Research Papers on Health Care

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Infections of the Urinary Tract

    10 pages. This is a research proposal that addresses the issue of urinary tract infection that is related to the foley catheter used in longterm care. Quantitative methodology will be used in answering several questions concerning the use of the catheter in the elderly. There is discussion on whether the theory used is the Orem Theory or the Rogers Theory. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • HMO Effectiveness Speaker Notes

    A 5 page summary of a Power Point presentation and speaker notes assessing measurement of quality of care for Aetna U.S. Healthcare in 2002 plus a one-page handout summarizing the presentation. The presentation discusses member access to services and member satisfaction, and how management can increase the measures of each. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Western Pennsylvania's UPMC Health System Presentation

    A 12-slide Power Point presentation on UPMC Health Systems in Western Pennsylvania, including discussion of the effects of the organizational structure of the system. The paper associated with this file contains speaker notes and sources only. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Lexington Diabetes Center Marketing Plan

    A 22 page paper containing slide contents and speaker notes for a 26-slide PowerPoint marketing plan for a diabetes educational center in Lexington, Kentucky. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Health Care and Organizational Structure

    3 pages containing slide text and speaker notes for a 4-slide PowerPoint presentation on hospital organizational structure. Complex problems cannot readily be addressed with simplistic organizational structures. The complex problem is a multi-faceted one, and each of its components needs to be addressed. There are dynamic tensions between structural groups, but also a sense of working for the same overall goal. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Evaluation of "Analyzing Hospital Readmissions Using Statewide Discharge Databases"

    A 9 page paper providing the text of PowerPoint® presentation slides and speaker notes examining the report of a study done for the purpose of developing an algorithm enabling more accurate assessment of hospital readmission rates across varied state systems. Benchmark data established using the approach developed here can be useful in tracking high-level changes in quality and patient outcome, either on a statewide level or through comparison of states’ progress. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Mobile Women's Wellness Center Marketing Plan

    A 15 page marketing plan for a new concept in women's health care. WomensHealth is a startup women's wellness center providing service primarily from a mobile office that will travel to office buildings, factories, malls and anywhere there is a concentration of women needing fast and affordable access to basic health care as well as to a wide variety of health care screening tests. WomensHealth will conduct individual patient education sessions with women, and will hold classes for small groups. PowerPoint® presentation available. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • HHH Strategic Plan

    A 24 page paper presenting a strategic plan for a home health and hospice provider of nursing care. HHH stands poised to enter a phase of growth that was not envisioned at the time of its founding. All of health care is in flux and continues to evolve. Even though there have been many changes in recent years that have led to increased need for home health care, it is likely that changes occurring in the industry in the future will add to that need as well. These changes added to the fact that the first of the baby boomers only now are entering retirement age indicate that demand for the services that HHH offers will increase dramatically in less than five years' time. The company has the option of remaining as it is, but if it is to grow with the industry and be able to take advantage of increased demand for home health and hospice services, it must plan for future growth in the present time. An accompanying PowerPoint® presentation is available. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • X Ray Techologists Continuing Education

    5 pages containing the content of a 13-slide PowerPoint® presentation outlining the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists' requirements for continuing education and documentation. Bibliography lists 1 source. KShlthCEx-ray.rtf

  • A Study of Methods to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections

    This 35 page paper, which includes a 15 slide power point presentation, provides an overview of a study of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) in acute care hospital setting, and relates specific methods for prevention. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Presentation on Canada's Hamilton Health Services

    Three pages of speaker notes intended to accompany an 8-slide Power Point presentation analyzing the strategic alignment of a Canadian for-profit hospital. The presentation compares the hospital’s mission, vision and values statements with the results of patient satisfaction surveys, clinical operations and operational efficiency. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT SAFETY AND USE OF HEALTH CARE MANAGEMENT THEORIES

    This 15-page paper is a formal research proposal concerning patient safety, medical errors and uses of health care management theories to solve these issues. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Wait Time for Patients For Receiving Copies of Records

    A 5 page paper proposing investigation of the time required for patients requesting records to receive them. The paper proposes combining quantitative and qualitative approaches, quantitative to establish time studies along each point of the request fulfillment process, qualitative to determine patients’ perceptions of the time required to fill their records requests. Researchers anticipate exposing one or more points along the process path that can be altered to reduce patient waiting time and thereby improve perceived quality of service. They expect to be able to identify points during the process at which they can improve the process of supplying records to waiting patients. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Healthcare and IT Influence Increases

    An 11 page paper discussing emphasis on training and cost containment; the origins of success and failure of IT projects in health care; and a recommendation for achieving real IT-based value while decreasing training cost and time. The success and failure of IT projects in health care rests on the same basis as IT success or failure in any other industry. Recommendation for solution to training costs is to adopt industry-wide standards, as suggested by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative in 2003. An accompanying 12-slide PowerPoint presentation is available. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Outline for "History of the Prospective Payment System"

    A 1 page outline of a separate PowerPoint® presentation providing the history of the prospective payment system. Created by legislation in 1983, the PPS has been characterized as being "revolutionary" and serving to dramatically reduce the rate of increase in health care costs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Impact of Vertical Integration on Health Care Systems

    A 12 page proposal for a study on the impacts of vertical integration on administrations in health care systems. This proposal supports the thesis that effective administrative processes, including management philosophies and information systems are necessary for the cost effective use of vertical integration. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Winners and Losers Among Health Care Providers

    A 39 page paper providing Chapters 2 and 3 of a larger work assessing winners and losers in the health care wars. Care providers and health care plans constantly are at odds, providers wanting to charge increased rates and plans seeking to hold costs steady. The purpose here is to assess which contingent loses more, which is a difficult call. No one – neither care providers, premium-paying employers, care plans nor end consumers is satisfied with the structure of health care as it currently exists. The paper reviews several lawsuits between providers, plans and patients; discusses the origins of the current financial and delivery mess; and reviews proposed solutions by Harvard’s Michael Porter and Clayton Christensen. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Senior Citizens and Incontinence

    An 8 page paper that includes an introduction, purpose of study, literature review, theoretical framework and conclusion. Reports of the incidence of urinary incontinence differ greatly, depending on the ages included and the definition of incontinence. What is certain is that at least half the older residents in nursing homes suffer from this condition. The different types of incontinence are described. Different interventions that have significantly decreased the incidence are discussed. Statistical data include the incidence and the annual costs related to this condition. This is a problem that some authors call underdiagnosed and undertreated. There are many interventions that can dramatically decrease incontinence and provide the older adult and the elderly person with greater quality of life. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Cost Management to Reduce the Cost of Oxygen Supply for Hospital

    This 71 page paper is a paper regarding a project undertaken to reduce the cost of oxygen supply for a hospital or other healthcare organization. The paper starts with an introduction, including a justification for the study and aims and objectives, and then moves on an in-depth literature review looking at the way in which cost savings may be made. The principle approach to cost reduction is through supply chain and inventory management as well as a reduction in wastage. After identifying a suitable change that may provide savings, different ways in which a change could be introduced are assessed and a suitable change model is identified. The paper then goes on to describe the change, how it was implemented and assesses the results. The bibliography cites 36 sources. This paper is the 2nd paper of a set of 3, the 1st is the research proposal (file name TEoxygensavep.rtf), the 3rd is a reflective learning document (file name TEoxygensaver.rtf).

  • Antibiotic Resistance Treatment Through Placebos and Vancomycin

    An 11 page paper which examines information pertaining to the use of Vancomycin and placebos as a treatment for antibiotic resistance. The paper proposes a research involving 2 hospitals in the same city pertaining to the use of the two compounds in testing resistance. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Podiatry Patient Satisfaction Proposal

    An 18 page paper that presents a project proposal. A partnership has dissolved leaving the sole podiatrist in the position of having to rebuild the business. The sections of the paper include: the statement of the problem, the significance of the problem, the purpose of the project, literature review and methodology. This practice will begin with a patient satisfaction survey for the purpose of increasing patient satisfaction. The literature survey includes information on the parts of the foot, the stress feet experience every day, the wonder of the function of the foot and what makes the human foot different. The importance of healthy feet and the practice of podiatry and how people abuse and mistreat their feet are also discussed. The incidence of different types of foot health problems is included. The importance of patient satisfaction is explored. Other related data are included. One appendix included, which presents the patient satisfaction survey. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Health Care Services Case Study

    A 7 page paper that responds to specific questions about a 75-year-old patient and a health care organization. The essay includes reports and discussions of the services this health care agency provides and relates it to one of Etzioni's approaches to s social problems, Erikson's life stages, and Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system as related to the services provided by this organization.

  • HOSPITAL CASE STUDY

    This 3-page paper focuses on a suggestion to a hospital to help shore up its finances and patient base, while examining nurse retention. Bibliography list 1 source.

  • Fourteen Forces Of Magnetism - Case Study

    A 16 page paper. Magnet Designation has become a highly coveted designation. It is a program that focuses on nurses. This paper explains the 14 Forces of Magnetism and what an organization must do to achieve this recognition. A Veterans Administration hospital is used as an example. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Hospital Emergency Department and Supply Chain Management

    An 11 page paper that presents a case study of a large hospital and clinic organization but that focuses on the emergency department. The writer describes the existing supply chain management issues for the emergency rooms, provides examples of supply chain management systems in other global industries as well as in the health care industry and then makes recommendations for the emergency rooms under study. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Questions in Health Care Management

    This 6 page paper addresses a number of issues in health care management such as managed care, sexual harassment and the idea of professionalism. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 4 Major Child Abuse Types, Treatment, Prevention, and Statistics

    This is a 3 page paper discussing child abuse. The four types of child abuse: physical, sexual, emotional and neglect affects over 879,000 children in the United States on an annual basis. In the past decade, it has been found that over 3 million suspected cases are reported each year. Perpetrators of the abuse are parents, caregivers, babysitters, relatives, and foster parents among others. While the rates of male and female children are around the same, female children suffer four times the rate of sexual abuse than males. In addition to the annual rates of abuse, approximately 1,200 children die each year from abuse and neglect with 85% of child fatalities occurring in children under the age of six. Each year new prevention and treatment programs are developed on national and state levels in order to lessen the incidence of child abuse through support programs and education. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Sarasota, Florida's Doctors Hospital

    This 5 page paper discusses this specific hospital, reporting their mission, vision and values statements, and their decision making process. The writer also comments on the types of nursing staff at the hospital and the training opportunities. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Information Needs Of Doctors And Nurses

    A 3 page paper that identifies the information needs of doctors and nurses at a specific hospital. The source article is entitled: Perceived Information Needs and Communication Difficulties of Inpatient Physicians and Nurses. The writer then discusses the problems and offers suggestions for solving those problems. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Doctors on Strike

    This 4 page paper evaluates an article on malpractice claims closely and interprets its meaning. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Managed Care and its Impact on Poor/Minority Patient Care

    This 19 pages research paper explores various topics related to managed care that impact the experiences of doctors who serve poor and minority patients. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

  • Operating Room Communication Between Physician and Nurse

    A 3 page paper reviewing the state of communication between doctor and nurse in the OR and assessing changes that continue to occur. The relationship is stereotyped as being adversarial, but recent research indicates that the trend toward alliance of healthcare professionals is finding its way to the OR now as well. The state of nurse-doctor communications in the OR appears to fall on a continuum between negative and positive, and appears to be moving toward the more positive end as the issue of communication continues to gain increasing attention. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • How Can Doctors Get Patients to Comply?

    This 7 page paper examines the relationship between compliance and the doctor-patient relationship. The paper concludes that there is a correlation between patients who comply with a prescribed medical action plan and a good relationship with their physicians. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Pharmacists and the Issue of Prescriptive Authority

    A 9 page overview of the issues surrounding the needs, justifications, and objections to allowing pharmacists to write prescriptions for medication and to intervene in medication regimes when they determine that regime may be dangerous or ineffective. Emphasizes that prescriptive authority for pharmacists has been perceived by physicians as an infringement into an area in which doctors have previously held an almost uncontested monopoly. Presents the argument that pharmacists may be more capable of monitoring and prescribing drugs than are doctors themselves. Outlines the legislative history of prescriptive authority in several states which have already enacted the authority and the limitations on that authority. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Medical Experts and the Decline in Trust

    This 5 page paper argues that with increased class mobility, changing class structures and social norms, and increased information flow individuals have a declining trust in the knowledge and abilities of experts. This is demonstrated by an examination of the changing role of doctors in an era of alternative medicine and awareness of medical negligence combined with individual specialisation. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Technology Improves Emergency Rooms

    This 7 page paper begins with general comments about emergency units and technology that has improved wait time. The paper discusses how specific kinds of technology can improve care and workflow for nurses and doctors. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Coronary Angiography

    A 6 page paper that begins by explaining what this test is, including why dye is injected into the blood vessels and why the doctor might order this test, e.g., symptoms the patient might be exhibiting or other test results that suggest the angiography should be performed and what can be learned from this X-ray test. The essay comments on angioplasty and stents and why and how they are used. Other tests that may be performed are also mentioned. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Managed Care, HMOs & Evolution over Last Decade

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the advent of managed care, which created a system that has caused dramatic changers in the healthcare delivery system in the United States, causing numerous stakeholders, such as hospitals, doctors and “payers of care” to formulate new relationships that acknowledge that “interdependence in managing risks and competition in the marketplace” (Hartley, 1998, p. 23). Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Ethics and Legalities of Health Care

    A 12 page paper discussing a case in which an emergency room nurse turned away a patient delivered by ambulance. The receiving hospital is a private, for-profit organization, and the patient had no job, no funds and no insurance. The patient was suffering from an apparent broken leg after injuring it playing tennis on a city-owned court. When asked how he intended to pay the hospital’s bill, the patient replied that he would sue the city for the funds. The nurse determined that there were no serious injuries present and that the patient was stable, and then instructed the ambulance crew to transport the patient to a public facility. The paper identifies the facts of the case, then reviews legal, moral and economic issues of the case before concluding with a proposed corporate statement addressing future occurrences. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Life and Contributions of Clara Barton

    In 6 pages, the author discusses Clara Barton. "As a young girl, her skull was studied by phrenologist, and he determined her to be one that would never assert herself for herself, but that for others she would be fearless. Angel of mercy during the Civil War, although not a nurse. Founder of the American Red Cross. Whom do these depict? They are all descriptions of Clarissa Harlowe Barton, who is also known as Clara Barton. She was a woman that made major contributions to the development of nursing." Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Hospital Learning Community Development

    This 14 page paper begins by reporting and discussing the many definitions of 'learning community.' The paper then discusses how to develop a learning community in a hospital using a real case study as an example. The processes the hospital used are discussed, explained and related to the common elements of a learning community. The writer discusses the importance of the nurse executive's role in such a process by discussing the roles of a nurse executive. The final section is an outline of the steps recommended to develop a learning community in a hospital. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • HEALTHCARE, FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING

    This 3-page paper focuses on questions concerning healthcare, finance and accounting. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Providing Comfort in the Emergency Room

    As an ER nurse, it is easy to get caught up in the fast pace of the environment, to focus on the technical and critical nature of nursing in the ER and to forget that patients are people with hopes and fears and dreams rather than just people exhibiting illnesses and crying out in pain for immediate release. It is even easier in a rush to forget that these patients have families that care deeply for the welfare of their loved ones in need of urgent medical care and what that implies. For this reason, I sometimes repeat the hospital mission to myself like a mantra to help bring me out of my single-minded focus on the medical well-being of patients and be open to dealing with their immediate emotional well-being as well, as required by the necessity for providing comfort as well. 5 references. jvERexpe.rtf

  • 21st Century Nursing

    This 18 page paper first provides a section on changes in the health care industry, with a focus on the health care delivery system. Various laws are examined, such as COBRA, ERISA and the Social Security Act. The second half of the paper consists of an examination of the nursing profession and how it will likely change in light of trends in the health care industry. The role of the nurse is seen in relation to education, changes in technology and the advent of managed care. Bibliography lists 21 sources.

  • Continuation of 'Historical Development of Shannondale Nursing Home'

    A 5 page continuation of “Historical Development of Shannondale Nursing Home” (KShlthDevShan.rtf) that explores how changes in the local area and in the overall health care industry are certain to affect Shannondale’s future. The purpose here is to address anticipated changes in items such as professional staffing, human resource management, financial solvency, technological changes and other related issues. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Analysis of Costs of Decubitus Ulcers in Elder Care Facilities

    This 12-page paper focuses on the cost of decubitus ulcers to nursing homes. The paper discusses causes of decubitus ulcers, provides statistics on costs (and why the costs are incurred) and offers some solutions to reduce cost. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Hospital Learning Community Development

    This 14 page paper begins by reporting and discussing the many definitions of 'learning community.' The paper then discusses how to develop a learning community in a hospital using a real case study as an example. The processes the hospital used are discussed, explained and related to the common elements of a learning community. The writer discusses the importance of the nurse executive's role in such a process by discussing the roles of a nurse executive. The final section is an outline of the steps recommended to develop a learning community in a hospital. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Blood Pressure and the Effects of TFA

    This 8 page paper outlines the impacts of transfatty acids on blood pressure. This paper considers the connection between TFA and blood pressure relative to dietary considerations. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Communication Barriers to Emergency Medical Services to Homeless, Transsexuals, and Prostitutes

    This is a 6 page paper with added tutorial language discussing the emergency medical services communication barriers which exist in the special populations of prostitutes, transsexuals and homeless populations. Although various emergency and health care services are offered in Toronto and the province of Ontario, the populations of homeless people, prostitutes and transsexuals are reluctant to use these services. All three of these populations have reported harassment, and “treat ‘em and street ‘em” minimal services from emergency health care services. This adds to the reluctance to contact these services in addition to the fear of contacting official agencies because of the legal implications. Incidence of drug and alcohol abuse and underage prostitution in addition to the high degree of violence associated with prostitution lead to an obvious initial degree of reluctance to contact authorities in regards to emergency assistance. Unfortunately, these populations have a higher need of emergency services than most due to the increase risk of substance abuse, exposure to disease and in the case of transsexuals, complications due to the administration of hormones. Despite the findings from most studies, initial examination of services offered in homeless shelters in the Toronto area show that these first contact agencies do not include access to emergency and health care services. In order to improve communication to these populations first contact should perhaps be instigated through these initial services. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • U.S. Health Care System

    A 3 page research paper that discusses the American system. According to an online dictionary, www.businessdictionary.com, a "health care system" is defined as a "Complex of facilities, organizations, and trained personnel engaged in providing health care within a geographical area." If one considers only this extremely broad definition of a "health care system," then, yes, the manner in which health care is delivered in the U.S. is a "system." However, there are scholars who express an evaluation of the way that health care delivery functions in the US that is so negative that one can also easily make the argument that the delivery of health care in America is too dysfunctional to be considered to be a "system," as the term "system" implies organization and comprehensive service. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Health Insurance Coverage and Middle Class Americans

    A 15 page paper discussing the social and economic factors contributing to the increasing number of middle-class Americans who have no health-insurance coverage. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Funding Universal Health Care

    A 7 page paper that reports certain data, including expenses related to GDP per capita compared to other countries, the number of Americans with no or inadequate health insurance. The paper discusses how individual states attempted to fund universal health coverage and how other countries fund the program. The writer comments on the savings that could be achieved with certain practices and how such a program would need to be funded in this country. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Should the US Adopt a Universal Healthcare System?

    This 5 page paper is an argumentative paper on the topic of whether or not the United States should adopt universal healthcare system similar to those found in countries such as Canada, New Zealand and the UK. The paper looks at the arguments for and against the adoption of universal healthcare system including issues such as cost and quality of care, and finishes with a conclusion in favor of universal healthcare. The bibliography cites 3 sources.

  • Basic Human Right of Health Care

    A 5 page paper arguing that access to health care is a right, rather than a privilege. There are those who maintain that health care is no more a right than is the "right" to drive fast cars; far more subscribe to the view that access to health care is a basic right of all people. This paper echoes that position. The paper suggests that neither employers nor the government needs to be central in the debate over health care reform, but that individuals need to be given control through the use of medical savings accounts and vouchers for the poor. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Medical Coding

    This 5 page paper responds to different questions, most of which involve medical coding beginning with the constructs that affect medical coding. Other topics include cost shifting, time studies, case mix management, implementing electronic medical records and ethical lapses of two physicians discussing a patient while riding in an elevator. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Electronic Medical Records

    This 3 page paper examines different companies in the EMR field. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Steps Towards Electronic Medical Records

    A 3 page paper. More private companies are entering the health care field, specifically in terms of electronic recording. This paper reviews four articles that discuss what some companies are doing. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Energy Conservation and Nursing

    A 12 page research paper that addresses the concept of energy conservation as it applies to nursing practice. Energy has been a topic of research and concern in nursing practice for quite some time. This examination of the concept explores how energy has been addressed within the context of nursing theoretical frameworks, concentrating on the work of Myra Levine, but also addressing Rogers' theories and the implications of energy conservation as they apply toward fatigue. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Plato's Works on Socrates' Death and How We Die by Sherwin Nuland

    An 8 page paper which examines conditions of a life well lived and death as seen by Sherwin Nuland in “How We Die” and the works of Plato relating to Socrates’ death (Euthyphro, Crito, and Apology). Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Iceland and Health Care Delivery

    A 6 page paper comparing the health care systems of Iceland and the United States, where Icelandic medical students generally go to complete their residency requirements. Both systems are facing intense economic pressures, but Iceland’s national system does not prevent any citizen from gaining access to health care as is the case in the US. The health care system of Iceland holds a lesson from which the systems of all developed nations could benefit well. It would be desirable for those completing their residencies in the US to serve as ambassadors of a health care system that can have economic pressures and still be caring and committed to the ideals undergirding it. The paper also relates the mission of Saint Leo University to Iceland’s national health care system. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Overview of Generic Pharmaceuticals

    A 4 page paper that reports a brief history of the generic pharmaceutical industry. Examples of generic companies are provided and the writer comments on the effect of the generic companies on the pharmaceutical industry. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Benefits of Yoga for Asthma Sufferers

    A 3 page discussion of the potential benefits of Yoga in treating this complicated condition. The author emphasizes that no definitive proof has been found that Yoga does benefit asthma. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Antibiotic Resistance and Nursing Implications

    An 8 page discussion of the various implications of antibiotic resistance. Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance are discussed. An emphasis is placed on Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL), and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE). Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Overview of Antidepressant Escitalopram

    This is a 10 page paper which discusses all the aspects of the antidepressant drug escitalopram. The bibliography has 6 sources.

  • Biomedical to Biopsychosocial Medical Evolution

    A 6 page contention that medicine has shifted dramatically over the past several decades from a discipline which concentrates solely the science of our anatomy and physiology to a discipline which recognizes not only the hard scientific facts of physiology but also the importance of psychological and sociological factors. Medicine has shifted from the Cartesian way of viewing illness, injury and disease as components of a machine-like body to one which views illness from not only a biological perspective but also a psychosociological perspective. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Using Christoffe’s Framework Prevent Asthma

    A 5 page paper that uses Christoffe’s conceptual framework and identifies elements related to childhood asthma for each of the three steps. Bandura’s social cognitive theory is mentioned in terms of changing adult behaviors that might reduce the incidence of childhood asthma. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Government Involvement in Health

    A 4 page paper that discusses the history of health care insurance in the U.S. beginning with private agreements in the 1920s. How the government interceded is reported, such as giving Blue Cross tax exempt status and allowing firms to offer benefits as incentives. The history continues through Medicare and Medicaid. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • WWW and Down's Syndrome

    A 9 page overview of the information which is available on the Internet regarding this genetic-based condition. The author reviews ten consumer-oriented web sites for content and presentation. Includes a table covering the major features of each of the reviewed site. No additional sources are listed.

  • Tears of the Giraffe by Alexander Smith and Principles of Ethics

    A 5 page paper discussing this novel by Alexander Smith in terms of principles of ethics in general, but specifically those involving health care. The bottom-line message is that there are certain basic rights that individuals should be able to expect in their lives, but that are not always made available to them. When injustice occurs, the individual is to rise above it, condemning the unjust not with words or revenge, but with acts of kindness and understanding. The individual is to break the chain. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Financial Trend Analysis in Healthcare

    A 5 page paper discussing financial trend analysis as it applies to health care. Financial trend analysis is a tool commonly used in making investment decisions because it allows potential investors to assess the path that a potential investment target is following. Analysis of financial statements using methods that make trends more readily apparent can inform those who seek to know the true financial outlook for an organization and make adjustments for the future. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Importance of Vaccines

    A 4 page review of vaccines and their importance in fighting disease. The author explains how vaccines are manufactured and how they work. No sources are listed.

  • Best Practice in Ensuring Infected Wound Healing

    An 8 page consideration of the factors that enter into wound care. The author reviews the literature for approaches to wound care. The emphasis is made that appropriate wound care is not only specific to the type of wound but to the patient themselves. The nurse's careful interaction with the patient is critical in determining their needs and an address for those needs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Over Diagnosed?

    This 11 page paper considerers the arguments for and against the proposition that ADHD is being over diagnosed. The paper looks at how ADHD may be diagnosed, the difficulties in diagnoses and how there is the potential for over diagnosis. After this the evidence for and against is considered citing various research papers. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • Medical Coding - Informed Consent Forms

    This 3 page paper responds to two diverse topics. The first one discusses the question: Is medical coding the process of operationalizing the construct of "severity" -- or the construct itself? The writer determines the illness and severity is the construct. The second question is about medical consent forms and provides a real court case as an example. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Hand Washing Hygiene in Disease Control

    A 3 page overview of recent Center for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines in hand hygiene. This paper reviews organism susceptibility to soap and water as well as to alcohol solutions. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Major Problems of the U.S. Health Care System

    This 10 page paper discusses three of the major problems of U.S. health care: the uninsured; the soaring costs; and the fact that decisions about health matters are sometimes taken out of doctors' hands, compromising care. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • The Major Problems Facing the U.S. Health Care System

    This 10 page paper discusses three of the major problems of U.S. health care: the uninsured; the soaring costs; and the fact that decisions about health matters are sometimes taken out of doctors' hands, compromising care. It also discusses the findings that a person's social status determines their level of care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Zuger's "Defining A Doctor, With A Tear, A Shrug And A Schedule" - Analysis

    4 pages in length. Zuger's (2004) thesis strives to illustrate the inadequacies of medicine in its historic, contemporary and future state; by chronicling the wholly diverse approaches of two otherwise dedicated doctors, the author provides readers with a significantly greater understanding of how a career in medicine is not one-size-fits-all but rather a result of each individual's perception of what health care should be. Both interns, Zuger (2004) duly points out, reflect opposite ends of the same system, one that does not work to its fullest - and safest - capacity when based upon such extremes. No additional sources cited.

  • Impact of Managed Care

    A 7 page paper discussing the effects of managed care on buyers, sellers, the community and the doctor-patient relationship. Nearly everyone decries the cost of health care and health insurance; millions of Americans are uninsured and their numbers are growing. A generation ago managed care appeared to be the cure that the industry needed, and for a time the managed care approach to cost containment worked well enough that by the 1990s it had managed to reduce the rate of increase in total costs. That trend did not continue, however, and as managed care sought to regain results of the past the situation only deteriorated in terms of relationships. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • State Statutes and Civil Monetary Penalties

    A 3 page paper discussing the Office of Inspector General (OIG)'s apparent reversal of itself in gainsharing arrangements between hospitals and physicians that strive to hold the line on spiraling health care costs. The paper demonstrates that OIG has not been inconsistent, that its initial rulings addressed treatment of individuals and that its subsequent agreement addressed treatment of entire groups of patients. The paper discusses Florida statute 456.053 in the same light. This law prevents physicians from referring patients to other physicians with whom the original could have a monetary link. Thus one doctor in a large practice cannot refer a patient to another in the same practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Problem of Uninsured Patients and New York's Metropolitan Hospital Center Operations

    A 6 page paper discussing the operation of New York's Metropolitan Hospital Center, a public hospital part of the health care network of New York City, and the growing numbers of uninsured patients it serves. As a public hospital, it is not dependent only on payment for services for revenue, but it also does not have unlimited funds available to it. The paper suggests that the hospital offer a permanent "health fair" area in which it can offer health screenings at minimal charge to those who have no other access to health care. Individuals can monitor their own cholesterol, blood sugar (nondiabetics, of course) and other factors that doctors monitor for others. The hospital can provide health promotion services, increase its service to the community and readily identify those with serious needs that the city needs to support in treatment. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Outpatient Surgery and Risk

    A 5 page paper identifying and discussing a point of risk at outpatient surgery centers. Hospitals have long offered day surgery at the hospital, but these outpatient surgery centers are businesses totally separate from hospitals and even from doctors' offices. They can be found even in strip malls and can offer a wide range of surgical services. Recent studies indicate that these centers have the highest safety ratings of all possible sites where surgery is performed. Despite their high levels of safety, there still are risks that the centers need to address. One examined here is the availability of emergency care should complications develop during surgery. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Arguing in Favor of Legalizing Marijuana for Medical Uses

    A 5 page paper analyzing the potential benefits of the legalization of marijuana for medical utilization. This paper points out the varied uses to which marijuana has been put. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Marijuana Should be Legal in Medical Applications

    This 3 page paper argues that marijuana should be legal in medical applications, and considers such things as advantages, disadvantages, costs and who could benefit from it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Contemporary Nursing's History

    This 5 page report briefly discusses the development and history of modern nursing in the Western world. “Modern” nursing, just as other aspects of modern medicine, began to come into its own in the mid- to late-19th century in the Western world. Between war, scientific advancement, and the onslaught of the Industrial Age, humans were becoming aware of certain physical truths regarding their physical bodies, good health, and what constituted beneficial care and treatment. It has continued to advance along with technology and human knowledge. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • British Nursing Advocacy and Law

    An 8 page research paper that examines advocacy in mental health nursing in the UK. The writer critically analyzes advocacy in relation to a specific scenario and discusses the legal and ethical ramifications as they pertain to nursing practice. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • President John F. Kennedy's 1963 Community Mental Health Law

    7 pages. President John F. Kennedy first implemented the 1963 Community Mental Health Law, known as Act PI 88-164, the Mental Health Act. This was a well-intentioned plan that was meant to serve all peoples in need of mental health care regardless of age or income. The act did in fact serve in this capacity for some time, but unfortunately it has fallen by the wayside in many cases. This paper explains the legislation, implementation and impact of this important act and how it has affected the population in many ways. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Australia and Average Length of Hospital Stays

    This 8 page paper considers the influences on the average length of stay (ALOS) measures often used to ascertain hospital efficiency. The paper looks at influences such as geography, age, source of payments and type of hospital; public or private, and well as resources or integration of services. This last factor also includes delayed discharges. The paper concentrates on Australia, but the lessons are universal. The bibliography cites 10 sources.

  • Analysis of 2 Horror Films

    A 5 page essay that discusses the X factor, that is, the "horror" component, in Psycho (1960) and Frankenstein (1931), looking at the elements of the cinematic art. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • History and Implications of Medicare's Managed Care

    A 5 page paper discussing the history of Medicare managed care, economic implications and outlook for the future. The paper focuses on the history of the Medicare managed care, which saw its greatest growth throughout the decade of the 1990s. Medicare managed care has as much difficulty as other types of HMOs, however, and many are ceasing operations. This leaves seniors in a pool of uncertainty as increasing numbers of physicians turn away Medicare patients. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Fires in Hospital Operating Rooms

    This 13 page paper is a review of literature dealing with fires in hospital operating rooms. Bibliography lists 25 sources.

  • Performance of HMOs

    A 10 page paper tracing the history of health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and reviewing their performance over the years. HMOs' performance exceeded expectations during the decade of the 1990s, evidenced by total spending being a full $1 trillion less than expected 1993 – 2000. The health care industry has changed once again, however, and HMOs find themselves drowning in the rising costs they are unable this time to contain. Though they performed well in the past, it does appear that the time has come for another approach to delivering health care to individuals. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Overview of Pain Management

    7 pages. An in-depth look at the study of pain management. Specifically addresses the implications that psychological models of pain have for pharmacological/medical approaches to pain management. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Literature Review of Terminal Cancer Patients and Hospital Care Quality

    This 6 page literature review looks at complaints from patients and their families in situations where individuals are dying of cancer. Several studies are noted and anecdotal pieces are included as well. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • U.S. Refugee Population, Health Policy Treatment, Prevention, and Care Services

    This 5-page paper examines literature pertaining to health care needs of asylum-seekers and refugees in the United States. The essay, based on the literature, develops some legislative policies that would help this vulnerable population. Topics touched on include savings to taxpayers. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Literature Review on Artificial Neural Networks Use

    This 40 page paper provides an overview of the use of artificial neural networks for interpretation of medical data. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • An Analysis of Occupational Therapy Literature

    This 20 page paper provides a review of literature on the therapeutic use of self in occupational therapy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Disease Surveillance; A Literature Review For Research Into Attitude And Practice Of Ministry Of Health Physicians Toward the Surveillance System In Saudi Arabia

    It is important that there are accurate and efficient surveillance systems to support the protection of public health. This 7 page paper is a literature review looking at different aspects of surveillance systems, including the use of GIS and the role of the physician in that system. The bibliography cites 20 sources.

  • TOUCH THERAPY AND PREMATURE BABIES: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    This 8-page paper focuses on literature and research conducted on the effects of gentle massage on preterm infants. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Educating About the Risks of Hepatitis B

    This 9 page paper provides an overview of the design and success rates of three educational interventions for Hepatitis B. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Heart Disease and Gender Differences

    A 10 page paper with three sections. The first section is a study regarding the differences between men and women in regards to symptoms and treatment of heart disease. This section includes an introduction, purpose of the study, problem statement, hypotheses, literature review, type of study, and conclusion. The next section is an annotated bibliography and the third section is a brief review of two articles used in the literature review. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • ICU Patients and Communication

    A 10 page research paper that examines the literature on communicating with critical ill patients. This literature demonstrates that communication with the critically ill is a complex area. Some of the literature pertains to the issues surrounding difficult end-of-life decisions while other studies address the problems of dealing with the families of children in ICU and the importance of communicating with unconscious or sedated patients. The common factor in all of the research, however, is that the importance of communication is emphasized. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Assistive Devices & The Elderly/Maintaining Independence

    A 9 page literature review that addresses the use of assistive devices by the elderly. There has been a major paradigm shift that has transferred the focus of society from "disability to ability and from professional power to patient empowerment" (Wressle and Samuelsson, 2004, p. 143). This necessarily influences the field of rehabilitation and occupational therapy, as assistive devices empower patients to keep control of their lives. This literature review explores whether empirical research studies support the concept that assistive devices contribute significantly to the goal of maintaining independence in old age. The writer concludes that it does. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Childhood Obesity and Effective Treatment

    A 36 page research paper that examines the pandemic of childhood obesity. This literature review examines the empirical research on the topic of childhood obesity in order to discern the efficacy of treatment options for this epidemic, which is plaguing the industrialized nations. Conclusions are then drawn concerning the efficacy of these proposed treatments and/or programs and how the literature suggests that childhood obesity should be addressed in light of this data. The review concludes by discussing the implications of this research in regards to possible future studies that will add to this body of knowledge and contribute to the goal of effectively coping with this societal problem. Bibliography lists 19 sources.

  • Overview of Diabetic Neuropathy

    Diabetic neuropathy, or the loss of some nerve cell function as a result of the presence of diabetes, is an increasing problem. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Latino Parents' Treatment Compliance Barriers for Children with Diabetes

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Population Impact of Diabetes

    This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Theory and Pain Management

    A 5 page paper constructing a new theory of nursing as it relates to postoperative pain management following hip replacement surgery. The new nursing theory constructed here is that a better approach to postoperative pain management associated with hip replacement surgery is to avoid as much immediate pain sensation as possible. This restricts use of the drugs most open to abuse to use only during the first 24 hours following surgery, and it further restricts the use of that class of drugs to the hospital setting where there often is greater accountability. Further, it disallows interference of the first subsystem of pain management with the second, and can serve to result in more favorable patient outcomes. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Pain Management and Long Term Care Residents' Rights

    An 11 page paper discussing traditional and newer approaches to pain management among the elderly, specifically those confined to nursing homes. The paper includes discussion of Neuman’s, Orem’s and King’s theories of nursing practice as they relate to the issue of pain management among nursing home residents. The use of pain-killing drugs is frowned on even when use of them is necessary. More highly favored is patient education and personal responsibility in exercising pain management techniques. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Pain Management Barriers and Nursing's Role

    A 5 page paper which examines the problem of patient barriers to pain management, considers nurse’s role in identifying and guiding the patient to better pain management, such as when a patient is afraid of addiction, takes the medication only out of complacency, and therefore receives inadequate relief from pain. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Theory and Nursing Management

    A 4 page paper discussing longevity of systems dependent on information processing. The statement of debate is that the more energy devoted to information processing within a system, the more likely it is that the system will survive. The paper agrees with the statement, but cautions against allowing the law of diminishing returns from becoming applicable. Additional information processing is valuable only to a point, after which the system can be seen as existing to be served rather than as being a tool in patient care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Patient Care and Individual Differences

    A 6 page review of two nursing articles dealing with patient care. The author of this paper provides an overview of each article, its presentation style, and findings, and identifies similarities in the message being conveyed by both articles. In addition to the direct impacts to health, illness and injury can result in a number of complex problems. The literature is replete with examples of treatment regimes and recovery expectations but always at mind must be individual variation in both physiology, emotion, and manner of dealing. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Nursing Management Change Theory

    A 6 page paper discussing implementing changes that can assist in integrating theory into practice. Theory-based nursing practice is the focus of much current nursing research and practice, but established, experienced nurses may be less familiar with theory than are new graduates. It is common practice for older nurses to mentor newer ones; new graduates fresh from study of theory also have the opportunity to teach as well. Lewin’s change theory maintains that change is incremental and proceeds stepwise. The organization can assist this progression by hiring new graduates with solid knowledge of theory, which they can pass on to those more experienced in practice. Includes abstract. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Organizational Structures and Health Care Management

    A 6 page paper identifying the structural differences between community hospitals, major teaching hospitals and health maintenance organizations (HMOs). All are primary players in the overall health care industry, but each maintains a different focus in the industry. The purpose here is to identify the goals and performance measures of each type of health care organization. Each of these health care organizations ultimately exist to enable health care delivery, but each maintains a distinct position in the health care industry. Teaching hospitals promote a blend of standard practice and changing technique; community hospitals strive to stay attuned to the needs of the local area. HMOs seek to require both to be fiscally responsible in their treatment of individual patients. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Preoperative Fasting Management

    This 12 page paper examines the subject of pre operative fast management. The paper includes discussion on the need for management with the negative consequences of over excessive fasting and the risks associated with periods that are too long and too short, including increased incidence of post operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and the related risks. Research on the topic is included in order to define best practice and how improvements may be made in the future. A stakeholder approach is utilised within the analysis. The bibliography cites 18 sources.

  • Inpatient Case Management Service Adaptation and Analysis

    This 5-page paper examines micro and macroeconomics and how such concepts can be applied to a hospital's case management system. The paper relied on specific examples from two hospitals to help support the topic. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Theoretical Nursing Perspectives on Pain Management

    A 5 page research paper that offers an overview of pain from a theoretical nursing standpoint. The writer first defines pain according to nursing standards and then offers empirical referents, as well as other topics. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Database Management Systems for Health Care Call Center

    A 10 page paper discussing the potential value of implementing a call center at a company providing software for long term care facilities. The paper reviews the benefits of meeting customers’ needs for technical assistance and providing that assistance in a timely manner. It also discusses the types of database management systems available (Oracle 9, IBM DB2 and Microsoft SQL Server), recommending that the company choose either Oracle or SQL. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Software for Health Information Management

    A 3 page paper discussing 3M Company’s Clinical Workstation Application component of its 3M™ Care Innovation Expert Applications system for automating patient records. The software is useful in putting all available patient information into the same location and maintaining it in a format that is highly useful for enhancing patient care quality and increasing the organization’s operational efficiency. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • AIDS Adolescents and Nursing Management

    A 6 page overview of the various considerations which enter into managing adolescents with AIDS. An outline of the problem confronting adolescents and its causes as well as a detailed discussion of the physiological impacts of the disease and its chemotherapeutic management is included. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Research and Nursing Practice

    A 5 page paper providing the results of interviews with three nursing home nurses and their perceptions on why research findings are not more frequently put into active practice. Nurses of varying experience have found that research based on the acute care setting often is not relevant to nursing home practice. The paper recommends involving direct-care nurses in active discussion of current research and that administrators encourage them to conduct their own informal studies as incentives to bring more current research into active practice. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Reflection, Experience, and Training Competence Building

    A 6 page paper discussing the need to link experience and reflection in achieving practical competence. Formal training provides the technical knowledge needed to provide competent care in the psychiatric setting, but formal training also can be seen as only the beginning point of building competence. Experience and reflection on that experience are critical factors. Training allows the new nurse to provide technically competent care, but full competence and greatest effectiveness emerges only when the nurse is able to combine experience and reflection on that experience with basic and ongoing training. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Is Walking Beneficial for Human Health?

    This 5 page paper examines the benefits of walking. The only source used is a 2008 issue of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Three articles are cited. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Benefits of Having a School Nurse

    A 7 page paper which examines the benefits of having a school nurse. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Impediments to the Utilization of Nurse Wives

    A 5 page research paper that explores the impediments to practice, historical and current, that affect the utilization of nurse-wives. The writer looks as social, cultural, political, legal and economic aspects of this situation. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nurse Educator's Involvement in International Normalized Ratio Stability

    This 5 page report discusses the international normalized ratio or INR and how a nurse educator’s efforts can assure that INR stability is maintained on a more consistent basis. There are a number of indications for oral anticoagulation therapy, most having to do with the use of mechanical devices to maintain a patient’s cardiac functioning. Therefore, it is essential that it be maintained on a consistent basis and without wide variances in overall INR. Because the INR concept is one that is directly related to how caregivers make determinations of the next option in a patient’s care, the efficacy of management by a nurse educator cannot truly be questioned. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Relationship Between Physicians and Advanced Practice Nurses

    This 8-page paper covers the relationship between advanced practice nurses (also known as nurse practitioners) and physicians. The relationship between these two has always been difficult. The paper examines the history of this relationship, why it has been so difficult and what some hospitals are doing to solve the problem. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Texas Physicians and Nurse Practitioners

    This 9-page paper examines the relationship between advanced practice nurses and physicians in Texas. The essay discusses the attitudes of physicians toward APNs, and explores legislation passed that provides somewhat more freedom for APNs to define the scope of their duties. Also included in the paper are examples of how successful APN/MD relationships work. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • The Changing Nature of Health Care in the U.S.

    A 7 page paper discussing the state of several aspects of the US health care system and nurses’ roles within both the current system and that which continues to emerge. One of the primary qualities of US health care today is that it is in flux. It has been changing dramatically since the advent of managed care; continued budgetary pressures and the ongoing shortage of nurses dictate that further changes are made in the future. Nursing itself is changing as well, as those who have made nursing their life profession approach retirement age themselves. Those new to health care now face higher career demands than those who went before them. The new generation of nurses will need to be even more adaptable to change and more conversant with technology as it continues to change the face of health care. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Burnout and Stress in Nursing

    This 4 page paper discusses the causes of burnout of those in the nursing profession and what one can do to avoid it. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Now Night Nurses on an Intensive Care Unit

    This 10 page paper is about using socioecological techniques to determine whether the local Irvington, NJ, hospital should add two nurses for night ICU duty. The information in this paper can be applied to similar assessments at other urban hospitals. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Evidence-Based: Nurse-Led Secondary Prevention Clinics For Women With CHD

    4 pages in length. The writer briefly discusses CHD secondary clinics for women. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Arthritis Clinic Led by Nurse Practitioners

    A 6 page research paper that discusses the ramifications of establishing a nurse practitioner-led clinic for rheumatoid arthritis, with emphasis on doing this in the United Kingdom. The writer discusses the efficacy and cost effectiveness of NP care, as well as general guidelines for establishing such a clinic. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Patient Care Perception and Nurse Uniform Color

    This 5 page paper discusses how the color of nurses uniforms affects the patients' perception of care. This paper asserts the white uniforms are perceived as more professional, and that nurses who wear them are more confident, intelligent, and competant. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Ratio of Patients to Nurses

    A 5 page paper that reports and discusses nurse to patient ratios. California is the first state that initiated and subsequently passed a bill legislating the ratio of nurse to patient. The bill was passed in 1999 but it is only in 2002 that the mandates are finally being put into effect. This essay presents the argument against ratio limits and points out that research is clear about the correlation between nurse-patient ratio and quality of care. Bibliography lists 7 sources. PGnrsrto.rtf

  • Emergency Room and Intensive Care Unit Nursing Retention

    A 5 page research paper that examines the nationwide shortage of nurses, particularly in emergency rooms and intensive care units. The writer explores the work environment for these nurses and the reasons why retention is problem and then looks how mentoring is being used to encourage new nursing grads. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • U.S. Foreign Educated Nurse Licensing

    This 23 page paper discusses the licensing process for foreign-educated nurses in America. The essay begins with an introduction that reports the nursing shortage, the practice of importing foreign-trained nurses in developed countries and the ratio of nurses to population in several countries. The next section reports the licensing process for nurses who are trained in the U.S., which is followed by the process for licensing foreign-trained nurses, including the CGFNS program and the NCLEX examination. The contents and process of the exams are discussed. The author then discusses other challenges for the foreign-educated nurse, such as the sometimes vastly different communication process. The last section is recommendations to help foreign-educated nurses become more successful. The writer also discusses negative impact importing nurses has on global health and the need to resolve the real problem. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Nursing Home Costs and the Impact of MDS/PPS/RUG III System Utilization

    A 5 page paper investigating the possibility of a nursing home nurse traveling to assisted living facilities to provide health services in those facilities. There are many cost factors involved in nursing home operation, not the least of which are facility, insurance, pharmaceutical and supplies costs. Drug costs and medical supplies are costly and continue to increase in price, but those costs still are manageable. Other operating costs can be anticipated and forecast with much greater assurance of accuracy, but the availability of skilled nursing personnel continues to be problematic. Effects of the law of supply and demand directly affects nursing homes’ costs. The purpose here is to investigate the effect of acuity and utilization of the MDS/PPS/RUG III system on nursing home costs. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Organizational Structure and Patient Care

    A 4 page paper discussing the organizational structure of New York's Metropolitan Hospital and how it affects nursing. Both the Nurse Manager and Chief Nursing Officer can depend on organizational structure to provide order without inhibiting the ability to step outside of routine boundaries when the need arises. Additionally, they have a subordinate organizational chart placing the patient at the top of a distinct pyramid, with all services contributing to patient care. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Primary Care v. Team Nursing

    A 12 page research paper that examines this question in regards to the competing paradigms of team nursing versus primary care nursing. The writer offers a critical study of literature on this topic, which evaluates the pros and cons of each perspective in regards to the question of whether or not team nursing is the right course to take for a specific work environment. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Anesthesiologistsm and Drug Abuse

    A 16 page overview of substance abuse among medical professionals that work in anesthesiology departments. The author provides statistics that illuminate the problem and then suggests measures which should alleviate the problem. Included a one-page letter to a Senator urging him to implement mandatory drug testing for this profession. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Shannondale Nursing Home and Its Historical Development

    A 5 page paper outlining the development of a nursing home in Knoxville, Tennessee from standard nursing home in the 1960s to today’s organization that offers a full range of living arrangements for those over the age of 55, beginning with fully independent living to the fully dependent environment of the skilled nursing facility. The paper examines area demographics and anticipated changes for the future when those in independent living sections move to advancing levels of care. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Floating RN Practice

    A 5 page research paper that discusses the practice of "floating" RNs, that is, registered nurses who "float" from one department to another. Often RNs are requested to work in department with which they are unfamiliar. This practice has been detrimental to nursing moral because these floating RNs frequently feel unqualified to work outside their own area of expertise. The writer discusses law cases that demonstrate the rights of nurses in this sort of situation. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Interdisciplinary Management Factors, Training, and Nursing Competency

    A 12 page discussion of the varied factors which enter into nursing competency. Suggests that while the degree of training a nurse has is directly related to competence, so too are managerial factors. Identifies interdisciplinary managerial factors such as quality assurance programs and the establishment of clinical pathways as being significant to nursing competence as well. Includes a one-page Roman numeral outline. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Review of an Article on Nursing Home Residents and Hospitalization

    A 7 page paper that reviews a journal article entitled Hospitalization of Nursing Home Residents: A Qualitative Study by Kutner and colleagues. Specific questions are addressed, including: problem studied, purpose of study, research method, sample population, data collection and analysis, strengths and weaknesses and the implications of the study. This study considered the relationship between registered nurse/nursing home resident staffing ratio and hospitalizations of the residents. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Nursing Practice and the Basis of Nursing Theory

    A 4 page research paper that explores how nursing theory provides a theoretical basis for nursing practice. The writer examines what nursing theory is, how it influences practice, and how it has evolved. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Energy Conservation and Nursing

    A 12 page research paper that addresses the concept of energy conservation as it applies to nursing practice. Energy has been a topic of research and concern in nursing practice for quite some time. This examination of the concept explores how energy has been addressed within the context of nursing theoretical frameworks, concentrating on the work of Myra Levine, but also addressing Rogers' theories and the implications of energy conservation as they apply toward fatigue. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Long Term Care Environments and Nursing Care Plans

    A 6 page paper discussing the form, advantages and disadvantages a nursing concept. The nursing concept discussed here is the care plan, specifically as it applies to long term care. Planning long term or nursing home care always has been a priority for the best such facilities providing that type of patient care, but it receives even greater as the population ages. Such plans incorporate legal requirements and the wishes of patients and their families, with the effect of reducing uncertainty of action. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Twelve Hour Work Shifts and Nursing

    A 14 page research paper that examines the topic of 12-hour nursing shifts. This report focuses on how this change to shift scheduling can be accomplished. Specifically, the writer looks at how nursing management and leadership strategy that can best implement such a change with student nurses in their practice placement area, utilizing Lewin's normative/educative model of change. The writer also considers how such a change impacts the educational and development progress of these students. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Patient Outcome and Defining the Contribution of Nursing

    An 11 page exploration of the relationship which exists between nursing contribution and patient outcome. The author of this paper asserts a more and more predominant theme in nursing is the nurse’s one-on-one interaction with the patient and the consideration of such factors as culture and even spiritualism in patient care delivery. While at one time nursing was a discipline which concentrated primarily on the science of human anatomy and physiology, nursing has evolved to a discipline which recognizes not only the hard scientific facts of physiology but also the importance of psychological and sociological factors. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Costs of Skilled Nursing Facilities and the Impact of the Shortage of Registered Nurses

    A 5 page paper assessing the value of instituting a primary nursing arrangement at a nursing home skilled nursing facility (SNF) to reduce the influence of the nursing shortage while also gaining more timely MDS/PPS/ RUG III reporting and therefore Medicare payments to the SNF. Of course the purpose of any SNF is to provide the best patient care possible, and confirmation of the appropriateness and success of the program should include positive benefit to residents. Enhanced patient care and better business results do not need to be mutually exclusive, however. An efficient organizational structure should be able to provide both, while also alleviating some of the pressures of the nursing shortage as they apply to the SNF. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Nursing Homes and the Financial Crisis Confronting Them

    This 20 page report discusses the state of the nursing home industry in the United States and the many problems and challenges it has face and continues to face. Even though Congress restored nearly $3 billion to skilled nursing facilities in 1999, it still wasn’t enough to keep many of the facilities operating. In general, the government’s payment system and the ever-increasing costs of doing business and providing services has resulted in financial disasters throughout the nursing home industry, especially for the most financially leveraged nursing home chains. Issues associated with nursing homes’ financial, regulatory, and administrative problems are discussed. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Nursing Practice Improvement and Qualitative Research's Importance

    This is a 5 page paper discussing the concept that qualitative research is more valuable than quantitative research for improving nursing practice. Quantitative research involving large scale surveys and methods of accumulating cost and performance data in the annual process of health care management is traditionally the most widely used research method and provides for relatively large-scale low-cost studies. However, in today’s environment in which health care has become patient-centered and indicators in health care are based on quality assurance and quality improvement, qualitative research methods are now the preferred measure of effectiveness of health care, most notably in the area of nursing practice. Qualitative studies in nursing practice which involve subjective and interactive interviews and assessments include not only those involved with direct patient contact but patient perception as well. Patient satisfaction and perception has become essential to the determination of areas of concern in the health care system and allow for immediate action in improvement in nursing care. Qualitative research which also involves nursing input and interactive discussions also gives the nursing staff opportunity to comment on the impact of changes within the organization; an interaction which in itself has shown directly impacts and improves nursing practice. Despite the need for large-scale quantitative reporting, qualitative research methods are not only preferred in regards to quality improvement but also provide direct, subjective and immediate opportunities for improving nursing practice and patient care. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing Issues in the 21st Century

    15 pages in length. As nursing has moved forward into the twenty-first century, has the industry earned any more respect and admiration than it had over one hundred years ago? Indeed, it can readily be argued that men continue to hold both superiority and power within today's medical community, inasmuch as nurses' responsibilities include spending the most time, effort and emotion on their many patients. Such dedication has been the cause of change of heart for many nurses, whose unfaltering generosity of spirit has typically received little recognition. The writer discusses how when combined with the inherently grueling aspects required of the job, it is no wonder nurses can lose the very nurturing element they need to perform the job. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Value of Mentoring in the Nursing Profession

    An 11 page paper discussing the value of mentoring in nursing. Mentoring is a nursing practice that is simultaneously informal and prescribed in the organization supporting it. In those organizations most devoted to improvement in all areas of operation, mentoring can be a valuable tool in improving patient outcome while enhancing efforts to recruit and retain high-quality nursing staff. The experienced nurse provides personal navigation for the new graduate who has studied theory and now is faced with putting it into practice. The mentor explains and demonstrates approaches and rationale, and gives practical meaning to all those theories the new graduate has studied but not yet put into practice. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Nursing Home Autonomy and Concept Development

    A 10 page paper discussing the benefits of greater patient autonomy in the nursing home setting and methods of achieving it. Almost any measure that can improve nursing home residents’ quality of life can make positive contribution to creating and sustaining autonomy. Maintaining increased autonomy as a goal can improve the experiences of all involved, including staff and patients’ families. Includes an outline. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Long Term Healthcare Evolution

    A 5 page paper discussing the effect that Medicare has had on the nursing home – or skilled nursing facility – industry over the past 30+ years. Automatic increases in payments results in automatic increases in prices, a fact that now has become obvious to legislators. The paper includes a timeline beginning with Medicare’s creation in the 1960s, extending through 2002 when Medicare’s fraud investigation system extended to all 50 states. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Health Care: Challenges in Caring for a Diverse Population, and Dealing with Colleagues of Different Ages

    This 3 page paper discusses two matters: the opportunities and challenges presented to health care workers by the increasingly ethnically diverse American population; and generational conflict between older nurses and younger nurses and administrators. Bibliography lists 2 sources

  • Nursing Liability and Access to Health Care by the Poor in Texas

    A 6 page research paper that discusses access to healthcare by the poor in Texas, standards for professional conduct, and the repercussions if nurses fail to reach these standards, which is all too easy into "cutback" environment. In this regard, the writer also discusses legal liability and what nurses need to know. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Rosemarie Parse's 'Human Becoming' Nursing Theory

    A 3 page research paper that examines the "human becoming" theoretical model for nursing developed by Rosemarie Parse. The writer examines this concept as part of the simultaneity paradigm of nursing practice. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Six Questions on Nursing Theory Models

    A 7 page paper answering six questions centered on the value of the study of nursing theory models, how they can be useful in varying health care settings and how they can inform both personal and professional relationships. Nursing theories discussed in the paper are those of Orem, Roy, Neuman, King, Rogers and Johnson. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Perspectives on Shortage of Nurses

    This 4-page paper examines the impact of changes in health care demand on the nursing profession and issues facing nurse anesthetist as a result. The paper also discusses how best to allocated health care resources nationally. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • 4 Questions Pertaining to Nursing

    A 4 page research paper that provides brief answer to 4 nursing questions. These questions cover the topics of defining paradigm and model; differentiating between medical model and wellness model; defining theory and discussing its application in nursing; and the utility of psychoneuroimmunology. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Occupational versus Nursing Therapy for Stroke Patients

    This 14 page paper reports and reviews a published research study entitled "Observing washing and dressing of stroke patients: nursing intervention compared with occupational therapists. What is the difference?" The investigators specifically compared categories of interventions used by nurses as compared to occupational therapists when working with stroke patients with morning hygiene and drssing activities. This paper reports and comments on the methodoligy used, explainng the types of research approaches used, and, in general, critiques the study. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Enteric Feeds and Health Organization Policy

    A 10 page research paper that first addresses health care organization and policy, but then focuses on a specific area of nursing care, enteric (also listed as "enteral" in the literature) feeds. The writer discusses how a nurse research team addressed the problems of tube placement aspiration. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Carper's Four Patterns and Knowledge in Nursing

    A 10 page paper which discusses nursing knowledge as it relates to Carper's four patterns of knowing in nursing. The aesthetic pattern of knowing, as it was presented by Barbara A. Carper, is the primary point to all of the information provided. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • 1996 Study on Emergency Situations and Clinical Decision Making

    A 6 page research paper that examines the processes involved in clinical decision making under emergency situations. Focusing primarily on a 1996 study, the writer explores how nursing decisions in emergency situations have a tremendous impact on patient outcomes, and how these nurses focus on keeping the "big picture" in regards to seeing all details pertaining to diagnosis and practice. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nursing Profession and 'Telehealth' Implications

    An 8 page paper which examines the implications of telehealth on the nursing profession by defining the term; discussing its benefits; costs; education and/or training guidelines for nurses, privacy, confidentiality, security, ethics, informed consent, and storage of telehealth records; ensuring reliable technology; provincial/state issues; and legal issues. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • An Analysis of Nursing Care Concepts

    An 8 page nursing concept analysis that explores the topic of caring. The aim of this analysis is to investigate this body of research in order to determine the purposes of caring and how caring can facilitate the goals of nursing practice. The writer explores the literature in regards to a model case study, borderline, etc. while also relating the empirical and theoretical data on this topic. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • 'Health as Expanding Consciousness' Nursing Philosophy of Margaret Newman

    A 3 page research paper that discuss Margaret Newman's Margaret Newman's philosophy of nursing, Health as Expanding Consciousness. This nursing model is founded on the concept that health is not a stationary goal, but rather part of a continuum. Newman posits that lifetime behavior patterns can be identified and manipulated in such a manner as it becomes possible to use an episode of illness as an opportunity to achieve greater health. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Jean Watson's Nursing Theories

    This 5 page paper examines the philosophies of Jean Watson and determines how that viewpoint may be applicable to the philosophy of a nursing student. More specifically, this paper highlights the importance of Watson's wholistic approach to nursing care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Nursing and Diversity

    This 5 page report discusses the fact that even though all professions benefit from expanded diversity within the realms of its practice but this is especially true in one of the “helping professions” such as nursing in which a remarkably diverse group of people serve as the focus for the skills of that particular profession. Nursing serves as an excellent example of the important ways in which the “diversity” of caregivers relates to the diversity of those for whom they care. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Diabetic Education and Nursing

    A 7 page research paper that examines the role of the nurse educator in regards to education of clients suffering from diabetes. The writer discusses current literature, theoretical frameworks for diabetes education and how the role of the nurse educator impacts the lives of diabetic clients. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nursing in Great Britain, Clinical Supervision

    A 5 page paper discussing the role of clinical supervision in nursing. For the nurse involved in direct patient care, the result of the integration of national policy, health care governance, technical competence and positive client perspective is a continually-evolving program of continuous improvement and ongoing education. Whether that education is formal or experiential is of little consequence in forming a standard approach to direct patient care, but it can have implication in individual nurses’ professional development. That development must remain market oriented, but also remain in compliance with national policy. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Nursing Home Admissions' Perception versus Reality

    This 10 page report discusses the differences between the perceptions, expectations, and realities of what families who had admitted a loved one to a nursing facility will experience. While there may be certain similarities in admitting a loved one to a nursing facility, it should also be understood that every situation is unique. Far too many family members have unrealistic expectations about what can or should happen in a nursing home. The end result can be confusion and frustration rather than the total support needed by the patient. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Universal Health Care

    A 3 page paper that begins with facts about the number of Americans with no health care insurance and the number who die unnecessarily because of it. The essay explains what universal health care means, the advantages of having such a system and the disadvantages. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Continuing Evolution of Advanced Practice Nursing

    A 10 page paper discussing the continuing evolution of advanced practice nursing and the resistance it receives from physician groups. Nurse practitioners and other advanced practice nurses have filled significant roles in US health care for years. They have legal rights and the technical expertise to take on much of the burden of providing direct health care services, generally under the supervision of an MD. This advanced practice niche is a hybrid position arising from increasing pressures on the still-evolving health care American health care system; it is a position respected in the profession and welcomed by patients. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Hamot Medical Center Organizational Analysis

    A 14 page paper assessing the success that this Erie, Pennsylvania hospital has had in striving for nursing excellence and making the best use of all resources available to it. In the manner in which the old business cycle underwent so many changes that today’s version needed the designation of the “new economy,” so does Hamot Medical Center discuss and pursue the “new nursing” that both builds and preserves the professionalism of nursing. The paper examines the hospital’s organizational structure, vision and mission, and assesses the organization’s success in pursuing and achieving its goals. The paper discusses the role of organizational structure in maintaining an atmosphere in which change is both possible and positive. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Expansion of Paper on Nursing Delegation and Shared Governance

    A 14 page expansion of a 4-page paper by the same name. The health care facility that maintains a shared governance model is able to make greater use of all the resources available to it. Typically, each patient care department of a facility such as this has a nurse manager who serves as a facilitator in unit governance and as a liaison between direct-care nursing staff and nursing administrators. This organizational structure is more conducive to true shared governance than hierarchical straight-line organizational structures that have the effect of insulating administrators from those providing direct patient care. It also ensures that those having the greatest degree of direct patient contact have a voice in establishing policy for both the present and the future. The paper discusses shared governance more as a philosophical approach to management than as a “how to.” Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Patient Outcomes, Organizational Factors, and Nursing Competency

    A 14 page discussion of the varied factors which enter into nursing competency and ultimately translate to patient outcome. Suggests that while the degree of training a nurse has is directly related to competence, so too are managerial factors. Asserts that the implementation of internal policies and procedures, although typically subject to resistance from staff, is an integral component of ensuring optimum patient outcome. Identifies interdisciplinary managerial factors such as quality assurance/quality improvement programs and the establishment of clinical pathways as being significant to nursing competence as well. Includes a one-page Roman numeral outline. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Senior Citizens with Heart Problems and the Transitional Care Nursing Model

    This 10 page report discusses the transitional care model of nursing and how it calls for an interdisciplinary approach in the creation and establishment of an appropriate and meaningful patient care plan. Without all components of the service and care delivery process working in coordination with one another, it is more than likely that one (or more) aspect of the patient’s overall care will be neglected or even eliminated. A truly “patient-centered” plan must assure that nursing and ancillary staff are organized in such a way that it supports both continuity and balance in the care provided to any patient. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

  • Dental Hygiene and General Psychology Applications

    A 4 page discussion of the potential value general psychology has to the dental hygienist. The author emphasizes that there are hundreds of situations and circumstances where a knowledge of general psychology could prove helpful to the dental hygienist. These include allowing the dental hygienists the capability of being able to distinguish between normal anxiety and serious problems such as panic disorder and even prove helpful in allowing the dental hygienist insight as to what is an appropriate client/therapist relationship and what is an inappropriate one. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Hospital Information Systems: Identifying Pathways

    A 3 page paper identifying information pathways in a nonprofit hospital clinic. The overall system can be improved by requiring that all patient data be stored electronically. This creates a record of items presently not accounted for (such as paper messages or verbal instruction), making them available for practitioners' use as well as for greater accuracy in billing. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Medical Imaging and Neural Networking

    A 5 page assertion that networking is opening vast avenues for increased efficiency and accuracy in the analysis of medical imaging. Traditional methods of data analysis in such applications and medicine relied solely on the visual inspection of that data by experts. Neural networking complements this inspection with detailed computer analysis utilizing complex computer algorithms. The technique has proven invaluable in a number of diverse medical arenas. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

  • Healing With Prayer

    This 16 page paper begins with an introduction and definitions of key words. The paper discusses the long tradition of healing in Christianity beginning with Christ and His Apostles. The writer comments on faith healers, including Mary Baker Eddy and the potential dangers of relying only on prayer. The paper then discusses the charismatic Christian Healing renewal movement. A critique on the validity of charismatics being Christian is included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Aging and Mitochondria

    This 14 page paper discusses the aging of America. Today, more than 6,000 people turn 65 every day, that number will jump to 10,000 by 2011. This essay provides information on aging trends and the effect on the health care system. The writer also comments on the mitochondrial damage theory of aging and reports two dietary supplements that have been shown to be effective in preventing and even reversing certain age-related symptoms. 1 Graph included, Statistical data included. Statistical data reported. 1 Graph included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • U.S. Health System

    This 3 page paper begins by identifying one hopes the main functions of the health system is and how that system is failing in the United States. Experts say the system is broken. Limited statistical data are reported in terms of medical errors and the uninsured. The writer also reports and discusses the mission statement from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Using Botox as a Treatment for Muscle Spasms

    Botox: The Use of the Botulinum Toxin In the Treatment of Muscular Spasms A 10 page overview of the pharmacological utilization of the neurotoxin Botulinum. This paper clarifies that while Botulinum is one of the most lethal agents known to humanity, so lethal in fact that it is one of the most feared in terms of being incorporated into biological terrorism because it can rapidly induce cardiac and respiratory paralysis, it is also of direct benefit in the treatment of muscular spasms. The author details the physiological mechanism of the manner in which Botox intervenes neurologically to reduce or eliminate spasms. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

  • Health Care Communication

    This 6 page paper provides a general overview of the importance of effective communication within the health care system. The discussions include: health care provider and patient; the need for communication skills to be learned, the need to recognize cultural and national communication differences, communication between professionals, and an example of how one organization set up its internal communication network. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Daycare Setting and the Protection of Welfare and Health

    A 20 page overview of the various provisions that are necessary to prevent the spread of disease and exposure to toxic chemicals in the day care environment. This paper provides a step by step review of basic hygiene practices in response to specific questions and scenarios regarding those practices. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

  • Dental Hygiene, Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

    A 4 page review of the many concerns presented by cleft lips and cleft palates. The author defines these conditions and the type of care they necessitate. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Call Tracking and Shand's Health Care

    This 12-page paper provides an example of how a call track system can assist a university medical center in better allocation of professional resources to the community. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Barack Obama’s Universal Healthcare

    A 9 page paper which examines President Elect Barack Obama’s universal healthcare plan. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Money Can't Buy Happiness

    This 3 page paper discusses the relationship between income level and stress, and finds that the people who are most stressed by financial problems are the very wealthy and the very poor. It argues that it is absolutely untrue that less money means less stress. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The Health Insurance Crisis

    This 5 page paper discusses the health insurance care crisis in the U.S., what causes it, and what it means for the future of health care. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Vegetarianism Impact on Blood Sugar Study Proposal

    A 12 page proposal to evaluate the effect of a vegetarian lifestyle on blood sugar levels. The study is designed to assess individual's current approach to blood sugar levels, approaches that may or may not include medications and that may or may not include a vegetarian diet. Subjects are selected randomly and provided surveys through e-mail. Their reports as to their lifestyle choices are correlated with blood sugar analyses. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Careers in Health Information

    A 7 page paper discussing various health information careers. Among these are analyst, medical records technician, medical record director, information security officer, information privacy officer and compliance officer. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Literature Review on Artificial Neural Networks Use

    This 40 page paper provides an overview of the use of artificial neural networks for interpretation of medical data. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • How Can Doctors Get Patients to Comply?

    This 7 page paper examines the relationship between compliance and the doctor-patient relationship. The paper concludes that there is a correlation between patients who comply with a prescribed medical action plan and a good relationship with their physicians. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Physician Induced Demand: Examples From Obstretics

    In this three page paper the author first defines and then explores the reasons behind physician induced demand. Two examples from obstretics are provided. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Nuclear Medicine: Past, Present, and Future

    A 4 page overview of the advances made in nuclear medicine. This paper addresses the field from the introduction of the x-ray to the modern utilization of digital imaging such as PET and CT scans. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • An Article on Obesity, Diabetes, and the Effect of Estrogen Reviewed

    An 8 page paper that reviews an article entitled: "Estrogen can prevent or reverse obesity and diabetes in mice expressing human islet amyloid polypeptide." The essay reports and comments on methodology, research questions, introduction, theoretical foundation, results, discussion and conclusion.

  • Community Project: Self-Care For OCD

    7 pages in length. The writer provides the foundation of a community center where those with OCD can not only obtain information about self-care but also interpretation of otherwise hard to understand medical information. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Overview of Periodontal Laser Treatments

    This 5 page paper discusses periodontal laser treatments; it also briefly explains how a laser works. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Arguing in Favor of Legalizing Marijuana for Medical Uses

    A 5 page paper analyzing the potential benefits of the legalization of marijuana for medical utilization. This paper points out the varied uses to which marijuana has been put. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • The History and Mission of Tripler Army Medical Center

    This is an 8 page paper discussing the history and services at the Tripler Army Medical Center in Hawaii. The Tripler Army Medical Center, located for over fifty years on Moanalua Ridge in Honolulu, Hawaii, is not only known for its picturesque location and distinctive pink coral buildings but it is also known for its expansive coverage of over 3 million square miles and a patient base of over 750,000. The military medical presence in Hawaii was initiated in the late 1800s which grew with the U.S. presence in the Pacific especially during the Philippines conflict, the Second World War, the Korean War and the conflict in Vietnam. Since that time, Tripler has consolidated with the other medical facilities in the Pacific and is the focal point for military medical health care in addition to be the center for innovative research, medical education, humanitarian efforts and community programs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • ANALYSIS OF CODING ARTICLES

    This 3-page paper examines three articles dealing with medical terminology and CPT (coding procedures) for medical procedures.

  • X-Ray Technician

    A 4 page research paper/essay that discusses the field of x-ray technician -- the duties of this position, how it contributes to a medical team and the educational requirements. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Article Analysis: Skin Cancer

    This 3 page paper is an analysis of an article by Geller and his colleagues dealing with SunWise, a program to educate children about skin cancer. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Community and Patient Nursing Care and Meningococcal Meningitis

    A 5 page discussion of the multifaceted approach this disease requires in order to accommodate both patent and community needs. The nursing role extends from the bedside administration of medications and the monitoring of vital signs to administration of prophylactic medications to close contacts of the patient to the education of the community as a whole. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Health Care - United States vs Canada

    An 8 page paper. Compares health care in both countries, reports data regarding costs and comments on access and goals of each program. The problems reported with each system are reported and discussed. A recommendation is made for the health care system in the U.S. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 14 sources.

  • Important Discoveries in Microbiology

    This 3 page paper emphasizes the importance of hygiene and vaccines in controlling these diseases. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Migraines and Acupuncture

    A 6 page review of migraine headaches. The author explores the causes and symptoms of migraines and evaluates the usefulness of acupuncture in treating those causes and symptoms. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Near Death Experiences and 3 Articles Reviewed

    This 5 page paper compares and criticizes three articles written about near death experiences. The author of the paper establishes which paper is the most credible of the three and to which the author had the strongest response. Bibliography lists four sources.

  • What Can Be Done About Dental Phobia

    This 7 page paper examines the phenomenon of dental phobia and what can be done about it. Oral hygiene is discussed. The thesis of the paper is that the fact that most dentistry is cosmetic exacerbates the phobia that might otherwise easily be conquered. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • TOUCH THERAPY AND PREMATURE BABIES: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    This 8-page paper focuses on literature and research conducted on the effects of gentle massage on preterm infants. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Product Life Cycle of VADs Ventricular Assist Devices Product Life Cycle

    A 6 page paper discussing where ventricular assistive devices (VADs) currently reside on the product life cycle curve; what factors are likely to affect their growth; and how long producers can expect the product to be an active contributor to revenues. Recently approved by the FDA as an artificial heart, VADs are poised to become an end-goal product rather than only a bridge buying time until a heart can be found for transplant. The paper discusses costs and what producers can expect to gain from VADs over the next several years. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Arthritis Clinic Led by Nurse Practitioners

    A 6 page research paper that discusses the ramifications of establishing a nurse practitioner-led clinic for rheumatoid arthritis, with emphasis on doing this in the United Kingdom. The writer discusses the efficacy and cost effectiveness of NP care, as well as general guidelines for establishing such a clinic. Bibliography lists 20 sources.

  • Exposure of Sanitation Workers to Disinfectants in a Hospital Environment

    This 10 page paper looks at the problem that may be faced by sanitation workers using disinfectants in hospitals. The paper focuses on the issues within Trinidad, but uses a range of research from around the world to understand and explore the subject as well as provide guidance for prevention and control and further research. The bibliography cites 11 sources.

  • Lesson Plan : Seniors And Smoking

    A 5 page paper that incorporates and labels aspects of a lesson plan for senior citizens on the relationship between heart disease and smoking. The lesson incorporates small group brainstorming on different topics, large group discussion, questions, and lecture notes that include statistical data. The lesson ends with a quote that affirms the success rate of senior citizens who try to quit smoking. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Senior Citizens and Health Care Needs

    This 7 page paper provides an overview of the issue of the changing role of the government in meeting the healthcare needs of the elderly. The graying of the American population has determined specific strains on services that were designed to address the needs of the elderly. This paper outlines some of the central problems. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Heath Care and Nursing's Pender Promotion Model

    An 8 page paper discussing this model of nursing and model of health care, particularly as it relates to education. The Pender model holds that people are willing and able to take the steps necessary to improve their health standing, to seek increasing levels of wellness rather than only existing without the presence of illness. Delivering health-enhancing information within the confines of the Pender model as well as deference to learning theory can be of tremendous benefit to individuals. It is reasonable to assume that greater progress in a shorter period of time provides additional incentive to retain new behaviors and to continue practicing them until they become ingrained. Achieving healthier behaviors over the long term is the goal of those in health promotion. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Eradicating Smallpox, Implications for Polio

    A 10 page research paper that describes the successful WHO campaign to eradicate smallpox and how this experience can be applied to achieve eradication of polio. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • The Sense of Taste

    A 3 page paper. Scientists know less about taste than they know about the other senses. In some ways, taste is a mystery but more knowledge about this sense is evolving. This essay examines what we know about taste. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Overview of Tattoos

    This 3 page paper discusses the process by which a tattoo is applied, and the process for removal of the tattoo. Research and discussion. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Future Issues Impacting on Pathology in a Teaching Hospital

    This 4 page paper looks at the role of a pathologist, with special attention to histopathology in order to assess the future challenges, the threats and the opportunities that will be found for this profession in a London teaching hospital. The bibliography cites 5 sources.

  • An Article on Fetal Growth and Exposure to Smoke Reviewed

    An 8 page paper that reviews and critiques an article entitled, "The exposure of nonsmoking and smoking mothers to environmental tobacco smoke during different gestational phases and fetal growth." This was a large study involving more than 6,000 mother-infant pairs. The essay reports and comments on methodology, research questions, introduction, theoretical foundation, results, discussion and conclusion. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • The Health Care System in the United States and Access by Black Americans

    This 17 page paper reports the health status of African-Americans in the U.S. Statistics about the incidence of specific diseases and mortality rates among Black Americans as compared to White Americans are reported. The essay includes a discussion of the barriers to quality health care services. For instance, Black women are more likely to die of colon, rectal and breast cancer and Black men are more than twice as likely to die of prostrate cancer. The writer then turns to report the racial and ethnic composition of physicians as well as that of medical students. The discussion includes a few suggestions for correcting this inequity in quality health care. Statistical data included. Bibliography lists 27 sources.

  • Proposal Regarding Nursing Homes and Elder Incontinence

    A 5 page paper that offers a research study proposal. Sections include the introduction, problem statement and rationale, outline of methodology, and literature review. The introduction discusses the four categories of incontinence. The incidence of incontinence among the elderly residing in nursing homes is greater than fifty percent. That makes it an important condition to investigate, particularly since studies have found at least 80 percent of incontinence cases can be improved or cured. One of the first-line treatment interventions is bladder training. The literature review emphasizes this particularly intervention. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Senior Citizens and Incontinence

    An 8 page paper that includes an introduction, purpose of study, literature review, theoretical framework and conclusion. Reports of the incidence of urinary incontinence differ greatly, depending on the ages included and the definition of incontinence. What is certain is that at least half the older residents in nursing homes suffer from this condition. The different types of incontinence are described. Different interventions that have significantly decreased the incidence are discussed. Statistical data include the incidence and the annual costs related to this condition. This is a problem that some authors call underdiagnosed and undertreated. There are many interventions that can dramatically decrease incontinence and provide the older adult and the elderly person with greater quality of life. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • 1997's Balanced Budget Act and Medicare Prospective Payment System

    This 45 page paper explores the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, the prospective payment system instituted, and the effect on Medicare beneficiaries. Specifically, the writer offers a proposal for a study focusing on the increased costs for seniors as a result of the BBA and the PPS. An extensive literature review explains the changes in Medicare benefits as a result of the BBA, including the Medicare+Choice option now given to seniors. The PPS has had a dramatic impact on nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities. The caps placed on rehab services and the changes in federal Medicaid benefits have all combined to result in a greater proportion of out-of-pocket expenses for the Medicare beneficiary. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • Training in the Hospitality Industry

    7 pages in length. The writer discusses four aspects of hospitality training, including how a particular instructional provider delivers the program; the modes of delivery it utilizes; issues that may affect the learner; and available resources. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Strengths and Limitations of Western Medicine

    3 pages in length. The writer discusses inherent strengths and limitations with regard to western medicine. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • A Model for Pharmaceutical Care

    This 18 page paper presents a model of pharmaceutical delivery and then goes on to support the assumption that it is indeed one of excellence. The paradigm is presented only after extensive research in the field is presented. Bibliography lists 18 sources.

  • Therapy and Dental Phobias

    A 7 page discussion of the reasons behind dental phobias and the methodologies for treatment of those phobias. Outlines the sometimes gruesome history of dentistry and the reputation which it has incurred as a result of that history. Discusses early experiences at the dentist office which result in phobias of future visits. Emphasizes that phobias are not a reason to ignore needed dental procedure. Concludes that ignoring the problem is not a guarantee that it will disappear nor is it a guarantee that a relatively easy-to-treat condition will not progress into a potentially life threatening condition, or at the least a very serious condition, if left untreated. Dental phobias are not an excuse for avoiding the dentist office. Instead, they are a reason to seek out appropriate counseling. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

 

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