Research Papers on All Women's Issues

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Learned Gender

    This paper uses Deirdre N. McCloskey’s book “Crossing: A Memoir” to explore the idea that gender can be learned. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Men's and Women's Earning Power in America

    A 4 page research paper that examines the wage discrepancy between those earned by men as compared to the average wage for women. The writer discusses current statistics, the idea of wages for housework, and the wages for women factory workers in the nineteenth century. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Role of Women in WWII/A Research Proposal

    A 14 page research proposal involving a study of women in WWII. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Gender Gap and the 'Glass Ceiling'

    A 10 page paper presenting a study and concluding that the gender gap still exists, 40 years after it was being labeled as illegal through legislation. Though not included, a 4-slide PowerPoint presentation is available. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Glass Ceiling

    A 3 page paper which discusses a case study of a woman’s experience with the glass ceiling. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Government Agencies and Sexual Harassment

    Sexual Harassment in Government Agencies: A 5-page treatise on the progress in women's fight against sexual harassment in government agencies. Stresses that, though there has been progress in the federal arena as well as in the private sector, there are unique barriers in place for government employees who wish to report sexual harassment. Lists 4 sources.

  • School Environment and Sexual Harassment

    A 6 page paper discussing sexual harassment primarily in the high school and college years, but also including middle school actions that have been labeled as being true harassment. One even resulted in a Supreme Court decision (Davis vs Monroe County School Board) that schools must take steps to halt any harassment found to exist. The difficulty in dealing with sexual harassment cases lies in the problems of definition, age of consent, ethics, learning to deal with the opposite sex and common sense. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • What is Meant by Sexual Harassment?

    This 5 page paper considers what we mean by sexual harassment starting with a definition of sexual conduct that will lead to a person feeling uncomfortable the paper goes on to develop this into a broader and more useful definition. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Discrimination and Sexual Harassment

    Information and Interview : A 5 page paper which offers an examination of sexual discrimination and harassment and then presents an interview with a man and woman wherein they are asked about their views and experiences with sexual harassment and discrimination. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hotel Industry and Issues of Sexual Harassment

    This is a 7 page paper discussing the sexual harassment issues in industries today. Current laws and history are introduced and specific examples of harassment and special issues relating to the hotel and restaurant hospitality industry are discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment in Oleanna by David Mamet

    A 5 page research paper/analysis that examines the context of David Mamet's play, Oleanna. The writer discusses whether or not the play dramatizes sexual harassment or male victimization within the broader context of higher education. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History of U.S. Sexual Harassment Legislation

    This 8 page paper provides a comprehensive history and background of the sexual harassment laws in the United States. The essay begins by reporting how and when the term sexual harassment was coined and the fact that the issue is not a new one. At least one author has traced serious incidents of sexual harassment to the 1800s. A chronology of the most important acts and laws regarding sexual harassment is included, beginning with the 1964 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act that also created the EEOC. The legal definition of sexual harassment is included along with the evolution of the concept over the years. The two specific types of sexual harassment are explained. An overview of two specific cases, Ford Motor Company and Lutheran Medical Center in New York is included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Female Preference Shown in Policies of Sexual Harassment

    This 3 page paper supports the thesis that sexual harassment policies are written against men. Several concrete examples are provided. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Implications of Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

    5 pages in length. One might readily argue how Maria is confusing sexual harassment with gender/racial discrimination, a distinction that may ultimately cost her the suit. Being that sexual harassment is defined as any unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature – verbal, visual or physical - Maria may have great difficultly proving that any of this occurred during which time she was compelled to take on the role of menial servant. Situations can arise when a person is forced against her will to participate in an act of sexual harassment that threatens one's employment, no matter if it was done overtly or merely by inference, however, the circumstances upon which Maria's suit is filed are clearly not of a sexual nature as defined by law and may be construed as pushing the boundaries of current formulations of sexual harassment laws. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Trouble at Work Sexual Harassment by Co-Workers and Supervisors

    This 3 page paper discusses a case of sexual harassment and its potential outcome; it also discusses the case from the point of view of a company trying to prevent such incidents. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Freedom, Consent, and Other Feminist Issues

    6 pages in length. The writer discusses why notions of freedom and consent are central to a feminist, theoretical consideration of sexual harassment, pornography and rape, as well as offers an explanation for the sexual division of labor within late capitalist society. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Gender Roles and Bureaucracies

    This 14 page paper examines the role of gender in an organisation. The paper explains how traditional workplace strategies have involved seeing employees as asexual, interpreting sexuality as an irrational interference which creates inefficiencies and may leave a compnay open to sexual harassment claims. The paper argues that sexuality and gender differentiation are not left behind when employee enter the workplace, but are inherent in the employment relationship. Looking at different theorists, ideas of patriarchy, male domination, sexual harassment, sex and power and gender defined jobs are all included. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Females in Law Enforcement

    A 20 page discussion of women in law enforcement. This paper examines how women perform in comparison to male officers. It also examines such issues as discrimination and sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Female Police Officers and Harassment

    This 5 page paper discusses the problems faced by women in law enforcement; specifically sexual harassment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Anthropological Assessment of the Film North Country

    A 7 page research paper that discusses this film. North Country, directed by Niki Caro, portrays the story of Josey Aimes, a story that is inspired by the woman who began with nation's very first class action lawsuit for sexual harassment. This film portrays the multifaceted and complex factors that influenced the behavior of the characters and, thus, provides a telling commentary on gender expectations and norms within the context of American society. The following examination of this film first offers a synopsis of the plot, but then discusses the film from an anthropological point of view. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Lyrical Left Wing Greenwich Village Community

    This is a 9 page paper discussing the sexual politics within the lyric left from the Greenwich Village community. The New York Greenwich Village community in the late 19th and throughout the 20th century became the center for writers, journalists and artists all promoting ideas and lifestyle representing the political and sexual left including feminism, bohemianism, bisexuality, homosexuality and overall freedom of thought and action. Much of the writing which came from Greenwich was considered within the realm of the “lyric left” through the works of Jack Kerouac, Djuna Barnes, Sinclair Lewis, Willa Cather and especially Edna St. Vincent Millay among many others. Millay wrote a great many poems which not only revealed the bohemian and “radical sexual” conduct within the lifestyles of her and her colleagues but also commented on the fullest extent of feminism in which women can feel sexual desire and needs in addition to having control over their own lives and sexual fulfillment. At the same time, her poems also show the conflict which still existed between men and women and her own desire to overcome any restrictions carried over from the previous Victorian expectations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Equality, Women, and Policing

    A 5 page overview of women in law enforcement. Points out that some women have succeeded in law enforcement careers but almost inevitably they acknowledge the existence of sexual discrimination. Concludes that many times women feel that they have to simply deal with discrimination in order to keep their jobs. Suggests that much more than women's moral is at stake in the issue of sexual discrimination. Recommends methods for improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Issues Associated with Rape

    20 pages in length. The issues of gender, patriarchy and sexual violence are inextricably intertwined within the complexities of social existence. That women have always had to confirm their worth as human beings serves as a significant indicator to the overwhelming oppression thrust upon the female gender by means of physical and emotional abuse. Examining the extent to which women have been the recipients of such barbaric treatment at the hands of their male counterparts enables one to gain a better understanding of how the progression of sexual violence has perpetrated through the ages; only within the last few decades of the twentieth century have women been able to find any solace through crisis counseling, protective legislation and the enlightenment of law enforcement authorities. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Relationship Between Gender and Sexuality

    10 pages in length. The relationship between sexuality and gender has experienced myriad metamorphoses throughout human existence. That they have come to repel each other to some degree speaks to the ever-present struggle that perpetuates between men and women. Patriarchy takes much of the credit – or blame – for how sexuality and gender associate in contemporary society; the extent to which such gender oppression has molded the way in which people perceive the various components of sexuality is both grand and far-reaching. The writer discusses homosexuality, sexual values, sexual violence and teen pregnancy. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • 1920s' Sexual Revolution in America

    A 12 page contention that the 1920s did indeed spawn a sexual revolution. The industrialization which would overtake the U.S. in this time period would impact us in some very astounding ways. One of these ways was the advent of the sexual revolution, a revolution in which the mores and social behavior of the newly-named “flapper” would usurp those of the traditional American housewife. The flapper would come to epitomize the liberation of American women from the rigidly-defined patriarchal system which had kept them and their female ancestors bound practically since the beginning of mankind’s reign on earth. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Social Role of Strip Clubs

    6 pages in length. The human being is a highly sexual animal. More than any other innate attribute, sex resides at the forefront of humanity's desires. This natural reaction to the opposite sex is the fundamental reason why strip clubs exist and continue to thrive amidst public opposition. As a rule, the world of strip clubs is a man's domain where beautiful yet unattainable women are the objects of unrequited sexual desire. Theirs is a visual world that requires the stimulation of seeing a naked body in order to be aroused, which speaks directly to one of the most prominent reasons why strip clubs are such an integral part of contemporary society. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Patriarchal Societal Aspects of Great Britain

    This 6 page paper argues that Britain is still a patriarchal society despite the apparent levels of equality. The paper considers the cultural, political, social and sexual attitudes and the supporting societal structures. The bibliography cites 190 sources.

  • Swaziland's Sex Ban and the Implications for Human Rights

    14 pages. King Mswati III of Swaziland in September of 2001 declared there would be a five-year ban on sexual relations for young women in Swaziland. This was his answer to the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic that continues throughout the African nations. This paper looks at the human rights and gender bias that is also at work in this weak attempt to control the sex lives of a nation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Settlement, Secrecy, and Smith Barney

    This 5 page paper examines why many plaintiffs, including Pamela K. Martens have not settled in the Smith Barney sexual discrimination case. The paper then outlines why such settlements should not be shrouded in secrecy and how this leaves a bias towards the employer. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Sexual Terrorism and Pornography Propaganda

    A 14 page overview of the issues surrounding pornography. The author addresses the question of whether pornography is the propaganda of sexual terrorism by assessing public viewpoints on the issues. The results are rather unexpected. Indeed, not only do students appear more receptive to pornography, the general public is generally apathetic to the issue. Even some feminist stand on the side of supporting pornography and view it as a natural expression of sexuality. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Has the Sexual Revolution Ended?

    A 4 page paper which examines if the sexual revolution is over or not. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medical Profession from 1780 to 1900 and Sexuality

    A 7 page research paper that examines the role played by the medical profession of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries in determining what was considered to be normal sexuality. The writer shows how doctors during this era largely considered normal female sexuality to be a symptom of pathology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Health and Gender Inequality

    This 8-page paper discusses gender bias in health in terms of doctor-patient relationships. Also discussed are potential reasons why such bias continues to exist today. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Fashions for Women

    5 pages. In the 19th century women's fashions were dramatically different than those of today. Those women who could afford them wore up to six petticoats and it took much practice in learning how to raise them properly as she walked up steps or curbs. In those days the wasp-waisted look was the height of fashion and women corseted themselves so tightly as to have doctors fear for their health. This paper explains how clothing changed from the 19th century through the 20th century. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Debate Over Partial Birth Abortions

    5 pages in length. Considered by some to be nothing more than a veiled lack of responsibility, partial birth abortions have come to the forefront of controversy. As if abortion, in and of itself, was not a hot enough issue for debate, both the procedure and reasoning behind partial birth abortion are under fire. Women whose fetuses have known birth defects most commonly utilize this highly invasive procedure as a means by which to terminate the late-term pregnancy. After the baby is purposely turned in the breach position, the doctor pulls it down through the birth canal until the only part left inside the mother's body is the head, which legally maintains its fetus status. The brain is then suctioned out and the skull crushed before the body is completely expelled. Indeed, the primary arguments about this particular procedure revolve around the status of personhood, as well as the reasons to even employ such a horrific alternative. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Feminism of the Sixties and Nursing

    A 5 page examination of the manner in which nursing changed at the impetus of the feminist movement of the 1960s. Previously relegated to primarily a subservient role in the health care environment and restricted solely to the hospital or doctor’s office, nurses took their lead from the feminist movement to remold their view of themselves as competent professionals. No longer simply puppets of those who had previously held the power and prestige in health care, nurses banded together to make a difference both in the political aspects of healthcare and in nursing theory. Consequently, this time in nursing history was one of the most productive in terms of the degree to which nurses would add to healthcare practice.

  • 'Recipe' by Janice Mirikitani

    A 5 page research paper that discusses Janice Mirikitani's poem 'Recipe,' which concerns the desire of some Asian women to have 'round' eyes. The wrier discusses the poem and relates this issue to problems of identity and appearance that are common to all Western Women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'Daddy' by Sylvia Plath

    This 5 page paper looks at Sylvia Plath's famous poem. An analysis is presented using a feminist archetypal perspective. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Essays and Poems on Barbie

    A 4 page paper which examines 5 different essays/poems on Barbie and argues agreement with one. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Rich, Freire and Education

    This 3 page paper discusses the essay and poems of Adrienne Rich and the banking theory of education put forth by Paolo Freire, and how they can be related to education. Bibliography lists 2 sources

  • "Wickedness" and Liberation in Cisneros

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of Cisneros' "His Story". The poem is analyzed in the context of feminist theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide/When The Rainbow Is Enuf A Choreopoem by Ntozake Shange

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses patriarchy, gender and ethnic oppression as they relate to Shange's work. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Technological Connections and 'Cyberfeminism'

    Examining the new concept of cyberfeminism, this paper examines the connection between technology and a sense of female identity. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Is Maria Teresa Tula's Thinking Still Relevant?

    A 5 page paper discussing the generalizability of resistance to political oppression in the New World and in the East. In Hear My Testimony, author Maria Teresa Tula provides an account of the struggle for human rights in her native El Salvador. The purpose here is to examine the historical origins of that struggle and to determine whether the work reflects world historical forces of the non western world. The paper concludes that though results in abuses of human rights take similar forms, the historical origin of extremism in the New World and in old civilizations of Asia are greatly different. The book does provide an account of women's involvement in political resistance, however, which is highly relevant to oppression resulting from any origin. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Plastic Surgery, Footbinding, and Violence Targeting Women

    This 6 page paper discusses violence against women in the practices of footbinding and plastic surgery. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sexuality During the 12th Century

    This 5 page paper is a critical analysis of 12th century sexuality and the roles of women. The primary source used is John Baldwin's The Language of Sex, with additional support coming from Geroges Duby's volumes: Women of the 12th Century. This paper gives evidencial proof, based on scholarly research, that the church, in large part, was responsible for the lack of equality between the sexes. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Iris M. Young's Justice and the Politics of Difference and Susan M. Okin's Justice, Gender and the Family

    (7 pp) This discussion addresses the nature of social politics and diversity through the work of two feminist scholars: Susan Muller Okin: Justice Gender and the Family (1989), and Iris Marion Young: Justice and the Politics of Difference (1990).

  • Abortion, Surrogacy and Men

    A 15 page research paper that offers an examination of international law and looks specifically at the issues associated with abortion, assisted reproductive technologies and surrogacy. The focus is on how statutory language is utilized and the implications that this holds for male interaction with specific legal codes. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • John Gray's Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus A Practical Guide for Improving Communication and Getting What You Want in Your Relationship

    (5 pp) This discussion examines John Gray's 1992 best seller, Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus: A Practical Guide for Improving Communication and Getting What You Want in Your Relationships. In light of the new century the book, has not aged well. Although it may have broken much ground in advancing the need to discuss differences in gender communications, the reduction of communication skills to simplistic solutions, which often seem prone to the author's perceptions of how it 'should' be, no longer have the power that kept the book on the New York Times bestseller list for 92 weeks. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Girls, Women, and the Impact of the Media

    This essay examines how the media (including television, film, print and commercials) impacts the self-image that women and girls have of themselves. Topics include studies that have been done to ascertain the media's impact on women's roles in society. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women and the Impact of the Media

    This 8 page thesis paper looks at various forms of media including print advertising, commercials, television programming, films, music videos and more to discuss how media's images affect women's self-esteem. While part of the effects of media are blatant in terms of images presented, others are less obvious such as the subservient or otherwise stereotypical roles women play. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Workplace and Sexism

    16 pages in length. Gender prejudice is alive and well throughout contemporary commerce as women struggle to maintain an equitable existence within a sexist environment. The workplace is but one area where sexism continues to thrive amidst an atmosphere of gender intolerance and biased practices. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Martin Frye's Views on Sexism

    This 4 page paper examines Marilyn Frye's views on sexism as expressed in the article "Sexism," which is included in James Rachels' book, The Right Thing to Do. Bibliography lists 3 sources

  • Prostitution and STDs in Britain

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of how Britain has handled prostitution and the spread of sexually transmitted disease over the decades. Josephine Butler is discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Feminist Activist Susan B. Anthony

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of the role that Susan B. Anthony played in the women's rights movement. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 19th Century Women's Activist Susan B. Anthony

    An 11 page overview of the accomplishments of this nineteenth century activist. Traces Anthony’s role from her first speech in 1855 to the achievement of the vote for women. Includes an annotated bibliography of 8 sources.

  • Relationship Between Gender and Sexuality

    10 pages in length. The relationship between sexuality and gender has experienced myriad metamorphoses throughout human existence. That they have come to repel each other to some degree speaks to the ever-present struggle that perpetuates between men and women. Patriarchy takes much of the credit – or blame – for how sexuality and gender associate in contemporary society; the extent to which such gender oppression has molded the way in which people perceive the various components of sexuality is both grand and far-reaching. The writer discusses homosexuality, sexual values, sexual violence and teen pregnancy. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Television Depictions of Gender and Ethnicity in the Workplace

    A 3 page considerations of some of the differences that exist between depictions of women and men and ethnicities in American society. Using the popular television shows “Monk” and “CSI” as frames of reference, this paper asserts that while equality might have almost been achieved in the real workplace, there are still inconsistencies in the way women and ethnicities are regarded and portrayed in American society. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Bahrain; Women’s Rights

    The government of Bahrain has made a commitment to women and developing women’s rights. This 3 page paper looks at the progress and areas of achievement and considers the current political aspects of women rights in the country and considers areas where political moves to increase equality may be argued as still required. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Kenyan Woman

    6 pages worth of compiled research and information on the social role of women in Kenya, their high fertility rates, culture, and tradition. Insight is given into the socio-health related problems that exist and what is (or is not) being done to solve them. An interview with a woman from Kenya (who now lives in the U.S.) is cited. Bibliography lists 6 relevant sources.

  • Entrepreneurial Women

    8 pages in length. There is really nothing any more remarkable in women entrepreneurs' efforts than there are in the men counterparts' work, at least not in the present. In the early years, women were at a distinct disadvantage if they intended to focus on any business that could be seen as untraditional. Since those first ground-breaking years, however, women-owned businesses are just businesses—sound management practices and tuned acumen truly is without gender. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Women and Telecommunications II

    In this well-argued 6 page paper, the point is made that tele-commuting does little more for women than keep them at home-- where they were a century ago. Women who work from their home office/computer are expected not only to handle corporate business from 9 - 5, they are also usually expected to take care of household affairs and even to raise children during the same time. This stands in contrast with men who cyber-commute but who are not expected to do anything other than work during the course of the business day. Various other relevant ethical issues are discussed and it is ultimately concluded that women have very little to gain in today's workplace. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Gender Differences and Nonverbal Communication

    A 12 page paper that provides an overview of nonverbal communication and considers it in terms of the way both men and women encode and decode these messages. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Wolfinger and Rabow's Article 'The Different Voices of Gender'

    This 6 page paper analyzes the research reported in the article of this title by Wolfinger and Rabow. Specifically, this paper addresses the basis for the research, methodology, results and implications of results which add to the understanding of the differences in how men and women communicate.

  • Broadcasting and Gender Discrimination

    A 10 page literature review on the instant subject, exploring issues of workforce statistics, discrimination against women broadcasters, and discrimination against storylines of women in broadcasting--including appearance and subject matter. The paper also discusses the "hidden" women in broadcasting--technicians. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Media's Gender Bias and the 'Smurfette Principle'

    Nearly three decades after the 'Feminist Movement' and the initiation of the Equal Rights Amendment, much of the entertainment media is still reflecting lower-level roles, even subordinate roles for women. This 4 page essay explores 'The Smurfette Principle' in terms of various preschool television shows. The similarity of today's storylines to those of 25 and more years ago is astounding. . . a rather incredible fact in light of the feminist movement. Gender bias is alive and well in entertainment media. No bibliography.

  • Computer Phobia and Gender Differences

    Fear of computers is deemed as the main reason women avoid the internet in this 6 page paper on gender differences. Statistics reveal that more men are using the internet as society encourages males to pursue the sciences, while discouraging females. Solutions to the problem are explored. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • America's System of Justice and Women

    A 16 page research paper. The topic of women and the US Justice System is indeed a broad one, containing several aspects that cannot be ignored by any discussion of both the role of and the effects on women. It is necessary to look at women on each side of the judicial bench—how those in judging positions perform their duties and the contributions they make, and how those embroiled in legal issues common to women are faring today compared to past times. Also important is the fair and unbiased evaluation of the effects and the realized results of laws specific to women, such as sex discrimination of women and reforms of rape laws that have been in place in several jurisdictions for several years, while are still under discussion in others. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Equality, Women, and Policing

    A 5 page overview of women in law enforcement. Points out that some women have succeeded in law enforcement careers but almost inevitably they acknowledge the existence of sexual discrimination. Concludes that many times women feel that they have to simply deal with discrimination in order to keep their jobs. Suggests that much more than women's moral is at stake in the issue of sexual discrimination. Recommends methods for improvement. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mafia and Roles Played by Women

    This 8 page paper looks at the roles women play in the Mafia and how the role has evolved over time to one that is slightly more active. Despite the change in female participation, Mafia families remain patriarchal in nature and wives are still put on pedestals. A look at the phenomenon is taken with examples drawn from both the United States and Italy. Bibliography lists 9 sources

  • Necessity for Women's Rights Worldwide

    5 pages in length. The author discusses the need for women's rights activists in the international community and gives examples of the current treatment of women. Several platforms for change are discussed. Bibliography included.

  • Faking Orgasms and Women

    An 8 page paper weighing the opinions of whether or not women should fake orgasms. The writer lists the pros and cons and reaches a final conclusion on the relative merits of faking. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Planned Parenthood and Margaret Sanger

    In 5 pages, the writer discusses Margaret Sanger. She had an important role in establishing "Planned Parenthood", which has had an impact on today's society. She felt that women, particularly poor, lower class women, should be able to use birth control methods and be taught about sexual reproduction and contraception in general. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Differences Between British and Naturopathic Diets

    5 pages in length. The difference between a naturopathic diet and a British diet is quite vast; while one is laden with saturated fat, too much protein, simple carbohydrates and overprocessed vegetables, the other promotes the ingestion of only fresh, unadulterated produce and grain products, focusing mainly upon the easily digestible and nutrient-rich food choices. The writer discusses these differences as they relate to the food pyramid. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Feminist Thought by Rosemarie Tong

    A 5 page paper that provides an analysis of Tong's book, Feminist Thought. This paper supports Tong's philosophical thesis, which demonstrates the historical and societal influences on the seven different forms of feminism. No additional sources cited.

  • Women's Rights and the U.S. Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment

    A 7 page paper discussing the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The writer discusses the context of this amendment in current times as it relates to equality, women's rights, relevant social programs, etc; It is ultimately concluded that although the 14th amendment is the first step towards social reform, and equal rights for all citizens, it will be a long time before those discriminated against -- women, homosexuals, blacks, and other minorities -- are truly considered equal. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Ain't I A Woman by Bell Hooks

    A 5 page paper that provides an overview of Hooks' book, while also concentrating on her philosophical perspective. This paper contends that Hooks bases her work on the racial aspects that have led to racial and gender oppression, and provides a discourse for change. No additional sources cited.

  • Bell Hooks' Postmodern Blackness

    A 7 page paper which discusses various aspects of the work on postmodern blackness, written by Bell Hooks. The work of Bell Hooks, especially in relationship to postmodern blackness which involves aesthetics and critical thought as attainable, if not possessed, by the black population, is considered incredibly controversial as well as contradictory. Bibliography lists 2 additional sources.

  • Women's Backs and the Effects of High Heels

    This 5 page research paper examines the negative impact of high-heel shoes on women's backs and offers suggestions to alleviate such pain. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Buddhism and Feminism

    A 6 page research paper on the emergence of Buddhist feminism and the quest for equality within the Buddhist religion. The paper gives a brief background of the Buddhist background of male domination and describes the struggle and achievement of Buddhist women within the last 15 years to attain equality. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Federal Supplemental Women, Infants, and Children Nutritional Program

    This 10 page research paper examines the federally-established program known as WIC (Women, Infants and Children). Specifically discussed is the agency's history, current available information on program eligibility and benefits, its goal and program objectives, standards and criteria, services, and some suggestions on how the WIC program could be more effective. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 1990s and the Women, Infants, and Children Supplemental Food Program

    A 6 page paper discussing the Women's, Infants, and Children's supplemental food program. Beginning with its history, it describes how the program works, who is eligible, and discusses the various problems the government has had paying for it. Bibliography lists seven sources.

  • AFDC and Welfare Reform Issues

    A 5 page paper that studies the impact of welfare reform on single mother's collecting Aid for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). This paper focuses on the inherent problems within the AFDC system that related directly to women's un-wed status, along with current misconceptions regarding participant status, education and ability to transition from the program into work. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Children and the Effects of Domestic Violence

    This 8 page research paper examines the long-term effects of domestic violence on children. Specifically discussed include signs and symptoms of behavior exhibited by children who have witnessed acts of domestic violence and what can be done to help them. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Influences of Gender and Parental Interaction on Behavior and Attitudes

    A 6 page examination of attitudes and behavior, how they relate to identity formation and are influenced by factors such as parental influence and gender. Stresses how a child's persona, their identity, attitudes, and behavior are shaped during early childhood by parental and societal interaction and indeed by their own gender. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Self Esteem and Body Image

    The relationship between body image and self-esteem is explored in this 6 page paper. Age, sex and culture are considered. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Unfairness of Telecommunications to Women

    This 6 page paper describes the phenomenon of tele or 'cyber - commuting' and its popularity in modern society. It is argued that tele-commuting has actually intensified the consequences of a male-dominated workplace and that women are afforded the same lesser economic status and lower positions in the corporation they have always had as a result of the advent of computer technology in terms of telecommuting. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women and Telecommunications II

    In this well-argued 6 page paper, the point is made that tele-commuting does little more for women than keep them at home-- where they were a century ago. Women who work from their home office/computer are expected not only to handle corporate business from 9 - 5, they are also usually expected to take care of household affairs and even to raise children during the same time. This stands in contrast with men who cyber-commute but who are not expected to do anything other than work during the course of the business day. Various other relevant ethical issues are discussed and it is ultimately concluded that women have very little to gain in today's workplace. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • How Eighteenth Century London Society Was Shaped by the Role of Women in 'The Rambler,' 'Evelina' and 'Moll Flanders'

    14 pages in length. There has rarely been a time in the history of mankind that women have not had to struggle in order to assert their worth as a gender. From the time when males first declared patriarchal authority over their female counterparts, women have fought – in various ways and with various results – to be treated both equitably and respectfully. Literature has long reflected this perpetual struggle between the genders, most often taking the side that support patriarchal control; however, a slow but steady change began occurring in eighteenth century London society that helped nurture a growing metamorphosis, which included Samuel Johnson 'Rambler' (Misella), Daniel Defoe's 'Moll Flanders' and Frances Burney's 'Evelina: Or, the History of a Young Lady's Entrance into the World.' Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Feminist Critique/Disney Films

    A 3 page summation and analysis of Pamela O'Brien's essay "The Happiest Films on Earth." The writer states that the purpose of this essay is to demonstrate that, despite certain superficial changes in perspective, the Walt Disney films Cinderella and The Little Mermaid show that the Disney support of patriarchal ideology did not change between the production of these two films. No additional sources are cited.

  • US Women's Suffrage and its History

    This is a 3 page paper discussing the history of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States. The women’s suffrage movement within the United States began in earnest in 1848. Reflecting the sentiments of women around the world, organizers of a national convention that year began the process to fight for the right to vote (suffrage) and enfranchisement (the end of slavery) for women. The suffrage movement had two organizations, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA) headed by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the American Women Suffrage Association (AWSA) organized by Lucy Stone and others. The two organizations merged in 1890 which was also the year which also saw women’s rights to vote gradually being accepted across many of the Western states. After a long struggle and witnessing the enfranchisement of women occurring in many other countries, the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution giving women the right to vote was finally passed in 1920. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Analysis of Abortion Law Evolution

    This 10 page research paper chronicles the evolution of U.S. abortion legislation by examining landmark Supreme Court case law decisions. Specifically discussed are historic cases including Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), Roe v. Wade (1973), Harris v. McRae (1980), and Akron v. Akron Center For Reproductive Health, Inc. (1983). Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Richard Epstein and Catherine MacKinnon's Perspectives on Law and Women's Rights

    Both law professors with opposing ideologies, MacKinnon & Epstein, are discussed in a 5 page analysis as it pertains to the legislation of women's rights. The writer concludes in agreement with Epstein. No additional sources used.

  • Peter Horne's Women in Law Enforcement

    A 7 page overview of the book by author Peter Horne. This paper covers the highlights of the book, focusing on the history of women in law enforcement in the United States. Starting with their debut into law enforcement in the nineteenth century and proceeding through contemporary times, the author outlines the major accomplishment made even in the face of sometimes overwhelming obstacles. No additional sources are listed.

  • Ancient Greek Women and the Effects of Medicine, Law, and Architecture

    A 12 page investigation into the lives of ancient Greek women as they were impacted by architecture, law and medicine. Exactly how these factors interacted to shape a woman’s life, however, is largely a matter of conjecture. Because most of Greek history was dominated by male authors, we must turn to other aspects of Greek culture to glean hints as to how a woman interacted in this male-dominated world. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Anthropology, the Western Pacific Trobriander Islanders, Bronislaw Malinowski and Male Bias

    A 6 page examination of the early twentieth century work of Bronislaw Malinowski among the Trobriander Islanders. While Malinowski recognized the importance of women in Trobriander society, he missed key relationships among the sexes which not only allowed the culture to thrive but which illustrated the economic and cultural importance of females. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Columbus B. Hopper and Johnny Moore's Women in Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs

    This 10 page paper reviews the 1990 article “Women in Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs” by Columbus B. Hopper and Johnny Moore. Whilst describing the research the paper looks at the problems of this 17 year research project and how it was different from other social research undertakings. The paper also summarises the findings. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Mappings, Feminism and Cultural Geographies of Encounters by Susan S. Friedman

    An 8 page book review that examines Mappings, Feminism and Cultural Geographies of Encounters by Susan S. Friedman. The writer argues that this powerful text moves feminist theory away from paralyzing debates concerning perceived dichotomies of identity, them vs. us, white vs. other, etc. and towards a broader geopolitical, social landscape. The vision that Friedman offers of the future of feminist theory goes beyond identity politics, as she guides the reader toward greater understanding of how identities are both negotiated and transformed. Drawing from the gamut of popular culture, Friedman relates to books, movies, poetry and the mass media, as she address theoretical issues that are pivotal to post-modern feminism. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Object v. Spectator Types of Cinematic Gaze

    A 42 page paper which examines the claim of film historians and critics alike that there is a paradigm in the process of film viewing that implies the superior viewer (subject) vs. the object of looking (film) and how the spectator positioning and looking relations in two feminist films, Laura Mulvey and Peter Wollen’s Amy! (1980) and Michelle Citron’s Daughter Rite (1978) destroy this paradigm of looking and how this is achieved. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Civil Rights Movement and the Role of African American Women

    A 5 page paper that discusses the behind-the-scene roles that black women played in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and how these roles supplied the support and strength to carry this movement forward. Also discussed is the triple burden of oppression that these women have labored under, a burden consisting of not only racial prejudice, but gender and class prejudice as well. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Yousry Nasrallah's Film On Boys, Girls and the Veil

    A 6 page film review that explores the topics covered in the film from an anthropological viewpoint. Egyptian director Yousry Nasrallah's 1995 documentary On Boys, Girls and the Veil is a fascinating and intriguing film that will challenge Western viewers preconceptions of Islamic custom, particularly in regards to that most controversial of subjects--the veil. This examination of the film examines how the veil is portrayed in this documentary, relating this to other anthropological investigations of how the veil works in Middle Eastern gender relations and in the lives of Middle Eastern women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Glance at Lesbian Characters in American Cinema in the 60s, 70s, and 80s

    A 5 page contention that although the film depiction of lesbianism has gradually evolved over the decades, there is still not a full societal embrace of the concept. A diversity of films are reviewed to emphasize this point. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cinematic Explanation of Sciences' Gender Gap

    This 7 page paper examines the portrayal of strong women scientists in two films: Laura Dern as Ellie in Jurassic Park and Margaret Sheridan as Nikki in the 1950s classic, The Thing from another World and why, despite the popularity of such women in film, they do not hold comparable positions in the real world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Early 20th Century Historical Contributions of the Average Female

    An 8 page paper looking at the way women's contributions to our culture have fundamentally altered American history in the early part of this century. The paper contends that even if women's political contributions are ignored, changing social attitudes - changed by women, from within -- toward such issues as consumerism, contraception, and working outside the home transformed our culture. Bibliography lists five sources.

  • Social Status of Women in the Ancient Societies of Greece, Rome, and Mesopotamia

    7 pages in length. Within the realm of life exists inherent elements to one's existence; paramount to man's existence is the concept of natural rights. Philosophers have long postulated what, exactly, these rights consist of within the massive scope of mortality, with some contending that natural rights are those that are without social infiltration, while others attest to the fact that natural rights are doled out only by social status. From century to the next, the issue of natural rights has evolved from overwhelming gender oppression to the recognition – in many parts of the world, at least – that women maintain just as important a place upon this earth as does her male counterpart. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Importance of Women's History

    A 5 page research paper that examines why women's history should be studied; how history is gendered in traditional historical approaches; and why women's history is important to feminists, and also some interesting facts about women's history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Relationships Between Men and Women in Literature and Throughout History

    An 8 page research paper that examines how historical sources and literature have portrayed male/female relationships. The writer specifically examines this topic in regards to marriage in the nineteenth century. Literary sources discussed are A Doll's House, The Awakening and Jane Eyre. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Ancient Greek Literature and Gender Distinctions

    This 5 page paper examines the way in which language was used in ancient time as well as the way that researchers explore gender in ancient greece. Various examples are provided. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Role of Women and Minorities in the Labor Movement

    A 7 page paper which examines the role of women and minorities in the history of the labor movement. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • U.S. History and American Racism AMERICAN RACISM AND HISTORY

    This 7 page paper discusses the interconnectedness of sexism and racism, as depicted by the women's movements and civil rights. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Differential Treatment of Women Laborers in Canada

    This is a 12 page paper discussing wage and labor differentials for women in Canada. Within Canada today, women in the labor force generally make 70 to 80 cents for every dollar men make. This “wage gap” has actually decreased greatly over the years but still has a long way to go for total equity in the work place despite positive legislation in the 1970s and 1980s. Historically, women within Canada have been “crowded” into certain female-dominated professions such as clerical positions, nursing, teaching, domestic work, social work and sales and services. While clerical work once was comparable with male blue-collar jobs in regards to pay, the increase in unionization in many blue-collar trades left most of the female-dominated positions as those which were lower paid. As women shifted away from clerical positions and proceeded to attain degrees in higher education, the wage gap began to decrease but then women encountered the “glass ceiling” in which women held a disproportionate number of positions in the lowest quartile in large corporations. Today, women still have lower average salaries than men despite the gain in higher education. One of the reasons found within studies by Statistics Canada and others is that women who choose to have and raise children lose experience during their absence; experience men continue to gain which in turn leads to more promotions. Another reason believed for the continue wage gap is discrimination which still exists within employers, co-workers and the general population somewhat who still categorize some professions as “female” (such as teaching) and some as “male” (such as the trades) and in essence this restricts female workers from opportunities within the blue collar and higher executive markets. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Colonial History of America Until 1877 and Women

    A 6 page paper which specifically examines how the calls for equality, liberty and freedom conflicted with the reality of women’s lives, considers if they made greater gains in either political or social life, and concludes with an assessment of how women’s roles evolved over this period in American history. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ibo History

    A 4 page paper which examines the history of the Nigerian Ibo (Igbo) people. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Women's Rights Movement Pioneers

    A 14 page scholarly paper on the key leaders in the women rights movement. Highlighting the roles of Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott and Sarah and Angelina Grimke, the author notes the factors at play necessitating that these women step outside of society’s clearly defined societal expectations to effect change. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • History of American Women

    An 8 page research paper that answers 4 questions concerning American women's history drawing from Sara M. Evans' Born For Liberty (1989). The topics covered include political and legal rights during the colonial era; women's participation in the Revolutionary War; the "cult of true womanhood"; and the contribution of the "mill girls" to industrialization. No additional sources cited.

  • Women's History Museum Design

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the task of designing a museum, drawing on the experience of visiting museums in the Washington, DC area. The writer details what would constitute her "ideal" museum, which in this case is a museum devoted to women's history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History of Literature and Changing Character Gender Roles

    This 3 page paper discusses the changing roles of men and women as evidenced by literature. The Pelagasian Myth, Dante's Divine Comedy, and Milton's Paradise Lost, are all evidenced. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • How Women Have Been Depicted in Advertising Copy

    A 13 page paper which examines the history of how women have been portrayed in magazines. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Male Historians and the Challenges of Women's History

    This 4 page paper considers the issue of a feminist approach to history. Joan Kelly-Gadol's essay Did Women Have a Renaissance, published in Becoming Visible: Women in European History, directly relates to the question of the emerging approach of female historians. Female historians, after reflecting on the traditional narratives of male dominated societies, have recognized that women essentially had no voice in the past. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Defining Prostitution

    An 16 page review of the many faces of prostitution. This article defines the phenomena and frames it in a sociological context. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Prostitution in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

    A 5 page paper on the history of prostitution as it involves medieval and early modern Europe. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Wedding Dress History

    A 7 page paper which examines the history of the wedding dress. The focus is predominantly on the history of the Western wedding dress. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Feminists Sylvia Plath and Cary Churchill and Their Literary Messages

    An 8 page examination of Plath’s “The Bell Jar” and Churchill’s “Top Girl” and the underlying societal messages. The author of this paper contends that each of these women’s work is largely directed at the injustices of a patriarchal society. The manner in which these women deal with those injustices, however, vary considerably. Each utilizes their personal experiences to form the basis for political critique. While Plath does so from the individualist perspective, however, Churchill approaches said change from a societal standpoint. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Classical Greek Literature and Women's Tragic Marriages

    A 4 page paper that examines the recurrent theme of woman's tragic condition, especially in the matter of marriage, as presented in the Greek tragedies by Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. Works discussed are Agamemnon, Tereus, and Medea. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Feminist Literature's Portrayal of Prejudice and Oppression

    This 11 page paper looks at Zami: A New Spelling Of My Name" By Audre Lorde and the way in which we can see social criticism of different forms of prejudice include gender, race and sexuality. The way this is communicated in the book, and the underlying message are considered by looking at social norms and the way in which, as a reader, we may interpret the book. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Feminist Utopian Literature Represented by Women on the Edge of Time by Marge Piercy

    A 6 page paper which the concept of utopia from a feminist context, providing insight into the author’s ideology, with a brief background to consider the times in which the novel was written, and a specific consideration of what makes the novel utopian, in terms of content, form and structure. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Gender in Classic Literature

    This 5 page paper discusses the view of women during the 16-18th centuries as portrayed by Mary Wollstonecraf's "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" and Aemilia Lanyer's "Salve Deus REx Judaeorum" (Eve's Apologie). Their early efforts for feminism are noted. Examples pulled from text and cited. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Twentieth Century Literature and Gender

    This 7 page paper looks at gender, but also at class and race, in two works that focus on strong women who lived in the United States during the early part of the twentieth century. Hurston's Their eyes were watching God and Wharton's House of Mirth are each discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Literature, Female Characters, and the Theme of Phenomenal Women

    A 5 page discussion of the theme of phenomenal women as reflected in the female characters of Andrienne Rich, Joyce Carol Oates, Marge Piercy, Maya Angelou, Linda Paston, and Susan Glaspell. This paper acknowledges each of these authors and their female characters as having a positive role not only in the personal development of the author but also in the development of the world as a whole. They are, indeed, phenomenal women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Literature Review of Probation and Policing Fields Discriminating Against Women

    20 pages in length. The female gender is no stranger among the various ranks of America's police force, inasmuch as their presence has been an integral component of law enforcement since 1913; however, the capacity in which they have served these past ninety years has long been a bone of contention with regard to issues of gender inequity. House (1993) notes how it was not until the 1970s that women were upgraded to more expansive roles within the department, representing a significant departure from the standard social and administrative work to which they were relegated. With the 1972 graduation of the nation's first female FBI agents came an altogether different perspective of women on the police force; however, House (1993) points out that even though this precedence-setting event helped to increase the number of policewomen from just over three thousand to approximately twenty-eight hundred between 1971 and 1990, it has done little to improve promotions or decrease discrimination worldwide. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Portrayal of Women in Griselda by Boccaccio, Brothers Menaechmus by Plautus, and 'The Odyssey' by Homer

    A 4 page overview of the one-dimensional treatment of women in the literature of these time periods. This paper features a discussion of the depiction of Penelope from the Odyssey, the shrewd wife in “Brothers Menaechmus” and patient Griselda. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Abortion Theme in Literature Compared

    This 7 page paper examines how the theme of abortion is addressed in Hemingway's "Hills Like White Elephants" and Gwendolyn Brooks' "The Mother". Both of these works examine the ramifications of abortion without producing moral judgment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Examples of Feminist Criticism in Wharton and Chopin

    This 6 page paper compares and contrasts the feminist messages in Wharton's House of Mirth and Chopin's The Awakening as suggested by the criticisms of Showalter and Restuccia. Examples, quotes, analysis. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Literature and Domestic Abuse

    This 5 page paper illustrates the problem of domestice abuse through the illustration of literature. Works used include Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God and Roethke's poem, Papa's Waltz. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Autobiographical Account of 'Math Anxiety'

    A 5 page research paper that explores the topic of "math anxiety," a term which refers to the paralyzing fear experienced by many people that they will perform badly when faced with a timed aptitude test on any form of math. This examination of math anxiety offers an autobiographical account of this author's math experience, from the elementary to the college level, as well as the math experiences of a colleague. This is followed by a discussion as to whether or not math anxiety is gender related. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women and Men in the Sciences: Is There Any Difference in Ability?

    This 8-page paper argues the likelihood that Harvard president Larry Summers was right when he proclaimed that women weren't very good in the math, science and tech fields because of innate abilities. The paper also discusses, however, that women tend to be discriminated in these fields, as well, so it's hard to tell. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Female Influence on British Literature

    A 7 page discussion of several of the female British authors that have influenced literature and society. This paper includes Mary Shelly, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Agatha Christie, Virginia Woolf, Jane Austen, Margery Allingham, and Elizabeth Gaskell. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Pariarchy and the Repression of Women: Reflections in Literature

    A 6 page review of some of the writings of Kate Chopin, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Carolyn Kizer. Included are Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” and “The Awakening”, Gilman’s “Yellow Wallpaper” and "Women and Economics: A Study of the Economic Relation Between Men and Women as a Factor in Social Evolution", and Kizer’s “The Bitch”. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • The Environment in Literature: Ecocriticism, Ecofeminism and the Concept of Dwelling

    This 15 page paper examines writings by Barbara Kingsolver and Greg Garrard to explore the ways in which authors use, or examine the use of nature in literary works. It pays specific attention to the ecofeminist nature of the heroine of Kingsolver’s book Prodigal Summer, and also considers the concept of dwelling and farming with regard to sustainability. Finally, it defines ecocriticism and illustrates its use.

  • The Treatment of Women in Literature

    This 5 page paper looks at the way the representation of women has evolved throughout literature, from “Frankenstein” in 1818 to “The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time,” published in 2005. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Yellow Wallpaper and The White Heron

    This 4 page paper compares and contrasts The Yellow Wallpaper and The White Heron. The common elements are explored in this thesis paper. No additional sources cited.

  • Abuse Reporting Barriers and Disabled Women Victimized by Abuse

    The research question addressed in this literature review is whether abused disabled women report their abuse, or whether there are specific reasons for their failure to report abuse. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Heart Disease and Gender Differences

    A 10 page paper with three sections. The first section is a study regarding the differences between men and women in regards to symptoms and treatment of heart disease. This section includes an introduction, purpose of the study, problem statement, hypotheses, literature review, type of study, and conclusion. The next section is an annotated bibliography and the third section is a brief review of two articles used in the literature review. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Information Technology Lessons, Student Performance, and Gender Differences

    There is a great deal of research that indicates there is a gender difference in the classroom when studying IT. Most research indicates that female students are disadvantaged and are not reaching their full potential. However, there is also some research that indicates there is equality. This 30 page paper undertakes a literature review to identify the relevant studies and how gender differences may be manifesting and then conducts primamry research based on a questionnaire supplied by the student to test the empirical evidence. The paper then correlates the primamry research and the literature review in a discussion and recommendations. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Pay Disparity and Gender in both Private and Public Sector Jobs

    This 29 page paper investigates gender pay disparity in both the private and public sectors. Sections include: Introduction, Definitions, Literature Review, and Conclusions. The introduction offers a general overview of the topic and the implications of gender pay gaps. The literature review cites numerous studies on this topic and reports figures that demonstrate a gender pay gap. The writer reports how much of the gap is attributable to characteristics of men and women, such as men working longer hours, family and child rearing, education and experience. The writer points to the glass ceiling and the glass wall that prohibit women from achieving higher level positions and that discourage women from entering certain occupations and careers. The writer also comments on where the pay gap is most severe – in the public or private sector. A recommendation is made in the conclusion for changing this situation. 4 Tables are included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • The Enlightenment and Feminist Literature

    This 6 page paper examines feminist literature to come from the Enlightenment. Terms are defined and explored. How women were treated at the time, and how things have changed since, are things which are discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Girls, Dolls, and Concepts of Gender

    A 3 page research paper that examines child development literature, focusing on how playing with dolls may influence gender concepts for girls. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women Viewed During the Enlightenment Era

    A 4 page research paper that addresses the question of gender inequality could be rationalized in an age (the Enlightenment) that held prized rationality. Examination of Enlightenment literature suggests that, first of all, there existed a body of thought that pictured women as either too delicate or cognitively deficit to benefit from education; and, secondly, there was an equally insidious argument that uses nature to justify gender inequality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Reading as a Form of Resistance

    A 5 page essay that references James Scott's essay "Behind the Official Story" and Azar Nafisi's "Selections from Reading Lolita in Tehran." The writer uses the Scott text to explain how Nafisi creates a hidden transcript for her students through literature, which helps keep her female students preserve their sense of self identity in the face of patriarchal religious oppression. No additional source cited. The bibliographical references for the two essays is incomplete.

  • Women, the Workplace, Management, and Glass Ceilings

    A 9 page essay on the struggles that women still endure in the professional, corporate world. It is argued that while women have indeed enjoyed some advancements in business, they still are barred from achieving top-level management positions. Thus, they are looking through a 'glass ceiling.' In answer to this, many women are forming their own businesses. The role of downsizing and other relevant minority issues are brought into the discussion as well. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Homosexuality Perception of Female Athletes

    This 6 page paper discusses the problems of being a female athlete, especially in regard to the perception of homosexuality among women in sports. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Contemporary British Sports and Feminist Theory

    An 8 page paper which relates feminist theory to sports, and how this reflects contemporary British society. Specifically considered is feminism in relation to sports, how leisure theory developed from a male perspective, and inequalities in terms of participation (between gender), income and employment, power, positions of management and administration. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Corporate Management Sector and Women

    6 pages in length. A lot has changed in the last one hundred years in relation to women's roles in the workplace. To be sure, one would never find a female CEO at the turn of the century, nor would one be accustomed to seeing women in many executive positions at all. However, contemporary times have illustrated how women have been successful in their attempts to break through the barriers of a patriarchal work society and effectively plant themselves in the midst of prosperity. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Management, Women, and 'the Glass Ceiling'

    5 pages. There is a well-known phrase called the glass ceiling which means that women are normally only promoted to a certain height up the corporate ladder. While there may be some women higher up in management sometimes these are just 'token' positions so that corporate management cannot be accused of discrimination. This paper will discuss the difficulties women have in getting the top management jobs. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Gendered Workplace and Women in Management Positions

    6 pages in length. Nothing is quite as infuriating in today's gender-conscious society than knowing a woman was denied promotion or employment because she was not a man. Indeed, this type of blatant gender discrimination is not as obvious in the contemporary workplace as it has historically been, however, it still exists to such a degree that women – fully qualified and eager to move forward in their careers - continue to pursue higher positions with mixed results. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Female Participation in Basketball

    A 5 page overview of the importance of female participation in sports such as basketball and in the importance of this participation receiving an equal media coverage and emphasis as does male participation in sports. Correlates female participation in sports with lowered teen pregnancy, higher academic success, and less gang participation. Bibliography lists six sources.

  • Female Athletes and Their Obstacles

    This 10 page paper examines the various obstacles faced by female athletes, with particular emphasis on the relationship between physical fitness and self-esteem. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Women's Athletics and Equity

    A 4 page paper. Everyone knows who Babe Ruth was but far fewer people know who Babe Didrikson Zaharias. One reason for this discrepancy in notoriety is news coverage. Women's athletic and sports programs have not received the same level of funding or the same degree of publicity. This essay discusses these discrepancies, comments on Title IX and cites research that illustrates the benefits of sports programs and athletics for girls and women. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cheerleading and Sports Gender Constructs

    A paper which looks at gender constructs in sport, with specific reference to masculinities and femininities in football cheerleading squads. Bibliography lists 1 source

  • Sports, Sexism, and Language

    A 4 page research paper that investigates the topic of sexism and language in sports coverage. Citing numerous examples of sexism in sports language, the writer argues that such language is demeaning and destructive. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women's Participation in Traditionally Male Sports

    This 6 page essay reviews the 1992 film A League of Their Own, directed by Penny Marshall, whose characters comprise a team in the AAGPBL, and a young adult novel by Liz Tigelaar, Playing with the Boys, which portrays the struggles of a high school girl who wins a place on her high school's football team as a place kicker. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Successful Women's Soccer in the US

    13 pages in length. The twenty-first century has witnessed myriad changes to the sport of soccer, not the least of which has been the addition of women's teams. Amidst the struggle and strife rose a special strength that helped propel soccer to the heights it has reached in contemporary global athletics; with the entire world rallying around this original form of football, the World Cup has taken on an entirely new look by adding women to its long and illustrious history. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Family Violence and Nursing Intervention

    A 9 page paper discussing issues affecting nurses’ ability to intervene in domestic violence issues. As those who are trained in physical needs and spend the greatest amount of time in direct contact with patients, nurses occupy perhaps the best associated position from which to intervene in domestic violence. There are barriers of course, but the emergence of forensic nursing is helping to lessen those barriers. Nurses in all areas of healthcare can develop greater awareness to the signs of abuse. There still is a fine ethical line in that nurses cannot blatantly violate confidentiality. Nurses can, however, become proficient at collecting samples, taking notes and asking the right questions of the right people, always keeping the good of the patient as the uppermost goal. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Jean Watson's Human Caring Theory

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Watson's nursing prespectives. Nursing theorist Jean Watson developed her Theory of Human Caring in the late 1970s, as a result of Watson’s efforts to bring greater meaning to the health care process. This paper outlines this theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 'Angel of the Battlefield' Clara Barton

    This 5 page report discusses the life and accomplishments of Clara Barton, Civil War nurse, activist, suffragist, organizer, and founder of the American Red Cross. Barton’s commitment to the people she cared for and her understanding that nursing care extended far beyond the hospital or the battlefield. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mainstream Psychology and the Explanation of Gender Differences by Feminism

    19 pages in length. The writer discusses feminism as it relates to gender differences in mainstream psychology by addressing the workplace, popular culture, gender language and pornography. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Human Sexuality: Female Orgasm

    7 pages in length. Sexuality is one of the most significant of forces that drives the human being; it is a fundamental component of what makes up the species. Given the fact that humans are unique in their desire for recreational sex in addition to the inherent need for procreation, it stands to reason that the orgasm becomes the focal point of casual intercourse. The female orgasm is a particular focus due to its complex nature and satisfaction of both partners when the woman achieves it. Whether heterosexual, lesbian or masturbatory, the female orgasm can be described as a pleasure trip whereby the journey is just as stimulating as the final destination. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Stress Resistance and a Conflict in a Women's Work and Family

    3 pages in length. "Contributor to Stress Resistance: Testing a Model of Women's Work-Family Conflict" by Karyn H. Bernas and Debra A. Major in the June, 2000 issue of Psychology of Women Quarterly seeks to illustrate how the inextricable relationship between work and family responsibilities is exacerbated by the factor of stress. When stress is present in a given situation where the woman simultaneously holds down a job outside the home as well as raises a family, the conflict between the two incompatible responsibilities is significantly greater; however, when stress is reduced, the work-family conflict is also abated. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Partner Violence

    5 pages in length. The compulsion to physically or verbally abuse one's partner has been under scrutiny for decades; to understand the mind of someone who can inflict such mental and/or physical pain upon a person one allegedly loves has been the focus of myriad articles on the psychology of relationships. The extent to which partner violence is more prevalent than most people realize is both grand and far-reaching; that women are the greater recipients of such abuse speaks to the way in which partner violence is grounded at least to some degree in the patriarchal composition of global society. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Female Sexuality and Racial Differences

    A 10 page research paper/essay that examines the topic of female sexuality. The writer argues that white women must come to understand the experience of women of color and discusses how poor and non-Western women are targeted for reproductive rights discrimination. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sexuality and Gender in David Henry Hwang’s Madame Butterfly

    In seven pages this paper analyzes Hwang’s 1988 play by examining how social constructivism contributes to attitudes about sexuality and gender as represented by the relationship between French diplomat Rene Gallimard and cross-dressing Chinese opera star Song Liling. Three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Anorexia and Sexual Abuse

    A 7 page paper which explores the relationship between sexual abuse and anorexia. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The God of Small Things and Sexual Transgression's Dark Reality Symbolism

    This 3 page paper discusses this story and how sexual transgression sybolizes a very dark reality. Because two characters in this story who are of different castes have an affair, they are doomed to a series of ramifications based on the fear of society. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Metaphorical Uses of Hunger

    A 6 page research paper that examines food and hunger as cultural metaphors. Food is a basic need. It fulfills the biological requirements of hunger, but it fulfills broader cultural goals as signified by the numerous metaphors that surround its use. Susan Bordo, in her essay "Hunger as Ideology," addresses the numerous metaphors that employed for hunger in American society, particularly in regards to advertising. A pivotal point in Bordo's discussion is how hunger and food are frequently featured in advertising and culture as terms that are synonymous with sexual desire, particularly in regards to women. This examination of this metaphorical relationship between sex, desire, food and femininity demonstrates that the extent to which this metaphor describes a cultural perception, but it also demonstrates the limits of this metaphor in regards to the manner in which it overlays the deeper context of society's fears about female sexuality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Workplace and Transsexual Issues

    A 10 page overview of transsexuality and the issues which often arise in terms of societal perceptions. Includes an emphasis on the employer's obligation to provide a safe, secure, and comfortable working environment for both the transsexual and the non-transsexual. Gives an overview of the legalities concerning the societal rights of transsexuals. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Society, Power, Gender and Sexuality

    22 pages in length. Termed the battle of the sexes, struggles between the male and female gender have existed since the time of man. Neanderthal populations were segregated by gender no differently than contemporary society is today, with the only appreciable distinction between the two eras being that of a chink in the patriarchal armor that occurred during the twentieth century. Indeed, the issues pertaining to the history of sexuality are grand and far-reaching, having been hashed and rehashed for centuries, only to encompass a new and growing crop of issues such content as homosexuality and gender oppression. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • Female Genital Mutilation

    A 3 page paper which examines if female sexual mutiliation is a western perspective or whether it is a universal reality aimed at women in a male dominated world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Music and the Negative Depiction of Women

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of various genres that seem to contain misogynist lyrics. Eminem's songs are highlighted. Experts discuss the effects of music on young people and the paper concludes that music does not have a serious effect on adolescents despite the hard-core lyrics which are popular today. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Identity Construct, Gender, and Sexuality

    An analysis of the concept of sexual identity within the context of socio-cultural ideologies, and the construction of identity. The writer looks at Foucault's perspective on identity, and at theories of masculinity and femininity in relation to postcolonialism. Bibliography lists 12 sources

  • Sexuality and Teens

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses teenage sexuality and pornography, as well as provides statistical information on sexual frequency. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Class, Race, Sexuality, and Identity

    A 9 page paper which examines sexuality as an underlying facture of stereotypes and gender identity, and how race and class figure into identity models. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Adolescent Girls' Sexuality and the Impact of Divorce

    This 5 page paper looks at study questions and a hypothesis regarding the effects of parental divorce on girls. Relevant literature is reviewed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sexuality and Gender Dichotomy Deconstruction

    This 5 page paper considers two separate issues, the deconstructing of the dichotomy of gender and sexuality and the issue of the portrayal of women in the mass media. This paper assesses the view of women, the subjugation of women based on sexuality, and the impacts for eating disorders. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Literary Self Determination in Women and Sexuality

    A 9 page paper showing the connection between these two issues, as demonstrated in the works of Aristophanes, Plato, Dante, and Shakespeare (Lysistrata, The Apology, The Inferno, and The Tempest, respectively). The paper asserts that Western literature first mocked or dismissed the sexual expression of female self-determination, later turned it into a sin, and finally transformed it into a social gaffe, but until recently still continued to maintain that its suppression was not wrong. Bibliography lists five sources.

  • Discrimination Against Homosexuality And Women In The United States

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly compares two articles that address homosexuality discrimination in the United States. No additional sources cited.

  • Popular Music, Gender, Sexuality, and Cultural Identity

    A 12 page paper which examines to what extent popular music contributes to cultural identity through sexuality and gender. The paper examines the influence of Madonna and Mariah Carey. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Key Women Studied in a Character Biblical Presentation

    A 4 page overview of several key female figures in the Bible. The author investigates the manner in which these characters are presented and comments on their believability and predictability. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Women and the Impact of the Media

    This 8 page thesis paper looks at various forms of media including print advertising, commercials, television programming, films, music videos and more to discuss how media's images affect women's self-esteem. While part of the effects of media are blatant in terms of images presented, others are less obvious such as the subservient or otherwise stereotypical roles women play. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • TV Violence and Women

    A 9 page research paper that examines the literature on television's portrayal of violence against women. The writer argues that many television shows provide a normalizing effect on the perception of violence, portraying such violence as the cultural norm. Violence in music videos, Jerry Springer, and soap operas is highlighted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Comparative Feminist Theology Analysis

    A 12 page research paper/essay that contrasts and compares Lisa Isherwood and Dorothea McEwan's Introducing Feminist Theology (2001) and Mary Kassian's The Feminist Gospel (1992). The writer argues that these texts offer two very different views of feminist theology. Kassian refers to this difference in her introduction when she states that "Biblical feminist believe that the Bible is properly interpreted as supporting the central tenets of feminist philosophy" (1992, p. 7). However, unlike "liberal religious feminists," Kassian maintains that "Biblical feminists" reject any "radical revision of the Scripture and the alteration of core Christian doctrine such as salvation and redemption" (1992, p. 7). This, in a nutshell, sums up the major philosophical difference between these two texts. As Isherwood and McEwan are two of the "liberal" religious feminists that Kassian dismisses out of hand. Examination of these texts and authors shows that, while they are in agreement that women are equal with men in the sight of God, they disagree about practically everything else. No additional sources cited.

  • The Emergence of Feminist Theology

    A 5 page paper. More than 30 years ago, a feminist interpretation of theology was argued by early writers such as Mary Daly. Since then, there have been numerous writers addressing this topic. This essay defines feminist theology and discusses the basis for feminist theology's emergence. How some of the writers have approached the topic is discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Hans Kung's Women in Christianity

    A 6 page overview of the manner in which we have historically viewed the role of women in Christianity. Kung targets theologians and the general readership alike in his discourse on the manner in which Christian women have been treated by their fellow Christians, and the social setting which inspired that treatment. Kung’s intent is to analyze the past injustices and to chart the way for a new theology of women in the Christian religion. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Age of Aquarius, Ancient Worlds and Worship

    A 5 page paper that posits the thesis that religion exists within a cycle of change and that the new millennium may mark the shift of beliefs back to ancient traditions, moving from a male-dominated theology back to a female-dominated 'thealogy'. Included are an examination of the religions and societies of both ancient Israel and the ancient Near East along with a comparison of both with contemporary religion and society. Also discussed is the nature of psalms and songs and their place in the daily lives and worship practices of ancient Israel. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mujerista Theological Perspective

    10 pages in length. Religion - as with virtually all other components of life - has historically been managed with a patriarchal hand; through this controlling male perspective, such aspects as the interpretation of Mary's image and the value of poor parishioners have long suffered erroneousness and indignity. Mujerista theology - whereby Hispanic women are empowered by Mary's image of strength and appreciate the value of the poor who harbor a much clearer understanding of reality - has established an entirely divergent approach to the Catholic faith and, in the process, opened up the door for Latinas to embrace their faith in the manner by which female gender is entitled. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Role Of Food In Carol Shields' Novel "Swann"

    3 pages in length. Metaphors of food, cooking and eating are conspicuously present in Carol Shields' Swann that one cannot help but draw a distinction between the author's blatant symbolic purpose and the position of strength it holds within the concept of culture. Women's place has historically been in the home, tending to everything that has to do with raising a good family; while that is viewed as somewhat of an archaic perspective in contemporary culture, Shields makes it the focal point of her story through the metaphoric use of food in such a way that it transcends typical gender barriers and produces a much stronger teaching for the female place in society. No bibliography.

  • Sexuality and Gender in David Henry Hwang’s Madame Butterfly

    In seven pages this paper analyzes Hwang’s 1988 play by examining how social constructivism contributes to attitudes about sexuality and gender as represented by the relationship between French diplomat Rene Gallimard and cross-dressing Chinese opera star Song Liling. Three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Society, Power, Gender and Sexuality

    22 pages in length. Termed the battle of the sexes, struggles between the male and female gender have existed since the time of man. Neanderthal populations were segregated by gender no differently than contemporary society is today, with the only appreciable distinction between the two eras being that of a chink in the patriarchal armor that occurred during the twentieth century. Indeed, the issues pertaining to the history of sexuality are grand and far-reaching, having been hashed and rehashed for centuries, only to encompass a new and growing crop of issues such content as homosexuality and gender oppression. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • Sexuality and Teens

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses teenage sexuality and pornography, as well as provides statistical information on sexual frequency. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Class, Race, Sexuality, and Identity

    A 9 page paper which examines sexuality as an underlying facture of stereotypes and gender identity, and how race and class figure into identity models. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Workplace and Transsexual Issues

    A 10 page overview of transsexuality and the issues which often arise in terms of societal perceptions. Includes an emphasis on the employer's obligation to provide a safe, secure, and comfortable working environment for both the transsexual and the non-transsexual. Gives an overview of the legalities concerning the societal rights of transsexuals. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Adolescent Girls' Sexuality and the Impact of Divorce

    This 5 page paper looks at study questions and a hypothesis regarding the effects of parental divorce on girls. Relevant literature is reviewed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medical Profession from 1780 to 1900 and Sexuality

    A 7 page research paper that examines the role played by the medical profession of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries in determining what was considered to be normal sexuality. The writer shows how doctors during this era largely considered normal female sexuality to be a symptom of pathology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Male Dominance and Heterosexuality

    A 5 page paper discussing the origin and nature of male dominance as promoted by Nancy Chodorow, Catherine MacKinnon, and Gayle Rubin, and answering the question, “Would ending heterosexuality end gender?” Ending heterosexuality could have the effect of ending gender in the sense that one would not be dominant over another. However, it is likely that, were gender not an issue making distinction between classes, individuals would find another quality on which to base and justify the same type of oppression. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sexuality as Depicted in Muriel Spark's The Driver's Seat and The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

    This is a 4 page paper discussing the portrayal of sexuality in Spark’s two works “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” (1961) and “The Driver’s Seat” (1970). Muriel Spark presents different portrayals of women and sexuality within two of her works, “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” and “The Driver’s Seat”. In “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” Spark uses strategies to allow the reader to become aware of her constant comparison of Brodie’s life with that of a man’s. As Brodie becomes more in control during the “prime” of her life, her character is physically and mentally compared with that of strong historical figures. In addition, Spark shows Brodie as a representative of the growing feminism throughout the 1930s in which women began to travel more on their own and live their lives outside of the religious confines of the past. The central character, Lise, in “The Driver’s Seat” however, portrays an embittered and business-like modern women. Spark uses business imagery to describe Lise and how women in the 1960s modern business world have become ordinary, tight-lipped and are judged on how many personnel are “above them” or “below them”. In addition, Lise tries to search for a man who has a “lack of absence” which indicates that men as well as women are affected by the impersonalized nature of the modern world. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sexuality and Differing Gender Perceptions

    A 5 page contention that numerous assumptions are often in play when we consider the issues between male and female. Various groups, in fact, try to propagate their own beliefs in regard to the relationship between the sexes when, in reality, there is no one commonalty. This is particularly true in regard to opinions regarding the appropriateness of media depictions of various degrees of sexual intimacy. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Freedom, Consent, and Other Feminist Issues

    6 pages in length. The writer discusses why notions of freedom and consent are central to a feminist, theoretical consideration of sexual harassment, pornography and rape, as well as offers an explanation for the sexual division of labor within late capitalist society. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Settlement, Secrecy, and Smith Barney

    This 5 page paper examines why many plaintiffs, including Pamela K. Martens have not settled in the Smith Barney sexual discrimination case. The paper then outlines why such settlements should not be shrouded in secrecy and how this leaves a bias towards the employer. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • A Character and Thematic Comparison of Desiree's Baby and Antlers

    A comparison between the themes and characters in Chopin's Desiree's Baby and Bass's Antlers, with particular reference to the exploration of gender roles and sexual morality in the two societies depicted. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • Swaziland's Sex Ban and the Implications for Human Rights

    14 pages. King Mswati III of Swaziland in September of 2001 declared there would be a five-year ban on sexual relations for young women in Swaziland. This was his answer to the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic that continues throughout the African nations. This paper looks at the human rights and gender bias that is also at work in this weak attempt to control the sex lives of a nation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Gender Inequality: Created By Social Institutions

    16 pages in length. The hierarchy of gender assignment is a reality based solely upon cultural impact and social institutions; since man's timeline began to evolve, the placement of male and female gender within every aspect of society was clearly established by social constructs comprised of patriarchal influence. The extent to which gender inequity has carried on throughout the ages is both grand and far-reaching; that the reasons for such division based solely upon sexual characteristics can be attributed to a collection of socially indoctrinated causes speaks to how entrenched gender equality is in relation to cultural manipulation. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Analyzing World Cultures and Gender Issues

    In seven pages, this paper examines the similarities and differences that exist in global (non-U.S.) cultures including Japan, India, the Middle East, and Africa (Ghana), making connections with those in the United States, and also examines the role the gender researcher plays in such analyses. Six sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Support for Women Entrepreneurs in the UAE

    This 12 page paper looks at the different organizations that provide help and support to female entrepreneurs in the United Arab Emirates, outlines the help that is provided and the way they operate. The paper looks at those which are set up specific to give women help and those that help all entrepreneurs. The paper then considers what help is needed in the future and the gap between current provision and current needs. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Women's Careers and Social Roles

    This 5 page paper looks at women's roles in society and how they have changed over the years. Their roles in the workplace are highlighted. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women and Discrimination in the Workplace

    A 7 page paper which examines women and discrimination in the workplace. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The God of Small Things and Sexual Transgression's Dark Reality Symbolism

    This 3 page paper discusses this story and how sexual transgression sybolizes a very dark reality. Because two characters in this story who are of different castes have an affair, they are doomed to a series of ramifications based on the fear of society. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • African American Children, AIDS, and HIV

    A 12 page paper which examines what impact HIV and AIDS has on African American children. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sexual Exploitation and the Trafficking of Women

    A 48 page paper presenting a comprehensive overview of human trafficking, particularly of women for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The introduction provides a general overview and insight into the extent of this crime. Human trafficking is reported to be the third most profitable illegal business in the world. The second section of the paper offers a feminist perspective on trafficking of women and girls into prostitution. Data include numbers from many different regions in the world. Estimates run as high as 2 million women and girls trafficked every year. Data support the premise that human trafficking is a gendered business, a backlash against feminism, according to one well-known author. The impact of globalization on sex trafficking is then explored. Countries are categorized as origin points, transition points or destination points. The classifications of numerous countries are reported, some of which fit into all three categories. International and national laws and agreements regarding human trafficking and particularly sex trafficking are reported in the next section. Two case studies are then reported: Ukraine and the Philippines. A summary and conclusions end the essay. Bibliography lists 50 sources.

  • Insurance Companies Should Cover Contraception

    This 8 page paper begins by looking at available methods of birth control and explores insurance plans. It is argued that private insurance should cover birth control. Various issues are explored in this context inclusive of population growth. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe and Women

    This 4 page paper examines the role of women in Achebe's, "Things Fall Apart". By examining the way that the main character, Okonkwo, treats women, both their oppression and their power are revealed in this analysis. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • The Feminist Dimension of Work Life Balance

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of educated women opting out of the workplace. Emphasis is placed upon cultural factors leading to such a phenomenon. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Abortion Impact of Privacy and Natural Rights Argument

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the application of the natural rights argument. This paper integrates a view of the natural rights argument as it applies to the issue of privacy and its impacts on abortion and abortion law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Pro Choice or Pro Life in the Abortion Controversy

    In this 5 page paper, it seems that Americans want to oppose abortion and yet keep it legal. This controversial paper considers both sides of the abortion debate and the ethics regarding each viewpoint. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Abortion Issue Assessment

    This paper examines the controversial topic of abortion, and the positions of the pro-life/anti-choice groups and the pro-choice/pro-abortion groups.

  • Issues in Communications and Differences in Marital Relationships and Gender

    A 10 page research example on gender differences in communication in martial relationships. The writer develops a thesis based on dual-gender differences, demand-withdrawal, and the differences in these theories between normal and abusive relationships, and presents in study method form. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Wollstonecraft/Vindication of the Rights of Women

    A 5 page research paper/essay that examines some of the writing of Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797), a humanist writer of the Enlightenment, who argued against slavery and monarchy, and supported “children’s rights, the value of breastfeeding, coeducational schools, animal rights and other progressive ideas” (“Humanist Profile” 2). This discussion, first of all, summarizes chapter 5-7 in Wollstonecraft’s Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792). Then an interpretation of her ideas is offered, and this is followed by a critique of those concepts. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 'Daddy' by Sylvia Plath

    This 5 page paper looks at Sylvia Plath's famous poem. An analysis is presented using a feminist archetypal perspective. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Automobile Repair Racket Targeting of Women

    6 pages in length, this persuasive essay explores the reasons why women are cheated by fraudulent automobile repair practices. This paper argues the point that women should become better informed, more aggressive, and more assertive in the area of auto repair in order to protect themselves from unscrupulous business practices.

  • Domestic Violence and Protection of Women and Children

    This 5 page paper discusses the issue of domestic abuse and the possible solutions to protect women and their children from repeat offenses. Statistical information and facts obtained from the National Center for Domestic Violence, N.O.W., and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Sources quoted, cited. Annotated Bibliography included as well as a fact sheet about violence. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • King’s Premise of Non-Violence: Applications to the Women’s Movement

    A 4 page exploration of Dr. Martin Luther King’s premise of non-violence. This paper observes the impact of this premise on the women’s movement. Biblography lists 4 sources.

  • The Cost of Discrimination of Women in International Business

    This 5 page paper looks at the issue of gender discrimination in senior management of international companies. After assessing the extent of the issue and establishing that this type of discrimination exists the writer goes on to look at the potential business consequences and the evidence indicates business are loosing out as a result. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Women and Workplace Discrimination

    This 8 page paper embraces the thesis that discrimination still exists in the workplace. Gender inequality in the business world is explored in depth. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • UK Gender Discrimination

    A 12 page paper. The gender pay gap in the UK is the widest of any country in the European Union. About 30 percent of managers and administrators in the country are women but they are concentrated at the lowest levels of management. Further, they are paid 24 percent less than male counterparts. This essay explores the issue of gender discrimination in the workplace and the very real glass ceiling that exists. The writer provides the core elements of the law and reports the lack of significant changes in more than three decades. The essay also provides suggestions for eliminating gender discrimination. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Equality, Women, and the Criminal Justice System

    A 15 page examination of women in the criminal justice system and how their treatment is inferior to that received by men in the same situations. Bibliography lists fifteen sources.

  • Women's Equality and the NOW Role

    An 8 page overview of the societal status of women. Discusses the rationale for women often being considered inferior to men and identifies this rationale as being promulgated by society’s concept of the “weaker sex”. Discusses the advancements over the last three decades toward addressing sexism. Emphasizes the role of Affirmative Action and the National Organization of Women in addressing sexism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Patriarchal Mongolia and Gender Equality

    This 10 page paper explains why women are considered to be equal to men in Mongolia, despite a tradition of patriarchy. The unique blend of tradition and Buddhism seems to have paved the way for a gender equal society. The family structure of the Mongolian people is explored along with other aspects of daily life in the context of a hypothetical example concerning human services workers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Gender and Economics

    This 5 page paper looks at gender and society and whether or not economics plays a key role in equality. The paper contends that economics is separate and apart from other factors. Writings by Hartmann and Engels are utilized in the discussion. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Gender, Identity and Communication

    This 5 page paper responds to a series of quotations about gender, social relationships, communication and identity. Bibliography lists 3 sources

  • A Historical Perspective of Gender Inequality from the 1990s

    This 9 page paper takes a look at gender inequality historically and points out that it is still ever-present, despite changes in society. The ways in which society constructs gender is duly noted. An outline is included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Colonial Powers and Gender Differences

    This 5 page paper considers how the gender differences between the central areas of colonial power and the peripheries differed at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century. The paper begins by looking at the gender inequalities and developments in the colonial powers at this time, and then looks at how they differed in the outlying regions. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Workplace Equality?

    This 5-page paper supports the assertion that there continues to be inequalities in the workplace in terms of gender and race. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Workplace and the Intersection Between Gender and Ethnicity, Race, and Class

    This 3 page paper discusses the factors of race, ethnicity, and class as they pertain to gender and the inequities in the workplace. Bibliography lists 0 sources.

  • Functionalist Perspective on Gender Wage Discrimination

    This 9 page paper examines a newspaper article which reports the gap between the average female wage and the average male wage has decreased and consider how this may be interpreted, After examining the article and what it means the event it is reported is examined from a functionalist approach, using the work of Emile Durkheim, to explain why and how it has occurred and how it could be interpreted. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Case Study Analysis of Earnings and Gender Discrimination

    This 5-page paper examines the concept of disparity of wages between men and women, based on the case study "Is discrimination responsible for earnings differences between men and women?" which was written by Francine Siau and Lawrence Kahn.

  • Research Methodology on Women and the Glass Ceiling

    5 pages in length. The writer provides details to the qualitative approach for researching women and the glass ceiling, as well as discusses specific circumstances where women have broken through the man-made corporate world. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Glass Ceiling

    A 3 page paper which discusses a case study of a woman’s experience with the glass ceiling. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Management, Women, and 'the Glass Ceiling'

    5 pages. There is a well-known phrase called the glass ceiling which means that women are normally only promoted to a certain height up the corporate ladder. While there may be some women higher up in management sometimes these are just 'token' positions so that corporate management cannot be accused of discrimination. This paper will discuss the difficulties women have in getting the top management jobs. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Devil Wears Prada: The Glass Ceiling

    This 4 page paper uses the movie “The Devil Wears Prada” as a “springboard” to consider the fact that Miranda Priestly, though successful, is still constrained by men’s rules of what the success should be. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Randy Albeda and Chris Tilly's Glass Ceilings and Bottomless Pits Women's Work, Women's Poverty

    A 7 page review of the book by Randy Albeda and Chris Tilly. is an expose’ on the numerous societal factors which are facing women today. It is a look into poverty as many of us have never seen poverty, a look at the blatant and sometimes shocking facts of being a poor woman in the United States, the facts of that ever present “bottomless pit”. It is also a look, however, a the so-called “glass ceiling” which confronts professional women in the workplace. This paper contends that while the two scenarios are definitely different, they are inherently related to the same societal factors of the patriarchal dominated society which has been in place for the history of mankind. No additional sources are listed.

  • "Dune" and the Question of Female Empowerment

    This is an 11 page paper that provides an overview of female empowerment in "Dune". Arguments are made for and against the expression of female empowerment in the text. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Evolution Of Women - Feminism

    This 11 page paper presents a history of women's rights/feminist movements, including a report about where the term 'feminism' came from. The writer reports on the different types of feminism, including religious feminism. The paper also comments on the men's groups that emerged from feminism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Reviewing Feminism's Evolutionary Nature

    A 4 page review of the multifaceted nature of feminism. This diversity is emphasized by a number of writers, one of the more notable of which is Estelle Freedman. Freedman's "No Turning Back: The History of Feminism and the Future of Women" is complimented by an exploration of a number of other authors and viewpoints. Rosemarie Tong's "Multicultural and Global Feminism", Pat Mainardi's "The Politics of Housework" and Barbara Ehrenreich's "The Road to Equality" each add considerable insight into the diversity of feminism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gender in Classic Literature

    This 5 page paper discusses the view of women during the 16-18th centuries as portrayed by Mary Wollstonecraf's "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman" and Aemilia Lanyer's "Salve Deus REx Judaeorum" (Eve's Apologie). Their early efforts for feminism are noted. Examples pulled from text and cited. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 1955 to 1975 Feminist Movement Rebirth

    5 pages in length. Priorities began to take shape in the middle of the twentieth century that had never before been addressed. Women were prepared to put all aspects of their lives on hold as a means by which to fulfill their professional desires; however, this was not to bode well with the male gender, who was confused at the intensity with which women were forging ahead in the workplace. Along with this newfound freedom came an unexpected consequence: higher divorce rates. Because women were finding themselves capable of being self-sufficient, there came a new outlook upon relationships and the roles each gender played; as women became more independent, they were less inclined to rely upon their husbands for security. This, according to Ruth Rosen's "The World Split Open: How the Modern Women's Movement Changed America," is what set the stage for the rebirth of feminism and the emergence of the women's movement. No additional sources cited.

  • Feminist Movement's 'Second Wave'

    This 8 page paper discusses the history and origins of the feminist movement. Also discussed is the use of feminist rhetoric. The book Persuasion and Social Movements is used to explore the application by the women's rights movement of social rhetoric. Examples are given. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Constructing Knowledge and Feminist Theory

    8 pages in length. Lorraine Code's 'What Can She Know?' is a celebration of gender, with particular emphasis upon issues of feminism and patriarchal control. Indeed, Code portrays the perpetuation of feminism; not only are her writings a solid reflection of her sentiments of a lacking Anglo-American epistemology but so is the manner in which she reflects the female reawakening. Code displays her craft well and does not hesitate to apply her talent as more of a social statement than one of mere entertainment. Thus is the case with her ongoing assertion that there was truly no separation of the sexes in reality, short of the obvious physical differences; rather, her perpetual argument clearly makes the point that the female gender -- no matter how seemingly fragile and delicate -- is indeed just as much an emotionally strong and self-reliant individual as her socially-accepted male counterpart. The writer discusses Code's book as it relates to feminism and patriarchy. No additional sources cited.

  • Florida and Women in Power

    A 5 page paper on how woman in Florida and other parts of the country have become empowered to achieve success, power, and how they continue to promote and lobby for womens' rights. The writer also talks a little about the woman suffrage and the womens' rights movement.

  • Two Decades of Couture Fashion in France from 1919 until 1939

    A 14 page paper which examines the development of French fashion couture between the period 1919-1939, concentrating on the influences of Coco Chanel and Elsa Schiaparelli, and specifically addressing five factors that positively impacted upon modern women’s fashions and the worldwide appeal of French Fashion. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Fashion and Fashion Photography

    7 pages in length. The fashion industry would not exist without the helpful hand of fashion photography. Their work gracing the pages of globally dispersed style magazines, fashion photographers enlighten the world to the season's new trends and old chic. Fashion photography has come a long way since the days of black and white reproduction; indeed, the advent of color photography quickly boosted the fashion industry by providing flair and allure to each season's styles. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Devil Wears Prada: Why Fashion Is Important

    This 4 page paper uses the movie “The Devil Wears Prada” as a “springboard” to consider the impact of fashion on young women, and why fashion is important. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Advertising and Gender Stereotypes: How Culture is Made

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of gender stereotyping in advertising. The particular mechanisms by which ads affect culture are explored and examples are shown. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Annotated Bibliography for Paper on Affirmative Action

    This 4 page paper is an annotated bibliography listing 8 sources of material for affirmative action.

  • Bone Density And Dieting: Professional

    4 pages in length. The extent to which a low-calorie approach to dieting equates to decreased bone mineral density (BMD) is both grand and far-reaching; that teenage and young adult women represent eighty percent of the total population experiencing bone mass loss speaks to a cultural indoctrination of distorted body image. Two categories in particular depict a preponderance of females who engage in a low-calorie diet and have a greater rate of bone mass reduction: athletes and eating disorder sufferers. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Bone Density And Dieting: Consumers

    3 pages in length. Slick weight loss advertisements have people believing that a quick fix is better than a slow and steady success; far too few encourage regular exercise with speedy caloric reduction, which ultimately places the dieter at great risk for the loss of bone density. According to a study done in 2005 and published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, people who seek weight loss by calorie reduction alone have been found to lose bone density as compared with those who ate a balanced diet and exercised away the weight. What this clearly illustrates is how the properties of calories go much further than creating energy and putting on the pounds; rather, they are instrumental in maintaining bone stability that helps to ward of osteoarthritis. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Depression In Elderly Women

    15 pages in length. Depression is an equal opportunity offender that spares no one from its life-stealing symptoms; significantly more than just a blue mood, depression is one of the most prevalent mental health issues plaguing contemporary society. For some, escaping the grips of depression is all but impossible due to its genetic disposition; for others, environmental and/or psychosocial problems lend themselves to the onset and sometimes persistent state of depression. Elderly women are no exception and in fact are a large percentage of those afflicted with depression due to a number of causes associated with health, emotions and loss of independence. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Arguing Against Breast Augmentation

    A 5 page contention that breast implants are simply not worth the risks. The author asserts that our drive to perfect our bodies is created by an overzealous media and should be overcome. The risks far outweigh the benefits. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Male Historians and the Challenges of Women's History

    This 4 page paper considers the issue of a feminist approach to history. Joan Kelly-Gadol's essay Did Women Have a Renaissance, published in Becoming Visible: Women in European History, directly relates to the question of the emerging approach of female historians. Female historians, after reflecting on the traditional narratives of male dominated societies, have recognized that women essentially had no voice in the past. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Successful Women's Soccer in the US

    13 pages in length. The twenty-first century has witnessed myriad changes to the sport of soccer, not the least of which has been the addition of women's teams. Amidst the struggle and strife rose a special strength that helped propel soccer to the heights it has reached in contemporary global athletics; with the entire world rallying around this original form of football, the World Cup has taken on an entirely new look by adding women to its long and illustrious history. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Abortion Yes No or Maybe

    This 5 page paper explores the three opinions on the issue. The opinions of the Pro Choice camp is contrasted with that of the Pro Life Camp and of those that think abortion should be legal under specific circumstances like rape or incest. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Argument Against Abortion

    A 5 page paper which argues against abortion. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Abortion: Two Opinions

    A 3 page paper which examines two opinions regarding abortion. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Essays and Poems on Barbie

    A 4 page paper which examines 5 different essays/poems on Barbie and argues agreement with one. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Human Sexuality Theories

    A 3 page paper which examines the evolutionary, psychological, and sociological theories regarding human sexuality. The paper argues that the sociological theory is the best suited for defining human sexuality. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Women And Depression

    7 pages in length. When the body/mind connection is placed in such a position of compromise as is the case during the natural occurrence of giving birth, there are times when the woman's emotional capacity during such tremendous hormonal change is compromised and she slips into postpartum depression. Unfortunately, the symptoms of insomnia, mood swings, fatigue and body weight changes are commonplace for women to experience after birth, which causes myriad women to go undiagnosed when they are in the throes of postpartum depression. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Views on Abortion

    A 5 page essay that contrasts and compares 2 essays on abortion, Don Marquis's "Why Abortion Is Immoral" and Mary Anne Warren's "The Moral Significance of Birth." The writer outlines the parameters and main points of both essays and concludes that Warren offers the most realistic real-world view. No additional sources cited.

  • Works of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Saint Augustine, and Saint Paul

    A 3 page paper which examines the works of St. Paul, St. Augustine, and St. Thomas Aquinas as it involves love and sex. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pro and Con: Are Professional Women 'Opting Out" of Work by Choice?

    A 6 page essay that examines both side of the question: Are Professional Women 'Opting Out" of Work by Choice? Arguments pro and con are summarized and the writer argues in favor of the con argument. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Language that is Gender Biased

    6 pages in length. This paper reviews three articles on the title subject and analyzes each article. There are people who use language that would be considered biased in use. The question that is raised is this: Is the language a cause of the bias or is the bias a cause of the language used? Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Issue of Equality and Efforts to Achieve Equality

    This 6 page paper discusses the following quote; “the symmetrical view of equality ignores actual imbalances of power in society, whereby women and ethnic minorities continue to be subjected to disadvantages and detriment... More recently equality has moved beyond equal treatment” . The paper examines what is meant by equality and how equality measured in results may be more important than the equality of opportunity. The paper includes discussion on prejudice, discrimination, stereotyping and positive discrimination. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Autobiographical Account of 'Math Anxiety'

    A 5 page research paper that explores the topic of "math anxiety," a term which refers to the paralyzing fear experienced by many people that they will perform badly when faced with a timed aptitude test on any form of math. This examination of math anxiety offers an autobiographical account of this author's math experience, from the elementary to the college level, as well as the math experiences of a colleague. This is followed by a discussion as to whether or not math anxiety is gender related. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • US Sexuality and the Media

    A 5 page paper which examines how the media effects the sexuality of men and women. The paper discusses the case of Anita Hill and Clarence Thomas as well as the film “The Contender” in discussing how the media influences sexuality in America. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • MEDIATION FOR DOMESTIC ABUSE

    3 pages in length. With the court system buckling under the long-standing strain of frivolous and dismissible cases, placing disputes between intimate partners and/or close relatives into a mediation program instead of going to trial offers two immediate benefits: relieves the overtaxed system of circumstances that do not truly warrant court attention and provides a much more workable set of options for the participants above the stringency of court. Another important reason to mediate circumstances of domestic violence is the capacity to bring the offender into the world of his victim in a very intimate way. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Leveling the Playing Field with Affirmative Action

    This 4 page paper discusses the pros and cons of affirmative action. While we must guard against reverse discrimination, affirmative action is still very much needed in our modern world. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Global Woman and the Problems Faced by Migrant Female Workers

    This 3 page paper examines the book entitled Global Woman that is comprised of a number of articles on migrant women. Much of the discussion is on domestic workers. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Relationship Between Mother and Daughter in Warrior Woman by Maxine Hong Kingston

    A 5 page essay on the mother's expectations, legacy, and results of the daughter's efforts in Maxine Hong Kingston's autobiography. The writer posits that both the mother and daughter, though retaining separate ideologies, come together in the fact that the daughter becomes a warrior woman, a warrior created through the help of the mother. No additional sources cited.

  • Richard Epstein and Catherine MacKinnon's Perspectives on Law and Women's Rights

    Both law professors with opposing ideologies, MacKinnon & Epstein, are discussed in a 5 page analysis as it pertains to the legislation of women's rights. The writer concludes in agreement with Epstein. No additional sources used.

  • June A. Willenz's Women Veterans America's forgotten Heroines

    A 3 page paper discussing “Women Veterans: America’s forgotten Heroines,” by June A. Willenz. The book is discussed in terms of its relationship to the contributions women have made, or the influence they have had, on the National Defense. Willenz discusses many different instances concerning women in the military, ranging from early colonial times to the war in Vietnam. Her emphasis is on the issues surrounding women veterans and benefits available to them. No additional sources provided.

  • Workplace and Gender Prejudice

    6 pages in length. Gender discrimination in the workplace is an industry ill that has run rampant over the past couple of decades. Only within this time frame has society come to realize that there is no place for gender prejudice when both men and women are working hard toward the same goals. In some cases, women have demonstrated considerable more dedication to the job than men, who are often categorized as being lazy and ineffective. Indeed, there is room for both genders within the workplace, but it is establishing an element of respect, as well as a recognition of duty, toward one another that will ultimately eliminate gender prejudice in the workplace. The writer discusses how experts are working hard to organize industrywide cooperation in fighting the undercurrent of workplace gender prejudice in the next two decades. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women's Conventional and Unconventional Roles in My Antonia by Willa Cather

    5 pages in length. The duality of Willa Cather's portrayal of women in My Antonia represents the inherent dichotomy that exists between conventionality and unconventionality. A longstanding debate has raged ever since the author penned her account of a woman torn between traditional gender representation and that which is not considered conventional. The argument within the literary world revolves around the feminist approach, with some critics contending that Antonia represents the archetypal female who awakens to her innate functions as a woman. The writer presents a review of literary opinions in relation to how women's roles are portrayed in My Antonia. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 2 Professorial Views on Women and the Issue of Rape

    This 5 page report discusses the issue of rape in modern society from the perspective of two writers, both women and both university professors. Helene Shugart asserts that asserts that that patriarchy is the theory and rape is the practice. Renee Heberle questions whether there is a fundamental fragileness in male dominance that has been obscured by the construction of a political strategy designed to call attention to women’s suffering and therefore, further reinforces the attitudes of masculine-based domination. Both opinions are disturbing and thought provoking. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Medieval Women

    An 8 page research paper that explores the lives of medieval women. There is a conception of the role of women during the Middle Ages that pictures them essentially in the role of victim‹suppressed and kept in a position of inferiority by the forces of patriarchy. However, numerous historians are now taking a more detailed view of the roles that women played during the medieval period. This research has revealed a distinctly different picture of medieval life than the one that is typically accepted. An examination of some of this historical research substantiates a new view of women during the Middle Ages as a vital force in shaping their society. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women of South Korea

    A 12 page research paper that examines how South Korean women have changed over the last several decades. Members of a culture that incorporated a centuries-old Confucian traditional of male superiority, South Korean women have achieved tremendous advancements in their social status, both politically and domestically in a very brief time, which is a testimony to their intelligence and determination. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Cat on a Hot Tin Roof by Tennessee Williams and Female Objectification

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of some of the significant points of Tennessee Williams’ play Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, including the prevalent symbolism that divides men and women and the objectification of women that is evident in William’s portrayal of Maggie the Cat. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Carol H. Weiss's Theoretical Contributions

    This 10 page paper looks at this theorist’s contribution to program evaluation as well as at the broad scope of her work. Specific contributions to the social sciences are noted and criticisms about this theorist are included as well. The paper sums up with an evaluation and concluding notes on Weiss’s work. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • A Third World Analysis

    This 7 page paper provides an analysis of what is now called the third world. The third world is defined and many observations are made. The paper places a focus on how women are treated in these nations. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Analysis of Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit by Jeanette Winterson

    This 5 page paper focuses on the thematic choices of this author (Jeanette Winterson) whose novel focuses on sexuality. Major themes are homosexuality and religion. The protagonist is also a focus of the analysis. No additional sources cited.

  • The Failure of Man to Recreate Woman in Mary Wollstonecraft's 'A Vindication of the Rights of Woman'

    A 5 page paper that argues that man cannot adequately represent woman and that his attempts to recreate woman as obedient and servile have resulted only in the creation of a society narrow in perspective and severely out of balance. This view as presented by Mary Wollstonecraft in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman is discussed. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Workplace and Gender Stereotypes

    A 15 page paper that discusses gender stereotypes in the workplace and examines how these stereotypes affect female workers. Included is a brief summary of the history of females in the workplace as well as a short discussion on the origins of gender stereotypes. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Magazines and the Depiction of Women in Redbook, GQ, and Cosmopolitan

    5 pages in length. Have women truly escaped the patriarchal hold so prevalent throughout popular culture? In some ways they have yet in others the same exhaustive battle continues to rage. The writer compares and contrasts the portrayal of women in such magazines as GQ, Cosmopolitan and Redbook. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Renaissance and Contemporary Women's Roles

    5 pages in length. Throughout the renaissance, patriarchy was responsible for designing women’s role in society; many of these devices used in earlier centuries were related to religion. Certain scripture regularly challenged women to disprove that they were inferior—to not agree was heresy. When religion did not work alone, scientific theory was included as a factor in the equation that supported the ideal that women are inferior. Based on a conviction of inferiority, male authorities were then able to design lifestyles for women, including approved activities, mannerism, education, sexuality and religious pursuits. Contemporary society, however, has witnessed a metamorphosis of gender oppression, clearly demonstrated through popular culture. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Article Comparison on Gender Differences

    This 5 page paper takes a look at gender differences, and whether or not they are innate or learned, through two very different articles. The authors used are Helen Fisher and Kate Fillion. No additional sources cited.

  • Liposuction and Its Risks

    A 7 page paper that argues that the tumescent technique of surgical liposuction should only be performed by a certified plastic surgeon and only within an acceptable surgical setting. The inherent risks that exist in this procedure are discussed, as well as the danger that has recently been presented by the influx of a number of unskilled and untrained practitioners. Cases of malpractice and misjudgment are cited. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Boys, Girls, and Gender Differences

    A 6 page paper that explores the differences between genders. Despite two or more decades of people saying they do not want their children to behave and think in stereotypical ways, research consistently concludes that parents treat their children differently based on the child's gender. Since initial gender roles are assumed during infancy and young childhood, this paper looks at the research involving play and toy selection and how these are developed in the child. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • David Tyack and Elisabeth Hansot's 'Learning Together'

    A 5 page paper which reviews the book 'Learning Together: A History of Coeducation in American Schools' by David Tyack and Elisabeth Hansot. No additional sources cited.

  • The Dental Industry and Abuse Alert

    4 pages in length. Children are often the unwitting victims of domestic violence, even though they are not the specific targets of the adult's anger. Statistics show that in America, a child is reported abused or neglected every thirteen seconds, which equates to more than two point seven million children each and every year. This figure, more than three times as many as was reported in 1980, reflects a disturbing trend toward uncontrolled acts of domestic violence. The writer discusses how dental healthcare professionals can first recognize child abuse in their patients and then deal with the moral and ethical obligations of reporting such abuse. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Male Culture and Gender Prejudice

    A 6 page paper that discusses gender bias against women in a male-dominated culture. Stereotypical behaviors are learned early in life and are perpetuated throughout life in media depictions of women. The comments of three feminist authors are integrated: Sandra Lee Bartky, Sandra Lipsitz Bem, and Catharine A. MacKinnon. The writer also addresses the need for women to take responsibility to change their own environment. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and Women's Condition Changes

    An 11 page paper discussing changes in women's conditions over the 19th and 20th centuries from the perspective of the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789). In contrast to the conditions that existed before the Declaration was issued, it can be said that its points have been fulfilled. The position that women now occupy is vastly improved over that of prior generations, even though contemporary struggles would mask the gains that have been made. As written, the Declaration's goals have been achieved. As interpreted in light of the philosophers under whose influence the Declaration was written, there is still much more ground to gain - not in terms of technicalities, but rather in attitudes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Schools and Gender Bias

    A 5 page summation and analysis of Myra and David Sadker's book Failing at Fairness, which asserts that while girls and boys sit in the same classrooms, read the same texts, and listen to the same teacher, they receive very different educations. The paper first explores how gender bias is demonstrated in the classroom, and then how it can be corrected. No additional sources cited.

  • Who Stole Feminism? by Christina H. Sommers

    An 8 page summation of Christina Hoff Sommers' book, 'Who Stole Feminism?' which proposes that in the US, the feminist movement is dominated by a group of women who are intent on creating an image of American society as a 'male hegemony.' The writer offers a chapter by chapter summation. No additional sources cited.

  • Blaming Mothers in Society and 'Mamas, Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up To Be Less Than Perfect'

    An 8-page paper that examines the conventional tendency of society to blame mothers for the dysfunction of their children and of society itself. Discussed is the development of this theory in the 1950s, its progress throughout the latter half of the twentieth century, and the overall change in attitude and views toward this theory that is currently occurring in modern society. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Feminism and Women's Studies

    This 8 page paper contends that the women's movement was integral to the creation of women's studies curriculums around the country in the 1970's. Women's studies is explained and explored. Feminism is also discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Age of Aquarius, Ancient Worlds and Worship

    A 5 page paper that posits the thesis that religion exists within a cycle of change and that the new millennium may mark the shift of beliefs back to ancient traditions, moving from a male-dominated theology back to a female-dominated 'thealogy'. Included are an examination of the religions and societies of both ancient Israel and the ancient Near East along with a comparison of both with contemporary religion and society. Also discussed is the nature of psalms and songs and their place in the daily lives and worship practices of ancient Israel. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Population Problems of Egypt

    A 7 page paper that examines the overpopulation problem that currently plagues modern Egypt. Discussed are the primary causes of this population boom as well as the steps that the Egyptian government is presently taking to rectify this problem. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Finding Our Voices by Patricia O'Connell Killen

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the work and expounds on it. Religion is discussed as it pertains to women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Feminist Approach to Ceremony by Leslie Marmon Silko

    5 pages in length. Leslie Marmon Silko's "Ceremony" addresses a long-standing issue that has existed between Native American men and women: the open and equal pursuit of identity. That patriarchy has been the controlling social force for centuries has effectively placed the female gender in the shadows of acceptance, while the male gender has successfully progressed in all possible areas: politics, education and economics. For women, these areas have long histories of restraint through design of the woman’s role; the effects of such designs have been so well entrenched that they have automatically applied to virtually every other area of public life. No additional sources cited.

  • Contemporary Workplace and the Importance of Equity and Gender Issues

    7 pages in length. Because corporate America is essentially a man's world, it has been extremely difficult for women to break the mold and be accepted for their talents, while not being overlooked merely because of their gender. The writer discusses why gender and equity have become critical issues in today's workplace. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Swimsuit Evolution

    5 pages in length. The writer chronicles the vast changes that have occurred to the swimsuit since the early 1900s, including the bikini, French cut and thong. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

 

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