Research Papers on Disease

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Overview of Digital Mammography

    A 2 page paper accompanying a separate PowerPoint presentation. Digital mammography – and particularly computer-aided mammography – shows promise for greater accuracy, which will translate to better results. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Preschool Children Vision Screening II

    A 4 page paper discussing the benefits of screening children for physical vision defects from birth through early elementary years. The paper accompanies a 10-slide PowerPoint presentation, which provides recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force urging vision screenings for children under the age of 5. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Deadly Skin Cancer Form Malignant Melanoma

    A 6 page paper discussing this most deadly form of skin cancer, the fastest-growing of all cancers of all types in terms of new diagnoses each year. The paper discusses causes, treatment, prognosis and prevention. An accompanying PowerPoint presentation is available. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Human Over-Reliance on Antibiotics

    This 3 page paper is a 4 slide PowerPoint presentation with speaker notes looking at whether or not man has relied too much on the use of antibiotics, with antibiotics found in the food chain and over prescribed by doctors. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • An Anorexia Nervosa Qualitative Study of Family Therapy vs. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    This is a 9 page paper using a qualitative approach to study cognitive behavioral therapy versus family therapy for treatment of anorexia nervosa. A qualitative study of cognitive behavioral therapy versus family therapy for treatment of anorexia nervosa includes various non-experimental components. Firstly, a statement of the problem introduces the prevalence of anorexia and the need for successful treatment in this disease which claims over 10 percent of those diagnosed. The statement of the problem is then followed by the purpose for the study, if any assumptions can be made and a qualitative review of the current methods of therapies. Several therapies have been used in the treatment of patients with anorexia which includes cognitive behavioral therapy, individual and group therapy, family therapy and pharmacotherapy as well as nutritional counseling. In this study, an assessment of the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy and that of family therapy are examined through a comparative view of current literature. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • A Research Proposal for APOE and Late Onset Alzheimer's Development Risk

    This 9 page paper considers the issue of the presence of APOE and the risk of the development of late onset Alzheimer's disease. This paper is a research proposal for this problem and outlines the study of a possible subject population. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Heat Stroke and Ephedra

    This 16 page paper provides an overview of a research proposal on the use of ephedra and the issue of heat stroke. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Research Proposal for Assessing Dialysis Patient Mortality Rates by Comparing Cellulose Acetate Dialyzers and Polysulfone Membrane Dialyzers

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of a research proposal that provides comparison of cellulose acetate dialyzers and polysulfone membrane dialyzers and mortality rates in dialysis patients. This paper introduces the problem, outlines the significant of the study, asserts a research hypothesis, and provides a review of the current literature that considers this issue. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Evaluating the Impacts of a Vegetarian Diet Proposal

    A 20 page proposal to evaluate the effects of a vegetarian diet on health and quality of life. A specific emphasis is placed on evaluating the effects of the vegetarian diet in terms of disease prevention. Provides a review of the literature and presents the hypothesis that vegetarians are likely to enjoy an improved quality of life, a lesser propensity for obesity and such diseases as cardiovascular disorders, osteoporosis, cancer, and diabetes. Suggests experimental methodology for testing this hypothesis and supports the contention that this performance can be judged through a comparison of cholesterol levels, body mass index (BMI), and medical history in regard to diseases, and blood sugars of vegetarians verses non vegetarians. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Graves Disease/Proposed Research

    A 6 page research paper that discusses Graves' disease, which is an autoimmune disorder of the thyroid. The writer gives background on Graves' and then presents a hypothetical research proposal that suggests investigating if there is a connection between the development of Graves disease and consuming food additives. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Knee Function and Changes Measurement

    A 9 page paper presenting a proposal for a study into the effectiveness and usefulness of a variety of testing techniques and equipment designed to measure static and dynamic balance. The study will focus on measurement after knee injury or surgery, its aim is to determine which measurement method may be “best” for use in determining precisely where an individual is in his progress toward healing. Another purpose will be to provide information on testing equipment and techniques that may be able to inform selection of treatment options. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Antibiotic Resistance Treatment Through Placebos and Vancomycin

    An 11 page paper which examines information pertaining to the use of Vancomycin and placebos as a treatment for antibiotic resistance. The paper proposes a research involving 2 hospitals in the same city pertaining to the use of the two compounds in testing resistance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Intervention Studies Precutaneous Revascularization, Pharmacotherapy, and Exercise in PADr

    This 16 page paper outlines a study of possible treatment for PAD, peripheral arterial disease. This paper considers the views presented in the current literature, and outlines the use of a quantitative format to consider the views of others in regards to PAD and prevention efforts. Further, this study also integrates a view of existing efforts and pharmacological protocols that can be beneficial in preventing the problematic outcomes of PAD, which can include lost ambulation, excessive pain and discomfort and long-term loss of functioning.

  • Patient Case Study

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of a patient history, diagnosis and potential treatment options. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Bacterial Meningitis: Overview and Case Study

    A 10 page exploration of bacterial meningitis. This paper discusses causes and treatment and applies the knowledge identified to a fictional cases study. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Anorexia Nervosa (Case Study Analysis)

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the condition through examining the life of a 16 year old who suffers from it. The case study presented is fictitious. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Quality Improvement in Health Care

    AN 8 page paper that begins with an introduction to quality improvement in hospitals. The paper presents a case study of what St. Luke’s did to improve the process of treating pneumonia patients. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Technology Helps Health Care

    A 5 page paper that reports and discusses the shortage of these health care professionals. Data are included. The paper describes some of the ways technology can help with these shortages. Bibliography lists 7 source.

  • Pharmacists and the Issue of Prescriptive Authority

    A 9 page overview of the issues surrounding the needs, justifications, and objections to allowing pharmacists to write prescriptions for medication and to intervene in medication regimes when they determine that regime may be dangerous or ineffective. Emphasizes that prescriptive authority for pharmacists has been perceived by physicians as an infringement into an area in which doctors have previously held an almost uncontested monopoly. Presents the argument that pharmacists may be more capable of monitoring and prescribing drugs than are doctors themselves. Outlines the legislative history of prescriptive authority in several states which have already enacted the authority and the limitations on that authority. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Human Over-Reliance on Antibiotics

    This 3 page paper is a 4 slide PowerPoint presentation with speaker notes looking at whether or not man has relied too much on the use of antibiotics, with antibiotics found in the food chain and over prescribed by doctors. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Coronary Angiography

    A 6 page paper that begins by explaining what this test is, including why dye is injected into the blood vessels and why the doctor might order this test, e.g., symptoms the patient might be exhibiting or other test results that suggest the angiography should be performed and what can be learned from this X-ray test. The essay comments on angioplasty and stents and why and how they are used. Other tests that may be performed are also mentioned. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • How Can Doctors Get Patients to Comply?

    This 7 page paper examines the relationship between compliance and the doctor-patient relationship. The paper concludes that there is a correlation between patients who comply with a prescribed medical action plan and a good relationship with their physicians. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Relevance of “The Doctor” to Assessment and Appraisal

    This 3 page paper explains the relevance of the film “The Doctor” to medical students with regards to assessment and appraisal. Bibliography lists 1 sources.

  • My Own Country: A Doctor’s Story by Abraham Verghese

    A 5 page review of My Own Country: A Doctor’s Story by Abraham Verghese. No additional sources cited.

  • "My Own Country: A Doctor's Story"

    This 5 page paper discusses the book "My Own Country" by Abraham Verghese, who worked with AIDS patients in rural Tennessee in the 1980s. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Short Story 'The Death of Ivan Ilych'

    (5 pp.) Confronting Death is the last major task that is asked of us. Although it is no different for Ivan Ilych, if feels that it is, yet the pain is "always the same. Now a spark of hope flashes up, then a sea of despair rages, and always pain: always pain, always despair, and always the same. When alone he had a dreadful and distressing desire to call someone, but he knew beforehand that with others present it would be still worse. Another dose of morphine--to lose consciousness. I will tell him, the doctor, that he must think of something else. It's impossible, impossible, to go on like this." His wife tells him. And yet -still - he must go on. How he even be able to access his life. The writer looks at that and other questions that death brings. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nature and Treatment of Suicide

    8 pages in length. Suicide is a topic of conversation, like other unpleasant subject matter, is typically avoided at all costs. This knee-jerk response is both understandable and dangerous at the same time, inasmuch as it does not address the importance of prevention. The reasons that people commit suicide are varied and complex; however, for the vast majority of those who either attempt or succeed, depression serves to be the catalyst of death. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Children, Depression, and Suicidal Tendencies

    A 10 page discussion of depression and suicidal tendencies among children. While the suicide rate has actually declined since the introduction of SSRIs, there is a growing concern that these drugs many contribute to suicidal thoughts and behavior among some children. Is it possible that the declining suicide rate is not a reflection of SSRI usage but of some other factor? This paper explores the validity of the concerns over SSRIs. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Young Victims of Suicide and Depression

    A 9 page overview of two extremely alarming phenomena: childhood depression and suicide. Concerns regarding the use of Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), one of the most widely prescribed drugs for childhood depression, a category that includes fluoxetine (Prozac[R]), fluvoxamine (Luvox[R]), paroxetine (Paxil[R]), and sertraline (Zoloft[R]), are addressed.

  • The Use of Antidepressants and Increased Suicide Rates in Adolescents

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of research around the topic of the use of antidepressants and the increased number of suicides in depressed adolescents. This paper considers the existing research and potential problems with this research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Argument: Taking Antidepressants Does Not Lead to Suicide

    This 10 page paper examines to articles, one claiming that taking SSRIs leads to increased suicides and the other claiming the opposite. The paper agrees with the view that taking these drugs does not lead to an increased suicide rate. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medical Marijuana

    A 7 page paper which examines the pros and cons of medical marijuana and illustrates how medical marijuana can prove very beneficial to many. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cancer's Physical, Emotional, and Economic Costs

    This 5 page paper looks at various aspects of cancer and how people cope. Economic costs are looked at around the world, and emotions are related to spirituality. The physical aspects of cancer are discussed and medical marijuana and methods of pain treatment are also considered. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Male Health and Understanding Through Biomedical, Psychological, and Sociological Disciplines

    6 pages in length. The writer discusses how sociology, psychology and biomedicine play a role in understanding the impact of coronary heart disease (CHD) and suicide upon the male gender. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Malaria's Medical Geography

    10 pages in length. Malaria, one of the world's most communicable diseases, has its origin back when man befriended – and thus domesticated – various species of animals. Prominent in locations where hygiene is poor, water supplies are contaminated and mosquitoes are plentiful, malaria is both life threatening and extraordinarily prevalent – nearly forty percent – in today's underdeveloped countries. The one-cell parasite responsible for this highly infectious disease is called plasmodium and is delivered from one person to another by way of certain mosquito bites. Tropical climates are especially prone to these disease-carrying parasites, with Africa ranking among the highest mortality rates, an infestation that has been all but eliminated in more temperate atmospheric conditions across the globe. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Overview on the History of Dental Fillings

    An 8 page discussion of the history of dental fillings. Traces the filling from ancient times to present exploring the various types of materials which were used. Explains that the choice of filling is related to performance but also to availability and cost. Notes that the evolutionary path of fillings is tied as well to the evolutionary paths of other dentistry aspects such as drill evolution and the development of molding techniques and materials. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • History and Effects of Disease

    An 11 page overview of the impact of disease on world cultures. Correlates the impact on traditional cultures and the way those cultures dealt with that impact with advances in modern medicine. Emphasizes the impact of disease on the Americas and specifically on the Native American inhabitants of the Americas. Describes common European diseases which either directly or indirectly impacted the Americas and our contemporary, verses our traditional, understanding of those diseases and their treatment. Includes a one page Roman numeral outline. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Triage and its Medical and Military History

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the history of triage in medicine and its use in the military and civilian health care. Triage, a medical term to mean a sorting or classification of patients based on their levels of medical urgency was first developed as a military term and used in wartime. The French used “triage” to decide who would be taken from the battlefields to be treated and who would be left behind. Soon afterward, from World War II until present day, triage was not only used in Army field hospitals but is also now used in emergency departments to classify the large number of patients who enter each day. Nurses have been involved in the triage process from the beginning and recently the nursing associations have broadened the original three level triage classifications of emergent, urgent and non-urgent, to one of a four level priority system in the United States and one of five level priorities in Australia, Canada and Great Britain. Regardless of the number of levels, triage has become an important and efficient system to evaluate a patient’s urgency as well as analyze the effectiveness of the health care given in emergency departments. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literature Review on Violence and Serotonin

    4 pages in length. The inhibitory properties of serotonin (5-HT) on aggression has been widely studied and deemed quite beneficial for addressing certain behavioral problems. The extent to which aggression responds to the presence of serotonin is both grand and far-reaching; that serotonin also serves to mitigate undesirable behaviors from other psychological disorders speaks to its comprehensive value in therapeutic treatment. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Tourette's Syndrome Treatments Literature Review

    This 10 page report presents a literature review related to the treatment of Tourette’s syndrome. The DSM-IV definition of the syndrome is presented along with a review of six professional journals addressing the issue. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Patients and Diabetes

    This 12 page paper explains type 1 and type 2 diabetes; looking at the causes, the symptoms, the management and treatment. The paper applies this to a patient where there are additional complication, including diabetic retinopathy. The bibliography cites 12 sources.

  • Diabetes Type 2

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses pathophysiology, diet and complications of type 2 diabetes. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Pancreas and Diabetes

    This 4 page paper examines both type one and type two diabetes. The pancreas is the focus of this inquiry. The paper explores the differences in function between the types. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Medical Coding

    This 5 page paper responds to different questions, most of which involve medical coding beginning with the constructs that affect medical coding. Other topics include cost shifting, time studies, case mix management, implementing electronic medical records and ethical lapses of two physicians discussing a patient while riding in an elevator. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • HIV

    A 3 page discussion of the cellular and molecular makeup of the HIV virus that makes it such a formidable foe. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Lack of Correlation Between the HIV Virus and AIDS

    This 11-page paper explores the connection between HIV and AIDS, determining that there is little, if any connection. Also discussed are the definitions of both diseases. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Generic Pharmaceuticals

    A 4 page paper that reports a brief history of the generic pharmaceutical industry. Examples of generic companies are provided and the writer comments on the effect of the generic companies on the pharmaceutical industry. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Benefits of Yoga for Asthma Sufferers

    A 3 page discussion of the potential benefits of Yoga in treating this complicated condition. The author emphasizes that no definitive proof has been found that Yoga does benefit asthma. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Cibelli, Lanza, West, and Ezzell's Research on 'The First Human Cloned Embryo'

    A 5 page review of the article published in the January 2002 edition of “Scientific American” recounting these researchers experiences in stem cell research. This article offers a fascinating glimpse into many aspects of cloning and stem cell research. The author of this paper interprets the research from a mental health perspective. Included is a discussion of the applications in the treatment of such conditions as Parkinson disease. An emphasis is also placed on the responsibility of the mental health professional to serve as an interpreter of stem cell research to the general public. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • An Overview of Huntington's Disease

    This 6 page paper examines the condition and provides information about its cause as well as treatment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Trinucleotide Expansion in Huntington's Disease

    A 3 page overview of the trinucleotide expansions within the huntingtin protein that result in the extension of polyQ-encoding repeats. Bibliography lists sources.

  • In Vitro Fertilization

    This 10 page paper provides different sections to relay the history of the procedure, how it is done and nursing examples related to the process. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Generics, Ethics, and Law in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    A 14 page discussion of the pharmaceutical industry and the reception generic drugs have within that industry. This paper presents the thesis that it is both ethical and legal for pharmaceutical companies to interfere with or to delay generic drugs being released into the marketplace. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Obesity and the Development of Pharmaceuticals

    This 3 page paper addresses the development of pharmaceuticals for obese patients. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nanotechnology and Its' Use in the Human Body; It is Desirable or Ethical?

    Nanotechnology offers miniaturization of information systems and computing at the atomic level. With predictions of possible cures for cancer and other diseases comes the promise of enhanced physical and mental abilities. This 11 page paper discusses whether injecting nanotechnology into the body be acceptable, ethical or desirable, if long-term effects are not known. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

    A 6 page paper plus 1 page outline providing a general overview of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. At least 5% of children ages 5 - 11 are diagnosed as ADD/ADHD. Essay includes a general introduction, symptoms, etiology and treatment. Information regarding most recent theories on neurobiological and genetic influences are also discussed. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Three Views of Down Syndrome

    This 11 page paper discusses three different articles about Down syndrome. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Subclavian Steal Syndrome And Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    3 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses pathophysiology, etiology, signs/symptoms, diagnostic tests and treatment options as they relate to each syndrome. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • An Article Review on How Human Lives Are Saved by Animal Research

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of Heloisa Sabin's article Animal Research Saves Human Lives which discusses the use of animal research to create the polio vaccine that would save thousands of lives and help to eradicate polio in the developed world. This article discusses the issue of animal testing and the problems that researchers face in the midst of harsh criticisms of the use of animals in medical experimentation.

  • History, Etiology, and Treatment of Antibiotic Resistance

    A 9 page discussion of antibiotic resistance, diagnosis, and treatment. Correlations have been reported by numerous researchers regarding increased antibiotic resistance in microbial populations with high usage of antibiotic drugs. Unfortunately, however, recent evidence demonstrates that even the reduction of this utilization is not an effective means of preventing antibiotic resistance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Antibiotic Resistance and Nursing Implications

    An 8 page discussion of the various implications of antibiotic resistance. Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance are discussed. An emphasis is placed on Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL), and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Antibiotic Resistance Mechanisms

    A 6 page overview of the phenomena of antibiotic resistance. The author discusses the mechanisms of antibiotic resistance placing a specific emphasis on Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL), and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Use of Antidepressants and Increased Suicide Rates in Adolescents

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of research around the topic of the use of antidepressants and the increased number of suicides in depressed adolescents. This paper considers the existing research and potential problems with this research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Evaluations of Biopsychosocial and Biomedical Health Models

    This 7 page paper critically evaluate the impact of using the biopsychosocial model of health rather than the biomedical approach to treat a patient. The paper applies this with specific reference to treating the common cold. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Biomedical to Biopsychosocial Medical Evolution

    A 6 page contention that medicine has shifted dramatically over the past several decades from a discipline which concentrates solely the science of our anatomy and physiology to a discipline which recognizes not only the hard scientific facts of physiology but also the importance of psychological and sociological factors. Medicine has shifted from the Cartesian way of viewing illness, injury and disease as components of a machine-like body to one which views illness from not only a biological perspective but also a psychosociological perspective. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Avian Flu and its Effects on Business

    A 3 page overview of the varied impacts to business that an Avian Flu epidemic would result in both domestically and for the world as a whole. The author emphasizes both the direct and indirect impacts of such an epidemic. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Social and Ethical Implications of the Avian Flu and Japanese Biotechnology

    A 5 page overview of the problems being confronted with bird flu. The author reviews the social impacts of the H5N1 virus and comments on the ethics of vaccine production. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Reducing Asthma Attacks

    A 3 page paper the explains two goals for reducing childhood asthma attacks. One focuses on parents, the other on the children. The goals describe the educational program. The paper begins with statistics about the incidence of childhood asthma in this country. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Health and Poverty/Incidence of Childhood Asthma

    A 5 page research paper that relates the details of literature review search for studies pertaining to the treatment and management of pediatric asthma among low-income young children. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Tradition of Chinese Medicine

    This 5 page report discusses Traditional Chinese Medicine and the fact that it is finally gaining a certain measure of respect in the Western world. Physicians trained in Western or “modern” medicine dismissed traditional Chinese medicine, sometimes referred to as TCM as nothing but superstitious quackery. However, in the past few decades, even those medical experts who were most opposed to traditional approaches to medical treatment have come to understand that “TCM” offers numerous benefits that are often more effective than what the “modern” approach has to offer. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Crohn's Disease - An Extended Definition

    A 4 page paper which defines Crohn’s Disease by examining its origins, symptoms, and analyzes various treatment alternatives. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Symptoms and Treatment of Crohn's Disease

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the disease with a concentration on treatment and how a patient lives with symptoms. An outline is included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Sequencing Type Differences in Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    This 12 page paper looks at several types of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The Spin Echo Sequence, the Inversion Recovery Sequence, Saturation Recovery Sequence, Spiral Pulse Sequence and the Gradient Echo Sequence are each discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Nursing, Diabetes, and 3 Research Articles

    A 5 page research paper that summarizes three research studies pertaining to diabetes mellitus that were conducted by nurse researchers. Nursing interventions have been shown to be a critical factor in promoting such diabetic self-management. These synopses demonstrate how nursing research is consistently exploring ways to improve intervention and make self-management of diabetes more effective. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Whole Foods or Vitamin Supplements in Treating Hepatitis B

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the use of whole foods in support of liver regeneration for patients with Hepatitis B. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Muscular Dystrophy and the Uses of Gene Therapy

    This 15 page paper examines the disease as well as a potential cure. Some history in respect to gene therapy is noted. The uses of gene therapy are discussed. Scientific studies are relayed. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • The 1993 Jack in the Box E. Coli Fiasco

    This 10 page paper examines the E.coli outbreak that occurred in the west at the Jack in the Box restaurants in 1993. What could have been done to prevent the outbreak is noted. Recommendations are made to prevent the spread of E.coli in the future. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Media's Role in Teenage Girls with Eating Disorders

    This 5 page report discusses eating disorders and the role played by the media in their development. Some of the modern world’s most pervasive images are those of what it means to be beautiful. Television, print media, movies, in fact, anything to do with modern popular culture shows that beauty equates with thinness -- primarily for women. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Teen Epilepsy and Reasons Behind Increased Accidents

    This 5 page paper explores reasons why adolescent epileptics are more likely to become injured or killed in automobile and water accidents. A combination of factors are to blame. Problems with video gaming are also explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Examination of Epilepsy

    5 pages in length. The telltale signs are unmistakable: The eyes grow wide and bulging, the limbs tense and turn rigid, and soon after, the body begins a series of uncontrollable muscular convulsions for anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. Epileptic seizures and their causes are a frustrating condition in the field of human medicine. In non-technical terms, epilepsy is a short circuit in the brain. In technical terms, it is a series of misfires of the neurosynaptic function that ultimately sends confused signals to the body, thus creating the uncontrolled fits. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Two graphs included.

  • Tables on Acute, Infectious, and Chronic Disease

    A 7 page paper presenting two tables listing various diseases. The first table includes cancer, diabetes, heart disease and osteoporosis; the second contains infectious diseases such as influenza, Chlamydia, Hordeolum, HIV/AIDS and strep throat. Each table provides information about the diseases including risk factors and treatment. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Notch Protein Linked With Alzhiemer's Disease

    This 8 page paper examines the potential link between Notch protein and Alzheimer’s disease. The paper looks at the symptoms and biological characteristics of Alzheimer’s and roles of amyloid precursor protein (APP), the presenilin proteins and amyloid beta proteins. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Controlling Asthma

    A 10 page paper that begins by reporting the prevalence of asthma and the contradictions between the symptoms patients report and their perception of how well they are controlling this disease. The essay discusses triggers, allergens and irritants, the typical treatment, the latest research connecting stress to asthma attacks and ideas for how patients and caregivers can help better control this condition. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Importance of Vaccines

    A 4 page review of vaccines and their importance in fighting disease. The author explains how vaccines are manufactured and how they work. No sources are listed.

  • Best Practice in Ensuring Infected Wound Healing

    An 8 page consideration of the factors that enter into wound care. The author reviews the literature for approaches to wound care. The emphasis is made that appropriate wound care is not only specific to the type of wound but to the patient themselves. The nurse's careful interaction with the patient is critical in determining their needs and an address for those needs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Autism

    A 5 page overview of autism. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Autism

    A 3 page research paper on autism. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Autism

    A 5 page paper on autism. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sickle Cell Anemia and its Biochemistry

    A 4 page review of the biochemical basis of sickle cell anemia. The author discusses the pathophysiology of sickle cell anemia from a cellular perspective rather than a sociological perspective. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Type I Diabetes' Biochemistry

    This 5 page paper focuses on the biochemistry of this disease but also discusses treatment, etiology and symptoms. How insulin therapy works is also included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Malaria

    A 3 page overview of malaria. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Spinal Tuberculosis Management and Prevention Literature Review

    This 15 page paper delves into the history of the disease, its manifestation and treatment options. Attention is paid to infection control throughout as information about the disease and quality patient care is relayed. The paper concludes that successful treatment is usually in the form of chemotherapy or surgery or a combination of both. Infection control is highlighted and noted as a priority for schools, prisons and hospitals. How infection control efforts, along with treatment options, impacts the patient psychologically is also addressed. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • A Case History of Angina

    A patient was recently admitted to the surgical ward due to a health breakdown, the result of angina. This patient’s admission and treatment are described below. Covered are: patient's history, social background, health problem (diagnosis), contributing factors, affects on family, preventative care for future occurence (programme of treatment). Bibliography lists 10 sources. jvMedhel.rtf

  • History and Overview of Condoms

    A 10 page paper which provides a look at the history of condoms and also provides a general overview of their use. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History, Etiology, and Treatment of Antibiotic Resistance

    A 9 page discussion of antibiotic resistance, diagnosis, and treatment. Correlations have been reported by numerous researchers regarding increased antibiotic resistance in microbial populations with high usage of antibiotic drugs. Unfortunately, however, recent evidence demonstrates that even the reduction of this utilization is not an effective means of preventing antibiotic resistance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Alzheimer's Disease History Overview

    This 4 page paper discusses the history of the discovery of the disease, and background information about it. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Female Benign Pelvic Tumors

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of benign female pelvic tumors, including cystic teratoma masses and dermoid masses. This paper assesses the anatomy, pathology and diagnostic perspectives that are utilized in forming treatment plans for non-cancerous pelvic tumors. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Literature Review on a Cancer Patient's Emotional Needs

    This 6 page literature review examines the emotional needs of cancer patients. Various aspects are explored inclusive of suggestions for treatment. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Literature Review of Terminal Cancer Patients and Hospital Care Quality

    This 6 page literature review looks at complaints from patients and their families in situations where individuals are dying of cancer. Several studies are noted and anecdotal pieces are included as well. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Literature Review and Proposed Study Outline on Middle Aged Women and the Impact of Exercise

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the effects of exercise in middle aged women. The paper includes a short literature review and possible outline for a proposed study. Studies investigating the effects of exercise in middle aged women have been positive in their findings. Research has ranged from studying aerobic or non-aerobic exercise in regards to lipid concentrations as well as those which study weight training in regards to overall body fat and body weight among other factors. It would seem that in all cases, middle aged women have shown improvements in regards to overall health from exercise in addition to reducing their risk for heart disease by reducing lipid concentrations, cholesterol levels and blood pressure among other variables. While some studies involves thousands of subjects over many years, most studies involve a relatively small number of subjects, randomly assigned to controlled short-term exercise programs after which the results are compared from pre- and post-measurements. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Review of Literature on Biting Nails

    This 3 page paper reviews literature pertinent to the study of the disorder of nail biting. Quotes cited from texts. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Literature Review on Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Intensive Care Units and th Effects of Improved Oral Care

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) and the impacts that improved oral care can have in reducing this disease. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • A Literature Review of Research on Alzheimer's Disease

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of current research on Alzheimer's disease. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • A Literature Review of Current Research on Alzheimer's Disease

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of current research on Alzheimer's disease. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Literature Review on Artificial Neural Networks Use

    This 40 page paper provides an overview of the use of artificial neural networks for interpretation of medical data. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Diabetes Control: A Review of Literature

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of 8 articles that represent current research in the area of diabetes management and diabetes education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Diabetic Education for Continuing Education for Nurses Exploring Perceptions of Health Care Management Compared to Published Standards of Care Among a Rural Population Experiencing Diabetes: A Review of Literature

    This 6 page paper provides an overview of elements of a review of literature on the subject of diabetes education and adherence to health care management principles and standards of care. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • Heart Disease and Gender Differences

    A 10 page paper with three sections. The first section is a study regarding the differences between men and women in regards to symptoms and treatment of heart disease. This section includes an introduction, purpose of the study, problem statement, hypotheses, literature review, type of study, and conclusion. The next section is an annotated bibliography and the third section is a brief review of two articles used in the literature review. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • How Exercise Delays Onset Of Dementia In Alzheimer's Patients: Literature Review

    20 pages in length. The natural course of aging takes its toll on both the body and mind; as much significant progress medical technology has made, there are still some aspects of human existence it cannot stop or reverse. Multimodal exercise has long been a highly recommended component of the geriatric health protocol as a method by which to tone muscles, strengthen bones stronger and keep all the bodily systems in good function. Why is it, therefore, that exercise is only just recently being associated with the delay onset of dementia when it has such dramatically positive impact upon the rest of the physiological makeup? Second only to the skin, the human brain is the largest organ in the body that responds to stimuli no differently than others, however, it is also vastly complex when compared to the liver or heart; because medical science still has a very long way to go before the mind's holistic function and capacity is known, new realizations of the mind/body connection will continue to be made, not the least of which includes the growing association between physical activity and staving off dementia. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Electrical Stimulation For Chronic, Non-healing Wounds Literature Review

    Chronic wound care is considerably more difficult to manage than it seems; a single ulcer or open sore can have a tremendous impact upon an individual's personal and professional life to the point of disrupting it entirely. From high health care costs to job loss to compromised quality of life, what may otherwise seem to laypeople as an innocuous medical issue is in truth quite impacting upon the patient's entire life, not the least of which includes impaired mobility, chronic pain and social isolation (Ly & Poole-Warren (2008). Utilizing the ever-growing technological options for this particular problem has rendered some benefit to accelerated wound care, however, the speed with which such methods as electrical fields like POSiFECT and Dermapulse depends upon the severity of the wound. the delayed and sometimes ineffective nature of conventional wound treatment has rendered the need for more advanced options that while not perfect are showing great promise as a viable and better alternative.

  • Tommy John Surgery and Current Research

    This 15 page paper provides an overview of the current literature regarding Tommy John surgery, and the best approaches to returning to function following surgery. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Nutrition and Exercise in the Treatment of Mental Illnesses

    This 20 page paper presents a literature review assessing the potential influence of nutrition and regular exercise are mental health patients. The paper starts by looking at the problem and the background problem, then present an in-depth discussion on the way in which the literature review was performed, including identification of databases and search terms used. A single article is assessed and then a comprehensive literature review is presented. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Women in Sub Saharan Africa and High Rates of HIV and AIDS

    This 39 page literature review examines nine articles related to the spread of AIDs in Africa and pays particular attention to gender specific reach. At the same time, the literature is broad and also encompasses a wide array of material that examines things such as socioeconomic status and media campaigns against AIDS. The primary question explored by this literature review is: "Why is there a high incidence of HIV/AIDS among women in sub-Sahara Africa?" The literature does include a variety of articles that cover several topics. Concepts such as condom use, rape, polygamy, stigma and breast-feeding are included in the discussion. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Hepatotoxicity/Mechanisms

    A 16 page research paper that offers a review of the literature on hepatotoxicity, which is the capacity of a substance to produce damaging effect on the liver, is a constant concern in regards to drug therapies. In many cases, a drug is known to cause hepatotoxicity, but the mechanisms behind this effect have not been fully explored. This literature review explores issues of hepatotoxicity in regards to various drug therapies and what is known about the mechanisms causing these toxic effects. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Addiction Transfer Disorder & Gastric Bypass Surgery

    A 10 page research paper that examines the literature on the phenomenon known as “addiction transfer” among bariatric patients. This literature review looks at what has been discovered, neurologically and in regards to psychological motives, thus far and the implications of this information in regards to directions for future research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Male Fertility and Spinal Cord Injuries

    A 24 page research paper that offers an extensive literature review that addresses studies concerning spinal cord injury men and their fertility. Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) can result from a variety of accidents that include car accidents, falls, violence or sports-related activities (Brackett, 1999). Spinal cord injuries also frequently happen with young men, in the years when they would like to father children. Among the multiple medical challenges facing these young men is the inability to ejaculate via sexual intercourse (Brackett, 1999). This literature review explores the literature on this issue. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • General Anesthesia and Explicit Memory

    A 6 page research paper that offers a literature review on the incidence of explicit memory awareness during general anesthesia. Prior to the advent of anesthesia, the excruciating pain involved in surgery put patients into a state of shock that often proved fatal. In a small, rare number of cases, for reasons that remain obscure despite numerous studies, some patients do not fall into an oblivious state of unconsciousness. Sometimes they are aware of their surroundings, and sometimes they are even aware of experiencing pain. This review of literature on this topic shows that, despite the vast empirical research that has been done on this topic, there is still much that needs to be discerned. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Home Residents Suffering from Dementia and Making End of Life Decisions

    Forbes, Bern-Klug and Gessert (2000), in their article End-of-Life Decision Making for Nursing Home Residents with Dementia, relate the problem of family decision making and the focus on nursing home care for individuals with dementia. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • MRSA Infection

    A 24 page literature review that examines the problem of MRSA infection. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been generally considered in the past to be a hospital-acquired (HA) pathogen; however, community-associated (CA) MRSA infections are increasing. The effects of these S. aureus infections can range from the inconvenient to the devastating. History, epidemiology, treatment and prevention are discussed. Bibliography lists 24 sources.

  • Stress Management Options and the Hypothalmic Pituitary Adrenal Axis

    A 12 page paper discussing physical reactions to stress and alternative therapies available to decrease the physical disorders it causes. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Aggression and Testosterone

    5 pages in length. It goes without saying that there exists an inherent difference in the aggressive tendencies of males and females. When addressing sporting events, such as school activities, this difference is comprised of various elements that each coach must take into consideration in order for the player to achieve his or her highest possible athletic ability. The writer discusses the fact that there are significant divergent responses to external stimuli between girls and boys, men and women, for the sole reason that the male chemistry is comprised of considerably more testosterone, the single-most influential component of aggressive behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • AIDS Adolescents and Nursing Management

    A 6 page overview of the various considerations which enter into managing adolescents with AIDS. An outline of the problem confronting adolescents and its causes as well as a detailed discussion of the physiological impacts of the disease and its chemotherapeutic management is included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Asthma Management and Drug Therapies

    A paper which looks at the management of asthma using drug therapies, specifically corticosteroids and b2-agonists, and comments on the increasing interest in making use of environmental management and complementary medicine in the treatment of the condition. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Resources Relating to Cardiac Emergencies

    A 5 page overview of cardiac emergencies and the resources they require. The author contends that cardiac emergencies not only necessitate immediate action on the part of emergency health care personnel but also a conscientious public, adequate emergency equipment and facilities, and appropriately trained transport personnel. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Women and Hamstring Injuries

    A 6 page paper discussing this too-common injury. As more women become involved in competitive sports involving sprinting, they also suffer a higher percentage of hamstring injury. Soccer players are highly susceptible to hamstring injury because of the nature of the movements required in the sport, but any sport involving sprinting can be suspect. The purpose here is to review what hamstring injury is, how it is treated and special implications for women athletes. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Lou Gehrig's Disease

    8 pages in length. Lou Gehrig's disease -– also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) – is named as such because of the man who was unlucky enough to be the first one diagnosed with the fatal neurological disease. One of baseball's most beloved players, Gehrig's progressively weakened condition forced him to step back from the plate for good on July 4, 1939 but not before he delivered what is still to this day one of history's most poignant moments in sports. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Nurse Educator's Involvement in International Normalized Ratio Stability

    This 5 page report discusses the international normalized ratio or INR and how a nurse educator’s efforts can assure that INR stability is maintained on a more consistent basis. There are a number of indications for oral anticoagulation therapy, most having to do with the use of mechanical devices to maintain a patient’s cardiac functioning. Therefore, it is essential that it be maintained on a consistent basis and without wide variances in overall INR. Because the INR concept is one that is directly related to how caregivers make determinations of the next option in a patient’s care, the efficacy of management by a nurse educator cannot truly be questioned. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • STDs and Plans of Health Promotion

    This is a 5 page paper discussing health promotion plan for STDs in small and large communities. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a global as well as local concern for health care providers. In addition to guidelines and fact sheets about the prevalence, treatment and symptoms of STDs provided by the World Health Organization, national and local organizations are developing plans for the prevention of STDs through the education of the public provided mainly through health care facilities, centers and providers. Nurses play a dominant role in regards to health promotion in communities as many are involved not only in the larger centers such as hospital settings in which they will come in contact with patients with STDs but nurses also promote education in smaller communities through awareness programs for the schools, local centers and physician practices. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • ADHD and the Role of the Psychiatric Nurse

    A 4 page overview of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. This paper describes symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options. The emphasis is made that psychiatric nurses are in an advantageous position to positively influence the treatment of patients with ADHD. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Emergency Nurse Triage and Education

    A 20 page paper discussing the concept of triage and the education of triage nurses in emergency departments. Triage is the process and practice of categorizing emergency room patients according to physical need to be seen by a physician. Triage categorizes patients according to physical need so that those who need to be seen first are, those who can wait do. The state of triage education is such that triage nurses may be greatly experienced and well trained, or they may be barely conversant in the concept. Efforts are underway to ensure that nurses performing triage duty are qualified and experienced. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • HIPAA Rights And Their Impact Upon Medical Errors In The Emergency Room

    5 pages in length. Rationale for choosing this ethical issue is determining whether or not the nurse is bound by any HIPAA mandate to disclose the error to the patient. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Diabetes Self-Management - Hispanic Patients

    A 9 page paper that discusses teaching transcultural care to nurses and issues relative to Hispanic patients learning to be more proactive in managing this disease. The paper discusses transcultural nursing per Leininger and others and reports appropriate statistical data. Mezirow's approach is the theoretical base discussed for adult learning and Leininger's framework is the foundation for teaching nurses and then, patients. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Hypovolemic Shock and the Evolution of Nursing

    This 5 page paper discusses hypovolemic shock, and why nurses are in an important position to deal with this condition. The paper also discusses the evolution of the role of the OR nurse briefly. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • African American Teenagers and Incidence of HIV

    A 12 page research paper that focuses on HIV infection among African American adolescents as a public health threat. In exploring the ramifications of this public health issue, this examination explores HIV transmission using the epidemiologic triad model. This information is then viewed from the standpoint of nursing theory, specifically Parse's theory of human becoming, which was chosen because it has been applied frequently within a public health/community nursing perspective. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Osteoporosis In Elderly Women

    A 14 page paper that defines and describes this disease and the incidence. The paper explains how it is diagnosed and treated. Comments are separated into sections, including Pathophysiology, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment; the role of Nurse Educators; Quality of Life issues; and Community/Healthcare Resources, including nursing homes. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer

    An 8 page paper that discusses the story of Dr. Farmer. The writer comments on his character and beliefs and reports some examples. The writer also comments on how this book can inspire nurses, which leads to a discussion of certain nursing theories. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Pathology and Treatment of Liver Cancer

    A 5 page paper discussing the pathophysiology; diagnosis; nursing assessments and diagnoses; medical/surgical treatments; and nursing interventions in cases of hepatocellular carcinoma. Relatively rare in the United States, liver cancer is a leading cause of cancer in developing nations but is increasing in incidence in the US. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Advanced Practice Nursing, the Self Care Deficit Model of Dorothea Orem, and Urinary Incontinence

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of an article by Francie Bernier called “Relationship of a pelvic floor rehabilitation program for urinary incontinence to Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing: Part 1” which considers the impact of the problem of urinary incontinence and the application of nursing theory in defining protocols for care. This paper relates the findings to Dorothea Orem's Self-Care theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Angina Pectoris From a Nursing Perspective

    An 11 page paper discussing angina from a nursing perspective. Angina pectoris can be regarded as an 'early warning system' heralding cardiovascular disease, but it also is a condition that itself needs to be managed. Treated angina results in far fewer occurrences of myocardial infarction (MI) than untreated angina. Patients know that the possibility of MI is great after they are diagnosed with angina, and nurse-led care programs are highly effective in providing quality patient education as well as alleviating patients' fears. This paper reviews the condition and discusses nurse-led management of it. Includes a 3-page outline and an abstract. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Australian Patient with Unstable Angina and Nursing Actions

    A 9 page paper discussing unstable angina in Australia and relevant nursing actions for a specific patient. The paper discusses pathophysiology, prevention and consequences, as well as relevant educational requirements. Mrs. Brown may find herself with a wealth of medications to begin taking on a daily basis, but the preferred approach is that of managing conditions with diet and exercise first. Mrs. Brown’s nurse may be able to affect greater patient compliance by supplying pertinent information underlying health professionals’ recommendations. Bibliography lists 13sources.

  • Pressure Ulcers and Nursing Research

    A 6 page paper discussing the incidence and prevalence of "bed sores," or pressure ulcers, and the benefits of determining who is most at risk for developing this costly and potentially dangerous condition. When risk is unknown, there is no apparent reason to increase staffing in an effort to avoid the problem. Nurses already operate at or near their capacity, and the types of attention that at-risk patients need are time- and labor-intensive. Turning immobile patients and giving wound sites additional direct care require additional time that many nursing teams do not have available in their current structure and numbers. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Radiotherapy and the Impact of Isolation

    This 5 page paper looks at the psychological effects of isolation necessary for radiotherapy. Various aspects are discussed inclusive of duration of treatment, gender and skill of the nurses. Emotional reactions to the procedure are explored. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Analysis of Costs of Decubitus Ulcers in Elder Care Facilities

    This 12-page paper focuses on the cost of decubitus ulcers to nursing homes. The paper discusses causes of decubitus ulcers, provides statistics on costs (and why the costs are incurred) and offers some solutions to reduce cost. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Literature Review of Impaired Vision and Neuropsychology

    This 4-page paper offers a review of literature pertaining to blindsight (vision defects) in the field of neuropsychology. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Quitting the Cigarette Habit and The Role of Health Psychologists

    This is a 5 page paper on the role of health psychologists in smoking cessation. The Website of the Health Psychology Associates (http://www.healthpsych.com/) addresses issues related to the research, treatments and role of health psychologists in the health care setting. One area of particular concern for health psychology is smoking. Essentially, health psychologists are concerned with the psychological and biomedical reasons for why people are addicted to smoking and have difficulty stopping and what treatment programs can be initiated to help people stop smoking. Research has found that people begin and continue smoking from a combination of social, psychological, and biological factors. In smoking cessation therapies health psychologists have found that a combination of psychological, social and biological factors are also the most effective in that patients are instructed on the use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in addition to the more important aspects of personal and social counseling, coping strategies, skill management and stress reduction throughout the stages of contemplation of smoking cessation through until well after action and maintenance of smoking cessation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Music Therapy

    A 6 page research paper that defines and discusses what music therapy is, how it is used, and who uses it. The writer discusses how music is acknowledged through the health care industry as a valuable therapeutic tool. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Phenobarbitone Processes of Excretion, Metabolism, Distribution, and Absorption

    An overview of the processes affecting phenobarbitone action in the human system. This paper observes the importance of enzymatic reactions in the drugs metabolism as well as factors such as pH and drug interactions. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Xanax: An Argument for Inclusion in the DSM

    A 4 page discussion of the psychotherapeutic drug Xanax. This paper argues for the inclusion of this drug in the revised version of the DSM.

  • Reflective Learning in the Radiology Department

    This 13 page paper uses Gibbs reflective cycle to examine an event; the use of a CT scan to assess the suitability of a patient for Avastin therapy. The cycle is used to assess improvements to patient treatment by reducing the level of exposure to radiation during the tests. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Epidemiology And Infectious Disease Prevention: West Nile Virus

    3 pages in length. The current state of America's economy has triggered an expansive and detrimental backlash in so many industries that it is overwhelming to contemplate the extent to which this economic downturn has trickled into areas many people would never consider. The frequency with which delinquent homeowners are abandoning their houses has become a tremendous public health issue due to swimming pools left unattended and untreated whereby the water festers and attracts virus-carrying mosquitoes. According to Goodman et al (2009), the prevalence of this particular hazard has spiked the number of West Nile virus cases. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Biological Functions of Lipids

    This 7 page paper examines lipids, what they are and their constituent fatty acids. The paper discusses the chemical structure of the fatty acids and the various lipids as well as where they are found and their functions. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Blood Pressure and the Effects of TFA

    This 8 page paper outlines the impacts of transfatty acids on blood pressure. This paper considers the connection between TFA and blood pressure relative to dietary considerations. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Streptococcus mutans and Acid Tolerance

    A 14 page discussion of the physiological mechanism employed by this species of oral bacteria which allow it to exist in the rapidly fluctuating pH levels of the human mouth. The author details how the cellular membrane of the organism is critical in this process, selectively allowing protons to pass out of the cell and preventing them from passing into the cell. This ability allows S. mutans a selective advantage. Acidogenicity (the ability to generate acid) and acidurance (the ability to function in an acidic environment) are the primary physiological traits of this organism which make it such an important factor in the production of dental caries as well. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Communication Barriers to Emergency Medical Services to Homeless, Transsexuals, and Prostitutes

    This is a 6 page paper with added tutorial language discussing the emergency medical services communication barriers which exist in the special populations of prostitutes, transsexuals and homeless populations. Although various emergency and health care services are offered in Toronto and the province of Ontario, the populations of homeless people, prostitutes and transsexuals are reluctant to use these services. All three of these populations have reported harassment, and “treat ‘em and street ‘em” minimal services from emergency health care services. This adds to the reluctance to contact these services in addition to the fear of contacting official agencies because of the legal implications. Incidence of drug and alcohol abuse and underage prostitution in addition to the high degree of violence associated with prostitution lead to an obvious initial degree of reluctance to contact authorities in regards to emergency assistance. Unfortunately, these populations have a higher need of emergency services than most due to the increase risk of substance abuse, exposure to disease and in the case of transsexuals, complications due to the administration of hormones. Despite the findings from most studies, initial examination of services offered in homeless shelters in the Toronto area show that these first contact agencies do not include access to emergency and health care services. In order to improve communication to these populations first contact should perhaps be instigated through these initial services. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type II

    A 6 page paper which examines its causes, risk factors and prevention. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • An Overview of Hepatitis C

    The Emerging Epidemic : This 20 page paper contends that Hepatitis C is quickly becoming an epidemic and should be addressed now before things get out of hand. The disease is discussed in depth and treatments are discussed as well. Statistics about the rate of infection of the population is provided. Special populations are also discussed such as prisoners, California residents and IV drug users. Recommendations are made. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Clnicians Need to Understand High Blood Pressure

    A 3 page paper that discusses why it is important for clinicians to understand hypertension. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Health Overview of High Blood Pressure

    A 5 page discussion of the health impacts of hypertension. This paper defines hypertension and outlines its impacts to cardiovascular and renal function in particular. Presenting the case study of a fictional patient who presents to the emergency room with chest pain, the author reviews the diagnostic techniques which are utilized and the interventional methods which are employed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • 'Silent Killer' High Cholesterol

    A 5 page paper which examines the dangers of this “silent killer.” Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Cholesterol and Serum Cholesterol Reduction

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of cholesterol and the efforts to reduce serum cholesterol. Current research reflects a number of different functions and properties of cholesterol in the human body. This research study outlines the value in understanding the properties and functions of cholesterol.

  • The Role of Nutrition in Treating Celiac Disease

    A 10 page overview of this condition and the problems it introduces in terms of diet. This paper provides an overview of both the foods that should not be consumed and how to go about choosing healthy foods that can be consumed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Celiac Sprue

    A 3 page paper which examines the condition of celiac sprue. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Cerebral Palsy

    An 8 page review of cerebral palsy. This paper explores the causes, impacts, and treatments. Bilbiography lists 6 sources.

  • An Examination of Cerebral Palsy

    This 7 page paper examines the symptoms, causes and outlook for Cerebral Palsy. The mysteries of how it manifests are discussed. The paper provides an overview as a well as a critical look at the condition. This paper includes a one page outline. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Malaria

    A 3 page research paper that describes malaria. The tropics abound with popular tourist destinations and one seldom hears of anyone dying from having taken a vacation in the Bahamas; however, this remains a possibility because of malaria. The following discussion, which first of all, describes malaria, indicates that this scourge, which Westerners inevitably associate with the past, remains a worldwide, deadly disease. The precautions that travelers can take against malaria are also described, before concluding with a description of possible treatments, as well as the hope of an effective vaccine becoming a possibility. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Historical Impacts of the Disease Malaria

    A 5 page overview of this ancient disease. The impacts of malaria have been widespread over history. Spread by the bites of Anopheles mosquitoes, malaria is particularly prevalent in the tropics. Its symptoms range from mild to severe and can include chills, fever, headaches, and sweating. More serious impacts target the kidneys, liver, brain, and blood. The disease can even be fatal. The author explores the relationship between malaria and sickle cell anemia. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Malaria

    5 pages in length. The writer discusses etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical, diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Malaria's Medical Geography

    10 pages in length. Malaria, one of the world's most communicable diseases, has its origin back when man befriended – and thus domesticated – various species of animals. Prominent in locations where hygiene is poor, water supplies are contaminated and mosquitoes are plentiful, malaria is both life threatening and extraordinarily prevalent – nearly forty percent – in today's underdeveloped countries. The one-cell parasite responsible for this highly infectious disease is called plasmodium and is delivered from one person to another by way of certain mosquito bites. Tropical climates are especially prone to these disease-carrying parasites, with Africa ranking among the highest mortality rates, an infestation that has been all but eliminated in more temperate atmospheric conditions across the globe. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Medical Coding - Informed Consent Forms

    This 3 page paper responds to two diverse topics. The first one discusses the question: Is medical coding the process of operationalizing the construct of "severity" -- or the construct itself? The writer determines the illness and severity is the construct. The second question is about medical consent forms and provides a real court case as an example. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hand Washing Hygiene in Disease Control

    A 3 page overview of recent Center for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines in hand hygiene. This paper reviews organism susceptibility to soap and water as well as to alcohol solutions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Medical Imaging and Neural Networking

    A 5 page assertion that networking is opening vast avenues for increased efficiency and accuracy in the analysis of medical imaging. Traditional methods of data analysis in such applications and medicine relied solely on the visual inspection of that data by experts. Neural networking complements this inspection with detailed computer analysis utilizing complex computer algorithms. The technique has proven invaluable in a number of diverse medical arenas. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Aging and Mitochondria

    This 14 page paper discusses the aging of America. Today, more than 6,000 people turn 65 every day, that number will jump to 10,000 by 2011. This essay provides information on aging trends and the effect on the health care system. The writer also comments on the mitochondrial damage theory of aging and reports two dietary supplements that have been shown to be effective in preventing and even reversing certain age-related symptoms. 1 Graph included, Statistical data included. Statistical data reported. 1 Graph included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • A South Africa Global AIDS Perspective

    An 8 page outline of the problems facing South Africa in terms of effectively addressing the AIDS epidemic. This paper assesses the AIDS epidemic in the region from the perspective of the cultural behaviors and mindsets which continue to feed it. The contention is presented that the most effective address of the problem must overcome the cultural refusal to acknowledge it. Home testing coupled with government-enforced mandatory attendance at educational workshops is proposed as being a solution which will ensure self-awareness, avoid social ostracization, and hopefully spawn positive behavior change. A free one-page solution outline is included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Importance of AIDS Research

    This 8 page paper examines the history of AIDS and AIDS research. It is argued that more research needs to be done or more people will die. The concept of the AIDS vaccine is explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Alcoholism is a Disease

    An 8 page paper which argues how alcoholism is a disease. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Autism/MMR Controversy

    An 8 page research paper that discusses autism and the MMR vaccine as a potential cause. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Autism and the Vaccination Scare

    This 4 page paper dispels the belief that the vaccine for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) causes this devastating condition. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Graves Disease/Proposed Research

    A 6 page research paper that discusses Graves' disease, which is an autoimmune disorder of the thyroid. The writer gives background on Graves' and then presents a hypothetical research proposal that suggests investigating if there is a connection between the development of Graves disease and consuming food additives. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Exercise, Bone Density & Menopause

    An 8 page research paper that examines empirical research which has suggested that there is a significant relationship between bone mass and the individual’s level of physical fitness. This examination of relevant literature focuses specifically on what this body of data reveals pertaining to the effect of exercise on bone mineral density for postmenopausal women. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Using Botox as a Wrinkle Treatment

    A 14 page paper which provides an overview of botox as it is used for wrinkles. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Tumors of the Brain

    This 4-page paper discussses brain tumors, their causes and symptoms, treatments and other information. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Glioma Brain Tumor

    This paper is a study of the Glioma Brain Tumor, with some emphasis placed on GBM. The paper examines the symptoms and treatment of gliomas, as well as the causes of the disease. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Daycare Setting and the Protection of Welfare and Health

    A 20 page overview of the various provisions that are necessary to prevent the spread of disease and exposure to toxic chemicals in the day care environment. This paper provides a step by step review of basic hygiene practices in response to specific questions and scenarios regarding those practices. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Dementia

    An 8 page research paper on dementia. Dementia is often regarded by the general public to be a common, and therefore, a “normal,” part of aging. However, dementia is not normal, but is, rather, a pathological condition that prevents individuals who develop this neurological disorder from living autonomously and fully. Individuals suffering from dementia often become a burden on their families, as their loss of cognitive function makes independent living in older years impossible. It is important to accurately diagnose and treat dementia in order to provide a level of care that will facilitate, to the greatest extent possible, older individuals retaining autonomy and a high quality of life. In other words, knowledge of the various types of dementia and the nature of dementia is essential to providing a high level of care and in making decisions associated with the care of dementia patients. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Dental Hygiene, Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

    A 4 page review of the many concerns presented by cleft lips and cleft palates. The author defines these conditions and the type of care they necessitate. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Breast Cancer and Mammogram Screening

    A 3 page paper providing a flow diagram of screening for breast cancer with mammography and discussing the problems of accuracy. Mammograms have been less able to detect masses in dense or fatty breasts. Digital mammography has been shown to increase detection in women under 50; CAD mammography is much more accurate now than in the past. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Call Tracking and Shand's Health Care

    This 12-page paper provides an example of how a call track system can assist a university medical center in better allocation of professional resources to the community. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • A Dyslexia Overview

    This 11 page paper provides an informative overview of this puzzling condition. The definition of dyslexia is provided along with a list of symptoms. Etiology is discussed as well, inclusive of the differences in brain function and the brain itself. Finally, many treatment options are discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Prostate Cancer Treatment Through TURP and Seed Implantation or Brachytherapy

    A 5 page analysis of TURP and seed implantation (brachytherapy) which looks at the benefits and side effects of each, as well as the recurrence rate of prostate cancer following each type of therapy. Includes a reommendation for which therapy is the better of the two. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • "Risk Factors For Cardiovascular Disease In Children With Type 1 Diabetes" - Brief Analysis

    3 pages in length. The general research problem Lipman et al (2000) attempt to address revolves around the relationship between children with Type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease as a complication. The predominant coupling of cardiovascular disease and Type 1 diabetes in children requires a greater understanding of environmental factors and the impact they have upon the presence of CVD in these afflicted children. Lipman et al (2000) seek to determine if preventive monitoring measures will serve to be an effective means by which to enable "early identification and treatment of known risk factors" (p. 160). The ultimate goal is to combat factors directly associated with cardiovascular disease and Type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes in children, which the authors believe can be achieved by adopting a preventive approach. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Relationship Between Cardiovascular Disease Stress and Cardiovascular Reactivity

    A 5 page review of the relationship between various physiologic and environmental stressors and heart disease. The author defines stress, stressor and describes the various parameters used to assess cardiovascular reactivity. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Disease and Various Factors to be Considered

    A 3 page discussion of the fact that most diseases are not determined solely by either genetic makeup or environment. While some diseases truly are determined by either genetics or environment alone, most are determined by a combination of factors. Tay Sachs Disease and Cardiovascular Disease are contrasted to illustrate the differences. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Review of "Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin and the Free Androgen Index Are Related to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Multiethnic Premenopausal and Perimenopausal Women Enrolled in the Study of Women Across the Nation (SWAN)"

    A 5 page paper critiquing a research article for form and validity. The article can be said to have weaknesses in form in that it does not include a literature review and does not define the terms it uses. It still is a highly useful study that can inform patient care, however, particularly the care of peri- and postmenopausal women at risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Obesity in Adults

    This 30 page paper looks at the problem, causes and treatment of obesity. The paper starts with an introduction, defines what is meant by obesity and discusses the influences on obesity, including genetic, environmental and behavioural influences. The paper discusses the conditions that result from, or that are aggravated by, obesity, including diabetes and coronary heart failure. The paper then goes on to look at the way obesity can be treated and the models of change which can help to frame treatment approaches, including the Tannahill Model as well as the approach of Prochaska and Diclemente. The discussion in the paper includes policies and approaches seen in the United Kingdom National Health Service (NHS) and UK obesity statistics .The bibliography cites 34 sources.

  • Childhood Obesity/Focus on Kaneohe, HI

    A 5 page research paper that addresses the problem of childhood obesity, which focuses on also on what is being done locally in Kaneohe, Hawaii. The writer discusses the health and psychological impact of obesity, as well as reviews successful interventions before making recommendations. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • About Breast Cancer

    This 3 page paper discusses some of the aspects of breast cancer. Bibliography lists 3 sources

  • Connection Between Cancer and Diet

    This 5 page paper provides an overview in respect to dietary factors as they relate to cancer. Research includes information related to prevention as well as foods that are beneficial in helping cancer patients. Recent research is included. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Young Victims of Suicide and Depression

    A 9 page overview of two extremely alarming phenomena: childhood depression and suicide. Concerns regarding the use of Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), one of the most widely prescribed drugs for childhood depression, a category that includes fluoxetine (Prozac[R]), fluvoxamine (Luvox[R]), paroxetine (Paxil[R]), and sertraline (Zoloft[R]), are addressed.

  • Type 1 Diabetes

    A 15 page exploration of the condition also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, childhood-onset diabetes and juvenile-onset diabetes. This paper considers the causes, symptoms and treatment of this disease. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Diabetes Control: A Review of Literature

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of 8 articles that represent current research in the area of diabetes management and diabetes education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Vegetarianism Impact on Blood Sugar Study Proposal

    A 12 page proposal to evaluate the effect of a vegetarian lifestyle on blood sugar levels. The study is designed to assess individual's current approach to blood sugar levels, approaches that may or may not include medications and that may or may not include a vegetarian diet. Subjects are selected randomly and provided surveys through e-mail. Their reports as to their lifestyle choices are correlated with blood sugar analyses. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Literature Review on Artificial Neural Networks Use

    This 40 page paper provides an overview of the use of artificial neural networks for interpretation of medical data. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Treating Schizophrenia

    This is an 8 page paper discussing some treatments for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is considered a life-long illness in which individuals experience delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and/or catatonic behavior among other symptoms. Without treatment, schizophrenics may be unable to cope with everyday experiences and this can negatively affect their social relationships, family function and occupational opportunities. Fortunately, there are several types of treatment which include anti-psychotic medications, cognitive-behavioral therapy, social skills training and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) among others. While almost all treatments report more success in combination with medication, medication alone cannot help individuals overcome the behaviors often associated with everyday stresses. From this perspective, cognitive behavioral therapy and social skills training are the most beneficial and in cases of severe depression accompanying schizophrenia, ECT has been reported to be extremely beneficial. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medical Ethical Dilemma - Stem Cell Research

    This 7 page paper begins with an explanation of what a stem cell is and why it is so valuable. The writer reports some of the diseases stem cells can cure and/or prevent and discusses the progress in stem cell research. This is followed by a discussion of the ethical dilemma with this type of research and concludes with the need for the U.S. to remain competitive. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Stem Cell Research Addressing the Challenges

    This 3 page paper delineates the benefits of stem cell research and the challenges that it faces. The author presents the opinion that the future of this research rests on the identification of alternatives for harvesting that do not involve human fetuses. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • How Can Doctors Get Patients to Comply?

    This 7 page paper examines the relationship between compliance and the doctor-patient relationship. The paper concludes that there is a correlation between patients who comply with a prescribed medical action plan and a good relationship with their physicians. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • 2D Ultrasound Technology versus 3D Ultrasound Technology

    This 4 page paper considers the use of 3D ultrasound technology vs. 2D ultrasound technology. This paper specifically considers the use of 3D imaging for abdominal organs, including the liver. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Alzheimer’s Disease

    A 5 page paper that provides a brief and general overview of Alzheimer’s Disease. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Alzheimer's Disease History Overview

    This 4 page paper discusses the history of the discovery of the disease, and background information about it. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nuclear Medicine: Past, Present, and Future

    A 4 page overview of the advances made in nuclear medicine. This paper addresses the field from the introduction of the x-ray to the modern utilization of digital imaging such as PET and SPECT scans. A variety of radiopharmaceuticals is listed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nuclear Medicine

    16 pages in length. Technological improvements within the medical profession would have practitioners from a century ago shaking their collective heads in awe and disbelief. The extent to which nuclear medicine has surpassed the expectations of technological advancement only fifty years ago is both grand and far-reaching; that its usage is incorporated into myriad procedures for disease detection speaks to the growing trend toward this nontraditional approach to health care. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Nutrition Concerns in AIDS

    An 8 page review of the importance of adequate nutrition in Auto Immune Efficienc Disorder. This paper details the various physiological processes that can be affected by nutrition. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • The Link Between Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

    A 6 page paper exploring the relationship that exists between Type 2 diabetes and obesity. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Overview of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    6 pages in length. Research findings indicate that nearly eighteen million Americans suffer with the dangerous and exhausting effects of sleep apnea, in which certain mechanical and structural problems in the airway cause the interruptions in breathing during sleep. Telltale signs of a potential problem include loud snoring, obesity, high blood pressure and a physical blockage of the nose, throat or upper airway. Its prevalence appears to be genetic to some degree; however, its appearance in overweight patients also indicates that its composition is rooted in both genetics and environment. The writer discusses cause, diagnosis, treatment and long-term consequences of obstructive sleep apnea. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Overview of Sleep Disorders

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of sleep disorders. While there is a focus on insomnia, there is attention paid to hypersomnia, circadian rhythm-based sleep disorder, narcolepsy, myoclonus and restless leg syndrome. The very dangerous condition of sleep apnea is discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Overview of Sleep Apnea

    A 5 page research paper on sleep apnea, which is a sleep disorder in which the person stop breathing over and over again throughout the night without waking up. It causes fatigue, depression and may decrease cognition in children. The writer discusses recent research on sleep apnea from a psychological perspective. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Community Project: Self-Care For OCD

    7 pages in length. The writer provides the foundation of a community center where those with OCD can not only obtain information about self-care but also interpretation of otherwise hard to understand medical information. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Etiology of OCD

    A 9 page research paper that examines Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The writer discusses etiology, symptoms and behavior, pharmacological and behavior therapies and recent research. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Kidneys and Renal Failure

    This 4 page paper discusses the kidneys and renal failure; nursing assessment of such patients, including lab results and patient interaction; types of dialysis and finally, transplant. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Overview of Leukemia

    This 5 page paper provides basic facts about the disease inclusive of types, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. New breakthroughs, and false hopes, are duly noted. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Examination of the Disease Leukemia

    This 3 page paper explores etiology, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this deadly disease. A 2003 study that shows a connection between pollution and the onset of this disease is touched on. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Myleogenous Leukemia

    A 5 page investigation of this rare form of leukemia. This paper outlines the causes of the disease, its diagnosis and its treatment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Lance Armstrong and the notion 'Its Not About the Bike'

    A 5 page discussion about Lance Armstrong's account of his fight against cancer. This paper provides several quotes from Armstrong's book as well as a detailed review of the physiological changes that come about with cancer. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Lyme Disease A Tick Born Disease

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of Lyme disease, its method of transmission, manifestation, surveillance, treatment, and prevention. No sources are listed.

  • The History of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century

    This 5 page paper examines the history of medicine during the nineteenth century. Holistic medicine, the advent of vaccines, and new inventions are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Deadly Skin Cancer Form Malignant Melanoma

    A 6 page paper discussing this most deadly form of skin cancer, the fastest-growing of all cancers of all types in terms of new diagnoses each year. The paper discusses causes, treatment, prognosis and prevention. An accompanying PowerPoint presentation is available. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Article Analysis: Skin Cancer

    This 3 page paper is an analysis of an article by Geller and his colleagues dealing with SunWise, a program to educate children about skin cancer. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Overview of Short Term Memory Loss Research

    A 13 page paper reviewing short term memory loss and current research on the topic. One of the difficulties inherent in research into short term memory loss is that the condition can be caused by so many different factors, some of which are physiological in origin while others lie more in the psychological realm. It is often the first visible sign of Alzheimer’s disease, but it also can result from an over-burdened, over-stressed life that prevents facts and items from being stored for later recall. Short term memory loss is most closely associated with age, alcohol abuse and Alzheimer’s Disease, all of which are discussed in the paper. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Story About a Senior Citizen Couple and Their Gradual Memory Loss

    This is an original 5 page short story about an elderly couple dealing with the gradual loss of their memory. The story is centered on the event of getting to their granddaughter’s wedding rehearsal luncheon. It begins… “As we turned onto the interstate, Bill and I both gave a sigh of relief for now this meant that we were truly on our way. That’s how it was anymore. To organize and get out of the house even for a weekend trip, seemed like a major undertaking. By the time I did all the laundry and Bill once again resurrected the old suitcases it was only a matter of time before either he or I would misplace his book, my glasses, or the car keys. Once on the road and well underway, we both felt relieved.”

  • Overview of Meningitis

    This 8 page report discusses a complicated illness of meningitis. It is (most often) a bacterial or viral infection of the meninges or the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Knowing if a particular case of meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is essential since both the severity of the illness and how it is treated differ. However, viral meningitis is usually the less severe form. Bacterial meningitis has the potential to cause permanent brain damage in the form of mental retardation, seizures, or paralysis. Diagnosis, treatment, and recent findings are presented. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Community and Patient Nursing Care and Meningococcal Meningitis

    A 5 page discussion of the multifaceted approach this disease requires in order to accommodate both patent and community needs. The nursing role extends from the bedside administration of medications and the monitoring of vital signs to administration of prophylactic medications to close contacts of the patient to the education of the community as a whole. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • About Bacterial Meningitis

    This 8 page paper discusses bacterial meningitis: what it is, its symptoms and treatment. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Bacterial Meningitis: Overview and Case Study

    A 10 page exploration of bacterial meningitis. This paper discusses causes and treatment and applies the knowledge identified to a fictional cases study. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Causes of Migraine Headaches and How They Can be Treated

    A 4 page overview of the causes and promising treatments for this serious physiological affliction. Regarded by many as just another headache, just another minor inconvenience, migraines can, in fact, be debilitating and result in tremendous societal impact. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Review of Literature on Biting Nails

    This 3 page paper reviews literature pertinent to the study of the disorder of nail biting. Quotes cited from texts. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Risk and Hypertension, Pancreatic Cancer

    A 3 page research paper that discusses risk reduction in relation to pancreatic cancer and hypertension. The writer relates both topics to improving diet and nutrition. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Pancreatic Cancer

    A 6 page discussion of this potentially fatal disease. This paper describes symptoms and methods for diagnosing the condition. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Pneumonia and its Connection with the reuse of Suction Catheters in Children

    A 3 page critique of an article published in May/June 2001 in "Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care" and written by Scoble, Copnell, Taylor, Kinney, and Shann. This paper reviews this article using a simplistic scoring approach to determine its value in directing the appropriate protocol for suction cathererization. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Overview of Pneumonia

    A 3 page overview of pneumonia. Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of factors. These include both bacterial and viral organisms. The epidemiology of each of these organisms vary as does the specifics of the treatment regime. One of the most important aspects of dealing with pneumonia is prevention. Prevention is especially important for community acquired pneumonia. Effective prevention requires accurate diagnosis of the cases that do exist, isolation of infected patients, and strict attention to hygiene both by the patient and by those that move between patients. While antibiotics can be used to treat bacterial pneumonia, treatment for viral pneumonia is normally supportive in nature. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Product Life Cycle of VADs Ventricular Assist Devices Product Life Cycle

    A 6 page paper discussing where ventricular assistive devices (VADs) currently reside on the product life cycle curve; what factors are likely to affect their growth; and how long producers can expect the product to be an active contributor to revenues. Recently approved by the FDA as an artificial heart, VADs are poised to become an end-goal product rather than only a bridge buying time until a heart can be found for transplant. The paper discusses costs and what producers can expect to gain from VADs over the next several years. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Newborns and Nitric Oxide Pulmonary Therapy

    A 4 page overview of nitric oxide therapy as it is used in treating persistent pulmonary hypertension of the term or near term infant. This paper describes the condition and the considerations that must be made when deciding whether to administer the treatment. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Disease Management/Hypertension

    A 9 page research paper that discusses disease management programs, with a focus on hypertension. To address the problem of hypertension, healthcare provider systems and health plans have turned to the strategies provided by disease management (DM) programs as a method for improving patient outcomes in hypertension management. This examination of DM programs in regards to hypertension seeks to evaluate DM as a tool for containing cost and ensuring quality in regards to control of this chronic condition. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Respiratory System and Asthma

    A 3 page paper on the respiratory system as it involves asthma. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Respiratory System and Asthma

    This 5 page paper examines the condition of asthma as well as how the respiratory system functions under normal circumstances. Preventative treatments for the disease are explored. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Asthma and the Human Respiratory System

    A 6 page overview of the human respiratory system and how asthma can affect it. This paper explores options for the diagnosis and treatment of this complicated condition. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Etiology and Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

    An 8 page overview of the etiology and treatment of this systolic condition. This paper describes the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis as well as diagnostic criteria and treatments. While surgical interventions, and even highly experimental procedures such as stem cell transplants are employed in some cases, by far the most common intervention is pharmacological. Although there is hope on the horizon, there is currently no cure for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Senior Citizens and Rheumatoid Arthritis

    A 4 page outline of the major characteristics of this disease. The author identifies symptoms and both pharmacological and non pharmacological approaches to addressing this inflammatory synovitus. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Revolutions in Science and Technology

    A 7 page research paper that discusses advancements and innovations. This examination of scientific creative innovation begins with the medicine and the penicillin revolution, but then looks also at the examples of creative revolutions that have occurred in the contemporary era and concludes with observations bout the way in which scientific and technological creativity tends to overlap. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Prevalence of Seasonal Affective Disorder in the Nordic Countries

    This 3 page paper looks at the higher prevalence of SAD in Nordic countries and the research which has sought to explain the higher incidence level. The hypotheses of latitude and genetic inheritance are considered in the context general research as well as research focusing on the Nordic countries. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Herpes Zoster (Shingles)

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of this condition. Diagnosis and treatment are some things discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Medical History: Smallpox

    A 3 page paper which discusses the importance and significance of Edward Jenner's An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolæ Vaccinæ which was written in 1798. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Strategies for Parents with Children who have Spina Bifida

    This 8 page paper examines how parents and families cope with disease. Spina Bifida is described and discussed in depth. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Teens Living with Spina Bifida

    This 10 page paper discusses what spina bifida is, and how it affects teens who are living with it. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Epidemiology & STDs

    An 8 page research paper that defines and discusses the impact and relationship of epidemiology to healthcare interventions and policies pertaining to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). This overview of epidemiology looks specifically at the uses and applications of epidemiological analyses and data as it pertains to the management STDs. This information addresses how hospitals and community-based healthcare address the decision-making processes for allocation of limited healthcare resources and also the role and use of epidemiological data as this information relates to the evolution, definition and refinement of disease management programs that address STDs. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • STDs and Plans of Health Promotion

    This is a 5 page paper discussing health promotion plan for STDs in small and large communities. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a global as well as local concern for health care providers. In addition to guidelines and fact sheets about the prevalence, treatment and symptoms of STDs provided by the World Health Organization, national and local organizations are developing plans for the prevention of STDs through the education of the public provided mainly through health care facilities, centers and providers. Nurses play a dominant role in regards to health promotion in communities as many are involved not only in the larger centers such as hospital settings in which they will come in contact with patients with STDs but nurses also promote education in smaller communities through awareness programs for the schools, local centers and physician practices. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Stress and Health

    A 12 page paper which examines how stress affects a person’s health. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Overview of the Salmonella Bacteria

    A 5 page discussion of the bacteria found under the genus Salmonella. Includes information on their biology, their method of attack, symptoms and ways to prevent infection. Bibliography lists three sources.

  • Overview of Streptococcus mutans

    A 5 page overview of the polysaccharide-producing, ondopathogenic bacteria Streptococcus mutans. Includes information regarding its involvement in the formation of dental cavities. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Forensic Pathology Of Sudden Unexplained Death

    8 pages in length. Death of any origin requires a legal certificate that denotes the cause of demise, however, the reason for a death that is sudden and unexpected can keep prevent that cause field on the certificate blank for many months. Determining cause of death in this instance - which is defined as "those that do not result from a diagnosed terminal illness or other debilitating or deteriorating illness or condition where death is anticipated (natural death) unless the illness or condition is the result of an injury, whether intentional or not" (Washington State Department of Health, 2005) is the task of forensic pathologists who are not only trained in identifying the nature of disease and injury but also the "mechanisms of sudden death and subtle forms of homicide" (Washington State Department of Health, 2005). The criminal nature of forensic pathology provides the conduit between difficult police investigations and an appropriate criminal justice outcome. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Epidemiology of Tay Sachs Disease

    A 4 page discussion of the epidemiology and testing mechanisms which are available for this autosomal recessive genetic mutation. The disease is characterized by severe degeneration of the Central Nervous System, a degeneration which most often manifests prior to the age of three but which can also be characterized by later onset. Testing to identify carriers of this disease is critical. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Problems Faced By Homeless Diabetics

    This 5 page paper examines diabetes and the problems that occur for homeless diabetics. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Tuberculosis

    A 4 page paper which examines tuberculosis. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Ebola Viral Fever

    This 5 page paper discusses the implications of Ebola, a viral hemorrhagic fever that is one of the deadliest of all known infectious diseases. The writer addresses its definition, causes, symptoms, treatment and current research. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Advanced Practice Nursing, the Self Care Deficit Model of Dorothea Orem, and Urinary Incontinence

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of an article by Francie Bernier called “Relationship of a pelvic floor rehabilitation program for urinary incontinence to Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing: Part 1” which considers the impact of the problem of urinary incontinence and the application of nursing theory in defining protocols for care. This paper relates the findings to Dorothea Orem's Self-Care theory. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Proposal Regarding Nursing Homes and Elder Incontinence

    A 5 page paper that offers a research study proposal. Sections include the introduction, problem statement and rationale, outline of methodology, and literature review. The introduction discusses the four categories of incontinence. The incidence of incontinence among the elderly residing in nursing homes is greater than fifty percent. That makes it an important condition to investigate, particularly since studies have found at least 80 percent of incontinence cases can be improved or cured. One of the first-line treatment interventions is bladder training. The literature review emphasizes this particularly intervention. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Moving into the Twenty First Century

    A 6 page paper discussing some of the subjects that will be of great concern as we move into the 21st century. The three subjects addressed herein are technology, medicine, and international relations. Each of these three areas of concern are of great importance and while there are many other areas that will also change and readjust to a new era, these areas of concern are perhaps the most obvious and most influential to all people concerned. The 21st century is hinting at being a time of great changes and occurrences. Times have changed drastically in only a few decades, and there is little doubt that changes and advancements have been occurring far faster this past century than perhaps, in any other century known to mankind. Technology, medicine, and international relations have always proven to be the most advancing, and the coming of the 21st century will prove this fact even further. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Ebola A Documentary Novel of Its First Explosion by William Close

    This 5 page report discusses the 'documentary novel' of the first outbreak of Ebola that killed hundreds in Zaire in 1976. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Aggression and Testosterone

    5 pages in length. It goes without saying that there exists an inherent difference in the aggressive tendencies of males and females. When addressing sporting events, such as school activities, this difference is comprised of various elements that each coach must take into consideration in order for the player to achieve his or her highest possible athletic ability. The writer discusses the fact that there are significant divergent responses to external stimuli between girls and boys, men and women, for the sole reason that the male chemistry is comprised of considerably more testosterone, the single-most influential component of aggressive behavior. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sleep's Neurological and Physiological Components

    A 6 page overview of the cycles of sleep and its neurological and physiological components. Discusses the importance of optimizing sleep for ensuring better academic performance. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Stress Management Options and the Hypothalmic Pituitary Adrenal Axis

    A 12 page paper discussing physical reactions to stress and alternative therapies available to decrease the physical disorders it causes. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Women's Backs and the Effects of High Heels

    This 5 page research paper examines the negative impact of high-heel shoes on women's backs and offers suggestions to alleviate such pain. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Etiology of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

    An 11 page research paper on pulmonary tuberculosis in which the writer focuses upon the disease's causes, frequency, spread, and effects. Cavities, or holes in the lungs can develop in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis when the host response to the infecting organisms unleashes its destructive potential on the host cells as well, leading to liquefaction of tissue. Specific forms of pulmonary tuberculosis such as miliary TB are discussed as well. Recommended medical treatments are detailed. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Food and Genetic Engineering

    A 2 page paper discussing the true meaning of "genetic engineering" as it applies to food. Genetic engineering is more threatening in its name than in its purpose. It is the precise and predictable altering of plants to achieve specific characteristics, the same goal of plant breeding for specific traits. Environmentalist groups complain of the possibilities inherent in genetic engineering, but they often fail to understand the true goals of the practice. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Graves' Disease Pathophysiology

    7 pages in length. Graves' disease, which was named after Robert Graves in 1835, refers to the hyperactivity of the thyroid gland, considered to be one of the body's primary regulating organs. Having an overactive thyroid produces a number of symptoms that make life most difficult to endure; however recognizing those as being indicative of Graves' disease is not always a simple matter. Sometimes the symptoms mirror other conditions or are not readily acknowledged until being somewhat advanced so that the physical indications are more than apparent. The writer discusses cause, signs, symptoms and treatment of Graves' disease. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Causes and Effects of Asthma

    A 3.5 page research pager that examines the causes and effects of asthma on the life of the patient as well as discussing the current medical options for treatment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Alcoholism Causes and Effects

    5 pages in length. Out of control drinking is not simply a matter of health. The problem drinker soon finds that alcoholism affects the relationships with friends, family and co-workers as well. This explanatory research paper details the effects of alcoholism in the problem drinker and some of the causes associated with it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview on the History of Dental Fillings

    An 8 page discussion of the history of dental fillings. Traces the filling from ancient times to present exploring the various types of materials which were used. Explains that the choice of filling is related to performance but also to availability and cost. Notes that the evolutionary path of fillings is tied as well to the evolutionary paths of other dentistry aspects such as drill evolution and the development of molding techniques and materials. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mitosis and Meiosis

    2 pages in length. The writer discusses how meiosis is different from mitosis and how meiosis I is different from meiosis II. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Overview of Mitochondria

    2 pages in length. The writer discusses the activities occurring within mitochondria. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • All About AIDS

    This 14 page paper provides information about this dreaded syndrome, inclusive of future outlook. Various theories concerning the origin of this disease is explored. Information on the development of an AIDS vaccine is included. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Colon Cancer Overview

    This 6 page paper looks at a basic outline of colon cancer. The paper is divided into four sections covering etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

 

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