Research Papers on Mixed Issues in Western Civilization

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Akhenaten: Heretic Not Religious

    6 pages in length. While at first glance it may appear as though Akhenaten took his father's teachings and built upon them so as to enrich the lives of his people, he actually distorted the fundamental value of what Amenhotep III had taught him by altering the foundation of Egyptian piety with an unexpected and unprecedented display of extremism. Whether he misinterpreted through ignorance or purposely misconstrued his father's idea of establishing a living sun god, it can readily be argued how Akhenaten placed the entire society into a state of disbelief when he proclaimed Aten the one and only god to be worshipped, casting aside all the others as no longer belonging to the Egyptian civilization, disregarding best interests of his constituency in the process. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Placing a Historical Value on 'The Iliad' by Homer

    A 7 page paper which analyzes the epic poem from a historical context, considering if the events depicted are real, if the information can be verified, and examines the author’s intentions for writing the poem. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Placing a Historical Value on 'The Iliad' by Homer

    A 7 page paper which analyzes the epic poem from a historical context, considering if the events depicted are real, if the information can be verified, and examines the author’s intentions for writing the poem. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • European History and Religion from the Sixteenth Century to Today

    This 6 page paper provides three sections with timelines of significant events in European history as it relates to religion. A summary section is also included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Law of Greece

    8 pages in length. Greek law evolved as a necessary means by which to regulate society's behavior. What had up until then been left up to the whims of each individual to handle on his own was now a product of fair and sensible legal procedure. It can be argued that there was, indeed, a great need for such a show of order in that there existed no modicum of conformity when it came to retribution. As Greek law continued to be established, it also became an integral component of other areas of life, branching out into political and social implications. The writer discusses Greek Law in relation to the Sumerians; Egyptians; Hebraics; Hellenics; the Classical, Roman and Christian periods; as well as Cicero, Augustine, Plato and Aristotle. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Patron Rights and Early Law

    A 5 page paper discussing the relationship between the Digest that was part of the Corpus Iuris Civilis ordered recorded by Emperor Justinian of the early Byzantine Empire, c. 534. Only two Articles of the body of civil law of the Empire are examined here (Articles XIV and XV), but their relationship to the evolution of the lord and serf relationship of medieval Europe is clear. Remarkably, they even retain applicability to life today. Ariticles XIV and XV address the rights of the patron and the obedience to parents and patrons required of children who were under the age of majority, which at that time was 25. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Family and Roman Law

    A 5 page paper which examines to what extent Roman families actually upheld, or contradicted, the laws of Rome concerning family. No sources cited: no bibliography due to the fact that the material was faxed in and offered no actual source.

  • Ancient Civilizations and Geography

    This 5 page paper explains how geography played a role in terms of politics, economics and culture in both Ancient Greece and Rome. Many aspects are discussed inclusive of the effects of weather, terrain and natural disasters. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • History, Development, and Geography's Influence

    This is a 5 page paper discussing geography’s influence on history. Geography has a great impact on history, development, and social, cultural, religious and political affiliations. Historically, regions with geographical advantageous positions, such as those with access to navigable waterways have led other areas in regards to exploration, market economy and development. Geographically, Britain provides an excellent example of the advantages of a land with fertile soil, navigable waterways and a long coastline with natural harbors. This led England to exploration and navigation which in turn led them to other lands which they could develop. Other regions with water access also gained a great deal in trade and exploration. New lands which were developed were also those which were easily accessible, had irritable soil, and navigable waterways. Lands which did not have these geographically preferred features were largely neglected unless they were geophysically blessed with natural resources such as oil or gold. Today geography still plays an essential influence on the historical affiliations of many peoples who despite political, religious or international alliances are still mostly affected with their geographical locale. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Egypt and Mesopotamia: Geography

    A 3 page paper which examines the geographical influence on the political and intellectual outlooks of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Impact of Geography on the Development of City-States in Mesopotamia and the Nile River Valley

    This 3 page paper discusses the impact the geography – specifically the rivers – had on the development of civilization in ancient Mesopotamia and the Nile River Valley. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Compare and Contrast: The US and Great Britain

    This 5 page paper compares and contrasts the United States and Great Britain, using the book Countries and Concepts: Politics, Geography, Culture by Michael Roskin as its primary reference. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Rome and Pax Romana

    (5 pp) " Civilized man from Scotland to Persia paid his taxes into the same treasury, was tried by the same law, was protected by the same armies, and enjoyed a profound and real peace-the PAX ROMANA- more than at any other time. This achievement was made possible on one hand by geography and on the other hand by able diplomacy, generalship, organization, government, and character." Those who had known Rome intimately were not so rational either in their praise or in the lament of her decline. We will look at some of those comments in this discussion. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Writing and its History

    A 10 page paper which gives an historical overview of the history of writing, beginning with the hieroglyphics and progressing to present day. Discusses such achievements as Gutenberg's printing press and the creation of punctuation. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • A Dictionary History

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the "invention" of dictionaries, their evolution over time, and their role in the development of human communication. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • Book II of the History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides

    A 5 page paper which offers biographical notes on the author, and analyzes why this work is important, with a critique of the material included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Aloe's History and Use

    A 10 page paper which presents an examination of the history and the uses of the aloe plant. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • History of Europe

    A 9 page paper which addresses there specific topics in European history. The paper examines why Britain's attempts to colonize America were unsuccessful, John Locke contribute to the development of a progressive theory of history, and the similarities and differences between British and French colonization. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Social History and Sexuality

    A 6 page paper discussing the use of the study of sex and scandal in defining a society or culture of the past. The study of attitudes toward sex and scandal in any society can help inform social definition, but it also needs to be undertaken with some caveats. Using the study of sex and scandal to help further define any society of the past is a valid pursuit. However, those choosing that route must make allowances for the social and linguistic customs and patterns in which events not only occurred, but also in which they were recorded. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Political Institutions Shaped by the History of Western Europe

    This 6 page paper looks at European history and how it has affected Europe as it is known today. An emphasis is placed on politics. Communism is discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Agriculture's Development History

    This 8 page paper discusses the development of agriculture by primitive man. The areas of the New World and the Fertile Crescent are compared and contrasted in their development of farming. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • English Drama and its History

    A 5 page paper which examines the history of English drama up to 1600. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ancient History and Interactions Across Cultures

    An 8 page paper which examines some of the cross-cultural interactions in the pre-classical, the classical, and the post-classical periods. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • How Pre History Shaped America

    A 5 page paper discussing the ways in which the first to arrive in America between 20,000 and 30,000 years ago have served to shape today’s American civilization and national culture. The paper discusses the resolve that they certainly must have had in leaving everything known for everything unknown, then using in the new places only those things available to them in the new environment. Asian cultures are enigmatic in their reverence for their ancestors, and it remains a fact that Westerners often dismiss. Ancestry does direct the paths of the future, however. Our pre-history, Renaissance and colonial ancestry well serves the world’s only “mongrel” country, one made up of many ancestral strains, all of which have proven to represent magnificent stock. The paper also includes a discussion of American reaction to Pearl Harbor and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Marco Polo, Herodotus, and Their Histories

    A 5 page paper which examines the historical presentations offered in Herodotus’ “Histories” and Marco Polo’s “The Travels of Marco Polo.” No additional sources cited.

  • Disputes and Western Civilization History

    A 3 page paper which examines whether the disputes of Western Civilization were fought because of conflicts over territory or ideas. The works cited are Margaret L. Mead’s “Western Civilization: A Social and Cultural History” and Jackson J. Spielvogel’s “Western Civilization: A Brief History.” No additional sources cited.

  • The Balkans A Short History by Mark Mazower

    5 pages in length. Mazower works diligently to teach his readers to differentiate between the Balkans as a geographical entity and the Balkans as the epitome of violence amidst chaos. Author and professor of history at Princeton, Mazower illustrates the source of such strife as being two important points: 1) nationalism and 2) the perpetual imbalance between cultural and religious existence forced upon them by Eastern and Western Europe. No additional sources cited.

  • Political and Social History of Greece

    A 3 page paper which examines various aspects of Greek history as it involves social and political rule. The paper examines monarchy, democracy, oligarchy, aristocracy, and tyranny. Source used was faxed from a textbook by the student and has no bibliographic information.

  • Analyzing A History of the World in 10 1/2 Chapters by Julian Barnes

    This 4 page paper presents an analysis of this unique and startling fictional account of the history of the world, illuminating its commentary on spirituality and human nature. Furthermore, this paper examines this work in light of other great works of literature, such as the book of Genesis, Augustine's "Confessions", Freud's "Civilization and its Discontents", and others. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Western Civilization Historical Periods

    A 3 page paper which defines and examines Renaissance, Reformation, Enlightenment, and Scientific Revolution as they influenced the development of Western civilization. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Ancient History's Contemporary Social Influence

    A 5 page paper which examines how ancient history in Egypt, China, Greece, and India have influenced our societies. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Contemporary Actions and the Predeterminant of History

    A 4 page contention that our actions today are often determined by decisions that we made well back into the chapters of history. Indeed, even if we consider such gross aspects of our lives as our politics and our religions we see that this is indeed the case. One of the more interesting examples that supports this contention is the Renaissance. We are still feeling the reverberations of this historical period today, over six centuries since its advent. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Fifteenth to Seventeenth Centuries' English Feasting History

    An 18 page paper which examines the history of feasting in England from the 15th to the 17th centuries. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Major Changes in World History, 1900-1990

    This 4 page paper examines three major changes that occurred in world history from 1900 through 1990. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Medieval Culture and its History

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of the skills needed for nurses to be effective in the modern healthcare enviornment. In particular, this paper integrates a view of leadership skills and their role in shaping the focus for nurses, particularly in the hospital setting. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History of Western Civilization

    A 14 page paper which discusses 5 different aspects of the history of Western civilization. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Modernity and History

    A 5 page essay/research paper that looks at modernity. The writer addresses the question of when modernity began (which is debatable), why it began and how, but also discusses whether this was a good or bad development. The writer argues in favor of modernity. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Egyptian Literature, Indus Valley, and Feudalism

    A 4 page paper which examines Egyptian literature, the Indus Valley civilization, and the characteristics of feudalism. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Alan Hodge and Robert Graves' The Long Weekend

    A 4 page analysis of the themes of sports, nudism, and literature in “The Long Weekend” by Alan Hodge and Robert Graves. No additional sources cited.

  • Pyramid Constructions and Mathematical Applications by the Ancient Egyptians

    In 12 pages, the author discusses how the ancient Egyptians used mathematics to build the pyramids. . It is apparent that mathematics was used in the building of the ancient pyramids of Egypt. One only has to look at the size, the dimensions, and the structure of the pyramids to understand this concept. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Ancient Rome and Sports

    A 6 page paper which examines the purpose of sports during the Roman Empire, specifically animal hunts, gladiator games, and chariot races. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Arab Seafaring by George Hourani

    7 pages in length. The vastness of George Hourani's "Arab Seafaring" explores well beyond the standardized version of sea trade history and its eventual impact upon the world; rather, this particular historic rendering takes myriad other elements into account when describing one of the most important episodes in commerce. While the author does, indeed, address the fundamental aspects of sea trade history as it relates to the time before Christ, the Arabs, the Indian Ocean and ultimately to China and East Africa, one might readily argue that the much more interesting components of Hourani's account stem from his detailed descriptions of other heretofore undisclosed content, such as travel particulars, geographic interests, meteorology and highly illustrative visual images of the very vessels that made these seafaring journeys over and over again. Also integral to the overall comprehensiveness of Hourani's book is the impact of lighthouses, maritime handbooks and other invaluable guiding instruments, as well as that of piracy and everyday sea life upon the sailors. Unquestionably, Arab Seafaring is one of the most exhaustive accounts of its kind that paints a complete and detailed literary picture of what it meant to be involved with seafaring commerce during these centuries. No additional sources cited.

  • San Marco, Venice's Artistic and Musical Humanism During the Renaissance

    A 12 page paper that provides a comprehensive overview of the significant features of the art and music of San Marco, Venice during the Renaissance era and considers the relationship between the art and the ideal of humanism. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • African History: The Bible and Africa

    A 10 page paper which examines the history of Africa through the Bible. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Music of Ancient Greece and Rome

    This 7 page paper looks at Ancient Greek and Roman music with a particular emphasis on the instruments they used. New research is shown to indicate that people who lived in earlier times were more sophisticated than once thought, even playing similar instruments and employing comparable techniques. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Galileo's Defense in His Letter to the Duchess

    5 page analytical review of an infamous letter from Galileo to the Dutchess in his own defense (many accused him of disrespecting principles set forth in the bible). Please send e-mail to request more information. No Bibliography.

  • Theories of the Egyptian Pyramids

    This 9 page paper outlines how the Egyptian pyramids were built by credible sources and explores nonconventional theories as well. Information about mathematics used by the Egyptians is included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Social History and Sexuality

    A 6 page paper discussing the use of the study of sex and scandal in defining a society or culture of the past. The study of attitudes toward sex and scandal in any society can help inform social definition, but it also needs to be undertaken with some caveats. Using the study of sex and scandal to help further define any society of the past is a valid pursuit. However, those choosing that route must make allowances for the social and linguistic customs and patterns in which events not only occurred, but also in which they were recorded. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Ancient Civilizations: Greece and Rome Compared

    This 9 page paper discusses the government and culture of ancient Greece and Rome. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Roman Catapults

    A 5 page paper which looks at the history of the Roman Catapults. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Pope's Elephant by Bendini

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the book but focuses on the wealth accumulated by European monarchy during the sixteenth century. The significance of the elephant is also discussed. No additional sources cited.

  • Italian Food/Breads & Dessert

    A 3 page research paper that describes various Italian dishes and their history. The writer focuses on pasta, pizza, and 2 desserts. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Caesar Germanicus

    A 7 page paper discussing Lord Acton's famous quote, "Power corrupts & absolute power corrupts absolutely," in relation to Caius Julius Caesar Germanicus. The writer analyzes his reign and puts forth the theory that he exemplified Acton's quote, as well as Rome's failure to prevent this. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • 1100 to 1250 Western Europe and Processes of Metal Working

    This 6 page paper considers the main metalworking techniques used in Western Europe during the period c.1100-1250 AD including a discussion on metalwork techniques that also involve the use of other materials such as enamels. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Aloofness and Human Disinterest of the Greek Gods

    A 5 page paper which examines the religious beliefs of the Greeks in relationship to the gods. The paper focuses on how the Greek gods were essentially uninterested in the doings of humans. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cleopatra VII

    This 5 page paper discusses the actions and decisions of Cleopatra, and why she behaved as she did. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Myths and Legends Surrounding Vampires

    A 6 page discussion of vampires of legend and the threats which those vampires may present even today. Some contend they are simply folklore while other contend that they wander the earth even today as estranged souls, separated from the living by their own immortality. Fiction, fantasy, cultism, or reality? The author of this paper leaves that decision for you to make. Suggested for consideration, however, is the premise that the threat of vampires may have little to do with losing our souls to the living dead, that perhaps it has more to do with allowing the circumstances of the time to control our thoughts and our emotions. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 17th Century Heroic Scientists

    A 5 page research paper that examines the scientific achievements of the seventeenth century. The writer discusses the significance of this era and how it ushered in a new paradigm for looking at nature and the world. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Forms of Athenian Government

    A 5 page paper which examines the four forms of Athenian government (monarchy, aristocracy, democracy and oligarchy) and then compares Athenian democracy with American democracy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Impracticality of Direct Democracy

    This 3 page paper argues that direct democracy is impractical and looks at the concept historically. Ancient history is disused as well as how classic authors viewed the concept. Athenian democracy is compared to the representative democracy that exists today. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Athenian Imperialism and Democracy

    This 3 page paper considers the correlation between Athenian Democracy and Athenian Imperialism in the fifth and fourth centuries. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Ancient Egyptian Pyramids

    This 3 page paper describes some of the characteristics of the ancient Egyptian pyramids. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Leonardo da Vinci as a Renaissance Man Par Excellence

    In five pages this paper discusses how the theoretical, scientific, and artistic achievements of Leonardo da Vinci epitomize the ideals of the Renaissance. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Aloe's History and Use

    A 10 page paper which presents an examination of the history and the uses of the aloe plant. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Religions of Ancient Egypt

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of this issue. The communities of Ancient Egypt from the 1st to the 18th dynasties were highly defined by an emerging sense of public representations of religion. Prior to the 1st dynasty, approximately 4000 B. C., religion was not an imperative component of the public administration of communities, but this changed around 3050 BC, and resulted in the progression of established religious practices and religious ideals that were prevalent for the next 17 dynasties. Though substantial changes occurred over the span of the time between the 1st and 18th dynasties, the resulting views of religion relative to the progression of Egyptian society demonstrates the importance of the base of religion in the 1st dynasty. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Ancient Egypt and What it Means to Be Part of an Empire

    A 3 page paper which examines whether or not it was greatly beneficial to nations to be a part of the great Egyptian empire. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Nile River of Ancient Egypt

    A 3 page paper which examines ancient life on the Nile River in Egypt. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ancient Egyptians

    An 8 page paper on the ancient Egyptians. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Comparing the Empire of Ancient Rome with Ancient Greece

    This 4 page paper compares Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, looking at the different cultures comparing social structure, politics, religion, economies and terrain. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Ancient Rome's Legal System

    Rome has influence many subsequent societies. This 6 page paper considers how the legal system developed in Rome, with the concept of rights and the doctrine of innocent until proven guilty. The paper starts with the period of the kings and the rule of life and continues through the recording of law in the twelve tablets. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • The Impact of Geography on the Development of City-States in Mesopotamia and the Nile River Valley

    This 3 page paper discusses the impact the geography – specifically the rivers – had on the development of civilization in ancient Mesopotamia and the Nile River Valley. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Roman Society and Culture in The Twelve Caesars by Suetonius

    A 5 page essay that looks at what can be learned about Roman culture from this ancient document.

  • 264 BC to 133 BC Roman Empire

    A 3 page paper which examines how Rome achieved its empire from 264 BC to 133 BC. The text used was faxed in by student. The author and text title is unknown.

  • Roman Cultural Life and Architecture: Analysis and Interpretation

    In six pages this paper examines the Roman way of life and and then considers how two architectural works – the Pantheon and the Colosseum – reflect Roman culture, with detailed description, analysis, and interpretation included. Six sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Is Maria Teresa Tula's Thinking Still Relevant?

    A 5 page paper discussing the generalizability of resistance to political oppression in the New World and in the East. In Hear My Testimony, author Maria Teresa Tula provides an account of the struggle for human rights in her native El Salvador. The purpose here is to examine the historical origins of that struggle and to determine whether the work reflects world historical forces of the non western world. The paper concludes that though results in abuses of human rights take similar forms, the historical origin of extremism in the New World and in old civilizations of Asia are greatly different. The book does provide an account of women's involvement in political resistance, however, which is highly relevant to oppression resulting from any origin. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Wyatt’s Rebellion

    An 8 page paper which examines Wyatt’s Rebellion in 1554. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • “The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century”

    This 3 page paper summarises the main arguments and message of “The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism by Daniel Headrick in the Nineteenth Century”. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Sibling Rivalry: Mary Boleyn and Anne Boleyn

    In three pages this paper contrasts and compares these sisters in terms of their relationship, how both were used for the advancement of their families, their involvements with Henry VIII, and their perceptions of duty. One source is listed in the bibliography.

  • European Economy and the Black Death

    A 4 page paper which examines what affect the Black Death had on Europe’s economy. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Columbian Exchange

    This 5 page paper discusses the Columbian Exchange and its effects on the people of the New World. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Realism and the Great Rome’s Great Peace

    This 5 page paper asserts that the so called Great Peace that characterized the Roman Empire under Julius Caesar was not entirely peaceful. While Rome improved the general welfare of those it incorporated into its Empire, that incorporation was not always voluntary. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Language and Understanding the World

    This 5 page paper considerers the development of language in the forms known today and if they have been advantageous in furthering the understanding of the world. This is considered by looking back to the development of language and the way it correlates with an increased understanding of the world to assess the link between language and world understanding. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • The Vikings and Their Legacy

    A 4 page review of P. Sawyer's "Age of Vikings" -- a book describing the activities of Viking people. The Vikings were Nordic people including but not limited to Danes, Swedes, and Norwegians, who ranged abroad during a period of dynamic Scandinavian expansion in the Middle Ages, from about the year 800 A.D. until 1100 A.D. Sawyer is particularly concerned with presenting the contributions & accomplishments of the Viking people over the centuries. No other sources cited.

  • Western European Impact of the Vikings

    A 3 page overview of the impacts these warriors had on the world, particularly on Western Europe. The author emphasizes that while the Vikings are often remembered in a negative light they also had positive impacts on the regions they invaded. Bibliography lists two sources.

  • Greek Mythology, Hesiod’s Five Ages of Man, and the Story of Zeus and Other Olympic Deities

    In five pages this paper compares Hesiod’s Five Ages of Man with Ovid’s Four Ages of Mankind creation myth; and also compares and contrasts the story of Zeus with Olympic deities Poseidon and Hades in order to examine why their interactions with Zeus and stories about their origins are important to understanding Greek mythology. Three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Ancient Greece and the Worshippers of Zeus

    A 4 page analysis of the appeal of Zeus to Greek society. The paper argues that Zeus changed from a fickle and furious weather-god to a champion of justice, as his worshippers changed from illiterate tribesmen to the highest culture of the ancient world. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Life and Times of Vlad Tepes, the Original Dracula

    A 5 page paper on the man most often noted as the original Dracula. Most of the paper is a general description of his life and times, with the end of the paper giving a brief analysis of what can be inferred from his life.

  • Semitic Origins of the Hyksos

    A 5 page research paper exploring the origins of the Hyksos who seized and ruled Egypt during the 15th and 16th Dynasties. Although their origins were thought to date back to Old Testament Hebrew by very early scholars (First Century AD), it is only in the last thirty years archeological finds have indicated the Hyksos had a strong affiliation with the Canaanites. This paper offers evidence of their origins.

  • Ancient Egypt and the Pyramids

    An 8 page paper on the great pyramids of ancient Egypt. Focusing upon the Pyramid at Giza, the Pharaoh's pyramids, and more,-- the writer examines architecture, purpose, use, etc; Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Pyramids of Ancient Egypt and Who Built Them

    This 6 page paper explores the possibility of alien life through a look at the ancient Egyptian pyramids. The paper concludes that man did make the pyramids but both sides of the issue are addressed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Gothic Cathedrals of 1100 to 1500 A.D.

    15 pages on the Gothic cathedral movement between 1100 - 1500 a.d. in Europe. Divides into centuries. Describes Gothic architecture, changes and developments for each time period. Includes descriptions of major cathedrals for each century. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • AIDS and the Bubonic Plague

    In this insightful 5 page essay, the writer discusses similarities between the Bubonic, or 'Black Plague' (a.k.a. 'Black Death') of the 14th century, and the modern-day A.I.D.S. crisis. Public health and social issues are taken into consideration as they relate to each of the two societies discussed. Stereotypes, discrimination, and popular fears are analyzed as well. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Ottoman Empire Roots of the Modern Turkish State

    A 12 page research paper that examines the development of the modern Turkish state and compares this to roots as part of the Ottoman Empire. The writer concludes that Turkey will have to address its human rights abuses before it can fully realize its dream of becoming a fully modernized part of the global community. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Life and Works of Composer Nicola Vincentino

    A 10 page research paper on the life and work of the 16th century composer. The writer details the context of his life and work in regard to the music of the time, his harmonic theories, and his published works. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Life and Accomplishments of Louis the Pious

    A 5 page essay on Charlemagne's only legitimate son. The writer posits that although Louis was a weak governor in many ways, which resulted in his failure to unite Germany, he instilled within all of the Germanic tribes the desire for study. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Italy During the Renaissance Era and the Roles Played by Nonelites and Women

    A 5 page paper that considers the role of women and non-elites in Renaissance Italy and outlines the elements of the Italian court. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Italian

  • The Voyage of Cabeza de Vaca Three Themes Assessment

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses the following three themes in relation to Cabeza de Vaca's voyage: how the Spaniards and Indians viewed one another; Spaniard hatred and racism toward the Indians; and assimilating into Indian culture. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Galileo's Defense in His Letter to the Duchess

    5 page analytical review of an infamous letter from Galileo to the Dutchess in his own defense (many accused him of disrespecting principles set forth in the bible). Please send e-mail to request more information. No Bibliography.

  • Why Did the Roman Empire Fall?

    In 5 pages, the author discusses the reason for the collapse of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was a great and powerful entity at one time. In fact, many of today's fields such as literature, law, art, and architecture were influenced by the Romans. This causes one to question why this very substantial and powerful empire collapsed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • An Overview of the Life of Augustus Caesar

    A 6 page overview of the life and accomplishments of Augustus Caesar. Includes his adoption by Julius Caesar, his military and societal pursuits, and the questions surrounding his death and his passage of his throne to his stepson, Tiberius. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Edward II's Queen Consort Isabella

    An 8 page essay on the Queen consort of Edward II who, partially in retaliation for his homosexual affairs, led a successful rebellion against him. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • An Analysis of Klait's, Servants of Satan

    A 10 page analysis of Joseph Klaits' book Servants of Satan: the Age of the Witch Hunts. The writer demonstrates that Joseph Klaits is an unusual scholar. Most historians, particularly male ones, have discounted the fact that most of the victims of the witch hunts were women. Klaits says straight out that 'witch craze's slaughter of women was the result of the spread of woman-hatred in the spiritually reformed elites and its application in the reformers' campaigns against folk religion' (44). No additional sources cited.

  • Historical Significance of On Sparta by Plutarch

    This 7 page paper discusses the historical significance of the book On Sparta, written by Greek biographer and essayist Plutarch. No additional sources cited.

  • Life and Accomplishments of England's Queen Elizabeth I

    An 8 page paper discussing the life and reign of Queen Elizabeth I to England. Bibliography lists six sources.

  • Comparison of the Western World and the Renaissance

    A 6 page paper discussing the Renaissance and its differences and similarities to contemporary society. The writer briefly examines science, culture, politics, philosophy, and other key aspects of the culture. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Spiritual Journey of Saint Ignatius Loyola

    This 5 page research paper explores the life and spiritual journey of St. Ignatius Loyola, Spanish nobleman turned founder of the Society of Jesus Jesuit mission. Specifically discussed are the circumstances which led him to dedicate his life to God, his 'Spiritual Exercises,' which laid the foundation for his order known for both spirituality and education. Bibliography lists several sources.

  • Julius Caesar's Military Campaigns

    An 8 page research paper on the military campaigns of Roman leader, Julius Caesar. In general, the paper details Caesar's rise, his war efforts, his problems, and his eventual downfall. An excellent resource for those studying Roman politics and/or civilization. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Creation of the Roman Empire and Reasons for its Collapse

    A 6 page paper analyzing the reasons for the creation of the Roman Empire as well as how these same factors led to its eventual collapse. The paper points out that there was simply no way that an Empire so huge and so culturally diverse could be managed at all, let alone imbued with a common sense of purpose. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Jose Maria Eca de Queiroz's Literary Views of Portuguese Society

    A 6 page paper primarily dealing with the social history of Portugal. It discusses how little Portugal changed between the thirteenth and nineteenth centuries, and touches on the work of realist writer Ea de Queiroz, who attempted to address Portugal's social backwardness. No sources.

  • Were the Vikings a Constructive or Destructive Force?

    A 5 page research paper which examines whether the Vikings were primarily a constructive or a destructive force in European development. The writer shows that while the term "Viking" has been used to describe those who made brutal raids on European coastal settlements, it has also been used to describe the peaceful Scandinavian farmers, traders and craftsmen who brought beneficial skills to the European countries in which they settled. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The English Voyages of Exploration During the Reign of Elizabeth I

    A 7 page overview of English exploration of the world during the late sixteenth century. Gives a brief description of political unrest in England during this time period. Emphasizes the voyages of Sir Walter Raleigh and Sir Francis Drake. Describes the difficulties early explorers and colonists faced in the 'New World.' Bibliography lists six sources.

  • Identity, Tragedy, and Youth in Young Men and Fire by Norman Maclean

    A 5 page paper that provides an overview of the issues of youth, identification, socialization, and tragedy in Norman Maclean's Young Men and Fire -- an account of 1949's Mann Gulch fire. No additional sources cited.

  • England's Black Plague

    A 5 page research paper that examines how the Black Plague affected social change in English society. The writer demonstrates that the sudden reduction of the English population by roughly one-third created a severe labor shortage. This shortage, while it greatly enhanced the value of the labor of the peasantry, also speeded up the processes of change and ultimately contributed to the decline of feudalism. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • European Witch Hunt of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries and Its Reasons

    This 10 page report (which includes a 2 page annotated bibliography) discusses the witch hunt that took place in Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries. Religious issues, the status of women, and the hysteria of the “common” people are discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • West's Rise

    A 5 page research paper that examines some of the causes that resulted in the predominance of Western civilization. The writer argues that this was largely due to a military technological superiority being combined with capitalistic goals that eventually resulted in the spreading of Western concepts to all parts of t he world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Decline of 3 Humankind Civilizations

    A 7 page paper that explores the decline of three civilizations - the Minoan civilization in 1000 BC, the Roman Empire in 1453 AD, and the Cherokee Nation in 1839 AD. Similarities and contrasts in the factors leading to the decline of these civilizations are emphasized. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Overview of the Italian Renaissance and Women

    When one talks about the Renaissance the most common topic is art and architecture. It is true that the Italian Renaissance was marked by some of the greatest and most prolific masters of painting, sculpture and building. It is also true that the era marked the emergence of a great deal more. It was a time of awakening from the intellectual darkness of the medieval order and the emergence of many of the concepts that would form the basis for civilization as it is known today. The era saw the birth of new attitudes concerning the role of man in his relationship to the world and to God. Unfortunately, for the most part, the expansion of the 'role of man' did not include the role of women. This 7 page paper examines the Italian Renaissance with an emphasis on the changes and how it effected women in that society. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Western Civilization and Its Ancient Influences

    Ancient Influences on Western Civilization : A 5 page discussion of the influence of Greece and Rome on western civilization. Discusses the impact on these cultures by Mesopotamia and Egypt and how Greece and Rome in turn influenced other world cultures and ultimately shaped Western Civilization. Bibliography lists 4 sources. PPwstCiv.wps

  • Fashion of Ancient Greece, Symmetria and Simplicity

    A 10 page paper that explores the history of ancient Greek fashion and the social significance it entailed. The evolution as well as the modification of the Greek chiton and himation are traced from the Minoan and Mycenaean Ages through the Hellenistic Period. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Divine Ruler and Ancient Egypt's Ptolemaic Dynasty

    This 5 page paper discusses the role of the "divine ruler" of this later period of Egyptian history (320-30BC.) The concept of kingship is a key to understanding the development of Egyptian civilization. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Tuscany, Italy's Etruscan Civilization

    In 6 pages, the author discusses the Etruscan Civilization, which is an ancient civilization in the Tuscany region of Italy. The Etruscans created works of art in pottery as well as metal works. The Etruria region was taken over by the Romans with whom the Etruscans warred. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Emperor Julius Caesar's Life and Times

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of this leader's life, including specific facts and dates. Caesar's life is examined from a contemporary perspective as well as how the people of the day might have viewed him. His relationship with Cleopatra is explored and reasons why Brutus may have killed him is also discussed. Specific information on Caesar's burial as well as what happened to Rome after his death is also included in this extensive biography. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Life of Augustus, Emperor of Rome

    This 6 page paper examines the life of this emperor who was related to Julius Caesar. His relationship to the people, and to the religion of the day, are both examined. Animism is discussed. Bibliography lists 9 sources

  • Roman Society and the Role of Augustus

    This 7 page paper examines the life of this emperor and his relationship to the people, and to the religion of the day. Augustus's role as princeps and a man who was thought of as a god is discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources

  • Arab Peninsula's Islamic Expansion

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses the rise, factors and expansion of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Middle Ages and Social Structure of Europe

    This 8 page paper provides a slew of information on life in Medieval Europe, with a focus on social structure. Gender is discussed as well. The way in which outcasts coped is also included as is the effect that the black death had on society. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • European Union's United Rise

    A 5 page paper that argues the point that the efforts of the European Union stand to build a strong and united economic force in the globalized world despite Europe's long history of discord and war. Discussed are projected reasons for failure presented by those believing in Europhobia, or the fears of the old world, as well as projected reasons for success held by those trusting in Europhoria, or the hopes of a new world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Western Civilization Evolution

    This 5 page paper asks what has changed in Western Civilization since the 1400s and finds that little has. The thesis of this paper is that things are not copacetic in the world as many believe, and further, that things have not improved since the Middle Ages. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

 

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