia. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Contemporary British Sports and Feminist Theory

    An 8 page paper which relates feminist theory to sports, and how this reflects contemporary British society. Specifically considered is feminism in relation to sports, how leisure theory developed from a male perspective, and inequalities in terms of participation (between gender), income and employment, power, positions of management and administration. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • 'Obscene' Salaries of Professional Sports' Celebrities

    This 6 page report discusses the outrageous amounts of money paid to sports stars. In the ongoing stories of athletes who are multi-millionaires, it is difficvulrt for the “average Joe’ to understand or have much sympathy for somebody who is paid millions of dollars every year to play a game. Of course, the game of professional sports is one of big business and the players serve as a truly unique product in a market with great demand for that product. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Mathematics in Sports

    An 11 page explanation of how mathematics are indeed an important tool in sports. Not only does an understanding of mathematics empower players by enabling them to use their body in the most effective manner to achieve optimum performance, mathematics are also useful in a diversity of other areas that are relevant to sports. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sport of Horse Show Jumping Overview

    A 3 page research paper that offers a brief overview of the sport of horse show jumping. The writer discusses the nature of the sport, its history and predicts increased popularity in its future. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Soccer, Culture and Identity

    This 4 page paper looks at the way in which individual and group culture and self perception may be impacted as a result of sport, specifically the practice of soccer. The paper includes discussion on the way that the practice of the sport may be seen as a reflection as well as an influence on identity and self perception. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • David Chu's Nautica International Retailers

    Taiwanese-born David Chu founded Nautica International and created products that appeal to people of all ages worldwide. Nautica not only attracts consumers of all ages, its clothes and accessories range from sport to hip-hop to ski fashion to women’s perfume. It sports the worlds largest distribution of jeans (which includes The North Face, JanSport and Eastpak brands), among others. These products are sold in 1,300 department and specialty shops in the United States and in 82 retail stores in Asia, Europe and Latin America. jvRetMar.rtf

  • Athletic Performance and Ritualistic Behavior

    An 8 page assessment of the effectiveness of ritualistic behavior in improving athletic performance. The author emphasizes that in the modern world of sports psychology ritualistic behavior is not longer limited to superstition like carrying a lucky charm to improve athletic performance. Sports psychologist now encourage the use of such rituals as visualization to accomplish this goal. While there are obvious limitations of ritualistic behavior in effecting an improved athletic performance, there are numerous studies demonstrating its usefulness. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • TV, Major League Baseball, and Economics

    This 5 page report discusses how television has affected Major League Baseball and the economics of the relationship between television and the game. Television has undeniably changed the character and promotion of sports stars in all games. While many television and sports analysts claim that baseball and television are not a profitable mix, the fact remains that television revenues for baseball broadcasts are extremely significant. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Consideration of Basketball at College and Professional Levels

    A 7 page paper which assesses the continuing sports debate as to which sport is superior, the NCAA or the NBA. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sport of Kickboxing

    This 4 page paper examines the sport of kickboxing. Positive and negative aspects of this sport and exercise regimen are discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Campaign to Increase Sporting Activity for Single Mothers

    Using the Sport England consumer segments, this 3 page paper selects a segment and designs a campaign to increase the take up of a sport. The paper presents a campaign to encourage stretched single mums to take up or increase swimming. The approach is designed to appeal to this target market with specific attention to the motivations, barriers and general characteristics of this segment. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Beer and Circus by Murray Sperber

    A 10 page essay/book review that discusses the basic premise of Murray Sperber's book Beer and Circus, How Big-Time College Sports is Crippling Undergraduate Education. The writer/tutor also offers the student research this topic suggestions for how to apply Sperber's book to a planned career in college sports. No additional sources are cited.

  • NCAA Eligibility Requirements and Learning Disabilities

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of the central issues and legal problems surrounding the attempts by a learning disabled student athlete to pursue participation in NCAA sports. This paper considers the eligibility requirements for NCAA sports and how these requirements can be challenged by the Americans with Disabilities Act. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Wage Disputes, Collective Bargaining and the 1994 MLB Strike

    This 4 page report discusses the strike that took place in Major League Baseball in the 1994-95 season. Collective bargaining in professional sports is a relatively new concept. It has only been a factor in professional team sports for approximately the last thirty years. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Drugs That Enhance Athletic Performance

    This 7 page paper examines performance enhancing drugs in professional and high school sports, as well as sports in general. Some solutions are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Australia's Recreation and Leisure

    An 8 page paper that discusses sport, leisure and recreation in Australia and the reasons the government has promoted these activities. Australia has been called the "Land of the Long Weekend" because of its natural beauty and its emphasis on sport and recreation activities. The essay reports some of the many government agencies involved in promoting sport and recreation. The writer comments on why the Australian government placed an emphasis on leisure and recreation after the Second World War and how this emphasis has changed over the decades. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Canada and Hockey's Culture of Violence

    This is a 6 page paper discussing the culture of hockey in Canada despite its violent aspects. Canadians are introduced into the world of hockey at a very young age. Young players are drafted into the Canadian National Hockey League during their mid-teens and leave their homes to be billeted across the country in the hopes that they will one day be drafted further into the professional level National Hockey League. Although violence in the game has been studied back three decades, Canadians and players seem to accept violence as a natural part of the game. Violence has been shown to increase depending on the level of play and the “winning at all costs” attitude which has been accepted as the priority. Recent studies have unveiled some violent aspects of the sport which have occurred not only on the ice but also off the ice between the coaches and the players. Despite the level of violence throughout the sport however, Canadians continue to embrace the sport within their own culture which has attained levels of mythical proportions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of US and Japan Structuring of Youth Sports

    A 5 page essay comparing the structure of youth sports in Japan to the structure of youth sports in the United States, concentrating primarily on the schooling period that equates to middle- and early secondary school in the United States. Japanese students operate on a modified year-round school schedule and the school days are much longer than those of the U.S. In addition, more than half of the students of middle school age also attend private tutoring classes five and six nights each week, and three hours of homework daily from the public school is common. Japanese students have little time for sports activities of any kind, and the structures between the two countries are very different. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sports Coverage and the Media II

    In this well-reasoned 6 page essay, the writer discusses what the media's ethical responsibilities should be in covering sports-related issues & events and how these measure up with reality. It is argued that the media spends too much time influencing the opinions of fans while it should really be providing objective news. Ultimately, the media's poor coverage of sports helps ruin the private lives of athletes, creates dishonesty among players & coaches, and in the specific case of college sports,-- helps draw the spotlight away from education itself. Recommended ideas about what the media should be doing are presented. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Becoming a Greater Sports Fan with Fantasy Sports

    In nine pages, this first-person narrative discusses why fantasy sports (specifically fantasy football) make participants better fans. Three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Australia, Alcohol Consumption and the Impact of Combining Advertising and Sports

    A 6 page paper discussing the effects of alcohol advertising during televised sporting events. The practice continues to increase, sending mixed messages to those adolescents who on the one hand are being taught in schools about the dangers of alcohol consumption and dependency, and who on the other regularly see portrayals of drinkers being active, involved and socially acceptable in athletic groups. The purpose here is to assess the state of alcohol consumption in Australia, along with marketers’ efforts to promote their products during sporting events that count high numbers of adolescents in their audiences. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Impact Of Instant Replay In College-Level Sports

    15 pages in length. An college-level sports official's job, while highly enviable, is also fraught with perpetual trepidation each time a play is called; whether in favor of the home team or visitors, a referee's call is considered as good as gospel when it comes to how the game will proceed from that point forward. Or at least that is how college-level sports have long been played up until recently when the advent of instant replay brought with it a hotly divided pool of fans, players, managers and owners who look at this offspring of technological advancement from opposing sides. Instant replay - which "allows questionable line calls to be overturned after they are reviewed on a video screen" (Block, 2006, p. 6) - may have the tendency to right the wrongs of erroneous calls made by officials, but it also has the presents a number of unfavorable considerations that pre-empt its more positive characteristics, not the least of which includes interpretation and fairness. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Community Sport Promotion Supported

    A 3 page campaign speech for an individual seeking a position from which s/he can develop community sport. The speaker reviews growing rates of obesity, diabetes and coronary artery disease as public health problems of the electronic age, and the problem of boredom and isolation that many teens and children deal with on a daily basis. Healthy people create healthy, vibrant, active and involved communities, which in turn positively affect the lives of all within them. While sport cannot be seen as a magic cure for all of the world’s ills, it certainly can provide a measure of health and happiness in the communities that value and support it. No source listed.

  • Social Responsibility, Ethics, Sports, and Philosophy

    An 8 page overview of the philosophic process as it applies to such aspects of our daily lives as sports, ethics, and social responsibility. Defines the philosophic process as a quest for knowledge and ethical and moral justification in the choices we make in life. The author contends that it is a process which is, in fact, applicable to ever aspect of our lives. In sports, for example, we seek fitness, knowledge, the enhancement of motor skills, and even pleasure. In our jobs we seek competency and professionality. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Legal Role of an Agent in Professional Sports

    This 10 page report discusses the legal role of the professional athlete’s agent and the evolution of sports agency. Negotiation, in any form, is primarily the art of getting another person or organization with an opposing opinion or interest to agree to a new set of criteria or demands. Such is certainly the case in professional athletes’ negotiation with team owners, potential sponsors, or any other entity determined to take advantage of an individual athlete’s skill and/or popularity. As a result, a great deal of legal controversy regarding the role of the agent, appropriate behavior, and legality have all come into the business of professional sports. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Management and Sports Marketing

    A 9 page paper that responds to specific student-generated questions regarding sports marketing management. Those topics include: an explanation of what sport marketing is; identifying fans; brand equity and management and how to enhance brand equity; using customer databases; niche marketing; and what service quality means. Examples are included throughout the paper. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Physical Education Instruction and Growth Patterns of Children

    A 5 page research paper that looks at how growth patterns in children should affect PE and sports instruction. Achieving optimum growth and development is one of the primary concerns of physical education instruction. To meet these goals, the adults who instruct school age children need to be cognizant of what constitutes normal growth patterns and also be aware of the ways in which growing children differ from adult norms. Adults should be aware of what constitutes good nutrition for children, and also the possible impact of strenuous sports training on children's growth potential. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • GM's Hybrid Car Crown Victoria and Marketing

    A 5 page paper discussing external issues in marketing a hybrid car resulting from a fictitious alliance between Ford and GM. Here, Ford and GM have collaborated in an alliance to produce and market a hybrid car, one that has been a standby in the Ford product line for decades. In past years, Ford has been highly successful in profitably producing and selling trucks of all types, including its popular sports utility vehicle (SUV) lines. It has performed dismally in selling passenger cars, however. GM’s hybrid fuel system will be used in the new product, giving it fuel efficiency not possible in SUVs yet providing families with enough space for children and all their sports gear too. The alliance can present the hybrid as providing the best of all conditions for the traveling family, whether they are traveling across the country or across town. The alliance should focus on greater perceived safety; greater fuel efficiency and environmental responsibility; and the ability for the family to take only one vehicle when traveling together. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The New York City Marathon

    A 4 page book review on Anything For A T-shirt by Ron Rubin, which chronicles the saga of The New York City Marathon and the innovative impresario who made this annual street theater/sporting event possible. Rubin explains how the annual event is much more than simply a sporting event, as it brings together the diverse peoples who make New York City their home in a way that not only creates a sense of community, but is also personally empowering to the individual participants. In addition to describing the marathon itself, Rubin's book is also very much a biography of an extraordinary man, the man who brought the world The New York City Marathon, Fred Lebow. No additional sources cited.

  • Poverty and the Escape Offered by Boxing

    5 pages in length. For many blacks and Hispanics, the opportunities to escape poverty are few and far between; typically held back by social and cultural determinism, these populations often struggle just to get by, much less have the chance to better their situations. Some, however, have found a way to break free by utilizing sports as their tutor, learning about themselves and the world around them by way of mental discipline and physical strength & stamina. Boxing represents one of the most sought-after activities for those trying to seek a better life through sports, especially if the individual's educational background does not provide for more academic-related opportunities. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Hurdles Faced by Female Athletes Over Forty

    6 pages in length. Directly correlated with the extent to which women over forty choose to participate in swimming is how active they were in this or other sports throughout their lives; one who has engaged in swimming or some other physical activity either consistently or in phases is much more likely to undertake swimming after forty than one who has had little experience with that or any other sport. The writer discusses other issues pertaining to female swimmers over 40 including gender limitations, discrimination and mass media agenda setting. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Massachusetts' Inhumane Racing of Greyhounds

    5 pages in length. Greyhound racing in Massachusetts is one of the state's most popular and revenue-driven events. The excitement mirrors that of a horse track where bettors become as involved in the sport's politics as they do in the wagers. On the surface, one might not think that greyhound racing is anything but a fun activity for both dog and spectator, but one would not be privy to the gruesome reality behind the inhumane sport, where it is the residual effect of racing that proves most detrimental to the dogs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Leadership as Interpreted by Vince Lombardi

    6 pages in length. Revered as one of the most influential sports leaders of all time, Vince Lombardi Jr. understood what it required to be number one, whether that meant on the football field or in life. Having completely turned around one of the worst teams in football – the Green Bay Packers – into a juggernaut that ultimately earned a combined five NFL and Super Bowl titles, Lombardi implemented an entirely new approach to the aspect of winning. His credo of self-knowledge, character and integrity helped to formulate a method of leadership that has transcended the sports world to be fully embraced by every nuance of organizational existence. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Asia and American Popular Culture

    A 7 page paper which examines the impact of American popular culture on Asia, in terms of food, fashion, sports and amusements. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Fracture Healing and the Impacts of Smoking and Alcoholism

    6 pages in length. Fracture injuries are difficult enough to heal without the negative influence that smoking and alcohol place upon the process. Such injuries, quite often related to sports activities and old age, depend upon a healthy, unadulterated physical state as a means by which to properly mend; when intruded upon by tobacco and alcohol, the entire healing process becomes somewhat compromised. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Inmate Luxuries and U.S. Prison System Problems

    In this 7 page paper, the writer argues that contemporary American prisons are made to be too comfortable and too accommodating. Prisoners are being entertained rather than being reformed. The hypocrisy of programs such as arts & crafts, music television, occasional live shows, and leisure sports are criticized. The 'prisoner's rights' movement is regarded as scaring too many jail systems into providing these amenities and a strong conclusion urges for a more reform-orientated change. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Copernian Revolution and Pseudoscience

    This 3 page paper discusses pseudoscience. An example is made of a website sporting claims about the prehistory of mankind and UFOs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Business Law Questions

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of three business law questions, one about the types of negotiations, one about a sports case, and another about manufacturer warrantees.

  • Why Teams Win: 9 Keys to Success in Business, Sport, and Beyond by Saul Miller

    A 5 page book report on Why Teams Win: 9 Keys to Success in Business, Sport, and Beyond by Dr. Saul Miller. No additional sources cited.

  • Black Community and the Impact of Black Sports Figuresty

    This 8 page paper acknowledges the fact that sports figures do influence children, young adults and are role models. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • H.G. Bissinger's Friday Night Lights A Town, a Team, a Dream

    A 5 page discussion of the underlying philosophy of win-win at any costs which author Bissinger exposes has resulted in significant social problems in Odessa Texas, the home of the Permian Panthers. At the same time, however, this philosophy is not unique to Odessa. It permeates high school sports across the nation and has the potential for phenomenal societal costs. No additional sources are listed.

  • Undue Attention Paid to Cricket in India

    This 5 page paper examines the "cricket craze" in India and argues that the attention being paid to the sport is damaging to the economy; even worse, it costs lives. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Successful Women's Soccer in the US

    13 pages in length. The twenty-first century has witnessed myriad changes to the sport of soccer, not the least of which has been the addition of women's teams. Amidst the struggle and strife rose a special strength that helped propel soccer to the heights it has reached in contemporary global athletics; with the entire world rallying around this original form of football, the World Cup has taken on an entirely new look by adding women to its long and illustrious history. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Does the NFL Encourage and Condone Drug Use?

    In four pages this paper argues that the NFL has shamefully encouraged and condoned drug use among its players, comparing its lax policy with other professional sports’ policies. Eight sources are listed in the bibliography.


    This 3-page paper analyzes financial performance of sports apparel maker and distributor Under Armour Inc. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Financial Management at Nike

    This 4 page paper gives a general overview of the way in which the financial department within the sports apparel company Nike operates, looking at the chief financial officer, and in considering the strategies which are utilized, including the way that financial risk is managed. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Sports, Crime, Drugs And Gambling

    Gambling, Counterfeiting, Terrorism And Wrestling : 5 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses the aforementioned topics as they relate to sports, crime and drugs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Golf and Nike

    This paper discusses the apparel manufacturing giant Nike and how its branding and use of celebrity sports figures has helped it become a popular worldwide brand. In addition, the paper examines how Nike is breaking into the area of golf apparel and equipment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Baseball History: The 1919 White Sox Fix

    This 3 page paper focuses on the infamous 1919 incident where the White Sox threw the game and eight players were banned from the sport. This scandal involves a variety of stakeholders, inclusive of the players, the fans, the team owners, the gamblers, and the coaches. Stakeholders, their roles, and how they are aligned with the integrity of the game are issues discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Asthma and Exercis

    A 6 page paper on the causes of asthma and its relationship to exercise. Main focus is on yourth sports in schools. Subjects covered include: medications, alternative treatments (warm-ups, masks/scarves, swimming for cardiovascular and strength training, relaxation), and what school coaches and parents in combination can do to help young athletes. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Managerial Economics Questions

    This 4 page paper answers 4 questions concerning economics used by managers in business. These look at how to price tickets for sporting events to maximize revenue or maximize attendance, book pricing to maximize royalty revenues, how to consider reducing a potential liability and the use of different types of auction to sell goods.

  • Paying College Athletes is the Right Thing to Do

    This 5 page paper argues that it is unfair for college athletes to work as hard as they do and not be paid for playing their sport. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Failure at TVR

    This 6 page paper is an analysis on a British sports car manufacturer called TVR. The paper looks at what the company has been doing wrong, examines the performance with the use of Lewin’s force field model and the applications of single and double loop learning and then makes suggestions for the way the company could have been saved. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Soccer and Economics

    This 8-page paper uses economic demand theory to explain marketing and other procedures for promoting a soccer team to fans. Also touched on is the economics of sports in general. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Raising Moral Youth

    A 3 page paper which examines how today’s youth can combat negative moral influences through such involvement as church, education and sports, and volunteering. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Analyzing The Wages of Wins by David J. Berri

    In seventeen pages an analysis of this book – with the emphasis primarily upon basketball – is presented. Statistical analysis considers the factors involved in team wins and player value, including player production, efficiency, and calculations generated by such criteria as defensive rebounds, assists, turnovers, etc. How the formula relates to baseball and football is also included as are the contributions of other sports economists such as Dean Oliver and John Hollinger. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Lou Gehrig's Disease

    8 pages in length. Lou Gehrig's disease -– also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – is named as such because of the man who was unlucky enough to be the first one diagnosed with the fatal neurological disease. One of baseball's most beloved players, Gehrig's progressively weakened condition forced him to step back from the plate for good on July 4, 1939 but not before he delivered what is still to this day one of history's most poignant moments in sports. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Andrew Zimbalist's Unpaid Professionals

    A 6 page summary and analysis of Andrew Zimbalist’s book “Unpaid Professionals: Commercialism and Conflict in Big-Time College Sports.” Bibliography lists 1 additional source.

  • Sports, Society and a Student's 'Senior Wish'

    This 3 page paper addresses the subject of sports and society. In this essay, why a student wants his or her team to go to the state playoffs is discussed. Written in first person, this essay presents this desire in the form of an ultimate wish for senior year. No bibliography.

  • Is Walking Beneficial for Human Health?

    This 5 page paper examines the benefits of walking. The only source used is a 2008 issue of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Three articles are cited. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Baseball Players, Training Programs, and Balance of Energy Systems

    An eight page paper which looks at the specific requirements of baseball with regard to the training and fitness programmes undergone by athletes and the way in which the management and balance of energy systems for baseball players is different from that of athletes who participate in other sports. Bibliography lists 6 sources

  • Analysis: “The Sun Also Rises”

    This 6 page paper analyzes the themes of gender and sports in Hemingway’s novel “The Sun Also Rises.” Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Supply and Demand Business Economics Illustration

    This 3 page paper uses the example of the sales patterns of sports utility vehicles (SUV’s), to illustrate the value of understanding macro factors on the supply and demand relationship. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Production and Pricing at Under Armour, Inc.

    A 5 page paper discussing two items of the marketing mix for Under Armour, makers of performance sports apparel. Nike founder Phil Knight was not overly excited about the changes that needed to be made at Nike after it became a big company, but the alternative was even less appealing. It appears that Under Armour currently is facing many of the same types of choices and will need to respond to them in the manner of a large company rather than as a small one. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Anheuser Busch Brewery Company

    This 6 page report discusses the brewing company, Anheuser-Busch and its traditional management structure and controls. The St. Louis, Missouri, brewery leads the industry in the United States with a market share of approximately 45 per cent. Very few beer companies, domestic or foreign, have been doing as well. Anheuser-Busch is also involved in agriculture, entertainment (amusement parks and professional sports), creative services, packaging, and recycling. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Power of Incentives

    This 4 page paper examines three different incentive plans that an HR department might want to create. Various incentives such as contests, company sports, raises and promotions are discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Volleyball Officiating, Coaching, Nonverbal Communication and Nuances

    This 10 page report discusses the ways in which nonverbal communication serves as an essential aspect of both coaching and officiating the sport of volleyball. The most effective and “proper” techniques and responsibilities of a line judge for the fast-paced game of volleyball involve specific signals, movements, and cues that allow officials to understand what is happening at different areas of the court, whether or not their own line of sight is impaired. The same concept holds true for the coaches of competing teams. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • National Football League and the Effects of Instant Replay Technology

    This 10 page paper examines the impact that the Instant Replay technology has had on the sport of professional football. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Athletes and College Athletics in Division I

    A 12 page paper which examines how college athletes are expected to devote a large portion of their collegiate life to sports, and considers whether or not they should be benefiting from all the money that is being made by the industry. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Managing Finances and Ethics

    This 7 page paper examines ethics when it comes to financial management. This is discussed on both a personal and corporate level. Examples are given from different industries such as sports, medicine and the public sector. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Strategic Thinking Examples

    This 5 page paper discusses different issues with examples from real companies. The first deals with different organizational structures and the types that Dell uses. The second issue combines short-term and long-term goals and again uses Dell as an example. The writer discusses empowerment of employees using a sports gear company. the last issue is executive bonus compensation. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Cultural Comparison of Korea and the U.S.

    A 3 page paper which specifically compares and contrasts food, marriage, lifestyles, love of sports, and the approach to handshaking by these two very different cultures. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Singapore Marketing of the UK Football Club Manchester United

    This 35 page paper examines the United Kingdom football club Manchester United and how it is marketed in Singapore. The club has successfully made the transition from sports club to commercial entertainment whilst retaining credibility and increasing profit. The key to this success has been strategic marketing and differentiation and the use of alliances and sponsorship as well as brand extensions. This paper considers how this has been achieved and examined the underlying theory of marketing in this type of environment. The bibliography cites 26 sources.

  • Questions on Exchange Rates

    This 6 page paper answers questions posed by the student. The paper looks at the benefits of using the sport market for currency exchange the role of Eurocurrency and the use of Eurobonds. The paper then considers the impact of interest rates on exchange rates and the ability of companies to predict future exchange rates. The paper ends with an example of how to calculate which loan a company should accept, where there are different interest rates in different countries. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Learning to Focus in Sports and Other Life Pursuits

    This 9 page paper reviews the book by Timothy Gallwey and reiterates the importance of our mental processes in sports and other activities. No additional sources are listed.

  • A Comparison of Boxing and Ultimate Fighting

    This 3 page paper compares and contrasts these two controversial sports. Research is provided to support the assumptions. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Injury Control Strategies

    A 7 page paper that discusses different strategies for controlling injuries. Data are provided relative to injuries and deaths from injuries each year. Injuries are controlled through prevention strategies. The writer addresses the home and work environments, motor vehicles and sports/recreation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Death According to Mitch Albom

    A 4 page research paper on the writing of Mitch Albom, famous sports columnist for the Detroit Free Press. The writer discusses the metaphysical side of Albom, which is evident in his best seller Tuesdays with Morrie, which is compared with other writing. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ephedrine Use Pros and Cons

    5 pages. The popular and well-known psychoactive drug Ephedrine is used in everything from sports medicine to diet pills. Many people also use it as a form of 'herbal Ecstasy' so that they can get high. The FDA warns of the dangers of the use of this drug, also known by its herbal name of Ma Huang. This paper will give both sides of the story on this interesting and controversial drug, Ephedrine. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • BMX Racing

    This 7 page paper provides a historical account of BMX racing as well as providing a description of the sport. A comparison to mountain biking is also included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Children, Stress Fractures, and Tennis

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the risk of repetitive stress fractures in children, with a focus on playing tennis. The writer discusses stress fractures, stress fractures as they occur in tennis, and coaching philosophy to ensure that the sport is safe for children's participation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Boxers and Boxing in the Films When We Were Kings and Raging Bull

    This 6 page report discusses and compares Martin Scorcese’s 1980 portrayal of Jake La Motta in “Raging Bull” with “When We Were Kings” (1996), an Oscar-winning documentary that tells the story of what was known in 1974 as the “Rumble in the Jungle.” It was a fight that pitted two of the greatest boxers the world has ever seen against one another -- Muhammad Ali and George Foreman. The report addresses what each film has to say about both the sport of boxing and the actual boxers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Private Team Sports Facilities and City Financing

    A 3 page consideration of the arguments regarding the appropriateness of using taxpayer money for the construction of facilities for private teams. The author argues that condemn this practice should consider both the direct and indirect benefits of sports to a city. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Young Golfer Training and Sports Psychology

    This 6 page report discusses the advice and training that a sports psychologist would address in helping a young golfer compete in the professional golfing world. The primary issues addressed are concentration, "the zone," and focus. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sports Psychologist's Role

    This 5 page paper considers the different roles that may be taken on by a sports psychologist, how they vary and the overall aims. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • American College and University Campuses and the Practice of Illegal Gambling on Sports

    A 5-page paper that examines the causes and concerns of widespread illegal sports gambling practices among America's college and university students. Discussed is the nature of this problem and the steps that are being considered to resolve it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Concessions and Sports Management

    This 14-page paper covers questions pertaining to food and drink management inside of a sports venue. Topics discussed include the customer, costs of owning and operating concession stands and how one actually gets in to sell the product. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • European Sports Car Rankings

    3 pages in length. Opinions are plentiful when it comes to deciding which European sports car ranks the highest of all the rest. While the general consensus typically includes such well-known and well-respected names as Ferrari and Lamborghini, there are others like Saleen – likely known only to those who are bona fide automobile aficionados - that hold a small but significant advantage over the others. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Soccer, Drugs, and Violence

    This 7 page paper discusses the problem of violence which is associated with the sport of soccer, namely in terms of the fans. Furthermore, this violence is often associated with abuse of drugs and/or alcohol. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Homosexuality Perception of Female Athletes

    This 6 page paper discusses the problems of being a female athlete, especially in regard to the perception of homosexuality among women in sports. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sports Facility Management

    A 14 page paper. This type of management is very diverse with numerous different types of activities and responsibilities. This paper discusses management theories, leadership theories and motivation theories. It also discusses the kinds of responsibilities the sports facility manager has. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • The Commercialization of Sport

    This 6 page paper looks at the commercialization of sport in society. Positive and negative aspects are discussed. Bibliography lists 9 sources.


    This 6-page paper focuses on NIKE's impact on sports advertising and apparel manufacturing. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cash Budgeting at Lawrence Sports

    A 13 page paper assessing the weaknesses of Lawrence Sports' approach to cash budgeting; developing a new working capital policy for the company; and discussing the ethical implications of the new policy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Racism and Sports

    A 5 page paper which examines the existence of racism in the field of professional sports. The paper argues for the reality of racism’s existence. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Analysis of Opening an NYC Sports Bar

    This 10-page paper discusses factors to consider when opening a sports bar in New York City. Topics include marketing, competition, facilities and inventory management, customer service and exit strategies.

  • Negative Aspects of Child Sports

    A 7 page paper the explores the negative aspects of youth sports, and includes consideration of the impacts of competativeness, parental expectations, and outside pressures on the children participating. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Does Aggression Help or Hinder Performance in Sports

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of three articles in the current literature regarding the issue of aggression in sports and considers the methodological, statistical and analytical components of these articles. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sports and Target Marketing

    This 5 page paper considers the importance of target marketing and then applies this to sports readers in the age group 18 – 25 from the perspective of a magazine. The need to attract the readers and to profile the readership is shown as necessary in order to attract advertisers. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Sport and Roles in Management Practice

    This 13 page paper examines roles in sport management such as coaching and upper levels as well. The subject is discussed in general but specific examples are provided. The focus is on management and includes management theory. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Violence In Sports

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses various aspects of sports violence as it relates to the context of the game. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sports and the Connection to Crime

    This 5 page paper discusses some of the criminal issues that intersect with the sports world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Review of 'Perceived purposes of sport among recreational participants: The role of competitive dispositions' Article

    This is a 7 page paper which is a research review of the role of competitive dispositions among recreational sport participants. This paper has 2 sources.

  • Sports Management Curriculum, Virtual Reality, and Traditional Simulation

    In three pages this paper examines the difference between traditional simulation and virtual reality and how each could be applied to a sport management curriculum. Seven sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • King of Sports Journalists/ Jim Murray

    A 3 page tribute to sports writer Jim Murray, whose column appears for 37 years in the LA Times. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Racial Factors Within the Context of Sports

    This 10 page paper looks at race as a social construction but explores theories that suggest biological aspects play a part in sports. Both sides of the controversy are discussed. Various explanations are offered, inclusive of stereotyping. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Leisure and Sports in Victorian Age Great Britain

    A 9 page research paper investigating the development of leisure and sports activities among the working class in Britain towards the end of the Victorian era. Leisure activities had to meet very stringent ethical ideals by which the working class lives. Many games played in rural regions became national pastimes and most still exist today. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sports Films

    This 5 page paper describes ten sports films and how they fit the typical "feel good" pattern, which involves someone, or a group, struggling to make good and finally either beating the "bad guys" (usually an opposing team) at the end or finding acceptance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Lawrence Sports Inc.; Executive Summary

    This 3 page paper is an executive summary for a case study supplied by the student. The case concerned a Lawrence Sports Inc., a company facing a cash flow problem due to the lack of working capital management. The bibliography cites two sources.

  • A Sport Scandals History

    This 10 page paper details sports scandals involving gambling throughout the years. Baseball, in addition to the NCAA, NBA, and NFL are discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Literature Review on Student Athletes, Stressors, Benefits, and Time Management

    This 32-page paper offers a literature review of the concept of time management among student athletes (or lack thereof). Discussions also include the development of sports programs, and increased stress on today's student on many grade levels. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Physical Education Concepts

    A 3 page literature review on PE. Keeping high student interest and involvement is a goal of every teacher in regards to their subject matter. The following literature review explores the ideas presented in a variety of articles which demonstrate ideas for accomplishing this task in regards to Physical Education (PE). Exploration of these articles indicates that PE teachers and coaches are exploring new conceptual territory in regards to how PE programs and sports instruction should be designed and implemented. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Lawsuit Filed by Casey Martin Against the PGA

    5 pages. Casey Martin, the professional golfer with a disability, filed a lawsuit against the Professional Golf Association under the Americans with Disabilities Act. This paper details the facts of his case as well as the chronology of events throughout the court proceedings. Comments are made as to the impact of this case on society at large and the sporting world in particular. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 'The Odyssey' by Homer and Sports

    A 6 page paper which examines why sports is important to the poem, and the role it played in defining the characters and their actions. No additional sources are used.

  • Player Injury Liability and Sports Law

    A 5 page research paper which examines the question of what constitutes liability on the part of a coach or an institution in the event of sports related injury. The writer examines numerous cases and outlines the basics of what the courts expect from coaches and institutions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Gender Equality and Sports Law

    This 5 page report discusses chapter IX of the 1972 Educational Amendment to the 1964 Civil Rights Act which deals with the issues of gender equality in sports. Elementary and secondary education programs are often in violation of Title IX. As a result, the judicial system has, of necessity, become involved. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Alan Hodge and Robert Graves' The Long Weekend

    A 4 page analysis of the themes of sports, nudism, and literature in “The Long Weekend” by Alan Hodge and Robert Graves. No additional sources cited.

  • Sports Management and Leadership Styles

    An 8 page paper that provides an overview of basic management styles and considers their application for sports management. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • UK Football Club Manchester United and its Marketing Success

    This 10 page paper examines the United Kingdom football club Manchester United and how it is marketed. The club has successfully made the transition from sports club to commercial entertainment enterprise whilst retaining credibility and increasing profit. The key to this success has been strategic marketing and differentiation and the use of alliances and sponsorship as well as brand extensions. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Subsidizing Professional Sports Stadiums

    This is a 6 page paper which examines the potential economic benefits and/or deterants to subsidizing professional sports stadiums. The bibliography has 6 sources.

  • Economics and Baseball's Reserve Clause

    This 9 page paper discusses baseball's reserve clause and the impact it has had on the sport. Bibliography lists 4 sources.


    This 3-page paper discusses how teams are of benefit to many environments, including sports and the workplace. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Problems Associated with Vandalism

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of the problem of vandalism, especially as it relates to hooliganism and sporting events. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • NFL and the Effects of Instant Replay

    A 14 page paper which examines the instant replay rules used by the NFL and the technology needed to implement it, criticism regarding its negative impact, where it needs to be improved and how this can be achieved, and considers whether instant replay is necessary and what its impact could mean for the future of the sport. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Firestone Tires Operations

    A 12 page paper discussing events surrounding the recall of more than 13 million Firestone tires, those that Ford Motor company had placed on nearly all of its sports utility vehicles. The companies had enjoyed a century-old relationship, and the hope is that they will be able to reconcile their differences in the future. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Market for Sport Shoe Trainers

    This 11 page paper looks at the market for trainers or sports shoes, considers the motivation of the buyers how consumers may the decision to make a outraces and considers what impact this will have on the way marketing should be undertaken by companies in this sector. The paper uses examples from Nike, Reebok and Adidas to illustrate the points raised and show how marketing may be most effective in appealing to the buyers in this market. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Adolescence and Football

    A 5 page paper which examines the impact of football as a sport on adolescent growth by considering what it teaches them in terms of education and life, and evaluates whether participation is healthy or damaging. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nike Leadership

    This 5 page paper looks at the leadership of the well known sports apparel Nike, considering how the leadership has determined the strategies looking at how they may be seen as questionable and the ways that they are defended by Nike. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Australia and Tennis

    This 15 page paper looks at the sport and the characters who play it and watch it. Demographics are considered in this paper that looks at ethnicity, gender and class as it relates to tennis. The history of the popularity of tennis in Australia is discussed. Statistics are provided. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Biography of Howard Cosell

    This 6 page paper discusses the life and times of Howard Cosell from a variety of sources and venues. Technique, biography, influence on the profession of sports broadcasting. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Changes to NASCAR Rules

    A 7 page research paper (includes 1 outline page) that explores the new rule changes that NASCAR instituted for the 2005 season. The writer explores the ramifications of these rules in regards to making NASCAR racing a more exciting competitive sport for the spectator. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Children and TV Violence

    A 7 page paper discussing the problem of television violence and its effects on children. The paper analyzes violence in cartoons and violence in movies and contrasts these with violence within the sports industry, specifically the WWF. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • National Football League and Player Compensation Issues

    This 5-page paper discusses compensation issues faced by the National Football League and other professional sports teams. Under discussion are topics including free agency, equity pay and salary caps. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Athletic Competitions and Allowing Anabolic Steroids

    This 7 page paper argues that while steroids may not be completely safe, they should be allowed in sports competitions. Ethical, medical and social considerations are discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Business and Professional Athletes

    Pro Athletes’ Impact on Today’s Business World: This 9-page essay discusses professional NBA, NFL and MLB athletes and their impact on productivity and cost in today’s business world. In addition, elements relevant to data collection, cost variance, effective measures, and misplaced blame are examined. Where might the blame lie and can we reasonably expect a return to the exemplary attitudes of America’s sports figure/ role models of yesteryear? Bibliography lists 7 sources. SNAthlet.doc

  • Asthma Effects on Minorities in School

    This 3 page paper discusses the devastating effects of asthma on children of school age (5-15), including contributions to failing grades, time away from school, and sports and recreation. This paper has 6 bibliographical references.

  • Game of Life by Shulman and Bowen

    A 10 page paper that offers an overview of some of the most significant points made by these authors in their text The Game of Life: College Sports and Educational Values. The writer/tutor's main focus, however, is on advising the student researching this topic on how the information in the book can be applied within the context of the student's career plans. No other sources cited.

  • Overview of the NFL's Dallas Cowboys

    This 7 page report discusses the history if one of the best known and most flamboyant of all teams in the history of the National Football League -- The Dallas Cowboys. The team has been described as one of the great American sports dynasties and yet it has had to deal with countless criticisms for having such a distinction. They have been called the “Yankees of football,” “America’s team,” and always with a bit of tongue-in-cheek “God’s team.” Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Citizenship and Sports Participation

    A 3 page essay that discusses the ways in which adolescents benefit from participation in sports. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women's Athletics, Success, and Motivation

    A 15 page research paper that examines this topic. While there are similarities between these elements for male and female athletes, it is also true that for women, there are obstacles to motivation and confidence that stem from social and cultural beliefs. Due to this fact, the writer first begins with an examination of historical background on women's sports, but then quickly proceeds to discussing current studies that address motivation and success. Topics also addressed include women in coaching and successful women athletes. Bibliography lists 14 sources.


    This 3-page paper focuses on a case study dealing with valuation of a sports equipment shop. The typic includes discussion of future growth earnings and p/e ratios. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Increasing Violence in Sports

    This 3 page paper discusses the issue of violence in sports, and whether it is increasing or is only perceived to be increasing. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Economic Impacts of Sports Stadiums

    This 8 page paper looks at the potential economic impact that a new sports stadium may have on an area. The paper considers the way that stadiums have been used as tools to help regenerate areas and stimulate local economic development. Research is reviewed and discussed to asses whether stadiums can create a net economic benefit or are more likely to result in a loss. The discussion includes how and why the advantages and disadvantages occur. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Examination Of Alcohol And Sports

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses the history and impact of the relationship between sports and alcohol. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Great Britain's Colonial Power Losses

    A 5 page paper discussing the phenomena of sports' and athletes' unethical and, often, immoral behavior both on the playing field and off. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • Sponsorships and Special Events

    This paper examines the steps to gaining successful sponsorship for events, such as fundraisers or sporting events. Bibliography list 2 sources.

  • Sports Gambling and the Ethical and Moral Concerns It Arouses

    This 5 page paper examines gambling in sports and how it hurts the integrity of the game. Gambling addiction is discussed as well. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sports Training and Expectancy Theory

    A 3 page paper discussing the three components of expectancy theory and relating the concept to sports training. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • U.S. Race Relations and Sports

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses Jackie Robinson, Muhammad Ali and Paul Robeson as they relate to the changing racial perspective in American sports. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sports and Steroids

    A 5 page paper which examines the way the media portrays athletes and policies of steroid abusers in professional sports, providing specific examples of athletes (Jose Canseco, Mark McGwire, and Rafael Palmeiro) and the policies of the NFL, MLB, NBA, and the NHL. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sports Origin and Theories

    This 5 page paper provides an analysis of theories in respect to the history of sports. Class based theories are compared with theories which focus on practical issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sports and Drugs

    This comprehensive 8 page paper considers the problem of dope testing in sports. The cheats are always ahead of testers and the fight is an ongoing one. This paper considers the fight, the role of the regulators such as the IAAF, the problems of strict liability, ethical consideration and problems with harmonisation of drug testing. The bibliography cites 14 sources.

  • Ancient Rome and Sports

    A 6 page paper which examines the purpose of sports during the Roman Empire, specifically animal hunts, gladiator games, and chariot races. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sport and Leadership

    This 9 page paper investigates leadership and begins with a definition of leadership. The writer then reports and explains the three broad categories into which most leadership styles fall, trait theories, environmental theories and behavior theories. Transactional and transformational leadership is then described and explained. How charisma fits into the styles is discussed. The paper then turns to sport literature and describes cohesion and the need for role differentiation and interdependence. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Under-Representation of Minorities in Sports Leadership Positions

    This 3 page paper speculates on reasons why ethnic minorities are under-represented in sports leadership positions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.


    This 18-page paper is a model of a business plan for a sporting goods store. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 4 Journal Articles on Youth Sports

    This 3 page paper comments on four separate journal articles about youth sports. All articles, in one way or another, discusses the need for coaches to know about child development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Legalizing Gambling on Sports

    This 3 page paper argues that sports betting should be kept legal in Nevada and legalized elsewhere. A comparison to other industries is provided. The argument focuses on the fact that gambling can contribute to the economy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Gambling and Organized Sports

    This 10 page paper provides a history of gambling in organized sports and evaluates the trend. Concepts like point shaving are defined and discussed. Various real life examples over time are relayed. Suggestions for resolving the problem are included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Media Representation of Black Professional Athletes

    A 4 page paper which examines how black sports stars are presented in the media. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Societal Effects of Sports

    This is a 12 page paper with examines how the integration in sports lead to the integration of both races and gender in society. The bibliography has 7 sources.

  • Teenage Gambling on College Sports

    A five page paper which looks at the widespread social problem of teenage gambling, particularly in relation to college sports, and considers the various ways the problem could be addressed in terms of public attitudes to gambling, legislation and the role of the NCAA in its management of young athletes’ interests. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • Comparing the Sporting Policies of John Major and Margaret Thatcher

    This 16 page paper considers the different sports policies that were seen under the Conservative government, contrasting the approach of John Major to that of Margaret Thatcher. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Sports and Cheating

    This 10 page paper examines a variety of sports including but not limited to the Olympics, professional baseball and bass fishing. Many types of cheating are discussed such as altering balls and bats to unfair judging practices. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sports and Gender

    A 4 page paper which examines how and why men are more qualified for particular sports than women. No sources cited.

  • Sports Psychology in “Rocky”

    This 4 page paper summarizes the movie “Rocky” and the sports psychology that it shows. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Economics and Political Influences in Sport

    This 4 page paper is written in two parts, the first part of the paper looks at the contradictory economic position of the NFL team managers, who have to work as partners sharing revenue as well as competitors. The second part of the paper looks at the relationship between sports and government polices. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • TV Viewer Types Types Of Television Viewers: Home Shopping Addicts, Diehard Sports Fans And Public Television Loyalists

    5 pages in length. Since television's entrance into mainstream society more than fifty years ago, certain formations have taken place with regard to content and personal preference. The last half-century has transformed television into a multifaceted entity where specific factions can focus upon their most beloved form of televised entertainment, information or opportunities. Three of these types of groups – home shopping addicts, diehard sports fans and public television loyalists – represent the tremendously diverse role that television has come to play in contemporary society. No bibliography.

  • Social Divisions Reflected and Reinforced by Representation of the Mass Media

    This 6 page paper argues that the media emphasises the division that already exist within society. The paper begins by considering how sport itself is a reflection and also a source of social division, not only in terms of class but also in terms of age, gender and physical ability. The paper then looks at how and why the media reports and reinforces these divisions. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Do Drugs, Get Banned Forever

    This 5 page paper examines steroid use in sports, and argues that athletes who use them should be banned for life. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Pro Sports and Imposing Age Limits

    In seventeen pages this paper analyzes the issue of imposing age limits in professional sports. Nine sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Scholastic Performance and Athletic Pressures

    This 10 page paper considers the ways in which athletic students may find a conflict of interests between their academic performance and sports commitments. The paper considers how these different influences may effect the student as well as examining several reports that give differing results regarding the graduation rates of athletic and non athletic students. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Taxpayers and the Unnecessary Burden of a Professional Sports Stadium

    A 10 page contention that only a selective proportion of the American public is interested in or profits either economically or recreationally from sports stadiums. Presents various statistics and economic and philosophic arguments demonstrating the unfairness which is inherent in requiring the taxpayer to foot the bill for the construction of these stadiums. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Common Sports Injury of a Sprained Ankle

    A 7 page research paper that discusses the common sports injury, lateral ankle sprain. The writer discusses its cause, treatments, rehabilitation and implications for future injury. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Native American Images as Mascots

    A 3 page paper which examines the controversy around using the images of Native Americans for sports mascots. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cheerleading and Sports Gender Constructs

    A paper which looks at gender constructs in sport, with specific reference to masculinities and femininities in football cheerleading squads. Bibliography lists 1 source

  • College Sports and Gambling

    This 3 page paper offers an overview of gambling in regards to college sports. Furthermore, this paper explores some of the controversy which surrounds this topic. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sports and Leisure Time

    15 pages. The argument herein that personal time for leisure in sports participation is being reduced is critically evaluated. Are people finding more time or less time when it comes to personal activities? Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Sports and the Promotion of Human Rights

    This is a 4 page paper which examines how sports promote human rights. The bibliography has 3 sources.

  • This 8-page paper analyzes the challenges of sports leaders and specifically details the 1999 NBA lockout involving Billy Hunter and David Stern. There are 5 sources cited.

  • The Relationship Between Sport And Politics

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses, drugs, race and poverty as they relate to the political aspect of sport. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Professional Sporting Venues and Public Funds

    This 10 page report discusses the fact that both individuals and city governments who are eager to have a professional sports franchise located in their city list numerous reasons why public dollars should be spent to entice a team to come to town or stay in town -- increased employment opportunities, greater revenue for the city, quality of life considerations for locals, and, of course, civic pride. But the question is whether or not tax dollars should be used to entice teams to locate in a city, build the arena necessary to house the team, or upgrade an arena or park because the team threatens to move elsewhere unless the city does so. In a sense, once the city gets its franchise it is held hostage by it. This paper looks at several sides of the issue. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • A Utilitarian Approach to Sports

    This 4 page paper is an essay about the application of the ethical theory of Utilitarianism and the Deterrence theory as applied by a student determined to win a place on the team and a basketball scholarship. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Female Athletes and Their Obstacles

    This 10 page paper examines the various obstacles faced by female athletes, with particular emphasis on the relationship between physical fitness and self-esteem. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Team Sports Equality Argument

    This is a 3 page paper which provides an argument for allowing girls and boys to play on the same team. The bibliography has 2 sources.

  • Beer and Circus How Big Time College Sports is Crippling Undergraduate Education by Murray Sperber

    6 pages in length. Murray Sperber's gutsy portrayal of academia gone awry gives readers a significantly better perspective of just how influential big money has become in determining the level of education being taught at contemporary colleges. The extent to which sports and all its generated income has long been a big part of collegiate life is both grand and far-reaching; that the pursuit of athletics and the lure of party life has overtaken a solid academic focus, however, is what Sperber vocalizes as being inexcusable and wholly responsible for the downfall of society's undergraduate scholastic future. No additional sources cited.

  • Attention Control Theory

    This 3 page paper examines attention control theory. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Why Violence IS So Prevalent In Sports

    3 pages in length. Because collegiate and professional athletes have been programmed from as early as Little League to believe they are better than others, this misguided sense of self metamorphoses into a inflated sense of entitlement whereby players believe they deserve preferential treatment apart from and without concern for anyone else who may affected by such an attitude. Bibliography lists 2 sources.


    This 4-page paper discusses how the North American Lacrosse League can attract sponsors. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sports Markets and Demand Forecasting

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of demand forecasting. The declining interest in baseball provides an instructive example. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Slow-Pitch Softball Essay on Team Sports.

    In seven pages this first-person essay on slow-pitch softball is divided into three subtopics, which addresses the issues specified within each subtopic. There is no bibliography.

  • Athletes, Congress, and Steroid Use

    A 5 page paper outlining the problems inherent in steroid use and the steps that have been taken to address them at Congressional and other societal levels. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Professional Sports and Collective Bargaining

    This 15 page report discusses the various issues associated with collective bargaining in the professional sports world. Issues that have been of concern to Major League Baseball, the National Hockey League, the National Football League, and the National Basketball Association and the players associated with each organization are discussed. Labor law and related regulatory constraints exist side by side in either the non-union of the union workplace. It is important to understand that basic federal labor policy favors, where appropriate, organized efforts at collective bargaining for terms and conditions of employment, regardless if the employer is a welder on an automobile production line or a power forward for a top NBA team. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Parents should be banned from their children's sport activities

    This 3 page paper uses the case of Thomas Junta who beat a parent to death at a hockey game. While banning parents from children's games may appear ludicrous, it seems to be the best solution for the children. This paper explains why. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Sports Related Products and Marketing Research

    An 8 page paper discussing the need for market research to be valid and of good design. Market research far too often is an exercise in sloppy design and technique, seemingly done only for the purpose of saying it has been. Conducting research can be an expensive activity, and today’s organizations need to gain as much value from every dollar as possible. Marketing sports items can be more difficult than marketing more generic products, and the successful company needs to ensure that its research practices are sound and free of unintended bias. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Best Sports Car BMW M3

    6 pages. The BMW M3 has been the subject of many articles and consumer report studies recently. Rating cars is not only just an annual task for automotive journalists but it is also a subject which auto enthusiasts look forward to eagerly each season. Did their favorite car make it to the top? What did the critics have to say about it? And do these opinions agree with those who actually own these cars? This paper focuses on the BMW M3 in the sports car class. For those who own the BMW M3 it is likely they will claim that hands down it is the best sports car they have ever driven. Although not all of the auto magazines rated the BMW M3 as number one, most owners will disagree. The BMW M3 has everything a driver wants in a sporty car. By looking at several magazine articles and talking to drivers of these well-made and handsome cars, it is easy to conduct our own survey. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • How the Popular Game of Basketball Evolves as an International Sport

    In four pages this paper examines basketball from its origins (as envisioned by its creator Dr. James Naismith) until the present day, with a profile of popular Los Angeles Lakers shooting guard Kobe Bryant also included. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Sports and Music in Book III of Plato's The Republic

    This 4 page paper discusses Plato's Republic, Book Three where it speaks of the Guardians of the state, specifically regarding music and the physical training of students. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • SCD and Athletics

    (10pp) Sudden deaths in athletes are usually caused by previously unsuspected cardiovascular disease. Such an event often assumes a high public profile because of the generally held perception that trained athletes are one of the healthiest segments of our society. The death of a well-known elite athlete often emphasizes this visibility. Athletic field catastrophes strike to the core of our sensibilities and often galvanize us. They also inevitably raise a number of practical and ethical issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.


    This 5-page paper discuses human growth hormone (HGH) and its connection to athletics. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • American Youth Soccer Association's Financial Position

    An 8 page paper assessing the funding and overall financial position of the American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO). It is the organization that operates outside of and independently from public school systems throughout the country, and is the organization through which community soccer leagues are formed and operate. The paper assesses AYSO’s financial accountability at all levels, concluding that it could benefit from greater transparency in its overall business results. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Women's Participation in Traditionally Male Sports

    This 6 page essay reviews the 1992 film A League of Their Own, directed by Penny Marshall, whose characters comprise a team in the AAGPBL, and a young adult novel by Liz Tigelaar, Playing with the Boys, which portrays the struggles of a high school girl who wins a place on her high school's football team as a place kicker. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Grievance Procedures in Sports

    This 9 page paper discusses the grievance procedures and other aspects of major league football, baseball and basketball. Bibliography lists 8 sources.


    This 11-page paper focuses on the bidding process for hallmark events such as the Olympic Games and World Cup Soccer. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Athletes and Drug Use

    10 pages in length. If one were to ascertain the reasons why many athletes use drugs, there are likely to be several answers that are equally as applicable, including the factor of winning at any costs, enhancing otherwise inadequate physical performance and the overwhelming pressure to succeed. With the understanding that such reasons inevitably fall under the headings of cheating and poor sportsmanship, it is still not enough of a deterrent for many athletes to overcome the temptation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Injuries in Sports and Liability for College Campuses

    A 5 page paper which examines whether or not colleges should be liable for injuries that occur during student participation in athletics, with particular emphasis upon football. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Literature Review on Sports Performance and Caffeine

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of a review of literature on the issue of caffeine use and the impacts of student athlete performance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.


    This 4-page paper discusses athletes involved with crime, and some of the reasons for their behavior. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Sport Obermeyer Case Study

    This 10 page paper looks at a case study supplied by the student and assesses the optimal order quantities for a company contracting with suppliers in Hong Kong and China, and then examines ways that the supply chain may be improved and the issues that should be considered when choosing which subcontractors to use. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Cross Promotional Advertising Between Sports Brands and Consumer Products

    24 pages in length. Maintaining one's competitive edge while immersed within the local and global marketplace not only takes substance and endurance but also an inherent ability to see beyond tomorrow. Establishing a company's firm grip upon the many variables that are associated with competitiveness is a challenge that most consumer product companies have encountered with a mixture of eagerness, anxiety and anticipation. It is not always an easy venture to maintain one's established position given the consideration of respective infrastructure and labor costs, cultural barriers, as well as monetary fluctuations. The desire to break free of the constraints associated with standard advertising techniques has become all-important to the future of advertising as a whole, which has become quite apparent with the presence of consumer product companies working with sports brands in cross-promotional advertising. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Pro Sports and Policies on Drugs

    In five pages this paper examines the existing drug policies in the National Basketball Association, Major League Baseball, and the National Football League and discusses how they can be improved. Eight sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Sports Public Relations Pros and Media Control

    This 9 page paper discusses how public relations people can control the media, particularly when the organization is facing a difficult problem. Bibliography lists 5 sources.


    This 6-page paper discusses the ethics behind the choking incident of Carlesimo by Sprewell in 1997. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Contingency Leadership Model of Fred Fiedler

    A 7 page discussion of Fiedler’s contingency model of leadership, a model which postulates that leadership effectiveness is based on “situational contingency”, i.e. that in order to be most effective the situation had to be favorable to the leadership style being utilized. The author contests some writers’ interpretation that Fiedler is contending that the leader himself cannot change. This criticism is unjust in may respects. Fiedler’s model recognizes, of course, that not all situations will be favorable and either the situation or the leadership style must be changed in order to correspond with one another. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sports Betting: Tie-In To The Lottery For Boosting States' Educational Coffers

    6 pages in length. Gambling has long subsidized revenues from states where it is either legal or conducted via the black market. While sports betting has remained largely off the legal scope in most states across the country, it stands to reflect one of the most potentially lucrative options for funding collegiate scholarships when associated with a given state's lottery system. Oregon, one state in which this coupling rendered 2.5 million dollars for athletic scholarships for in-state students, has set the precedent for mixing gambling with academia and coming up with a winning hand. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nationalism and Soccer

    This is a 20 page paper discussing soccer as a national identity as portrayed by soccer fans in different countries in addition to national pride and political perspectives. Soccer, referred to as football on an international basis, has become one of the most prominent symbols of nationalism within recent years. Whether soccer teams are representing local clubs, national clubs or are competing on an international stage, fans of the clubs are strictly devoted to their teams and identify with them on a national level. Sack and Seljan (2000) write that “a sport such as soccer provides opportunities for thousands of spectators to collectively affirm their commitments to beliefs, values, and myths than underlie their cultural identity”. In addition to the collective of fans at a soccer match, the presence of national flags, symbols, clothing and colors further unite (or divide in some cases) people who previously were strangers in a common bond of fraternity and national identity. Because of this powerful collective feel, it is not surprising then that often soccer matches and tournaments are used as political forums as well. Politically, soccer matches can be used to unite populations under a single cause or divide nations which may have historical differences. Nevertheless, soccer is overall a positive uniting force in a world in which people may often become isolated in their work or home environments. Soccer is the world’s most popular sport and countries all over the world have used soccer as a way to unite, promote, and celebrate their nationalism. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Competitive Market Audit and Analysis of Gatorade in Nigeria

    Gatorade, a subsidiary of Quaker Oats Company, is considering the market feasibility of Nigeria. Careful consideration has led to a need for a formalized market audit and analysis. The key to success in the Nigerian market is identifying solid opportunities, establishing close personal ties and being patient. This 8 page paper provides a market audit and analysis geared specifically for Gatorade and the sports drink industry for Nigeria. Considerations are dichotomized into product and market in order to facilitate a complete review. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • "Golf Is Not A Game Of Perfect" - Overview And Message

    3 pages in length. The game of golf is fraught with more opportunities to fail than virtually any other sport. Coupled with the fact it is considered an independent activity despite being played with others makes golf a particularly valuable vehicle for improving one's character, patience and positive outlook. Through the eyes, ears and thoughts of some of history's most celebrated golfers, Rotella (1994) illustrates how every single shot made - or missed - evokes myriad emotions that ultimately help them better their respective games, a reality one can readily equate with the learning curve inherent to life and the ongoing quest for personal development. No additional sources cited.

  • Environmental Scientific Principles and the Hunting Issue

    5 pages in length. By the inherent rights of being human, man believes he has the privilege to impose dominion over the animal world. Nowhere is this more evident than with the sport of hunting. However, there are myriad implications with what many consider to be an innocent pastime; inasmuch as recreational hunters upset the natural progression of species and their predators, they place the delicate balance of nature in grave danger. In reviewing this article, it is clear to see that there is a definite injustice going on in the name of fun. The writer discusses how the principles of environmental science that apply to the issue of hunting reach significantly deeper into the fundamental framework than most people realize. No additional sources cited.

  • Making Hunting A Deviant Behavior

    6 pages in length. Society is filled with activities not readily classified as deviant within the scope of acceptance when enough people consider them "normal" by cultural standards. The United States - which may have more routine actions deemed normal than other countries because of its multicultural composition - relishes the "sport" of boxing where men purposely inflict pain and injury upon one another to determine who is the best. Americans also enjoy taking the lives of other animals in the name of recreation and then displaying the stuffed anatomy as an example of man's superiority and prowess. The two activities have only one difference: people can decide to put themselves in harms way while animals cannot, an ethical and environmental connotation that demands hunting be deemed deviant. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Aggression and Testosterone

    5 pages in length. It goes without saying that there exists an inherent difference in the aggressive tendencies of males and females. When addressing sporting events, such as school activities, this difference is comprised of various elements that each coach must take into consideration in order for the player to achieve his or her highest possible athletic ability. The writer discusses the fact that there are significant divergent responses to external stimuli between girls and boys, men and women, for the sole reason that the male chemistry is comprised of considerably more testosterone, the single-most influential component of aggressive behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • New Athletic Shoes Line Creation

    A 6 page marketing plan for a new line of athletic shoes. The explosion of involvement of women in both organized and casual sports is a trend that the established brands missed along the way; Nike at least now is working to rectify its slight of women. This provides an opportunity for a totally new brand and company, one that can provide styles for all feet but highlight women’s lines. The base product will be a new running shoe. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Dislocation of the Anterior Shoulder

    9 pages in length. More than any other joint in the human body, the shoulder represents the one that is dislocated most often, with anterior dislocations making up the vast majority of all shoulder dislocations. Skiing is one of the primary activities by which this particular injury occurs, either caused by direct impact or a forceful, twisting action. Studies have demonstrated, however, that direct impact is not as likely a candidate for injury as is the forceful, twisting action. Anterior shoulder dislocation is a common injury in athletes, particularly in such sports as skiing, football, volleyball and other high-impact activities where both twisting and direct contact moves are expected. The writer discusses various elements in relation to this injury, including cause, treatment and rehabilitation. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Gods Will Have Blood by Anatole France

    5 pages in length. Evariste Gamelin, Parisian painter and student of Jacques Louis David, leads readers on a climb up the social ladder that begins with good intentions yet ends with overwhelming oppression and death. Gamelin's myopic idealism serves to crush the very purpose for which he lived his life prior to the Revolution; as soon as he realized the imminence of war, he was first to display his loyalty to the cause – no matter if that cause would ultimately cost thousands of innocent lives. Before becoming the monstrous magistrate of the Revolutionary Tribunal, Gamelin sports a decidedly more humane and compassionate persona, even to such an extent of providing a hungry mother and child with a pittance of bread. Once swept up on the frenzy of battle, however, he completely loses touch with his previous self and metamorphoses into an outright killer who has no regard for human life. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Male Fertility and Spinal Cord Injuries

    A 24 page research paper that offers an extensive literature review that addresses studies concerning spinal cord injury men and their fertility. Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) can result from a variety of accidents that include car accidents, falls, violence or sports-related activities (Brackett, 1999). Spinal cord injuries also frequently happen with young men, in the years when they would like to father children. Among the multiple medical challenges facing these young men is the inability to ejaculate via sexual intercourse (Brackett, 1999). This literature review explores the literature on this issue. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • 'Chucks' of Converse

    A 4 page case study of Converse. Converse is a shoe company founded in 1908 in Massachusetts. In 1917, the company introduced a canvas, high-top shoe that it called the "All Star." In the 1920s, a semi-professional basketball player named Charles "Chuck" Taylor joined the Converse sales team and began aggressively marketing the shoe throughout the Midwest as he ideal shoe for recreation and sports. For the next four decades, "Chucks," as they became known, were the shoes to have, particularly on the basketball court. This case study of Converse and Chucks looks specifically at its branding strategy. No bibliography is offered.

  • Children, Violence, and Wrestling

    5 pages in length. Professional wrestlers must maintain stellar physical condition if they are to be able to perform the myriad stunts they execute throughout their staged routines. Without having proper muscle tone cardiovascular strength, wrestlers would not be able to uphold what can be quite a grueling performance. Indeed, one look at professional wrestlers and one will immediately recognize the physical fitness aspect inherently connected with the sport. The writer discusses how professional wrestling is more of a positive influence upon physical fitness than a negative one in relation to violence. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pros and Cons of Turkey's Tourism Industry

    This 20 page paper examines the pros and cons of tourism in Turkey. The Turkish government has been actively pursuing the tourist trade since the 1980's. Economic flux, the need to develop an infrastructure which will include modern roads, hospitals and schools to support the growing population and to help ease its path towards membership of the European Community (EC), are all reasons for developing and encouraging tourism. Whether in search of sand, sea, sun, ancient culture, cruises and water sports, museums, temples, bazaars and, or, souvenir shops the visitor to Turkey will find anything the traveler desires. All this has been balanced by the political unrest and instances of terrorism. Bibliography lists 15 sources.


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