Research Papers on Africa

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Sub Saharan Africa Prevention of HIV and AIDS

    This 12 page paper is a literature review and methodology for research to consider what public policies policy the greatest role in preventing the spread of HIV/AIDs in Sub Saharan Africa. The paper looks at the virus and a range of methods already used to try and slow down transmission rates and argues that that measures which look only to cure and resolve HIV alone are bound to fail as they do not tackle the root causes of the spread of the virus. The only way to eradicate HIV is to deal with the environment issues that make its spread possible. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Sub Sahara Africa and Orphans with AIDS and HIV

    This 8 page paper is the first chapter and a research proposal for an in-depth literature review which includes an expansion of what the HIV/AIDS virus is, how it is impacting on the structure of society as well as the direct and indirect physical and mental impact on the orphans. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Study on the Effects of Africa Globalization Research Proposal

    This 3 page paper examines the problem of globalization in Africa and designs a way to gather more information on this topic. Interviews with the people are suggested and sample questions are included. The reasons for recommending this methodology are included as well. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Education of Sub-Saharan Women/A Research Proposal

    A 6 page paper proposing research into educating women in sub-Saharan Africa in health issues, concentrating on nutritional needs, condom use and general health matters. The desired end goal is to design a program addressing topics particularly applicable to women in sub-Saharan Africa, including both social structures and specifics of disease transmission and development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • History, Government, and Bureaucracy of Contemporary South Africa

    This 12 page paper looks at how modern South Africa came into being. The writer assesses what the country's primary challenges were . . . and still are. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Libya Case Study and Arab Neighborhoods Playground Standards Dissertation Proposal

    This 5 page paper is a research proposal for a student who wants to study to examine and investigate playgrounds standards of the old traditional neighbourhoods. To explore rehabilitation techniques for the existing playgrounds and to develop techniques to establish standards for planning and design of playgrounds that are unique for Libyan society and its’ cultural background responsive to Libyan specific needs. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • An Examination of Aborigine Oppression in Doctor Worreddy's Prescription for Enduring the Ending of the World

    This 3 page paper discusses this complex and insightful telling of the oppression of the Aborigines in Australia. This story illustrates the ways in which the whites oppressed the blacks and how the culture and history of the Aborigines was devestated as a result. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Poetic Analysis of 'Homecoming' by Lenrie Peters

    This is 4 page paper meant as an explication of Lenrie Peters’ poem “Homecoming”. Gambian poet and novelist Lenrie Peters was born in 1932 in Bathurst, the capital of Gambia during the time when Gambia was still a British colony. The background of Peters and that of his country is important when analyzing his poem “Homecoming” as readers can better understand the climate in which he left Gambia to become educated and that to which he returned many years later. The poem “Homecoming” is among his collection which shows the corruptive greed of the tribal leaders while at the same time is balanced by “nostalgia for a pastoral past with cautious assertion of hope for a future built on that past”. Peters’ “Homecoming” writes of the sadness and strange shadows and skeletons which awaited him when he returned to Gambia to which he had “longed for returning”. The poem can be analyzed through several meanings including literal, connoted, figurative, imagery, allusions and tone among others. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Communication in Film Dead Poets Society

    A 3 page research paper that explores communication in this film. The writer argues that the heart of the film is the tension created by contrasting the manner in which a talented teacher, John Keating (Robin Williams) communicates with his students and the communication style employed by authoritarian school officials and the parents of the boys. Examination of this film and its message illustrates many of the points discussed in the research literature on this topic. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A Poetic Analysis of 'Homecoming' by Lenrie Peters

    This is 4 page paper meant as an explication of Lenrie Peters’ poem “Homecoming”. Gambian poet and novelist Lenrie Peters was born in 1932 in Bathurst, the capital of Gambia during the time when Gambia was still a British colony. The background of Peters and that of his country is important when analyzing his poem “Homecoming” as readers can better understand the climate in which he left Gambia to become educated and that to which he returned many years later. The poem “Homecoming” is among his collection which shows the corruptive greed of the tribal leaders while at the same time is balanced by “nostalgia for a pastoral past with cautious assertion of hope for a future built on that past”. Peters’ “Homecoming” writes of the sadness and strange shadows and skeletons which awaited him when he returned to Gambia to which he had “longed for returning”. The poem can be analyzed through several meanings including literal, connoted, figurative, imagery, allusions and tone among others. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 'Dance' and the Painting by Matisse and Poem by Natalie Safir

    A 7 page research paper that contrasts and compares Matisse's painting "Dance" with Natalie Safir's poem "Matisse's Dance." The writer argues that Safir attempts to capture the primitive exaltation of the nude dancers in Matisse's painting. An examination of Safir's verse and Matisse's painting demonstrates that Safir is highly successful in capturing the essence of Matisse's genius. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Chopin/The Awakening/Suicide as Closure

    A 4 page reaction essay to Kate Chopin's nineteenth century novel The Awakening. In this essay, the writer argues that Edna Pontellier commits suicide not because she cannot escape the yoke of patriarchy, but because she cannot escape her own scarred psyche and the biological destiny of being female. No additional sources cited.

  • Gender Discrimination in Africa

    This 12 page paper is divided into two parts. The first part is a literature review of gender discrimination and violence against women in the Sub-Sahara. The second part is a research paper that includes an introduction, problem statement, method and procedures, literature review (which is taken from the first section), results and conclusions. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Post 1945 History of Africa

    This is a 5 page paper and timeline discussing the history of Africa from 1945 to present day. A timeline from 1945 to present day Africa shows a great deal of change which has occurred within the last fifty years throughout the continent. Since 1945, African countries have gained independence from their colonial countries, established democracies and are heavily involved in international trade and commerce. However throughout this time period, Africa has also been fraught with civil wars, drought, famine, poverty and increasingly poor health. Culturally, although the African countries gained their independence from their colonial countries, the influence of the French, British, Portuguese, Dutch, Spanish and Italian cultures are still felt across Africa and acknowledged. Today, African leaders are working with international agencies and corporations to increase their trade and economic status, establish new health and debt relief plans and improve international relations in addition to addressing the national and international exploitation of their people and natural resources. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver and Applicatioins of Erik Erikson and Lawrence Kohlberg's Theories

    This is a 7 page paper discussing Kohlberg and Erikson’s developmental stages as reflected in Rachel from “The Poisonwood Bible”. In Barbara Kingsolver’s 1999 novel “The Poisonwood Bible” the fifteen year old daughter, Rachel, reflects primarily Lawrence Kohlberg’s “conventional” level of moral reasoning and the progression from Erik Erikson’s “identity versus role confusion” (stage 5) to “intimacy versus isolation” (stage 6) levels of personality development. Rachel is considered the most self-absorbed of the characters within the novel and because of this her perspective remains primarily a selfish one and how her family’s environment and values impact her life and development. However, from Rachel, readers can also see a development in her awareness of her surroundings and although she remains still fairly self-absorbed she at least realizes how little impact her and her family and their Christian intentions have on the social and physical environment of the Congo showing a maturity of her moral and personal development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Africa's Cinematic History

    A 12 page overview of African cinema. This paper notes that African cinema is the product of a number of factors, one of the most important of these being colonial influence. Africa has, in fact, been a land of triple heritage, a heritage which balances between African, French, and British values and there are still perceptible differences in cinematic preferences generations after the end of colonialism. It can be contended in fact that African film culture has been acutely inhibited by postcolonial social and economic condition. At the same time, however, contemporary African cinema is making its way into our modern world. The evolution of this cinema, although it maintains a distinctive African flavor, parallels that which is occurring in European countries and the U.S.

  • 3 Articles Analyzed Pertaining to Twenty Fifth Egypt Dynasty Kush History Until Meroe Concentration

    This is a 7 page paper discussing three articles on Kush history from the 25th dynasty in Egypt until their concentration in Meroe. The history of the Kush of Nubia is recounted in three articles by Helen Chapin Metz, Claude Rilly and Noah Kippley-Ogman. The Kush were concentrated in Nubia until the expansion of their strength and influence eventually led to them conquering Egypt around 750 B.C. and ruled during the 25th dynasty until approximately 656 B.C. At this time, they were invaded by the Assyrians which led to their retreat to Napata and eventually Meroe. Once concentrated in Meroe, the Kush became a major trading force based on their central location and production and trade of their own iron. Eventually however, the Kush became weakened through the exploitation of their own resources which led to the loss of their farming industry and the end of the Roman empire which reduced trade along their route. Meroe was eventually conquered by the Axumite army A.D. 350 thus ending their independence. Metz, Rilly and Kippley-Ogman provide slightly different perspectives, details and areas of concentration in their articles which provide readers with an overall history of the Kush but are not necessarily consistent in the details of each era of the Kush. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nigerian Ibo or Igbo People History

    A 2 page paper which examines the history of the Nigerian Ibo (Igbo) people. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Pivotal Historical Point of the 1789 French Revolution

    A 5 page research paper that argues the position that the French Revolution of 1789 was a pivotal point in history. In other words, everything that had occurred in recent world history led up to and influenced the coming of the French Revolution and then the Revolution influenced everything that came afterward. Examination of this topic shows that there is a great deal of validity to the position that the French Revolution was the most significant historical event of this era. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Economic, Political, and Social History of West Africa and the Impacts of Slavery and the Slave Trade

    This 8 page paper discusses the impact on the African continent from the four centuries of slave trade and what the implications for the future may be. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Postcolonial Literature in Morocco and Kenya

    A 7 page paper assessing the primary features of postcolonial literature, focusing on the Kenya and Morocco through the work of Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Fatima Mernissi. Both of these views of postcolonial literature provides readers with a basis for asking “what if” questions. Though the degrees to which each goes vary greatly, each maintains that foreign influence inexorably and irrevocably changed their cultures, providing the primary feature of postcolonial literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literary Depiction of Africa

    This 4 page paper discusses the influence of Africa over the characters in Conrad's Heart of Darkness and Kingslover's The Poisonwood Bible. Quotes cited from texts. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Examples of Post-Colonial Strife In Literature

    This 4 page paper examines the following stories in regards to the issue of post-colonial strife: "The Heart of Redness", "Anil's Ghost", and "Sozaboy". Furthermore, this paper illustrates how the characters in these stories are confronted with strife and how they proceed to overcome the strife that occurs in their experience. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • King Leopold and the Congo

    This 5 page paper provides bulleted information about literature on King Leopold and the destruction he had done in the Congo. This is not written in essay format but is suitable as a study guide on the topic. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ghana and Public Management Diversity

    A 3 page paper discussing increasing gender diversity in Ghana’s public administration. The problem to be addressed here is that of promoting gender diversity in public administration in Ghana. The primary focus is to determine how the government of Ghana can encourage women to strive to reach government’s highest levels. Toward this end, the paper includes a nine-item questionnaire intended to be presented to those already active in the upper levels of Ghana’s public management. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • HRM and South Africa's Model Construction

    This 12 page paper considers how HRM practices are developing in South Africa. The paper argues that due to the different social conditions and cultural background the model which is emerging is unique, there are commonalities with HRM seen in other countries, the model relies on motivational theory and the human relations school of thought, but also encompasses a greater degree of co-operative collectivism. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Shortage of Nurses and Its Global Implications

    A 4 page paper discussing difficulties in recruiting, long hours and growing work-related stress. These are not unique to nursing, but likely nursing is the profession that finds these characteristics most problematic. The nursing shortage has been reality for a long while in both the US and the UK. Nurses in developing countries have taken note, and the ongoing shortages in the nursing profession now have taken on global proportions. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mathabane/Kaffir Boy

    A 5 page book review that discusses this autobiography as a primary historical source that relates information about the apartheid era of South African history. No additional sources cited.

  • West African and East African Slave Trade

    6 pages in length. This paper is a research project on the difference between the East African slave trade and that of the West African Slave trade. The slave trade that took place across the Indian Ocean is to a certain extent a misnomer, because it tends to combine two historically and geographically different and distinct trades; the only thing they shared was that of the body of water they crossed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Developing World's Problems with Water Contamination

    12 pages in length. The truism attached to shipwrecked sailors afloat in miles and miles of ocean – water, water everywhere and not a drop to drink – is easily equated with the long-standing problems plaguing underdeveloped countries where their own water supply is concerned. While the sailors must grapple with life-killing salt that prevents their ability to drink from the limitless reserve all around them, those in such global communities as Africa are faced with an entirely different challenge to obtain clean, uncontaminated drinking sources. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • World War I and the East African Conflict Between the British and the Germans

    The "WWI Bush Ghost" of German East Africa. (10 pp) This discussion will look at an amazing period of World War One history concerning the conflict between the Germans and the British in East Africa. (German East Africa encompassed all of present-day Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi. Its 384,180 square miles exceeded the size of Germany and France combined. Its borders ranged from Kenya-Uganda and Lake Victoria in the north; to the Congo, Rhodesia and Lake Tanganyika in the west; to Nyasaland (with Lake Nyasa) and Portuguese Mozambique in the south. The Indian Ocean presented a natural border in the east.) Paul Von Lettow-Vorbeck was the consistent German player, with about 300 German officers and 11,000 black colonial troops, during this conflict, and we will see much of the information from his point of view, concerning this seldom reported period. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • War and Escalation of Violence Such as Rape

    A 7 page discussion of the abhorrent trend or sexual violence in Bosnia and Rwanda during war. This paper examines that trend from the perspective of defining them as war crimes and acts of genocide. Bibliography lists sources.

  • The Common Thread of Ancient and Modern African Music

    This 8 page report discusses the many varieties and flavors of African music from the traditional to the contemporary. African music is singularly unique in that no single description can describe it all. One aspect of commonality between all African nations is the important role that dance, music, and rhythm plays throughout all aspects of national culture. Numerous examples of the types of music, as well as instruments played are included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • "Sometimes in April" - The Value of Narrative Nuance

    This is a 4 page paper that provides an overview of the film "Sometimes in April". The paper explores the use of character, music, and setting in conveying a theme. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Theology of Biblical Leadership

    A 4 page research paper/essay that draws on literature in order to discuss what constitutes a theology of biblical leadership. This examination of what scripture indicates pertaining to the theology of biblical leadership shows that this leadership model is similar to, but also distinctly different from secular models. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Contemporary Lessons Taught by Sundiata, King of Mali

    A 3 page paper discussing the first known king of Mali. Sundiata carries such hope and promise for African Americans that several have chosen to adopt not only the symbolism associated with this first king of Mali, but also his name. The historical Sundiata lived in early 13th century West Africa. He lives now only in legend, but he still embodies lessons from which all African Americans – indeed all people of any race or ethnicity – can benefit. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Developing World's Problems with Water Contamination

    12 pages in length. The truism attached to shipwrecked sailors afloat in miles and miles of ocean – water, water everywhere and not a drop to drink – is easily equated with the long-standing problems plaguing underdeveloped countries where their own water supply is concerned. While the sailors must grapple with life-killing salt that prevents their ability to drink from the limitless reserve all around them, those in such global communities as Africa are faced with an entirely different challenge to obtain clean, uncontaminated drinking sources. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A Long Walk to Freedom by Nelson Mandela

    A five page paper which summarises and analyses Nelson Mandela’s autobiographical work A Long Walk To Freedom, which details his involvement in the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa, his long imprisonment, and the eventual electoral success of the African National Congress in 1994. Bibliography lists 1 source

  • Growth of Asia Versus Latin American and African Growth

    An 8 page research paper that contrasts and compares the economic growth of countries in Asia to those in Latin America and Africa, specifically addressing why growth elsewhere in the world has not matched the performance of Asia economies. The writer argues that the blame lies primarily with government mismanagement, corruption and greed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Gold and Urbanization in Johannesburg

    A 20 page research paper that describes in detail the role that the gold economy played in the founding, growth and urbanization of Johannesburg, South Africa. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness and Racism

    This is a 7 page paper discussing racism in Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness”. Joseph Conrad’s novella “Heart of Darkness” (1901) is highly controversial in regards to its racist perspective towards the African native. Although “darkness” within the story is also used to describe the darkness within all men and societies, even those within England and Europe, overall Conrad, through the character of Marlow whose background is very much like his own, shows the racist perspective which was generally accepted at the time in that Africans were considered “prehistoric”, “frenzied” and the environment in which they lived appeared “unearthly” and at times the natives appeared to be nearly “inhuman” in their differences and contrasts to the white man. Europeans, on the other hand, while they may have apparent elements of darkness within, are described in terms of purity, fairness, orderliness, and are civilized and those who, including Conrad, can only appreciate the African native in his own environment but in no means could extend that appreciation beyond that in comparison with Europeans and European society; a racist attitude which was reflected by Conrad within the story. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Human Trafficking in Sierra Leone

    This 7 page paper discusses the problem of human trafficking in the African country of Sierra Leone. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Ofili and Dalwood's Celebrity in Contemporary British Art

    A paper which looks at two works by modern artists - Kurt Cobain's Greenhouse, by Dalwood, and Afrodizzia, by Ofili - and considers them as specific examples of the way in which celebrities are portrayed. Bibliography lists 7 sources

  • Blood Diamond - Paying for Death with Luxury

    This 3 page paper discusses the film “Blood Diamond” and argues that horrific as it is, it does not approach the level of violence and misery of the actual civil war in Sierra Leone. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Conflict Diamonds

    This 6 page paper discusses conflict diamonds, what they are, how they are used to finance wars, and the impact of these diamonds on the Africans themselves. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gender Issues in Kenya and Climate Change

    An 8 page research paper that offers an examination of climate change, which, first of all, defines the proof of its existence and believed causes, and then turns to consideration of its effect on gender issues in Africa, focusing specifically on Kenya. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Foreign Direct Investment Strategies in Africa

    This 16 page paper examines FDI in Africa and obstacles to success. Globalization is discussed as problematic in general terms but when more specifics are provided on FDI it is learned that the situation is not quite so clear cut. The future of FDI is seen as positive as it respects Africa. Various aspects of Africa are discussed inclusive of the physical and political environment. The economy is discussed as well. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Darfur: An Analysis

    A 10 page analysis of the historical, ethnic, and religious factors at play in the Darfur situation. This paper analyzes Darfur from the perspective that there have been many contributory circumstances and events that have led up to it. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Darfur and Tyranny

    A 7 page discussion of the Darfur situation. This paper analyzes Darfur from the perspective that there have been many contributory circumstances and events that have led up to it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Consequences of the Conflict in Darfur

    With the world focused on the latest Iraqi War and its consequences, it takes little time to focus on a smaller conflict with potentially greater consequences. Discussed are the issues of deterrence, global hatred toward the U.S., U.S. policy, Canadian aid and other real and potential consequences. 7 works cited. jvDarfur.rtf

  • Africa and the Practices of Dowry and Bridewealth

    A 6 page paper assessing whether bridewealth and dowry practices in Africa protect women or further gender inequality. Both bridewealth and dowry have had the effect of redistributing wealth within the areas in which the people practicing it live, and in so doing also provide a homogenizing effect on class and status in Africa. The nature and uses of both forms have been changing in recent years, however, so that at present bridewealth among the elites often fills a role traditionally reserved for dowry. Though the concepts of bridewealth and dowry seem backward to those not practicing them, they have the effect of protecting women rather than undermining the advance of gender equality in Africa. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Rwanda Today

    A 5 page research paper that examines the legacy of genocide in Rwanda and its bright economic future. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hotel Rwanda/Not on Our Watch

    A 3 page research paper that discusses how the international community failed to respond to the genocide in Rwanda, referring to the movie Hotel Rwanda, and relates this to the similar failure in Darfur, which is detailed in the book Not On Our Watch. Then the writer, turns to the subject of blood diamonds, and the violence in Sierra Leone, which relates genocide and globalization. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Democratic Statehood Transitional Problems of Nigeria and Ghana

    This 13 page paper discusses the transitional problems of emerging democracies, exampling Ghana and Nigeria as they struggle to maintain a democratic government. Examples are given, numerous experts cited, studies and surveys utilized. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Tears of the Giraffe by Alexander Smith and Principles of Ethics

    A 5 page paper discussing this novel by Alexander Smith in terms of principles of ethics in general, but specifically those involving health care. The bottom-line message is that there are certain basic rights that individuals should be able to expect in their lives, but that are not always made available to them. When injustice occurs, the individual is to rise above it, condemning the unjust not with words or revenge, but with acts of kindness and understanding. The individual is to break the chain. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • GLOBAL RECESSION AND IMPACT ON NIGERIA

    This 3-page paper discusses the impact of the current global economic meltdown on Nigeria. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Finding Peace in a Culture of War

    This 8 page paper considers the way that a culture of war can develop, and defines a culture of peace by looking at the concept of a culture of war. The concepts are then applied to Africa, where there are many conflicts, and used to determine the way that nations might find lasting peace. The bibliography cites 9 sources

  • Elephants, Rhinos, Kobs, Leopards And Buffalo: Communication In African Culture

    5 pages in length. While not art in the conventional sense, ancient African artifacts depict the cultural progression of its people by virtue of animal-infused masks, figures, tribal dances and trinkets that symbolized what they wanted to convey. The extent to which the buffalo (bravery and strength), leopard (authority), elephant (power and kingship, wisdom and patience), kob (abundant wildlife) and rhinoceros (leadership) reflect the five animal figures used most predominantly throughout the vast array of African culture is both grand and far-reaching; that these symbolic images were instrumental in expressing both basic and complex forms of communication speaks to the critical importance these figurative portrayals had in aiding man's need to share information. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Agricultural Economics and Ethiopia

    9 pages in length. The reason for choosing Ethiopia as a focus for agricultural economics is because there exists an inherent presence for failure when the people are either provided with imported food or given the opportunity to grow their own supplies. The extent to which this dichotomy continues to exist in spite of extraordinary measures makes this country particularly interesting to examine; as well, the tens of thousands – and even millions – of Ethiopians who have and continue to die due to agriculturally related issues renders this a topic about which everyone should care. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • A South Africa Global AIDS Perspective

    An 8 page outline of the problems facing South Africa in terms of effectively addressing the AIDS epidemic. This paper assesses the AIDS epidemic in the region from the perspective of the cultural behaviors and mindsets which continue to feed it. The contention is presented that the most effective address of the problem must overcome the cultural refusal to acknowledge it. Home testing coupled with government-enforced mandatory attendance at educational workshops is proposed as being a solution which will ensure self-awareness, avoid social ostracization, and hopefully spawn positive behavior change. A free one-page solution outline is included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The 1988 Movie 'Zan Boko'

    This 3 page report discusses the 1988 movie Zan Boko. Director and writer Gaston Kaboré explores the impact of modern society on the lives and development of a traditional African people and their lifestyle. He also considers the ways in which an agrarian, subsistence society is forced into becoming an industrialized, commodity economy and an oral culture into a mass media culture. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Genocide

    A 6 page research paper that discusses genocide in general and, specifically, in regards to the Rwandan genocide, relating the discussion to the eight stages of genocide model formulated by Dr. Gregory Stanton. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Genocide Since World War II

    This 6 page paper defines genocide, describes the 8 steps of genocide, and then discusses the Rwandan genocide in 1994. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Abbreviated Paper on Research Techniques

    4 pages in length. The writer provides an abbreviated example of research techniques in the way of body text and annotated bibliography, which lists 3 sources.

  • The Pyramid Building of Ancient Egypt and the Beginnings of Engineering, Technology, and Cultural Dynamics

    This 11 page report discusses the enormous undertaking of building the pyramids and the incredible accuracy that was used in the construction of a tomb and monument to dead pharaohs. Every aspect of the ancient people’s life was consumed by the combination of worship and construction. The two were inextricably connected. Technology developed in support of the construction and the construction continually glorified the divine in ever-greater measures. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingsolver and Applicatioins of Erik Erikson and Lawrence Kohlberg's Theories

    This is a 7 page paper discussing Kohlberg and Erikson’s developmental stages as reflected in Rachel from “The Poisonwood Bible”. In Barbara Kingsolver’s 1999 novel “The Poisonwood Bible” the fifteen year old daughter, Rachel, reflects primarily Lawrence Kohlberg’s “conventional” level of moral reasoning and the progression from Erik Erikson’s “identity versus role confusion” (stage 5) to “intimacy versus isolation” (stage 6) levels of personality development. Rachel is considered the most self-absorbed of the characters within the novel and because of this her perspective remains primarily a selfish one and how her family’s environment and values impact her life and development. However, from Rachel, readers can also see a development in her awareness of her surroundings and although she remains still fairly self-absorbed she at least realizes how little impact her and her family and their Christian intentions have on the social and physical environment of the Congo showing a maturity of her moral and personal development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Imperialism and Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe

    A 4 page paper that examines the manner in which African author Chinua Achebe challenges traditional ideas of imperialism in his novel entitled Things Fall Apart. A short synopsis of the novel's plot is included, with particular emphasis placed on the sections in which Achebe emphasizes the uneven trade of time honored tradition for Western cultural imperialism. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Lifelong Education and Globalization

    9 pages in length. The very essence of globalization is that of change, to relearn stable and familiar ways in order to make room for ever-growing progress. While this concept would appear to reflect beneficial movement for global societies, the relevance to lifelong learning actually represents advancement at the detrimental social, political and economic expense of myriad unsophisticated societies. As such, this dichotomy of progression has rendered globalization a much-contested concept. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Mozambique and Madagascar Floods of 2000

    This 5 page paper takes a look at the devastation severe weather had inflicted on Madagascar and Mozambique in the winter of 2000. With an emphasis on Madagascar, damage done and relief efforts are discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Madagascar Wrestles with Conservation

    This 10 page paper discusses the unique wildlife of Madagascar and reveals the many conservation efforts to protect this wildlife. Furthermore, this paper outlines the forces which impede such efforts and why conservation in Madagascar is so important. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • East Africa and Malaria

    4 pages in length. Malaria is a severe problem in Eastern Africa that reflects "a major socio-economic challenge" (Anonymous, 2002, p. PG); however, the overwhelming impact of HIV/AIDS has been given most of the attention, leaving the issue of malaria treatment/prevention virtually neglected. If the problem received proper proactive attention, millions of lives could be saved and the situation could be easily ameliorated. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Realigning Aid to Ethiopia

    A 4 page paper providing recommendation to the British government regarding additional financial aid to Ethiopia. The recommendation for the British government and for the governments of other Western "rich" countries giving aid to Ethiopia is to maintain historic levels of financial assistance, followed with increased financial assistance entrusted to NGOs to administer and use for the good of the Ethiopian people. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ethiopia: History, Politics and Challenges

    This 6 page paper discusses Ethiopia's history, it politics and political parties and some of the challenges it faces. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • ETHIOPIA: SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONSTRAINTS

    This 3-page paper discusses socio--economic aspects of Ethiopia. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of the 'New South Africa'

    A 10 page paper which examines South Africa today focusing primarily on David Goodman’s book “Fault Lines: Journeys into the New South Africa.” Also examined is George Bizos’ “No One to Blame: In pursuit of justice in South Africa.” No additional sources cited.

  • Cultural Diversity/Religion in South Africa

    A 4 page research paper/essay that is formatted to be delivered as a speech to a Methodist youth convention in South Africa. The topic is accommodating cultural diversity using the philosophy of ubuntu in South Africa. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • South African Politics

    A 16 page research paper that offers an overview of South Africa. The writer briefly reviews the circumstances of apartheid, but then offers an overview of the current political situation in that country, which includes consideration of the key issues currently facing the new South Africa, such as HIV/AIDS and unemployment. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Ancient Civilizations' Religion and Politics

    A 5 page paper which compares and contrasts the relationship between politics and religion in the ancient civilizations of the Near East, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Orient and India. There are many similarities in each of these ancient civilizations considering it was a time when religion was the most important aspect of life for most of these people. Politics more often than not, used this to their advantage. The only difference was perhaps, to what degree it was used. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Rise of the Internet in Kenya

    This 3 page paper examines the rise of the Internet in Kenya. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Sky Lee’s Disappearing Moon Café/Chinese-Canadians

    A 7 page paper that discusses Sky Lee’s 1991 novel Disappearing Moon Café concerns five generations of a Chinese Canadian family whose saga is shaped by cultural, economic and social factors that pertain to both China. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Tribal Scars

    In this 3-page paper, Sembene Ousman's Tribal Scars or The Voltaique is reviewed in terms of why it is important to the men to find the history of tribal scars. There are no sources.

  • Tropical Forests and Wildlife Vocal Communication

    This 4 page paper examines vocal communication in tropical forests. This theme is illustrated through the discussion of vocal communication for monkeys, birds, and other wildlife. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pre-Great Depression Tropical Agricultural Productsof Africa and Europe's Increase in Demand

    Africa’s Tropical Agricultural Products and its Response to Increased European Demand Before the Great Depression of 1929: In twelve pages this paper examines Africa’s important export industry of tropical agricultural products and considers how its countries responded to the increased demand by European nations prior to 1929’s Great Depression. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Impact of Apartheid on South Africa

    A 5 page research paper that looks at the lingering effects of apartheid on South Africa; and, which also spotlights the careers of Nelson Mandela and Dr. Sindiwe Magona. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Electoral System of South Africa

    A 10 page paper discussing the framework, the list proportional representation electoral system, by which it has conducted its first two national elections after the end of apartheid. The system allows many parties to be heard, but often can block long-term progress. Other nations new to democracy have chosen the same electoral system as did South Africa, but then stayed with systems that are not conducive to maturation of the democracy. South Africa, however, has taken the route of inviting nearly as many voices as there are views for the first two elections, and then reassessing its electoral system to avoid the traps of remaining mired in the many-voice approach. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • South Africa and Doing Business

    3 pages of research discussing obstacles faced by foreign (U.S.) businesses wishing to operate in South Africa since apartheid. Focus is on Goodyear. 1 source listed in bibliography.

  • Modern Day South Africa

    A 9 page paper that looks at the economic, political and social changes in the newly developing South Africa outside of the rule of apartheid. Since the first free election in that country in 1994, a number of changes have occured that are directly related to the new political order of the country and have pushed South Africa into the forefront of developing nations. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Lack of Global Community Moral Involvement in Rwanda

    A 5 page essay in which the writer explores the reasons for the international community's lack of moral backbone during the Rwandan massacres in 1994. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Democracy and Uganda

    10 pages in length. Democracy is a political way of life that involves each and every person in all phases of decision-making and rule. Indeed, it is a most desired manner by which to run a country; however, democratic rule is not easy to come by. Nations have fought for the right to call themselves a democracy, while others have endured great hardships and constant battle without ever achieving its liberating results. The writer discusses how Uganda is one nation that has rallied back from severe oppression to be able to claim the democratic way of life as its own. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Nation of Tunisia

    This 15 page report discusses the north Africa nation of Tunisia. Situated between Algeria and Libya, Tunisia is a surprising combination of social progressiveness, economic stability, and traditional culture. Once the location of one of the ancient world's most important city-states, Carthage, Tunisia has maintained a uniqueness and stability not found in the majority of African nations. Located between Algeria and Libya, the desert and coastal nation has a population of approximately 9 million people. Its progressive government has steadily improved Tunisia's economic and development status, leading it to a political and social stability virtually non-existent in Africa. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Animals and Dogon Religious Rituals

    A 10 page research paper which explores the animistic aspect of religious belief in this primitive African culture. The writer discusses the role that animals play in Dogon rituals which predict the future, and also gives a possible explanation for the mystery surrounding the impressive knowledge of this primitive tribe regarding the star cluster which makes up the 'dog star,' Sirius A and B. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Tourism in Senegal and Kenya

    A 17 page paper examining the various issues relating to tourism in the African areas of Kenya and Senegal. Each region is examined individually in relationship to their involvement in tourism. As might be expected, Kenya is far more involved in tourism than is Senegal. This is largely due to the fact that Kenya has been known for its wondrous wildlife parks while Senegal has been largely concerned with merely staying afloat economically speaking. Tourism in Senegal is experiencing growth however, and this is covered in as much depth as is possible. Following individual sections focusing on the individual regions, is a section which compares the two in a competitive manner. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Kenyan Woman

    6 pages worth of compiled research and information on the social role of women in Kenya, their high fertility rates, culture, and tradition. Insight is given into the socio-health related problems that exist and what is (or is not) being done to solve them. An interview with a woman from Kenya (who now lives in the U.S.) is cited. Bibliography lists 6 relevant sources.

  • European Clashes and the Xhosa Culture

    The Xhosa speaking nation in South Africa is second only to the Zulus in numbers. This 11 page report describes their location, society, history, culture, tradition, family life, etc.; The writer also covers historical tensions occurring between the Xhosa people and Europeans who came to the Cape. It is argued that the Xhosas' own lack of political unity, belief in mysticism, etc.;-- prevented them from being able to defend themselves successfully against the Europeans when conflict arose. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Abolishing the Transatlantic Slave Trade

    A 9 page paper that provides an overview of the systems that supported transatlantic slave trade and the considers the elements that impacted abolition and its repercussions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Contrast and Comparison of Empires in Ghana, Songhay, and Mali with Other Civilizations

    In 5 pages, the author discusses Mali, Songhay, and Ghana and makes a comparison/contrast between those empires of Africa and other civilizations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • All God's Children Need Traveling Shoes by Maya Angelou

    A 5 page analysis of All God's Children Need Traveling Shoes by Maya Angelou, which is the fifth volume in her serial autobiography. This volume is an account of Angelou's experiences in Ghana in the early 1960s. This narrative relates how Angelou found a job teaching at the University of Ghana and began working as an editor. While the narrative naturally includes the details of where Angelou worked, and the major details of her life, the motivating force behind the book is how Angelou worked to relate emotionally to Ghana and her African heritage. No additional sources cited.

  • In My Father's House by Anthony Appiah

    A 5 page analysis of African writer Anthony Appiah's book In My Father's House. In this work, Appiah rejects what he refers to as the 'rhetoric of descent,' and advocates a 'reasonable' course for identifying and consenting to a paradigm that defines issues concerning African identity, No additional sources cited.

  • Nigeria's Rich and Poor Land

    A 5 page paper that discusses the political and economical chaos that has surrounded the African country of Nigeria for the past century and left this oil-rich land in a situation of ruin. Highlighted is the serious lack of proper air traffic control over this country and the problem this presents to Nigeria's floundering economy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Plant and Significance of Cassava

    This 5 page paper provides an overview on the plant cassava used to prepare a variety of meals. The safety of the product is explored as well as its significance to African culture. Outline is included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

 

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