Research Papers on Education

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.


Research Papers on Education

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • A History of Special Education in the US

    An 8 page research paper that relates the history of special education. The structure of this history of special education first looks at the field earliest beginnings, which addresses how early special education innovators developed this field. However, the reality of history is also that there was resistance to the very idea of special education for severely mentally handicapped children and this is also addressed before moving on to the recent history of special education in the US and conclusions. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Online Learning and Teaching

    A 4 page research paper that investigates this topic. Online learning encompasses the possibility of bringing about a revolution in delivery of higher education. However, along with benefits, online education also brings concerns. Literature addressing online education discusses concerns about instructional strategies and best practices in online teaching, as well as advantages, disadvantages, and how online learning compares with traditional classroom instruction. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sexual Orientation and Sex Education in School

    This six-page-paper discusses whether or not sexual orientation should or should not be part of the sex education curriculum in our nation's schools. It opens with a definition of sexual orientation and outlines what is currently being taught in sex education. It then discusses the many reasons sexual orientation should be part of the overall sex education curriculum. Bibliography lists seven sources.

  • Learning Management Systems (LMS) and Online Education

    A 10 page paper discussing the emergence of the learning management system (LMS) for online education. Initially within the domain of business training only, online schools have begun to use many of the techniques that the LMS promotes. The LMS has come into being concurrently with a return to proven approaches to education, bringing the best of all worlds to online learning. The focus of the paper is that of higher education, but the principles apply to training in the workplace as well. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Current Perspectives/Math and Science Education

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the fact that the position of the United States in relation to other countries and math and science education has been a cause for concern for the last decades. This examination of literature looks at current perspectives on trends in US education, with a focus on math and science education and how this impacts the country as a whole. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • US Public Education

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the history of public education in the United States. Since the 17th century, the Americans have been concerned with the support of public education in the United States. Many public schools which opened, the first reported in Boston in 1642, were still mainly for the education of those in the middle and upper classes as the lower classes were dependent upon the income brought in by their children. Through the support of advocates for the importance of public education, such Horace Mann and later, the Philadelphia Working Men’s Committee, the idea of public education funded by the state became more of a reality with stipulations which would allow for children to work and attend school at the same time. Many discriminatory aspects were still to be overcome however as the education of women, racial minorities and Catholics were highly restricted. Several innovators and centuries later, the development of public education was expanded to include women, African Americans and other minorities aided by laws of desegregation in the Fourteenth Amendment. Today, public education is still a controversial issue since the voucher system has been introduced to allow individuals to apply their public education taxes to tuition to private institutions which may provide more suitable and specific educational needs for those who do not wish to educate their children in the state and federal based curriculum. Regardless of the results of this latest controversial issue, public education will always remain an important part of the American society in their efforts to educate all Americans without fear of financial loss or discrimination. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Children and Early Formal Educational Instruction

    An 11 page paper. There is a significant amount of pressure to begin children in formal education programs younger and younger. For this essay, a 'formal education program' is defined as any systematic early childhood education program where children receive any type of rating on cognitive performance, even reciting their numbers or the alphabet. It seems to make sense to think that sending children to formal programs at early ages would be detrimental to them. The literature belies this supposition, however, in fact, there is an ever-increasing amount of literature that demonstrates the short- and long-term benefits of very early education. This essay discusses the issues and presents the literature. The writer does comment on the practice of using standardized tests with four-year-olds. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Education and its History

    This 13 page paper deals with the philosophies of education of several experts in the field, namely Barbara Thayer-Bacon, and Joe Kincheloe. Works cited include Philosophy Applied to Education, and Contextualizing Teaching. Constructivist and indivdualistic views are discussed as well as philosophies that impacted the modern development of the educational processes. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Status of American Education

    A 3 page research paper that offers a discussion of educational literature. Since 1983 and the publication of “A Nation at Risk,” which gave a devastatingly negative report on the status of American education, the federal government has been attempting to reform the public school system with such programs as the Goals 2000, and then with the institution of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) act. This examination of literature looks at a variety of scholarly articles in order to ascertain the current status of American education, its successes and failures. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Multicultural Education And Technology

    A 10 page paper that includes these sections: abstract, stimulus statement and topic, teacher competence to teach multicultural education, what we know about technology and student achievement and technology in pre-service multicultural education classes, what we do not know and recommendations. There are many suppositions that make good sense about the value of technology when teaching multicultural lessons but there seems to be very little empirical evidence. Data are provided for studies where technology was used with ELL and disadvantaged students for math and writing. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Special Education/Literature Review

    A 15 page research paper that discusses special education, its history in the US. This examination of issues pertaining to special education offers a broad overview of this topic via a review of relevant literature. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • The Development and Value of Alternate Education

    This 118 page paper is a comprehensive literature review looking at the development and value of alternative education, with an emphasis on the US. The paper looks at a range of theories regarding the way education is delivered, including teaching styles, curriculum design and learning styles. The development of different educational institutions and the provision of learning for different students is also discussed, along with the results and benefits that have been realized. The bibliography cites 187 sources.

  • Adult Literacy Since the 17th Century

    5 pages. This paper describes the major events that have occurred in adult education literacy from the seventeenth century up until the present time in the United States. Historically there are a number of factors involved in these events including race, class and gender which have served to impact the access of this aspect of education. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Literature Review on Post 1980s' Teacher Education Programs and Trend Causes and Effects

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of the current literature that represents changes in the trends in teacher education programs since the 1980s. In particular, this review of the current literature provides an overview of some of the central issues in education that have impacted changes in educational programming, including the reform movement, the transformation of educational directives under TQM, increasing immigration and subsequent diversity training and educational directives to define equity in the educational setting. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Education and the Use of Cinema

    5 pages. Paulo Freire has several interesting theories concerning the types of education, teaching methods, and which work best in the classroom or other venues. This paper will focus on teaching methods and the use of film as a viable media for Freire's Problem Posing Education theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Rich, Freire and Education

    This 3 page paper discusses the essay and poems of Adrienne Rich and the banking theory of education put forth by Paolo Freire, and how they can be related to education. Bibliography lists 2 sources

  • A Case Study

    A 3 page research paper/essay that answers questions that pertain to a case scenario in which a fourth grade Cuban-American boy is recommended by his teacher for special education classes and suspension. The writer discusses the boy’s background, the circumstances, and recommends that the child should be kept in a general education classroom, but could benefit from a classroom in which the teacher takes a constructivist approach to learning. Bibliography lists 1 sources.

  • Diabetic Education and Nursing

    A 7 page research paper that examines the role of the nurse educator in regards to education of clients suffering from diabetes. The writer discusses current literature, theoretical frameworks for diabetes education and how the role of the nurse educator impacts the lives of diabetic clients. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Education and Humanism

    A 3 page paper that presents a basic overview of humanistic education, a philosophy found in humanistic psychology. The writer reports how humanistic educators typically describe this approach. The basic components found in humanistic education classrooms is explained. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Necessity of Music Education

    A 6 page research paper that discusses the advantages offered to students by music education. Research shows that music should be regarded as a crucial component in childhood development that promotes discipline, self-esteem and responsibility. Examination of the importance of music education shows that it should be a part of every school curriculum as it is through music that society has the hope of producing a happy, mentally-healthy, productive citizenry. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Continuing Education

    A 4 page essay/research paper in which the writer/tutor offers advise to the student on how to write a paper that relates her continuing education activities as a nurse. The writer/tutor, for the purposes of demonstration, selected the subjects of smoking cessation and an article describing 1-day continuing education conference on the implications of genomics on nursing practice as the topics for discussion because both topics are pressing concerns in contemporary nursing literature. The writer suggests that the student draws on this information in relating her continuing education activities. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Music School Application Letter Sample

    A 3 page example letter from a student applying for admission to a music school. The writer emphasizes the benefits to be gained from musical education. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Possible Barriers for MSN Pursuit by Registered Nurses

    17 pages in length. Furthering one's education within the nursing field is advantageous to both the patient and the nurse; however, there are situations where attaining this higher education is fraught with perceived barriers. In the instance of registered nurses considering returning to school for a Masters of Science in Nursing (MSN), the perceived barriers include issues directly related to time, money and confidence. How these RNs attempt to overcome the perceived barriers inherently associated with attaining an MSN is paramount to the need for better-educated nurses throughout the industry. Several issues are raised when research seeks to find and address the perceived barriers of registered nurses considering returning to school for an MSN, not the least of which include the impact upon the severe nursing shortage, distance learning, decreased costs associated with higher education, as well as compressing the overall time required to attain the degree. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • History and Trade School Problems

    8 pages. This is a literature review regarding the issue of trade schools vs. schools of higher education. For the most part there is an ongoing argument that trade schools are not as socially responsible nor as distinguished as schools of higher education. This paper shows why that statement is in most cases a false one; trade schools can be and in many cases are advantageous over schools of higher education. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Diabetic Education for Continuing Education for Nurses

    This 11 page paper provides an overview of lesson plans for diabetes management, as well as a rationale for the development of nursing education programming. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Role of Nurse Educator

    An 8 page research paper that addresses the field of nursing education. Nursing education is a dynamic field that has been challenged in recent years by the issues entailed in the national nursing shortage, as well as the related faculty shortage, while also addressing the innovations presented in increasingly sophisticated technologies (Nurse educator, 2008). This discussion of the nurse educator role looks at various issues associated with this pivotal cog in the nation's healthcare system and the responsibilities involved in being a nurse educator. The final 2 pages on the paper offer an appendix that identifies 5 Internet sites related to nurse educators and discusses these sites. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • STDs and Plans of Health Promotion

    This is a 5 page paper discussing health promotion plan for STDs in small and large communities. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a global as well as local concern for health care providers. In addition to guidelines and fact sheets about the prevalence, treatment and symptoms of STDs provided by the World Health Organization, national and local organizations are developing plans for the prevention of STDs through the education of the public provided mainly through health care facilities, centers and providers. Nurses play a dominant role in regards to health promotion in communities as many are involved not only in the larger centers such as hospital settings in which they will come in contact with patients with STDs but nurses also promote education in smaller communities through awareness programs for the schools, local centers and physician practices. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Emergency Nurse Triage and Education

    A 20 page paper discussing the concept of triage and the education of triage nurses in emergency departments. Triage is the process and practice of categorizing emergency room patients according to physical need to be seen by a physician. Triage categorizes patients according to physical need so that those who need to be seen first are, those who can wait do. The state of triage education is such that triage nurses may be greatly experienced and well trained, or they may be barely conversant in the concept. Efforts are underway to ensure that nurses performing triage duty are qualified and experienced. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • New York City and Asian American High School Students

    A 18 page paper that discuses the academic achievement of Asian American students with an emphasis on Manhattan. The essay includes available data regarding the achievement of high school students, e.g., the percentage who meet graduation requirements in English and Math, the dropout and graduation rates. Cram schools in NYC are discussed. The writer comments on the effects of stereotyping. The education system in Japan, China and Korea are described to illustrate the effects of culture on learning and achievement. Immigrants from these countries transferred the focus on education from their home countries to America. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • President George W. Bush's 'No Child Left Behind' Act and Its Implementation

    5 pages in length. Contemporary society has a significant challenge on its hands: to provide students with a strong enough education to meet the ever-growing standards imposed by society. As a means by which to address this tremendous need, President Bush instituted the No Child Left Behind Act, which calls for the implementation of solutions to what he deems as the ten most important concerns within the nation's school system: Achieving Excellence Through High Standards and Accountability; Improving Literacy by Putting Reading First; Improving Teacher Quality; Improving Math and Science Instruction; Moving Limited English Proficient Students to English Fluency; Promoting Parental Options and Innovative Programs; Encouraging Safe Schools for the 21st Century; Enhancing Education Through Technology; Providing Impact Aid; and Encouraging Freedom and Accountability. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing in Great Britain, Clinical Supervision

    A 5 page paper discussing the role of clinical supervision in nursing. For the nurse involved in direct patient care, the result of the integration of national policy, health care governance, technical competence and positive client perspective is a continually-evolving program of continuous improvement and ongoing education. Whether that education is formal or experiential is of little consequence in forming a standard approach to direct patient care, but it can have implication in individual nurses’ professional development. That development must remain market oriented, but also remain in compliance with national policy. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing Assistants and Multicultural Education

    A 10 page paper discussing the education of nursing assistants from an immigrant population that is America's fastest-growing minority. Recruiters increasingly are looking to that growing Hispanic population as a possible solution to the nursing shortage. There can be several problems with recent immigrants, however. These include language barriers, not having completed a GED, limited healthcare, limited financial resources, and possible home issues. As the Hispanic population grows, health care facilities also see a rise in Hispanic patients. Overcoming cultural issues in education can assist in overcoming those same cultural issues in the health care facility. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Community College and Psychology Teaching

    A 3 page essay supporting the choice to teach psychology at the community college level. The psychology instructor at a university enjoys full access to subscription-based literature databases as well as employer-paid conference attendance opportunities. Psychologists in private practice gain the satisfaction of being involved in improving the lives of individuals, and some achieve significant financial rewards. The community college can expect none of these financial supports or rewards. The rewards possible are significant and can be immense, however. As is the case when comparing community college education with university education, the end result is only different, certainly not inferior. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • National League of Nursing and the American Nurses Association

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the differing roles of the American Nurses Association (ANA) and the National League of Nursing (NLN), two of the many professional nursing organizations that are active in the US. The ANA works for the improvement of health standards and the availability health care services and fosters high professional standards for nursing, as well as promoting the professional development of nurses and the advancement of their economic and general welfare. The NLN is primarily concerned with nursing education and has as its principal goal to promote quality nursing education, which it facilitates by providing an accreditation service. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA): its history and application in a health care setting. The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) was first introduced in 1987 as a national award for quality in manufacturing in the United States. In 1998, the award was extended to include the health care and education industries. The award is not only meant to award industries for their current quality but to also provide support and guidance for future quality. Regardless of discipline, the award includes certain categories which must be met in regards to establishing and maintaining industry quality which include leadership, strategic planning, human resource development, information analysis, process quality, operational results and customer satisfaction. In physician offices as part of the health care system, a patient-centered focus also creates more of a concentration on patient satisfaction, staff education, and innovation in regards to constant communication with the rest of the health care community. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Reading Education History

    A 6 page paper. One writer developed a historical framework that illustrated four ages of reading pedagogy. These are used as the basis for the historical account of reading education. The writer also includes major theorists in the discussion, such as Noah Webster, John Dewey and Norm Chomsky. A history of reading education would not be complete without mentioning the decades old debate of phonics versus whole language. Finally, the essay considers the major trend in literacy and reading programs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Various Employee Issues in the Workplace Workplace Considerations: Entitlements, The History of Rights, Education & Training, Community Support, and Whistle-Blowing

    This is a 5 page paper discussing some issues considered by employees within the workplace. In addition to the basic elements of an employee contract, employees should be aware of their employers’ support of their employees and to what extent this support covers. Employee entitlements for instance may be expected but can vary from organization to organization. While employees are aware of certain rights which exist within the workplace, they should also know whether or not these rights are indeed better or worse than the rights of those who preceded them. Many organizations support education and training for their employees but in almost all cases, the education should be job related for the employers make a considerable financial investment in their employees and wish to retain them. Employees should also be aware of any community-related support their organization has and to what extent that support also benefits the organization. Lastly, employees should be aware of whether or not their organization and state supports “whistleblowers” and in what instances whistle blowing would be considered a positive step. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Drama and Religious Education

    An 8 page research paper that examines religious education as taught through children writing and producing their own plays. Today, religious educators face a formidable task, as it is their goal to present the Bible and its stories in a way that is not only memorable to children, but also meaningful. This description relates a method for accomplishing this task that utilizes the dramatic arts. Specifically, children were instructed within the context of a religious education class on how to write, produce and star in their own play productions. Analysis of this method shows it to be effective and innovative in regards to teaching children biblical truths. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Academic Curriculum and the Importance of Music Education

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the importance of music education in public school. In recent decades, there has been an emphasis on academics in the school curriculums while art and music have gone by the wayside as "luxuries," yet many experts feel that these subjects are important. Reasons supporting music in school curriculums are discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Korea and Jazz Music

    This 7 page paper discusses jazz in Korea in general; how paraxial music education could be used to develop school curricula; and how it impacts jazz itself. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Classrooms, Technology, and Education

    This 5 page report discusses the changes and trends in teacher education over the past two decades and the all-important introduction of technology into mainstream use in virtually all aspects of life, including the classroom. Teaching music teachers to use Internet technology in their classrooms is the focus of the studies proposed here. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women and Children as Products in the Sex Industry

    This 7 page paper examines the issues surrounding human trafficking. The problem is apparent not just in third world countries but even in countries like the US. The author suggests education is the key to addressing human trafficking. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 'Praxial Music Education' According to David Elliott

    This 7 page paper discusses David Elliott's concept of musicianship, which he calls "praxial music education." Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Women and Children as Products in the Sex Industry

    This 6 page paper examines the issues surrounding human trafficking. The problem is apparent not just in third world countries but even in countries like the US. The author suggests education is the key to addressing human trafficking. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 2 Education Law Cases Analyzed

    This 10 page paper provides two legal briefs (Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley; Felter v. Cape Girardeau School District). The cases are compared and contrasted. No bibliography.

  • Culture of Costa Rica

    A 6 page research paper that examines the culture of Costa Rica by looking the topics of religion, education, economics, family, class structure, language, history, natural resources and geography. In so doing, this survey of culture shows the complexity of this Latin American society. Biography lists 8 sources.

  • Problems Associated with Economic Development

    This 9 page paper reviews 4 articles supplied by the student assessing the problems faced by poor nations when trying to undertake economic development looking at issues such as the resource curse, the problem of democracy, the lack of development where education levels have increased and the problem of geography. The paper ends with a discussion on the articles. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • WWW History

    This paper provides an overview of the development of the internet and the world wide web, providing a great deal of technical information in 9 pages. In addition to the evolution of this widely used phenomenon, current application in terms of business, entertainment and education are noted as well. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 'Michael Robartes and the Dancer' by Irish Poet William Butler Yeats

    A 5 page research paper/essay that offers explication of Yeats' poem "Michael Robartes and the Dancer." The writer argues that in this poem Yeats voices his nineteenth century rationalization against women having a wider role in public life, even going so far to oppose women in higher education. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'Michael Robartes and the Dancer' by Irish Poet William Butler Yeats

    A 5 page research paper/essay that offers explication of Yeats' poem "Michael Robartes and the Dancer." The writer argues that in this poem Yeats voices his nineteenth century rationalization against women having a wider role in public life, even going so far to oppose women in higher education. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Standardized Testing and its History

    This 11 page paper discusses the history of standardized testing and it's impact on education. This paper examines standardized testing from its inception through the 1970's. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Century History of American Public Education

    This 6 page paper discusses some of the major movements in public education beginning in about 1850. Some topics discussed include the common school crusade and Horace Mann's and Elwood Cubberly's parts in that movement, the attempt of the NEA to change the administrative structure from local to centralized. The reforms of the 1950s and 1960s and what caused them are discussed along with comments from authors like Ravitch. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Gender Equality and Sports Law

    This 5 page report discusses chapter IX of the 1972 Educational Amendment to the 1964 Civil Rights Act which deals with the issues of gender equality in sports. Elementary and secondary education programs are often in violation of Title IX. As a result, the judicial system has, of necessity, become involved. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Developmental Supervision Case Studies

    A 6 page research paper/essay that summarizes and analyzes three case studies that deal with examples of supervisory style in education. Each case study discusses how a supervisor handled the problems of a particular teacher. Supervisory styles examined include collaborative, directive informational, an directive control. Bibliography lists 1 sources.

  • Creating a Survey Questionnaire

    A 10 page paper using 46 student-supplied questions to devise a questionnaire that ultimately will be used for a case study research investigation of a higher education class that includes a distance component. The questionnaire devised here will not be able to provide all of the input required in case study research, but it can define a framework within which the researcher can assess his observations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sexual Harassment in Oleanna by David Mamet

    A 5 page research paper/analysis that examines the context of David Mamet's play, Oleanna. The writer discusses whether or not the play dramatizes sexual harassment or male victimization within the broader context of higher education. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Public Schools and Sex Education

    A 5 page discussion of the necessity of sex education in the school system. Contends that due to the complexity of modern society, sexual promiscuity is a fact of life for many children and must be addressed. Concludes that since the traditional mechanisms are not longer in place to educate our children regarding the intricacies of sex this role falls to the school system. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Adverse Drug Reaction Among Elderly Patients: Impact Upon Costs And Length Of Hospital Stay

    3 pages in length. Drug companies are well aware of the issues surrounding why adverse drug interactions occur in the first place, so it stands to reason why they should be on the front lines with regard to quelling this reality. Adverse drug reactions happen for several reasons, not the least of which includes treatment of more than one doctor, unmonitored self-medicating and lack of education about the serious nature of drug interaction. No bibliography.

  • This 6-page paper examines an element of literature by using two poems and short story by John Milton (When I Consider How my Light is Spent), Robert Frost (The Road not Taken) and Sherman Alexie (Indian Education). There are 3 sources cited.

  • Flaubert/Emma Bovary

    A 4 page essay that discusses the causes for Emma Bovary’s unhappy life and eventually suicide. These causes include Emma’s convent education and her passion for Romance novels, which is a habit she continued into adulthood. Also in childhood, the death of her mother and the occupation of her father influenced her environment, as did the double standards of the nineteenth century in regards to the social opportunities and expectations of women and men. No additional sources cited.

  • Various Psychology Assignments

    A 3 page research paper that addresses various topics in psychology. Issues covered include the existence of ESP, the legalization of marijuana and the education of gifted children. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cyber Bullying

    3 pages in length. Schoolyard bullies have long made lives miserable for their victims who typically endure unrelenting taunting and physical abuse, a problem administrators and teachers alike continue to address in today's academic environment. Disturbingly, just as education has taken to the Internet, so too has the menacing act of cyber bullying where its presence has been magnified to such a degree that people have actually committed suicide to escape the online harassment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Professional Education Organizations

    A 15 page discussion of the importance of teachers' groups. The author emphasizes that these groups can be very diverse yet can play a tremendously important role in the shaping of policy and even law relating to education. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Historical Development of the Irish Language

    This 11-page paper details the Irish language, focusing on its history and development from the Celt tongue. Also discussed in this paper are the use of Irish language as it pertains to education, poltics, religious teachings and so on. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Aspects of U.S. History - Vietnam and the Civil Rights Movement

    This 6-page paper focuses on two facets of U.S. history -- first, how Brown vs. Board of Education helped spark desegregation and ultimately the Civil Rights Movement; and second, how the Vietnam War escalated under the leadership of Presidents Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon.

  • Waldo E. Martin Jr's Brown v. Board of Education A Brief History with Documents

    A 2 1/2 page paper which reports on Waldo E. Martin Jr.’s “Brown v. Board of Education A Brief History with Documents.” No additional sources cited.

  • Literature Review of Mathematics Distance Learning

    This 8 page paper provides a review of literature on the use of online education in mathematics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Critically Reviewing Implications and Effectiveness of the Implementation of the 1996 Welfare Reform Laws by Vocational and Adult Educators

    This 20 page paper provides an overview of welfare reform and the impacts of welfare reform on the vocational and adult education perspectives in the welfare reform era since 1996. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • The Secret History by Donna Tartt, Alfred Hitchcock's Rope and Education

    A 6 page paper which examines the theme of education in Alfred Hitchcock’s film “Rope” and Donna Tartt’s novel “The Secret History.” Bibliography lists 2 additional sources.

  • Higher Education and an Affirmative Action Short History

    This 11 page paper provides an overview of affirmative action in higher education with a focus on landmark cases. Hopwood, Bakke and more recent Michigan cases are discussed. The paper takes the position that affirmative action is necessary. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • U.S. Employment Prospects in History Teaching

    This 5 page paper discusses the various options for a history education major. Examples are given. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • ECE and Children's Literature

    This 5 page report discusses the title topic and briefly addresses the many areas in which a teacher’s use of children’s literature can make a significant impact in a young student’s learning processes. Aside from issues related to language acquisition and development, expansion of critical thinking skills, proficiency in reading and writing, there is one very simple and very fundamental reason for using children’s literature in early childhood education. Children love stories! Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Special Education Integrative Literature Summary

    This 5 page paper discusses a variety of special education topics from the perspective of a special edcuation director. This paper highlights the importance of a person in this position in regards to the information provided in these articles, and asserts that the director necessarily must be informed on these issues. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Competency Based Education Literature Review

    This 8 page paper reviews key theories, concepts and research as it applies to competency based education. This paper examines both the pros and cons of the subject as well as providing a comprehensive analysis of the topic. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Education and Literature's Role

    This 5 page paper considers how and why we should use literary as part of a further education curriculum. Using authors such as Mark Twain and Arthur Miller the writer considers the value that can be gained by the student form this type of study. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • African American Education Throughout History

    In this 4 page paper, the writer encapsulates the struggle for education for black children between Colonial America and the 1930s. Major persons, dates and events are presented. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The History of Turkish Higher Education

    A 6 page overview of the many changes that have occurred in Turkish tertiary education. This paper traces these changes from the mid twentieth century to the present and explains the various factors that have contributed to the move from centralization to decentralization and back again. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • History/Education & Educational Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that offers an overview of the historical foundations of education, psychology and how they combine in educational psychology. The writer gives a brief sketch of the men and concepts that makeup this history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Under Representation Ethnic Minority Students in College Attendance Figures

    This 14 page paper considers two hypotheses; Members of ethnic minorities are less likely to attend colleges for post compulsory education and counties with higher than average ethnic minority populations are more likely a lower proportional number of college degrees than countries where there is an average or lower than average ethnic population. The paper starts by explaining the hypotheses, then conducts a short literature review, presents an annotated bibliography and then conducts two statistical tests, one for each hypothesis, to test if they are correct. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • IT Acquisition by Developing Nations and Strategies of Identification

    This 13 page paper is an outline for a paper studying the best ways for developing countries to develop strategies to help them develop information technology competences. The paper gives an introduction and a justifications of the research and then gives a lengthy literature review that focuses on the way foreign direct investment,(FDI), may be used with knowledge transfer and the role of education and internal policies. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Women Viewed During the Enlightenment Era

    A 4 page research paper that addresses the question of gender inequality could be rationalized in an age (the Enlightenment) that held prized rationality. Examination of Enlightenment literature suggests that, first of all, there existed a body of thought that pictured women as either too delicate or cognitively deficit to benefit from education; and, secondly, there was an equally insidious argument that uses nature to justify gender inequality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literature Review on Special Education and Challenging Student Behaviors

    A 19 page research paper that offers a literature review concerning ten studies that that deal with program design for special education and its effect on challenging behaviors as well as academic results. The studies and summarized and discussed. Bibliography lists ten sources.

  • Articles and Analysis of British Journal of Special Education

    This 7-page paper deals with analysis and literature search of the British Journal of Special Education. The paper discusses the standard of the publication, as well as some of the current literature dealing with special ed and its challenges. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • ABE Programs and Resistance Problems

    This 12 page analytical review of the current literature reflects the problem of resistance in adult learner populations, especially in adult basic education (ABE) programs. This paper considers the basic views that have been outlined in the current literature and defines the importance of existing perspectives as a means of determining ways of addressing the problem of resistance. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Physical Education Concepts

    A 3 page literature review on PE. Keeping high student interest and involvement is a goal of every teacher in regards to their subject matter. The following literature review explores the ideas presented in a variety of articles which demonstrate ideas for accomplishing this task in regards to Physical Education (PE). Exploration of these articles indicates that PE teachers and coaches are exploring new conceptual territory in regards to how PE programs and sports instruction should be designed and implemented. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Need for CTE Education

    An 8 page research paper that examines literature pertaining to career and technical education (CTE) and to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. Three research questions are explored via a literature review and the writer concludes that the NCLB Act is not achieving its agenda and viable options for students, such as CTE, are being dropped as a consequence of pressure from high-stakes testing. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Mathematics One on One Tutorial and Peer Alternatives

    A 7 page overview of the importance of the one on one tutorial approach in improving a student's academic performance. The author emphasizes that the tutorial environment has a long history of success and is becoming a more and more important feature of twenty-first century education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Year Long Mathematics Program Planning for the Fifth Grade

    This 3 page paper describes a year-long plan for mathematics, using the NY standards as a guide. The essay includes some of the general topic areas to be covered, instructional approaches, and offers suggestions for adapting the program for special education and ELL students. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gates Foundation Grant Application Sample

    A 5 page paper that begins with an overview and introduction to this Foundation's Education Grant Program. The writer identifies the items in the initial inquiry letter and then provides a sample grant application for funding for technology to establish an after-school program for students. The purpose of the project is to increase elementary grade students' achievement in math and language arts. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Leadership Study Literature Review

    A 20 page literature review that is designed to be used with a study on leadership that employs the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI), developed by Kouzes and Posner in the late 1980s. While this review of pertinent literature does not solely address studies that have employed the LPI, this point is occasionally stressed, as this is the study instrument to be employed by the student researching this topic. In the following literature review, research studies are examined in which leadership was addressed in reference to gender, age, ethnicity and education. Bibliography lists 32 sources.

  • A Review of Special Education Training Literature and Funding Issues

    This 3-page paper focuses on literature dealing with funding for special education and its training. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Literature Review on Primary School Music Education for Children Ages 5 through 7

    This 38 page paper provides an overview of music education and a review of the existing literature. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Literature Review on Physical Education

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of the current literature about exercise, physical fitness and physical education. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Grade Point Averages and Music Education

    A 5 page research paper that examines the current literature regarding whether or not music instruction has a positive effect on academic performance. After a literature review, the writer concludes that music instruction is beneficial to academic performance, but that literature discounts the celebrated "Mozart Effect," which maintains that just listening to classical music can improve math scores. Instruction in playing an instrument appears to be crucial in obtaining the optimum cognitive effects from music education. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Literature Review for Increasing Parental Involvement in Special Education

    A 3 page paper providing the literature review section of an action research project focused on increasing parental involvement in special education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Diabetes Control: A Review of Literature

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of 8 articles that represent current research in the area of diabetes management and diabetes education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Diabetic Education for Continuing Education for Nurses Exploring Perceptions of Health Care Management Compared to Published Standards of Care Among a Rural Population Experiencing Diabetes: A Review of Literature

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of elements of a review of literature on the subject of diabetes education and adherence to health care management principles and standards of care. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • United Kingdom Education and the Effects of Psychology Development

    Over time education has changed a great deal in the UK. This 5 page paper considers how the changes have been influenced by the development of knowledge and understanding of the human psyche and the study of psychology. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Article Summary/Veenema (2008)

    This 3 page article summary offer an overview of an article by Veenema (2008). The article describes the curriculum and program developed by Veenema under the auspices of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and how it addresses the needs of nurses in regards to disaster nursing education. No additional sources are cited.

  • Education and Nursing

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of nursing education and its significance for nursing practice. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Forensic Mental Health Setting and Nursing Care

    6 pages. Within the field of forensic mental health there are many different approaches used to educate the nursing staff. These approaches focus on developing awareness, skill and competence in intercultural care. This paper describes programs used in the education of nurses that are involved in patient care in the field of forensic mental health as regards to different ethnic groups. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Nursing Education & A Humanities Fieldtrip

    A 5 page paper that offers a nursing student suggestions for how to organize a fieldtrip that focuses on an aspect of humanities studies for a group of learners consisting of nursing students. The writer suggests a fieldtrip to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. A discussion of the role of the humanities in nursing education is also included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Profession of Nursing

    An 8 page contention that the factor that distinguishes nursing from non-professional vocations is the level of proficiency that is required by the profession. This proficiency depends not just on the organizational provisions and procedures that are put in place but on the knowledge of the nurse herself. Knowledge goes hand in hand not only with education but with experience and the ability to apply research to clinical practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Past and Present Nursing

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares nursing in years gone by with the nursing profession of the present. This contrast addresses four major areas: appearance, education, technology and employment opportunities. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Home Health and Hospice Company Business Requirement Analysis

    A 10 page paper discussing two identified IT needs at HHH, a home health and hospice company. One of the needs is for automated HR services to provide self-service HR; the other is the addition of laptops, printers and a wireless network so that visiting nurses can reinforce patient education with printed information that patients can use as references after the nurse leaves. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Management of Hypertension Among African Americans

    An 8 page research paper that offers a discussion of literature, which addresses the persistent and severe problem of the high incidence of hypertension among African American populations. First of all the specific background facts of this evidence-based nursing education problem are examined and then the various aspects for a nursing educational intervention are outlined. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Personal Narraive/2 Year RN to 4 Year RN

    A 5 page personal essay that discusses the nursing education. The writer uses the metaphor of a journey to describe the various aspects of nursing. No bibliography is provided.

  • Nursing Home Care and the Effects of Mandatory Continuation of Nursing Education

    This 50 page paper provides an overview of the impacts of a mandatory continuing professional nursing education mandate on improvements in nursing home care. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Nursing and Self-Care

    A 3 page summation and analysis of an article by Jackson (2004) on the crucial role that holistic healing and self-care plays within the context of nursing and nursing education. No additional sources cited.

  • Nursing Profession and 'Telehealth' Implications

    An 8 page paper which examines the implications of telehealth on the nursing profession by defining the term; discussing its benefits; costs; education and/or training guidelines for nurses, privacy, confidentiality, security, ethics, informed consent, and storage of telehealth records; ensuring reliable technology; provincial/state issues; and legal issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Levels of Nursing Education

    A 7 page research paper that examines the literature on the role that education plays in practice and, specifically, if the educational level of nurses at the entry level constitutes a significant factor to nursing practice. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Psychology As A Career

    A 7 page paper that begins with information from the Bureau of Labor and Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook about psychologists, positions and education needed with the writer selecting one field to pursue. The next section discusses the adult learner. Using self-assessments provided by the student, the paper reports results from the Multiple Pathways to Learning and the Personality Spectrum as related to the writer's scores with explanations about how this information can help the student. The writer also comments on time and stress management for the adult learner.

  • A New course on Global, Multicultural Aspects of Psychology

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue of multiculturalism in education, with a focus on creating a new course in global, multicultural aspects of psychology in order to address the changing client base. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 'Writing Superheroes' by Dyson

    This 9 page paper provides a critical inquiry into this work in the realm of education and psychology and expands on some of the concepts inclusive of the importance of cognitive thoughts. The idea of the superhero is discussed but it is one part of this comprehensive book on reading, writing and child psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Field of Nursing and Education Importance

    This 6 page paper looks at educational models, with a focus on the ADN degree. Questions regarding competence, as well as whether or not nursing programs should impose limits, and what type of degree should be required, are discussed. Both sides of controversies in nursing education, as seen through the eyes of health care administration, are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Musical Differences Between the U.S. and India

    The music of different countries, in this case that of India and the United States, is comprised of different histories, cultures, faiths and education. While the music of these two countries might be completely different from one another, the fact remains that each country has music that represents these same agendas. Includes outline

  • Music Instruction and the Use of Technology

    A 10 page research paper which looks at how computer technology is impacting the field of music education. The writer gives an overview of some of the technological marvels available and then discusses the controversy as to how much these new innovations should replace traditional pedagogies. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Sexuality Regulation

    A 4 page exploration of attempts by organizations such as the World Association for Sexology (WAS) and the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS) to define and protect sexuality. This paper points out that because sexuality is so culturally variable such a task is an impossibility. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Punished by Rewards by Alfie Kohn and Human Motivation

    A 5 page research paper which focuses on Alfie Kohn's book Punished by Rewards. The writer analyzes Kohn's stance regarding the fallacies in behaviorist psychology as it applies to both education and the workplace, concluding that while Kohn is right in many instances, not all aspects of his philosophy are applicable to the work environment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • How Teachers Should Manage Classroom Behavior

    This 6 page paper looks at various theories concerning behavior management in education. Several contemporary books are reviewed along with the theories of progressivism and reconstructionism. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Pain Management and Long Term Care Residents' Rights

    An 11 page paper discussing traditional and newer approaches to pain management among the elderly, specifically those confined to nursing homes. The paper includes discussion of Neuman’s, Orem’s and King’s theories of nursing practice as they relate to the issue of pain management among nursing home residents. The use of pain-killing drugs is frowned on even when use of them is necessary. More highly favored is patient education and personal responsibility in exercising pain management techniques. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Adolescence and Football

    A 5 page paper which examines the impact of football as a sport on adolescent growth by considering what it teaches them in terms of education and life, and evaluates whether participation is healthy or damaging. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Planning to Manage Your Classroom

    8 pages. In classroom management the book Authentic Classroom Management by Barbara Larrivee can be invaluable. The book covers such necessary topics as rules, procedures and behavior; implementing change in the classroom; assessing the intervention plan and creating a need-satisfying classroom environment. All of these topics and more are discussed in this paper that will be of great use to those in the education field. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Efficacy of Tutoring Programs & Math

    A 10 page research paper that offers a template to a student researcher on how to go about conducting a proposed research study that examines the effect of 2 types of tutoring programs, peer-tutoring and a math content master lab, on academic achievement using a sample group of African American special education students within inclusive classrooms. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Academic Planning and Nursing Assessment

    A 12 page research paper that examines the forces affecting nursing curriculum development, as well as the elements of effective nursing academic planning. This examination of nursing curriculum development examines what experts feel regarding effective nursing education. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Questions

    This five page paper responds to the following questions: What characteristics differentiate public health nursing from community nursing? How does the role of the nurse change as the client evolves from an individual to a family, an aggregate population, and a community? Based on knowledge gained to date in your MSN program, what are the advantages of graduate nursing education when providing care to communities and aggregates? What are some strategies for providing culturally sensitive care to aggregates and communities? Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • UK Mathematics and GCSE Level Expansion

    This 9 page paper looks at the difference way in which the A’ level mathematics in the UK education system may be seen as a development and expansion of the GCSE level subject. The writer looks at the syllabus and consider how the transition between the two levels is made, and how it may best be understood by the student. The bibliography cites 8 Sources.

  • Article Reviews on Early Childhood Education Behavior Management

    A 4 page paper. Two articles that discuss behavior management in the early childhood education classroom are summarized. The writer then provides ides on how these strategies could be incorporated into a behavior management plan. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Educational Management Business Model

    A 7 page paper. This essay is based on one book: "The "Business" of Reforming American Schools" by Denise Gelburg. The writer addresses the issue of adopting private sector business and management models to public education. the writer comments the effect of this practice on social justice and equity and also on the profession of teaching. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Project Management and New Technologies

    Wireless communication makes instant education resources a phone call or finger touch away. This advancement ties in nicely with other advancements in technology, which according to Primavera (2004), includes advances in the defense and space travel industries and the automotive and transport industries. Bibliography lists 4 sources. jvPMtech.rtf

  • Philosophy of Nursing and Values

    A 5 page paper discussing the values and philosophy of nursing, as well as nursing as a profession. Much of the focus of development of nursing over the past century has been on professionalism that has been based on theory and practice, while education, licensing and standards of care have addressed technical expertise requirements. Though true for any profession, that of nursing is not for everyone. Nursing requires a particular type of commitment and level of caring. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Preceptorship in Nursing

    A 9 page research paper that examines nursing preceptorship. The paper begins with a brief history of nursing education and then moves on to define nursing preceptorship and to explore its role in nurse retention, the nurturing of critical thinking skills and other areas of nursing practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Registered Nurse's Hospital Role

    A 5 page paper discussing some of the roles that RNs fill in the hospital setting. Nursing’s reach and respectability have grown immeasurably in past decades, but the registered nurse still provides a wide variety of services within the hospital setting. In its most basic analysis, nursing reflects caring, followed closely by education of patients and other caregivers. The paper also discusses RNs as nurse managers and mentors in the still-evolving health care industry. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Pharmaceutical Sales and the Entrance of Nurses

    An 8 page paper discussing nurses in pharmaceutical sales, including reasons for making the change, education required and experience expected. Nurses can be highly successful in pharmaceutical sales. It can be difficult to gain access into the field, but those who can find the opportunity to continue the helping and caring that drew them to nursing, while yet enjoying much more regular hours and a greater sense of personal control. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • New Nurses Survival Guide

    A 3 page research paper that discusses how new nurses can survive the transition to practice. The fact that there is a knowledge and skill gap between a new graduate registered nurse's education and "actual practice requirements of new registered nurses" (RNs) has long been acknowledged among nursing professionals (Burns and Poster, 2008, p. 67). This gap in knowledge suggests that the novice nurse needs a survival guide in order to survive the critical transition from student to licensed RN. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of the NYSNA

    A 4 page paper discussing this professional nurses' association. Though conditions have changed dramatically during the first century of NYSNA's existence, many of the problems leading to its creation still plague nursing today. Today's organization operates the largest nurses' union in New York; provides nurse education and practice information; is involved in research and planning; and acts as a government liaison. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Gifted Classroom Underachiever Manipulation and Psychology

    An 8 page paper discussing positive ways of dealing with the talented and gifted underachiever in the classroom. These students often need special education as much as do the learning disabled but often do not receive it. Some can challenge themselves, but challenging the student still is the job of the teacher. The paper discusses using real-world lessons, peer tutoring and following the child’s lead as strategies for avoiding boredom with the average class. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Cultural Basis of Education, Pedagogy and Educational Psychology

    This 5 page paper considers the cultural basis for education, pedagogy and educational psychology in the U.S., England and elsewhere. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Classrooms and Developmental Psychology Applications

    This 4 page paper touches on the idea of how psychology may be applied in education. Much of the paper outlines theories from Erickson, Piaget, Freud and others. Developmental staging is discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Math Performance and Middle School Students

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of a study of middle school special education students and methods to improve their performance on math assessments. This paper considers the implications of different methods. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Questions and Prompts Mathematical Thinking

    This 3 page paper looks at the value and use of prompts and questions in the teaching of mathematics in post compulsory education. The paper considers why questions and prompts can be important in developing mathematical thinking and considers the ideas of theorists including Zygfryd Dyrszlag. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Adding an Athletic Trainer to the Sports Medicine Clinic

    A 4 page paper promoting the concept of adding an athletic trainer to a sports medicine clinic. The paper argues that an existing sports medicine clinic has the opportunity to use athletic trainers on staff in the same roles that nurse practitioners and physician assistants fill in the practices of internists, gynecologists and other medical specialties, as well as providing better client education for injury prevention. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Beer and Circus by Murray Sperber

    A 10 page essay/book review that discusses the basic premise of Murray Sperber's book Beer and Circus, How Big-Time College Sports is Crippling Undergraduate Education. The writer/tutor also offers the student research this topic suggestions for how to apply Sperber's book to a planned career in college sports. No additional sources are cited.

  • Raising Moral Youth

    A 3 page paper which examines how today’s youth can combat negative moral influences through such involvement as church, education and sports, and volunteering. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Educating Nurses on the Importance of Clean Scissors

    This 8 page paper is a design for a nurse educational program on cleaning scissors. The paper presents the rationale for the study, learner goals, an outline of the content, the educational approach; resources needed and process of evaluation. The program is designed so it can be adapted for nurses at different stages of their career. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Beer and Circus How Big Time College Sports is Crippling Undergraduate Education by Murray Sperber

    6 pages in length. Murray Sperber's gutsy portrayal of academia gone awry gives readers a significantly better perspective of just how influential big money has become in determining the level of education being taught at contemporary colleges. The extent to which sports and all its generated income has long been a big part of collegiate life is both grand and far-reaching; that the pursuit of athletics and the lure of party life has overtaken a solid academic focus, however, is what Sperber vocalizes as being inexcusable and wholly responsible for the downfall of society's undergraduate scholastic future. No additional sources cited.

  • Nurse Education: Lesson Plan for Navigating a User Crisis

    A 5 page paper discussing learner characteristics, developmental stages and readiness to learn for a group of mental health nurses when devising a lesson plan for handling users in crisis. An appendix discusses the ASSURE model and provides a lesson plan overview for a five-session course of study employing lecture, role play and demonstration. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literacy Standards Within Nursing Education Programs

    A 7 page research paper. In nursing, as with other healthcare professions, it is imperative to the standards of a professionalism that nurses make learning a continuing priority throughout their careers. In order to accomplish this goal, specific literacy skills are required. Nursing personnel should cultivate critical thinking skills, computer literacy, information literacy, and literacy in nursing informatics. This examination of these topics focuses on the available literature. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Diabetic Education/New Nurses

    An 11 page research paper that primarily consists of a paper outlining an educational program on diabetes for new medical-surgical nursing hires. Additionally, this paper devotes 1 page to answering to general nursing questions. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • NEED 2009

    A 5 page research paper that describes and discusses this bill, which is currently before Congress. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • School Nurses and the Usefulness of Jean Watson's Nursing Paradigm

    This 4 page paper explores the applicability of Jean Watson's nursing paradigm on the problem of teen sex, pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • College Classroom Management

    A 5 page paper that focuses on classroom management in college classrooms. Contrary to what many college instructors, especially new instructors, believe, a classroom discipline or management plan must be developed. This essay offers ideas and suggestions for developing such a plan. Glasser's work is cited in terms of choice theory, drive theory and classroom meetings. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Math Education for Children with Special Needs Article Critiqued

    5 pages. Looks at an informal inclusion program at a secondary school and critiques the study done based on that program. Gives information about the data collection, the success and weakness of the study and significant findings. An excellent research project in critiquing a data study. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Special Education Classroom and Behavioral Management

    This 5 page paper gives two Journal abstracts concerning the topic of behavioral self management in the disabled student in the classroom. Single subject designs used. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Higher Education For Police Officers

    6 pages in length. The psychology of crime requires significantly more than law enforcement officers brandishing loaded weapons at and physically apprehending offenders. Indeed, the extent to which contemporary police forces must also incorporate some level of psychological interface with the perpetrator is both grand and far-reaching; that obtaining a degree of higher education in order to better understand the criminal mind while in the field speaks to a much greater scope of law enforcement than many people realize exists in today's criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Teaching Our Children About Sex

    This 4 page paper contends that our complex society has necessitated a shift in the way our children learn about sex. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Using Learning Contracts Within Patient Education

    A 12 page paper presenting the beginning point from which a nursing learning contract can be negotiated. The paper discusses attributes of adult learners, which includes the nurse involved in contract learning as well as the patients benefiting from the end result, which is to be a booklet that a general practice can use in educating patients in the proper use of medication. The proposed learning contract lists 5 learning objectives, and 5 possible approaches to meeting those objectives. It discusses evidence of mastery, evaluation approaches, and provides a time line for completing individual assignments. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • ECE and Psychology

    This 4 page paper examines the use of psychology, with focused attention on Erikson's stages of development, in early childhood classrooms. Information about the stages are provided. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Developing a Plan for Nursing Education

    A 6 page paper choosing teaching methods for a class to be titled "How to Deal with Negative Co-Workers." The learner group consists of nurse managers comprised of young adulthood (18-40 years) and middle adulthood (40-65 years) nurses. The paper lists role playing, group discussion and lecture as the methods that will be used, listing the advantages and disadvantages of each, as well as means of evaluating them. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing Education Bill

    A 6 page examination of literature and discussion pertaining to the Nursing Education and Quality of Health Care Act of 2007 (S. 1604). The purpose of this legislation is primarily to increase the nation’s workforce in regards to well-educated nurses. By 2014, current estimates predict that the nation will need 1.2 million new and replacement nurses (Clinton, 2007). The bill now before the Senate will provide funding for grants and other financial programs in rural communities, which is a strategy intended to encourage the “recruitment and retention of nursing students, nursing faculty and nurses who serve in rural areas” (Clinton, 2007). Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Education Technology and Teacher Training Effects

    A 6 page research paper that investigates educational literature pertaining to the effect of teacher training on the implementation of technology into classroom instruction. The writer argues that this literature review shows the crucial nature of this factor. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Patient Simulators/Human Patients in Nursing Education

    A 12 page research paper that offers a literature review that first at the nursing shortage and why there is a shortage of nursing educators and then, this review looks more extensively and specifically at the literature pertaining to patient simulators. The purpose behind this is investigation is to evaluate whether or not this teaching tool, patient simulators, is effective, how it impacts the tasks of nursing educators, and how simulators, of various types, compare with more traditional forms of instruction. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Early Childhood Education Professionals and an Administrative Training Literature Review

    This 9 page report discusses the literature related to research that has been conducted regarding management and administration and its place in running a successful child care center. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Early Childhood Education and Multicultural Literature

    This 2.5 page paper discusses the benefits of using multicultural literature in the ECE classroom. The essay begins with the fact that children develop attitudes and opinions towards people from other cultures, nations, races very early in life. Exposure to different cultures through picture and early reader books can help change children's attitudes. The writer then discuses the dual role multicultural literature can play in the early childhood classroom. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Elementary School and Family Life Education

    A 3 page position paper that defends the role of family life education at the elementary school level, arguing that open and honest answers to all student questions concerning sexual matters serve to protect children from peer and media sexual pressure. While parents would like to protect their children from sexual messages until a later age, the truth is that children are bombarded with sexual images from television, billboards, movies and other media. Research shows that between sixth grade and junior high school, students' intentions to become sexually active increase (Price, et al, 2003). Therefore, the upper elementary grades provide an ideal time to provide a positive influence on sexual behavior by providing honest answers to sexual issues. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Legal Or Ethical Issue Pertaining To The Role Of Faculty Member In Higher Education

    7 pages in length. Sexual harassment on college campuses falls within the boundaries of both legal and ethical considerations, inasmuch as there are laws prohibiting any interaction of an intimate nature between faculty member and student, as well as the unwritten codes of behavior that should be inherent to every civilized instructor. The extent to which teacher/student sexual harassment negatively impacts the student's ability to achieve academic objectives due to the inherent anxiety of the situation is both grand and far-reaching; that faculty members utilize sex as a way to manipulate students speaks to an act of unethical and illegal behavior beyond the limits of any reasonable person. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Case Study Middle School Math

    A 4 page paper including an annotated bibliography. This is a case study of a math program not succeeding and what the staff did. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 2 Education Articles Reviewed

    A 14 page paper that reviews two articles in the field of education, one of which is quantitative and the other is qualitative. The essay begins with an explanation of quantitative research and qualitative research. Because one of the articles is a case study, this method is also explained. The first article is a study from the UK and addresses a problem of the lack of progress as students transfer to high school. It looks specifically at science performance at year 6 – 8. The second article is a case study of a multilevel interdisciplinary team teaching approach used at a large urban high school. Besides reporting the studies, the writer comments on the research styles of each investigator. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Educational Effects of Single Parenthood

    This 10 page paper provides a hypothetical case study of a mother raising a daughter in 1980s Camden, New Jersey. The daughter's history is traced through the educational system from birth through college. The case is evaluated sociologically and several environmental factors are determined to have been detrimental to the educational success of the child. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Discrimination and Justice in Public Education

    Ju An 8 page paper. There are three general elements in this paper. First, there is a discussion of the growing diversity in the public schools and the discrimination that exists against "minority" students; next, is a discussion of what the Bible says about discrimination and justice; third, there are recommendations regarding changing the situation. Data are provided. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Music Education, Performance Skills

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the areas of performance instruction that should be covered by a musical educator in regards to ensemble performance. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Differential Treatment of Women Laborers in Canada

    This is a 12 page paper discussing wage and labor differentials for women in Canada. Within Canada today, women in the labor force generally make 70 to 80 cents for every dollar men make. This “wage gap” has actually decreased greatly over the years but still has a long way to go for total equity in the work place despite positive legislation in the 1970s and 1980s. Historically, women within Canada have been “crowded” into certain female-dominated professions such as clerical positions, nursing, teaching, domestic work, social work and sales and services. While clerical work once was comparable with male blue-collar jobs in regards to pay, the increase in unionization in many blue-collar trades left most of the female-dominated positions as those which were lower paid. As women shifted away from clerical positions and proceeded to attain degrees in higher education, the wage gap began to decrease but then women encountered the “glass ceiling” in which women held a disproportionate number of positions in the lowest quartile in large corporations. Today, women still have lower average salaries than men despite the gain in higher education. One of the reasons found within studies by Statistics Canada and others is that women who choose to have and raise children lose experience during their absence; experience men continue to gain which in turn leads to more promotions. Another reason believed for the continue wage gap is discrimination which still exists within employers, co-workers and the general population somewhat who still categorize some professions as “female” (such as teaching) and some as “male” (such as the trades) and in essence this restricts female workers from opportunities within the blue collar and higher executive markets. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Literature of the Medieval Period

    This 21 page paper addresses several different topics. The authors discussed are St. Paul (Romans and Galatians); Augustine (Confessions); Gospel of Mark; Boethius (Consolation); and Gregory of Tours (History of the Franks). The essay discusses: the education of each author; who may have rewritten their original document; defining evil; authors' perceptions of a heavenly kingdom; the authors' use of belief; why each of the authors considered himself a Roman; conflict. While most of the five authors are discussed under each topic heading, not all are. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Middle Managers and TQM Implementation Implications

    A 65 page paper discussing reasons for failure of TQM implementation, particularly as it applies to middle managers. The paper gives an overview of the approaches to TQM of Deming, Juran and Crosby, and focuses on Deming's 14 Points as the basis for properly-applied TQM practice. Deming's philosophy of management within the framework of TQM leaves no room for authoritarianism or autocracy; participative management is required if TQM implementation is to be successful in any firm of any size. The paper includes discussion of a mail survey identifying three middle-management attitudes toward TQM's potential effects on their jobs, including detailed descriptions of both observed and potential limitations of the study. It concludes that middle managers have legitimate fears that can be overcome with Deming's admonishment to invest in training and education of all employees, including the middle managers of which Deming himself made no mention. Bibliography lists 31 sources.

  • ICT School Strategies Development

    This 37 page paper examines the way in which strategies should be formulated for teaching information and communication technology ICT, or information technology (IT) on schools so that all students can leave with good IT skills. The paper is written with a full table of contents (not included in the page count), includes the research rationale and keys aims. An in-depth literature review is conducted, studying the different barriers that exist and the different approaches which may be used for curriculum design. The paper then presents some primary research (fictitious) to demonstrate how this can be presented and then tied in with the literature review. The paper needs with recommendations of future ICT teaching strategies. The paper focuses on UK secondary schools (years 7 – 13), but would be applicable to other countries and other areas of education. The bibliography cites 34 sources.

  • Pay Disparity and Gender in both Private and Public Sector Jobs

    This 29 page paper investigates gender pay disparity in both the private and public sectors. Sections include: Introduction, Definitions, Literature Review, and Conclusions. The introduction offers a general overview of the topic and the implications of gender pay gaps. The literature review cites numerous studies on this topic and reports figures that demonstrate a gender pay gap. The writer reports how much of the gap is attributable to characteristics of men and women, such as men working longer hours, family and child rearing, education and experience. The writer points to the glass ceiling and the glass wall that prohibit women from achieving higher level positions and that discourage women from entering certain occupations and careers. The writer also comments on where the pay gap is most severe – in the public or private sector. A recommendation is made in the conclusion for changing this situation. 4 Tables are included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • High School Science Teaching

    A 7 page paper that represents a college student's ability to blend theory with practice. This essay begins by identifying two themes that emerged from both the literature and coursework - students have different learning styles and science curriculum and methods of teaching need to change. The essay discusses why science education needs to change with an emphasis on secondary schools. The paper identifies the courses the student enjoyed the most and relates that to the literature on the need for the active engagement of students with the curriculum and materials. Gardner's multiple intelligences theory is outlined with an example of a science teacher who used this framework. This is also related to theory and practice in teaching science. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Survey Development

    A 5 page paper reporting on a six-week process of developing a questionnaire for a qualitative research effort in education and curriculum reform. The process begins with a literature review, followed by identifying key questions evident in the literature. The researcher identifies several areas of interest, devising questions from those areas for the trial survey. Independent reviewers assess the questions for content and validity; the researcher incorporates their suggestions and returns the revised questionnaire to them. He will incorporate further comments into what will become the final survey instrument. No sources listed.

  • The Error of Reconstruction by Kenneth Stampp and Revisionist History

    Can you remember some phrase about education, which goes something like, "the more you learn, the more you discover how much you do not know." Such is the case in "revisionist history." Basically "revisionism" works from the premise of new information, or the use of additional information. Kenneth Stampp is a historic revisionist concerning the Civil War and the Reconstruction Period. In this 6 page discussion, we will examine the "new" data that he brings to light in his 1967 (and still being published) text, The Error of Reconstruction.

  • Plato's The Laws Summarized and Analyzed

    This is a 10 page paper summarizing and analyzing Plato’s “The Laws” on a chapter by chapter basis. Philosopher and educator Plato (427-347 B.C.E.) wrote extensively in general philosophy which he believed was the basis for the theory of education and political thought. Plato was greatly influenced by the philosophies of Socrates and in addition was critical about Athenian public life “which he presented as dominated by the rhetorical and poetical uses of language in the formation of policies and attitudes”. “The Laws” (360 B.C.E.) was Plato’s last and most extensive work and it reaffirms many of his arguments from previous works in regards to the practical politics of running a Republic. The central speaker is an “Athenian stranger” who gives “advice on the constitution of a proposed new city”. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • ICU Delirium

    A 5 page research paper that discusses delirium in the context of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Research addressing delirium in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) has been ongoing since the 1960s (Hartwick, 2003). However, despite all that has been learned over the past forty years, ICU patients continue to suffer from delirium and it continues to hinder recovery and healing. The complications of ICU delirium are shown by a specific case study reported by Harwick (2003). This case study illustrates how nursing care can directly impact the effects of delirium and it also underscores the importance of nursing education on this topic. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Human Resource Management and the Case of AXEON

    This 10 page paper is based on a case study supplied by the student. The paper is written in two parts, the first part considers the way in which different models of education may be seen with in the case study, looking at the theories of Maslow, Hertzberg and McGregor. The second part of the paper discusses the potential human resource management strategy which is in place, looking at the way in which the HRM practices manifest within the organization, what this may mean for the strategy of the human resource management taking place. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Robert Louis Stevenson's Autobiographical Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

    A 5 page essay that makes the point that on the surface, there is little to connect The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde to the events that make up the life of its author Robert Louis Stevenson. Jekyll was English; Stevenson was born in Scotland. Jekyll was a scientist, a doctor; Stevenson a lawyer by education and a writer by profession, and, of course, the fundamental premise of the novel, which is that Jekyll transforms into Hyde, is in the realm of science fiction. However, if one looks below the surface and consider this work for what it says about Stevenson's Victorian mindset, autobiographical aspects begin to emerge. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • U.S. Muslim Families

    4 pages in length. Muslim families began arriving in earnest in the mid 1960s with the intent to seek refuge from such atrocities as ethnic and religious persecution, Islamism, Anti-Islamism, civil and international wars and lack of education. Men and women alike hold jobs as doctors, lawyers and bankers, as well as local grocery store clerks and librarians. Indeed, the vast array of employment opportunities has not escaped Muslims in America. Attire of Muslim women is one of the most prominent of all customs, inasmuch as one is easily identified by the headscarf and fully covered body in flowing fabrics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Healthcare Administration Leadership

    A 3 page essay that justifies pursuing a doctorate degree in healthcare administration. Doctorate education in healthcare administration is formulated to aid in the creation of highly motivated, advanced healthcare leaders, who can effectively address the challenges of today's healthcare system, as well as shape effective public policy for the needs of the future (Doctor in HA). The challenges facing the U.S. healthcare system, as well as the healthcare systems in all Western, industrialized societies, are formidable. Effective leadership in healthcare administration is a crucial factor in meeting these challenges. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Dr. Sandra M. Finch's Dental Practice and Customers Role, Satisfaction, and Retention

    This is a 5 page paper discussing various suggestions and opportunities for customer satisfaction and retention in a dental practice. Assessment of the information available on the web site of Dr. Sandra Finch, D.M.D (, provides the reader with a good outline of the services available in her dental practice in White Rock, British Columbia. The web page gives background, education and training information about Dr. Finch herself under “Meet the Doctor” as well as other customer services areas such as “About the Practice”, “New Patient Information”, “Cosmetic Dentistry”, “Testimonials” and an email contact address under “Contact Us”. The importance of the customer/patient is emphasized throughout the web site and the invitation is also extended to welcome new patients. However, in order to retain her current patients and attract new patients, various customer relations procedures could be introduced which would provide a unique edge over the competition. These practices could include increased advertising through other areas of the media, public speeches to local social groups, customer satisfaction surveys, setting up a referral network, larger access through the web page, guaranteed appointment times and extended hours among other suggestions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 4 Major Child Abuse Types, Treatment, Prevention, and Statistics

    This is a 3 page paper discussing child abuse. The four types of child abuse: physical, sexual, emotional and neglect affects over 879,000 children in the United States on an annual basis. In the past decade, it has been found that over 3 million suspected cases are reported each year. Perpetrators of the abuse are parents, caregivers, babysitters, relatives, and foster parents among others. While the rates of male and female children are around the same, female children suffer four times the rate of sexual abuse than males. In addition to the annual rates of abuse, approximately 1,200 children die each year from abuse and neglect with 85% of child fatalities occurring in children under the age of six. Each year new prevention and treatment programs are developed on national and state levels in order to lessen the incidence of child abuse through support programs and education. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Theories, Policies, and Intervention Regarding Youth Suicide

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the theory, intervention and policies about youth suicide. Because of the increase in youth suicide in the United States in the last thirty years, researchers have provided cognitive theories in an attempt to describe the continuum which occurs in adolescents from negative emotions to depression to suicide ideation to eventually suicide. Once understood, parents, educators and counselling professionals try and implement intervention programs which are available to adolescents in school programs, outside counselling and hotlines to provide for all possible avenues of screening and intervention. Primary and secondary programs should be included in any policies implemented for the prevention of youth suicide starting with programming for youths at risk in the primary school level and continuing throughout the teen years allowing for proper education of counsellors and teachers in regards to the research available. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Hierarchical Structure Interrelationships as They Relate to Nursing Accountability

    A 4 page discussion of accountability in nursing. Contends that accountability is an integral component of all aspects of nursing. The nurse is, of course, above all accountable for the well-being of his or her patient but, with recent pressure from state legislators and higher education coordinating agencies, accountability is becoming a greater and greater emphasis of all aspects of nursing. In the case of student nurses, and indeed all levels of nurses, this accountability is channeled through a chain of command, a chain of accountability which can extend both upwards (through the institutional hierarchy), downwards (to the patient) and even sideways (to colleagues and other professionals) dependent on the organizational structure. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing and Computers

    The extent that computers have entered the world of nurses begins with education and includes almost all aspects of the work environment. The role of nurse in the health care industry will continue to be of value. The role of nurses is expanding and includes more responsibility as well as a need for a greater knowledge base. This 5 page paper asserts that the days when nurses believed they could avoid using computers and continue to do an excellent job of nursing are forever gone. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Philosophy and How It Developed

    Nursing did not consider "defining" itself until about twenty years ago. In 1980, The American Nursing Association published their official definition in a policy statement, which reads "nursing is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential health problems" (ANA, 1980, p.4). Each individual state may make some slight variation on the applicability of this definition, particularly in the area of continuing education. This 7 page discussion, however, will examine the basic philosophy of nursing which lies behind this general definition. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Values and Professionalism in Nursing

    A 5 page paper discussing development, preservation and advancement of nursing as a profession. Much of the focus of development of nursing over the past century has been on professionalism that has been based on theory and practice, while education, licensing and standards of care have addressed technical expertise requirements. Though true for any profession, that of nursing is not for everyone. Nursing requires a particular type of commitment and level of caring, which the paper discusses. JCAHO is seen as contributing to the overall trend. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Neuman Systems Model

    A 12 page research paper that examines this model. Nursing theorist Betty Neuman’s Systems Model Theory is one of the most widely utilized model of nursing being used today. This critique of Neuman’s model draws on literature in order to offer an extensive overview of its theoretical structure and its subsequent utility in regards to nursing practice, education, research and administration. This evaluation will also consider pluralism, ethical considerations and gender bias, as well as strengths and weaknesses, when discussing Neuman’s model in regards to achieving nursing goals. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing Need to Delegate

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the need for RNs to delegate tasks to unlicensed assistive personnel. While unlicensed assistive personnel (UAPs) are available in a number of clinical environments, overworked and harried registered nurses (RNs) will frequently fail to take full advantage of the capabilities of UAPs by not delegating tasks. Buerhaus, et al (2002) point out that nursing education should include instruction in delegation as part of clinical management precisely so that nurses will become more comfortable with this skill. The ability to delegate effectively is needed in order to oversee the non-RN nursing workforce that will inevitably be required in order to maintain sufficient level so patient care (Buerhaus, et al, 2002). Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pain Management and Nursing Involvement Increases

    A 19 page paper divided into 14.5 pages of text and 4.5 pages of annotated bibliography discussing augmenting the nurse's role in pain management among the elderly within the nursing home setting. Pain among the elderly has been seen more as an unfortunate fact of life in the past, but current approaches to pain management and pain education appear to be beneficial, leading to less dependence on pharmaceuticals and less cost to the elderly as a result. When combined with a higher quality of life, nondrug pain management appears to be worthwhile. The Harvard-style annotated bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Nursing Application Degree Essay

    A 3 page nursing degree program essay. The essay stresses motivation and dedication as strengths, and lack of knowledge of nursing theory and the means of putting it into practice as weaknesses. The applicant states, “I seek to augment the knowledge and experience I already possess with learning on levels I have not visited before. Additional training and education can enable me to further contribute to the nursing profession and benefit patients, and I am eager for the opportunity to gain that knowledge and training.” Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Angina Pectoris From a Nursing Perspective

    An 11 page paper discussing angina from a nursing perspective. Angina pectoris can be regarded as an 'early warning system' heralding cardiovascular disease, but it also is a condition that itself needs to be managed. Treated angina results in far fewer occurrences of myocardial infarction (MI) than untreated angina. Patients know that the possibility of MI is great after they are diagnosed with angina, and nurse-led care programs are highly effective in providing quality patient education as well as alleviating patients' fears. This paper reviews the condition and discusses nurse-led management of it. Includes a 3-page outline and an abstract. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • MSN and ANP Degrees

    This 3 page paper provides a response to some of the following questions: 1. What is the difference between baccalaureate and graduate-degree education with regard to autonomy? Why is it important to identify clinical or practice experts to help you achieve your Practicum learning objectives? Why must MSN students have MSN mentors? 2. What is advanced nursing practice (ANP), as you understand it? What do you believe the role will be for advanced practice nurses in five to ten years? Please share the titles and educational preparation that your State Board of Nursing recognizes as APRN? Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Culture and Principles of Psychology

    An 11 page paper that begins by discussing the difficulties of defining the concept of culture. The writer then discusses cultural psychologists and some authors' opinion that the approach to studying culture is unsystematic. Two unsystematic approaches are explained and three typical orientations to studying culture in psychology are also explained. Three examples are provided to illustrate the need for cultural competence, two in business and one in education. The write concludes with further comments about cultural psychology and the need for more research before psychologists will know how psychological principles can be applied in different cultures. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • 21st Century Nursing

    This 18 page paper first provides a section on changes in the health care industry, with a focus on the health care delivery system. Various laws are examined, such as COBRA, ERISA and the Social Security Act. The second half of the paper consists of an examination of the nursing profession and how it will likely change in light of trends in the health care industry. The role of the nurse is seen in relation to education, changes in technology and the advent of managed care. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser and the Opinions of Freire and Thoman

    7 pages in length. Critically analyzing Eric Schlosser's "Fast Food Nation" based upon the opinions of Thoman and Freire enables one to better understand the extent to which Schlosser's concept is adopted – sometimes subtly, other times more obviously – throughout the vastness of academic psychology. Clearly, the fundamental purpose of Schlosser's book is to illustrate how homogenized society has become in direct relation to the fast food mentality; as such, contemporary education has been unwittingly drawn into the downward spiral of this existence, serving to deny students the ability to apply self-determination rather than coercion, intentionality rather than reaction, creativity rather than homogeneity and rationality rather than chance. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Erik Erikson: Biography and Theory

    20 pages in length. Erik Homberger Erikson, born near Frankfort, Germany in 1902, was the son of Danish parents whose collective aspirations amounted to a tremendous impact upon better understanding human behavior. The foundation of Erikson's prolific influence upon mankind's developmental activities began in an unconventional manner by virtue of art and language courses when one might readily expect him to be immersed within the bounty of science studies more indicative of his ultimate contributions. His distaste for conventional education compelled him to glean a more worldly instruction as only life experiences can provide; as such, he eschewed formal schooling and went to Europe. Erikson's intersection with psychology arrived when he began as an art instructor for American children whose parents traveled to obtain Freud's enlightenment in Vienna. From there he attended the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute, which led the way for his entrance into America and ultimate status as the first child analyst of Boston; a position at Harvard Medical School soon followed with others at Berkeley, Yale and the Menninger Foundation. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Interdisciplinary Unit on Earth Day

    This is a 4 page paper that begins with a general introduction of the need for children to understand the dangers to the earth. The unit, which is appropriate for grades 2 and 3, begins with an explanation of how Earth Day originated and why. Activities for this unit are outlined under multiple headings to provide an interdisciplinary unit. The headings are: Reading/Literature/Writing/Science/Environmental Health and Science/Environmental Education/Math/Writing/Reading/Art/Music. The essay also includes a brief outline of which Pennsylvania standards are included in the activities. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Eleventh Grade Mathematics Teachers in the State of New York

    A 4 page paper discussing the benefits of entering education as an 11th grade math teacher in New York State. If one author is correct and there is no shortage when the price increases, then it is conceivable that the field will be more competitive in several years as salaries increase. At present, governments at all levels face budgetary constraints and it is unlikely that New York will be able to increase salaries to the point that supply of math teachers can fill the demand. It is an extremely good time to be seeking a job as a math teacher in New York State. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Personal Philosophy of Nursing

    A 3 page essay that offers a template for a student nurse to use in writing about his/her personal nursing philosophy. A nurse’s beliefs “regarding humanity, values, the nature of nursing, the focus of nursing, the goals of practice and the focus of nursing research and education” collectively formulate a personal philosophy of nursing that informs and shapes that particular nurse’s practice behaviors (Courier, 2008). As a medical profession, nursing knowledge draws upon the related scientific fields (CSUB, 2006). However, nursing also goes beyond the medical model of healthcare delivery to stress humanistic, caring qualities that address the emotional, psychological side of human experience, as well as physiological needs. The purpose of the following essay is to provide a guide to a nursing student that can aid that student in describing his or her own personal philosophy of nursing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Issues, Problems, and Solutions Regarding Nursing Shortages

    This is a 12 page paper discussing the current nursing shortage issues and proposed solutions within the profession. The United States is currently undergoing a nursing shortage which is expected to continue until the year 2020. Reasons for the shortage have been reported as: an ageing nursing population; an ageing and decreasing nursing education population; less than competitive salaries in the nursing profession; poor recruitment programs; an increase in the overall population of the United States; an increase in the number of patients due to the ageing baby boomer population; and, individuals in modern society living longer due to new technologies and treatments. The nursing shortage affects the nursing profession in a number of different ways in that nursing managers are trying to find ways to organize, retain and satisfy their current nursing workforce during a time of crisis while at the same time trying to organize new incentives and recruitment strategies to once again build the profession. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Applications of Orthopedic Sports Medicine

    12 pages in length. The field of orthopedic sports medicine has become a uniquely specialized occupation due to the intricate and often repetitive damage that occurs from sports-related injuries. Once having been incorporated as a part of regular medicine, the need was highly warranted for a separate entity as a means by which to deal with the special problems inherent to orthopedic sports medicine. It is not unusual to find lay people and those with sports injuries themselves becoming involved as both trainers and support personnel, proving to be particularly effective when working toward a degree in Health and Physical Education. The writer discusses orthopedic sports medicine as it relates to academic and practical application. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Advanced Clinical Psychology Degree POS, PDP And PSLP

    11 pages in length. Altruism lives deep in my heart; as such, guiding those who require special assistance has long been a prominent goal for my life's work. Intermingling this objective within both my personal and professional lives has allowed me greater freedom to pursue this objective inasmuch as the passion to achieve carries over from one back to the other; never is there a rift between them whereby I am restricted to cultivate a greater understanding through education and application because I am compelled to "leave it at the door" in a personal sense. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sports Coverage and the Media II

    In this well-reasoned 6 page essay, the writer discusses what the media's ethical responsibilities should be in covering sports-related issues & events and how these measure up with reality. It is argued that the media spends too much time influencing the opinions of fans while it should really be providing objective news. Ultimately, the media's poor coverage of sports helps ruin the private lives of athletes, creates dishonesty among players & coaches, and in the specific case of college sports,-- helps draw the spotlight away from education itself. Recommended ideas about what the media should be doing are presented. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Physical Education Instruction and Growth Patterns of Children

    A 5 page research paper that looks at how growth patterns in children should affect PE and sports instruction. Achieving optimum growth and development is one of the primary concerns of physical education instruction. To meet these goals, the adults who instruct school age children need to be cognizant of what constitutes normal growth patterns and also be aware of the ways in which growing children differ from adult norms. Adults should be aware of what constitutes good nutrition for children, and also the possible impact of strenuous sports training on children's growth potential. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • New England and English Puritans

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the Puritans in England and New England. The Puritans were originally known as non-conformists to the Church of England (or the Anglican Church in America) in that they stripped away much of the administrative hierarchy, “popery”, religious symbols and icons to the basic belief that only God could make religious ministers and that the Bible was the “Lord’s revealed word”. Because much of their religion was based on the interpretation and understanding of the Bible, Puritan leaders were well educated scholars and also promoted education in their communities. While many Puritans came over from England in the early 1600s with the Pilgrims, more joined the new communities when the Act of Uniformity was passed in England in 1662 which dismissed and punished any ministers not conforming to the guidelines of the Church of England and using the Book of Common Prayer. Once in New England the Puritans began to established authoritarian communities under their leaders and also established many of the educational school systems still in existence today. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Poetry, Art, and Music Creativity

    A 9 page research paper that investigates the topic of artistic creativity. The standard cultural myth about creativity is that "Only artists have creativity and creativity is rare" (Epstein, 1996, p. 41). Creativity is part of human existence. Rather than being rare, creativity seems innate to human experience as every human culture, throughout history, has devised its own art, music and storytelling traditions, either oral or written. Empirical research verifies what insightful people appear to have realized throughout the ages, which is that creativity is the result of education and work, learning and building on the creations of others, and then filtering that knowledge through the prism of personal experience and individuality. In short, this discussion proposes that creativity is a distinct cognitive process that is common to all endeavors, which includes music, art and poetry. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A Discussion of Caretakers of Our Common House by Carol Lakey Hess

    This is a 6 page paper discussing Hess’ “Caretakers of Our Common House”. Carol Lakey Hess’ “Caretakers of Our Common House: Women’s Development in Communities of Faith” studies not only areas connected with faith, theology and women’s experience but also the various aspects in the difference of female socialization in regards to “caring and connection” and how this relates to theological interpretation. The idea of the practice of faith within communities relates to Hess’ argument that separation and connection is obtained through “hard dialogues and deep connections” in which girls and women care be nurtured to be caretakers of their “own house” (self) as well as the “common house” (the community of faith). Women, through conversational education and strong leadership in the religious community can overcome the generations of gender socialization which have largely led to men as powerful and women as servile, caring, and supportive which has resulted in women “losing themselves” to societal roles. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • An 18 Year Old Male's Sexual History

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the sexual history of an eighteen year old boy. In the United States, by the time a teenage boy has reached the age of eighteen, he has had over a decade of sexual education. At about the age of 8 or 10, research has shown that boys and girls are aware of sexual intercourse and the other sexual options used such as anal or oral sex among others. In addition, at around this age, boys become aware of the sexual development and interest of others in their peer group. On average, teenage boys start being sexually active at the age of 13 or 14 after which they begin experimenting with the different options available in which they can obtain higher degrees of satisfaction from sex. By the time most teenagers reach grade twelve, they have had over six different sexual partners. Teenage boys also report having sex for pleasure and not necessarily intimacy; explore more sexual options; have more liberal sexual attitudes; and, are not as concerned as girls about protected sex despite their knowledge of the importance of protected sex. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Education, Special Needs Individuals' Rights, and the Law

    An 11 page overview of the diversity of considerations which are reflected in the laws, court decisions, and legislation pertaining to the rights of people with special needs. The author provides a detailed summary of several of these considerations and emphasizes that applications range from addressing the needs of individuals with physical disabilities to addressing the needs of individuals with specific cultural characteristics which make special educational provisions a necessity. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Education Law New Jersey v. T.L.O. Analyzed

    This 3 page paper evaluates the case. The facts of the case are provided. The fourth amendment is defined and applied to the case. Arguments for either side are included as well. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Culture, Demographics and Socioeconomics of the Black American Family

    This is a 6 page paper discussing the demographic, socio-economic and cultural characteristics of African American families. Studies of demographic, socio-economic and cultural characteristics of African American families and communities have shown that overall, African Americans report lower incomes, lower education, higher unemployment and poverty rates, and higher mortality and suicide rates than most White communities in the United States. All of these factors have improved over the last decade and unemployment was reported at an all time low in the last U.S. Census. Despite these adversities however, a large percentage of African American families have succeeded in their educational and professional careers. It is believed that this “resilience” is enhanced by several cultural support characteristics which exist within the African American families and their communities. Most African Americans have reported that their most difficult challenges are based on racism and oppressive factors rather than factors which relate to their family or socio-economic status. Racism, oppression, and segregation are also believed to be some of the primary differences in the mortality and suicide rates in the African American population from the white population. In social science studies and in relation to agencies which wish to establish social support groups to help African American families, all of the cultural, socio-economic, and demographic differences must be taken into account. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing Profession and Teamwork

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the change in teamwork in the nursing profession. Teamwork within the nursing profession has changed a great deal within the last fifty years. Team nursing was a common structure in patient health care but took many of the registered nurses (RNs) away from patient care and into administrative work leading to job dissatisfaction in nurses and leaving lesser skilled workers such as licenced practical nurses (LPNs) and aides with patient care. When primary care nursing was introduced, RNs were once again in charge of patient care but were left with little administrative representation until the introduction of nursing executives which allowed for nurses to become active members on the administrative teams. Today, patient-focused health care requires multidisciplinary teams which include not only physicians, nurses and aides but also physical therapists, occupational therapists and the patient in regards to decision making about patient care. The nurse has become a vital member of the patient-focused team because the nurse becomes the team leader and liaison between the patient and the rest of the team based on the nurse’ high level of contact with the patient. This allows the nurse to not only utilize health care skills learned through his or her education but also increases the area of responsibility to include important aspects of communication necessary in a successful team environment. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Math Assessment, Authentic Assessment Programs, and Inconsistencies

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the interpretative and inconsistent nature of math assessment and possible authentic assessment programs. Several issues relate to the inconsistent and interpretative nature of math assessment within the educational curricula today. Firstly, on a national basis, studies reveal the range in attitudes in regards to importance math assessment has in the overall educational curriculum. While math assessment is often mentioned, its importance does not seem as highly weighted as other aspects of assessment of school performance. Secondly, within the school systems themselves, teachers in mathematics vary a great deal in their teaching practices which can affect assessment; perception of their students’ abilities based on social factors and past performance; perception of the importance of national and consistent assessment; and desired learning outcomes. There are many educational assessment tools which are available. However, assessment tools vary in regards to their expense, time, and curriculum considerations which can affect whether or not the tool can be usefully applied. One of the goals of the U.S. educational system is be “the first in the world in mathematics and science achievement” and some educational programs are trying to fulfill this goal by not only developing consistent national education and assessment programs but programs which are comparative on an international scale, such as that found within the International Baccalaureate Program (IB). Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Keeping Art In Public Schools

    11 pages in length. It has long been realized how the infusion of creativity serves to enhance the overall level of intelligence; as such, students who are in public schools with active arts programs stand to benefit from the synergistic alliance between creativity and intelligence, a coupling that is being threatened by budget cuts and teacher shortages. To attend public school without the advantage of including art is placing students in an environment without culture; clearly, maintaining a schedule of math, science and English does not fulfill the requirements of a well-rounded education. In short, the presence of art programs in public schools "raises SAT scores; improves reading, math, and spatial skills; increases overall academic performance; and builds self-esteem, self-discipline, creativity, community cohesion, and greater tolerance for difference" (Gee 9). As the author points out, the mixed nature of art helps to bridge the divide student populations have with accepting diversity in their lives. With so much being excised from today's public schools, taking away art programs does nothing short of jeopardize the broad-based knowledge that affords greater knowledge, better opportunities and a sense of accomplishment. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Bolman and Deal's Theories as they relate to School Systems

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the primary management practices within the school system in the context of Bolman and Deal’s four organizational frames. Bolman and Deal’s text “Reframing Organizations” (2003) deals with the concepts of frames within the workplace which employs the “usable knowledge” available from a management perspective and also addresses the failures within organizations “due to lack of imagination”. Organizations are broken into the four conceptual “frames” of structural, human resources, political and symbolic which account for the various aspects of planning, staffing, organizing, directing and controlling within any organization. The management functions within school systems can also work within these frames as they include all of the same vital components which must be managed and maintained as within corporations. A study published by Souchet (2001) is used to show the management practices within the school system in regards to the role of a principal within a small urban setting in the Mid-Western United States. The school principal within the school setting is “also known as the middle manager and the site administrator” in organizational terms and is considered as the major managerial influence within the school as he or she must determine “whether the education is effective or ineffective, whether morale is high or low, whether the school climate is positive or negative; whether personnel are satisfied or dissatisfied; whether students achieve or don’t achieve; whether parents and the public are cooperative or uncooperative; and whether there is effective or ineffective management and leadership”. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Political Power, Supernatural Rituals and Anthropology

    This is a 4 page paper discussing supernatural rituals and political power, misunderstanding and civilization, and individualism within American culture. Three central ideas within modern day anthropology are discussed, namely: the political functions of supernatural rituals; the misunderstanding of civilization; and, the core values of American culture in relation to the unequal distribution of wealth and the public education system. Supernatural rituals have a political function which can be twofold: those who are influential within the religious structure in society carry that power beyond the ritual itself; and, politically, those who wish the support of a large population within society can align themselves with a religious group. Misunderstanding and illusions for truth are part of the realizations of a young daughter in Barbara Kingsolver’s novel “The Poisonwood Bible” but these ideas are applied to anyone’s idea of his or her own civilization which becomes wholly dependent and built on one society but is inapplicable to another. Finally, the idea of “individualism” within the United States has become so profound that those who are wealthy within the U.S. (including the government itself) have done little for those who are less fortunate. This is well reflected in the high poverty rates in the country and the public school system which is unable to meet the basic needs of its citizens. Bibliography lists 5 sources.


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