Research Papers on General

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • The Depiction of Reality in the Age of Global Production

    Contemporary art is full of images that reflect or represent reality in some form. This 22 page paper looks at the way contemporary art is produced and reproduced with controversy stretching barriers and creating a type of hyper reality. Then paper considers some of the foundations of this work, including Andy Warhol and then looks at the work of Matt Collishaw, Marc Quinn and Damien Hirst. The file TEartreal1.rtf is a PowerPoint presentation that can accompany this paper. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • What are the Benefits for Contract Owners in the use of Variation Orders? - A Research Proposal

    A variation order is an instruction that an architect gives to the builder concerning any variations to the original building contract. They are often associated with increased costs and delays, but they continue to be used. This 11 page paper proposes research in order to identify the benefits and advantages that the use of variation orders can provide for the contract owners. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Greenwood Primary Student Arts Program is a Program for School Excellence

    This 12 page proposal relates to the use of an Integrated Visual Arts Education programme, designed to enhance arts education learning at Greenwood Primary School (GWPS). This proposal outlines the arguments for a funding request for this programme for school-based excellence, and demonstrates how the programme has succeeded in meeting many of the needs of the learner population. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Building Project Value Management

    This 10 page paper (including on page diagram) looks at how value may be added in a case study provided by the student. The study concerns the building of a learning centre for a university. The process of project development, priorities and using weighted values as well as the SMART tool for value management are all used. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Legacy of Artist Pablo Picasso

    (5 pp) If there is any artist who epitomizes the genius of our century, it is Picasso. Long-lived, endlessly inventive, prolific in his production, wanton in his sexual appetites as well as his artistic creation, an alchemist who could transmute the handlebars of a bicycle into the horns of a bull with a single gesture - there seems to have been no limit to his talents. 4 specific works are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari Film and Expressionist Painting

    An 11 page paper which examines the focus on expressionist painting in the film “The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari.” Bibliography lists 6 additional sources.

  • Art of James Magee

    A 4 page research paper that summarizes and analyzes three works by James Magee, and their accompanying poems, which are currently on display at the Nasher Sculpture Center. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Gothic Cathedral and Dante

    (5 pp.) It has been suggested that there are several ways in which Dante's complex poem the Inferno is similar to a Gothic Cathedral. This discussion will look at those possibilities. The physical Cathedral, which will be used as a mental picture for comparison will be St. Elizabeth (1233-1283 ) in Marburg, Germany

  • 'Dance' and the Painting by Matisse and Poem by Natalie Safir

    A 7 page research paper that contrasts and compares Matisse's painting "Dance" with Natalie Safir's poem "Matisse's Dance." The writer argues that Safir attempts to capture the primitive exaltation of the nude dancers in Matisse's painting. An examination of Safir's verse and Matisse's painting demonstrates that Safir is highly successful in capturing the essence of Matisse's genius. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Liability and Negligence Chain in the McCollum Case

    A paper which considers the McCollum case, in which it was asserted that a record company should be held liable for the suicide of a mentally disturbed listener who was influenced by Ozzy Osbourne's music. The paper compares this case to the judgment in Weirum, and looks at aspects of liability and the chain of negligence. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History of Chinese Art

    10 pages in length. Chinese art history is both vast and comprehensive, spanning centuries and encompassing myriad formats. When one examines Chinese culture as it relates to art history, one can readily surmise that artistic endeavor is not merely superficial filler, but rather an integral component to the overall existence of Asian heritage. The writer discusses calligraphy and feng shui as they relate to Chinese art history. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Historical Functions of Museums

    This 10 page paper delves into museums and how they are to be considered in light of new technology. The function of museums throughout history, and throughout the world, are explored. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ancient Greek Women and the Effects of Medicine, Law, and Architecture

    A 12 page investigation into the lives of ancient Greek women as they were impacted by architecture, law and medicine. Exactly how these factors interacted to shape a woman’s life, however, is largely a matter of conjecture. Because most of Greek history was dominated by male authors, we must turn to other aspects of Greek culture to glean hints as to how a woman interacted in this male-dominated world. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Life and Art of Jacob Lawrence

    A 6 page paper which provides a look at the life and works of the African American artist Jacob Lawrence. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Designing Entertainment Venues

    7 pages in length. Erecting entertainment venues like museums, casinos and concert halls serve a number of social, cultural and economic purposes to a given community; that a single entertainment venue can encapsulate all of these elements speaks to the vast advantages inherent to such urban geographical growth. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Graffiti's Development History

    This 5 page report discusses the existence of graffiti and the fact that graffiti is an expression of art, whether political, social, or aesthetic, it expresses something that its creator wants to express through the medium of paint and a bare surface that will be viewed by others. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Superhero Films, Comics, and Cartoons and Their American Significance During the Second World War and the Cold War

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the emergence and significance of the superhero comics, cartoons and films in the United States in World War II and the Cold War. Within the United States, superhero cartoons, comics and films shifted dramatically in both themes and popularity in World War II and again during the Cold War with the Soviet Union. Suddenly, when it became obvious that the United States was becoming involved in the Pacific and Atlantic conflicts in World War II, superheroes who bestowed patriotic American virtues were used as propaganda in the war against the Japanese and the Nazis. Superheroes such as Superman and Captain America appeared on the battlefields with equally heroic super soldiers. The comics and cartoons supporting the American war effort were reinforced within the daily newspapers, cartoons, comics and films. After the war, comics which highlighted horrific and terrifying crime images were quickly shut down by the U.S. Senate Committee interested in maintaining American virtues and not corrupting American youth. During the 1950s and the 1960s, the Cold War and the threat of nuclear war increased and superheroes took on superpowers which allowed them to combat the “Red Threat” but remained out of the war zones due to the unpopular conflict in Vietnam. Regardless of the era, superheroes depicted in cartoons, comics and films have tried to reinforce the traditional American virtues and have remained increasingly popular using this format and have also remained important and significant on their influence and impact on the American public. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • An Analysis of the Films, Bowling for Columbine and, The Decay of Fiction

    A 6 page paper examining two films and a museum’s film exhibit. Taken together, “The Decay of Fiction,” “Bowling for Columbine” and the Guggenheim Museum’s film installation reflect a broad history of film while remaining based in the present. The two films and the Guggenheim installation discussed here illustrate film’s capacity to instruct and edify while it concurrently instills emotional bases supporting the film’s purpose. All of these artists have used that ability to its greatest potential. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Asian Culture in Art and Film

    A 9 page paper which examines how one can learn quite a bit about Asian culture and society through an examination of their art and film. The films discussed are the Chinese film “The Blue Kite” and the Japanese film “Rhapsody in August.” Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cultural Understanding and the Reflections of Photography

    An 8 page discussion of the value of still photography and film in cultural research. The author contends that cultural history, a subcategory of both anthropology and history, is indeed replete with examples of the value of these mediums in preserving culture in a visual format. It is emphasized that this value is not exclusive to the use of photography as a documentary tool by the researcher but that instead it encapsulates the use of film produced by the culture itself. Asserts that both documentary and fictional film can be of tremendous research value.

  • Frida: A Reaction Paper

    This 3 page paper focuses on the film and the life of this artist.The film is discussed in general. Some of the plot is conveyed. This film is a biography, or a portrait of this eccentric Mexican artist by the name of Frida Kahlo. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Animation Advancements in Geri's Game Short Film by Pixar

    A 12 page research paper in which the writer assumes the personal of an art journalist assigned to cover a hypothetical 3D exhibition, Simulatrix, in which Pixar's short film, "Geri's Game" is a featured exhibit. The writer analyzes the film and explains why this film is so significant, which the writer attributes to its introduction groundbreaking technological innovations. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • “The Castle” : A Messenger

    An 8 page consideration of the comical Australian film “The Castle”. This paper argues that the film is in fact a powerful societal messenger. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Golden Age of Hollywood and Economic Strategy

    A 9 page overview of the economic strategy launched in film production and promotion during the 1930s and 1940s. This strategy, in part, included the dynamics of film production (dynamics of the producer-unit system) and the alliance between studio systems and exhibitors, alliances established through vertical integration. One of the most important inclusions in this economic rationale, however, was the "bankable" star system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Golden Age of Hollywood and Exploitation

    A 12 page overview of the economic strategy launched in film production and promotion during the 1930s and 1940s. This strategy, in part, included the dynamics of film production (dynamics of the producer-unit system) and the alliance between studio systems and exhibitors, alliances established through vertical integration. One of the most important inclusions in this economic rationale, however, was the "bankable" star system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History of Typography and Design

    This 6 page paper considers the history of topography, as well as its modern applications. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Color Photography History

    (9pp) Ever since the advent of the daguerreotype and the calotype in 1839, photographers began to search for a way to reproduce their subject matter in color. Indeed, color photographs became available practically as soon as photography itself. But these early attempts at color photography were nothing more than hand tinted black & white photographs of the area. Color theory was still relatively primitive at this time, and the photographic materials available were blind to almost half of the visible spectrum Almost a hundred years would pass, before the necessary film is available to the public. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Color Photography and its History

    9 pages in length. Once the staple of photography, black and white images have all but given way to its color counterpart. Indeed, the lure of bright, rich color was, in and of itself, enough of a selling point to draw away from what had heretofore existed only in the finite world of black and white. The advent of color photography brought with it an entirely new perspective to the industry, which included more expansive manufacturing plants, increased consumer interest and a glimpse into a more realistic image. The writer discusses the history of color photography. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A History of Performance Art

    (10 pp.) Performance art is a confrontational art experience, whether one chooses to say that the art form begins in the sixteenth century with Comedia del Arte political street theater, or the recorded fistfight that broke out in the beginning of the twentieth century. Both forms were Italian, and both began with audience participation in the performance itself. Yet the form continues to make its own history today. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Questions on Art History

    7 pages. This is a series of four questions concerning such topics as the difference between modern and contemporary art, narrative perspectives on collecting art, and why art museums are resistant to art history.

  • Graphic Arts and its History

    This 28 page report discusses graphic art in terms of its development, its history, and where it will go in the future. In considering the future of graphic arts, it can be remarkably instructive to look at its history and how it has governed its developed. Both the history and potential future of graphic art are looked at in the report. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Gardens of Versailles Art History Examination

    A 10 page paper which examines how the fountains, sculptures and gardens that surround the famed French palace of Versailles reinforces the notion that kings are god-like and exert authority over their subjects as a father does over his children. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pakistan's Miniature Painting

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the history, influences and contemporary issues in miniature painting in Pakistan and India. The art of miniature painting was first known to exist in Persia where it was imported from into India during the 1500s at the beginning of the Mughal dynasties. In the Mughal schools of artistry, the art of miniature painting was given a more intense and dynamic feel which differentiated it from the formal structures used by the Persians. The technique is very specific in its use of wasli paper, squirrel hair brushes and vivid water based paint applied in multiple layers to earn it a silky finish. When the Mughal dynasty was displaced, so too were many of the artists who then had to earn livings applying their craft to other objects such as walls and furniture. During the late 1800s, when Indian nationalism began to take place, a revival of the traditional arts led to the re-introduction of miniature painting into the educational system where artists could earn specialties in it. Today, the art of miniature painting is one of the more popular and traditional methods of art especially found in the graduates of the National College of Arts in Lahore, Pakistan, the only school in the world offering a specialty in miniature painting. Modern miniature artists apply traditional Mughal methods in their depictions of the contemporary world and the political and lifestyle issues in Pakistan. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Southwest's Architectural History

    A 2 1/2 page paper which discusses some of the architectural history of the Southwest. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • U.S. History, Quilting, and Quilts

    An 8 page paper which examines how quilting enhanced the role of women in nineteenth-century society, considers the significance of quilting bees and quilts as folk art. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Hera Temple and Early History of Greece

    This 4 page paper analyzes the architecture of the first Temple of Hera in Greece. Elements analyzed for style and lifestyle of the people, function, and symbolism. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Art History and Orientalism

    A 4 page research paper that examines the nineteenth century art trend of Orientalism, which the wrier defines and then discusses, referring to representative works of art. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century History, Europe, and the Norton Simon Museum

    A 5 page paper which examines art in the Norton Simon Museum and discusses it relevancy to 18th and 19th century history as it relates to Europe. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Bellini, Durer, and Ribera and an Art History Examination

    A 3 page paper which examines three artists (Jusepe de Ribera, Albrecht Durer, Giovanni Bellini) from three different time periods (Baroque, Early Renaissance, Classical Renaissance). Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Humanities Makes Life Worth Living Through the Study of Literature, Art, and Music

    This 5 page paper considers the purpose of humanities and a key curriculum of literature, art and music to be studied which demonstrates the beauty of life. This paper also defines the humanities as a means of understanding cultural identity. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Films and 3D Computer Graphics

    A 5 page essay on how the modern film industry now uses 3D computer graphics to create special effects instead of more traditional methods. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Review of Two Graphic Design Articles

    This 3 page paper reviews two articles on graphic design; "Graphic Design Principles: the keys to graphic success" and "What Do You Need to Know Before You Design Your Own Logo?" looking at the approach, the contents and the usefulness of the articles. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Ancient Art: Egypt and Greece

    A 3 page examination of art from ancient Egypt and ancient Greece. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Egyptian Object/Catalogue Entry

    A 3 page research paper that takes the form of a catalogue entry for an ancient Egyptian artwork on display at a museum. The writer describes two ancient Egyptian tomb reliefs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Pyramid Building of Ancient Egypt and the Beginnings of Engineering, Technology, and Cultural Dynamics

    This 11 page report discusses the enormous undertaking of building the pyramids and the incredible accuracy that was used in the construction of a tomb and monument to dead pharaohs. Every aspect of the ancient people’s life was consumed by the combination of worship and construction. The two were inextricably connected. Technology developed in support of the construction and the construction continually glorified the divine in ever-greater measures. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Pottery of Ancient Greece

    A 3 page paper on the pottery of ancient Greece. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Still Life with a Plate of Onions Painting by Vincent Van Gogh

    A 3 page analysis of Vincent Van Gogh’s painting “Still Life with a Plate of Onions” (1889). Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Overview of 6 Roman Portraits

    An 8 page paper that begins with an introduction to Roman portrait. The writer describes six Roman portraits: The General, Togate, Portrait of a Roman Matron, Republican Couple, Aulus Metellus (The Orator), and Stele of a Republican Family. The writer then compares and contrasts the Egyptian The Seated Scribe and the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Roman Cultural Life and Architecture: Analysis and Interpretation

    In six pages this paper examines the Roman way of life and and then considers how two architectural works – the Pantheon and the Colosseum – reflect Roman culture, with detailed description, analysis, and interpretation included. Six sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • American Landscaping

    An 8 page paper which examines the history of American landscaping. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • What are the Benefits for Contract Owners in the use of Variation Orders? - A Research Proposal

    A variation order is an instruction that an architect gives to the builder concerning any variations to the original building contract. They are often associated with increased costs and delays, but they continue to be used. This 11 page paper proposes research in order to identify the benefits and advantages that the use of variation orders can provide for the contract owners. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Impressionism/Music & Art

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the relationship between impressionist music and painting. Art and music have always developed in parallel with one another throughout the course of history (Impressionism). The impressionism of the late nineteenth century, which originated in France, exemplifies this principle as impressionist music and art are closely related. This examination of impressionism in music demonstrates the close relationship that the development of this genre of music history had with painting of the same era. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Octavio Paz/Diego Rivera

    A 5 page research paper/essay that critiques how each man viewed Emiliano Zapata. The Labyrinth of Solitude is one of the most famous works by the noted Mexican author Octavio Paz. It is a collection of nine essays that are all concerned with the central theme of how one should understand Mexican identity, which translates in the book into understanding the quest for this understanding as an existential labyrinth, which leads inevitably to a profound feeling of solitude. Diego Rivera, through his art, also expresses a vision of Mexican identity. This discussion interprets Rivera's "Agrarian Leader Zapata" in light of the themes brought out in Paz's text. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Ethnography Art

    A 7 page paper which examines this topic and the issues it addresses within the cultural context of the works of artists Susan Hiller and Coco Fusco. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Existential Peanuts

    This 3 page paper considers whether or not Peanuts could be considered as an examination of existentialism as well as an extremely amusing comic strip, and concludes that it can. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • How I Remember the Creator of Peanuts

    This 5 page paper provides a first person speech commemorating this artist who passed away in 2000. The characters who appear in the comic strip are discussed in detail. No sources.

  • Cultural Understanding and the Reflections of Photography

    An 8 page discussion of the value of still photography and film in cultural research. The author contends that cultural history, a subcategory of both anthropology and history, is indeed replete with examples of the value of these mediums in preserving culture in a visual format. It is emphasized that this value is not exclusive to the use of photography as a documentary tool by the researcher but that instead it encapsulates the use of film produced by the culture itself. Asserts that both documentary and fictional film can be of tremendous research value.

  • Analog v. Digital Photography

    This 10 page paper examines the differences between digital and analogue photography at both a technical and a practical level, the way that digital photography may become dominant and the impact that this may have on society. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • The Photography of Walker Evans

    This is an 8 page paper discussing Walker Evans’ life and photography with the Farm Security Administration (FSA) from 1935 to 1938. Walker Evans (1903-1975) was an American photographer who is probably best known for the introduction of documentary style photography which depicted the people and places of the United States through his extensive collection of still photographs. His style was one in which he faced his subject matter straight on and used a small aperture with a large 8 by 10 negative to enable him to produce sharp detail in his work. One of his better known collections was derived from his contract with the Farm Security Administration (FSA) from 1935 to 1938 when he took photographs of the buildings and people in the southern States during the Depression. His photographs of the poor tenant farmers were commissioned by the FSA to illustrate their need for government relief. Rather than create sympathetic scenes however, Evans remained formal in his approach to his subject matter and simply let the facts which existed provide ample evidence of the dire conditions of the farmers. Other photographs taken during his contract with the FSA were considered collages of local merchant life which again provided documentary-like detail in their context. Paper includes detail about three photographs taken during the contract with the FSA. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Analogue to Digital Photography Shift and its Implications

    This is a 4 page paper on the implications of the shift from analogue to digital photography. With the recent shift of analogue to digital photography, critics cannot help but wonder what the implications of this change will be in regards to the ideals of originality, truth and authenticity of the work. From a traditional viewpoint, Benjamin and others argued that art loses its authenticity and originality once it is mass reproduced because art and photography have an intrinsic link with time and space which relates to these two aspects. In addition to the fact that digital photography can be mass reproduced in an exact manner, it also lends itself to being altered and manipulated quite easily. While this may imply that all original components of the piece are lost forever, some graphic designers have recently expanded this component to create a new field to allow for original technical work which is considered reflective of modern society. While Baudrillard stated that the media has turned modern society into one which is devoid of authentic experience, some critics allow that digital technology may actually provide a further medium to create authentic and dynamic experience. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Vector, Mass, Shape, and Line in a Praying Mantis Drawing

    A 5 page analysis of a simplistic piece of art produced by a young child. This paper defines line, shape, color, mass, and vector and notes the utilization of each in the subject artwork. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Mayan Cylindrical Vessel

    A 3 page research paper that describes a Mayan vessel from the eighth century. The writer offers a detailed description and relates this description to what is known of the Mayan culture. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Advertising, Art, and Print Media

    This 4 page paper takes a look at art and advertising with attention to print media. Four questions are answered in respect to past, current and future trends. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Analysis of Quantum Cloud by Antony Gormley

    A 7 page that focuses on analysis of Quantum Cloud XX (tornado) by Antony Gormley, although the writer does mention the larger version of this work as well. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Design Collaborations of Charles and Ray Eames

    This 4 page paper considers the collaborative design work of Charles and Ray Eames, who throughout their careers aimed to deliver affordable, well-designed, and high quality products. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • NYC Skyscrapers' Controversy

    This 5 page paper focuses on controversies regarding building skyscrapers in New York in terms of aesthetics and safety. The Pan Am Building is discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Overview of Skyscrapers

    A 5 page paper which examines how skyscrapers relate to the people and the surrounding environment. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Karl Sabbagh Skyscraper

    This 5-page paper is a book review on Karl Sabbagh's Skyscaper, the Making of a Building, and focuses on fast track construction, the advantates and disadvantages.

  • Art of Slavery

    A 10 page research paper that examines the art of slavery, looking specifically at two aspects of this topic: the abolitionist art of the late eighteenth century, which focused on the horrors of the slave trade and the pro-slavery depictions of American plantations before and after the Civil War. Both of these examples show the influence of art on how slavery was perceived and both categories demonstrate the interplay of social forces between art and a larger society. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Overview of San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge

    This 5 page paper highlights the construction of the third longest suspension bridge in the world. Sections include an analysis on the building of the bridge from a cultural perspective, a religious and philosophical perspective and concludes with a look at the project from an ethical standpoint. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Great Sphinx of Giza

    A 3 page examination of the Great Sphinx of Giza. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Tattoos in American Culture

    This 4 page paper argues that tattoos, although they still have a negative connotation, actually have a rich history in American culture going back to the founding of the nation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Finger Jointed Trusses

    This 4 page paper explains the pros and cons of finger jointed trusses. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Van Gogh/Irises

    A 3 page analysis of "Irises" by Vincent van Gogh. The writer describes and reacts to this great work of art. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Japanese Edo Art and Vincent Van Gogh's The Courtesan

    A 4 page research paper/essay that discusses Van Gogh's The Courtesan and Japanese Edo art. This discussion contrasts and compares Van Gogh's Courtesan to its inspiration, the artwork of Japan during the Edo period. This shows not only how Van Gogh incorporated features characteristic of the Edo style in this own work but also how Van Gogh made these conventions uniquely his own. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Impressionism Crisis Impact Upon the Art of Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Gauguin

    A 5 page paper which examines how Paul Gauguin and Vincent Van Gogh’s art developed out of the crisis of Impressionism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Man and Art of Vincent Van Gogh

    This 6.5 page paper discusses this post- Impressionist artist as a man and an artist. Examples of his letters to his brother Theo are used, as well as discussion of Self-Portrait of 1888 dedicated to Paul Gaugun , Van Gogh’s portraits resonate with personal compassion and the conviction that, when thought- fully observed, nature reveals profound truths;' and The Starry Night (1889) a work of such great emotion and depth that it has even inspired popular music. Bibliography lists 8. .

  • Abstract on Architecture and the Role of Virtual Reality

    This 2 page paper is an abstract of a paper on virtual reality and the role it plays in architecture. This paper outlines the basic elements that would be presented in an abstract of a study on this issue. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pottery Icon Josiah Wedgwood

    This 5 page paper profiles the man who has been praised for creating an extremely successful enterprise in the eighteenth century. He is most well known for the type of Wedgwood pottery sold today in light blue with decorative white reliefs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ghiberti v. Donatello

    The works, styles, and respective contributions of these Italian Renaissance artists are compared and contrasted in this 6 page analysis. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Comparative Artistic Analysis of 'Alexander with the Lance' and 'Trajan in Armor'

    A 5 page paper that provides an overview of comparisons that can be made between these two statues. Bibliography lists only a web site used to view these statues.

  • Frank Ford, Experimental Typographer

    A 5 page essay that explores the historical background and artistic content of three of Ford's typographical fonts. Bibliography lists 4 sources, including Ford's personal description of this art.

  • Sexism, Romanticism, and the Portrayal of Women in Eighteenth Century Art

    A 5 page research paper focusing on how women are portrayed in 18th century art. The paper focuses on Fragonard and Goya. Substantial background is given on these artists and consequently how women are viewed in their works. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Modern Art and The Painted Word by Thomas Wolfe

    This 5 page report discusses Tom Wolfe's essay on modern art and then reviews the work of one of the artists who fits into his dismissive description of 'modernism.' Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Writing System of Ancient Turkey

    7 pages in length. As the fundamental basis of myriad other languages that followed, ancient Turkish helped to lead the way for other civilizations to cultivate their own language skills. Incorporated into contemporary Turkish are the properties of the ancient written and vocal components of what has now been classified as a lost language. Along with the Sumerians, Elamites, Medes, Scythians, Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Trojans, Etruscans and Arameans, ancient Turkish -- as it was in the very beginning -- is nothing but a memory in today's world, having left a tremendous legacy behind its cultural contribution. The writer discusses ancient Turkish in relation to writing and language. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Graphic Design and Color

    A 4 page report that discusses the interrelationship of color theory and graphic design from a psychological impact perspective. A brief overview of the role of the computer in the delivery of graphic designs is also covered. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Disney the Skilled Animator

    A 5 page paper that looks at the development of Walt Disney as an animator and as a focus in the animation industry. Since his beginnings in animation in 1919, Walt Disney always demonstrated his skills as an animator, developing his skills from animation techniques created by others. But Walt Disney's greatest contribution to the industry was his organizational skills, his eye for detail, and his animation process that he developed for other animators. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ancient Egypt and the Pyramids

    An 8 page paper on the great pyramids of ancient Egypt. Focusing upon the Pyramid at Giza, the Pharaoh's pyramids, and more,-- the writer examines architecture, purpose, use, etc; Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Henry James's 19th Century Critique of John S. Sargent's 'Lady with the Rose' Painting

    A 7 page paper which examines a chapter from American author and art critic Henry James’s 1893 volume, “Picture and Text,” in which he discusses the young Symbolist painter’s work and his critique of this early painting. Also considered is the context of this criticism to consider whether it was defending or attacking the object/artist and its intended audience in order to gain an art historical perspective. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A History of the Tabernacle and Catholic Pulpit

    A 22 page research paper that consists of 18 full pages of text and 4 pages of annotated bibliography. The writer offers an overview of the history of Catholic architecture, focusing on the evolution of church construction, but also touching on the history of the pulpit. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Early Renaissance Literature, Architecture, Art, and Theology Integration

    This 5 page report discusses the Early Renaissance (1400-1494) is used as an example of the inter-relatedness that exists between very different human endeavors ranging from architecture to literature and philosophy to art but that still provide insight to how ideas were transmitted and interpreted in a multitude of ways. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Late Medieval Literature and Art and Human Body Rediscovery

    A comprehensive, 60 page thesis paper on the transition between what has come to be called in the art field the Romanesque & Gothic periods. The writer asserts, first, that a similar distinction is also present in the literature, and that the Gothic spirit is actually a rediscovery of the physical which had been lost due to the Christian Church's obsession with the spiritual alone. It is ultimately concluded that the transformation of vision that occurred in late medieval ages was the movement from a culture obsessed with becoming divine to a culture more at home in its own humanity. Bibliography lists more than 25 sources.

  • Considerations of Stereotypical Cultural Representations in the Literature

    This 5 page paper considers whether or not non-Indigenous writers should be prevented from writing about indigenous peoples. Bibliography list 1 source.

  • An Aesthetician's Perspective on Art

    A 5 page paper presenting example of aesthetics represented in literature, art, and music. Aestheticians have broadened their collective perspectives over the past century and particularly in the space of the last several decades. Aesthetics seeks to examine art forms not only for beauty, but now also for cultural relevance. The paper discusses Yeats as an example of transition from romance to modernism in literature, Renoir’s origination of the impressionist style of art and why the aesthetician will more readily accept the beauty of Béla Bartók’s music over that of Eminem or Stevie Ray Vaughn. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Analysis of Six Museum Works of Art

    A paper which looks at six museum pieces, representing different branches of art, architecture and literature, and considers their importance both at the time of their creation and in relation to other cultures and time-periods. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • 'Picturesque' Landscape as an Evolving Concept

    A 3 page consideration of how our concept of man's impact on the environment has changed over time. The author reviews the literature to support the contention that, as Robert Smithson contends in his discussion of "Frederick Law Olmsted and the Dialectical Landscape", the concept of "picturesque" is indeed a material one and one that has been in place since ancient times. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Time Capsule: Renaissance & The Age Of Baroque

    7 pages in length. The writer discusses art, music, architecture, literature and philosophy as they pertain to the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Renaissance Culture: Donatello, Michelangelo and Shakesepare

    A 5 page paper which examines what art and literature tells us about Renaissance culture. The works examined are Donatello’s St. George and David, Michelangelo’s David, and Shakespeare’s Henry IV Part One. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Keeping Art In Public Schools

    11 pages in length. It has long been realized how the infusion of creativity serves to enhance the overall level of intelligence; as such, students who are in public schools with active arts programs stand to benefit from the synergistic alliance between creativity and intelligence, a coupling that is being threatened by budget cuts and teacher shortages. To attend public school without the advantage of including art is placing students in an environment without culture; clearly, maintaining a schedule of math, science and English does not fulfill the requirements of a well-rounded education. In short, the presence of art programs in public schools "raises SAT scores; improves reading, math, and spatial skills; increases overall academic performance; and builds self-esteem, self-discipline, creativity, community cohesion, and greater tolerance for difference" (Gee 9). As the author points out, the mixed nature of art helps to bridge the divide student populations have with accepting diversity in their lives. With so much being excised from today's public schools, taking away art programs does nothing short of jeopardize the broad-based knowledge that affords greater knowledge, better opportunities and a sense of accomplishment. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Boston Museum of Fine Arts' Oceania

    ( 5 pp.) The challenge presented to us in this discussion is twofold: first to be an "art critic" from the period when the art was first exhibited, assuming that it had just been completed by the artist; the second is to take a negative stance to the work that I have just seen. The theories that correspondingly present themselves from this type of construction is to realize that any type of artwork may be perceived differently from the time it is first made until later perceptions in its history. Obviously the work has not changed, but the attitudes towards if may have. The second idea is that in order to talk about something in a negative way, I will in fact have to know something about it first in a positive way. 4 visuals

  • Artists Egon Schiele and Edvard Munch on Sexuality

    An 8 page research paper that contrasts and compares the work of expressionist artists Edvard Munch (1863-1944) and Egon Schiele (1890-1918). The writer argues that they exhibit very different styles, technique and imagery, yet also that these two artists are similar in that they were both psychologically extremely insecure men, who were fascinated by sexuality, yet also fearful of it. Also, examination of their work shows that both artists explored the psyche and sexuality through their art in ways that had previously never been expressed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • An Infrared Light Exploration

    An 8 page discussion of infrared as it relates to the color spectrum, astronomical phenomena, gemstone coloration, and even psychology. This paper defines infrared light and describes its importance to mankind and the workings of our universe in general. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Creativity and its Demise

    This 3 page paper argues that creativity, particularly in art, has been truncated by society. In part, this is attributable to psychology and its attempt to make everyone the same. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Music and the Sexualization of Women

    This 14 page paper analyzes the way women are presented in commercialized western music. The author addresses the question of whether this presentation is more negative than positive. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Musical Party Painting by Mary Cassatt

    A 3 page paper which analyzes the painting “A Musical Party” by Mary Cassatt. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • San Marco, Venice's Artistic and Musical Humanism During the Renaissance

    A 12 page paper that provides a comprehensive overview of the significant features of the art and music of San Marco, Venice during the Renaissance era and considers the relationship between the art and the ideal of humanism. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 1960s and 1970s Music Photography

    A 5 page paper which examines why the work of certain photographers has become so valuable (is it because of their style or the artists they photographed), and also discusses the historical effect of music photography on contemporary design, the design movements that relate to music photography and how the study of music photography can help the fledgling student photographer formulate ideas and develop a distinctive visually aesthetic style. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Comparing 3 paintings & painting/music

    A 6 page essay that discusses three paintings and Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony. “The Abduction of the Sabine Women” by Nicolas Poussin (1634), “The Death of General Wolfe” by Benjamin West (1770), and “The Raft of the Medusa” by Theodore Gericault” (1818) are each representative of a specific period in art history. Comparing the three works illustrates the way in which the Romantic era reconnected with the emotionality and vibrancy of the Baroque. However, it should be noted that Neoclassical works were not without emotion, as Beethoven’s striking Fifth Symphony exemplifies, rather it indicates that comparison between the periods illustrates that in the Neoclassical era, emotion was controlled within the confines of rationality. A bibliography is not offered.

  • Themes in the Gothic

    This 3 page paper discusses the Gothic ideas that are common in architecture, music and art. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Fan Culture Ideology and Music

    A 40 page paper which looks in detail at the relationship between musical genres and the development of fan cultures, with reference to the part that music plays in the development of collective memory and cultural ideology, as well as the relationship between music and the validation of outsider cultures. Bibliography lists 12 sources

  • Violence in Rap

    This 7 page paper contends that this musical genre promotes violence. All of society is affected but blacks, in particular, suffer as a result of rap music. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Three Musicians by Pablo Picasso

    A 4 page research paper that discusses Picasso's work Three Musicians. The writer places this work within the context of Picasso's overall career, as well as discussing the painting in detail. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Medieval Christianity: Music and Sculptures

    A 6 page paper which examines how the Medieval philosophy of Christianity influenced music and sculpture of the time period. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Impressionism/Music & Art

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the relationship between impressionist music and painting. Art and music have always developed in parallel with one another throughout the course of history (Impressionism). The impressionism of the late nineteenth century, which originated in France, exemplifies this principle as impressionist music and art are closely related. This examination of impressionism in music demonstrates the close relationship that the development of this genre of music history had with painting of the same era. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Complexities of Ethnomusicology

    An 11 page discussion of the complexities of ethnomusicology. This paper defines the term and provides insight into how it provides insight on a culture's lifeways and origins. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Impressionism/Music & Art

    An 11 page research paper that is an expansion on a previous essay khimmuar.rtf. This essay discusses how impressionist painting is related to impressionist music in more detail and draws more heavily on the sources cited in the previous paper. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Poetry, Art, and Music Creativity

    A 9 page research paper that investigates the topic of artistic creativity. The standard cultural myth about creativity is that "Only artists have creativity and creativity is rare" (Epstein, 1996, p. 41). Creativity is part of human existence. Rather than being rare, creativity seems innate to human experience as every human culture, throughout history, has devised its own art, music and storytelling traditions, either oral or written. Empirical research verifies what insightful people appear to have realized throughout the ages, which is that creativity is the result of education and work, learning and building on the creations of others, and then filtering that knowledge through the prism of personal experience and individuality. In short, this discussion proposes that creativity is a distinct cognitive process that is common to all endeavors, which includes music, art and poetry. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Chartres Cathedral Architecture Compared with Music of Valkyrie by Richard Wagner

    5 pages. Determining that there is a connection between building a physical structure and composing a piece of music is not that hard to imagine. In each endeavor the creator is bringing forth from the heart and the imagination a thing of beauty and stability that will bring pleasure to those who experience it. In this paper there is made a comparison of the architecture of the Chartres Cathedral and the classical music piece by Richard Wagner 'Ride of the Valkyrie'. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Reaction to the Works of Claude Debussy and Claude Monet

    A 5 page essay that records the writer's reactions to Claude Monet's painting "Garden at Sainte-Adresse" and Claude Debussy's music "Claire de Lune." The writer discusses how, in both cases, the construction of their work creates a specific "impression" in the mind of the viewer/listener, and the writer posits that this objective is obtained by subtly altering standards in their respective arts that previously had been considered immutable. No sources cited.

  • The Divergence of Country and Folk Music? ?

    This? ?6? ?page paper traces the evolution of the American folk song from the so-called hillbilly music of the Appalachians to Country and Western.? ?The bibliography includes five sources.?

  • Twenty First Century Cultural Artifacts and Ideologies

    This 4 page paper justifies the author’s choices for literature, film, art, music, and toys to include in a time capsule. The author argues that our culture has morally disintegrated and chooses objects that illustrate that disintegration. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Venice, Italy

    A 10 page research paper that discusses the history of Venice, Italy, and also its architecture, painting and music, focusing particularly on the sixteenth century. Then, the writer discusses the current crisis of Venice sinking and what is being done to preserve the city. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 1960s' Countercultures

    This 11 page paper explores counter culture in the 1960s with a focus on how various disciplines treat the time period. History, art history and music are three areas discussed in depth. The mainstream culture is also looked at. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Art History Questions

    A 4 page research paper in which the writer addresses four specific art topics, which includes ancient Egyptian art; Picasso's "Gernica"; the importance of music in the writer's life; and the writer's personal position on the importance and value of art. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Architecture of the Italian Renaissance

    A 5 page paper discussing the work of Filippo Brunelleschi, Andrea Palladio and Arnolfo di Cambio as being representative of Italian Renaissance architecture. A hallmark of the Renaissance was that it broke with the traditions of the Middle Ages in form and culture. Whereas the focus of the Middle Ages and the source of all knowledge had been in theology, the study of humanity was the focus of the Renaissance. Theological matters still were of great importance, but they were expressed in different terms. During the Renaissance, beauty came to be acceptable in its own right. Italian Renaissance architecture follows this progression of thought throughout the Renaissance period. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Theories of the Egyptian Pyramids

    This 9 page paper outlines how the Egyptian pyramids were built by credible sources and explores nonconventional theories as well. Information about mathematics used by the Egyptians is included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Water Temple Design of Tadao Ando

    An 8 page consideration of one of Hyogo Japan's most notable structure. The author explores the design elements incorporated into this structure and contends that the Temple is distinct not just because it exemplifies the difference between Eastern and Western ideas of architecture, but because it blends the eastern and western perspectives. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Olafur Eliasson's The Weather Project

    A 6 page paper which analyzes and discusses the art piece “The Weather Project” by Olafur Eliasson. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Art & Creativity/Elementary Classroom

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the relationship between art, creativity and learning within the context of an elementary classroom. The write argues that art, and the creativity associated with artistic endeavor, can open the door to enhanced student learning. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Design, Creativity and Innovation

    This 3 page paper evaluates, and compares and contrasts, the concepts. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Art and Techniques from 1300 to 1700

    An 8 page research paper on the development of artistic techniques between 1300 and 1700 in The Netherlands, Flanders, Rome, Spain, Italy and France. Various artists' works are discussed in terms of evolving techniques, including Da Vinci, Van Eyck, Michelangelo, La Tour, Velazquez, and the Boucicaut Master. Other influences are also presented. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Two Web Articles on Creative Design

    In three pages this paper presents an overview of two articles covering creative design topics, ‘How to Spot and Work with Graphic Engineers’ by Prescott Perez-Fox and ‘Grid-Based Design: Six Creative Column Techniques’ by Sean Hodge. There are no additional articles listed in the bibliography.

  • Artist, Scientist, and Engineer Leonardo da Vinci

    This is a 7 page paper discussing the life, art and engineering designs of Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo da Vinci is a well known artist who captured the elusive smile of the Mona Lisa and envisioned the Last Supper which many people now associate him with. However, Leonardo da Vinci was perhaps even more accomplished as an “artist-engineer” of the Italian scientific Renaissance which set him apart from the other artists of the time as well as a mathematician, philosopher, naturalist, astronomer, architect, and musician. While quite a lot is known about his works of art, not as much is known about his hundreds of scientific and engineering designs which were well ahead of his time and placed him considerably high in the development of the Italian Renaissance in the arts and sciences. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Post Industrialization Graphic Design

    A 5 page paper discussing changes the computer age has brought to graphic design. The design abilities central to the success of the graphic designer receive greater expectation than in the past. No longer is it sufficient for a graphic designer to produce a marketing piece showing the product with a smiling consumer standing nearby. Now, such visuals are expected to convey a variety of marketing messages including quality, value and status. The creativity factor of the graphic designer has been highlighted so that it is now one of the most important qualities the designer can bring to work. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Graphic Design, Typography, and the Impact of CAD Design

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the evolution of typography and graphic design from a historical perspective and the recent advent of computer-aided design. Typography and graphic design have gone through a great deal of evolution since the introduction of the first printing press in the 15th century. Since that time, typography has been impacted greatly by the industrial revolution, the introduction of photocomposition and most recently, computer technology. In each revolutionary step, designers have maintained certain styles and formats while at the same time developed new and exciting aspects of the trade. The recent computer-aided design (CAD) applications which have been introduced have allowed graphic designers to not only develop new types of fonts, styles and logos at their desktop but have also expanded their responsibilities to include not only traditional design but the responsibilities previously of the typesetters themselves in addition to being the main designers for the market involving printed materials and graphics used in advertising, inter-active media and web design. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Ofili and Dalwood's Celebrity in Contemporary British Art

    A paper which looks at two works by modern artists - Kurt Cobain's Greenhouse, by Dalwood, and Afrodizzia, by Ofili - and considers them as specific examples of the way in which celebrities are portrayed. Bibliography lists 7 sources

  • Franz West and Anish Kapoor's Installation or Environmental Art

    This is a 6 page paper on installation artists Anish Kapoor and Franz West. Environmental or installation artists Anish Kapoor and Franz West represent the highlights and interactive experiences obtained for gallery visitors through installation art. Installation art or environment art is known as that which encompasses an entire gallery space whether in inside or outside environments. The works of Kapoor and West however, offer the gallery visitor so much more than enormity. Kapoor’s use of curves and spaces take the visitors “through doors” into alternate dimensions through which the visitor can wander and experience. West’s works not only encompass entire spaces but also encourage visitors to interact with his pieces and “step into it, to sit on it, lie on it” and releases the visitors from the usually restrictive mental and physical elements related to gallery exhibitions. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Art Collector Catharine Lorillard Wolfe

    A 7 page research paper that examines the life of C.L. Wolfe, a nineteenth century art collector who was the only woman co-founder of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, to which she left her considerable art collection. The writer discusses women and art collecting, in general, and also compares Wolfe to another collector of that era, Isabella Stewart Gardner. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Fine Arts and the Impact of Interactive Media

    This paper explores the impact of today's technology and interactive media on the fine arts. Included in the discussion is a definition of interactive media, and ways in which the technology is being used by artists both in terms of career and development of art.

  • Spanish Art and Artists

    A 5 page paper which examines Spanish art and Spanish artists. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Three Graphic Artists

    A 3 page paper which examines the influence and impact of three graphic artists. The artists are Michael Schwab, Gary Panter, and Art Chandry. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Beuys and Warhol, Two Different Artists

    This is a 6 page paper comparing and contrasting the works and politics of the artists Joseph Beuys and Andy Warhol. Artists Joseph Beuys and Andy Warhol lived and worked basically at the same time from the 1920s to the 1980s. Beuys, who grew up fairly conservatively, served in the war and held an academic position, expressed a great deal of warmth and hope in his art works which was also reflected in his political and philosophical outlook on life. He believed that all humans were students of life and it was their obligation to use their creativity throughout their disciplines to integrate the ideals of all cultures. Throughout his lifetime he was the founder of several activist groups designed to allow for a more open-minded society. His convictions to freedom of education were often at his own expense as he sacrificed a great deal for his activism. Warhol was known as one of the most influential commercial and pop culture artists of his time. His outlook on life and the human race was somewhat more grim than Beuys’ however as he believed that modern culture should and does act like a machine. He stressed that he was superficial along with the rest of society and used his celebrity to further his career mostly in the art, film, music and television industries. He did however use some of his exhibitions to display some of what he considered to be disasters of the twentieth century but most of his activism was through his art and not through outward causes like Beuys. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Artist Chaim Gross

    A 5 page paper which presents an examination of the life and the works of artist/sculptor Chaim Gross. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Carbon Emission cause by Materials Used in the Construction Industry

    This 12 page paper looks at the carbon footprint of the construction industry, they that the emission are created and measures that may be used to reduce the carbon footprint. The paper focuses on the materials used in construction and building and levels in the UK. The bibliography cites 22 sources.

  • Computer Graphics Applied to Photography

    A 3 page overview of the advances computer graphics are making into the modern world of photography. Digital art is many times more powerful than any combination of previously existing medias such as television, radio, video, film, text and images. With electronic art the graphic design artist can produce a virtual world, images can be transmitted around the world in milliseconds and changes can be incorporated in almost as little time in sizing, composition, layering, blending and other artistic considerations. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Statues of Meleager and Aphrodite of Knidos

    A 3 page paper which examines Statue of the Aphrodite of Knidos, 2nd century A.D. and Statue of Meleager, 55-45 B.C.. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Critical Thinking & Art Education

    A 3 page research paper/essay that discusses the nature of creativity and critical thinking. The writer relates a personal change in perspective that affected the way to approach to elementary art education. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 1100 to 1250 Western Europe and Processes of Metal Working

    This 6 page paper considers the main metalworking techniques used in Western Europe during the period c.1100-1250 AD including a discussion on metalwork techniques that also involve the use of other materials such as enamels. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Building Green

    A 4 page paper discussing 3 "green," LEED-certified buildings and proposing research into the practicalities of building green. Businesses are pressured on all sides to operate more efficiently, and research that illuminates the true costs and cost savings of "green" buildings can be valuable to all businesses. In this vein the proposed research will focus on (1) actual costs of either new construction or retrofitting of existing buildings; (2) changes in operational costs resulting from the green focus; and (3) the potential value that organizations can find in social responsibility as a result of their efforts. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Interpreting Fairy Tale Illustration: Cinderella

    3 pages in length. Elenore Abbott's illustration of "Cinderella" in the 1920 printing of Grimm's Fairy Tales brings about an entirely different perspective than to which contemporary society has become accustomed. The most immediate sense one has about Abbott's interpretation is its ethereal countenance and the utter serenity with which the artist captures Cinderella's innocence. Her chosen medium of watercolor serves to enhance this otherworldly tone of the illustration, and the muted hues combine to bring about a calming, gentle feeling. No bibliography.

  • A Civil Engineering Overview

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of civil engineering, inclusive of its history. The past, present and future are examined, and there is attention paid to the influence of CAD on the development of this important field. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Dr. Seuss Goes to War

    A 4 page discussion of the political satire of Theodore Geisel, the cartoonist that would ultimately become better known as Dr. Seuss. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Kouros

    4 pages in length. The primary significance of kouroi, plural of the singular kouros, is its insignificance within the context of artistic meaning. Simply stated, this popular type of fifth century Archaic era sculpture is spectacular because of its commonness; standing as tall as the real beardless young men for whom they were created, kouroi's life size stature, marked nakedness, striking physique, anatomical detail (especially the broad, detailed chest) and three-dimensional are the first attributes noticed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Concrete Slab House Foundation Construction

    This 4 page paper examines the usefulness of this type of foundation. It then goes on to provide information on how to create such a foundation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Landscape Architecture and Italian Designs for Pavement

    5 pages. The use of Italian pavement designs in landscape architecture is becoming increasingly popular. Topics within this paper include the origin of the paving patterns throughout history, the cost and installation techniques of using pavement stone and the usefulness of this decorative approach in landscape architecture today. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Digital Techniques for the Compression of Images

    This 15 page report discusses the fact that, currently, JPEG is still the most common way of storing and exchanging still-photograph image information. However, fractal compression, wavelets, progressive decompression, bandwidth availability, are considerations, as is the ultimate application of the various image compression tools. The best compression techniques all lessen overall storage density and transmission bandwidth for still and video images, both within a system and between systems. Therefore, new solutions are being (and have been) actively sought. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Smart House

    In fourteen pages this paper examines the concept of the ‘smart house’ in an informational overview that includes its history, various components, pros and cons, progress, and also discusses some famous smart houses such as Bill Gates’ compound in Seattle, Washington. Eleven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Two Decades of Couture Fashion in France from 1919 until 1939

    A 14 page paper which examines the development of French fashion couture between the period 1919-1939, concentrating on the influences of Coco Chanel and Elsa Schiaparelli, and specifically addressing five factors that positively impacted upon modern women’s fashions and the worldwide appeal of French Fashion. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • How Do ‘Identity’ And ‘Obsolescence’ Contribute To This Continual Change In the Fashion?

    This 7 page paper considers the following quote “Fashion is dress in which the key feature is rapid and continual changing of styles” and discusses this with reference to the ideas of identity and obsolescence. The paper is written using a range of examples to show how fashion has developed proactively and reactively to these influences. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Fashion Industry, Technology, and Inventory Control

    This 8 page paper examines the fashion industry and how changes in technology have changed it. The focus is on software and inventory tracking systems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Consideration of Aztec Codices

    A 5 page paper which examines the ancient Aztec codices and discusses whether they are art, writing, or perhaps both. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Bridge at Argenteuil and The Bridge Over the Water Lily Pond by Claude Monet

    A 4 page paper which examines two of Monet’s paintings: The Bridge Over the Water-Lily Pond (1899) and The Bridge at Argenteuil (1874). Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Listening to Color

    In six pages this paper examines how color theory influences interior design in an overview that consider the psychological effects of color on the home environment, how people choose colors on the basis of perceptions and what that says about them, why people are afraid of certain colors, and how an interior designer can help such individuals can steer them the right direction. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Why Engineers Should Not Design Products for the ‘Average’ Consumer

    This 3 page paper looks at why design should not be undertaken with the average person in mind. The paper argues that for design purposes there is no such thing as the average person and that more may be gained if diversity is embraced and allowed for in design. The paper cites many examples to illustrate the points raised. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Houdon's George Washington Statue

    This 5 page paper discusses the George Washington Statue, which resides in Virginia, which was crafted by the famed French sculptor Houdon. This paper examines the detail and history of the statue, as well as exploring the life of Houdon. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Comparing Two of Da Vinci's Greatest Works

    A 5 page paper which compares and contrasts “The Adoration of the Magi” (1481-82) and “The Virgin of the Rocks” (1503-06) by Leonardo da Vinci. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Leonardo da Vinci as a Renaissance Man Par Excellence

    In five pages this paper discusses how the theoretical, scientific, and artistic achievements of Leonardo da Vinci epitomize the ideals of the Renaissance. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Civil Engineering and Reinforced Concrete Design Concerns

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of this concern in civli engineering. Different types of reinforced concrete design are discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 3D Computer Graphics and Film Special Effects

    A 7 page research paper that argues that the computer-generated special effects and 3D animation of today is a definitive improvement over filmmaking of just a decade ago. This examination of computer graphics in film shows that this new and rapidly advancing field represents a giant-leap forward for cinema, both in the quality of the image and in safety. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Computer Aided Graphic Design

    30 pages in length. There have been myriad technological advances throughout the past one hundred years. Indeed, the twentieth century turned out to be the springboard for the unprecedented advancement in the graphic design industry, effectively availing entirely new and divergent concepts with which designers can create. From meager beginnings, the graphic design industry has progressed into a much utilized and highly respected enterprise. The writer discusses various changes and occurrence influential to the 20th century graphic design industry, including the transition from 2D to 3D; the incorporation of feng shui; and the issues of gender inequality. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Pyramids of Ancient Egypt and Who Built Them

    This 6 page paper explores the possibility of alien life through a look at the ancient Egyptian pyramids. The paper concludes that man did make the pyramids but both sides of the issue are addressed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Gothic Cathedrals of 1100 to 1500 A.D.

    15 pages on the Gothic cathedral movement between 1100 - 1500 a.d. in Europe. Divides into centuries. Describes Gothic architecture, changes and developments for each time period. Includes descriptions of major cathedrals for each century. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Chicago Architectural and Planning Impact of Edward Bennett and Daniel Burnham

    This 5 page report discusses the impact of Burnham and Bennett on the architecture and plan of Chicago at the turn of the century and how that plan has continued to be recognized as a major contribution in the design and planning of a modern city. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • McDonald's Restaurants and the Unity Temple of Frank Lloyd Wright

    A 5 page paper discussing the similarities and differences between Frank Lloyd Wright's design of the Unity Temple and the general design of McDonald's restaurants. Are there really any similarities between these two seemingly disparate structures? Indeed, the writer points to at least four ways in which the architecture is similar. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Impressionism and Photography

    An 8 page essay on the influence that photography had on Impressionism and art in the 19th Century. The writer argues that these include viewpoint, realistic public scenes in light of cubist methods, and the use of light. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • History of Typography and Design

    This 6 page paper considers the history of topography, as well as its modern applications. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Big Business and Low Budget Graphic Design

    A 15 page research paper that addresses the revolution that has taken place in recent decades relative to the field of graphic design. The writer argues that the ability to produce quality graphics with a small budget is now available through technological innovation, but that the human elements of creativity and knowledge of graphic art still govern how the technology is utilized. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • The Artwork of Artemisia Gentileschi

    7 pages in length. The artwork of Artemisia Gentileschi is a celebration of gender, with particular emphasis upon issues of feminism and patriarchal control. Indeed, the young Gentileschi portrays the perpetuation of feminism; not only are her artistic endeavors a solid reflection of her sentiments but so is the manner in which she reflects the outward quest for female reawakening. Gentileschi displays her craft well and does not hesitate to apply her talent as more of a social statement than one of mere visual appreciation. The writer discusses how thus is the case with her ongoing artistic assertion that there is truly no separation of the sexes in reality, short of the obvious physical differences; rather, her perpetual argument clearly makes the point that the female gender -- no matter how seemingly fragile and delicate -- is indeed just as much an emotionally strong and self-reliant individual as her socially-accepted male counterpart. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Gender and Ethnic Prejudice in Graphic Design

    10 pages in length. Ethnic and gender discrimination is no stranger to the workplace. Inasmuch as graphic design is essentially a white man's world, it has been extremely difficult for ethnic women to break the mold and be represented for their talents, while not being overlooked merely because of their gender. To say that ethnic women have had to fight for their existence within the world of graphic design would be a gross understatement. Indeed, the road to self-expression through the artistic expression has been paved with patriarchal intolerance and characteristic skepticism. That women have been forced to prove their worthiness within the stringent boundaries of a male-dominated industry speaks volumes about the inherent fortitude that comprises the female spirit. The concept of feminism embodies a number of critical theories by which to better address the various perspectives of interdisciplinary connection. The writer discusses that a primary quest exists to assess the sometimes-strained yet always misunderstood relations between the genders within the graphic design industry. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 4 Perspectives on Art and Its Process

    A 5 page paper that summarizes four books, which each deal with art, either writing or visual, in some manner. The books covered are 'Rereading America' by Colombo, et al; 'The Hidden Order of Art' by A. Ehrenzweig; 'Icon and Idea' by H. Read; and 'Simon & Schuster Handbook for Writers' by L.Q. Troyka. No additional sources cited.

  • Graphic Design and Feng Shui

    18 pages in length. Advertising is the lifeblood of any company; without it, there is little other way to reach one's target consumer. Indeed, there exist myriad methods and theories that lay claim to appealing to the most number of potential clients; however, there is yet another new and innovative way of approaching the complex and often confusing industry of advertising. The writer discusses how feng shui, a Chinese application that literally means "wind and water," represents an up and coming form of advertising in the graphic design industry. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Past History of NEA

    This 9 page paper examines the past history of the NEA; controversial issues which have surrounded federal funding of the arts, including First Amendment issues and censorship; and makes suggestions for some calm resolution. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Controversy and NEA

    This 10 page paper examines the past history of the NEA; controversial issues which have surrounded federal funding of the arts, including First Amendment issues clarified in 1998. Censorship outrage due to the work of Serrano and Maplethorpe is also discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Tamas Waliczky's Digitalized Wide Angle Photography

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