Research Papers on Issues In Sociology

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Research Proposal on Ethnic Animosity

    A 5 page paper that begins by defining ethnic animosity and relating it to racism. Researchers who address the issue of hate crimes, including crimes against whites are discussed. The increase in hate crimes, a violent expression of ethnic animosity, against Muslims and Middle Easterners following the September 11 attacks is reported. The writer then presents a proposal for a case study to investigate expressions of ethnic animosity on a college campus. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Human Relations and the Differences Between Quantitative and Qualitative Research

    This 7-page paper defines the difference between qualitative and quantitative research and discusses which might be best for use in human relations research. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Comparison of Integrative, Quantitative, and Qualitative Research Designs

    An 8 page paper that describes qualitative, quantitative and integrative research designs. Examples of qualitative and quantitative approaches are included. The writer then discusses why knowing the different research designs is important to clinical nurse specialists. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Quantitative v. Qualitative Data

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the ongoing debate between researches as to which research methodology is more reliable. With a particular focus on sociological research, the writer defines the differences between the two methods and then discusses the debate, especially with regard to the validity of qualitative measures. The writer argues that both methods are legitimate, reliable and should be used in sociological and other forms of research.

  • The Media and Bullying

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of bullying in the media. It takes the form of detailed Power Point presentation notes. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of Quantitative and Qualitative Research

    This 18 page paper begins with a general introduction to qualitative and quantitative research designs, including a table that compares some of the major features of each. The writer then provides a comprehensive explanation of each approach. Different designs are also explained for each category of research, e.g., experimental, quasi-experimental, case study, phenomenographic research, exploratory method, historiographic research and grounded theory. Common terms in each approach are defined and the steps of each specific approach are reported. The writer comments on the strengths and weaknesses of both quantitative and qualitative research designs. The paper offers a comprehensive description and explanation of quantitative and qualitative research with examples in each category. 1 Table included. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Individual Choices and Qualitative and Quantitative Data Approaches

    This 4 page paper considers the different types of data; quantitative and qualitative and who they may be used to determine and influence life choices of an individual. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Action Research

    A 12 page comprehensive explanation and discussion of action research. Paper includes the historical origins of action research, what it is, and the cycles/phases involved. The essay then explains quantitative and qualitative research designs and the difference between them. The last section discusses interviewing techniques. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Social Groups and Alcoholism Research

    A paper which looks at social research methodology with regard to a particular social group, and the way that assumptions might be tested through quantitative and qualitative research.

  • Research Proposal on Masculinity, Ethnicity, and Race

    An 8 page research paper that offers an outline for a research proposal. The writer, first of all, introduces the topic of how conceptions of masculinity vary according to cultural background which includes race and ethnicity. The writer then proposes that a brief survey of popular media may prove to be enlightening as to how the topic of masculinity is perceived differently by White and Black men. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Family Impact of Divorce

    A 10 page research paper. What effect does divorce have on the children? This question has resulted in a long and heated debate and there are studies to support almost any position someone wants to take. This paper discusses the question and reports the research in America and elsewhere. The paper takes the form of a research proposal and includes an introduction with problem statement; literature review, including data; summary and conclusions. The incidence of divorce for the U.S. and a few other countries are included. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Research Proposal for Head Start Program

    A 63 page paper that presents a research proposal project. Includes abstract. Chapter 1 includes: introduction, background, problem statement, purpose, definitions, hypothesis, research questions. Chapter 2 is the literature review, which is subdivided into the historical and legal background of Head Start and Early Head Start, including the program's mission, goals and outcome exceptions, and a report of research conducted over the years. Research studies that support and do not support the program are reported. The writer also points to the contradictions not only between research studies but also in the interpretation of the same data by different "experts." The writer also points to the expectations in terms of the original purpose of the program and he disparity between these. Chapter 3 is the Methods section and begins with comments and recommendations from the Head Start Bureau regarding research projects. The population to be studied is identified, assessment process, demographics to be considered. The results section comments on what the researcher might want to do. The Discussion section provides a hypothetical discussion of the study's results. Data are included. Bibliography lists 29 sources.

  • Burglaries and Mitigation Strategies - Research Proposal

    This 12 page paper is based on research provided by the student. The first part of the paper outlines a research proposal to investigate the causes of burglary on a housing estate with the aim of identifying preventative measures which may be utilized most effectively in the area. The second part of the paper analyzes some of the data that was provided, looking at the potential influences the increase the likelihood of a burglary taking place. The last part of the paper designs a questionnaire to be used in subsequent research, commenting on why each question is being asked. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Decisions Influencing Home Ownership

    This 14 page paper is written in two parts. The first part is a complex mixture looking at the way in which home ownership is perceived by homeowners, and the influences that impact on whether an individual rents or purchases their own home, and how they make that decision. The second part of the paper identifies an area where the literature is weak, defined the research question and presents a research methodology. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Charitable Donations and Honesty Research

    A 5 page paper that presents a research proposal designed to determine the degree of ethical responsibility and honesty of charitable donations displayed by different socioeconomic groups in an unobserved environment. Included are detailed instructions in the construction of the hidden camera methodology proposed by this research, reviews of previous research findings, and projected outcome of the study. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Methodology Proposal on Depression and Obesity

    This 4 page paper provides the methodology section of a study proposal. Included are: operational definitions of depression, overweight and obesity, a description of the sample population, data collection and a brief description of the research design. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Includes a 1 page outline.

  • Gender Gap and the 'Glass Ceiling'

    A 10 page paper presenting a study and concluding that the gender gap still exists, 40 years after it was being labeled as illegal through legislation. Though not included, a 4-slide PowerPoint presentation is available. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Religion and Suicide

    The correlation between these two variables is outlined in this 10 page research proposal. After a review of sociological literature, a study is designed which includes the derivation of relevant statistical data as well as questionnaire distribution. Ten sample questions are included as well as an explanation of the methodology employed. Variables are described in detail. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Promiscuity and Sex Education Proposal

    An 11 page paper. A scenario is presented wherein parents of middle school students believe the sex education program promotes and encourages promiscuity. The writer is designing a study to determine the effects of the program. Sections include: the hypothesis, dependent and independent variables, method description, internal validity, sample population, data collection, types of measurement validity, example of Likert and semantic differential questions, ethical considerations, external validity and how data is to be analysis. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Research Proposal on College Students and Their Attitudes About Smoking

    A 12 page proposal for a questionnaire-based study is presented which is designed to quantitatively assess student smoking and attitudes toward smoking. A review of the literature is presented which details both the known health impacts of smoking and exposure to secondary smoke and the known correlation between an individual’s attitude and their smoking status. Includes a 13 question survey. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Health Care Services Case Study

    A 7 page paper that responds to specific questions about a 75-year-old patient and a health care organization. The essay includes reports and discussions of the services this health care agency provides and relates it to one of Etzioni's approaches to s social problems, Erikson's life stages, and Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system as related to the services provided by this organization.

  • Scenario with Cogntive Theory

    A 6 page paper that begins with a scenario of an unmarried couple with children. The essay explains sociocultural theory and cognitive theory and applies them to the scenario. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Case Study Assessment of Social Groups

    This 3 page paper evaluates social groups with the use of a case study. Various terms are utilized such as "in group," "out group," dyad and reference group. The case study involves a sixteen year old girl involved in a close friendship and these girls engage in other group relationships in school and at church. No bibliography.

  • What is Meant by Sexual Harassment?

    This 5 page paper considers what we mean by sexual harassment starting with a definition of sexual conduct that will lead to a person feeling uncomfortable the paper goes on to develop this into a broader and more useful definition. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • U.S. Corporate Sector and Sexual Harassment Issues

    A 5 page paper which examines how sexual harassment is very apparent in corporate America, and how it is still alive in today’s society. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Hotel Industry and Issues of Sexual Harassment

    This is a 7 page paper discussing the sexual harassment issues in industries today. Current laws and history are introduced and specific examples of harassment and special issues relating to the hotel and restaurant hospitality industry are discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Contemporary Racism in Germany

    (10 pp) Although the upsurge of violence in Germany has been well publicized in international media and condemned by the German government, it continues to grow. Violent crimes are far above pre- nification levels. Meanwhile, non-violent crimes such as criminal harassment and intimidation have also significantly increased in the last two years. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Cultural Factors Affecting Drug Counseling

    This 3 page paper explores factors such as race, ethnicity, and sexual preference that can affect counseling. Bibliography includes 3 sources.

  • Gone with the Wind, Patriarchy, and Gender Roles of the Antebellum South

    A 5 page paper that discusses the sexual and social structural system that existed in the antebellum south and how this basic structure was altered by first the Civil War and then the massive socio-economic changes that swept the south following this war. Presented is a portrait of both traditional and conventional images of the southern gentleman and the southern belle, with emphasis focused on the new image of the southern female that emerged after the Civil War. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Has the Sexual Revolution Ended?

    A 4 page paper which examines if the sexual revolution is over or not. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Social Work and Nursing Similarities

    A 4 page contention that there are many similarities between these two disciplines. Borrowing from the social work theory that life plays out as though on a stage, the author concludes that all that has to be changed to allow nursing to fit into this theory is to costume the actors in nursing uniforms, disguise them as doctors, and put a few in bed gowns. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Social Reform According to Ralph Waldo Emerson and Other Writers

    This 3 page paper discusses Emerson's observations about man, including that of man's infinite worthiness, and asks if we can enact reform or if we have come to believe that poverty, racism, economic injustice and all the other ills of society are just the way things are? It also discusses two poems, Langston Hughes's Let America be America again and Robert Frost's Mending Wall. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Readings on Family Reunion Theme

    A 5 page paper which examines the theme of family reunions through various readings. The literature discussed or examined is Alice Walker’s “Everyday Use,” Seamus Heaney’s poem “Mid-Term Break,” Kazuo Ishiguro’s “A Family Supper,” Sam Shepard’s play “True West,” and Barbara Dafoe Whitehead’s “Dan Quayle Was Right.” No additional sources cited.

  • High Risk Adolescents and Suicide

    An 8 page paper. The suicide rate among adolescents is alarmingly high. This paper has three parts to it: a statement of the problem and hypothesis, a literature review, and a brief discussion of the perspective of the study. The writer provides data regarding the incidence of teen suicide, reasons that have been proposed, behaviors that signal risk, and what can be done to prevent suicide among adolescents. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Comparing Alcohol Abuse in Heterosexuals and Lesbians

    This paper explores the increased risk to lesbians of alcohol abuse and associates risks, including suicide, battery, cancer, and lack of pyschological treatment. Bibliography lists 7 sources. JVlesalc.rtf

  • Society According to Emile Durkheim

    A 5 page paper which discusses the theories of Emile Durkheim as they involve society. The paper also addresses Durkheim's beliefs concerning the transition of society from traditional to modern, emphasizing issues such as society, suicide, crime, and deviance. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Analyzing Suicide A Study in Sociology by Emile Durkheim

    This is a 10 page paper discussing Emile Durkheim’s text “Suicide: A Study in Sociology”. Emile Durkheim’s text “Suicide: A Study in Sociology” (1897) was considered one of the first studies in the social sciences which used a purely scientific and methodological approach to study a social phenomenon. Suicide, for the large part, previously was considered an individual act focused upon mainly by psychologists. Durkheim however related the individual act of suicide to the cohesiveness or imbalance within society. According to Durkheim, during the age of industrialization throughout the 1800s, the incidence of suicides increased as a result of the demise of the traditional social institutions such as the church and social guilds which could not be replaced by the goals of wealth and the division of labor. Suicides were the result of an imbalance of two major social forces: social integration and moral regulation. Durkheim’s focus on the influence of social forces on the individual was highly controversial during his time as it undermined the concepts of “free will and individual moral agency”. Nevertheless, Durkheim managed to establish sociology and the social sciences as one of the major areas of study within France and his theories and methods are still considered significant in contemporary sociology, more than a century later. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cybercafe Gaming

    A 6 page paper discussing a popular trend. The game-specialist cybercafé in Hong Kong as in any other country offers patrons a wide variety of activities they can pursue. It provides a setting like no other that can be found by any other means. Individuals can be and remain anonymous online while taking part in solitary activities in a social setting. Alternatively, they can choose to meet those who they discover through their online gaming entertainment. The atmosphere of the game-specialist cybercafé in Hong Kong broadens the options available to game players who use the Internet. Some are so compatible that they choose to make their partnerships more permanent. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Durkheim's Theory of Suicide

    A 3 page paper. It is extremely difficult to find accurate figures on suicide in this country. Those data that were available are reported. One thing is certain, the incidence of suicide is increasing in Saudi. The paper discusses this issue and presents and discusses Durkheim’s theory of suicide, including description so the types of suicide he identified. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Debate on Euthanasia Legalization

    A 37 page paper that discusses legalizing euthanasia. This is a heated debate that has raged for at least two decades. The writer provides a general introduction to the topic of euthanasia and physician assisted suicide, definitions of the different categories of euthanasia, claims of opponents and supporters of legalizing euthanasia, activities within the U.S., including Oregon's Death With Dignity law and the effects of the law, activities outside the U.S., including the experiences in the Netherlands, different aspects of the argument, such as he ethical and sociological aspects of the question, and a summary and conclusion. The writer argues in favor of legalizing euthanasia. Data are included. Includes Table of Contents. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • 1990s' Consumer Influence of Fashion Magazines

    This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of fashion magazines throughout history on consumer society, culture and their status in the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. Initially the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. Although women models replaced the dolls, there was no emphasis on the body of the woman. Men did not appear in advertisements and no close-ups were taken of the models. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. Models within fashions magazines, both men and women, are seen as the disturbingly images that continuously reflect not necessarily the expectations of society but the unreal and artificial world of the media. Studies in focus groups have found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Consumer Culture and British Fashion Magazine Influence

    This is a 27 page paper discussing the influence of British fashion magazines on the British consumer society and their influences throughout history up and including the 1990s. The history of the fashion industry in relation to cultural influences, consumerism and the projected images of women and men in today’s society has led to a great deal of research in the fields of sociology, psychology and economics. While fashion magazines have changed their format a great deal in the past century as today their pages contain over one third in advertisements, their content has also changed a great deal. While researching the development of British fashion magazines within the last century, magazines such as Vogue, Elle and InStyle, initially showed that the focus of fashion magazines was women’s clothing and the models were portrayed as older elite women who replaced the dolls previously used. The influence of the fashion magazine on the female consumer at the beginning of the 20th century reflected the expectations of society in regards to conservative or opulent looks depending on the decade. Today, British fashion magazines tend to reflect the standards, or lack of standards, as now seen in the music and media industries. A recent study of focus groups’ opinions of images found in Vogue magazine found that most women and men feel that they can discern from the images presented in fashion magazines those images which are more “realistic” than others. In addition, it appears that in regards to consumer choice, fashion magazines are considered one of the less reliable sources available to consumers who prefer peer, family and local store recommendations over that of fashion magazines which appear as unreliable and unrealistic in regards to most situations and events. Nevertheless, the continued popularity of fashion magazines and their continued focus on the Western and/or American entertainment industries as a source for fashion is considered as a reflection of societal cues and consumer behavior. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • Order, Law, and the Salem Witch Hunts

    This 12 page paper takes a thoughtful look at law and order, and whether or not society really metes out justice fairly. The Salem Witch hunts are looked at as an example of when society unfairly applied what it construed as justice. The unfairness of how women are treated in today's prisons is also another topic addressed in this paper that is chockfull of information and research. Sociological and philosophical perspectives are used to explore how society has tried to maintain order. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Columbus B. Hopper and Johnny Moore's Women in Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs

    This 10 page paper reviews the 1990 article “Women in Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs” by Columbus B. Hopper and Johnny Moore. Whilst describing the research the paper looks at the problems of this 17 year research project and how it was different from other social research undertakings. The paper also summarises the findings. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Health, Environment, and Law

    This 3-page paper answers the following questions: the social psychological role of prevention in the Canadian health care system; how social psychology is used to solve social dilemmas and problems associated with eyewitness testimony and how they can be addressed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Modern Day Print and Film, Cultural Clashes, Chaos or Conformity

    An 8 page paper that examines the choice between conformity or chaos that teenagers and young adults are forced to make under the rules of today's society. Included is an analysis of the character of Sarah Connor in the 1984 James Cameron film Terminator as well as a discussion of Michael Lehmann's 1989 film production of Heathers and Donna Gaines' 1991 publication entitled Teenage Wasteland: Suburbia's Dead End Kids. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The History and Operations of Alcoholic Anonymous

    A 15 page paper. Alcoholic Anonymous is a fellowship that operates differently than another kind of organization. It is truly democratic with only the steps, traditions and concepts to guide it. There are no laws, by-laws or governing persons. This paper offers a brief overview of the beginnings of this fellowship, reports the traditions that guide it, the dedication to service and corporate poverty and how it functions. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Literature Review on Social Behavior

    5 pages in length. The foundations upon which these studies are presented illustrate the broadly associated relationship between "family functioning and adolescent well-being" (Shek, 1997, p. 467), which ultimately dictates the presence of antisocial behavior in the youths. Utilizing British urban populations, Asian family questionnaires and Midwestern psychology students, the researchers sought to gain a significantly better understanding of how and why certain populations engage in greater incidence of antisocial behavior than others do. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • American History X Film and Portrayal of Group Norms

    A 5 page paper. Every group develops norms of behavior. Group norms are the behaviors that are expected of each member of the group. This essay discusses three group norms that were demonstrated in the group of friends in this film. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • 'The End of History?' by Francis Fukuyama

    A 17 page paper that presents an outline and explanation of Fukuyama's thesis about the end of history and the last man. The essay "The End of History?" published in 1989 and the book, The End of History and the Last Man, published in 1992 are still being discussed and analyzed in today's literature. Fukuyama's works created a great deal of furor and criticism in some circles and were applauded in other circles. This paper reports the interpretations of these two works by numerous scholars and also presents the criticisms levied against the thesis by other scholars. The thesis is that liberal democracy has won as the preferred system; this was evidenced by the end of the Cold War and this constitutes the end of history. One question asked by a number of authors is whether Fukuyama means this is the end of history or the end of historical thinking? The thesis is much more complex than this statement would imply and the complexities are discussed and reflected upon. The writer includes their own reflections. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • English Hooliganism and its History

    A 10 page paper which examines why hooliganism is regarded as distinctly English, considers the social landscape that produces and perpetuates it, and explores the role of the media in the development of its perception. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • History Of Child Rearing Practices

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of child-rearing practices beginning in the 1800s. The 20th century was called the century of the child by the National Congress of Mothers in 1899. The writer reports the focus during that century was not on the child. The essay comments on changes in society and beliefs about children and childhood. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Leadership Study Literature Review

    A 20 page literature review that is designed to be used with a study on leadership that employs the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI), developed by Kouzes and Posner in the late 1980s. While this review of pertinent literature does not solely address studies that have employed the LPI, this point is occasionally stressed, as this is the study instrument to be employed by the student researching this topic. In the following literature review, research studies are examined in which leadership was addressed in reference to gender, age, ethnicity and education. Bibliography lists 32 sources.

  • Age and Opinions on Illegal Immigration: A Review of Literature

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of a review of literature on illegal immigration and the impact that age plays. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Medicaid and Abortions; A Literature Review

    This 3 page paper is a literature review looking at the social attitudes towards the provision of abortion through the Medicaid system. The paper focuses on Australia, but many points raised are universal. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • United Kingdom's System of Criminal Justice and Mental Illness

    This 10 page paper looks at the way the mentally ill are treated in the UK criminal justices system. The paper is a literature review for a larger study and includes the definition of mental illness, occurrence and type of mental disorders and the treatment of the mentally ill offenders under the law. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Alan Hodge and Robert Graves' The Long Weekend

    A 4 page analysis of the themes of sports, nudism, and literature in “The Long Weekend” by Alan Hodge and Robert Graves. No additional sources cited.

  • Dignity as a Universal Sociocultural Theme

    A 5 page affirmation that although we typically view our modern world from the perspective of our own sociocultural background we can experience the universality of human dignity first person simply by turning to the literature. This paper examines dignity as it is illustrated by Ernest J. Gains' book "A Lesson Before Dying", Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter from a Birmingham Jail", and several other noteworthy writings. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Relationship Between Divorce and Poverty

    This 10 page paper evaluates divorce and poverty and contemplates whether or not one causes the other. The bulk of this paper is a literature review. The information is evaluated and a conclusion is reached. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Making Hunting A Deviant Behavior

    6 pages in length. Society is filled with activities not readily classified as deviant within the scope of acceptance when enough people consider them "normal" by cultural standards. The United States - which may have more routine actions deemed normal than other countries because of its multicultural composition - relishes the "sport" of boxing where men purposely inflict pain and injury upon one another to determine who is the best. Americans also enjoy taking the lives of other animals in the name of recreation and then displaying the stuffed anatomy as an example of man's superiority and prowess. The two activities have only one difference: people can decide to put themselves in harms way while animals cannot, an ethical and environmental connotation that demands hunting be deemed deviant. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Social Workers Leadership and Management

    A 5 page paper discussing differences in management considerations of professionals as opposed to hourly service workers, such as the employees of a fast food restaurant. The view of the employee as someone who needs to be watched constantly is an outdated one that precludes the need for leadership. This is particularly untrue for professionals involved in social work. There are issues of governance that must be addressed and rganizations need to have specific procedures in place of course. They also need to have the means to ensure accountability. Most social workers are committed to their jobs in terms of ideology and personal conviction, however. They are unlikely to require much if any supervision for the purposes of ensuring productivity. Adherence to procedure and creative solutions to administrative problems are of greater issue for social worker supervisors. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Conflict Management, Negotiation, and Cultural Differences

    A 14 page paper. As businesses continue to expand globally, the ability to negotiate and resolve conflict in different cultures successfully becomes essential to success. This essay discusses how culture affects conflict management and business negotiations. The four approaches to researching this topic are outlined as are different ways of understanding culture and how those approaches can interfere with communication and conflict management. Specific examples of how company managers in other cultures approach conflict management are provided. For example, U.S. managers often approach conflict as competition while many Asian managers either try to avoid conflict or try to compromise. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sociology and Psychology Integration

    5 pages in length. The integration of psychology and sociology has been brewing for some time now; indeed, contemporary society can no longer ignore the inherent connection between the two disciplines. When applied to the business community, the cohesion of psychology and sociology represents an enlightened approach to the working environment that has long been lacking. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Behavior and the Effects of Culture

    This 8 page essay begins with some general comments about the difficulties associated with defining culture. Using a variety of sources, the writer does define culture, subculture and ethnic group and suggest by their very nature, all three influence an individual's behavior. This paper also focuses on cultural psychology, what it is, why it is important and how it relates to mainstream psychology. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Creativity and its Demise

    This 3 page paper argues that creativity, particularly in art, has been truncated by society. In part, this is attributable to psychology and its attempt to make everyone the same. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Traumatic Brain Injury - Job Coaching

    A 7 page paper that discusses the challenges persons with traumatic brain injury face in returning to the society in general but to the work environment, in particular. The paper discuses why a job coach may be essential in this process. A case study is reported. The writer also discusses the importance of self-efficacy and comments on positive psychology and brain injury. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Connection Between Social Work and Sociology

    A 5 page paper. It could be said that social work is the practical application of sociological theories and perspectives but it is more than that. This essay first defines and explains what sociology is and what social work is. From there, the writer discusses the integration of other disciplines, such as psychology, in the practice of social work. Two examples are discussed – the research regarding alcoholics and the practice of collaboration in social work. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Sociology Q and A

    This 5 page paper answers three questions posed by a student. Topics covered include the application of Freudian psychology to social science, functionalism, conflict theory and interactionism and the application of feminism to social theory. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Bereavement, Death, and Senior Citizens

    15 pages in length. When one considers the impact that death and bereavement have upon the elderly within a community psychology framework, there are two primary elements that comprise both their individual and collective perspective: the physical and emotional implications of getting old. The extent to which these two aspects greatly influence quality of life at this delicate stage is both grand and far-reaching; that many elderly become beset with fear of and anticipation for their own demise, as well as mourning the passing of other friends and family, speaks volumes regarding the impact death and bereavement have upon the elderly. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Codependency, Obsessive Love, and Aggression

    A 12 page research paper on obsessive love and codependency. Obsessive love is defined as a social psychology issue and the role of aggression is explored in great detail. The "Fatal Attraction Syndrome" is essentially what this paper attempts to clarify for the reader. The importance of frustration and its relationship to rejection is of importance as well -- The writer concludes that it is only when we begin to realize that we are creating the very problems we hope to be preventing will the whole problem of codependency, and obsessive love disappear. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Stepparents and Child Sexual Abuse

    A 5 page (4.5 pp. + .5 pg. abstract) paper which examines the issue of stepparents who sexually abuse their stepchildren. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Raising Children in America Today

    A 5 page paper which examines who is really raising our children today. The paper examines how music and television have a very powerful influence on how children grow and who they become. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • MUSIC AND ITS IMPACT ON AMERICAN CULTURE

    This 3-page paper discusses how music impacts American culture. The two examples used are hip-hop/rap and disco. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Class, Race, Sexuality, and Identity

    A 9 page paper which examines sexuality as an underlying facture of stereotypes and gender identity, and how race and class figure into identity models. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Adolescent Homosexuality and Counseling Perspectives

    A 5 page paper that deals with the issues facing counseling psychologists who counsel adolescent homosexuals. The paper discusses the issues facing the adolescents and gives the psychologist background research on a few of these issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Women in Rock and Country Genres

    Within 5 pages, the author discusses the differences between women in rock and country music. There are 2 references.

  • Hip Hop: Past, Present and Future

    A 13 page paper which examines the significance and position of Hip Hop music as it relates to the past, present and future. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Twenty First Century Cultural Artifacts and Ideologies

    This 4 page paper justifies the author’s choices for literature, film, art, music, and toys to include in a time capsule. The author argues that our culture has morally disintegrated and chooses objects that illustrate that disintegration. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Popular Culture of 1950s America

    This 12 page paper covers a variety of topics such as music, television, film, advertising and art, as well as others. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • A Critical Reading of a Passage from Chuck Palahniuk's Fight Club

    This 2.5 page paper focuses on one passage in this book by Chuck Palahniuk. The narrator has just been beaten in a fight, he and Tyler can see his image in the blood on the floor. This paper is an interpretation of this scene based on the Bible. The writer offers an analogy of the image of the narrator and Veronica's veil. Veronica was the woman who wiped Christ's face at Cavalry. The writer also provides an analogy between the rules of the club and the Ten Commandments. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Political Power, Supernatural Rituals and Anthropology

    This is a 4 page paper discussing supernatural rituals and political power, misunderstanding and civilization, and individualism within American culture. Three central ideas within modern day anthropology are discussed, namely: the political functions of supernatural rituals; the misunderstanding of civilization; and, the core values of American culture in relation to the unequal distribution of wealth and the public education system. Supernatural rituals have a political function which can be twofold: those who are influential within the religious structure in society carry that power beyond the ritual itself; and, politically, those who wish the support of a large population within society can align themselves with a religious group. Misunderstanding and illusions for truth are part of the realizations of a young daughter in Barbara Kingsolver’s novel “The Poisonwood Bible” but these ideas are applied to anyone’s idea of his or her own civilization which becomes wholly dependent and built on one society but is inapplicable to another. Finally, the idea of “individualism” within the United States has become so profound that those who are wealthy within the U.S. (including the government itself) have done little for those who are less fortunate. This is well reflected in the high poverty rates in the country and the public school system which is unable to meet the basic needs of its citizens. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Illegal Immigrants

    A 4 page position paper on illegal immigrants. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Unauthorized Migration to America

    A 10 page paper that discusses the causes and consequences of illegal immigration in the United States. Causes or reasons are supported by theory and statistical data regarding the billions of dollars illegal aliens cost this country are reported. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Opposition to Illegal Immigration Arguments

    A 4 page paper opposing illegal immigration. Arguing against illegal immigration is difficult because the very stance raises the ire of well-meaning liberals and offends the sensibilities of many who are far more conservative. Further, those of us who are not of 100 percent Native American heritage are products of immigration ourselves. These difficulties do nothing to alter the facts of illegal immigration, however. Citizens and structures are not prepared for such high numbers of individuals, and the effect is that our judicial system, labor markets and social support systems are overwhelmed. The US needs to establish and enforce immigration control measures, welcoming most but maintaining control of when they arrive and how they survive once they are across the border. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Class, Race, Sexuality, and Identity

    A 9 page paper which examines sexuality as an underlying facture of stereotypes and gender identity, and how race and class figure into identity models. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Welfare Consumerism and Family Authority

    This 4 page paper is written in two parts. The first part of the paper considers how and why authority within the family has changed ion the UK since the 1950's, including reference to Foucault and sexual liberation. The second part of the paper considers why there has been an increase in welfare consumerism in the UK since the 1980's. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • MUSIC AND ITS IMPACT ON AMERICAN CULTURE

    This 3-page paper discusses how music impacts American culture. The two examples used are hip-hop/rap and disco. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Hip Hop: Past, Present and Future

    A 13 page paper which examines the significance and position of Hip Hop music as it relates to the past, present and future. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Tobacco Industry

    This 10 page paper provides a history of the tobacco industry, noting there is evidence of the use of tobacco several centuries B.C. The discussion includes the importance of tobacco to economy of certain colonies/states as well as the importance of this industry to the economy and revenue to governments. In the last part of the paper, the writer argues against banning smoking and suggests the government has exploited the anti-smoking movement to its own gain while those who smoke have lost their civil rights. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Family Corporal Punishment and the Impact It Has on Children

    This 10 page paper considers each of corporal punishment on children within a family environment. The paper spots by defining what is meant by corporal punishments and then goes on to consider the short and long-term consequences to those who suffer from corporal punishment. Issues considered include the physical, psychological and psychosocial results of corporal punishment on individuals, families and society as a home. The paper then goes on to consider some of the approaches which may be adopted in order to avoid the need for parents to use corporal punishment. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • England's Crime and Crime and Punishment from 1800 to 1850

    This 16 page paper considers hat does criminal law history before 1850 tells us about the processes of change in the law and legal institutions. The paper looks at the period 1800 – 1850 and examines four areas of law and the justice system; capital and corporal punishment including the “Bloody Code”; imprisonment and transportation to Australia; juvenile and women Offenders and the fringes of criminality including vagrants, drunkards and prostitutes. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

  • Cosmetic Surgery in California

    A 3 page paper which examines the reasons behind people getting cosmetic surgery in California. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • UK, Work, and Disabilities

    This 21 page paper gives a good and comprehensive overview of employment and the disabled person in the UK, paying special attention to the males. The paper starts by looking at the statistics that show the differences in employment and unemployment rate between disabled and able bodied workers, then looks the way disability is viewed in the work context and how this has changed over time before looking at the current legal situation with reference to the Disability Discrimination Act 1995. The bibliography cites 23 sources.

  • Emotional Intelligence and Occupational Success

    A 5 page review of emotional intelligence, a critical component of personal and occupational success. This paper discusses the origin of the term emotional intelligence and outlines how it is perceived in various organizational environments. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nonprofit Organizations and High Turnover of Employees

    This 10 page paper discusses the high employee turnover in the nonprofit sector. The first section of the paper provides a basic introduction to nonprofit organizational structure and some of the challenges they face, including high turnover rates. The second section comments on the challenges and some reasons for high turnover, including a lack of long-term planning and a lack of effective human resource practices. The last section offers recommendations to reduce turnover. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Neoliberal, Radical and Transformationalist Approaches to Explain the Way Globalization Impacts on Culture

    This 10 page paper considers the impact of globalization has a culture of developing countries, with specific attention paid to India and China. The impact is considered in the framework of three approaches to globalization; the neo-liberal, radical and transformationalist approaches. The different approaches are discussed, along with the concept of globalization, and the evidence is considered in order to determine if one or more these models can be supported in the way globalization is manifesting in impacting culture. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Chicago Heat Wave in Heat Wave A Social Autopsy of Disaster in Chicago

    This 6 page paper discusses the notorious Chicago heat wave which lasted over a week and left many dead in its wake. This paper examines the social structure which allowed a vast number of elderly and other "unwanted" people in society to succumb to the tortures of this heatwave relatively unnoticed until it was too late. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Plato's Works on Socrates' Death and How We Die by Sherwin Nuland

    An 8 page paper which examines conditions of a life well lived and death as seen by Sherwin Nuland in “How We Die” and the works of Plato relating to Socrates’ death (Euthyphro, Crito, and Apology). Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Gender And Socialization: Nature Or Nurture?

    8 pages in length. Distinguishing between nature and nurture where gender construct is concerned means looking more closely at the biological (genetic) versus environmental (cultural) components. The extent to which both elements play a role with regard to gender performance of mental rotation tasks is both grand and far-reaching; that nurture (socialization) takes precedence where the spatial performance of these tasks are concerned speaks to how certain learned behaviors influence the response time between male and female. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Public Behavior and Interpersonal Relations

    This 4 page paper examines interpersonal relationships and how they change when information about them is made public. Attention is given to public behavior, taboos, and norms. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Sexual Exploitation and the Trafficking of Women

    A 48 page paper presenting a comprehensive overview of human trafficking, particularly of women for the purpose of sexual exploitation. The introduction provides a general overview and insight into the extent of this crime. Human trafficking is reported to be the third most profitable illegal business in the world. The second section of the paper offers a feminist perspective on trafficking of women and girls into prostitution. Data include numbers from many different regions in the world. Estimates run as high as 2 million women and girls trafficked every year. Data support the premise that human trafficking is a gendered business, a backlash against feminism, according to one well-known author. The impact of globalization on sex trafficking is then explored. Countries are categorized as origin points, transition points or destination points. The classifications of numerous countries are reported, some of which fit into all three categories. International and national laws and agreements regarding human trafficking and particularly sex trafficking are reported in the next section. Two case studies are then reported: Ukraine and the Philippines. A summary and conclusions end the essay. Bibliography lists 50 sources.

  • Overview of Illegal Immigration in the U.S.

    An 8 page paper. There are approximately 11 million illegal immigrants in the United States. There are also 3 bills pending before the Senate Judiciary Committee plus the House Bill that was passed in December. This essay reports the comments of two journalists and adds comments by the writer. Problems and concerns regarding illegal immigrants are discussed. Statistical data are included. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Favelas Housing and the Political, Social, and Economic Situation in Brazil

    Favelas may be perceived as shanty towns, but in Brazil they are attractive permanent structure built by community and perceived by some as a model for self help. This 3 page paper consider how the development of these favelas by squatters reflect the political, social and economic history and conditions in brazil. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Southwark; Profile and Youth Unemployment

    This 5 page paper looks at the issue of youth unemployment and the way it has been dealt with in Southwark, a borough of London. The paper starts by looking at the demographic profile of Southwark and then considers the unemployment in this context, the level of the unemployment and the main approach to reducing youth unemployment. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Preventing Juvenile Delinquency

    A 4 page paper that begins by defining juvenile delinquency and then provides statistical data on the juvenile arrests. The rest of the paper represents a proposal for the types of activities a new organization in town will offer in an attempt to prevent juvenile delinquency. Statistical Data included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Kolb and Managing Anger

    An 8 page paper that begins with a brief explanation of Kolb's experiential learning model. The writer then discusses anger, what causes anger, predisposition to anger, coping strategies and effective communication techniques. Throughout the discussion, the writer parenthetically indicates which of Kolb's four elements are addressed. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Law as a Social Engineering Tool

    This 3 page paper considers how the law may be used as a tool for social engineering. The writer looks at the way it may have direct and indirect effect and ends by proposing a law with the aim of social engineering. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Manager's Toolbox Website and Peru's 3rd Sector

    This 6 page paper discusses the Third Sector, i.e., private, nonprofit organizations and also comments on the Manager's Toolbox, a Web site for the nonprofit manager. The emphasis is on Peru. The essay first identifies the type of theoretical approach and type of development regime for nonprofits as they exist in Peru. It then reports some useful data found at the Manager's Toolbox site. The writer then goes on to further discuss how the nonprofit sector operates in Peru and concludes with comments to the effect that the Manager's Toolbox is very helpful for American nonprofit managers but not for one investigating Peru. Bibliography lists 3 sites.

  • Parr, Sutherland, and Bullen Article Analysis on Urban and Rural Children's Labor and Economic Responsibilities

    This is a 10 page paper discussing economic and labor responsibilities in children in rural farm families and urban working class children. Joy Parr’s chapter “Apprentice or Adopted” (1994) and Neil Sutherland’s chapter “The Working Lives of Modern Pioneers” (1997) tell of the work ethics, expectations, patriarchal control, family economic status, and gender role development in rural households and communities. Parr addresses the enterprising structure of families on farms which in addition to their gendered-role structure in which all members of families must contribute to the maintenance of the farm, also takes into account the position of immigrant children apprentices. While many farm children are unable to attend schools because of obligations on the farm, this is further diminished in regards to the immigrant children who have fewer educational opportunities than farm children. Sutherland’s work further argues the opportunities which are missed by rural children who are not always able to go to school because of work obligations on the farm. He argues that urban children, who do not have these same obligations, are therefore offered more educational opportunities and subsequent professional opportunities. John Bullen in his article “Hidden Workers: Child Labour and the Family Economy in Late Nineteenth-Century Urban Ontario” (1992) takes this argument one step further. While agreeing that rural children are at a disadvantage because of their labor obligations, so too are urban working class children who also live within family structures where every family member must contribute either in labor or wages in order to sustain the family lifestyle. In all cases, middle and upper class children who do not have the same labor obligations are given more educational, professional and social mobility opportunities in their stead. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • History of Cigarette Advertising

    A 14 page paper. Cigarette advertising began in the early 1900s. It was about 1924 when women were targeted as a market. Tobacco companies first had to dispel society’s mindset against women smoking. Three themes have dominated public relations campaigns and marketing campaigns directed towards women. These are discussed as is the timeline of advertising to women. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Cliques

    3 pages in length. Social groups play an integral role in establishing a positive self-image as well as learning how to interact with others. However, there are some types of groups that can actually be more detrimental to students' social skills when they isolate and incorrectly define their members in others' eyes. Cliques - groups of a select few who share a common characteristic - can work in either direction, with some like academic clubs helping to bring out an otherwise socially inexperienced student, while others like a collection of the most popular girls serves to classify them as elitists who consider others below them. The way cliques are fashioned makes the difference between whether they prove beneficial or harmful to students' social skills. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Casino Gambling Should be Prohibited

    This 6 page paper provides an argument suggesting that casino gaming should be illegal in the United States. Arguments include the fact that casinos attract crime. Gambling addiction is discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • How Cults are Formed and Maintained

    This 5 page paper examines various cults, defines the concept and talks about how cults first form and how they are maintained. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Development of Male Stereotypes in Advertising

    This 4 page paper considers the way in which male gender stereotypes have emerged, first defining what is meant by the term gender stereotype and then applying it with specific attention to magazine advertising it and looking at traditional and newer stereotypes such as the ‘new man’ and the ‘metrosexual’. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Cybercrime, Privacy, and Security

    A 14 page paper. Cybercrime is increasing every year. The costs are staggering, as much as hundreds of millions of dollars each year plus the cost to human dignity and morale. The crooks have had more tools to use than our law enforcement agencies and law enforcement has been consistently thwarted in their attempts to gain authority to use the kinds of programs and strategies that could result in capturing the criminals. That changed on September 11. The Attack on America woke up the public and the Congress and resulted in a number of new laws that give expanded authority to specific agencies to "listen" in on the Internet. This essay discusses Cybercrime and then, the issue of security versus privacy. The writer takes the position that more security is worth less privacy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Cohabitatiin Divorce First Marriage Age

    A 3 page paper that to three topics. How changes in the economy affect: cohabitation, rising age for first marriage, divorce rates. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Video Games and Social Responsibility

    In three pages this paper discusses the continued controversy surrounding the violent content of video games and considers whether or not video game designers have a social responsibility to eliminate the gratuitous violence and abuse of women that are prevalent in video games, an entertainment market that consists predominantly of children. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Child Abuse, Domestic Violence, and the Family

    This 16 page paper argues that the ideal family may be seen as a place of safety, but in reality it may pose dangers to those members inside the family with the ideal perception acting as a shield to help hide the dangers. The paper focuses on domestic violence and child abuse. The bibliography cites 24 sources.

  • Structural Inequality And Diversity

    This 25 page paper is comprised of two parts. The major portion discusses the history of structural inequality, how systems of oppression and inequality are created and perpetuated, the systemic nature of inequality, and the value of diversity. The second and shorter part of the paper discusses structural inequality and communication skills. In this section, the writer focuses on the education system. Numerous examples are provided throughout the paper as are statistical data when available. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Global Warming

    A 6 page paper which examines various articles concerning global warming. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Sociological Look at Epilepsy

    This 4 page paper looks at epilepsy and the social stigma it is associated with. Some information about the medical condition is relayed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • In Favor of Same-Sex Marriage - With Qualifications

    A 6 page paper examining same-sex marriage. The question of same-sex marriage calls to question all manner of complications that can arise from the marriage of individuals of the same sex. The recommendation is that same-sex marriage be allowed, but that same-sex couples' right to marry not eclipse the right of Christian organizations to determine their own course and how they choose to operate. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Benefits Of Profiling In Fighting Terrorism

    A 4 page paper. The writer comments on the controversy of racial profiling in fighting terrorism but also demonstrates the benefits, despite the lack of articles that support this method. The writer defines profiling and how it is used in this fight against terrorism and also recognizes that profiling has been used for evil or inappropriate purposes, Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Amelia Case Study on Career Decision Making

    This 3 page paper discusses the case of a bright, 17-year-old girl who is confused about what college to attend an what career path to pursue. The conflict is driven by perceived family responsibilities. The writer cites Mitchell and Krumboltz theory of career decision making. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Relationships and the Impact of Infidelity

    This 12 page paper defines infidelity and looks at its effects on committed relationships. Several aspects are considered including the societal influence on the perception of adultery. Whether or not relationships can survive affairs is the focus of this paper. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Florida and Foster Care

    A 15 page paper. The primary focus of this paper is the Florida Department of Children and Families (DCF), and more specifically, the foster care system. The subtopic is mental health issues facing children in foster care. The essay reports data regarding the incidence of mental health and behavioral disorders among children and youth, in general, and among children in the foster care system, in particular. A great deal of data regarding children in Florida's foster care system are included. Numerous cases of Florida's mishandling of foster care children in included, including the "loss" of over 500 youngsters. The writer illustrates through examples how the Florida DCF has failed children. These issues are discussed. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Action Research

    A 12 page comprehensive explanation and discussion of action research. Paper includes the historical origins of action research, what it is, and the cycles/phases involved. The essay then explains quantitative and qualitative research designs and the difference between them. The last section discusses interviewing techniques. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Smoking Level Increases and Increased Stress on the Job

    A 70 page expanded version of a much smaller paper researching the hypothesis that smokers in high-stress jobs tend to smoke more in response to stress than do smokers in jobs with lower stress levels. Though there was no existing research with which to guide the study, it still obtains solid and statistically valid results that unquestioningly prove that a smoker's response to a high-stress job is that of smoking more than usual. Existing literature emphasizes the relationship between stress and depression, and also that between smoking and depression. Biochemical and psychological research has concluded that there is a strong relationship between smoking and clinical depression, though it is unclear which contributes to the other. This survey does not specifically address depression, but it does give valuable insight to the relationship of stress-related smoking and workplace stress. Includes 4 charts and 4 tables. Bibliography lists 72 sources.

  • Codependency, Obsessive Love, and Aggression

    A 12 page research paper on obsessive love and codependency. Obsessive love is defined as a social psychology issue and the role of aggression is explored in great detail. The "Fatal Attraction Syndrome" is essentially what this paper attempts to clarify for the reader. The importance of frustration and its relationship to rejection is of importance as well -- The writer concludes that it is only when we begin to realize that we are creating the very problems we hope to be preventing will the whole problem of codependency, and obsessive love disappear. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Problems of Cohabitation

    A 5 page paper discussing the problems that can arise from living together without marriage. Living together has caused far more controversy than just the value of maintaining laws that are no longer enforced. The focus here is its effects on traditional marriage and social issues. Though the most common opinion is that there is nothing 'wrong' with living together either instead of, or before marriage, there is increasing evidence that there is indeed something 'wrong' with it, to the extent that it is listed as a risk factor against the success of subsequent marriage between the same partners. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Marriage and Cohabitation

    The effects of cohabitation on an impending marriage are discussed in this 5 page paper. Also examined, more briefly, is the current trend for couples to marry but live apart. The paper concludes that it is more beneficial for relationships if the couple lives together than if they live apart, whether or not they are married. Religious aspects are explored as well but the paper takes a sociological point of view. The effects of cohabitation on children are also discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Racism and WASPs

    A 3 page paper analyzing racism in relation to WASPs. The writer examines the issues of reverse discrimination, what can be done to change prejudice, and what WASPs can do to bring about this change in how they are perceived. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Have Public Perceptions Shifted on Major Issues?

    A 14 page paper evaluating the mechanisms underlying shifting public attitudes toward sexuality, globalization, drug and alcohol use, and marriage. Too often, we allow our attitudes to be shaped by movies, news items and bored celebrities who have too little of consequence to do with their time and are too shallow to seek out worthy pursuits from which we could all benefit. Hollywood and journalists often exploit marginal aspects of society, making aberrations appear more common than they truly are. The visibility, however, works to diminish the shock value of the real-life occurrences and contributes to their becoming more common. Bibliography lists approximately 10 sources.

  • Gender Relationships and Anthony Trollope's The Way We Live Now

    This 5 page report discusses Anthony Trollope’s book and examines the consequences of a laissez faire society, especially as it applies to the relationships between men and women. No additional sources cited.

  • Methamphetamines

    The increasing use of illegal drugs has been a subject that compels politicians to make statements and instigate punitive legislation, however, the numbers continue to increase. This 7 page paper examines the problem of methamphetamine use and abuse, its effects and treatment. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Thomas Malthus and His Theories on Population

    This 7 page paper looks at the theories of Thomas Malthus on population growth and control. His controversial views were not universally accepted as they appeared to condone the abandonment of welfare provisions due to the relationship between food production and population growth. Alternative views have been put forward in the years since Malthus first published his theories, as such the theories of Esther Boserup which can be seen as a strong contrast to Malthus are also considered. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Gone with the Wind, Patriarchy, and Gender Roles of the Antebellum South

    A 5 page paper that discusses the sexual and social structural system that existed in the antebellum south and how this basic structure was altered by first the Civil War and then the massive socio-economic changes that swept the south following this war. Presented is a portrait of both traditional and conventional images of the southern gentleman and the southern belle, with emphasis focused on the new image of the southern female that emerged after the Civil War. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Howard's End and the Symbolism of Materialism and Culture

    A 7 page paper that examines the concepts of culture versus materialism and practicality versus intellectualism as presented by the Schlegel and Wilcox families in E.M. Forster's 1910 novel Howard's End. Also included are discussions of the symbolism incorporated into each family characterization as well as into the physical estate of Howards End. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Society Does Not Exist

    7 pages in length. Merriam-Webster defines society as an enduring and cooperating social group whose members have developed organized patterns of relationships through interaction with one another. In light of such a description, one might readily argue the fact that contemporary society does not exist. Clearly, mankind has reached an apex of incompatibility, inasmuch as racial, political, economic and social intolerance is at an all-time high. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Arranged Marriage's Psychological and Physical Perils

    A 5 page paper that focuses on the potential physical and psychological perils that exist within the framework of the traditional Eastern practice of arranged marriage. Presented are the views of those opposing this age-old practice as well as opinions expressed by proponents of this issue. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Societal Perspectives of John Kenneth Galbraith and Adam Smith

    This 6 page paper examines positions of these two authors by using Adam Smith's (a.k.a. George Goodman) The Money Game and John Galbraith's The Culture of Contentment. Ideas about the wealthy in society are provided. No additional sources cited.

  • The Workplace and the Practice of Ageism

    (5 pp) Action must be taken to correct the serious situation where a very significant percentage of people over 50 are economically inactive. There is no bar to their employment other than an attitude by many employers that they are too old! And as my Grandfather used to chuckle in German, 'We are too soon old, and too late smart.' The United States work force is starting an interesting period of time : four defined generations of workers are all competing for the same space. All four have qualities that employers are looking for, all four have liabilities which can be compensated by one or more of the other groups. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Methodologies of Sociological Research

    A paper which looks at sociological research methodologies, with particular reference to the conflict and rational-utilitarian perspectives of sociological theory.

  • Self Presentation and Self Image

    A seven page paper which looks at the way in which self-image and self-esteem are developed, and their relevance to self-presentation techniques in impression management. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • Male Perspective on 'Lookism'

    5 pages in length. Society is filled with various 'isms' that serve to define and ultimately separate the groups for which these words were created. While some of these expressions are beneficial to people as a whole – patriotism, heroism – the vast majority – racism, sexism, genderism, ageism – are used in a negative connotation as a means by which to sequester certain portions of society. In keeping with this alienating attitude, lookism has become yet another standard on this long list of 'isms," with the male perspective one of the most important aspects of its existence. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Black American Perspectives on Death and Dying from a Religious View

    This 10 page paper discusses religious beliefs and cultural customs regarding death and dying among the African American population. First, it would be wrong to lump all African Americans together and assume they all share the same religious and cultural beliefs and use the same procedures when it comes to death and dying. That would be a gross stereotypical conclusion. There are a multitude of variables that influence any family's beliefs and customs. This essay reports the comments and discussions of a number of persons who belong to this racial community and/or who have studied the topics. There are some core beliefs that may be practiced by many of the black population, such as spirituality, the circle of life and the collective decision making process. These are explained and discussed. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Volunteer Program Success and Staffing

    This 4 page paper begins by discussing Staffing the Volunteer Program Success by Susan J. Ellis, who emphasizes the importance of hiring a person to manage and supervise the volunteer program. The essay then brings in other authors who have written on the same topic. Statistical data regarding the number of volunteers and their worth in America are included. A six-step process for managing the program is outlined. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Female Communications and Body Language

    A 3 page paper which illustrates how women use body language to communicate. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Arlie Russell Hochschild's When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work

    A 3 page paper which examines the meaning of the title “The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work” by Arlie Russell Hochschild. No additional sources cited.

  • The Legalization of Gambling: Its Social Impact and the Reasons for Its Continuation Paper Outline

    This is a 3 page outline discussing the points needed for a paper on the legalization of gambling and its social impact. However, the outline concludes with the continuation of legal gambling opposed to possibilities of banning it. An outline involving the legalization of gambling and its social impact includes various elements: the history of gambling on a worldwide scale; the history of gambling in the United States; and the impact of the legalization of gambling on a psychological, sociological and economic scale among other factors. The negative impact of legalized gambling has been found to be mainly socioeconomic in that people who become addicted gamblers often end up not only ruining their own lives financially and socially but also the lives of those around them. From a psychological perspective as well, gambling addiction must be treated similar to other addictions and therefore requires financial assistance to administer recovery programs. The positive impact of gambling is largely economic in nature by providing communities and state governments which much needed funding and employment opportunities in addition to the fact that many people enjoy gambling as a leisure activity. Despite the negative aspects related to gambling however, most researchers seem to conclude that banning gambling would not only be ineffective in stopping compulsive gamblers who may increase their risk by continuing to gamble but that banning gambling will take away some of the fundamental rights expected within the U.S.; freedom of decision-making and individual responsibility. Individuals currently have the freedom to decide whether or not to take part in the leisure activity of gambling or not; if this freedom were to be taken away it would negatively affect the nation’s moral health.

  • Oppenheim's Media Violence and Television

    A paper which looks critically at Oppenheim's study of media violence, and considers whether the hypothesis which he puts forward is valid in the light of other, more recent research into the impact of TV violence on the public in general, and young people in particular. Annotated bibliography with 5 sources.

  • Overview of Lies and Liars

    A 3 page paper which examines and classifies, without the use of source material, casual lies, careful lies, and compulsive liars. No sources cited.

  • Delinquency and Labeling Theory

    This 3 page paper begins by explaining labeling theory, including criticism of the theory. The essay provides examples of prevention programs that would support this perspective. The writer also comments on parenting styles found most effective for preventing delinquency. The essay concludes with comments related to treatment of status offenders. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 'The End of History?' by Francis Fukuyama

    A 17 page paper that presents an outline and explanation of Fukuyama's thesis about the end of history and the last man. The essay "The End of History?" published in 1989 and the book, The End of History and the Last Man, published in 1992 are still being discussed and analyzed in today's literature. Fukuyama's works created a great deal of furor and criticism in some circles and were applauded in other circles. This paper reports the interpretations of these two works by numerous scholars and also presents the criticisms levied against the thesis by other scholars. The thesis is that liberal democracy has won as the preferred system; this was evidenced by the end of the Cold War and this constitutes the end of history. One question asked by a number of authors is whether Fukuyama means this is the end of history or the end of historical thinking? The thesis is much more complex than this statement would imply and the complexities are discussed and reflected upon. The writer includes their own reflections. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Deafness and Differing Perceptions

    This 3 page report discusses three different views of deafness: 1) a medical view which sees deafness as a medical problem to be cured; 2) a communicative view, which takes deafness to be an impediment to effective communication with others, and; 3) the cultural view, which focuses on the distinctive cultural heritage and patterns of the signing deaf community. Positive and negative aspects of each view are discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Media Role, Urbanization, and Community

    A paper which looks at the concept of community in view of the changing perceptions of the city, the impact of urbanisation and the growth of the suburbs, and the role which the media might play in re-establishing the traditional idea of the community. Bibliography lists 3 sources

  • Hollywood Elite and Titanic Film by Director James Cameron

    This 4 page paper looks at the political economy of New Hollywood. A Marxist interpretation is provided. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Adult Literacy and the New York City Public Library

    A 26 page paper that begins with a definition of literacy, the three types of literacy assessed and scoring processes. National and international literacy rates are then reported along with the negative effects of illiteracy. The paper then changes to report the history of the New York Public Library, which provides services in Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island, the Brooklyn Public Library and the Queens Borough Public Library. The adult literacy programs offered by each of these library systems is reported, the types of services, the characteristics of the literacy programs and the number of locations for these programs. The paper ends with a report of the New York City Adult Literacy Initiative. Statistical data are included. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • The Conflict Theory of Karl Marx and Views of Terrorism

    A 22 page paper that begins with a brief history of the evolution of terrorism, including the typologies of terrorism. Factors that have been linked to terrorism, such as poverty and lack of education are discussed. These two suggested causes, however, cannot be supported in more recent terrorist acts. Other causes cited in the literature are reported and discussed. The myths of terrorism, according to at least one author are reported. Marx's conflict theory is then explained and discussed as it might apply to terrorist acts in the past and in the present. The last section offers additional thoughts and a conclusion on the causes of terrorism. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Koran Sections 'Women' and 'Cow' and Contemporary City Governments

    This 4-page paper focuses on quotes from the Koran (specifically from the sections "Cow" and "Women") and applies them to how city governments walk a thin line between passing laws to govern and giving in to mankind's need and instinct for pleasure.

  • Addressing the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency

    A 20 page discussion of the problem of juvenile delinquency. The author asserts that this problem can relate to a number of factors including the particulars of a child's home life, their socioeconomic status, etc. Finding a solution to juvenile delinquency, however, is not as easy as determining its causes. Bibliography lists 23 sources.

  • Aging and Mitochondria

    This 14 page paper discusses the aging of America. Today, more than 6,000 people turn 65 every day, that number will jump to 10,000 by 2011. This essay provides information on aging trends and the effect on the health care system. The writer also comments on the mitochondrial damage theory of aging and reports two dietary supplements that have been shown to be effective in preventing and even reversing certain age-related symptoms. 1 Graph included, Statistical data included. Statistical data reported. 1 Graph included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Gender Roles and the Effect of the Great Depression

    A 6 page paper that discusses the roles of men and women prior to the Great Depression and in the 1930s. The writer comments on the gender socializaion processes children experience from infancy beginning with their parents. During the Great Depression and the next decade, women were still able to find jobs because employers would not hire men and men would not accept jobs that were deemed to be female-type jobs Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Global Population Analysis

    A 6 page paper. This essay looks at five countries: Rwanda, Costa Rica, Iraq, the United Kingdom and Australia. The writer reports demographic data for each country, points out the significant differences between countries, such as life expectancy and mortality rate, and discusses specific issues, such as the impact of population growth. 2 Tables included. A great deal of statistical data are included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Homeless and Health Care

    This 5 page paper begins with the most recent estimate of the number of Americans who are homeless. The essay discusses the health problems of this population and includes examples of some homeless health care projects. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Death in Hospice Verses Death in Death Row Incarceration

    This 6 page paper looks at death and dying by comparing the situation where a person is scheduled to die and waiting on death row to someone dying of cancer in a hospice. Social meanings are discussed. Some history on the death penalty is included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • UK Migrant Workers and Culture

    This 5 page paper examines the culture of migrant workers entering the UK. The paper looks at the research and theories concerning the way that integration or assumption may occur. The paper also looks at and the evidence of acceptance or rejection of the host nations culture and the way in which a hybrid culture may develop. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Sample Populations and Designs of Probability and Nonprobability

    An 8 page paper that begins with a statement explaining target population and sample population. The first part of the paper explains different non-probability designs, including purposive, convenience and volunteer. Probability designs are then discussed, including simple random designs, stratified, systematic, cluster and multi-stage with examples. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • US Society and Television's Impact

    This 5 page paper examines television as a twentieth century invention. The future of television is explored. The effects of TV on society are discussed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Subculture Of Malls As Locations With Social Function

    8 pages in length. Culture is defined in myriad ways and influenced by an infinite number of elements, most of which exists in constant state of fluidity. To characterize culture as the foundation around which entire societies revolve is to recognize the singular influence the ongoing progression of mankind has upon the very nature of civilization. Indeed, the extent to which humanity and culture reflect an ever-evolving synergistic coupling is both grand and far-reaching; that certain aspects of a given culture seem to define this correlation more than others speaks to the common denominator found in such social symbols as shopping malls. Meaghan Morris's account of the cultural significance inherent to contemporary shopping centers provides a sociological look at the way in which these collections of retail stores serve as much more than simply a place to purchase goods, but rather a location where some of the most important community interaction takes place. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Poverty : Causes And Effects

    This 12 page paper begins with the data regarding poverty, including rates, regions, minority factors. The paper discusses theories on the causes of poverty and the outcomes and consequences of poverty, including poorer health and less education. The long-term consequences are also discussed. The writer comments about poverty and the schools and the implications for educators. Statistical data included. 1 Table included. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Alcohol Use of Polices Among the Indigenous Population in Australia

    This 14 page paper looks at the indigenous population in Australia and the issue of alcoholism and alcohol abuse in the aboriginal people. The paper starts with a community profile of the indigenous population living and then looks at the way alcohol is perceived and the problem, as well as the policies and strategies to reduce the harm it causes and the shortfall in the policies between what is provided and what is needed. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • National Statistics And Local Decisions

    A 3 page paper that begins by briefly explaining what statistics is and the purpose of statistics. The essay discusses how easily it is to misuse statistics, using the example of national teacher salary averages. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Plastic Surgery in Contemporary Society

    This 5 page paper looks at the political and social implications of plastic surgery. Gender differences are noted as well. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The American Dream

    A 14 page paper which examines economic giants such as Microsoft, Google, and eBay as they reflect the presence of the past Fords and Rockefellers. The paper further examines these giants, and past giants, as they relate to the American Dream, while also examining the American Dream in and of itself. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • CINDY SHEEHAN, GEORGE BUSH AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION

    This 4-page paper uses the case of Cindy Sheenan's "campout" outside of President Bush's Crawford, Texas ranch in 2005 to determine why suppression doesn't work in conflict resolution. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Need for Privacy

    Man is a social creature, but still needs privacy. This 3 page paper looks at why there may be a desire for privacy and seeks to identify patterns within that desire for privacy. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Classical/Choice Theory and the Death Penalty

    In seven pages this paper presents the pros and cons of the death penalty issue and then presents an argument based upon classical/choice theory that considers committing crimes to be an act of free will and that punishment should serve as a crime deterrence. Two sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Reducing Gang Violence In New York City

    This 8 page paper comments on the policies and strategies that have been used in New York City to reduce gang violence for the last several decades and the results of those efforts. For comparison, the writer comments on how differently Los Angeles deals with this same issue. The writer than briefly comments on how persons holding different perspectives, liberal, civil libertarian, conservative and crime control might respond to the policies in New York City. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Smoke Detectors

    A 5 page paper. The question was to discuss benefits and drawbacks of using radioactive ions in smoke detectors, according to any type of point of view, e.g., ethical. After reporting and discussing the research of both ionized and photoelectric smoke detectors, the writer finds there are no issues relative to the radioactive ions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Traumatic Brain Injury - Job Coaching

    A 7 page paper that discusses the challenges persons with traumatic brain injury face in returning to the society in general but to the work environment, in particular. The paper discuses why a job coach may be essential in this process. A case study is reported. The writer also discusses the importance of self-efficacy and comments on positive psychology and brain injury. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Lutheran Refugee Services

    An 18 page paper. Lutheran Refugee Service is part of the Lutheran Family Service organization. This essay provides a brief historical overview, mission, vision and value statements, comments about human resource management, and a SWOT analysis of Lutheran Refugee Service with an emphasis on services in Nebraska. The paper also comments on leadership, fiscal management and responsibility, marketing, the impact of government and ethical and legal issues. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Social Justice : Hiv/Aids, Obesity, Aging

    A 4 page paper divided into two parts. The fist part discusses social justice and HIV/AIDS and obesity; the second part discusses the aging population and how social workers can help. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Love in internet relationships

    A 3 page paper which looks at internet romance, and whether it is possible to develop romantic feelings for someone before meeting them face-to-face. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Advertising and Consumerism

    A 3 page paper which examines the impact of print media advertising on consumerism. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Finding Peace in a Culture of War

    This 8 page paper considers the way that a culture of war can develop, and defines a culture of peace by looking at the concept of a culture of war. The concepts are then applied to Africa, where there are many conflicts, and used to determine the way that nations might find lasting peace. The bibliography cites 9 sources

  • Research Results on Word Recall

    This 13 page paper is based on data supplied by the student following primary research assessing the way emotional and non emotional words are remembered. The paper includes the results discussion and an analysis of the results along with a discussion and assessment of limitations. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Shootings in School

    An 8 page paper which examines and analyzes the cause of school shootings. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Development in Aging

    A 3 page paper that begins with general comments about aging. The writer reports what people can do to age successfully during adulthood and late adulthood. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Organizations, Communities, Poverty

    A 5 page paper that begins with definitions and a discussion of the natures of these two entities. The paper then discusses poverty and how it is defined and persistent poverty. The writer comments on the challenges of providing public health services to rural areas. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Effective Communication Between the Sexes and the Cultures

    This 6 page paper details the impacts gender and culture can have on effective communication. Workplace communication can be affected by each. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Italian Cuisine in the 1400s - Social Divisions and Food

    This is a 3 page paper that provides an overview of food in 1400s Italy. The link between food choices and social divisions and issues is explored. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Comparing and Contrasting Forms of Dating: Online and Traditional

    In three pages this paper compares and contrasts the traditional forms of dating with its online counterpart. Two sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • The Super Bowl and Consumerism

    This is a 5 page paper that provides an overview of consumerism. Consumerism surrounding the Super Bowl is analyzed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

 

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