Research Papers on Pharmacy

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • People with HIV and AIDS, Impacts of the Process of Dying, and Family Resistance to Death

    This 5 page paper provides an outline and annotated bibliography for a future project on resistance by family members to the process of death and dying for HIV/AIDS patients. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Critique of Harrison, Evans, Johnston, and Loughnans' 'Bedside Assessment of Heel Lance Pain in the Hospitalized Infant'

    A 9 page overview of the procedures and findings in this study designed to provide a quantitative analysis of pain in neonates when undergoing a heel lance procedure. This study is unique in that it evaluates the feasibility of assessing pain among a particular difficult population, newborn infants who can not verbally communicate their pain or allow the researcher any means of utilizing patient self-assessment of pain as can occur in older patients. While some behavioral and physiological manifestations such as facial expression and heart rate were determined to be reliable indicators of pain others such as body movement were found unreliable. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • HMO Effectiveness Speaker Notes

    A 5 page summary of a Power Point presentation and speaker notes assessing measurement of quality of care for Aetna U.S. Healthcare in 2002 plus a one-page handout summarizing the presentation. The presentation discusses member access to services and member satisfaction, and how management can increase the measures of each. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Digital Mammography

    A 2 page paper accompanying a separate PowerPoint presentation. Digital mammography – and particularly computer-aided mammography – shows promise for greater accuracy, which will translate to better results. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Preschool Children Vision Screening II

    A 4 page paper discussing the benefits of screening children for physical vision defects from birth through early elementary years. The paper accompanies a 10-slide PowerPoint presentation, which provides recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force urging vision screenings for children under the age of 5. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Western Pennsylvania's UPMC Health System Presentation

    A 12-slide Power Point presentation on UPMC Health Systems in Western Pennsylvania, including discussion of the effects of the organizational structure of the system. The paper associated with this file contains speaker notes and sources only. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Lexington Diabetes Center Marketing Plan

    A 22 page paper containing slide contents and speaker notes for a 26-slide PowerPoint marketing plan for a diabetes educational center in Lexington, Kentucky. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Health Care and Organizational Structure

    3 pages containing slide text and speaker notes for a 4-slide PowerPoint presentation on hospital organizational structure. Complex problems cannot readily be addressed with simplistic organizational structures. The complex problem is a multi-faceted one, and each of its components needs to be addressed. There are dynamic tensions between structural groups, but also a sense of working for the same overall goal. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Evaluation of "Analyzing Hospital Readmissions Using Statewide Discharge Databases"

    A 9 page paper providing the text of PowerPoint® presentation slides and speaker notes examining the report of a study done for the purpose of developing an algorithm enabling more accurate assessment of hospital readmission rates across varied state systems. Benchmark data established using the approach developed here can be useful in tracking high-level changes in quality and patient outcome, either on a statewide level or through comparison of states’ progress. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Mobile Women's Wellness Center Marketing Plan

    A 15 page marketing plan for a new concept in women's health care. WomensHealth is a startup women's wellness center providing service primarily from a mobile office that will travel to office buildings, factories, malls and anywhere there is a concentration of women needing fast and affordable access to basic health care as well as to a wide variety of health care screening tests. WomensHealth will conduct individual patient education sessions with women, and will hold classes for small groups. PowerPoint® presentation available. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • HHH Strategic Plan

    A 24 page paper presenting a strategic plan for a home health and hospice provider of nursing care. HHH stands poised to enter a phase of growth that was not envisioned at the time of its founding. All of health care is in flux and continues to evolve. Even though there have been many changes in recent years that have led to increased need for home health care, it is likely that changes occurring in the industry in the future will add to that need as well. These changes added to the fact that the first of the baby boomers only now are entering retirement age indicate that demand for the services that HHH offers will increase dramatically in less than five years' time. The company has the option of remaining as it is, but if it is to grow with the industry and be able to take advantage of increased demand for home health and hospice services, it must plan for future growth in the present time. An accompanying PowerPoint® presentation is available. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • X Ray Techologists Continuing Education

    5 pages containing the content of a 13-slide PowerPoint® presentation outlining the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists' requirements for continuing education and documentation. Bibliography lists 1 source. KShlthCEx-ray.rtf

  • Deadly Skin Cancer Form Malignant Melanoma

    A 6 page paper discussing this most deadly form of skin cancer, the fastest-growing of all cancers of all types in terms of new diagnoses each year. The paper discusses causes, treatment, prognosis and prevention. An accompanying PowerPoint presentation is available. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Human Over-Reliance on Antibiotics

    This 3 page paper is a 4 slide PowerPoint presentation with speaker notes looking at whether or not man has relied too much on the use of antibiotics, with antibiotics found in the food chain and over prescribed by doctors. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • 3 Quantitative Research Examples

    A 9 page paper comparing three examples of quantitative research. Taking three published examples from the medical field the author illustrates how quantitative research can vary dramatically both in its design and its effectiveness. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Artificial Insemination Dilemmas

    A 16 page paper focusing on whether the child resulting from artificial insemination could sue for child support in the future. Artificial insemination is not a new concept. It has been used for years for couples who have not been able to conceive on their own; more recently single women are seeking motherhood through this route. Couples still represent 60 percent of sperm banks’ customers, but this statistic also reveals that 40 percent of their customers are single women. Purchasers of sperm sign contracts waiving any right to seek financial support in the future, but there is strong growth in artificial insemination that does not use the services of a sperm bank and is not protected from that claim. Further, laws are exercised according to interpretation at the time. If social values shift over time, then the contracts signed today could be ruled as being worthless in the future. It is not likely today that a donor will be held to be responsible for a child financially, but that could change in the future. Bibliography lists 11 sources. Includes a 1-page research proposal.

  • A Study of Methods to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections

    This 35 page paper, which includes a 15 slide power point presentation, provides an overview of a study of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) in acute care hospital setting, and relates specific methods for prevention. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Presentation on Canada's Hamilton Health Services

    Three pages of speaker notes intended to accompany an 8-slide Power Point presentation analyzing the strategic alignment of a Canadian for-profit hospital. The presentation compares the hospital’s mission, vision and values statements with the results of patient satisfaction surveys, clinical operations and operational efficiency. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT SAFETY AND USE OF HEALTH CARE MANAGEMENT THEORIES

    This 15-page paper is a formal research proposal concerning patient safety, medical errors and uses of health care management theories to solve these issues. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Sample Thesis Proposal on the Relationship Between Psychotherapy and Buddhist Practices of Meditation

    This 13 page paper discusses meditation and the incorporation of it into the practice of the psychotherapist. Scientific studies discussed and outlined, specific methodology is suggested with thesis, proposal and analysis of past research. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Qualitative Collection of Data and Interviews

    A 10 page paper discussing the growing use of qualitative research methods in clinical settings, focusing on the value of the interview as a data collection tool. Qualitative research still is not accepted as valid by all the medical community, but the fact remains that valid, reliable qualitative research can give insights that cannot be achieved through quantitative approaches. The interview is a valuable qualitative data collection tool, but it must be used with care. There are many ways that bias can be introduced when using that tool, and both designers and interviewers need to ensure that they strive to keep that bias at bay. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • A Research Proposal for APOE and Late Onset Alzheimer's Development Risk

    This 9 page paper considers the issue of the presence of APOE and the risk of the development of late onset Alzheimer's disease. This paper is a research proposal for this problem and outlines the study of a possible subject population. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Heat Stroke and Ephedra

    This 16 page paper provides an overview of a research proposal on the use of ephedra and the issue of heat stroke. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Research Proposal for Assessing Dialysis Patient Mortality Rates by Comparing Cellulose Acetate Dialyzers and Polysulfone Membrane Dialyzers

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of a research proposal that provides comparison of cellulose acetate dialyzers and polysulfone membrane dialyzers and mortality rates in dialysis patients. This paper introduces the problem, outlines the significant of the study, asserts a research hypothesis, and provides a review of the current literature that considers this issue. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Wait Time for Patients For Receiving Copies of Records

    A 5 page paper proposing investigation of the time required for patients requesting records to receive them. The paper proposes combining quantitative and qualitative approaches, quantitative to establish time studies along each point of the request fulfillment process, qualitative to determine patients’ perceptions of the time required to fill their records requests. Researchers anticipate exposing one or more points along the process path that can be altered to reduce patient waiting time and thereby improve perceived quality of service. They expect to be able to identify points during the process at which they can improve the process of supplying records to waiting patients. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Evaluating the Impacts of a Vegetarian Diet Proposal

    A 20 page proposal to evaluate the effects of a vegetarian diet on health and quality of life. A specific emphasis is placed on evaluating the effects of the vegetarian diet in terms of disease prevention. Provides a review of the literature and presents the hypothesis that vegetarians are likely to enjoy an improved quality of life, a lesser propensity for obesity and such diseases as cardiovascular disorders, osteoporosis, cancer, and diabetes. Suggests experimental methodology for testing this hypothesis and supports the contention that this performance can be judged through a comparison of cholesterol levels, body mass index (BMI), and medical history in regard to diseases, and blood sugars of vegetarians verses non vegetarians. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Healthcare and IT Influence Increases

    An 11 page paper discussing emphasis on training and cost containment; the origins of success and failure of IT projects in health care; and a recommendation for achieving real IT-based value while decreasing training cost and time. The success and failure of IT projects in health care rests on the same basis as IT success or failure in any other industry. Recommendation for solution to training costs is to adopt industry-wide standards, as suggested by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative in 2003. An accompanying 12-slide PowerPoint presentation is available. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Outline for "History of the Prospective Payment System"

    A 1 page outline of a separate PowerPoint® presentation providing the history of the prospective payment system. Created by legislation in 1983, the PPS has been characterized as being "revolutionary" and serving to dramatically reduce the rate of increase in health care costs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Graves Disease/Proposed Research

    A 6 page research paper that discusses Graves' disease, which is an autoimmune disorder of the thyroid. The writer gives background on Graves' and then presents a hypothetical research proposal that suggests investigating if there is a connection between the development of Graves disease and consuming food additives. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Winners and Losers Among Health Care Providers

    A 39 page paper providing Chapters 2 and 3 of a larger work assessing winners and losers in the health care wars. Care providers and health care plans constantly are at odds, providers wanting to charge increased rates and plans seeking to hold costs steady. The purpose here is to assess which contingent loses more, which is a difficult call. No one – neither care providers, premium-paying employers, care plans nor end consumers is satisfied with the structure of health care as it currently exists. The paper reviews several lawsuits between providers, plans and patients; discusses the origins of the current financial and delivery mess; and reviews proposed solutions by Harvard’s Michael Porter and Clayton Christensen. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Senior Citizens and Incontinence

    An 8 page paper that includes an introduction, purpose of study, literature review, theoretical framework and conclusion. Reports of the incidence of urinary incontinence differ greatly, depending on the ages included and the definition of incontinence. What is certain is that at least half the older residents in nursing homes suffer from this condition. The different types of incontinence are described. Different interventions that have significantly decreased the incidence are discussed. Statistical data include the incidence and the annual costs related to this condition. This is a problem that some authors call underdiagnosed and undertreated. There are many interventions that can dramatically decrease incontinence and provide the older adult and the elderly person with greater quality of life. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Health Care Services Case Study

    A 7 page paper that responds to specific questions about a 75-year-old patient and a health care organization. The essay includes reports and discussions of the services this health care agency provides and relates it to one of Etzioni's approaches to s social problems, Erikson's life stages, and Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system as related to the services provided by this organization.

  • Patient Case Study

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of a patient history, diagnosis and potential treatment options. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Cost Management to Reduce the Cost of Oxygen Supply for Hospital

    This 71 page paper is a paper regarding a project undertaken to reduce the cost of oxygen supply for a hospital or other healthcare organization. The paper starts with an introduction, including a justification for the study and aims and objectives, and then moves on an in-depth literature review looking at the way in which cost savings may be made. The principle approach to cost reduction is through supply chain and inventory management as well as a reduction in wastage. After identifying a suitable change that may provide savings, different ways in which a change could be introduced are assessed and a suitable change model is identified. The paper then goes on to describe the change, how it was implemented and assesses the results. The bibliography cites 36 sources. This paper is the 2nd paper of a set of 3, the 1st is the research proposal (file name TEoxygensavep.rtf), the 3rd is a reflective learning document (file name TEoxygensaver.rtf).

  • Knee Function and Changes Measurement

    A 9 page paper presenting a proposal for a study into the effectiveness and usefulness of a variety of testing techniques and equipment designed to measure static and dynamic balance. The study will focus on measurement after knee injury or surgery, its aim is to determine which measurement method may be “best” for use in determining precisely where an individual is in his progress toward healing. Another purpose will be to provide information on testing equipment and techniques that may be able to inform selection of treatment options. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Antibiotic Resistance Treatment Through Placebos and Vancomycin

    An 11 page paper which examines information pertaining to the use of Vancomycin and placebos as a treatment for antibiotic resistance. The paper proposes a research involving 2 hospitals in the same city pertaining to the use of the two compounds in testing resistance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Computerized System in the Prevention of Medication Errors

    A 12 page project proposal that begins with a 1 page executive summary. The writer outlines the need, offering relevant background and summarizes literature that shows that CPOE systems are needed and effective. The author next discuses the theoretical foundation for the proposal and this is followed by a description of the proposal plan, which includes the goals, objectives, strategies, timelines, budget, and evaluation methods for effectiveness. The paper concludes with final observations and implications for nursing practice. Bibliography7 lists 8 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Intervention Studies Precutaneous Revascularization, Pharmacotherapy, and Exercise in PADr

    This 16 page paper outlines a study of possible treatment for PAD, peripheral arterial disease. This paper considers the views presented in the current literature, and outlines the use of a quantitative format to consider the views of others in regards to PAD and prevention efforts. Further, this study also integrates a view of existing efforts and pharmacological protocols that can be beneficial in preventing the problematic outcomes of PAD, which can include lost ambulation, excessive pain and discomfort and long-term loss of functioning.

  • Proposal for Internet Expansion of Chiropractic Office

    A 15 page paper that presents a proposal directed to investors. In this proposal a group of chiropractors have decided to market their services Online by developing a Web site. The paper includes an executive summary; company overview; market comparison; marketing plan; management plan; data comparing average number of patients to the base for these chiropractors; costs for establishing and maintaining the Web site; obstacles and opportunities, including research; initial plan; action plan and offerings to the investor. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Podiatry Patient Satisfaction Proposal

    An 18 page paper that presents a project proposal. A partnership has dissolved leaving the sole podiatrist in the position of having to rebuild the business. The sections of the paper include: the statement of the problem, the significance of the problem, the purpose of the project, literature review and methodology. This practice will begin with a patient satisfaction survey for the purpose of increasing patient satisfaction. The literature survey includes information on the parts of the foot, the stress feet experience every day, the wonder of the function of the foot and what makes the human foot different. The importance of healthy feet and the practice of podiatry and how people abuse and mistreat their feet are also discussed. The incidence of different types of foot health problems is included. The importance of patient satisfaction is explored. Other related data are included. One appendix included, which presents the patient satisfaction survey. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Bacterial Meningitis: Overview and Case Study

    A 10 page exploration of bacterial meningitis. This paper discusses causes and treatment and applies the knowledge identified to a fictional cases study. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • HOSPITAL CASE STUDY

    This 3-page paper focuses on a suggestion to a hospital to help shore up its finances and patient base, while examining nurse retention. Bibliography list 1 source.

  • Medical Ethics (Case Study Analysis)

    This 5 page paper revolves around a case study where an injured baby is brought to the emergency room with two broken femurs. The physician does not see any reason to pursue the matter even though the mother has no explanation for the injuries. Ethical theories are applied. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • THERAC 25- A CASE STUDY

    This 7-page paper examines the ethics and stakeholders behind Therac-25, a device used to treat cancer. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Anorexia Nervosa (Case Study Analysis)

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the condition through examining the life of a 16 year old who suffers from it. The case study presented is fictitious. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Fourteen Forces Of Magnetism - Case Study

    A 16 page paper. Magnet Designation has become a highly coveted designation. It is a program that focuses on nurses. This paper explains the 14 Forces of Magnetism and what an organization must do to achieve this recognition. A Veterans Administration hospital is used as an example. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Hospital Emergency Department and Supply Chain Management

    An 11 page paper that presents a case study of a large hospital and clinic organization but that focuses on the emergency department. The writer describes the existing supply chain management issues for the emergency rooms, provides examples of supply chain management systems in other global industries as well as in the health care industry and then makes recommendations for the emergency rooms under study. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Health Care Change Theories

    Case Study Tutorial : A 10 page paper. This paper presents a case study taken from the literature that involves the problem of missing medical charts at a health clinic. The paper provides the background for the case and the change strategies used to analyze the problem and implement a change. Lewin's force-field analysis and Rogers' diffusion of innovations models are discussed. How the change was implemented is explained. Tutorial comments are included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Considerin a Medicare Fraud Case

    This 4 page paper uses a case study submitted by a student as a springboard for discussion. The case involves a doctor who over treats patients in order to profit. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Health Care and Issues of Ethics

    A 20 page research paper that examines 3 issues in health care: 1) the balance between the government's need to protect public health versus individual rights in regards to the resurgence of TB; 2) a case study, in which a dying man's wife requests termination of life-sustaining intervention and pain control; and 3) examination of court cases in which the state's need are weighed against individual rights. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Quality Improvement in Health Care

    AN 8 page paper that begins with an introduction to quality improvement in hospitals. The paper presents a case study of what St. Luke’s did to improve the process of treating pneumonia patients. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Questions in Health Care Management

    This 6 page paper addresses a number of issues in health care management such as managed care, sexual harassment and the idea of professionalism. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Technology Helps Health Care

    A 5 page paper that reports and discusses the shortage of these health care professionals. Data are included. The paper describes some of the ways technology can help with these shortages. Bibliography lists 7 source.

  • The Law and Doctor-Patient Sexual Contact in California

    6 pages in length. Pete and Suzie, married for ten years, have recently experience several episodes of martial discord; as such, they both agreed to seek marital counseling in an effort to overcome their difficulties. They sought the professional services of one Dr. Sleeze, a well known marriage counselor/psychiatrist employed by the Clinic For The Sexually Dysfunctional Female. During the course of the counseling, Pete discovered his wife Suzie and Dr. Sleeze had been regularly engaging in sexual relations during the therapy sessions, a realization that caused him severe mental distress. Pete sues Dr. Sleeze and the Clinic for malpractice and negligent infliction of mental distress and suffering; however, the doctor counters the lawsuit and makes a motion to dismiss it on the grounds that California Civil Code §43.5 specifically prohibits all such lawsuits. Pete counters back under the protection of California's crime of sexual exploitation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sarasota, Florida's Doctors Hospital

    This 5 page paper discusses this specific hospital, reporting their mission, vision and values statements, and their decision making process. The writer also comments on the types of nursing staff at the hospital and the training opportunities. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Information Needs Of Doctors And Nurses

    A 3 page paper that identifies the information needs of doctors and nurses at a specific hospital. The source article is entitled: Perceived Information Needs and Communication Difficulties of Inpatient Physicians and Nurses. The writer then discusses the problems and offers suggestions for solving those problems. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Doctors on Strike

    This 4 page paper evaluates an article on malpractice claims closely and interprets its meaning. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Managed Care and its Impact on Poor/Minority Patient Care

    This 19 pages research paper explores various topics related to managed care that impact the experiences of doctors who serve poor and minority patients. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Physician Reported Syphilis and Ethics

    5 pages in length. The moral obligation Jeff's doctor is compelled to uphold falls under support of deontological ethics, a theory that espouses one's moral duty in any given situation. As a physician, he is torn between his purported duty to warn and the obligation to protect doctor/patient confidentiality; however, the moment Jeff's actions caused other people to become unwitting victims of his indiscretion, the deontological obligation overruled any professional accountability the doctor may have had. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Operating Room Communication Between Physician and Nurse

    A 3 page paper reviewing the state of communication between doctor and nurse in the OR and assessing changes that continue to occur. The relationship is stereotyped as being adversarial, but recent research indicates that the trend toward alliance of healthcare professionals is finding its way to the OR now as well. The state of nurse-doctor communications in the OR appears to fall on a continuum between negative and positive, and appears to be moving toward the more positive end as the issue of communication continues to gain increasing attention. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women Doctors

    6 pages. A historiographical review explains not only the theme of certain books but also explains the inner meaning of the times in which it was written. The author also puts a personal aspect on the subject that should be taken into consideration as well. This review is concerning two books on women doctors; one book is about a woman doctor of the 1800's and is reviewed and compared to a book about a woman doctor of the 1990's. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Pharmacists and the Issue of Prescriptive Authority

    A 9 page overview of the issues surrounding the needs, justifications, and objections to allowing pharmacists to write prescriptions for medication and to intervene in medication regimes when they determine that regime may be dangerous or ineffective. Emphasizes that prescriptive authority for pharmacists has been perceived by physicians as an infringement into an area in which doctors have previously held an almost uncontested monopoly. Presents the argument that pharmacists may be more capable of monitoring and prescribing drugs than are doctors themselves. Outlines the legislative history of prescriptive authority in several states which have already enacted the authority and the limitations on that authority. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 'Military Industrial Complex' Warning of Outgoing President Dwight Eisenhower

    A 3 page paper relating this former president's 1961 warning to current nursing practice. "See your doctor." "Ask your doctor about ____ and if it's right for you." So go pharmaceutical companies' advertising directly to consumers who cannot directly purchase their products. As health care costs continue to spiral despite efforts to contain the rate of increase, pharmaceutical companies spend millions on advertising to those powerless to purchase the prescription drugs they tout. This appears to be a symptom of the "military-industrial complex" that Dwight Eisenhower warned against on leaving office in 1961. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Medical Experts and the Decline in Trust

    This 5 page paper argues that with increased class mobility, changing class structures and social norms, and increased information flow individuals have a declining trust in the knowledge and abilities of experts. This is demonstrated by an examination of the changing role of doctors in an era of alternative medicine and awareness of medical negligence combined with individual specialisation. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Medical Issues in Euthanasia

    This 3 page paper discusses how the rule of “do no harm” applies in cases where a patient asks the doctor to help them die. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Human Over-Reliance on Antibiotics

    This 3 page paper is a 4 slide PowerPoint presentation with speaker notes looking at whether or not man has relied too much on the use of antibiotics, with antibiotics found in the food chain and over prescribed by doctors. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Human Experimentation during the Nazi Era

    An 8 page research paper that describes the experiments that were conducted by German doctors and SS physicians during the 1930s and World War II. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Technology Improves Emergency Rooms

    This 7 page paper begins with general comments about emergency units and technology that has improved wait time. The paper discusses how specific kinds of technology can improve care and workflow for nurses and doctors. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Integration of Alternative Medicine with Western Medicine

    7 pages in length. Concluding evidence points toward a growing trend of western medicine practitioners collaborating closely with alternative doctors. It is not without significant forethought that the two very separate entities have joined together to create a synergistic approach to health care. The writer discusses that prevention is the key for the alternative approach, where historically and typically, the western medicine practitioner has focused more upon treating the illness or disease after it has already been diagnosed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • An Individual's Explanation on Why He Wants to Become a Doctor

    A 6 page account of why one individual wants to become a physician. This paper relates the personal experiences of a student that stayed at his mother's bedside during a six month hospitalization. The lack of empathy and professionalism that he witnessed in the doctors that attended his mother and other patients convinced him that he could do better. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Coronary Angiography

    A 6 page paper that begins by explaining what this test is, including why dye is injected into the blood vessels and why the doctor might order this test, e.g., symptoms the patient might be exhibiting or other test results that suggest the angiography should be performed and what can be learned from this X-ray test. The essay comments on angioplasty and stents and why and how they are used. Other tests that may be performed are also mentioned. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • ADHD: Legitimate Medical Diagnosis or Socially Constructed Disorder? - Ethical Concerns

    A 24 page discussion of the bioethics surrounding the controversial diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This paper explores the question of whether this condition has been created by overzealous parents, teachers, doctors, and the pharmaceutical industry.

  • Managed Care, HMOs & Evolution over Last Decade

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the advent of managed care, which created a system that has caused dramatic changers in the healthcare delivery system in the United States, causing numerous stakeholders, such as hospitals, doctors and “payers of care” to formulate new relationships that acknowledge that “interdependence in managing risks and competition in the marketplace” (Hartley, 1998, p. 23). Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • How Can Doctors Get Patients to Comply?

    This 7 page paper examines the relationship between compliance and the doctor-patient relationship. The paper concludes that there is a correlation between patients who comply with a prescribed medical action plan and a good relationship with their physicians. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Major Problems of the U.S. Health Care System

    This 10 page paper discusses three of the major problems of U.S. health care: the uninsured; the soaring costs; and the fact that decisions about health matters are sometimes taken out of doctors' hands, compromising care. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Major Problems Facing the U.S. Health Care System

    This 10 page paper discusses three of the major problems of U.S. health care: the uninsured; the soaring costs; and the fact that decisions about health matters are sometimes taken out of doctors' hands, compromising care. It also discusses the findings that a person's social status determines their level of care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Relevance of “The Doctor” to Assessment and Appraisal

    This 3 page paper explains the relevance of the film “The Doctor” to medical students with regards to assessment and appraisal. Bibliography lists 1 sources.

  • My Own Country: A Doctor’s Story by Abraham Verghese

    A 5 page review of My Own Country: A Doctor’s Story by Abraham Verghese. No additional sources cited.

  • Nursing and Professionalism

    Ever since the first assistant helped the village doctor cure a patient, the profession of nursing has been one that suffers from stereotypes that, unfortunately, reflect on the question of professionalism. This paper defines what professionalism is and the barriers to professionalism that the vocataion of nursing faces. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Role of Nutrition in Treating Celiac Disease

    A 10 page overview of this condition and the problems it introduces in terms of diet. This paper provides an overview of both the foods that should not be consumed and how to go about choosing healthy foods that can be consumed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Celiac Sprue

    A 3 page paper which examines the condition of celiac sprue. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Cerebral Palsy

    An 8 page review of cerebral palsy. This paper explores the causes, impacts, and treatments. Bilbiography lists 6 sources.

  • An Examination of Cerebral Palsy

    This 7 page paper examines the symptoms, causes and outlook for Cerebral Palsy. The mysteries of how it manifests are discussed. The paper provides an overview as a well as a critical look at the condition. This paper includes a one page outline. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Tobacco Regulation

    This 5 page paper discusses tobacco regulation and its connection to tobacco addiction. It also considers the way in which the media influences the use of tobacco. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • History of Cosmetic Surgery

    A 4 page paper which examines the history of cosmetic surgery. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Plastic Surgery

    A 9 page research paper that discusses plastic surgery. The writer begins by citing statistics that show that more and more people are choosing to have cosmetic plastic surgery and then offers a review of literature that gives an overview of the topic, discussing different types of plastic surgery, as well as cosmetic plastic surgery as a cultural phenomenon, that is, why people choose to have elective surgery. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: The Cosmetic Surgery Addiction

    In seven pages this paper examines why people in the twenty-first century are becoming increasingly addicted to cosmetic surgery in an overview that includes history, symptoms, treatment, and also discusses body dysmorphic disorder and its implications. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Patients and Diabetes

    This 12 page paper explains type 1 and type 2 diabetes; looking at the causes, the symptoms, the management and treatment. The paper applies this to a patient where there are additional complication, including diabetic retinopathy. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Diabetes Type 2

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses pathophysiology, diet and complications of type 2 diabetes. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Pancreas and Diabetes

    This 4 page paper examines both type one and type two diabetes. The pancreas is the focus of this inquiry. The paper explores the differences in function between the types. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cloning of Dinosaurs

    This 4 page paper examines the ethics of cloning dinosaurs. Potential benefits is the subject of speculation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Medical Coding

    This 5 page paper responds to different questions, most of which involve medical coding beginning with the constructs that affect medical coding. Other topics include cost shifting, time studies, case mix management, implementing electronic medical records and ethical lapses of two physicians discussing a patient while riding in an elevator. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Electronic Medical Records

    This 3 page paper examines different companies in the EMR field. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Steps Towards Electronic Medical Records

    A 3 page paper. More private companies are entering the health care field, specifically in terms of electronic recording. This paper reviews four articles that discuss what some companies are doing. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Best Practices and Satisfaction in Health Care

    This 5 page paper examines satisfaction of patients and nurses. The concept of care is examined. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Energy Conservation and Nursing

    A 12 page research paper that addresses the concept of energy conservation as it applies to nursing practice. Energy has been a topic of research and concern in nursing practice for quite some time. This examination of the concept explores how energy has been addressed within the context of nursing theoretical frameworks, concentrating on the work of Myra Levine, but also addressing Rogers' theories and the implications of energy conservation as they apply toward fatigue. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Genetic Engineering: Ethics

    3 pages in length. The list of options was rather long as the couple sat in the waiting room filling out their paperwork. There for their first in vitro fertilization procedure, they were faced with a number of choices pertaining to the baby they would eventually create: sex - female; hair color - blond; eyes - green; height - 5'7"; body type - athletic; I.Q. - 125; aptitude - music and law. Testing for specific diseases had all but weeded out life-threatening syndromes and socially unacceptable conditions that guaranteed they would make a healthy baby - and if not then they would simply abort it - so all that was left for aspiring parents to think about was what psychological and physiological traits they wanted their perfect child to have. Is this merely the plot of a bestselling science fiction novel? Not anymore given the progress scientific advancement has rendered in the recent past. If genetic engineering continues down the path it currently follows, there will be grave consequences to pay for manipulating man's natural methods of reproduction. No bibliography.

  • Plato's Works on Socrates' Death and How We Die by Sherwin Nuland

    An 8 page paper which examines conditions of a life well lived and death as seen by Sherwin Nuland in “How We Die” and the works of Plato relating to Socrates’ death (Euthyphro, Crito, and Apology). Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • HIV

    A 3 page discussion of the cellular and molecular makeup of the HIV virus that makes it such a formidable foe. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Lack of Correlation Between the HIV Virus and AIDS

    This 11-page paper explores the connection between HIV and AIDS, determining that there is little, if any connection. Also discussed are the definitions of both diseases. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hospital Information Systems: Identifying Pathways

    A 3 page paper identifying information pathways in a nonprofit hospital clinic. The overall system can be improved by requiring that all patient data be stored electronically. This creates a record of items presently not accounted for (such as paper messages or verbal instruction), making them available for practitioners' use as well as for greater accuracy in billing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Cibelli, Lanza, West, and Ezzell's Research on 'The First Human Cloned Embryo'

    A 5 page review of the article published in the January 2002 edition of “Scientific American” recounting these researchers experiences in stem cell research. This article offers a fascinating glimpse into many aspects of cloning and stem cell research. The author of this paper interprets the research from a mental health perspective. Included is a discussion of the applications in the treatment of such conditions as Parkinson disease. An emphasis is also placed on the responsibility of the mental health professional to serve as an interpreter of stem cell research to the general public. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • An Overview of Huntington's Disease

    This 6 page paper examines the condition and provides information about its cause as well as treatment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Trinucleotide Expansion in Huntington's Disease

    A 3 page overview of the trinucleotide expansions within the huntingtin protein that result in the extension of polyQ-encoding repeats. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Iceland and Health Care Delivery

    A 6 page paper comparing the health care systems of Iceland and the United States, where Icelandic medical students generally go to complete their residency requirements. Both systems are facing intense economic pressures, but Iceland’s national system does not prevent any citizen from gaining access to health care as is the case in the US. The health care system of Iceland holds a lesson from which the systems of all developed nations could benefit well. It would be desirable for those completing their residencies in the US to serve as ambassadors of a health care system that can have economic pressures and still be caring and committed to the ideals undergirding it. The paper also relates the mission of Saint Leo University to Iceland’s national health care system. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • In Vitro Fertilization and Ethics

    A 16 page research paper that examines questions concerning the ethics of invitro fertilization (IVF) and the problems associated with multiple births (pregnancy reduction) from an ethical standpoint that includes Kant, utilitarianism, and liberal individualism. The writer argues in favor of IVF procedures. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • In Vitro Fertilization

    This 10 page paper provides different sections to relay the history of the procedure, how it is done and nursing examples related to the process. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Generics, Ethics, and Law in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    A 14 page discussion of the pharmaceutical industry and the reception generic drugs have within that industry. This paper presents the thesis that it is both ethical and legal for pharmaceutical companies to interfere with or to delay generic drugs being released into the marketplace. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Obesity and the Development of Pharmaceuticals

    This 3 page paper addresses the development of pharmaceuticals for obese patients. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Generic Pharmaceuticals

    A 4 page paper that reports a brief history of the generic pharmaceutical industry. Examples of generic companies are provided and the writer comments on the effect of the generic companies on the pharmaceutical industry. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • The Medical Benefits of Yoga

    This 7 page paper looks at many of the potential benefits associated with yoga. The eight limbs are explained. The different physiological and psychological benefits in a areas such as therapeutic and restorative settings as well preventative medicine are all discussed. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Benefits of Yoga for Asthma Sufferers

    A 3 page discussion of the potential benefits of Yoga in treating this complicated condition. The author emphasizes that no definitive proof has been found that Yoga does benefit asthma. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Gene Therapy and Shaywitz and Ausiello's Back To The Future

    Shaywitz and Ausiello, in their article, Back To The Future, Medicine and Our Genes, argue that the emerging gene sciences will reunite the patient, doctor and researcher in ways not seen since the 19th and early 20th centuries. This 5 page paper proposes that, in exploring the issues concerned with gene therapy, it seems as though the judgment of Shaywitz and Ausiello is well within the ethical bounds of religious and medical tenets. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nanotechnology and Its' Use in the Human Body; It is Desirable or Ethical?

    Nanotechnology offers miniaturization of information systems and computing at the atomic level. With predictions of possible cures for cancer and other diseases comes the promise of enhanced physical and mental abilities. This 11 page paper discusses whether injecting nanotechnology into the body be acceptable, ethical or desirable, if long-term effects are not known. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Pro Choice or Pro Life in the Abortion Controversy

    In this 5 page paper, it seems that Americans want to oppose abortion and yet keep it legal. This controversial paper considers both sides of the abortion debate and the ethics regarding each viewpoint. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A Review of Commodifying Bodies - Man, Machines And Body Parts

    8 pages in length. The writer discusses cyborgs and organ donation/harvesting as they relate to the Scheper-Huges and Wacquant book entitled Commodifying Bodies. No bibliography.

  • STD Abstinence-Only Education/Is It Working?

    A 6 page research paper that examines what empirical studies and experts have to say about the content of sex education and whether abstinence-only programs should be preferred. The writer argues that this body of evidence indicates that while abstinence is an important message to send to teens, sex education should be comprehensive. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • What is ADD/AHDD?

    ( 5 pp) Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or AD/HD is a neurobiological condition that affects 3%-5% of the school age population. Teenagers with ADD neurology live on the edge, constantly striving to control their cognitive and emotive behaviors while at the same time creating extreme situations which cause psychological problems and social reject ion. Kids gone bad, or rather kids that are driven by their brain chemistry in wrong directions a lot of the time? Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

    A 6 page paper plus 1 page outline providing a general overview of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. At least 5% of children ages 5 - 11 are diagnosed as ADD/ADHD. Essay includes a general introduction, symptoms, etiology and treatment. Information regarding most recent theories on neurobiological and genetic influences are also discussed. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Three Views of Down Syndrome

    This 11 page paper discusses three different articles about Down syndrome. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Subclavian Steal Syndrome And Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses pathophysiology, etiology, signs/symptoms, diagnostic tests and treatment options as they relate to each syndrome. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Case Against Animal Cruelty

    This 10 page paper argues that people who abuse animals find ways to justify their actions; it also suggests a link between human and animal abuse. Finally, it argues that there is no reason to continue testing on animals in the hope of curing human disease. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • An Article Review on How Human Lives Are Saved by Animal Research

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Heloisa Sabin's article Animal Research Saves Human Lives which discusses the use of animal research to create the polio vaccine that would save thousands of lives and help to eradicate polio in the developed world. This article discusses the issue of animal testing and the problems that researchers face in the midst of harsh criticisms of the use of animals in medical experimentation.

  • Animal Testing and its Implications

    This 5 page paper addresses both sides of the controversy concerning testing of animals. Both pro and con arguments are fully examined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History, Etiology, and Treatment of Antibiotic Resistance

    A 9 page discussion of antibiotic resistance, diagnosis, and treatment. Correlations have been reported by numerous researchers regarding increased antibiotic resistance in microbial populations with high usage of antibiotic drugs. Unfortunately, however, recent evidence demonstrates that even the reduction of this utilization is not an effective means of preventing antibiotic resistance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Antibiotic Resistance and Nursing Implications

    An 8 page discussion of the various implications of antibiotic resistance. Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance are discussed. An emphasis is placed on Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL), and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Antibiotic Resistance Mechanisms

    A 6 page overview of the phenomena of antibiotic resistance. The author discusses the mechanisms of antibiotic resistance placing a specific emphasis on Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL), and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Antidepressant Escitalopram

    This is a 10 page paper which discusses all the aspects of the antidepressant drug escitalopram. The bibliography has 6 sources.

  • Gene Therapy and Shaywitz and Ausiello's Back To The Future

    Shaywitz and Ausiello, in their article, Back To The Future, Medicine and Our Genes, argue that the emerging gene sciences will reunite the patient, doctor and researcher in ways not seen since the 19th and early 20th centuries. This 5 page paper proposes that, in exploring the issues concerned with gene therapy, it seems as though the judgment of Shaywitz and Ausiello is well within the ethical bounds of religious and medical tenets. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Native Medical System of Iran

    7 pages. When asked what changes have been felt as a result of the change in the healthcare industry, several doctors explained that there is a need to gear down their expectations about what they hope to accomplish with patients. This is due to the fact that they are not allowed the same amount of time with their patients as they had ten years ago. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Case Study on an Ethical Dilemma in the Workplace

    A 4 page paper discussing the case of Sarah, half-way through a pregnancy when developing a serious and potentially life-threatening condition. One doctor recommended immediate abortion; another favored a wait-and-see approach claiming that the Catholic hospital did not allow abortions for any reason. Guidelines for operation of Catholic hospitals do allow measures that will save the life of the mother, however. The paper examines the ethical questions raised by Sarah's case. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Doctor - Patient Confidentiality

    A 5 page overview of provider-patient confidentiality. This paper reviews a specific case of confidentiality being breached and the court ruling in the subsequent lawsuit. The importance of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 is emphasized. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • "My Own Country: A Doctor's Story"

    This 5 page paper discusses the book "My Own Country" by Abraham Verghese, who worked with AIDS patients in rural Tennessee in the 1980s. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Zuger's "Defining A Doctor, With A Tear, A Shrug And A Schedule" - Analysis

    4 pages in length. Zuger's (2004) thesis strives to illustrate the inadequacies of medicine in its historic, contemporary and future state; by chronicling the wholly diverse approaches of two otherwise dedicated doctors, the author provides readers with a significantly greater understanding of how a career in medicine is not one-size-fits-all but rather a result of each individual's perception of what health care should be. Both interns, Zuger (2004) duly points out, reflect opposite ends of the same system, one that does not work to its fullest - and safest - capacity when based upon such extremes. No additional sources cited.

  • Becoming a Doctor Motivation

    A 3 page essay that answers three questions: what qualities do you bring to a career in medicine? What would you change or improve? Why do you want to pursue a career in primary care medicine? No bibliography is offered.

  • DNR Orders Ethical Dilemma

    7 pages in length. A terminally ill patient scheduled to have palliative surgery is refused by her doctor unless she reverses the Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) order she put in place to address her incurable disease. The reason why her physician required his patient to change her DNR to full code while in the operating room is unclear; perhaps he did not want to have the responsibility of her potential death looming over his head without a way in which to medically address the situation. Maybe he was not fully aware of the extent to which her terminal illness necessitated such a drastic order as the DNR. Regardless of his inability or downright refusal to accept the patient's wishes, he was committing a rather serious breach of ethics where his medical practitioner's behavior is concerned. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Impact of Managed Care

    A 7 page paper discussing the effects of managed care on buyers, sellers, the community and the doctor-patient relationship. Nearly everyone decries the cost of health care and health insurance; millions of Americans are uninsured and their numbers are growing. A generation ago managed care appeared to be the cure that the industry needed, and for a time the managed care approach to cost containment worked well enough that by the 1990s it had managed to reduce the rate of increase in total costs. That trend did not continue, however, and as managed care sought to regain results of the past the situation only deteriorated in terms of relationships. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Healthcare Administration Leadership

    A 3 page essay that justifies pursuing a doctorate degree in healthcare administration. Doctorate education in healthcare administration is formulated to aid in the creation of highly motivated, advanced healthcare leaders, who can effectively address the challenges of today's healthcare system, as well as shape effective public policy for the needs of the future (Doctor in HA). The challenges facing the U.S. healthcare system, as well as the healthcare systems in all Western, industrialized societies, are formidable. Effective leadership in healthcare administration is a crucial factor in meeting these challenges. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • State Statutes and Civil Monetary Penalties

    A 3 page paper discussing the Office of Inspector General (OIG)'s apparent reversal of itself in gainsharing arrangements between hospitals and physicians that strive to hold the line on spiraling health care costs. The paper demonstrates that OIG has not been inconsistent, that its initial rulings addressed treatment of individuals and that its subsequent agreement addressed treatment of entire groups of patients. The paper discusses Florida statute 456.053 in the same light. This law prevents physicians from referring patients to other physicians with whom the original could have a monetary link. Thus one doctor in a large practice cannot refer a patient to another in the same practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Dr. Sandra M. Finch's Dental Practice and Customers Role, Satisfaction, and Retention

    This is a 5 page paper discussing various suggestions and opportunities for customer satisfaction and retention in a dental practice. Assessment of the information available on the web site of Dr. Sandra Finch, D.M.D (www.drfinch.com), provides the reader with a good outline of the services available in her dental practice in White Rock, British Columbia. The web page gives background, education and training information about Dr. Finch herself under “Meet the Doctor” as well as other customer services areas such as “About the Practice”, “New Patient Information”, “Cosmetic Dentistry”, “Testimonials” and an email contact address under “Contact Us”. The importance of the customer/patient is emphasized throughout the web site and the invitation is also extended to welcome new patients. However, in order to retain her current patients and attract new patients, various customer relations procedures could be introduced which would provide a unique edge over the competition. These practices could include increased advertising through other areas of the media, public speeches to local social groups, customer satisfaction surveys, setting up a referral network, larger access through the web page, guaranteed appointment times and extended hours among other suggestions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Problem of Uninsured Patients and New York's Metropolitan Hospital Center Operations

    A 6 page paper discussing the operation of New York's Metropolitan Hospital Center, a public hospital part of the health care network of New York City, and the growing numbers of uninsured patients it serves. As a public hospital, it is not dependent only on payment for services for revenue, but it also does not have unlimited funds available to it. The paper suggests that the hospital offer a permanent "health fair" area in which it can offer health screenings at minimal charge to those who have no other access to health care. Individuals can monitor their own cholesterol, blood sugar (nondiabetics, of course) and other factors that doctors monitor for others. The hospital can provide health promotion services, increase its service to the community and readily identify those with serious needs that the city needs to support in treatment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Outpatient Surgery and Risk

    A 5 page paper identifying and discussing a point of risk at outpatient surgery centers. Hospitals have long offered day surgery at the hospital, but these outpatient surgery centers are businesses totally separate from hospitals and even from doctors' offices. They can be found even in strip malls and can offer a wide range of surgical services. Recent studies indicate that these centers have the highest safety ratings of all possible sites where surgery is performed. Despite their high levels of safety, there still are risks that the centers need to address. One examined here is the availability of emergency care should complications develop during surgery. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Suicide and Patients with AIDS and HIV

    This 18 page report discusses the many issues associated with suicide and people with HIV/AIDS. The disease has raised numerous issues such as access to care, prevention, cost of treatment, drug therapy and much more. Not surprisingly, it has also intensified the debate regarding right to die, physician assisted suicide, and the moral issues associated with suicide. As people are forced to live with a disease that slowly but surely robs them of all strength and any measure of personal dignity, many have made the decision not to endure that process or cause their loved ones to have to experience it with them. The impact of the loss of personal autonomy, the emotional and physical suffering, and the related care issues are presented in terms of both AIDS patients and their caregivers. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Nature and Treatment of Suicide

    8 pages in length. Suicide is a topic of conversation, like other unpleasant subject matter, is typically avoided at all costs. This knee-jerk response is both understandable and dangerous at the same time, inasmuch as it does not address the importance of prevention. The reasons that people commit suicide are varied and complex; however, for the vast majority of those who either attempt or succeed, depression serves to be the catalyst of death. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Assisted Suicide Arguments Both For and Against

    This 5 page paper plus 1 page outline looks at the arguments for and against assisted suicide. The thesis of the paper is that that, whilst it is important to have as many safeguards as possible to ensure that assisted suicide is used correctly, the availability of assisted suicide in controlled condition may be seen as adding value to human life rather than devaluing life. In this way it may reduce suffering and increase the value that is placed on the quality as well as quantity of human life. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Argument to Legalize Physician Assisted Suicide

    A 3 page paper which argues that physician assisted suicide should be legal. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Assisted Suicide and the Nursing Profession

    A 4 page paper which provides a detailed explanation of the issue, discusses why this topic in particular was chosen, relates how the issue affects the nursing profession and considers the issue’s societal/community impact. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Children, Depression, and Suicidal Tendencies

    A 10 page discussion of depression and suicidal tendencies among children. While the suicide rate has actually declined since the introduction of SSRIs, there is a growing concern that these drugs many contribute to suicidal thoughts and behavior among some children. Is it possible that the declining suicide rate is not a reflection of SSRI usage but of some other factor? This paper explores the validity of the concerns over SSRIs. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Young Victims of Suicide and Depression

    A 9 page overview of two extremely alarming phenomena: childhood depression and suicide. Concerns regarding the use of Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), one of the most widely prescribed drugs for childhood depression, a category that includes fluoxetine (Prozac[R]), fluvoxamine (Luvox[R]), paroxetine (Paxil[R]), and sertraline (Zoloft[R]), are addressed.

  • The Use of Antidepressants and Increased Suicide Rates in Adolescents

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of research around the topic of the use of antidepressants and the increased number of suicides in depressed adolescents. This paper considers the existing research and potential problems with this research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Physician Assisted Suicide (A Literature Review)

    This 12 page paper examines the issue of euthanasia from various perspectives. The paper supports the idea that morality is key to drawing conclusions on this issue. An annotated bibliography is included as part of this paper. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act and Physician Assisted Suicide

    In six pages this paper examines the history, passage, and specifics of Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act, the controversial physician-assisted suicide issue and what states’ positions are on it, and the contributions of Michigan Dr. Jack Kevorkian. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • The Case for Physician Assisted Suicide

    This 3 page paper examines euthanasia and argues in favor of it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Physician Assisted Suicide: Pros & Cons

    10 pages in length. There are enough controversial topics in America today to keep a room full of thoughtful, expressive and passionate people in heated debate for days on end, however, none may be as volatile an issue as physician assisted suicide. When this subject is broached, the proverbial gloves come off and a vicious verbal debate ensues that has yet to name a victor. The emotional, ethical, religious and legal standing of human euthanasia is not something to which there is an easy answer - or any answer at all - as long as two sides exact their own philosophies on how this sensitive subject should be handled. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Case for Legal Assisted Suicide

    This 6 page paper examines euthanasia. Arguments on both side of the issue are presented. The paper concludes that assisted suicide should be legal. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Argument: Taking Antidepressants Does Not Lead to Suicide

    This 10 page paper examines to articles, one claiming that taking SSRIs leads to increased suicides and the other claiming the opposite. The paper agrees with the view that taking these drugs does not lead to an increased suicide rate. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Research on the Ethics of Assisted Suicide

    This 27 page document includes a 25 page paper, an abstract, outline and annotated bibliography with 19 sources on the topic of physician assisted suicide. The paper assesses the ethical issues in relation to the role of medical professionals.

  • Ethical Theories and Dr. Death

    This 4 page paper argues that the ethical theory of altruism is the best way to explain the suicides presided over by Dr. Kevorkian. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Against Euthanasia

    This 7 page paper discusses reasons for opposition to physician assisted suicide or other legalized forms of euthanasia. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • The Medical Argument for Legalized Marijuana

    A 3 page research paper that argues that marijuana (cannabis) use should be legalized for the treatment of certain medical conditions, such as the nausea and pain from chemotherapy, glaucoma, migraines and MS. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Arguing in Favor of Legalizing Marijuana for Medical Uses

    A 5 page paper analyzing the potential benefits of the legalization of marijuana for medical utilization. This paper points out the varied uses to which marijuana has been put. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Arguments in Favor of Legalizing Marijuana for Medical Use

    This 9 page paper argues that the use of marijuana should be used for treatment in certain conditions. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Medical Marijuana

    A 7 page paper which examines the pros and cons of medical marijuana and illustrates how medical marijuana can prove very beneficial to many. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The History of Marijuana; Legal Status and Usage

    This 5 page paper looks at the history and use of marijuana, also known as cannabis. The paper starts with the ancient world an its’ use for ritual purposes as well as food and cloth and traces the its position to the modern day and the laws which prohibit it allow its use. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Marijuana Should be Legal in Medical Applications

    This 3 page paper argues that marijuana should be legal in medical applications, and considers such things as advantages, disadvantages, costs and who could benefit from it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medicinal Marijuana

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of medical marijuana and its use. The debate is touched on. The substance is evaluated for its use as a medicine. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • The Use of Antidepressants and Increased Suicide Rates in Adolescents

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of research around the topic of the use of antidepressants and the increased number of suicides in depressed adolescents. This paper considers the existing research and potential problems with this research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Evaluations of Biopsychosocial and Biomedical Health Models

    This 7 page paper critically evaluate the impact of using the biopsychosocial model of health rather than the biomedical approach to treat a patient. The paper applies this with specific reference to treating the common cold. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Biomedical Research Ethics

    A 6 page paper that explores the ethics of biomedical research, focusing on the key element of voluntary informed consent. Discussed are recent adverse events that have occurred in gene therapy research and the amendments and additions to federal regulations resulting from these events. Also included is a brief discussion of the history of the guidelines and regulations that safeguard human subject volunteers in medical and scientific research. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Biomedical to Biopsychosocial Medical Evolution

    A 6 page contention that medicine has shifted dramatically over the past several decades from a discipline which concentrates solely the science of our anatomy and physiology to a discipline which recognizes not only the hard scientific facts of physiology but also the importance of psychological and sociological factors. Medicine has shifted from the Cartesian way of viewing illness, injury and disease as components of a machine-like body to one which views illness from not only a biological perspective but also a psychosociological perspective. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Avian Flu 2

    This 10 page paper examines the occurrence and reporting of bird flu cases. The paper starts by looking at the different reports from the World Health Organization and what data is contained in the reports, how it is collected and the barriers to effective collection. The paper then looks at the spread and mortality rate of the disease and trends in the way the disease is spread in different patients, considering age, gender and locations, the paper also looks at the current research. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Avian Flu and its Effects on Business

    A 3 page overview of the varied impacts to business that an Avian Flu epidemic would result in both domestically and for the world as a whole. The author emphasizes both the direct and indirect impacts of such an epidemic. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Social and Ethical Implications of the Avian Flu and Japanese Biotechnology

    A 5 page overview of the problems being confronted with bird flu. The author reviews the social impacts of the H5N1 virus and comments on the ethics of vaccine production. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Payment for Donating Blood

    This 6 page paper takes the position that paid blood donation should continue to be a reality. The problems with paid blood donation in terms of ethics and safety are duly noted. The myth of the volunteer donor is explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Improving Organ Donation Through Clarification and Education

    In six pages this paper discusses how to improve organ donations through clarification of confusion regarding the concepts of death, calming the fears that signing a donor card and offering organ donation consent encourages physicians to hasten death, and the importance of community education to change perceptions, attitudes, and to develop a more informed awareness of what organ donation and transplantation means. Seven sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Using Christoffe’s Framework Prevent Asthma

    A 5 page paper that uses Christoffe’s conceptual framework and identifies elements related to childhood asthma for each of the three steps. Bandura’s social cognitive theory is mentioned in terms of changing adult behaviors that might reduce the incidence of childhood asthma. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Reducing Asthma Attacks

    A 3 page paper the explains two goals for reducing childhood asthma attacks. One focuses on parents, the other on the children. The goals describe the educational program. The paper begins with statistics about the incidence of childhood asthma in this country. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Health and Poverty/Incidence of Childhood Asthma

    A 5 page research paper that relates the details of literature review search for studies pertaining to the treatment and management of pediatric asthma among low-income young children. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Tradition of Chinese Medicine

    This 5 page report discusses Traditional Chinese Medicine and the fact that it is finally gaining a certain measure of respect in the Western world. Physicians trained in Western or “modern” medicine dismissed traditional Chinese medicine, sometimes referred to as TCM as nothing but superstitious quackery. However, in the past few decades, even those medical experts who were most opposed to traditional approaches to medical treatment have come to understand that “TCM” offers numerous benefits that are often more effective than what the “modern” approach has to offer. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Chiropractic Care and Insights

    A 4 page discussion of the value of chiropractic care. Defines the approach and reports on its value in treating scoliosis. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Annotated Bibliography on Human Cloning

    This 3 page annotated bibliography reflects 8 sources which are against cloning. Information on each source includes an interpretation in respect to how useful each source is.

  • Disease Treatment Through Alternative and Holistic Medicine Approaches

    A 7 page review of the value of alternative medicine in treating diseases such as hypertension, migraine headaches, and Crohn's Disease. An emphasis is placed on acupressure, massage, and meditation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Crohn's Disease - An Extended Definition

    A 4 page paper which defines Crohn’s Disease by examining its origins, symptoms, and analyzes various treatment alternatives. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Symptoms and Treatment of Crohn's Disease

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the disease with a concentration on treatment and how a patient lives with symptoms. An outline is included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Government Involvement in Health

    A 4 page paper that discusses the history of health care insurance in the U.S. beginning with private agreements in the 1920s. How the government interceded is reported, such as giving Blue Cross tax exempt status and allowing firms to offer benefits as incentives. The history continues through Medicare and Medicaid. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sequencing Type Differences in Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    This 12 page paper looks at several types of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The Spin Echo Sequence, the Inversion Recovery Sequence, Saturation Recovery Sequence, Spiral Pulse Sequence and the Gradient Echo Sequence are each discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • The Law and Doctor-Patient Sexual Contact in California

    6 pages in length. Pete and Suzie, married for ten years, have recently experience several episodes of martial discord; as such, they both agreed to seek marital counseling in an effort to overcome their difficulties. They sought the professional services of one Dr. Sleeze, a well known marriage counselor/psychiatrist employed by the Clinic For The Sexually Dysfunctional Female. During the course of the counseling, Pete discovered his wife Suzie and Dr. Sleeze had been regularly engaging in sexual relations during the therapy sessions, a realization that caused him severe mental distress. Pete sues Dr. Sleeze and the Clinic for malpractice and negligent infliction of mental distress and suffering; however, the doctor counters the lawsuit and makes a motion to dismiss it on the grounds that California Civil Code §43.5 specifically prohibits all such lawsuits. Pete counters back under the protection of California's crime of sexual exploitation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • WWW and Down's Syndrome

    A 9 page overview of the information which is available on the Internet regarding this genetic-based condition. The author reviews ten consumer-oriented web sites for content and presentation. Includes a table covering the major features of each of the reviewed site. No additional sources are listed.

  • Nursing, Diabetes, and 3 Research Articles

    A 5 page research paper that summarizes three research studies pertaining to diabetes mellitus that were conducted by nurse researchers. Nursing interventions have been shown to be a critical factor in promoting such diabetic self-management. These synopses demonstrate how nursing research is consistently exploring ways to improve intervention and make self-management of diabetes more effective. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Whole Foods or Vitamin Supplements in Treating Hepatitis B

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the use of whole foods in support of liver regeneration for patients with Hepatitis B. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Should New Drugs Be Labelled As ‘New’ To Indicate A Higher Risk Than Established Dugs?

    This 4 page paper considers the issue of new drugs and whether or not they should be labelled as an issue of public safety. The FDA focuses on drug approval, leaving a gap when it comes to assessing drugs that have already been approved. There ahs been a call for all new drugs to be marked as new. The paper assesses this from the perspective of the drug companies, the health policy makers and the patients. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Muscular Dystrophy and the Uses of Gene Therapy

    This 15 page paper examines the disease as well as a potential cure. Some history in respect to gene therapy is noted. The uses of gene therapy are discussed. Scientific studies are relayed. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • The 1993 Jack in the Box E. Coli Fiasco

    This 10 page paper examines the E.coli outbreak that occurred in the west at the Jack in the Box restaurants in 1993. What could have been done to prevent the outbreak is noted. Recommendations are made to prevent the spread of E.coli in the future. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Media's Role in Teenage Girls with Eating Disorders

    This 5 page report discusses eating disorders and the role played by the media in their development. Some of the modern world’s most pervasive images are those of what it means to be beautiful. Television, print media, movies, in fact, anything to do with modern popular culture shows that beauty equates with thinness -- primarily for women. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Herbal Medicine and Environmental Pollution

    A 3 page research paper that examines herbal and natural food products that can offset the effects of environmental pollution and radiation. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Teen Epilepsy and Reasons Behind Increased Accidents

    This 5 page paper explores reasons why adolescent epileptics are more likely to become injured or killed in automobile and water accidents. A combination of factors are to blame. Problems with video gaming are also explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Examination of Epilepsy

    5 pages in length. The telltale signs are unmistakable: The eyes grow wide and bulging, the limbs tense and turn rigid, and soon after, the body begins a series of uncontrollable muscular convulsions for anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. Epileptic seizures and their causes are a frustrating condition in the field of human medicine. In non-technical terms, epilepsy is a short circuit in the brain. In technical terms, it is a series of misfires of the neurosynaptic function that ultimately sends confused signals to the body, thus creating the uncontrolled fits. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Two graphs included.

  • Legislation on Euthanasia

    A 5 page research paper on legislation involving euthanasia. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • HEALTHCARE, FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING

    This 3-page paper focuses on questions concerning healthcare, finance and accounting. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Financial Trend Analysis in Healthcare

    A 5 page paper discussing financial trend analysis as it applies to health care. Financial trend analysis is a tool commonly used in making investment decisions because it allows potential investors to assess the path that a potential investment target is following. Analysis of financial statements using methods that make trends more readily apparent can inform those who seek to know the true financial outlook for an organization and make adjustments for the future. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Tables on Acute, Infectious, and Chronic Disease

    A 7 page paper presenting two tables listing various diseases. The first table includes cancer, diabetes, heart disease and osteoporosis; the second contains infectious diseases such as influenza, Chlamydia, Hordeolum, HIV/AIDS and strep throat. Each table provides information about the diseases including risk factors and treatment. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Notch Protein Linked With Alzhiemer's Disease

    This 8 page paper examines the potential link between Notch protein and Alzheimer’s disease. The paper looks at the symptoms and biological characteristics of Alzheimer’s and roles of amyloid precursor protein (APP), the presenilin proteins and amyloid beta proteins. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Controlling Asthma

    A 10 page paper that begins by reporting the prevalence of asthma and the contradictions between the symptoms patients report and their perception of how well they are controlling this disease. The essay discusses triggers, allergens and irritants, the typical treatment, the latest research connecting stress to asthma attacks and ideas for how patients and caregivers can help better control this condition. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Healthcare And Strategic Management

    A 4 page paper that responds to specific issues. The first is why healthcare organizations need to adopt strategic planning processes. The paper provides an overview of the evolution of strategic management and defines the terms, strategic thinking, strategic momentum, strategic planning and strategic management. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Importance of Vaccines

    A 4 page review of vaccines and their importance in fighting disease. The author explains how vaccines are manufactured and how they work. No sources are listed.

  • Developing a Genetic Vaccine for Malaria

    This 3 page paper discusses the development of a genetic vaccine against malaria, its mode of administration, and its possible mode of action. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Best Practice in Ensuring Infected Wound Healing

    An 8 page consideration of the factors that enter into wound care. The author reviews the literature for approaches to wound care. The emphasis is made that appropriate wound care is not only specific to the type of wound but to the patient themselves. The nurse's careful interaction with the patient is critical in determining their needs and an address for those needs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Autism

    A 5 page overview of autism. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Autism

    A 3 page research paper on autism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Autism

    A 5 page paper on autism. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sickle Cell Anemia and its Biochemistry

    A 4 page review of the biochemical basis of sickle cell anemia. The author discusses the pathophysiology of sickle cell anemia from a cellular perspective rather than a sociological perspective. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Type I Diabetes' Biochemistry

    This 5 page paper focuses on the biochemistry of this disease but also discusses treatment, etiology and symptoms. How insulin therapy works is also included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Malaria

    A 3 page overview of malaria. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Medical Marijuana

    A 4 page paper which examines medical marijuana and supports legalization of medical marijuana. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Reasons Why Medical Marijuana Should Be Legal

    This 3 page paper examines the controversy. While both sides are discussed, the paper takes a pro stance on the issue of legalization. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Issues Surrounding Legalization Of Marijuana

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses the private and public issues surrounding marijuana legalization, as well as how scientific research is not all that dependable. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Using Medical Marijuana

    This 5 page paper discusses the use of marijuana as a treatment for severe medical conditions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cancer's Physical, Emotional, and Economic Costs

    This 5 page paper looks at various aspects of cancer and how people cope. Economic costs are looked at around the world, and emotions are related to spirituality. The physical aspects of cancer are discussed and medical marijuana and methods of pain treatment are also considered. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Textbook Chapter and Media Article Compared

    A paper which compares an article from the Chicago Tribune on the medical use of marijuana with a textbook chapter on the physiology and neurology of the brain. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Current Views on Drug Addiction

    A 5 page paper briefly reviewing current (2004-2006) views of issues such as chemical action, addiction, withdrawal and effects of marijuana, cocaine and heroin. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Human Body and the Impact of Drugs

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the effects of illegal drugs as well as prescription medications. A variety of drugs are mentioned by name. The effects of marijuana, ecstasy, and cocaine are highlighted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Cultural Variatioins on Death and Dying

    An 8 page discussion of the variation that exists among cultures in regard to the way theology affects the way death and dying are approached by the individual and the family. This paper explores Christian and Muslim theology and how it determines such things as receptivity to physician assisted suicide and family vigilance. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Male Health and Understanding Through Biomedical, Psychological, and Sociological Disciplines

    6 pages in length. The writer discusses how sociology, psychology and biomedicine play a role in understanding the impact of coronary heart disease (CHD) and suicide upon the male gender. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Debate on Euthanasia Legalization

    A 37 page paper that discusses legalizing euthanasia. This is a heated debate that has raged for at least two decades. The writer provides a general introduction to the topic of euthanasia and physician assisted suicide, definitions of the different categories of euthanasia, claims of opponents and supporters of legalizing euthanasia, activities within the U.S., including Oregon's Death With Dignity law and the effects of the law, activities outside the U.S., including the experiences in the Netherlands, different aspects of the argument, such as he ethical and sociological aspects of the question, and a summary and conclusion. The writer argues in favor of legalizing euthanasia. Data are included. Includes Table of Contents. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Euthanasia

    A 9 page research paper that examines the ethical issues associated with the issue of euthanasia, which are frequently addressed in contemporary society due to the fact that modern medical innovation has made it possible to prolong life in situations where, in previous eras, death would have been swift and inevitable. As this suggests, euthanasia debates are often associated with the discussions of the legality and morality of physician-assisted suicide. The following discussion of the ethics of euthanasia will consider both sides of this debate, pro and con, as well as how this issue can be regarded from various ethical perspectives, with a particular emphasis on Australian experience and law. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Historical High-Points in Nursing History

    A 5 page research paper that offer five historical developments in nursing history. The writer discusses the contributions of Florence Nightingale, Agnes Hunt, Clara Barton, Hildegard Peplau and Virginia Henderson. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Informed Consent and British Medical Law

    A 5 page research paper that examines the issue of informed consent in British medical law. The writer defines consent and then explores British law in regards to a scenario in which a patient suffering from a drug overdose is admitted to a hospital ED and refuses treatment. The writer discusses the ethical dilemma that this presents for the nurse trying to obtain consent and the writer argues that the nurse can treat the patient, under these circumstances, because the intoxicated state of the patient precludes the ability to make informed consent. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • British Nursing Advocacy and Law

    An 8 page research paper that examines advocacy in mental health nursing in the UK. The writer critically analyzes advocacy in relation to a specific scenario and discusses the legal and ethical ramifications as they pertain to nursing practice. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Malaria's Medical Geography

    10 pages in length. Malaria, one of the world's most communicable diseases, has its origin back when man befriended – and thus domesticated – various species of animals. Prominent in locations where hygiene is poor, water supplies are contaminated and mosquitoes are plentiful, malaria is both life threatening and extraordinarily prevalent – nearly forty percent – in today's underdeveloped countries. The one-cell parasite responsible for this highly infectious disease is called plasmodium and is delivered from one person to another by way of certain mosquito bites. Tropical climates are especially prone to these disease-carrying parasites, with Africa ranking among the highest mortality rates, an infestation that has been all but eliminated in more temperate atmospheric conditions across the globe. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Australia and Average Length of Hospital Stays

    This 8 page paper considers the influences on the average length of stay (ALOS) measures often used to ascertain hospital efficiency. The paper looks at influences such as geography, age, source of payments and type of hospital; public or private, and well as resources or integration of services. This last factor also includes delayed discharges. The paper concentrates on Australia, but the lessons are universal. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Death of a Wonder Drug: The Vioxx Recall

    This 5 page research paper discusses the CNBC documentary "Death of a Wonder Drug: The Vioxx Recall." The writer discusses a personal reaction to viewing the film and then relates information from additional sources that substantiate the information in the film, which indicated Merck's dubious actions in promoting this drug. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview on the History of Dental Fillings

    An 8 page discussion of the history of dental fillings. Traces the filling from ancient times to present exploring the various types of materials which were used. Explains that the choice of filling is related to performance but also to availability and cost. Notes that the evolutionary path of fillings is tied as well to the evolutionary paths of other dentistry aspects such as drill evolution and the development of molding techniques and materials. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History and Effects of Disease

    An 11 page overview of the impact of disease on world cultures. Correlates the impact on traditional cultures and the way those cultures dealt with that impact with advances in modern medicine. Emphasizes the impact of disease on the Americas and specifically on the Native American inhabitants of the Americas. Describes common European diseases which either directly or indirectly impacted the Americas and our contemporary, verses our traditional, understanding of those diseases and their treatment. Includes a one page Roman numeral outline. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • History and Implications of Medicare's Managed Care

    A 5 page paper discussing the history of Medicare managed care, economic implications and outlook for the future. The paper focuses on the history of the Medicare managed care, which saw its greatest growth throughout the decade of the 1990s. Medicare managed care has as much difficulty as other types of HMOs, however, and many are ceasing operations. This leaves seniors in a pool of uncertainty as increasing numbers of physicians turn away Medicare patients. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Dentistry History

    An 8 page overview of some of the major steps taken in dentistry. Starting in ancient times and continuing to the present, the author concentrates on the various approaches and materials that have been used in the production of fillings. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Triage and its Medical and Military History

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the history of triage in medicine and its use in the military and civilian health care. Triage, a medical term to mean a sorting or classification of patients based on their levels of medical urgency was first developed as a military term and used in wartime. The French used “triage” to decide who would be taken from the battlefields to be treated and who would be left behind. Soon afterward, from World War II until present day, triage was not only used in Army field hospitals but is also now used in emergency departments to classify the large number of patients who enter each day. Nurses have been involved in the triage process from the beginning and recently the nursing associations have broadened the original three level triage classifications of emergent, urgent and non-urgent, to one of a four level priority system in the United States and one of five level priorities in Australia, Canada and Great Britain. Regardless of the number of levels, triage has become an important and efficient system to evaluate a patient’s urgency as well as analyze the effectiveness of the health care given in emergency departments. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Fires in Hospital Operating Rooms

    This 13 page paper is a review of literature dealing with fires in hospital operating rooms. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Literature Review on Violence and Serotonin

    4 pages in length. The inhibitory properties of serotonin (5-HT) on aggression has been widely studied and deemed quite beneficial for addressing certain behavioral problems. The extent to which aggression responds to the presence of serotonin is both grand and far-reaching; that serotonin also serves to mitigate undesirable behaviors from other psychological disorders speaks to its comprehensive value in therapeutic treatment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Spinal Tuberculosis Management and Prevention Literature Review

    This 15 page paper delves into the history of the disease, its manifestation and treatment options. Attention is paid to infection control throughout as information about the disease and quality patient care is relayed. The paper concludes that successful treatment is usually in the form of chemotherapy or surgery or a combination of both. Infection control is highlighted and noted as a priority for schools, prisons and hospitals. How infection control efforts, along with treatment options, impacts the patient psychologically is also addressed. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • History and Overview of Condoms

    A 10 page paper which provides a look at the history of condoms and also provides a general overview of their use. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Performance of HMOs

    A 10 page paper tracing the history of health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and reviewing their performance over the years. HMOs' performance exceeded expectations during the decade of the 1990s, evidenced by total spending being a full $1 trillion less than expected 1993 – 2000. The health care industry has changed once again, however, and HMOs find themselves drowning in the rising costs they are unable this time to contain. Though they performed well in the past, it does appear that the time has come for another approach to delivering health care to individuals. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History, Etiology, and Treatment of Antibiotic Resistance

    A 9 page discussion of antibiotic resistance, diagnosis, and treatment. Correlations have been reported by numerous researchers regarding increased antibiotic resistance in microbial populations with high usage of antibiotic drugs. Unfortunately, however, recent evidence demonstrates that even the reduction of this utilization is not an effective means of preventing antibiotic resistance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Alzheimer's Disease History Overview

    This 4 page paper discusses the history of the discovery of the disease, and background information about it. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Pain Management

    7 pages. An in-depth look at the study of pain management. Specifically addresses the implications that psychological models of pain have for pharmacological/medical approaches to pain management. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Female Benign Pelvic Tumors

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of benign female pelvic tumors, including cystic teratoma masses and dermoid masses. This paper assesses the anatomy, pathology and diagnostic perspectives that are utilized in forming treatment plans for non-cancerous pelvic tumors. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Tourette's Syndrome Treatments Literature Review

    This 10 page report presents a literature review related to the treatment of Tourette’s syndrome. The DSM-IV definition of the syndrome is presented along with a review of six professional journals addressing the issue. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Literature Review on a Cancer Patient's Emotional Needs

    This 6 page literature review examines the emotional needs of cancer patients. Various aspects are explored inclusive of suggestions for treatment. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Literature Review of Terminal Cancer Patients and Hospital Care Quality

    This 6 page literature review looks at complaints from patients and their families in situations where individuals are dying of cancer. Several studies are noted and anecdotal pieces are included as well. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • U.S. Refugee Population, Health Policy Treatment, Prevention, and Care Services

    This 5-page paper examines literature pertaining to health care needs of asylum-seekers and refugees in the United States. The essay, based on the literature, develops some legislative policies that would help this vulnerable population. Topics touched on include savings to taxpayers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Review of Literature on Biting Nails

    This 3 page paper reviews literature pertinent to the study of the disorder of nail biting. Quotes cited from texts. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Literature Review on Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Intensive Care Units and th Effects of Improved Oral Care

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) and the impacts that improved oral care can have in reducing this disease. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • A Literature Review of Research on Alzheimer's Disease

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of current research on Alzheimer's disease. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • A Literature Review of Current Research on Alzheimer's Disease

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of current research on Alzheimer's disease. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Literature Review on Artificial Neural Networks Use

    This 40 page paper provides an overview of the use of artificial neural networks for interpretation of medical data. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • An Analysis of Occupational Therapy Literature

    This 20 page paper provides a review of literature on the therapeutic use of self in occupational therapy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Disease Surveillance; A Literature Review For Research Into Attitude And Practice Of Ministry Of Health Physicians Toward the Surveillance System In Saudi Arabia

    It is important that there are accurate and efficient surveillance systems to support the protection of public health. This 7 page paper is a literature review looking at different aspects of surveillance systems, including the use of GIS and the role of the physician in that system. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Diabetes Control: A Review of Literature

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of 8 articles that represent current research in the area of diabetes management and diabetes education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Malaria

    A 3 page research paper that describes malaria. The tropics abound with popular tourist destinations and one seldom hears of anyone dying from having taken a vacation in the Bahamas; however, this remains a possibility because of malaria. The following discussion, which first of all, describes malaria, indicates that this scourge, which Westerners inevitably associate with the past, remains a worldwide, deadly disease. The precautions that travelers can take against malaria are also described, before concluding with a description of possible treatments, as well as the hope of an effective vaccine becoming a possibility. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Historical Impacts of the Disease Malaria

    A 5 page overview of this ancient disease. The impacts of malaria have been widespread over history. Spread by the bites of Anopheles mosquitoes, malaria is particularly prevalent in the tropics. Its symptoms range from mild to severe and can include chills, fever, headaches, and sweating. More serious impacts target the kidneys, liver, brain, and blood. The disease can even be fatal. The author explores the relationship between malaria and sickle cell anemia. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Malaria

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical, diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Malaria's Medical Geography

    10 pages in length. Malaria, one of the world's most communicable diseases, has its origin back when man befriended – and thus domesticated – various species of animals. Prominent in locations where hygiene is poor, water supplies are contaminated and mosquitoes are plentiful, malaria is both life threatening and extraordinarily prevalent – nearly forty percent – in today's underdeveloped countries. The one-cell parasite responsible for this highly infectious disease is called plasmodium and is delivered from one person to another by way of certain mosquito bites. Tropical climates are especially prone to these disease-carrying parasites, with Africa ranking among the highest mortality rates, an infestation that has been all but eliminated in more temperate atmospheric conditions across the globe. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Medical Imaging and Neural Networking

    A 5 page assertion that networking is opening vast avenues for increased efficiency and accuracy in the analysis of medical imaging. Traditional methods of data analysis in such applications and medicine relied solely on the visual inspection of that data by experts. Neural networking complements this inspection with detailed computer analysis utilizing complex computer algorithms. The technique has proven invaluable in a number of diverse medical arenas. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Medical Coders

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the field of medical coders. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), health information technicians who specialize in assigning codes to patients' medical records for insurance purposes are known by a variety of terms, such as "health information coders, medical record coders, coder/abstractors or coding specialists" (BLS, 2008). This essay offers a brief overview of the medical coding profession: that is, what they do, the education required, associated certification processes, licensure, etc. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medical Coding - Informed Consent Forms

    This 3 page paper responds to two diverse topics. The first one discusses the question: Is medical coding the process of operationalizing the construct of "severity" -- or the construct itself? The writer determines the illness and severity is the construct. The second question is about medical consent forms and provides a real court case as an example. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hand Washing Hygiene in Disease Control

    A 3 page overview of recent Center for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines in hand hygiene. This paper reviews organism susceptibility to soap and water as well as to alcohol solutions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sample Thesis Proposal on the Relationship Between Psychotherapy and Buddhist Practices of Meditation

    This 13 page paper discusses meditation and the incorporation of it into the practice of the psychotherapist. Scientific studies discussed and outlined, specific methodology is suggested with thesis, proposal and analysis of past research. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Documentation Errors and Incorrect Abbreviations in Medical Documentation

    This 3 page paper discusses abbreviations and documentation errors in the medical field. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Face Recognition

    This 4 page paper discusses face recognition, both in humans and in automatic systems. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Metaphysical Spiritual Healing

    A 48 page exploration in the entitled field of healing beginning with an introduction and background of metaphysical spiritual healing and an historical background. The essay's subheadings are: metaphysical healing, metaphysical healing and tools and approaches, including Reiki, magnet and crystal therapies and how they are used, spiritual healing, metaphysical spiritual healers and approaches, including faith healing and reports of some of the most successful healers, Jesus Christ and His followers, the faith of metaphysicians and the faith and Divine powers of Christ, concluding comments. Numerous examples are provided throughout the paper along with comprehensive discussions in each section. Discussion and questions of Christ's healing and raising people from the dead are explored. Bibliography lists 34 sources.

  • Healing With Prayer

    This 16 page paper begins with an introduction and definitions of key words. The paper discusses the long tradition of healing in Christianity beginning with Christ and His Apostles. The writer comments on faith healers, including Mary Baker Eddy and the potential dangers of relying only on prayer. The paper then discusses the charismatic Christian Healing renewal movement. A critique on the validity of charismatics being Christian is included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • The Importance of AIDS Research

    This 8 page paper examines the history of AIDS and AIDS research. It is argued that more research needs to be done or more people will die. The concept of the AIDS vaccine is explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Alcoholism is a Disease

    An 8 page paper which argues how alcoholism is a disease. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • U.S. Health System

    This 3 page paper begins by identifying one hopes the main functions of the health system is and how that system is failing in the United States. Experts say the system is broken. Limited statistical data are reported in terms of medical errors and the uninsured. The writer also reports and discusses the mission statement from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medicine and Artificial Intelligence

    This 28 page paper outlines the use of artificial intelligence in medicine. This paper outlines some of the major ways in which AI has improved the function of physicians and researchers. Bibliography lists 55 sources.

  • Suicide and Patients with AIDS and HIV

    This 18 page report discusses the many issues associated with suicide and people with HIV/AIDS. The disease has raised numerous issues such as access to care, prevention, cost of treatment, drug therapy and much more. Not surprisingly, it has also intensified the debate regarding right to die, physician assisted suicide, and the moral issues associated with suicide. As people are forced to live with a disease that slowly but surely robs them of all strength and any measure of personal dignity, many have made the decision not to endure that process or cause their loved ones to have to experience it with them. The impact of the loss of personal autonomy, the emotional and physical suffering, and the related care issues are presented in terms of both AIDS patients and their caregivers. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Autism/MMR Controversy

    An 8 page research paper that discusses autism and the MMR vaccine as a potential cause. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Autism and the Vaccination Scare

    This 4 page paper dispels the belief that the vaccine for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) causes this devastating condition. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Graves Disease/Proposed Research

    A 6 page research paper that discusses Graves' disease, which is an autoimmune disorder of the thyroid. The writer gives background on Graves' and then presents a hypothetical research proposal that suggests investigating if there is a connection between the development of Graves disease and consuming food additives. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Exercise, Bone Density & Menopause

    An 8 page research paper that examines empirical research which has suggested that there is a significant relationship between bone mass and the individual’s level of physical fitness. This examination of relevant literature focuses specifically on what this body of data reveals pertaining to the effect of exercise on bone mineral density for postmenopausal women. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Using Botox as a Wrinkle Treatment

    A 14 page paper which provides an overview of botox as it is used for wrinkles. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Overview of Dolphin Therapy

    An 18 page paper which examines what this controversial treatment is, who developed it, its benefits, where one can go to receive this therapy, how dolphins communicate with patients, how dolphins are trained for such a program, and evaluates the results of this therapy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Tumors of the Brain

    This 4-page paper discussses brain tumors, their causes and symptoms, treatments and other information. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Glioma Brain Tumor

    This paper is a study of the Glioma Brain Tumor, with some emphasis placed on GBM. The paper examines the symptoms and treatment of gliomas, as well as the causes of the disease. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Profiling Sufferers of Color Blindness

    This 5 page paper outlines the characteristics of those who suffer from color blindness. A list of symptoms are provided. Latest genetic research is detailed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Health Care Communication

    This 6 page paper provides a general overview of the importance of effective communication within the health care system. The discussions include: health care provider and patient; the need for communication skills to be learned, the need to recognize cultural and national communication differences, communication between professionals, and an example of how one organization set up its internal communication network. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Daycare Setting and the Protection of Welfare and Health

    A 20 page overview of the various provisions that are necessary to prevent the spread of disease and exposure to toxic chemicals in the day care environment. This paper provides a step by step review of basic hygiene practices in response to specific questions and scenarios regarding those practices. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Deafness and Differing Perceptions

    This 3 page report discusses three different views of deafness: 1) a medical view which sees deafness as a medical problem to be cured; 2) a communicative view, which takes deafness to be an impediment to effective communication with others, and; 3) the cultural view, which focuses on the distinctive cultural heritage and patterns of the signing deaf community. Positive and negative aspects of each view are discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act and Physician Assisted Suicide

    In six pages this paper examines the history, passage, and specifics of Oregon’s Death With Dignity Act, the controversial physician-assisted suicide issue and what states’ positions are on it, and the contributions of Michigan Dr. Jack Kevorkian. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Dementia

    An 8 page research paper on dementia. Dementia is often regarded by the general public to be a common, and therefore, a “normal,” part of aging. However, dementia is not normal, but is, rather, a pathological condition that prevents individuals who develop this neurological disorder from living autonomously and fully. Individuals suffering from dementia often become a burden on their families, as their loss of cognitive function makes independent living in older years impossible. It is important to accurately diagnose and treat dementia in order to provide a level of care that will facilitate, to the greatest extent possible, older individuals retaining autonomy and a high quality of life. In other words, knowledge of the various types of dementia and the nature of dementia is essential to providing a high level of care and in making decisions associated with the care of dementia patients. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Overview of Dental Hygienist Position

    A 3 page research paper that outlines the benefits of this career path and offers advise on how best to express appreciation for this career option in an application to dental hygiene school. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dental Hygiene, Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

    A 4 page review of the many concerns presented by cleft lips and cleft palates. The author defines these conditions and the type of care they necessitate. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Breast Cancer and Mammogram Screening

    A 3 page paper providing a flow diagram of screening for breast cancer with mammography and discussing the problems of accuracy. Mammograms have been less able to detect masses in dense or fatty breasts. Digital mammography has been shown to increase detection in women under 50; CAD mammography is much more accurate now than in the past. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Call Tracking and Shand's Health Care

    This 12-page paper provides an example of how a call track system can assist a university medical center in better allocation of professional resources to the community. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Dyslexia Overview

    This 11 page paper provides an informative overview of this puzzling condition. The definition of dyslexia is provided along with a list of symptoms. Etiology is discussed as well, inclusive of the differences in brain function and the brain itself. Finally, many treatment options are discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Barack Obama’s Universal Healthcare

    A 9 page paper which examines President Elect Barack Obama’s universal healthcare plan. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Money Can't Buy Happiness

    This 3 page paper discusses the relationship between income level and stress, and finds that the people who are most stressed by financial problems are the very wealthy and the very poor. It argues that it is absolutely untrue that less money means less stress. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Prostate Cancer Treatment Through TURP and Seed Implantation or Brachytherapy

    A 5 page analysis of TURP and seed implantation (brachytherapy) which looks at the benefits and side effects of each, as well as the recurrence rate of prostate cancer following each type of therapy. Includes a reommendation for which therapy is the better of the two. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • "Risk Factors For Cardiovascular Disease In Children With Type 1 Diabetes" - Brief Analysis

    3 pages in length. The general research problem Lipman et al (2000) attempt to address revolves around the relationship between children with Type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease as a complication. The predominant coupling of cardiovascular disease and Type 1 diabetes in children requires a greater understanding of environmental factors and the impact they have upon the presence of CVD in these afflicted children. Lipman et al (2000) seek to determine if preventive monitoring measures will serve to be an effective means by which to enable "early identification and treatment of known risk factors" (p. 160). The ultimate goal is to combat factors directly associated with cardiovascular disease and Type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes in children, which the authors believe can be achieved by adopting a preventive approach. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Relationship Between Cardiovascular Disease Stress and Cardiovascular Reactivity

    A 5 page review of the relationship between various physiologic and environmental stressors and heart disease. The author defines stress, stressor and describes the various parameters used to assess cardiovascular reactivity. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Disease and Various Factors to be Considered

    A 3 page discussion of the fact that most diseases are not determined solely by either genetic makeup or environment. While some diseases truly are determined by either genetics or environment alone, most are determined by a combination of factors. Tay Sachs Disease and Cardiovascular Disease are contrasted to illustrate the differences. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Review of "Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin and the Free Androgen Index Are Related to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Multiethnic Premenopausal and Perimenopausal Women Enrolled in the Study of Women Across the Nation (SWAN)"

    A 5 page paper critiquing a research article for form and validity. The article can be said to have weaknesses in form in that it does not include a literature review and does not define the terms it uses. It still is a highly useful study that can inform patient care, however, particularly the care of peri- and postmenopausal women at risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Diabetic Education for Continuing Education for Nurses Exploring Perceptions of Health Care Management Compared to Published Standards of Care Among a Rural Population Experiencing Diabetes: A Review of Literature

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of elements of a review of literature on the subject of diabetes education and adherence to health care management principles and standards of care. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • How Exercise Delays Onset Of Dementia In Alzheimer's Patients: Literature Review

    20 pages in length. The natural course of aging takes its toll on both the body and mind; as much significant progress medical technology has made, there are still some aspects of human existence it cannot stop or reverse. Multimodal exercise has long been a highly recommended component of the geriatric health protocol as a method by which to tone muscles, strengthen bones stronger and keep all the bodily systems in good function. Why is it, therefore, that exercise is only just recently being associated with the delay onset of dementia when it has such dramatically positive impact upon the rest of the physiological makeup? Second only to the skin, the human brain is the largest organ in the body that responds to stimuli no differently than others, however, it is also vastly complex when compared to the liver or heart; because medical science still has a very long way to go before the mind's holistic function and capacity is known, new realizations of the mind/body connection will continue to be made, not the least of which includes the growing association between physical activity and staving off dementia. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • TOUCH THERAPY AND PREMATURE BABIES: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    This 8-page paper focuses on literature and research conducted on the effects of gentle massage on preterm infants. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Educating About the Risks of Hepatitis B

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of the design and success rates of three educational interventions for Hepatitis B. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Electrical Stimulation For Chronic, Non-healing Wounds Literature Review

    Chronic wound care is considerably more difficult to manage than it seems; a single ulcer or open sore can have a tremendous impact upon an individual's personal and professional life to the point of disrupting it entirely. From high health care costs to job loss to compromised quality of life, what may otherwise seem to laypeople as an innocuous medical issue is in truth quite impacting upon the patient's entire life, not the least of which includes impaired mobility, chronic pain and social isolation (Ly & Poole-Warren (2008). Utilizing the ever-growing technological options for this particular problem has rendered some benefit to accelerated wound care, however, the speed with which such methods as electrical fields like POSiFECT and Dermapulse depends upon the severity of the wound. the delayed and sometimes ineffective nature of conventional wound treatment has rendered the need for more advanced options that while not perfect are showing great promise as a viable and better alternative.

  • Tommy John Surgery and Current Research

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of the current literature regarding Tommy John surgery, and the best approaches to returning to function following surgery. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Nutrition and Exercise in the Treatment of Mental Illnesses

    This 20 page paper presents a literature review assessing the potential influence of nutrition and regular exercise are mental health patients. The paper starts by looking at the problem and the background problem, then present an in-depth discussion on the way in which the literature review was performed, including identification of databases and search terms used. A single article is assessed and then a comprehensive literature review is presented. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Women in Sub Saharan Africa and High Rates of HIV and AIDS

    This 39 page literature review examines nine articles related to the spread of AIDs in Africa and pays particular attention to gender specific reach. At the same time, the literature is broad and also encompasses a wide array of material that examines things such as socioeconomic status and media campaigns against AIDS. The primary question explored by this literature review is: "Why is there a high incidence of HIV/AIDS among women in sub-Sahara Africa?" The literature does include a variety of articles that cover several topics. Concepts such as condom use, rape, polygamy, stigma and breast-feeding are included in the discussion. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Hepatotoxicity/Mechanisms

    A 16 page research paper that offers a review of the literature on hepatotoxicity, which is the capacity of a substance to produce damaging effect on the liver, is a constant concern in regards to drug therapies. In many cases, a drug is known to cause hepatotoxicity, but the mechanisms behind this effect have not been fully explored. This literature review explores issues of hepatotoxicity in regards to various drug therapies and what is known about the mechanisms causing these toxic effects. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Addiction Transfer Disorder & Gastric Bypass Surgery

    A 10 page research paper that examines the literature on the phenomenon known as “addiction transfer” among bariatric patients. This literature review looks at what has been discovered, neurologically and in regards to psychological motives, thus far and the implications of this information in regards to directions for future research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Pain Management and Music Therapy

    A 6 page research paper that examines literature pertaining music therapy as a method for pain management. The writer reviews the literature and offers suggestions for implementation of music therapy into clinical nursing practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Heart Disease and Gender Differences

    A 10 page paper with three sections. The first section is a study regarding the differences between men and women in regards to symptoms and treatment of heart disease. This section includes an introduction, purpose of the study, problem statement, hypotheses, literature review, type of study, and conclusion. The next section is an annotated bibliography and the third section is a brief review of two articles used in the literature review. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • ICU Patients and Communication

    A 10 page research paper that examines the literature on communicating with critical ill patients. This literature demonstrates that communication with the critically ill is a complex area. Some of the literature pertains to the issues surrounding difficult end-of-life decisions while other studies address the problems of dealing with the families of children in ICU and the importance of communicating with unconscious or sedated patients. The common factor in all of the research, however, is that the importance of communication is emphasized. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Male Fertility and Spinal Cord Injuries

    A 24 page research paper that offers an extensive literature review that addresses studies concerning spinal cord injury men and their fertility. Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) can result from a variety of accidents that include car accidents, falls, violence or sports-related activities (Brackett, 1999). Spinal cord injuries also frequently happen with young men, in the years when they would like to father children. Among the multiple medical challenges facing these young men is the inability to ejaculate via sexual intercourse (Brackett, 1999). This literature review explores the literature on this issue. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • General Anesthesia and Explicit Memory

    A 6 page research paper that offers a literature review on the incidence of explicit memory awareness during general anesthesia. Prior to the advent of anesthesia, the excruciating pain involved in surgery put patients into a state of shock that often proved fatal. In a small, rare number of cases, for reasons that remain obscure despite numerous studies, some patients do not fall into an oblivious state of unconsciousness. Sometimes they are aware of their surroundings, and sometimes they are even aware of experiencing pain. This review of literature on this topic shows that, despite the vast empirical research that has been done on this topic, there is still much that needs to be discerned. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • An Article on Psychotrophic Medications Reviewed

    This is a 6 page review of the current literature available on psychotropic medications. Five articles are discussed. The review of the literature available about the concerns, usage and effects of psychotropic medication is fairly extensive. Researchers have examined use in children, adolescents and adults as well as in pregnant women. Many of the articles provide good details on the different medications available as well as their contraindications and side effects. Although the physiological mechanisms are not completely analyzed yet in the field of medicine psychotropic drugs are used widely across the country. In fact, many critics have concluded that children have been overly prescribed medications as in the case of Ritalin, the most common psychotropic medication prescribed for children which has increased in usage by over 700 percent in the last ten years. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Assistive Devices & The Elderly/Maintaining Independence

    A 9 page literature review that addresses the use of assistive devices by the elderly. There has been a major paradigm shift that has transferred the focus of society from "disability to ability and from professional power to patient empowerment" (Wressle and Samuelsson, 2004, p. 143). This necessarily influences the field of rehabilitation and occupational therapy, as assistive devices empower patients to keep control of their lives. This literature review explores whether empirical research studies support the concept that assistive devices contribute significantly to the goal of maintaining independence in old age. The writer concludes that it does. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Childhood Obesity and Effective Treatment

    A 36 page research paper that examines the pandemic of childhood obesity. This literature review examines the empirical research on the topic of childhood obesity in order to discern the efficacy of treatment options for this epidemic, which is plaguing the industrialized nations. Conclusions are then drawn concerning the efficacy of these proposed treatments and/or programs and how the literature suggests that childhood obesity should be addressed in light of this data. The review concludes by discussing the implications of this research in regards to possible future studies that will add to this body of knowledge and contribute to the goal of effectively coping with this societal problem. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Faust, Dimitrovsky, and Shacht's Naming Difficulties in Children with Dyslexia

    Faust, Dimitrovsky and Shacht (2003), in their article Naming Difficulties in Children with Dyslexia, relate the fact that children with learning disabilities, especially dyslexia, may in fact have a language processing problem that can be assessed, in an effort at developing better approaches to language learning. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Home Residents Suffering from Dementia and Making End of Life Decisions

    Forbes, Bern-Klug and Gessert (2000), in their article End-of-Life Decision Making for Nursing Home Residents with Dementia, relate the problem of family decision making and the focus on nursing home care for individuals with dementia. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Diabetic Neuropathy

    Diabetic neuropathy, or the loss of some nerve cell function as a result of the presence of diabetes, is an increasing problem. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Latino Parents' Treatment Compliance Barriers for Children with Diabetes

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Population Impact of Diabetes

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • MRSA Infection

    A 24 page literature review that examines the problem of MRSA infection. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been generally considered in the past to be a hospital-acquired (HA) pathogen; however, community-associated (CA) MRSA infections are increasing. The effects of these S. aureus infections can range from the inconvenient to the devastating. History, epidemiology, treatment and prevention are discussed. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • Hypnosis as a Method of Pain Control

    This 10 page paper is a literature review that discusses the use of hypnosis as a means of pain control. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Stress Management Options and the Hypothalmic Pituitary Adrenal Axis

    A 12 page paper discussing physical reactions to stress and alternative therapies available to decrease the physical disorders it causes. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Aggression and Testosterone

    5 pages in length. It goes without saying that there exists an inherent difference in the aggressive tendencies of males and females. When addressing sporting events, such as school activities, this difference is comprised of various elements that each coach must take into consideration in order for the player to achieve his or her highest possible athletic ability. The writer discusses the fact that there are significant divergent responses to external stimuli between girls and boys, men and women, for the sole reason that the male chemistry is comprised of considerably more testosterone, the single-most influential component of aggressive behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing Theory and Pain Management

    A 5 page paper constructing a new theory of nursing as it relates to postoperative pain management following hip replacement surgery. The new nursing theory constructed here is that a better approach to postoperative pain management associated with hip replacement surgery is to avoid as much immediate pain sensation as possible. This restricts use of the drugs most open to abuse to use only during the first 24 hours following surgery, and it further restricts the use of that class of drugs to the hospital setting where there often is greater accountability. Further, it disallows interference of the first subsystem of pain management with the second, and can serve to result in more favorable patient outcomes. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pain Management and Long Term Care Residents' Rights

    An 11 page paper discussing traditional and newer approaches to pain management among the elderly, specifically those confined to nursing homes. The paper includes discussion of Neuman’s, Orem’s and King’s theories of nursing practice as they relate to the issue of pain management among nursing home residents. The use of pain-killing drugs is frowned on even when use of them is necessary. More highly favored is patient education and personal responsibility in exercising pain management techniques. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Pain Management Barriers and Nursing's Role

    A 5 page paper which examines the problem of patient barriers to pain management, considers nurse’s role in identifying and guiding the patient to better pain management, such as when a patient is afraid of addiction, takes the medication only out of complacency, and therefore receives inadequate relief from pain. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Theory and Nursing Management

    A 4 page paper discussing longevity of systems dependent on information processing. The statement of debate is that the more energy devoted to information processing within a system, the more likely it is that the system will survive. The paper agrees with the statement, but cautions against allowing the law of diminishing returns from becoming applicable. Additional information processing is valuable only to a point, after which the system can be seen as existing to be served rather than as being a tool in patient care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Patient Care and Individual Differences

    A 6 page review of two nursing articles dealing with patient care. The author of this paper provides an overview of each article, its presentation style, and findings, and identifies similarities in the message being conveyed by both articles. In addition to the direct impacts to health, illness and injury can result in a number of complex problems. The literature is replete with examples of treatment regimes and recovery expectations but always at mind must be individual variation in both physiology, emotion, and manner of dealing. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Nursing Management Change Theory

    A 6 page paper discussing implementing changes that can assist in integrating theory into practice. Theory-based nursing practice is the focus of much current nursing research and practice, but established, experienced nurses may be less familiar with theory than are new graduates. It is common practice for older nurses to mentor newer ones; new graduates fresh from study of theory also have the opportunity to teach as well. Lewin’s change theory maintains that change is incremental and proceeds stepwise. The organization can assist this progression by hiring new graduates with solid knowledge of theory, which they can pass on to those more experienced in practice. Includes abstract. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Outpatient Clinic for Pain Management Establishment

    A 15 page paper discussing the establishment of a freestanding pain management clinic attached to a nursing home but also available for adult day care. The paper discusses pain management philosophies; alternative methods of managing pain; past problems of abuse of pain-killing drugs in the elderly; and the business issues of establishing and maintaining the clinic. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Breast Cancer Research & Ethics

    A 6 page research paper that examines ethical conflicts in research, focusing specifically problematic areas that have arisen in breast cancer research. A literature review is offered and then discussion addresses such issues as what this information reveals about various ethical conflict in research, such as patient consent, benefits to patients and society, therapeutic research, etc. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Obesity in Adults

    This 30 page paper looks at the problem, causes and treatment of obesity. The paper starts with an introduction, defines what is meant by obesity and discusses the influences on obesity, including genetic, environmental and behavioural influences. The paper discusses the conditions that result from, or that are aggravated by, obesity, including diabetes and coronary heart failure. The paper then goes on to look at the way obesity can be treated and the models of change which can help to frame treatment approaches, including the Tannahill Model as well as the approach of Prochaska and Diclemente. The discussion in the paper includes policies and approaches seen in the United Kingdom National Health Service (NHS) and UK obesity statistics .The bibliography cites 34 sources.

  • Childhood Obesity/Focus on Kaneohe, HI

    A 5 page research paper that addresses the problem of childhood obesity, which focuses on also on what is being done locally in Kaneohe, Hawaii. The writer discusses the health and psychological impact of obesity, as well as reviews successful interventions before making recommendations. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • About Breast Cancer

    This 3 page paper discusses some of the aspects of breast cancer. Bibliography lists 3 sources

  • Connection Between Cancer and Diet

    This 5 page paper provides an overview in respect to dietary factors as they relate to cancer. Research includes information related to prevention as well as foods that are beneficial in helping cancer patients. Recent research is included. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Young Victims of Suicide and Depression

    A 9 page overview of two extremely alarming phenomena: childhood depression and suicide. Concerns regarding the use of Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), one of the most widely prescribed drugs for childhood depression, a category that includes fluoxetine (Prozac[R]), fluvoxamine (Luvox[R]), paroxetine (Paxil[R]), and sertraline (Zoloft[R]), are addressed.

  • Type 1 Diabetes

    A 15 page exploration of the condition also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, childhood-onset diabetes and juvenile-onset diabetes. This paper considers the causes, symptoms and treatment of this disease. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Diabetes Control: A Review of Literature

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of 8 articles that represent current research in the area of diabetes management and diabetes education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • The Health Insurance Crisis

    This 5 page paper discusses the health insurance care crisis in the U.S., what causes it, and what it means for the future of health care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Vegetarianism Impact on Blood Sugar Study Proposal

    A 12 page proposal to evaluate the effect of a vegetarian lifestyle on blood sugar levels. The study is designed to assess individual's current approach to blood sugar levels, approaches that may or may not include medications and that may or may not include a vegetarian diet. Subjects are selected randomly and provided surveys through e-mail. Their reports as to their lifestyle choices are correlated with blood sugar analyses. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Careers in Health Information

    A 7 page paper discussing various health information careers. Among these are analyst, medical records technician, medical record director, information security officer, information privacy officer and compliance officer. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Literature Review on Artificial Neural Networks Use

    This 40 page paper provides an overview of the use of artificial neural networks for interpretation of medical data. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Treating Schizophrenia

    This is an 8 page paper discussing some treatments for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is considered a life-long illness in which individuals experience delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and/or catatonic behavior among other symptoms. Without treatment, schizophrenics may be unable to cope with everyday experiences and this can negatively affect their social relationships, family function and occupational opportunities. Fortunately, there are several types of treatment which include anti-psychotic medications, cognitive-behavioral therapy, social skills training and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) among others. While almost all treatments report more success in combination with medication, medication alone cannot help individuals overcome the behaviors often associated with everyday stresses. From this perspective, cognitive behavioral therapy and social skills training are the most beneficial and in cases of severe depression accompanying schizophrenia, ECT has been reported to be extremely beneficial. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medical Ethical Dilemma - Stem Cell Research

    This 7 page paper begins with an explanation of what a stem cell is and why it is so valuable. The writer reports some of the diseases stem cells can cure and/or prevent and discusses the progress in stem cell research. This is followed by a discussion of the ethical dilemma with this type of research and concludes with the need for the U.S. to remain competitive. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Stem Cell Research Addressing the Challenges

    This 3 page paper delineates the benefits of stem cell research and the challenges that it faces. The author presents the opinion that the future of this research rests on the identification of alternatives for harvesting that do not involve human fetuses. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • How Can Doctors Get Patients to Comply?

    This 7 page paper examines the relationship between compliance and the doctor-patient relationship. The paper concludes that there is a correlation between patients who comply with a prescribed medical action plan and a good relationship with their physicians. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • 2D Ultrasound Technology versus 3D Ultrasound Technology

    This 4 page paper considers the use of 3D ultrasound technology vs. 2D ultrasound technology. This paper specifically considers the use of 3D imaging for abdominal organs, including the liver. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Integration of Alternative Medicine with Western Medicine

    7 pages in length. Concluding evidence points toward a growing trend of western medicine practitioners collaborating closely with alternative doctors. It is not without significant forethought that the two very separate entities have joined together to create a synergistic approach to health care. The writer discusses that prevention is the key for the alternative approach, where historically and typically, the western medicine practitioner has focused more upon treating the illness or disease after it has already been diagnosed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Dr. James Gordon's Manifesto for a New Medicine

    This 5 page paper offers specific and in-depth analysis of Dr. James Gordon's book, Manifesto for a New Medicine. Detailing and giving evidence which supports his theories, Dr. Gordon explains why alternative medicine is the direction that medicine should be headed. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Complimentary Alternative Medicine

    An 8 page review of the state of knowledge regarding CAM. This paper addresses the question of "whether or not people who use complementary alternative medicine heal better and faster than people who use western medicine exclusively". Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medical Treatment, Complimentary Alternative Medicine

    This 4 page paper examines CAM and looks at reasons for its promotion as well as reasons for criticisms against it. Several things are discussed including the influence of the media. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Alzheimer’s Disease

    A 5 page paper that provides a brief and general overview of Alzheimer’s Disease. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Alzheimer's Disease History Overview

    This 4 page paper discusses the history of the discovery of the disease, and background information about it. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Physician Induced Demand: Examples From Obstretics

    In this three page paper the author first defines and then explores the reasons behind physician induced demand. Two examples from obstretics are provided. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Detrimental Impact of Performance Enhancing Anabolic Steroids

    This 5 page paper examines the different risk involved for athletes who chose to take anabolic steroids. The physical and psychological side effects of women, men and children who take these drugs are all discussed. The bibliography cites 9 academic sources.

  • Nuclear Medicine: Past, Present, and Future

    A 4 page overview of the advances made in nuclear medicine. This paper addresses the field from the introduction of the x-ray to the modern utilization of digital imaging such as PET and CT scans. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nuclear Medicine: Past, Present, and Future

    A 4 page overview of the advances made in nuclear medicine. This paper addresses the field from the introduction of the x-ray to the modern utilization of digital imaging such as PET and SPECT scans. A variety of radiopharmaceuticals is listed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nuclear Medicine

    16 pages in length. Technological improvements within the medical profession would have practitioners from a century ago shaking their collective heads in awe and disbelief. The extent to which nuclear medicine has surpassed the expectations of technological advancement only fifty years ago is both grand and far-reaching; that its usage is incorporated into myriad procedures for disease detection speaks to the growing trend toward this nontraditional approach to health care. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Nuclear Medicine and Its Uses

    This 14 page paper provides an overview of nuclear medicine and considers the different ways it has developed in recent years. This paper reflects on the changes that are occuring in this field. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nutrition Concerns in AIDS

    An 8 page review of the importance of adequate nutrition in Auto Immune Efficienc Disorder. This paper details the various physiological processes that can be affected by nutrition. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • An Article on Obesity, Diabetes, and the Effect of Estrogen Reviewed

    An 8 page paper that reviews an article entitled: "Estrogen can prevent or reverse obesity and diabetes in mice expressing human islet amyloid polypeptide." The essay reports and comments on methodology, research questions, introduction, theoretical foundation, results, discussion and conclusion.

  • The Link Between Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

    A 6 page paper exploring the relationship that exists between Type 2 diabetes and obesity. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Overview of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    6 pages in length. Research findings indicate that nearly eighteen million Americans suffer with the dangerous and exhausting effects of sleep apnea, in which certain mechanical and structural problems in the airway cause the interruptions in breathing during sleep. Telltale signs of a potential problem include loud snoring, obesity, high blood pressure and a physical blockage of the nose, throat or upper airway. Its prevalence appears to be genetic to some degree; however, its appearance in overweight patients also indicates that its composition is rooted in both genetics and environment. The writer discusses cause, diagnosis, treatment and long-term consequences of obstructive sleep apnea. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Overview of Sleep Disorders

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of sleep disorders. While there is a focus on insomnia, there is attention paid to hypersomnia, circadian rhythm-based sleep disorder, narcolepsy, myoclonus and restless leg syndrome. The very dangerous condition of sleep apnea is discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Sleep Apnea

    A 5 page research paper on sleep apnea, which is a sleep disorder in which the person stop breathing over and over again throughout the night without waking up. It causes fatigue, depression and may decrease cognition in children. The writer discusses recent research on sleep apnea from a psychological perspective. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Community Project: Self-Care For OCD

    7 pages in length. The writer provides the foundation of a community center where those with OCD can not only obtain information about self-care but also interpretation of otherwise hard to understand medical information. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Etiology of OCD

    A 9 page research paper that examines Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The writer discusses etiology, symptoms and behavior, pharmacological and behavior therapies and recent research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Kidneys and Renal Failure

    This 4 page paper discusses the kidneys and renal failure; nursing assessment of such patients, including lab results and patient interaction; types of dialysis and finally, transplant. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Periodontal Laser Treatments

    This 5 page paper discusses periodontal laser treatments; it also briefly explains how a laser works. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Medical Marijuana

    A 4 page paper which examines medical marijuana and supports legalization of medical marijuana. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Legalization of Marijuana for Medicinal Purposes

    A 5 page research paper on legalizing marijuana for medicinal purposes. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Arguing in Favor of Legalizing Marijuana for Medical Uses

    A 5 page paper analyzing the potential benefits of the legalization of marijuana for medical utilization. This paper points out the varied uses to which marijuana has been put. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Leukemia

    This 5 page paper provides basic facts about the disease inclusive of types, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. New breakthroughs, and false hopes, are duly noted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Examination of the Disease Leukemia

    This 3 page paper explores etiology, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this deadly disease. A 2003 study that shows a connection between pollution and the onset of this disease is touched on. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Myleogenous Leukemia

    A 5 page investigation of this rare form of leukemia. This paper outlines the causes of the disease, its diagnosis and its treatment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Lance Armstrong and the notion 'Its Not About the Bike'

    A 5 page discussion about Lance Armstrong's account of his fight against cancer. This paper provides several quotes from Armstrong's book as well as a detailed review of the physiological changes that come about with cancer. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Lungs and Manual Hyperinflation

    This 6 page paper discusses the use of the pressure manometer in the treatment of hyperinflation of the lungs. The advantages/disadvantages are discussed, based on the most current studies and scholoarly journals available. The nurse's role is discussed as well as a brief definition of hyperinflation, causes and treatments.Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Lyme Disease A Tick Born Disease

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of Lyme disease, its method of transmission, manifestation, surveillance, treatment, and prevention. No sources are listed.

  • Dental Practice Quality Management

    This 5-page paper focuses on total quality management in context of a dental practice. Issues covered include employee empowerment; customer satisfaction and the need for measuring quality. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pathology Management and the Impact of New Technology

    A five page paper which looks at the impact of new technology on pathology management, particularly with reference to the use of common platforms with multiple sites, and the impact which this has had on clinical and management resources.

  • Pain Management Choices and Patients Rights

    This 5 page paper addresses issues surrounding pain management. Should a patient be allowed to die if medical science cannot properly manage his or her pain? The Dax Cowart case is referenced in the discussion. Other issues are addressed such as addiction to opiates and just how much influence a patient should have in his or her own medical care. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Organizational Structures and Health Care Management

    A 6 page paper identifying the structural differences between community hospitals, major teaching hospitals and health maintenance organizations (HMOs). All are primary players in the overall health care industry, but each maintains a different focus in the industry. The purpose here is to identify the goals and performance measures of each type of health care organization. Each of these health care organizations ultimately exist to enable health care delivery, but each maintains a distinct position in the health care industry. Teaching hospitals promote a blend of standard practice and changing technique; community hospitals strive to stay attuned to the needs of the local area. HMOs seek to require both to be fiscally responsible in their treatment of individual patients. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Preoperative Fasting Management

    This 12 page paper examines the subject of pre operative fast management. The paper includes discussion on the need for management with the negative consequences of over excessive fasting and the risks associated with periods that are too long and too short, including increased incidence of post operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and the related risks. Research on the topic is included in order to define best practice and how improvements may be made in the future. A stakeholder approach is utilised within the analysis. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • Inpatient Case Management Service Adaptation and Analysis

    This 5-page paper examines micro and macroeconomics and how such concepts can be applied to a hospital's case management system. The paper relied on specific examples from two hospitals to help support the topic. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Theoretical Nursing Perspectives on Pain Management

    A 5 page research paper that offers an overview of pain from a theoretical nursing standpoint. The writer first defines pain according to nursing standards and then offers empirical referents, as well as other topics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Database Management Systems for Health Care Call Center

    A 10 page paper discussing the potential value of implementing a call center at a company providing software for long term care facilities. The paper reviews the benefits of meeting customers’ needs for technical assistance and providing that assistance in a timely manner. It also discusses the types of database management systems available (Oracle 9, IBM DB2 and Microsoft SQL Server), recommending that the company choose either Oracle or SQL. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Software for Health Information Management

    A 3 page paper discussing 3M Company’s Clinical Workstation Application component of its 3M™ Care Innovation Expert Applications system for automating patient records. The software is useful in putting all available patient information into the same location and maintaining it in a format that is highly useful for enhancing patient care quality and increasing the organization’s operational efficiency. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Williams Syndrome in Children, Problematic Behavior, and Pain Management

    A review of an article which deals with the problem behaviours consequent on hyperacusis in a child with Williams Syndrome, and the ways in which pain management methods can be applied to allow the child to modify such behaviours in a mainstream classroom environment. Bibliography lists one source

  • AIDS Adolescents and Nursing Management

    A 6 page overview of the various considerations which enter into managing adolescents with AIDS. An outline of the problem confronting adolescents and its causes as well as a detailed discussion of the physiological impacts of the disease and its chemotherapeutic management is included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Asthma Management and Drug Therapies

    A paper which looks at the management of asthma using drug therapies, specifically corticosteroids and b2-agonists, and comments on the increasing interest in making use of environmental management and complementary medicine in the treatment of the condition. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Research and Nursing Practice

    A 5 page paper providing the results of interviews with three nursing home nurses and their perceptions on why research findings are not more frequently put into active practice. Nurses of varying experience have found that research based on the acute care setting often is not relevant to nursing home practice. The paper recommends involving direct-care nurses in active discussion of current research and that administrators encourage them to conduct their own informal studies as incentives to bring more current research into active practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Reflection, Experience, and Training Competence Building

    A 6 page paper discussing the need to link experience and reflection in achieving practical competence. Formal training provides the technical knowledge needed to provide competent care in the psychiatric setting, but formal training also can be seen as only the beginning point of building competence. Experience and reflection on that experience are critical factors. Training allows the new nurse to provide technically competent care, but full competence and greatest effectiveness emerges only when the nurse is able to combine experience and reflection on that experience with basic and ongoing training. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Resources Relating to Cardiac Emergencies

    A 5 page overview of cardiac emergencies and the resources they require. The author contends that cardiac emergencies not only necessitate immediate action on the part of emergency health care personnel but also a conscientious public, adequate emergency equipment and facilities, and appropriately trained transport personnel. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women and Hamstring Injuries

    A 6 page paper discussing this too-common injury. As more women become involved in competitive sports involving sprinting, they also suffer a higher percentage of hamstring injury. Soccer players are highly susceptible to hamstring injury because of the nature of the movements required in the sport, but any sport involving sprinting can be suspect. The purpose here is to review what hamstring injury is, how it is treated and special implications for women athletes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Lou Gehrig's Disease

    8 pages in length. Lou Gehrig's disease -– also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – is named as such because of the man who was unlucky enough to be the first one diagnosed with the fatal neurological disease. One of baseball's most beloved players, Gehrig's progressively weakened condition forced him to step back from the plate for good on July 4, 1939 but not before he delivered what is still to this day one of history's most poignant moments in sports. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Is Walking Beneficial for Human Health?

    This 5 page paper examines the benefits of walking. The only source used is a 2008 issue of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Three articles are cited. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Benefits of Having a School Nurse

    A 7 page paper which examines the benefits of having a school nurse. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Impediments to the Utilization of Nurse Wives

    A 5 page research paper that explores the impediments to practice, historical and current, that affect the utilization of nurse-wives. The writer looks as social, cultural, political, legal and economic aspects of this situation. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nurse Educator's Involvement in International Normalized Ratio Stability

    This 5 page report discusses the international normalized ratio or INR and how a nurse educator’s efforts can assure that INR stability is maintained on a more consistent basis. There are a number of indications for oral anticoagulation therapy, most having to do with the use of mechanical devices to maintain a patient’s cardiac functioning. Therefore, it is essential that it be maintained on a consistent basis and without wide variances in overall INR. Because the INR concept is one that is directly related to how caregivers make determinations of the next option in a patient’s care, the efficacy of management by a nurse educator cannot truly be questioned. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Relationship Between Physicians and Advanced Practice Nurses

    This 8-page paper covers the relationship between advanced practice nurses (also known as nurse practitioners) and physicians. The relationship between these two has always been difficult. The paper examines the history of this relationship, why it has been so difficult and what some hospitals are doing to solve the problem. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Texas Physicians and Nurse Practitioners

    This 9-page paper examines the relationship between advanced practice nurses and physicians in Texas. The essay discusses the attitudes of physicians toward APNs, and explores legislation passed that provides somewhat more freedom for APNs to define the scope of their duties. Also included in the paper are examples of how successful APN/MD relationships work. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Changing Nature of Health Care in the U.S.

    A 7 page paper discussing the state of several aspects of the US health care system and nurses’ roles within both the current system and that which continues to emerge. One of the primary qualities of US health care today is that it is in flux. It has been changing dramatically since the advent of managed care; continued budgetary pressures and the ongoing shortage of nurses dictate that further changes are made in the future. Nursing itself is changing as well, as those who have made nursing their life profession approach retirement age themselves. Those new to health care now face higher career demands than those who went before them. The new generation of nurses will need to be even more adaptable to change and more conversant with technology as it continues to change the face of health care. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nurses and Violence in the Workplace

    This 18 page report is a literature review of works pertaining to the incidence of workplace violence and its impact on nurses and what measures can be taken into consideration regarding including an educational component in the nursing curriculum to assist nurses in dealing with the problem. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Burnout and Stress in Nursing

    This 4 page paper discusses the causes of burnout of those in the nursing profession and what one can do to avoid it. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Evidence-Based: Nurse-Led Secondary Prevention Clinics For Women With CHD

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses CHD secondary clinics for women. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Arthritis Clinic Led by Nurse Practitioners

    A 6 page research paper that discusses the ramifications of establishing a nurse practitioner-led clinic for rheumatoid arthritis, with emphasis on doing this in the United Kingdom. The writer discusses the efficacy and cost effectiveness of NP care, as well as general guidelines for establishing such a clinic. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Patient Care Perception and Nurse Uniform Color

    This 5 page paper discusses how the color of nurses uniforms affects the patients' perception of care. This paper asserts the white uniforms are perceived as more professional, and that nurses who wear them are more confident, intelligent, and competant. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nurse's Views on Euthanasia

    An 8 page discussion of the ethics of euthanasia as it impacts the nursing profession. This paper contends that in some situations euthanasia could be considered morally and ethically right. At the same time, however, the author cautions that the appropriateness of euthanasia must be considered on a case by case basis. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Ratio of Patients to Nurses

    A 5 page paper that reports and discusses nurse to patient ratios. California is the first state that initiated and subsequently passed a bill legislating the ratio of nurse to patient. The bill was passed in 1999 but it is only in 2002 that the mandates are finally being put into effect. This essay presents the argument against ratio limits and points out that research is clear about the correlation between nurse-patient ratio and quality of care. Bibliography lists 7 sources. PGnrsrto.rtf

  • STDs and Plans of Health Promotion

    This is a 5 page paper discussing health promotion plan for STDs in small and large communities. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a global as well as local concern for health care providers. In addition to guidelines and fact sheets about the prevalence, treatment and symptoms of STDs provided by the World Health Organization, national and local organizations are developing plans for the prevention of STDs through the education of the public provided mainly through health care facilities, centers and providers. Nurses play a dominant role in regards to health promotion in communities as many are involved not only in the larger centers such as hospital settings in which they will come in contact with patients with STDs but nurses also promote education in smaller communities through awareness programs for the schools, local centers and physician practices. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Registered Nurse's Work and Objectives

    This paper discusses the goals and work of the registered nurse. Issues such as nursing shortages, working with patients, and diagnostic skills are discussed as well. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • ADHD and the Role of the Psychiatric Nurse

    A 4 page overview of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. This paper describes symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options. The emphasis is made that psychiatric nurses are in an advantageous position to positively influence the treatment of patients with ADHD. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Emergency Nurse Triage and Education

    A 20 page paper discussing the concept of triage and the education of triage nurses in emergency departments. Triage is the process and practice of categorizing emergency room patients according to physical need to be seen by a physician. Triage categorizes patients according to physical need so that those who need to be seen first are, those who can wait do. The state of triage education is such that triage nurses may be greatly experienced and well trained, or they may be barely conversant in the concept. Efforts are underway to ensure that nurses performing triage duty are qualified and experienced. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Emergency Room and Intensive Care Unit Nursing Retention

    A 5 page research paper that examines the nationwide shortage of nurses, particularly in emergency rooms and intensive care units. The writer explores the work environment for these nurses and the reasons why retention is problem and then looks how mentoring is being used to encourage new nursing grads. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • U.S. Foreign Educated Nurse Licensing

    This 23 page paper discusses the licensing process for foreign-educated nurses in America. The essay begins with an introduction that reports the nursing shortage, the practice of importing foreign-trained nurses in developed countries and the ratio of nurses to population in several countries. The next section reports the licensing process for nurses who are trained in the U.S., which is followed by the process for licensing foreign-trained nurses, including the CGFNS program and the NCLEX examination. The contents and process of the exams are discussed. The author then discusses other challenges for the foreign-educated nurse, such as the sometimes vastly different communication process. The last section is recommendations to help foreign-educated nurses become more successful. The writer also discusses negative impact importing nurses has on global health and the need to resolve the real problem. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • HIPAA Rights And Their Impact Upon Medical Errors In The Emergency Room

    5 pages in length. Rationale for choosing this ethical issue is determining whether or not the nurse is bound by any HIPAA mandate to disclose the error to the patient. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Shortcomings and Suggestions for Improvement in the ANA Code of Ethics

    This 5 page paper reviews the ANA Code of Ethics one by one and offers comments. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The ‘Philosophy’ of Massage Therapy

    In five pages this paper examines the philosophical underpinnings of massage therapy in terms of beliefs concerning health, illness, and the basis for massage therapy, with comparisons made between it and allopathic medicine. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • The History and Mission of Tripler Army Medical Center

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the history and services at the Tripler Army Medical Center in Hawaii. The Tripler Army Medical Center, located for over fifty years on Moanalua Ridge in Honolulu, Hawaii, is not only known for its picturesque location and distinctive pink coral buildings but it is also known for its expansive coverage of over 3 million square miles and a patient base of over 750,000. The military medical presence in Hawaii was initiated in the late 1800s which grew with the U.S. presence in the Pacific especially during the Philippines conflict, the Second World War, the Korean War and the conflict in Vietnam. Since that time, Tripler has consolidated with the other medical facilities in the Pacific and is the focal point for military medical health care in addition to be the center for innovative research, medical education, humanitarian efforts and community programs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • ANALYSIS OF CODING ARTICLES

    This 3-page paper examines three articles dealing with medical terminology and CPT (coding procedures) for medical procedures.

  • Medical Coding and Billing

    This 3 page paper describes the fields of medical coding and billing and why they are a good career choice. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • X-Ray Technician

    A 4 page research paper/essay that discusses the field of x-ray technician -- the duties of this position, how it contributes to a medical team and the educational requirements. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The History of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century

    This 5 page paper examines the history of medicine during the nineteenth century. Holistic medicine, the advent of vaccines, and new inventions are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Deadly Skin Cancer Form Malignant Melanoma

    A 6 page paper discussing this most deadly form of skin cancer, the fastest-growing of all cancers of all types in terms of new diagnoses each year. The paper discusses causes, treatment, prognosis and prevention. An accompanying PowerPoint presentation is available. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Article Analysis: Skin Cancer

    This 3 page paper is an analysis of an article by Geller and his colleagues dealing with SunWise, a program to educate children about skin cancer. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Overview of Short Term Memory Loss Research

    A 13 page paper reviewing short term memory loss and current research on the topic. One of the difficulties inherent in research into short term memory loss is that the condition can be caused by so many different factors, some of which are physiological in origin while others lie more in the psychological realm. It is often the first visible sign of Alzheimer’s disease, but it also can result from an over-burdened, over-stressed life that prevents facts and items from being stored for later recall. Short term memory loss is most closely associated with age, alcohol abuse and Alzheimer’s Disease, all of which are discussed in the paper. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Story About a Senior Citizen Couple and Their Gradual Memory Loss

    This is an original 5 page short story about an elderly couple dealing with the gradual loss of their memory. The story is centered on the event of getting to their granddaughter’s wedding rehearsal luncheon. It begins… “As we turned onto the interstate, Bill and I both gave a sigh of relief for now this meant that we were truly on our way. That’s how it was anymore. To organize and get out of the house even for a weekend trip, seemed like a major undertaking. By the time I did all the laundry and Bill once again resurrected the old suitcases it was only a matter of time before either he or I would misplace his book, my glasses, or the car keys. Once on the road and well underway, we both felt relieved.”

  • Overview of Meningitis

    This 8 page report discusses a complicated illness of meningitis. It is (most often) a bacterial or viral infection of the meninges or the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Knowing if a particular case of meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is essential since both the severity of the illness and how it is treated differ. However, viral meningitis is usually the less severe form. Bacterial meningitis has the potential to cause permanent brain damage in the form of mental retardation, seizures, or paralysis. Diagnosis, treatment, and recent findings are presented. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Community and Patient Nursing Care and Meningococcal Meningitis

    A 5 page discussion of the multifaceted approach this disease requires in order to accommodate both patent and community needs. The nursing role extends from the bedside administration of medications and the monitoring of vital signs to administration of prophylactic medications to close contacts of the patient to the education of the community as a whole. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • About Bacterial Meningitis

    This 8 page paper discusses bacterial meningitis: what it is, its symptoms and treatment. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Bacterial Meningitis: Overview and Case Study

    A 10 page exploration of bacterial meningitis. This paper discusses causes and treatment and applies the knowledge identified to a fictional cases study. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Important Discoveries in Microbiology

    This 3 page paper emphasizes the importance of hygiene and vaccines in controlling these diseases. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pending Health Care Legislation

    A 5 page research paper that briefly summarizes and discusses H.R. 3200, which is the health care reform bill that, along with the Senate version of the bill, may eventually pass into law and radically reform the American health care system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Migraines and Acupuncture

    A 6 page review of migraine headaches. The author explores the causes and symptoms of migraines and evaluates the usefulness of acupuncture in treating those causes and symptoms. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Causes of Migraine Headaches and How They Can be Treated

    A 4 page overview of the causes and promising treatments for this serious physiological affliction. Regarded by many as just another headache, just another minor inconvenience, migraines can, in fact, be debilitating and result in tremendous societal impact. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Review of Literature on Biting Nails

    This 3 page paper reviews literature pertinent to the study of the disorder of nail biting. Quotes cited from texts. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Near Death Experiences and 3 Articles Reviewed

    This 5 page paper compares and criticizes three articles written about near death experiences. The author of the paper establishes which paper is the most credible of the three and to which the author had the strongest response. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • The Pharmaceutical Industry, Globalization, and New Product Development

    This 12 page report discusses the various issues associated with the ways in which the pharmaceutical industry has faced the challenges and rewards of globalization. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Case Studies on Medical Care's Informed Consent

    A 14 page analysis of informed consent. The author defines informed consist and identifies its critical elements. Three specific cases involving infants and the polarization of medical and parental opinion are analyzed in regard to consent, negligence, palliative care, and duty of care. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Risk and Hypertension, Pancreatic Cancer

    A 3 page research paper that discusses risk reduction in relation to pancreatic cancer and hypertension. The writer relates both topics to improving diet and nutrition. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Pancreatic Cancer

    A 6 page discussion of this potentially fatal disease. This paper describes symptoms and methods for diagnosing the condition. Bibliography lists sources.

  • What Can Be Done About Dental Phobia

    This 7 page paper examines the phenomenon of dental phobia and what can be done about it. Oral hygiene is discussed. The thesis of the paper is that the fact that most dentistry is cosmetic exacerbates the phobia that might otherwise easily be conquered. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pneumonia and its Connection with the reuse of Suction Catheters in Children

    A 3 page critique of an article published in May/June 2001 in "Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care" and written by Scoble, Copnell, Taylor, Kinney, and Shann. This paper reviews this article using a simplistic scoring approach to determine its value in directing the appropriate protocol for suction cathererization. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Overview of Pneumonia

    A 3 page overview of pneumonia. Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of factors. These include both bacterial and viral organisms. The epidemiology of each of these organisms vary as does the specifics of the treatment regime. One of the most important aspects of dealing with pneumonia is prevention. Prevention is especially important for community acquired pneumonia. Effective prevention requires accurate diagnosis of the cases that do exist, isolation of infected patients, and strict attention to hygiene both by the patient and by those that move between patients. While antibiotics can be used to treat bacterial pneumonia, treatment for viral pneumonia is normally supportive in nature. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • TOUCH THERAPY AND PREMATURE BABIES: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    This 8-page paper focuses on literature and research conducted on the effects of gentle massage on preterm infants. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Product Life Cycle of VADs Ventricular Assist Devices Product Life Cycle

    A 6 page paper discussing where ventricular assistive devices (VADs) currently reside on the product life cycle curve; what factors are likely to affect their growth; and how long producers can expect the product to be an active contributor to revenues. Recently approved by the FDA as an artificial heart, VADs are poised to become an end-goal product rather than only a bridge buying time until a heart can be found for transplant. The paper discusses costs and what producers can expect to gain from VADs over the next several years. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • An Enzymes' Overview

    This 16 page paper provides an overview of enzymes. The term "enzyme" refers to any of a number of substances that act as catalysts in biochemical reactions. In particular, enzymes work within a biological structure, as in an animal, human or plant, in order to determine changes that would not occur in the same manner without the presence of the enzyme. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Article Summary on Health and Psychology Topics

    This 5 page paper summarizes six articles on various health/psychology and related subjects. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Newborns and Nitric Oxide Pulmonary Therapy

    A 4 page overview of nitric oxide therapy as it is used in treating persistent pulmonary hypertension of the term or near term infant. This paper describes the condition and the considerations that must be made when deciding whether to administer the treatment. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Disease Management/Hypertension

    A 9 page research paper that discusses disease management programs, with a focus on hypertension. To address the problem of hypertension, healthcare provider systems and health plans have turned to the strategies provided by disease management (DM) programs as a method for improving patient outcomes in hypertension management. This examination of DM programs in regards to hypertension seeks to evaluate DM as a tool for containing cost and ensuring quality in regards to control of this chronic condition. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Respiratory System and Asthma

    A 3 page paper on the respiratory system as it involves asthma. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Respiratory System and Asthma

    This 5 page paper examines the condition of asthma as well as how the respiratory system functions under normal circumstances. Preventative treatments for the disease are explored. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Asthma and the Human Respiratory System

    A 6 page overview of the human respiratory system and how asthma can affect it. This paper explores options for the diagnosis and treatment of this complicated condition. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Arthritis Clinic Led by Nurse Practitioners

    A 6 page research paper that discusses the ramifications of establishing a nurse practitioner-led clinic for rheumatoid arthritis, with emphasis on doing this in the United Kingdom. The writer discusses the efficacy and cost effectiveness of NP care, as well as general guidelines for establishing such a clinic. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Etiology and Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

    An 8 page overview of the etiology and treatment of this systolic condition. This paper describes the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis as well as diagnostic criteria and treatments. While surgical interventions, and even highly experimental procedures such as stem cell transplants are employed in some cases, by far the most common intervention is pharmacological. Although there is hope on the horizon, there is currently no cure for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Senior Citizens and Rheumatoid Arthritis

    A 4 page outline of the major characteristics of this disease. The author identifies symptoms and both pharmacological and non pharmacological approaches to addressing this inflammatory synovitus. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Exposure of Sanitation Workers to Disinfectants in a Hospital Environment

    This 10 page paper looks at the problem that may be faced by sanitation workers using disinfectants in hospitals. The paper focuses on the issues within Trinidad, but uses a range of research from around the world to understand and explore the subject as well as provide guidance for prevention and control and further research. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Revolutions in Science and Technology

    A 7 page research paper that discusses advancements and innovations. This examination of scientific creative innovation begins with the medicine and the penicillin revolution, but then looks also at the examples of creative revolutions that have occurred in the contemporary era and concludes with observations bout the way in which scientific and technological creativity tends to overlap. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Prevalence of Seasonal Affective Disorder in the Nordic Countries

    This 3 page paper looks at the higher prevalence of SAD in Nordic countries and the research which has sought to explain the higher incidence level. The hypotheses of latitude and genetic inheritance are considered in the context general research as well as research focusing on the Nordic countries. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Selective Abortions and Medical Ethics

    This 5 page paper discusses the debate revolving around the abortion of fetus's determined to be mentally retarded. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Lesson Plan : Seniors And Smoking

    A 5 page paper that incorporates and labels aspects of a lesson plan for senior citizens on the relationship between heart disease and smoking. The lesson incorporates small group brainstorming on different topics, large group discussion, questions, and lecture notes that include statistical data. The lesson ends with a quote that affirms the success rate of senior citizens who try to quit smoking. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Senior Citizens and Health Care Needs

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the issue of the changing role of the government in meeting the healthcare needs of the elderly. The graying of the American population has determined specific strains on services that were designed to address the needs of the elderly. This paper outlines some of the central problems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Herpes Zoster (Shingles)

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of this condition. Diagnosis and treatment are some things discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Eradicating Smallpox, Implications for Polio

    A 10 page research paper that describes the successful WHO campaign to eradicate smallpox and how this experience can be applied to achieve eradication of polio. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Medical History: Smallpox

    A 3 page paper which discusses the importance and significance of Edward Jenner's An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolæ Vaccinæ which was written in 1798. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nurse and the Future of Canadian Health Care

    This is a 21 page paper discussing how nursing as a professional group may influence the changes and recommendations in the Romanow report for the future of health care in Canada. On November 28, 2002, Roy Romanow and the Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada released its final report. This report highlights recommendations in key areas in health care including Medicare; issues in primary health care; prevention and promotion; key measurement tools through the development of the Health Council of Canada; innovation and delivery through information technology; access for rural and remote communities; homecare; prescription drugs; and, Aboriginal health among many other factors and includes funding commitments for these recommendations. The nursing associations across Canada including representatives from the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (RNAO) and the Canadian Federation of Nurses’ Unions (CFNU) have supported the Romanow Report as a “remarkable blueprint for building Medicare’s second generation and strengthening the public’s access to nurses” as well as the reforms which “will shorten waiting time and improve care” overall. The professional nursing groups have an active interest in all aspects of the Romanow report which not only broadens the roles and responsibilities of the nurses in Canada but increases the number of programs which will be affiliated with nursing. Most important in regards to nurses’ roles in the recommendations of the report are those which relate to measurement outcomes from an administrative and informative approach; those which relate to various commitments to innovations within the industry and primary care access; homecare access; and the new legislation proposed in regards to the entire health human resources. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Nursing Home Costs and the Impact of MDS/PPS/RUG III System Utilization

    A 5 page paper investigating the possibility of a nursing home nurse traveling to assisted living facilities to provide health services in those facilities. There are many cost factors involved in nursing home operation, not the least of which are facility, insurance, pharmaceutical and supplies costs. Drug costs and medical supplies are costly and continue to increase in price, but those costs still are manageable. Other operating costs can be anticipated and forecast with much greater assurance of accuracy, but the availability of skilled nursing personnel continues to be problematic. Effects of the law of supply and demand directly affects nursing homes’ costs. The purpose here is to investigate the effect of acuity and utilization of the MDS/PPS/RUG III system on nursing home costs. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Organizational Structure and Patient Care

    A 4 page paper discussing the organizational structure of New York's Metropolitan Hospital and how it affects nursing. Both the Nurse Manager and Chief Nursing Officer can depend on organizational structure to provide order without inhibiting the ability to step outside of routine boundaries when the need arises. Additionally, they have a subordinate organizational chart placing the patient at the top of a distinct pyramid, with all services contributing to patient care. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Primary Care v. Team Nursing

    A 12 page research paper that examines this question in regards to the competing paradigms of team nursing versus primary care nursing. The writer offers a critical study of literature on this topic, which evaluates the pros and cons of each perspective in regards to the question of whether or not team nursing is the right course to take for a specific work environment. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Anesthesiologistsm and Drug Abuse

    A 16 page overview of substance abuse among medical professionals that work in anesthesiology departments. The author provides statistics that illuminate the problem and then suggests measures which should alleviate the problem. Included a one-page letter to a Senator urging him to implement mandatory drug testing for this profession. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Shannondale Nursing Home and Its Historical Development

    A 5 page paper outlining the development of a nursing home in Knoxville, Tennessee from standard nursing home in the 1960s to today’s organization that offers a full range of living arrangements for those over the age of 55, beginning with fully independent living to the fully dependent environment of the skilled nursing facility. The paper examines area demographics and anticipated changes for the future when those in independent living sections move to advancing levels of care. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Floating RN Practice

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the practice of "floating" RNs, that is, registered nurses who "float" from one department to another. Often RNs are requested to work in department with which they are unfamiliar. This practice has been detrimental to nursing moral because these floating RNs frequently feel unqualified to work outside their own area of expertise. The writer discusses law cases that demonstrate the rights of nurses in this sort of situation. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Interdisciplinary Management Factors, Training, and Nursing Competency

    A 12 page discussion of the varied factors which enter into nursing competency. Suggests that while the degree of training a nurse has is directly related to competence, so too are managerial factors. Identifies interdisciplinary managerial factors such as quality assurance programs and the establishment of clinical pathways as being significant to nursing competence as well. Includes a one-page Roman numeral outline. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Review of an Article on Nursing Home Residents and Hospitalization

    A 7 page paper that reviews a journal article entitled Hospitalization of Nursing Home Residents: A Qualitative Study by Kutner and colleagues. Specific questions are addressed, including: problem studied, purpose of study, research method, sample population, data collection and analysis, strengths and weaknesses and the implications of the study. This study considered the relationship between registered nurse/nursing home resident staffing ratio and hospitalizations of the residents. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Diabetes Self-Management - Hispanic Patients

    A 9 page paper that discusses teaching transcultural care to nurses and issues relative to Hispanic patients learning to be more proactive in managing this disease. The paper discusses transcultural nursing per Leininger and others and reports appropriate statistical data. Mezirow's approach is the theoretical base discussed for adult learning and Leininger's framework is the foundation for teaching nurses and then, patients. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Nursing Practice and the Basis of Nursing Theory

    A 4 page research paper that explores how nursing theory provides a theoretical basis for nursing practice. The writer examines what nursing theory is, how it influences practice, and how it has evolved. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Energy Conservation and Nursing

    A 12 page research paper that addresses the concept of energy conservation as it applies to nursing practice. Energy has been a topic of research and concern in nursing practice for quite some time. This examination of the concept explores how energy has been addressed within the context of nursing theoretical frameworks, concentrating on the work of Myra Levine, but also addressing Rogers' theories and the implications of energy conservation as they apply toward fatigue. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Two Articles on Ethics in Nursing Reviewed

    This 3 page paper includes two article reviews in nursing ethics. One article examines a survey on ethical issues in nursing while the other focuses on the idea that nurses often engage in rule bending behavior. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Long Term Care Environments and Nursing Care Plans

    A 6 page paper discussing the form, advantages and disadvantages a nursing concept. The nursing concept discussed here is the care plan, specifically as it applies to long term care. Planning long term or nursing home care always has been a priority for the best such facilities providing that type of patient care, but it receives even greater as the population ages. Such plans incorporate legal requirements and the wishes of patients and their families, with the effect of reducing uncertainty of action. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Twelve Hour Work Shifts and Nursing

    A 14 page research paper that examines the topic of 12-hour nursing shifts. This report focuses on how this change to shift scheduling can be accomplished. Specifically, the writer looks at how nursing management and leadership strategy that can best implement such a change with student nurses in their practice placement area, utilizing Lewin's normative/educative model of change. The writer also considers how such a change impacts the educational and development progress of these students. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Topics in Community Health Nursing

    A 6 page research paper that discusses the history and parameters of community health nursing practice. Topics covered include school nurses, occupational nursing and the expanding horizons of CHN. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Patient Outcome and Defining the Contribution of Nursing

    An 11 page exploration of the relationship which exists between nursing contribution and patient outcome. The author of this paper asserts a more and more predominant theme in nursing is the nurse’s one-on-one interaction with the patient and the consideration of such factors as culture and even spiritualism in patient care delivery. While at one time nursing was a discipline which concentrated primarily on the science of human anatomy and physiology, nursing has evolved to a discipline which recognizes not only the hard scientific facts of physiology but also the importance of psychological and sociological factors. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Costs of Skilled Nursing Facilities and the Impact of the Shortage of Registered Nurses

    A 5 page paper assessing the value of instituting a primary nursing arrangement at a nursing home skilled nursing facility (SNF) to reduce the influence of the nursing shortage while also gaining more timely MDS/PPS/ RUG III reporting and therefore Medicare payments to the SNF. Of course the purpose of any SNF is to provide the best patient care possible, and confirmation of the appropriateness and success of the program should include positive benefit to residents. Enhanced patient care and better business results do not need to be mutually exclusive, however. An efficient organizational structure should be able to provide both, while also alleviating some of the pressures of the nursing shortage as they apply to the SNF. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Psychology and Alternative Medicines

    This 17 page paper discusses alternative and complimentary medicines as they may be applied to the area of mainstream and conventional medicine. Alternative medicines explored include yoga, acupuncture, and naturopathy and how they may be integrated into the treatment of the terminally ill, those suffering from chronic pain, anxiety disorders and others. Congressional testimonies included as well as quotes from experts in the field. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nursing Issues in the 21st Century

    15 pages in length. As nursing has moved forward into the twenty-first century, has the industry earned any more respect and admiration than it had over one hundred years ago? Indeed, it can readily be argued that men continue to hold both superiority and power within today's medical community, inasmuch as nurses' responsibilities include spending the most time, effort and emotion on their many patients. Such dedication has been the cause of change of heart for many nurses, whose unfaltering generosity of spirit has typically received little recognition. The writer discusses how when combined with the inherently grueling aspects required of the job, it is no wonder nurses can lose the very nurturing element they need to perform the job. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Nursing Home Autonomy and Concept Development

    A 10 page paper discussing the benefits of greater patient autonomy in the nursing home setting and methods of achieving it. Almost any measure that can improve nursing home residents’ quality of life can make positive contribution to creating and sustaining autonomy. Maintaining increased autonomy as a goal can improve the experiences of all involved, including staff and patients’ families. Includes an outline. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nursing Practice Improvement and Qualitative Research's Importance

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the concept that qualitative research is more valuable than quantitative research for improving nursing practice. Quantitative research involving large scale surveys and methods of accumulating cost and performance data in the annual process of health care management is traditionally the most widely used research method and provides for relatively large-scale low-cost studies. However, in today’s environment in which health care has become patient-centered and indicators in health care are based on quality assurance and quality improvement, qualitative research methods are now the preferred measure of effectiveness of health care, most notably in the area of nursing practice. Qualitative studies in nursing practice which involve subjective and interactive interviews and assessments include not only those involved with direct patient contact but patient perception as well. Patient satisfaction and perception has become essential to the determination of areas of concern in the health care system and allow for immediate action in improvement in nursing care. Qualitative research which also involves nursing input and interactive discussions also gives the nursing staff opportunity to comment on the impact of changes within the organization; an interaction which in itself has shown directly impacts and improves nursing practice. Despite the need for large-scale quantitative reporting, qualitative research methods are not only preferred in regards to quality improvement but also provide direct, subjective and immediate opportunities for improving nursing practice and patient care. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Confidentiality Issues and Nursing Ethics

    A 6 page paper discussing an ethical dilemma faced by nurses in an emergency department. A man has made another appearance there because he failed to take his anticonvulsive medication and had a seizure at a movie theatre. The ethical dilemma is that the nurses know that the man drives regularly and that he experiences seizures with some regularity. The paper uses the principles of utilitarianism (Kant, Mill and Rawls) and nurses’ code of ethics regarding self-determination and confidentiality to conclude that the nurses must maintain confidentiality. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing and Global Perspectives

    A 12 page research paper that examines how nursing is changing to meet the new demands of the twenty-first century. With the advent of global marketing and the revolution in telecommunications, the world has suddenly become a much smaller and much more interrelated place. All aspects of society are under reconstruction to fit the parameters of the changing global situation, and it is in this context that many nursing professionals are exploring what this means for nursing and what should be the place of a caring nurse, or as simply a caring individual, within the context of global health and healing. Literature review offered. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Value of Mentoring in the Nursing Profession

    An 11 page paper discussing the value of mentoring in nursing. Mentoring is a nursing practice that is simultaneously informal and prescribed in the organization supporting it. In those organizations most devoted to improvement in all areas of operation, mentoring can be a valuable tool in improving patient outcome while enhancing efforts to recruit and retain high-quality nursing staff. The experienced nurse provides personal navigation for the new graduate who has studied theory and now is faced with putting it into practice. The mentor explains and demonstrates approaches and rationale, and gives practical meaning to all those theories the new graduate has studied but not yet put into practice. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nursing Philosophy and How It Developed

    Nursing did not consider "defining" itself until about twenty years ago. In 1980, The American Nursing Association published their official definition in a policy statement, which reads "nursing is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential health problems" (ANA, 1980, p.4). Each individual state may make some slight variation on the applicability of this definition, particularly in the area of continuing education. This 7 page discussion, however, will examine the basic philosophy of nursing which lies behind this general definition. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Clinical Education and the Role of a Mentor

    This 9 page paper consider the role of the mentor in clinical supervision and how it should be conducted. The paper included definitions of supervision and the various purposes of supervising and mentoring as well as the way it needs to be varied depending on student level and development. The writer focuses on using exiting models to determine the role of the staff nurse as a mentor to a student nurse. The bibliography sites 12 sources.

  • Hypovolemic Shock and the Evolution of Nursing

    This 5 page paper discusses hypovolemic shock, and why nurses are in an important position to deal with this condition. The paper also discusses the evolution of the role of the OR nurse briefly. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Long Term Healthcare Evolution

    A 5 page paper discussing the effect that Medicare has had on the nursing home – or skilled nursing facility – industry over the past 30+ years. Automatic increases in payments results in automatic increases in prices, a fact that now has become obvious to legislators. The paper includes a timeline beginning with Medicare’s creation in the 1960s, extending through 2002 when Medicare’s fraud investigation system extended to all 50 states. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Health Care: Challenges in Caring for a Diverse Population, and Dealing with Colleagues of Different Ages

    This 3 page paper discusses two matters: the opportunities and challenges presented to health care workers by the increasingly ethnically diverse American population; and generational conflict between older nurses and younger nurses and administrators. Bibliography lists 2 sources

  • Nursing Liability and Access to Health Care by the Poor in Texas

    A 6 page research paper that discusses access to healthcare by the poor in Texas, standards for professional conduct, and the repercussions if nurses fail to reach these standards, which is all too easy into "cutback" environment. In this regard, the writer also discusses legal liability and what nurses need to know. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • African American Teenagers and Incidence of HIV

    A 12 page research paper that focuses on HIV infection among African American adolescents as a public health threat. In exploring the ramifications of this public health issue, this examination explores HIV transmission using the epidemiologic triad model. This information is then viewed from the standpoint of nursing theory, specifically Parse's theory of human becoming, which was chosen because it has been applied frequently within a public health/community nursing perspective. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nursing and Ethical Values

    A 5 page paper discussing whether it is possible to teach ethics and ethical values in nursing. The answer is a resounding yes, of course. In support of that position, the paper discusses the philosophies of Kant, Mill and Rawls. While Kant and Mill (the categorical imperative and “the greater good”) provide a sound basis, the philosophy of Rawls is seen as being most directly applicable to teaching ethics in nursing. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Strategies for Parents with Children who have Spina Bifida

    This 8 page paper examines how parents and families cope with disease. Spina Bifida is described and discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Teens Living with Spina Bifida

    This 10 page paper discusses what spina bifida is, and how it affects teens who are living with it. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Epidemiology & STDs

    An 8 page research paper that defines and discusses the impact and relationship of epidemiology to healthcare interventions and policies pertaining to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). This overview of epidemiology looks specifically at the uses and applications of epidemiological analyses and data as it pertains to the management STDs. This information addresses how hospitals and community-based healthcare address the decision-making processes for allocation of limited healthcare resources and also the role and use of epidemiological data as this information relates to the evolution, definition and refinement of disease management programs that address STDs. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • STDs and Plans of Health Promotion

    This is a 5 page paper discussing health promotion plan for STDs in small and large communities. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a global as well as local concern for health care providers. In addition to guidelines and fact sheets about the prevalence, treatment and symptoms of STDs provided by the World Health Organization, national and local organizations are developing plans for the prevention of STDs through the education of the public provided mainly through health care facilities, centers and providers. Nurses play a dominant role in regards to health promotion in communities as many are involved not only in the larger centers such as hospital settings in which they will come in contact with patients with STDs but nurses also promote education in smaller communities through awareness programs for the schools, local centers and physician practices. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Stem Cell Controversy: Chapter Analysis

    6 pages in length. The volatile nature of debates that revolve around stem cell research illustrate just how passionate supporters and opponents alike are about this unprecedented approach to furthering man's existence on planet Earth. Peters (2002) introduces readers to myriad issues associated with the forward push of stem cell research, some of which has found a bit of common ground among people on both sides, some that remains staunchly divided by a chasm unlikely to ever be closed and some that as of right now is unanswerable. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Stress and Health

    A 12 page paper which examines how stress affects a person’s health. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Subconscious Mind and Hallucinogenic Drugs

    A 6 page discussion of the question of whether or not hallucinogenic drugs are useful in revealing the subconscious mind and allowing one to integrate the “two selves” which according to Jung is a prerequisite of wholeness. This paper presents the contention that while the use of hallucinogens might have value to the so-called “primitive” cultures in this application, that value occurs only within the structure of cultural dictates which made the results considerably different that what we observe in casual use. The author uses the teachings of Jung himself to emphasize the importance of culturally specific value. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Forensic Pathology Of Sudden Unexplained Death

    8 pages in length. Death of any origin requires a legal certificate that denotes the cause of demise, however, the reason for a death that is sudden and unexpected can keep prevent that cause field on the certificate blank for many months. Determining cause of death in this instance - which is defined as "those that do not result from a diagnosed terminal illness or other debilitating or deteriorating illness or condition where death is anticipated (natural death) unless the illness or condition is the result of an injury, whether intentional or not" (Washington State Department of Health, 2005) is the task of forensic pathologists who are not only trained in identifying the nature of disease and injury but also the "mechanisms of sudden death and subtle forms of homicide" (Washington State Department of Health, 2005). The criminal nature of forensic pathology provides the conduit between difficult police investigations and an appropriate criminal justice outcome. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Sense of Taste

    A 3 page paper. Scientists know less about taste than they know about the other senses. In some ways, taste is a mystery but more knowledge about this sense is evolving. This essay examines what we know about taste. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Overview of Tattoos

    This 3 page paper discusses the process by which a tattoo is applied, and the process for removal of the tattoo. Research and discussion. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Epidemiology of Tay Sachs Disease

    A 4 page discussion of the epidemiology and testing mechanisms which are available for this autosomal recessive genetic mutation. The disease is characterized by severe degeneration of the Central Nervous System, a degeneration which most often manifests prior to the age of three but which can also be characterized by later onset. Testing to identify carriers of this disease is critical. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Future Issues Impacting on Pathology in a Teaching Hospital

    This 4 page paper looks at the role of a pathologist, with special attention to histopathology in order to assess the future challenges, the threats and the opportunities that will be found for this profession in a London teaching hospital. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Reviewing Depression Causes

    2 pages in length. This is a very interesting review of an article about depression. The article is based on the arguable viewpoint that explores the possibility depression is also caused by a physical abnormality as well as a chemical one.

  • The Problems Faced By Homeless Diabetics

    This 5 page paper examines diabetes and the problems that occur for homeless diabetics. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Transgenic Genetically Engineered Plant Applications

    A 3 page overview of the applications of transgenic genetically engineered plants. This paper discusses transgenic plants from a pharmacological perspective, noting the importance of plantibodies and plantigens in treating human disease. No sources are listed.

  • Tuberculosis

    A 4 page paper which examines tuberculosis. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ebola Viral Fever

    This 5 page paper discusses the implications of Ebola, a viral hemorrhagic fever that is one of the deadliest of all known infectious diseases. The writer addresses its definition, causes, symptoms, treatment and current research. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Health Care System in the United States and Access by Black Americans

    This 17 page paper reports the health status of African-Americans in the U.S. Statistics about the incidence of specific diseases and mortality rates among Black Americans as compared to White Americans are reported. The essay includes a discussion of the barriers to quality health care services. For instance, Black women are more likely to die of colon, rectal and breast cancer and Black men are more than twice as likely to die of prostrate cancer. The writer then turns to report the racial and ethnic composition of physicians as well as that of medical students. The discussion includes a few suggestions for correcting this inequity in quality health care. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • Advanced Practice Nursing, the Self Care Deficit Model of Dorothea Orem, and Urinary Incontinence

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of an article by Francie Bernier called “Relationship of a pelvic floor rehabilitation program for urinary incontinence to Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing: Part 1” which considers the impact of the problem of urinary incontinence and the application of nursing theory in defining protocols for care. This paper relates the findings to Dorothea Orem's Self-Care theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Proposal Regarding Nursing Homes and Elder Incontinence

    A 5 page paper that offers a research study proposal. Sections include the introduction, problem statement and rationale, outline of methodology, and literature review. The introduction discusses the four categories of incontinence. The incidence of incontinence among the elderly residing in nursing homes is greater than fifty percent. That makes it an important condition to investigate, particularly since studies have found at least 80 percent of incontinence cases can be improved or cured. One of the first-line treatment interventions is bladder training. The literature review emphasizes this particularly intervention. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Senior Citizens and Incontinence

    An 8 page paper that includes an introduction, purpose of study, literature review, theoretical framework and conclusion. Reports of the incidence of urinary incontinence differ greatly, depending on the ages included and the definition of incontinence. What is certain is that at least half the older residents in nursing homes suffer from this condition. The different types of incontinence are described. Different interventions that have significantly decreased the incidence are discussed. Statistical data include the incidence and the annual costs related to this condition. This is a problem that some authors call underdiagnosed and undertreated. There are many interventions that can dramatically decrease incontinence and provide the older adult and the elderly person with greater quality of life. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Moving into the Twenty First Century

    A 6 page paper discussing some of the subjects that will be of great concern as we move into the 21st century. The three subjects addressed herein are technology, medicine, and international relations. Each of these three areas of concern are of great importance and while there are many other areas that will also change and readjust to a new era, these areas of concern are perhaps the most obvious and most influential to all people concerned. The 21st century is hinting at being a time of great changes and occurrences. Times have changed drastically in only a few decades, and there is little doubt that changes and advancements have been occurring far faster this past century than perhaps, in any other century known to mankind. Technology, medicine, and international relations have always proven to be the most advancing, and the coming of the 21st century will prove this fact even further. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ebola A Documentary Novel of Its First Explosion by William Close

    This 5 page report discusses the 'documentary novel' of the first outbreak of Ebola that killed hundreds in Zaire in 1976. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Overview of the Salmonella Bacteria

    A 5 page discussion of the bacteria found under the genus Salmonella. Includes information on their biology, their method of attack, symptoms and ways to prevent infection. Bibliography lists three sources.

  • Overview of Streptococcus mutans

    A 5 page overview of the polysaccharide-producing, ondopathogenic bacteria Streptococcus mutans. Includes information regarding its involvement in the formation of dental cavities. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Aggression and Testosterone

    5 pages in length. It goes without saying that there exists an inherent difference in the aggressive tendencies of males and females. When addressing sporting events, such as school activities, this difference is comprised of various elements that each coach must take into consideration in order for the player to achieve his or her highest possible athletic ability. The writer discusses the fact that there are significant divergent responses to external stimuli between girls and boys, men and women, for the sole reason that the male chemistry is comprised of considerably more testosterone, the single-most influential component of aggressive behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sleep's Neurological and Physiological Components

    A 6 page overview of the cycles of sleep and its neurological and physiological components. Discusses the importance of optimizing sleep for ensuring better academic performance. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Stress Management Options and the Hypothalmic Pituitary Adrenal Axis

    A 12 page paper discussing physical reactions to stress and alternative therapies available to decrease the physical disorders it causes. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Women's Backs and the Effects of High Heels

    This 5 page research paper examines the negative impact of high-heel shoes on women's backs and offers suggestions to alleviate such pain. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Etiology of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    An 11 page research paper on pulmonary tuberculosis in which the writer focuses upon the disease's causes, frequency, spread, and effects. Cavities, or holes in the lungs can develop in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis when the host response to the infecting organisms unleashes its destructive potential on the host cells as well, leading to liquefaction of tissue. Specific forms of pulmonary tuberculosis such as miliary TB are discussed as well. Recommended medical treatments are detailed. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Food and Genetic Engineering

    A 2 page paper discussing the true meaning of "genetic engineering" as it applies to food. Genetic engineering is more threatening in its name than in its purpose. It is the precise and predictable altering of plants to achieve specific characteristics, the same goal of plant breeding for specific traits. Environmentalist groups complain of the possibilities inherent in genetic engineering, but they often fail to understand the true goals of the practice. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ethical Dilemma and Medical Technology

    Mostly an 11 page analytical book review of Richard Zaner's 'Troubled Voices.' -- The writer cites a number of additional sources to evaluate Zaner's contention that advances in medical technologies have raised many ethical and moral questions. By presenting a number of stories describing the ethical dilemmas of patients and their participating care providers, Zaner supports the concept that medical technologies have caused great moral dilemmas that never would have been considered in the absence of such advances. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Analysis of Selling Human Organs

    A 5 page analysis of the pros and cons of instituting a market for transplantable human organs from an economic viewpoint. Discusses costs and benefits, both to the investor and society, and the questions which must be answered before a policy can be formulated. Bibliography lists three sources.

  • Graves' Disease Pathophysiology

    7 pages in length. Graves' disease, which was named after Robert Graves in 1835, refers to the hyperactivity of the thyroid gland, considered to be one of the body's primary regulating organs. Having an overactive thyroid produces a number of symptoms that make life most difficult to endure; however recognizing those as being indicative of Graves' disease is not always a simple matter. Sometimes the symptoms mirror other conditions or are not readily acknowledged until being somewhat advanced so that the physical indications are more than apparent. The writer discusses cause, signs, symptoms and treatment of Graves' disease. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Causes and Effects of Asthma

    A 3.5 page research pager that examines the causes and effects of asthma on the life of the patient as well as discussing the current medical options for treatment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Alcoholism Causes and Effects

    5 pages in length. Out of control drinking is not simply a matter of health. The problem drinker soon finds that alcoholism affects the relationships with friends, family and co-workers as well. This explanatory research paper details the effects of alcoholism in the problem drinker and some of the causes associated with it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Euthanasia Controversy and Hard Choices

    A 5 page paper that examines court cases that have challenged the practice of euthanasia, or an individual's right to end one's own life when faced with terminal illness or a vegetative state. Focus is on two 1997 cases in particular, Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health and Washington v. Glucksberg. Included are views held by those opposing the practice of euthanasia as well as views of proponents. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Strengths and Limitations of Western Medicine

    3 pages in length. The writer discusses inherent strengths and limitations with regard to western medicine. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Necessary Treatment Option of Homeopathy

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses the manner by which homeopathic medicine is not only a proven alternative to conventional methods, but also that it is a very necessary addition to incorporate it into treatment programs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview on the History of Dental Fillings

    An 8 page discussion of the history of dental fillings. Traces the filling from ancient times to present exploring the various types of materials which were used. Explains that the choice of filling is related to performance but also to availability and cost. Notes that the evolutionary path of fillings is tied as well to the evolutionary paths of other dentistry aspects such as drill evolution and the development of molding techniques and materials. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mitosis and Meiosis

    2 pages in length. The writer discusses how meiosis is different from mitosis and how meiosis I is different from meiosis II. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Rosemarie Parse's 'Human Becoming' Nursing Theory

    A 3 page research paper that examines the "human becoming" theoretical model for nursing developed by Rosemarie Parse. The writer examines this concept as part of the simultaneity paradigm of nursing practice. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Professional Practice and Research Interview Summary

    This 5 page paper discusses the problem with inmplememting nursing and medical changes in the workplace setting. Paper is a sample interview/survey paper where the three nurses interviewed are employed by a correctional facility. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Six Questions on Nursing Theory Models

    A 7 page paper answering six questions centered on the value of the study of nursing theory models, how they can be useful in varying health care settings and how they can inform both personal and professional relationships. Nursing theories discussed in the paper are those of Orem, Roy, Neuman, King, Rogers and Johnson. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Perspectives on Shortage of Nurses

    This 4-page paper examines the impact of changes in health care demand on the nursing profession and issues facing nurse anesthetist as a result. The paper also discusses how best to allocated health care resources nationally. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 4 Questions Pertaining to Nursing

    A 4 page research paper that provides brief answer to 4 nursing questions. These questions cover the topics of defining paradigm and model; differentiating between medical model and wellness model; defining theory and discussing its application in nursing; and the utility of psychoneuroimmunology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Occupational versus Nursing Therapy for Stroke Patients

    This 14 page paper reports and reviews a published research study entitled "Observing washing and dressing of stroke patients: nursing intervention compared with occupational therapists. What is the difference?" The investigators specifically compared categories of interventions used by nurses as compared to occupational therapists when working with stroke patients with morning hygiene and drssing activities. This paper reports and comments on the methodoligy used, explainng the types of research approaches used, and, in general, critiques the study. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Osteoporosis In Elderly Women

    A 14 page paper that defines and describes this disease and the incidence. The paper explains how it is diagnosed and treated. Comments are separated into sections, including Pathophysiology, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment; the role of Nurse Educators; Quality of Life issues; and Community/Healthcare Resources, including nursing homes. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Enteric Feeds and Health Organization Policy

    A 10 page research paper that first addresses health care organization and policy, but then focuses on a specific area of nursing care, enteric (also listed as "enteral" in the literature) feeds. The writer discusses how a nurse research team addressed the problems of tube placement aspiration. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Jean Watson's and Joyce Travelbee's Nursing Theories

    A 10 page overview of the nursing theories of Joyce Travelbee and Jean Watson. This paper emphasizes the holistic approach of both of these theories, comparing them to other nursing theories and, noting the importance of spiritual, culture, and psychosocial impacts on health. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • 1996 Study on Emergency Situations and Clinical Decision Making

    A 6 page research paper that examines the processes involved in clinical decision making under emergency situations. Focusing primarily on a 1996 study, the writer explores how nursing decisions in emergency situations have a tremendous impact on patient outcomes, and how these nurses focus on keeping the "big picture" in regards to seeing all details pertaining to diagnosis and practice. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer

    An 8 page paper that discusses the story of Dr. Farmer. The writer comments on his character and beliefs and reports some examples. The writer also comments on how this book can inspire nurses, which leads to a discussion of certain nursing theories. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Using Critical Thinking in the Field of Nursing

    This 5 page paper discusses the practical use and application of critical thinking in the nursing profession. Examples are given and quotes cited from the text of Catalano's Nursing Now textbook. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • An Analysis of a Journal Article on Nursing

    A 5 page analysis of an article that discusses a nursing research project. The article details the research study conducted by Hayes, which examined how adherence to Emergency Department (ED) discharge instructions could be improved for the elderly. The writer relates the details of the study and evaluates the article as superlative in regards to content and contributing to professional nursing. No additional sources cited.

  • Pathology and Treatment of Liver Cancer

    A 5 page paper discussing the pathophysiology; diagnosis; nursing assessments and diagnoses; medical/surgical treatments; and nursing interventions in cases of hepatocellular carcinoma. Relatively rare in the United States, liver cancer is a leading cause of cancer in developing nations but is increasing in incidence in the US. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Stem Cell Research and Nursing

    A 4 page overview of the many considerations entailed by stem cell research. The author contends that nurses are caught up in the issues of stem cell research not only as spectators but also as intermediaries between the world of scientific research and the general public. Nurses have the ethical responsibility to not only understand the ethical and scientific consequences of such research but also to be able to interpret these consequences to their patients. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing Profession and 'Telehealth' Implications

    An 8 page paper which examines the implications of telehealth on the nursing profession by defining the term; discussing its benefits; costs; education and/or training guidelines for nurses, privacy, confidentiality, security, ethics, informed consent, and storage of telehealth records; ensuring reliable technology; provincial/state issues; and legal issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • An Analysis of Nursing Care Concepts

    An 8 page nursing concept analysis that explores the topic of caring. The aim of this analysis is to investigate this body of research in order to determine the purposes of caring and how caring can facilitate the goals of nursing practice. The writer explores the literature in regards to a model case study, borderline, etc. while also relating the empirical and theoretical data on this topic. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 'Health as Expanding Consciousness' Nursing Philosophy of Margaret Newman

    A 3 page research paper that discuss Margaret Newman's Margaret Newman's philosophy of nursing, Health as Expanding Consciousness. This nursing model is founded on the concept that health is not a stationary goal, but rather part of a continuum. Newman posits that lifetime behavior patterns can be identified and manipulated in such a manner as it becomes possible to use an episode of illness as an opportunity to achieve greater health. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jean Watson's Nursing Theories

    This 5 page paper examines the philosophies of Jean Watson and determines how that viewpoint may be applicable to the philosophy of a nursing student. More specifically, this paper highlights the importance of Watson's wholistic approach to nursing care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nursing and Diversity

    This 5 page report discusses the fact that even though all professions benefit from expanded diversity within the realms of its practice but this is especially true in one of the “helping professions” such as nursing in which a remarkably diverse group of people serve as the focus for the skills of that particular profession. Nursing serves as an excellent example of the important ways in which the “diversity” of caregivers relates to the diversity of those for whom they care. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Advanced Practice Nursing, the Self Care Deficit Model of Dorothea Orem, and Urinary Incontinence

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of an article by Francie Bernier called “Relationship of a pelvic floor rehabilitation program for urinary incontinence to Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing: Part 1” which considers the impact of the problem of urinary incontinence and the application of nursing theory in defining protocols for care. This paper relates the findings to Dorothea Orem's Self-Care theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Diabetic Education and Nursing

    A 7 page research paper that examines the role of the nurse educator in regards to education of clients suffering from diabetes. The writer discusses current literature, theoretical frameworks for diabetes education and how the role of the nurse educator impacts the lives of diabetic clients. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing in Great Britain, Clinical Supervision

    A 5 page paper discussing the role of clinical supervision in nursing. For the nurse involved in direct patient care, the result of the integration of national policy, health care governance, technical competence and positive client perspective is a continually-evolving program of continuous improvement and ongoing education. Whether that education is formal or experiential is of little consequence in forming a standard approach to direct patient care, but it can have implication in individual nurses’ professional development. That development must remain market oriented, but also remain in compliance with national policy. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing Home Admissions' Perception versus Reality

    This 10 page report discusses the differences between the perceptions, expectations, and realities of what families who had admitted a loved one to a nursing facility will experience. While there may be certain similarities in admitting a loved one to a nursing facility, it should also be understood that every situation is unique. Far too many family members have unrealistic expectations about what can or should happen in a nursing home. The end result can be confusion and frustration rather than the total support needed by the patient. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nursing and the Holism Concept

    A 5 page overview of the concept of holism as it applies to nursing. This paper contends that the concept of holism is integrally linked with the goals and objectives of nursing. Holism, after all, embodies the concept of healing. Holism embodies another concept as well, however, that is the concept of caring. It is a concept which is intimately entwined with energy flows, touch, and complimentary or alternative therapies but it is also a concept which can be compared with such prominent nursing theories as Hildegard Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relations. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Continuing Evolution of Advanced Practice Nursing

    A 10 page paper discussing the continuing evolution of advanced practice nursing and the resistance it receives from physician groups. Nurse practitioners and other advanced practice nurses have filled significant roles in US health care for years. They have legal rights and the technical expertise to take on much of the burden of providing direct health care services, generally under the supervision of an MD. This advanced practice niche is a hybrid position arising from increasing pressures on the still-evolving health care American health care system; it is a position respected in the profession and welcomed by patients. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Economic Indicators 2006

    A 9 page paper examining three forecasts for each of 5 economic indicators and then relating those findings to the medical industry. The bottom line in nursing is that (1) currently active, practicing nurses have a wealth of opportunity available to them; (2) the profession is attracting greater interest among would-be students who could help ease the shortage in the future; but (3) the ongoing shortage has been in effect for so long that there is a shortage of nursing educators; and (4) those who could help ease the shortage cannot gain the training necessary for licensing. The situation is different for physicians and other health care professionals, but the bottom line for all is that demand for and costs of health care will continue to increase in the future. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Angina Pectoris From a Nursing Perspective

    An 11 page paper discussing angina from a nursing perspective. Angina pectoris can be regarded as an 'early warning system' heralding cardiovascular disease, but it also is a condition that itself needs to be managed. Treated angina results in far fewer occurrences of myocardial infarction (MI) than untreated angina. Patients know that the possibility of MI is great after they are diagnosed with angina, and nurse-led care programs are highly effective in providing quality patient education as well as alleviating patients' fears. This paper reviews the condition and discusses nurse-led management of it. Includes a 3-page outline and an abstract. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Expansion of Paper on Nursing Delegation and Shared Governance

    A 14 page expansion of a 4-page paper by the same name. The health care facility that maintains a shared governance model is able to make greater use of all the resources available to it. Typically, each patient care department of a facility such as this has a nurse manager who serves as a facilitator in unit governance and as a liaison between direct-care nursing staff and nursing administrators. This organizational structure is more conducive to true shared governance than hierarchical straight-line organizational structures that have the effect of insulating administrators from those providing direct patient care. It also ensures that those having the greatest degree of direct patient contact have a voice in establishing policy for both the present and the future. The paper discusses shared governance more as a philosophical approach to management than as a “how to.” Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Patient Outcomes, Organizational Factors, and Nursing Competency

    A 14 page discussion of the varied factors which enter into nursing competency and ultimately translate to patient outcome. Suggests that while the degree of training a nurse has is directly related to competence, so too are managerial factors. Asserts that the implementation of internal policies and procedures, although typically subject to resistance from staff, is an integral component of ensuring optimum patient outcome. Identifies interdisciplinary managerial factors such as quality assurance/quality improvement programs and the establishment of clinical pathways as being significant to nursing competence as well. Includes a one-page Roman numeral outline. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Senior Citizens with Heart Problems and the Transitional Care Nursing Model

    This 10 page report discusses the transitional care model of nursing and how it calls for an interdisciplinary approach in the creation and establishment of an appropriate and meaningful patient care plan. Without all components of the service and care delivery process working in coordination with one another, it is more than likely that one (or more) aspect of the patient’s overall care will be neglected or even eliminated. A truly “patient-centered” plan must assure that nursing and ancillary staff are organized in such a way that it supports both continuity and balance in the care provided to any patient. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Dental Hygiene and General Psychology Applications

    A 4 page discussion of the potential value general psychology has to the dental hygienist. The author emphasizes that there are hundreds of situations and circumstances where a knowledge of general psychology could prove helpful to the dental hygienist. These include allowing the dental hygienists the capability of being able to distinguish between normal anxiety and serious problems such as panic disorder and even prove helpful in allowing the dental hygienist insight as to what is an appropriate client/therapist relationship and what is an inappropriate one. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Health Psychology

    A 5 page paper. Health psychology is a vast field and is, in fact, the umbrella classification for all psychologists who work in the area of health. This essay addresses why this is an important field in today's world by discussing some of the knowledge and insight gained through research. The link between stress, individual behaviors and illness is discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ethics and Legalities of Health Care

    A 12 page paper discussing a case in which an emergency room nurse turned away a patient delivered by ambulance. The receiving hospital is a private, for-profit organization, and the patient had no job, no funds and no insurance. The patient was suffering from an apparent broken leg after injuring it playing tennis on a city-owned court. When asked how he intended to pay the hospital’s bill, the patient replied that he would sue the city for the funds. The nurse determined that there were no serious injuries present and that the patient was stable, and then instructed the ambulance crew to transport the patient to a public facility. The paper identifies the facts of the case, then reviews legal, moral and economic issues of the case before concluding with a proposed corporate statement addressing future occurrences. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Hospital Learning Community Development

    This 14 page paper begins by reporting and discussing the many definitions of 'learning community.' The paper then discusses how to develop a learning community in a hospital using a real case study as an example. The processes the hospital used are discussed, explained and related to the common elements of a learning community. The writer discusses the importance of the nurse executive's role in such a process by discussing the roles of a nurse executive. The final section is an outline of the steps recommended to develop a learning community in a hospital. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Australian Patient with Unstable Angina and Nursing Actions

    A 9 page paper discussing unstable angina in Australia and relevant nursing actions for a specific patient. The paper discusses pathophysiology, prevention and consequences, as well as relevant educational requirements. Mrs. Brown may find herself with a wealth of medications to begin taking on a daily basis, but the preferred approach is that of managing conditions with diet and exercise first. Mrs. Brown’s nurse may be able to affect greater patient compliance by supplying pertinent information underlying health professionals’ recommendations. Bibliography lists 13sources.

  • Overview of Mitochondria

    2 pages in length. The writer discusses the activities occurring within mitochondria. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • All About AIDS

    This 14 page paper provides information about this dreaded syndrome, inclusive of future outlook. Various theories concerning the origin of this disease is explored. Information on the development of an AIDS vaccine is included. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Colon Cancer Overview

    This 6 page paper looks at a basic outline of colon cancer. The paper is divided into four sections covering etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Hypnosis and How it is Used

    This 6 page paper looks at the subject and highlights how it is used by medical professionals as well as in behavior modification industries. Controversial uses are noted such as in the case of past life regression and by police to jog a witness's memory. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • An E-Commerce Marketing Plan

    A 10 page paper. No one can doubt that e-commerce is here to stay; it grows exponentially each year. Companies, whether product or service, that do not have an Internet presence will lose business to those companies that do have an Internet presence. This paper presents a marketing plan for a chiropractic consortium. Topics include: description of the business; competition; e-commerce; designing a web page; and salesmanship on the web. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • A Model for Pharmaceutical Care

    This 18 page paper presents a model of pharmaceutical delivery and then goes on to support the assumption that it is indeed one of excellence. The paradigm is presented only after extensive research in the field is presented. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Therapy and Dental Phobias

    A 7 page discussion of the reasons behind dental phobias and the methodologies for treatment of those phobias. Outlines the sometimes gruesome history of dentistry and the reputation which it has incurred as a result of that history. Discusses early experiences at the dentist office which result in phobias of future visits. Emphasizes that phobias are not a reason to ignore needed dental procedure. Concludes that ignoring the problem is not a guarantee that it will disappear nor is it a guarantee that a relatively easy-to-treat condition will not progress into a potentially life threatening condition, or at the least a very serious condition, if left untreated. Dental phobias are not an excuse for avoiding the dentist office. Instead, they are a reason to seek out appropriate counseling. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Herbal Medicines and Their Uses

    This 6 page paper addresses the subject of herbal medicines and whether or not they should be used in conjunction with prescription drugs. Echinacea and St. John's wort are specifically mentioned. The paper concludes that using herbal products can be beneficial but caution should prevail. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nursing Ethics in December 2002 AORN Journal

    A 3 page paper discussing a series of nine articles appearing in the AORN Journal between April and December, 2002. The value of the series of articles is that each article focuses on a specific point of stated, formal ethics code to explain to perioperative nurses precisely what the standards mean for them. Ethics codes necessarily must be broad enough to apply to a wide range of situations, but narrow enough to be meaningful and to provide direction when questions arise. This AORN Journal series has the effect of narrowing perspective to illustrate the relevance of ANA’s code of ethics to perioperative nursing. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Pressure Ulcers and Nursing Research

    A 6 page paper discussing the incidence and prevalence of "bed sores," or pressure ulcers, and the benefits of determining who is most at risk for developing this costly and potentially dangerous condition. When risk is unknown, there is no apparent reason to increase staffing in an effort to avoid the problem. Nurses already operate at or near their capacity, and the types of attention that at-risk patients need are time- and labor-intensive. Turning immobile patients and giving wound sites additional direct care require additional time that many nursing teams do not have available in their current structure and numbers. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mr. V and a Nursing Ethics Case Study

    A 10 page paper discussing a case of ethics of choice. Mr. V is terminally and wishes to give up his struggle. He is on a morphine drip, and the nurse on duty has instruction to decrease the drip should his respirations drop to four per minute. Mr. V maintains that he was resuscitated against his wishes; the nurse claims she merely followed instructions. The paper discusses the ethics of the case in terms of the philosophy of Kant and Mill. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Continuation of 'Historical Development of Shannondale Nursing Home'

    A 5 page continuation of “Historical Development of Shannondale Nursing Home” (KShlthDevShan.rtf) that explores how changes in the local area and in the overall health care industry are certain to affect Shannondale’s future. The purpose here is to address anticipated changes in items such as professional staffing, human resource management, financial solvency, technological changes and other related issues. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Radiotherapy and the Impact of Isolation

    This 5 page paper looks at the psychological effects of isolation necessary for radiotherapy. Various aspects are discussed inclusive of duration of treatment, gender and skill of the nurses. Emotional reactions to the procedure are explored. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Analysis of Costs of Decubitus Ulcers in Elder Care Facilities

    This 12-page paper focuses on the cost of decubitus ulcers to nursing homes. The paper discusses causes of decubitus ulcers, provides statistics on costs (and why the costs are incurred) and offers some solutions to reduce cost. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Literature Review of Impaired Vision and Neuropsychology

    This 4-page paper offers a review of literature pertaining to blindsight (vision defects) in the field of neuropsychology. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Article Summary on Health and Psychology Topics

    This 5 page paper summarizes six articles on various health/psychology and related subjects. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Licensed Sexual Offender Counselor Interview

    This 5 page paper gives a fictionalized interview with a licensed sexual offender counselor, specializing in rehabilitation of the juvenille offender. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Overview of Music Therapy

    A 6 page research paper that defines and discusses what music therapy is, how it is used, and who uses it. The writer discusses how music is acknowledged through the health care industry as a valuable therapeutic tool. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Papa Blows His Nose in G

    This 3 page paper discusses Oliver Sacks’ article “Papa Blows His Nose in G: Absolute Pitch” about people with absolute (perfect) pitch. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Sexual Hallucinations Induced by Drugs

    This 4 page paper examines the phenomenon where certain medications, particularly when prompted by anesthesia, evoke a hallucinogenic reaction. Specific medications are discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Clash of Parents and Medical Professionals in 'Baby Owens'

    A 4 page examination of the ethics and law surrounding an infant diagnoses with Downs Syndrome and duodenal atresia. The baby needed medical intervention to survive. The baby's parents, however, refused treatment on the basis of their religious beliefs. The parents were Jehovas' Witnesses and believed that medical interventions such as blood transfusions were prohibited by the Bible itself. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Art and Healing

    The western medical establishment has come to recognize the value of dance, music, literature, painting and drama in preventing and treating illness. Techniques such as guided imagery, dance, art therapy and music have become the tools of health care professionals in all areas. These techniques have much in common with the Chinese practices of Qigong, yoga and acupressure. Eastern methods often integrate contemporary medical practices with ancient forms of healing. The western medical establishment is learning to give the Chinese practices the credit they deserve for the benefits they are able to bring to patients. This 6 page paper examines the use of both Eastern and Western therapies with a foundation of dance or music. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Hospital Learning Community Development

    This 14 page paper begins by reporting and discussing the many definitions of 'learning community.' The paper then discusses how to develop a learning community in a hospital using a real case study as an example. The processes the hospital used are discussed, explained and related to the common elements of a learning community. The writer discusses the importance of the nurse executive's role in such a process by discussing the roles of a nurse executive. The final section is an outline of the steps recommended to develop a learning community in a hospital. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Human Body and the Impact of Drugs

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the effects of illegal drugs as well as prescription medications. A variety of drugs are mentioned by name. The effects of marijuana, ecstasy, and cocaine are highlighted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Phenobarbitone Processes of Excretion, Metabolism, Distribution, and Absorption

    An overview of the processes affecting phenobarbitone action in the human system. This paper observes the importance of enzymatic reactions in the drugs metabolism as well as factors such as pH and drug interactions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Xanax: An Argument for Inclusion in the DSM

    A 4 page discussion of the psychotherapeutic drug Xanax. This paper argues for the inclusion of this drug in the revised version of the DSM.

  • Reflective Learning in the Radiology Department

    This 13 page paper uses Gibbs reflective cycle to examine an event; the use of a CT scan to assess the suitability of a patient for Avastin therapy. The cycle is used to assess improvements to patient treatment by reducing the level of exposure to radiation during the tests. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Hydrocodone: An Overview

    This 3 page paper reviews the benefits and concerns surrounding this Schedule II opioid. The author observes that while the drug has valid pharmaceutical uses, it is one of the most commonly abused drugs on the market. Bibliography list 4 sources.

  • Epidemiology And Infectious Disease Prevention: West Nile Virus

    3 pages in length. The current state of America's economy has triggered an expansive and detrimental backlash in so many industries that it is overwhelming to contemplate the extent to which this economic downturn has trickled into areas many people would never consider. The frequency with which delinquent homeowners are abandoning their houses has become a tremendous public health issue due to swimming pools left unattended and untreated whereby the water festers and attracts virus-carrying mosquitoes. According to Goodman et al (2009), the prevalence of this particular hazard has spiked the number of West Nile virus cases. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Omega Three Fatty Acid Intakes from Meat, Fish, or Plant Sources

    This 4 page paper discusses the arguments surrounding the intake of Omega-3 fatty acids from plants as opposed to fish or meat sources. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Drug Ionization, Absorption, Excretion

    A 4 page overview of the relation of drug ionization, specifically of whether the drug is a weak acid or a weak base, to its absorption into the body and consequent excretion from the body. Notes a differential absorption and excretion, according to physiological pH, as to where the drug is absorbed and when it is excreted. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Biological Functions of Lipids

    This 7 page paper examines lipids, what they are and their constituent fatty acids. The paper discusses the chemical structure of the fatty acids and the various lipids as well as where they are found and their functions. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Blood Pressure and the Effects of TFA

    This 8 page paper outlines the impacts of transfatty acids on blood pressure. This paper considers the connection between TFA and blood pressure relative to dietary considerations. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Herbal Treatments for Acid Indigestion

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the problem of acid indigestion and outlines some herbal treatments that are beneficial. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Streptococcus mutans and Acid Tolerance

    A 14 page discussion of the physiological mechanism employed by this species of oral bacteria which allow it to exist in the rapidly fluctuating pH levels of the human mouth. The author details how the cellular membrane of the organism is critical in this process, selectively allowing protons to pass out of the cell and preventing them from passing into the cell. This ability allows S. mutans a selective advantage. Acidogenicity (the ability to generate acid) and acidurance (the ability to function in an acidic environment) are the primary physiological traits of this organism which make it such an important factor in the production of dental caries as well. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Communication Barriers to Emergency Medical Services to Homeless, Transsexuals, and Prostitutes

    This is a 6 page paper with added tutorial language discussing the emergency medical services communication barriers which exist in the special populations of prostitutes, transsexuals and homeless populations. Although various emergency and health care services are offered in Toronto and the province of Ontario, the populations of homeless people, prostitutes and transsexuals are reluctant to use these services. All three of these populations have reported harassment, and “treat ‘em and street ‘em” minimal services from emergency health care services. This adds to the reluctance to contact these services in addition to the fear of contacting official agencies because of the legal implications. Incidence of drug and alcohol abuse and underage prostitution in addition to the high degree of violence associated with prostitution lead to an obvious initial degree of reluctance to contact authorities in regards to emergency assistance. Unfortunately, these populations have a higher need of emergency services than most due to the increase risk of substance abuse, exposure to disease and in the case of transsexuals, complications due to the administration of hormones. Despite the findings from most studies, initial examination of services offered in homeless shelters in the Toronto area show that these first contact agencies do not include access to emergency and health care services. In order to improve communication to these populations first contact should perhaps be instigated through these initial services. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type II

    A 6 page paper which examines its causes, risk factors and prevention. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • U.S. Health Care System

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the American system. According to an online dictionary, www.businessdictionary.com, a "health care system" is defined as a "Complex of facilities, organizations, and trained personnel engaged in providing health care within a geographical area." If one considers only this extremely broad definition of a "health care system," then, yes, the manner in which health care is delivered in the U.S. is a "system." However, there are scholars who express an evaluation of the way that health care delivery functions in the US that is so negative that one can also easily make the argument that the delivery of health care in America is too dysfunctional to be considered to be a "system," as the term "system" implies organization and comprehensive service. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Funding Universal Health Care

    A 7 page paper that reports certain data, including expenses related to GDP per capita compared to other countries, the number of Americans with no or inadequate health insurance. The paper discusses how individual states attempted to fund universal health coverage and how other countries fund the program. The writer comments on the savings that could be achieved with certain practices and how such a program would need to be funded in this country. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Healthcare Administration Leadership

    A 3 page essay that justifies pursuing a doctorate degree in healthcare administration. Doctorate education in healthcare administration is formulated to aid in the creation of highly motivated, advanced healthcare leaders, who can effectively address the challenges of today's healthcare system, as well as shape effective public policy for the needs of the future (Doctor in HA). The challenges facing the U.S. healthcare system, as well as the healthcare systems in all Western, industrialized societies, are formidable. Effective leadership in healthcare administration is a crucial factor in meeting these challenges. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Basic Human Right of Health Care

    A 5 page paper arguing that access to health care is a right, rather than a privilege. There are those who maintain that health care is no more a right than is the "right" to drive fast cars; far more subscribe to the view that access to health care is a basic right of all people. This paper echoes that position. The paper suggests that neither employers nor the government needs to be central in the debate over health care reform, but that individuals need to be given control through the use of medical savings accounts and vouchers for the poor. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • An Overview of Hepatitis C

    The Emerging Epidemic : This 20 page paper contends that Hepatitis C is quickly becoming an epidemic and should be addressed now before things get out of hand. The disease is discussed in depth and treatments are discussed as well. Statistics about the rate of infection of the population is provided. Special populations are also discussed such as prisoners, California residents and IV drug users. Recommendations are made. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Complications of Medicinal Herbs and Their Impact Upon Dentistry

    A 5 page overview of the potential medicinal value of herbs. This paper emphasizes that benefit can be overshadowed by negative impacts when these drugs are combined with others or taken in high concentration such as in herbal tea. The author provides brief notes on aloe, echinacea, feverfew, garlic, ginger, gingko biloba, ginseng, goldenseal, and Saint John’s Wort. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Clnicians Need to Understand High Blood Pressure

    A 3 page paper that discusses why it is important for clinicians to understand hypertension. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Health Overview of High Blood Pressure

    A 5 page discussion of the health impacts of hypertension. This paper defines hypertension and outlines its impacts to cardiovascular and renal function in particular. Presenting the case study of a fictional patient who presents to the emergency room with chest pain, the author reviews the diagnostic techniques which are utilized and the interventional methods which are employed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • 'Silent Killer' High Cholesterol

    A 5 page paper which examines the dangers of this “silent killer.” Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Cholesterol and Serum Cholesterol Reduction

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of cholesterol and the efforts to reduce serum cholesterol. Current research reflects a number of different functions and properties of cholesterol in the human body. This research study outlines the value in understanding the properties and functions of cholesterol.

  • Career in the Pharmacy Business

    This paper examines the importance of spirituality, service and wholeness (i.e., "balance") in a person's life and examines how the career of pharmacy for many people, encompasses all of these, and other qualities.

 

Most Relevant Research Papers

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

 

Copyright © 2000-2021 The Paper Store Enterprises, Inc. & Fast Papers On-line.
All rights reserved. Search for your essay here.

U.S. based premium essay, research and
term papers service since 2000.