Research Papers on History Of Psychology

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Narrative Therapy With Case Study

    An 8 page paper that begins by explaining what narrative therapy is, what premises it is founded on, what certain terminology means, like deconstruction, and how it works. The paper then incorporates a student-provided scenario of a family where there are many problems, so many the family and even members of the family are problem-saturated. Ideas about how the therapist will work with the family are included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Human Mating and Theory of Sexual Selection

    A five page paper which consider the theory of sexual selection in relation to human mating behaviour. Bibliography lists 8 sources

  • Dora An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria by Sigmund Freud

    A 4 page critical analysis of the named work. Sigmund Freud’s (1856-1939) “Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria” (1963) is Freud’s account of the case of Ida Bauer, whose father brought to Freud seeking “cure” for her willful refusal to assist her father in securing the affections of his would-be mistress. Freud’s conclusions included diagnosis of hysteria and sexual repression; he firmly believed that Dora’s refusal to assist her father sprang from her own sexual desire for her own father. The paper discusses Freud’s lack of objectivity and his failure to take a moral view of Dora’s position. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Love as Perceived by Sigmund Freud

    A 5 page discussion of Freud’s views of the emotion we call love. Freud viewed this emotion as just one more manifestation of the sexual drive with which we are born. This paper contends that, under the Freudian view, adult sexuality was synonymous with the emotion we call love. To him, therefore, love was simply an extension of those same feelings we first experience in childhood. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Law of Prgnanz and Productive Thinking of Max Wertheimer

    7 pages in length. Human perception is based upon much more than merely the obvious; rather, what one perceives is often rooted in what one's mind expects to perceive of that particular entity. Gestalt theory helps provide answers as to the reasons why human beings perceive of things far beyond their physical limitations. The law of pragnanz addresses this extenuating perception by employing several other laws to complete its interpretation. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Common Themes in Jung's Theories and Buddhism

    A 10 page overview of Buddhist principals and how those principals relate to the psychoanalytical philosophies of Carl Jung, one of the most notable psychoanalysts of all time. This paper emphasizes that while Buddhist practices vary according to culture, geography, and time, there are several underlying principals which do not vary. Jung’s fascination with the religion lie in its tendency to question. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy and the Film Radio

    A 5 page research paper that examines the film Radio in psychological terms, drawing on the theory of human behavior developed by Abraham Maslow. The writer argues that this film exhibits several psychological principles, which illustrate human nature at its most basic level and at its highest. The spectrum of human behavior in the film, however, can be understood via the prism provided by psychologist Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History, Human Nature, and Psychology

    This is a 5 page paper discussing psychology and human nature over history. The development of psychology and the study of human nature evolved over two thousand years of philosophical theory. During the period of enlightenment scientific thought was beginning to be examined toward the field of the human mind in what was later termed the field of psychology. David Hume in the 1700s and his studies into human nature as a combination of sentimentalism and intellectualism were later revisited and refined by James and Wendt in the 1800s and discussed in relation to human will and conscious thought over actions by Dewey in the 1900s. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History and Testing Measures of Intelligence Theory

    This 5 page paper outlines major points in the history of intelligence theory and testing. These types of theories began with Pythagoras and have a long history that includes Plato, Aristotle, Philo, Galton, Binet, Terman, Weschler, Gardner and others. What each contributed is discussed. The measures of intelligence began with Galton but it is the Stanford-Binet and the Weschler scales that are most well-known. The essay briefly explains what the Mental Status exam measures. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Social History and Collective Memory

    A paper which considers the psychological concept of collective memory with particular reference to its importance in the study of social history. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • Mental Illness from Ancient Times to the Present

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of mental illness and its history from ancient times to the present. There is an emphasis on the causation of mental illness but treatment issues are highlighted as well. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A History of Temperament Theories

    This 10 page paper provides a historical report of theories about temperament. The history begins about 2,500 years ago when the four humors were proposed, a theory that was continued to be popular in the Middle Ages and even later. Philosophies and scientific advancements changed the theme somewhat but there continued to be four dimensions of temperament. Even Keirsey proposed four dimensions of temperament. It was in 1990 when five dimensions of temperament were proposed by McCrae and Costa, Jr. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Behaviorism's History and Development

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the history and development of behaviorism. This paper answers some central questions, including: How did Pavlov’s work influence Watson’s behaviorism? How do the studies of little Albert and Peter support Watson’s ideas on emotion? and How did hull’s behaviorism differ from the views of Watson and Tolman? Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology and its Historical Evolution

    This 7 page paper begins with brief comments about psychology in ancient times and events prior to 1800. The major discussion is on events since the 19th century. This essay is very much like a timeline in narrative form. The writer provides dates and persons who introduced different ideas and theories. Most of the major contributors to the field of psychology are included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • History/Education & Educational Psychology

    A 5 page research paper that offers an overview of the historical foundations of education, psychology and how they combine in educational psychology. The writer gives a brief sketch of the men and concepts that makeup this history. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Narcissistic Persona and Body Aesthetics

    This 25 page paper provides an overview of the current literature in regards to the nature of customer service and the changes in customer service in recent years. This paper integrates a view of customer service in retail, call centers, and in e-commerce, and the reasons and causes of poor service. Further, this paper also considers why it is so important for business to turn this trend around and suggests some ways that employers can refocus on customer service, including a view of quality principles (TQM). Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Dreams and Their Psychological Importance

    Psychological theorists, including Sigmund Freud, have long recognized the importance of dreams in psychological functioning. In fact, Freud argued that dreams were a manifestation of unrealized thoughts processed in sleep as a result of hidden issues. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Importance Of Studying Psychology

    7 pages in length. To understand man's behavior and mental processes is to realize the capacity, quirks and composition of the human mind; as a result, studying psychology provides a greater awareness of how each individual harbors altogether different stimuli that creates said behavior and mental processes. It is imperative for these aspects to be clearly understood within the context of interaction with others and with oneself in order to better appreciate the diversity that exists between and among people. Moreover, the study of psychology provides the medical community with adequate tools to help those whose behaviors and mental processes are askew and need realignment. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Depth Psychology And Healing

    A 5 page paper that begins by explaining what depth psychology is and some of the persons who have contributed to it. This discussion includes some of the assumptions of depth psychology. The writer then discusses the difficult subject of healing and what gets healed in psychotherapy and suggests the outcomes of psychotherapy should not be discussed in terms of healing. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Psychological Indeterminism and Determinism

    6 pages in length. Is one's life and liberty truly determined or is it primarily the result of mankind’s free will? The writer discusses this issue by addressing humanistic and cognitive theories, as well as Roger Wolcott Sperry, Thomas More's "Utopia," Anthony Burgess' "A Clockwork Orange" and B.F. Skinner's "Walden 2." Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Category Formation, Causal Theories, and Cognitive Psychology

    This is an 8 page paper comparing and contrasting the prototype and causal-based theories of category formation. In cognitive psychology, category formation is considered one of the most fundamental aspects of understanding mental representation. Within the area of category formation however, there are several theories which appear to conflict in some aspects. Two of these theories are the prototype theory of category formation and the causal theory of category formation. In the most basic sense, the prototype theory argues that individuals categorize items based on the typicality level of the objects in comparison with the “prototype” concept or image that an individual has. When new objects are encountered by an individual, a comparison of features based on prototypes takes place until that object is categorized. From a causal model theory perspective however, the categorization process also takes into account prior knowledge and theories of how the world works in addition to the causal relationships between features. Causal theorists find that the prototype theories base categorization from an independent and “probabilistic” viewpoint whereas individuals in fact use their causal knowledge in order to categorize and build relationships conceptually. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • What is Psychology?

    This 6 page paper discusses psychology, the nervous system, the brain, and psychological testing. Bibliography lists

  • Psychological Experimentation Knowledge V Ethics

    This 7 page paper explores the relative contributions each of these men made to the field. The author of this paper asserts that each researcher’s own personality shaped and, in some cases, limited these contributions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychology and the Importance of Facts

    This 4 page paper argues that there are no real facts in social science. The field of psychology is utilized as the most prominent example. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Questions on 10th Century Psychology

    7 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses successes and failures in twentieth-century psychological schools of thought; introspection; unconscious; and a number of psychological theorists. No bibliography.

  • Overview of Jungian Psychology

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Jungian psychology. This paper outlines the impacts and views of Jung's perspective on dreams. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Industrial Organizational Psychology

    A 5 page paper that defines and discuses industrial organizational psychology and also discuses the evolution of the field. The writer briefly discusses personality psychology and developmental psychology to illustrate the interrelationship of the different fields. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Piaget, Bandura & Erikson: Adolescent Psychology

    10 pages in length. Adolescence is a period of struggle through the painful steps of self-discovery. Hormonal changes, social mores and parental discord all spell a very challenging time for teenagers on the path toward learning about life and themselves. Theorists like Piaget, Bandura and Erikson have contributed significant understanding about how this development phase is fraught with trial-and-error learning as youth become adamant about the freedom to conduct their lives as they see fit. Of course, such quest for independence coupled with vulnerability, immaturity and naïveté does not always make for the most responsible choices, all of which serves as the real life learning curve virtually all adolescents experience on their way to adulthood. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • General Psychology Questions

    21 pages in length. The writer briefly answers 20 general questions about psychology, its history, popular theorists and how they are pertinent to contemporary practice. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Socrates, Rationalism, Behaviorism and Psychology

    A 7 page research paper that examines the history of psychology, with special focus on Socrates, rationalism and behaviorism. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Role of Research in Psychology

    A 3 page paper that discusses certain issues in research. First, research is defined as is the scientific method of research. The paper explains primary and secondary sources and whey statistics are important in research. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Psychology as Science According to Wilhelm Wundt

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the life and works of Wilhelm Wundt as they defined the progression of psychology as a science. This paper integrates a view of Wundt's works, the viewpoints of psychologists and historians and the assessment of change that occurred during Wundt's greatest period of development as a psychologist in the later part of the 19th century. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Why Psychology Is Considered A Science

    6 pages in length. The evolution of psychology emerging as a science stemmed from the concept of behaviorism and what motivated conduct in certain situations. Was humanity merely bound by determinism without the ability to choose, or did he harbor free will with which to guide his own existence? These ponderings ultimately gave way to a more concrete concept termed cognitive science from which the basis of psychology inevitably developed. Bibliography lists xox sources.

  • Freudian Psychology and Ghosts by Henrik Ibsen

    A 3 page paper which examines the parallels that exist between Henrik Ibsen’s “Ghosts” and Freudian concepts. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Biopsychology

    This 3 page paper defines the subject of biological psychology is also known as biopsychology and psychobiology, looks at the historical development of the subject and the areas that are included within the modern definition. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • 'Father of Psychology' Wilhelm Wundt

    A 4 page research paper that examines the life and work of Wilhelm Wundt. The history of psychology begins with this topic being studied as sub-topics under the fields of both philosophy and physiology (Oakley, 1995). It became a field in its own right primarily through the work of Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) who is frequently referred to as the "Father of Experimental Psychology" or simply as the "Founder of Modern Psychology." The writer briefly examines his life and accomplishments. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychology as an Independent Scientific Discipline

    This 5 page paper explores the evolution of psychology to its current status as an independent scientific discipline. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Issue of Space in Environmental Psychology

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of environmental psychology. Issues such as personal space, noise, and urban crowded are examined. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Adaptation Research and Developmental Psychology

    This is an 8 page paper discussing research on adaptation in developmental psychology. Within the field of psychology, adaptation describes “the process of change in organisms or species to accommodate to a particular environment, enabling their survival”. From a developmental, biological and sociological level, there are considered to be two main types of adaptive behavior: closed programs which basically are transmitted from generation to generation and remain relatively unchanged; and, open genetic programs which are greatly influenced from environmental factors (Gale, 2001). In addition, adaptation can be discussed in terms of individuals or in terms of how groups adapt to new environments. Often individual adaptation is studied in regards to the biological or physiological components which are carried from generation to generation and largely these factors are inflexible and remain relatively unchanged. However, there are many studies which examine how social or environmental factors can also affect adaptive behavior and increase the survival in new situations. These studies examine the cultural, family and socioeconomic relationships in groups and individuals and indicate that while initially some individuals may not be flexible or adaptive to new environments, positive adaptation factors such as strong culture bonds, strong family relationships and resilience can increase adaptability in individuals suggesting that individuals are flexible and can be highly adaptive in new environments; factors which increase their chance of survival. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Brain-Body

    A 3 page paper that discusses what this field is about, the contributions of Lashley and Hebb, methods used in early research and technology used today. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Psychological Contributions of Mary Whiton Calkins

    This is a 6 page paper that provides an overview of Mary Whiton Calkins. Her contributions to psychology and philosophy are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Viktor Frankl, William James, Carl Jung, and Sigmund Freud on Psychology and Religion

    This 5 page paper discusses the issue of religion and psychology. Religion and psychology itself is a relatively new discipline having been first mentioned by Freud. This essay discusses the beliefs of four theorists towards religion and religious experiences – Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, William James and Viktor Frankl. Each approached the subject in a different way, for example, Freud thought religious experiences were illusions. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and the Ongoing Debate Between Quantitative and Qualitative Research Approaches

    This 8 page paper examines the quantity/quality debate. The concept of social science is discussed but the paper focuses primarily on psychology. Examples are provided. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Major Perspectives of Psychology: An Overview

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of three major perspectives in psychology. Behaviorism, psychoanalysis, and cognitive psychology are covered. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Myers/Exploring Psychology/Chaps. 1-9

    A 10 page research paper that summarizes the first 9 chapters of David G. Myers' Exploring Psychology, 6th Edition. The writer also offers a personal reaction to each chapter. No additional sources cited.

  • History of Educational Psychology

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of the history of educational psychology, with an assessment of the major points in history and a reflection on major contributors, including Piaget, Vygotsky and Gardner. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Research Paper Outline And Social Psychology

    7 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses behaviorism, psychoanalysis and social psychology as well as creates opening paragraphs for the student's outline. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Questions on Psychology Answered

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses minorities in psychology; James Mill and JS Mill; Titchener; and Helmholtz. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Madness, Nature, and Cognitive Psychology

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of some of the basic elements of cognitive psychology, including Erikson's theories. This paper integrates a view of cognitive psychology that can be used in an understanding of nature and madness. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Humanistic Psychology

    This 3 page paper considers the history of humanistic psychology with respects to the influences on it, its founders, its nature and concepts. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Psychology and the Effects of Dreams According to Sigmund Freud

    A 18 page research paper that examines the impact of the career of Sigmund Freud and his The Interpretation of Dreams on culture and psychology. There are certain events in history that can be perceived as pivotal, that is, after this event occurred, everything pertaining to a certain field changed as existing paradigms and concepts were irrevocably altered. Such an event occurred with the publication of Sigmund Freud's seminal work, The Interpretation of Dreams (first published in 1900). It is through this work that Freud's concepts began to infiltrate the intellectual climate of the dawning twentieth century. Examination of the impact of this work, as well as Freud's ideas in general, demonstrates that the publication of The Interpretation of Dreams constitutes a pivotal point in the history of psychology, after which everything changed to accommodate Freud's revolutionary concepts (Messer and McWilliams, 2003). Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Beginnings of Behaviorism

    A 3 page paper that begins with a brief explanation of what the term zeitgeist means. The paper discusses how behaviorism became the zeitgeist of psychology in the early 1900s. Examples of behaviorists and their theories are included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Theoretical Perspectives on Psychology

    A paper which considers several different theoretical perspectives on psychology, including humanism, psychoanalytic, and behaviourist. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychology and Research

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of qualitative and quantitative research approaches and the reasons that individuals use hypotheses in psychological research. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Social Psychology - An Overview

    This is a 7 page paper that provides an overview of social psychology. Various famous experiments such as Milgram and Zimbardo are examined in depth. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychology and Friedrich Nietzsche

    This 7 page paper considers the development of Nietzsche's premise that psychology is the queen of sciences. This paper considers Nietzsche's premise, and seeks support for this argument through distinctions made by other psychologists. This paper underscores the justification of Nietzsche's claims. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Rene Descartes, Philosophy and Psychology

    This 5 page paper discusses Rene Descartes’ influence on philosophy but especially on psychology. Bibliography lists 7 sourcs.

  • Aspects of Biopsychology

    This 12 page paper explains and discusses several issues in this field. These include apraxia, contralateral neglect, prosopagnosia, types of amnesia, dorsal and ventral streams, neuroplasticity, Williams Syndrome, autism, and amnesia caused by emotional trauma. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Two Questions in Psychology

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of two questions in psychology, one regarding Milgram's obedience experiments and the other relating to the "foot-in-the-door" phenomenon used by cults in recruiting members. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Statistics in Psychology: Descriptive and Inferential

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of descriptive and inferential statistics. Applications in psychology are emphasized. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Gestalt And Annotated Bibliography Synthesis

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses the Gestalt revolt as well as synthesizes the information from 8 sources of an annotated bibliography. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jean Piagot’s Contribution to Adolescent Psychology

    A 3 page paper which examines Jean Piagot’s contribution to adolescent psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Business Psychology and its Meaning

    This 10 page papers examines what is meant by the term business psychology, which also includes industrial psychology, and how its practice may enhance organisational performance. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Psychology and Biology

    A five page paper which looks at the relationship between biology and psychology, and the way that behavioural and cognitive patterns interact with physiology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Clinical Psychology and Scientific Practice

    This 9 page paper discusses the history of clinical psychology, its origins and the reciprocal relationship between science and clinical practice. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Ego and Self Psychology

    This 9 page paper compares and contrasts two different psychological schools of thought: self psychology and ego psychology. This paper integrates the views of Freud, Kohut and Hartmann and relates their perspectives to psychopathology, specifically the issue of narcissism.

  • A Feminist Perspective for a Psychology Practitioner

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of the application of feminist psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Psychological Contribution of Sigmund Freud's Interpretation of Dreams

    This 5 page paper looks at Freudian psychology and dream interpretation both together and independently. The history of dream interpretation is discussed as well as Freud's contributions to psychology. The paper concludes that Sigmund Freud's contribution in terms of dream psychology is significant. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gestalt Psychology - A Confluence of Influence

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of the influences in Gestalt psychology. Contributions from early thinkers are explored, as well as the role of Gestalt theory in the development of cognitive psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Jung's Analytical Psychology Journal Article Critiqued

    4 pages in length. Petteri Pietikainen's article from the October 2000 issue of the Journal of Contemporary History entitled "The 'Volk' and its Unconscious: Jung, Hauer and the 'German Revolution" discusses Jung's (1936) analytical psychology by delving into the concepts of human perception and the unconscious. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Comparing Psychological Theories of Gestalt and Adler

    This 10 page paper discusses, compares and contrasts the Adlerian psychology to Gestalt psychology and the therapies which grew out of these philosophies. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Biopsychology

    4 pages in length. Biopsychology - also known as physiological psychology, behavioral neuroscience and psychobiology - is a branch that studies the relationship between brain and behavior. Considered the union of conventional psychology and neuroscience (Garrett, 2009), biopsychology examines how and why behavioral patterns occur due to activity in the brain. A pioneer in field who brought to light the connection through his 1949 book The Organization of Behavior, Canadian psychologist Donald O. Hebb established the first comprehensive theory the brain's capacity for instigating various and complex psychological behavior. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Integral Psychology by Ken Wilber

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the major concepts in Ken Wilber’s Integral Psychology. Ken Wilber’s “Integral Psychology: Consciousness, Spirit, Psychology, Therapy” (2000) includes a combination of various developmental psychological theories, -- “West and East, ancient and modern” to try and understand the “full spectrum” of the range of human consciousness. Through inclusion or integration of the various theories, Wilber develops a “brain-mind” theory that “does justice to both sides of the equation – the brain and the mind – because what follows can reasonably be expected to cover much of the ‘mind’ aspects that should be included, along with the ‘brain’ aspects derived from neuroscience, in order to arrive at any sort of sturdy and comprehensive model of consciousness”. Wilber’s work involves the discussion of holons, or hierarchical levels, or waves, which progress through three realms (prepersonal, personal and transpersonal) of development. The holons build on and yet are an interactive part of the other levels in development as well as including an integral relationship within the four-quadrant model representing phenomenon as relationships between the intentional, behavioral, cultural and social perspectives. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Developmental Psychology and a Premier Virtual Computer Generated Symposium

    This 20 page paper addresses the problems of ADHD treatment, treatment of juvenile offenders as adults, and the treatment of many psychiatric or psychological problems with drugs. While a symposium including Freud, Erikson and Gilligan would be impossible, with the magic of virtual reality and imagination, such a symposium comes to life. How might these theorists feel about these twenty-first century topics? Background information is also provided on each particular topic. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Branches of Psychology

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of branches of psychology. Social psychology, behaviorism, and psychodynamic perspective are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'Hard Science' and Psychology

    A 3 page essay that examines the question "Is psychology a hard science?" The writer first defines "hard science" as a term that refers to sciences in which facts and theories can be quantified, that is, measured, tested and proven. Then, the writer argues that psychology has aspects of hard science, but that this term does not describe the field as a whole. No bibliography is provided.

  • American Psychology - Considering Three Streams

    A 6 page paper. It has been suggested there are three streams in American psychology: experimental laboratory, clinical and folk. The question is whether or not the three streams provide a useful model. To respond to the question, the writer discusses the 1948 Boulder Conference, explains First Force, Second Force and Third Force psychology, Taylor's thoughts on the shadow culture, and the emergence of behaviorism, humanistic psychology, existential, and transpersonal psychology. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Behavioral and Cognitive Schools of Psychology

    A 9 page paper that explains and discusses the cognitive and behavioral schools of psychology. Major theorists from each perspective are identified. The writer discusses how these two perspectives are similar and how they differ. The writer explains tenets from each theory can be found in the other. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Psychology as a Science?

    This is a 6 page paper that evaluates the claim that psychology is not a science. It examines the 'duality theory' and the 'machine' theory in respect to their impact on this argument. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Psychological Theory and Wundt's Role

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the role of Wundt in the creation of psychological theory. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Western Tradition of Psychology

    This 4 page paper traces the western tradition of this discipline. The contributions of notable philosophers like Aristotle, Thomas Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz are discussed alongside those of Freud. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Medical Model and Psychology

    This 3 page paper discusses different issues beginning with the influence of evolution theory on psychology. The other major issue is the relationship between the medical model and clinical applications in psychology. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A New course on Global, Multicultural Aspects of Psychology

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue of multiculturalism in education, with a focus on creating a new course in global, multicultural aspects of psychology in order to address the changing client base. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Is Psychology a Science

    A 14 page paper that begins with a definition of science, then discusses whether or not psychology is a science. Other topics that are discussed are: how theories improve understanding of psychology, the APA standards for psychological research and the difference between quantitative and qualitative research, the rules for publishing research in psychology, current trends in the field, personal vision of psychology and how integration would strengthen the field. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Psychology, Science, and Research Approaches

    A 5 page discussion of the relationship of the scientific approach in the field of psychology. This paper contends that psychological research is characterized by two separate yet integrated approaches. These approaches are that of qualitative and quantitative investigation. In the place of statistical findings revealed with quantitative research, qualitative research illuminates and provides understanding. Each approach is an important component of the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Multicultural Psychology

    This 4 page paper examines this branch of psychology. Its history is included. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Film What Dreams May Come and the Psychology of Sigmund Freud

    5 pages in length. A majority of the themes and issues found in contemporary psychology treatments have their fundamental basis in Sigmund Freud's discoveries. The writer discusses how Freud's theories apply to the movie What Dreams May Come. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Psychology: Informal Practice To Bona Fide Science

    3 pages in length. The field of psychology has not always been held in such high regard within the scientific environment, having had the task of proving its worth and validity as a legitimate discipline and not merely an ambiguous offshoot of philosophy. As the field began to expand and notable theorists established what are now standard principles, psychology ultimately earned its place within the scientific community alongside other closely controlled fields of study. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A One Act Play Biff and Buffy

    This 9 page paper is a play but contains a slew of information about basic psychology. Biff is not interested in reading his psychology book, but runs into classmate Buffy--a typical Valley Girl-- in the mall. They discuss concepts in psychology as relayed only by the book How to Think Straight About Psychology by Keith E. Stanovich. Twelve concepts are discussed in the context of this light-hearted play. No additional sources cited.

  • Road to Malpsychia by Joyce Milton

    A 10 page book review of Joyce Milton's The Road to Malpsychia. In the parlance of author Joyce Milton, "malpsychia" means "bad psychology" and this is precisely what her analysis of 1960's humanistic psychology addresses. Specifically, Milton argues that prevalent psychological theories and related ideas culminated in the counter-culture of the 1960s. Milton focuses specifically on the theories of psychologists Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers, but she also addresses the influence of LSD proponent Timothy Leary and his colleague Richard Alpert, as well as others. In short, this book offers a detailed and critical description of the evolution of humanistic psychology in the twentieth century, while also raising questions about the influence of psychology on societal mores and ideals. As this suggests, the author's purpose is to discredit the field of humanistic psychology--actually, psychology in general--where it serves to promote secular or humanistic interests. The writer disagrees with Milton's premise and argues against it. No additional sources cited.

  • The Sane Positivist A Biography of Edward L. Thorndike by Geraldine Joncich

    8 pages in length. Edward Lee Thorndike applied his vast knowledge to several areas of psychology, including learning theory, applied psychology and mental measurement. His primary influence was William James; in turn, his lifetime achievements proved to influence the likes of B.F. Skinner and John B. Watson. Thorndike's accomplishments, which were fundamentally based in animal psychology, are readily chronicled in Geraldine Joncich's "The Sane Positivist: A Biography Of Edward L. Thorndike." Joncich covers every aspect of Thorndike's life and career as it relates to the field of psychology, effectively supplying the reader with the opportunity to gain a much more comprehensive perspective of this scientifically influential man. No additional sources cited.

  • Dreaming and its Purpose

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the psychology of dreaming inclusive of physiological explanations. REM sleep is discussed. Various theories inclusive of Freudian psychology is included in order to find out why humans dream, and what purpose it serves. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Life and Career of Psychologist Hugo Munsterberg

    A 10 page overview of the life and work of Hugo Munsterberg, the German born psychologists who gained prominence during his tenure at Harvard for his approaches to applied psychology. Munsterberg would essentially dominate the field of industrial and organizational psychology during the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Ancient Myth, Carl Jung, and Robert A. Johnson on Gender Psychological Differences

    This 5 page report discusses the psychological differences between men and women as interpreted in Jungian framework of thought. Robert A. Johnson’s books “She: Understanding Feminine Psychology” and “He: Understanding Masculine Psychology” serve as the primary point of departure on the issue. In them, he uses the myths of Aphrodite, Psyche, and Amor to discuss the feminine archetype and the story of Parsifal and the Holy Grail to discuss the masculine archetype. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Consciousness

    A 3 page paper that discusses Titchener’s contributions to the field of psychology and explains his concept of consciousness as compared to Freud’s and James’. The writer also comments on how psychology became a science. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Major Psychological Theories

    4 pages in length. The manner by which a human being's mind operates, why people behave in certain ways, how their thoughts and perceptions are generated, and what situations trigger changes in mental clarity or capacity is the core focus of psychology. The challenge of whether or not this branch of science is actually scientific at all has been a long-standing debate with those who contend there is too much interpretation applied for psychology to truly be considered empirical. However, some of the field's major theories have formed the foundation of man gaining a greater understanding of his mind, its power and vulnerabilities. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Culture and Principles of Psychology

    An 11 page paper that begins by discussing the difficulties of defining the concept of culture. The writer then discusses cultural psychologists and some authors' opinion that the approach to studying culture is unsystematic. Two unsystematic approaches are explained and three typical orientations to studying culture in psychology are also explained. Three examples are provided to illustrate the need for cultural competence, two in business and one in education. The write concludes with further comments about cultural psychology and the need for more research before psychologists will know how psychological principles can be applied in different cultures. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Family Therapy Problem and Solution Focuses

    A 4 page research paper that contrasts and compares solution- and problem-focused therapy for at-risk families. The writer discusses these therapies within the overall context of the history of psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A Mock-Autobiography of Carl Jung

    This 7 page paper supposes that the writer is Carl Jung, and from this perspective writes about the major contributions of this psychologist/philosopher. Furthermore, this paper expounds on why he made the contributions that he did, and how he affected psychology in the process. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Humanity Contributions of Sigmund Freud

    This 5 page report discusses Sigmund Freud as if he were talking about himself. It is a brief reflection on Freud's greatest contributions to the field of psychology. The understanding of the separation between the human consciousness and unconsciousness is presented, along with the idea that individual's sacrifice their own happiness in order to fit into the social norm. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Comparison of Gestalt and Behaviorism

    This 3 page paper compares and contrasts these two schools of thought in psychology. Ideas of B.F. Skinner and Max Wertheimer are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Three Theories of Human Psychology

    This 5 page report discusses three leading perspectives that have had a profound influence in the understanding of human psychology and the ways in which human beings struggle with their own consciousness, personal insight, and awarenesses. The theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Rogers, and Albert Ellis are briefly discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sigmund Freud v. Erik Erikson

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares the theories of personality development formulated by Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson, pioneers in psychology. The writer summarizes their theories and then focuses on how each man regarded the nature versus nurture debate and moral development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Leisure Theory and the Absence of Jungian Psychology

    This 12 page paper provides an overview of views on the reason why Jungian psychology is absent from leisure theory. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Controversial Psychology Pioneer Sigmund Freud

    3 pages in length. Sigmund Freud was as controversial as he was precedence setting; not only were his theories criticized by skeptics, but he was all too often labeled a quack by his contemporaries for even proposing such concepts. However, in spite of his rather dubious reputation, there is no question how Freud helped pave the way for myriad principles and applications used in contemporary psychology. No bibliography.

  • Psychology and Carl Rogers', B.F. Skinner's, and Sigmund Freud's Therapeutic Approaches

    An 8 page research paper that briefly summarizes the therapeutic approaches in psychology pioneered by Sigmund Freud (the psychoanalytic school), B.F. Skinner, (the behaviorist school) and Carl Rogers (the humanistic school). The writer focuses on differences between the client/therapist relationship, particularly in regards to contrasting the psychoanalytic and behaviorist approaches. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Psychologically Analyzing Sigmund Freud, the Father of Psychoanalysis

    This 10 page paper uses Freud himself as a subject, but promotes the idea of client-centered therapy. What are the differences between Freudian psychology and Rogers' client-centered therapy and how might they provoke different outcomes in terms of an analysis on Sigmund Freud's personality? A look at both types of counseling are discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Early Perceptions of Mental Illness

    This 3 page paper begins with a report of how abnormal behavior and mental illness was perceived in earlier centuries. The writer comments on the influence of philosophy on psychology and on how the relationship between mind and body were perceived. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sigmund Freud's Contributions

    A 9 page paper which examines the life and contributions of Sigmund Freud to the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Socialization and its Importance

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of this topic in psychology. Many concepts and theorists are discussed including Freud, Piaget and Gilligan. Feral children are also discussed in the context of development. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Behaviorist Theory Contributions of B.F. Skinner

    3 pages in length. Myriad members of the psychology field have contributed to the greater understanding of human behavior through the behaviorist theory, however, none can take quite the same position as the man who brought together the concepts of learning and performance. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Behaviorist School of Psychology and John Watson

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the basic contribution that John Watson made to the behaviorist school of psychology. This paper includes references to Pavlov, Hull, Tolman and the Albert experiment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jung & Maslow On Religion

    A 5 page research paper that contrasts and compares Carl Jung and Abraham Maslow, two of the most prominent psychologists of the twentieth century, in regards to religion and its relationship to psychology. Examining their writing shows that these preeminent psychologists agreed with each other in many ways, but also differ in the focus of their approaches to religion. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sigmund Freud: The Originator of Psychoanalysis

    A 3 page overview of some of Freud’s most interesting theories on psychoanalysis. This paper points out that although we have progressed considerably in our understanding of human psychology, Freud is still remembered as the father of the psychoanalytical process. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Hermann Ebbinghaus Life and Contributions

    This 3 paper paper discusses the life and contributions of Hermann Ebbinghaus, who was a pioneer in the field of the study of memory as well as experimental psychology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Adolescent Counseling and William Glasser's Theories

    A paper which consider how the theories of William Glasser are used in counseling adolescents, how these theories were developed, and the various influences both inside and outside psychology which impacted on Glasser’s work. A brief overview of the history of the relevant psychoanalytical models is included, in order to provide a background to Glasser’s own model. Bibliography lists 17 sources

  • Personality Profiling Codes of John L. Holland

    A five page paper which considers the application of John L Holland's personality profiling codes to career development and various aspects of social psychology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Importance of Trust

    This 7 page paper examines trust in society and uses Erikson's stages in addition to the bible to discuss the matter. Trust is discussed in the context of developmental psychology and spirituality. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Behavior Origins and the Development of Personality

    A 5 page paper discussing some of the ongoing points of debate in psychology. The concepts of genetic versus environmental influences; conscious versus unconscious behavior; and free will versus determinism are matters that have been debated for decades. Consensus thinking about each has been different in the past than it is now, and it likely is possible that it could revert to previous beliefs. Each concept has its proponents and detractors, individuals arguing an all-or-nothing position on one side or the other. If the absolute truth could be known about each of these concepts, however, likely it would be found to lie somewhere between the extremes. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 'Born to be Good?' by Celia Kitzinger Summarized and Discussed

    This is a 4 page paper discussing Celia Kitzinger’s article “Born to be Good?”. British psychologist Celia Kitzinger discusses human motivation in relation to the psychology of morality of the “good, bad or indifferent” treatment of others in her essay “Born to be Good?” (1997). Kitzinger’s article tells readers some of the more popular social, biological and psychological theories in regards to moral development and some of the controversies with these theories. In addition to theories of moral development and beliefs, perhaps more importantly Kitzinger tackles the differences which exist between moral beliefs and action. In many situations people who may have high moral beliefs act in horrible ways because of social pressures. Overall, the essay presents a well informed look at moral beliefs, motivation and actions and opens the discussion for future discussions on what can be done to overcome social pressures which cause people to act counter to their moral beliefs and upbringing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Anxiety Attacks and the Analysis of Sigmund Freud

    This is a 4 page paper discussing how Freud would analyze anxiety attacks. Anxiety attacks, panic attacks and anxiety disorders in general have been studied in medicine and psychology for over a century. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) considered the father of psychoanalysis believed that “anxiety neurosis” and anxiety attacks experienced by individuals resulted from individuals no longer being able to repress impulses which were in conflict or not satisfied during the childhood psychosexual developmental stages. Freud found that anxiety and panic attacks resembled greatly people’s reactions when they were confronted with danger except there would seem to be no danger present. Therefore, Freud would conclude, the danger must be internal and resulting from “failure of repression” in which an individual would be overwhelmed with panic or a phobia. Through psychoanalysis, Freud would attempt with the patient to discover the area of conflict from their past in which their needs were not nurtured or gratified or which had instilled a fear which they had repressed; a repression which could no longer be contained and resulting in anxiety attacks. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • John Gottman's Successful Marriage Components and Marital Failure or Success

    This is a 10 page paper discussing theories involved for successful marriage. John Gottman, a professor of psychology and director of the Gottman Institute is one of the more popular researchers on success in marriages today. Gottman and his colleagues address situations which are prevalent in today’s couples such as lack of time for one another and defensive and critical strategies during communication. While Gottman realizes that different components of communication such as effective listening, listening non-defensively and editing while speaking are important, other more ‘emotionally intelligent’ components are also important such as respect, admiration, influence, acceptance, and accepting and coping with conflict are equally important. Theories of marital therapy include many of Gottman’s components while at the same time, some researchers have added other useful strategies such as exploring new interests together and maintaining a sense of humor and realistic scope among others. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Holistic Dynamic Personality Theory of Abraham Maslow

    This is a 9 page paper including abstract that discusses Maslow’s holistic-dynamic theory of personality. Personality has been studied in regards to various psychological approaches including psychoanalytical theories, learning theories, dispositional theories and humanistic psychology theories among others. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) developed theories of personality from a humanistic psychological standpoint. His holistic-dynamic theory of personality advocates that individuals require the fulfillment of certain fundamental needs in order to develop their personality and use their intelligence efficiently, acquire higher functioning and problem solving proficiently. Basic needs consisted of safety, love and respect. A more complex hierarchy of needs addressed the more comprehensive concepts of belongingness, esteem, self-esteem and self-actualization among others. Without the gratification of having these fundamental needs met, individuals will suffer frustration and eventually psychological “sickness”. Within the work environment, individuals experience boredom, lack of energy, low self-esteem and personal and professional problems seems insurmountable. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Applying Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs In Business

    A 5 page paper discussing application of Abraham Maslow's humanistic psychology to the needs of business. Maslow's theories may be overstated in the belief that people are intrinsically good and intrinsically motivated to improve themselves and their stations, but they have been found to be overwhelmingly useful in organizational management and employee motivation enhancement. Successful application in business depends on moving from one level to the next, however. As Maslow states, the qualities of any level cease to be motivational once the individual achieves and sustains that level. Includes one chart. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Erik Erikson: Biography and Theory

    20 pages in length. Erik Homberger Erikson, born near Frankfort, Germany in 1902, was the son of Danish parents whose collective aspirations amounted to a tremendous impact upon better understanding human behavior. The foundation of Erikson's prolific influence upon mankind's developmental activities began in an unconventional manner by virtue of art and language courses when one might readily expect him to be immersed within the bounty of science studies more indicative of his ultimate contributions. His distaste for conventional education compelled him to glean a more worldly instruction as only life experiences can provide; as such, he eschewed formal schooling and went to Europe. Erikson's intersection with psychology arrived when he began as an art instructor for American children whose parents traveled to obtain Freud's enlightenment in Vienna. From there he attended the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute, which led the way for his entrance into America and ultimate status as the first child analyst of Boston; a position at Harvard Medical School soon followed with others at Berkeley, Yale and the Menninger Foundation. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Mood Disorders and the MMPI Diagnostic Tool The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Diagnosis of Mood Disorders

    A 10 page overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), a psychological testing mechanism first created in 1942 but revised extensively over the years. The test is designed to distinguish the so-called “normal” personality from deviations from the norm. The MMPI is, in fact, one of the most extensively used tests in psychological assessment. This test has been the subject of considerable criticism in regard to its usefulness in cross-cultural scenarios. Never-the-less, most psychologists continue to consider the MMPI as a complimentary addition to the many other types of diagnostic approaches which are utilized in the field of psychology. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Dreams and Infantile Sexuality According to Sigmund Freud

    A 5 page overview of Freud’s psychoanalytical thought as revealed by editor Peter Gay in “The Freud Reader”. Gay’s analysis of Freud’s work is directly relevant to two very specific questions: 1. Do dreams have any real psychic significance? 2. Does sexual instinct evolve only during puberty or is it an inherent factor for all age groups? No additional sources are listed.

  • Homosexuality in the Male From a Clinical Perspective

    This 5 page report discusses the 14th chapter titled “Clinical Aspects of Male Homosexuality” by psychoanalyst Irving Bieber who studied homosexuality and taken from the text “The View of the Clinician.” The report then compares Bieber’s approach to that of Sigmund Freud and the ways in which Freud’s ideas were transmuted into those of analysts such as Bieber. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Human Sexuality as Conceived by Alfred Kinsey and Sigmund Freud

    3 pages in length. What appeared aberrant to Freud was a wholly natural component of human existence to Kinsey. Indeed, the notion of sexuality represented two entirely different concepts to these men from its very definition to the manner by which it should be studied to its overall place within society. Looking at Freud's approach from the rather obscure perspective of his Oedipus complex and Kinsey's from a viewpoint of highly tangible statistics leads one to believe that sexuality can represent two very different ideals depending upon its interpretation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Psychoanalysis and Sexuality

    This 5 page paper looks at the role and meaning of sexuality in psychoanalysis. The paper focuses on Freud, as the founder of psychoanalysis and how he saw sexuality as a motivator, which directed normal or abnormal development. Jung is also mentioned. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Cognitive Stages of Jean Piaget and the Psychosexual Development Stages of Sigmund Freud

    This is a 7 page paper discussing Freud’s psychosexual stages of development as they correspond to Piaget’s cognitive stages. Sigmund Freud and Jean Piaget were developmental psychologists both influenced by the evolutionary concepts introduced by Charles Darwin in that an individual’s psychological, intellectual and emotional development occurs in evolutionary stages from birth into adulthood. Concepts and conflicts experienced within a developmental stage may in fact deter the progression into a further stage resulting in cognitive or psychological difficulties. While Freud’s psychological development stages (oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital) were based on the link between sexual and emotional development, Piaget’s cognitive stages (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete and formal operations) were based more so on an individual’s mental understanding and the relationships with his or her environment. While the two theories may not appear to be similar in their basic developmental processes, there are certain components which may reinforce or coexist in both theories. Bibliography lists 4 sources.


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