Research Papers on Women's Issue

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

 

Research Papers on Women's Issue

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Corrections, Policing, and Women

    In 7 pages the author discusses women in law enforcement and corrections, while paying particular attention to the history of women in the field, cases of women fighting to be in corrections, the name of the first women getting into law enforcement, problems encountered by women while in training and on the force. Women that have entered this field have encountered similar problems across the nation. It has been a widespread occurrence. Free outline included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Corrections, Policing, and Women

    In 7 pages the author discusses women in law enforcement and corrections, while paying particular attention to the history of women in the field, cases of women fighting to be in corrections, the name of the first women getting into law enforcement, problems encountered by women while in training and on the force. Women that have entered this field have encountered similar problems across the nation. It has been a widespread occurrence. Free outline included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Post 1960s Changes Regarding Women in Sports

    This 8 page report discusses how girls’ and women’s role in sports has changed since the 1960s. The road to women’s participation in sports and the support of their desire to be athletes has been long and tedious. Women have had to suffer segregation, being ostracized, having their sexuality questioned, and even being seriously injured. The explosive growth of women's athletics in America truly began in the 1970s and hasn’t been stopped. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Showalter, Culture and Literature

    A 3 page essay that analyzes Elaine Showalter's A Literature of Their Own, which offers a challenge to the narrowness of the traditional canon of what is considered to be valuable contributions by women to English literature. In so doing she directly addresses the way in which culture has had an influence on women's literature. Showalter's theoretical perspective presents women's writing in terms of being a subculture, which evolved in direct reaction to the elements in mainstream patriarchal culture that tended to trivialize women's experience and role in society. No additional sources cited.

  • Equality, Women, and Policing

    A 5 page overview of women in law enforcement. Points out that some women have succeeded in law enforcement careers but almost inevitably they acknowledge the existence of sexual discrimination. Concludes that many times women feel that they have to simply deal with discrimination in order to keep their jobs. Suggests that much more than women's moral is at stake in the issue of sexual discrimination. Recommends methods for improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • June A. Willenz's Women Veterans America's forgotten Heroines

    A 3 page paper discussing “Women Veterans: America’s forgotten Heroines,” by June A. Willenz. The book is discussed in terms of its relationship to the contributions women have made, or the influence they have had, on the National Defense. Willenz discusses many different instances concerning women in the military, ranging from early colonial times to the war in Vietnam. Her emphasis is on the issues surrounding women veterans and benefits available to them. No additional sources provided.

  • History of Cigarette Advertising

    A 14 page paper. Cigarette advertising began in the early 1900s. It was about 1924 when women were targeted as a market. Tobacco companies first had to dispel society’s mindset against women smoking. Three themes have dominated public relations campaigns and marketing campaigns directed towards women. These are discussed as is the timeline of advertising to women. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Showalter, Culture and Literature

    A 3 page essay that analyzes Elaine Showalter's A Literature of Their Own, which offers a challenge to the narrowness of the traditional canon of what is considered to be valuable contributions by women to English literature. In so doing she directly addresses the way in which culture has had an influence on women's literature. Showalter's theoretical perspective presents women's writing in terms of being a subculture, which evolved in direct reaction to the elements in mainstream patriarchal culture that tended to trivialize women's experience and role in society. No additional sources cited.

  • The Failure of Man to Recreate Woman in Mary Wollstonecraft's 'A Vindication of the Rights of Woman'

    A 5 page paper that argues that man cannot adequately represent woman and that his attempts to recreate woman as obedient and servile have resulted only in the creation of a society narrow in perspective and severely out of balance. This view as presented by Mary Wollstonecraft in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman is discussed. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Post 1960s Changes Regarding Women in Sports

    This 8 page report discusses how girls’ and women’s role in sports has changed since the 1960s. The road to women’s participation in sports and the support of their desire to be athletes has been long and tedious. Women have had to suffer segregation, being ostracized, having their sexuality questioned, and even being seriously injured. The explosive growth of women's athletics in America truly began in the 1970s and hasn’t been stopped. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women's Athletics, Success, and Motivation

    A 15 page research paper that examines this topic. While there are similarities between these elements for male and female athletes, it is also true that for women, there are obstacles to motivation and confidence that stem from social and cultural beliefs. Due to this fact, the writer first begins with an examination of historical background on women's sports, but then quickly proceeds to discussing current studies that address motivation and success. Topics also addressed include women in coaching and successful women athletes. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Mobile Women's Wellness Center Marketing Plan

    A 15 page marketing plan for a new concept in women's health care. WomensHealth is a startup women's wellness center providing service primarily from a mobile office that will travel to office buildings, factories, malls and anywhere there is a concentration of women needing fast and affordable access to basic health care as well as to a wide variety of health care screening tests. WomensHealth will conduct individual patient education sessions with women, and will hold classes for small groups. PowerPoint® presentation available. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Equality, Women, and Policing

    A 5 page overview of women in law enforcement. Points out that some women have succeeded in law enforcement careers but almost inevitably they acknowledge the existence of sexual discrimination. Concludes that many times women feel that they have to simply deal with discrimination in order to keep their jobs. Suggests that much more than women's moral is at stake in the issue of sexual discrimination. Recommends methods for improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cisneros/”Loose Woman”

    A 3 page explication of the poem “Loose Woman,” Sandra Cisneros, which turns a societal signifier of patriarchy completely around and uses it as a declaration of female empowerment. Under the patriarchal sexual double standard, a “loose woman” has traditionally indicated a woman of poor reputation, that is, a woman who has been “loose” in her sexual behavior. In the past, this societal pronouncement has meant ostracism and social censure for the woman on whom such a judgment was collectively given by a community. Cisneros reinterprets and redefines what it means to be a “loose woman” by, first of all, redefining an appropriate reaction, and then redefining the term itself.

  • Yellow Wallpaper & Female Marginalization

    A 5 page research paper/essay that discusses Charlotte Perkins Gilman's short story "The Yellow Wallpaper" (1899), which can be understood as indicative of women's role in late nineteenth century society. This narrative portrays the way in which Victorian patriarchal attitudes served to marginalize women. Male authority trivialized female voices and regarded women more as children in adult bodies than as adult themselves. In addition to this element, Gilman's short story also introduces the way in which the medical professional interacted with women, supporting the cultural paradigm that marginalized women and added the authority of the male doctor to the social boundaries that keep women from having any sense of adult autonomy. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • America's System of Justice and Women

    A 16 page research paper. The topic of women and the US Justice System is indeed a broad one, containing several aspects that cannot be ignored by any discussion of both the role of and the effects on women. It is necessary to look at women on each side of the judicial bench—how those in judging positions perform their duties and the contributions they make, and how those embroiled in legal issues common to women are faring today compared to past times. Also important is the fair and unbiased evaluation of the effects and the realized results of laws specific to women, such as sex discrimination of women and reforms of rape laws that have been in place in several jurisdictions for several years, while are still under discussion in others. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • New Athletic Shoes Line Creation

    A 6 page marketing plan for a new line of athletic shoes. The explosion of involvement of women in both organized and casual sports is a trend that the established brands missed along the way; Nike at least now is working to rectify its slight of women. This provides an opportunity for a totally new brand and company, one that can provide styles for all feet but highlight women’s lines. The base product will be a new running shoe. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 1955 to 1975 Feminist Movement Rebirth

    5 pages in length. Priorities began to take shape in the middle of the twentieth century that had never before been addressed. Women were prepared to put all aspects of their lives on hold as a means by which to fulfill their professional desires; however, this was not to bode well with the male gender, who was confused at the intensity with which women were forging ahead in the workplace. Along with this newfound freedom came an unexpected consequence: higher divorce rates. Because women were finding themselves capable of being self-sufficient, there came a new outlook upon relationships and the roles each gender played; as women became more independent, they were less inclined to rely upon their husbands for security. This, according to Ruth Rosen's "The World Split Open: How the Modern Women's Movement Changed America," is what set the stage for the rebirth of feminism and the emergence of the women's movement. No additional sources cited.

  • Women's Equality and the NOW Role

    An 8 page overview of the societal status of women. Discusses the rationale for women often being considered inferior to men and identifies this rationale as being promulgated by society’s concept of the “weaker sex”. Discusses the advancements over the last three decades toward addressing sexism. Emphasizes the role of Affirmative Action and the National Organization of Women in addressing sexism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Management, Women, and 'the Glass Ceiling'

    5 pages. There is a well-known phrase called the glass ceiling which means that women are normally only promoted to a certain height up the corporate ladder. While there may be some women higher up in management sometimes these are just 'token' positions so that corporate management cannot be accused of discrimination. This paper will discuss the difficulties women have in getting the top management jobs. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Male Historians and the Challenges of Women's History

    This 4 page paper considers the issue of a feminist approach to history. Joan Kelly-Gadol's essay Did Women Have a Renaissance, published in Becoming Visible: Women in European History, directly relates to the question of the emerging approach of female historians. Female historians, after reflecting on the traditional narratives of male dominated societies, have recognized that women essentially had no voice in the past. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Women And Depression

    7 pages in length. When the body/mind connection is placed in such a position of compromise as is the case during the natural occurrence of giving birth, there are times when the woman's emotional capacity during such tremendous hormonal change is compromised and she slips into postpartum depression. Unfortunately, the symptoms of insomnia, mood swings, fatigue and body weight changes are commonplace for women to experience after birth, which causes myriad women to go undiagnosed when they are in the throes of postpartum depression. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Entrepreneurial Women

    8 pages in length. There is really nothing any more remarkable in women entrepreneurs' efforts than there are in the men counterparts' work, at least not in the present. In the early years, women were at a distinct disadvantage if they intended to focus on any business that could be seen as untraditional. Since those first ground-breaking years, however, women-owned businesses are just businesses—sound management practices and tuned acumen truly is without gender. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Broadcasting and Gender Discrimination

    A 10 page literature review on the instant subject, exploring issues of workforce statistics, discrimination against women broadcasters, and discrimination against storylines of women in broadcasting--including appearance and subject matter. The paper also discusses the "hidden" women in broadcasting--technicians. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Feminist Symbolism in the Play Trifles by Susan Glaspell

    An 8 page paper that argues that Glaspell uses name, bird/birdcage and quilt symbolism to delineate opposing identities between men and women, and freedom of the bird based on what men perceive as 'trifles' and women consider a part of their identity. The paper posits that Glaspell's overall goal was a call to arms for the suffrage movement of her times, but also a wake-up call for men to the plight of women. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Bahrain; Women’s Rights

    The government of Bahrain has made a commitment to women and developing women’s rights. This 3 page paper looks at the progress and areas of achievement and considers the current political aspects of women rights in the country and considers areas where political moves to increase equality may be argued as still required. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • An Analysis of Klait's, Servants of Satan

    A 10 page analysis of Joseph Klaits' book Servants of Satan: the Age of the Witch Hunts. The writer demonstrates that Joseph Klaits is an unusual scholar. Most historians, particularly male ones, have discounted the fact that most of the victims of the witch hunts were women. Klaits says straight out that 'witch craze's slaughter of women was the result of the spread of woman-hatred in the spiritually reformed elites and its application in the reformers' campaigns against folk religion' (44). No additional sources cited.

  • Women Doctors

    6 pages. A historiographical review explains not only the theme of certain books but also explains the inner meaning of the times in which it was written. The author also puts a personal aspect on the subject that should be taken into consideration as well. This review is concerning two books on women doctors; one book is about a woman doctor of the 1800's and is reviewed and compared to a book about a woman doctor of the 1990's. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Ancient Greek Women and the Effects of Medicine, Law, and Architecture

    A 12 page investigation into the lives of ancient Greek women as they were impacted by architecture, law and medicine. Exactly how these factors interacted to shape a woman’s life, however, is largely a matter of conjecture. Because most of Greek history was dominated by male authors, we must turn to other aspects of Greek culture to glean hints as to how a woman interacted in this male-dominated world. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Gender in Beowulf

    A 3 page essay that discusses the role of women and gender in Beowulf, the Old English epic, is reflective the culture of Germanic tribes that invaded England during the early middle ages. A close examination of this poem shows that gender and women play a distinctive role in this tale of heroism. While Beowulf's focus is on the warrior ethos and what this entails, there is also the fact that the poem implies fear of female power, along with an overarching societal need to keep women in a properly subjugated role. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Julia's Petticoat by Herrick

    A 3 page explication of "Julia's Petticoat," by seventeenth century poet Robert Herrick. The writer argues that Herrick creates a seduction poem that uses the extended metaphor of his love's petticoat as an elaborate and poetically lyrical way of referring to the sexual allure of the woman who wears it. Examination of the poem shows that Herrick focuses on the effect that this undergarment has on the poet as he finds it suggestive of the woman's beauty and allure, so much so that the occasional glimpse of petticoat seems to excite him as much as the woman herself. No additional sources cited.

  • Early 20th Century Historical Contributions of the Average Female

    An 8 page paper looking at the way women's contributions to our culture have fundamentally altered American history in the early part of this century. The paper contends that even if women's political contributions are ignored, changing social attitudes - changed by women, from within -- toward such issues as consumerism, contraception, and working outside the home transformed our culture. Bibliography lists five sources.

  • The Importance of Women's History

    A 5 page research paper that examines why women's history should be studied; how history is gendered in traditional historical approaches; and why women's history is important to feminists, and also some interesting facts about women's history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Male Historians and the Challenges of Women's History

    This 4 page paper considers the issue of a feminist approach to history. Joan Kelly-Gadol's essay Did Women Have a Renaissance, published in Becoming Visible: Women in European History, directly relates to the question of the emerging approach of female historians. Female historians, after reflecting on the traditional narratives of male dominated societies, have recognized that women essentially had no voice in the past. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Women, the Workplace, Management, and Glass Ceilings

    A 9 page essay on the struggles that women still endure in the professional, corporate world. It is argued that while women have indeed enjoyed some advancements in business, they still are barred from achieving top-level management positions. Thus, they are looking through a 'glass ceiling.' In answer to this, many women are forming their own businesses. The role of downsizing and other relevant minority issues are brought into the discussion as well. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Novel Lives of Girls and Women by Alice Munro

    This 5 page report discusses the secondary characters in Canadian writer Alice Munro’s 1971 novel “Lives of Girls and Women.” While the book revolves around Del Jordan, Del’s opinions and attitudes are very much shaped by what the secondary female characters say and do. No bibliography.

  • The Flea vs. To a Coy Mistress

    A 7 page analysis of John Donne's 'The Flea,' and Andrew Marvell's 'To His Coy Mistress.' Donne and Marvell were two of the seventeenth century's greatest poets. Men of profound thought, intellect, and understanding, they could also be witty, casual and ­yes‹lecherous. In their poems, both of these exemplary poets turn their formidable arts of persuasion toward the goal of convincing the women, to whom the poems are directed, to consent to sex. No additional sources cited.

  • Comparative Analysis of Canadian Religious Minorities

    A 12 page research paper that examines three Protestant sects-- The Doukhobors, Mennonites and the Hutterites. The writer specifically looks at the gender roles within these groups and the ways in which communal life impacts the lives of women. Also discussed is the radical fringe group of the Doukhobors, the Sons of Freedom. Bibliography contains 12 sources.

  • Twilight by Anne Deavere Smith

    This 5 page report discusses Anne Deavere Smith’s book “Twilight” that eventually became a one-woman play performed in Los Angeles and on Broadway. Its subject is the 1992 riots in Los Angeles and gives the stories of the people who were in the midst of it all in their own words. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • European Witch Hunt of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries and Its Reasons

    This 10 page report (which includes a 2 page annotated bibliography) discusses the witch hunt that took place in Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries. Religious issues, the status of women, and the hysteria of the “common” people are discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Intimate Strangers Men and Women Together by Lillian B. Rubin

    A 5 page analysis of the book Intimate Strangers: Men and Women Together by Lillian B. Rubin. The writer demonstrates how Rubin uses a Freudian perspective to explore the reasons behind traditional gender role identification and how this impacts with changed societal expectations. No additional sources cited.

  • Analyzing 'The Joys of Motherhood' by Buchi Emecheta

    A 6 page paper which analyzes a woman’s place in the patriarchal Nigerian society, from Buchi Emecheta’s ‘womanist’ perspective, in her 1979 novel, "The Joys of Motherhood." Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Culture Problems in Black Critics and Kings by Andrew Apter and Writing Women's Worlds by Lila Abu Lughod

    5 pages in length. Lila Abu-Lughod's "Writing Women's Worlds" and Andrew Apter's "Black Critics and Kings" are both indicative of the prolific writers' inherent ability to pursue even the most complex of cultural concepts. Not unlike their myriad other works, which also serve to address the issues of culture, Abu-Lughod and Apter appeal to the innermost recesses of the reader's soul in their attempt to overcome the significant barriers each author clearly identifies. The writer discusses how each author addresses the issues of culture in relation to their respective books. No additional sources cited.

  • Mother and Daughters' Conversation

    This 12 page report contains a transcript of a conversation that took place between two middle-aged women and their elderly mother at a restaurant. One of the most interesting aspects of “eavesdropping” on this conversation is the similarity the three have in their communication styles. There is tentativeness, then self-assertion on the part of each of the participants. However, there is also a tinge of animosity that occasionally presents itself. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Type of Feminism

    This 7 page report discusses the evolution of the radical and reform sectors of the feminist movement. By the middle of the 1970's, the original formats of feminist consciousness-raising gave way to one through which women began to examine their subordinate status in other hierarchies that were based on race, politics, or sexual orientation rather than only gender. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Madness and The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman

    A 5-page essay that analyses the descent into madness depicted in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper”. Included is a look at the cause of this madness and how it reflects the social view toward women in the late nineteenth century. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The System of Trokosi

    A 4 page research paper that describes the system of Trokosi that enslaves Ghana women to fetish priests. According to this belief, if a crime has been committed and a girl is not enslaved, then the gods will be unhappy and members of the family will die. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Earnings' Inequality based Upon Gender

    This 5 page paper considers the empirical evidence for an increase in the inequality of wages. The inequalities considered are those between high and low paid workers and between men and women. Statistical information is included. The original article this work was based on was provided by the original client and the citation is no longer available for source provided.

  • Social Problem of Pornography

    This 15 page paper presents both sides of the pornography issue. It argues that pornography may be a social problem, but also addresses questions that come up such as where to draw the line. Issues concerning sexual addiction, child pornography, the reality or mythology of snuff films and whether or not pornography degrades women, is included. Class factors are also discussed. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Man and Woman in A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen

    This 5 page paper explores this landmark Ibsen play, where deceit and scandal bubble beneath the surface of the classically repressive domestic situation of Torvald and Nora, who, in order to save her husband's life commits forgery. The basic difficulties of relationship between a man and a woman are as relevant now as they were in 1879.Bibliography lists 4 sources..

  • Cinematography Elements and Narrative Structure of Kiss of the Spider Woman by Manuel Puig

    This 7 page report discusses the 1976 novel “Kiss of the Spider Woman” and its narrative structure. The primary vehicle of the novel is the dialogue that takes place between the two principal characters, Molina and Valentin, who are cellmates in an Argentine prison. Puig does not use a typical narrative structure to provide a sense of a beginning and an ending and forces the reader to ponder the conflicting perspectives he constructs through characters. No secondary sources.

  • A Third World Analysis

    This 7 page paper provides an analysis of what is now called the third world. The third world is defined and many observations are made. The paper places a focus on how women are treated in these nations. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Gender and Economic Inequality

    5 pages in length. Everything that occurs in the workplace has a significant influence upon and importance to the strive for economic security. The writer discusses how issues such as the glass ceiling, gender discrimination and lack of minority advancement all dictate the manner in which women will either prosper or languish within the ongoing economic battle with men. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women's Studies and 'In Defence of Elitism' by William A. Henry

    5 pages in length. The writer provides an argument for the following quote from William A. Henry's "In Defence Of Elitism": "Women's studies do not constitute an area of sufficient scholarly apparatus to be pursued on their own; they are tribal rather than integrationist and reject the melting-pot theory on which the rise of postwar American culture political, and economic power was based." No additional sources cited.

  • Smell Imagery in Surfacing by Margaret Atwood

    A 5 page analysis of Margaret Atwood's novel Surfacing, a psychologically oriented novel that describes how the unnamed narrator seeks unity and reanimation of the parts of her psyche that she suppressed in order to survive. This is a complex novel, which is permeated with multiple layers of meaning, but it is basically the story of a fragmented woman becoming whole again. In relating this journey, the writer argues that Atwood relies heavily on imagery that focuses on the narrator's heightened senses, and—particularly—on her sense of smell. No additional sources cited.

  • Computer Phobia and Gender Differences

    Fear of computers is deemed as the main reason women avoid the internet in this 6 page paper on gender differences. Statistics reveal that more men are using the internet as society encourages males to pursue the sciences, while discouraging females. Solutions to the problem are explored. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Mafia and Roles Played by Women

    This 8 page paper looks at the roles women play in the Mafia and how the role has evolved over time to one that is slightly more active. Despite the change in female participation, Mafia families remain patriarchal in nature and wives are still put on pedestals. A look at the phenomenon is taken with examples drawn from both the United States and Italy. Bibliography lists 9 sources

  • Thalidomide's Return

    A 6 page paper discussing the birth-defect causing drug thalidomide prescribed to pregnant women as a sedative and defense against nausea. Despite the terrible problems it caused in the 1950s and early 1960s, the drug is being reintroduced for use in treatment of several diseases. Bibliography lists six sources.

  • Faking Orgasms and Women

    An 8 page paper weighing the opinions of whether or not women should fake orgasms. The writer lists the pros and cons and reaches a final conclusion on the relative merits of faking. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Gender Relations in Zora Neale Hurston's 'Sweat' and Their Eyes Were Watching God

    A 4 page research paper that examines two of her works, a short story entitled "Sweat" and her most famous novel The Eyes Were Watching God in regards to how Hurston portrays gender relations. The writer argues that, for the most part, this is pictured as a battleground between the sexes in which women have to defend themselves from male domination; however, the writer also points out that the relationship of Janie and Tea Cake in Eyes is a notable exception. Biography lists 6 sources.

  • Stereotypes and the Media

    A 5 page essay that looks at the current state of media and its obsession with stereotypical images. The paper reviews social theory relating to image, racial portrayals in the media, and the portrayal of women in the media—and posits that in the United States, legitimate media is currently underground. Bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • How Women Are Treated in "Sweat" by Zora Neale Hurston

    In six pages (5 pp. + 1 pg. outline) discusses how the author treats women in this short story of revenge in the characterization of protagonist Delia Jones. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Media's Gender Bias and the 'Smurfette Principle'

    Nearly three decades after the 'Feminist Movement' and the initiation of the Equal Rights Amendment, much of the entertainment media is still reflecting lower-level roles, even subordinate roles for women. This 4 page essay explores 'The Smurfette Principle' in terms of various preschool television shows. The similarity of today's storylines to those of 25 and more years ago is astounding. . . a rather incredible fact in light of the feminist movement. Gender bias is alive and well in entertainment media. No bibliography.

  • Gender Differences and Nonverbal Communication

    A 12 page paper that provides an overview of nonverbal communication and considers it in terms of the way both men and women encode and decode these messages. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Wolfinger and Rabow's Article 'The Different Voices of Gender'

    This 6 page paper analyzes the research reported in the article of this title by Wolfinger and Rabow. Specifically, this paper addresses the basis for the research, methodology, results and implications of results which add to the understanding of the differences in how men and women communicate.

  • The Definition of Utopia

    This 5 page paper examines three encyclopedia definitions of the term utopia and compares them to the utopia which is defined by Marge Piercy in her book, Woman on the Edge of Time.

  • Social Security Versus The American Dream

    3 pages in length. The realization of achieving the "American Dream" based upon the limited resources of average social security income and a modest private pension is vastly different when constructing a monthly budget for men versus women; however, while males earn $250 more than their female counterparts based upon 2004 statistics, it does not make them much more capable of attaining the spoils of the American Dream unless their expectations have dropped considerably as their age has increased. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Women’s Friendship: “The Color Purple”

    A 5 page paper which examines the friendship of women regarding Celie and Sofia in “The Color Purple” by Alice Walker. No additional sources cited.

  • 19th Century Women's Activist Susan B. Anthony

    An 11 page overview of the accomplishments of this nineteenth century activist. Traces Anthony’s role from her first speech in 1855 to the achievement of the vote for women. Includes an annotated bibliography of 8 sources.

  • Spirituality and Storytelling in Beloved by Toni Morrison

    A 3 page paper which examines Beloved’s need for Sethe and for her mother’s storytelling. Specifically considered are the ways in which Beloved is nourished by Sethe’s stories, the experience of silence as a protective shield, and Baby Suggs’ spirituality as compared with the women’s spirituality in Alice Walker’s short story, “Everyday Use.” No additional sources are used.

  • Assault vs Aggravated Assault

    A 3 page review of the distinction between these types of crimes. This paper is based on a scenario of a fight between a woman and her husband. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Workplace and Sexism

    16 pages in length. Gender prejudice is alive and well throughout contemporary commerce as women struggle to maintain an equitable existence within a sexist environment. The workplace is but one area where sexism continues to thrive amidst an atmosphere of gender intolerance and biased practices. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • An Atlanta Homeless Families' Overview

    This 7 page paper provides data and statistical information about homeless families in the world, the United States, Georgia and most specifically Atlanta. The problem of homelessness is addressed. An overview of one shelter is provided. There is a decided focus on homeless families and available resources for women and children. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mentally-Ill Homeless/Mexican-American Women

    An 8 page research paper that examines literature focusing on a segment of the homeless population whose needs have been under-addressed by research, the homeless, mentally ill Mexican American woman. As research on this demographic group is limited, it is necessary to investigate what is known about the various facets of this description. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Equal Pay

    This 8 page paper looks at issues concerning equal pay under English law. The paper considers the case of a woman who is paid less than several men performing the same or similar tasks, including her predecessor, someone working in a different location, someone in the same location but a different office and a former manager who has a salary that is ‘red circled’. The paper demonstrates the application of equal pay legislation and case law and applies it to the case provided by the student. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Juliet's Images in Film Versions of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare

    A 5 page essay that examines how two films, Zeffirelli (1968) and Luhrmann (1996), present Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, concentrating on the characterization of Juliet in the balcony scene. The writer argues that this characterization reflects on the status of women in society in general as a "temptress" of masculinity. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Problem of Poverty and HIV/AIDS Risk for Black American Women

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of the problem statement for a research study on the following topic: African American Women, Poverty and HIV/AIDS Risk: The Problem Statement. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Affirmative Action and Why People Support It

    A 15 page paper presenting a literature review and an abbreviated survey-based research seeking attitudes and reasons why Affirmative Action policies appear to be ingrained forever in our society. Research findings indicate that while individuals, both African American and white, believe that the very program tends to extend racial discrimination rather than alleviate it, none wants to be accused of being either 'racist' or uncaring regarding the fate of others. The sample is a limited number of women equally divided according to race; the findings indicate that further research is warranted. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • The Life and Works of Lorraine Hansberry

    A 5 page look at this young black playwright's life in terms of Anne Cheney's 1984 biography. The paper isolates five pivotal events in Hansberry's life that made her the remarkable woman she was. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Bluest Eye & The Color Purple

    A 5 page essay that discusses Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye and Alice Walker’s The Color Purple, which are similar in that both authors use the structure of their novels as a tool that facilitates the achievement of their thematic purposes. In The Bluest Eye, Morrison’s references to the Dick-and-Jane reading primer aids Morrison in contrasting the mainstream cultural ideal, that is, the world represented in the Dick-and-Jane stories, against the violence of her protagonist’s world. This contrast also serves to underscore the way in which mainstream white ideals are assimilated by black Americans and contribute to their dysfunction and unhappiness. Similarly, in The Color Purple, Walker uses her novel’s epistolary format to dramatize her protagonist’s evolution from an insecure, brutalized girl toward an independent, secure woman with her own voice. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Roles of Women in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe

    A 4 page paper which examines the role of women in Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart.” Bibliography lists 5 additional sources.

  • Image Analysis Of Two Different Advertisements

    3 pages in length. The desire to enhance physical features with such tools as color and adhering objects to the body has held historical importance throughout the human time line. Whether for personal or cultural identity, adorning the body serves to distinguish social status and gender; some cultures engage in the practice of physical mutilation as an expression of beauty while others cover their flesh in permanent artwork. Contemporary society has not only continued the practice of personal adornment as a statement of identity but has done so to the point of tapping into the duality of vanity and insecurity, with women especially being targeted to always second guess their beauty by the barometer of media influence. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Three Events in the History of Higher Education

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the history of higher education in relation to three events. This examination will briefly examine these three events and discuss how they influenced higher education's development. In general, the progression that these three events dramatize a gradual evolution toward offering higher education to an increasing diverse, more numerous segment of the population of a particular era. These three events are the origin of universities in the medieval period; the opening of higher education to women and the implementation of the G.I. Bill after World War II. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mary Elizabeth Braddon, Elizabeth Gaskell, and Cultural Reorganization from a Woman's Perspective

    This 7 page report discusses “Uncontrollable Beauty” The 19th century fiction represented by Mary Elizabeth Braddon’s “Aurora Floyd” (1863) and Elizabeth Gaskell’s “Ruth” (1853) offer examples of ways in which a vision of a reorganization of culture may take place based on a woman’s point of view. Both of the 19th century novels discussed transcend their own time and place with each reading to create the site in which the novel speaks directly to the reader. As a result, the reader is able to reconsider a number of suppositions as related to the era and the characters that inhabit it. No secondary sources.

  • Case Study of Evans Shampoo

    This 6 page paper examines a case study supplied by the student. Evans, a shampoo manufacturer is due to launch a children’s shampoo with fewer chemicals, but it currently can damage hair that is treated wit a particular type of hair dye, usually used by elderly women. A competing firm, Cacti, know about this flaw and are threatening to release this information to the market. They are also preparing a shampoo for the same market. It will take another two weeks of research and development to perfect the product. The paper answers a range of questions including a stakeholder analysis, the way the decisions may be made, the balance of power, ethical approaches and a potential decision on strategy for Evans.

  • Medieval Literature and Male Role Model Challenging

    This is a 7 page paper discussing the works of Chaucer and Malory and their challenges to the male role model presented in medieval society and traditional literature by writers such as Aquinas. Where Chaucer wrote new works from the perspectives of powerful women, Malory wrote on the weaknesses of the heroic male figures of Lancelot and Arthur. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Twentieth Century Literature and Gender

    This 7 page paper looks at gender, but also at class and race, in two works that focus on strong women who lived in the United States during the early part of the twentieth century. Hurston's Their eyes were watching God and Wharton's House of Mirth are each discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women in Sub Saharan Africa and High Rates of HIV and AIDS

    This 39 page literature review examines nine articles related to the spread of AIDs in Africa and pays particular attention to gender specific reach. At the same time, the literature is broad and also encompasses a wide array of material that examines things such as socioeconomic status and media campaigns against AIDS. The primary question explored by this literature review is: "Why is there a high incidence of HIV/AIDS among women in sub-Sahara Africa?" The literature does include a variety of articles that cover several topics. Concepts such as condom use, rape, polygamy, stigma and breast-feeding are included in the discussion. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Geishas

    A 7 page research paper that takes the form of a study. This study consists of a literature review to ascertain the legitimacy of the Western perception that geishas are prostitutes. This examination of literature is based on the hypothesis that this prevalent Western assumption pertaining to geishas is false. While sexuality is undoubtedly a part of the lives of these women, this private part of their lives in not a part of their role as geisha. This study explores what does constitute the appeal of the geisha, the history of the profession and why the West has this fundamental misconception about the geisha’s art. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Marital Emptiness and 'The Empty Nest Syndrome'

    This 9 page paper examines the rationale for having children earlier or later in life. Marital happiness as well as feeling empty are examined after the children leave home. Two women are interviewed and literature is evaluated and used in the analysis. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Key Women Studied in a Character Biblical Presentation

    A 4 page overview of several key female figures in the Bible. The author investigates the manner in which these characters are presented and comments on their believability and predictability. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Female Participation in Basketball

    A 5 page overview of the importance of female participation in sports such as basketball and in the importance of this participation receiving an equal media coverage and emphasis as does male participation in sports. Correlates female participation in sports with lowered teen pregnancy, higher academic success, and less gang participation. Bibliography lists six sources.

  • Submissive Characters In Children's Literature: Influence Upon Self-Perception In Female Children

    6 pages in length. Children's literature is replete with visual imagery of worlds that exist beyond reality's realm; to equip a child with a story that takes her outside her established precepts is to fortify that young mind with additional learning tools for life. However, not every lesson learned within the pages of children's literature is of a positive nature, inasmuch as some messages drive home antiquated gender identity roles that impose significantly distorted perceptions upon naïve and vulnerable readers. When cast as submissive characters by virtue of their gender, children are taught that such famous "people" as Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty represent how women are expected to be in the real world; without benefit of truly understanding the fantasy component of children's literature, they take with them these skewed perceptions and unknowingly incorporate them into their own psychological development. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Practice, Knowledge, and Nursing Theory's Role

    An 11 page research paper that examines the relationship between theory, knowledge and practice. Florence Nightingale asserted that there is no differentiation between "men of thought" and "men of action" and that an "ideal" or philosophy should not be considered as isolated, but rather incorporated into everyday routines (Jacobs, 2001). In other words, Nightingale felt that there should be no artificial barriers between philosophy or theory and the utilization of nursing knowledge and practice. Nightingale obviously regarded herself as a woman of action, "dealing with daily activities of nursing," yet nursing scholars frequently portray her as more of a theorist and philosopher (Jacobs, 2001, p. 17). It was Nightingale's position that theory should lead the development of knowledge and practice and this is the orientation reflected in the vast majority of nursing literature, as this review illustrates. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • 3 Sociological Views on the Shortage of Nurses

    5 pages in length. The nursing industry of years gone by saw beyond society's brusque and compassionless approach to medicine by providing humanistic care beyond the traditional way. The lack of humanistic care made glaringly apparent by the medical community's unemotional arms-length attitude was precisely what nurses like Florence Nightingale sought to correct, believing that a world without the ability to touch – along with treating the disease – is not a world where actual healing occurs. Under her wing, Nightingale took care of the soldiers while at the same time training other women to "nurse" them back to health. Indeed, one can readily contend that her efforts as a means to humanize the medical industry have often struggled to continue in contemporary practice. Examining today's nursing shortage finds several sociological perspectives under consideration as they relate to Nightingale's original approach, with the tenets of conflict theory, functional analysis and symbolic interactionism employed as a means by which to seek out a more humane and holistic approach to medicine. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Roy Model and Infection Control

    A 9 page paper discussing a case of Streptococcus a infection in an elderly woman following myocardial infarction and bypass surgery, in terms of Roy’s adaptation model. The Roy model imposes a responsibility on the part of the nurse(s) involved to adapt to changing conditions so that they can provide higher quality nursing care. The nurses of the medical/surgical floor are obliged to adapt to changing conditions and then to take steps to address conditions as they exist at any given time. The Roy model dictates that conditions will change; nurses are obliged to change with them. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Bone Cancer Case Study and Nursing Interventions

    An 8 page research paper that addresses a specific case scenario, which deal with nursing interventions for a 52-year-old woman who has been diagnosed with stage 4 breast cancer, which is metastasized to the left hip and involves the lymphatic system. She presents to the oncology nursing unit with severe bone pain in her left hip. She has already undergone external radiation therapy (palliative) and is suffering from severe nausea and vomiting. The patient and her family are having difficulty coping, both with the patient's current health status and with the terminal prognosis. This investigation examines three aspects of this patient's care and possible nursing interventions: bone pain; nausea and vomiting; and psychosocial interaction with the patient and her family in regards to coping. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Jealousy As Defined By Evolutionary Psychology

    3 pages in length. True to form, the extent to which jealousy is displayed and internalized depends upon which gender is experiencing the emotion. Jealousy, defined as a suspicion or distrust of another who holds strong ties as in an intimate relationship, evokes a combination of fear, hurt and anger from the person on its receiving end; whether it is based within a sexual or emotional foundation depends upon if the sufferer is a man or a woman. Practitioners of evolutionary psychology theorize that presence and format of human jealousy is fundamental to the species' proliferation, however, the gender response to relationship indiscretion -– either real or perceived -– illustrates the insecurities that exist within the roles each gender plays from a developmental standpoint. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Career Objectives and Philosophy of Nursing

    3 pages in length. Nursing, a profession that was decidedly more of the female persuasion in the mid-eighteen hundreds, has long been considered an extension of a woman's natural ability to nurture. Had it not been for Florence Nightingale's attempts to humanize the medical profession in the nineteenth century, there is no telling where contemporary society would be with regard to humane and appropriate medical care. Fast forward to the twenty-first century and it is clear how nurses play an integral role in the overall development and application of standards of care, the transmission of scientific and humanistic caring, professional performance, ethics, as well as the level of competency expected from the industry. No bibliography.

  • Life and Contributions of Clara Barton

    In 6 pages, the author discusses Clara Barton. "As a young girl, her skull was studied by phrenologist, and he determined her to be one that would never assert herself for herself, but that for others she would be fearless. Angel of mercy during the Civil War, although not a nurse. Founder of the American Red Cross. Whom do these depict? They are all descriptions of Clarissa Harlowe Barton, who is also known as Clara Barton. She was a woman that made major contributions to the development of nursing." Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Linguistics and Culture

    A 4 page overview of language and how it reflects culture. The author considers a fictional culture with no word for ocean, many positive words for child, only plural words for leader, no word for war, words describing men and women only in terms of the domestic relationship, many words for grain and no words for meat products and discusses what that must mean in terms of this culture's ideologies and lifeways. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Human Sexuality: Female Orgasm

    7 pages in length. Sexuality is one of the most significant of forces that drives the human being; it is a fundamental component of what makes up the species. Given the fact that humans are unique in their desire for recreational sex in addition to the inherent need for procreation, it stands to reason that the orgasm becomes the focal point of casual intercourse. The female orgasm is a particular focus due to its complex nature and satisfaction of both partners when the woman achieves it. Whether heterosexual, lesbian or masturbatory, the female orgasm can be described as a pleasure trip whereby the journey is just as stimulating as the final destination. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Aggression and Testosterone

    5 pages in length. It goes without saying that there exists an inherent difference in the aggressive tendencies of males and females. When addressing sporting events, such as school activities, this difference is comprised of various elements that each coach must take into consideration in order for the player to achieve his or her highest possible athletic ability. The writer discusses the fact that there are significant divergent responses to external stimuli between girls and boys, men and women, for the sole reason that the male chemistry is comprised of considerably more testosterone, the single-most influential component of aggressive behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women and Children as Products in the Sex Industry

    This 7 page paper examines the issues surrounding human trafficking. The problem is apparent not just in third world countries but even in countries like the US. The author suggests education is the key to addressing human trafficking. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Literary Self Determination in Women and Sexuality

    A 9 page paper showing the connection between these two issues, as demonstrated in the works of Aristophanes, Plato, Dante, and Shakespeare (Lysistrata, The Apology, The Inferno, and The Tempest, respectively). The paper asserts that Western literature first mocked or dismissed the sexual expression of female self-determination, later turned it into a sin, and finally transformed it into a social gaffe, but until recently still continued to maintain that its suppression was not wrong. Bibliography lists five sources.

  • Mandatory HIV Testing for Pregnant Women

    A 6 page research paper that offers an examination of the issues involved in mandatory HIV testing as a standard part of prenatal care is designed to aid the student researching this topic with preparing for a class debate. The student will be debating the negative position, that is, opposing mandatory HIV testing. Therefore, this speech presents this position. Then, the affirmative positive is briefly summarized, which is followed with how the negative position can offer rebuttal to these points. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Sexuality and Young Women in Sleeping Beauty by Rosario Ferre and Wild Swans by Alice Munro

    A 3 page paper which discusses how young women and their sexuality are seen by society and by the girls in Alice Munro’s “Wild Swans” and Rosario Ferre’s “Sleeping Beauty.” Bibliography lists 1 additional source.

  • Work Life Balance Strategies and the Impact on Women Employees

    This 4 page paper looks at the issue of work life balance and how and why a lack of work life balance strategies in the work place are likely to have a greater negative impact on omen compared to men. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Women Rising Above Oppression in The Color Purple

    A 6 page paper which examines female characters in The Color Purple by Alice Walker and how they rise above oppression. No additional sources cited.

  • Jane Goodall and Females as Biological Creative Agents

    (8 pp) Women have readily been acknowledged as creative agents in a biological sense. It is only within the last fifty years that women have been acknowledged for the full range of creativity which they have, and are able to access. Jane Goodall is one of those women who has creatively followed her original dream, and dared to dream beyond it. Many of Goodall's own words are used to give a true sense of this unique individual. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Additional references are included for studnet use.

  • Corporate Management Sector and Women

    6 pages in length. A lot has changed in the last one hundred years in relation to women's roles in the workplace. To be sure, one would never find a female CEO at the turn of the century, nor would one be accustomed to seeing women in many executive positions at all. However, contemporary times have illustrated how women have been successful in their attempts to break through the barriers of a patriarchal work society and effectively plant themselves in the midst of prosperity. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Management, Women, and 'the Glass Ceiling'

    5 pages. There is a well-known phrase called the glass ceiling which means that women are normally only promoted to a certain height up the corporate ladder. While there may be some women higher up in management sometimes these are just 'token' positions so that corporate management cannot be accused of discrimination. This paper will discuss the difficulties women have in getting the top management jobs. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • New Athletic Shoes Line Creation

    A 6 page marketing plan for a new line of athletic shoes. The explosion of involvement of women in both organized and casual sports is a trend that the established brands missed along the way; Nike at least now is working to rectify its slight of women. This provides an opportunity for a totally new brand and company, one that can provide styles for all feet but highlight women’s lines. The base product will be a new running shoe. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Love of Women Presenting A Different Kind of World

    5 pages. This interesting and introspective outlook on life concerns the protagonists of two books on the love between women. The Vagabond by Colette and Tipping the Velvet by Sara Waters both involve women who love their world with women and goes beyond the gender expectations of their culture. Discusses their positions and choices they make and how the absence of men enables them to realize their potential in ways that would not have been possible had male figures been present. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Hans Kung's Women in Christianity

    A 6 page overview of the manner in which we have historically viewed the role of women in Christianity. Kung targets theologians and the general readership alike in his discourse on the manner in which Christian women have been treated by their fellow Christians, and the social setting which inspired that treatment. Kung’s intent is to analyze the past injustices and to chart the way for a new theology of women in the Christian religion. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Stress Resistance and a Conflict in a Women's Work and Family

    3 pages in length. "Contributor to Stress Resistance: Testing a Model of Women's Work-Family Conflict" by Karyn H. Bernas and Debra A. Major in the June, 2000 issue of Psychology of Women Quarterly seeks to illustrate how the inextricable relationship between work and family responsibilities is exacerbated by the factor of stress. When stress is present in a given situation where the woman simultaneously holds down a job outside the home as well as raises a family, the conflict between the two incompatible responsibilities is significantly greater; however, when stress is reduced, the work-family conflict is also abated. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Female Sexuality and Racial Differences

    A 10 page research paper/essay that examines the topic of female sexuality. The writer argues that white women must come to understand the experience of women of color and discusses how poor and non-Western women are targeted for reproductive rights discrimination. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Female Sexuality in House of Bernarda Alba

    A 3 page essay on Federico Garcia Lorca’s play “The House of Bernarda Alba,” which is part of a trilogy in which each play expresses the way that women were “crushed by Spanish customs and social life” during the early twentieth century (Jones and Jones 13). In Bernarda Alba, the cast is virtually all women, as there is only one brief appearance by a male. In this play, Garcia Lorca uses the theme of suppressed sexuality to underscore the corrosive nature of Spanish cultural expectations towards women. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Male Culture and Gender Prejudice

    A 6 page paper that discusses gender bias against women in a male-dominated culture. Stereotypical behaviors are learned early in life and are perpetuated throughout life in media depictions of women. The comments of three feminist authors are integrated: Sandra Lee Bartky, Sandra Lipsitz Bem, and Catharine A. MacKinnon. The writer also addresses the need for women to take responsibility to change their own environment. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Feminism and Women's Studies

    This 8 page paper contends that the women's movement was integral to the creation of women's studies curriculums around the country in the 1970's. Women's studies is explained and explored. Feminism is also discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Jesus' Attitude Toward Women Versus Paul's Attitude

    This 11 page paper explores how Jesus and Paul each viewed and treated women. There has long been a controversy about some remarks attributed to Paul in two specific letters he wrote. The remarks are the most negative comments about women that can be found in the Bible. Thus, Paul has the reputation of disliking or devaluing women. But, is this the truth? The writer uses Biblical text and expert theological opinions to discuss how each perceived women and their role and how each treated women. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women in A Woman by Sibilla Aleramo and The Leopard by Giuseppe Di Lampedusa

    A 4 page acknowledgment of the variation which exist in literature in regard to the presentation of women’s roles. Regardless of the country of origin, literature expresses the author’s liberty to be either sympathetic to women's roles or cynical as to those roles. Their portrayals can be either detailed, shallow, or stereotypical. In most cases literature produced by female authors is more positive in terms of its depiction of women than is literature produced by males. A particularly interesting point of comparison as to how women’s roles are presented in Italian literature exists in Guiseppe Di Lampedusa’s “The Leopard” and Sibilla Aleramo’s “A Woman”. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Analysis of Two Poems by Sharon Olds

    A 3 page essay that analyzes two of Olds' poems, "Indictment of Senior Officers" and the "The Death of Marilyn Monroe." In these poems, Sharon Olds addresses violence perpetuated toward women and arrives at conclusions that suggests that, in both cases, society must bear some of the responsibility for the women's pain. Her verse causes the reader to contemplate the challenges facing women and how they are prepared for those challenges. Evocative and thought provoking, both poems compel the reader to consider women's place in Western society, as these poems are essentially critiques against the manner in which women are treated in Western society. No additional sources cited.

  • Analysis of Two Poems by Sharon Olds

    A 3 page essay that analyzes two of Olds' poems, "Indictment of Senior Officers" and the "The Death of Marilyn Monroe." In these poems, Sharon Olds addresses violence perpetuated toward women and arrives at conclusions that suggests that, in both cases, society must bear some of the responsibility for the women's pain. Her verse causes the reader to contemplate the challenges facing women and how they are prepared for those challenges. Evocative and thought provoking, both poems compel the reader to consider women's place in Western society, as these poems are essentially critiques against the manner in which women are treated in Western society. No additional sources cited.

  • Colonial Latin American Women

    a 6 page research paper which examines the role of women in colonial Latin America. The colonial world of Latin America was intrinsically different from that of North America and this difference had a tremendous impact on the women of Latin America at that time. Although North America was rich in natural resources, the natives of North America did not have the gold of the Incas or the Aztecs. Consequently, the Europeans that came to North America's shores came to colonize-they brought women with them. Those early Europeans, specifically the Spanish, that came to Latin America did so solely for the purposes of exploitation, not for colonization. Because of this, the Spanish conquerors typically did not bring women with them from Europe. The writer argues that the native women in colonial Latin America were viewed by Europeans as simply one more resources that they could exploit. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • US Women's Suffrage and its History

    This is a 3 page paper discussing the history of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States. The women’s suffrage movement within the United States began in earnest in 1848. Reflecting the sentiments of women around the world, organizers of a national convention that year began the process to fight for the right to vote (suffrage) and enfranchisement (the end of slavery) for women. The suffrage movement had two organizations, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) headed by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the American Women Suffrage Association (AWSA) organized by Lucy Stone and others. The two organizations merged in 1890 which was also the year which also saw women’s rights to vote gradually being accepted across many of the Western states. After a long struggle and witnessing the enfranchisement of women occurring in many other countries, the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution giving women the right to vote was finally passed in 1920. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Phenomenal Oprah Winfrey

    A 3 page paper which discusses why Oprah Winfrey is a phenomenal woman. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Plastic Surgery, Footbinding, and Violence Targeting Women

    This 6 page paper discusses violence against women in the practices of footbinding and plastic surgery. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ancient Rome, Ancient Egypt, and Women's Roles

    An 8 page paper which examines the role of women in these two societies. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Differential Treatment of Women Laborers in Canada

    This is a 12 page paper discussing wage and labor differentials for women in Canada. Within Canada today, women in the labor force generally make 70 to 80 cents for every dollar men make. This “wage gap” has actually decreased greatly over the years but still has a long way to go for total equity in the work place despite positive legislation in the 1970s and 1980s. Historically, women within Canada have been “crowded” into certain female-dominated professions such as clerical positions, nursing, teaching, domestic work, social work and sales and services. While clerical work once was comparable with male blue-collar jobs in regards to pay, the increase in unionization in many blue-collar trades left most of the female-dominated positions as those which were lower paid. As women shifted away from clerical positions and proceeded to attain degrees in higher education, the wage gap began to decrease but then women encountered the “glass ceiling” in which women held a disproportionate number of positions in the lowest quartile in large corporations. Today, women still have lower average salaries than men despite the gain in higher education. One of the reasons found within studies by Statistics Canada and others is that women who choose to have and raise children lose experience during their absence; experience men continue to gain which in turn leads to more promotions. Another reason believed for the continue wage gap is discrimination which still exists within employers, co-workers and the general population somewhat who still categorize some professions as “female” (such as teaching) and some as “male” (such as the trades) and in essence this restricts female workers from opportunities within the blue collar and higher executive markets. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Depiction of Women in D.H. Lawrence's Women in Love and James Joyce's Ulysses

    This is an 11 page paper discussing the portrayals of women through the characters of Molly in “Ulysses” by James Joyce and Ursula in “Women in Love” by D.H. Lawrence. Both Joyce and Lawrence intended to disrupt the current restrictive roles held by women in society. Joyce’s Molly provided a complete reversal of womanhood and took on a manlike perspective in her actions, words and infidelity. Lawrence’s Ursula however, maintained her independent thoughts and actions as a woman while attaining equality within her relationship and marriage. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Post 19th Century Canadian Workplace and the Role of Women

    15 pages in length. Canadian women have come a long way in the workplace since the nineteenth century; from pay inequity to sexual harassment to ultimately manning large corporations, women have paved their own way with regard to climbing the ladder of employment success. Similar to the struggles faced by women worldwide, Canadians have fought a long, tough battle to reach the pinnacle of their current positions, which clearly represents the tenacity and fortitude inherent to female perseverance. The writer discusses how with small steps at first, Canadian women have continued to forge ahead from the nineteenth century to the present, clearly demonstrating their evolution in the workplace. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Cultural Needs of Chinese Women in Childbirth

    An 8 page research paper that discusses cultural competence in regards to the nursing needs of Chinese women and women of Chinese extraction. According to census figures, the demographic nature of the American populace is becoming increasing culturally diverse. This fact constitutes a challenge to healthcare professionals as it has been shown by research that providing care that is culturally congruent with the patient’s background and health beliefs can have a beneficial effect on obtaining a positive outcome. Therefore, cultural competency is considered to be an important component of contemporary nursing care. This discussion of sources focuses on the needs of Chinese women or women of Chinese descent during the processes associated with childbirth from a nursing care perspective. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Eastern and Western Mythology and Women

    6 pages in length. The treatment of women in Indian mythology compared with that of Greek and Roman mythology proves to be not all that different from one another. Women, in general mythological terms, are primarily in existence to act as man's servant, both menially and sexually. To go so far as to say their treatment is barbaric, particularly in Greek and Roman mythology, would not be making an extreme statement. Indian mythology, on the other hand, utilizes the poor treatment of women in a slightly more domestic manner without the severity of physical harm so prevalent in Western mythology. The writer compares the treatment of women as it relates to Eastern and Western mythology. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Medieval Women

    An 8 page research paper that explores the lives of medieval women. There is a conception of the role of women during the Middle Ages that pictures them essentially in the role of victim‹suppressed and kept in a position of inferiority by the forces of patriarchy. However, numerous historians are now taking a more detailed view of the roles that women played during the medieval period. This research has revealed a distinctly different picture of medieval life than the one that is typically accepted. An examination of some of this historical research substantiates a new view of women during the Middle Ages as a vital force in shaping their society. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women's Conventional and Unconventional Roles in My Antonia by Willa Cather

    5 pages in length. The duality of Willa Cather's portrayal of women in My Antonia represents the inherent dichotomy that exists between conventionality and unconventionality. A longstanding debate has raged ever since the author penned her account of a woman torn between traditional gender representation and that which is not considered conventional. The argument within the literary world revolves around the feminist approach, with some critics contending that Antonia represents the archetypal female who awakens to her innate functions as a woman. The writer presents a review of literary opinions in relation to how women's roles are portrayed in My Antonia. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Renaissance and Contemporary Women's Roles

    5 pages in length. Throughout the renaissance, patriarchy was responsible for designing women’s role in society; many of these devices used in earlier centuries were related to religion. Certain scripture regularly challenged women to disprove that they were inferior—to not agree was heresy. When religion did not work alone, scientific theory was included as a factor in the equation that supported the ideal that women are inferior. Based on a conviction of inferiority, male authorities were then able to design lifestyles for women, including approved activities, mannerism, education, sexuality and religious pursuits. Contemporary society, however, has witnessed a metamorphosis of gender oppression, clearly demonstrated through popular culture. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Feminist Activist Susan B. Anthony

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of the role that Susan B. Anthony played in the women's rights movement. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Women's Roles in Homer's 'The Odyssey'

    This 5-page paper focuses on the role the women played in Homer's The Odyssey, and how their roles helped add to the story's adventures.

  • Female Communications and Body Language

    A 3 page paper which illustrates how women use body language to communicate. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Glass Ceiling

    A 3 page paper which discusses a case study of a woman’s experience with the glass ceiling. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Johnny Cash and Love

    A 3 page paper which examines Johnny Cash and his love of music and his women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women and Discrimination in the Workplace

    A 7 page paper which examines women and discrimination in the workplace. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Women in Rock and Country Genres

    Within 5 pages, the author discusses the differences between women in rock and country music. There are 2 references.

  • Johnny Cash and Love

    A 3 page paper which examines Johnny Cash and his love of music and his women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Writing Exercise: Autobiography

    This 3 page paper is a writing exercise that takes the form of an autobiography of a woman who wants to become a nurse.

  • Sports and Gender

    A 4 page paper which examines how and why men are more qualified for particular sports than women. No sources cited.

  • Female Police Officers and Harassment

    This 5 page paper discusses the problems faced by women in law enforcement; specifically sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literature and Women of High Society

    This 5 page paper compares and contrasts James's Daisy Miller with the woman in section 11 of Song of Myself. Social status and behavior are discussed along with a variety of thematic elements. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Western Classical Literature and Women

    A five page look at the role women have played in Western literature from the Old Testament through the Greeks and Romans through the Middle Ages and early Renaissance to the Romantic era. Works discussed include the Bible: Homer's Iliad and Odyssey; Aeschylus' Agamemnon; Euripides' Medea; Virgil's Aeneid; Dante's Inferno; the works of Petrarch; Cervantes' Don Quixote; and Goethe's Faust. Bibliography lists two sources.

  • Classical Greek Literature and Women's Tragic Marriages

    A 4 page paper that examines the recurrent theme of woman's tragic condition, especially in the matter of marriage, as presented in the Greek tragedies by Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. Works discussed are Agamemnon, Tereus, and Medea. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Literature and Women's Social Status

    This 5 page paper examines Poe's 'The Fall of the House of Usher ' and Hawthorne's 'Rappaccini's Daughter' and discusses the portrayal of women as evil. General trends in society are duly noted. Common themes are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Historical Reviews of Literature Featuring Native Americans, Black Women, and the Poor

    This 9 page paper discusses the various viewpoints of those who throughout history have had little voice: Native Americans, black women, and the poor. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Zora Neale Hurston's 'The Gilded Six Bits' and Alice Walker's 'Everyday Use'

    This 5 page paper analyzes Walker's "Everyday Use" and Hurston's "The Gilded Six-Bits". Specifically, this paper highlights their portrayal of women, black-on-black issues and mother-child relationships. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • French Literary Relationships Between Males and Females

    This 7 page paper looks at the novel The Invisible Man at the Window, and other French literature to see how men and women are portrayed. Gender issues are discussed in addition to the love relationships that exist between them. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Content and Gender in Feminist Literature

    This 5 page paper examines the writings of four women and discusses the impact of their gender on the content of the works. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Children's Literature and Female Role Models

    This 30 page paper provides an overview of the roll that women play in children's literature. This paper produces some solid examples of female role models and their impact. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • The Treatment of Women in Literature

    This 5 page paper looks at the way the representation of women has evolved throughout literature, from “Frankenstein” in 1818 to “The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time,” published in 2005. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Women in African Literature

    A 3 page paper which examines the role of women in God’s Bits of Wood by Sembene Ousmane and Purple Hibiscus by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. No additional sources cited.

  • Abuse Reporting Barriers and Disabled Women Victimized by Abuse

    The research question addressed in this literature review is whether abused disabled women report their abuse, or whether there are specific reasons for their failure to report abuse. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Gender Discrimination in Africa

    This 12 page paper is divided into two parts. The first part is a literature review of gender discrimination and violence against women in the Sub-Sahara. The second part is a research paper that includes an introduction, problem statement, method and procedures, literature review (which is taken from the first section), results and conclusions. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Heart Disease and Gender Differences

    A 10 page paper with three sections. The first section is a study regarding the differences between men and women in regards to symptoms and treatment of heart disease. This section includes an introduction, purpose of the study, problem statement, hypotheses, literature review, type of study, and conclusion. The next section is an annotated bibliography and the third section is a brief review of two articles used in the literature review. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Impact of Religion on Women in Post-Colonial Literature

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of how colonial religious ideals impact indigenous treatment of women. Amadi's "The Concubine" and Conde's "Segu" are explored in this light. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Evidence-Based: Nurse-Led Secondary Prevention Clinics For Women With CHD

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses CHD secondary clinics for women. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • David Chu's Nautica International Retailers

    Taiwanese-born David Chu founded Nautica International and created products that appeal to people of all ages worldwide. Nautica not only attracts consumers of all ages, its clothes and accessories range from sport to hip-hop to ski fashion to women’s perfume. It sports the worlds largest distribution of jeans (which includes The North Face, JanSport and Eastpak brands), among others. These products are sold in 1,300 department and specialty shops in the United States and in 82 retail stores in Asia, Europe and Latin America. jvRetMar.rtf

  • Hurdles Faced by Female Athletes Over Forty

    6 pages in length. Directly correlated with the extent to which women over forty choose to participate in swimming is how active they were in this or other sports throughout their lives; one who has engaged in swimming or some other physical activity either consistently or in phases is much more likely to undertake swimming after forty than one who has had little experience with that or any other sport. The writer discusses other issues pertaining to female swimmers over 40 including gender limitations, discrimination and mass media agenda setting. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Ancient Myth, Carl Jung, and Robert A. Johnson on Gender Psychological Differences

    This 5 page report discusses the psychological differences between men and women as interpreted in Jungian framework of thought. Robert A. Johnson’s books “She: Understanding Feminine Psychology” and “He: Understanding Masculine Psychology” serve as the primary point of departure on the issue. In them, he uses the myths of Aphrodite, Psyche, and Amor to discuss the feminine archetype and the story of Parsifal and the Holy Grail to discuss the masculine archetype. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Female Psychology in the Plays of Tirso de Molina

    A 14 page research paper that focuses on female characterization in the plays of Tirso de Molina (1572-1648), a playwright during the Golden Age of Spanish theatre. Examination of a variety of Tirso's plays demonstrates that--in regards to his portrayal of female characters--he was limited by the cultural standards in which he lived. In other words, women in Tirso's plays are largely relegated to subsidiary roles, which substantiate the prominence and importance of men as the pivotal focus around which everything in Spanish society revolved. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Learning Diabetes Self-care

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of the basic elements of diabetes self-care for a 20 year old woman recently diagnosed. This paper looks at the role of the nurse, nursing diagnoses and the role of the family. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Enlightenment and Feminist Literature

    This 6 page paper examines feminist literature to come from the Enlightenment. Terms are defined and explored. How women were treated at the time, and how things have changed since, are things which are discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Women Viewed During the Enlightenment Era

    A 4 page research paper that addresses the question of gender inequality could be rationalized in an age (the Enlightenment) that held prized rationality. Examination of Enlightenment literature suggests that, first of all, there existed a body of thought that pictured women as either too delicate or cognitively deficit to benefit from education; and, secondly, there was an equally insidious argument that uses nature to justify gender inequality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Black, Professional & Female

    A 7 page research paper that, first of all, offers a literature review on factors affecting the success of professional black women. Then the writer relates this information to suggests to a student on how to compose a "Findings" section for a research project conducted by that student. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Depression in Elderly

    A 5 page research paper that addresses a specific case scenario, one that features a 64-year-old woman who is probably suffering from depression. The writer discusses literature on this topic and possibilities for her counseling plan. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The World of Work

    This 3 page paper uses two works of literature to comment on the way in which work can destroy a person; in one ("Hazel tells LaVerne"), the lack of self-esteem leads a woman to miss a great opportunity; in the other ("A&P"), a manager's slavish devotion to "the rules" costs him a good employee. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy/Postmenopausal Women

    A 4 page research paper that examines hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. The writer looks at the controversy surrounding HRT and current literature. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Homosexuality Perception of Female Athletes

    This 6 page paper discusses the problems of being a female athlete, especially in regard to the perception of homosexuality among women in sports. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Issues in Abnormal Pscyhology

    A 34 page paper that is an expansion of PGabnrmp.rtf. This paper provides a definition of abnormal, clinical assessment of anxiety, fears, phobias, depression, and eating disorders. Theoretical perspectives of abnormal psychology are discussed. The article, A Matter over Mind is discussed. This paper expands on the diagnosis of a woman, providing symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment interventions. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Paula G. Allen's Spider Woman's Granddaughters and Gordon Henry Jr.'s Light People

    A 7 page book review that addresses Gordon Henry Jr.'s Light People and Paula G. Allen's short story collection Spider Woman's Granddaughters. These works represent literature written in the traditions of Native America. While distinctly different, examination of these two texts reveals that they share commonality that speaks eloquently of the richness and diversity of Native American culture. No additional sources cited.

  • Ghana and Public Management Diversity

    A 3 page paper discussing increasing gender diversity in Ghana’s public administration. The problem to be addressed here is that of promoting gender diversity in public administration in Ghana. The primary focus is to determine how the government of Ghana can encourage women to strive to reach government’s highest levels. Toward this end, the paper includes a nine-item questionnaire intended to be presented to those already active in the upper levels of Ghana’s public management. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Act I of La Tosca by Puccini and Mario and Tosca's Relationship

    The title character of Puccini's La Tosca is a deeply conflicted woman. Tosca is both fragile and volatile, vulnerable and enraged. Her jealousy, perhaps her central character flaw, is expressed through the music of this opera, and the relationship between Tosca and Mario is the central tragedy of this work. This 5 page paper considers the relationship between the actions of the characters and the operatic developments that represent the tormented and tragic relationship between Tosca and Mario. No additional sources cited.

  • TV Violence and Women

    A 9 page research paper that examines the literature on television's portrayal of violence against women. The writer argues that many television shows provide a normalizing effect on the perception of violence, portraying such violence as the cultural norm. Violence in music videos, Jerry Springer, and soap operas is highlighted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Music and the Sexualization of Women

    This 14 page paper analyzes the way women are presented in commercialized western music. The author addresses the question of whether this presentation is more negative than positive. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Relationship Between Mario Cavardadossi and Tosca in La Tosca by Puccini

    The title character of Puccini's La Tosca is a deeply conflicted woman. Tosca is both fragile and volatile, vulnerable and enraged. Her jealousy, perhaps her central character flaw, is expressed through the music of this opera, and the relationship between Tosca and Mario is the central tragedy of this work. This 5 page paper considers the relationship between the actions of the characters and the operatic developments that represent the tormented and tragic relationship between Tosca and Mario. No additional sources cited.

  • Koran, Bible on Women

    A 4 page essay that contrasts and compares texts from the Koran and the Old Testament that pertain to women and society. No additional sources cited.

  • Ethics and the Old Testament

    A 4 page paper discussing the Ten Commandments, Sabbath years, the year of Jubilee and the Proverbs 31 woman. The Bible is filled with lessons in how people ought to act. The Ten Commandments provides the framework; other text passages expand on and give examples of the basic tenets of the Ten Commandments. Taken together and in context, all of these passages contain lessons for life today, speaking to us in terms of how we conduct business. No sources listed.

  • Women and the Problems of Their Religious Ordination

    A 12 page paper which first discusses the problem with accepting the ordination of women (particularly within the Roman Catholic Church), then examines the roles tradition and theology play in how this issue is perceived, then concludes with offering some solutions to the problem. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Elizabeth A. Johnson's Women, Earth and Creator Spirit and a Response

    A 10 page research paper that examines the book Women, Earth and Creator Spirit by Elizabeth A. Johnson. In this book, Johnson offers an analysis of traditional Christian theology that is both perceptive and thought provoking. It causes the reader to examine societal preconceptions and the worldviews that have been perpetuated by Christianity throughout the millennia. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Female Genital Mutilation

    A 3 page paper which examines if female sexual mutiliation is a western perspective or whether it is a universal reality aimed at women in a male dominated world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • William Faulkner's 'A Rose for Emily' and Society's Views on Sexuality

    A 3 page essay that discusses the societal context of William Faulkner's short story, "A Rose for Emily." In this story, Faulkner paints a complex psychological portrait not only of a Southern woman who is caught between conflicting social mores and her own desires, but he also shows the sociological complexity of the small Southern town in which she lived. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Feminism in The Bible

    This 10-page-paper presents an overview on the various ways the bible has influenced the women’s movement in the last seven decades. Bibliography lists six sources.

  • King’s Premise of Non-Violence: Applications to the Women’s Movement

    A 4 page exploration of Dr. Martin Luther King’s premise of non-violence. This paper observes the impact of this premise on the women’s movement. Biblography lists 4 sources.

  • Domestic Violence and Protection of Women and Children

    This 5 page paper discusses the issue of domestic abuse and the possible solutions to protect women and their children from repeat offenses. Statistical information and facts obtained from the National Center for Domestic Violence, N.O.W., and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Sources quoted, cited. Annotated Bibliography included as well as a fact sheet about violence. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Against Gay Marriage

    This 4 page paper discusses gay marriage and argues that most objections to it are based on the idea that marriage is a sacred rite consecrating a relationship between a man and woman only. It also argues that gay relationships are unstable and cause psychological problems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Social Prejudice in Beloved by Toni Morrison and The Castles Of Athlin And Dunbayne by Anne Radcliffe

    5 pages in length. Assessing the prejudicial differences that exist between Anne Radcliffe's 'The Castles Of Athlin And Dunbayne' and Toni Morrison's 'Beloved' is to address the issue of social class. The reality of Scottish white privilege as it is bestowed upon Radcliffe's Mary is entirely separate and apart from the ravages of Morrison's enslaved Sethe. The writer discusses that the manner by which each character is influenced by prejudice of social class implores the reader to envision the glaring contrarieties between a white British woman a black African American female. No additional sources cited.

  • Captivity of Women in A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson and The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper

    This is a 6 page paper on a comparison of Cooper’s “The Last of the Mohicans” and Rowlandson’s “A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson” in regards to strength, sexuality and purity. James Fenimore Cooper’s “The Last of the Mohicans” and Mary Rowlandson’s “A True History of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson” both tell stories of female captives during the Indian colonial wars in the Eastern U.S. In Cooper’s work of fiction, he tells the story of Cora Munro and how she provides the strength needed to allow her pure sister to survive their captivity. Cora is of mixed blood but still finds the idea of marrying Magua the Huron “morally repugnant”. Cooper was also criticized after the publication of the work in his insinuation of doubting the purity of the colonists. Rowlandson’s true account of her own captivity stressed that she found her strength to survive her ordeal through the purity of the Psalms of the Puritan religion. Rowlandson’s strength came from her religion whereas Cora’s came from within herself and her use of her powerful sexuality: the colonist ideals remain intact however as Rowlandson survived and the impure Cora dies. These ideals of the importance of pure blood lines are still seen today in the rapes which are reported during wartime in Joanne Barkan’s article on the Serbian rape camps of Yugoslavia which were meant to bring impurity to the blood lines of the Muslims. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women with a Victimization History and Drug Abuse Treatment Management

    4 pages in length. The writer discusses potential research strategies, impact of victimization and the 20 most important points to the treatment process. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Media's Role in Teenage Girls with Eating Disorders

    This 5 page report discusses eating disorders and the role played by the media in their development. Some of the modern world’s most pervasive images are those of what it means to be beautiful. Television, print media, movies, in fact, anything to do with modern popular culture shows that beauty equates with thinness -- primarily for women. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women's Self Determination in The Awakening by Kate Chopin

    A five page paper showing how this nineteenth-century feminist author structured her novel in order to explicate her theme of the importance of a woman's self-determination. The paper asserts that far from being a "shock" ending, the protagonist's suicide is the predictable result of her inability to achieve her potential. Bibliography lists seven sources.

  • Grounded Theory Applied to Sexual Abuse

    In their article, Constructions of survival and coping by women who have survived childhood sexual abuse, Susan L. Morrow and Mary Lee Smith utilized grounded theory in providing qualitative research. This 5 page paper explores and analyses the methods and results of their study in terms of grounded theory principles. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Causes of Effects of Binge Drinking

    In 5 pages the author discusses the causes and effects of binge drinking. "Forget pledging to a fraternity or attending the first home football game. There's an increasingly popular rite of passage for college freshmen: getting falling-down drunk. Binge drinking has emerged as one of the unhealthiest aspects of college life, with freshmen of both sexes and students who live in fraternities and sororities most likely to spend at least one night a week drinking to get drunk, health experts say. This phenomenon has always been around, but never have so many students - particularly women - reported engaging in binges," (Roan 01E). Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Contemporary Families in Jonathan Kozol's Amazing Grace and Stephanie Coontz's The Way We Really Are

    A 5 page paper which compares "The Way We Really Are" by Stephanie Coontz and "Amazing Grace" by Jonathan Kozol, examining aspects of families today. These books are also briefly discussed as they address "Am I Blue?" by Bruce Coville and "The Woman Who Walked Into Walls" by Roddy Doyle. No additional sources cited.

  • Progress as Defined by American History from 1867 until 1909

    (5 pp) In the last portion of the nineteenth century Americans progressed at an uneven gait. In the West, men took giant steps across the country as they explored and claimed land; often walking over others such as the Native Peoples in the process. These same men "brought their" women with them through incredible difficulties, but then saw no reason to give them any political allowances. Children were "owned" as much as women were. Racial differences, although somewhat equal on paper made little progress. In the East labor and management systems, political patronage, and social reform began to demand attention, and progressive attention.

  • Analysis of 5 Major Issues Including Corporate Media Control, Religion, Sexual Violence, and Race

    This 10 page report discusses five separate issues : the social construction of race; sexual violence against women as well as the marginalization of those with “alternative” lifestyles; what religion is; the role of religion in the conflict between Tibet-China and Israel-Palestine; and, the corporate domination of the media. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Aspects of Child Abuse

    A 5 page paper which discusses various aspects of child abuse. Definitions are illustrated, demonstrating what actually constitutes an act as an abusive act. The focus of the paper deals with the issues of sexual abuse of young men by, either men or women. While there are clearly cases where the young man is not damaged, either mentally of physically, from such experiences, for the most part any sexual coercion of young men, by adults, can be considered as child abuse for it damages the child’s sense of safety and security. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 'Claudette Colvin Goes to Work' by Rita Dove

    This 4 page report discusses one of the poems in Rita Dove’s poetry volume titled “On the Bus with Rosa Parks.” “On the Bus with Rosa Parks” exemplifies the ways in which Dove captures a moment, sees it for what it was and is, and then addresses its unique beauty and power and the poem “Claudette Colvin Goes to Work” provides the reader with a truly unique insight into the awarenesses and experiences of one woman who . . . “goes to work.” Bibliography list only the primary source.

  • Reviewing Feminism's Evolutionary Nature

    A 4 page review of the multifaceted nature of feminism. This diversity is emphasized by a number of writers, one of the more notable of which is Estelle Freedman. Freedman's "No Turning Back: The History of Feminism and the Future of Women" is complimented by an exploration of a number of other authors and viewpoints. Rosemarie Tong's "Multicultural and Global Feminism", Pat Mainardi's "The Politics of Housework" and Barbara Ehrenreich's "The Road to Equality" each add considerable insight into the diversity of feminism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Life on the Frontier and the Impact of the Homestead Act

    (20 pp - including 1 pp outline) The cry was FREE LAND!! The Homestead Act of 1862 was one of the most significant and enduring events in the westward expansion of the United States. By granting 160 acres of free land to claimants, it allowed nearly any man or woman a chance to live the American dream (this was after they paid their $10 filing fee of course). Unfortunately for many concerned, a dream, and the reality of life on the frontier were two distinctly different realities. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl by Harriet Jacobs

    Harriet Jacobs wrote the story of her life of enslavement, mistreatment, confinement and eventual freedom shortly after the end of the Civil War. This 5 page paper argues that Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl was intended to be read as a slave narrative and, as such to provide a historical documentation of what the reality of slavery entailed - at least for a young woman. It is also a political manifesto in that it argues that the realities of slavery were not much different from the Northern social norms of segregation. No additional sources are listed.

  • John Gray's Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus A Practical Guide for Improving Communication and Getting What You Want in Your Relationship

    (5 pp) This discussion examines John Gray's 1992 best seller, Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus: A Practical Guide for Improving Communication and Getting What You Want in Your Relationships. In light of the new century the book, has not aged well. Although it may have broken much ground in advancing the need to discuss differences in gender communications, the reduction of communication skills to simplistic solutions, which often seem prone to the author's perceptions of how it 'should' be, no longer have the power that kept the book on the New York Times bestseller list for 92 weeks. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Role of Women in WWII/A Research Proposal

    A 14 page research proposal involving a study of women in WWII. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Glass Ceiling

    A 3 page paper which discusses a case study of a woman’s experience with the glass ceiling. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Status and Role of Women in 'The Iliad' and 'The Odyssey' by Homer

    A 9 page paper which examines the role and status of women in these classic epic poems of ancient Greece. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • U.S. History and American Racism AMERICAN RACISM AND HISTORY

    This 7 page paper discusses the interconnectedness of sexism and racism, as depicted by the women's movements and civil rights. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • How Women Have Been Depicted in Advertising Copy

    A 13 page paper which examines the history of how women have been portrayed in magazines. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • History of American Women

    An 8 page research paper that answers 4 questions concerning American women's history drawing from Sara M. Evans' Born For Liberty (1989). The topics covered include political and legal rights during the colonial era; women's participation in the Revolutionary War; the "cult of true womanhood"; and the contribution of the "mill girls" to industrialization. No additional sources cited.

  • An Oral History of One Woman Presented as an Historical Interview

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the life of one woman. “Thelma” is an 86 year old woman who has experienced life through some of the most tumultuous periods in American history. Thelma’s husband, “Donald,” a corn farmer from Etlan, Missouri, died in 1982, after 50 years of marriage.

  • Colonial History of America Until 1877 and Women

    A 6 page paper which specifically examines how the calls for equality, liberty and freedom conflicted with the reality of women’s lives, considers if they made greater gains in either political or social life, and concludes with an assessment of how women’s roles evolved over this period in American history. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women's Rights Movement Pioneers

    A 14 page scholarly paper on the key leaders in the women rights movement. Highlighting the roles of Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott and Sarah and Angelina Grimke, the author notes the factors at play necessitating that these women step outside of society’s clearly defined societal expectations to effect change. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A Comparison of the Book and Film Versions of Alcott's Little Women

    This 28 page paper compares Alcott's LIttle women to the film version (1994) of Little Women by Gillian Armstrong. Quotes, citations, examples from various scholarly sources. Contextual support offered from both film and book versions. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Black Films and Hip Hop Music Videos: Race Representation

    This 13 page paper argues that race identity can be found in Black films and that this identity is not a positive reflection on both Black men or women. This paper argues that women are treated as commodities in hip hop music videos and in some Black films. However, it also points out how this is changing in Black film. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • All About Eve Cinematic Analysis

    A 6 page paper which provides a cinematic analysis of Joseph L. Mankiewicz’s classic film. Specifically considered are the portrayal of the role of women, different representations of women, the film’s genre, what was happening in society when the film was made, evidence of repressed female sexuality, how the traditional patriarchal system is threatened, and the male gaze. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Civil Rights Movement and the Role of African American Women

    A 5 page paper that discusses the behind-the-scene roles that black women played in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and how these roles supplied the support and strength to carry this movement forward. Also discussed is the triple burden of oppression that these women have labored under, a burden consisting of not only racial prejudice, but gender and class prejudice as well. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Cinematic Explanation of Sciences' Gender Gap

    This 7 page paper examines the portrayal of strong women scientists in two films: Laura Dern as Ellie in Jurassic Park and Margaret Sheridan as Nikki in the 1950s classic, The Thing from another World and why, despite the popularity of such women in film, they do not hold comparable positions in the real world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 'Michael Robartes and the Dancer' by Irish Poet William Butler Yeats

    A 5 page research paper/essay that offers explication of Yeats' poem "Michael Robartes and the Dancer." The writer argues that in this poem Yeats voices his nineteenth century rationalization against women having a wider role in public life, even going so far to oppose women in higher education. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Mainstream Cinema and the Portrayal of Women

    This 5 page paper considers the way that women are portrayed and used in mainstream cinema and films from the perspective of feminist Laura Mulvey. By using the 1998 film 'Wild Things' the writer illustrates the points raised that argue women are used primarily to satisfy the male gaze. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Men's and Women's Earning Power in America

    A 4 page research paper that examines the wage discrepancy between those earned by men as compared to the average wage for women. The writer discusses current statistics, the idea of wages for housework, and the wages for women factory workers in the nineteenth century. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Education of Sub-Saharan Women/A Research Proposal

    A 6 page paper proposing research into educating women in sub-Saharan Africa in health issues, concentrating on nutritional needs, condom use and general health matters. The desired end goal is to design a program addressing topics particularly applicable to women in sub-Saharan Africa, including both social structures and specifics of disease transmission and development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Case Study: Depression & CBT

    A 4 page research paper/essay is also a reaction paper to a case study vignette, which describes a woman suffering from depression. The writer responds to the vignette by suggesting how cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) could be used to address the woman’s depression. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • American and Japanese Women at Work

    A 5 page paper. American women make up more than half the workforce yet they continue to face salary gaps. This paper discusses issues concerning women in the workplace in the United States and in Japan, comparing and contrasting the issues. Data are provided when available. The writer discusses sexual harassment in both countries. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment Case - Co-Workers

    A 4 page paper. The scenario is that a male co-worker patted a woman's buttocks. The writer responds to specific issues: what is sexual harassment, what the writer would do if the women in the scenario, the organization's responsibility, and an outline of a sexual harassment workplace policy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Females in Law Enforcement

    A 20 page discussion of women in law enforcement. This paper examines how women perform in comparison to male officers. It also examines such issues as discrimination and sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Harassment in the Workplace

    8 pages in length. Internal issues have made it consistently more difficult for women to work their way up the company ladder and escape the lingering element of workplace harassment. Because corporate America is essentially a white man's world, it has been extremely difficult for women to break the mold and be accepted for their talents, while at the same time fend off unsolicited – and gratuitous – harassment. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sexual Culture of the West and Christianity's Impact

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of the topic and relates it to the findings in the current literature. The role of women, the understanding of marital relationships and even the value placed on men and women have been based on Christian belief systems and the integration of religious values into the dominant culture. The sexual identities and sexual beliefs, then, in the modern era can be traced to historical elements influenced by Christianity. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Women's Role in Dante Alighieri's 'Inferno'

    A 2 page paper looking at the fact that women's sins as depicted by Dante tend to be overwhelmingly of a sexual nature as compared to men's. The paper concludes that this may be because women in Dante's time were considered to have a limited sphere of influence, and their role was seen as primarily procreative. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Effects of Exercise during Pregnancy

    This 6 page paper discusses the effects of exercise for pregnant women, and finds that exercise, under a doctor's supervision, is recommended for all women, unless they have a medical condition that contraindicates it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 'Michael Robartes and the Dancer' by Irish Poet William Butler Yeats

    A 5 page research paper/essay that offers explication of Yeats' poem "Michael Robartes and the Dancer." The writer argues that in this poem Yeats voices his nineteenth century rationalization against women having a wider role in public life, even going so far to oppose women in higher education. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Maya Angelou/Phenomenal Woman

    A 4 page essay that offers an explication and analysis of this poem. Throughout the course of human history, men haven been primarily admired for their accomplishments, but the focus of admiration for women has been on whether or not their appearance fit with what a particular society considered beautiful. In her poem "Phenomenal Woman," Maya Angelou challenges this pervasive cultural feature and asserts that she is extraordinary and immensely attractive, without fitting within any of society's preconceived notions of how female beauty and attractiveness should be defined and conceptualized. No additional sources cited.

  • 'Recipe' by Janice Mirikitani

    A 5 page research paper that discusses Janice Mirikitani's poem 'Recipe,' which concerns the desire of some Asian women to have 'round' eyes. The wrier discusses the poem and relates this issue to problems of identity and appearance that are common to all Western Women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Panic Over Aging in 'Mirror' by Sylvia Plath

    A 5 page essay that analyzes Sylvia Plath's poem 'Mirror.' The writer argues that in this poem, Plath created a narrative voice that perfectly expresses the sense of panic that women frequently feel at the prospect of aging. Through her use of tone, situation, and imagery, she expresses how the societal evaluation of women makes them feel trapped in a cycle that offers no escape, no recourse, from an ever-diminishing feeling of self-worth. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Maya Angelou/Phenomenal Woman

    A 4 page essay that offers an explication and analysis of this poem. Throughout the course of human history, men haven been primarily admired for their accomplishments, but the focus of admiration for women has been on whether or not their appearance fit with what a particular society considered beautiful. In her poem "Phenomenal Woman," Maya Angelou challenges this pervasive cultural feature and asserts that she is extraordinary and immensely attractive, without fitting within any of society's preconceived notions of how female beauty and attractiveness should be defined and conceptualized. No additional sources cited.

  • Women's Athletics and Equity

    A 4 page paper. Everyone knows who Babe Ruth was but far fewer people know who Babe Didrikson Zaharias. One reason for this discrepancy in notoriety is news coverage. Women's athletic and sports programs have not received the same level of funding or the same degree of publicity. This essay discusses these discrepancies, comments on Title IX and cites research that illustrates the benefits of sports programs and athletics for girls and women. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Evaluation of a Nursing Management Plan for Women with HIV

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of a nursing management plan for women with HIV. This paper outlines the fact that the transmission of HIV to women is still a common problem, and that there is a need to address at-risk populations. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Gendered Workplace and Women in Management Positions

    6 pages in length. Nothing is quite as infuriating in today's gender-conscious society than knowing a woman was denied promotion or employment because she was not a man. Indeed, this type of blatant gender discrimination is not as obvious in the contemporary workplace as it has historically been, however, it still exists to such a degree that women – fully qualified and eager to move forward in their careers - continue to pursue higher positions with mixed results. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women and Hamstring Injuries

    A 6 page paper discussing this too-common injury. As more women become involved in competitive sports involving sprinting, they also suffer a higher percentage of hamstring injury. Soccer players are highly susceptible to hamstring injury because of the nature of the movements required in the sport, but any sport involving sprinting can be suspect. The purpose here is to review what hamstring injury is, how it is treated and special implications for women athletes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Successful Women's Soccer in the US

    13 pages in length. The twenty-first century has witnessed myriad changes to the sport of soccer, not the least of which has been the addition of women's teams. Amidst the struggle and strife rose a special strength that helped propel soccer to the heights it has reached in contemporary global athletics; with the entire world rallying around this original form of football, the World Cup has taken on an entirely new look by adding women to its long and illustrious history. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Nurse's Perspective on the Midwifery Profession

    This 6 page report discusses one of the oldest health care professions -- that of being a midwife. Midwives specialize in women giving birth. In countless circumstances, midwives are able to provide the specialized and personal services that the typical gynecologist-obstetrician M.D. could only provide if she or he had a truly limited medical practice. More often than not, the average midwife provides the average pregnant woman with the services she most wants and needs -- competence and personal interaction and understanding. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Women and Men in the Sciences: Is There Any Difference in Ability?

    This 8-page paper argues the likelihood that Harvard president Larry Summers was right when he proclaimed that women weren't very good in the math, science and tech fields because of innate abilities. The paper also discusses, however, that women tend to be discriminated in these fields, as well, so it's hard to tell. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Pariarchy and the Repression of Women: Reflections in Literature

    A 6 page review of some of the writings of Kate Chopin, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Carolyn Kizer. Included are Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” and “The Awakening”, Gilman’s “Yellow Wallpaper” and "Women and Economics: A Study of the Economic Relation Between Men and Women as a Factor in Social Evolution", and Kizer’s “The Bitch”. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Women in Ancient Literature and Now

    This 6 page paper discusses women in “The Epic of Gilgamesh,” “The Iliad” and “Antigone” and how they differ from women today. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Effect of Childhood Experience of Sex Abuse on Marriage

    A 12 page research paper/literature review that examines the effects of childhood sexual abuse on women within the context of marriage. This literature review investigates the findings of empirical research and what this body of information reveals about the precise effects of childhood abuse on the relationships of adult women, with a particular regard for how a history of child abuse has an effect on their marriages. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Cultural Understanding of Chinese Women Through Literature and Art

    This 8 page paper examines how women in the Chinese culture are expected to adhere to a far more traditional role than Western women. This paper examines the literature of Ha Jin as well as artwork by Zhou Fang and Chen Yifei in order to provide evidence of this thesis. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Alcohol Advertisements and College Student Binge Drinking

    14 pages in length. Examining binge drinking in college students and how alcohol advertisements in the ten most popular men's and women's magazines might influence that behavior in the average college student between the ages of 17 and 23, one must consider the psychological aspects of the advertising industry. The writer further discusses the aspects of binge drinking on today's college campuses. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • The Feminist Dimension of Work Life Balance

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of educated women opting out of the workplace. Emphasis is placed upon cultural factors leading to such a phenomenon. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Wollstonecraft/Vindication of the Rights of Women

    A 5 page research paper/essay that examines some of the writing of Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797), a humanist writer of the Enlightenment, who argued against slavery and monarchy, and supported “children’s rights, the value of breastfeeding, coeducational schools, animal rights and other progressive ideas” (“Humanist Profile” 2). This discussion, first of all, summarizes chapter 5-7 in Wollstonecraft’s Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792). Then an interpretation of her ideas is offered, and this is followed by a critique of those concepts. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Smoking & Increased Prevalence of Lung Cancer in Women

    A 17 page research proposal for conducting an extensive review of literature on the increased incidence of lung cancer in women and its presumed association with cigarette smoking. The writer offers a matrix that summarizes 12 studies and discusses the various sections of the proposed study. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Geisha Concept and Arthur Golden's 'Memoirs of a Geisha'

    This 5 page paper discusses the concept of geisha as illustrated and exampled in Arthur Golden's book, Memoirs of a Geisha. Contrasted and compared is the concept of a simple prostitute to the highly ritualized ways of the geisha. Textual evidence is given which supports the idea that the main character is a woman of dignity and character. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Sari as the Symbol of Regional Tradition and Women’s Status in Indian Culture

    In nine pages this paper examines the cultural significance of the Indian sari and how it symbolizes the traditions of a particular region and also a woman’s status in society. Six sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Lowell System

    A 5 page research paper that reports on the Lowell System and its significance to early industrialization in the US. The Lowell System refers to a “method of factory management” that developed in regards to the operation of the United States’ first textile mills, which were built in Waltham and Lowell, Massachusetts in the early part of the nineteenth century (Foner and Garraty, 1991). Specifically, the Lowell System refers to the practice of recruiting and employing young women from local farms as the mill’s employees. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Interracial Relationships

    A 7 page paper that begins with the data regarding interracial marriages in the U.S. The major focus of this essay is white men with black women but it also includes information about the converse. The essay reports comments from other authors about the acceptance of interracial relationships. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Alice Walker's The Color Purple and Women's Roles

    Alice Walker's 1982, Pulitzer Prize award-winning novel, The Color Purple has become a classic in defining the role of women of color. This 7 page discussion will look at some of those stereotypical roles of the past and make an effort to determine whether they have changed or just taken on another disguise, in relationship to the society today.

  • Gender Roles and a Culture of Peace

    This 5 page paper explores gender role as it relates to conflict and peace. Mead and Boulding’s work emphasizes the importance women can have in insuring peace. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Swaziland's Sex Ban and the Implications for Human Rights

    14 pages. King Mswati III of Swaziland in September of 2001 declared there would be a five-year ban on sexual relations for young women in Swaziland. This was his answer to the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic that continues throughout the African nations. This paper looks at the human rights and gender bias that is also at work in this weak attempt to control the sex lives of a nation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Like Water for Chocolate by Laura Esquivel

    A 5 page analyzes that examines how Esquivel's novel resembles a fairy tale and the significance of this resemblance. The writer argues that the story is similar to a fairy tale in that it presents a story that carries the power of myth. This is evident in the manner in which it portrays women and their relationship to the domestic sphere, while also offering a template for female identification that departs from the restrictions inherent in that role. No additional sources cited.

  • England's Crime and Crime and Punishment from 1800 to 1850

    This 16 page paper considers hat does criminal law history before 1850 tells us about the processes of change in the law and legal institutions. The paper looks at the period 1800 – 1850 and examines four areas of law and the justice system; capital and corporal punishment including the “Bloody Code”; imprisonment and transportation to Australia; juvenile and women Offenders and the fringes of criminality including vagrants, drunkards and prostitutes. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Overview of Multiple Personality Disorder or Dissociative Identity Disorder

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Multiple Personality Disorder, also known as Dissociative Identity Disorder. This paper gives case study informaton on Mary Reynolds, the first woman every diagnosed with MPD (DID). Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Support for Women Entrepreneurs in the UAE

    This 12 page paper looks at the different organizations that provide help and support to female entrepreneurs in the United Arab Emirates, outlines the help that is provided and the way they operate. The paper looks at those which are set up specific to give women help and those that help all entrepreneurs. The paper then considers what help is needed in the future and the gap between current provision and current needs. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Women's Careers and Social Roles

    This 5 page paper looks at women's roles in society and how they have changed over the years. Their roles in the workplace are highlighted. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparison of Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte and Emma by Jane Austen

    A 5 page paper which examines the similarities of these novels, such as how they are representative of their time periods, how they feature women who were clearly before their time, and how rigid socioeconomic class conventions dictated gender roles and marital compatibility. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • American Society and Body Image

    This 3 page essay explores body image in American society and how it is important in respect to self-esteem. Several issues are broached, inclusive of how media views women. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Human Trafficking: Policy Proposal

    6 pages in length. The United States will not cease efforts to quell sex trafficking in Asian countries, even if current programs are not producing as beneficial results as the State Department would like. Indeed, without American aid to address this ongoing social problem, Asia would not have a chance at saving its women and young girls from being sold into prostitution. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Grace Nichol's Collection The Fat Black Woman's Poems

    This 5 page paper discusses Grace Nichol's poems from the collection titled: The Fat Black Woman's Poems. Particular attention is paid to the use of various imagery in several poems from this collection as well as the overall theme of the poems.Examples given from text and cited. Also includes a short quote from the poet herself.

  • A Report onthe Poem 'Gretel in Darkness'

    This 5 page report discusses the short (less than 20 lines) poem, 'Gretel in darkness.' As the poem develops, the reader senses both urgency and bitterness from Gretel with a great deal of frustration and bewilderment. Her brother, Hansel, appears to have forgotten what the two of them have gone through but she cannot forget that she killed a person. Ultimately, the poem may serve as an example of the difference response to self-preservation as experienced by women compared to men. No bibliography.

  • Gwen Harwood and her Poetry

    A 5 page essay on change that focuses on the poem "Suburban Sonnet" by Gwen Harwood. Using this poem, the writer discusses how motherhood involves change for the protagonist of the poem and to women in general. The positives and negatives of motherhood are discussed, with the conclusion that motherhood can be process that facilitates the growth of self. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Christina Rossetti's 'In An Artist's Studio'

    This 5 page paper discusses Christina Rossetti's poem, In an Artist's Studio. The poem is analyzed using the elements of repetition, identifying the turning point of the poem, discussing the implied relationship between teh artist and teh mode (muse) and the contrast made between the 'real' woman and the representation of her in art. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Women: The Other

    A 10 page paper which examines two poems as they relate to women being portrayed as the “other” in a male dominated society. The poems are Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers by Adrienne Rich and Still I Rise by Maya Angelou. No additional sources cited.

  • Wordsworth/Solitary Reaper

    A 4 page essay that offers summation and analysis of Williams Wordsworth's "The Solitary Reaper, a poem which offers a romantic view of what was undoubtedly a common sight during his lifetime for anyone traveling through the countryside--a person reaping the grain harvest on some rural farmstead. The context of the poem implies the everyday nature of this occurrence. However, Wordsworth's romantic vision teaches his reader to perceive this young woman, reaping and singing to herself, with new eyes and to consider how this ordinary scene was uniquely beautiful. No additional sources cited.

  • The Flea vs. To a Coy Mistress

    A 7 page analysis of John Donne's 'The Flea,' and Andrew Marvell's 'To His Coy Mistress.' Donne and Marvell were two of the seventeenth century's greatest poets. Men of profound thought, intellect, and understanding, they could also be witty, casual and ­yes‹lecherous. In their poems, both of these exemplary poets turn their formidable arts of persuasion toward the goal of convincing the women, to whom the poems are directed, to consent to sex. No additional sources cited.

  • Insanity and Sexual Hysteria in Turn of the Screw by Henry James

    A 6 page paper that provides an overview of the elements of James' story that culminate in the depiction of the governess as a women fundamentally driven by her sexual identification and actions, that ultimately end in her insanity. Bibliography lists 6 additional sources.

  • 79 Year Old Woman with Multiple Diseass

    A 15 page paper that begins with the scenario of a 79-year-old woman and the patient’s diagnoses of hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity and chronic venous stasis. Each is discussed separately: what it is, causes, treatments, followed by a nursing care plan. Other issues exist such as the disheveled appearance, refusing to see the doctor more than twice a year and other issues. A care plan is written for each of these as well. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Christina Rossetti's 'In An Artist's Studio'

    This 5 page paper discusses Christina Rossetti's poem, In an Artist's Studio. The poem is analyzed using the elements of repetition, identifying the turning point of the poem, discussing the implied relationship between teh artist and teh mode (muse) and the contrast made between the 'real' woman and the representation of her in art. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Swaziland's Sex Ban and the Implications for Human Rights

    14 pages. King Mswati III of Swaziland in September of 2001 declared there would be a five-year ban on sexual relations for young women in Swaziland. This was his answer to the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic that continues throughout the African nations. This paper looks at the human rights and gender bias that is also at work in this weak attempt to control the sex lives of a nation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Breast Cancer Chemoprevention

    5 pages in length. The writer provides a research proposal for the chemopreventive drugs tamoxifen and raloxifene in relations to women with a high risk of breast cancer. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Is there Gender Bias in the Appointment of Senior Managers?

    This 4 page paper is a research proposal to assess to what extent the glass ceiling exists in order to prevent women gaining senior management positions, and how this may be overcome. The paper presents a methodology for the research as well as justification. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Study Proposal/African American Women and hypertension

    A 15 page research paper that outlines the first chapter on a study dissertation that addresses the influence of affordability on medication adherence among hypertensive African American women. The paper describe the nature of the problem, purpose of the study, the conceptual framework, operational definitions, assumptions, limitations, scope and delimitations. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Smoking & Increased Prevalence of Lung Cancer in Women

    A 17 page research proposal for conducting an extensive review of literature on the increased incidence of lung cancer in women and its presumed association with cigarette smoking. The writer offers a matrix that summarizes 12 studies and discusses the various sections of the proposed study. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Adult Development/A Case Study

    A 10 page research paper that consists of a case study that discusses the life course of human development by drawing on the experiences of Rita Blitt, a 77-year-old Jewish woman and artist who has successfully overcome each obstacle that characterizes adult development. The writer particularly draws on Erikson’s model of development in this discussion. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ruth Owades Case Study

    This 3 page paper looks at the position of a business woman who has a good idea to start a new business as well as the backing and discusses whether or not she should go ahead with the plan. The paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • UK Welfare Benefits and Asylum Seekers' Dissertation Proposal

    This 22 page paper is the proposal for a dissertation to examine the impact of the UK welfare state on asylum seekers and how this impacts particularly on Somali woman and children who may be mire vulnerable and need more support than other asylum seekers groups. The paper outlines research questions, presents an outline literature review that includes consideration of the role of the welfare state and the way in which asylum seekers and refuges are treated and a methodology for primary research with the use of interviews. The bibliography cites 45 sources.

  • Case Study in Interdisciplinary Integration

    This 12 page paper uses interdisciplinary integration to analyze a case of sexual dysfunction in a fictional case about a young woman. The paper can be applied in other cases where integrative therapy is applied. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Report onthe Poem 'Gretel in Darkness'

    This 5 page report discusses the short (less than 20 lines) poem, 'Gretel in darkness.' As the poem develops, the reader senses both urgency and bitterness from Gretel with a great deal of frustration and bewilderment. Her brother, Hansel, appears to have forgotten what the two of them have gone through but she cannot forget that she killed a person. Ultimately, the poem may serve as an example of the difference response to self-preservation as experienced by women compared to men. No bibliography.

  • Grace Nichol's Collection The Fat Black Woman's Poems

    This 5 page paper discusses Grace Nichol's poems from the collection titled: The Fat Black Woman's Poems. Particular attention is paid to the use of various imagery in several poems from this collection as well as the overall theme of the poems.Examples given from text and cited. Also includes a short quote from the poet herself.

  • Nursing Care for Elderly Patient

    A 7 page research paper that describes the nursing diagnoses and goals appropriate to the indicated case study of an 80-year-old woman who has undergone hip replacement. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nightingale's Theory, Case Study of Elderly Woman

    A 5 page research paper that uses the focus provided by the nursing theory of Florence Nightingale to discuss a case study of an elderly woman with Alzheimer's who demonstrates the symptoms of geriatric failure to thrive. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Case Study in Gender and Family Health

    A 4 page research paper that, first, offers a case study of a young woman with ovarian cysts. The writer then discusses each aspect of the case study, referring to relevant literature, before offering conclusions. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Women's Mental Health/Depression

    An 11 page research paper that offers discusses depression and women, offering an analysis of literature that examines both physical and social issues associated with women and depression and then discusses implications for nursing practice. Paper includes 10 pages of text and 1 appendix. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Feminists Sylvia Plath and Cary Churchill and Their Literary Messages

    An 8 page examination of Plath’s “The Bell Jar” and Churchill’s “Top Girl” and the underlying societal messages. The author of this paper contends that each of these women’s work is largely directed at the injustices of a patriarchal society. The manner in which these women deal with those injustices, however, vary considerably. Each utilizes their personal experiences to form the basis for political critique. While Plath does so from the individualist perspective, however, Churchill approaches said change from a societal standpoint. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Gender in Classic Literature

    This 5 page paper discusses the view of women during the 16-18th centuries as portrayed by Mary Wollstonecraf's "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" and Aemilia Lanyer's "Salve Deus REx Judaeorum" (Eve's Apologie). Their early efforts for feminism are noted. Examples pulled from text and cited. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Women and the Impact of the Media

    This 8 page thesis paper looks at various forms of media including print advertising, commercials, television programming, films, music videos and more to discuss how media's images affect women's self-esteem. While part of the effects of media are blatant in terms of images presented, others are less obvious such as the subservient or otherwise stereotypical roles women play. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women and Buddhism

    A 5 page discussion of the role of women in Buddhism. The author notes that women have historically been subjugated by the Buddhist religion but that this subjugation is related more to historical circumstance than to the teachings of Buddha himself. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Effects of Music and Alcohol on Female Behavior in Nightclubs

    A 10 page investigation into nightclub behavior. Focusing on fourteen women this researcher finds a definite correlation between live music, alcohol consumption, and increased/more focused eye contact with a partner. Numerous questions present themselves in these findings, however, when the ultimate outcome is compared to the women's stated intent in visiting a nightclub. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'The Rains Came' and 'Memoirs of a Female Physician'

    A five page paper which compares these two works, in terms of the way in which they explore the role of women in a male-dominated culture, and the nature of sacrifice in relation to women's place in society. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Hitler and Power

    This 6 page paper is written in 3 parts. The first part looks at Hitler’s view of women and women’s rights under the Nazi’s. The second part discusses the reasons for forming the Hitler Youth. The last and longest part discusses the way in which Hitler gained and consolidated power to turn Germany into a dictatorship between 1933 and 1934. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • HIV/AIDS & African American Women

    A 12 page research paper that offers a detailed analysis of 4 research studies dealing with how to decrease the incidence of HIV/AIDS infection among African American women. Specifically the analysis of these articles looks for factors that should be included in HIV/AIDS prevention measures for black women. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Black Films and Hip Hop Music Videos: Race Representation

    This 13 page paper argues that race identity can be found in Black films and that this identity is not a positive reflection on both Black men or women. This paper argues that women are treated as commodities in hip hop music videos and in some Black films. However, it also points out how this is changing in Black film. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Mary Tyler Moore Show & Feminist Theory

    A 6 page research paper/essay that analyzes the Mary Tyler Moore Show, which premiered in 1970, and was one of the "most literate, realistic, and enduring situation comedies" of that decade (Fuller). The leading character on the series, Mary Richards (Mary Tyler Moore), was an idealized single career woman. The writer discusses and analyzes this show in relation to feminist critical theory and concludes that this show's protagonist was, indeed, very feminist and offers still a positive portrayal of professional women. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe and Women

    This 4 page paper examines the role of women in Achebe's, "Things Fall Apart". By examining the way that the main character, Okonkwo, treats women, both their oppression and their power are revealed in this analysis. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Art Collector Catharine Lorillard Wolfe

    A 7 page research paper that examines the life of C.L. Wolfe, a nineteenth century art collector who was the only woman co-founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, to which she left her considerable art collection. The writer discusses women and art collecting, in general, and also compares Wolfe to another collector of that era, Isabella Stewart Gardner. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Islam, Hinduism, Christianity and Women

    A 6 page paper that reviews attitudes towards women in three religions: Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity. The writer reports how the Holy writings for each of these religions seems to say and then discusses how women are really treated. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Case Study Analysis of Earnings and Gender Discrimination

    This 5-page paper examines the concept of disparity of wages between men and women, based on the case study "Is discrimination responsible for earnings differences between men and women?" which was written by Francine Siau and Lawrence Kahn.

  • Wage Parity and Gender Bias

    This 6 page report discusses wage parity and gender bias from economic and sociological perspectives. Regardless of the framework through which the issue is viewed, the simple fact remains, women make less money than men do in the vast majority of work settings. Women have proven themselves capable of enormous responsibility, productivity, and leadership. Yet for thirty years, the ratio of female-to-male wages has fluctuated between 59 and 64 percent. No secondary sources.

  • Research Methodology on Women and the Glass Ceiling

    5 pages in length. The writer provides details to the qualitative approach for researching women and the glass ceiling, as well as discusses specific circumstances where women have broken through the man-made corporate world. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • William Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, Much Ado About Nothing and Issues of Gender and Loyalty

    A 6 page essay that argues that Shakespeare's portrayal of women in The Merchant of Venice and in Much Ado About Nothing shows that he considered women to be capable of showing intelligence and loyalty to equal any man. Beatrice through her loyalty to Hero and Portia in her dramatic defense of her husband's friend, Antonio, show that they possess intelligence, loyalty and courage equal, or superior, to the men in these plays, whom they overshadow in this regard. No additional sources cited.

  • Gender in Classic Literature

    This 5 page paper discusses the view of women during the 16-18th centuries as portrayed by Mary Wollstonecraf's "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" and Aemilia Lanyer's "Salve Deus REx Judaeorum" (Eve's Apologie). Their early efforts for feminism are noted. Examples pulled from text and cited. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • History of Women in Aviation

    In five pages this paper examines the participation and contributions of women in aviation from an historical perspective and includes the effects of war on women’s roles, individual female aviation pioneers, public perceptions, and social impacts. Six sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Florida and Women in Power

    A 5 page paper on how woman in Florida and other parts of the country have become empowered to achieve success, power, and how they continue to promote and lobby for womens' rights. The writer also talks a little about the woman suffrage and the womens' rights movement.

  • Women Influenced by Shopping Malls

    This 5 page paper looks at how malls influence women to purchase items. Fashion is discussed and the cosmetics counter is also probed as well. Ideas about how the mall is different from ordinary stores and how the mannequin and all the other things in the setting do influence women and how they approach fashion. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Successful Women's Soccer in the US

    13 pages in length. The twenty-first century has witnessed myriad changes to the sport of soccer, not the least of which has been the addition of women's teams. Amidst the struggle and strife rose a special strength that helped propel soccer to the heights it has reached in contemporary global athletics; with the entire world rallying around this original form of football, the World Cup has taken on an entirely new look by adding women to its long and illustrious history. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Education as a Key to Liberating Women

    This 5 page paper argues that both "A Vindication of the Rights of Women" and "Frankenstein" presents the idea that education is the key to liberation, both in terms of women, and for the monster in Frankenstein. It agrees with the first premise but not the second. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women in Ancient Greece by Sue Blundell

    A paper which looks at Sue Blundell's "Women in Ancient Greece", an important text which draws on numerous contemporary sources in order to build up a comprehensive picture of the life of women of the period, despite the cultural filters of a strictly patriarchal system.

  • Girls, Women, and the Impact of the Media

    This essay examines how the media (including television, film, print and commercials) impacts the self-image that women and girls have of themselves. Topics include studies that have been done to ascertain the media's impact on women's roles in society. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. and Polygamy

    A four-page research paper on the modern phenomenon of polygamy in the United States and its attraction for women. Included are its history and popularity, as well as the reasons many women give for choosing the lifestyle and what benefits they gain from it. Bibliography lists five sources.

  • Does PMS Actually Exist?

    This 5 page paper explores PMS and the science behind this problem which affects so many women. This paper reveals that PMS is the result of physiological changes and indeed not just the "imaginings" of women. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sexuality During the 12th Century

    This 5 page paper is a critical analysis of 12th century sexuality and the roles of women. The primary source used is John Baldwin's The Language of Sex, with additional support coming from Geroges Duby's volumes: Women of the 12th Century. This paper gives evidencial proof, based on scholarly research, that the church, in large part, was responsible for the lack of equality between the sexes. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Global Woman and the Problems Faced by Migrant Female Workers

    This 3 page paper examines the book entitled Global Woman that is comprised of a number of articles on migrant women. Much of the discussion is on domestic workers. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Maya Angelou/Phenomenal Woman

    A 4 page essay that offers an explication and analysis of this poem. Throughout the course of human history, men haven been primarily admired for their accomplishments, but the focus of admiration for women has been on whether or not their appearance fit with what a particular society considered beautiful. In her poem "Phenomenal Woman," Maya Angelou challenges this pervasive cultural feature and asserts that she is extraordinary and immensely attractive, without fitting within any of society's preconceived notions of how female beauty and attractiveness should be defined and conceptualized. No additional sources cited.

  • Wives and Crime in Trifles and Sweat

    A 5 page paper which examines the women in Susan Glaspell’s Trifles and Zora Neale Hurston’s Sweat. The paper examines the women and discusses whether they should be held accountable for the crimes they committed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Indian Empress Mumtaz Mahal

    5 pages in length. Few women of power have made such an overwhelming contribution of self to their society as Mumtaz Mahal, one of India's empresses during the Mughal Empire. Mahal, long considered to be the vigor of Shah Jahan's life, is more definitively associated with the extraordinary bonds of love and adoration her husband Shah Jehan extolled; however, she was also a strong and powerful woman in her own right who made significant – if not subtle – changes to her homeland and its beloved people. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Television Depictions of Gender and Ethnicity in the Workplace

    A 3 page considerations of some of the differences that exist between depictions of women and men and ethnicities in American society. Using the popular television shows “Monk” and “CSI” as frames of reference, this paper asserts that while equality might have almost been achieved in the real workplace, there are still inconsistencies in the way women and ethnicities are regarded and portrayed in American society. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Depiction of Women in The Color Purple by Alice Walker

    A 3 page paper which examines how the women in Alice Walker's novel "The Color Purple" suffer because they are black, impoverished and women. No additional sources cited.

  • Women and the Impact of the Media

    This 8 page thesis paper looks at various forms of media including print advertising, commercials, television programming, films, music videos and more to discuss how media's images affect women's self-esteem. While part of the effects of media are blatant in terms of images presented, others are less obvious such as the subservient or otherwise stereotypical roles women play. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment Case - Co-Workers

    A 4 page paper. The scenario is that a male co-worker patted a woman's buttocks. The writer responds to specific issues: what is sexual harassment, what the writer would do if the women in the scenario, the organization's responsibility, and an outline of a sexual harassment workplace policy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sexism, Romanticism, and the Portrayal of Women in Eighteenth Century Art

    A 5 page research paper focusing on how women are portrayed in 18th century art. The paper focuses on Fragonard and Goya. Substantial background is given on these artists and consequently how women are viewed in their works. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Gender Roles and the Effect of the Great Depression

    A 6 page paper that discusses the roles of men and women prior to the Great Depression and in the 1930s. The writer comments on the gender socializaion processes children experience from infancy beginning with their parents. During the Great Depression and the next decade, women were still able to find jobs because employers would not hire men and men would not accept jobs that were deemed to be female-type jobs Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Kenyan Woman

    6 pages worth of compiled research and information on the social role of women in Kenya, their high fertility rates, culture, and tradition. Insight is given into the socio-health related problems that exist and what is (or is not) being done to solve them. An interview with a woman from Kenya (who now lives in the U.S.) is cited. Bibliography lists 6 relevant sources.

  • Women's Rights and the U.S. Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment

    A 7 page paper discussing the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The writer discusses the context of this amendment in current times as it relates to equality, women's rights, relevant social programs, etc; It is ultimately concluded that although the 14th amendment is the first step towards social reform, and equal rights for all citizens, it will be a long time before those discriminated against -- women, homosexuals, blacks, and other minorities -- are truly considered equal. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Mask by Fumiko Enchi, Turn of the Screw by Henry James, and Gender

    In this 4 page essay, comparisons are made concerning depictions of culture and power (as they relate to gender and feminity) in 'Turn Of The Screw' and 'The Mask.' The first of these suggests that a man can also be the object of a mastering look and that the association of that position with the woman is conventional. The latter work illustrates harsh conditions under which Japanese women had to live in their own society and relevant comparisons are made. No other sources are cited.

  • Case Study/Self-Harm, Lacerations on Wrist

    A 6 page research paper that discusses a case study of a 28-year-old woman who self harms. The writer discusses the literature on this problem. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

    This 7 page paper looks at the case study of a young woman with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The paper starts by looking at the DSM-IV criteria for BPD, its prevalence, then at the potential influences in the development of the condition, significant risk factors present in the case study and possible interventions. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Social Problem of Pornography

    This 15 page paper presents both sides of the pornography issue. It argues that pornography may be a social problem, but also addresses questions that come up such as where to draw the line. Issues concerning sexual addiction, child pornography, the reality or mythology of snuff films and whether or not pornography degrades women, is included. Class factors are also discussed. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Long-Term Risks Associated With Childhood Sexual Abuse

    8 pages in length. Enduring childhood sexual abuse establishes a precedent for psychopathological responses into adulthood; anxiety, depression, obsessive/compulsive behavior, grief and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are but a few of the manifestation when children are exposed to this mentally and physically invasive form of child abuse. Research has made a particularly pertinent connection between the onset of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in people who suffered sexual abuse as children; with females reflecting the vast majority of those who experience sexual abuse (Fergusson et al, 1996), this fact equates to women displaying a greater propensity toward BPD. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sandra Cisneros: Women Hollering Creek

    Sexual Warfare : A 4 page paper which examines the politics of sexual warfare in three stories from Sandra Cisneros’ work Women Hollering Creek. No additional sources cited.

  • Military and Sexual Harassment

    This 10 page paper discusses the issues of sexual harassment in the military, with emphasis on harassment of women. Harassment of gay men is also discussed, though more briefly. The paper also presents a fictional case study of an incident of sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • President Bill Clinton's 'Monicagate' Sex Scandal

    In 5 pages, the author discusses that President Clinton should leave White House because of his sexual scandal with Monica Lewinsky and other women, giving an ethical argument, a moral argument, a sexual harassment argument, a lack of sensibility argument, and a perjury argument for his doing so. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gwen Harwood and her Poetry

    A 5 page essay on change that focuses on the poem "Suburban Sonnet" by Gwen Harwood. Using this poem, the writer discusses how motherhood involves change for the protagonist of the poem and to women in general. The positives and negatives of motherhood are discussed, with the conclusion that motherhood can be process that facilitates the growth of self. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Case Study Diagnosis

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of a case study of a woman reporting substance abuse. This paper considers the implications of her reports and the need for additional assessments. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Female Owned Native American Trucking Business

    This 4 page paper reviews the case study to identify the various qualities that made this Native American woman so successful as the owner of a trucking business. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Government Agencies and Sexual Harassment

    Sexual Harassment in Government Agencies: A 5-page treatise on the progress in women's fight against sexual harassment in government agencies. Stresses that, though there has been progress in the federal arena as well as in the private sector, there are unique barriers in place for government employees who wish to report sexual harassment. Lists 4 sources.

  • Four Issues Regarding the History of Australia

    A 14 page paper. Four issues in Australian history are discussed: the changes in the roles and lives of women; some of the notable persons in the 20th century; why there was a surge in home ownership in the 1950s and the reasons for the moral panic concerning adolescents in the 1950s. bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • U.S. History, Labor, and Equality Questions

    This 5 page paper answers four questions posed by a student regarding labor and the treatment of women and minorities in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Topics include free agriculture labor, the impact of industrialization, and the impact of the World Wars. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • U.S. History from 1960 to the Present Time

    (11 pp) This tutorial exercise examines history and policies of blacks, women and Indians within a thirty year time span. The presidencies of Reagan and Johnson are examine, as are some generalities concerning domestic and foreign policy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • U.S. History, Quilting, and Quilts

    An 8 page paper which examines how quilting enhanced the role of women in nineteenth-century society, considers the significance of quilting bees and quilts as folk art. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Medieval Italian History and Literature

    A 15 page research paper that offers brief (generally 1 page) synopses of essays that deal with Italian medieval society. Then the writer offers a more extended analysis of parts of Patricia Skinner's 2001 text Women in Medieval Italian Society; a brief essay on Dante's Inferno and Otto of Freising's Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa. The underlying theme to the entire paper is how these sources contribute to the study of history. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Women's History Museum Design

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the task of designing a museum, drawing on the experience of visiting museums in the Washington, DC area. The writer details what would constitute her "ideal" museum, which in this case is a museum devoted to women's history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History of Literature and Changing Character Gender Roles

    This 3 page paper discusses the changing roles of men and women as evidenced by literature. The Pelagasian Myth, Dante's Divine Comedy, and Milton's Paradise Lost, are all evidenced. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • Reality and Films

    This 7 page paper argues that the media reflects reality rather than making it. Using the James Bond films as an example, the way reality is reflected is discussed looking at the developments over time and the way in which women evolve. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Annie Hall

    A 5 page paper which examines how Woody Allen’s film Annie Hall was a very powerful film in making a statement for women. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Two Versions of Frankenstein

    This 7 page paper compares the novel with the 1931 film directed by James Whale. It argues that the novel is philosophical while the film is a horror classic; it also argues that the Monster can be seen as being symbolic of the status of women in society at that time. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Yousry Nasrallah's Film On Boys, Girls and the Veil

    A 6 page film review that explores the topics covered in the film from an anthropological viewpoint. Egyptian director Yousry Nasrallah's 1995 documentary On Boys, Girls and the Veil is a fascinating and intriguing film that will challenge Western viewers preconceptions of Islamic custom, particularly in regards to that most controversial of subjects--the veil. This examination of the film examines how the veil is portrayed in this documentary, relating this to other anthropological investigations of how the veil works in Middle Eastern gender relations and in the lives of Middle Eastern women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Anthropology, the Western Pacific Trobriander Islanders, Bronislaw Malinowski and Male Bias

    A 6 page examination of the early twentieth century work of Bronislaw Malinowski among the Trobriander Islanders. While Malinowski recognized the importance of women in Trobriander society, he missed key relationships among the sexes which not only allowed the culture to thrive but which illustrated the economic and cultural importance of females. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Order, Law, and the Salem Witch Hunts

    This 12 page paper takes a thoughtful look at law and order, and whether or not society really metes out justice fairly. The Salem Witch hunts are looked at as an example of when society unfairly applied what it construed as justice. The unfairness of how women are treated in today's prisons is also another topic addressed in this paper that is chockfull of information and research. Sociological and philosophical perspectives are used to explore how society has tried to maintain order. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Columbus B. Hopper and Johnny Moore's Women in Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs

    This 10 page paper reviews the 1990 article “Women in Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs” by Columbus B. Hopper and Johnny Moore. Whilst describing the research the paper looks at the problems of this 17 year research project and how it was different from other social research undertakings. The paper also summarises the findings. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Department Store and its History

    A 6 page discussion of the advent of the department store in consumer culture. Making their advent in the mid 1800s these stores would change the way stores marketed goods and the way consumers shopped for them. This paper discusses store geography, design, and labor considerations, particularly in regard to women. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Wordsworth/A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal

    A 3 page research paper/essay that discusses William Wordsworth’s enigmatic short poem “A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal,” which has generated considerable scholarly debate over its meaning. In eight brief lines, Wordsworth records his reaction to the death of a woman, in which he conveys a vision of death that equates it with immortality through a return to nature. Examination of two different interpretations of the poem reveal its complex nature, as well as the fact that correct interpretation lies in the perspective of the reader, as both positions have validity. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 'Black Magic' by Dudley Randall

    A 3 page essay that explicates "Black Magic" by Dudley Randall, which is also known by the title "Blackberry Sweet." The writer argues that this homage to the beauty of a young black woman is in the tradition of English seduction poems. No additional source cited.

  • 3 Women in Odysseus's Life in 'The Odyssey' by Homer

    A 4 page paper which examines the roles of these women in Odysseus’s life and how they affect the protagonist as well as the epic poem, “The Odyssey.” Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 'Delilah' and 'Salome' Poems by Carol Ann Duffy Compared

    A 4 page paper which examines the validity of one critic’s contention that in these two poems from the feminist collection of prose, “The World’s Wife,” there is a trend reversal in that the author presents men as victims and women as totally unsympathetic. No additional sources are used.

  • Comparative Analysis of Phaedra and Jocasta

    A 5 page comparison of character and suicide between Queen Jocasta (Oedipus the King) and Queen Phaedra (Hippolytus). The writer argues that in both instances, the Queen was a lovelorn woman; deeply frustrated and in the end, completely desperate. Jocasta's death, however, was more sudden and rash when compared with the suicide of Phaedra who had accumulated such tendencies throughout the progression of her story. No Bibliography.

  • Flaubert/Emma Bovary

    A 4 page essay that discusses the causes for Emma Bovary’s unhappy life and eventually suicide. These causes include Emma’s convent education and her passion for Romance novels, which is a habit she continued into adulthood. Also in childhood, the death of her mother and the occupation of her father influenced her environment, as did the double standards of the nineteenth century in regards to the social opportunities and expectations of women and men. No additional sources cited.

  • Maya Angelou's Poem 'Woman Work'

    This 3 page paper discusses Maya Angelou's poem, Woman Work. Analyzed for theme, rhythm, repetition, and sensual imagery. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 'The Bait' by John Donne

    A 3 page analysis of this English poem. “The Bait” is a love story, a tale of two wayward souls which are briefly pulled together by a man’s infatuation with a woman. Interwoven in “The Bait”, however is a unique blend of tangible reality and metaphysical abstraction. This paper examines the metaphysics and symbology employed by the poet. No additional sources are listed.

  • Literary Analysis of Jeffrey Eugenides' The Virgin Suicides and Timothy Findley's Not Wanted on the Voyage

    A 6 page paper which compares and contrasts the authors, their writing styles, they ways in which they convey themes, symbols, storylines, settings and characterizations and, in particular, considers the role of women in their respective novels. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Unfairness of Telecommunications to Women

    This 6 page paper describes the phenomenon of tele or 'cyber - commuting' and its popularity in modern society. It is argued that tele-commuting has actually intensified the consequences of a male-dominated workplace and that women are afforded the same lesser economic status and lower positions in the corporation they have always had as a result of the advent of computer technology in terms of telecommuting. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Literature Review on Stress Agents

    7 pages in length. The writer discusses stress agents as they relate to second- hand smoke adolescent marijuana use; unemployment (women); alcoholism in fathers; and excessive clutter. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Chopin's Awakening/Edna & Adele & Mme. Reisz

    A 3 page essay that discussing the roles of Adele and Mme. Reisz in Kate Chopin's nineteenth century masterpiece The Awakening, which tells the story of Edna Pontellier, a Victorian era wife and mother who rejects that era's strict interpretation of gender roles as she attempts to fashion a life as an autonomous, sexual individual and as an artist. Ultimately, however, Edna rejects even this alternative lifestyle and commits suicide. To aid the reader in understanding Edna and the motivations for her actions throughout the novel, Chopin contrasts Edna with two very different women, Adele Ratignolle and Mademoiselle Reisz. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Richard Epstein and Catherine MacKinnon's Perspectives on Law and Women's Rights

    Both law professors with opposing ideologies, MacKinnon & Epstein, are discussed in a 5 page analysis as it pertains to the legislation of women's rights. The writer concludes in agreement with Epstein. No additional sources used.

  • United Kingdom and Family Law

    This 14 page report discusses developments in family law in the UK and in what ways they have worked to bring about a greater equality of the sexes. Property relations, child custody, alimony, and child support are discussed in relationship to divorce. Traditionally, family law in the UK has not been particularly sympathetic to the problems of women and children in situations of divorce nor do the courts typically provide adequate legal safeguards for either their safety of their financial support. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Irish Tensions

    A 5 page paper which examines Ireland’s tumultuous history and considers the political, economic and social struggles including the potato famine, religious unrest, rebellion and independence movements and the role of women. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Prostitution and Different Views

    A 5 page contention that the very act of making a particular activity illegal can create more problems than it solves. The author uses the issue of prostitution as an illustration of this contention, emphasizing that if the act was not illegal prostitution could be a positive means by which women could empower themselves and materially prosper by preying on the needs and desires of men. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Peter Horne's Women in Law Enforcement

    A 7 page overview of the book by author Peter Horne. This paper covers the highlights of the book, focusing on the history of women in law enforcement in the United States. Starting with their debut into law enforcement in the nineteenth century and proceeding through contemporary times, the author outlines the major accomplishment made even in the face of sometimes overwhelming obstacles. No additional sources are listed.

  • Gender Discrimination and European Union Law

    This 5 page paper considers EU law regarding the inequality of treatment for women employees. Looking as some specific examples Article 141 is examined along with relevant directive and numerous cases. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Necessity for Women's Rights Worldwide

    5 pages in length. The author discusses the need for women's rights activists in the international community and gives examples of the current treatment of women. Several platforms for change are discussed. Bibliography included.

  • Planned Parenthood and Margaret Sanger

    In 5 pages, the writer discusses Margaret Sanger. She had an important role in establishing "Planned Parenthood", which has had an impact on today's society. She felt that women, particularly poor, lower class women, should be able to use birth control methods and be taught about sexual reproduction and contraception in general. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Rebecca by Daphne DuMaurier

    This 6 page report discusses the novel “Rebecca” published in 1938 by Daphne DuMaurier and considered to be one of the “top ten” novels of the 20th century by countless readers. The writer discusses the ways in which the second Mrs. de Winter matures into a woman far wiser than the young bride who first arrived at Manderley. As much as the novel is a romance and a mystery, it is also the story of a young woman’s path to maturity. No secondary sources.

  • Cat on a Hot Tin Roof by Tennessee Williams and Female Objectification

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of some of the significant points of Tennessee Williams’ play Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, including the prevalent symbolism that divides men and women and the objectification of women that is evident in William’s portrayal of Maggie the Cat. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Magazines and the Depiction of Women in Redbook, GQ, and Cosmopolitan

    5 pages in length. Have women truly escaped the patriarchal hold so prevalent throughout popular culture? In some ways they have yet in others the same exhaustive battle continues to rage. The writer compares and contrasts the portrayal of women in such magazines as GQ, Cosmopolitan and Redbook. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women's Sense and The Underworld by Muriel Ruykheyser

    2 pages in length. In Muriel Ruykheyser's "The Underworld," the woman's sense of such a place represents that of transformation. The writer discusses how this spiritual rebirth comes only to women, it seems, inasmuch as they harbor the necessary nurturing pureness to effectively metamorphose from queen to goddess. No additional sources cited.

  • Women of South Korea

    A 12 page research paper that examines how South Korean women have changed over the last several decades. Members of a culture that incorporated a centuries-old Confucian traditional of male superiority, South Korean women have achieved tremendous advancements in their social status, both politically and domestically in a very brief time, which is a testimony to their intelligence and determination. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 2 Professorial Views on Women and the Issue of Rape

    This 5 page report discusses the issue of rape in modern society from the perspective of two writers, both women and both university professors. Helene Shugart asserts that asserts that that patriarchy is the theory and rape is the practice. Renee Heberle questions whether there is a fundamental fragileness in male dominance that has been obscured by the construction of a political strategy designed to call attention to women’s suffering and therefore, further reinforces the attitudes of masculine-based domination. Both opinions are disturbing and thought provoking. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Values and Women in The Westies by T.J. English

    A 12 page paper discussing T.J. English's nonfiction book about the famous twentieth-century Hell's Kitchen gang. It particularly looks at the women behind the scenes in the all-male gang, and analyzes the way these women reflect traditional values. No additional sources cited.

  • Female Athletes and Their Obstacles

    This 10 page paper examines the various obstacles faced by female athletes, with particular emphasis on the relationship between physical fitness and self-esteem. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A Discussion of Caretakers of Our Common House by Carol Lakey Hess

    This is a 6 page paper discussing Hess’ “Caretakers of Our Common House”. Carol Lakey Hess’ “Caretakers of Our Common House: Women’s Development in Communities of Faith” studies not only areas connected with faith, theology and women’s experience but also the various aspects in the difference of female socialization in regards to “caring and connection” and how this relates to theological interpretation. The idea of the practice of faith within communities relates to Hess’ argument that separation and connection is obtained through “hard dialogues and deep connections” in which girls and women care be nurtured to be caretakers of their “own house” (self) as well as the “common house” (the community of faith). Women, through conversational education and strong leadership in the religious community can overcome the generations of gender socialization which have largely led to men as powerful and women as servile, caring, and supportive which has resulted in women “losing themselves” to societal roles. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Sexuality and Gender Dichotomy Deconstruction

    This 5 page paper considers two separate issues, the deconstructing of the dichotomy of gender and sexuality and the issue of the portrayal of women in the mass media. This paper assesses the view of women, the subjugation of women based on sexuality, and the impacts for eating disorders. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Program/Aiding Adult Female Victims of Childhood Sex Abuse

    An 8 page research paper that outlines an intervention program designed to aid women who are substance abusers that were sexually abused as children. Research has shown that women who were sexually abused as children and young adolescents are at-risk for substance abuse disorders to a much higher degree than the general population. It appears as substance abuse develops as a coping method that is a desperate attempt by the adult survivor of child abuse to deal with trauma. The following is a proposal for a treatment program that would be specifically designed to address the needs of these women. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Pay Disparity and Gender in both Private and Public Sector Jobs

    This 29 page paper investigates gender pay disparity in both the private and public sectors. Sections include: Introduction, Definitions, Literature Review, and Conclusions. The introduction offers a general overview of the topic and the implications of gender pay gaps. The literature review cites numerous studies on this topic and reports figures that demonstrate a gender pay gap. The writer reports how much of the gap is attributable to characteristics of men and women, such as men working longer hours, family and child rearing, education and experience. The writer points to the glass ceiling and the glass wall that prohibit women from achieving higher level positions and that discourage women from entering certain occupations and careers. The writer also comments on where the pay gap is most severe – in the public or private sector. A recommendation is made in the conclusion for changing this situation. 4 Tables are included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Margaret Sanger

    3 pages in length. A true pioneer in the nursing field as well as a social reformer, Margaret Sanger upholds what some believe to be the dubious legacy of introducing birth control for the sole purpose of giving women a choice when it comes to their own bodies. Her nursing career was the catalyst for what ultimately became her life's work educating about and supplying birth control devices after watching with a heavy heart how not only patients but her own mother suffered under the physical and emotional toll of having many children; at a time in history when women were only just beginning to have a social voice, Sanger's contribution to nursing was both courageous and timely. She may have met with opposition every step of the way, but Sanger stood strong in her conviction so that women of today have a choice whether to birth babies or not. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • 'Song to a Waitress' by Aron Kessbury

    A 5 page essay that interprets the poem "Song to a waitress" by Aron Kessbury. The poem is included in its entirety as the writer offers a stanza by stanza analysis. "Song to a Waitress" is a blank verse poem that expresses a great deal of anger and dissatisfaction with the transformed nature of male/female relationships that have come with the dismantling of patriarchy. The thrust of the poem expresses the narrator's longing for -- what to him -- appears to be a simpler time, a time when women, particularly lower class women, were somewhat cowed by men, that is, a time when women "knew their place." No bibliography is offered.

  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Fashions for Women

    5 pages. In the 19th century women's fashions were dramatically different than those of today. Those women who could afford them wore up to six petticoats and it took much practice in learning how to raise them properly as she walked up steps or curbs. In those days the wasp-waisted look was the height of fashion and women corseted themselves so tightly as to have doctors fear for their health. This paper explains how clothing changed from the 19th century through the 20th century. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Terminal Conditions and Informing Patients

    An 8 page paper discussing the case of a woman newly diagnosed with lymphocytic leukemia, who has not been informed of the severity of her condition. The woman’s grown daughters as well as her physician believe it to be in the woman’s best interests to withhold the news from her. Her primary nurse disagrees, and the head nurse is sympathetic to the nurse’s position on the matter. The head nurse instructs the primary nurse to be certain to follow doctor’s orders, however. At issue is how the primary nurse deals with a situation with which she heartily disagrees. The paper examines the philosophies of Kant, Mill and Rawls as well as available alternatives to arrive at a favored alternative for the nurse to choose. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Terminal Condition and Informing Patients 2

    An 8 page paper discussing the case of a woman newly diagnosed with lymphocytic leukemia, who has not been informed of the severity of her condition. The woman’s grown daughters as well as her physician believe it to be in the woman’s best interests to withhold the news from her. Her primary nurse disagrees, and the head nurse is sympathetic to the nurse’s position on the matter. The head nurse instructs the primary nurse to be certain to follow doctor’s orders, however. At issue is how the primary nurse deals with a situation with which she heartily disagrees. The paper examines a variety of moral principles as well as available alternatives to arrive at a favored alternative for the nurse to choose. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Issues Associated with Rape

    20 pages in length. The issues of gender, patriarchy and sexual violence are inextricably intertwined within the complexities of social existence. That women have always had to confirm their worth as human beings serves as a significant indicator to the overwhelming oppression thrust upon the female gender by means of physical and emotional abuse. Examining the extent to which women have been the recipients of such barbaric treatment at the hands of their male counterparts enables one to gain a better understanding of how the progression of sexual violence has perpetrated through the ages; only within the last few decades of the twentieth century have women been able to find any solace through crisis counseling, protective legislation and the enlightenment of law enforcement authorities. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • 'Song to a Waitress' by Aron Kessbury

    A 5 page essay that interprets the poem "Song to a waitress" by Aron Kessbury. The poem is included in its entirety as the writer offers a stanza by stanza analysis. "Song to a Waitress" is a blank verse poem that expresses a great deal of anger and dissatisfaction with the transformed nature of male/female relationships that have come with the dismantling of patriarchy. The thrust of the poem expresses the narrator's longing for -- what to him -- appears to be a simpler time, a time when women, particularly lower class women, were somewhat cowed by men, that is, a time when women "knew their place." No bibliography is offered.

  • Women and Telecommunications II

    In this well-argued 6 page paper, the point is made that tele-commuting does little more for women than keep them at home-- where they were a century ago. Women who work from their home office/computer are expected not only to handle corporate business from 9 - 5, they are also usually expected to take care of household affairs and even to raise children during the same time. This stands in contrast with men who cyber-commute but who are not expected to do anything other than work during the course of the business day. Various other relevant ethical issues are discussed and it is ultimately concluded that women have very little to gain in today's workplace. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Linda Gordon's Single Mothers and the History of Welfare - Pitied But Not Entitled

    A 15 page review of Linda Gordon's book in which the writer analyzes how reformers view poor single mothers and welfare. Three of its chapters are about the views of the white women's social welfare network, the black women's social welfare network (excluded from the white women's groups mostly by raw segregation), and the white male social insurance reformer network. Gordon argues that contemporary welfare programs for single mothers were shaped by the ideas and the decisions that went into state aid programs created between 1910 and 1920, programs that were variously called mothers' pensions, widows' pensions and mothers' aid. Various sociopolitical points and arguments presented by Gordon are analytically presented. No other sources cited.

  • Linda Gordon's Single Mothers and the History of Welfare - Pitied But Not Entitled

    A 15 page review of Linda Gordon's book in which the writer analyzes how reformers view poor single mothers and welfare. Three of its chapters are about the views of the white women's social welfare network, the black women's social welfare network (excluded from the white women's groups mostly by raw segregation), and the white male social insurance reformer network. Gordon argues that contemporary welfare programs for single mothers were shaped by the ideas and the decisions that went into state aid programs created between 1910 and 1920, programs that were variously called mothers' pensions, widows' pensions and mothers' aid. Various sociopolitical points and arguments presented by Gordon are analytically presented. No other sources cited.

  • History's First Feminist Sor Juana Ines De La Cruz

    5 pages in length. Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz has been called history's first feminist, a title that she would likely appreciate and take considerable pride in if she were alive in today's world. The woman who entered a convent as a means by which to further her quest for self-education found out that society was not too accepting of women who went against the grain of conformity; in fact, not only was she condemned for her struggles as a woman who sought out more than the social limitations availed to her, but she also had to face ridicule because of her sexual orientation. The female Mexican cultural symbol second only to the Virgin of Guadalupe, was, in fact, of the lesbian persuasion. The writer discusses how de la Cruz was determined to overcome the obstacles that stood in the way of her waiting education. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck

    4 pages in length. The objective of Pearl S. Buck in her enthralling book entitled The Good Earth is to demonstrate the inherent strength of women despite the fact that a patriarchal society has perpetually kept them oppressed. Clearly defined in the author's portrayal is that of a common bond shared between and among Chinese women with regard to their oppression. The fact that oppression has been a way of life for Chinese women is indicative of O-lan's experience as told within the pages of The Good Earth. The writer discusses the various messages addressed in Buck's The Good Earth. No additional sources cited.

  • Serial Rapists

    In 5 pages, the author discusses serial rapists. What does a serial rapist look like? A serial rapist might look like Ronnie Shelton, Vinson Champ, Darius Kimbrough, or countless others who prey on women and their vulnerability. Why does he do what he does? There are many speculative reasons. Why are the victims chosen? It depends on the rapist, but many women appear to be chosen for convenience. The only thing that serial rapists seem to have in common is their ability to prey on women in a manner that is as dehumanizing as possible. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Gender and Ethnic Prejudice in Graphic Design

    10 pages in length. Ethnic and gender discrimination is no stranger to the workplace. Inasmuch as graphic design is essentially a white man's world, it has been extremely difficult for ethnic women to break the mold and be represented for their talents, while not being overlooked merely because of their gender. To say that ethnic women have had to fight for their existence within the world of graphic design would be a gross understatement. Indeed, the road to self-expression through the artistic expression has been paved with patriarchal intolerance and characteristic skepticism. That women have been forced to prove their worthiness within the stringent boundaries of a male-dominated industry speaks volumes about the inherent fortitude that comprises the female spirit. The concept of feminism embodies a number of critical theories by which to better address the various perspectives of interdisciplinary connection. The writer discusses that a primary quest exists to assess the sometimes-strained yet always misunderstood relations between the genders within the graphic design industry. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Importance of Instilling a Familiarity With Employment Law for Employment Agency Employees

    This 14 page paper is written in two parts, The first considers the role of a trainer, why understanding the learning process is important and how it may be used to enhance training skills. The second part of the paper looks at the legal position of an employment agency when one of the workers it places suffers from racial discrimination and also when they pay women lower pay rate than their male counterparts. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Contemporary Studies of Formative Sexual Experiences

    This is a 15 page paper discussing formative sexual experiences. Formative sexual experiences are those which relate to initial sexual intercourse and in most social science investigations are based on heterosexual relations. Chapter 9: Formative Sexual Experiences in “The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States” by Laumann et al in 1994, reports the trends found in a national survey done in the United States. Generally, it was found by the investigators that there has been a steady decline in age over the past forty years in regards to first intercourse and this is consistent with other studies. Other results of the study found that men’s motive for their first sexual experience is largely that of sexual curiosity while women motivations are more emotionally based. Other results found that one in twenty women reported being forced for her first sexual intercourse and a substantial proportion of men and women reported preadolescent sexual conduct with adults. In relation to other studies conducted, Laumann’s results are consistent with those reported in the United States but some factors differ from studies conducted in other areas of the world such as New Zealand, Norway, and Thailand to name a few. While all studies reported that the age of initial sexual experience is declining, the long lasting effects on relationships are not always considered to be negative as reported in a New Zealand study and females and males differ in their sexual motivations in Nordic society. The differences in the studies are often based on the differences on the social norms and structures of each society and because of this Laumann’s report can only be taken in the context of American society in the early 1990s. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Literature By and About Women

    A 6 page paper which examines what a reader could gain from reading three different pieces of literature written by, and about, women. The books are “Beloved” by Toni Morrison, “Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austen, and “Ghost Country” by Sara Paretsky. No additional sources cited.

  • Sexual Exploitation and the Trafficking of Women

    A 48 page paper presenting a comprehensive overview of human trafficking, particularly of women for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The introduction provides a general overview and insight into the extent of this crime. Human trafficking is reported to be the third most profitable illegal business in the world. The second section of the paper offers a feminist perspective on trafficking of women and girls into prostitution. Data include numbers from many different regions in the world. Estimates run as high as 2 million women and girls trafficked every year. Data support the premise that human trafficking is a gendered business, a backlash against feminism, according to one well-known author. The impact of globalization on sex trafficking is then explored. Countries are categorized as origin points, transition points or destination points. The classifications of numerous countries are reported, some of which fit into all three categories. International and national laws and agreements regarding human trafficking and particularly sex trafficking are reported in the next section. Two case studies are then reported: Ukraine and the Philippines. A summary and conclusions end the essay. Bibliography lists 50 sources.

  • Literature Review and Proposed Study Outline on Middle Aged Women and the Impact of Exercise

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the effects of exercise in middle aged women. The paper includes a short literature review and possible outline for a proposed study. Studies investigating the effects of exercise in middle aged women have been positive in their findings. Research has ranged from studying aerobic or non-aerobic exercise in regards to lipid concentrations as well as those which study weight training in regards to overall body fat and body weight among other factors. It would seem that in all cases, middle aged women have shown improvements in regards to overall health from exercise in addition to reducing their risk for heart disease by reducing lipid concentrations, cholesterol levels and blood pressure among other variables. While some studies involves thousands of subjects over many years, most studies involve a relatively small number of subjects, randomly assigned to controlled short-term exercise programs after which the results are compared from pre- and post-measurements. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Feminist Utopian Literature Represented by Women on the Edge of Time by Marge Piercy

    A 6 page paper which the concept of utopia from a feminist context, providing insight into the author’s ideology, with a brief background to consider the times in which the novel was written, and a specific consideration of what makes the novel utopian, in terms of content, form and structure. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A Comparison of Devil In The Shape Of A Woman and Salem Possessed

    5 pages in length. There were a number of reasons why Salem became the historical foundation of witch hunts, but none were so powerful as the threat of female independence had at that time. Without out a doubt, the fear of women's emancipation was the foremost reason for the colonial New England witch hunts. When comparing Carol Karlsen's "Devil In The Shape Of A Woman" with Paul Boyer And Steven Nissenbaum's "Salem Possessed," one immediately notes the incongruity of the two works, primarily due to the fact that Karlsen's perspective as a woman herself is significantly different from either of her male counterparts. No additional sources cited.

  • Feminist Approach to Ceremony by Leslie Marmon Silko

    5 pages in length. Leslie Marmon Silko's "Ceremony" addresses a long-standing issue that has existed between Native American men and women: the open and equal pursuit of identity. That patriarchy has been the controlling social force for centuries has effectively placed the female gender in the shadows of acceptance, while the male gender has successfully progressed in all possible areas: politics, education and economics. For women, these areas have long histories of restraint through design of the woman’s role; the effects of such designs have been so well entrenched that they have automatically applied to virtually every other area of public life. No additional sources cited.

  • Encouraging Continuation of Breast Feeding

    A 5 page paper which examines why some women stop breast feeding earlier than others. The paper also examines how nurses can help women nurse longer. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women as Viewed by Charles Dickens and Jane Austen

    A 5 page paper which examines how Jane Austen’s views women in “Emma” and Charles Dickens views women in “David Copperfield.” Bibliography lists 2 additional sources.

  • Automobile Repair Racket Targeting of Women

    6 pages in length, this persuasive essay explores the reasons why women are cheated by fraudulent automobile repair practices. This paper argues the point that women should become better informed, more aggressive, and more assertive in the area of auto repair in order to protect themselves from unscrupulous business practices.

  • Consumer Culture and British Fashion Magazine Influence

    This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of British fashion magazines on the British consumer society and their influences throughout history up and including the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. While researching the development of British fashion magazines within the last century, magazines such as Vogue, Elle and InStyle, initially showed that the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, British fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. A recent study of focus groups’ opinions of images found in Vogue magazine found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Nevertheless, the continued popularity of fashion magazines and their continued focus on the Western and/or American entertainment industries as a source for fashion is considered as a reflection of societal cues and consumer behavior. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • Management and Business Practices and the Influence of Chilean Culture

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the influence of Chile’s culture on business and management practices. Chilean management structures and practices are influenced by a diverse number of factors from Chilean culture. The strong military presence and influence of the Church resulted in management procedures which are strict, conservative and respectful in nature. Strong social class hierarchies in Chilean society has resulted in highly hierarchical structures in management where the higher end executives are responsible for the decision making processes and are well rewarded because of this. Finally, women’s roles in Chilean culture are quite prominent and this is also reflected in the Chilean work place as women have equal representation in the social classes as well as professional positions and politics. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • US Public Education

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the history of public education in the United States. Since the 17th century, the Americans have been concerned with the support of public education in the United States. Many public schools which opened, the first reported in Boston in 1642, were still mainly for the education of those in the middle and upper classes as the lower classes were dependent upon the income brought in by their children. Through the support of advocates for the importance of public education, such Horace Mann and later, the Philadelphia Working Men’s Committee, the idea of public education funded by the state became more of a reality with stipulations which would allow for children to work and attend school at the same time. Many discriminatory aspects were still to be overcome however as the education of women, racial minorities and Catholics were highly restricted. Several innovators and centuries later, the development of public education was expanded to include women, African Americans and other minorities aided by laws of desegregation in the Fourteenth Amendment. Today, public education is still a controversial issue since the voucher system has been introduced to allow individuals to apply their public education taxes to tuition to private institutions which may provide more suitable and specific educational needs for those who do not wish to educate their children in the state and federal based curriculum. Regardless of the results of this latest controversial issue, public education will always remain an important part of the American society in their efforts to educate all Americans without fear of financial loss or discrimination. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Discrimination Against Homosexuality And Women In The United States

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly compares two articles that address homosexuality discrimination in the United States. No additional sources cited.

  • Music and the Negative Depiction of Women

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of various genres that seem to contain misogynist lyrics. Eminem's songs are highlighted. Experts discuss the effects of music on young people and the paper concludes that music does not have a serious effect on adolescents despite the hard-core lyrics which are popular today. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women and Children as Products in the Sex Industry

    This 6 page paper examines the issues surrounding human trafficking. The problem is apparent not just in third world countries but even in countries like the US. The author suggests education is the key to addressing human trafficking. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Food and Parent and Daughter Relationships in Camryn Manheim's Wake Up, I'm Fat and Marya Hornbacher's Wasted Compared

    This is a 5 page paper comparing the parental relationships found in Marya Hornbacher’s book “Wasted: A Memoir of Anorexia and Bulimia” and Camryn Manheim’s book and one woman play “Wake Up, I’m Fat”. Marya Hornbacher’s book “Wasted: A Memoir of Anorexia and Bulimia” and Camryn Manheim’s book and one woman play “Wake Up, I’m Fat” show two different perspectives in regards to parental reactions and complications to the weight gain or loss of their daughters. In Hornbacher’s “Wasted”, she explains how her mother remained reserved about her condition and claimed to be ignorant of her problem until well into her teens because of her daughter’s ability for “deceit”. Her father, who was much more emotional, became dependent on Hornbacher during his disputes with her mother. Neither parent seemed to focus on Hornbacher’s inner plea of “Look at me, look at me” and Hornbacher still feels vulnerable to her illness to this day. Manheim, on the other hand, has a positive fighting attitude and acceptance of her body weight and this is partially due to the support offered to her from her mother and her father. Her parents were hard on her and tried to bride her in order for her to lose weight in addition to taking her to numerous doctors and specialists at a young age. The difference however, lay in their concern and support of their daughter’s condition and attention to her weight gain became a cause of their own. In addition, her parents taught her the importance of fighting for others and the strength needed to do this which aided Manheim in fighting for herself. Manheim’s work remains humorous and positive in her overall acceptance of her weight and her appreciated support of her parents. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Female Sex Offenders and the Prison Environment

    This 7 page paper considers the issue of childhood sexual abuse and the increasing number of women who have been charged with this crime. This paper defines the largess of the problem, the increasing number of women in the prison setting who have committed sexual crimes against children and the need to define a treatment model that takes into consideration the causative factors and characteristics of female sex abusers. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Women's Literature Contributions of Sandra Cisneros' The House on Mango Street

    This 8 page paper explores the concepts of feminism, poverty, and social structure from the Mexican-American perspective. In it there are discussions of sexual power, double standards, discussions of the Mexican-American condition, and examples of feministic thought. Three sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Lyrical Left Wing Greenwich Village Community

    This is a 9 page paper discussing the sexual politics within the lyric left from the Greenwich Village community. The New York Greenwich Village community in the late 19th and throughout the 20th century became the center for writers, journalists and artists all promoting ideas and lifestyle representing the political and sexual left including feminism, bohemianism, bisexuality, homosexuality and overall freedom of thought and action. Much of the writing which came from Greenwich was considered within the realm of the “lyric left” through the works of Jack Kerouac, Djuna Barnes, Sinclair Lewis, Willa Cather and especially Edna St. Vincent Millay among many others. Millay wrote a great many poems which not only revealed the bohemian and “radical sexual” conduct within the lifestyles of her and her colleagues but also commented on the fullest extent of feminism in which women can feel sexual desire and needs in addition to having control over their own lives and sexual fulfillment. At the same time, her poems also show the conflict which still existed between men and women and her own desire to overcome any restrictions carried over from the previous Victorian expectations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Female Sex Offenders and the Prison Environment

    This 7 page paper considers the issue of childhood sexual abuse and the increasing number of women who have been charged with this crime. This paper defines the largess of the problem, the increasing number of women in the prison setting who have committed sexual crimes against children and the need to define a treatment model that takes into consideration the causative factors and characteristics of female sex abusers. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Women's and Men's Roles in American Literature

    A 5 page paper which examines the roles that men and women played in the literature of Colonial America and the New Republic. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women and Men in American Literature

    A 3 page paper which examines how two authors of American literature portray men and women. The authors examined are Ernest Hemingway and Kate Chopin. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Islam and Interfaith Marriage

    This is a 5 page paper discussing interfaith marriage in the Islamic religion. Interfaith marriage is not recommended in Muslims as Muslims are encouraged to find spouses with a similar religious outlook for the sake of future compatibility and for the raising of children. However the guidelines for marriage in the Qur’an do allow for some instances of intermarriage between Muslim men and non-Muslim women but not between Muslim women and non-Muslim men. For those couples who have interfaith marriages in the Islamic religion, mostly in the Western countries where there are fewer Islamic communities, they have reported success only when they allow themselves equal respect for each other’s religion, educate themselves about the practices of each other’s religion, maintain open communication regarding the practicing of religion, the raising of children and the recognition of holidays. Despite the liberal views of many interfaith couples, difficulties still arise in the raising and faith of the children. Muslim men who have children who have not be raised Muslim may have difficulty bringing them into Islamic states and retaining custody after a divorce. In the world today however and despite the strict guidelines of the Qur’an, interfaith marriages are occurring with the couples themselves largely deciding how to handle their choices for success in their marriage. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Semantic Analysis of Ar'n't I a Woman?' by Sojourner Truth

    5 pages in length. Sojourner Truth exposes her defiance toward the system's rules, which, as she points out, have all been designed by men, for men. Eloquent in both style and approach, Truth does not allow her gender to get in the way of insisting that nowhere in the framework of human rights has it been established that men are in any way more deserving than women. The writer discusses the semantic interpretation of one passage of Truth's historic speech. No additional sources cited.

  • Women of the Renaissance by Margaret L. King

    5 pages in length. Margaret L. King's 'Women of the Renaissance' is a celebration of gender, with particular emphasis upon issues of feminism and patriarchal control. Indeed, King portrays the early birth of feminism; not only are her writings a solid reflection of her sentiments but so is the manner in which she reflects renaissance life. It was while writing 'Woman of the Renaissance' that King gained significant insight as to the perceived value of class, gender and social stature, particularly from research about those who did not possess socially and individual freedom: renaissance women. No additional sources cited.

  • Women and Telecommunications II

    In this well-argued 6 page paper, the point is made that tele-commuting does little more for women than keep them at home-- where they were a century ago. Women who work from their home office/computer are expected not only to handle corporate business from 9 - 5, they are also usually expected to take care of household affairs and even to raise children during the same time. This stands in contrast with men who cyber-commute but who are not expected to do anything other than work during the course of the business day. Various other relevant ethical issues are discussed and it is ultimately concluded that women have very little to gain in today's workplace. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Feminist Criticism and Literature

    6 pages in length. To say that women have had to fight for their existence within the literary world would be a gross understatement. Indeed, the road to self-expression through the written word has been paved with patriarchal intolerance and characteristic skepticism. That women have been forced to prove their worthiness within the stringent boundaries of a male-dominated existence speaks volumes about the inherent fortitude that comprises the female spirit. The writer discusses feminist critical theory as it relates to women writers, focusing upon a story by Doris Lessing. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Sexism in the TV Industry

    12 pages in length. Sexism in television is an industry ill that has run rampant ever since its mid-century inception. Even though it has purportedly quelled its ever-present sexist orientation, critics charge that this is hardly the case. Even in programs that proclaim to utilize women as respected and equal characters to their male counterparts, what has truly surfaced is nothing more than a clever ploy to make it appear as though television has finally put to bed the sexists perception it adopted at inception. The writer discusses how this veiled attempted to promote women from beneath the social oppression of the male ego has its roots in patriarchal control, in spite of the fact that women are more independent now than they have ever been before throughout history. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Civil Rights' Struggles of African American Women

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of the wya in which Belinda Robnett relates two specific themes in her book How Long? How Long? African American Women in the Struggle for Civil Rights. These themes include the role that women played in the background of the Civil Rights Movement, and the conflicts that arose from trying to view the Civil Rights Movement from a feminist perspective. Robnett recognized that women were instrumental in many aspects of the Black Power Movement, but that they were not recognized as leaders of a movement that was lead by men and seemed inherently sexist. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Randy Albeda and Chris Tilly's Glass Ceilings and Bottomless Pits Women's Work, Women's Poverty

    A 7 page review of the book by Randy Albeda and Chris Tilly. is an expose’ on the numerous societal factors which are facing women today. It is a look into poverty as many of us have never seen poverty, a look at the blatant and sometimes shocking facts of being a poor woman in the United States, the facts of that ever present “bottomless pit”. It is also a look, however, a the so-called “glass ceiling” which confronts professional women in the workplace. This paper contends that while the two scenarios are definitely different, they are inherently related to the same societal factors of the patriarchal dominated society which has been in place for the history of mankind. No additional sources are listed.

  • Osteoporosis In Elderly Women

    A 14 page paper that defines and describes this disease and the incidence. The paper explains how it is diagnosed and treated. Comments are separated into sections, including Pathophysiology, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment; the role of Nurse Educators; Quality of Life issues; and Community/Healthcare Resources, including nursing homes. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Women's Health Nurse Practitioner

    A 3 page research paper that offers an overview of this nursing specialty: its practice settings, roles, expected salary, educational requirements, etc. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Article Overview of 'Rotating Night Shifts and Risk of Breast Cancer in Women Participating in the Nurses' Health Study'

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of an article on breast cancer and considers the impacts of rotating night shifts and breast cancer risk. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 1990s' Consumer Influence of Fashion Magazines

    This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of fashion magazines throughout history on consumer society, culture and their status in the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. Initially the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. Although women models replaced the dolls, there was no emphasis on the body of the woman. Men did not appear in advertisements and no close-ups were taken of the models. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. Models within fashions magazines, both men and women, are seen as the disturbingly images that continuously reflect not necessarily the expectations of society but the unreal and artificial world of the media. Studies in focus groups have found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Sexuality as Depicted in Muriel Spark's The Driver's Seat and The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

    This is a 4 page paper discussing the portrayal of sexuality in Spark’s two works “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” (1961) and “The Driver’s Seat” (1970). Muriel Spark presents different portrayals of women and sexuality within two of her works, “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” and “The Driver’s Seat”. In “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” Spark uses strategies to allow the reader to become aware of her constant comparison of Brodie’s life with that of a man’s. As Brodie becomes more in control during the “prime” of her life, her character is physically and mentally compared with that of strong historical figures. In addition, Spark shows Brodie as a representative of the growing feminism throughout the 1930s in which women began to travel more on their own and live their lives outside of the religious confines of the past. The central character, Lise, in “The Driver’s Seat” however, portrays an embittered and business-like modern women. Spark uses business imagery to describe Lise and how women in the 1960s modern business world have become ordinary, tight-lipped and are judged on how many personnel are “above them” or “below them”. In addition, Lise tries to search for a man who has a “lack of absence” which indicates that men as well as women are affected by the impersonalized nature of the modern world. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Women's Roles in Western and Hindi Cinema

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the different roles of women as portrayed in contemporary Hindi and Western film. Comparisons of the movies “Kuch Kuch Hota Hai” and “Sleepless in Seattle” are made. Both movies were based on the same story but were treated differently in the roles the women played. “Kuch Kuch” had to maintain the male-dominated features from Indian society but the women still were strong, independent yet respectful of tradition and the story touched on several social issues. “Sleepless” portrayed women as independent in their work and lives, but were pathetic in their pursuit of men and the story remained simple and predictable. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Bram Stoker's Dracula and Kate Chpin's The Awakening Compared

    A 10 page research paper/essay that examines Kate Chopin's novel The Awakening (1899) and Bram Stoker's Dracula (1897). The writer argues that these works provide readers with vastly different conceptualizations of fantasy, sexuality and race. Chopin addresses the negative consequences of a woman's sexual awakening and her eventual suicide to escape the restrictions of Victorian society on female life. Stoker creates a fantasy in which an Eastern European monster preys on innocent English women and children. Examination of these two works shows that while these two authors each address common themes, they do so from diametrically opposed positions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • How Eighteenth Century London Society Was Shaped by the Role of Women in 'The Rambler,' 'Evelina' and 'Moll Flanders'

    14 pages in length. There has rarely been a time in the history of mankind that women have not had to struggle in order to assert their worth as a gender. From the time when males first declared patriarchal authority over their female counterparts, women have fought – in various ways and with various results – to be treated both equitably and respectfully. Literature has long reflected this perpetual struggle between the genders, most often taking the side that support patriarchal control; however, a slow but steady change began occurring in eighteenth century London society that helped nurture a growing metamorphosis, which included Samuel Johnson 'Rambler' (Misella), Daniel Defoe's 'Moll Flanders' and Frances Burney's 'Evelina: Or, the History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World.' Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Comparison of the Poems by Christina Rossetti and John Milton

    A 5 page essay that contrasts and compares works by Milton and Rossetti. John Milton (1608-1674), in his epic poem Paradise Lost, and Christina Rossetti (1830-1894), in her poem The Goblin Market, each present narratives in which women are tempted by sin that is represented allegorically by fruit. In each poem, there are also depictions of acts of love. But while these features indicate that the poems bear similarities, they also have fundamental differences that deal mainly with the poet's depiction of women. Eve is depicted as shallow, easily deceived and not capable of thinking as rationally as Adam. Rossetti's heroine, Lizzie, on the other hand, is clever, self-sacrificing, and saves her sister from sin through her actions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Strangers in Good Company/Women and Old Age

    A 4 page film review on Strangers in Good Company (1990, directed by Cynthia Scott), which is an insightful film that is basically a character study of eight women, seven elderly ladies and their 20-something bus driver, who become stranded in the Canadian countryside after their bus breaks down. Application of the life course theoretical perspective developed by G.H. Elder, Jr. aids the viewer in understanding the film's thematic messages. To illustrate this point, this discussion of the film focuses on what it tells viewers, as informed by the Elder's life course perspective, about the life of one of the women, Catherine Roche, age 68, a Roman Catholic nun. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • American History and the Place of Anne Hutchinson

    A 10 page paper discussing the troublesome maverick of the religious community of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Anne Hutchinson (1591-1643) was outspoken and opinionated at a time when such attitudes were unseemly (if not outright scandalous) and when women were paid little more respect than were children. She was excommunicated from the church and banished from the colony, but she never relinquished her convictions or determination. Recognized early on as America’s first female preacher, it has been only in relatively recent years that she also has been recognized as a champion not only of women’s rights, but of human rights as well. Bibliography lists 10 sources in 19 footnotes.

  • Witches, Midwives, and Nurses A History of Women Healers by Ehrenreich and English

    5 pages in length. The topic of this book evokes a sense of patriarchal control and unmitigated ignorance with regard to the 'science' of medicine and how it has evolved during the past few hundred years. Women's contributions, disregarded and shunned until very recently, have historically been overshadowed by oppressive patriarchal perspectives; by chronicling the events that have occurred throughout the centuries in relation to women and the medical community, Ehrenreich and English help to illustrate just how despotic the entire male-based medical profession has been, particularly in light of the unpleasant legacy left by the witch hunts of old. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Artificial Insemination Dilemmas

    A 16 page paper focusing on whether the child resulting from artificial insemination could sue for child support in the future. Artificial insemination is not a new concept. It has been used for years for couples who have not been able to conceive on their own; more recently single women are seeking motherhood through this route. Couples still represent 60 percent of sperm banks’ customers, but this statistic also reveals that 40 percent of their customers are single women. Purchasers of sperm sign contracts waiving any right to seek financial support in the future, but there is strong growth in artificial insemination that does not use the services of a sperm bank and is not protected from that claim. Further, laws are exercised according to interpretation at the time. If social values shift over time, then the contracts signed today could be ruled as being worthless in the future. It is not likely today that a donor will be held to be responsible for a child financially, but that could change in the future. Bibliography lists 11 sources. Includes a 1-page research proposal.

  • U.S. Muslim Families

    4 pages in length. Muslim families began arriving in earnest in the mid 1960s with the intent to seek refuge from such atrocities as ethnic and religious persecution, Islamism, Anti-Islamism, civil and international wars and lack of education. Men and women alike hold jobs as doctors, lawyers and bankers, as well as local grocery store clerks and librarians. Indeed, the vast array of employment opportunities has not escaped Muslims in America. Attire of Muslim women is one of the most prominent of all customs, inasmuch as one is easily identified by the headscarf and fully covered body in flowing fabrics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Comparison of the Poems by Christina Rossetti and John Milton

    A 5 page essay that contrasts and compares works by Milton and Rossetti. John Milton (1608-1674), in his epic poem Paradise Lost, and Christina Rossetti (1830-1894), in her poem The Goblin Market, each present narratives in which women are tempted by sin that is represented allegorically by fruit. In each poem, there are also depictions of acts of love. But while these features indicate that the poems bear similarities, they also have fundamental differences that deal mainly with the poet's depiction of women. Eve is depicted as shallow, easily deceived and not capable of thinking as rationally as Adam. Rossetti's heroine, Lizzie, on the other hand, is clever, self-sacrificing, and saves her sister from sin through her actions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Hopkins V. Price Waterhouse

    3 pages in length. The foundation of this case is in the fundamental understanding of and appreciation for the detrimental impact sexual discrimination has upon a woman's ability to secure earned promotion within a company that determines advancement based upon much more than one's talent. Hopkins was initially refused partnership at Price Waterhouse not for lack of aptitude for the position but rather because she was deemed 'too masculine' for what they believed a woman should project within the company's environment. While half of the decision makers - the majority not surprisingly being men - heralded her tremendous talent for landing key contracts, they could not get past the stereotypical perception of how a female partner should be physically represented in the firm. As such, she was recommended to walk, talk and look more feminine so that when she would be brought back for reconsideration the following year, her chances of making partner would be much better; a year later when she was not reconsidered for partnership, Hopkins sued Price Waterhouse citing violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. No bibliography.

  • Africa and the Practices of Dowry and Bridewealth

    A 6 page paper assessing whether bridewealth and dowry practices in Africa protect women or further gender inequality. Both bridewealth and dowry have had the effect of redistributing wealth within the areas in which the people practicing it live, and in so doing also provide a homogenizing effect on class and status in Africa. The nature and uses of both forms have been changing in recent years, however, so that at present bridewealth among the elites often fills a role traditionally reserved for dowry. Though the concepts of bridewealth and dowry seem backward to those not practicing them, they have the effect of protecting women rather than undermining the advance of gender equality in Africa. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 2000 Study 'Gender and Short-Term Recovery from Cardiac Surgery' Reviewed

    A 9 page paper critiquing a 2000 study of gender differences in recovery from cardiac surgery. The article is highly useful to nursing practice. It is methodologically strong and provides practicing nurses with sound and practical advice for their women patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The findings of this study provide information that nurses can directly communicate to women patients in the form of warning that any delay in feelings of wellbeing is only temporary; that with time (less than three months) they will be experiencing full benefits of their surgeries; and that those benefits will not only be physical but will include a stronger sense of wellbeing as well. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • "Pretty Woman" - Social Psychology Principles

    7 pages in length. The film Pretty Woman utilizes a number of social psychological principles befitting the diverse nature of the two leading characters. Looking for a break from his otherwise structured and restricted life, the wealthy business man crosses social boundaries by spending time with a prostitute; inasmuch as he views the entire situation as wholly innocent, he acts out behaviors clearly based upon well worn stereotypes. However, the most pertinent scene where this bias gives way to an attitude change is when he meets her in the hotel lounge for their business dinner date. Failing to notice her as she sits at the bar in 'appropriate' attire, he does a double take when he finally realizes the streetwalker from earlier in the day had been transformed into a well-groomed, attractive woman. Their walk through the lobby draws many admiring glances from guests and staff alike, confirming how presentation of self is a powerful determiner of stereotypical treatment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Identity and Influences of Culture and Society in the Characters of Heathcliff, Catherine, and Edgar in Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights

    12 pages in length. Although written over one hundred years ago, Emily Bronte's "Wuthering Heights" captures the anguish and troubled times both men and women met head-on when confronted with the social and cultural dilemmas. The paradox here is that although the Catherine, Heathcliff and Edgar were of a different social status altogether, the experiences they were forced to deal with as individuals were not at all dissimilar from one another. Even though society prides itself on the “you’ve come a long way, baby” way of thinking, have social and cultural discrimination in fact come that far? By analyzing the identity of these three fictional characters, the writer discusses the social and cultural influences that are imposed upon them at Thrushcross Grange and Wuthering Heights, as well as how these influences serve to construct their entire identity. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Feminism in Lysistrata by Aristophanes

    4 pages in length. Swirling with elements of sex, power and control, it has been argued that Aristophanes' Lysistrata is the conception of feminism as we know it today. The plot, simple as it may seem, serves to create a sense of gender dominion unlike anything of its time; indeed, the play effectively marks the point at which women were presented as both wise and cunning. No additional sources cited.

  • Grandma's Life Lessons

    5 pages in length. Grandmother was a wise woman; she may not have had too luxurious a life, but she knew what it took to survive. One thing she taught me that helped determine my ultimate direction was the difference between education and experience. In her illustrious opinion – to me, at least – she did not believe that higher education -- the process of transforming raw information from various mediums into meaningful knowledge -- was always necessary in order to succeed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • U.S. Social Fabric Up to 1840

    5 pages in length. Considered to be the rumblings of a significant turning point in the history of mankind, the period leading up to 1840 reflected a social fabric that was beginning to unravel. Native Americans, African Americans, women and the working class were growing increasingly intolerant of the few social and political elitists dictating to the vast majority what their lives were to represent. Minorities did not hold much power within society, inasmuch as there was an unyielding sense of control that loomed over the aspects of freedom, equality and individuality. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Is Maria Teresa Tula's Thinking Still Relevant?

    A 5 page paper discussing the generalizability of resistance to political oppression in the New World and in the East. In Hear My Testimony, author Maria Teresa Tula provides an account of the struggle for human rights in her native El Salvador. The purpose here is to examine the historical origins of that struggle and to determine whether the work reflects world historical forces of the non western world. The paper concludes that though results in abuses of human rights take similar forms, the historical origin of extremism in the New World and in old civilizations of Asia are greatly different. The book does provide an account of women's involvement in political resistance, however, which is highly relevant to oppression resulting from any origin. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Social Chaos and Confusion of Children of Vietnam War Veterans

    It is well-documented that the Vietnam war left many veterans in a deterioriated mental condition. But what is less frequently discussed is the depressed lifestyles of children -- those born of American soldiers who had sex with Vietnam women as rape or otherwise. Many of these children live in the United States today.. Some have even attempted to find their fathers.. The behavior patterns of these youths reflects their war torn heritage and this 6 page essay examines this concept as well as its effects on the parent - veteran (i.e., post-traumatic stress disorder, etc.;). Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Individual Rights Usurped by the U.S. Supreme Court

    A 5 page paper that argues the following: over the years, individual rights have been denied by the Supreme Court. In the criminal justice system, this has lead to the relaxing of laws to the extent that our Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights have been seriously infringed upon. All rights to personal freedoms in the workplace have been taken away by the Supreme Court, and women's rights to abortion have been substantially reduced. The remaining issue for many of us is the Supreme Court's decision on First Amendment rights in regards to imposed decency on the Internet. This decision is expected within the next month. We can only hope it is not their desire to usurp further rights from United States citizenry. The affect on global Internet business is inestimable. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Copies of sources included.

  • Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and the Civil Rights Movement

    This 9 page paper discusses the contributions of Rosa Parks and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to the civil rights movement of the 1960s. The writer recounts Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her seat on the bus in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955 and also explains the segregation laws concerning the buses in Montgomery. A small group of black women then distributed flyers asking blacks not to use the bus on the following Monday. A new committee was formed with a relatively new resident of the city as its leader - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The writer then recounts some of King's remarkable work and achievements on behalf of the civil rights movement. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Depression In Elderly Women

    15 pages in length. Depression is an equal opportunity offender that spares no one from its life-stealing symptoms; significantly more than just a blue mood, depression is one of the most prevalent mental health issues plaguing contemporary society. For some, escaping the grips of depression is all but impossible due to its genetic disposition; for others, environmental and/or psychosocial problems lend themselves to the onset and sometimes persistent state of depression. Elderly women are no exception and in fact are a large percentage of those afflicted with depression due to a number of causes associated with health, emotions and loss of independence. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Vera in What is to be Done? by Nokolai Chernyshevsky

    5 pages in length. It is quite surprising to find a male author of a century ago profess his understanding of a woman’s inherent place in society as one that is not meant to be at the foot or behind of man, but right beside him with pride and character. This concept is what overwhelmingly represents Vera Pavlovna, Nokolai Chernyshevsky’s female character in “What Is To Be Done?” The writer discusses Vera’s life and development as they relate to the author’s book.

  • Beauty Pageants

    This 5 page report discusses the positive aspects of why young adults should consider entering and competing in beauty pageants that also emphasize scholastics. Programs are designed to both honor and reward well-rounded, achievement-oriented girls and women and most do not deserve the criticism they have received over the past several decades. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • UK Gender Discrimination

    A 12 page paper. The gender pay gap in the UK is the widest of any country in the European Union. About 30 percent of managers and administrators in the country are women but they are concentrated at the lowest levels of management. Further, they are paid 24 percent less than male counterparts. This essay explores the issue of gender discrimination in the workplace and the very real glass ceiling that exists. The writer provides the core elements of the law and reports the lack of significant changes in more than three decades. The essay also provides suggestions for eliminating gender discrimination. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Goodbye Tsugumi and N.P. by Banana Yoshimoto

    A 4 page essay that examines the fiction of Japanese writer Banana Yoshimoto, specifically looking at Goodbye Tsugumi, Kitchen and N.P. as being representative of her fictional style. The writer argues that Yoshimoto writes from the heart, offering her readers insight into the minds, as well as the lives of her protagonists. It is this quality in her writing that provides the essential ingredient that gives her novels international appeal. Her books picture young Japanese women trying to cope with the pressures of a traditional culture in a modern world. In portraying their problems and dreams, Yoshimoto creates stories that connect with young people everywhere. No additional sources cited.

  • The Health Care System in the United States and Access by Black Americans

    This 17 page paper reports the health status of African-Americans in the U.S. Statistics about the incidence of specific diseases and mortality rates among Black Americans as compared to White Americans are reported. The essay includes a discussion of the barriers to quality health care services. For instance, Black women are more likely to die of colon, rectal and breast cancer and Black men are more than twice as likely to die of prostrate cancer. The writer then turns to report the racial and ethnic composition of physicians as well as that of medical students. The discussion includes a few suggestions for correcting this inequity in quality health care. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • The Cost of Discrimination of Women in International Business

    This 5 page paper looks at the issue of gender discrimination in senior management of international companies. After assessing the extent of the issue and establishing that this type of discrimination exists the writer goes on to look at the potential business consequences and the evidence indicates business are loosing out as a result. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Style of Teaching and Gender Impact

    A 12 page paper. An individual's sex is a biological factor but gender is developed through culture and socialization. This paper addresses the question of whether or not gender affects a teacher's instructional approach in the classroom. Some studies have found specific gender-related differences in teaching style while other studies conclude there are no dramatic differences between the approaches used by men and women teachers. As one researcher said: teachers are teachers first and gendered persons second, although even this investigator did find some differences. Another study is reported that compared classroom approaches of experienced and inexperienced teachers; result are reported according to male and female teachers. 5 Tables included. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Southern California's New Youth Skin Care Cosmetics' Marketing Plan

    A 14 page paper presenting a marketing plan for A New Youth, an all-natural skin care cosmetic currently local to Southern California. A New Youth's products constitute a single primary line of skin care products designed for facial use. The products are available in two lines to more closely accommodate customers' personal needs. The new product is Youthful Aging, a line of skin care products targeting women over the age of 35. The product line specifically addresses optimum skin care and does not contain items of makeup, making it appropriate for use by men as well. Includes a SWOTT analysis and budget. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Australia and Changing Laws on Rape

    A 3 page paper discussing the need for change in sentencing guidelines binding judges to impose minimum sentences in cases of rape. In 2001, two youths received only minor sentences for raping two schoolgirls at knifepoint. The sentences enraged the community, but it likely does more harm than good. In light of the very light sentences these youths received, they are likely to emerge from prison as very young, very angry men who see women as holding blame for their unfortunate lives, rather than being forced to take responsibility for their own actions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Relationship Between Gender and Sexuality

    10 pages in length. The relationship between sexuality and gender has experienced myriad metamorphoses throughout human existence. That they have come to repel each other to some degree speaks to the ever-present struggle that perpetuates between men and women. Patriarchy takes much of the credit – or blame – for how sexuality and gender associate in contemporary society; the extent to which such gender oppression has molded the way in which people perceive the various components of sexuality is both grand and far-reaching. The writer discusses homosexuality, sexual values, sexual violence and teen pregnancy. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • A Wife for My Son by Ali Ghalem

    This 5 page report discusses the novel “A Wife for My Son” that tells the story of an educated girl in Algeria that is married into a tradition-bound family. The novel offers a representation of Muslim women in Algeria through the story of 18 year-old Fatiha. When her parents decide to marry her to Hussein, her only a choice is to submit to their wishes. She then becomes the victim of an arranged marriage into a family that forces her into invisibility behind a hijab (veil) and into a house she may not leave. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Women in Haddawy's Translation of One Thousand and One Arabian Nights and in Muhammad's Holy Qur'an

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses the inherent differences with regard to the approach of women as related to Muhammad’s “Holy Qur’an” and Haddawy’s translation of “One Thousand And One Arabian Nights.” No additional sources cited.

  • Genders, Cultures, and Communication

    11 pages in length. Within the fundamental framework of civilization reside a number of issues that serve to impede intercultural and gender communication. Considering the multitude of cultural variance that exists throughout the world, it is quite easy to understand the inherent difficulties when one society attempts to communicate with another when there is only a minimum of comprehension of the other's language. The same holds true for gender differences when it comes to communication, inasmuch as men and women are taught distinctive and sometimes opposing interaction techniques as early as childhood. The writer discusses the difficulties and alternatives in relation to cultural and gender differences. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Hotel du Lac by Anita Brookner

    A 3 page analysis of Anita Brookner's novel Hotel du Lac. It's the rather sad tale of a 39-year-old Englishwoman with the symbolic name of 'Edith Hope' who is sent by concerned friends to sit out a scandal at small, discreet resort in Switzerland, the Hotel du Lac. The story revolves around the central question of what sort of behavior is appropriate for a woman, and how Edith handles finding her own direction and decisions regarding this particular issue. Edith must decide whether or not she will meet society's expectations or determine what expectations are appropriate on her own. No additional sources cited.

  • Mrs. Wilcox and Margaret in Howard's End by E.M. Forster

    5 pages in length. On the surface, Margaret and Mrs. Wilcox of E.M. Forster's 'Howard's End' appear to be two completely different entities whose quests are reaching in opposite directions; however, upon closer inspection, the reader gains significant insight to the fact that the two women are truly more similar than even they realize. In spite of the fact that they come from very diverse backgrounds and expectations, both Margaret and Mrs. Wilcox are of the same constitution right to the core. The writer discusses how Forster is successful in illustrating the obvious separations or disconnections that exist within the framework of society, utilizing Margaret and Mrs. Wilcox as clear-cut examples of how people only appear to be different on the outside but actually harbor a sameness on the inside. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Aggression and Testosterone

    5 pages in length. It goes without saying that there exists an inherent difference in the aggressive tendencies of males and females. When addressing sporting events, such as school activities, this difference is comprised of various elements that each coach must take into consideration in order for the player to achieve his or her highest possible athletic ability. The writer discusses the fact that there are significant divergent responses to external stimuli between girls and boys, men and women, for the sole reason that the male chemistry is comprised of considerably more testosterone, the single-most influential component of aggressive behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Comparing Characters in Ghosts and Hedda Gabler by Henrik Ibsen

    5 pages in length. Henrik Ibsen's talent for delving deeply into social composition is characteristically synonymous with the level of cultural implication the author incorporates into his works. 'Hedda Gabler' and 'Ghosts' are but two selections of Ibsen's writing that represent how a patriarchal society helps to eat away at the female characters' very existence. Caught within the never-ending web of gender bias, both Hedda and Mrs. Alving are forced to proceed with their lives as though they were merely extensions of other's, uneasily precluded from advancing their own interests. Also intertwined within the frame work of 'Hedda Gabler' and 'Ghosts' stands the issues of self-worth and the deflated value that each woman places upon her own importance as a result of male dominance. The writer compares and contrasts the characters of Hedda and Mrs. Alving. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Anthropological Assessment of the Film North Country

    A 7 page research paper that discusses this film. North Country, directed by Niki Caro, portrays the story of Josey Aimes, a story that is inspired by the woman who began with nation's very first class action lawsuit for sexual harassment. This film portrays the multifaceted and complex factors that influenced the behavior of the characters and, thus, provides a telling commentary on gender expectations and norms within the context of American society. The following examination of this film first offers a synopsis of the plot, but then discusses the film from an anthropological point of view. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Debate Over Partial Birth Abortions

    5 pages in length. Considered by some to be nothing more than a veiled lack of responsibility, partial birth abortions have come to the forefront of controversy. As if abortion, in and of itself, was not a hot enough issue for debate, both the procedure and reasoning behind partial birth abortion are under fire. Women whose fetuses have known birth defects most commonly utilize this highly invasive procedure as a means by which to terminate the late-term pregnancy. After the baby is purposely turned in the breach position, the doctor pulls it down through the birth canal until the only part left inside the mother's body is the head, which legally maintains its fetus status. The brain is then suctioned out and the skull crushed before the body is completely expelled. Indeed, the primary arguments about this particular procedure revolve around the status of personhood, as well as the reasons to even employ such a horrific alternative. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Relationship Between Gender and Sexuality

    10 pages in length. The relationship between sexuality and gender has experienced myriad metamorphoses throughout human existence. That they have come to repel each other to some degree speaks to the ever-present struggle that perpetuates between men and women. Patriarchy takes much of the credit – or blame – for how sexuality and gender associate in contemporary society; the extent to which such gender oppression has molded the way in which people perceive the various components of sexuality is both grand and far-reaching. The writer discusses homosexuality, sexual values, sexual violence and teen pregnancy. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • 1920s' Sexual Revolution in America

    A 12 page contention that the 1920s did indeed spawn a sexual revolution. The industrialization which would overtake the U.S. in this time period would impact us in some very astounding ways. One of these ways was the advent of the sexual revolution, a revolution in which the mores and social behavior of the newly-named “flapper” would usurp those of the traditional American housewife. The flapper would come to epitomize the liberation of American women from the rigidly-defined patriarchal system which had kept them and their female ancestors bound practically since the beginning of mankind’s reign on earth. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • An Article on Childbirth and Nursing Presence Reviewed

    A 5 page article review that summarizes the principal points of a research study, offering analysis. Research pertaining to childbirth and the significance that this life events has for women supports the pivotal role that nursing support plays in the birth experience. Exploring this topic, the study designed by MacKinnon, McIntyre, and Quance (2005) investigated the what it meant to a study group of Canadian women to have a nurse present during labor and childbirth. These researchers decided to approach the issue of a nurse's role during labor from a previously unexplored perspective and focused on the meaning attributed to nursing presence. This examination of this study explores the parameters of this research and its relevance to nursing practice. No additional sources cited.

  • Literature, Female Characters, and the Theme of Phenomenal Women

    A 5 page discussion of the theme of phenomenal women as reflected in the female characters of Andrienne Rich, Joyce Carol Oates, Marge Piercy, Maya Angelou, Linda Paston, and Susan Glaspell. This paper acknowledges each of these authors and their female characters as having a positive role not only in the personal development of the author but also in the development of the world as a whole. They are, indeed, phenomenal women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Literature Review of Probation and Policing Fields Discriminating Against Women

    20 pages in length. The female gender is no stranger among the various ranks of America's police force, inasmuch as their presence has been an integral component of law enforcement since 1913; however, the capacity in which they have served these past ninety years has long been a bone of contention with regard to issues of gender inequity. House (1993) notes how it was not until the 1970s that women were upgraded to more expansive roles within the department, representing a significant departure from the standard social and administrative work to which they were relegated. With the 1972 graduation of the nation's first female FBI agents came an altogether different perspective of women on the police force; however, House (1993) points out that even though this precedence-setting event helped to increase the number of policewomen from just over three thousand to approximately twenty-eight hundred between 1971 and 1990, it has done little to improve promotions or decrease discrimination worldwide. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Women's Apparel and the Life Cycle of the Fashion Industry

    A 4 page paper discussing the place of women's apparel on the industry life cycle curve. Every product and industry can be fitted onto the life cycle curve, characterized by development, introduction, growth, maturity and decline. There is no question that women's apparel lies mostly in the maturity phase of the industry life cycle. Though some factors appear to enter the decline phase, it is difficult to conceive of the industry fully and permanently in that final phase. Commodities could become the norm in the future, but true obsolescence is unthinkable. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • MIDLIFE CRISIS IS NOT A FALLACY

    3 pages in length. Fear of aging, loss of independence and being looked at as old and doddering all preys upon the mind and can instigate the need to reverse - if only in one's mind - the aging process, making midlife crisis a harsh fact many people have a difficult time accepting. Midlife crises have long been considered a man's problem, since women have historically suppressed the unsettledness and overexertion they experienced in order to preserve and protect the family. However, the twenty-first century has ushered in a closer and more careful look at how midlife can be just as disconcerting for the female gender as much as it is for her male counterpart, because women are also feeling the pressure of doing too much but not feeling satisfied. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Women and TV News Broadcasts

    5 pages in length. Viewer perception is not a finite entity; in fact, it can be readily argued that television news audiences are some of the most difficult to persuade. However, there exists somewhat of a disparity between genders with regard to the factor of trust, being that female respondents have demonstrated a more trusting approach than their male counterparts. Such an assertion can be based upon a number of theories why women might be more trusting of television news than men, with one of the most logical being that women are inherently more accepting of what is presented to them without feeling the need to question. Additionally, empathy plays an integral role in relation to the difference between male and female respondent confidence. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Irigaray's Spiritual Concepts Analyzed

    This 5 page thesis paper delves into this feminist writer's ideas about spirituality and religion. She is compared with Simone de Beauvoir. Irigaray's outstanding contribution to women's spirituality is emphasized. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Gender and Variations of Language

    5 pages in length. Among the myriad differences between men and women is the manner in which they speak. The variations that exist within gender language are sometimes quite conspicuous, while at other times remain quite subtle; however, one thing is certain: the formation of these variations originates early in childhood, with parents the primary factor behind these learned contrarieties. Indeed, to listen to a group of women talk when compared to that of a group of men, there are obvious differences in the choice of words, the inflection and often the meaning. The writer discusses the variations of language in relation to gender. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of the Italian Renaissance and Women

    When one talks about the Renaissance the most common topic is art and architecture. It is true that the Italian Renaissance was marked by some of the greatest and most prolific masters of painting, sculpture and building. It is also true that the era marked the emergence of a great deal more. It was a time of awakening from the intellectual darkness of the medieval order and the emergence of many of the concepts that would form the basis for civilization as it is known today. The era saw the birth of new attitudes concerning the role of man in his relationship to the world and to God. Unfortunately, for the most part, the expansion of the 'role of man' did not include the role of women. This 7 page paper examines the Italian Renaissance with an emphasis on the changes and how it effected women in that society. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Workplace and Gender Prejudice

    6 pages in length. Gender discrimination in the workplace is an industry ill that has run rampant over the past couple of decades. Only within this time frame has society come to realize that there is no place for gender prejudice when both men and women are working hard toward the same goals. In some cases, women have demonstrated considerable more dedication to the job than men, who are often categorized as being lazy and ineffective. Indeed, there is room for both genders within the workplace, but it is establishing an element of respect, as well as a recognition of duty, toward one another that will ultimately eliminate gender prejudice in the workplace. The writer discusses how experts are working hard to organize industrywide cooperation in fighting the undercurrent of workplace gender prejudice in the next two decades. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Trespassing My Sojourn in the Halls of Privilege by Gwendolyn M. Parker

    This 5 page report discusses Parker’s unique story of the life she has lived as a result of her solidly middle-class upbringing where education and achievement were constantly emphasized. She grew into a smart and self-confident young woman with a deep rooted determination to demonstrate her ability and intelligence and was admitted to Harvard. She earned a place at New York University's law school and went on to become the only black woman at a Wall Street law firm, then moved on to American Express, where she rose to the rank of senior executive. Ultimately, she left it all behind and published her first novel, “These Same Long Bones,” in 1995. No bibliography.

  • Alienation in The French Lieutenant's Woman by John Fowles

    5 pages in length. Alienation can accurately be described as an inclination of temperament or outlook. Another way to describe it would be to call it a highly personal and unreasoned distortion of judgment. More often than not, alienation is defined as a negative outlook. In the case of John Fowles' "The French Lieutenant's Woman," alienation is what the author's protagonist -- Sarah – comes to loathe. While she is an upstanding and compassionate woman, she is unfairly thrust into the lair of societal judgment when she is falsely accused of being a whore. The writer discuss how this erroneous conclusion not only causes her unmerited emotional distress but it also casts an even larger shadow of doubt as to whether or not her French sailor will ever return for her. No additional sources cited.

  • Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Canadian Societal Changes

    A 5 page discussion of the societal changes which occurred in Canada in the late 1800s, early 1900s. Relies on two books: Paul Voisey's "Vulcan: The Makings of a Prairie Community" and Joy Parr's "The Gender of Breadwinners: Women, Men, and Change in Two Industrial Towns, 1880-1950". Emphasizes that the changes which were occurring are attributable to both men and women, both simultaneously and unpredictably by class as well as gender. Concludes that many of these changes are attributable to the change in lifestyles which were occurring with the transition from an agriculture based society to an industrial one. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Finding Our Voices by Patricia O'Connell Killen

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the work and expounds on it. Religion is discussed as it pertains to women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Determinate Proposal on Death Penalty Propensity and a Juror's Gender

    A 10 page paper that argues the thesis that women jurors are less likely to vote for capital punishment than are male jurors and presents a basic determinate proposal projecting results that will substantiate this claim. Discussed are the maximalist and minimalist approaches that have been taken in the study of gender differences in criminal sentencing, with emphasis being placed on the effectiveness of the minimalist approach. The proposed research involves the study of a sampling of first and second level university students and outlines the steps necessary to carry out this survey. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Separation, Divorce, and Narrative Therapy

    A 10 page research paper that explores the use of narrative therapy, particularly in regards to how it can be used to help women facing issues of loss and grief due to separation or divorce. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Happiness Perspectives of Langdon Gilkey and Mary Gordon

    A 7 page comparison that looks at Langdon Gilkey's autobiographical account of life in a Japanese internment camp, Shantung Compound, and Mary Gordon's novel concerning an embittered young woman who must learn to cope with life, Final Payment. The writer argues that these two very different works come to similar conclusions concerning the nature of happiness. No additional sources cited.

  • Who Stole Feminism? by Christina H. Sommers

    An 8 page summation of Christina Hoff Sommers' book, 'Who Stole Feminism?' which proposes that in the US, the feminist movement is dominated by a group of women who are intent on creating an image of American society as a 'male hegemony.' The writer offers a chapter by chapter summation. No additional sources cited.

  • Contemporary Workplace and the Importance of Equity and Gender Issues

    7 pages in length. Because corporate America is essentially a man's world, it has been extremely difficult for women to break the mold and be accepted for their talents, while not being overlooked merely because of their gender. The writer discusses why gender and equity have become critical issues in today's workplace. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Women's Backs and the Effects of High Heels

    This 5 page research paper examines the negative impact of high-heel shoes on women's backs and offers suggestions to alleviate such pain. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Richard Epstein and Catherine MacKinnon's Perspectives on Law and Women's Rights

    Both law professors with opposing ideologies, MacKinnon & Epstein, are discussed in a 5 page analysis as it pertains to the legislation of women's rights. The writer concludes in agreement with Epstein. No additional sources used.

  • Gender Relationships and Anthony Trollope's The Way We Live Now

    This 5 page report discusses Anthony Trollope’s book and examines the consequences of a laissez faire society, especially as it applies to the relationships between men and women. No additional sources cited.

  • AFDC and Welfare Reform Issues

    A 5 page paper that studies the impact of welfare reform on single mother's collecting Aid for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). This paper focuses on the inherent problems within the AFDC system that related directly to women's un-wed status, along with current misconceptions regarding participant status, education and ability to transition from the program into work. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Relationship Between Mother and Child and Mothers Who Work

    A 7 page research paper describing how the modern family has changed now that so many women are working full-time and not spending entire days with their children. The writer analyzes the effect that this social phenomenon has had on relationships between mothers and children-- arguing that mothers who work all day are not as apt to understand all needs communicated by their children and are consequently, unavoidably neglectful in some areas. Children do, however, often regard their maternal working parent much in the same light that they once did their father -- as a strict disciplinarian. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Feminist Perspectives in the Poetry of Bradstreet, Wheatley, and Dickinson

    A 3 page paper that provides a brief overview of the elements of the poetry of these three women poets and their impact in terms of feminism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Report onthe Poem 'Gretel in Darkness'

    This 5 page report discusses the short (less than 20 lines) poem, 'Gretel in darkness.' As the poem develops, the reader senses both urgency and bitterness from Gretel with a great deal of frustration and bewilderment. Her brother, Hansel, appears to have forgotten what the two of them have gone through but she cannot forget that she killed a person. Ultimately, the poem may serve as an example of the difference response to self-preservation as experienced by women compared to men. No bibliography.

  • Federal Supplemental Women, Infants, and Children Nutritional Program

    This 10 page research paper examines the federally-established program known as WIC (Women, Infants and Children). Specifically discussed is the agency's history, current available information on program eligibility and benefits, its goal and program objectives, standards and criteria, services, and some suggestions on how the WIC program could be more effective. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 1990s and the Women, Infants, and Children Supplemental Food Program

    A 6 page paper discussing the Women's, Infants, and Children's supplemental food program. Beginning with its history, it describes how the program works, who is eligible, and discusses the various problems the government has had paying for it. Bibliography lists seven sources.

  • Buddhism and Feminism

    A 6 page research paper on the emergence of Buddhist feminism and the quest for equality within the Buddhist religion. The paper gives a brief background of the Buddhist background of male domination and describes the struggle and achievement of Buddhist women within the last 15 years to attain equality. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Islamic Culture and Women in So Long a Letter by Mariama Ba

    In Mariama Ba's work So Long a Letter, Ba creates two central and strong female characters who contradict the standard role of women in African communities dominated by Islamic doctrines, like that of Senegal. This 3 page paper provides a concise overview of the elements in Ba's novel that support this supposition. No additional sources cited.

  • Comparative Analysis of Phaedra and Jocasta

    A 5 page comparison of character and suicide between Queen Jocasta (Oedipus the King) and Queen Phaedra (Hippolytus). The writer argues that in both instances, the Queen was a lovelorn woman; deeply frustrated and in the end, completely desperate. Jocasta's death, however, was more sudden and rash when compared with the suicide of Phaedra who had accumulated such tendencies throughout the progression of her story. No Bibliography.

  • Relationship Between Mario Cavardadossi and Tosca in La Tosca by Puccini

    The title character of Puccini's La Tosca is a deeply conflicted woman. Tosca is both fragile and volatile, vulnerable and enraged. Her jealousy, perhaps her central character flaw, is expressed through the music of this opera, and the relationship between Tosca and Mario is the central tragedy of this work. This 5 page paper considers the relationship between the actions of the characters and the operatic developments that represent the tormented and tragic relationship between Tosca and Mario. No additional sources cited.

  • Act I of La Tosca by Puccini and Mario and Tosca's Relationship

    The title character of Puccini's La Tosca is a deeply conflicted woman. Tosca is both fragile and volatile, vulnerable and enraged. Her jealousy, perhaps her central character flaw, is expressed through the music of this opera, and the relationship between Tosca and Mario is the central tragedy of this work. This 5 page paper considers the relationship between the actions of the characters and the operatic developments that represent the tormented and tragic relationship between Tosca and Mario. No additional sources cited.

  • Italy During the Renaissance Era and the Roles Played by Nonelites and Women

    A 5 page paper that considers the role of women and non-elites in Renaissance Italy and outlines the elements of the Italian court. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Italian

  • Women of the Middle East

    A 5 page research paper that examines the question as to whether or not Arab women are passive victims of male domination. The writer argues that they are not, but rather acquiesce fully to the system of patriarchy and male domination under which they live. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Social Role of Strip Clubs

    6 pages in length. The human being is a highly sexual animal. More than any other innate attribute, sex resides at the forefront of humanity's desires. This natural reaction to the opposite sex is the fundamental reason why strip clubs exist and continue to thrive amidst public opposition. As a rule, the world of strip clubs is a man's domain where beautiful yet unattainable women are the objects of unrequited sexual desire. Theirs is a visual world that requires the stimulation of seeing a naked body in order to be aroused, which speaks directly to one of the most prominent reasons why strip clubs are such an integral part of contemporary society. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Interpretation of 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' by T.S. Eliot

    A 5 page essay that offer interpretation of Eliot's famous poem. The writer argues that Prufrock realizes that he has aged without ever really having lived and there is the suggestion at one point in the poem that he toys with the idea of asking a woman to marry him. He does not, however, do this because of his fear of rejection. As this suggests, Eliot's poem captures perfectly the psychic state of a shy, insecure person who feels trapped in a "hell" created by his social paralysis, which keeps him from ever doing anything, from ever really living, out of fear of looking foolish, as well as the fear of embarrassment that results from having tried and failed. As this suggests, examination of this poem shows how it is a psychological profile of a modern individual whose life is meaningless due to his internalization of what he feels is expected of him. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Patient Outcomes and the Collaboration Between Physicians and Nurses

    A 5 page research paper that explores the crucial nature of nurse/doctor collaboration in patient outcomes. In 1967, Leonard I. Stein, MD, described the pattern of basic communication between a physician and an attending nurse as the "Doctor-Nurse Game." The expectation in this communication "game" was that a nurse, usually a woman, would make suggestions for patient care, but would do so in a manner that would make it seem as if the idea came from the physician (Haddad, 2003). A major rule of the "game" was that open disagreement or overt challenges to the physician's authority and judgement were to be avoided at all costs (Haddad, 2003). This paradigm is not only outdated, but also incredibly inefficient and disrespectful to all parties involved. However, some doctors insist on playing it, to the detriment of patient care. Research indicates that facilitating the highest standard of patient care requires effective nurse/doctor collaboration. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 'Forgiving My Father' by Lucille Clifton

    A 4 page essay that explicates Lucille Clifton's poem "forgiving my father." The writer argues that this poem concerns the legacy of a childhood made harsh by a father's inability to provide for his family. Clifton, as a woman, identifies most heavily with her mother's anger and disappointment at having married a man who could not provide for his family. However, within the context of this poem, Clifton comes to perceive that her mother's anger is not necessarily her own and that she can forgive them both and, in doing so, move on with her own life. No additional sources cited.

  • Perillo/Dangerous Life

    A 4 page explication of a poem "Dangerous Life" by Lucia Maria Perillo. While it does not appear to be so with a cursory, surface-skimming first-reading, closer examination of Lucia Maria Perillo's psychologically complex poem "Dangerous Life" is a poem of hope. Perillo presents a woman who is caught within the between the trap of societal expectations and her own inner direction. However, the ultimate meaning of the poem asserts the positive nature of the narrative voice and her determination to find her own path and make that path successful whatever it might be. No bibliography is offered.

  • Interpretation of 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' by T.S. Eliot

    A 5 page essay that offer interpretation of Eliot's famous poem. The writer argues that Prufrock realizes that he has aged without ever really having lived and there is the suggestion at one point in the poem that he toys with the idea of asking a woman to marry him. He does not, however, do this because of his fear of rejection. As this suggests, Eliot's poem captures perfectly the psychic state of a shy, insecure person who feels trapped in a "hell" created by his social paralysis, which keeps him from ever doing anything, from ever really living, out of fear of looking foolish, as well as the fear of embarrassment that results from having tried and failed. As this suggests, examination of this poem shows how it is a psychological profile of a modern individual whose life is meaningless due to his internalization of what he feels is expected of him. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Perillo/Dangerous Life

    A 4 page explication of a poem "Dangerous Life" by Lucia Maria Perillo. While it does not appear to be so with a cursory, surface-skimming first-reading, closer examination of Lucia Maria Perillo's psychologically complex poem "Dangerous Life" is a poem of hope. Perillo presents a woman who is caught within the between the trap of societal expectations and her own inner direction. However, the ultimate meaning of the poem asserts the positive nature of the narrative voice and her determination to find her own path and make that path successful whatever it might be. No bibliography is offered.

  • Social Status of Women in the Ancient Societies of Greece, Rome, and Mesopotamia

    7 pages in length. Within the realm of life exists inherent elements to one's existence; paramount to man's existence is the concept of natural rights. Philosophers have long postulated what, exactly, these rights consist of within the massive scope of mortality, with some contending that natural rights are those that are without social infiltration, while others attest to the fact that natural rights are doled out only by social status. From century to the next, the issue of natural rights has evolved from overwhelming gender oppression to the recognition – in many parts of the world, at least – that women maintain just as important a place upon this earth as does her male counterpart. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Film Review of Diary of a Mad Black Woman

    A 5 page film review/summation of Diary of a Mad Black Woman (directed by Darren Grant for Lions Gate, 2005). The writer argues that this film tries to be all things to all people. The film tries hard to be a comedy, as it features the outrageous performance of Tyler Perry, in drag, as the protagonist's grandmother. On the other hand, there are aspects of the film that moralize in a decidedly Christian, conservative, family-values type manner, only to abandon the Christian-context in order to encompass the theme of revenge. Is it a romantic comedy, drama, social commentary on divorce or a revenge narrative? The filmmakers cannot quite decide, so, ultimately, the film viewer is left in a similar quandary. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • When A Man Loves A Woman

    A 6 page essay that discusses the film When A Man Loves A Woman from the stand point of alcoholic recovery. This film is a sensitive and insightful look at about alcoholism and how this insidious disease affects lives in multiple dimensions. Filmmakers have been known to handle alcoholism in a relatively facile way, that is, the film shows the decline of a protagonist, who hits bottom and has an epiphany that results in a determination to recover and the credits role over this happy ending. However, this film realistically portrays recovery as a beginning, not an end and shows the repercussions that this also can have in people's lives. In short, the film not only portrays what it means to be socially responsible in regards to alcoholism, but it takes a social responsible stance. No additional sources cited.

  • Women and Augustinian Laws

    8 pages in length. The philosophy in question is that of Augustinianism, the theory of Christian Idealism, which is based upon the theology of Augustine of Hippo (354-430) who is considered to be the greatest theologian of the early church. His theory is that of reality, absolute theism. Reality is God, who is Being. Being is good; non-Being is evil. He wrote that God has personality and gives reality to phenomena. As the Supreme Person, God exercises perfect will by which the world is created from nothing. The writer discusses how there were significant patriarchal underpinnings when it came to the treatment of women under Roman law, which effectively forced the female gender into a life of prostitution. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Female Gender Roles in the Writings of Jonathan Swift

    12 pages in length. Jonathan Swift is well-known for his scatological poems, in which he took great delight delving into matters of obscenity. Swift's particular preference was toward the female gender, which he often contemplated yet just as often treated with great indecency. In assessing 'The Lady's Dressing Room' and 'A Beautiful Young Nymph Going to Bed,' one gets a distinct feel for the manner in which Swift felt -- both physically and emotionally -- toward women, given the era and mentality in relation to the female gender. The writer discusses feminine gender roles in relation to the two poems, as well as addresses the issue of whether or not Swift was a misogynist. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Anne Bradsreet/In Reference to Her Children, 23 June 1659

    A 3 page explication of this poem by Anne Bradstreet (1612-1672), America's first published poet, who wrote her verse while raising eight children, and performing all of the wifely duties expected of Puritan wife in colonial New England (Anne Bradstreet). While Bradstreet stepped somewhat outside the societal sphere of hearth and home, which was the accepted realm of women, by writing verse, her verse underscored her understanding of the domestic role, and therefore, did not offend Puritan society. Her poem "In Reference to her Children, 23 June 1659" expresses a mother's pride at the accomplishments of her children, as well as mother's fears at having her little ones leave the "nest" and fly away on their own. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Yellow Wallpaper and The White Heron

    This 4 page paper compares and contrasts The Yellow Wallpaper and The White Heron. The common elements are explored in this thesis paper. No additional sources cited.

  • Marriages Between People of the Same Sex

    6 pages in length. Perhaps no other issue in contemporary society strikes a chord of disharmony more than the current debate over gay and lesbian marriages. When one considers the volatile nature of this particular social concern, it is important to understand why such conflict exists and if any common denominators reside between opposition and supporters. In short, the crux of the dispute questions the sanctity of traditional marriage as defined between a man and a woman. Furthermore, the issue of children brought up in such an unconventional family setting has raised great concerns over whether or not such an environment is emotionally stable and or healthy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Metaphorical Uses of Hunger

    A 6 page research paper that examines food and hunger as cultural metaphors. Food is a basic need. It fulfills the biological requirements of hunger, but it fulfills broader cultural goals as signified by the numerous metaphors that surround its use. Susan Bordo, in her essay "Hunger as Ideology," addresses the numerous metaphors that employed for hunger in American society, particularly in regards to advertising. A pivotal point in Bordo's discussion is how hunger and food are frequently featured in advertising and culture as terms that are synonymous with sexual desire, particularly in regards to women. This examination of this metaphorical relationship between sex, desire, food and femininity demonstrates that the extent to which this metaphor describes a cultural perception, but it also demonstrates the limits of this metaphor in regards to the manner in which it overlays the deeper context of society's fears about female sexuality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychologists, Gender and Ethics

    5 pages in length. While the entire field of psychology is governed by a code of ethics that mandates specific behavior among its members, there are times when what is deemed ethical by one is interpreted wholly different by another. This perspective is apparent in a variety of degrees and disciplines within the overall field, however, one might readily surmise how it has been particularly noticeable where issues concerning gender are – and have been – concerned. Two of the most glaring illustrations of this unethical behavior are found when religious psychologists attempt to counsel battered women and mainstream psychologists seduce their vulnerable patients. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Partner Violence

    5 pages in length. The compulsion to physically or verbally abuse one's partner has been under scrutiny for decades; to understand the mind of someone who can inflict such mental and/or physical pain upon a person one allegedly loves has been the focus of myriad articles on the psychology of relationships. The extent to which partner violence is more prevalent than most people realize is both grand and far-reaching; that women are the greater recipients of such abuse speaks to the way in which partner violence is grounded at least to some degree in the patriarchal composition of global society. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Bobby Joe Long

    3 pages in length. Bobby Joe Long may well have faded away into the chasm of undiscovered serial killers were it not for the blazing trail of evidence he inadvertently left behind the many scenes of his brutal crimes. Yet, there is some agreement among those in the psychology field that serial killers may knowingly be careless when it comes to the path of clues they allow law enforcement officials to find, inasmuch as part of their antisocial behavior is linked with the desire to be caught. For Long, it was a long and intricate road that finally led the law to his door, a culmination that occurred only after ten women were viciously raped and murdered, and two hundred more lived to remember their ordeal. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Critical Reading of a Passage from Chuck Palahniuk's Fight Club

    This 2.5 page paper focuses on one passage in this book by Chuck Palahniuk. The narrator has just been beaten in a fight, he and Tyler can see his image in the blood on the floor. This paper is an interpretation of this scene based on the Bible. The writer offers an analogy of the image of the narrator and Veronica's veil. Veronica was the woman who wiped Christ's face at Cavalry. The writer also provides an analogy between the rules of the club and the Ten Commandments. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Medieval Theology in Dulcitius

    An 8 page research paper/essay on this medieval play. From a modern perspective, medieval drama is interpreted by the average person as being incredibly sexist and somewhat perverse in its intense focus on tortures that Christian martyrs, who are usually beautiful maidens, undergo for their faith. In her analysis of the plays of Hrotsvit, Colleen D. Richmond, assistant professor of writing and literature at George Fox University in Newberg, Oregon, argues that Hrotsvit's intentions are to help women redefine themselves and find empowerment within the framework of Christianity that allows them to subvert the domination of patriarchy. In other words, when viewed from a scholarly perspective, "Dulcitius," as well as the rest of Hrotsvit's plays, can be perceived in terms of constituting both social protest and medieval feminism. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Mujerista Theological Perspective

    10 pages in length. Religion - as with virtually all other components of life - has historically been managed with a patriarchal hand; through this controlling male perspective, such aspects as the interpretation of Mary's image and the value of poor parishioners have long suffered erroneousness and indignity. Mujerista theology - whereby Hispanic women are empowered by Mary's image of strength and appreciate the value of the poor who harbor a much clearer understanding of reality - has established an entirely divergent approach to the Catholic faith and, in the process, opened up the door for Latinas to embrace their faith in the manner by which female gender is entitled. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Role Of Food In Carol Shields' Novel "Swann"

    3 pages in length. Metaphors of food, cooking and eating are conspicuously present in Carol Shields' Swann that one cannot help but draw a distinction between the author's blatant symbolic purpose and the position of strength it holds within the concept of culture. Women's place has historically been in the home, tending to everything that has to do with raising a good family; while that is viewed as somewhat of an archaic perspective in contemporary culture, Shields makes it the focal point of her story through the metaphoric use of food in such a way that it transcends typical gender barriers and produces a much stronger teaching for the female place in society. No bibliography.

  • Submissive Characters In Children's Literature: Influence Upon Self-Perception In Female Children

    6 pages in length. Children's literature is replete with visual imagery of worlds that exist beyond reality's realm; to equip a child with a story that takes her outside her established precepts is to fortify that young mind with additional learning tools for life. However, not every lesson learned within the pages of children's literature is of a positive nature, inasmuch as some messages drive home antiquated gender identity roles that impose significantly distorted perceptions upon naïve and vulnerable readers. When cast as submissive characters by virtue of their gender, children are taught that such famous "people" as Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty represent how women are expected to be in the real world; without benefit of truly understanding the fantasy component of children's literature, they take with them these skewed perceptions and unknowingly incorporate them into their own psychological development. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Comparing 3 paintings & painting/music

    A 6 page essay that discusses three paintings and Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony. “The Abduction of the Sabine Women” by Nicolas Poussin (1634), “The Death of General Wolfe” by Benjamin West (1770), and “The Raft of the Medusa” by Theodore Gericault” (1818) are each representative of a specific period in art history. Comparing the three works illustrates the way in which the Romantic era reconnected with the emotionality and vibrancy of the Baroque. However, it should be noted that Neoclassical works were not without emotion, as Beethoven’s striking Fifth Symphony exemplifies, rather it indicates that comparison between the periods illustrates that in the Neoclassical era, emotion was controlled within the confines of rationality. A bibliography is not offered.

  • Mysterious Book of Judith

    An 8 page paper. The Book of Judith presents the world with a fascinating and mysterious story. Here is a widow, a pious woman, who defies the standards of the day and defeats a great warrior to save her city. Considered more as folklore and written for the purpose of sending specific messages to the people in times of trouble, the Book of Judith is included only in the Roman Catholic and Orthodox versions of the Bible and as part of the Apocrypha in the King James version. This essay provides the highlights of the story of Judith and explains the many interpretations of the story, including some psychological insights and the feminist take on the story. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Comparative Feminist Theology Analysis

    A 12 page research paper/essay that contrasts and compares Lisa Isherwood and Dorothea McEwan's Introducing Feminist Theology (2001) and Mary Kassian's The Feminist Gospel (1992). The writer argues that these texts offer two very different views of feminist theology. Kassian refers to this difference in her introduction when she states that "Biblical feminist believe that the Bible is properly interpreted as supporting the central tenets of feminist philosophy" (1992, p. 7). However, unlike "liberal religious feminists," Kassian maintains that "Biblical feminists" reject any "radical revision of the Scripture and the alteration of core Christian doctrine such as salvation and redemption" (1992, p. 7). This, in a nutshell, sums up the major philosophical difference between these two texts. As Isherwood and McEwan are two of the "liberal" religious feminists that Kassian dismisses out of hand. Examination of these texts and authors shows that, while they are in agreement that women are equal with men in the sight of God, they disagree about practically everything else. No additional sources cited.

  • Migraines and Stroke Risks

    This 4 page paper discusses the association between migraine and stroke, and concludes that there is indeed a correlation. This paper examines the reasons why migraine incidence, especially in women, is often a precursor for stroke. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Relationship Between Mother and Daughter in Warrior Woman by Maxine Hong Kingston

    A 5 page essay on the mother's expectations, legacy, and results of the daughter's efforts in Maxine Hong Kingston's autobiography. The writer posits that both the mother and daughter, though retaining separate ideologies, come together in the fact that the daughter becomes a warrior woman, a warrior created through the help of the mother. No additional sources cited.

  • Multiple Sclerosis Client Case Study Patient Assessment

    This 7 page paper provides a fictitious case study of a young woman presenting with MS symptoms. How a nurse can counsel this patient with the newly diagnosed disorder is the focus of this paper. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Issue of Equality and Efforts to Achieve Equality

    This 6 page paper discusses the following quote; “the symmetrical view of equality ignores actual imbalances of power in society, whereby women and ethnic minorities continue to be subjected to disadvantages and detriment... More recently equality has moved beyond equal treatment” . The paper examines what is meant by equality and how equality measured in results may be more important than the equality of opportunity. The paper includes discussion on prejudice, discrimination, stereotyping and positive discrimination. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Comparing the Real Story of Pocahontas to the Disney Cartoon Interpretation

    This 6 page report discusses the legend of Pocahontas (real name “Matoaka”) and compares the Disney animated movie version of it and her actual story. Was Pocahontas a brave young women who defied her father to save the life of the foreigner chief John Smith? Or is the story simply a myth, given new credence by the Disney Corporation that serves only to strengthen white Americans’ simplistic perception of good Indians and bad Indians? How has history been modified to make it more palatable as “entertainment”? Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Persuasion by Jane Austen and Overhearing

    A 5 page paper which examines how the overhearing or indirect information about others and actions illustrate how heroine Anne Elliot blossoms into her own woman with a firm and individualistic set of attitudes and opinions about herself and others by the conclusion of the novel. No additional sources are used.

  • Which is the Best Birth Control Method: Pills, Patch, Nuvaring, or Depo Shot?

    A 5 page review of four of the most popular birth control methodologies. This paper emphasizes that a woman should choose birth control not only because of its effectiveness but also in consideration of the ease of use and the potential for long and short term complications.

  • Wrongful Birth Case Study Appellate Brief

    This 10 page paper is a sample appellate brief based on a fictitious California case study. The case involves a wrongful birth claim involving a woman who gave birth to a Down Syndrome child. Notations are included in Bluebook style. No bibliography .

  • Madam President and the Ferraro Campaign

    This 5 page paper examines the first chapter of this book and contests some of the suggestions. The Ferraro campaign is the focus of the chapter. Whether or not Ferraro was the right candidate is discussed. The potential for a woman to be president is also a part of this paper. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Good Mother 'Myth' Perpetuated by Princess Diana

    This 10 page essay explores Diana's role as a mother and how, although she tried to fulfill this obligation, often chose selfish goals over the integration of family values. A synopsis of the events which led up to her divorce, and her death, portray a troubled woman intertwined with the colder side of royalty. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Carl Jung's Archetypes and Eating Disorders

    This 5 page paper provides a look at Carl Jung's archetypes as well as eating disorders and provides an analysis to merge the two bodies of ideas. Contemporary songs featuring women with eating disorders are noted as the archetypes are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Impact of Women in Law Enforcement

    In six pages this paper examines this topic in an overview that considers how the law enforcement profession has changed within the past three decades, how this has changed the community image of law enforcement, how fellow officers and deputies view the pros and cons of women officers, discusses possible preferential treatment and promotions, whether or not there is still ‘a glass ceiling,’ and what the future holds in store. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Breast Cancer Risk

    A 3 page research paper that offers an summary and analysis of a study that addressed breast cancer risk. Vainshtein (2008) conducted an informative study that summarized and evaluated previous research on breast cancer risk, with a focus on the role of socioeconomic status (SES). This study begins by clearly stating the problem, which is that the high incidence of breast cancer among American women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Tamoxifen Study and Prevention of Breast Cancer

    This 23 page report discusses a proposed study which was based on NSABP breast cancer prevention trial concluded last spring with outcomes approved by the FDA in September of 1998. The purpose of the study was to determine whether tamoxifen (brand name “Novaldex”) prevented breast cancer in women who have an increased risk of developing the disease. The clinical protocol (the action plan) for a trial after laboratory studies is an attempt to indicate the potential of tamoxifen as a preventive measure as opposed to only being used as a treatment. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Cesar Chavez and Bella Abzug

    This essay examines speeches by Bella Abzug, prominent feminist and one of the first women elected to the U.S. Congress, and Cesar Chavez, who championed the rights of immigrant migrants and Hispanics throughout the United States. The paper compares the two speeches, while providing background on both the creation of the United Farm Workers of America and the feminism movement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Detrimental Impact of Performance Enhancing Anabolic Steroids

    This 5 page paper examines the different risk involved for athletes who chose to take anabolic steroids. The physical and psychological side effects of women, men and children who take these drugs are all discussed. The bibliography cites 9 academic sources.

  • Koran Sections 'Women' and 'Cow' and Contemporary City Governments

    This 4-page paper focuses on quotes from the Koran (specifically from the sections "Cow" and "Women") and applies them to how city governments walk a thin line between passing laws to govern and giving in to mankind's need and instinct for pleasure.

  • Pro and Con: Are Professional Women 'Opting Out" of Work by Choice?

    A 6 page essay that examines both side of the question: Are Professional Women 'Opting Out" of Work by Choice? Arguments pro and con are summarized and the writer argues in favor of the con argument. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • How Did the New Left Lead to the Rise of the New Right?

    This 5 page paper uses the book “The Movements of the New Left, 1950-1975” to argue that it was the rise of the New Left and their battle for equal rights for all (gays, women, blacks) that led to the rise of the New Right to oppose them. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Legislation for Welfare Provision for Asylum Seekers and Refugees in the UK

    This 16 page paper considers the legislation ad policies in the UK regarding asylum seekers and refugees and their [poison with regardless welfare provision. The paper starts with the Asylum and Immigration Appeals Act 1993 (AIAA) looking at the main acts and polices and the way these affect all asylum seekers and refuges with special attention in the impact they have the women. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Two Decades of Couture Fashion in France from 1919 until 1939

    A 14 page paper which examines the development of French fashion couture between the period 1919-1939, concentrating on the influences of Coco Chanel and Elsa Schiaparelli, and specifically addressing five factors that positively impacted upon modern women’s fashions and the worldwide appeal of French Fashion. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Devil Wears Prada: Why Fashion Is Important

    This 4 page paper uses the movie “The Devil Wears Prada” as a “springboard” to consider the impact of fashion on young women, and why fashion is important. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • UK Welfare Benefits and Asylum Seekers' Dissertation Proposal

    This 22 page paper is the proposal for a dissertation to examine the impact of the UK welfare state on asylum seekers and how this impacts particularly on Somali woman and children who may be mire vulnerable and need more support than other asylum seekers groups. The paper outlines research questions, presents an outline literature review that includes consideration of the role of the welfare state and the way in which asylum seekers and refuges are treated and a methodology for primary research with the use of interviews. The bibliography cites 45 sources.

  • Bone Density And Dieting: Professional

    4 pages in length. The extent to which a low-calorie approach to dieting equates to decreased bone mineral density (BMD) is both grand and far-reaching; that teenage and young adult women represent eighty percent of the total population experiencing bone mass loss speaks to a cultural indoctrination of distorted body image. Two categories in particular depict a preponderance of females who engage in a low-calorie diet and have a greater rate of bone mass reduction: athletes and eating disorder sufferers. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Exercise, Bone Density & Menopause

    An 8 page research paper that examines empirical research which has suggested that there is a significant relationship between bone mass and the individual’s level of physical fitness. This examination of relevant literature focuses specifically on what this body of data reveals pertaining to the effect of exercise on bone mineral density for postmenopausal women. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

    This 7 page paper looks at the case study of a young woman with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The paper starts by looking at the DSM-IV criteria for BPD, its prevalence, then at the potential influences in the development of the condition, significant risk factors present in the case study and possible interventions. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Unmarried Couple, Shared Home, Equity and Trusts

    This 7 page paper examines a case supplied by the student where an unmarried couple have been living in a property in the mans name, but on separation the women wants to claim a share. The paper considers the possibility of an inferred constructive trust or the use of estoppel. Numerous cases are cited to support the points raised and provide precedent. The paper is written with reference to English law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Breast Cancer and Mammogram Screening

    A 3 page paper providing a flow diagram of screening for breast cancer with mammography and discussing the problems of accuracy. Mammograms have been less able to detect masses in dense or fatty breasts. Digital mammography has been shown to increase detection in women under 50; CAD mammography is much more accurate now than in the past. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Rural Southwest Queensland Australia and Developing a Breast Cancer Screening Program

    This 5-page paper describes the justification and strategic planning for setting up a breast cancer screening center for rural women in SW Queensland. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Review of "Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin and the Free Androgen Index Are Related to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Multiethnic Premenopausal and Perimenopausal Women Enrolled in the Study of Women Across the Nation (SWAN)"

    A 5 page paper critiquing a research article for form and validity. The article can be said to have weaknesses in form in that it does not include a literature review and does not define the terms it uses. It still is a highly useful study that can inform patient care, however, particularly the care of peri- and postmenopausal women at risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Obesity/Hispanic Women in Tillman County, OK

    A 10 page research paper that examines obesity and focuses on how this problem is affecting the Hispanic population of Oklahoma and specifically Hispanic women of Tillman County. Cultural and gender factors associated with obesity are explored and discussed in terms of this population, and as well as in regards to the State of Oklahoma and the US as a whole. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Equality, Women, and the Criminal Justice System

    A 15 page examination of women in the criminal justice system and how their treatment is inferior to that received by men in the same situations. Bibliography lists fifteen sources.

  • Patriarchal Mongolia and Gender Equality

    This 10 page paper explains why women are considered to be equal to men in Mongolia, despite a tradition of patriarchy. The unique blend of tradition and Buddhism seems to have paved the way for a gender equal society. The family structure of the Mongolian people is explored along with other aspects of daily life in the context of a hypothetical example concerning human services workers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Video Games and Social Responsibility

    In three pages this paper discusses the continued controversy surrounding the violent content of video games and considers whether or not video game designers have a social responsibility to eliminate the gratuitous violence and abuse of women that are prevalent in video games, an entertainment market that consists predominantly of children. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • The Evolution Of Women - Feminism

    This 11 page paper presents a history of women's rights/feminist movements, including a report about where the term 'feminism' came from. The writer reports on the different types of feminism, including religious feminism. The paper also comments on the men's groups that emerged from feminism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Feminist Movement's 'Second Wave'

    This 8 page paper discusses the history and origins of the feminist movement. Also discussed is the use of feminist rhetoric. The book Persuasion and Social Movements is used to explore the application by the women's rights movement of social rhetoric. Examples are given. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Critique of Familie Theories

    3 pages in length. The theory of structural functionalism serves as a basis upon which the nuclear family operates, whereby the man/husband is provider and the woman/wife nurtures him and the children. This traditional perspective also incorporates family values that adhere to conventionality and temperance, a duality that is constantly being challenged by the contemporary shift in core family values other theories demonstrate, not the least of which includes conflict, feminist and LBGT. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Case Study That Examines Amelia's Choices

    Focusing on a case study of a soon-to-be high school graduate, this paper discusses decision-making capabilities of adolescents (focusing mainly on theories by Jean Piaget) and provides a "plan" to help this particular young woman out of her dilemma. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Portrayal of Women in Griselda by Boccaccio, Brothers Menaechmus by Plautus, and 'The Odyssey' by Homer

    A 4 page overview of the one-dimensional treatment of women in the literature of these time periods. This paper features a discussion of the depiction of Penelope from the Odyssey, the shrewd wife in “Brothers Menaechmus” and patient Griselda. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Greco Roman Literary Works and Heroism

    This 12 page paper discusses the evolution of the hero figure in the classical Greco-Roman literature of Homer and Sophocles. The plays/stories of Antigone, Oedipus Rex, The Odyssey, The Illiad, are given a brief overview as well as analyzed for the hero's characteristics. Also included are the heroic depictions of women heroes in the stories. Specific qualities of heroes discussed and exampled. All quotes pulled from text and cited. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Child and Adult Voices in Literature for Children

    A nine page paper which looks at the significance of the adult and child voice in three works of children's literature: Alice in Wonderland, Little Women and The Secret Garden. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Eighteenth Century British Literature and Women

    This 8 page paper discusses the role of women in 18th century British literature. This paper refers to "Evelina" and "Roxana". Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Western English Society and Male and Female Suicidal Behavior

    15 pages in length. Suicide: The quest to end one's life by means other than natural death. That a person would want to commit suicide is clearly indicative of a severe mental disorder that leads to feelings of hopelessness and despair; that men are far and away more prone to taking their own lives is indicative of pressures inherent to the male gender in a civilized society. Indeed, living in today's world requires a strong mental and emotional stamina in order to deal with the myriad issues and concerns with which people are bombarded on a regular basis. For the most part, people deal with these periodic problems in typical fashion by addressing the issue and seeking resolution; for others, however, even seemingly insignificant problems are blown up into catastrophic circumstances where the individual is unable to cope. When things begin to reach a breaking point and the person believes there is no end in sight, the most attractive lure by which to escape this torment is suicide. Both Canada and the United States, two western English speaking societies, have high statistical findings in relation to national suicide that indicate a significantly higher rate among men than women. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Sexual Politics in Women in Love, The Rainbow, and Sons and Lovers by D.H. Lawrence

    An 8 page paper which examines the male-centered aspects of the controversial novelist’s sexual politics, which was defined by feminist Simone de Beauvoir as “phallic pride.” Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Eat Drink Man Woman, To Live, and Survival of the Asian Family

    This paper compares and contrasts the two films in terms of the favorable family aspects depicted in the films, the different ways the families are destroyed or threatened, the different styles of expressing intimacy and death, and the different ways of suggesting there is hope for the traditional family. Bibliography lists 4 sources. JVChinaf.rtf

  • In Support of the 1996 Federal Stalking Law

    A 4 page paper which specifically examines how to keep from being victimized, relocation and other ways to make stalking targets feel safe, and discusses the seriousness of the crime of stalking. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Early Literature and Poetry of China and Japan and Women

    A 12 page research paper. Japanese and Chinese literature, both poetry and prose, have extensive roots that reach far into their histories. This is especially true of China, which is the only country in the world with a literature, written in one language, which goes back 3,000 consecutive years. Throughout their long histories, these cultures have influenced each other. The following examination of Chinese and Japanese literature looks specifically at the significance of female writers in these traditions. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Role of Women and Minorities in the Labor Movement

    A 7 page paper which examines the role of women and minorities in the history of the labor movement. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women and Love According to Kahlil Gibran

    A 4 page essay that discusses and analyzes three poems by the famous Arab writer and poet. The poems addressed are "Marriage," "Love," and "Children." No additional source are cited.

  • Women and Love According to Kahlil Gibran

    A 4 page essay that discusses and analyzes three poems by the famous Arab writer and poet. The poems addressed are "Marriage," "Love," and "Children." No additional source are cited.

  • Robert Browning's Poetry and Women

    A 5 page paper which examines how Robert Browning presents women in his poems. The argument is made that he is often overly obsessed with them. Poems discussed are “Life in a Love,” “Love in a Life,” and “My Last Duchess.” Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Female Preference Shown in Policies of Sexual Harassment

    This 3 page paper supports the thesis that sexual harassment policies are written against men. Several concrete examples are provided. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Why Are Female Stereotypes in Advertising Still Effective?

    This 52 page paper is a research paper looking at the way that feminism has failed to make an impact in advertising, where there continues to be the highly successful use of female gender stereotypes in advertisements. The paper presents an in-depth literature review and then simulates research results. The research results are then analyzed and findings presented. The bibliography cites 54 sources.

  • Case Study: A Menopausal Woman

    A 6 page research paper that, first of all, offers background information on menopause, such as definition, epidemiology and pathophysiology before discussing a specific case study and offering recommendations. Bibliography lists 6 sources, but one citation is not complete.

  • African American Women and Anorexia Nervosa

    This 7 page paper details the proposed outline for a research study on anorexia in the black American. Proposed research studies are cited, suggested and methodolgy is outlined. Assumed conclusions are offered. All examples quoted from current studies and cited. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Perception of the Self - Explanations from Baumeister and Cooley

    This 7 page paper discusses Cooley’s and Baumeister’s theories with regard to how we form our opinion of ourselves. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Social and Domestic Abuse in Death of Woman Wang by Jonathan D. Spence

    A 5 page paper examining the theme of domestic abuse in 17th century China in this book by Jonathan D. Spence. The paper argues that because Chinese society placed so much power in the hands of one gender at the expense of another, tragedies like the brutal death of Mrs. Wang were inevitable. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Ain't I A Woman by Bell Hooks

    A 5 page paper that provides an overview of Hooks' book, while also concentrating on her philosophical perspective. This paper contends that Hooks bases her work on the racial aspects that have led to racial and gender oppression, and provides a discourse for change. No additional sources cited.

  • Men and Women in the Texts In Love and Trouble and The Color Purple

    A 5 page paper discussing the relationship some of characters experience. In 'The Color Purple' the relationships defined are those of Celie and Mr._____, Andrew and Shug. In the book of short stories, 'In Love and Trouble' the relationships are those of Myrna and Ruel, Myrna and Mordecai. The differences between the males and the females expectations and outlooks in regards to their relationships is detailed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women Asylum Seekers and the Welfare State in the UK; Research Methodology

    This 5 page paper outlines the methodology that can be used to assess the experiences of female asylum seekers in the UK when seeking help from the welfare state. The paper considers an approach and then justified the use of a qualitative case study approach. The paper cites 10 sources.

  • Depression and Anxiety in Women With Breast Cancer and Their Partners

    A 3 page review of the article published in the published in the January/February edition of “The Nursing Research Journal” by authors Terry Badger, Chris Segan, Sylvia M. Darros, Paula Meek and Ana Marie Lopez. This paper outlines the study methodology and findings to conclude that it offers valuable direction for the nursing field. No additional sources are listed.

  • "Not for Women" - The Reinforcement of Patriarchy and Hegemony in Dr. Pepper Ten Ads

    This is a 13 page paper that provides an overview of the Dr. Pepper Ten ad. A Marxist criticism is employed to show how the ad reinforces hegemonic ideas of patriarchal dominance. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women and Workplace Discrimination

    This 8 page paper embraces the thesis that discrimination still exists in the workplace. Gender inequality in the business world is explored in depth. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Women and Love According to Kahlil Gibran

    A 4 page essay that discusses and analyzes three poems by the famous Arab writer and poet. The poems addressed are "Marriage," "Love," and "Children." No additional source are cited.

  • Stephen Crane's Maggie A Girl of the Streets and Women's Opportunities

    A 5 page paper which examines the position of Maggie in Stephen Crane’s “Maggie: A Girl of the Streets” in relationship to opportunities available for women at the turn of the century. The paper argues that while there were opportunities in some parts of the country, Maggie’s environment and position in society were such that there were no options for her. No additional sources cited.

  • Mining Women of 19th Century France and Germinal by Emile Zola

    A 6 page paper looking at some of the underlying social causes for the miners' strike described in Emile Zola's book. The paper, which takes the form of the report of a contemporary observer, concludes that change will have to be imposed on the system from without, as it is unlikely to come from within. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Manuel Puig's Kiss of the Spider Woman and Other Works of Literature

    A 5 page paper looking at Manuel Puig's novel as a backdrop for four others: A Sincere Friendship by Clarice Lispector, The Lion by Eugeny Zamyatin, The Night Visitor by Elena Poniatowska, and China by Charles Johnson. The paper examines how in these works the human need for individual expression and moral courage influence and reinforce each other. No additional sources cited.

  • French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and Women's Condition Changes

    An 11 page paper discussing changes in women's conditions over the 19th and 20th centuries from the perspective of the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789). In contrast to the conditions that existed before the Declaration was issued, it can be said that its points have been fulfilled. The position that women now occupy is vastly improved over that of prior generations, even though contemporary struggles would mask the gains that have been made. As written, the Declaration's goals have been achieved. As interpreted in light of the philosophers under whose influence the Declaration was written, there is still much more ground to gain - not in terms of technicalities, but rather in attitudes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Sherri Tepper's The Gate to Women's Country

    (5pp) Sherri Tepper's cast of both ordinary and extraordinary people play out in her powerful 1988 novel, whose significance goes beyond sex, to deal with the toughest problem of all, the challenge of surmounting humanity's most dangerous flaws so we can survive together - despite ourselves. despite ourselves.

  • Has Any Progress Been Made Regarding Violence Against Women Around the Globe?

    (6pp) Five years after the Beijing Conference, are women better off? In one key area, combating violence against women, the answer is a resounding no. Human Rights Watch reporting on six countries— Jordan, Pakistan, Peru, Russia, South Africa, and the United States—shows alarming rates of violence against women, violence that is fueled all too often by the indifference of state officials and the failure to seriously investigate and prosecute cases of violence. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women's Rights According to Edmund Burke and Mary Wollenstonecraft

    (6 pp.) This discussion will examine Mary Wollenstonecraft's idea of individual self development especially as it applies to women in her essay the Vindication of the Rights of Man and Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792), in relationship to political thought as it is expressed in Edmond Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France (1791).

  • An Analysis of Conde's, I,Tituba, Black Witch of Salem.

    3 pages in length. Tituba, the only black woman to be accused of witchery, had many conflicting issues in her life, not the least of which were trying to distinguish a balance between suffering and happiness in order to construct a meaningful life. In her attempt to achieve this elusive balance, she must often make a choice between freedom and love. By having to make this choice, one might readily surmise that while freedom, love and happiness were of paramount importance to her, none of them could be achieved without suffering. The writer discusses this topic as it relates to Maryse Conde's "I, Tituba, Black Witch of Salem." No additional sources cited.

  • An Article on Psychotrophic Medications Reviewed

    This is a 6 page review of the current literature available on psychotropic medications. Five articles are discussed. The review of the literature available about the concerns, usage and effects of psychotropic medication is fairly extensive. Researchers have examined use in children, adolescents and adults as well as in pregnant women. Many of the articles provide good details on the different medications available as well as their contraindications and side effects. Although the physiological mechanisms are not completely analyzed yet in the field of medicine psychotropic drugs are used widely across the country. In fact, many critics have concluded that children have been overly prescribed medications as in the case of Ritalin, the most common psychotropic medication prescribed for children which has increased in usage by over 700 percent in the last ten years. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Discrimination and Sexual Harassment

    Information and Interview : A 5 page paper which offers an examination of sexual discrimination and harassment and then presents an interview with a man and woman wherein they are asked about their views and experiences with sexual harassment and discrimination. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Laws, Equity and Compensaiton/Sex Discrimination

    This is a 6 page paper (tutorial language) on sexual discrimination. Federal, state, country and company laws require that employees are not discriminated against or harassed in the work place because of gender. Despite these laws and guidelines to employers, companies have continued to pay to the courts and to employees millions of dollars in sexual discrimination and harassment cases. Employers are required to not only set policies but also enforce and monitor that these polices are being followed and ensure that the women employees are receiving equal pay, benefits and opportunities in the work place as men in the same positions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Measure for Measure by William Shakespeare and the Association Between Nature and Law

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the relationship between law and nature in Shakespeare’s “Measure for Measure”. William Shakespeare’s play “Measure for Measure” examines the constantly shifting relationship between law and nature within the setting of Vienna. The law that no man must lay with a woman who is not his wife had long been established yet not enforced until Angelo the Lord Deputy decides to sentence Claudio, a young gentleman for impregnating his lover. Claudio shifts the relationships between nature and law, and natural law several times in his arguments to save his life. He sees man’s laws as flexible and man’s nature as virtuous. At the same time, Claudio views death and nature as lawless; which terrifies him. Angelo, on the other hand, has little sense of the natural lust and love which can occur in man and has little problem applying the law forbidding such encounters. After meeting Isabella however, Claudio’s virtuous sister, Angelo’s faith in the law alters as he readily breaks the law he is so willing to enforce on others. Isabella is virtuous and sees sinning as against natural law and devises ways in which she can save her virtue, condemn Angelo for his own lawlessness and sin while at the same time saving her brother. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • US Sexuality and the Media

    A 5 page paper which examines how the media effects the sexuality of men and women. The paper discusses the case of Anita Hill and Clarence Thomas as well as the film “The Contender” in discussing how the media influences sexuality in America. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Anne in Persuasion by Jane Austen

    6 pages in length. Typical of Jane Austen’s novels, the author strives to portray a more equitable relationship between the genders. In Persuasion, the character of Anne represents Austen’s conduit amid women and the patriarchal society in which they have been compelled for centuries to exist. The writer discusses the manner in which Austen perpetuates the ongoing struggles with regard to gender oppression is of critical importance in relation to Anne’s character; indeed, hers is represented by the author as one who exemplifies the need for a favorable and fair approach to professional and domestic life. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Psychological Analysis of Sophie in the Film Sophie's Choice

    (5 pp) Based on an examination of the title character in the movie "Sophie's Choice," and an incorporation of Essential Papers on the Psychology of Women (1990) edited by Claudia Zanardi. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

 

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