Research Papers on General Health Issues

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • OBESITY IN AMERICA: PROBLEMS AND POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS

    This 5-page paper presents a proposal for dealing with obesity in the United States. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Research Proposal on the Effectiveness of Treating Lower Back Pain with Acupuncture

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of the existing research regarding the use of accupuncture for pain reduction. This paper gives a review of literature and a proposed methodology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Sub Saharan Africa Prevention of HIV and AIDS

    This 12 page paper is a literature review and methodology for research to consider what public policies policy the greatest role in preventing the spread of HIV/AIDs in Sub Saharan Africa. The paper looks at the virus and a range of methods already used to try and slow down transmission rates and argues that that measures which look only to cure and resolve HIV alone are bound to fail as they do not tackle the root causes of the spread of the virus. The only way to eradicate HIV is to deal with the environment issues that make its spread possible. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Preschool Children Vision Screening II

    A 4 page paper discussing the benefits of screening children for physical vision defects from birth through early elementary years. The paper accompanies a 10-slide PowerPoint presentation, which provides recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force urging vision screenings for children under the age of 5. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Preschool Vision Screening Justification

    A 4 page paper containing the text of a 13-slide PowerPoint presentation. Vision screening is not currently practiced in public schools. There is evidence that treatment of amblyopia becomes more difficult with age and that the most effective ages for treatment occur during preschool years. Clearly, it is not possible to treat something that has not been identified. Amblyopia leads to both near- and far-sightedness (myopia and hyperopia), which in turn can create a number of learning problems for children as they enter school. The presentation provides recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force urging vision screenings for children under the age of 5. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Presentation on Setting up a Day Center for an Ethnic Minority

    This 9 page paper is a PowerPoint presentation examining the key factors in setting up a day center for an ethnic minority community and how it may be able to help that community. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Human Over-Reliance on Antibiotics

    This 3 page paper is a 4 slide PowerPoint presentation with speaker notes looking at whether or not man has relied too much on the use of antibiotics, with antibiotics found in the food chain and over prescribed by doctors. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Quantitative and Qualitative Research Articles Reviewed

    This 8 page paper provides an overview of a number of qualitative and quantitative research articles, and provides a comparative view. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Midwifery Understanding Through Quantitative and Qualitative Methodologies

    The midwife, working within the modern context, has a need to be aware of as many aspects of the circumstance as possible. This 8 page paper examines the different styles of research in terms of applicability to midwifery and concludes that the midwife is best able to utilize research results according to their own style and beliefs. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Study Proposal on Work Days Off and How Second Hand Smoke Affects the Lung Function of Employees

    A 9 page proposal for an experimental design to test the impacts of secondary smoke in the workplace utilizing a sample base of male non-smokers who do not live with a smoker. Relies on the utilization of salivary testing for cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, to quantify the degree of smoking which an individual is exposed to in the workplace. Notes that much of what we know of the impacts of secondary smoke relates to specific pulmonary function but little has been done in regard to correlating this knowledge with employee absenteeism. Because of the susceptibility of employees to this environmental contaminant, and its suspected impact of necessitating time off work due to related illnesses, it is imperative that these risk be quantified. This quantification could prove particularly useful in deciding workplace smoking policy. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Breast Cancer Chemoprevention

    5 pages in length. The writer provides a research proposal for the chemopreventive drugs tamoxifen and raloxifene in relations to women with a high risk of breast cancer. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Issues of Emergency Response Disaster Management

    A 20 page paper discussing issues surrounding emergency response as it relates to disaster management. The paper discusses emergency response resulting from the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, but it also discusses events such as Hurricane Fran in 1996, centering on the coast of North Carolina where the category 3 storm made landfall. The key to effective emergency response - excluding the training that can be seen as being a constant value – lies in the quality of communication between diverse teams and agencies responding to the event that has generated a crisis. The purpose here is to address two primary questions: “Are emergency responders equipped to communicate with others outside of their departments in time of crisis? [and] What are strategies to improve communications?” The paper concludes that emergency response in urban areas is highly effective, but that the same efforts in rural areas can be hindered by communication deficiencies. Bibliography lists 11 sources. A companion 16-slide Power Point presentation is available.

  • Public Health Advertising v. Direct to Consumer Advertising

    A 9 page research paper that contrasts and compares US direct-to-consumer advertising for prescription drugs with the European approach, which emphasizes public health education because the advertising of name brand drugs in the EU is prohibited. The writer concludes that these two forms of advertising are converging and that this evolution offers a positive benefit to public health. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Sub Sahara Africa and Orphans with AIDS and HIV

    This 8 page paper is the first chapter and a research proposal for an in-depth literature review which includes an expansion of what the HIV/AIDS virus is, how it is impacting on the structure of society as well as the direct and indirect physical and mental impact on the orphans. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Asthma: A Research Proposal

    A 10 page discussion of the genetic and environmental correlations of asthma. This paper presents a study designed to educate genetically at-risk families in Harlem NY and to track those families over time to assess program benefits. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Evaluating the Impacts of a Vegetarian Diet Proposal

    A 20 page proposal to evaluate the effects of a vegetarian diet on health and quality of life. A specific emphasis is placed on evaluating the effects of the vegetarian diet in terms of disease prevention. Provides a review of the literature and presents the hypothesis that vegetarians are likely to enjoy an improved quality of life, a lesser propensity for obesity and such diseases as cardiovascular disorders, osteoporosis, cancer, and diabetes. Suggests experimental methodology for testing this hypothesis and supports the contention that this performance can be judged through a comparison of cholesterol levels, body mass index (BMI), and medical history in regard to diseases, and blood sugars of vegetarians verses non vegetarians. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • RESEARCH PROPOSAL: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PATIENT SATISFACTION AND PHYSICIAN PERFORMANCE IN AN OUTPATIENT CLINIC

    This 9-page paper is a model research proposal for measuring patient satisfaction in physician performance. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Proposal for Program in CPR Training

    (5 pp) In reviewing the statistical data from 1998, according to the United States Department of Labor, 5.9 million employee injuries and illnesses were reported-which translates to 6.7 incidents for every 100 full-time employees. And although work injury deaths declined in 1999, that still averages about seventeen fatal injuries a day. This proposal will help you and your employees be more than statistical numbers. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Hepatitis C Control Proposal

    This 5 page paper proposes a three step program to control the spread of the disease in Los Angeles. At the center of the proposal is education, and a needle exchange plan is also recommended. Research is cited. An overview of the disease is provided. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • HIPAA Privacy Rule Effects and Implementation

    This 12 page paper provides a proposal for a research project involving the impact of the HIPAA legislation. The paper is broken down into many categories and includes an outline, abstract, review of literature and recommendations. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Health Care Insurance And The Unemployed

    A 9 page paper that is written as a proposal. The paper discusses the issue of continuing health care insurance after losing one's job. Statistical data are included regarding the unemployed and the uninsured. The writer points out the greater difficulties single individual unemployed persons have obtaining health care coverage. Annotated bibliography included in the page count. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Methodology Proposal on Depression and Obesity

    This 4 page paper provides the methodology section of a study proposal. Included are: operational definitions of depression, overweight and obesity, a description of the sample population, data collection and a brief description of the research design. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Includes a 1 page outline.

  • Health and Alcohol

    This 18 page paper is a literature review and proposal for a study to develop strategies for the health service to increase health in the local population by reducing the level of alcoholism and alcohol abuse in a low income community. The paper starts by outlining the study community that will benefit and then considers what is meant by health the physical and social impacts of alcohol and the knock on effect with the level of road accidents that occur as a result of alcohol and the cost of the harm caused by alcohol in England. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • The Education of Sub-Saharan Women/A Research Proposal

    A 6 page paper proposing research into educating women in sub-Saharan Africa in health issues, concentrating on nutritional needs, condom use and general health matters. The desired end goal is to design a program addressing topics particularly applicable to women in sub-Saharan Africa, including both social structures and specifics of disease transmission and development. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • A Case Study Concerning the Move to Electronic Patient Records

    This 7 page paper looks at the example of a health organization that decided to migrate from paper-based patient records to electronic patient records. The goals of the migration are outlined, different considerations and implementation processes which were used are discussed and the outcome is summarized. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Research Proposal on Intervention Studies Precutaneous Revascularization, Pharmacotherapy, and Exercise in PADr

    This 16 page paper outlines a study of possible treatment for PAD, peripheral arterial disease. This paper considers the views presented in the current literature, and outlines the use of a quantitative format to consider the views of others in regards to PAD and prevention efforts. Further, this study also integrates a view of existing efforts and pharmacological protocols that can be beneficial in preventing the problematic outcomes of PAD, which can include lost ambulation, excessive pain and discomfort and long-term loss of functioning.

  • Health Care: Proposal

    4 pages in length. The following proposal speaks to the existing health care operation whereby the modification of two specific aspects will serve to address the insufficiencies inherent to the current program: A) modify the overall service delivery approach and B) enrich the fundamental quality of care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • A Case Study to Demonstrate Influences on the Delivery of Mental Healthcare

    This 10 page paper uses the fictitious case of a mental health patient living in the community to illustrate the impact that political philosophies and statutory instruments have on the way care is provided for those suffering from mental illnesses. The paper is written with reference to policies and legislation in the UK. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Health Care Services Case Study

    A 7 page paper that responds to specific questions about a 75-year-old patient and a health care organization. The essay includes reports and discussions of the services this health care agency provides and relates it to one of Etzioni's approaches to s social problems, Erikson's life stages, and Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system as related to the services provided by this organization.

  • Health Care Center Case Study: PQRST

    5 pages in length. Mr. G.M. arrived for his emergency appointment at the health care center presenting with an earache and sore throat. While it may not have seemed to be a need for an emergency appointment, the attending nurse found out additional information via the PQRST format that did not necessarily warrant immediate attention but is commonly seen in the emergency room. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • AFFORDING JUNK FOOD: CASE STUDY ANALYSIS

    This 3-page paper answers questions pertaining to junk food consumption among low-income families. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Falls Regulation in New York

    This 3 page paper looks at the case of a New York hospital is discussing the regulations which are in place to help prevent and manage falls. Following consideration of the Jew York regulations for reporting, the paper presents a discussion on the appropriateness of the existing monitoring and data according processes of the hospital. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Electronic Child Health Network - An Analysis

    This 10-page paper analyzes the case study entitled "Electronic Child Health Network," detailing an e-health network in Canada. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Contemporary Studies of Formative Sexual Experiences

    This is a 15 page paper discussing formative sexual experiences. Formative sexual experiences are those which relate to initial sexual intercourse and in most social science investigations are based on heterosexual relations. Chapter 9: Formative Sexual Experiences in “The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States” by Laumann et al in 1994, reports the trends found in a national survey done in the United States. Generally, it was found by the investigators that there has been a steady decline in age over the past forty years in regards to first intercourse and this is consistent with other studies. Other results of the study found that men’s motive for their first sexual experience is largely that of sexual curiosity while women motivations are more emotionally based. Other results found that one in twenty women reported being forced for her first sexual intercourse and a substantial proportion of men and women reported preadolescent sexual conduct with adults. In relation to other studies conducted, Laumann’s results are consistent with those reported in the United States but some factors differ from studies conducted in other areas of the world such as New Zealand, Norway, and Thailand to name a few. While all studies reported that the age of initial sexual experience is declining, the long lasting effects on relationships are not always considered to be negative as reported in a New Zealand study and females and males differ in their sexual motivations in Nordic society. The differences in the studies are often based on the differences on the social norms and structures of each society and because of this Laumann’s report can only be taken in the context of American society in the early 1990s. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • 4 Major Child Abuse Types, Treatment, Prevention, and Statistics

    This is a 3 page paper discussing child abuse. The four types of child abuse: physical, sexual, emotional and neglect affects over 879,000 children in the United States on an annual basis. In the past decade, it has been found that over 3 million suspected cases are reported each year. Perpetrators of the abuse are parents, caregivers, babysitters, relatives, and foster parents among others. While the rates of male and female children are around the same, female children suffer four times the rate of sexual abuse than males. In addition to the annual rates of abuse, approximately 1,200 children die each year from abuse and neglect with 85% of child fatalities occurring in children under the age of six. Each year new prevention and treatment programs are developed on national and state levels in order to lessen the incidence of child abuse through support programs and education. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Global Organization Doctors Without Borders

    (6pp) Doctors Without Borders is an international organization, with offices in 18 countries. It sends more than 2,000 volunteers, of more than 45 nationalities, to some 80 countries annually. It's volunteer medical staff does amazing work in strife and war torn areas throughout the globe. In 1999 the organization was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • UK Confidentiality and Doctors

    This 10 page paper looks at health law in the UK and the issue of confidentiality. It is usually assumed the patient has a right to privacy however there are many different circumstances under which this assumed automatic right of confidentiality will be breached. This paper considers a range of these circumstances and examines them with reference to statute law, regulations and case law. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Information Needs Of Doctors And Nurses

    A 3 page paper that identifies the information needs of doctors and nurses at a specific hospital. The source article is entitled: Perceived Information Needs and Communication Difficulties of Inpatient Physicians and Nurses. The writer then discusses the problems and offers suggestions for solving those problems. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Pharmacists and the Issue of Prescriptive Authority

    A 9 page overview of the issues surrounding the needs, justifications, and objections to allowing pharmacists to write prescriptions for medication and to intervene in medication regimes when they determine that regime may be dangerous or ineffective. Emphasizes that prescriptive authority for pharmacists has been perceived by physicians as an infringement into an area in which doctors have previously held an almost uncontested monopoly. Presents the argument that pharmacists may be more capable of monitoring and prescribing drugs than are doctors themselves. Outlines the legislative history of prescriptive authority in several states which have already enacted the authority and the limitations on that authority. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Human Over-Reliance on Antibiotics

    This 3 page paper is a 4 slide PowerPoint presentation with speaker notes looking at whether or not man has relied too much on the use of antibiotics, with antibiotics found in the food chain and over prescribed by doctors. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • An Individual's Explanation on Why He Wants to Become a Doctor

    A 6 page account of why one individual wants to become a physician. This paper relates the personal experiences of a student that stayed at his mother's bedside during a six month hospitalization. The lack of empathy and professionalism that he witnessed in the doctors that attended his mother and other patients convinced him that he could do better. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Adverse Drug Reaction Among Elderly Patients: Impact Upon Costs And Length Of Hospital Stay

    3 pages in length. Drug companies are well aware of the issues surrounding why adverse drug interactions occur in the first place, so it stands to reason why they should be on the front lines with regard to quelling this reality. Adverse drug reactions happen for several reasons, not the least of which includes treatment of more than one doctor, unmonitored self-medicating and lack of education about the serious nature of drug interaction. No bibliography.

  • The Major Problems Facing the U.S. Health Care System

    This 10 page paper discusses three of the major problems of U.S. health care: the uninsured; the soaring costs; and the fact that decisions about health matters are sometimes taken out of doctors' hands, compromising care. It also discusses the findings that a person's social status determines their level of care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Internet Health Information Resources and Their Reliability

    This 6 page paper examines the Internet as well as several books to demonstrate that authorship and publishing house are important in determining credibility. The M.D. designation does not guarantee accuracy. The works of several well known doctors are examined. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Social Work and Nursing Similarities

    A 4 page contention that there are many similarities between these two disciplines. Borrowing from the social work theory that life plays out as though on a stage, the author concludes that all that has to be changed to allow nursing to fit into this theory is to costume the actors in nursing uniforms, disguise them as doctors, and put a few in bed gowns. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Parish Nurse and Advanced Practice Nursing

    A 15 page paper discussing the emergence of advanced-practice nursing in parish nursing. The parish nurse cannot provide services that substitute for hospital treatment or costly laboratory testing procedures, but s/he certainly can provide routine screening measures, educate patients on a variety of health-related topics and advise patients on when they do need to visit a doctor. Unlike nurses in non-parish settings, the parish nurse also is able to highlight issues of spirituality. In essence, the parish nurse has the ability to treat the whole patient, rather than only addressing symptoms as health care providers in most other venues are confined to providing. The advanced practice nurse involved in parish nursing has the opportunity to provide service and caring at the highest points of their potential. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Healthcare Administration Leadership

    A 3 page essay that justifies pursuing a doctorate degree in healthcare administration. Doctorate education in healthcare administration is formulated to aid in the creation of highly motivated, advanced healthcare leaders, who can effectively address the challenges of today's healthcare system, as well as shape effective public policy for the needs of the future (Doctor in HA). The challenges facing the U.S. healthcare system, as well as the healthcare systems in all Western, industrialized societies, are formidable. Effective leadership in healthcare administration is a crucial factor in meeting these challenges. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Food and Parent and Daughter Relationships in Camryn Manheim's Wake Up, I'm Fat and Marya Hornbacher's Wasted Compared

    This is a 5 page paper comparing the parental relationships found in Marya Hornbacher’s book “Wasted: A Memoir of Anorexia and Bulimia” and Camryn Manheim’s book and one woman play “Wake Up, I’m Fat”. Marya Hornbacher’s book “Wasted: A Memoir of Anorexia and Bulimia” and Camryn Manheim’s book and one woman play “Wake Up, I’m Fat” show two different perspectives in regards to parental reactions and complications to the weight gain or loss of their daughters. In Hornbacher’s “Wasted”, she explains how her mother remained reserved about her condition and claimed to be ignorant of her problem until well into her teens because of her daughter’s ability for “deceit”. Her father, who was much more emotional, became dependent on Hornbacher during his disputes with her mother. Neither parent seemed to focus on Hornbacher’s inner plea of “Look at me, look at me” and Hornbacher still feels vulnerable to her illness to this day. Manheim, on the other hand, has a positive fighting attitude and acceptance of her body weight and this is partially due to the support offered to her from her mother and her father. Her parents were hard on her and tried to bride her in order for her to lose weight in addition to taking her to numerous doctors and specialists at a young age. The difference however, lay in their concern and support of their daughter’s condition and attention to her weight gain became a cause of their own. In addition, her parents taught her the importance of fighting for others and the strength needed to do this which aided Manheim in fighting for herself. Manheim’s work remains humorous and positive in her overall acceptance of her weight and her appreciated support of her parents. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Ethical Issues Involved With Assisted Suicide

    This 5 page report discusses various ethical issues associated with assisted suicide. The debate has generally centered around both the moral and legal issues of the process. The central argument for assisted suicide is based on respect for the patients' autonomy. The main argument against assisted suicide is the belief in the inherent sacredness of life and that God only has the right to end one's life. The ethical questions surrounding the care of terminally ill patients often focus on when treatment should be withheld or withdrawn. A case study regarding a paralyzed but mentally competent adult, African-American man and a severely disabled newborn is also considered. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Assisted Suicide and Quality of Life

    A 5 page paper which argues for the right to have an assisted suicide. The paper focuses on ethics and the quality of life. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • PAS and Ethics

    8 pages. The topics of physician-assisted suicide as well as active and passive euthanasia have been debated for many years. This paper focuses on the ethical side of the issues and demonstrates the practical application of ethical methods to the moral issues in healthcare. The conclusion is a morally defensible and well-defined deduction based upon the facts presented herein. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Deviant Behavior Such as Suicide

    This 4 page paper explores deviant behavior - specifically suicide. This paper explores the negative consequences of suicide on society as a whole, and explores other aspects of the deviance as well. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Health Issue of Legalizing Physician Assisted Suicide

    This 8 page paper considers the issue of euthanasia and the role of Dr. Jack Kevorkian, who was believed by some to be a man who put a name to a process that others had considered for centuries: death with dignity. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Issue of Physician Assisted Suicide

    This is a 4 page paper which discusses the issue of physician assisted suicide. The bibliography has 4 sources.

  • Legal and Medical Issues Associated with a Patient's 'Right to Die'

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the medical and legal issues involved with a patient’s “right to die”. The “right to die” for a patient has long been considered an ethical issue and was not considered feasible until modern medicine and laws allowed for the possibility of patients to consider physician assisted suicide. Supporters of physician assisted suicide believe that patients have the right to make their own informed decisions about their medical treatment which may include physician assisted suicide if they are suffering and have a terminal illness. Opponents believe that to legally allow for physician assisted suicide begins the path down a slippery slope and in cases where comatose patients are considered does not protect the most vulnerable members of society when family members and physicians decide their fate where other factors not for the sake of the patient, such as financial concerns, are weighed against what is considered an acceptable level of life. Physician assisted suicide does exist however and in all cases, several issues must be addressed to respect the patient’s medical options, informed decision making, psychological well being, and in some cases the right to chose death over circumstance which should not be denied by the courts. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • How Euthanasia is Treated in New York

    This 6 page paper argues that New York State should legalize physician assisted suicide for those who are terminally ill. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Oregon Law and Euthanasia

    A paper which looks at the issue of euthanasia and assisted suicide with particular reference to the law in Oregon and the impact of the Ashcroft Directive. Bibliography lists 4 sources

  • Plato's Views on the Ethics of Healthcare

    17 pages in length. The writer discusses Platonic philosophy as it pertains to abortion, animal research, euthanasia/suicide and withholding information from terminally ill patients. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The Medical Argument for Legalized Marijuana

    A 3 page research paper that argues that marijuana (cannabis) use should be legalized for the treatment of certain medical conditions, such as the nausea and pain from chemotherapy, glaucoma, migraines and MS. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Medical Marijuana

    A 7 page paper which examines the pros and cons of medical marijuana and illustrates how medical marijuana can prove very beneficial to many. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Tobacco and its Unacceptable Impacts to Human Health

    This paper provides a comparison of the health impacts of methamphetamines, marijuana, and tobacco. The argument is made that tobacco should be illegal just like the other two drugs. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Jewish Community and Health Issues

    Health issues as it affects the Jewish community are discussed in a 5 page paper. Topics included are ritual circumcision, kosher food choices, fasting and physician assisted suicide. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • A Case for Making Virtual Pornography Outlawed

    An 8 page discussion of the impacts of virtual pornography on society. The writer emphasizes that while the issue of Internet regulation is highly controversial, pornography on the World Wide Web should definitely be outlawed if for no other reason than its impacts on the most vulnerable members of our society, our children. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Medical Treatment, Parents, Religion and the Law

    A 5 page paper which examines whether or not parents should be forced by law to provide medical treatment for children regardless of religious beliefs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Injury and Safety Impacts of Bicycle Helmet Laws

    A 6 page reviews of the history and impact of laws mandating the use of helmets for bicyclists. Bicycle helmet laws are quite controversial not only within the U.S. but also in other areas of the world (especially in Australia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, and New Zealand) where they have been implemented. Many debate the quest of just how effective they are in improving safety and reducing injuries. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Non Smoking Workplace Law in New York

    This 4 page paper presents both sides of this highly controversial law. The law requires that smoking be banned from all public places, and this has resulted in very divergent opinions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Malaria's Medical Geography

    10 pages in length. Malaria, one of the world's most communicable diseases, has its origin back when man befriended – and thus domesticated – various species of animals. Prominent in locations where hygiene is poor, water supplies are contaminated and mosquitoes are plentiful, malaria is both life threatening and extraordinarily prevalent – nearly forty percent – in today's underdeveloped countries. The one-cell parasite responsible for this highly infectious disease is called plasmodium and is delivered from one person to another by way of certain mosquito bites. Tropical climates are especially prone to these disease-carrying parasites, with Africa ranking among the highest mortality rates, an infestation that has been all but eliminated in more temperate atmospheric conditions across the globe. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • AIDS and Accusations Haiti and the Geography of Blame by Paul Farmer

    This 7 page paper examines the social inequalities that have shaped the epidemiology of AIDS. Furthermore, this paper examines the cultural implications of the disease as well as the specific problems associated with the Haitian population. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Australia and Average Length of Hospital Stays

    This 8 page paper considers the influences on the average length of stay (ALOS) measures often used to ascertain hospital efficiency. The paper looks at influences such as geography, age, source of payments and type of hospital; public or private, and well as resources or integration of services. This last factor also includes delayed discharges. The paper concentrates on Australia, but the lessons are universal. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Healthcare of African Americans After the Second World War

    A 5 page paper which discusses how Africa Americans experienced a great change in access to health care, and access to health care professions following WWII, when the federal government made an active assault on discrimination policies. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The History and Evolution of Infection Control

    5 pages. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of the new and more enlightened study of infection control in the face of bioterrorism. While new rules have been put into effect and are of a more serious nature than ever before, the fact is that OSHA has had infection control rules in place for many years. This paper will take a look at the past and present day ways to control infection. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • History and Recommendations for Advanced Directives

    Considerations An 11 page overview of advanced directives in the medical arena. The author reviews the history of advanced directives utilizing such historic cases as the Karen Ann Quinlan case and the recent high profile case of Terri Schiavo to emphasize their importance. The provisions of the 1991 Patient Self Determination Act are explored and recommendations made regarding their implementation on both a personal and organizational level. Statistics are provided regarding the popularity of such directives. A copy of a generic durable power of attorney form is included as supplementary material. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • U.S. Refugee Population, Health Policy Treatment, Prevention, and Care Services

    This 5-page paper examines literature pertaining to health care needs of asylum-seekers and refugees in the United States. The essay, based on the literature, develops some legislative policies that would help this vulnerable population. Topics touched on include savings to taxpayers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Skin Cancer Literature Review

    This 20 page paper is a literature review on skin cancer. This paper also includes an assessment of the health problem within rural communities and also discusses the role of nurses in regards to disseminating information. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Literature Review of Overdose Effects of Safe Injection Houses for Street Drug Users

    This 12-page paper examines the literature pertaining to the impact of safe injection houses for street drug users on the possibility of overdosing on drugs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Different Literature Presentations of Asthma

    A 4 page review of two specific articles concern asthma. One article is from a professional nursing journal while the other is from a trade publication. The author of this paper emphasizes that while the type of information they cover is essentially the same, the manner in which they cover it is significantly different. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Literature Review of Incidences of Septic Shock and Sepsis in ICU Patients

    This 15 page paper is a review of literature on the issue of sepsis and septic shock in the Intensive Care Unit. This paper outlines the pathophysiology of sepsis and the factors that lead to septic shock. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Overview of Robotics Surgery

    This 5 page paper discusses robotics surgery. Specifically, this paper addresses the history of robotics in surgery, economic matters, advantages and disadvantages, and more. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Which is the Best Birth Control Method: Pills, Patch, Nuvaring, or Depo Shot?

    A 5 page review of four of the most popular birth control methodologies. This paper emphasizes that a woman should choose birth control not only because of its effectiveness but also in consideration of the ease of use and the potential for long and short term complications.

  • Peripheral Blood Vessels and the Effects of Diabetes

    This 15 page paper details the effects of diabetes on blood vessels, lists the causes and the mechanism that allows this deterioration to occur. The role of the physical therapist is discussed in relation to routine care of the diabetic. Examples are given and conclusions of diabetic research shown as well as new diagnostic tools and medications coming onto the market. Bibliography lists 12 sources. mbdiabetes.rtf

  • Improving Quality in the Healthcare Sector

    This 4 page paper looks at quality improvement in healthcare. The paper starts by looking at what is meant by quality improvement (QI) and how quality may be perceived differently by various stakeholders. Different approaches to QI are discussed and the way that they may be measured and monitored is outlined. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Community Nursing and the Concepts of Community and Aggregates

    This 3 page paper discsuses the concepts of community and aggregates as they apply to community nursing. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Health Benefits Of Red Wine

    A 6 page paper. Does red wine really reduce risk for coronary heart disease? It was in the early 20th century that evidence showed moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages reduced the risk of heart disease. The writer reports these studies and the studies demonstrating the health benefits of a daily glass of red wine. The writer explains what is in red wine that has a beneficial effect on one's health, the types of red wine found to be most effective, and the health benefits attributed to red wine. The writer also explains how alcohol is metabolized in the body. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Etiology and Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

    An 8 page overview of the etiology and treatment of this systolic condition. This paper describes the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis as well as diagnostic criteria and treatments. While surgical interventions, and even highly experimental procedures such as stem cell transplants are employed in some cases, by far the most common intervention is pharmacological. Although there is hope on the horizon, there is currently no cure for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Exposure of Sanitation Workers to Disinfectants in a Hospital Environment

    This 10 page paper looks at the problem that may be faced by sanitation workers using disinfectants in hospitals. The paper focuses on the issues within Trinidad, but uses a range of research from around the world to understand and explore the subject as well as provide guidance for prevention and control and further research. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Hand Sanitation's Significance

    A 6 page paper which examines the various reasons why hand sanitation is so extremely important. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Need to Improve School Lunches

    A 10 page research paper that offers a comprehensive overview of the need to improve the quality of school food. Topics examined include the program promoted by Jamie Oliver, the Food to School Program and also the finding of empirical research literature. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • The Prevalence of Seasonal Affective Disorder in the Nordic Countries

    This 3 page paper looks at the higher prevalence of SAD in Nordic countries and the research which has sought to explain the higher incidence level. The hypotheses of latitude and genetic inheritance are considered in the context general research as well as research focusing on the Nordic countries. The bibliography cites 8 sources.

  • Seat Belts

    A 6 page paper which examines whether or not seat belts actually save lives. The information suggests that seat belt use does save lives. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Safety and Seat Belts

    A 7 page discussion of the problems revolving around noncompliance with seat belt laws. Although seat belt usage is increasing over time, many are still non-compliant. The author examines the views of those that do not use seat belts, pointing out that education is the key to increasing compliance and saving lives. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Lesson Plan : Seniors And Smoking

    A 5 page paper that incorporates and labels aspects of a lesson plan for senior citizens on the relationship between heart disease and smoking. The lesson incorporates small group brainstorming on different topics, large group discussion, questions, and lecture notes that include statistical data. The lesson ends with a quote that affirms the success rate of senior citizens who try to quit smoking. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Senior Citizens in Miami, Florida

    In this 7-page paper, the growth of the elderly population in Miami, FL is explored along with the safety issues and concerns of health care for the elderly. There are 3 sources included.

  • Senior Citizens and Health Care Needs

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the issue of the changing role of the government in meeting the healthcare needs of the elderly. The graying of the American population has determined specific strains on services that were designed to address the needs of the elderly. This paper outlines some of the central problems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Literature Review of Incidences of Septic Shock and Sepsis in ICU Patients

    This 15 page paper is a review of literature on the issue of sepsis and septic shock in the Intensive Care Unit. This paper outlines the pathophysiology of sepsis and the factors that lead to septic shock. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Relaxation Techniques

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of three techniques for relaxation: television viewing, book reading and yoga. This paper integrates a comparative view of the process of relaxation. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • College Students and Sleep Deprivation

    This 6 page paper examines studies on sleep deprivation on campus as well as what can be done to correct the problem. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Scholastic Performance and Sleep Deprivation

    A 4 page research paper that examines circadian rhythms and sleep deprivation in regards to the student tradition of "all nighters" in order to cram for tests. The writer argues that research shows this practice to be detrimental to academic performance and explains the scientific facts behind this assessment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Smoking in Public Places

    This 3 page paper discusses why smoking in public places should be banned. It includes a discussion of the effects of smoking on the health of children and seniors; and the bans on smoking in the workplace, restaurants, and transport. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Smoking and its Impacts to Human Health

    This 6 page paper sums up the many health impacts associated with smoking. Anti-smoking campaigns are encouraged as are laws that prohibit smoking in public places. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Public Places and the Hazards of Smoking

    In 5 pages, plus a 1 page sentence outline, the author discusses that smoking should be banned in public places. Cigarette smoke is potentially hazardous to all those who inhale it, whether voluntarily or passively. second-hand smoke has been found to be detrimental to the health of the non-smokers who are forced to breathe this smoke that they find offensive. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Secondhand Smoke and Public Policy

    A 5 page research paper that discusses research and argues that smoking should be prohibited in all public places and work environments in order to protect the public from secondhand smoke. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. Public Places and a Smoking Ban

    A 5 page paper which argues in favor of banning smoking in all public places throughout the fifty states, citing public health hazards. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Smoking Cigarettes

    A ten page paper which looks at some of the issues surrounding cigarette smoking, such as the addictive nature of smoking, the health risks, and the involvement of governments and corporate businesses in the smoking phenomenon. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Smoking and Loss of Hearing Correlation

    A 6 page paper investigating the relation of hearing loss to cigarette smoking. Hearing loss and smoking would appear not to be related physically, given the information we have about the effects of smoking. The purpose here is to review the few studies that have been done and to draw some conclusions about the possible relationship. Research shows that it may be that hearing loss and smoking are closely related, not in biochemical relations but in the common environments in which both exist simultaneously. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Considerations in Stem Cell Research

    A 3 page discussion of the most recent developments in stem cell research. These developments are accentuated by the discovery of the potential utility of amniotic stem cells. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Health and the Effects of Stress

    7 pages in length. The writer discusses the negative health impacts inherent to stress, with particular emphasis upon the workplace. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Stress and Health

    A 12 page paper which examines how stress affects a person’s health. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Substance Abuse Agency and Management Theory

    An 8 page paper discussing politics at a public agency. The Helen Ross McNabb Center is the result of government support and private enterprise involvement for the purpose of providing substance abuse treatment in the foothills of the East Tennessee Smoky Mountains. Though private enterprise is involved and the center uses many volunteers from the community, its primary point of accountability still is the United States’ Department of Health and Human Services, from which the center gains most of its funding. The purpose here is to assess to what extent the market forces of the private sector may affect management at a government agency. The paper evaluates management theory and employees’ willingness to learn from outside entities. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sunscreen Speech

    A 4 page research paper that addresses the importance of using sun protection, focusing primarily on the use of sun screen. The information is offered first in outline form and then as text. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Pros and Cons of Surrogacy

    A 5 page paper which examines the pros and cons of surrogacy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A Public Health Inspection of Apartment Housing and Public Swimming Pools

    This 4 page paper reviews the problems associated with lead paint in poorly maintained residences and poorly designed and maintained swimming pools. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Homeless and Health Care

    This 5 page paper begins with the most recent estimate of the number of Americans who are homeless. The essay discusses the health problems of this population and includes examples of some homeless health care projects. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Tobacco Advertising

    A 3 page paper which looks at how tobacco advertising affects the young of the nation. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Tobacco and its Unacceptable Impacts to Human Health

    This paper provides a comparison of the health impacts of methamphetamines, marijuana, and tobacco. The argument is made that tobacco should be illegal just like the other two drugs. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • An Article on Fetal Growth and Exposure to Smoke Reviewed

    An 8 page paper that reviews and critiques an article entitled, "The exposure of nonsmoking and smoking mothers to environmental tobacco smoke during different gestational phases and fetal growth." This was a large study involving more than 6,000 mother-infant pairs. The essay reports and comments on methodology, research questions, introduction, theoretical foundation, results, discussion and conclusion. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Political Issue of Second Hand Tobacco Smoke

    This 5 page paper supports the thesis that ETS is a political, and not a health, issue. The history of the smoking wars is included. Medical evidence pointing to the ambiguity of the topic is included. Bibliography lists 10 sources .

  • Health Risks Associated with Tobacco Smoking

    7 pages in length. Cigarettes, once considered glamorous and chic, have emerged as the single most external threat to the health of the general public. The conflict over smoking has become perhaps the greatest morality play of late 20th-Century America. Whether or not one smokes makes no difference as to the potential for contracting any one of the vile diseases associated with smoking: emphysema, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and a multitude of cancers, including lung, throat and tongue. To bring the point home, half million a year people die each year from cigarette-related causes, with 37,000 to 40,000 of those dying as a result of secondhand smoke. A staggering $50 billion dollars is estimated to be the amount of associated health care costs. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Adolescent Type I Diabetes Care Plan

    A paper which looks at the kind of issues which a care plan should incorporate, with regard to patient autonomy and self-care, treatment regimes, and support groups, in respect of a young patient recently diagnosed with insulin dependent diabetes. Bibliography lists 7 sources

  • Did residents of Indiana have an increased Risk of Dying from Typhoid in the Early 20th Century?

    This 3 page paper takes data from the NBER on health and uses it to demonstrate a statistical analysis starting with a hypothesis test. The data used is on the incidence of typhoid between 1900 and 1903. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • The Health Care System in the United States and Access by Black Americans

    This 17 page paper reports the health status of African-Americans in the U.S. Statistics about the incidence of specific diseases and mortality rates among Black Americans as compared to White Americans are reported. The essay includes a discussion of the barriers to quality health care services. For instance, Black women are more likely to die of colon, rectal and breast cancer and Black men are more than twice as likely to die of prostrate cancer. The writer then turns to report the racial and ethnic composition of physicians as well as that of medical students. The discussion includes a few suggestions for correcting this inequity in quality health care. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • Proposal Regarding Nursing Homes and Elder Incontinence

    A 5 page paper that offers a research study proposal. Sections include the introduction, problem statement and rationale, outline of methodology, and literature review. The introduction discusses the four categories of incontinence. The incidence of incontinence among the elderly residing in nursing homes is greater than fifty percent. That makes it an important condition to investigate, particularly since studies have found at least 80 percent of incontinence cases can be improved or cured. One of the first-line treatment interventions is bladder training. The literature review emphasizes this particularly intervention. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • AIDS and the Bubonic Plague

    In this insightful 5 page essay, the writer discusses similarities between the Bubonic, or 'Black Plague' (a.k.a. 'Black Death') of the 14th century, and the modern-day A.I.D.S. crisis. Public health and social issues are taken into consideration as they relate to each of the two societies discussed. Stereotypes, discrimination, and popular fears are analyzed as well. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Family Survival of a Stroke

    A 8 page paper that discusses stroke (cerebrovascular disease) and its effects on the patient's family, which plays an important role in recovery, particularly if the rehabilitation phase of treatment begins at home. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Human Body and the Impact of Smoking

    A 5 page paper that considers the effects of smoking on the body. This paper not only considers the impacts of cigarette smoking on cancer, but also relates a general understanding of biological processes that suggest that smoking impacts a number of other ailments, from chronic emphysema to heart disease. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Public Places and Smoking

    A 3 page paper arguing in favor of a public ban on smoking. Citing statements from the World Health Organization and a number of cancer research centers, the paper proves that second-hand smoke has definitively been tied to lung cancer as well as other disorders. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Disease Surveillance; A Literature Review For Research Into Attitude And Practice Of Ministry Of Health Physicians Toward the Surveillance System In Saudi Arabia

    It is important that there are accurate and efficient surveillance systems to support the protection of public health. This 7 page paper is a literature review looking at different aspects of surveillance systems, including the use of GIS and the role of the physician in that system. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Diabetes Control: A Review of Literature

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of 8 articles that represent current research in the area of diabetes management and diabetes education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Medicaid and Abortions; A Literature Review

    This 3 page paper is a literature review looking at the social attitudes towards the provision of abortion through the Medicaid system. The paper focuses on Australia, but many points raised are universal. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Educating About the Risks of Hepatitis B

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of the design and success rates of three educational interventions for Hepatitis B. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • MEDICALIZATION AND THE MEDICAL LITERATURE

    This 3-page paper discusses the increase of medicalization, examples, and what to do about it. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Gerontology and Health Care: A Literature Review

    This 15 page literature review examines the topic by category. Issues addressed include access, the needs of older adults, funding, and family support. Bibliography lists 30 sources.

  • Women in Sub Saharan Africa and High Rates of HIV and AIDS

    This 39 page literature review examines nine articles related to the spread of AIDs in Africa and pays particular attention to gender specific reach. At the same time, the literature is broad and also encompasses a wide array of material that examines things such as socioeconomic status and media campaigns against AIDS. The primary question explored by this literature review is: "Why is there a high incidence of HIV/AIDS among women in sub-Sahara Africa?" The literature does include a variety of articles that cover several topics. Concepts such as condom use, rape, polygamy, stigma and breast-feeding are included in the discussion. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • An Article on Psychotrophic Medications Reviewed

    This is a 6 page review of the current literature available on psychotropic medications. Five articles are discussed. The review of the literature available about the concerns, usage and effects of psychotropic medication is fairly extensive. Researchers have examined use in children, adolescents and adults as well as in pregnant women. Many of the articles provide good details on the different medications available as well as their contraindications and side effects. Although the physiological mechanisms are not completely analyzed yet in the field of medicine psychotropic drugs are used widely across the country. In fact, many critics have concluded that children have been overly prescribed medications as in the case of Ritalin, the most common psychotropic medication prescribed for children which has increased in usage by over 700 percent in the last ten years. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Assistive Devices & The Elderly/Maintaining Independence

    A 9 page literature review that addresses the use of assistive devices by the elderly. There has been a major paradigm shift that has transferred the focus of society from "disability to ability and from professional power to patient empowerment" (Wressle and Samuelsson, 2004, p. 143). This necessarily influences the field of rehabilitation and occupational therapy, as assistive devices empower patients to keep control of their lives. This literature review explores whether empirical research studies support the concept that assistive devices contribute significantly to the goal of maintaining independence in old age. The writer concludes that it does. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Arguing Against Smoking

    A 5 page argument against smoking. The author delineates his personal perspective then backs that perspective up with facts from the literature. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nursing Home Residents Suffering from Dementia and Making End of Life Decisions

    Forbes, Bern-Klug and Gessert (2000), in their article End-of-Life Decision Making for Nursing Home Residents with Dementia, relate the problem of family decision making and the focus on nursing home care for individuals with dementia. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Philosophy of Wellness and Personal Relationships

    Divorce has reached epidemic proportions in the United States, and there is evidence that changes in the attachment in families and the major cultural shifts in the importance of family have both served to support the increase in divorce rates. Unfortunately, traditional ways of meeting and assessing potential spouses are relatively ineffective, and this has also served to support increasing divorce rates in the modern era. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The 2006 E.coli Outbreak

    This 5 page paper examines literature on the E.coli outbreak that put a halt to the consumption of spinach. The future of the industry in light of the problem is discussed. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Asthma Effects on Minorities in School

    This 3 page paper discusses the devastating effects of asthma on children of school age (5-15), including contributions to failing grades, time away from school, and sports and recreation. This paper has 6 bibliographical references.

  • Health Care Organizations and TQM

    17 pages. This paper addresses the use of Total Quality Management Programs in Healthcare Organizations. These especially apply to those programs in Saudi Arabia. The focus will be on the eight TQM criteria. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Empowerment and Case Management in Nursing

    This 5 page paper discusses the concept of empowerment in nursing and describes and explains the practice of case management and how the two are linked. While there are a number of different case management models, they all have specific elements in common. Case management falls under the general umbrella of patient-focused care and has been shown to be effective in providing greater quality of care. To work, however, nurses need to be empowered. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pain Management Choices and Patients Rights

    This 5 page paper addresses issues surrounding pain management. Should a patient be allowed to die if medical science cannot properly manage his or her pain? The Dax Cowart case is referenced in the discussion. Other issues are addressed such as addiction to opiates and just how much influence a patient should have in his or her own medical care. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Substance Abuse Agency and Management Theory

    An 8 page paper discussing politics at a public agency. The Helen Ross McNabb Center is the result of government support and private enterprise involvement for the purpose of providing substance abuse treatment in the foothills of the East Tennessee Smoky Mountains. Though private enterprise is involved and the center uses many volunteers from the community, its primary point of accountability still is the United States’ Department of Health and Human Services, from which the center gains most of its funding. The purpose here is to assess to what extent the market forces of the private sector may affect management at a government agency. The paper evaluates management theory and employees’ willingness to learn from outside entities. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Evaluation of a Nursing Management Plan for Women with HIV

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of a nursing management plan for women with HIV. This paper outlines the fact that the transmission of HIV to women is still a common problem, and that there is a need to address at-risk populations. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Assessment of HIV Prison Population Plan for Nursing Management

    This 4 page paper provides an overview of a study of a prison population with HIV status. This paper defines a management plan for evaluating this population. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing and the Management of Time

    A 9 page paper. This essay first identifies some of the things that waste time, such as not planning and not organization. The next section in the essay comments on the shortage of nurses, which is followed by a discussion of the results of being overworked. The last section offers some time management strategies for nurses and nurse supervisors. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Teen Pregnancy and Case Management Protocol

    According to the website for The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, based on the 1996 U.S. Census, the vital statistic for teen pregnancy for the state of Oregon is a 90 in 1,000 chance that a girl between the age of 15 and 19 will become pregnant (Fact Sheet). The national average for this age group is 97 in 1,000. This is only one reason why this population was chosen for this study in case management. Note that focus is also placed on general concepts of case management. Bibliography lists 8 sources. jvCaseMg.rtf

  • Health Risks and Managing Crises

    This 13 page paper examines a case study provided by the student. The first part the paper uses figures supplied to investigate the causes of illness in a workforce following a works barbeque. A link between illness and age is considered using a chi squared test. Then the different foods are examined to identify the source of the problem, demonstrating how correlation may not indicate causation. The second part of the paper looks at an ongoing situation where it appears there is a serious health risk to employees causing heart attacks. The paper outlines the steps that should be taken to investigate this risk and protect the employees.

  • Asthma Management and Drug Therapies

    A paper which looks at the management of asthma using drug therapies, specifically corticosteroids and b2-agonists, and comments on the increasing interest in making use of environmental management and complementary medicine in the treatment of the condition. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Issues, Problems, and Solutions Regarding Nursing Shortages

    This is a 12 page paper discussing the current nursing shortage issues and proposed solutions within the profession. The United States is currently undergoing a nursing shortage which is expected to continue until the year 2020. Reasons for the shortage have been reported as: an ageing nursing population; an ageing and decreasing nursing education population; less than competitive salaries in the nursing profession; poor recruitment programs; an increase in the overall population of the United States; an increase in the number of patients due to the ageing baby boomer population; and, individuals in modern society living longer due to new technologies and treatments. The nursing shortage affects the nursing profession in a number of different ways in that nursing managers are trying to find ways to organize, retain and satisfy their current nursing workforce during a time of crisis while at the same time trying to organize new incentives and recruitment strategies to once again build the profession. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Staffing Ratios and Outcomes in Nursing

    This 5 page paper discusses the results of different nurse-to-patient staffing ratios. The results of research studies clearly demonstrate the negative outcomes for both patients and nurses when staffing ratios exceed four patients per nurse. The ratio differs depending on department and actual job function with lower ratios required in some jobs. Nurses suffer emotional exhaustion/burnout and more patients die when ratios are high. Statistical data are included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing and the Importance of Intensive Care and Critical Care Skills

    A 3 page contention that while we tend to specialize in one area or the other we are quick to discover that the basics of nursing extend into all nursing specialties. The basic principles of intensive care, coronary care, and emergency nursing, for example are applicable in all specialties. They are NOT limited in their relativity to nurses that work in critical care areas! Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Health Care Staff Shortages

    A 7 page paper that includes labor shortage data for three states and the nation. The emphasis is on RN shortages, the numbers needed in the future and what is driving the need. The concept of supply and demand is discussed in terms of RN shortages. The writer makes suggestions for how this shortage might be decreased. Statistical data regarding nurse/patient ratio, the number of lives that could be saved, and working conditions for nurses. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Resources Relating to Cardiac Emergencies

    A 5 page overview of cardiac emergencies and the resources they require. The author contends that cardiac emergencies not only necessitate immediate action on the part of emergency health care personnel but also a conscientious public, adequate emergency equipment and facilities, and appropriately trained transport personnel. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Australia, Alcohol Consumption and the Impact of Combining Advertising and Sports

    A 6 page paper discussing the effects of alcohol advertising during televised sporting events. The practice continues to increase, sending mixed messages to those adolescents who on the one hand are being taught in schools about the dangers of alcohol consumption and dependency, and who on the other regularly see portrayals of drinkers being active, involved and socially acceptable in athletic groups. The purpose here is to assess the state of alcohol consumption in Australia, along with marketers’ efforts to promote their products during sporting events that count high numbers of adolescents in their audiences. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Community Sport Promotion Supported

    A 3 page campaign speech for an individual seeking a position from which s/he can develop community sport. The speaker reviews growing rates of obesity, diabetes and coronary artery disease as public health problems of the electronic age, and the problem of boredom and isolation that many teens and children deal with on a daily basis. Healthy people create healthy, vibrant, active and involved communities, which in turn positively affect the lives of all within them. While sport cannot be seen as a magic cure for all of the world’s ills, it certainly can provide a measure of health and happiness in the communities that value and support it. No source listed.

  • Fracture Healing and the Impacts of Smoking and Alcoholism

    6 pages in length. Fracture injuries are difficult enough to heal without the negative influence that smoking and alcohol place upon the process. Such injuries, quite often related to sports activities and old age, depend upon a healthy, unadulterated physical state as a means by which to properly mend; when intruded upon by tobacco and alcohol, the entire healing process becomes somewhat compromised. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Injury Control Strategies

    A 7 page paper that discusses different strategies for controlling injuries. Data are provided relative to injuries and deaths from injuries each year. Injuries are controlled through prevention strategies. The writer addresses the home and work environments, motor vehicles and sports/recreation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Skills Needed by a Forensic Nurse

    This 3 page paper considers what skills are needed by a forensic mental health nurse when looking after patients in a medium secure unit. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Nurse's Role in Pediatric AIDS

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the issue of pediatric AIDS, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome. This paper specifically considers the role of the nurse. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • General Medical Services Contract, National Health Service, and Practice Nursing

    This 4 page paper looks at the role of the practice nurse, defining they do and how this has changed from the past. The paper then considers how the role of the practice nurse is likely to change following the introduction of the General Medical Services contract that came into effect in the NHS in April 2004. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • Nurses and Violence in the Workplace

    This 18 page report is a literature review of works pertaining to the incidence of workplace violence and its impact on nurses and what measures can be taken into consideration regarding including an educational component in the nursing curriculum to assist nurses in dealing with the problem. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Community Health Care Nursing and Child Abuse Interventions

    A 5 page overview of the phenomena of child abuse and the considerations this abuse presents in the community health care environment. The author of this paper contends that while some may question the appropriateness of nursing intervention in anything but the medical aspects of this phenomena, it quickly becomes apparent that nursing intervention has out of necessity evolved to not only provide medical treatment for the abused but to a position of working with law enforcement personnel to identify the problem and to eliminate it where possible. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Senior Citizens with Osteoarthritis and Effects of Exercise

    A 6 page paper discussing the benefits possible at any age of using exercise to reduce the effects of osteoarthritis. Exercise can improve quality of life for older adults in several areas, but it also carries practical benefits as well. Aside from the standard measures of effects on hypertension and ability to sleep, it also can help to improve stability in movement and therefore help to prevent falls, important in itself as the most rapidly growing segment of the American population are those over 75 years. Studies indicate that whether aerobic or for endurance and flexibility, proper exercise can help slow the progress of the disease. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Costly Medical Interventions Should There Be Limitations Placed Upon Them?

    A 5 page research paper that examines the question as to whether or not health care should be rationed and whether expensive high tech procedures should be limited to keep down overall health costs in the country. The writer argues that such proposals are ethically unsound. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Alcoholism Causes and Effects

    5 pages in length. Out of control drinking is not simply a matter of health. The problem drinker soon finds that alcoholism affects the relationships with friends, family and co-workers as well. This explanatory research paper details the effects of alcoholism in the problem drinker and some of the causes associated with it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • AIDS and the Roles of EMTS

    This seven-page-paper gives an in-depth discussion in the role EMT'S play regarding the AIDS virus. How EMTS can show support to the family when they are called to the scene of an AIDS patient, as well as how they can help the community fight the disease are all included. Bibliography lists five sources.

  • The Ethical Issues Involved With Assisted Suicide

    This 5 page report discusses various ethical issues associated with assisted suicide. The debate has generally centered around both the moral and legal issues of the process. The central argument for assisted suicide is based on respect for the patients' autonomy. The main argument against assisted suicide is the belief in the inherent sacredness of life and that God only has the right to end one's life. The ethical questions surrounding the care of terminally ill patients often focus on when treatment should be withheld or withdrawn. A case study regarding a paralyzed but mentally competent adult, African-American man and a severely disabled newborn is also considered. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Liposuction and Its Risks

    A 7 page paper that argues that the tumescent technique of surgical liposuction should only be performed by a certified plastic surgeon and only within an acceptable surgical setting. The inherent risks that exist in this procedure are discussed, as well as the danger that has recently been presented by the influx of a number of unskilled and untrained practitioners. Cases of malpractice and misjudgment are cited. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Dental Industry and Abuse Alert

    4 pages in length. Children are often the unwitting victims of domestic violence, even though they are not the specific targets of the adult's anger. Statistics show that in America, a child is reported abused or neglected every thirteen seconds, which equates to more than two point seven million children each and every year. This figure, more than three times as many as was reported in 1980, reflects a disturbing trend toward uncontrolled acts of domestic violence. The writer discusses how dental healthcare professionals can first recognize child abuse in their patients and then deal with the moral and ethical obligations of reporting such abuse. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Fracture Healing and the Impacts of Smoking and Alcoholism

    6 pages in length. Fracture injuries are difficult enough to heal without the negative influence that smoking and alcohol place upon the process. Such injuries, quite often related to sports activities and old age, depend upon a healthy, unadulterated physical state as a means by which to properly mend; when intruded upon by tobacco and alcohol, the entire healing process becomes somewhat compromised. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Growth of the United Nations

    (14pp) The United Nations family is a unified and powerful force for sustainable human development and works to strengthen international cooperation for sustainable human development. It assists in building capacity for good governance, popular participation, private and public sector development and growth with equity, stressing that national plans and priorities constitute the only viable frame of reference for the national programming of operational activities for development within the United Nations system. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Statistics on Prostate Cancer in the United States

    (15pp) According to the National Prostate Cancer Coalition, it is estimated that over six million men currently have some form of prostate cancer in the United States. This year 317,000 cases will be diagnosed and 41,000 men will die from prostate cancer in the U.S. The past ten years have made a remarkable decade in terms of our under- standing of the prostate. This of course has been driven by the tremendous number and severity of prostate medical problems. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • An Examination of Automatic External Defibrilalator

    (10pp) Sudden coronary arrest strikes about 350,000 people a year in the U.S., killing 95 percent of them. The definitive treatment is defibrillation — a controlled electric shock to the chest that can restore the heart’s normal rhythm. The chance of survival for cardiac arrest victims drops at a rate of 10 percent for each minute they don’t receive help. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Workplace and Impact of Smoking

    A 5-page paper that examines the affects of smoking in the workplace on both business and nonsmoking coworkers. Discussed is the Environmental Protection Agency's 1992 report concerning the dangers of 'secondhand smoke' and the trend toward smoke-free working environments that this report instigated as well as both employer and employee concerns regarding nonsmoking policies. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Socialized Medicine

    6 pages in length. Because of the huge interest in socialized health care over recent years, many hospitals and physicians are drawn to the program. The reasons most of them state for this interest are to share financial risk, contract directly with employers, enhance the quality of care and promote collaboration with medical staff. In spite of these good reasons, however, the lack of administrative assistance necessary to manage the costs associated with socialized health care could force many hospitals to take a second look at these problems prior to committing themselves. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Changing Hormones and Puberty

    5 pages in length. A number of hormonal changes take place during puberty. Initiated from the increase of such hormones as testosterone, melatonin and something called the fatness hormone, puberty begins a time in an adolescent's life when he or she experiences a reorganization of sorts both physically and emotionally. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Health Policy and the Role of Public Health Nurses

    A 6 page paper assessing three studies addressing nurses' ability to influence public health care policy. How much direct influence nurses can have on policy-making does not appear to be clear, but likely is greater than many nurses perceive. Particularly in the area of public health, nurses' roles appear to be weighted more to the traditional roles than in other areas of health care though actually may not be. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • DUTIES OF A REGISTERED NURSE AT KINDRED HOSPITAL

    This 3-page paper describes the duties of a registered nurse at acute-care hospital Kindred Hospital in Havertown, PA. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Nurses Job Satisfaction

    An 11 page paper. This essay reports studies that reveal the shortage of nurses and future projections and studies that discuss and report conclusions on the level of job satisfaction among registered nurses in hospitals. One of the issues discussed is moral distress. Other issues include the high patient ratio and satisfaction levels related to specialty area and setting. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Community Health Nursing Considerations

    A 6 page discussion of the myriad of situations which can confront the community health care nurse. The author of this paper contends that community health nursing encompasses a diversity of health care and social arenas. Consequently, numerous issues are often associated with community health care. Two are centered out for the purpose of this paper, obstetric care among drug-addicted mothers and child abuse. The author emphasizes ignorance is no excuse in the community health care environment. We must simply seek out the specialized training we may need and we must act. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • FVSNs and School Nurses

    This 6 page paper looks at the role of the school nurse and how he or she can handle the frequent visitors some call FVSNs. A description of the problem is noted. Solutions are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Politics and Nurses

    This 5 page paper discusses the importance of nurses getting involved in the political process and discusses the reasons why this is important. Furthermore this paper offers many specific examples of ways in which nurses can involve themselves. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • U.S. Foreign Educated Nurse Licensing

    This 23 page paper discusses the licensing process for foreign-educated nurses in America. The essay begins with an introduction that reports the nursing shortage, the practice of importing foreign-trained nurses in developed countries and the ratio of nurses to population in several countries. The next section reports the licensing process for nurses who are trained in the U.S., which is followed by the process for licensing foreign-trained nurses, including the CGFNS program and the NCLEX examination. The contents and process of the exams are discussed. The author then discusses other challenges for the foreign-educated nurse, such as the sometimes vastly different communication process. The last section is recommendations to help foreign-educated nurses become more successful. The writer also discusses negative impact importing nurses has on global health and the need to resolve the real problem. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • The School Nurse and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    This 11 page paper provides an overview of the issues faced by school nurses in addressing students with ADD/ADHD. This paper outlines the basic problems, and issues like medication and its use. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Contemporary Applications of the Deliberative Nursing Theory of Jean Orlando

    A 5 page overview of the theory of deliberative nursing, a theory first formulated in the late 1950s but with applications into present day nursing. This paper discusses the applicability of Orlando’s theory to modern nursing using the example of medical intervention in cases of domestic violence. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nurse and the Future of Canadian Health Care

    This is a 21 page paper discussing how nursing as a professional group may influence the changes and recommendations in the Romanow report for the future of health care in Canada. On November 28, 2002, Roy Romanow and the Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada released its final report. This report highlights recommendations in key areas in health care including Medicare; issues in primary health care; prevention and promotion; key measurement tools through the development of the Health Council of Canada; innovation and delivery through information technology; access for rural and remote communities; homecare; prescription drugs; and, Aboriginal health among many other factors and includes funding commitments for these recommendations. The nursing associations across Canada including representatives from the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (RNAO) and the Canadian Federation of Nurses’ Unions (CFNU) have supported the Romanow Report as a “remarkable blueprint for building Medicare’s second generation and strengthening the public’s access to nurses” as well as the reforms which “will shorten waiting time and improve care” overall. The professional nursing groups have an active interest in all aspects of the Romanow report which not only broadens the roles and responsibilities of the nurses in Canada but increases the number of programs which will be affiliated with nursing. Most important in regards to nurses’ roles in the recommendations of the report are those which relate to measurement outcomes from an administrative and informative approach; those which relate to various commitments to innovations within the industry and primary care access; homecare access; and the new legislation proposed in regards to the entire health human resources. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

  • Nurse's Role : Patient Smoking Cessation

    A 12 page paper that focuses on the key role nurses play in helping patients stop smoking. The paper reports discussion articles, including the '5As' approach, qualitative research, including case studies, and quantitative research all of which include information on the success of nurses in helping patients. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Nurses and Drug Abuse

    This 3 page paper looks at the issue of drug abuse or addiction and nurses. The argumentative paper discusses the level of addiction and argues that given the range of influencing factors that addiction rates appear to be relativity low and that this issue f onuses with addiction problems does not receive sufficient attention. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Nursing Home Care That is Client Centered

    Client Centered Nursing Home Care. (12 pp). On any given day, nursing homes are caring for about one in twenty Americans over the age of 65. Almost half of all Americans turning 65 this year will be admitted into a nursing home at least once. One fifth of those people admitted into nursing homes stay at least one year-one tenth stay three years or more. It is projected that in 2020, 40 percent of Americans will die in nursing homes. This paper examines what is necessary for client-centered care programs in nursing homes. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Community Nursing Advantages and Disadvantages

    A 5 page paper discussing the pros and cons of community nursing. The community nurse can be the liaison between policy and practice, and serve as the point at which goals become reality. There are few disadvantages, and those that exist are far outweighed by the advantages that community nursing can bring to any community. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Florence Nightingale's Work

    This 5 page paper considers the work Florence Nightingale and its’ impact on nursing practice of today. Included in the paper is her work in the Crimean War and the subsequent work with William Farr, the early development of evidence based nursing, the use of statistics, the emphasis on hygiene and the changed role, responsibility and perception of the nurse as a result of her work. The MLA style bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Nursing in Louisiana

    This 4 page paper looks at the way nursing wages are set in Louisiana with reference to supply and demand and considers the way that the supply of nurses may be increased, considering the motivation of nurses to enter or stay in the profession and the impact of working conditions and perceptions regarding the job. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Review of an Article on Nursing Home Residents and Hospitalization

    A 7 page paper that reviews a journal article entitled Hospitalization of Nursing Home Residents: A Qualitative Study by Kutner and colleagues. Specific questions are addressed, including: problem studied, purpose of study, research method, sample population, data collection and analysis, strengths and weaknesses and the implications of the study. This study considered the relationship between registered nurse/nursing home resident staffing ratio and hospitalizations of the residents. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Profession and Hispanics

    A 10 page overview of the shortage which currently exists for Hispanic nurses. The author suggests that the need for Hispanic nurses is growing in conjunction with the growing Hispanic population as this population presents unique cultural considerations which can best be addressed by someone of a similar cultural background. The contention is presented that being Hispanic, however, is not enough to insure securing a job in the nursing profession. In order to meet their personal and cultural commitments Hispanic nurses must strive to complete the highest degree of training possible to better equip them for the ever evolving field of nursing. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Causes and Solutions Regarding Shortage of Nurses

    This 11 page paper explores the nursing shortage. Experts have predicted that the number of registered nurses will be at least 20 percent below the number needed by 2007. There are a number of reasons for this crisis. Fewer young people are choosing nursing as their career. Nurses do not receive adequate compensation. The current shortage has resulted in unpleasant and stressful working conditions, which keeps young people away from this profession. This essay discusses these and other causes and reasons for the shortage of nurses. The writer then reports recommendations for solving the problem as provided by experts in the field. Data are included. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nursing Homes and the Financial Crisis Confronting Them

    This 20 page report discusses the state of the nursing home industry in the United States and the many problems and challenges it has face and continues to face. Even though Congress restored nearly $3 billion to skilled nursing facilities in 1999, it still wasn’t enough to keep many of the facilities operating. In general, the government’s payment system and the ever-increasing costs of doing business and providing services has resulted in financial disasters throughout the nursing home industry, especially for the most financially leveraged nursing home chains. Issues associated with nursing homes’ financial, regulatory, and administrative problems are discussed. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Addressing the Nursing Shortage

    An 8 page discussion of the many problems inherent in the current nursing shortage. The author evaluates various legislative suggestions to alleviate that shortage. House Resolution 5924, a bill calling for increased caps for Visas for foreign nurses, is dismissed as a less than workable possibility. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Community Nursing Partnership Rewards and Threats

    This 8 page paper considers the threats and rewards of partnership working in nursing with reference to community nursing and the National Health Service (NHS) in United Kingdom. The bibliography cites 13 sources.

  • Review of an Article on Nursing

    This 8 page paper is a critique of an article: Dahl, Julie, RN, CNP, MS & Penque, Sue, RN, CNP, MS. (2000, March). The Effects of an Advanced Practice Nurse – Directed Heart Failure Program published in The Nurse Practitioner. The writer comments on these issues: purpose and hypothesis of study, population included, appropriateness of data collection and analysis, variables related to the study and control of those variables, internal and external validity, the review of literature, the design of the study, the conclusions drawn, implications and importance of the study. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Osteoporosis In Elderly Women

    A 14 page paper that defines and describes this disease and the incidence. The paper explains how it is diagnosed and treated. Comments are separated into sections, including Pathophysiology, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment; the role of Nurse Educators; Quality of Life issues; and Community/Healthcare Resources, including nursing homes. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Nursing Shortage

    This 5 page paper reports and discusses journal articles that address the nursing shortage. Statistical data are included. Articles consider issues such as RNs not working different careers as contributing to the shortage and the lack of nursing faculty. The writer comments on criteria for selecting articles, the most interesting, new information and any differences among the four articles. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Childhood Diabetes and Nursing

    (8 pp) According to the American Nurses Association and American Association of Diabetes Educators (1998), diabetes, is increasingly recognized as a national health care and economic concern that is receiving a great deal of attention from legislators, providers and those who pay health care services. Efforts to improve care, and thus decrease its complications, validates the need for nurses who specialize in this area. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 2000 Study 'Gender and Short-Term Recovery from Cardiac Surgery' Reviewed

    A 9 page paper critiquing a 2000 study of gender differences in recovery from cardiac surgery. The article is highly useful to nursing practice. It is methodologically strong and provides practicing nurses with sound and practical advice for their women patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The findings of this study provide information that nurses can directly communicate to women patients in the form of warning that any delay in feelings of wellbeing is only temporary; that with time (less than three months) they will be experiencing full benefits of their surgeries; and that those benefits will not only be physical but will include a stronger sense of wellbeing as well. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Nursing Shortage And Access To Quality Care

    A 6 page paper. The writer reports various studies that confirm a shortage of nurses now and in the future and the implications of that shortage. For example, nurses work more mandated overtime, leaving them more tired and more stressed. The essay also reports studies that show a direct link between the shortage of nurses and the quality of care patients receive. The essay comments on the aging of the population and its impact. The writer comments on ethical issues related to access to quality care. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Advocacy and Caring in Nursing

    An 8 page paper. There is a link between a patient's level of satisfaction with hospital services and the patient's perceived level of caring from the nurse. This essay supports this premise by reporting studies that have made this conclusion. The underlying principles of the therapeutic relationship between nurse and patient are reported. The writer also discusses nurses as advocates for patients. Four models are presented along with comments about those models. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Patient Outcomes, Organizational Factors, and Nursing Competency

    A 14 page discussion of the varied factors which enter into nursing competency and ultimately translate to patient outcome. Suggests that while the degree of training a nurse has is directly related to competence, so too are managerial factors. Asserts that the implementation of internal policies and procedures, although typically subject to resistance from staff, is an integral component of ensuring optimum patient outcome. Identifies interdisciplinary managerial factors such as quality assurance/quality improvement programs and the establishment of clinical pathways as being significant to nursing competence as well. Includes a one-page Roman numeral outline. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Organ Procurement and the Role of Nursing

    An 8 page overview of the many considerations a nurse must make when serving as the front-line between patient, family, and the medical profession in terms of interpreting organ procurement and transplant. The nurse must be prepared to carry out his or her technical duties as well as to discuss the issues surrounding the organ procurement process to family members in their time of grief. The nurse that makes an ongoing effort to gain trust and respect of the patient and family is more likely to receive permission for organ collection. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Nursing Homes and Ethical Issues

    5 pages in length. In today's world of nursing home care, the level of abuse and neglect has reached an all-time high. The commonality of such unacceptable treatment has called for myriad legal intervention as a means by which to re-evaluate health reform; however, such inhumane activity continues in spite of these measures. The most frustrating aspect of nursing home care is the fact that the patients themselves are often incapable of reporting such treatment, rendering them victims in the ongoing breakdown of America's health care system. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Theory and the Importance of Domestic Violence Screening and Intervention

    A 7 page discussion of the issues presented by domestic violence. The author contends that increased screening for domestic and partner violence is imperative if this problem is to be effectively addressed. Consequently, there is a need for increasing nurses' awareness of the problem. The problem that must be overcome, however, is the medical profession's tendency to not look beyond the obvious, a potentially fatal flaw when it comes to domestic violence. This flaw can be overcome, however, through a reemphasis of the on the deliberative process. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Community and Corrections Nursing

    A 7 page paper discussing how the correctional facility nurse can have effect in the local community. The US penal system guarantees appropriate health care to prison inmates. US Supreme Court decisions have determined that withholding any medical treatment where there is urgent need constitutes "cruel and unusual punishment," which of course is not allowed by the Eighth Amendment to the US Constitution or by the American character. Providing nursing service within the prison community offers distinct challenges, but it also offers opportunities that otherwise might never be available to health care providers. Prisons often hold individuals that public health professionals have difficulty locating; extending public health screening to the correctional setting can have direct benefit both within the prison and in the local community when individual inmates are released. Includes an outline. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Quitting the Cigarette Habit and The Role of Health Psychologists

    This is a 5 page paper on the role of health psychologists in smoking cessation. The Website of the Health Psychology Associates (http://www.healthpsych.com/) addresses issues related to the research, treatments and role of health psychologists in the health care setting. One area of particular concern for health psychology is smoking. Essentially, health psychologists are concerned with the psychological and biomedical reasons for why people are addicted to smoking and have difficulty stopping and what treatment programs can be initiated to help people stop smoking. Research has found that people begin and continue smoking from a combination of social, psychological, and biological factors. In smoking cessation therapies health psychologists have found that a combination of psychological, social and biological factors are also the most effective in that patients are instructed on the use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in addition to the more important aspects of personal and social counseling, coping strategies, skill management and stress reduction throughout the stages of contemplation of smoking cessation through until well after action and maintenance of smoking cessation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Development, Growth, and the Impact of Stress

    8 pages. Stress has been shown to have an impact on human growth and development. This paper considers stress in the different stages of life including childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Both positive and negative effects of stress are included as they pertain to developmental psychology research, theories and perspectives. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Vaccinations Do Not Translate Into Sexual Promiscuity!

    A 6 page consideration of the controversy surrounding vaccinating young girls against cervical cancer. Some interpret it as giving a stamp of approval for promiscuity. This paper argues to the contrary. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Adverse Drug Reaction Among Elderly Patients: Impact Upon Costs And Length Of Hospital Stay

    3 pages in length. Drug companies are well aware of the issues surrounding why adverse drug interactions occur in the first place, so it stands to reason why they should be on the front lines with regard to quelling this reality. Adverse drug reactions happen for several reasons, not the least of which includes treatment of more than one doctor, unmonitored self-medicating and lack of education about the serious nature of drug interaction. No bibliography.

  • The Pharmaceutical Industry and Erectile Dysfunction

    This 7 page paper examines the causes of this condition and discusses various treatments that are available. The potential negative consequences of using drugs like Viagra and Levitra to treat this condition are emphasized. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Smoking Indoors and Why It Should be Considered Illegal

    12 pages in length. Smoking indoors imprisons nonsmokers to breathe the same polluted air that fills the space around smokers. Nonsmoking sections have done little to appease the nonsmoking public and allow them to enjoy a meal or a night on the town without being overwhelmed by the stifling impact of secondhand smoke, particular when there is no tangible barrier between the two sections. All in all, the nonsmoking section was created to mollify complainants rather than address the problem. As such, nonsmokers are being stripped of their right to enjoy public venues without the intrusion of secondhand smoke, a fact that is politically – and physiologically – unacceptable in a democratic society. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Educating the Elderly About Strokes

    This 6 page paper offers a lesson plan for teaching seniors (over age 55) about strokes. The focus is identifying signs or symptoms of strokes, risk factors and preventing stokes. Data are included. Two handouts for the class are included. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Compliance and Learning within the Supervision Functions

    This 7 page paper looks at the concept of supervision in the healthcare environment and discusses what it is, how it is undertaken and the role in terms of compliance and the potential for learning and teaching opportunities. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases Program

    A 6 page paper discussing a program supporting the goals of Healthy People 2010. This goal provides the focus of a program to be developed and directed at a group of 25 at-risk teens living in a group home in Kansas City, Missouri. The approach is that of issuing a one-page fact sheet for the teens and opportunity for question-answer sessions. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Report Proposing the Adoption of Electronic Health Records

    This 17 page paper is a proposal for implementing an electronic patient records system in a hospital. The paper considers the acceptability of the proposal from a number of stakeholder perspectives, including staff and patients as well as owners. The report also considers operational risks and potential risk avoidance strategies and analyzes the economic feasibility of the proposal, including budgets is demonstrating the economic benefit and the break even period and a five year projection. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Universal Health Care

    A 3 page paper that begins with facts about the number of Americans with no health care insurance and the number who die unnecessarily because of it. The essay explains what universal health care means, the advantages of having such a system and the disadvantages. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Health Care Insurance And The Unemployed

    A 9 page paper that is written as a proposal. The paper discusses the issue of continuing health care insurance after losing one's job. Statistical data are included regarding the unemployed and the uninsured. The writer points out the greater difficulties single individual unemployed persons have obtaining health care coverage. Annotated bibliography included in the page count. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Health Care Delivery in the United States

    This 3 page paper focuses specifically on health care delivery and its connection to health education system. Also reviewed is public opinion re same.Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Funding Universal Health Care

    A 7 page paper that reports certain data, including expenses related to GDP per capita compared to other countries, the number of Americans with no or inadequate health insurance. The paper discusses how individual states attempted to fund universal health coverage and how other countries fund the program. The writer comments on the savings that could be achieved with certain practices and how such a program would need to be funded in this country. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Comparing Healthcare in Zambia with Healthcare in United States

    This 14 page paper looks at the universal healthcare system in Zambia, considering its main characteristics, underlying philosophies as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the system along with the challenges it faces. This system is then compared with the healthcare system of the United States, with both systems discussed in the context of the social and economic environment within their relative countries. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Healthcare Administration Leadership

    A 3 page essay that justifies pursuing a doctorate degree in healthcare administration. Doctorate education in healthcare administration is formulated to aid in the creation of highly motivated, advanced healthcare leaders, who can effectively address the challenges of today's healthcare system, as well as shape effective public policy for the needs of the future (Doctor in HA). The challenges facing the U.S. healthcare system, as well as the healthcare systems in all Western, industrialized societies, are formidable. Effective leadership in healthcare administration is a crucial factor in meeting these challenges. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Should the US Adopt a Universal Healthcare System?

    This 5 page paper is an argumentative paper on the topic of whether or not the United States should adopt universal healthcare system similar to those found in countries such as Canada, New Zealand and the UK. The paper looks at the arguments for and against the adoption of universal healthcare system including issues such as cost and quality of care, and finishes with a conclusion in favor of universal healthcare. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Philosophy of Healthcare Management

    A 3 page essay that discusses the writer’s personal philosophy regarding healthcare management. No bibliography is offered.

  • THE NEEDS FOR HEALTHY EATING

    This 8-page paper explains why healthy eating and exercise is very important to a person's lifestyle. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Educating Alabamians About Nutrition and Healthy Lifestyle Choices

    This 3 page paper reviews the mission and services of this critical government agency. Specific attention is given to the way this agency helps low income individuals make healthy food and lifestyle choices. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Healthy People 2020 and the PPACA

    A 3 page research paper that argues that the PPACA can be regarded as an action plan for achieving the Healthy People 2020 goal of reducing health disparities. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Heat-Related Illness

    A 5 page research paper that reports on literature relating the effects of heat-related illness, and the responsibilities for employers relating to this topic. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Complications of Medicinal Herbs and Their Impact Upon Dentistry

    A 5 page overview of the potential medicinal value of herbs. This paper emphasizes that benefit can be overshadowed by negative impacts when these drugs are combined with others or taken in high concentration such as in herbal tea. The author provides brief notes on aloe, echinacea, feverfew, garlic, ginger, gingko biloba, ginseng, goldenseal, and Saint John’s Wort. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Health Overview of High Blood Pressure

    A 5 page discussion of the health impacts of hypertension. This paper defines hypertension and outlines its impacts to cardiovascular and renal function in particular. Presenting the case study of a fictional patient who presents to the emergency room with chest pain, the author reviews the diagnostic techniques which are utilized and the interventional methods which are employed. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Cholesterol and Health

    A 4 page overview of cholesterol. This article delineates the different types of cholesterol and their role in human physiology. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

    This 7 page paper focuses on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which is a precursor to AIDS. HIV is defined and explored. Treatment and research are also included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • An Article Review on HIV/AIDS

    A 4 page discussion of the dangers of HIV and AIDS. Centering the discussion around the facts presented in a September 15, 2004 article in the Houston Chronicle by La Monica Everett-Haynes, the author of this paper points out the many misperceptions that perpetuate HIV infection. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Tobacco Regulation

    This 5 page paper discusses tobacco regulation and its connection to tobacco addiction. It also considers the way in which the media influences the use of tobacco. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nutritional Supplement Creatine

    A 5 page paper discussing the relative benefits and concerns over the use of the nutritional supplement creatine. Written from the perspective of a student who is interested in the supplement’s long-term impacts to her fellow students, this paper advises that while the use of creatine as a nutritional supplement might be considered one of the least deleterious practices pursued by these athletes and may actually result in some forms of athletic performance, athletes should consume the supplement only with extreme caution as there are no long-term studies testifying to the absence of long-term deleterious effects. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Access to Services for People with Disabilities

    This 3 page paper examines the problems people with disabilities face when it comes to health care. Do people with disabilities have access to health care in the same way that other people do? Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Issues of Emergency Response Disaster Management

    A 20 page paper discussing issues surrounding emergency response as it relates to disaster management. The paper discusses emergency response resulting from the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, but it also discusses events such as Hurricane Fran in 1996, centering on the coast of North Carolina where the category 3 storm made landfall. The key to effective emergency response - excluding the training that can be seen as being a constant value – lies in the quality of communication between diverse teams and agencies responding to the event that has generated a crisis. The purpose here is to address two primary questions: “Are emergency responders equipped to communicate with others outside of their departments in time of crisis? [and] What are strategies to improve communications?” The paper concludes that emergency response in urban areas is highly effective, but that the same efforts in rural areas can be hindered by communication deficiencies. Bibliography lists 11 sources. A companion 16-slide Power Point presentation is available.

  • Distracted Driving

    A 9 page discussion of the many elements of our lives that can lead to disaster when we are behind the wheel. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Chicago Heat Wave in Heat Wave A Social Autopsy of Disaster in Chicago

    This 6 page paper discusses the notorious Chicago heat wave which lasted over a week and left many dead in its wake. This paper examines the social structure which allowed a vast number of elderly and other "unwanted" people in society to succumb to the tortures of this heatwave relatively unnoticed until it was too late. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Hydrogen Fuel as a Renewable Energy Source

    This 7 page paper examines the health and environmental benefits of renewable sources of energy versus their fossil fuel counterparts. More specifically, this paper examines the benefits of hydrogen fuel cells, their impact upon the environment, and their future applications. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Generics, Ethics, and Law in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    A 14 page discussion of the pharmaceutical industry and the reception generic drugs have within that industry. This paper presents the thesis that it is both ethical and legal for pharmaceutical companies to interfere with or to delay generic drugs being released into the marketplace. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Managing Quality and Risk Management in a Mental Health Environment

    This 12 page paper looks at the concept and use of quality management in healthcare with particular attention to a mental healthcare facility. The concepts and meaning of quality care are discussed, along with the way it is implemented, Internal and external influences are considered and some recommendations are made for improving quality management in a mental healthcare facility. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Nurses Job Satisfaction

    An 11 page paper. This essay reports studies that reveal the shortage of nurses and future projections and studies that discuss and report conclusions on the level of job satisfaction among registered nurses in hospitals. One of the issues discussed is moral distress. Other issues include the high patient ratio and satisfaction levels related to specialty area and setting. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Junk Food and Children

    A 5 page paper which examines statistics involving junk food and children. The paper argues that in a society where obesity is a serious concern for children junk food should not be so readily available. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Aerobics v. Yoga

    7 pages in length. Like apples and oranges, an individual cannot compare the benefits of yoga to those of aerobics, inasmuch as one seeks to attune the entire body/mind connection through physical and spiritual growth, while the other focuses primarily upon building body strength through physical exertion. Those who seek a gentler approach to emotional and physical well being typically opt for the moderate technique of yoga as opposed to others who want a challenging and forceful style that aerobic exercise provides. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Abortion Impact of Privacy and Natural Rights Argument

    This 10 page paper provides an overview of the application of the natural rights argument. This paper integrates a view of the natural rights argument as it applies to the issue of privacy and its impacts on abortion and abortion law. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Argument that Abortion is 'Wrong'

    5 pages in length. There are myriad reasons why abortion is wrong. Three of the most prominent – biblical implication, pro-life arguments and procedural side effects – provide one with a significantly better understanding of the extent to which abortion is wrong. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Issue of Resistance to Antibiotics

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the topic of antibiotic resistance. This paper considers the problems with the over-use of antibiotics. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Antidepressant Escitalopram

    This is a 10 page paper which discusses all the aspects of the antidepressant drug escitalopram. The bibliography has 6 sources.

  • US Children and Obesity

    A 10 page overview of the problem of child obesity. The author points the finger at television and corporate advertising, both of which serve to lead our children into sedentary lifestyles and poor nutritional habits. The key to this problem, however, is parents. Parents must take a more active role in their children's lives and not be so ready to place them in front of the electronic baby-sitter. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Persuasive Essay on Why People Should Not Eat Fast Food and Eric Schlosser’s Fast Food Nation

    In five pages this persuasive essay relies upon Eric Schlosser’s Fast Food Nation as a primary source in this overview of the reasons why people should not consume fast food, with unsanitary practices, animal cruelty, and public health concerns such as obesity the primary focuses. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Fast Food Nation

    A 4 page paper discussing several points of Eric Schlosser's "Fast Food Nation" in memo format. The paper discusses slaughterhouse operations; marketing to children; and the link between fast food and obesity. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Childhood Obesity in America

    A 5 page paper which examines the causes, effects, and solutions as they involve childhood obesity. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Chiropractic Care and Insights

    A 4 page discussion of the value of chiropractic care. Defines the approach and reports on its value in treating scoliosis. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Dangers Of Smoking

    3 pages in length. Once hip and socially acceptable, cigarette smoking has become the looming beast from which communities across the globe are trying to escape. Cities across the United States are implementing smoking bans as a response to the steadily growing proof that cigarettes pose tremendous health risks - even to those who do not smoke. Considering the many detrimental issues associated with cigarette smoking, three of the top concerns include secondhand smoke, lung cancer and global impact. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Cloning

    A 5 page paper which examines reproductive cloning v therapeutic cloning. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Discussion of Diabetes Mellitus

    15 pages in length. No one is safe from developing diabetes mellitus. In America, one person succumbs to the fatal aspects of the disease every three minutes; sixteen million Americans have been diagnosed, while another five point four million will continue on with their lives without knowing they have the disease. Leading to fatal kidney failure, adult blindness, nerve damage and limb amputations, diabetes is truly a silent killer. Additionally, heart attacks stokes occur two to four times more often in those with diabetes than in those without it. Those who have caught their disease in time can still count on dying an average of fifteen years earlier than what is otherwise expected. Infants who are born from mothers with diabetes are two to three times more likely to die than their disease-free counterparts. Ninety-eight billion dollars is spent every year in the United States in order to treat diabetes. Medicare, which foots a significant amount of that annual bill, pays out no less than one of every five dollars to support those with the disease. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Juveniles and Drug Abuse

    8 pages. Drug abuse among juveniles is becoming more common than ever before. This paper will look at some of the possible reasons this substance abuse is occurring and some of the more successful programs that have been used in certain schools and regions to fight drug abuse. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nurses and Drug Abuse

    This 3 page paper looks at the issue of drug abuse or addiction and nurses. The argumentative paper discusses the level of addiction and argues that given the range of influencing factors that addiction rates appear to be relativity low and that this issue f onuses with addiction problems does not receive sufficient attention. The bibliography cites 6 sources.

  • Should New Drugs Be Labelled As ‘New’ To Indicate A Higher Risk Than Established Dugs?

    This 4 page paper considers the issue of new drugs and whether or not they should be labelled as an issue of public safety. The FDA focuses on drug approval, leaving a gap when it comes to assessing drugs that have already been approved. There ahs been a call for all new drugs to be marked as new. The paper assesses this from the perspective of the drug companies, the health policy makers and the patients. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Media and Body Image

    A 5 page paper which considers the importance that media images of body shape have on the way that individuals, especially teenage girls, perceive themselves and whether this may be related to the recent increase in the incidence of eating disorders amongst this group. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Legislation on Euthanasia

    A 5 page research paper on legislation involving euthanasia. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Creating Financial Sustainability Poor Nations

    This 14 page paper considers the way in which developing countries in Africa and Asia are seeking to create financial sustainability in the healthcare systems, and considers the influence and impact of fee based service provision on the accessibility and equity of the systems. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Controlling Asthma

    A 10 page paper that begins by reporting the prevalence of asthma and the contradictions between the symptoms patients report and their perception of how well they are controlling this disease. The essay discusses triggers, allergens and irritants, the typical treatment, the latest research connecting stress to asthma attacks and ideas for how patients and caregivers can help better control this condition. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Over Diagnosed?

    This 11 page paper considerers the arguments for and against the proposition that ADHD is being over diagnosed. The paper looks at how ADHD may be diagnosed, the difficulties in diagnoses and how there is the potential for over diagnosis. After this the evidence for and against is considered citing various research papers. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Benefits of Fitness

    An 8 page paper which examines the benefits of fitness. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Youth Fitness

    A 6 page exploration of the factors that have entered into declining youth fitness. This paper emphasizes the importance of a physically active lifestyle and good nutrition in insuring good health. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Florence Nightingale's Work

    This 5 page paper considers the work Florence Nightingale and its’ impact on nursing practice of today. Included in the paper is her work in the Crimean War and the subsequent work with William Farr, the early development of evidence based nursing, the use of statistics, the emphasis on hygiene and the changed role, responsibility and perception of the nurse as a result of her work. The MLA style bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Public Health Aspects of Food Safety

    This 8 page paper discusses the issue of food safety from a public health perspective; it focuses mostly on a literature review. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Data Collection and the Analysis of Variables

    This 7 page paper looks at an article which collects data and then uses the data in an analysis. The article used concerns the influences on maternal mortality in Burkina Faso between 1997 and 2001. The different variables are examined and the way they are clustered is discussed. The paper also presents a conceptual map. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Malaria's Medical Geography

    10 pages in length. Malaria, one of the world's most communicable diseases, has its origin back when man befriended – and thus domesticated – various species of animals. Prominent in locations where hygiene is poor, water supplies are contaminated and mosquitoes are plentiful, malaria is both life threatening and extraordinarily prevalent – nearly forty percent – in today's underdeveloped countries. The one-cell parasite responsible for this highly infectious disease is called plasmodium and is delivered from one person to another by way of certain mosquito bites. Tropical climates are especially prone to these disease-carrying parasites, with Africa ranking among the highest mortality rates, an infestation that has been all but eliminated in more temperate atmospheric conditions across the globe. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Hand Washing Hygiene in Disease Control

    A 3 page overview of recent Center for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines in hand hygiene. This paper reviews organism susceptibility to soap and water as well as to alcohol solutions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Weight Loss And Fad Diets

    10 pages in length. No matter what time of day or night, what type of media or how many grocery store shelves, consumers are constantly barraged with weight loss products, programs, ideas and promises. The extent to which America has a tremendous weight problem is both grand and far-reaching; that the diet industry serves as more of a hindrance to realizing ultimate weight loss goals than a positive motivator speaks to the significant influence fad diets have upon those who are desperate to lose pounds. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Aging and High Blood Pressure

    (10 pp) Hypertension, one of the most common medical problems, affects 60 million people in the US. Recent studies show that only 57% of patients known to be hypertensive are controlled. Hypertension is a risk factor for a multitude of potentially life-threatening illnesses. Called the "silent killer," hypertension is usually asymptomatic. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Aging and Mitochondria

    This 14 page paper discusses the aging of America. Today, more than 6,000 people turn 65 every day, that number will jump to 10,000 by 2011. This essay provides information on aging trends and the effect on the health care system. The writer also comments on the mitochondrial damage theory of aging and reports two dietary supplements that have been shown to be effective in preventing and even reversing certain age-related symptoms. 1 Graph included, Statistical data included. Statistical data reported. 1 Graph included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • HEALTHCARE AND NEEDS FOR AN AGING POPULATION

    This 6-page paper discusses the impact of the aging population on the health care system and provides suggestions of what needs to be done to be prepared. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • A South Africa Global AIDS Perspective

    An 8 page outline of the problems facing South Africa in terms of effectively addressing the AIDS epidemic. This paper assesses the AIDS epidemic in the region from the perspective of the cultural behaviors and mindsets which continue to feed it. The contention is presented that the most effective address of the problem must overcome the cultural refusal to acknowledge it. Home testing coupled with government-enforced mandatory attendance at educational workshops is proposed as being a solution which will ensure self-awareness, avoid social ostracization, and hopefully spawn positive behavior change. A free one-page solution outline is included. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Importance of AIDS Research

    This 8 page paper examines the history of AIDS and AIDS research. It is argued that more research needs to be done or more people will die. The concept of the AIDS vaccine is explored. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Cancer and Air Pollution

    A 5 page discussion of the connection between air pollution and cancer. The author discusses specific air pollutant components such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, and nitrogen oxides in relation to their association with cancer. A brief review of the efforts which have been made to curb air pollution is also included. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Alcohol Abuse and Public Health

    This 3 page paper discusses alcohol abuse and why it can be considered a public health issue. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • U.S. Health System

    This 3 page paper begins by identifying one hopes the main functions of the health system is and how that system is failing in the United States. Experts say the system is broken. Limited statistical data are reported in terms of medical errors and the uninsured. The writer also reports and discusses the mission statement from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Autism and the Vaccination Scare

    This 4 page paper dispels the belief that the vaccine for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) causes this devastating condition. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • ERP, CRM, and KM Solutions for Patton Fuller Community Hospital

    This is an 8 page paper that provides an overview of IT systems at Patton Fuller. ERP, CRM, and KM solutions are proposed and current systems are analyzed. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Annotated Bibliography on Teen Pregnancies

    This 5 page paper is an annotated bibliography citing books that deal specifically with adolescent pregnancies. Citing books from both the mother and fathers perspective as well as medical, social and economic studies.

  • Physical Effects of Smoking

    12 pages in length. The writer discusses the physical problems associated with cigarette smoking, including lung cancer and cardiovascular disease. Statistics included. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Importance of Health Care Communication

    A 5 page paper that discusses a very complex topic in an emerging field. The paper provides a definition and goal of this type of communication. The writer discusses reports research that correlates effective communication with better health outcomes and the reverse with poor communication. Therapeutic communication is defined and discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Comparative Analysis of Tap and Bottled Water

    A 5 page paper which examines the differences and similarities between bottled water and tap water. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Health Care Communication

    This 6 page paper provides a general overview of the importance of effective communication within the health care system. The discussions include: health care provider and patient; the need for communication skills to be learned, the need to recognize cultural and national communication differences, communication between professionals, and an example of how one organization set up its internal communication network. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Daycare Setting and the Protection of Welfare and Health

    A 20 page overview of the various provisions that are necessary to prevent the spread of disease and exposure to toxic chemicals in the day care environment. This paper provides a step by step review of basic hygiene practices in response to specific questions and scenarios regarding those practices. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Canadian Dental Hygiene, Aging, and the Media

    A 9 page paper which examines the elderly and dental hygiene, and the media and the elderly as it relates to Canada. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Depression and Anxiety in Women With Breast Cancer and Their Partners

    A 3 page review of the article published in the published in the January/February edition of “The Nursing Research Journal” by authors Terry Badger, Chris Segan, Sylvia M. Darros, Paula Meek and Ana Marie Lopez. This paper outlines the study methodology and findings to conclude that it offers valuable direction for the nursing field. No additional sources are listed.

  • Rural Southwest Queensland Australia and Developing a Breast Cancer Screening Program

    This 5-page paper describes the justification and strategic planning for setting up a breast cancer screening center for rural women in SW Queensland. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Arguing Against Breast Augmentation

    A 5 page contention that breast implants are simply not worth the risks. The author asserts that our drive to perfect our bodies is created by an overzealous media and should be overcome. The risks far outweigh the benefits. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Barack Obama’s Universal Healthcare

    A 9 page paper which examines President Elect Barack Obama’s universal healthcare plan. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Obesity in Adults

    This 30 page paper looks at the problem, causes and treatment of obesity. The paper starts with an introduction, defines what is meant by obesity and discusses the influences on obesity, including genetic, environmental and behavioural influences. The paper discusses the conditions that result from, or that are aggravated by, obesity, including diabetes and coronary heart failure. The paper then goes on to look at the way obesity can be treated and the models of change which can help to frame treatment approaches, including the Tannahill Model as well as the approach of Prochaska and Diclemente. The discussion in the paper includes policies and approaches seen in the United Kingdom National Health Service (NHS) and UK obesity statistics .The bibliography cites 34 sources.

  • Planning an Obesity Education Program for 16 - 18 Year Olds

    This 11 page paper looks at the problem of obesity, paying particular attention to the age group of 16 0 18 years. The aim of the paper is to develop an effective educational program aimed at reducing obesity in 16 – 18 year. Included in the paper is a discussion on the problem and current gaps in support and healthcare education dealing with obesity before looking at the use of an appropriate healthcare change model and the proposed inclusion in any education program. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Action Plan to Reduce Obesity in 12 - 18 Year Olds

    This 9 page paper is an action plan based on the objective to reduce the levels of obesity in children between the ages of 12 and 16 years in the London borough of Camden and Islington. The paper starts by outlining why obesity is a problem and needs attention and then a plan targeting diet and exercise is presented in a tabulated format. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

  • Teenage Pregnancy

    A 6 page paper which examines many aspects of teenage pregnancy. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Effect of Hurricanes, Floods on Environmental Health

    A 16 page research paper that analyzes data concerning the effects of Hurricane Katrina. This paper addresses research concerning the devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina from the perspective of environmental health. First of all, the problems arising from Katrina are summarized, then background information is offered, which is followed by a literature review of relevant sources, including applicable research studies. Conclusions and recommendations are discussed. The page count includes a brief abstract, a 1-page proposal for the paper and a 3-page annotated bibliography. The bulk of the paper is 12 pages in length. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • The Lasting Effects of Hurricane Katrina

    This 3 page paper examines the impact of Hurricane Katrina on the health care system; it also discusses the government response to the tragedy and how Louisiana is coping today. It also states what might have been done differently. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Cancer and Homes with Unacceptable Radon Gas Levels

    This is a 7 page paper discussing indoor radon exposure as a leading cause of lung cancer. In the U.S., it is estimated that 1 out of every 15 homes has an “unacceptable” level of radon gas (higher than 4 pCi/l). Within the last 15 years, radon has been found to be the second leading cause of lung cancer within the U.S. claiming over 14,000 deaths each year. While studies are still being conducting in several countries and populations, it seems that radon is linked primarily with causing lung cancer and has not been linked with any other types of cancer at this point. This is primarily due to the fact that alpha radiation released by the radon progeny atoms which adhere to the lungs has little capacity to travel distances and therefore concentrates its damage to the lungs. While certain aspects of reducing radon exposure are still being debated, such as what can be considered “safe” levels, most scientists and state and federal health agencies agree that there is little doubt that radon is one of the leading causes of lung cancer and humans receive their radon exposure from indoor environments such as homes, school and work environments where the radon levels are considerably higher than outdoors. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Obesity and Childhood

    A 6 page paper discussing the growing problem of obesity in childhood. Television, electronic games, uncertain dangers in urban settings, parents’ busy schedules and a plethora of other influences all combine to contribute to creating increasing obesity in children. Children are more sedentary than at any other time, and marketers believe there is great value in marketing directly to those efficient influencers of parents. The cost of marketing directly to children now tops $12 billion annually, and increasing numbers of health professionals believe that today’s children face a lifetime of learning to deal with and overcome the physical and psychological influences of childhood. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Childhood Obesity Control Measures

    This 5 page paper evaluates childhood obesity and measures that can be taken at the school and community level. Recommendations are made. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Diabetes Control: A Review of Literature

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of 8 articles that represent current research in the area of diabetes management and diabetes education. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Affordability of Health Insurance Letter to U.S. Senator Bill Frist

    A 4 page letter to Senator Bill Frist, M.D., describing a citizen’s view of his inability to purchase health care insurance. A large and growing percentage of the American people are unable to afford any health care insurance of any kind, yet do not qualify for social assistance programs. While those who can afford insurance can buy it and those who live in poverty have full access to public health care programs, many of those of us who cannot afford either health care or health care insurance earn just enough that we also do not qualify for public assistance of any kind. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Four Health Insurance Issues

    A 5 page paper This essay discusses four issues regarding health care: proposed solutions for the uninsured to obtain insurance; is it easier to obtain insurance today; should we limit or cap benefits for the elderly; what legislation has passed that addresses this issue. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Mental Health Treatment and Group Work Importance

    This 25 page paper is written in two parts, the first part of the paper looks at the problem of mental health, its’ prevalence and impact and then considers how group work can be used to treat mental issues. The paper focuses on group therapy considering how and why it can be of use. The second part of the paper places the group therapy into a wider context by examining mental development from a human development perspective and the role of group interaction. This includes the consideration of social groups and peer pressure. The bibliography cites 32 sources.

  • More Negative Than Positive Effects of Anabolic Steroids

    A 4 page overview of the numerous adverse impacts which have been associated with the unsupervised use of anabolic steroids. These impacts include both physiological changes and personality changes as well as increased potential for certain diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nutrition and Health Problems in the Elderly

    A 7 page paper discussing controlling diabetes and obesity in the elderly through better nutrition. Intervention that seeks to control both diabetes and obesity in the elderly is not an easy task, but it is one that at least is logical. Patient education is paramount, as is an approach marked with creativity. Visual attractiveness is more important as well, for taste and smell are not as active as in individuals’ earlier years. Controlling diabetes and obesity in the elderly through nutrition is not easy, but it is possible. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • School Aged Children and Nutrition Factors

    A 4 page overview of the importance of good nutrition for children. The author asserts that a good nutritional plan takes more into consideration that vitamins, minerals, and calories. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nutrition Concerns in AIDS

    An 8 page review of the importance of adequate nutrition in Auto Immune Efficienc Disorder. This paper details the various physiological processes that can be affected by nutrition. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • An Article on Obesity, Diabetes, and the Effect of Estrogen Reviewed

    An 8 page paper that reviews an article entitled: "Estrogen can prevent or reverse obesity and diabetes in mice expressing human islet amyloid polypeptide." The essay reports and comments on methodology, research questions, introduction, theoretical foundation, results, discussion and conclusion.

  • The Link Between Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

    A 6 page paper exploring the relationship that exists between Type 2 diabetes and obesity. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • National Health Service and Complementary Medicine

    This 5 page paper discusses how complementary medicine fits into the National Health Service in the UK. This paper explores the benefits of complementary medicine as well as the history of the NHS. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Overview of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    6 pages in length. Research findings indicate that nearly eighteen million Americans suffer with the dangerous and exhausting effects of sleep apnea, in which certain mechanical and structural problems in the airway cause the interruptions in breathing during sleep. Telltale signs of a potential problem include loud snoring, obesity, high blood pressure and a physical blockage of the nose, throat or upper airway. Its prevalence appears to be genetic to some degree; however, its appearance in overweight patients also indicates that its composition is rooted in both genetics and environment. The writer discusses cause, diagnosis, treatment and long-term consequences of obstructive sleep apnea. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Sleep Apnea Disorder

    6 pages in length. Research findings indicate that nearly eighteen million Americans suffer with the dangerous and exhausting effects of sleep apnea, in which "certain mechanical and structural problems in the airway cause the interruptions in breathing during sleep" (Hunt, 2002). Telltale signs of a potential problem include loud snoring, obesity, high blood pressure and a physical blockage of the nose, throat or upper airway. Its prevalence appears to be genetic to some degree; however, its appearance in overweight patients also indicates that its composition is rooted in both genetics and environment. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Online Dating Services for People with STDs

    This 5 page paper investigates and names these web sites. The trend is examined. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • The Right to Die as a Legal Issue

    A 3 page research paper that briefly relates case law pertaining to the right to die. The writer summarizes the cases of Cruzan v. Director, Vacco v. Quill, and Washington v. Glucksburg and then discussed the law regarding withdrawal of treatment from babies suffering from disability. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Thermal Stress Reaction Case Study Analysis

    This 5 page paper examines a case study of a 30 year old worker who collapses and dies as his body temperature tops 107F. How to prevent such tragedies is discussed. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Health People 2010: Low-Income, Low Literate, Diabetic New Yorkers

    5 pages in length. Statistics clearly illustrate the challenges low-income diabetic New Yorkers have in the ongoing quest to access the Internet to reach the plethora of helpful information pertaining to their disease. For example, seventy-seven percent with income of $15,000 or less have no computer, which equates to eighty-one percent unable to access from their homes (Commission on Independent Colleges and Universities, 2007). While these findings provide valuable information pertaining to how this works against their health, it is important to note that a number of programs are being implemented in order to fix the problem. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • How to Encourage Smokers to Give Up Smoking

    This 12 page paper looks at the links between smoking and lung cancer and then uses theoretical constructs in order to design a social marketing campaign to encourage smokers to give up their habit. The bibliography cites 16 sources.

  • Study Proposal on Work Days Off and How Second Hand Smoke Affects the Lung Function of Employees

    A 9 page proposal for an experimental design to test the impacts of secondary smoke in the workplace utilizing a sample base of male non-smokers who do not live with a smoker. Relies on the utilization of salivary testing for cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, to quantify the degree of smoking which an individual is exposed to in the workplace. Notes that much of what we know of the impacts of secondary smoke relates to specific pulmonary function but little has been done in regard to correlating this knowledge with employee absenteeism. Because of the susceptibility of employees to this environmental contaminant, and its suspected impact of necessitating time off work due to related illnesses, it is imperative that these risk be quantified. This quantification could prove particularly useful in deciding workplace smoking policy. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Overview of Lupus

    6 pages in length. The writer discusses lupus in relation to pathophysiology, generalized outcomes, condition and treatment impact on the body, medical intervention, prevention, risk factors and demographics. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Skin Cancer Literature Review

    This 20 page paper is a literature review on skin cancer. This paper also includes an assessment of the health problem within rural communities and also discusses the role of nurses in regards to disseminating information. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Overview of Meningitis

    This 8 page report discusses a complicated illness of meningitis. It is (most often) a bacterial or viral infection of the meninges or the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Knowing if a particular case of meningitis is caused by a virus or bacterium is essential since both the severity of the illness and how it is treated differ. However, viral meningitis is usually the less severe form. Bacterial meningitis has the potential to cause permanent brain damage in the form of mental retardation, seizures, or paralysis. Diagnosis, treatment, and recent findings are presented. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Health Care - United States vs Canada

    An 8 page paper. Compares health care in both countries, reports data regarding costs and comments on access and goals of each program. The problems reported with each system are reported and discussed. A recommendation is made for the health care system in the U.S. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Spoilage of Food and Microbiology

    This 5 page report discusses the microbiology related to food spoilage and what that means in terms of the world food supply. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Migraines and Stroke Risks

    This 4 page paper discusses the association between migraine and stroke, and concludes that there is indeed a correlation. This paper examines the reasons why migraine incidence, especially in women, is often a precursor for stroke. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Electronic Child Health Network - An Analysis

    This 10-page paper analyzes the case study entitled "Electronic Child Health Network," detailing an e-health network in Canada. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Pharmaceutical Industry, Globalization, and New Product Development

    This 12 page report discusses the various issues associated with the ways in which the pharmaceutical industry has faced the challenges and rewards of globalization. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Article Critique/Caffeine, Nicotine Study

    A 3 page article critique that summarizes a study performed by Blank, et al (2007), which deals with the influence of caffeine on nicotine’s effects on nonsmokers. No additional sources cited.

  • RESEARCH PROPOSAL: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PATIENT SATISFACTION AND PHYSICIAN PERFORMANCE IN AN OUTPATIENT CLINIC

    This 9-page paper is a model research proposal for measuring patient satisfaction in physician performance. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Controlling Weight, Diet, and Physical Fitness

    A 3 page examination of the relationship between physical fitness, nutrition, and weight control. The author breaks this relationship down to a simplistic formula balancing out energy consumption and physical expenditure. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Plasma Lipids and Nutritional Impacts

    5 pages in length. Proper nutrition is, quite literally, the lifeblood of existence. Provide the body with the appropriate food sources and the body will respond by remaining healthy and full of energy; inundate it with poor choices or an overabundance of any given food category and it will rebel the only way it knows how: with disease. Therefore, the phrase 'you are what you eat' is not merely a meaningless cliché; instead, it reflects the various eating patterns found in any given culture and the corresponding health issues directly associated with such dietary choices. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Does PMS Actually Exist?

    This 5 page paper explores PMS and the science behind this problem which affects so many women. This paper reveals that PMS is the result of physiological changes and indeed not just the "imaginings" of women. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

 

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