Research Papers on Philosophy

Click on any of the research paper to read a brief synopsis of the paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.


Research Papers on Philosophy

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Education and its History

    This 13 page paper deals with the philosophies of education of several experts in the field, namely Barbara Thayer-Bacon, and Joe Kincheloe. Works cited include Philosophy Applied to Education, and Contextualizing Teaching. Constructivist and indivdualistic views are discussed as well as philosophies that impacted the modern development of the educational processes. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Fides et Ratio - Philosophy

    A 10 page paper that begins with some of the many statements made in this Encyclical about philosophy. The focus of this essay is on the relationship between philosophy and the Church. Numerous examples are included from the text to illustrate how the Pope related the importance of the interrelationship of philosophy to theology to doctrine. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nursing Philosophy and Parse's Theory of Human Becoming

    A 9 page research paper that delineates nursing philosophy, first of all, by epistemology, ontology and ethics, and then examines how personal nursing philosophy can be informed by Parse's Theory of Human Becoming. The final section of proposes a personal viewpoint toward the epistemology of nursing research. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing and Ethical Values

    A 5 page paper discussing whether it is possible to teach ethics and ethical values in nursing. The answer is a resounding yes, of course. In support of that position, the paper discusses the philosophies of Kant, Mill and Rawls. While Kant and Mill (the categorical imperative and “the greater good”) provide a sound basis, the philosophy of Rawls is seen as being most directly applicable to teaching ethics in nursing. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Nursing Philosophies of Betty Newman and Jean Watson

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of a nursing philosophy, based on the application of the perspectives of Jean Watson and Betty Newman. This paper demonstrates the integration of the theoretical and practical in the development of a nursing philosophy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Philosophy of Nursing and How It Has Evolved

    A 3 page overview of the evolution of nursing from the Cartesian philosophy towards a holistic approach. The author notes that this evolution is back in the direction of the philosophy the nursing profession held at its inception. Contemporary research reveals that this approach is indeed more effective in terms of patient outcome. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Jean Watson's Nursing Theories

    This 5 page paper examines the philosophies of Jean Watson and determines how that viewpoint may be applicable to the philosophy of a nursing student. More specifically, this paper highlights the importance of Watson's wholistic approach to nursing care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History and Evolution of Hare Krishna

    10 pages in length. There exist a great many philosophies by which people live their lives that help maintain order and a sense of direction that otherwise would merely drift in subconscious thought. One particular philosophy that has not set well with mainstream society is that of Hare Krishna, which partakes of the spiritual side of life by eschewing that which is overtly materialistic and shallow. The writer discusses the history, legal problems and ultimate maturation process of the Hare Krishna movement. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Life's Service and Disservice According to Friedrich Nietzsche

    This 6 page paper talks about Nietzsche's essay entitled History in the Service and Disservice of Life. The ideas are related to modern philosophy. The concepts are further compared with Greek philosophy. Concepts regarding history and its importance are discussed in general. No additional sources cited.

  • Professional Practice and Nursing Philosophy

    A 5 page research paper. A nurse's philosophical outlook on the profession necessarily impacts the manner in which that individual acts on a day-to-day basis. Basically, philosophy supports professionalism by providing a strong foundation for practice. The following discussion of nursing philosophy and practice demonstrates how these two aspects of nursing practice are related, focusing on the manner in which basic nursing concepts provide a rationale that supports and facilitates the implementation of standards of professional practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing Knowledge: Development And Utilization

    12 pages in length. The philosophy of nursing is something much grander and more complex than most people realize; not only does it incorporate views, metaparadigm, paradigms and theories, but it also includes the consideration of nursing as a discipline and profession as well as an art and science. Indeed, the basis of nursing knowledge is founded within the synthesis of all these elements which - when taken as a unit instead of individually - serves to synergistically encapsulate the very nature of nursing philosophy. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • The Nursing Metaparadigms/Nursing Philosophy

    This 5 page research paper/essay discusses the parameters of nursing philosophy, as related to the nursing philosophy of the Jacksonville University School of Nursing and the four nursing metaparadigms of Person, Environment, Health and Nursing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • H.G. Bissinger's Friday Night Lights A Town, a Team, a Dream

    A 5 page discussion of the underlying philosophy of win-win at any costs which author Bissinger exposes has resulted in significant social problems in Odessa Texas, the home of the Permian Panthers. At the same time, however, this philosophy is not unique to Odessa. It permeates high school sports across the nation and has the potential for phenomenal societal costs. No additional sources are listed.

  • Personal Philosophy of Nursing

    A 3 page essay that offers a template for a student nurse to use in writing about his/her personal nursing philosophy. A nurse’s beliefs “regarding humanity, values, the nature of nursing, the focus of nursing, the goals of practice and the focus of nursing research and education” collectively formulate a personal philosophy of nursing that informs and shapes that particular nurse’s practice behaviors (Courier, 2008). As a medical profession, nursing knowledge draws upon the related scientific fields (CSUB, 2006). However, nursing also goes beyond the medical model of healthcare delivery to stress humanistic, caring qualities that address the emotional, psychological side of human experience, as well as physiological needs. The purpose of the following essay is to provide a guide to a nursing student that can aid that student in describing his or her own personal philosophy of nursing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Life as Seen Through the Classics

    5 pages in length. There exist a great many philosophies by which people live their lives, which ultimately help maintain order and a sense of direction that otherwise would merely drift in subconscious thought. Examining these varied philosophies as they relate to Benjamin Franklin's attitude toward achieving material wealth and rising in the world; Henry David Thoreau's argument for a more spiritual way of life; Ralph Waldo Emerson's insistence on the need for self reliance and thinking for one self even to the point of separation from others; and Nathaniel Hawthorne's sad portrait of Young Goodman Brown, one finds that the separation between and among these philosophies reflects the distinct separations that also divide society. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Emergency Room and Making Ethical Decisions

    A 9 page paper discussing the philosophies of Kant, Mill and Rawls to inform decision-making in nursing, but perhaps the philosophy of Rawls is most directly applicable to nursing. Though wholly unworkable on a national scale, using Rawls’ philosophy in teaching nursing ethics and values works beautifully with nursing’s reason for being. From the nursing perspective, the “least advantaged member of society” is that one confined to a hospital bed. Ethics of choice does not require a great deal of time to process, for it is intent – rather than outcome – that carries greatest weight in determining the morality and justice of a decision. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Practice, Knowledge, and Nursing Theory's Role

    An 11 page research paper that examines the relationship between theory, knowledge and practice. Florence Nightingale asserted that there is no differentiation between "men of thought" and "men of action" and that an "ideal" or philosophy should not be considered as isolated, but rather incorporated into everyday routines (Jacobs, 2001). In other words, Nightingale felt that there should be no artificial barriers between philosophy or theory and the utilization of nursing knowledge and practice. Nightingale obviously regarded herself as a woman of action, "dealing with daily activities of nursing," yet nursing scholars frequently portray her as more of a theorist and philosopher (Jacobs, 2001, p. 17). It was Nightingale's position that theory should lead the development of knowledge and practice and this is the orientation reflected in the vast majority of nursing literature, as this review illustrates. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Nursing Philosophy for Professional Practice

    A 7 page research paper that discusses a student-formulated professional philosophy of nursing practice, which is that making clinical judgment decisions in nursing care should be comfort based and founded on an understanding and knowledge of the patient’s continuous evolving physical and mental state. This examination of literature discusses how this philosophy can be applied to the four nursing domains of person, environment, health/illness and the nurse. Then, a broader perspective is given that takes into account the expectations of ANA standards of practice, the requirements of law and JCAHO standards. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Theology and the Impact of the Enlightenment

    A 10 page paper discussing the role of the Enlightenment and the philosophy of Immanuel Kant in the shaping of modern theology. Kant observed, "If we are asked, 'Do we now live in an enlightened age?' the answer is, 'No, but we do live in an age of enlightenment.'" Kant provided a framework within which individuals are able to hold to faith in God and grow in autonomy and personal responsibility while yet relying on God to direct their lives. Pre-Enlightenment theology kept the individual from the throne in the same way that the curtain separated individuals from the Most Holy Place of the tabernacle. The Enlightenment – aided by Kant's philosophy – tore away the curtain that men had replaced long after Jesus' death. Modern theology can make the way clear, but it is still left to individuals to choose to travel the path. Bibliography lists 15 sources in 25 footnotes.

  • Plato's The Laws Summarized and Analyzed

    This is a 10 page paper summarizing and analyzing Plato’s “The Laws” on a chapter by chapter basis. Philosopher and educator Plato (427-347 B.C.E.) wrote extensively in general philosophy which he believed was the basis for the theory of education and political thought. Plato was greatly influenced by the philosophies of Socrates and in addition was critical about Athenian public life “which he presented as dominated by the rhetorical and poetical uses of language in the formation of policies and attitudes”. “The Laws” (360 B.C.E.) was Plato’s last and most extensive work and it reaffirms many of his arguments from previous works in regards to the practical politics of running a Republic. The central speaker is an “Athenian stranger” who gives “advice on the constitution of a proposed new city”. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Following Watson's Example/Personal Philosophy of Nursing

    A 10 page research paper/essay that offers a guide for contrasting and comparing a student nurse's personal nursing philosophy to that of nursing theorist Jean Watson. The writer argues that each individual nurse brings personal perception to the act of interpreting Watson's theory. This interpretation is necessarily influenced by that nurse's personal history, knowledge level, and understanding. The purpose of this discussion of Watson's theory is to compare and contrast it with the personal nursing philosophy of a particular nursing student. The paradigms of person, environment, health and nursing are addressed. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Journal Article on Organizations and TQM Reviewed

    An 11 page critique of a journal article on TQM using other articles as a measure by which to critique it. There are several references available on the implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM), and dozens with reports of how it "fails" in two-thirds of the attempts to implement it. Those companies unsuccessful in making TQM a foundation of their business most often have selected only a few of the principles of the entire TQM philosophy, however, choosing to attend to the mechanics of the philosophy rather than the underlying principles of attention to customers and employees. The paper includes a short glossary of terms. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Voltaire's Candide and Literature of the Enlightenment

    A 4 page essay that discusses how Voltaire's Candide exemplifies the Enlightenment. Burns (1969) asserts that Voltaire "epitomized the eighteenth century period known as the Enlightenment in a manner similar to the way that "Luther epitomized the Reformation or Leonardo da Vinci did the Italian Renaissance" (Burns, 1969, p. 571). It was Voltaire who popularized the scientific and political theories of John Locke and Isaac Newton, as he promoted the Enlightenment perspective that the natural world can be understood via the use of reason. Voltaire's Candide (1759) is representative of his Enlightenment philosophy and shows the extent to which this philosophy differed radically from what came before it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Math Lessons and Classroom Management Plan for 3rd Grade Inclusion

    A 9 page paper that presents a classroom management plan, including rules and policies and how they will be established, reinforcement and contracts, routines. The paper then provides two math lessons and finally discusses the inner discipline philosophy. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Classical Literature Compared

    A 5 page paper which examines these classical literary works converge, in terms of literature, philosophy and theology; their differences in viewpoints; and their central themes and highlights. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Greek Philosophy and Literature: A Review of Concepts

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of concepts from Greek philosophy. Literary examples are used to explain arete, eros, hubris, paideia, and logos. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Time Capsule: Renaissance & The Age Of Baroque

    7 pages in length. The writer discusses art, music, architecture, literature and philosophy as they pertain to the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • 21st Century Corporate Success and Management Reporting

    A 5 page paper that examines the benefits of management reporting as part of a productive and profitable inter-enterprise business management philosophy. Included is a description of a type of management reporting and analysis software that is currently being offered as an innovative solution to organizational and management reporting problems. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Philosophy of Nursing and Values

    A 5 page paper discussing the values and philosophy of nursing, as well as nursing as a profession. Much of the focus of development of nursing over the past century has been on professionalism that has been based on theory and practice, while education, licensing and standards of care have addressed technical expertise requirements. Though true for any profession, that of nursing is not for everyone. Nursing requires a particular type of commitment and level of caring. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Public Sector and Human Resource Management Issues

    This 3-page paper analyses two statements about public sector human resources. First, that the values and philosophies of HRM are suitable for integration into the public sector, and second, that the public sector has witnessed radical changes in human resource management. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 3 Companies and Their Styles of Management

    A 4 page paper discussing management changes and philosophy of DaimlerChrysler; Sunbeam under “Chainsaw Al” Dunlap; and Harley-Davidson under Rich Teerlink. The ultimate point seen is that more people-oriented management is the better choice. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Interview With Nurse CEO

    A 7 page paper that begins with a summary of this hypothetical interview with a nurse who is the CEO of a health network. The essay responds to certain questions asked and provides elaboration from the literature. Questions focus on leadership issues, such as definition, trends, qualities, philosophy, learning experiences, mentors and more. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Children, Stress Fractures, and Tennis

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the risk of repetitive stress fractures in children, with a focus on playing tennis. The writer discusses stress fractures, stress fractures as they occur in tennis, and coaching philosophy to ensure that the sport is safe for children's participation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Philosophy of Nursing and Future Plans

    An 8 page research paper/essay that offers a guide to a student, using tutorial language, that provides a guide to writing a personal philosophy of nursing and then turns its focus to the crucial role that obtaining a Bachelor's degree in nursing science can play in a nursing career before closing with a discussion of author's short-term and long-term professional goals, which includes becoming a trauma nurse practitioner. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Daily Living Through Zen Buddhism

    10 pages in length. The writer provides a detailed description of Zen Buddhism, as well as discusses how meditation represents a significant component of this spiritual philosophy and of the practical psychology of daily living. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Humanism and Educational Philosophy

    This 10 page paper gives an overview of the educational philosophy of humanism and its application in the classroom. Positive attributes of this application in the classroom as well as examples as applied to divergent learners and over all affect on the students' abilities to internalize concepts. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology: Theories

    8 pages in length. Theories and concepts in developmental psychology assist in understanding the challenges individuals face at different stages of their life. The contributions of such prominent theorists as Bandura, Watson, Skinner, Maslow, Kohlberg, Erikson, Fowler and Piaget have served to assemble a collection of developmental philosophies that provide a significantly better understanding of why people develop the way they do. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • 'Father of Psychology' Wilhelm Wundt

    A 4 page research paper that examines the life and work of Wilhelm Wundt. The history of psychology begins with this topic being studied as sub-topics under the fields of both philosophy and physiology (Oakley, 1995). It became a field in its own right primarily through the work of Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) who is frequently referred to as the "Father of Experimental Psychology" or simply as the "Founder of Modern Psychology." The writer briefly examines his life and accomplishments. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Outpatient Clinic for Pain Management Establishment

    A 15 page paper discussing the establishment of a freestanding pain management clinic attached to a nursing home but also available for adult day care. The paper discusses pain management philosophies; alternative methods of managing pain; past problems of abuse of pain-killing drugs in the elderly; and the business issues of establishing and maintaining the clinic. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Manufacturing and Management

    A 5 page paper. The writer responds to a student-supplied statement regarding management by defining and describing management, the primary functions of management, a brief overview of management philosophies, and a discussion of motivation with concluding comments. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Operations Management and the Saturn Corporation

    This 8 page paper begins by explaining and defining operations management. It then provides an introduction to Saturn Corporation, including the company's mission and value statement and the philosophy upon which the company was established. Next is a discussion of the operations management processes at Saturn Corp. Finally, the writer comments on what can be learned from how Saturn operates the plants. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • A Total Quality Management Overview

    An 8 page paper written as an internal report on TQM as a possible route for a company to take to increase quality while reducing costs. The paper provides an overview of TQM; its history and development; the Baldrige Award; and underlying management philosophy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Total Quality Management and the Effects of Human Resources Management

    This 8-page paper discusses the concepts of Total Quality Management and Human Resources Management, and how the two philosophies co-exist to help a company reach and maintain competitive advantage. The paper discusses definitions of the two concepts, then links the two. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Number 0 and its History

    A 5 page review of the history of the manner in which the number zero came into common mathematical usage. Traces its development to Mesopotamia and through the various other regions of the world. Distinguishes between the mathematical concept and the philosophy of nothingness. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Common Themes in Jung's Theories and Buddhism

    A 10 page overview of Buddhist principals and how those principals relate to the psychoanalytical philosophies of Carl Jung, one of the most notable psychoanalysts of all time. This paper emphasizes that while Buddhist practices vary according to culture, geography, and time, there are several underlying principals which do not vary. Jung’s fascination with the religion lie in its tendency to question. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Postmodernism and Cinema Neo Noir

    A 15 page research paper that examines the relationship between neo-noir films and postmodernism. The writer argues that examination of neo-noir films shows that their philosophy dovetails nicely with postmodern principles and conceptions. Like postmodernism, neo-noir films present a view of reality in which society's institutions and conventions inevitably fail to meet the needs of the protagonist. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Melville's "Le Samourai" - A Portrait of Existential Values

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of Melville's "Le Samourai". Comparisons to other films such as "Les Enfants Terribles" are drawn, showing how the film expresses the European postwar philosophy of existentialism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Analyzing Bowling for Columbine from a Sociological Perspective

    An 8 page research paper/essay that analyzes Michael Moore's 2003 film Bowling for Columbine from the sociological perspective of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber. The writer briefly states the philosophy of each man and then applies this to analysis of the film. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nature of Law Understanding and the Tool of Deconstruction

    This 4 page paper examines law and the philosophy of law to consider what value deconstruction may provide to the interpretation and study of the nature of law. The paper summarises the use of deconstruction and then looks at how it may add value. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Twentieth Century Changes in the Relationship Between the U.S. Economy and American Law

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses how the extent to which one can gauge the impact of the changing relation between American law and the American economy over the course of the twentieth century is by many things, not the least of which is by examining Keynesian philosophy. Earl Warren's equality style liberalism is also discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Philosophy, Art and Literature During the Time of the Civil War

    A 9 page paper which examines how the Civil War influenced culture as it relates to art, literature, and philosophy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • America's Civil War, Literature, and Art

    This paper, written in the style of a tutorial essay, describes the influence that the United States Civil War had on art, literature and the general philosophy of the country. The main thesis contends that, as the nation healed from divisiveness in the years following the war, that art and literature reflected the healing. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Early Renaissance Literature, Architecture, Art, and Theology Integration

    This 5 page report discusses the Early Renaissance (1400-1494) is used as an example of the inter-relatedness that exists between very different human endeavors ranging from architecture to literature and philosophy to art but that still provide insight to how ideas were transmitted and interpreted in a multitude of ways. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Philosophy Through the Ages

    A 3 page research paper that offers a brief survey of how a variety of major philosophers have addressed the basic questions of philosophy. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A History of Temperament Theories

    This 10 page paper provides a historical report of theories about temperament. The history begins about 2,500 years ago when the four humors were proposed, a theory that was continued to be popular in the Middle Ages and even later. Philosophies and scientific advancements changed the theme somewhat but there continued to be four dimensions of temperament. Even Keirsey proposed four dimensions of temperament. It was in 1990 when five dimensions of temperament were proposed by McCrae and Costa, Jr. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The History of Wal-Mart

    When the first Wal-Mart opened in the early 1960s, the idea of discount shopping among rural America was almost unheard of, except for the five-and-dime stores. But with Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton's vision, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. today is a multi-billion dollar, international company. This paper examines Walton's philosophy, a little bit of history, and some glances into the future. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Case Study to Demonstrate Influences on the Delivery of Mental Healthcare

    This 10 page paper uses the fictitious case of a mental health patient living in the community to illustrate the impact that political philosophies and statutory instruments have on the way care is provided for those suffering from mental illnesses. The paper is written with reference to policies and legislation in the UK. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • An Ethical Exploration

    This 7 page paper looks at a case study in ethics and provides solutions. The case study involves the ethics of the office romance. Ethics are also discussed and defined in a general sense in another part of the paper. Ancient Greek philosophy is discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Blake and Wordsworth

    A 6 page essay that offers 2 3-page essays: one on William Blake’s “Chimney Sweep” poems and one on William Wordsworth’s “The World is Too Much With Us Late and Soon.” The writer in each case uses the poems to discuss each poet’s poetic philosophy and style. No additional sources cited.

  • Ancient Writings Like Epic of Gilgamesh and Ideology

    This 6 page paper looks at the Epic of Gilgamesh along with four ancient poems. These are compared and contrasted and similar themes are highlighted. There is a great deal of attention to religion and philosophy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Philosophy of Negative Capability in the Poems of John Keats

    In four pages this paper examines how Keats used technique to employ his philosophy of negative capability in some of his most famous poems. Two sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • 'The Aurora of Autumn and the Plain Sense of Things' by Wallace Stevens and 'Wasteland' by T.S. Eliot Compared and Contrasted

    This 10 page paper discusses the poetry of T.S. Eliot in his work, The Waste land, and compares/contrasts it with the work of Wallace Steven's collection in The Aurora of Autumn and The Plain Sense of Things. The two poets are compared/contrasted on points of worldview, philosophies, subject selection, as well as an analysis of various poems from the collections. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Humanism Themes in Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience by William Blake

    This 25 page paper gives an in-depth detailed analysis of William Blake's humanist views as exampled by his poems in both Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience. Specific, cited, quoted, examples are given which indicate Blake's humanism. Reasons for his philosophy are also explored as well as leading theories from scholarly journals and experts on Blake literature. Loads of quotes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Journeys and Their Philosophical Meaning in 'Inferno' by Dante Alighieri and 'The Odyssey' by Homer

    A 5 page paper which examines the role of philosophy in the similar journeys taken in each of these epic poems. No additional sources are used.

  • Plato's Views on the Ethics of Healthcare

    17 pages in length. The writer discusses Platonic philosophy as it pertains to abortion, animal research, euthanasia/suicide and withholding information from terminally ill patients. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Natural Law and Saint Thomas Aquinas

    This 5 page paper discusses the contributions of St. Thomas Aquinas in terms of Natural Law doctrine. Description of Natural Law is included as well as other Aquinas philosophies and background. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Natural Law and Jeremy Bentham

    A ten page paper which looks at Jeremy Bentham's assertion that natural rights are mere rhetoric, with reference to the social and legislative definition of rights and to Bentham's moral philosophy in general. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Theology and Philosophy in the Church

    A 9 page paper that demonstrates how the Church integrates philosophy and theology. One of the major sources for the paper is Pope John II Encyclical on faith and reason. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Reason Plus Spirituality Equals Enlightened Theology

    A 5 page paper that examines the integration of the sciences of philosophical thinking and theological belief beginning with the Age of Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. The progression of this integration is traced across the nineteenth century and through the 1960s racial tensions of the twentieth century. Included are the philosophies of Jonathan Edwards, Ralph Waldo Emerson, William James, W.E.B. DuBois, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Doctrine of the Trinity and Saint Augustine

    A 14 page paper which discusses Augustine’s theology and philosophy concerning the Doctrine of the Trinity. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Bhagavad Gita and Concepts of Good and Evil

    A 5 page research paper on the ancient religious text, the Bhagavad Gita. The writer argues that Western theology tends to see the world in terms of being strictly good or strictly evil, and that today the Western world is slowly catching up to the theological stance that was worked out in Eastern philosophy somewhere between the fifth and fourth century B.C. and expressed in the religious text the Bhagavad Gita. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Reformation Concepts of Skepticism and Faith

    A 2 page paper that examines the two fundamental issues of philosophy and theology that were involved in the Reformation Period, the issues of faith and skepticism. Discussed are the introduction of Martin Luther's Protestant beliefs in 1517 and the era of new philosophical and theological thinking that followed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Evaluating The Protestest Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism by Max Weber

    This 13 page paper gives a thorough evaluation and analysis of Max Weber's work, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Criticisms are supported with quotes from the text as well as informed opinions of experts in the fields of sociology, theology, and philosophy. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Aquinas by F.C. Copleston

    A 3 page essay that analyzes F.C. Copleston's Aquinas, An Introduction to the life and work of the Great Medieval Thinker (1955). The writer argues that Copleston offers a balanced and well-written account of Aquinas' life and his contributions to theology and philosophy. This examination of Copleston's text shows that his interpretation of Aquinas' work is enlightening and insightful, particularly in regards to Aquinas' cosmological argument on the existence of God. No additional sources cited.

  • Nursing Studies: Identifying the Underlying Theoretical Frameworks

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of nursing theories. A nursing study is analyzed in terms of Watson's philosophy of care. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Personal Nursing Philosophy

    This 3 page research paper/essay offers suggestions to a nursing student on how to go about describing the student's personal nursing philosophy, which draws upon Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Dorothea Dix, Pioneer of Nursing

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the life, career, and nursing philosophy of nursing pioneer Dorothea Dix, who was instrumental in both founding and expanding more than 30 hospitals devoted to the treatment of mental illness. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Philosophy of Nursing

    A 7 page example essay that describes a personal philosophy of nursing. This perspective on nursing draws heavily on the career of Florence Nightingale and offers comparisons between this first modern nursing theory and the student's hypothetical personal position. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Psychological Contributions of Mary Whiton Calkins

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of Mary Whiton Calkins. Her contributions to psychology and philosophy are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'Health as Expanding Consciousness' Nursing Philosophy of Margaret Newman

    A 3 page research paper that discuss Margaret Newman's Margaret Newman's philosophy of nursing, Health as Expanding Consciousness. This nursing model is founded on the concept that health is not a stationary goal, but rather part of a continuum. Newman posits that lifetime behavior patterns can be identified and manipulated in such a manner as it becomes possible to use an episode of illness as an opportunity to achieve greater health. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Rene Descartes, Philosophy and Psychology

    This 5 page paper discusses Rene Descartes’ influence on philosophy but especially on psychology. Bibliography lists 7 sourcs.

  • Balance of Philosophy and Nursing Values

    A 6 page paper discussing the juncture of values, philosophy, theory and legality in providing direct patient care. The paper discusses some of the reasons that individuals choose nursing, and provides an overview of each of the four broad areas reviewed in the paper. The paper includes brief discussions of the theories of Orem and Roy, as well as the primary ethical values of nursing: autonomy, beneficence, non-malficence, fairness and fidelity. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Democratic Nursing Leadership

    A 3 page research paper that discusses what constitutes a democratic nursing leadership style. The write draws upon current research to help formulate a personal philosophy of nursing leadership. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Why Should One Choose Nursing?

    This 8 page paper provides a response to the issue of why a person should pursue a career in nursing. This paper considers how a nursing philosophy comes into play in regards to this professional choice. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jean Watson, Nursing Theorist

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the career and philosophy of nursing theorist Jean Watson. The writer briefly discusses Dr. Watson's biography but then concentrates on discussing her Theory of Human Caring and its implications to nursing practice. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Mind and Body Dualist Philosophy and Rene Descartes' Psychology

    A 9 page paper which explores the significance for psychology in René Descartes’ mind-body philosophy, most notably the issues involved in dualism and the problems it presents. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Psychology: Informal Practice To Bona Fide Science

    3 pages in length. The field of psychology has not always been held in such high regard within the scientific environment, having had the task of proving its worth and validity as a legitimate discipline and not merely an ambiguous offshoot of philosophy. As the field began to expand and notable theorists established what are now standard principles, psychology ultimately earned its place within the scientific community alongside other closely controlled fields of study. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Theoretical Foundations for Nursing, Various Issues

    This 6 page research paper addresses a variety of issues in regards to the theoretical foundation of nursing. Topics covered include the definition of emancipatory knowledge and praxis, differentiating between science and philosophy, strategies for transformational leadership, among other issues. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Comparing Psychological Theories of Gestalt and Adler

    This 10 page paper discusses, compares and contrasts the Adlerian psychology to Gestalt psychology and the therapies which grew out of these philosophies. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Concept of the Human Imagination

    This 15 page paper examines the concept of imagination. The paper delves into both the disciplines of psychology and philosophy. The concept of imagination is defined and explored historically. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Early Perceptions of Mental Illness

    This 3 page paper begins with a report of how abnormal behavior and mental illness was perceived in earlier centuries. The writer comments on the influence of philosophy on psychology and on how the relationship between mind and body were perceived. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Knowledge, What We Know and How We Know It

    This 4 page paper considers how we know what we know, looking at this using philosophy and psychology the approaches of feminism and critical enquiry are utilized in which to determine how and when we can say we know what we know. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Education and Humanism

    A 3 page paper that presents a basic overview of humanistic education, a philosophy found in humanistic psychology. The writer reports how humanistic educators typically describe this approach. The basic components found in humanistic education classrooms is explained. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Punished by Rewards by Alfie Kohn and Human Motivation

    A 5 page research paper which focuses on Alfie Kohn's book Punished by Rewards. The writer analyzes Kohn's stance regarding the fallacies in behaviorist psychology as it applies to both education and the workplace, concluding that while Kohn is right in many instances, not all aspects of his philosophy are applicable to the work environment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Analyzing Domestic and International Terrorism from a U.S. Perspective

    This 8 page paper analyzes both domestic and international terrorism and the United State's philosophy, goals, operations, and effectiveness in combating terrorism. Also examined are the origins of terrorism and the psychology behind its use. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Beauty, the Sublime, Immanuel Kant, and Edmund Burke

    This 14 page paper discusses the ideas of philosophers Edmund Burke and Immanuel Kant in relation to their ideas about the sublime and about beauty. Furthermore, this paper underlines how their theories on this subject influenced the fields of psychology and philosophy. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Thinking About Music, An Introduction to the Philosophy of Music by Lewis Rowell

    A 10 page book review that summarizes and critiques Lewis Rowell's Thinking About Music, An Introduction to the Philosophy of Music (1983). The writer points out that a careful reading of the title suggests that the author does not limit himself to music, but rather places music within a philosophical framework that encompasses the entirety of Western art and culture. No additional sources cited.

  • Ambient Music of Brian Eno

    A 6 page research paper that examines the techniques and philosophy behind the genre of music that Brian Eno invented in the 1970s. The writer argues that this music, ambient music, was decades ahead of its time and evaluates its form and significance. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Medieval Christianity: Music and Sculptures

    A 6 page paper which examines how the Medieval philosophy of Christianity influenced music and sculpture of the time period. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Jazz as Modernism

    A 5 page research paper that offers a discussion that, first of all, examines the philosophy of art that characterizes the modern period and, then, demonstrates how jazz, specifically the music of Jelly Roll Morton and his "King Porter Stomp," embodies this aesthetic. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mozart's Don Giovanni and Figaro

    A 7 page research paper/essay that examines Mozart's Le Nozze di Figaro (The Marriage of Figaro) and Don Giovanni, which shows that these two operas are mirror images of Mozart's Enlightenment era philosophy on the struggle between the classes. The writer emphasizes how the plots of these operas demonstrate Enlightenment concepts (music is addressed in this regard, but not the focus of the paper). Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Existence, Delusion, Doubt, and Destiny

    An 8-page paper that explores man's obsession with his origin, the reason for his existence and his ultimate destiny following death. Included is a discussion of the philosophy of absolute doubt and absolute certainty as developed by Rene Descartes as well as a discussion of man's destiny as outlined in the Holy Bible. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Music Philosophy

    8 pages. Different people can describe music many different ways. This paper discusses some of the aesthetic viewpoints about music and some of the following philosophers: Eduard Hanslick, Arthur Schopenhauer and Gustav Schilling. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Career Objectives and Philosophy of Nursing

    3 pages in length. Nursing, a profession that was decidedly more of the female persuasion in the mid-eighteen hundreds, has long been considered an extension of a woman's natural ability to nurture. Had it not been for Florence Nightingale's attempts to humanize the medical profession in the nineteenth century, there is no telling where contemporary society would be with regard to humane and appropriate medical care. Fast forward to the twenty-first century and it is clear how nurses play an integral role in the overall development and application of standards of care, the transmission of scientific and humanistic caring, professional performance, ethics, as well as the level of competency expected from the industry. No bibliography.

  • Personal Philosophy of Nursing

    A 3 page research paper/essay that discusses the nursing concepts of person, environment, health/illness and nursing. This examination of these concepts examines each idea in relation to how it is defined by the Barry University School of Nursing faculty, but also offering a personal perspective on the meaning of each term. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Nursing Philosophy and How It Developed

    Nursing did not consider "defining" itself until about twenty years ago. In 1980, The American Nursing Association published their official definition in a policy statement, which reads "nursing is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential health problems" (ANA, 1980, p.4). Each individual state may make some slight variation on the applicability of this definition, particularly in the area of continuing education. This 7 page discussion, however, will examine the basic philosophy of nursing which lies behind this general definition. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Relationship Between Baconian And Cartesian Philosophy During The Scientific Revolution

    3 pages in length. The relationship between Baconian and Cartesian philosophy with regard to the scientific revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries reflects the dawning of rational thought over that of theology. As a positivist, Francis Bacon upheld the belief that experience and observation are the two most critical components of knowledge, a pairing he believed eclipsed the dubious aspect of mysticism; by contrast, behind Descartes' principle was the concept of being in touch with such internal aspects as beliefs, ideas, reasoning, hopes, thoughts, memories and temperament. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Wildlife and the Impact of Urbanization

    This is a 10 page paper discussing the history, context, management and philosophies behind the problem of urbanization and its impact on wildlife. Urbanization has resulted in a large negative impact on wildlife in addition in regards to the flora and fauna communities. Within the last 300 years in the U.S., deforestation for urban or agricultural use has fragmented wildlife populations through urban sprawl, linear land use (such as roads and power lands) small and large agricultural land plots in addition to the introduction of exotic plants and animals which have an impact on native plants and animals. Agricultural use and urbanization in addition to being the demise of some species also causes the shift in native plants and animals in certain areas; shifts which tend to allow for the proliferation of some species often at the expense of others. Preservation and conservation efforts within the U.S. are primarily the result of the ethics and philosophies as promoted by Aldo Leopold who called for ecological considerations in regards to any urban planning. Preservation methods today focus mainly on restraining urban sprawl through the promotion of inner city renewal, the purchase of undeveloped land for preservation, promotion of mass transit through railways and fewer roads, and set growth boundaries around urban areas. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • History and the Philosophy of Karl Marx

    This 5 page paper provides a discussion on historical materialism. Marx's theory is relayed and evaluated in the context of the real world. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Philosophy and Metaphysics

    12 pages in length. The writer discusses in detail the contributions to metaphysics made by such philosophers as Aquinas, Plato, Hegel, Kant and Charles Taylor. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • David Hume's 'Miraculous' Philosophy

    A 4 page paper which focuses on Hume’s disbelief in miracles. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Incarceration

    This 12-page paper examines the concept of incarceration, what it is used for, the history and its effectiveness. Also discussed in this paper are alternatives to incarceration. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Text Analysis of 'Evil in Modern Thought An Alternative History of Philosophy' by Susan Neiman

    A 10 page paper which examines the various philosophical inquiries into evil as scrutinized by thinkers since the sixteenth-century Enlightenment. Specifically discussed are how the author goes about tackling this way subject, what is meant by “fire from heaven” in Chapter 1, and who it has in mind, the identity of the ‘architect’ being condemned in Chapter 2 and how philosophers deal with Him, ponders who the thinkers are that brought an ‘end to our illusions’ as referenced in Chapter 3, and contemplates the ‘prophets of homelessness’ described in Chapter 4. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Drug Law Philosoophy

    A 4 page discussion of the efficiency and benefits of drug laws. This paper explores the contemporary argument that drug laws are not only effective but deleterious in terms of their overall impact to society. The work of Plato, Socrates, and Machiavelli are looked to to support this contention. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Chronic Pain Management and Nursing Philosophy

    A 5 page paper considering management of chronic pain within the framework of basic nursing values. Management of chronic pain can be as frustrating for the nurse as it is for the patient. Though the patient suffers the pain, the nurse’s aim is to help him cope with it. There are growing numbers of alternatives available, most of which work only with a few specific individuals. Calling on nursing philosophy within the framework of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice and fidelity can inform decisions surrounding pain management. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Advanced Nursing Practice Philosophy

    A 5 page research paper that, first of all, discusses the four meta-paradigms of nursing: health, person, nursing and environment. Then, the writer discusses issues of collaborative practice, focusing on the role of the family nurse practitioner.

  • Role of Nursing and 4 Metaparadigms

    A 4 page paper discussing nursing’s four metaparadigms and the central role of nursing. Certainly the nurse has physical responsibilities that vary with the area in which s/he works, but each patient is an individual. Nursing is one of the few professions that continually assesses its effectiveness, professionalism and true worth. This constant attention to ways to improve both patient care and nursing quality creates an environment that improves continually, without losing the ground already gained in the past. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Philosophy of Wellness and Personal Relationships

    Divorce has reached epidemic proportions in the United States, and there is evidence that changes in the attachment in families and the major cultural shifts in the importance of family have both served to support the increase in divorce rates. Unfortunately, traditional ways of meeting and assessing potential spouses are relatively ineffective, and this has also served to support increasing divorce rates in the modern era. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Author Stephen Crane and the Naturalist Literary Genre

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the naturalism genre in literature and writer Stephen Crane. American writer Stephen Crane (1871-1900) was well known for his naturalist style during his time. Naturalism in literature was a philosophy used by writers to describe humans in regards to the influences and interactions within their own environments. The characters described in naturalist literature were usually in dire surroundings and often from the middle to lower classes. Despite their circumstances however, humans within naturalist literature were able to eventually overcome their situations by some form of courage or heroism which Crane found to be consistent in all of the cultures and setting he studied. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Auricular Acupuncture As Adjunctive Treatment To Ameliorate Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms, Depression, Anxiety And Insomnia: Literature Review

    21 pages in length. The path to well being could not be more different between Eastern and Western philosophies; through man's successes in technological advancement, allopathic methods have virtually overshadowed consumer knowledge of or interest in ancient Eastern holism. That Western health care is based within a foundation of surgery and pharmacology while Eastern approaches it from an unadulterated, holistic approach speaks to a tremendous rift in how both entities perceive the path to wellness. This is not to say, however, that allopathic medicine is either inappropriate as a treatment method but rather that it is unsuitable as the only option when Eastern medicine is rooted in proven healing for the past 2,500 years. Taking a pill to ride the body and mind of anxiety, depression and insomnia of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is merely treating the symptom rather than addressing the issues that have ultimately manifested in these ailments. Utilizing such holistic modalities as auricular acupuncture serves to unblock the trapped energy inherent to trauma response so it begins to channel through the body and mind continuum restoring both mental and physical well being. Bibliography lists 18 sources.


    5 pages in length. Man's understanding of his world is based within a dual foundation of finite concepts and varying interpretation. Mathematics and science, for example, are instrumental in establishing knowledge as an objective reality that rejects any semblance of subjectivity; its empirical nature requires the line from A to B to reflect a straight and unbroken line of evidences that no matter how many times reenacted will produce the same outcome. Philosophy, on the other hand, was created from the very essence of subjective opinion and could no more function under the stringent guidelines of objectivity than could math or science be considered intuitive. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Evolution of TQM

    A 4 page paper outlining the basic precepts of TQM and then reviewing three articles discussing TQM. TQM is now 50 years old, but it has never been more relevant than it is in today's business environment. Increasing competition has forced organizations to treat employees as assets, which is more conducive to the participatory management and information sharing critical in the full implementation of TQM. These articles demonstrate that TQM is not only a management philosophy, it primarily is a common-sense application that offers real solutions to many of the complexities of business. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gateway Inc. and the Application of Sales Management Principles

    An 11 page paper. This essay presents a sales plan for Gateway, Inc., which is the #2 direct marketer of personal computers. Topics include: description of Gateway, Inc, including their vision and philosophy; selected fiscal data; marketing mix (4Cs); competition; fiscal comparison with primary competitor; competitive environment; goals; marketing strategies; sales plan monitoring and controlling; summary and conclusions. 2 tables are included. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Middle Managers and TQM Implementation Implications

    A 65 page paper discussing reasons for failure of TQM implementation, particularly as it applies to middle managers. The paper gives an overview of the approaches to TQM of Deming, Juran and Crosby, and focuses on Deming's 14 Points as the basis for properly-applied TQM practice. Deming's philosophy of management within the framework of TQM leaves no room for authoritarianism or autocracy; participative management is required if TQM implementation is to be successful in any firm of any size. The paper includes discussion of a mail survey identifying three middle-management attitudes toward TQM's potential effects on their jobs, including detailed descriptions of both observed and potential limitations of the study. It concludes that middle managers have legitimate fears that can be overcome with Deming's admonishment to invest in training and education of all employees, including the middle managers of which Deming himself made no mention. Bibliography lists 31 sources.

  • 3 Major Airlines and Management

    A 9 page paper discussing the similarities and the management philosophies of American, United and Delta. All old, established companies, they are the three leaders of the US airline industry in terms of total revenues. Neither was profitable until the federal government authorized air mail by private carrier in 1925, and all three operate with only an uneasy peace with their pilots. The paper asks whether any of the three practices TQM, and concludes, based on the company-as-hostage stance of the pilots, that they do not. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Singapore Management Style

    A 15 page paper assessing Singapore’s readiness for participative management. This paper reviews views of business in terms of Asian culture and Singapore’s unique position to determine whether participative management is appropriate in Singapore. It concludes that not only is it appropriate, it also is very much in practice. The paper discusses management theory, management history, Singapore’s great progress over the past 40 years and gives examples of two leading Singapore companies already using business models most conducive to participatory management. One (SembCorp) has even adopted the philosophies of GE’s Jack Welch. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • MetLife Management

    A 5 page paper assessing MetLife’s management and marketing in terms of its strategy for the future. This old company went public in 2001 and now focuses on banking and total financial planning as well as life and health insurance. It seeks to be relevant to customers’ lives in the present, rather than being important only at some time in the future. The paper discusses the composition of the Board of Directors, actions by CEO Robert H. Benmosehe to effect the changes at MetLife, as well as the company’s marketing philosophy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Essay on Management Skills and Philosophies

    A 28 page paper. This essay first reviews some of the many schools or philosophies of management, such as the behavior school, the transformation school, total quality management. The next section discusses the many functions and roles of the manager. The four basic functions most often cited are explained. Mintzberg's 10 Management Roles are also reviewed. One study that looked at the effect of national context in terms of developing personnel is reviewed. A comprehensive discussion of the skills needed for effective management is then provided. Besides discussing the skills as cited in the literature, the writer provides a correlation between the functions of management and the skills needed for each function. The essay concludes with a summary and conclusions. Bibliography lists 28 sources.

  • Western History and the Divine Nature of God

    A 5 page research paper that examines the history of philosophy concerning the nature of God. Throughout the course of Western history, philosophers and theologians have sought to answer questions pertaining to the nature and existence of God. "What is the nature of God and how is he related to the universe? Is God a person, like man, but more ideal? …Can the human mind know God," these and other questions have plagued humanity from earliest history (Frost 100). This examination surveys concepts of God from Plato to Aquinas, showing how the conceptualization of the divine progressed during the millennia.

  • 'To His Coy Mistress' by Andrew Marvell and Imagery

    A 5 page essay that discusses Andrew Marvell's seduction poem "To His Coy Mistress." In this poem, Marvell (1621-1678) employs striking use of imagery delineates both the pleasure involved in "ceasing the day" (carpe diem) and the shortness of time, which is the philosophy's rationale. The first half of the poem employs imagery to establish a sense of intimacy between Marvell and his lover. The second half employs time imagery to focus on the point that life is short. Collectively, this argument makes this one of English literature's most persuasive seduction poems. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • 'To His Coy Mistress' by Andrew Marvell and Imagery

    A 5 page essay that discusses Andrew Marvell's seduction poem "To His Coy Mistress." In this poem, Marvell (1621-1678) employs striking use of imagery delineates both the pleasure involved in "ceasing the day" (carpe diem) and the shortness of time, which is the philosophy's rationale. The first half of the poem employs imagery to establish a sense of intimacy between Marvell and his lover. The second half employs time imagery to focus on the point that life is short. Collectively, this argument makes this one of English literature's most persuasive seduction poems. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Terminal Conditions and Informing Patients

    An 8 page paper discussing the case of a woman newly diagnosed with lymphocytic leukemia, who has not been informed of the severity of her condition. The woman’s grown daughters as well as her physician believe it to be in the woman’s best interests to withhold the news from her. Her primary nurse disagrees, and the head nurse is sympathetic to the nurse’s position on the matter. The head nurse instructs the primary nurse to be certain to follow doctor’s orders, however. At issue is how the primary nurse deals with a situation with which she heartily disagrees. The paper examines the philosophies of Kant, Mill and Rawls as well as available alternatives to arrive at a favored alternative for the nurse to choose. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Women and Augustinian Laws

    8 pages in length. The philosophy in question is that of Augustinianism, the theory of Christian Idealism, which is based upon the theology of Augustine of Hippo (354-430) who is considered to be the greatest theologian of the early church. His theory is that of reality, absolute theism. Reality is God, who is Being. Being is good; non-Being is evil. He wrote that God has personality and gives reality to phenomena. As the Supreme Person, God exercises perfect will by which the world is created from nothing. The writer discusses how there were significant patriarchal underpinnings when it came to the treatment of women under Roman law, which effectively forced the female gender into a life of prostitution. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Race Concept and its History

    14 pages in length. Drawing upon the work of David Goldberg's "Racist Culture: Philosophy and the Politics of Meaning," one can readily argue that idea of race has always combined references to what is seen as natural (fixed) and social construct, suggesting that very divergent discourses have been implemented over time as a means by which to account for human diversity within the colonial context of European and non-European differences. Furthermore, the notion of race is not inherent to biology, but rather it is a social and cultural classification that has been erroneously attributed to biological implication. The writer discusses the concept of race from the Puritan colonization to present-day criminal justice system. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • European Historical Signficance of Herder's Outlines of A Philosophy of the History of Man and Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France

    7 pages in length. The writer discusses the opposing perspectives of both writers and how each one influenced European history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Physician Assisted Suicide: Pros & Cons

    10 pages in length. There are enough controversial topics in America today to keep a room full of thoughtful, expressive and passionate people in heated debate for days on end, however, none may be as volatile an issue as physician assisted suicide. When this subject is broached, the proverbial gloves come off and a vicious verbal debate ensues that has yet to name a victor. The emotional, ethical, religious and legal standing of human euthanasia is not something to which there is an easy answer - or any answer at all - as long as two sides exact their own philosophies on how this sensitive subject should be handled. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Greek Values in Homer's 'The Iliad'

    A 4 page essay that examines Greek values in the Iliad. In his epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the ancient Greek poet Homer praised numerous qualities and values. "Patriotism, heroism, loyalty, resistance to temptations, truthfulness, generosity, honesty and hospitality" are just a few of the virtues that "Homer praised and exalted" (Christian and Greek philosophy, 2003, p. 15). This examination of Homer's Iliad focuses on what this epic poem tells the modern reader concerning the importance of Greek values, specifically heroism, honor and solidarity, in Greek society. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Leadership in Nursing

    An 8 page research paper that, first of all, examines the difference between leadership and management concepts while also providing a personal philosophy of leadership. From this orientation, suggestions are then offered that illustrate how team building concepts and organizational theory, including change theory, can be applied to nursing clinical practice. Contemporary nursing is a constantly advancing, changing field in which knowledge is advancing in all specialty fields at an accelerated rate. In order for nurses to continue to offer the optimum in evidence-based patient care, there must be a synthesis between leadership and management that encourages nurses to keep "at the top of their game" and thereby reach their full potential as healthcare professionals. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing Ethics

    A 10 page paper examining the applicability of the philosophies of Kant, Mill and Rawls for decision-making in nursing. Today's nurses face decisions and situations that were not technologically possible only a few years ago, and they are called on to make decisions in realms that were barely considered a generation ago and did not exist earlier in the last century. The old (and some still living) philosophers provide a framework in which to approach decision-making and emerge with sound, ethical and moral decisions even though the specific situation at hand may appear to be quite thorny. Though any specific situation is likely to be complex, the old philosophers can help to illuminate the proper decision path. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing and Knowledge

    A 12 page paper assessing how we know what we know, beginning with a discussion of knowledge as seen by Plato and Descartes. There are four types of knowledge that the nurse uses: empirical, ethical, aesthetic and personal. From this base, the paper discusses the points of philosophy present in the Simultaneity Parse worldview. Within this framework, the nurse draws on knowledge both held and created according to the current situation, using a much greater depth of knowledge and can be expected to gain more positive results. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Mr. V and a Nursing Ethics Case Study

    A 10 page paper discussing a case of ethics of choice. Mr. V is terminally and wishes to give up his struggle. He is on a morphine drip, and the nurse on duty has instruction to decrease the drip should his respirations drop to four per minute. Mr. V maintains that he was resuscitated against his wishes; the nurse claims she merely followed instructions. The paper discusses the ethics of the case in terms of the philosophy of Kant and Mill. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Tourism and Psychology

    A 6 page paper discussing using psychological knowledge in marketing and providing services. The tourism industry formerly was able to operate on the “if you build it, they will come” philosophy, but it no longer has that luxury. Tourism has been forced in recent years to join the ranks of all other types of businesses, particularly in actively marketing to the target group it most wants to attract. Assessing marketing and service needs from the perspective of personality and psychology can assist organizations within the travel industry in achieving and maintaining greater success. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Psychology and Personality Theory

    6 pages in length. Establishing a personality theory that challenges those already in existence by such famous industry names as Freud, Ellis, Beck and Rodgers must incorporate a significant understanding of just how the field of psychology effectively encourages more than merely one approach. The practice of psychology, which stems from a portion of philosophy that addresses the issue of behaviorism, evolved into a significant discipline of its own. The writer discusses that through experiential introspection, psychology eventually came to represent the very essence of mental performance and, therefore, personality theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Review of Max Weber's Construction of Social Theory

    Martin Albrow, in his book Max Weber’s Construction of Social Theory, argues that Max Weber provides a long-neglected foundation for sociology, and that the arguments of Weber can be utilized in understanding the sociological premises of a number of other theorists, including Kant and Nietzche. Further, Albrow relates the arguments of Weber to the assertion of the value of sociology as a science, and also defines the link between the premises of social theory and the development of social philosophy, social psychology and the logical correlation between the two. This 4 page paper reflects the essential arguments in Albrow’s work and considers the implications for evaluating sociological, philosophical and psychological underpinnings. No additional sources cited.

  • Piety, the Bible, Sophocles, and Plato

    A 4 page essay that contrasts and compares Plato's Euthyphro, Sophocles' Oedipus and the Book of Genesis, chapter 22. The writer points out that all of these works concern the perspective of ancient peoples on issues of piety, justice and the manner in which these issues intersect with religion. Examination of these texts shows that Sophocles and the author of Genesis agree that divine authority demands and deserves unquestioning obedience. However, Plato, in representing the philosophy of Socrates, presents a more ambiguous picture that emphasizes the unreliability of a purely religious foundation for issues of justice. Analysis of these positions shows that Plato's stance in Euthyphro is the most logical-- and just-- by modern standards. No additional sources cited.

  • Comparative Feminist Theology Analysis

    A 12 page research paper/essay that contrasts and compares Lisa Isherwood and Dorothea McEwan's Introducing Feminist Theology (2001) and Mary Kassian's The Feminist Gospel (1992). The writer argues that these texts offer two very different views of feminist theology. Kassian refers to this difference in her introduction when she states that "Biblical feminist believe that the Bible is properly interpreted as supporting the central tenets of feminist philosophy" (1992, p. 7). However, unlike "liberal religious feminists," Kassian maintains that "Biblical feminists" reject any "radical revision of the Scripture and the alteration of core Christian doctrine such as salvation and redemption" (1992, p. 7). This, in a nutshell, sums up the major philosophical difference between these two texts. As Isherwood and McEwan are two of the "liberal" religious feminists that Kassian dismisses out of hand. Examination of these texts and authors shows that, while they are in agreement that women are equal with men in the sight of God, they disagree about practically everything else. No additional sources cited.

  • Jewish History and Spain's 'Golden Age'

    7 pages in length. Major changes occurred in the 11th century when the Umayyads steadily lost power as the Berbers rose in influence after capturing Cordoba in 1013 CE; the passing decades served as their barometer of progressing power. Cultural and commercial prominence became their focus as capitals and other cities were transformed into Meccas for the two very important elements. As these significant changes were taking place, one more addition would serve to establish an entire population as being both welcomed and honored: the Jews. Indeed, these individuals did not come empty-handed into their newfound environment; rather, they brought with them such important endowments as financial aptitude, politics, economic advisory, as well as a vast amount of humanities-related knowledge in the form of literature, academia and science. The blending of art, linguistics, philosophy, science and medicine rounded out a society that was heretofore underdeveloped in many of these areas. As such, the influence of so many learned Jews soon saw intellectuals and doctors alike holding some of the most important social/legal/political positions in the land. No bibliography.

  • Overview of Management

    A 38 page paper. What is management? What are the functions of management? What are the skills needed to be an effective manager? These are the questions answered in this comprehensive essay. The essay begins with an introductory overview. The next section explains and discuses a number of the schools of management/philosophies of management, including TQM, systems, behavioral approach, transformational, strategic and others naming many of the internationally known experts. A discussion of management functions and roles is next in the essay. The four major functions of management are discussed as are the levels of management. The ten roles of management according to Mintzberg are identified and discussed. The skills needed for effective management as presented by a number of scholars and practitioners are discussed in the next section. Skills are also correlated with the functions of management. The essay ends with a summary and conclusion. The essay includes some specific discussions related to the United Kingdom. 2 Tables are included. Bibliography lists 48 sources.

  • Friedrich Nietzsche and Nihilism

    This is an 11 page paper discussing Nietzsche and the concept of nihilism within his work. German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) is probably best known for his works on nihilism; the belief that all values, truths and morals which have been constructed by man are baseless including those within the Bible. Nietzsche did not originally begin his work in the area in nihilism but throughout his own study and questioning of the theories of truth found in theology, the classics and philosophy which had always been readily accepted for centuries, he concluded that the eventual course of man would be that of nihilism. As man demands more answers through the field of science, many of the traditional theories and religious beliefs will be stripped away. At the same time, humans will begin to realize that they cannot meet the ideals of the invented truth and will not be able to transcend into that “higher world”. Despair follows and man must return to nature and a time of humanity where the invented concepts of “good” versus “evil” are no longer relevant. Beliefs are then based on the singular concepts of each person living each day. However, these ideas are contrary to societal beliefs and the basic structure of society and therefore society as we know it will be destroyed. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Theory of 'Indeterminancy of Translation' by Willard V. Quine

    This is a 15 page paper discussing Quine’s theory of indeterminacy of translation. Willard V. Quine was a mathematician and philosopher who lived from 1908-2000. During the last half of the 20th century, Quine developed several theories, one of which was the theory of indeterminacy of translation, which challenged some of the former assumptions used in the fields of psychology, linguists and anthropology. Quine asserted that accurate translations between languages could not be made for a number of reasons. Firstly, linguists could not get basic terms of references, or starting elements, because from a holistic perspective, sentences are the basic form of meaning and all sentences are semantically linked by the native speaker. Secondly, “meaning” could not be considered as an absolute element. In addition to some of these basic changes in the construct of translations, Quine also discussed the idea that not only were correct translations into English not possible but also two translation manuals given the same observational stimuli could also not be interchangeable because of the assumptions and the linguist’s imposition of his own beliefs and patterns onto the native language. Obviously, Quine’s theories were criticized as linguists made the case that several translations were considered successful because smooth negotiation and conversation could take place between native speakers and foreign speakers. However Quine’s dissection of the linguist’s process into one of a mathematical and scientific process is considered one of the most significant within the last fifty years in linguistic philosophy. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • James P. Gray's Why Our Drug Laws Have Failed and What We Can Do About It ”: A Discussion of the Premises of Author James P Gray in Comparison to the Philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Machiavelli, Locke, Hobbes, and Ro

    A 5 page exploration of the question of whether drug laws are serving a positive societal function. Gray contends that not only are drug laws ineffective, they are counterproductive and potentially devastating. This contention is evaluated in light of the contentions of numerous other philosophers. Bibliography lists 2 sources.


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