Research Papers on Criminal Justice

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.


Research Papers on Criminal Justice

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Time to Dig Out (Case Study Analysis)

    This 4 page paper examines a case study entitled "Time to Dig Out," from a book called Criminal Justice Organizations. Questions posed by the case are answered. No additional sources cited.

  • An Urban Planning/Criminal Justice Case Study

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of the case of Junction City, a community that has issues in the implementation of planning related to their criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 2 sources

  • Management of Criminal Justice

    This 5 page paper deals with the managment of the criminal justice operation and the human resources departments in them. Views from leading experts such as Stojkovic and Fisher/Sirianni. Quotes and examples given. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • American Criminal Justice Policy and 'On the Waterfront'

    This 5 page report discusses the 1954Elia Kazan film "On the Waterfront" starring Marlon Brando. The paper focuses on the film's impact in terms of increasing the awareness of the American public regarding organized crime and policies related to criminal justice policy. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Policy Implications of the Film Cool Hand Luke

    A 3 page essay that discusses the impact that the film Cool Hand Luke (1967) had on criminal justice policy. The writer discusses how this film contributed to the spirit of penal reform that existed in the 1960s and 70s. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Police and its Main Functions

    5 pages. Police are given a wide range of responsibilities in the criminal justice system, from directing traffic to solving homicides. For the most part their work is made up of three primary functions: order maintenance, law enforcement and service. This paper explains the importance of these functions and explains which function is the most important to our society and why. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Legal Courtroom Visit

    A 5 page description of what the casual observer would encounter in a court of law. The author provides a general description of the courtroom and the various people who occupy it as well as the relative duties of these people. The popularized media version of the criminal justice system, versions reflected both in the fictional content of television and in the factual rendition of high-profile cases such as the O.J. Simpson case, is contrasted with the realities of the everyday local courtroom. No sources are listed.

  • Psychology and Criminal Justice Processes

    This 3 page paper discuses some of the processes found in criminal justice and psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Exploring Transsexuality and its Modern World Implications

    A 6 page contention that insurance plans should pay for sex change operations in that these operations serve to correct error in human physiology, just as other types of medical approaches correct errors which manifest themselves as diseases or psychological disturbances. Furthermore, the contention is presented that society is obligated to treat those transsexuals who have undergone sex change operations as they treat others of the sex which has been chosen by the transsexual. This obligation extends, in fact, to placing those surgically altered transsexuals who enter the criminal justice system in prisons which correspond to their chosen sex.

  • The Importance of Forensic Psychology

    5 pages in length. The field of psychology is comprised of many subcategories in order to address various and distinct aspects in a more appropriate way. Forensic psychology is somewhat different from other sectors of the field by virtue of its intrinsic connection to the criminal justice system, an alliance that provides for better understanding of "the vast psychological perspectives" (Diviny et al, 2000) inherent to the law. More than that, however, is the fact that forensic psychology deals in myriad aspects of the legal component, not the least of which include helping to set policy and create laws, determining offender competency, establishing a defendant's mental condition at the time when the crime was committed, criminal profiling, attorney consultation for jury selection, treating mentally unstable offenders, acting as expert witness in court and "analyzing a criminal's mind and intent" (Diviny et al, 2000). Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Computer In Criminalistics

    3 pages in length. Staying one step ahead of the criminal has long been the first line of defense for law enforcement officers; when intelligence is gathered that precludes the ability for the offender to actually commit the crime, it serves to establish a pattern by which subsequent foils can also be utilized. However, technology has created quite a significant challenge for law enforcement to maintain that critical step ahead of criminal activity by virtue of the wholly comprehensive nature of cyber crime. As such, the entire criminal justice field has come to incorporate the very instrument that has facilitated so many crimes as part of its arsenal for thwarting those offenses and ultimately catching the lawbreakers. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Higher Education For Police Officers

    6 pages in length. The psychology of crime requires significantly more than law enforcement officers brandishing loaded weapons at and physically apprehending offenders. Indeed, the extent to which contemporary police forces must also incorporate some level of psychological interface with the perpetrator is both grand and far-reaching; that obtaining a degree of higher education in order to better understand the criminal mind while in the field speaks to a much greater scope of law enforcement than many people realize exists in today's criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • United Kingdom's System of Criminal Justice and Mental Illness

    This 10 page paper looks at the way the mentally ill are treated in the UK criminal justices system. The paper is a literature review for a larger study and includes the definition of mental illness, occurrence and type of mental disorders and the treatment of the mentally ill offenders under the law. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Case Study Analyses in Criminal Justice

    This 5 page paper provides an analysis of two case studies in criminology. Both involve juveniles. REcommendations are made. Two risk assessment scales are used. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Criminal Justice VI

    A 9 page paper in two parts. The first part, 3 pages, discusses the differences between juvenile and adult courts, and reviews some of the more effective means of waging the war on drugs. The second part of the paper is a brief presenting arguments both for and against legalization or decriminalization of marijuana. Part 2 makes no conclusion, but rather presents arguments used by those on both sides of the issue. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Using Drugs and Juvenile Delinquency

    4 pages in length. Lowry et al's (1999) article entitled School Violence, Substance Use, and Availability of Illegal Drugs On School Property Among US High School Students seeks to uncover what – if any – correlation exists between the presence of drug use and the incidence of criminal activity on America's high school campuses. Utilizing nearly eleven thousand high school students, this study examined the availability and use of tobacco, alcohol and marijuana and other illegal drugs as potential inciters of school violence, which was described as any of the following: weapon-carrying, physical fighting, having property stolen or damaged, being threatened or injured or absenteeism due to feeling unsafe. No additional sources cited.

  • Race Concept and its History

    14 pages in length. Drawing upon the work of David Goldberg's "Racist Culture: Philosophy and the Politics of Meaning," one can readily argue that idea of race has always combined references to what is seen as natural (fixed) and social construct, suggesting that very divergent discourses have been implemented over time as a means by which to account for human diversity within the colonial context of European and non-European differences. Furthermore, the notion of race is not inherent to biology, but rather it is a social and cultural classification that has been erroneously attributed to biological implication. The writer discusses the concept of race from the Puritan colonization to present-day criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • UK Criminal Law and Intention

    A 12 page paper discussing intention as it was nearly redefined in Woollin. The question to be evaluated here is “At last, it seems, the meaning of intention in the criminal law is cogent and stable.” When the death of a child results from the unbridled rage of an adult and a verdict of murder is “unsafe” as claimed by one of the appellate court justices, it is unlikely that the issue of intent is far from being anything that approaches being “cogent and stable.” Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • English Criminal Law and Whether Mandatory Sentences Are Justified

    This 8 page paper considers if there is any justification for mandatory sentencing in the English criminal law, the paper considers this from the perceptive of increased justice, increased efficiency and social interests. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Commonwealth Caribbean Jurisprudence, Natural Justice, and Fairness

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the concept of fairness and natural justice in regards to the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The concept of fairness adds to the law of natural justice especially in its application of the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The Commonwealth Caribbean, comprised of over 15 island and mainland nations in the Caribbean, has a system of law based primarily on that of the United Kingdom and on each nation’s colonial history. Some nations have components of the colonial Dutch and French systems as well because of historical ties. Regardless of the nation however, the Commonwealth Caribbean was considered one of the areas of the world in which basic laws of human rights, natural justice and natural law, were not being followed in regards to fairness, justice and equality within the judicial system. Prisoners unable to afford representation were not always provided with legal aid and were therefore not offered fair trials, decisions or appeals. With an international push for fairness in judicial systems, organizations were formed providing representation for criminals in the Commonwealth Caribbean in the mid-1990s and more recently constitutional amendments have been included providing for legal aid representation in all cases. Several amendments have been enforced within the judicial system as well to follow constitutional law to provide fair and just representation in regards to decisions pertaining to court justices and despite the power of the Chief Justice within the judicial system, he must also follow the concept of fairness in his application of justice within the judicial system itself. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Criminal Profiling and Other Issues

    A 19 page paper that discusses numerous issues related to the topic. Some of those issues are: antisocial personality, criminal and non-criminal psychopathy, compulsive behavior, addictions, history of forensic evaluation, methods of criminal profiling, types of forensic evaluations, characteristics of serial predators and more. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Criminal Psychology and Amnesia

    A 10 page paper discussing claims of amnesia in criminal cases. Though there have been several cases of complete and total amnesia documented over the years, those cases are exceedingly rare. In considering amnesia in the light of criminal activity, it is the victim, rather than the criminal, who is far more likely to experience loss of memory surrounding a criminal event. Amnesia has been used as a defense in criminal prosecutions, but there is question of whether the accused have truly forgotten or otherwise repressed memory surrounding the event of which they have been charged. Research is pointing a clearer path to true assessment of the validity of many of the claims. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Justice Concept

    An 8 page paper. Defining justice is a difficult task, at best. It means different things based on one's perspective. It also means different things in different settings. The origin of the concept of justice is one of the topics in this paper and it is traced back to Cephalus. Ancient theories regarding justice through Plato are then discussed. The writer also discusses the concept of social justice as found in the Bible. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Criminal Theory and Crime's Psychological Correlates

    A 4 page overview of the contemporary views on criminal psychology. This paper distinguishes between psychology which is used in the therapeutic treatment of criminals and that used to demonstrate guilt or innocence in a court of law. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Abnormal Psychology Study and Law Enforcement

    A 5 page paper discussing the benefits that this study brings to law enforcement. Both crimes and criminals are becoming more sophisticated each year. The study of abnormal psychology cannot be a be-all and end-all measure for law enforcement, but it can help even the playing field between criminals and law enforcement. It can assist in avoiding wasted investigative time, and it can be instrumental in making local law enforcement more productive in their investigations. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Criminality Theoretical Development

    6 pages in length. Understanding the fundamental reasons behind criminal behavior is based upon more than just a single theory; rather, criminal psychology recognizes myriad theories that help to define the various elements inherent to why certain people commit crimes while others do not. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Juvenile Justice: The Importance of Separating Juveniles and Adults

    A 20 page overview of the reasoning behind llinois' recent move to create a separate Department of Juvenile Justice. The value of this move is supported by the literature on juvenile justice. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Order, Law, and the Salem Witch Hunts

    This 12 page paper takes a thoughtful look at law and order, and whether or not society really metes out justice fairly. The Salem Witch hunts are looked at as an example of when society unfairly applied what it construed as justice. The unfairness of how women are treated in today's prisons is also another topic addressed in this paper that is chockfull of information and research. Sociological and philosophical perspectives are used to explore how society has tried to maintain order. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Society through the Lens of John Landis’s “Trading Places”

    This 8 page paper discusses the film “Trading Places” as a cultural artifact, and explores what it says about the law, justice, and society. It also discusses whether the film made its points and if so, was it done badly or well. Finally, it discusses why and how justice was served at the climax of the movie. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Evil and Theodicy

    (5 pp) According to Nichols (1998), theodicy (from theos and dikê, 'justice,' hence 'enquiry into the divine justice') is 'doubly relevant in theology, to fundamentals and to systematics. In fundamental theology, theodicy is important because we need to show that the existence of God is compatible with the existence of evil.' Our initial thought is if God equals goodness and love, what is the need - or is there one - for evil in the world? this discussion will examine that question.

  • Criminology Foundations

    This is a 3 page paper discussing the foundations of criminology in relation to contemporary developments. The study of criminology is important in contemporary society because crime affects everyone within society either directly or indirectly. Criminology uses expertise from a variety of disciplines such as law, sociology, psychology, anthropology and economics among others to try and understand the societal processes of the making of collective laws, the breaking of these laws, and society’s reaction to the breaking of the laws. While a crime is basically considered as the breaking of the criminal code, there are many other dimensions to crime which must be considered in order to understand its effect on society. The breaking of the criminal code is only the legal aspect of crime while normative, deviant, social, and basic right perspectives must also be included. Without these intensive studies in criminology, societal laws will not reflect the needs of society or the causes of ongoing criminal behavior. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Criminal Behavior and Criminology Theory

    An 8 page overview of the relationship of environment, genetics, and psychology in predicting the propensity of criminal behavior. Some theories contend that it is an individual’s genetic makeup which translates into crime, others that it is the presence of a psychological illness. Researchers agree, however, that criminal behavior most often results from a conflict between societal and individual values. While some of the root causes of these conflicts are indeed genetic or psychological, others can be culturally based, some may differ even between families. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Film Noir, Complexity And Gangsters

    3 pages in length. The intrigue of living outside the law serves as a basis upon which gangsters films harbor a certain complexity. A criminal element coupled with dark, seductive and intelligent antagonists whose sole purpose in life is to get something for nothing leads viewers on a nonstop chase whereby the gangster usually has the upper hand; it is rare for this social nonconformist to be outwitted as he exists within a covert infrastructure that allows for easy movement into and out of his targets. Classic films like High Sierra, White Heat and The Killers embody a significant change to the gangster/criminal film after 1940 with a distinctive move toward the mysterious complexity of film noir. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pedophiles and Abnormal Psychology:

    6 pages in length. Pedophilia, the compulsion to have sexual relations with children, is a subgroup of sexual disorders associated with abnormal psychology. Identified as a problem of sexual aim, those who struggle with and ultimately succumb to their urges to sexually violate children are considered so socially abhorrent that even hardcore criminals doing life for dismembering another person cannot tolerate the idea of innocent kids being inflicted with such abuse and often make prison life a living hell for convicted pedophiles. Clearly, there is a hierarchy of offence within the criminal community whereby other felons condemn pedophiles for heathenish behavior with such a taboo as vulnerable children. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Films Taxi Driver and Angels with Dirty Faces and the Portrayals of Antiheros

    A 5 page paper which defines the concept of an antihero, discusses its characteristics, and then applies them to an examination of how criminals are portrayed as antiheroes in these films. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Piety, the Bible, Sophocles, and Plato

    A 4 page essay that contrasts and compares Plato's Euthyphro, Sophocles' Oedipus and the Book of Genesis, chapter 22. The writer points out that all of these works concern the perspective of ancient peoples on issues of piety, justice and the manner in which these issues intersect with religion. Examination of these texts shows that Sophocles and the author of Genesis agree that divine authority demands and deserves unquestioning obedience. However, Plato, in representing the philosophy of Socrates, presents a more ambiguous picture that emphasizes the unreliability of a purely religious foundation for issues of justice. Analysis of these positions shows that Plato's stance in Euthyphro is the most logical-- and just-- by modern standards. No additional sources cited.

  • Sports and the Connection to Crime

    This 5 page paper discusses some of the criminal issues that intersect with the sports world. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Forensics

    A 9 page overview of forensics. The author defines forensics and illustrates its history. Examples from criminal investigations are emphasized along with forensic psychology. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Breakfast Club/A View of Adolescence

    A 5 page research paper/essay that discusses The Breakfast Club, directed by John Hughes for Universal, which is an insightful film that offers more substance and analysis of adolescence than the typical Hollywood teen movie. This film rises above the banality of the teen movie genre by exploring in more depth the psychological ramifications of the various high school stereotypical characters, i.e., a “brain, an athlete, a basket case, a princess and a criminal” (Hughes, 2007). Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A US Prison Reform History

    This paper examines the history of both prisons and prison reform in the United States. The paper also discusses the effectiveness of incarceration as a tool for detering criminals, and examines what critics have said about prisons through the ages. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'Blame Game' and Criminal Law

    This 7-page paper attempts to prove the assertion that blaming is an important factor in criminal law. Bibliography lists two sources.

  • Sex Offenders and the Correctional System

    This 5 page paper discusses the conditions sexual offenders face in prison; treatment options; and the rate of criminal sexual offenses. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Issues in Psychology

    A 25 page paper that begins with definitions or abnormal and trends in treatment approaches. The writer comments on and discusses numerous issues including: clinical interview questions, clinical assessment of a child, anxiety disorders, fears and phobias, depression, eating disorders, theoretical viewpoints in abnormal psychology, criminal insanity using an article, A Matter over Mind, schizophrenia, anxiety in children, ADHD, and a case study plus other topics. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Post 1950 West and Marijuana

    An 11 page discussion of the history of marijuana usage in countries like Great Britain, Canada, and the U.S. since the mid part of the twentieth century. The author reviews some of the critical laws regarding marijuana usage, inclusive of the 2002 decision by Great Britain to lessen the criminal penalties for possession of marijuana and to in effect look the other way, to conclude that while countries like Great Britain and Canada are slowly preparing for the leap toward legalization, the U.S. is holding back and looking at the edge. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Report on Cyber Crime

    This 8 page report discusses the fact that the “consensual hallucination” (a term coined by science-fiction writer William Gibson) of cyberspace must, of necessity, include a “consensual” understanding that the realm of cyberspace is no less vulnerable to the negative aspects of human nature such as deceit, fraud, and theft. In many ways, the opportunity for criminal activity in cyberspace is heightened due to its very nature which supports anonymity and a certain freedom of action that few people would ever act on in their “real” lives. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Cyberspace Crimes and the Law

    This 9 page paper examines cybercrime and how the law is involved. This paper argues that while the law is important, it is sufficient. The problem with catching the criminals who participate in this type of activity is that technology in law enforcement is not up to par. Research is provided to support the assumptions. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Contemporary Racism in Germany

    (10 pp) Although the upsurge of violence in Germany has been well publicized in international media and condemned by the German government, it continues to grow. Violent crimes are far above pre- nification levels. Meanwhile, non-violent crimes such as criminal harassment and intimidation have also significantly increased in the last two years. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Gumdrop Northern: A Business Ethics Memorandum

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of business ethics. A hypothetical case study is used to analyze various breaches of ethics, both civil and criminal. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Juvenile Delinquency, Youth Culture, and Renegade Kids, Suburban Outlaws by Wooden

    A 5 page paper that provides an overview of the major points in Wooden's work. No additional sources cited. The suburbs of the United States have been experiencing a steady increase in criminal activities, especially crimes committed by youth offenders, and Wayne Wooden's Renegade Kids, Suburban Outlaws demonstrates this problem and proposes possible routes towards resolution

  • Burglary, Common Law and Criminal Statute

    In 8 pages, the author discusses Virginia's common law of burglary and Tennessee's common law of burglary, and whether the outcome of common law has been as effective as the outcome of a criminal statute. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • 3 Strikes Legislation and its Ineffectiveness

    In 6 pages, the author discusses the ineffectiveness of the three strikes law. The three strikes law is ineffective. People continue to commit criminal offences as though this law did not even exist. The three strikes law, therefore does not stop recidivism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • English Criminal Law's Function

    This 5 page paper discusses the statement The only De Facto function of the English criminal law is to achieve a minimum degree of conformity of behaviour to the laws expectation... the rest are purely academic'. The writer makes reference to English Law, but the arguments may be seen as universally valid. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Criminal Intent and Inter Vivos Trusts

    5 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses criminal intent and inter vivos trusts. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A Case Study: The Restorative Justice Process

    This 3 page essay focuses on a case study published by Prison Fellowship International, which offers insight into the benefits for all involved parties that can be derived from the restorative justice process. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Product Safety Management and the Infamous Ford Pinto Case

    This is a 10 page analysis of the entitled Harvard case study. The Pinto debacle happened in the 1970s. This essay identifies the facts of the case, provides a legal analysis and an ethical analysis. Rawls' theories of due care, responsible person and moral justice are included in the discussion. The writer provides concluding remarks. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Concepts in Short Stories

    This 3 page paper discusses Kafka's short story "In a Penal Colony" and whether or not it represents procedural justice and argues that it does not. Then it discusses Willa Cather's work "Paul's Case," "The Country Doctor" by Balzac and "The Swimmer" by Cheever, and argues that only Neddy in the swimmer would be considered to have a life that Sisyphus would applaud. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Matter of Interpretation Federal Courts and the Law by Antonin Scalia

    A 5 page research paper that analyzes A Matter of Interpretation: Federal Courts and the Law by Justice Antonin Scalia. The writer first discusses Scalia's position and then addresses what others have to say about the issues that are in the book, before concluding that Scalia's position is correct. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Life's Complexities and Tort Law

    A 9 page paper defining tort law as a civil wrong resulting from an act or omission which has caused damage to other persons or property. The author contends that the law has to accommodate all the untidy complexities of life, and there are circumstances where considerations of practical justice impel us to reject a general imposition of liability for foreseeable damage. Numerous examples are provided which clarify tort liability. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Microsoft and Applicability of Antitrust Laws

    A 9 page paper discussing the theory and history of antitrust laws and monopoly designation, and the reasons that theory and reality rarely meet on common ground. The Justice Department has found Microsoft to practice predatory pricing based on the fact that it gives away its products for free; Microsoft's competitors want the government to force Microsoft to compete on price, as they do. The paper looks at Standard Oil, Ford Motor Company in the 1920s and RCA. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Maintaining Order Through Law

    This 8 page paper acknowledges that the primary goal of law is to maintain order. The paper then considers the argument that there are other ways of maintaining order. Issues such as magic, beliefs, natural law, justice, process, gender and equality are all considered within this context. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • European Union Law and the Direct Effect Concept

    The notion of the effectiveness of European Community law has been developed by the European Courts of Justice (ECJ)into an obligation on national courts to ensure that they give adequate effect to EC in cases arising before them. This 8 page paper examines the way in which the “direct effect” concept has been applied by the ECJ, and contrasts its’ effectiveness with any alternative way of enforcing EC law. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Commontary on Herbert L.A. Hart's 'What's Important In Law In A Society Is Social Facts And Not Morality Or Justice'

    3 pages in length. Herbert L.A. Hart's (1997) assertion of "what's important in law in a society is social facts and not morality or justice" (p. PG), goes against the very grain of the entire legal process. In order to accept this accusation, it is important to understand how and why the notion of law first developed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Questions on United Kingdom Law Pertaining to the Human Rights Convention

    This 10 page paper answers 8 question provided by the student looking at different aspects of the Human Rights Convection and how it is impacting on UK Law. Issues covered include the clash between security measures and articles 5 and 6 of the convention, the right to silence, the impact of the Macpherson Report, the youth justice system and the legal perception of entrapment. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Lawmaking and the ECJ

    This 10 page paper considers the question “do the European Court of Justice have as much influence on the development of community law as the council of ministers”. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Abortion and the Law

    In 1973, Roe Versus Wade defined the parameters of legality for abortion as the first trimester of pregnancy. The decision was written by Justice Harry Blackmun and based on the rights of privacy. This 5 page paper explores a number of issues involved in helping the student to decide whether that decision was legally correct. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Footnotes are utilized.

  • History and Impact of the 1967 President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice

    This paper examines the 1967 President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice, the history of the commission and the impact of its recommendations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Juvenile Justice System Literature Review

    This 5 page paper examines the concept of juvenile justice and reviews literature on the topic. Suggestions are made. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Forensic Psychology and Juvenile Justice

    This 14 page paper explores the roles forensic psychologists play in juvenile justice. Their role in determining competency to stand trial and whether or not a juvenile should be trialed as an adult is of particular focus. This paper includes an annotated bibliography which lists 15 sources.

  • Discrimination and Justice in Public Education

    Ju An 8 page paper. There are three general elements in this paper. First, there is a discussion of the growing diversity in the public schools and the discrimination that exists against "minority" students; next, is a discussion of what the Bible says about discrimination and justice; third, there are recommendations regarding changing the situation. Data are provided. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Educational Management Business Model

    A 7 page paper. This essay is based on one book: "The "Business" of Reforming American Schools" by Denise Gelburg. The writer addresses the issue of adopting private sector business and management models to public education. the writer comments the effect of this practice on social justice and equity and also on the profession of teaching. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Operant Conditioning, B.F. Skinner, and Criminal Behavior

    A 5 page review of Skinner's theories and their application to criminology. This work has applications in many arenas. These include such diverse facets of our lives as learning and distinguishing right from wrong. Although Skinner has had many critics over the years, much of this criticism revolved a misunderstanding of the man and his theories. His work is, in fact, supported by many that both preceded and followed him in history and has many applications in criminal psychology in particular. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Capital Punishment and Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish The Birth of the Prison

    A 6 page paper which provides a general overview and illustration of Michel Foucault's "Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison." Bibliography lists 1 additional source.

  • Manslaughter and Criminal Law

    This 7 page paper considers a case provided by the student and advises to potential defendants. The paper assesses the requirements of actus reus and mens rea that establishes the case of manslaughter is established and the defences of provocation and diminished responsibility. The second part of the paper concerns involuntary manslaughter and causing death by dangerous driving. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • UK Criminal Law and the Intent to Kill

    A 14 page paper that discusses criminal law in the United Kingdom. Specifically, this paper discusses how the Court of Appeals have clarified the meaning of intention in terms of acts that cause grave bodily harm or death. Four cases are explained, R v Moloney; R V Hancock and Shankland; R v Nedrick; and R v Woollin. These cases of appeal worked to clarify the meaning of intention. Two hypothetical cases are then discussed for which the other four cases are used to determine if the defendants' actions met the requirements for mens rea. At this point, further cases from the Courts of Appeals are brought into the discussion. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Prostitution and Different Views

    A 5 page contention that the very act of making a particular activity illegal can create more problems than it solves. The author uses the issue of prostitution as an illustration of this contention, emphasizing that if the act was not illegal prostitution could be a positive means by which women could empower themselves and materially prosper by preying on the needs and desires of men. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cases in Australasian Criminal Law

    This 9 page paper is written in two parts, The first part considers the case of mistaken identity in a homosexual sexual encounter and assesses if there is any potential liability for rape or sexual assault. The second part of the paper discusses the findings in the case of Crabbe (1985) 156 CLR 464. The paper is written with reference to Australasian law. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • The Law Regarding Sado-Masochism and Homicide

    This 10 page paper explores an interesting case concerning Australian law. Should a husband be charged with homicide if an incident results in her ultimate demise? Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • The Origins of Criminal Behavior in Psychodynamic Theory

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of the psychodynamic origins of antisocial behavior. A case study is looked at to demonstrate how interpsychic conflicts can manifest behaviorally. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Poetry, Literature, and Justice and Freedom Themes

    A 5 page paper which examines a common theme in two pieces of literature and two pieces of poetry. The theme discussed is that of freedom and the works are “The Conversion of the Jews” by Philip Roth, “A Room of One’s Own” by Virginia Woolf, “Ego Tripping (There May Be a Reason Why)” by Nikki Giovanni, and “How We Carry Ourselves” by Jimmy Santiago Baca. No additional sources cited.

  • Literature Review on the Value of Mentoring

    This 40 page literature review is divided into four relatively equal sections as follows: I. Does Mentoring Decrease Criminal Involvement for African American Girls? II. What needs does mentoring address in African American girls? III. Is one on one mentoring more effective than group mentoring? IV. What are the long term results of mentoring for African American girls ages 12-18? Many studies are cited throughout the course of the paper and sources include journals, books, newspaper articles, magazine articles and web sites. Bibliography lists 75 sources.

  • Phil Spector's Murder Trial: Evidence

    3 pages in length. Fame and fortune do not preclude the potential for criminal activity, even a crime as heinous as murder. Phil Spector - a celebrated music producer from the 1960s whose claim to fame includes Cher and the Ramones - has been charged with the February 3rd murder of Lana Clarkson, a struggling actress who had taken a hostess job at the House of Blues. The famous music club located on Los Angeles's Sunset Strip was where Clarkson was last seen alive after leaving with Spector in his private vehicle; they later arrived at his mansion where she was found two hours hence with a single shot to the head. Six months and myriad forms of evidence later, Spector was charged in the case; he bailed out on one million dollars bond and is scheduled for trial in September 2007. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Digital And Psychological Profiling Of Cyber Crime

    10 pages in length. Witnesses are often the single most important elements of securing a conviction or realizing an acquittal; without these observers to testify as to what they saw, heard or know, myriad court cases would either go unsolved or erroneously resolved. With the technological age, however, has come an entirely different type of witness who - by virtue of its unique position to collect incriminating data - does not have the capacity to lie. Computers have become some of the most critical tools law enforcement agencies have encountered, inasmuch as they provide a clear-cut path to criminals who use them as cyber weapons. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • IT Forensics: Digital Evidence

    5 pages in length. The article entitled "Computer Forensics" by Peter Sommer delves deeply into the advantage law enforcement officials have in the ongoing pursuit of apprehending cyber criminals. Discussing each component of IT forensics in a comprehensive yet understandable manner, the author provides a beginning-to-end overview of why computer forensics has become a necessity in today's high-tech world, how police carry out the often-tedious task of finding virtual evidence and when said evidence is considered permissible in a court of law. In short, Sommer offers an encapsulated yet thorough glance at the inner workings of an entirely unprecedented element of technological law enforcement. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Spielberg/Catch Me If You Can

    A 10 pages research paper/essay that examines Catch Me If You Can (2002, directed by Stephen Spielberg), which is the most-or-less true story of Frank W. Abagnale Jr., a disturbed, but ingenious adolescent who successfully impersonates being an airline pilot, a lawyer, and a doctor, while also forging 2.5 million dollars in checks, all between the ages of 16 and 21. There is arguably nothing more appealing in film than the hero who has the ability to do anything. However, this film also provides insight into deeper, more poignant truths about human nature than are evident in Frank's flashy criminal lifestyle. The writer discusses cinematography, editing, sound design and other aspects of the film. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Emergency Room and Making Ethical Decisions

    A 9 page paper discussing the philosophies of Kant, Mill and Rawls to inform decision-making in nursing, but perhaps the philosophy of Rawls is most directly applicable to nursing. Though wholly unworkable on a national scale, using Rawls’ philosophy in teaching nursing ethics and values works beautifully with nursing’s reason for being. From the nursing perspective, the “least advantaged member of society” is that one confined to a hospital bed. Ethics of choice does not require a great deal of time to process, for it is intent – rather than outcome – that carries greatest weight in determining the morality and justice of a decision. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Integral Psychology by Ken Wilber

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the major concepts in Ken Wilber’s Integral Psychology. Ken Wilber’s “Integral Psychology: Consciousness, Spirit, Psychology, Therapy” (2000) includes a combination of various developmental psychological theories, -- “West and East, ancient and modern” to try and understand the “full spectrum” of the range of human consciousness. Through inclusion or integration of the various theories, Wilber develops a “brain-mind” theory that “does justice to both sides of the equation – the brain and the mind – because what follows can reasonably be expected to cover much of the ‘mind’ aspects that should be included, along with the ‘brain’ aspects derived from neuroscience, in order to arrive at any sort of sturdy and comprehensive model of consciousness”. Wilber’s work involves the discussion of holons, or hierarchical levels, or waves, which progress through three realms (prepersonal, personal and transpersonal) of development. The holons build on and yet are an interactive part of the other levels in development as well as including an integral relationship within the four-quadrant model representing phenomenon as relationships between the intentional, behavioral, cultural and social perspectives. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Antigone and the Old Testament

    (5pp). The literature of the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament), is the scripture that Jews and Christians share. This literature can be examined both in the historical context in which it was written and in some of the contexts in which it has been read (such as its religious, literary, psychological overtones). These biblical ideas that have had a profound impact on Western culture: creation, covenant, commandment, monotheism, idolatry, chosenness, history, kingship, sin, prophecy, wisdom. Ancient Greek literature such as Sophocles' Antigone also addresses some of these same ideas, morality and justice being two of the most important. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Six Stories and Lower and Upper Classes

    A 5 page essay that addresses six works by six authors: Orwell, Dostoevsky, Goldsmith, Goldstone, Huxley and Jackson. The writer argues that literature is, among other things, a reflection of an author's perception of society, its values and concepts of knowledge and truth. As this suggests, through the medium of literature, readers can gain insights about their society, and particularly its class structure, which they may not perceive in the course of their everyday lives. This examination of six works illustrates this principle, as each tale focuses on a different aspect of class structure, informing the reader, but, more importantly, causing the reader to reflect on the justice of taken for granted societal norms. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Chronic Pain Management and Nursing Philosophy

    A 5 page paper considering management of chronic pain within the framework of basic nursing values. Management of chronic pain can be as frustrating for the nurse as it is for the patient. Though the patient suffers the pain, the nurse’s aim is to help him cope with it. There are growing numbers of alternatives available, most of which work only with a few specific individuals. Calling on nursing philosophy within the framework of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice and fidelity can inform decisions surrounding pain management. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Human Resource Management Changes

    A 29 page paper that responds to the question of whether or not human resource management has changed over the years or does it just appear to have changed? To respond to the question, this essay provides a historical overview of the evolution of personnel administration in the 1920s to strategic human resource management today. Strategic human resource management is then described and explained. The essay then addresses human resource development and the complexity of HRM. Employee motivation is discussed, including theories of equity, expectation and justice. The writer also comments on incentives and rewards as motivational processes. The writer reports the need for a human resource measurement framework and the activities that need to be measured. Bibliography lists 31 sources.

  • Racial Equality and Tort Law

    A 4 page paper discussing the progress of racial equality over the past century as it applies to tort law. Beginning with Justice Harlan’s dissent in the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson and continuing to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the paper discusses the ineffectiveness of tort law before the mid-1960s. America still has not achieved full equality, but the tort possibilities introduced with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 have provided a means by which it can continue to be promoted. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dante’s Inferno/Canto XX

    A 3 page essay that analyzes Canto XX from Dante Alighieri’s epic poem “The Divine Comedy,” which begins with the book entitled “Inferno” and records how Dante journeys through Hell led by the specter of the ancient Roman poet Virgil. In Canto XX, Dante, the poet as opposed to the character in the poem, reasons that piety lives but that pity is dead. This may seem hard-hearted to the modern-day reader, but it fits with the theological reasoning of Dante’s era, which believed that God’s justice should be accepted unequivocally and with complete faith, that is, with piety. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Cinematic Examples of the Model of Due Process and the Roles Played by Community and the Law

    This is a 6 page paper discussing the concepts of the role of law in a community and the due process model as found in examples in film. Tutorial language appears in square brackets throughout the text to assist in the writing process. Several factors which are relevant to the law and crime are often well depicted within the cinema. In many cases within films which center on a community’s involvement in a local legal trial evidence can be found as to the understanding of the role of law within a community and within society. Basically, the law is meant to reflect society’s attitudes and values. While mostly, this role of law is beneficial to individuals within those communities as found in the films “Brother’s Keeper” and “Erin Brockovich”, in the case of conflicting communities within the same area, often one community can override the needs of another as seen in “To Kill a Mockingbird”. Other elements which are revealed within films dealing with legal cases are those which explore the criminal models of crime control and due process. Historically, due process may be difficult to find or non-existent such as in Henry VIII’s treatment of Sir Thomas More in “A Man for All Seasons” or the idea of completing the trials with expediency in “Judgment at Nuremberg”. More recent films, however, such as “The Verdict” try to show the benefits of due process within the legal system. Bibliography lists 11 sources


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