History of U.S. Army Aviation
This is a 5 page paper giving an overview of the history of U.S. Army Aviation. In 1861, during the American Civil War, hydrogen filled balloon were used by Union and Confederate forces to direct artillery fire. These balloons were considered to be the origins of U.S. Army Aviation. Over the course of history the U.S. Army Aviation acquired their first Wright brothers’ fixed wing aircraft in 1909 of which they had over 11,000 during World War I. As Army Aviation and the Air Force began to operate separately, Army Aviation began to develop more aircraft which could support their ground forces. In the 1940s, Grasshoppers and Sentinels were used in North Africa in World War II. The Korean conflict brought the first helicopters into Army Aviation. The helicopters evolved the most rapidly and were highly effective in rough terrain, were eventually armed which resulted in the highly sophisticated gun ship helicopters of today such as the AH-64 Apache, the UH-60 Black Hawk, the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior, and the RAH-66 Comanche.
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