Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.
Discrimination and Sexual Harassment
Information and Interview : A 5 page paper
which offers an examination of sexual discrimination and harassment and then presents an
interview with a man and woman wherein they are asked about their views and
experiences with sexual harassment and discrimination. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Female Police Officers and Harassment
This 5 page paper discusses the problems faced by women in law enforcement; specifically sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Laws, Equity and Compensaiton/Sex Discrimination
This is a 6 page paper (tutorial language) on sexual discrimination. Federal, state, country and company laws require that employees are not discriminated against or harassed in the work place because of gender. Despite these laws and guidelines to employers, companies have continued to pay to the courts and to employees millions of dollars in sexual discrimination and harassment cases. Employers are required to not only set policies but also enforce and monitor that these polices are being followed and ensure that the women employees are receiving equal pay, benefits and opportunities in the work place as men in the same positions.
Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Contemporary Studies of Formative Sexual Experiences
This is a 15 page paper discussing formative sexual experiences. Formative sexual experiences are those which relate to initial sexual intercourse and in most social science investigations are based on heterosexual relations. Chapter 9: Formative Sexual Experiences in “The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States” by Laumann et al in 1994, reports the trends found in a national survey done in the United States. Generally, it was found by the investigators that there has been a steady decline in age over the past forty years in regards to first intercourse and this is consistent with other studies. Other results of the study found that men’s motive for their first sexual experience is largely that of sexual curiosity while women motivations are more emotionally based. Other results found that one in twenty women reported being forced for her first sexual intercourse and a substantial proportion of men and women reported preadolescent sexual conduct with adults. In relation to other studies conducted, Laumann’s results are consistent with those reported in the United States but some factors differ from studies conducted in other areas of the world such as New Zealand, Norway, and Thailand to name a few. While all studies reported that the age of initial sexual experience is declining, the long lasting effects on relationships are not always considered to be negative as reported in a New Zealand study and females and males differ in their sexual motivations in Nordic society. The differences in the studies are often based on the differences on the social norms and structures of each society and because of this Laumann’s report can only be taken in the context of American society in the early 1990s.
Bibliography lists 11 sources.
1920s' Sexual Revolution in America
A 12 page contention that the 1920s did indeed spawn a sexual revolution. The industrialization which would overtake the U.S. in this time period would impact us in some very astounding ways. One of these ways was the advent of the sexual revolution, a revolution in which the mores and social behavior of the newly-named “flapper” would usurp those of the traditional American housewife. The flapper would come to epitomize the liberation of American women from the rigidly-defined patriarchal system which had kept them and their female ancestors bound practically since the beginning of mankind’s reign on earth. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Patriarchal Societal Aspects of Great Britain
This 6 page paper argues that Britain is still a patriarchal society despite the apparent levels of equality. The paper considers the cultural, political, social and sexual attitudes and the supporting societal structures. The bibliography cites 190 sources.
Sexual Terrorism and Pornography Propaganda
A 14 page overview of the issues surrounding pornography. The author addresses the question of whether pornography is the propaganda of sexual terrorism by assessing public viewpoints on the issues. The results are rather unexpected. Indeed, not only do students appear more receptive to pornography, the general public is generally apathetic to the issue. Even some feminist stand on the side of supporting pornography and view it as a natural expression of sexuality. Bibliography lists 21 sources.
Debate Over Partial Birth Abortions
5 pages in length. Considered by some to be nothing more than a veiled lack of responsibility, partial birth abortions have come to the forefront of controversy. As if abortion, in and of itself, was not a hot enough issue for debate, both the procedure and reasoning behind partial birth abortion are under fire. Women whose fetuses have known birth defects most commonly utilize this highly invasive procedure as a means by which to terminate the late-term pregnancy. After the baby is purposely turned in the breach position, the doctor pulls it down through the birth canal until the only part left inside the mother's body is the head, which legally maintains its fetus status. The brain is then suctioned out and the skull crushed before the body is completely expelled. Indeed, the primary arguments about this particular procedure revolve around the status of personhood, as well as the reasons to even employ such a horrific alternative. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
'Cinderella' by Anne Sexton
(5 pp) At a turning point in art history, Marcel
Duchamp turned a porcelain urinal, upside down and
hung it on the wall, labeling it art, after he
signed it 'R. Mutt.' The supposed sophisticated
community at large took that to mean - 'whatever I
say is art, is art.' The same argument could be
made for a poet. If the poet claims it, a poem.
Is it then a poem or does it have to follow certain
structure, form or meaning to get that title? In
this discussion we will examine the poem,
Cinderella by Anne Sexton, within two categories,
meaning and mechanics of, and see how it stands on
'Claudette Colvin Goes to Work' by Rita Dove
This 4 page report discusses one of the poems in Rita Dove’s
poetry volume titled “On the Bus with Rosa Parks.” “On the Bus
with Rosa Parks” exemplifies the ways in which Dove captures a
moment, sees it for what it was and is, and then addresses its
unique beauty and power and the poem “Claudette Colvin Goes to
Work” provides the reader with a truly unique insight into the
awarenesses and experiences of one woman who . . . “goes to
work.” Bibliography list only the primary source.
Essays and Poems on Barbie
A 4 page paper which examines 5 different essays/poems on Barbie and argues agreement with one. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Technological Connections and 'Cyberfeminism'
Examining the new concept of cyberfeminism, this paper examines the connection between technology and a sense of female identity. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
How Eighteenth Century London Society Was Shaped by the Role of Women in 'The Rambler,' 'Evelina' and 'Moll Flanders'
14 pages in length. There has rarely been a time in the history of mankind that women have not had to struggle in order to assert their worth as a gender. From the time when males first declared patriarchal authority over their female counterparts, women have fought – in various ways and with various results – to be treated both equitably and respectfully. Literature has long reflected this perpetual struggle between the genders, most often taking the side that support patriarchal control; however, a slow but steady change began occurring in eighteenth century London society that helped nurture a growing metamorphosis, which included Samuel Johnson 'Rambler' (Misella), Daniel Defoe's 'Moll Flanders' and Frances Burney's 'Evelina: Or, the History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World.' Bibliography lists 11 sources.
Cinematic Explanation of Sciences' Gender Gap
This 7 page paper examines the portrayal of strong women scientists in two films: Laura Dern as Ellie in Jurassic Park and Margaret Sheridan as Nikki in the 1950s classic, The Thing from another World and why, despite the popularity of such women in film, they do not hold comparable positions in the real world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Prostitution in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
A 5 page paper on the history of prostitution as it involves medieval and early modern Europe. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Wedding Dress History
A 7 page paper which examines the history of the wedding dress. The focus is predominantly on the history of the Western wedding dress. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
1990s' Consumer Influence of Fashion Magazines
This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of fashion magazines throughout history on consumer society, culture and their status in the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. Initially the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. Although women models replaced the dolls, there was no emphasis on the body of the woman. Men did not appear in advertisements and no close-ups were taken of the models. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. Models within fashions magazines, both men and women, are seen as the disturbingly images that continuously reflect not necessarily the expectations of society but the unreal and artificial world of the media. Studies in focus groups have found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events.
Bibliography lists 17 sources.
Women's Participation in Traditionally Male Sports
This 6 page essay reviews the 1992 film A League of Their Own, directed by Penny Marshall, whose characters comprise a team in the AAGPBL, and a young adult novel by Liz Tigelaar, Playing with the Boys, which portrays the struggles of a high school girl who wins a place on her high school's football team as a place kicker. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
TV Violence and Women
A 9 page research paper that examines the literature on television's portrayal of violence against women. The writer argues that many television shows provide a normalizing effect on the perception of violence, portraying such violence as the cultural norm. Violence in music videos, Jerry Springer, and soap operas is highlighted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Consumer Culture and British Fashion Magazine Influence
This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of British fashion magazines on the British consumer society and their influences throughout history up and including the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. While researching the development of British fashion magazines within the last century, magazines such as Vogue, Elle and InStyle, initially showed that the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, British fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. A recent study of focus groups’ opinions of images found in Vogue magazine found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Nevertheless, the continued popularity of fashion magazines and their continued focus on the Western and/or American entertainment industries as a source for fashion is considered as a reflection of societal cues and consumer behavior.
Bibliography lists 26 sources.
Analysis of Abortion Law Evolution
This 10 page research paper chronicles the evolution of U.S. abortion legislation by examining landmark Supreme Court case law decisions. Specifically discussed are historic cases including Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), Roe v. Wade (1973), Harris v. McRae (1980), and Akron v. Akron Center For Reproductive Health, Inc. (1983). Bibliography lists 9 sources.
A Glance at Lesbian Characters in American Cinema in the 60s, 70s, and 80s
A 5 page contention that although the film depiction of lesbianism has gradually evolved over the decades, there is still not a full societal embrace of the concept. A diversity of films are reviewed to emphasize this point. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Captivity of Women in A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson and The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper
This is a 6 page paper on a comparison of Cooper’s “The Last of the Mohicans” and Rowlandson’s “A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson” in regards to strength, sexuality and purity. James Fenimore Cooper’s “The Last of the Mohicans” and Mary Rowlandson’s “A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson” both tell stories of female captives during the Indian colonial wars in the Eastern U.S. In Cooper’s work of fiction, he tells the story of Cora Munro and how she provides the strength needed to allow her pure sister to survive their captivity. Cora is of mixed blood but still finds the idea of marrying Magua the Huron “morally repugnant”. Cooper was also criticized after the publication of the work in his insinuation of doubting the purity of the colonists. Rowlandson’s true account of her own captivity stressed that she found her strength to survive her ordeal through the purity of the Psalms of the Puritan religion. Rowlandson’s strength came from her religion whereas Cora’s came from within herself and her use of her powerful sexuality: the colonist ideals remain intact however as Rowlandson survived and the impure Cora dies. These ideals of the importance of pure blood lines are still seen today in the rapes which are reported during wartime in Joanne Barkan’s article on the Serbian rape camps of Yugoslavia which were meant to bring impurity to the blood lines of the Muslims.
Bibliography lists 6 sources.
U.S. History and American Racism AMERICAN RACISM AND HISTORY
This 7 page paper discusses the interconnectedness of sexism and racism, as depicted by the women's movements and civil rights. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Women's Rights Movement Pioneers
A 14 page scholarly paper on the key leaders in the women rights movement. Highlighting the roles of Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott and Sarah and Angelina Grimke, the author notes the factors at play necessitating that these women step outside of society’s clearly defined societal expectations to effect change. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
How Women Have Been Depicted in Advertising Copy
A 13 page paper which examines the history of how women have been portrayed in magazines. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Feminists Sylvia Plath and Cary Churchill and Their Literary Messages
An 8 page examination of Plath’s “The Bell Jar” and Churchill’s “Top Girl” and the underlying societal messages. The author of this paper contends that each of these women’s work is largely directed at the injustices of a patriarchal society. The manner in which these women deal with those injustices, however, vary considerably. Each utilizes their personal experiences to form the basis for political critique. While Plath does so from the individualist perspective, however, Churchill approaches said change from a societal standpoint. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Women and Men in the Sciences: Is There Any Difference in Ability?
This 8-page paper argues the likelihood that Harvard president Larry Summers was right when he proclaimed that women weren't very good in the math, science and tech fields because of innate abilities. The paper also discusses, however, that women tend to be discriminated in these fields, as well, so it's hard to tell. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
The Female Influence on British Literature
A 7 page discussion of several of the female British authors that have influenced literature and society. This paper includes Mary Shelly, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Agatha Christie, Virginia Woolf, Jane Austen, Margery Allingham, and Elizabeth Gaskell. Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Information Technology Lessons, Student Performance, and Gender Differences
There is a great deal of research that indicates there is a gender difference in the classroom when studying IT. Most research indicates that female students are disadvantaged and are not reaching their full potential. However, there is also some research that indicates there is equality. This 30 page paper undertakes a literature review to identify the relevant studies and how gender differences may be manifesting and then conducts primamry research based on a questionnaire supplied by the student to test the empirical evidence. The paper then correlates the primamry research and the literature review in a discussion and recommendations. The bibliography cites 15 sources.
Pay Disparity and Gender in both Private and Public Sector Jobs
This 29 page paper investigates gender pay disparity in both the private and public sectors. Sections include: Introduction, Definitions, Literature Review, and Conclusions. The introduction offers a general overview of the topic and the implications of gender pay gaps. The literature review cites numerous studies on this topic and reports figures that demonstrate a gender pay gap. The writer reports how much of the gap is attributable to characteristics of men and women, such as men working longer hours, family and child rearing, education and experience. The writer points to the glass ceiling and the glass wall that prohibit women from achieving higher level positions and that discourage women from entering certain occupations and careers. The writer also comments on where the pay gap is most severe – in the public or private sector. A recommendation is made in the conclusion for changing this situation. 4 Tables are included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.
Reading as a Form of Resistance
A 5 page essay that references James Scott's essay "Behind the Official Story" and Azar Nafisi's "Selections from Reading Lolita in Tehran." The writer uses the Scott text to explain how Nafisi creates a hidden transcript for her students through literature, which helps keep her female students preserve their sense of self identity in the face of patriarchal religious oppression. No additional source cited. The bibliographical references for the two essays is incomplete.
Female Participation in Basketball
A 5 page overview of the importance of female participation in sports such as basketball and in the importance of this participation receiving an equal media coverage and emphasis as does male participation in sports. Correlates female participation in sports with lowered teen pregnancy, higher academic success, and less gang participation. Bibliography lists six sources.
Sports, Sexism, and Language
A 4 page research paper that investigates the topic of sexism and language in sports coverage. Citing numerous examples of sexism in sports language, the writer argues that such language is demeaning and destructive. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Stress Resistance and a Conflict in a Women's Work and Family
3 pages in length. "Contributor to Stress Resistance: Testing a Model of Women's Work-Family Conflict" by Karyn H. Bernas and Debra A. Major in the June, 2000 issue of Psychology of Women Quarterly seeks to illustrate how the inextricable relationship between work and family responsibilities is exacerbated by the factor of stress. When stress is present in a given situation where the woman simultaneously holds down a job outside the home as well as raises a family, the conflict between the two incompatible responsibilities is significantly greater; however, when stress is reduced, the work-family conflict is also abated. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
5 pages in length. The compulsion to physically or verbally abuse one's partner has been under scrutiny for decades; to understand the mind of someone who can inflict such mental and/or physical pain upon a person one allegedly loves has been the focus of myriad articles on the psychology of relationships. The extent to which partner violence is more prevalent than most people realize is both grand and far-reaching; that women are the greater recipients of such abuse speaks to the way in which partner violence is grounded at least to some degree in the patriarchal composition of global society. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Metaphorical Uses of Hunger
A 6 page research paper that examines food and hunger as cultural metaphors. Food is a basic need. It fulfills the biological requirements of hunger, but it fulfills broader cultural goals as signified by the numerous metaphors that surround its use. Susan Bordo, in her essay "Hunger as Ideology," addresses the numerous metaphors that employed for hunger in American society, particularly in regards to advertising. A pivotal point in Bordo's discussion is how hunger and food are frequently featured in advertising and culture as terms that are synonymous with sexual desire, particularly in regards to women. This examination of this metaphorical relationship between sex, desire, food and femininity demonstrates that the extent to which this metaphor describes a cultural perception, but it also demonstrates the limits of this metaphor in regards to the manner in which it overlays the deeper context of society's fears about female sexuality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Key Women Studied in a Character Biblical Presentation
A 4 page overview of several key female figures in the Bible. The author investigates the manner in which these characters are presented and comments on their believability and predictability. Bibliography lists
Comparative Feminist Theology Analysis
A 12 page research paper/essay that contrasts and compares Lisa Isherwood and Dorothea McEwan's Introducing Feminist Theology (2001) and Mary Kassian's The Feminist Gospel (1992). The writer argues that these texts offer two very different views of feminist theology. Kassian refers to this difference in her introduction when she states that "Biblical feminist believe that the Bible is properly interpreted as supporting the central tenets of feminist philosophy" (1992, p. 7). However, unlike "liberal religious feminists," Kassian maintains that "Biblical feminists" reject any "radical revision of the Scripture and the alteration of core Christian doctrine such as salvation and redemption" (1992, p. 7). This, in a nutshell, sums up the major philosophical difference between these two texts. As Isherwood and McEwan are two of the "liberal" religious feminists that Kassian dismisses out of hand. Examination of these texts and authors shows that, while they are in agreement that women are equal with men in the sight of God, they disagree about practically everything else. No additional sources cited.
The Emergence of Feminist Theology
A 5 page paper. More than 30 years ago, a feminist interpretation of theology was argued by early writers such as Mary Daly. Since then, there have been numerous writers addressing this topic. This essay defines feminist theology and discusses the basis for feminist theology's emergence. How some of the writers have approached the topic is discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
A Discussion of Caretakers of Our Common House by Carol Lakey Hess
This is a 6 page paper discussing Hess’ “Caretakers of Our Common House”. Carol Lakey Hess’ “Caretakers of Our Common House: Women’s Development in Communities of Faith” studies not only areas connected with faith, theology and women’s experience but also the various aspects in the difference of female socialization in regards to “caring and connection” and how this relates to theological interpretation. The idea of the practice of faith within communities relates to Hess’ argument that separation and connection is obtained through “hard dialogues and deep connections” in which girls and women care be nurtured to be caretakers of their “own house” (self) as well as the “common house” (the community of faith). Women, through conversational education and strong leadership in the religious community can overcome the generations of gender socialization which have largely led to men as powerful and women as servile, caring, and supportive which has resulted in women “losing themselves” to societal roles.
Bibliography lists 2 sources.
Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.