Research Papers on Gender & Society

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Learned Gender

    This paper uses Deirdre N. McCloskey’s book “Crossing: A Memoir” to explore the idea that gender can be learned. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Research Proposal on Masculinity, Ethnicity, and Race

    An 8 page research paper that offers an outline for a research proposal. The writer, first of all, introduces the topic of how conceptions of masculinity vary according to cultural background which includes race and ethnicity. The writer then proposes that a brief survey of popular media may prove to be enlightening as to how the topic of masculinity is perceived differently by White and Black men. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Men's and Women's Earning Power in America

    A 4 page research paper that examines the wage discrepancy between those earned by men as compared to the average wage for women. The writer discusses current statistics, the idea of wages for housework, and the wages for women factory workers in the nineteenth century. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Glass Ceiling

    A 3 page paper which discusses a case study of a woman’s experience with the glass ceiling. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • School Environment and Sexual Harassment

    A 6 page paper discussing sexual harassment primarily in the high school and college years, but also including middle school actions that have been labeled as being true harassment. One even resulted in a Supreme Court decision (Davis vs Monroe County School Board) that schools must take steps to halt any harassment found to exist. The difficulty in dealing with sexual harassment cases lies in the problems of definition, age of consent, ethics, learning to deal with the opposite sex and common sense. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment in Oleanna by David Mamet

    A 5 page research paper/analysis that examines the context of David Mamet's play, Oleanna. The writer discusses whether or not the play dramatizes sexual harassment or male victimization within the broader context of higher education. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Female Preference Shown in Policies of Sexual Harassment

    This 3 page paper supports the thesis that sexual harassment policies are written against men. Several concrete examples are provided. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Implications of Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

    5 pages in length. One might readily argue how Maria is confusing sexual harassment with gender/racial discrimination, a distinction that may ultimately cost her the suit. Being that sexual harassment is defined as any unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature – verbal, visual or physical - Maria may have great difficultly proving that any of this occurred during which time she was compelled to take on the role of menial servant. Situations can arise when a person is forced against her will to participate in an act of sexual harassment that threatens one's employment, no matter if it was done overtly or merely by inference, however, the circumstances upon which Maria's suit is filed are clearly not of a sexual nature as defined by law and may be construed as pushing the boundaries of current formulations of sexual harassment laws. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Females in Law Enforcement

    A 20 page discussion of women in law enforcement. This paper examines how women perform in comparison to male officers. It also examines such issues as discrimination and sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Anthropological Assessment of the Film North Country

    A 7 page research paper that discusses this film. North Country, directed by Niki Caro, portrays the story of Josey Aimes, a story that is inspired by the woman who began with nation's very first class action lawsuit for sexual harassment. This film portrays the multifaceted and complex factors that influenced the behavior of the characters and, thus, provides a telling commentary on gender expectations and norms within the context of American society. The following examination of this film first offers a synopsis of the plot, but then discusses the film from an anthropological point of view. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Equality, Women, and Policing

    A 5 page overview of women in law enforcement. Points out that some women have succeeded in law enforcement careers but almost inevitably they acknowledge the existence of sexual discrimination. Concludes that many times women feel that they have to simply deal with discrimination in order to keep their jobs. Suggests that much more than women's moral is at stake in the issue of sexual discrimination. Recommends methods for improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Issues Associated with Rape

    20 pages in length. The issues of gender, patriarchy and sexual violence are inextricably intertwined within the complexities of social existence. That women have always had to confirm their worth as human beings serves as a significant indicator to the overwhelming oppression thrust upon the female gender by means of physical and emotional abuse. Examining the extent to which women have been the recipients of such barbaric treatment at the hands of their male counterparts enables one to gain a better understanding of how the progression of sexual violence has perpetrated through the ages; only within the last few decades of the twentieth century have women been able to find any solace through crisis counseling, protective legislation and the enlightenment of law enforcement authorities. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Relationship Between Gender and Sexuality

    10 pages in length. The relationship between sexuality and gender has experienced myriad metamorphoses throughout human existence. That they have come to repel each other to some degree speaks to the ever-present struggle that perpetuates between men and women. Patriarchy takes much of the credit – or blame – for how sexuality and gender associate in contemporary society; the extent to which such gender oppression has molded the way in which people perceive the various components of sexuality is both grand and far-reaching. The writer discusses homosexuality, sexual values, sexual violence and teen pregnancy. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • 1920s' Sexual Revolution in America

    A 12 page contention that the 1920s did indeed spawn a sexual revolution. The industrialization which would overtake the U.S. in this time period would impact us in some very astounding ways. One of these ways was the advent of the sexual revolution, a revolution in which the mores and social behavior of the newly-named “flapper” would usurp those of the traditional American housewife. The flapper would come to epitomize the liberation of American women from the rigidly-defined patriarchal system which had kept them and their female ancestors bound practically since the beginning of mankind’s reign on earth. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Social Role of Strip Clubs

    6 pages in length. The human being is a highly sexual animal. More than any other innate attribute, sex resides at the forefront of humanity's desires. This natural reaction to the opposite sex is the fundamental reason why strip clubs exist and continue to thrive amidst public opposition. As a rule, the world of strip clubs is a man's domain where beautiful yet unattainable women are the objects of unrequited sexual desire. Theirs is a visual world that requires the stimulation of seeing a naked body in order to be aroused, which speaks directly to one of the most prominent reasons why strip clubs are such an integral part of contemporary society. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Social Barriers of Race, Gender, and Sexual Orientation

    A 5 page discussion of the numerous societal barriers and limitations which are put in place on the basis of race, gender, and sexual orientation. Contends that since the advent of the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s, societal restrictions and limitations made on the basis of gender and race have slowly lessened. The reason for this change is the willingness of individuals to stand up for their basic rights, to exert their differences and to insist that there be no societal differentiation based on those differences. While there has been tremendous progress in regard to societal equality of the races and genders, however, there are still many barriers and limitations which are imposed on such factors as sexual orientation. The author contends that these restrictions and limitations can be overcome as well. All that is needed is the willingness to do so and the fortitude to stand in the face of all resistance. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Health and Gender Inequality

    This 8-page paper discusses gender bias in health in terms of doctor-patient relationships. Also discussed are potential reasons why such bias continues to exist today. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • 'Daddy' by Sylvia Plath

    This 5 page paper looks at Sylvia Plath's famous poem. An analysis is presented using a feminist archetypal perspective. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Essays and Poems on Barbie

    A 4 page paper which examines 5 different essays/poems on Barbie and argues agreement with one. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide/When The Rainbow Is Enuf A Choreopoem by Ntozake Shange

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses patriarchy, gender and ethnic oppression as they relate to Shange's work. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Importance of Women's History

    A 5 page research paper that examines why women's history should be studied; how history is gendered in traditional historical approaches; and why women's history is important to feminists, and also some interesting facts about women's history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • How Eighteenth Century London Society Was Shaped by the Role of Women in 'The Rambler,' 'Evelina' and 'Moll Flanders'

    14 pages in length. There has rarely been a time in the history of mankind that women have not had to struggle in order to assert their worth as a gender. From the time when males first declared patriarchal authority over their female counterparts, women have fought – in various ways and with various results – to be treated both equitably and respectfully. Literature has long reflected this perpetual struggle between the genders, most often taking the side that support patriarchal control; however, a slow but steady change began occurring in eighteenth century London society that helped nurture a growing metamorphosis, which included Samuel Johnson 'Rambler' (Misella), Daniel Defoe's 'Moll Flanders' and Frances Burney's 'Evelina: Or, the History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World.' Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Women's Roles in Western and Hindi Cinema

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the different roles of women as portrayed in contemporary Hindi and Western film. Comparisons of the movies “Kuch Kuch Hota Hai” and “Sleepless in Seattle” are made. Both movies were based on the same story but were treated differently in the roles the women played. “Kuch Kuch” had to maintain the male-dominated features from Indian society but the women still were strong, independent yet respectful of tradition and the story touched on several social issues. “Sleepless” portrayed women as independent in their work and lives, but were pathetic in their pursuit of men and the story remained simple and predictable. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Columbus B. Hopper and Johnny Moore's Women in Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs

    This 10 page paper reviews the 1990 article “Women in Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs” by Columbus B. Hopper and Johnny Moore. Whilst describing the research the paper looks at the problems of this 17 year research project and how it was different from other social research undertakings. The paper also summarises the findings. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Relationships Between Men and Women in Literature and Throughout History

    An 8 page research paper that examines how historical sources and literature have portrayed male/female relationships. The writer specifically examines this topic in regards to marriage in the nineteenth century. Literary sources discussed are A Doll's House, The Awakening and Jane Eyre. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Mappings, Feminism and Cultural Geographies of Encounters by Susan S. Friedman

    An 8 page book review that examines Mappings, Feminism and Cultural Geographies of Encounters by Susan S. Friedman. The writer argues that this powerful text moves feminist theory away from paralyzing debates concerning perceived dichotomies of identity, them vs. us, white vs. other, etc. and towards a broader geopolitical, social landscape. The vision that Friedman offers of the future of feminist theory goes beyond identity politics, as she guides the reader toward greater understanding of how identities are both negotiated and transformed. Drawing from the gamut of popular culture, Friedman relates to books, movies, poetry and the mass media, as she address theoretical issues that are pivotal to post-modern feminism. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Feminist Critique/Disney Films

    A 3 page summation and analysis of Pamela O'Brien's essay "The Happiest Films on Earth." The writer states that the purpose of this essay is to demonstrate that, despite certain superficial changes in perspective, the Walt Disney films Cinderella and The Little Mermaid show that the Disney support of patriarchal ideology did not change between the production of these two films. No additional sources are cited.

  • Yousry Nasrallah's Film On Boys, Girls and the Veil

    A 6 page film review that explores the topics covered in the film from an anthropological viewpoint. Egyptian director Yousry Nasrallah's 1995 documentary On Boys, Girls and the Veil is a fascinating and intriguing film that will challenge Western viewers preconceptions of Islamic custom, particularly in regards to that most controversial of subjects--the veil. This examination of the film examines how the veil is portrayed in this documentary, relating this to other anthropological investigations of how the veil works in Middle Eastern gender relations and in the lives of Middle Eastern women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Social Status of Women in the Ancient Societies of Greece, Rome, and Mesopotamia

    7 pages in length. Within the realm of life exists inherent elements to one's existence; paramount to man's existence is the concept of natural rights. Philosophers have long postulated what, exactly, these rights consist of within the massive scope of mortality, with some contending that natural rights are those that are without social infiltration, while others attest to the fact that natural rights are doled out only by social status. From century to the next, the issue of natural rights has evolved from overwhelming gender oppression to the recognition – in many parts of the world, at least – that women maintain just as important a place upon this earth as does her male counterpart. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Differential Treatment of Women Laborers in Canada

    This is a 12 page paper discussing wage and labor differentials for women in Canada. Within Canada today, women in the labor force generally make 70 to 80 cents for every dollar men make. This “wage gap” has actually decreased greatly over the years but still has a long way to go for total equity in the work place despite positive legislation in the 1970s and 1980s. Historically, women within Canada have been “crowded” into certain female-dominated professions such as clerical positions, nursing, teaching, domestic work, social work and sales and services. While clerical work once was comparable with male blue-collar jobs in regards to pay, the increase in unionization in many blue-collar trades left most of the female-dominated positions as those which were lower paid. As women shifted away from clerical positions and proceeded to attain degrees in higher education, the wage gap began to decrease but then women encountered the “glass ceiling” in which women held a disproportionate number of positions in the lowest quartile in large corporations. Today, women still have lower average salaries than men despite the gain in higher education. One of the reasons found within studies by Statistics Canada and others is that women who choose to have and raise children lose experience during their absence; experience men continue to gain which in turn leads to more promotions. Another reason believed for the continue wage gap is discrimination which still exists within employers, co-workers and the general population somewhat who still categorize some professions as “female” (such as teaching) and some as “male” (such as the trades) and in essence this restricts female workers from opportunities within the blue collar and higher executive markets. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History of Literature and Changing Character Gender Roles

    This 3 page paper discusses the changing roles of men and women as evidenced by literature. The Pelagasian Myth, Dante's Divine Comedy, and Milton's Paradise Lost, are all evidenced. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • Feminist Utopian Literature Represented by Women on the Edge of Time by Marge Piercy

    A 6 page paper which the concept of utopia from a feminist context, providing insight into the author’s ideology, with a brief background to consider the times in which the novel was written, and a specific consideration of what makes the novel utopian, in terms of content, form and structure. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Eighteenth Century British Literature and Women

    This 8 page paper discusses the role of women in 18th century British literature. This paper refers to "Evelina" and "Roxana". Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Twentieth Century Literature and Gender

    This 7 page paper looks at gender, but also at class and race, in two works that focus on strong women who lived in the United States during the early part of the twentieth century. Hurston's Their eyes were watching God and Wharton's House of Mirth are each discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Literature, Female Characters, and the Theme of Phenomenal Women

    A 5 page discussion of the theme of phenomenal women as reflected in the female characters of Andrienne Rich, Joyce Carol Oates, Marge Piercy, Maya Angelou, Linda Paston, and Susan Glaspell. This paper acknowledges each of these authors and their female characters as having a positive role not only in the personal development of the author but also in the development of the world as a whole. They are, indeed, phenomenal women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Portrayal of Women in Griselda by Boccaccio, Brothers Menaechmus by Plautus, and 'The Odyssey' by Homer

    A 4 page overview of the one-dimensional treatment of women in the literature of these time periods. This paper features a discussion of the depiction of Penelope from the Odyssey, the shrewd wife in “Brothers Menaechmus” and patient Griselda. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women and Men in the Sciences: Is There Any Difference in Ability?

    This 8-page paper argues the likelihood that Harvard president Larry Summers was right when he proclaimed that women weren't very good in the math, science and tech fields because of innate abilities. The paper also discusses, however, that women tend to be discriminated in these fields, as well, so it's hard to tell. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Female Influence on British Literature

    A 7 page discussion of several of the female British authors that have influenced literature and society. This paper includes Mary Shelly, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Agatha Christie, Virginia Woolf, Jane Austen, Margery Allingham, and Elizabeth Gaskell. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Pariarchy and the Repression of Women: Reflections in Literature

    A 6 page review of some of the writings of Kate Chopin, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Carolyn Kizer. Included are Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” and “The Awakening”, Gilman’s “Yellow Wallpaper” and "Women and Economics: A Study of the Economic Relation Between Men and Women as a Factor in Social Evolution", and Kizer’s “The Bitch”. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Girls, Dolls, and Concepts of Gender

    A 3 page research paper that examines child development literature, focusing on how playing with dolls may influence gender concepts for girls. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Homosexuality Perception of Female Athletes

    This 6 page paper discusses the problems of being a female athlete, especially in regard to the perception of homosexuality among women in sports. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Contemporary British Sports and Feminist Theory

    An 8 page paper which relates feminist theory to sports, and how this reflects contemporary British society. Specifically considered is feminism in relation to sports, how leisure theory developed from a male perspective, and inequalities in terms of participation (between gender), income and employment, power, positions of management and administration. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Gendered Workplace and Women in Management Positions

    6 pages in length. Nothing is quite as infuriating in today's gender-conscious society than knowing a woman was denied promotion or employment because she was not a man. Indeed, this type of blatant gender discrimination is not as obvious in the contemporary workplace as it has historically been, however, it still exists to such a degree that women – fully qualified and eager to move forward in their careers - continue to pursue higher positions with mixed results. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cheerleading and Sports Gender Constructs

    A paper which looks at gender constructs in sport, with specific reference to masculinities and femininities in football cheerleading squads. Bibliography lists 1 source

  • Female Sexuality and Racial Differences

    A 10 page research paper/essay that examines the topic of female sexuality. The writer argues that white women must come to understand the experience of women of color and discusses how poor and non-Western women are targeted for reproductive rights discrimination. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sexuality and Gender in David Henry Hwang’s Madame Butterfly

    In seven pages this paper analyzes Hwang’s 1988 play by examining how social constructivism contributes to attitudes about sexuality and gender as represented by the relationship between French diplomat Rene Gallimard and cross-dressing Chinese opera star Song Liling. Three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • The God of Small Things and Sexual Transgression's Dark Reality Symbolism

    This 3 page paper discusses this story and how sexual transgression sybolizes a very dark reality. Because two characters in this story who are of different castes have an affair, they are doomed to a series of ramifications based on the fear of society. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Metaphorical Uses of Hunger

    A 6 page research paper that examines food and hunger as cultural metaphors. Food is a basic need. It fulfills the biological requirements of hunger, but it fulfills broader cultural goals as signified by the numerous metaphors that surround its use. Susan Bordo, in her essay "Hunger as Ideology," addresses the numerous metaphors that employed for hunger in American society, particularly in regards to advertising. A pivotal point in Bordo's discussion is how hunger and food are frequently featured in advertising and culture as terms that are synonymous with sexual desire, particularly in regards to women. This examination of this metaphorical relationship between sex, desire, food and femininity demonstrates that the extent to which this metaphor describes a cultural perception, but it also demonstrates the limits of this metaphor in regards to the manner in which it overlays the deeper context of society's fears about female sexuality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Society, Power, Gender and Sexuality

    22 pages in length. Termed the battle of the sexes, struggles between the male and female gender have existed since the time of man. Neanderthal populations were segregated by gender no differently than contemporary society is today, with the only appreciable distinction between the two eras being that of a chink in the patriarchal armor that occurred during the twentieth century. Indeed, the issues pertaining to the history of sexuality are grand and far-reaching, having been hashed and rehashed for centuries, only to encompass a new and growing crop of issues such content as homosexuality and gender oppression. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • Female Genital Mutilation

    A 3 page paper which examines if female sexual mutiliation is a western perspective or whether it is a universal reality aimed at women in a male dominated world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Music and the Negative Depiction of Women

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of various genres that seem to contain misogynist lyrics. Eminem's songs are highlighted. Experts discuss the effects of music on young people and the paper concludes that music does not have a serious effect on adolescents despite the hard-core lyrics which are popular today. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Identity Construct, Gender, and Sexuality

    An analysis of the concept of sexual identity within the context of socio-cultural ideologies, and the construction of identity. The writer looks at Foucault's perspective on identity, and at theories of masculinity and femininity in relation to postcolonialism. Bibliography lists 12 sources

  • Class, Race, Sexuality, and Identity

    A 9 page paper which examines sexuality as an underlying facture of stereotypes and gender identity, and how race and class figure into identity models. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Workplace and Transsexual Issues

    A 10 page overview of transsexuality and the issues which often arise in terms of societal perceptions. Includes an emphasis on the employer's obligation to provide a safe, secure, and comfortable working environment for both the transsexual and the non-transsexual. Gives an overview of the legalities concerning the societal rights of transsexuals. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sexuality and Gender Dichotomy Deconstruction

    This 5 page paper considers two separate issues, the deconstructing of the dichotomy of gender and sexuality and the issue of the portrayal of women in the mass media. This paper assesses the view of women, the subjugation of women based on sexuality, and the impacts for eating disorders. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Discrimination Against Homosexuality And Women In The United States

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly compares two articles that address homosexuality discrimination in the United States. No additional sources cited.

  • Popular Music, Gender, Sexuality, and Cultural Identity

    A 12 page paper which examines to what extent popular music contributes to cultural identity through sexuality and gender. The paper examines the influence of Madonna and Mariah Carey. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women and the Impact of the Media

    This 8 page thesis paper looks at various forms of media including print advertising, commercials, television programming, films, music videos and more to discuss how media's images affect women's self-esteem. While part of the effects of media are blatant in terms of images presented, others are less obvious such as the subservient or otherwise stereotypical roles women play. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Hans Kung's Women in Christianity

    A 6 page overview of the manner in which we have historically viewed the role of women in Christianity. Kung targets theologians and the general readership alike in his discourse on the manner in which Christian women have been treated by their fellow Christians, and the social setting which inspired that treatment. Kung’s intent is to analyze the past injustices and to chart the way for a new theology of women in the Christian religion. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Discussion of Caretakers of Our Common House by Carol Lakey Hess

    This is a 6 page paper discussing Hess’ “Caretakers of Our Common House”. Carol Lakey Hess’ “Caretakers of Our Common House: Women’s Development in Communities of Faith” studies not only areas connected with faith, theology and women’s experience but also the various aspects in the difference of female socialization in regards to “caring and connection” and how this relates to theological interpretation. The idea of the practice of faith within communities relates to Hess’ argument that separation and connection is obtained through “hard dialogues and deep connections” in which girls and women care be nurtured to be caretakers of their “own house” (self) as well as the “common house” (the community of faith). Women, through conversational education and strong leadership in the religious community can overcome the generations of gender socialization which have largely led to men as powerful and women as servile, caring, and supportive which has resulted in women “losing themselves” to societal roles. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Age of Aquarius, Ancient Worlds and Worship

    A 5 page paper that posits the thesis that religion exists within a cycle of change and that the new millennium may mark the shift of beliefs back to ancient traditions, moving from a male-dominated theology back to a female-dominated 'thealogy'. Included are an examination of the religions and societies of both ancient Israel and the ancient Near East along with a comparison of both with contemporary religion and society. Also discussed is the nature of psalms and songs and their place in the daily lives and worship practices of ancient Israel. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sexuality and Gender in David Henry Hwang’s Madame Butterfly

    In seven pages this paper analyzes Hwang’s 1988 play by examining how social constructivism contributes to attitudes about sexuality and gender as represented by the relationship between French diplomat Rene Gallimard and cross-dressing Chinese opera star Song Liling. Three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Issues in Communications and Differences in Marital Relationships and Gender

    A 10 page research example on gender differences in communication in martial relationships. The writer develops a thesis based on dual-gender differences, demand-withdrawal, and the differences in these theories between normal and abusive relationships, and presents in study method form. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Society, Power, Gender and Sexuality

    22 pages in length. Termed the battle of the sexes, struggles between the male and female gender have existed since the time of man. Neanderthal populations were segregated by gender no differently than contemporary society is today, with the only appreciable distinction between the two eras being that of a chink in the patriarchal armor that occurred during the twentieth century. Indeed, the issues pertaining to the history of sexuality are grand and far-reaching, having been hashed and rehashed for centuries, only to encompass a new and growing crop of issues such content as homosexuality and gender oppression. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • Class, Race, Sexuality, and Identity

    A 9 page paper which examines sexuality as an underlying facture of stereotypes and gender identity, and how race and class figure into identity models. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Workplace and Transsexual Issues

    A 10 page overview of transsexuality and the issues which often arise in terms of societal perceptions. Includes an emphasis on the employer's obligation to provide a safe, secure, and comfortable working environment for both the transsexual and the non-transsexual. Gives an overview of the legalities concerning the societal rights of transsexuals. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Male Dominance and Heterosexuality

    A 5 page paper discussing the origin and nature of male dominance as promoted by Nancy Chodorow, Catherine MacKinnon, and Gayle Rubin, and answering the question, “Would ending heterosexuality end gender?” Ending heterosexuality could have the effect of ending gender in the sense that one would not be dominant over another. However, it is likely that, were gender not an issue making distinction between classes, individuals would find another quality on which to base and justify the same type of oppression. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sexuality as Depicted in Muriel Spark's The Driver's Seat and The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

    This is a 4 page paper discussing the portrayal of sexuality in Spark’s two works “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” (1961) and “The Driver’s Seat” (1970). Muriel Spark presents different portrayals of women and sexuality within two of her works, “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” and “The Driver’s Seat”. In “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” Spark uses strategies to allow the reader to become aware of her constant comparison of Brodie’s life with that of a man’s. As Brodie becomes more in control during the “prime” of her life, her character is physically and mentally compared with that of strong historical figures. In addition, Spark shows Brodie as a representative of the growing feminism throughout the 1930s in which women began to travel more on their own and live their lives outside of the religious confines of the past. The central character, Lise, in “The Driver’s Seat” however, portrays an embittered and business-like modern women. Spark uses business imagery to describe Lise and how women in the 1960s modern business world have become ordinary, tight-lipped and are judged on how many personnel are “above them” or “below them”. In addition, Lise tries to search for a man who has a “lack of absence” which indicates that men as well as women are affected by the impersonalized nature of the modern world. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sexuality and Differing Gender Perceptions

    A 5 page contention that numerous assumptions are often in play when we consider the issues between male and female. Various groups, in fact, try to propagate their own beliefs in regard to the relationship between the sexes when, in reality, there is no one commonalty. This is particularly true in regard to opinions regarding the appropriateness of media depictions of various degrees of sexual intimacy. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A Character and Thematic Comparison of Desiree's Baby and Antlers

    A comparison between the themes and characters in Chopin's Desiree's Baby and Bass's Antlers, with particular reference to the exploration of gender roles and sexual morality in the two societies depicted. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • Gender Inequality: Created By Social Institutions

    16 pages in length. The hierarchy of gender assignment is a reality based solely upon cultural impact and social institutions; since man's timeline began to evolve, the placement of male and female gender within every aspect of society was clearly established by social constructs comprised of patriarchal influence. The extent to which gender inequity has carried on throughout the ages is both grand and far-reaching; that the reasons for such division based solely upon sexual characteristics can be attributed to a collection of socially indoctrinated causes speaks to how entrenched gender equality is in relation to cultural manipulation. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Analyzing World Cultures and Gender Issues

    In seven pages, this paper examines the similarities and differences that exist in global (non-U.S.) cultures including Japan, India, the Middle East, and Africa (Ghana), making connections with those in the United States, and also examines the role the gender researcher plays in such analyses. Six sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Women's Careers and Social Roles

    This 5 page paper looks at women's roles in society and how they have changed over the years. Their roles in the workplace are highlighted. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women and Discrimination in the Workplace

    A 7 page paper which examines women and discrimination in the workplace. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The God of Small Things and Sexual Transgression's Dark Reality Symbolism

    This 3 page paper discusses this story and how sexual transgression sybolizes a very dark reality. Because two characters in this story who are of different castes have an affair, they are doomed to a series of ramifications based on the fear of society. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe and Women

    This 4 page paper examines the role of women in Achebe's, "Things Fall Apart". By examining the way that the main character, Okonkwo, treats women, both their oppression and their power are revealed in this analysis. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Wollstonecraft/Vindication of the Rights of Women

    A 5 page research paper/essay that examines some of the writing of Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797), a humanist writer of the Enlightenment, who argued against slavery and monarchy, and supported “children’s rights, the value of breastfeeding, coeducational schools, animal rights and other progressive ideas” (“Humanist Profile” 2). This discussion, first of all, summarizes chapter 5-7 in Wollstonecraft’s Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792). Then an interpretation of her ideas is offered, and this is followed by a critique of those concepts. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 'Daddy' by Sylvia Plath

    This 5 page paper looks at Sylvia Plath's famous poem. An analysis is presented using a feminist archetypal perspective. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Women and Workplace Discrimination

    This 8 page paper embraces the thesis that discrimination still exists in the workplace. Gender inequality in the business world is explored in depth. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • UK Gender Discrimination

    A 12 page paper. The gender pay gap in the UK is the widest of any country in the European Union. About 30 percent of managers and administrators in the country are women but they are concentrated at the lowest levels of management. Further, they are paid 24 percent less than male counterparts. This essay explores the issue of gender discrimination in the workplace and the very real glass ceiling that exists. The writer provides the core elements of the law and reports the lack of significant changes in more than three decades. The essay also provides suggestions for eliminating gender discrimination. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Patriarchal Mongolia and Gender Equality

    This 10 page paper explains why women are considered to be equal to men in Mongolia, despite a tradition of patriarchy. The unique blend of tradition and Buddhism seems to have paved the way for a gender equal society. The family structure of the Mongolian people is explored along with other aspects of daily life in the context of a hypothetical example concerning human services workers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Gender and Economics

    This 5 page paper looks at gender and society and whether or not economics plays a key role in equality. The paper contends that economics is separate and apart from other factors. Writings by Hartmann and Engels are utilized in the discussion. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Historical Perspective of Gender Inequality from the 1990s

    This 9 page paper takes a look at gender inequality historically and points out that it is still ever-present, despite changes in society. The ways in which society constructs gender is duly noted. An outline is included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Colonial Powers and Gender Differences

    This 5 page paper considers how the gender differences between the central areas of colonial power and the peripheries differed at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century. The paper begins by looking at the gender inequalities and developments in the colonial powers at this time, and then looks at how they differed in the outlying regions. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Workplace Equality?

    This 5-page paper supports the assertion that there continues to be inequalities in the workplace in terms of gender and race. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Workplace and the Intersection Between Gender and Ethnicity, Race, and Class

    This 3 page paper discusses the factors of race, ethnicity, and class as they pertain to gender and the inequities in the workplace. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • Functionalist Perspective on Gender Wage Discrimination

    This 9 page paper examines a newspaper article which reports the gap between the average female wage and the average male wage has decreased and consider how this may be interpreted, After examining the article and what it means the event it is reported is examined from a functionalist approach, using the work of Emile Durkheim, to explain why and how it has occurred and how it could be interpreted. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Case Study Analysis of Earnings and Gender Discrimination

    This 5-page paper examines the concept of disparity of wages between men and women, based on the case study "Is discrimination responsible for earnings differences between men and women?" which was written by Francine Siau and Lawrence Kahn.

  • Research Methodology on Women and the Glass Ceiling

    5 pages in length. The writer provides details to the qualitative approach for researching women and the glass ceiling, as well as discusses specific circumstances where women have broken through the man-made corporate world. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Glass Ceiling

    A 3 page paper which discusses a case study of a woman’s experience with the glass ceiling. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Randy Albeda and Chris Tilly's Glass Ceilings and Bottomless Pits Women's Work, Women's Poverty

    A 7 page review of the book by Randy Albeda and Chris Tilly. is an expose’ on the numerous societal factors which are facing women today. It is a look into poverty as many of us have never seen poverty, a look at the blatant and sometimes shocking facts of being a poor woman in the United States, the facts of that ever present “bottomless pit”. It is also a look, however, a the so-called “glass ceiling” which confronts professional women in the workplace. This paper contends that while the two scenarios are definitely different, they are inherently related to the same societal factors of the patriarchal dominated society which has been in place for the history of mankind. No additional sources are listed.

  • The Evolution Of Women - Feminism

    This 11 page paper presents a history of women's rights/feminist movements, including a report about where the term 'feminism' came from. The writer reports on the different types of feminism, including religious feminism. The paper also comments on the men's groups that emerged from feminism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Reviewing Feminism's Evolutionary Nature

    A 4 page review of the multifaceted nature of feminism. This diversity is emphasized by a number of writers, one of the more notable of which is Estelle Freedman. Freedman's "No Turning Back: The History of Feminism and the Future of Women" is complimented by an exploration of a number of other authors and viewpoints. Rosemarie Tong's "Multicultural and Global Feminism", Pat Mainardi's "The Politics of Housework" and Barbara Ehrenreich's "The Road to Equality" each add considerable insight into the diversity of feminism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 1955 to 1975 Feminist Movement Rebirth

    5 pages in length. Priorities began to take shape in the middle of the twentieth century that had never before been addressed. Women were prepared to put all aspects of their lives on hold as a means by which to fulfill their professional desires; however, this was not to bode well with the male gender, who was confused at the intensity with which women were forging ahead in the workplace. Along with this newfound freedom came an unexpected consequence: higher divorce rates. Because women were finding themselves capable of being self-sufficient, there came a new outlook upon relationships and the roles each gender played; as women became more independent, they were less inclined to rely upon their husbands for security. This, according to Ruth Rosen's "The World Split Open: How the Modern Women's Movement Changed America," is what set the stage for the rebirth of feminism and the emergence of the women's movement. No additional sources cited.

  • Fashion and Fashion Photography

    7 pages in length. The fashion industry would not exist without the helpful hand of fashion photography. Their work gracing the pages of globally dispersed style magazines, fashion photographers enlighten the world to the season's new trends and old chic. Fashion photography has come a long way since the days of black and white reproduction; indeed, the advent of color photography quickly boosted the fashion industry by providing flair and allure to each season's styles. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Essays and Poems on Barbie

    A 4 page paper which examines 5 different essays/poems on Barbie and argues agreement with one. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Human Sexuality Theories

    A 3 page paper which examines the evolutionary, psychological, and sociological theories regarding human sexuality. The paper argues that the sociological theory is the best suited for defining human sexuality. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Language that is Gender Biased

    6 pages in length. This paper reviews three articles on the title subject and analyzes each article. There are people who use language that would be considered biased in use. The question that is raised is this: Is the language a cause of the bias or is the bias a cause of the language used? Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Issue of Equality and Efforts to Achieve Equality

    This 6 page paper discusses the following quote; “the symmetrical view of equality ignores actual imbalances of power in society, whereby women and ethnic minorities continue to be subjected to disadvantages and detriment... More recently equality has moved beyond equal treatment” . The paper examines what is meant by equality and how equality measured in results may be more important than the equality of opportunity. The paper includes discussion on prejudice, discrimination, stereotyping and positive discrimination. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Leveling the Playing Field with Affirmative Action

    This 4 page paper discusses the pros and cons of affirmative action. While we must guard against reverse discrimination, affirmative action is still very much needed in our modern world. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Global Woman and the Problems Faced by Migrant Female Workers

    This 3 page paper examines the book entitled Global Woman that is comprised of a number of articles on migrant women. Much of the discussion is on domestic workers. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Girls, Women, and the Impact of the Media

    This essay examines how the media (including television, film, print and commercials) impacts the self-image that women and girls have of themselves. Topics include studies that have been done to ascertain the media's impact on women's roles in society. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women and the Impact of the Media

    This 8 page thesis paper looks at various forms of media including print advertising, commercials, television programming, films, music videos and more to discuss how media's images affect women's self-esteem. While part of the effects of media are blatant in terms of images presented, others are less obvious such as the subservient or otherwise stereotypical roles women play. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Workplace and Sexism

    16 pages in length. Gender prejudice is alive and well throughout contemporary commerce as women struggle to maintain an equitable existence within a sexist environment. The workplace is but one area where sexism continues to thrive amidst an atmosphere of gender intolerance and biased practices. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Abortion, Surrogacy and Men

    A 15 page research paper that offers an examination of international law and looks specifically at the issues associated with abortion, assisted reproductive technologies and surrogacy. The focus is on how statutory language is utilized and the implications that this holds for male interaction with specific legal codes. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Relationship Between Gender and Sexuality

    10 pages in length. The relationship between sexuality and gender has experienced myriad metamorphoses throughout human existence. That they have come to repel each other to some degree speaks to the ever-present struggle that perpetuates between men and women. Patriarchy takes much of the credit – or blame – for how sexuality and gender associate in contemporary society; the extent to which such gender oppression has molded the way in which people perceive the various components of sexuality is both grand and far-reaching. The writer discusses homosexuality, sexual values, sexual violence and teen pregnancy. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Gender Differences and Nonverbal Communication

    A 12 page paper that provides an overview of nonverbal communication and considers it in terms of the way both men and women encode and decode these messages. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Wolfinger and Rabow's Article 'The Different Voices of Gender'

    This 6 page paper analyzes the research reported in the article of this title by Wolfinger and Rabow. Specifically, this paper addresses the basis for the research, methodology, results and implications of results which add to the understanding of the differences in how men and women communicate.

  • Media's Gender Bias and the 'Smurfette Principle'

    Nearly three decades after the 'Feminist Movement' and the initiation of the Equal Rights Amendment, much of the entertainment media is still reflecting lower-level roles, even subordinate roles for women. This 4 page essay explores 'The Smurfette Principle' in terms of various preschool television shows. The similarity of today's storylines to those of 25 and more years ago is astounding. . . a rather incredible fact in light of the feminist movement. Gender bias is alive and well in entertainment media. No bibliography.

  • Computer Phobia and Gender Differences

    Fear of computers is deemed as the main reason women avoid the internet in this 6 page paper on gender differences. Statistics reveal that more men are using the internet as society encourages males to pursue the sciences, while discouraging females. Solutions to the problem are explored. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Equality, Women, and Policing

    A 5 page overview of women in law enforcement. Points out that some women have succeeded in law enforcement careers but almost inevitably they acknowledge the existence of sexual discrimination. Concludes that many times women feel that they have to simply deal with discrimination in order to keep their jobs. Suggests that much more than women's moral is at stake in the issue of sexual discrimination. Recommends methods for improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Influences of Gender and Parental Interaction on Behavior and Attitudes

    A 6 page examination of attitudes and behavior, how they relate to identity formation and are influenced by factors such as parental influence and gender. Stresses how a child's persona, their identity, attitudes, and behavior are shaped during early childhood by parental and societal interaction and indeed by their own gender. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Self Esteem and Body Image

    The relationship between body image and self-esteem is explored in this 6 page paper. Age, sex and culture are considered. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Carol H. Weiss's Theoretical Contributions

    This 10 page paper looks at this theorist’s contribution to program evaluation as well as at the broad scope of her work. Specific contributions to the social sciences are noted and criticisms about this theorist are included as well. The paper sums up with an evaluation and concluding notes on Weiss’s work. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Workplace and Gender Stereotypes

    A 15 page paper that discusses gender stereotypes in the workplace and examines how these stereotypes affect female workers. Included is a brief summary of the history of females in the workplace as well as a short discussion on the origins of gender stereotypes. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Magazines and the Depiction of Women in Redbook, GQ, and Cosmopolitan

    5 pages in length. Have women truly escaped the patriarchal hold so prevalent throughout popular culture? In some ways they have yet in others the same exhaustive battle continues to rage. The writer compares and contrasts the portrayal of women in such magazines as GQ, Cosmopolitan and Redbook. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Renaissance and Contemporary Women's Roles

    5 pages in length. Throughout the renaissance, patriarchy was responsible for designing women’s role in society; many of these devices used in earlier centuries were related to religion. Certain scripture regularly challenged women to disprove that they were inferior—to not agree was heresy. When religion did not work alone, scientific theory was included as a factor in the equation that supported the ideal that women are inferior. Based on a conviction of inferiority, male authorities were then able to design lifestyles for women, including approved activities, mannerism, education, sexuality and religious pursuits. Contemporary society, however, has witnessed a metamorphosis of gender oppression, clearly demonstrated through popular culture. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Article Comparison on Gender Differences

    This 5 page paper takes a look at gender differences, and whether or not they are innate or learned, through two very different articles. The authors used are Helen Fisher and Kate Fillion. No additional sources cited.

  • Boys, Girls, and Gender Differences

    A 6 page paper that explores the differences between genders. Despite two or more decades of people saying they do not want their children to behave and think in stereotypical ways, research consistently concludes that parents treat their children differently based on the child's gender. Since initial gender roles are assumed during infancy and young childhood, this paper looks at the research involving play and toy selection and how these are developed in the child. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • David Tyack and Elisabeth Hansot's 'Learning Together'

    A 5 page paper which reviews the book 'Learning Together: A History of Coeducation in American Schools' by David Tyack and Elisabeth Hansot. No additional sources cited.

  • The Dental Industry and Abuse Alert

    4 pages in length. Children are often the unwitting victims of domestic violence, even though they are not the specific targets of the adult's anger. Statistics show that in America, a child is reported abused or neglected every thirteen seconds, which equates to more than two point seven million children each and every year. This figure, more than three times as many as was reported in 1980, reflects a disturbing trend toward uncontrolled acts of domestic violence. The writer discusses how dental healthcare professionals can first recognize child abuse in their patients and then deal with the moral and ethical obligations of reporting such abuse. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Male Culture and Gender Prejudice

    A 6 page paper that discusses gender bias against women in a male-dominated culture. Stereotypical behaviors are learned early in life and are perpetuated throughout life in media depictions of women. The comments of three feminist authors are integrated: Sandra Lee Bartky, Sandra Lipsitz Bem, and Catharine A. MacKinnon. The writer also addresses the need for women to take responsibility to change their own environment. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and Women's Condition Changes

    An 11 page paper discussing changes in women's conditions over the 19th and 20th centuries from the perspective of the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789). In contrast to the conditions that existed before the Declaration was issued, it can be said that its points have been fulfilled. The position that women now occupy is vastly improved over that of prior generations, even though contemporary struggles would mask the gains that have been made. As written, the Declaration's goals have been achieved. As interpreted in light of the philosophers under whose influence the Declaration was written, there is still much more ground to gain - not in terms of technicalities, but rather in attitudes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Blaming Mothers in Society and 'Mamas, Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up To Be Less Than Perfect'

    An 8-page paper that examines the conventional tendency of society to blame mothers for the dysfunction of their children and of society itself. Discussed is the development of this theory in the 1950s, its progress throughout the latter half of the twentieth century, and the overall change in attitude and views toward this theory that is currently occurring in modern society. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Age of Aquarius, Ancient Worlds and Worship

    A 5 page paper that posits the thesis that religion exists within a cycle of change and that the new millennium may mark the shift of beliefs back to ancient traditions, moving from a male-dominated theology back to a female-dominated 'thealogy'. Included are an examination of the religions and societies of both ancient Israel and the ancient Near East along with a comparison of both with contemporary religion and society. Also discussed is the nature of psalms and songs and their place in the daily lives and worship practices of ancient Israel. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Contemporary Workplace and the Importance of Equity and Gender Issues

    7 pages in length. Because corporate America is essentially a man's world, it has been extremely difficult for women to break the mold and be accepted for their talents, while not being overlooked merely because of their gender. The writer discusses why gender and equity have become critical issues in today's workplace. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

 

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